Defining water security for heavy manufacturing industry in Teesside, North East England: from the perils of the 1959 drought to the burden of oversupply. Christine McCulloch firstname.lastname@example.org.
Outline • • • •
Introduction History of the 1959 drought Analysis of the industrial responses Wider implications
Teesside water resources
Grassholme reservoir during the 1959 drought
Source: Middlesbrough Record Office
Industrial responses to drought • • • • • •
1. Establish priority of supply. 2. Adapt with economies in use. 3. Substitution and trade. 4. Rob nature. 5. Increase short-term supply. 6. Develop plans for increased supply in the longer term.
Wider implications • • • •
Commercial confidentiality. Incentives for economy of use Defence of nature Need for strategies of dispersion and trade in face of drought • Problems of water resource planning involving heavy industry.
Dr Christine McCulloch, University of Oxford, UK ---Defining water security for heavy manufacturing industries in Teesside, North East Engla...