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back to the future 12 • windows in time 18 • living legends 32 • 100 years ago 36

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The Colorado Mountain Club • Summer 2012 • Issue 1015 • www.cmc.org

Written in the

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Letter from the CEO The Colorado Mountain Club celebrates its 100th birthday in 2012.

Passion for the Climb

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hat a fun year this is shaping up to be. Planning a centennial event every other month, along with our usual monthly events, has been quite the undertaking. But it’s also been a great deal of fun and a wonderful learning experience. Celebrating the CMC’s 100th birthday has given many of us the opportunity to meet members, supporters, and friends of the CMC that we may never have had the chance to meet. This issue of T&T provides a beautiful insight into Jan and Dave Waddington’s family and how the CMC has woven a beloved path in their lives. Celebrating our 100th has allowed me to hear stories from our longtime members and supporters that make me proud of the conservation work the CMC has done for our mountain landscape. One in particular was told to me by a longtime member who talked about the

What will you give as a gift? Join the Summit Society or 21st Century Circle today.

The 21st Century Circle honors CMC members who have designated a legacy gift in their will or estate plan to the CMC or the CMC Foundation. The Summit Society is a giving society established for Colorado Mountain Club donors who contribute $1,000 or more to the CMC’s annual campaign.

Last weekend I had the pleasure of reenacting the first CMC outing of 1912 at the YMCA in Estes Park. The day was beautiful and I felt honored to take part, as did many of you. On the club’s behalf, I accepted an award from Rocky Mountain National Park. In recognition of your support of Rocky Mountain National Park on the occasion of the Club’s Centennial, April 2012 The CEO of the YMCA spoke about the impact the club has had on the park; Jerry Caplan, a longtime CMC member, and past board president of both the CMC and the CMC Foundation, spoke about the CMC’s efforts in establishing the park. It had many of you come to me with tears in your eyes, thanking the CMC for putting on such a great year of celebrations.

ute to the endowment and play a direct role in ensuring the club continues with its programs, and continues to evolve so that it can remain relevant in the lives of future generations. We can’t do it without your help; your contribution will make an impact regardless of the amount. If you feel passionate about the club, if the club has had a significant impact on your life, please call me to find out how your endowment contribution can help the club see another major milestone. I look forward to your call!

It had many of you come to me with tears in your eyes, thanking the CMC for putting on such a great year of celebrations. club’s involvement in promoting the Wilderness Act of 1964; believe it or not, this contribution came from members of the CMC’s junior’s group, who ranged in age from 14 to 21. A handful of CMC juniors sat on a panel along with other CMC members advocating for the permanent protection of our lands and their hard work led to success!

We love the CMC and the many ways in which it has enriched out lives. This year is bringing us together in a way that reminds us to give back to the club so that it can flourish for another 100 years. Did you know that the CMC has an endowment that we are hoping to grow? There’s no better time than our centennial year to contrib-

Katie Blackett Chief Executive Officer

Help us reach our goal of 100 Summit Society and 21st Century Circle members by the end of 2012. Join the Summit Society or the 21st Century Circle today and receive a complimentary signed, numbered copy of the CMC’s Centennial book, 100 Years Up High, Colorado Mountains & Mountaineers. To learn more, contact our Development Director at 303-996-2752. 2

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Departments 12

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01 Letter from the CEO 06 On the Outside 08 Mission Accomplishments

Learn the latest from the conservation and education departments, as well as the Mountaineering Museum.

10 Around Colorado

What's happening in your group?

12 The Clinic

The future is now.

By Brendan Leonard

18 Pathfinder

Perusing the past: Colorado's marvelous geology. By Chris Case

12 Back to the Future

Gadgets, games, and new gear. Do they change the way we enjoy our wilderness? By Brendan Leonard

41 End of the Trail

32 Life and Love

Remembering those who have passed.

Sometimes it takes a while for things to work out. Sometimes it takes 50 years.

42 CMC Adventure Travel

Want to get away? Wander the world with your friends at the CMC on these classic trips.

By Susan Baker and Chris Case

18 Windows of Time The geology of Colorado is written in the rocks. The scenery of Colorado is a gallery incomparable. Take a step back in time at these magical locales.

36 This is 1912: Part 2

By Chris Case

By Woody Smith

One hundred years ago the world was a very different place. Discover the time in which the Colorado Mountain Club came to be.

26 We Must With more people enjoying the outdoors comes an increasing burden to protect the land we love. By Scott Braden

On the Cover

The Lone Eagle Cirque. Chris Case

Summer 2012 Trail & Timberline • Issue 1015 • www.cmc.org

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Editor's Note Keep Climbing (and Riding)

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Mountainmoonphotography.com

ifteen issues ago, I stepped into the role of editor and designer of Trail & Timberline with a swirling mixture of anxiety and elation. I had never been the editor of a magazine and, so, I had only the faintest idea of what I was getting myself into. On the other hand, I had no preconceived notions of what I couldn't do. It was all mine: All mine to reinvigorate; all mine to, well, mess up. So, I set about the task of making T&T into the publication I thought it could—and should—be: a magazine that people anxiously looked forward to reading and seeing every quarter. Since 1918, T&T has been a fixture of the Colorado Mountain Club. Reading it, I suspect for many, has been instrumental in their sense of belonging to the community that defines this renowned organization. As I leave the CMC, my one hope is that people have felt satisfied with the product they've received; I hope that people will continue to look forward to reading every issue, and are filled with that sense of adventure and camaraderie that only comes from being a member of the club. I must thank all of those readers out there who have contributed, commented, and kept me on my toes. Many thanks go to Katie Blackett for allowing me the opportunity to take the helm of the magazine and, with complete trust, offering me the independence and freedom to roam. A hearty thank you goes to a fine staff, past and present, for contributing and consulting on so many articles and ideas. My next step? I am now the managing editor of Velo magazine, covering professional cycling around the world.

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member benefits → Join us on over 3,000 annual trips, hikes, and activities in the state’s premiere mountain-adventure organization. → Expand your knowledge and learn new skills with our schools, seminars, and events. → Support our award-winning Youth Education Program for mountain leadership. → Protect Colorado’s wild lands and backcountry recreation experiences.

The official publication of the Colorado Mountain Club since 1918.

→ Enjoy exclusive discounts to the American Mountaineering Museum. → Travel the world with your friends through CMC Adventure Travel.

Editor, Director of Photography & Design Chris Case editor@cmc.org

Advertising Sales Robin Commons

advertising@cmc.org

The Colorado Mountain Club 710 10th Street, Suite 200 Golden, Colorado 80401

The CMC is a 501 (c)(3) charitable organization.

www.cmc.org The Colorado Mountain Club is organized to

→ Receive a 20% discount on all CMC Press purchases and start your next adventure today. → It pays to be a member. Enjoy discounts of up to 30% from retailers and corporate partners. See www.cmc.org/benefits for details. → Receive the Shared Member Rates of other regional mountaineering clubs and a host of their perks and benefits, including lodging. Visit cmc.org/Alpine6 for details.

opportunities to get more involved Charitable Donations

Join our select donors who give back to the club every month by using electronic funds transfer (EFT). It is easy and convenient, you can discontinue anytime, and you’ll provide support for critical programs. Sign up at www.cmc.org/support. By naming the Colorado Mountain Club in your will, you will be able to count yourself among the proud members of the 21st Century Circle. Read more at www.cmc.org/legacy. Please consult your financial advisor about gift language. By donating $1,000 or more to the Annual Campaign, you'll enjoy the exclusive benefits of the Summit Society, including hikes to places that the CMC's conservation department is working to protect, an annual appreciation event, and a complimentary copy of a new CMC Press book. If you have any questions about donations, please contact Sarah Gorecki, Development Director, at 303.996.2752 or sarahgorecki@cmc.org.

Volunteer Efforts

If you want to share your time and expertise, give back to the club by volunteering on a variety of projects, from trail restoration to stuffing envelopes. Visit www.cmc.org/volunteer for a complete listing.

Contact Us

Our Membership Services team can answer general questions every weekday at 303.279.3080, or by email at cmcoffice@cmc.org.

▶ unite the energy, interest, and knowledge of the students, explorers, and lovers of the mountains of Colorado; ▶ collect and disseminate information regarding the Rocky Mountains on behalf of science, literature, art, and recreation;

SCFD

▶ stimulate public interest in our mountain areas; ▶ encourage the preservation of forests, flowers, fauna, and natural scenery; and ▶ render readily accessible the alpine attractions of this region. © 2012 Colorado Mountain Club

All Rights Reserved

Trail & Timberline (ISSN 0041-0756) is published quarterly by the Colorado Mountain Club located at 710 10th Street, Suite 200, Golden, Colorado 80401. Periodicals postage paid at Golden, Colorado, and additional offices. Subscriptions are $20 per year; single copies are $5. POSTMASTER: Please send address changes to Trail & Timberline, 710 10th Street, Suite 200, Golden, Colorado 80401. Advertisements in Trail & Timberline do not constitute an endorsement by the Colorado Mountain Club.

Please recycle this magazine. Printed on 10% post-consumer waste recycled paper.

Chris Case editor@cmc.org

For Members

The Colorado Mountain Club thanks the Scientific and Cultural Facilities District and its citizens for their continuing support. www.scfd.org

The Colorado Mountain Club is a proud member of Community Shares of Colorado.

It PAYS to be a member!

SCFD

SCFD

SCFD

▶ 40% off admission at the American Mountaineering Museum

▶ 20% off titles from The Mountaineers Books

▶ 10% at Neptune Mountaineering, Boulder

▶ 10% at Bent Gate Mountaineering, Golden

▶ 10% at Wilderness Exchange Unlimited, Denver

Not a member?

