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Sprint canoeing, women’s C-4 team of the Boating Club de Canotage Otterburn, Quebec. Photo credit: Daniel Gauthier, via Wikimedia Commons. Cooperation Summary The majority of the current examples demonstrate binational cooperation among the three countries —they are voluntarily collaborating and using the institutions available to them in that region as well as creating new institutions to deal with specific problems and to work together more effectively. The IJC has conducted studies on the Great Lakes. The U.S. and Mexico have embarked on a study of transboundary aquifers. Task forces have been created for the Abbotsford-Sumas Aquifer (Fraser Basin), the Missisquoi Bay (St. Lawrence Basin) development, the Rio Bravo/Rio Grande (Rio Grande Basin), and the Santa Cruz River (Colorado River Basin) to deal with water quality issues. Furthermore, the water apportionment of the Milk and St. Mary Rivers (Missouri-Mississippi Basin) has been referred to the IJC. While the countries may not always agree, they are willing to involve an unbiased entity to help resolve the conflict, which makes these basins resilient.

(top) Rafters prepare to run a rapid, Wenatchee River, Washington; photo credit: Terrence E. Davis. Water dogs taking turns with a stick, Marys River, Oregon; photo credit: Logan Bernart.

Chapter 5. International Conflicts and Cooperation that Influence Regional Hydropolitical Vulnerability — 51

NORTH AMERICA :Hydropolitical Vulnerability and Resilience along International Waters  
NORTH AMERICA :Hydropolitical Vulnerability and Resilience along International Waters  

This report focuses on the challenges and opportunities facing North America, a continent with about 6.5% of its area covered by surface fre...