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Intro There are  a  range  of  different  factual  TV  programs  such  as  talk  shows  which  are   basically  shows  like  Jeremy  Kyle  and  Jerry  Springer  in  which  talk  shows  typically  have   more  than  one  person  involved  as  the  audience  normally  have  a  input,  in  order  to   make  the  programme  appear  impartial,  as  not  everyone  will  have  the  same  view  or   opinion,  while  other  shows  like  Jonathan  Ross  and  Alan  Carr  which  are  chat  shows   and  typically  a  one-­‐to-­‐one  interview  with  a  celebrity,  normally  done  in  the  style  of  a   piece  of  infotainment.  While  magazine  shows  have  some  elements  of  chat  and  talk   shows,    normally  it  contains  soft  news  and  is  infotainment.  As  Magazine  shows  are   typically  shows  that  demonstrate  that  have  interviews  stuff  with  celebrities,  cooking   things  and  much  more  as  it  is  aimed  at  a  specific  audience,  it  can  also  be  seen  as   ‘infotainment’  as  since  the  show  is  seen  as  a  magazine  programme,  they  would  have   someone  to  interview,  about  subjects  or  headlines  about  the  current  entertainment   of  informational  or  news.  While  reality  shows  are  completely  different  as  they  are   meant  to  be  shows  that  are  reality  or  even  observational  though  they  don’t  seem   like  it,  they  also  typically  follow  interactive  elements  with  each  other.  EG  like  Made   in  Chelsea  typically  follow  these  people  in  their  day-­‐to-­‐day  activates.    All  these  shows   are  shown  and  broadcast  in  differents  ways  as  all  of  them  can  be  watched  on  TV,   bought  on  DVD  and  can  be  watched  through  internet  streaming  or  online  video   players  like  BBC  Iplayer,  Netflix  and  more.  While  the  main  focus  on  the  essay  will  be   on  factual  programmes  that  are  contrasting  rae  Documentaries  and  TV  news   programmes  .  Both  tend  to  be  ‘Hard  News’  which  is  news  headlines  that  are  more   serious,  and  while  ‘Soft  News’  is  news  headlines  that  ‘infotainmnet’  news  that  is   more  entertainment  driven.  There  are  also  conventions  that  define  it  as  each   typically  have  presenters  that  explain  what  they  want  to  talk  about.  There  is  also  a   distinctive  difference  between  in  the  camerawork,  editing  and  mise-­‐en-­‐scene.    While   these  kind  of  shows  also  have  new  headlines  while  each  are  done  in  different  ways   as  news  programmes  are  impartial  through  the  way  it  is  delivered,  even  though   programming  can  change  its  ‘mode  of  address’  with  it’s  presenter  typically  carrying   the  programme  throughout,  while  field  reporters  provide  the  audience  with  in-­‐depth   stories,  with  a  ‘voice  of  god’  voiceover  that  narrates  the  story,  with  actuality/archive   footage  supporting  the  story,  this  is  similar  to  documentaries  as  they  use  a  ‘Voice  of   god’  that  narrates  through  it,  and  actuality/archive  footage,  however  this  may   change  depending  on  the  style  of  the  documentary,  as  each  is  very  different  in  the   way  that  it  presents  their  information. As  each  documentary  has  a  way  of  telling  what  it  is,  such  as  expository   documentaries  typically  have  a  voice  of  god,  and  use  images  to  illustrate  alongside   the  voiceover.  Whereas  Observational  documentaries  have  no  interviews,  no   voiceover  and  instead  opt  for  a  voiceover  to  narrate.  And  finally  there  are  interactive   documentaries  have  the  filmmakers  in  the  film  and  a  voiceover  narrates  the   narrative.  Even  though  each  one  of  these  documentaries  are  based  around  facts  to   different  audiences.  As  each  aim  for  a  ‘realistic’  film,  but  also  involve  fictional   elements  to  add  a  narrative.  That  has  a  beginning,  middle  and  end.  