▶ 10% at Mountain Chalet, Colorado Springs ▶ 10% at The Trailhead, Buena Vista

▶ 10% at Rock'n and Jam'n, Thornton Visit www.cmc.org/join 4

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On the Outside A waterfall courses through the rocks near Paradise Park, Rocky Mountain National Park. Chris Case 6

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Corporate Connection

Mission Accomplishments

Kaiser Permanente becomes title sponsor of our centennial celebration By Sarah Gorecki, Development Director

Introducing Christian Green New Director of Publishing joins CMC staff

If you’ve been to any of our centennial celebration events this year, you’ve probably noticed Kaiser Permanente headlining as our title sponsor. The CMC has been hosting a series of events to celebrate our 100th birthday, including the February 11 Kickoff Gala and the April 28 Membership Hike and Group Photo in Estes Park. Next will be the July 21 Centennial Celebration Fest in Buena Vista, the Centennial 14er Challenge on September 8, and a few more. (To see the full list of events, visit www.cmc.org/centennial). We’re celebrating with an event every other month all year. This is only possible with the generous support of our centennial sponsors, including Kaiser Permanente.

By Katie Blackett

Christian Green joined the CMC staff in late January, when he was named Director of Publishing. In addition to overseeing CMC Press’s book publishing program, Green will serve as editor of Trail & Timberline, beginning with the Fall 2012 issue. Green comes to the CMC from ABCCLIO, a reference/academic publisher in Broomfield, Colorado, where he was most recently a development editor. During the past decade, he has held numerous positions,

including serving as an acquisitions, project, production, and managing editor, in both the book and magazine publishing industry. Before joining the CMC staff, he served on CMC’s press advisory board for two years and has been a CMC member since 2008. He is an avid hiker and snowshoer and is a graduate of CMC’s Wilderness Trekking School. Green holds a B.A. in history from Penn State University and a M.A. in English/ Publishing from Rosemont College. △

Stewards of the Land Conservation update

By Scott Braden, Director of Conservation

The Colorado Mountain Club conservation department is gearing up for another summer of hard work, serving the interests of its members and the broader recreating public. Our work focuses on four core areas: protecting wild places, defending

▲ Yampa River Canyon, Dinosaur National Monument. Scott Braden human-powered recreation, and promoting stewardship and recreational access. A century of engagement and conservation 8

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advocacy have brought the club respect and influence among policy-makers and land managers; the CMC strives to articulate a reasoned voice that balances our recreational needs with thoughtful conservation of our finite natural resources. In 2012, our stewardship program is on track to exceed our numbers from last year, both in quantity of volunteers and hours of service. Our positive impact on recreation resources has received recognition from local, state, and federal land management agencies. Ably led by Lisa Cashel, the stewardship program continues to support stewardship at the group level as well, providing resources for volunteer recruitment and strengthening partnerships with land managers across the state. The stewardship program will celebrate the club’s centennial with a July trail construction project at the Midland Hills trail system in Buena Vista, and a September trail mainte-

nance project on the historic Beaver Brook Trail in Golden. On May 2, Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack and Governor John Hickenlooper announced the passage of the final, long-debated, Colorado Roadless Rule. The rule governs protections for 4.2 million acres of inventoried roadless lands on Colorado’s forests as a replacement to the 2001 national roadless rule implemented during the Clinton Administration. The CMC commends the Forest Service for greatly expanding the so-called upper-tier lands from half a million to1.2 million acres; upper-tier lands receive the highest level of protection under the rule. However, there are still exceptions in the rule that will allow for road building, and coal mine and ski area expansions into certain lands, that would have been protected under the national rule. These weaknesses to the Colorado rule have precluded our full support. △ To get involved in our conservation efforts or volunteer for our stewardship program, please visit www.cmc.org/conservation.

I asked Kaiser Permanente to summarize why they’re teaming up with the CMC by being our title sponsor. What I learned is that the Colorado Mountain Club is a valued partner because of our shared commitment to healthy lifestyles. Kaiser Permanente is a nonprofit organization with a long and robust vision statement. Among the list of things they value are environmental stewardship, community involvement, and active living. They envision a place where good health is a reality for all. Not a bad fit for the Colorado Mountain Club, whose members also value health and active living, as well as conserving the environment. Donna Lynne, DrPH, is president of Kaiser Permanente Colorado and a board member of the CMC. "I feel so lucky to live in Colorado where our beautiful mountains offer adventure and challenge. Active living is a key part of the Kaiser Permanente mission, and the CMC provides great opportunities to enjoy the outdoors and get moving. Our partnership with the club is a perfect fit. I was a rookie hiker when I joined the club and now I’ve climbed most of the fourteeners in Colorado and several peaks over 18,000 feet outside of the U.S."

You may see Kaiser Permanente involved with the CMC this year in ways other than the centennial, too. Jacque Maldonado, from the Kaiser Permanente Performance Nutrition Program, did a presentation at this year’s Mountain Fest called Nutrition for Endurance. Kaiser Permanente is helping to advertise our local stewardship projects through their employee networks. And throughout the year, Kaiser Permanente physician Dr. Sean Haney will be sharing his thoughts as an official CMC guest blogger about the outdoors, childhood obesity, the importance of stewardship, preparing to climb, nutrition, wellness, and his passion for the outdoors and being active. Help us thank Kaiser Permanente for helping make our centennial year a fabulous one. Next time you see one of their doctors or staff, tell them “thank you” from all of us at the CMC. △ ◀ Erin Woelfel and Margaret Turner, both employees of Kaiser Permanente, relax after some trail restoration work on Greys and Torreys peaks. Turner is a CMC member and instructor.

Hit the High Country

CMC Press releases two new pack guides By Christian Green, Director of Publishing

Two new pack guides—The Best Grand Junction Hikes and Rocky Mountain Wildflowers—are now available from CMC Press. Members of the Western Slope group of the CMC, including project manager and professional photographer Rod Martinez, selected the 20 best hikes around Grand Junction, then hiked, described, photographed, and mapped the routes. Each trail description includes a map reference, elevation gain (or loss), a difficulty rating for the route, round-trip distance, nearest landmark, and estimated time to complete the hike. CMC members James Ells, a retired associate professor of horticulture at Colorado State University, who has spent a lifetime identifying and cataloging Rocky Mountain wildflowers, and Marlene Borneman, a photographer and adventure guide, have selected the 150 most “showy,” beautiful, colorful, and striking wildflowers based on years of observation. Each plant is described by its common name, its scientific name, and then by the appearance of the stem, leaves, and flower and the most likely plant life zones where the flower may be found. You can order these two beautifully illustrated pack guides or any CMC Press book from the online store at www.cmc.org/store, or we can take your order over the phone at 303-279-3080 (in Colorado) or toll free at 800-633-4417. △ Trail & Timberline

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Around Colorado

Our groups across the State BOULDER The Boulder group came into existence in 1920, eight years after the Colorado Mountain Club was founded. Today, the group's 1,100-plus members enjoy a variety of climbing, hiking, backpacking, and skiing activities. Boulder Group outings range from casual after-work hikes and leisurely flower photography walks to high mountain meadows. With our proximity to the Flatirons and Eldorado Canyon, it's no surprise that rock climbing is a favorite activity. We help our members enjoy the outdoors safely with highly regarded training such as Basic Rock School, for beginning climbers; Hiking and Survival Essentials, with foundational skills for Colorado mountains; Boulder Mountaineering School, a series of courses ranging from trip planning, survival, and navigation, rock and

DENVER

PIKES PEAK The Pikes Peak Group of the CMC is based out of Colorado Springs. We are a diverse group of approximately 600 members with a variety of activities and challenge levels that include hiking, backpacking, rock climbing, biking, ice climbing, skiing, snow climbing, conservation activities, and snowshoeing.

We offer courses in basic mountaineering which includes wilderness fundamentals, land navigation, rock climbing, alpine snow mountaineering, ice climbing and backpacking, high altitude mountaineering which includes glacier

snow schools, and mountaineering skills. The Boulder group is in the process of putting together a mountain bike group and trail running group. Details will be forthcoming. We are also going to do a series of hikes this summer from the CMC "Front Range Scrambles" book. Get Involved We have plenty of volunteer opportunities available and we welcome new instructors; please contact the outings chair. Information can be found at www.cmcboulder.org/ trips/#TripCoLeaders. If you already have the skills and now you want to play? Check out the online activity schedule and sign up. We have a lot of activities happening, from leisure wildflower hikes to technical climbs over 14,000 feet, rock-climbing in Eldorado Canyon and Boulder Canyon, plus so much more.

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GORE RANGE GROUP How lucky can a chapter of the Colorado Mountain Club be? Along with all of the adventures and trips available to those of us lucky enough to live in Colorado, many of the activities of the Gore Range Group take place, literally, right out of our back doors. The trails, rivers, abundant snowfall, and glorious vistas of Eagle and Summit Counties provide everything our members need to enjoy the exhilaration of mountain living and

travel, backcountry skiing, anchor building, lead climbing (rock & ice), introduction to avalanche safety, snowshoeing, wilderness first-aid, hutto-hut clinic, scrambling clinic, lightweight backpacking clinic, winter wilderness survival, GPS training.  Get Involved Basic Mountaineering School Colorado Wilderness Backpacking Module. Contact Collin Powers ppg_bms_director@yahoo. com or enroll online at www.cmc. org/events. July 28 – Scrambling Clinic. Details TBD. Please check Member Education on the CMC website for more information.

