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Defining water security for heavy manufacturing industry in Teesside, North East England: from the perils of the 1959 drought to the burden of oversupply. Christine McCulloch christine.mcculloch@geog.ox.ac.uk.


Outline • • • •

Introduction History of the 1959 drought Analysis of the industrial responses Wider implications


Teesside water resources


Grassholme reservoir during the 1959 drought

Source: Middlesbrough Record Office


Industrial responses to drought • • • • • •

1. Establish priority of supply. 2. Adapt with economies in use. 3. Substitution and trade. 4. Rob nature. 5. Increase short-term supply. 6. Develop plans for increased supply in the longer term.


Wider implications • • • •

Commercial confidentiality. Incentives for economy of use Defence of nature Need for strategies of dispersion and trade in face of drought • Problems of water resource planning involving heavy industry.


Defining water security for heavy manufacturing industries  

Dr Christine McCulloch, University of Oxford, UK ---Defining water security for heavy manufacturing industries in Teesside, North East Engla...

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