While each  type  of  documentary  will  also  have  a  view  of  it  such  as  accurate   documentaries  are  from  a  first  person  POV  as  they  are  meant  to  include  facts  to  


indicate that  the  information  is  correct  or  accurate.  Such  as  in  BFC  when  we  as  the   viewer  are  informed  that  this  bank  gives  away  free  guns  with  a  bank  account,  which   is  true  all  though  the  filmmaker  Michael  Moore  edits  the  film  in  a  way  that  misleads   what  the  audience  is  hearing.  But  the  while  it  is  twisted  what  he  says  it  is  still  true   that  they  sell  guns  alongside  with  a  bank  account,  but  he  must  also  legally  tell  the   truth  otherwise  he  could  get  sued.  While  a  2nd  POV  is  normally  objective  or   impartial  documentaries  in  which  you  would  expect  to  be  told  the  truth  and  be  given   a  balanced  argument,  such  as  in  ‘News  at  10’  the  news  is  told  truthfully  without  any   biased  feelings  towards  a  certain  subject.  The  reason  for  this  being  that  people   wouldn’t  believe  what  they  hear,    if  a  newscaster  favours  one  headline  or  subject   over  another  it  shows  based  thoughts  and  not  everyone  would  agree  meaning   programming  like  ‘News  at  10’  needs  to  be  truthful  otherwise  people  wouldn’t   believe  what  they  are  hearing/seeing.  And  the  last  kind  of  POV  is  third  person  which   is  basically  a  biased  or  opinionated  documentary  as  you  would  hear  directly    the   filmmaker  wants  you  to  believe,  but  unlike  Michael  Moore  who  had  information  that   was  accurate,  but  took  a  view  of  how  their  system  was  wrong.  Such  as  in  ‘The  Trap’   in  the  opening  we  are  told  how  to  feel  with  the  situation.  The  reason  for  this  being   that  the  filmmaker  doesn’t  want  to  make  it  seem  like  that  this  isn’t  a  documentary   but  a  person's  thoughts,  but  the  filmmaker  makes  the  documentary  seem  balanced,   but  favours  towards  one  side  of  the  argument.  

Part 1 All  news  programs  have  a  unique  way  of  presenting  itself  with  news  conventions   such  as  the  set  that  is  used  in    ‘News  at  10’  which  has  a  set  of  features  which  make  it   identifiable  as  a  news  program  has  to  typically  have  studio  news  presenters  and  a   title  screen  to  introduce  the  program  with  the  presenter  saying  ‘welcomes’  and  then   talks  about  the  headlines.  It  may  then  cut  to  field  reporters  on  location  with  him  or   her  maybe  interviewing  someone  about  something.    While  throughout  the  music   adds  more  atmospheres  being  theatrically  with  his  tone  of  voice  grabbing  the  viewer   attention.    All  of  this  can  be  seen  with  the  mise-­‐en-­‐scene  that  is  used  to  create  this   serious  sense  with  Hue  Edward’s  even  clearly  making  it  seem  serious  with  his  body   language  showing  no  emotion  of  connection  to  make  the  viewer  think  he  doesn’t   like  a  particularly  person  or  thing.    He  is  also  seen  to  be  serious  with  his  clothing   which  when  compared  to  something  else  like  ’60  Seconds’  which  has  the  presenter   dress  casually  to  appeal  to  it’s  audience,  whereas  he  Hue  Edwards  has  to  be  shown   impartial  and  formal  so  that  it  isn’t  favoring  towards  one  side.  The  camera  shot  also   is  shown  as  a  mid-­‐shot  to  show  his  body  language  and  the  fact  he  doesn’t  really   change  his  facial  expressions.    The  editing  is  also  done  in  a  way  in  which  the  viewer   can  get  the  information  from  Hue  Edwards  and  use  achieve  footage  to  talk  about  the   particularly  subject  matter.  It  also  includes  elliptical  editing  so  that  the  viewer  gets  a   understanding  of  the  important  parts  of  the  news  headline..The  program  also  uses   Rolling  pieces  of  text  to  bring  up  other  bits  of  news  that  isn’t  as  important  or  serious   as  the  other  subjects  being  covered.  News  Programs  also  typically  have  a  particular   angle  of  framing  such  as  the  the  way  ‘60  Seconds’,  ‘Newsround’  and  ’News  At  10’  all   have  a  way  of  framing  that  keep  in  the  style  of  the  program  such  as  in  ‘News  At  10’  


