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AWARE seeks to educate and inspire readers to make informed cultural, altruistic, and environmental choices in their daily lives.

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Contents 12

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Ecotourism: Sea Turtle Conservation

Local Organization: Kids Stock the House

32 Water Bottles and the Environment

60 Krochet Kids International

78 Local Food and Recipes AWARE 4

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Local Organization: East Hampton Food Pantry

42 Billy Schutt Nitrogen Pollution: A Danger to Long Island Waters

50 Organic Cotton: Eco Bags

76 Toms: Shoes

66 Cosmetic Products

94 Junk Mail: Paper


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The magazine aims to inform readers about what they can do to be good stewards of the environment and local community, by influencing them to make long-term change. AWARE empowers its readers to foster a sense of consciousness and be aware of how their consumption impacts others.

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Our Journey

The New Oxford American Dictionary defines empathy as “the ability to understand and share the feelings of another.� According to Jeremy Rifkin, mirror neurons instill empathy in us; what we observe of others affects us. We react to the plight of others as if it were our own experiences. He explains that seeing the misfortunes of others evokes us to participate in empathetic tasks. The writings of Mr. Rifkin and creative approaches to problem solving have inspired this magazine. The choices could be as simple as recycling water bottles, purchasing environmentally responsible consumer products, supporting sustainable and local food resources, engaging in ecotourism or creating pathways to global businesses, which might include microloans to those in impoverished areas.

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Individuals should feel good about the products they buy because, by doing so, they are making positive contributions to their planet. AWARE endorses products that serve multiple purposes and put an emphasis on desire and necessity. We should consider whether the items that we purchase are helping or harming the Earth and ourselves. Products can be more than just what you need in life–they can also serve the common good and reflect your individual identity.As humans, we have the capacity to develop a connection to both our human family and to the environment. The small, everyday changes that we make can have monumental impacts on our world.

All written and photographic material in AWARE was created by Christin Aucapina AWARE 11


Sea Turtle Conservation AWARE 12


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Why are sea turtles important? According to the World Conservation Union, all seven species of sea turtles— the Loggerhead, Green Turtle, Leatherback, Hawksbill, Kemp’s Ridley, Olive Ridley, and Flatback— are on the Red List of Threatened Species. Because many baby sea turtles do not make it to adulthood or the ocean, there are less than one million sea turtles in existence today.

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Rene collecting eggs in Tecoman, Mexico

In general, it can take 15 to 50 years for turtles to reach sexual maturity. Typically, female sea turtles return to their natal beach at night and may nest more than once during mating season. Females lay about three hundred eggs in one night, and the eggs take approximately forty days to fertilize. Even female sea turtles are at risk of extinction. Poachers often steal eggs and kill females on the beach. Turtles are sold in black markets for their shells, which are made into sunglasses, hair clips, headbands, and other accessories. Sea turtle eggs are in high demand because they are known to taste better than chicken eggs.

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In certain locations, females are impeded from laying nests on the beach because they are attracted to the artificial light of buildings and lose track of the ocean’s location. Sometimes, they do not find their way back into the ocean. Construction on a beach can affect a nest of sea turtle eggs because it could alter the temperature of the sand. Sand temperature is key to the incubation of the eggs; warm sand favors female sea turtles and cold sand favors male sea turtles. In the ocean, it is theorized that baby sea turtles spend the early stage of their development following and feeding off beds of Sargasso weeds. Often, sea turtles choke and die after eating balloons, fishing lines, and plastic bags. By keeping local beaches free from litter, people can help the survival of sea turtles.

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Sea Turtle Nesting Sites Around the World

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Sea turtles are constantly in danger. Many sea turtles drown because they are caught in the gear of fishing vessels. Recently, regulations have been put into place that enforce ships to have nets called Turtle Excluder Devices (TEDs), which have an escape flap for marine creatures. When traveling to their favorite tropical getaways, people can educate themselves on the local culture, raise their level of global awareness, and partake in environmental endeavors, such as helping sea turtles by participating in activities that could ultimately help sea turtles avoid extinction.