Who are we? The Denver Group has over 3,700 outdoor-loving, fun-seeking members living in Metro Denver. Our diverse membership ranges from young adults (18+) to the Trailblazers (21 to 40) to our very active Over the Hill Gang (50+). Want to learn a new skill this summer? Summer 2012 will be offering the following courses: Backpacking School begins August 29; Wilderness Trekking School begins September 11; Rock Seconding School will begin in July; Traditional Lead Climbing School begins July 25; and as always keep an eye out for the summer sessions of Trip Leader School and Wilderness First Aid. Already have the skills so now you want to play? Check out the online activity schedule and sign-up. We have something going on just about everyday of the week from leisure wildflower hikes to technical climbs over 14,000’, fly-fishing adventures, rock-climbing in Eldorado Canyon plus so much more. Check out the official Denver group website for

Get Involved The Denver Group has many fantastic volunteer opportunities open to our members. We are always looking for new Trip Leaders to lead A,B,C & D hikes throughout the year and we do offer Trip Leader training to help you get started…May 8 is our next Trip Leader training. We are also recruiting fun-lovin’ folks to help with Centennial Celebration Fest, July 21, 2012 in Buena Vista: members state wide will come together for recreation, fun, food, music & beer! Leaders needed to lead trips in Collegiate Peaks, lake hikes, thirteener and fourteener hikes and bike trips. Contact Linda Lawson at lkl14er@ comcast.net. Save the Date This year’s annual dinner celebrating 100 years will be on Sunday, November 11, featuring acclaimed adventurer and speaker Jeff Evans. Read about Jeff on his website www.mountain-vision.com and get ready for a fun night of friends, celebration and inspiration! Learn More Keep an eye on www.hikingdenver.net and the Mile High Mountaineer for upcoming special events and monthly new member hikes and orientations. We are adding new events all the time. Have a question today? Contact Denver Group Council member Sharon Kratze at skratze@gmail.com. We invite you to join the Denver Group and look forward to playing with you this summer!

Learn More Attend the monthly Pikes Peak Group monthly meeting the third Tuesday of each month (except May, November and December) at 7:30 pm held at the All Souls Unitarian Church at 7:30 pm or connect with members of the Pikes Peak Group by joining us on one of our many trips or classes.

adventuring. Skiing of every kind, camping, hiking, backpacking, hut trips, float trips, snowshoeing by sunlight and by moonlight are just some of the activities that keep our members actively engaged. Social events like picnics, potlucks, and parties add opportunities to reminisce about past excursions and dream about upcoming ventures. You may even find our members enjoying hot springs and dude ranches. The Gore Range Group is actively involved in conservation initiatives as well as trail building and maintenance, and volunteer work involving highway, trail, and river clean-up. Many of our members actively took part in the writing of the (hopefully) soon to be published Best Vail Valley Hikes book. For more information about the GRG, find us on Facebook, at Gore Range Group CMC, or find our list of activities on the CMC website, www.cmc.org/groups/gorerange or call Lee at 970-476-4567 or Colleen at 970-331-9624.

more information & updates: www.hikingdenver.net . Also sign-up for our monthly electronic newsletter The Mile High Mountaineer which includes all of our fun Out and About Town activities including group dinners, movies, happy hours and more.

ASPEN The Aspen Chapter of the Colorado Mountain Club is vibrant and ever-busy with activities and outings. With approximately 200 members the group hosts a variety of club activities including winter slide shows, cross-country ski hut trips, and day excursions throughout the winter. Summer brings the traditional hikes, backpack-

ing trips and summer pot-luck gatherings. The membership of the Aspen group encompasses the entire Roaring Fork Valley and further to New Castle along the Colorado River. This summer we invite you to join us on a variety of outings. We will host a Granite Lakes backpack trip in the Fryingpan Valley as well as the classic MaroonBells Snowmass Wilderness Four-Pass Loop backpack trip in August. In July we will head north to the Steamboat Springs area to stay in the Columbine Cabins with day trips to Hahn Peak and Zirkle Lake. Also for the second year we will host the Exploring Wilderness with Body, Mind, Spirit A Unique Aspen Seminar at the 10th Mountain’s Margy’s Hut in August (August 10-12, 2012; $300 per person. Paul Andersen is a trained seminar

moderator, licensed hiking guide, book author, historian, conservationist and Aspen journalist). This three-day wilderness institute type experience includes hiking, reading influential wilderness authors’ writings, and discussing the origins and meanings of wilderness while experiencing first hand the Hunter-Fryingpan Wilderness with a diverse group of club members who share a love for the wild. Follow the Official Aspen Chapter of the Colorado Mountain Club on facebook or email us at aspencomtclub@gmail.com. We are always excited to welcome new members. We welcome all Chapter members to our end of summer annual picnic in August. Contact us for more details.

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The Clinic Back to the Future Who will be the Climbers and Hikers of 2030? By Brendan Leonard

Look around at your friends: Among them are children and grandchildren of original members of the Colorado Mountain Club, or other people who can boast triple-digit REI co-op member IDs. Our parents and grandparents are people who can remember a time when Everest was unclimbed and when summiting all the Colorado fourteeners was something that could land your name in the history books. The past 50 years have seen wilderness created and other wild places lost; rock climbing has become something you could do indoors; ski areas have multiplied, expanded, and then shut down; new sports — like snowboarding, stand-up paddle boarding, and mountain biking — have been invented. So what’s in store for the next generation? How will the outdoor environment change, and who will be out there exploring it? 12

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Is there an “outdoor recreationalist of tomorrow?” When we think about the hundreds of TV channels that exist, the millions of gigabytes of information that can be absorbed on the Internet through social networking sites and other media, and our increasingly smartphone-centric human interactions, it’s easy to wonder: Will anyone in the next generation even be interested in the mountains? “I see more young people living mostly sedentary lifestyles,” says Mitsu Iwasaki, Director of Operations for Denver-based nonprofit Big City Mountaineers, an organization that works to introduce urban youth to wilderness experiences. “My take isn’t that young people are less interested in outdoor activities, but rather there is greater demand on their time split across many (non-outdoor) activities; that may be school, electronics, extracurricular, work, or whatnot. With that, coupled with a rising cost of entry and a decrease in disposable recreation and entertainment income for the middle class, I think young people have less opportunity to engage.” But our sedentary lifestyles and our magnetic attraction to iPhones and iPads will not mean the end, Iwasaki says. Al-

though we will spend more and more time with our iDevice, whatever it is, in 2030, it won’t fulfill at least one human need. “The iThingy can’t impel us into a situation in which we must make real decisions with real consequences; I don’t believe it has the capacity for a real adventure, to challenge us, to compel us into growth and into the unknown,” Iwasaki says. “I consistently heard from both adults and young people after a long wilderness expedition how refreshing and therapeutic it was to leave electronics behind and live more simply without modern distractions. Because of this, I believe wilderness and adventure will continue to be ultimately more compelling.” How can we introduce the outdoors to the next generation? Richard Louv introduced the phrase “nature deficit disorder” in his 2005 book, Last Child in the Woods, drawing attention to the trend in youth spending less and less time outdoors and more time staring at screens— TVs, computers, and now smartphones. The book amplified a dialogue about our children’s increasingly distant relationship with wild places, and caused many of us to question how we could encourage young people to get outside. It’s a fact that our wild places are shrinking, and if the next generation doesn’t know wilderness, they will not love wilderness, and will not fight to save wilderness. The outdoor industry, whose economic health is directly tied to a healthy and growing population of outdoor recreationalists and conservationists, of course wrestles with the question: What will get more of us outdoors? “Everybody in the industry waits with bated breath each year to know what the new ‘thing’ is going to be, the new technology, the next jump forward in our collective gear closet,” says Ryan Newstrum, Marketing Business Planner for REI. “The truth is, it’s already here and has been steadily growing: community. You might not be able to buy it, but it has the potential to sell a lot more gear than any traditional marketing budget from the outdoor retailer and brand behemoths. Product review blogs,

social media sites, YouTube videos, and podcasts like The Dirtbag Diaries. These are the people and vehicles that are starting to pass along the outdoor tradition and inspire newcomers, youth, and the rest of the Janes and Joes. I believe there’s a generation that’s looking for stories from their peers and elders, and the longer the industry relies on a dated formula of engagement, it puts new generations at risk of missing something truly special.” Mitsu Iwasaki of Big City Mountaineers says that if the outdoor industry can engage young people and their parents now, the population in the outdoors will continue to become more and more diverse. “I think we will continue to see increased participation from minority populations as well,” Iwasaki says. “I trust by 2030 seeing Hispanics, African Americans, and Asians at ski resorts and in the backcountry will be common. I sense popularity, convenience, and ease of entry into activity is going to play a key factor in this also. So yes, more paddle boarders than surfers, more snowboarders than skiers, more gym climbers than people grunting up off-widths in Vedauwoo.” Will equipment make it safer? In January 2012, Boulder-based backcountry ski equipment company Backcountry Access posted a YouTube video of pro snowboarder Meesh Hytner riding out an avalanche near Montezuma, Colo., staying afloat with the use of the company’s Float 30 avalanche airbag pack. The video was alternately cheered (for being exciting) and criticized (for promoting irresponsible behavior in dangerous terrain) as it made its way around the Internet, prompting this YouTube comment from BCA co-owner Bruce Edgerly: “We’re sorry it appears we set this whole thing up and are exploiting it to the max. Our company is truly dedicated to saving lives, not just pumping products. We really had nothing to do with making this footage and we believe this event was irresponsible. We have always supported education as the number one priority in the backcountry. An airbag cannot make up for poor judgment. Trail & Timberline

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◀ Indian Creek crack climbing. Mason Daly

What will be the cam, or the avalanche airbag, of 2030? Is it possible to invent something that will lead to another explosion in outdoor recreation, an introduction of more users into the mountains – like the chairlift, or the mountain bike? We apologize for any mixed messages we may have sent.” Most everyone who spends time skiing or snowboarding in the backcountry can 14