you always  have  a  shot  of  Hue  Edward  that  is  centred  in  the  middle,  and  has  most  of   his  chest  and  head  in  shot.   Part  2 All  the  news  programmes  I  will  be  looking  at  '60  Seconds',  Newsround'  and  'News  at   10'  all  of  which  are  made  by  the  BBC,  all  also  have  unique,  ways  of  telling  the  news   or  have  specific  features  that  would  only  appeal  to  their  target  audience's.  As  each   has  to  be  represented  differently  in  order  to  appeal  to  their  different  target   audiences.  As  each  has  to  be  easy  to  identify  and  appeal  to  their  different  audiences   as  they  will  enjoy  other  things  compared  to  other  news  programming.  Such  as  '60   Seconds'  which  is  aimed  at  young  teenage  mainstreamer's,  while  the  subjectivity  in   this  programme  is  mainly  entertainment  news,  as  it  follows  activates  that  the  target   audience  would  be  more  interested  than  a  typically  news  programme  like  'News  at   10'  which  covers  more  ''conventionally''  news  topics,  as  this  audience  compared  to   BBC  3's  is  more  formal  in  that  the  audience  has  a  better  understanding  of  the  subject   matter  ,  whereas  BBC  3,  news  coverage  is  almost  dumb  downed  in  order  to  gain  the   interest  of  its  target  audience  who  would  most  likely  be  wanting  to  watch  a  comedy   type  programme.    Whereas  the  audience  for  'Newsround'  is  much  younger,  meaning   each  news  programme  would  have  different  ''headlines''  in  that  a  show  like  'News  at   10'  would  have  a  politic  headline,  featured  with  a  serious  problem  currently  going   on,  whereas  'Newsround'  main  subject  matter  is  sports  as  a  young  audience  like  this   wouldn't  be  too  interested  in  a  serious  politically  headline,  more  in  light  hearted   news.  All  the  while  ‘60  Secs’  is  appealing  to  it’s  demographic,  through  the  colourful,   animated  graphic  design,  which  grabs  the  viewers  attention  more  than  a  dark  bland   colour  like  ‘Newsround’,  as  everything  about  the  ‘60  Secs’  news  presenter  he  is   informal,  with  his  clothing  being  casual,  which  is  something  it’s  demographic  can   relate  to,  unlike  ‘News  at  10’  with  the  news  presenter  wearing  a  suit,  you  can  also   tell  the  change  in  it’s  demographic  through  his  facial  expressions,  tone  of  voice,  as   each  is  much  more  relaxed.  Unlike  'News  at  10'  which  is  more  formal  in  that  Hue   Edwards  speaks  in  a  more  monotone  voice  and  speaks  directly  to  the  viewer,  while   also  being  almost  aggressive  towards  the  viewer,  with  a  serious  voice  and  the  fact  he   is  shouting  out  the  news  headlines.  He  is  also  ''dressed  up''  in  that  he  has  to  be   impartial  about  the  headlines  so  that  he  doesn't  come  off  biased,  whereas  '60   Seconds'  &  'Newsround'  come  off  more  informal  as  there  speak  in  a  more   conversational  lighter  tone  and  speaks  less  formally,  while  they  both  dress  casually   in  that  they  both  are  wearing  casual  clothing  that  includes  bright  colour  such  as  Ricky   from  ‘Newsround’  is  wearing  a  red  lumberjack  shirt.  making  him  standout,  while  the   ‘60  Seconds  presenter  is  wearing  a  black  shirt,  however  unlike  Ricky,  he  doesn’t   standout  because  of  the  natural  colour  that  he  wears,  however  since,  this  only   make’s  the  Pink  neon  and  rolling  text  of  the  BBC  3  logo  standout  more.  And  in  a   more  relaxed  manner,as  they  have  to  come  off  more  casual  to  their  target   audience's  as  someone  like  Hue  Edward's  wouldn't  attract  a  younger  demographic  to   watch  their  programming,  while  the  fact  that  Hue  Edward’s  dress  in  a  suit  brings   across  some  authority  and  highlight  the  serious  nature  of  what  he  is  talking  about   while  being  objective  and  impartial,  this  is  seen  by  the  fact  that  during  '60  Seconds'   the  presenter  as  he  starts  off  the  summary  of  the  news  by  saying  what  ''another   great  episode  of  Being  Human''  appealing  to  the  target  audience  in  that  it  suggesting  


