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ST. CROIX Total area: 4,600 km2


Area of Basin in Country km2 %

United States Canada


3,300 1,400


70.86 29.14


An A ct to Amend the International Boundary W aters TTreaty reaty A ct: R egulations prohibiting the bulk removal Act Waters Act: Regulations of boundary waters from Canadian basins for any purpose, and licensing for projects affecting the level or flow of waters to the United States side of the border border.. Treaty basin: Frontier or shared waters Date: December 19, 2002 Signatories: Canada, United States of America Treaty Between Great Britain and the United States relating to boundary waters and boundary questions Treaty basin: Lake Erie, Lake Michigan, Milk, Niagara, St. Mary Date: January 11, 1909 Signatories: Great Britain, United States




International St. Croix River Board The International Joint Commission combined the existing International St. Croix River Board of Control (founded in 1915) and its International Advisory Board on Pollution Control - St. Croix River and established the International St. Croix River Board. Its mandate is to assist the Commission in preventing and in resolving disputes regarding the boundary waters of the St. Croix River, to monitor the ecological health of the St. Croix River boundary waters aquatic ecosystem, and to ensure compliance with the Commission’s Orders of Approval for structures in the St. Croix River. Treaty basin: St. Croix Signatories: Canada, United States of America

Date: 1915 (2000)

Source: International Joint Commission (IJC) The International Joint Commission is an independent binational organization established by the Boundary Waters Treaty of 1909. Its purpose is to help prevent and resolve disputes relating to the use and quality of boundary waters and to advise Canada and the United States on related questions. Treaty basin: Alsek, Chilkat, Columbia, Firth, Fraser, Mississippi, Nelson- Saskatchewan, Skagit, St. Croix, St. John, St. Lawrence, Stikine, Taku, Whiting, Yukon Date: 1909 Signatories: Canada, United States of America Source:

Appendix 1. International Freshwater Agreements, Organizations, Commissions — 87

NORTH AMERICA :Hydropolitical Vulnerability and Resilience along International Waters  
NORTH AMERICA :Hydropolitical Vulnerability and Resilience along International Waters  

This report focuses on the challenges and opportunities facing North America, a continent with about 6.5% of its area covered by surface fre...