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agree that avalanche airbags and Avalung packs are incredible inventions that will no doubt save lives. Advances in other pieces of outdoor gear and apparel over the past 50

years have made our lives in the wilderness arguably safer and more comfortable: active climbing protection like cams, dynamic ropes, personal locator beacons that beam to satellites from remote locations, releasable ski bindings, better helmets, lightweight waterproof tent rainflies, synthetic fabrics that dry more quickly, and more. We don’t die of hypothermia because we’ve spent too long in wet cotton clothing in the mountains. Rescues are possible with satellite locator technology. Our skis release when we fall, resulting in fewer catastrophic lower-leg injuries than with old skis. But does all this really make the backcountry safer overall? Or do innovation and technology just encourage us to be bolder in the outdoors? In 1976, Indian Creek was an unknown set of sandstone cliffs in the desert near Canyonlands National Park in Utah, when a courageous young Earl Wiggins launched up a 5.10 pure parallel-sided crack he wanted to name “Luxury Liner.” The climb was almost unthinkable at the time, with only chock-type protective devices that might, or might not, hold in the soft rock. Wiggins’ friends watched in white-knuckle amazement as he danced up what would come to be known as “Supercrack,” the first-ever climb up any of the splitter cracks at Indian Creek. In 1978, Ray Jardine invented the first spring-loaded camming devices, which arguably enabled the development of Indian Creek into a world-famous crack-climbing crag, now sporting hundreds of routes and a village of climbers in the spring and fall months. Cams made climbing safer in that they made falling safer, but as with any piece of outdoor gear, they are obviously not a replacement for knowledge and prudence. What will be the cam, or the avalanche airbag, of 2030? Is it possible to invent something that will lead to another explosion in outdoor recreation, an introduction of more users into the mountains – like the chairlift, or the mountain bike? Will the experience be the same? In October and November 2011, climber Tommy Caldwell posted daily Facebook updates from a unique place—a portaledge on the steep face of Yosemite’s El Capitan, thousands of feet off the valley floor. Thousands of Facebook fans followed Caldwell and Kevin Jorgenson as they battled with Caldwell’s futuristic Dawn Wall project, a

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28- to 30-pitch 5.14+ rock climb, which would be the most difficult rock climb in the world if the two could finish it. Yosemite – one of the hallowed historical sites of traditional American rock climbing—was an interesting place to watch a social media phenomenon unfold. No doubt the pioneers of Yosemite climbing in the 1960s could have hardly imagined that a climber 50 years in the future would be able to take a photo of himself with a phone and beam it to thousands of people around the world from the 12th pitch of a climb on the most famous big wall in the universe—but they probably couldn’t have imagined that humans could be capable of free climbing anything as difficult as the Dawn Wall project, either. The Yosemite Valley is not exactly wilderness—despite its height and committing nature, El Capitan is still next to a road that regularly sees traffic jams as bad as those on Interstate 70. So it’s not hard for us to comprehend that a climber can communicate with an iPhone from there. As cellular service improves in more of our wild places—such as Camp Muir on Mount Rainier, where a solid Verizon signal can be picked up—the question of the future is: How will the experience change? If we can’t unplug, can we still “get away,” and experience the stillness of wilderness? What good is going somewhere wild if we can still check our e-mail from the shore of an alpine lake? And will we be more focused on the experiences of climbing and backpacking, or effectively communicating to our social media contacts that we are climbing and backpacking? REI’s Ryan Newstrum says it’s a fine line. “You find a lot of perspectives as to what degree technology and a ‘pure’ outdoor experience are mutually exclusive,” Newstrum says. “I actually think that once we get past our biases, broad technology evolution has as much opportunity to enrich our nature engagement as it has over the past 30 to 40 years. Innovators just need to spot where current ideas can supplement our individual or shared outdoor experience without compromising our shared values of outdoor appreciation, such as Leave No Trace and other conservation efforts.” So what does the future hold? As our population and distractions grow in a new world, we can hope to help develop a nexus of recreation, conservation, and community, as we leave our wild places for the next generation. △

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No doubt the pioneers of Yosemite climbing in the 1960s could have hardly imagined that a climber 50 years in the future would be able to take a photo of himself with a phone and beam it to thousands of people around the world from the 12th pitch of a climb on the most famous big wall in the universe—but they probably couldn’t have imagined that humans could be capable of free climbing anything as difficult as the Dawn Wall project, either. ▼ El Capitan looms over Yosemite Valley. Chris Case

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Pathfinder

Windows of Time Geologic Attractions of Colorado By Chris Case

As part of an immense, heterogeneous and longstanding tectonic upland covering the entire western third of the United States, Colorado is a geological treasure trove. That is, there are some really old, really fascinating features in our home state. From the low-lying eastern plains, to the central peaks soaring more than 14,000 feet above sea level, to the western red-rock canyons, Colorado’s landscape ref lects some of the most varied, spectacular, and well-displayed geology in the U.S. It only took 2.7 billion years to form. Here is a sampling of some of the most unique sites that Colorado has to offer. 18

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Florrisant Fossil Beds The fossils, rocks, hills, and valleys that make up Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument reveal an ancient story of redwood forests, volcanic eruptions, and a climate much different from today’s. Furthermore, the Florissant Valley also contains the stories of prehistoric hunting-and-gathering Paleo-Indians, the Ute and Jicarilla Apache peoples, the travels of a pioneer nation, and of early scientists looking back to an ancient time. Located 35 miles west of Colorado Springs, the monument is a 6,000-acre swath of meadows, forests, and wildflowers. At 8,400 feet of elevation, it sits within the montane life zone. Ponderosa pine, aspen, fir, and spruce are the dominant trees. Elk, mule deer, coyotes, foxes, bears, and mountain lions are some of the large mammals that inhabit the area. Birds of prey scan the meadows for ground squirrels and mice.  But the fossils are why people visit this area. Beneath the ground is one of the richest and most diverse fossil deposits in the world. Up to 1,700 different species have been described. A majority of those fossils are fragile, detailed compression and impression fossils of insects and plants. The largest fossils are massive, petrified Sequoia trees. The area boasts some of the largest diameter petrified trees in the world.

OUT YOU GO The Process Some 35 million years ago, this valley was dominated by Lake Florissant, stretching 12 miles through an ancient forested valley. Lush ferns and shrubs lived beneath redwoods, pines, cedars, and a mixed-hardwood forest. Thousands of insects found the humid climate ideal. Mollusks, fish, birds, and mammals lived in or around the lake. Frequent volcanic mudflows blanketed parts of the valley. Volcano eruptions showered the area with tons and tons of ash and pumice. Each rainfall washed the fine ash into the lake where it slowly covered the remains of creatures that had died and sunk to the bottom. Eventually these sediments become shale, transforming the buried remains into fossils. Did You Know? Up to 1,500 different kinds of fossil insects have been found in the Florissant Fossil Beds making it one of the most diverse insect fossil sites in the world. What’s in a name? The name Florissant comes from a French word meaning "blooming" or "flowering." Florissant, Colorado, was settled in 1870 and named after the town of Florissant, Missouri. The name still holds true as there are both modern and fossil flowers found in the area today. CMC Connection Dr. Estella Leopold and Dr. Beatrice Willard (both members of the CMC), and citizen Vim Wright formed the Defenders of Florissant and won the legislative battle to protect Florissant Fossil Beds forever. Before Protection Starting in the early 1920s and perhaps earlier, a variety of commercial tourist sites enticed visitors to see the massive petrified redwoods and collect fossils in the area that is now the monument.

“On all the broad extent of these United States, certainly no region can be found which presents more facts of interest, more opportunities for investigation, and greater possibilities, than the State of Colorado.” — Samuel F. Emmons, in his 1882 inaugural address, as the first president of the Colorado Scientific Society. Previously, he had been a geologist on the King Survey of the 40th parallel from California to Colorado from 1867 to 1872. He then was put in charge of the newly formed Rocky Mountain Division of the United States Geological Survey.

▲ Palaeovespa florissantia, a fossil wasp, from Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument. ◀ Estella Leopold (left), Beatrice Willard, and Vim Wright helped protect the exquisite paleontological sites at the monument. Courtesy of Florrisant Fossil Beds National Monument

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OUT YOU GO Nearest Town Creede Getting There From Creede go 7.3 miles

The spires glow in sunlight at Wheeler Geologic Area near Creede. Mike Baughn Wheeler Geologic Area Wheeler Geologic Area is a mesmerizing example of a landscape in rapid evolution. Thirty million years ago, the explosion of the La Garita Caldera, near Creede, laid down the coarse volcanic tuff that makes up the surface layer of the area. Ranging from the smallest of dust flakes to blocks two and three feet across, this surface layer is not compacted 20

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or cemented together; hence, the beds readily erode. What is left is an incredibly picturesque badland of marbled gray spires and pinnacles, with extremely steep slopes that make the area almost impossible to traverse. Originally named in honor of Captain George Wheeler, who explored and surveyed this area in 1874 for the U.S. Army, the swath of land was granted national

monument status in 1908 (Colorado's first national monument). Then, in 1950, it was decided that the area was too far from anywhere, so the property was transferred to the U.S. Forest Service and maintenance funds were cut. The roads quickly fell into disuse and disrepair. The site was renamed Wheeler Geologic Area and then incorporated into the La Garita Wilderness in 1964.