that he  watched  it  as  well  meaning  he  knows  what  he  is  talking  about,  as  he  enjoys   the  same  programming.  He  also  uses  alliterations  such  as  ''Murray  Mania  to  Murray   Misery''  attracting  BBC  3's  target  audience  of  teenagers.  As  60  Secs  tries  to  be   infotainment  because  it  covers  entertainment  and  informative  material  for  the   news.    This  is  further  proven  by  the  source  of  it's  news  subjectivity  as  it  covers   entertainment  news  and  the  fact  that  it  is  a  summary  of  the  news,  as  the  target   audience  would  get  bored  of  watching  a  news  programme  that  is  long,  as  they   wouldn't  want  their  demographic  to  get  bored  and  change  the  channel.  Whereas   since  'News  at  10'  is  a  much  more  serious  news  programme  meaning  that  instead  of   appealing  to  it’s  target  audience  through  would  require  a  bigger  budget  as  compared   to  '60  secs'  and  'Newsround'  it  is  aimed  at  a  bigger  audience,  meaning  it  would  take   more  to  make  it  unbiased  and  attract  a  range  of  audience's  so  that  the  news  can  be   ''fair'',  whereas  a  American  news  programme  like  'Fox  News'  is  biased  because  of  the   owner  trying  to  get  his  POV  across.

Part 3

Expository is  a  particular  type  of  documentary;  this  brand  of  documentary  is   normally  so  that  the  filmmaker  can  express  their  viewpoint  on  a  particular  subject   matter.  This  means  that  expository  documentaries  are  normally  biased  as  they  use   conventions  in  order  to  convey  the  express  or  POV  on  a  subject  matter  they  believe   to  be  important. These  conventions  include  things  like  the  use  of  a  voiceover  to  illustrate  the   narrator's  POV,  while  also  being  told  from  a  third  person  view  in  that  the  person  is   detached  from  what  he/she  is  talking  about  and  portaged  as  a    ”voice  of  god”-­‐which   is  a  mode  that  is  used  to  illustrate  a  non-­‐diegetic  voiceover,  narrator    who  makes  the   audience  believe    everything  they  say  as  fact  as  if  they  almost  have  authority,  as  the   character  is  omnipresent  and  omniscient,  this  is  seen  in  ''Mussolini  Italian   Nightmare''  with  the  opening  sentence  being  ''His  arrogancy,  his  charm,  his  desire  to   rule  an  Empire,  intoxicated  a  nation''.  This  proves  that  the  narrator  is  against   Mussolini,  as  since  he  is  being  portrayed  as  a  ‘’voice  of  god’’  meaning  everything  he   says  will  be  taken  as  fact,  this  is  further  illustrated  with  the  archive  and  actuality   footage  alongside  the  voiceover,  which  is  seen  as  the  main  convention  expository   documentaries.    With  the  narrator  saying  that  with  all  his  wit  he  was  a  problem  to   Italy,  and  that  he  was  a  bad  person  in  that  the  narrator  states  that  a  ''young  Hitler   Idolised  him  ‘‘as  the  his  tone  of  voice  helps  convince  the  viewer  that  he  is  right  and   that  Mussolini  is  not  a  good  man.    It  is  also  purposely  leaving  out  information  so  that   the  filmmaker  can  create  a  biased  documentary,  that  fits  alongside  their  opinion  on   Mussolini  and  the  maker  also  leaves  out  and  facts,  so  that  the  filmmaker  can  make   the  viewer  feel  as  if  the  narrator  is  correct  and  any  information  that  is  given  to  them   is  right  so  the  viewer  should  believe  what  they  say.  The  usage  of  montage  editing  is   done,  so  that  the  viewer  thinks  Mussolini  is  the  man  responsible  for  all  the  actions   that  are  shown,  through  the  use  of  archive  footage.  This  is  done  by  the  fact  that   throughout  the  documentary  most  of  the  footage  is  image's  of  Mussolini  at  different  


