Page 71

Groundwater has been dealt with on a more local level or basin by basin through binational agreements and has been party to cooperative efforts to delineate the physical and chemical properties, as well as understand human impacts to the resource. The nature of groundwater is such that human impacts have recently been the focus of attention; the problems that have surfaced do not have a quick fix. Their solutions therefore have been undertaken through local initiatives, which have led to task forces and international exchanges of data to prevent future crises associated with the quantity and quality of the resource. The vulnerability and resilience of these institutions in their ability to resolve bilateral disputes and promote cooperation between the countries is demonstrated in the examples of conflict and cooperation. Overall, these examples suggest that conflict is not associated with violence but rather by actions that are perceived as threats to another country’s water resources. Cooperation is demonstrated by the voluntary use of the institutional entities available to each country. There are current disputes that

(from top) Tourist at mineral springs, Oaxaca. Photo credit: Bryan Bernart. Crowded swimming pool at a southern California hotel complex. Photo credit: Terrence E. Davis. Lake in Cascade Mountains, Oregon. Photo credit: Caryn M. Davis.

Chapter 6. Conclusion — 55

NORTH AMERICA :Hydropolitical Vulnerability and Resilience along International Waters  
NORTH AMERICA :Hydropolitical Vulnerability and Resilience along International Waters  

This report focuses on the challenges and opportunities facing North America, a continent with about 6.5% of its area covered by surface fre...