southeast on Highway 149 to Pool Table Road #600 (Spring Gulch). Or, if you’re coming from the south, take Highway 149 north from South Fork for 14.3 miles to the junction with Pool Table Road. From the turn onto Pool Table Road, head north and travel northeast approximately 9.9 miles. This portion of the road is fine for two-wheel-drive vehicles. You'll come to a sawdust pile marking the remains of the old Hanson's Sawmill. The Trail On the approach, the trail wanders easily through forested areas for 2.1 miles before dropping down to East Bellows Creek (the boundary of the La Garita Wilderness). In fall, fording the creek is easy but spring runoff can make this crossing very challenging. The obvious trail from here leads into a series of canyons. At each canyon junction, stay left. At about 3 miles (from the sawmill), the trail climbs out of the canyons and rises steadily through open parks and stands of trees until reaching treeline about a mile later. From here, the well-worn trail crosses high meadows, passing the odd pole marker along the way, until you reach the junction with a four-wheeldrive road at 5.7 miles. The last 1.1 miles to the boundary of the Wilderness area follow this road to the Wheeler Geologic Area trailhead. Along the way, you will gain 1,140 feet and lose 1,050 feet in elevation (which you will do again on your way out) in this 6.8-mile walk. From the trailhead it’s 0.4 miles to the trail junction with the Wheeler Geologic Area Loop Trail. From this trail junction the 2.8-mile loop works equally well whichever way you choose to go. There are observation points along the way (even a bench at one to rest your weary feet), with the high point of the trail at 11,900 feet, where the Loop Trail meets the Half Moon Pass Trail. Camping Primitive camping (with a creek nearby) is available about a half mile from the geologic area, just outside the wilderness boundary. Best Bet As the formations of Wheeler reveal their grandeur best at sunrise and sunset, an overnight visit is highly recommended.

“I do not know of any portion of the West where there is so much variety displayed in the geology as within a space of ten miles square around Colorado City [today’s Colorado Springs - Ed.]. Nearly all the elements of geological study revealed in the Rocky Mountains are shown on a unique scale in this locality.” — Ferdinand V.  Hayden, from the report that followed from his first geological expedition to Colorado from 1869 to 1876.

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Pathfinder (perhaps AirPhoto spread)

Igneous dikes radiate from the Spanish Peaks like spokes from a wheel. Jim Wark / Airphoto 22

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Great Dikes of the Spanish Peaks The area surrounding the Spanish Peaks in Southern Colorado is known for its spectacular array of volcanic dikes. The peaks themselves are batholic domes, which formed 75 million years ago as magma lakes under the surface. Forty million years later (between 14 and 27 million years ago), the cooled magma was pushed towards the surface by tectonic forces. This upward push cracked the surrounding sedimentary rocks vertically, with the cracks radiating out from the domes, like spokes from a wheel's hub. These cracks subsequently filled with magma, forming volcanic dikes. Because the composition of the dikes is different from the surrounding rock, their rates of erosion have differed; the domes and surrounding radial dikes have remained. There are three major sets of dikes in the area. One set emanates radially from West Spanish Peak; the second set is around Silver Mountain. The third set crosses the landscape in a northeasterly direction. The dikes in this third set are roughly parallel to one another and are the longest and oldest of the dikes. They were formed about the same time as the Sangre de Cristo Uplift, the event that pushed up the Sangre de Cristo Mountains between two north-south running fault lines about 27 million years ago.

OUT YOU GO Seeing them A number of dikes can be easily seen

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▲ Uplift of the Sangre de Cristo began about 75 million years ago and produced the long north-trending ridges of faulted and folded rock to the west of the paired peaks. Great dikes radiate outward from the mountains like spokes of a wheel, a prominent one forms a broad arc northeast of East Spanish Peak. Courtesy of NASA

“The geology of Colorado is written in the rocks. From this great book are here presented a few translations of a few paragraphs. The scenery of Colorado is a gallery incomparable. Words lack form and light—the essence and soul of scenery. At best they can but call attention to the elements associated in the picture. They cannot convey the beauty and harmony of the assemblage.” — Russell D. George, the first director (1908-26) of the Colorado Geological Survey, in the preface to his 1927 book Geology and Natural Resources of Colorado.

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in the distance from Highway 160 on the way into Walsenburg. But for better viewing opportunities, take the Scenic Highway of Legends (Highway 12) out of La Veta to Trinidad. Scenic Highway of Legends The byway takes visitors through the San Isabel National Forest and crosses the 9,994-foot Cuchara Pass and the 11,248-foot Cordova Pass. Home to unique geological, cultural, and historic features, you’ll be able to absorb a myriad of cultural experiences from the Native Americans, the Spanish Conquistadors, and the pioneers, miners, trappers, and ranchers who explored and then settled this region. At the town of Stonewall you will drive right through a gap in a thin, vertical rock wall. This particular wall, though, is not a dike. It is made of older sandstone tilted up on its side from the awesome forces of mountain building millions of years ago. As you near Trinidad, you will begin to notice seams of coal in the exposed roadcuts, evidence of swamps existing in the area before the mountains formed. Some of the numerous old coal mines in the area are still active. Mining History The dikes are granite. As igneous intrusions, the granitic dikes also have deposits of quartz along them in many places. In those areas where the concentration of quartz is heaviest is where a prospector is most likely to find precious metals, like gold and silver. That's how Silver Mountain got its name. And back in the mid-1870s, there were between 50 and 60 gold and silver mines around the Spanish Peaks, mostly along the dike walls. Whatever ore existed played out quickly, but there is still one gold mine claim open on the north side of the West Spanish Peak at the Bull's Eye Mine.

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We Must The Moral Imperative of Conservation for Recreation

By Scott Braden, Director of Conservation

Lone Eagle Cirque catches the last rays of a setting sun in the Indian Peaks Wilderness area. Chris Case 26

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as just such a natural treasure. The fact is, all recreational use has an impact. The tremendous numbers of hikers and climbers leave their mark on the land and water of Colorado, even though their footsteps may not carry the same impacts as off-road vehicles or other more intensive and obtrusive forms of recreation. Nevertheless, hikers and climbers do make their mark. We are using trails that require maintenance. Trailheads and bathrooms must be constructed to accommodate increasing use. The road systems that we rely upon to get to the trailhead require maintenance, and our cars emit pollution and greenhouse gases. Increased numbers of people in the backcountry lead to increases in problems with social trails, displacement of wildlife, and disposal of human waste. All this may seem obvious to many of us. But the numbers and scale of what’s happening in our natural treasure may be alarming. The growth of Colorado Colorado’s population has doubled in the last 30 years. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, our population is now over 5 mil-

lion and is projected to double again to 10 million by 2050. Much of this population growth is projected to occur in the increasingly busy cities and towns of the Front Range. As Colorado’s population continues to grow, the appetite for recreation on our public lands will continue to grow. More people will want a piece of the famous Colorado lifestyle. The trails will become busier, the parking lots and trailheads more crowded, and, of course, traffic on Interstate 70 will get even worse. The population growth will inevitably increase the impacts of recreational use on the infrastructure and ecology of Colorado’s backcountry. While the number of people may increase, the amount of land on which to recreate is finite. Other recreational users on public lands are also clamoring for more opportunities. Mountain- and dirt-bikers are looking for ever better singletrack; offroad enthusiasts are also looking for ways to expand routes on which they can drive. In fact, the demands placed on our public lands will increase not just from recreation, but from a spectrum of competing and often conflicting potential uses. Provid◀ The Colorado Fourteeners Initiative, the nonprofit organization whose mission is to protect and preserve natural integrity and recreation opportunities on Colorado’s fourteeners, estimates that between 500,000 and 750,000 people each year hike Colorado’s 54 official peaks over 14,000 feet. Those numbers are particularly skewed, as 80 to 90 percent of visitors stick to the easily accessible, non-technical peaks located in the Front Range, Mosquito Range, and Sawatch Range, of which there are about 20. Worse still, all of this climbing gets squeezed into the short alpine summer months of July, August, and early September. Anya Byers

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Courtesy of CMC conservation staff (2)

The impact of recreation Colorado boasts some of the premier recreation attractions in the country: Rocky Mountain National Park, Maroon Bells Wilderness, Mount Evans and Echo Lake, the Weminuche Wilderness and the Alpine Triangle. Visitors from the world over continue to visit Colorado to climb our fourteeners, camp in our forests, hike our trails and visit our alpine towns. The economic benefit of active recreation in Colorado has been estimated to be in excess of $10 billion per year and help create over 100,000 jobs. The Colorado Mountain Club offered about 2,800 organized trips in 2011— bringing over 15,000 participants to hike and climb in the Rocky Mountains. We teach skills that equip our members to organize their own trips, in turn bringing their friends to recreate on our public lands. The importance and focus on tourism and recreation in Colorado has highlighted the tremendous asset our public lands are to the state and nation. Thankfully, the people of Colorado have demanded the state be a leader in the conservation of our natural resources. In turn, the state has marketed itself

◀ Trail maintenance on Bucksin Pass. ing fresh water for a fast growing population will increase the amount of land and water dedicated to water projects like transbasin diversions under the Continental Divide and calls for more dams and reservoirs. There will be continued pressure to develop coal mines, oil and gas resources, and other hard rock mineral deposits. In the wake of the pine bark beetle epidemic, there will be calls to harvest dead lodgepole stands for biomass energy production. Conservation was required to get here It is worth reflecting at this point on the fact that Colorado did not become the Mecca of recreation by accident. Over the years, Coloradans have amassed an impressive history of forward-looking conservation gains; the history of the Colorado Mountain Club over the past century is intertwined with most of these conservation achievements. CMC members should know that the club’s founding was inextricably linked to the advocacy for and establishment of Rocky Mountain National Park. Due to its many efforts, Colorado now boasts 43 separate