times in  his  life,  while  having  a  interview  over  the  top,  so  that  he  gives  information   that  the  viewer  gets  is  related  to  the  image  that  is  seen  meaning  the  viewer  would   come  to  a  conclusion  that  the  image  and  voiceover  fit  together  to  create  a  feeling  for   the  viewer  to  feel  upset  about  the  subject  matter.    The  editing  is  also  elliptical  as   certain  interviews  are  clearly  used  so  that  the  filmmaker  can  get  the  best  of  the   information  that  he  is  given  so  that  he  can  give  his  opinion  on  Mussolini,  while  being   biased  so  that  the  viewer  feels  the  same  as  the  filmmaker  and  the  narrator.  A   soundtrack  is  also  played  over  the  top  in  order  to  create  a  tension  that  fits  alongside   the  opinion  that  the  filmmaker  is  trying  to  get  a  across.  There  is  also  a  ''talking  head   shot''  in  which  to  inform  the  viewer  to  a  greater  extent  we  get  the  opinion  of  a   expert  on  the  subject  ''  as  the  first  interview  we  hear  from  a  biographer  who  talks   about  Mussolini  as  a  child  when  he  was  expelled  from  his  school  almost  trying  to   indicate  that  he  had  this  sort  of  evil  in  him  even  as  a  child.  