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For two weeks during the summer of 2011, I traveled to Tecoman, Mexico and participated in a sea turtle conservation program. A typical day consisted of small groups of volunteers patrolling the beach before sunrise and searching for turtle marks on the sand. If we found marks, we would estimate the location of the nest. Once a nest was located, we would count the eggs and move them to the camp’s corral, where the eggs are kept away from predators and can still remain nested in the sand. When the baby sea turtles make their way out of the sand, they need to be escorted into the ocean to ensure that they are not eaten by preys.

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EAST HAMPTON FOOD PANTRY

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The East Hampton Food Pantry is a nonprofit organization that helps feed those in need. The pantry usually anticipates feeding four hundred families a week. Every Tuesday, families arrive at the pantry and receive a brown paper bag filled with juice, pasta, and canned goods. Then, they enter the pantry’s kitchen where they choose from baked goods, fresh fruits and vegetables from local farms, milk, meat, eggs, and cheese. The pantry faces added difficulties during the winter, when many people lose jobs because of the local seasonal economy. The pantry also takes part in hosting fundraising events, such as the Western Fair and the Polar Bear Plunge. The pantry welcomes volunteers to either of its locations: East Hampton or Amagansett. AWARE 25


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Kids Stock the House

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Mission The mission of Kids Stock the House is to support The Ronald McDonald House of Long Island (RMH-LI) in its valuable role of serving families and children in need. RMH-LI is a “home-away-from-home� for families of seriously ill children who are undergoing medical treatments in area hospitals. Many of the families who stay at the House are from Suffolk County, Nassau County, and the surrounding communities. Other families come from across the country and around the world. All day-to-day costs for running the House are supported through fundraisers, legislative grants, and the generosity of donors.

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2011: Kids Stock the House participated in a Dinner Program at the Ronald McDonald House on July 10th and October 23rd. Kids Stock the House was founded by a local teacher and education author, Donna Christina Oliverio. Please contact Ms.Oliverio at (516) 456-2172 if you are interested in joining this worthy cause. You can also become a fan of the “Kids Stock the House� Facebook page. AWARE 30


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Poland Spring attire: collaborative effort of Ji Eun Kim and Christin Aucapina.

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Poland Spring Within the last two decades, Poland Spring has reduced the amount of PET (Polyethylene Terephthalate) plastic in its bottles by 60%. By changing the cap, the body of the bottle, and the size of the label, the company has reduced the amount of plastic used to create one bottle by 30%.

Poland Spring prides itself on providing water that is 100% Natural Spring Water.

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Fiji Fiji provides consumers with natural artesian water that is created by equatorial winds. Natural artesian water is confined miles underneath the earth’s surface and usually between impermeable rocks; it is never touched by humans. The water bottles have the highest-grade PET resin, and do not contain Bisphenol A. As of 2009, Fiji joined 1% for the Planet, which donates funds to environmental organizations. Currently, 1% for the Planet has over 1,000 members in 38 countries. The company Fiji has donated 5 million dollars toward the preservation of Fiji’s largest rainforest, and has contributed toward educational programs in Fiji.

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39 Fiji Dress created by AWARE Geige Silver.


Paulina in Poland Spring attire

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Barbie in Fiji dress AWARE 41


Billy Schutt : Nitrogen Pollution: A Danger To Long Island Waters

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Currently, Long Island is facing an ecological crisis due to a superabundance of nitrogen in its water bodies. An excess of nitrogen in a water body is harmful in and of itself, but it also allows the growth of large algal blooms, which can wreck havoc on the marine ecosystem. In this paper, you will learn about a case of extreme nitrogen pollution at Hewlett Bay in Nassau County. Hewlett Bay: A Case Study For Eutrophication Hewlett Bay, a beautiful saltwater estuary in Hempstead, New York, is in the midst of an ecological crisis. The Bay Park sewage treatment plant pumps approximately 60 million gallons of effluent (nutrient-rich water in which solids have been removed) into the bay every day. Nitrogenous compounds in the effluent lead to a serious problem called eutrophication, which is an increased rate in the generation of organic carbon, which in layman’s terms means that, due to phenomena such as heightened nutrient levels in a water body, organisms such as phytoplankton are able to reproduce and grow more quickly. This increased production of algae can result in an algal bloom, a problem more serious than it sounds due to the ecological effects of having an unusually high density of algae in the water, such as the death of sea grass. The problem of eutrophication and the resulting algal blooms can be made worse due to some alga’s ability to create toxins which can be harmful to fish and shellfish. The algal population grows so large that it consumes all the available nutrients. This mass “starvation” leads to a die-off of algae and the population crashes. The next phase of this process occurs when the dead cells sink to the bottom. The huge amount of organic matter making up the population of alga is decomposed by aerobic bacteria that quickly deplete the water of dissolved oxygen. In Hewlett Bay, there is so much algal growth that almost all of the oxygen is removed from the water. When this process occurs, aerobic sea organisms like fish and shellfish literally suffocate and will die unless they move out of the impacted area. AWARE 44


