Foundations of Design : Representation, SEM1, 2017 M3 JOURNAL - PATTERN vs SURFACE Christian Wong

915394 Emmanuel Cohen studio 26

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WEEK 6 READING: SURFACES THAT CAN BE BUILT FROM PAPER IN ARCHITECTURAL GEOMETRY Question 1: What are the three elementary types of developable surfaces? Provide a brief description. (Maximum 100 words) The three basic types consist of “cylinders, cones and tangent surfaces of space curves.”1 A cone unmapps to a “S” shape. From this s, “paapwards all of the same size. By joining these together you create a cylinder net. A cone consists of a profile curve that has lines extruding from it into a singular point. For a cone the lines all extrude the same amount. The last type, tangent surfaces are cuts of a previous object in the form of a strip.

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Helmut Pottmann, Andreas Asperl, Micheal Hofer, Alex Kilian, Architectural Geometry (Bentley Intitute Press), 536.

Question 2: Why is the understanding of developable surface critical in the understanding of architectural geometry? Choose one precedent from Research/Precedents tab on LMS as an example for your discussion. (Maximum 100 words) The Greenhouse by Plasma Studio, is a panel based design. The building itself is the joining of triangles to form a structure. Plasma Studio has clearly understood the functionailty of the triangle. Without knowledge of what is developable you will not be able to bring your design into real life. All architectural geometry therefore is developable and knowing how a geometric building is built is based on your knowledge of developable surface. The Greenhouse is built upon the utilisation of the triangle an understood developable surface.

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PANELLING 2D PATTERN

2d Panelling, Pattern: Triangular

2d Panelling, Diamonds

2d Panelling, Pattern: Brick

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VARIABLE 2D PATTERN

Custom panel with a shape

Custom panel variable curve attractor w/ pentagons

Custom panel variable random w/ pentagons

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3D PANEL TEST PROTOTYPE & TEMPLATE

Template

Panel Prototype

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Question 1: What is digital fabrication and how does it change the understanding of two dimensional representation? (Maximum 100 words) Digital fabrication is the ability to construct what you design using digital software. The software (such as Rhino) creates a link “between design and making.”1 making the transistion from “representation” to “building”2 convenient and accurate. Basically it provides a catalysed pathway from 2d drawings and ideas to 3d objects by “eliminating intermediate steps between design and final production.”3 It allows the designer to also become the maker, bridging the path from design to construction in also a more efficient way. It was interesting to see the

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Lisa Iwamoto, Digital Fabrications architectural and material techniques (New York: Princeton Architectural Press), 4. Iwamoto, Digital Fabrications, 4. Iwamoto, Digital Fabrications, 5.

Question 2: Suggest two reasons why folding is used extensively in the formal expression of building design? (Maximum 100 words) One reason is to keep the sense of unity in the design. The use of folds, “allows new spaces and territories to emerge without losing the native characteristics.”1 As the characteristics is still “native”, materials do not lose their representation or translation. They still convey a unified feeling as the material is not harmed in the process. Folding also pocesses “the ability to integrate unrelated elements”2 an unique element that is important in keeping the overall unity. Another reason is the constructing benefits of a fold. It has the ability to be “structrally stiff” or “self-supporting”3 therefore playing the role in keeping a durable building.

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Lisa Iwamoto, Digital Fabrications architectural and material techniques (New York: Princeton Architectural Press), 62. Iwamoto, Digital Fabrications, 62. Iwamoto, Digital Fabrications, 62.

EXPLORING 3D PANELLING

Experiment 3D panelling (not same as final)

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UNROLL TEMPLATE OF YOUR FINAL MODEL

Overall unrolled template

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PANELISED LANDSCAPE

Diagonal viewpoin

Detail close-up

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APPENDIX

An overview of attempts

Another 3-d attempt

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Pyramid attempt

Building Workstation

APPENDIX

Photobooth setup

Another detail shot

Front shot

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Module 3
Module 3