Part 4 Both  'Tattoo  Tears'  and  'Bowling  for  Columbine'  are  very  different  type's  of   documentary's  with  the  later  being  a  interactive  documentary,  while  the  first  is  an   observational  documentary  while  both  have  feature  to  identify  it  as  that  type  of   documentary.  While  both  still  follow  the  same  structure  of  Narrative,  Mise-­‐en-­‐scene,   soundtrack,  editing  and  cinematography Such  as  'Tattoo  Tears'  the  way  the  scene  is  presented  with  the  prisoner  interviewing   the  other  prisoner  as  almost  he  is  actually  ''acting''  by  playing  up  to  the  camera  due   to  his  nature  of  looking  into  the  camera.  Also  the  fact  that  the  scene  is  in  the  middle   of  a  real  camera  this  is  detailed  when  the  interviewer  says  ''Check  this  out''  as  almost   to  tell  him  that  the  camera  is  here  in  front  of  him,  while  the  person  being   interviewed  doesn't  know  this  due  to  the  fact  he  is  still  in  his  cell.  while  still  being   interviewed  by  this  person.    Whereas  ''Bowling  for  Columbine''  uses  the  same  type   of  technique  by  almost  talking  with  a  voiceover  throughout  the  footage  of  the   milkman,  farmer  being  normal  everyday  things  alongside  the  idea  of  America   bombing  countries  ''whose  name  we  couldn't  pronounce''  and  a  half  naked  woman   holding  a  dangerous  weapon  all  being  part  of  ''a  typical  day  in  America  and  this   feature  being  seen  throughout  with  this  type  of  documentary  also  being  biased  due   to  the  nature  of  the  documentary  matching  only  the  filmmakers  thoughts  and  no   one  else's. Another  thing  is  the  soundtrack  used  for  both  with  ''Tattoo  Tears''  having  no   voiceover's  or  music,  and  instead  relying  on  diegetic  sound's  between  the   interviewer  and  interviewee,  with  the  only  work  done  to  the  sound  is  the  sound   bridge  used  when  there  is  a  cut  from  a  shot  of  the  interviewer's  back  to  his  face.   While  ''Bowling  for  Columbine''  uses  a  voiceover  throughout  the  opening  scene  with   a  sarcastic  yet  casual  tone  of  voice  throughout  stating  a  ''typical  day  in  America'',   with  non-­‐diegetic  sound  at  the  background  and  the  music  being  almost  militaristic   and  patriotic,  trying  to  convey  the  feeling  of  pride  for  USA,  again  continuing  the   feeling  of  ''a  typical  day  in  America''. Also  editing  is  used  differently  such  in  ''Tattoo  Tears''  is  presented  in  a  real  style  due   to  the  long  duration  shot,  meaning  the  filmmaker  wanted  to  the  viewer  to  know  that   it  was  filmed  in  real  time,  making  the  character's  more  interesting  due  to  the  fact  


that they  aren't  being  played  up  and  everything  they  are  saying  being  truthful.   Whereas  ''Bowling  for  Columbine''  is  presented  into  a  montage  with  quick  cuts  to   images  that  separate  don't  mean  anything,  however  once  edited  Michael  Moore   presents  it  as  if  it  is  ''A  typical  day  in  America''    while  showing  his  opinion,  whereas   ''Tattoo  Tears''  is  more  balanced  relying  on  actual  real  time  footage  to  convey  the   feeling  that  is  fair  also  correct(or  accurate).  ''Bowling  for  Columbine''  also  uses   graphic  match's  to  show  how  the  woman  with  a  gun  relates  to  the  Statue  of  liberty   also  comparing  the  two  characters  against  one  another  to  see  the  difference  over   time.  Moore  also  leaves  out  footage  on  purpose  in  order  to  create  the  feeling  he  is   trying  to  present  to  the  viewer,  with  the  footage  being  made  to  look  like  he  can  got  a   gun  in  one  day,  as  long  as  he  didn't  have  any  criminal  charges,  but  could  be  crazy,   when  in  fact  the  gun  was  shipped  in  over  night  from  another  bank  300  miles  away,   while  he  also  had  to  sign  other  papers  in  order  to  get  a  gun  such  as  a  mailing  gun   orders  and  to  have  a  background  check  afterwards.    