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Hewlett Bay Compared to Other Test Sites: During the summer of 2011, I worked in Chris Gobler’s algal lab at SUNY Stony Brook at Southampton. There, I was involved in a project that measured the effects of the Bay Park sewage treatment plant on the surrounding waterways. The four sites I surveyed, Hewlett Bay, Middle Bay, Jones Beach Inlet, and East Bay, make up an area known as the Western Bays. Middle Bay and East Bay do not suffer as much eutrophication as Hewlett Bay due to their proximity to Jones Beach Inlet and the ocean, which allows water to be flushed from the two bays on a regular basis. The flow of ocean water into the two bays dilutes nutrient concentration from the sewage plant outflow. In contrast, Hewlett Bay, which is cut off from the open ocean by a large land mass does not undergo the same dilution process. A recent study of these waterways by Dr. Robert Swanson shows the important factors, which make the eutrophication of Hewlett Bay more severe. The study shows that the cooler, saline ocean water does not flush the area in and around Hewlett Bay. Because of this, the high concentrations of nitrate and other nitrogenous compounds expelled from the sewage outflow are not diluted and lead to the increased generation of phytoplankton. The effects of these microorganisms and the proof that eutrophication is occurring can be seen because oxygen is shown to be depleted in the area surrounding the outflow. If ocean waters flushed this area, the levels of nitrogen would be reduced and eutrophication would not be as severe. Hewlett Bay also has another unfortunate quality, which compounds its hypoxia problem. The bay is heavily dredged and thus very deep, up to 15 meters in some areas. In aquatic ecosystems, the amount of dissolved oxygen decreases with depth. This problem is exaggerated in Hewlett Bay because it does not experience inflow of ocean water and because of the extent of eutrophication. In Hewlett Bay complete anoxia occurs only a few meters beneath the surface. AWARE 46


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Currently, Long Island is at a turning point. At this point, nitrogen excess does not affect our daily lives drastically, but if more is not done to limit how much escapes into our waters, we may face an island wide ecological crisis in the future. At this point in time, we are afforded precious time to change our negligent behavior towards the environment and we must take full advantage of it. The first step towards a resolution is awareness. Once we have realized how grave a plight we face it is time to act. Contact your representatives, maintain your septic systems, use less fertilizer; all of it helps. We cannot afford to kick this environmental issue down the street and deal with it later. We owe it to ourselves and to future generations to protect the valuable resource of clean water that surrounds our home.

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Organic Cotton Eco Bags AWARE 51


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Eco Bag designed by Ji Eun Kim


ECOBAGS started in 1989 with the idea of reducing waste by creating reusable bags.

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Eco Bag designed by Ji Eun Kim

Customers can choose from a variety of styles and materials, such as organic, recycled, and natural cotton, hemp, recycled polymers, and wild grasses.

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Eco Bag designed by Lucy Reyer and Noah McAskill AWARE 57


Eco Bag designed by Justine Friedrich

The company receives its material from four countries: United States of America, India, China, and Canada. ECOBAGS is proud to be “cleaning up the planet, one bag at a time�, and providing bags for all aspects of life.

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Krochet Kids International began with three college students, Kohl Crecelius, Travis Hartanov and Stewart Ramsey, who sought to gain a better understanding of the global community. After seeing how the people of Uganda wanted to be independent as opposed to relying on the government and aid organizations, Kohl, Travis, and Stewart decided to help women make a living by teaching them how to crochet. Today, the organization employs 122 women in Uganda and provides fair wages and classes on budgeting, business management and finance. After three years, a woman can provide food, water, clothing, and education for her family. She would also have enough money to start a small business, herd cattle, or open a farm. The hats that Krochet Kids sell are handmade and signed by the women that made them. Buyers contribute to a cycle of education, employment, and mentorship. By knowing the name of the woman who made their hat, purchasers can find her story online. The organization allows women to rise from poverty, and defines its success by the number of relationships that are built.