Colorado did not become the Mecca of recreation by accident. Trail & Timberline

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Courtesy of CMC conservation staff (3)

the awesome array of recreational opportunities afforded to us today came only with the care and toil of generations of citizens. So, the question that confronts us today is, what responsibility does all of this place on the shoulders of today’s recreating public? What responsibility to conservation do you and I share as hikers, climbers, and backpackers? How do the challenges ahead affect how we approach conservation today? Stewardship takes many forms How do we look out for our interests as conservation-minded recreationists? How can we make sure that the opportunities to hike in wild and beautiful places remain available not just to us, but to future generations? Coloradans, in fact all Americans, must adopt a robust ethic of stewardship. Stewardship can take many forms; all of its forms are essential to shaping the future of Colorado and its natural spaces. Volunteering for trail or restoration work is important. So is building relationships with

land managers, so they know the needs of the recreating public. Calling or meeting our elected officials, at the local, state and federal level, is also essential stewardship— because if your voice is not heard, then leaders won’t know that conservation and recreation are important to their constituents. Being a steward means being an engaged and active participant in the planning and management of our collective public lands, and articulating a vision for the future that protects recreation and enhances the health of our natural ecosystems, promotes public health, and increases our quality of life.

ues to lead by example as conservation efforts evolve. The club is already a recognized leader in outdoor recreation and a respected voice for conservation. We continue to challenge ourselves to be active and passionate stewards of Colorado’s public lands and its many recreational resources. To improve what we do, we must continue to set the example by instilling a strong culture of stewardship in the CMC. It is both a simple matter of tending to our own interests as well as making sure we pass on a legacy for future generations of CMC members. So, in addition to hiking and enjoying the Rockies this summer, take some time to get involved in a stewardship activity. The CMC offers many volunteer stewardship opportunities at both the group level and as statewide projects. Also, check out the work of CMC conservation, sign up for the e-news and action alerts on important conservation issues. Now, it is more important than ever to be engaged, and to be active. Our recreating future and the wellbeing of our backcountry depend on it. △

How can we make sure that the opportunities to hike in wild and beautiful places remain available not just to us, but to future generations?

Karl Meltzer traing on the Wasatch Crest © John Evans

What responsibility to conservation do you and I share as hikers, climbers, and backpackers? wilderness areas, permanently protecting over 3.6 million acres. Coloradans and visitors from around the globe also enjoy Mesa Verde and Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Parks as well as Dinosaur, Canyons of the Ancients, and Colorado National Monuments. Additionally, wildlife areas, 30

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refuges, state parks, and 23 million acres of federally managed public lands belong to you, me, and every American. Land managers, spurred on by conservationists, have implemented travel management plans and have established special recreation management areas for public lands, in an effort to

The Colorado Mountain Club has always played an important role and contin-

balance increasing and, sometimes, competing recreational pressures and prevent or reduce harm to natural resources. This kind of careful conservation is why we have inherited such a well-preserved state. Each designation, each acre of wilderness, required vocal citizen activism. Indeed,

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Life and Love David and Jan Waddington By Susan Baker and Chris Case

Sometimes it takes a while for everything to come together. Sometimes it takes almost 50 years.

Dave and Jan Waddington are prominent Boulder group members with a charming story of life and love in the Colorado Rockies. Dave celebrates his 70-year anniversary as a CMC member in this centennial year. 32

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Dave Waddington’s parents lived on a ranch in Westcliffe at the base of the Sangre de Cristo Range. His father built their house on 40 acres, which was enough to graze a couple of cows and a horse. “Their main money crop was honey that my dad stole from the bees,” Dave says. Dave was born in Colorado Springs on June 20, 1924. His mother moved to Colorado Springs for the waiting period, which was very short. In 1931, the total family income was $730 for the year. “I remember eating rabbits that I shot with a bow and arrow,” Dave says. “The cat would also catch them and we would take them away.” Janet Ridsdale was born in Boulder on Nov. 14, 1926. “Our house was a ‘scrapeoff,’” Jan says, “which is what you call it when someone buys the property for the land, and removes the house.” It was the next-to-last house up Flagstaff Mountain. Her playground was College Avenue and Sixth Street—when nothing was higher up the slope than their house. Dave’s childhood was, perhaps, more typical of a rural youngster. There was a horse and buggy, then a 1918 Buick for the family’s first car. The horse was used for work at home, and for riding. “I only drove to town once to pick up my uncle who arrived on the train,” Dave says. “Dad didn’t feel like driving that day, so I went to meet him with specific instructions to avoid the main street. I was around

9 years old then. When I got my drivers’ license, they asked how long I’d been driving and I said, ‘Seven years.’” A gentleman even at that age. Dave enrolled at the University of Colorado in the summer of 1942; Jan enrolled in 1944. Dave started dating Jan’s best friend; Jan was dating Dave’s roommate. They spent plenty of time together as undergraduates. They all belonged to, and hiked with, the University of Colorado Hiking Club (now called the CU Hiking Club). There were hikes up the canyons from Boulder, up Green Mountain and the other foothills, across the Mesa trail to Eldorado Springs, and even on to Scar Top and Thorodin above Coal Creek Canyon. Out on the mesa they went, singing around the campfire for long evenings before hiking back to Boulder by starlight. There were climbs of the fourteeners, and house parties at the base of Longs Peak. They traveled mostly in the back of a coal truck—washed out a bit and packed tight with gear and college bodies, in all kinds of weather. A tighter group, mentally and physically, has probably never been on campus, but it seemed completely normal at the time. Dave and Jan first met on Jan’s freshman hike on the Mesa. It was called a “steak fry,” but wartime required coupons to buy meat, so dinner was actually hamburgers or wieners, and crud—a mixture of whatever canned vegetables were handy, requiring to-

matoes but denying beets, and permitting anything else in between. The hiking club always had campfires and sing-alongs, with Dave belting out his specialty, The Cremation of Sam McGee. One special trip up Quandary on skis in 1945 consisted of Dave and his girlfriend, Patty, Jan and Bob Barrell, and professor Art McNair. Art was important because he was head of the surveying department and had a grant to measure the altitude of fourteeners. More important, perhaps, was the fact that this allowed them to use a university wooden-sided station wagon and get up many mountains that they wouldn’t otherwise have climbed because they couldn’t afford the gas. None of them had a problem going up the mountain. But then the others went straight down, but since Jan had never skied on slopes, she went timidly back and forth trying to stay safe. The sun glare was dangerous so they were all careful to wear thick zinc oxide on our faces. “Still, we all got terribly burned and when Dave met me on campus and smiled, his lips cracked and bled,” Jan says. They attended school together for about two years before Dave took the train from Denver to Colorado Springs and on to New York, and eventually overseas. While Dave was away, Patty wrote to him until she announced she was marrying a friend from high school. Jan also wrote occasionally, but was dating another hiker, Frank Justice (formerly Juskiewicz). When Dave returned from the war, they had their first and only official date in 42 Trail & Timberline

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“I found out I was not a very determined widow after all,” she says. “It had been 42 years since our last date and here we were dating again and soon wondering how we could ever put our two households, and lives, together.” years—he took her up the Third Flatiron in 1946. “Living at home while going to college is not an ideal situation so to get away from home, I went up and worked at the H-BAR-G Ranch for two summers,” Jan says. The ranch’s lodge, near Estes Park, with its huge bay windows, looked out on Longs Peak. “It always beckoned me,” Jans says. Twice that summer she was able to climb the peak and eventually went on to climb sixteen other fourteeners (although peaks such as Longs and Sneffels had to be climbed more than once). Jan and Dave both married hikers, but not each other—at least not for a long time. Jan married Frank; Dave married May Goodrich. At this point, their lives became very separate except for occasional UCHC alumni reunion picnics, the exchange of Christmas cards, and baby pictures. This continued for over 40 years. As the years passed, post-graduate degrees were earned, careers were started, and families moved hither and yon. But, Colorado was irresistible, and by 1958, both families were back in the Denver area. “We felt a great need to be connected to a hiking group, and the mountains,” Jan says. As each of the four Justice boys reached the age of 14, they were allowed to join the Junior Colorado Mountain Club 34

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(JCMC). As each of the two Waddington girls, who were slightly younger than the Justice boys, reached age 14 they also joined the JCMC. One of the Justice boys began talking about a ‘Susan’ in the Juniors—but there were lots of Susans at that time, and last names were rarely mentioned. “Then the day came when a Justice boy said, ‘Susan and her younger sister, Mary Kay...’ That could only be the Waddington girls!” Jan remembers. The Waddington and Justice families were again in contact as the Juniors were no ordinary bunch of teenagers. There were hikes and ski trips. Later, there were outings and Jeep Wagoneers borrowed from parents—of course both families had Wagoneers. There were late night calls between parents about car breakdowns, and discussions among parents about what the kids should be allowed to do. “These were independent-thinking teens who did all the planning, buying, and made every decision that was allowed and probably some we never knew about!” Jan says. Dave’s greatest pleasure with the CMC was leading backpack trips. He always arranged group food and felt that having the members aid in getting firewood, preparing the meal, and work-

ing together created group camaraderie. He felt privileged to serve as president of the club in 1978. He led the Cimarron Outing in 1977 and, along with Dick Smith, made the first known ascent of Dunsinane. Eventually, mostly through the UCHC and the CMC, he climbed all but six of the fourteeners, eventually making about 70 ascents over 14,000 feet. He climbed Mount Rainier in Washington. He and Jan climbed up to timberline in 2005, where the refrain from fellow hikers was often, “I hope I can still do this when I'm your age!” Dave was 81; Jan was 79. But sad days eventually came to the families. Dave’s marriage did not work out, but his daughters stayed with him. He later married Mary Lou with whom he danced, traveled, and enjoyed a life together for 10

years. Mary Lou died quite suddenly in 1986 and Dave was alone again. Exactly two years later, Frank Justice died after a long illness. “Now Dave’s a very proper Englishman!” Jan recalls. “He made a condolence call; we each attended the funerals of each other's spouses. Life went on, as singles; I was determined to be an independent widow.” Dave waited exactly one year before he called to invite Jan to a program at the Museum of Natural History. “I was busy that evening,” Jan says, “on an important (I thought) Earth Day committee.” “Can't you find someone else that can use the ticket?” she asked. “No, I can't,” Dave said. With this rather blunt, decisive answer—one that carried a lot more meaning than those brief words— the reunion had truly begun. Of course, the

committee got along without Jan. “I found out I was not a very determined widow after all,” she says. “It had been 42 years since our last date and here we were dating again and soon wondering how we could ever put our two households, and lives, together.” Meanwhile their children were wondering what took them so long. Finally, on February 18, 1990, as Dave and Jan stood in a circle of family, connected to a larger circle of friends, up on top of Lookout Mountain in the Boettcher Mansion, with Jim McIntosh of the CMC playing the bagpipes, they were married. Then, in 1993, they built their solar dream home in Coal Creek Canyon at 8,366 ft. Sometimes it takes a while for everything to come together. △ Trail & Timberline

