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Goals, targets & metrics for monitoring drinking water beyond 2015 WASH: goals, targets and metrics for the next 25 years International Water Security Conference 16-18th April, Oxford University

Tom Slaymaker Deputy Head of Policy, WaterAid Lead, JMP post 2015 Water Working Group 1|

The JMP post-2015 process to identify indicators for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene


JMP post 2015 Working Group on Water l  Purpose: to review options for enhancing goal, targets and indicators for global monitoring of drinking water post-2015 l  Summary of activities: – Define goals and targets of internal relevance to the subject area – Develop comprehensive long list of indicators to measure targets – Develop short list of indicators to measure each target – Refine selection and wording of final short list of indicators

l  Expected output: report assessing options for global monitoring post 2015 and setting out a draft proposal for enhancing goals, targets and indicators 2|

The JMP post-2015 process to identify indicators for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene


Reflections on Existing MDG 7c l  Goal ≠ target ≠ indicators – Goal 7 = Ensure environmental sustainability – Target = Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation – Indicator = Proportion of population using an improved drinking water source

l  Strengths: – Simple. Easy to understand (strong message/tool) – Realistic/achievable (achieved/89%/>2bn since 1990) – Focuses on ends rather than means (flexible to context) – Successfully raised profile of water issues and focused attention on scale of problem globally (media, policy forums) 3|

The JMP post-2015 process to identify indicators for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene


Reflections on Existing MDG 7c [2] l  Weaknesses: – Lacks ambition (continuation of historic trends) – Focuses only on basic/minimum level of service – Average figures mask disparities within population – Definition of improved facility inadequate proxy for quality, quantity, time/distance to source, reliability and maintenance, affordability, social barriers to access and safe disposal/ treatment of wastewater – Incentivizes new services over existing (capital investment over maintenance) and easy to reach

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The JMP post-2015 process to identify indicators for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene


Universal access vs explicit focus on poorest

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The JMP post-2015 process to identify indicators for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene


Focus on water at home and in public places

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The JMP post-2015 process to identify indicators for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene


Progressive improvement in service levels Service level

Quantity (lpcd)

High

>= 60 Litres per capita per day

Intermediate

>= 40 Litres per capita per day

Basic (normative)

>= 20 Litres per capita per day

Sub-standard

>=5 Litres per capita per day

Quality

Accessibility distance and crowding (mpcd)

Reliability

Meets or exceeds national norms based on regular testing

Less than 10 minutes (Water available in the compound or HH)

Very reliable = works all the time

Acceptable user perception and meets/ exceeds national norms based on occasional testing

Between 10 and 30 minutes. (Less than 500m AND <= normative population per functioning water point)

Reliable/secure = works most of the time

Negative user perception Between 30 and 60 minutes. and/or no testing (Between 500m and 1000 meters AND/ OR more than normative population per functioning water point)

No service The<5 per capita JMPLitres post-2015 process to Fails to meet national per indicators day identify for drinkingnorms | 7 water, sanitation and hygiene

More than 60min (More than 1000m)

Problematic =Suffers significant breakdowns and slow repairs

Unreliable/insecure = completely broken down


Recalibrating baseline and targets?

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The JMP post-2015 process to identify indicators for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene


Considering future trends Africa s population to grow to 3.5bn by 2100 (in thousands) Population density Country   2010   2050   2100   Mali   12   34   65   DRC   28   63   90   Mozambique   29   63   96   Niger   12   50   110   Ethiopia   75   131   136   Zambia   17   60   186   Kenya   70   167   276   Tanzania   47   146   335   Burkina  Faso   60   171   352   Uganda   139   391   710   Nigeria   171   422   790   Malawi   126   420   1093  

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The JMP post-2015 process to identify indicators for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene

Source: UN Population Division http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/index.htm


Target setting: technical vs political l  “An improved system of monitoring should be purpose-driven, universal (relevant to all), comparable internationally but harmonized with country systems, easily understood and communicated, internally consistent, compelling and cheap, and should reward progress (progressive realization).” l  Technical process (defined task): –  to review options for enhancing goal, targets and indicators for global monitoring of drinking water post-2015 l  Political process (moving goalposts) : –  Evolutionary (MDG plus - UNGA) –  Radical (Sustainable Development Goals - UNCSD) –  Revolutionary (Global Governance - G8/G20/G77)

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The JMP post-2015 process to identify indicators for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene


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The JMP post-2015 process to identify indicators for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene

JMP Water Working Group  

Tom Slaymaker, WaterAid, UK JMP Water Working Group - WASH: goals, targets and metrics for the next 25 years Representatives from the worki...

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