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Mission : To empower people to rise above poverty.

VISION

To create sustainable economic development programs that support holistic growth of individuals and communities within developing nations. To inspire the knowledge of a generation about their ability to bring change to a world that is in need.

VALUES

People: We desire holistic freedom for our people to grow and enrich their lives physically, emotionally, and spiritually. AWARE 64


Buy A Hat. Change A Life. AWARE 65


The facial scrub

The St.Ives Apricot Scrub Deep clean your skin and prevent blackouts before they appear.

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The Soap

Pangea Organics Bar Soap Pangea uses healing and therapeutic herbs that rejuvenate and refresh your skin. AWARE 67


The Bronzer

Bamboo Wear This new nutrient rich bronzer renews skin condition and gives it a glow.

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The hair

Moroccan oil is famous for reviving and strengthening hair. Apply this oil treatment when hair is wet, as it reduces drying time and gives your hair a great glow. AWARE 69


The eye shadow

Maquillage du Monde Inspired by women of India, these eye shadows are made out of pomegranate and calendula powder. They are available in six colors.

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The mascara

L’Oréal Double Extend Applies in two coats, the first nourishes the lashes while the second tubes them. This mascara is easily removed and waterproof.

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The eyeliner

BeautĂŠ du Monde Also inspired by women in India, the Kohl is available in five shades. It it is an eyeliner that is gentle to apply.

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The lipstick

BeautĂŠ du Monde Inspired by the women in Morocco, this lipstick is made from argan oil and butter to nourish the lips, and available in nine shades AWARE 73


It is hard to imagine that there is such an item as vegan polish, but SpaRitual strives to enlighten its customers by providing eco-friendly products. SpaRitual Nail Lacquer is available in a variety of shades and is 100% vegan. It is created from wild crafted plants and organic plants from around the world, free from dyes, sulfates, and chemicals. SpaRitual Nail Lacquer was the first polish to not have Formaldehyde, and Toluene. Pricing depends on the size of polish, but rages from five to ten dollars a bottle. Keep a look out for the polish collection that supports the Go Green Initiative. AWARE 74


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Blake Mycoskie founded Toms in 2006 after his visit to Argentina. He was inspired to help children who suffered from extreme poverty and health conditions by giving a child in need a pair of new TOMS with every TOMS purchase. Within the first year of business, TOMS donated 10,000 pairs of shoes to children in Argentina, and as of 2012, TOMS has donated one million pairs of shoes to over twenty countries. Blake decided to donate shoes because doing so would reduce injuries and allow children to go to school. Support Toms and children around the world by buying a pair of shoes. AWARE 77


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Quail Hill Farm, September, Harvest Saturday, 2011 AWARE 79


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The following recipes were displayed in Quail Hill Farm’s E-News letter during the summer of 2011. The recpies endorse fruits and vegetables that can be found in local farm stands and markets. Some of theses farms are members of the Peconic Land Trust which is a nonprofit organization that conserves Long Island’s farms.

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Local Recipies WATERMELON AND TOMATO SALAD Serves 4

Ingredients: 3 cups of watermelon, 2 cups of tomatoes, ツシ lb of feta cheese, 1 small red onion, basil leaves, 1 tsp of lemon juice, 1 of red wine vinegar, and 2 Tbs of olive oil.

Combine the watermelon, cut in 1窶進nch chunks, with the tomatoes, cut in 1窶進nch chunks. Add the Feta cheese, cut into ツス inch dice, 1 small red onion, minced, basil leaves, and the lemon juice, red wine vinegar, and olive oil.

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GOLDEN BEET and FENNEL SAUTÉ with ANISE‐HYSSOP Ingredients: 3 golden beets, 1‐2 Tbs of olive oil, 3 fennel bulbs, ½ cup of anise‐hyssop, and salt.