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he news of 1912 could be today's news. Revolutions in Central America: Mexico, Cuba, and Nicaragua. Conflict in the Balkans and Middle East: Several nations were in conflict as the Ottoman Empire crumbled and the run-up to World War I began. Politics, and its scandals. Sports, and its scandals. Wild weather. Planes crashing and ships sinking. Foolish, freak, or just plain accidents. And the caprice of human nature. Part 2 of our look at 1912 continues here.

September 6 A touring party of Foreign Geographers with the Transcontinental Excursion of 1912 visits Colorado. September 7 "French aviator Roland Garros reaches record altitude of 13,200 ft." 20th Century, Day By Day, by DurlingKindersly, London. (DBD)

September 1 Denver. CMC members return to Denver after a week on Mt. Evans.

1912 part 2

September 6 The Denver Post reports on the visit of an American Automobile field representative who promises to include Denver and Colorado on their official highway maps.

September 9 "Pilot J. Védrines reaches 107 mph, becoming the first person to fly over 100 mph." DBD

September 14 Estes Park. An early season snowstorm blankets the camp of a U.S. Geological Survey party working on the proposal for Rocky Mountain National Park. September 15 The CMC's weekend trip is postponed one week due to weather.

September 20 Colorado Springs. "Mayor H.H. Avery and the Mountain States Telephone and Telegraph company have clashed over the installment of 700 'nickel' phones in Colorado Springs. It is impossible to get 'central' unless five cents is deposited. The objection is made that it is impossible to call the fire or police department without first depositing a coin." RMN September 26 Boulder. "The girls' walking club of the University of Colorado, believed to be the only club of the kind was organized…with twenty-five members. Their first 'jaunt' will occur tomorrow, when the members will go over plateaus and through timbered mountain slopes to Eldorado Springs." RMN

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September 15 The Rocky Mountain News (RMN) reports that "farmers in the vicinity of Julesburg are jubilant over the prospects for fall grain next year as a result of continued rains during the past several days. Rain has been falling intermittently since Thursday (13th) and all crops are in excellent condition."

September 21-22 "Auto Polo - ‘The Most Exciting Sport Ever Offered to the Public’ - is the weekend attraction at Denver's Union Park. Audiences were promised ‘A Thrill That Is Genuine,’ as they were held ‘Breathless From Start To Finish.’ Admission 25 cents and 50 cents. Play starts at 3 p.m." RMN

September 26 Wichita, Kansas. "The Denver Grizzlies cinched the Western League pennant by taking both games of a doubleheader from the Wichita Jobbers." RMN

September 28 "The name of Boulevard F will be changed to Federal Boulevard, October 14 … The reason for the change is that streets running north and south in the western part of the city are named alphabetically and Federal Boulevard will conform with the style better than 'Boulevard F.'" Denver Municipal Facts (DMF)

October 4 Denver. Twelve local ministers predict "the imminent return of Jesus Christ," and that the "end of this wicked world is at hand." RMN

September 29 The Denver Post reprints comments made by E.R. Morris, a candidate for a local judgeship. "I am opposed to women voting … They are too unstable and too easily lead astray … My experience has been that women in politics are like the old-fashioned sewing circle. They follow each other like sheep and are carried away by every whim which may take their fancy." September 30 "Tensions build in the Balkans: Serbia, Montenegro, Greece and Russia order mobilization." DBD

October 5-6 CMC Trip No. 8

October 8 Montenegro declares war on the Ottoman Empire. DBD

October14 Milwaukee. "Theodore Roosevelt saved when glasses case slows an assassin's bullet. Roosevelt speaks for an hour before going to the hospital." DBD

October17 Bulgaria and Serbia declare war on the Ottoman Empire. DBD

October 15 Denver. The four-day Festival of Mountain and Plain opens with the Queen's coronation, plus Captain Hardy and Troupe's "Fancy and Expert Shooting." At 12:30 p.m. daily, an aerialist, the Great Spider Daredevil Osborne, performs a high wire walk on a steel cable suspended 200 feet over 16th Street. DMF

October 18 The Ottoman Empire and Italy sign a peace agreement ending a year long war. Turkey cedes Libya to Italy. DBD

October20 CMC Trip No. 9

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October 20 Boston. The Red Sox win the final game of the World Series, beating the New York Giants 3-2 in 10 innings. This was Game 8; Game 7 had been called on account of darkness, tied 6-6. DBD

December 7 Egypt. A 2,500-year-old bust of Queen Nefertiti is unearthed by German archaeologist Ludwig Borchardt at El-Amarna. DBD October 21 Denver. Electric Light Inspector C.T. Rewalt authorized the Denver Gas and Electric Co. to install 46 new "metallic frame arc lights at intersection around the city." DMF

October 26 Serbian army occupies Urkub, Turkey. DBD

November 1 Denver. Anti-Prohibition forces attempt to influence voters with an ad in the Rocky Mountain News: "Every thinking citizen realizes that Prohibition has not been, AND NEVER CAN BE, enforced when applied to such a large governing unit as an American commonwealth."

November 5 "Arizona, Wisconsin and Kansas grant women the right to vote." DBD

November 23 From Denver Municipal Facts: The October Police Record. Of the 937 total arrests, "825 were male, 112 female, 174 married, 763 single, 881 white, 56 colored." Cause of arrest included murder, 1; assault to kill, 4; assault and battery 2; drunkenness, 186; false pretenses, 1; insane, 1; injured, 11; refusing to move, 1; opium joint keeping, 1.

October 31 Europe. "300,000 fighting in the Balkans; Turks routed; Constantinople in peril." DBD

November 4 "Ottoman Turks ask France, Austria-Hungary to mediate in Balkan War." DBD

December 17 Balkan peace negotiations begin in London. DBD

December 21 Schenectady, New York, has "established a municipal fresh air farm for the poorer children of the city." DMF December 22 Denver. Merchants proclaimed the shopping season to be the best one on record, with business up 8 to 25 percent. Said one store owner, "The stores are crowded, and an interest in the goods on display is manifest…" RMN

November 23 CMC member and real-estate broker Robert Rockwell writes about the proposed Rocky Mountain National Park. "It is hardly possible to realize what an immense impetus to local business would result from an influx of 300,000 people (per year). DMF

December 1 "U.S. Supreme Court orders dissolution of Union Pacific and Southern Pacific railway merger." DBD

December 23 Egypt. The Aswan Dam canal opens. DBD December 23 Denver. Colorado's 170,000 dairy cows produced a record output of butter and milk in 1912, according to State Dairy Commissioner Robert Lee Cochran. Production amounted $14 million in butter and $12 million in milk. RMN

December 15 Washington, D.C. "U.S. To Equip Hawaii For Defense In War. Army post at Pearl Harbor To be Increased on January 5 to 12,000 men." After a recent trip to Hawaii, Denverite Dr. H.H. Stover reported, "The government is doing wonderful work in the Pearl harbor… The harbor is being strongly fortified, and when finished will be nearly impregnable." RMN

December 18 "Congress bars illiterate immigrants from entering the U.S." DBD

December 21 Denver Municipal Facts prints Mayor Henry Arnold's letter to the Board of Park Commissioners, which directs them to designate and close suitable street and avenues "to be used by the children of the city exclusively for coasting [sledding] purposes during the coming holiday season, providing weather conditions are favorable for this excellent and wholesome outdoor sport. "These places should be made on the inclines and should not cross any car tracks … I will be quite willing that you spend some money to put them in shape for such use; that you provide bonfire, and if necessary, use a few park benches; in short, make it as safe and comfortable as possible … We owe it to them and their parents to provide such entertainment. Let this be the city's annual coasting party, where all children—rich and poor alike—may come together and mingle in joyous glee. Let provision be made to provide poor children with sleds … And let the older boys and girls and the grown-ups have a whirl at real city coasting."

