Life of a Camera
Equipment When using a camera, you can use accessories/equipment to help you get the perfect shots with no shaky hands or the best contrast with light resources. Tripod A tripod is a 3-‐legged frame that is portable and used to hold object, specifically a camera. A tripod provides a stable downward force. You can adjust the legs to any height you like depending what length tripod you have. You can also move the camera on top of tripod at different directions, panning it vertically to horizontally or tilting it up and down. A disadvantage of a tripod is that tripods are heavy to be carrying around places when needed. Lighting equipment Lighting equipment is used to add light to the person being filmed. This adds brightness and tone, which gives a clearer view of the person’s features. Using lighting equipment gives better contrasts and tones. Sandbags Sandbags are used to hold and weigh down the tripod so it is stable. It can also help stable lighting equipment’s so they don’t fall over and crash.
The brochure about the different features within a camera and the different shots and angles. Read more to find out what is inside this brochure.
Introduction There are many cameras used in our society to film and take photos. What is a camera? A camera is a device used to film or record any moments into a photo or film that can be reviewed over and over again in any locations. Purpose of a camera Many people use cameras for the fun of it or because everyone owns one and they feel like they should fit with the crowd. But cameras are designed to reminisce moments you want to remember whether they’re bad or good. The very first camera that people used only gave out black and white colour print puts where they had to look under a cloth and click ‘pump’ instead of a button. There are many cameras’ that have been developed to give better and
Did you know that the majority of the people have a camera to capture any moments they want to remember? Be part of them!
Camera shots, angles and movements When filming, there are many shots, angles and even movements you can do/use to get the best possible effect for a photo or scene. Camera shots Extreme close up: an extreme close up is used to show only one detail of someone or something. It is used to show the exact detail they want to show people. For example, an extreme close up of a cats tongue. This is to show each detail of the cats tongue such as the little hairs they have to lick themselves clean with. Close up: similar to an extreme close up, a close up shows more than one feature of the object or person. This is used to show the audience the important features such as facial expressions. Mid shot: mid shots are used to capture a head to chest shot. This mostly only fits 1 or 2 people in a frame shot as its not big enough to fit more than 2 people. Long shot: long shots are the shot where you capture the whole thing, a head to toe shot. This can fit more
2 people in one frame shot. Extreme long shot: extreme long shot is used to film the whole setting/area of the scene. For example, an extreme long shot of Hollywood. Camera angles High angle: high angle is an angle where the cameraperson is filming above the person. This angle is used to show that the person being filmed from (above) feels big and dominant. The opposite person, being looked down at, feels small and feels insecure. Low angle: low angle shot is filmed from below a person. This angle is used to show the person being filmed from feels small and scared as the looking up at someone means you feel down and insecure. However the person who is looking down at the other person will feel the opposite. Camera movements Panning: panning is one way of moving the camera while filming. Panning involves the camera being moved from side to side (left to right or right to left). Tilting: tilting is moving the camera up and down. Diagonal: this movement is used to show the camera (person) is being interrupted or in a dangerous situation that caused the camera to turn slightly. This causes tension for the audiences. Shot reverse shot: shot reverse shot is when the camera jumps from one person to the other and back again. This mostly happens between 2 people where shot reverse shot can happen as it makes more sense.
Rule of thirds & 180 degree rule Rule of thirds Rule of thirds is also known as rule of thumbs, which is a process used when filming, painting or taking photos. Rule of thirds helps you centre what is important in the shot and it must touch the 4 lines in the middle. Following the rule of thirds creates tension and interest in the composition. 180 degree rule The 180 degree rule is a guideline that is used for filmmaking when on screen filming a relationship between a character and another character within a scene. There is an imaginary line called the axis that connects the characters and by keeping the camera on one side so that the scene wont jump of one end to the other which will cause confusion to the audiences.