Trim and scrub (removing all hairs) the golden beets, medium‐large, and cut them into ½” cubes. In a large skillet, add the olive oil and heat to medium heat. Add the beets, cover and cook, stirring occasionally, until the beets start to “sizzle.” Reduce heat to just above low and cook 10 –15 minutes, or until you can insert a fork into a beet but it is still firm. Add the fennel. Remove end and trim stalks of the fennel bulbs. Cut bulbs lengthwise and slice across into smallish pieces. Cut usable stalks and fronds into ½” slices. Add the anise‐hyssop, chopped, to the beet/fennel mix, salt to taste, and continue cooking until desired. AWARE 84


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FRIED OKRA

contributed by Jane Weissman

Ingredients: ツス cup of water, 1 cup of flour, black pepper, hot pepper flakes, chopped parsley, 10 small pods of okra, canola oil, and salt.

Make a pastella by pouring the water in a bowl and adding enough flour to achieve a yogurt窶人ike consistency. Add black pepper, hot pepper flakes, and lots of chopped parsley. Wash and trim small pods of okra. Drip pods into the pastella and fry in very hot canola oil (375ツーF if using an electric frying pan). Remove, drain on paper towels, transfer to platter and sprinkle with salt. Note: Zucchini sticks, squash blossoms, and sage buds (+ 2 sets of leaves) can be prepared the same way. AWARE 86


Quail Hill Farm, September, Harvest Saturday, 2011 AWARE 87


CURRIED OKRA WITH CHICKPEAS contributed by Jane Umanoff and Bo Parsons Serves 4 to 6 Ingredients: 1 onion, 3‐4 cloves of garlic, 3 Tbs of olive oil, ¼ tsp of curry powder, ¼ tsp of ground cumin, a pinch of cayenne, a pinch of turmeric, 4 tomatoes, 1 lb of okra, and 1 can chickpeas.

Saute the onion, chopped and cloves of garlic, minced, in the olive oil. Add curry powder, ground cumin, a pinch of cayenne and a pinch of turmeric. Sauté for 1 to 2 minutes. Add tomatoes, chopped, and okra (approx. 3 inches long, washed, stems trimmed). Bring to a boil. Lower heat, add salt and pepper to taste, adjust spice seasonings, and simmer for 20 minutes. Add chickpeas and cook a few minutes more. AWARE 88


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Buy from local farms and markets to support substantial living on the east end. Quail Hill Farm

Address: 660 Old Stone Highway, Amagansett, NY, 11930 Season Summer harvest days are Saturdays and Tuesdays, from 8:00 am to 5:30 pm.

Round Swamp Farm

Address: 184 Three Mile Harbor Road East Hampton, NY 11937 Season: May through December Hours: Daily 8AM-6PM; Sundays 8AM-2PM Products Offered: Fresh produce, fish, lobsters, homemade baked goods, jams, relishes, and flowers.

The Milk Pail & Amy’s Flowers

Address: 757 Mecox Lane Water Mill, NY 11976 Season: Year round Hours: Monday through Saturday; 9:30am-5:30pm Sunday; 10:00am- 5:30pm Products Offered: Apples, peaches, blueberries, cherries, pears, bedding plants, cider, pies.

Sag Harbor Farmers Market Address: 1742 Country Road 79, Sag Harbor, NY,11963 Season: Winter Market is open every Sat. 9AM-1PM from Nov - May 2012.

Vicki’s Veggies Amagansett

Open seven days a week all year long 7am to 8pm 596 Montauk Highway, Amagansett, NY, 11930

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“ Just say No,” and join 41Pounds on its mission to reduce deforestation by controlling what goes into your mailbox. Futile mail does not benefit the environment. Out of the 100 million trees that are cut every year, 42% of trees go into the production of paper. On average, adults receive 41 pounds of junk mail, and spend 70 hours sorting through such mail. 41Pounds invites people to conserve 1.7 trees and 700 gallons of water by reducing their junk mail for five years. Within 16 weeks of 41Pounds’ service, your junk mail can be reduced by 95%. The service requires you to provide basic personal information and enables you to help the environment.

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Dress created by Geige Silver

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In the end, the consumer should feel good that they are contributing toward the well being of others and themselves.

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Christin Aucapina

AWARE is also available online on ISSUU under “AWARE a Senior Project”.

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AWARE a Senior Project