Conclusion The main  difference  between  TV  news  and  documentaries,  is  that  TV  News  is  need   to  be  impartial  and  truthful,  and  accurate  about  the  information  that  they  send  out,   as  we  as  an  audience  believe  everything  that  they  say  to  be  true.  As  if  it  is  found  out   that  the  news  isn't  telling  you  the  truth  then,  you  will  most  likely  get  sued  or  even   fired  by  OFCOM,  as  your  audience  wouldn’t  believe  anything  that  you  said  after  that   ,  a  recent  example  of  this  kind  of  situation  is  when  Newsnight  had  broadcast  a   report,  that  indicated  that  a  politician  was  a  paedophile,  and  this  news  was  later   found  out  to  be  false,  and  due  to  this  the  programme’s  audience  didn’t  believe   everything  that  they,  said  and  were  forced  to  pay  the  person  for  compensation,  and   all  of  this  for  a  while  threatened  the  state  of  the  show.Whereas  Documentaries  are   more  more  in  line  to  be  subjective,  through  the  filmmakers  opinion,  this  typically   done  in  a  third  person  point  of  view  meaning  the  audience  are  more  in  line  to   believe  what  they  are  seeing  .  As  an  example  of  this  use  is  when  a  ‘voice  of  god’   voiceover  is  used  by  someone  who  is  detached  from  the  subject  matter,  as  this  is   something  typically  seen  in  expository  documentaries  to  be  specific,  even  though   documentaries  are  subjective,  since  it  express  a  point  of  view  in  a  third  person  view,   meaning  we  preserve  it  as  being  accurate.  Another  issue  is  the  representation  that   the  filmmaker  chooses  in  order  to  preserve  the  subject  that  they  are  covering  it,   weather  it  be  in  a  negative  or  positive  (or  a  balanced  argument)  light.  As  the  use  of   the  soundtrack,  the  editing,  mise-­‐en-­‐scene  and  camerawork  can  all  be  presented  in  a   particular  way  that  controls  the  way  that  it  is  shown  in.  As  a  show  like  News  at  10   has  a  very  different  target  audience  when  compared  to  something  like  Newsround   as  News  at  10  is  aimed  at  a  serious  audience  of  adults  that  are  interested  or  want  to   know  the  big  news  going  on  in  the  day.  While  a  childrens  programme  like   Newsround.  highlights  the  less  major  news  events  and  follows  almost  happy  news   programme’s  with  it  being  someone  doing  something  semi-­‐successful.  News   programmes  also  rely  on  the  use  of  sound  to  help  indicate  the  authenticity  or   ‘realistic’  nature  that  diegetic  sound  is  used  to  represent  as  if  it  is  ‘actual’  sound.   Whereas  Non-­‐diegetic  sound  instead  how  you  can  change  how  your  subject  matter   is  presented,  as  you  could  add  a  ‘voice  of  god’  voiceover  to  express  a  clear  view  


point, while  music  can  be  used  in  the  same  way  to  help  express  your  idea  or  to  make   the  viewer  feel  a  certain  way  about  something  that  they  are  seeing,  as  non-­‐diegetic   sound  is  traditionally  called  ‘Commentary’  sound.     However  a  filmmaker  can  also  present  their  work  in  a  biased  manner,  as  showing   them  a  one-­‐sided  argument,  and  not  a  balanced  argument  which  lets  the  audience   make  up  their  own  mind.  This  is  a  typical  problem  with  a  biased  viewpoint,  the   audience  could  disagree  with  your  opinion,  meaning  they  won’t  believe  what  they   are  seeing  in  the  documentary.  Documentaries  aren’t  the  only  form  that  is  biased  as   the  news  is  to,  as  the  news  typical  presents  the  news  in  the  viewpoint  of  a  certain   country  of  even  a  TV  channel,  an  example  of  this  is  news  of  UK  troops  dying  in   Iraq/Afghanistan,  but  not  other  countries.  Another  important  thing  for  factual   programming  is  all  programming  is  made  for  a  particular  target  audience,  a   somewhat  niche  audience  with  filmmakers  knowing  this  as  they  made  it  to  appeal  to   a  certain  demographic,  meaning  viewers  that  are  not  in  the  target  audience,   wouldn’t  turn  over  and  watch  this  programme  that  isn’t  clearly  aimed  at  them.  But   some  viewers  will  watch  and  disagree  with  the  programme,    such  as  them  noticing   that  it  has  a  subjective  viewpoint,  with  the  filmmaker  only  showing  evidence  that   further  helps  prove  their  point,  however  not  all  audience  members  will  notice  this   and  are  more  inclined  to  believe  everything  they  see  as  objective,  as  they  believe   documentaries  are  something  that  is  proven  to  be  fact  and  accurate,  even  though   everyone’s  opinion  is  viewed  truthful  to  themselves.  

Factual Production Essay  

This is my Factual Production Essay

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