December 5 "Italy, Austria, Germany renew Triple Alliance for six years." DBD 38

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End of the Trail December 25 Panama. A bomb explodes at a street kiosk just fifteen minutes after President Taft's entourage had passed. Local police insisted the bomb was not meant for the president. RMN

December 30 Denver. A second lawsuit against the city, alleging damages resulting from the July 14 flood of Cherry Creek, was filed in district court. The owner "of two lots and three houses at West Eleventh and Elati streets asks for $2,000 in damages." RMN

Dale Johnson ▶ 1931-2012 By Jerry and Betsy caplan

December 27 Denver. "Levi Booth, aged 83, was the ninth member of the Colorado Pioneers' Society to die in little more than one month at his ranch southeast of Denver. Booth was a resident of this state for fifty-two years. He came to Colorado soon after graduating from the University of Wisconsin. He was a member of the first graduating class of that school and is survived by none of his classmates." RMN

We met Dale Johnson in 1968 on a CMC trip he led to New Zealand. Like so many others that knew him, we admired his thorough planning, his cheerful companionship on the trails, and all the extras he’d put

December 31 Denver. Sold out hotels and ballrooms were preparing for a big night as the city prepared a "Hilarious Greeting To the New Year." "The merrymaking spirit is on full blast, and the lid will be off right from the moment that the fun starts until long after the old year has ceased to exist." RMN

1912 the end

into the excursion—like climbing a volcano or two. In those days, Dale led CMC trips to Peru, Kenya, and the European Alps. The European trip of seven weeks included climbs of the Matterhorn, the Jungfrau, Mont Blanc, Cima Grande, and 14 other peaks, and had a total cost of only $748, including airfare. Those were the days! Dale joined the CMC as a University of Colorado student, and quickly gained fame as the painter of the C for “CU” on the Third Flatiron. For fun, he climbed the Third Flatiron on roller skates. He was a bold and innovative rock climber, interested in exploring new routes. During the 1950s and ‘60s, he completed first ascents of the south face of the Matron, the east ridge of the Maiden, the northwest and direct west overhang of the Maiden, the Redgarden Wall, and the second buttress of Hallett Peak. He just missed out on being the first to climb the Diamond on Longs Peak when the climb was finally allowed by the National Park Service. Among his many climbs in the U.S. were the Grand Teton, Mount Rainier, Shiprock (a second ascent), and most

of the Colorado fourteeners. In Europe he summited the Dent du Géant, the Petit and Grand Dru, and the Grepon; and in Africa he climbed Kilimanjaro. At 64, he climbed 19,817-foot Nevado Quitaraju in the Cordillera Blanca of Peru. Dale loved to design equipment and make improvements to his tents, backpacks, and jackets. In 1966, he created Frostline Kits, a sew-your-own mail order company for outdoor clothing and backpacking equipment which became very popular during the 1960s and ‘70s. Dale enjoyed adventures of all kinds— scuba diving, heli-skiing, backpacking into remote canyons. He piloted his plane to help LightHawk and other environmental groups and gave his support to organizations such as the Southen Utah Wilderness Alliance, Boulder County Open Space, and CMC. For his leadership and outstanding climbing résumé, he was given the Albert Ellingwood Mountaineering Achievement Award in 2010, an award given to CMC members who have distinguished themselves in mountaineering and have inspired others. His family, his friends, and the climbing community will all miss Dale very much. △

Lenore Greene Ott ▶ 1914-2011 By Benjamin D. Rhodes and Susan Brown

Thanks to David Hite for technical support, and Bruce Hanson, J. Wendell Cox, and Erin Edwards of the Denver Public Library's Western History Department. Thanks to Chris Case whose graphic design expertise has made CMC History more appealing. A fond farewell to my kitty, Furr Face, who passed on the 100th Anniversary of the CMC Organizational Meeting. Apr 26, 2012.

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Sources • "Robert Speer's Denver," by Phil Goodstein • "The Vice Presidents," by Carole Chandler Waldrup • "Album of American History, V. 4" by Charles Scribner's Sons • "World Almanac 2010" • "Great Baseball Facts and Firsts," by David Nemec • "Webster's Guide To American History," by Merriam-Webster • "100 Years of Major League Baseball," by David Nemec and Saul Wisnia • "20th Century, Day By Day," by Durling-Kindersly, London • The Rocky Mountain News • The Denver Post • Denver Municipal Facts

Lenore Greene Ott, who died on October 11, 2011, at the age of 97, was a member of the CMC for 63 years. Members remember her as Lenore Greene, the wife of Allen W. Greene. In 1948 Lenore joined the CMC and became an enthusiastic mountaineer and skier. She had outstanding balance and strength and excelled at friction climbing and rappelling. Together with her husband she climbed all 54 fourteeners, saving Mount Sherman for last. She and ALlen were 96 and 97 on the club's list of those completing the 14,000-foot peaks. From Needleton in the Animas Canyon they made a rare and formidable ascent of Pigeon Peak (13,972 feet). Out of state they bagged Mount Rainier and Mount Baker, the Grand Teton, Gannett Peak, and the three Mexican volcanoes (Popocateptl, Iztaccihuatl, and Pico Orizaba). In Peru she reached the summit of a 20,000-foot peaknear Huaraz. She accomplished all this despite her diminutive stature. She was only five feet tall and weighed only about 100 pounds. Her characteristic optimism often came in handy in the mountains. Allen and Lenore encouraged their children and grandchildren to learn the basics of safe mountaineering. Their idea of a family vacation was to plan and enjoy a climb. What a great example they set!

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CMC Adventure Travel For your benefit and enjoyment, the following trips have been reviewed and approved by the Adventure Travel Committee and are officially sanctioned by the Colorado Mountain Club.

Visit www.cmc.org/at for more detailed itineraries and registration forms.

Landmannalauger to Skogar (Iceland) July 2 – 13, 2012 $2,734 + $1,100 airfare (approx.)

Looking for that once-(maybe twice-)in-alifetime adventure? Join us in Iceland, the land of many contrasts! From the Reykjavik bay at 11:30 p.m., witness the sun finally setting over the western horizon--and if you're up at 2:30 a.m., you'll see it start to rise! Beginning at Landmannalauger and keeping an eye out for any trolls along the way, our seven-day trek takes us through diverse landscapes: multicolored hills and gullies with hundreds of steaming hot springs and mud pools (after the first day's hike, we'll have an opportunity to soak in a natural hot springs); the black deserts of Maelifellssandur; a magnificent canyon cut 600 feet down into the rocks; arctic birch forests and colorful flowers; a side trip to the Songhellir cave ("Song cave"); the climb up and thru a high pass dividing two glaciers, one of which is Eyjafjallajokull that erupted in early 2010. Your last trekking day is spent descending from that pass, enjoying the gorges and 29 waterfalls of the Skogaa River and finally spotting the seacoast along the little town of Skogar. You need to be in good physical condition for this trek and at time of registration possess at least a Denver hiking classification B or equivalent. Each day's hike consists of 6-10 miles, and 1,000-3,000 feet of elevation gain/ loss. You'll need to bring a sleeping bag that will be transported with your baggage (not on your daypack). Cost of trip covers: all land transports arranged by leader; outfitter 7-day trek services including: guide, participant and baggage transports, lodging in mountain huts, all meals (first day lunch to last day lunch), cookware, 4 nights' lodging in Reykjavik before/after trek. Not covered: air fare (approx. $1100), lunches/dinners in Reykjavik, travel insurance (recommended), guide tips, personal expenses and optional excursions. Because the Icelandic krona may fluctuate in value, please be aware that the advertised cost of trip may increase slightly. A mandatory pre-trip meeting for all participants is scheduled for sometime in April 2012. Participants

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are encouraged to attend at least 1 of 2 CMC leader-led hikes in May and June 2012. For more information, contact Marilyn Choske at 303-456-6279 before 9 p.m. or mchoske@ juno.com.

Lares Trek to Machu Picchu July 26 – August 5, 2012 $1,780 + airfare (approx.)

This volunteer-adventure tour is for the person who desires a route “off the beaten path” and who wishes to experience a part of the region that has not changed much in 500 years. The 45-plus km (28 miles) Lares trek and volunteer tour offer spectacular scenery and a more intimate experience inside the lives of rural Quechuan people. Experience the amazing citadel of Machu Picchu, visit Inca sites, hike, mountain bike, and river raft, while also giving back to the communities of the region. This hike and tour are not technical in skill, but do require distance and altitude conditioning, reaching passes over 15,400 feet. Walking pace will be moderate. Rafting will be class 2 and 3 rapids. One should be in good physical condition. The trip cost includes hotels, transfers to/from the airports in Lima and Cusco, meals, tents, dining tent, entrance tickets to ruins, Machu Picchu, and Wayna Picchu, English speaking local guide, chefs, porters, and horsemen. Final cost will be determined upon final group size. The two-day volunteer portion of trip is eligible for tax credit. Not included are airfare from Denver to Cusco, trip insurance, a few meals, personal snacks, tips, and souvenirs. For more information, contact Angie Parris-Raney at goodhealthmt@aol.com or 720-331-6769.

Russia: Climb Mount Elbrus August 4 – 16, 2010 $3,085 (plus airfare)

Join in for the CMC's 8th trip to the highest summit in Europe organized by the Club's High Altitude Mountaineering and Adven-

ture Travel Committees. Elbrus, located in the spectacular Caucasus Mountains of southern Russia and one of the fabled "Seven Summits", offers strenuous, but not overly difficult climbing. Basic knowledge of ice axe and crampon usage, and roped team travel is essential. The leader plans to use the standard southern approach from the Baksan Valley and the route passes the ruins of the famous Priut (Hut) of 11 that burned in 1998. Days are allotted for acclimatization and extra summit attempts if bad weather intervenes. Transit is through Moscow and includes a day long city tour at the end of the trip. Trip cost includes domestic airfare within Russia, all lodging and most meals, ground transportation and airport transfer fees, guide fees in the Valley, Russian visa and all permit fees, gratuities, leader expenses, and CMC administrative fee. Trip cost does not include international air fare, baggage fees, trip insurance, some meals, bar tab, and souvenir purchases. Final cost may vary slightly as some costs are denominated in euros, not dollars or rubles. To obtain the trip application, itinerary, and other information, contact Vern Bass, the trip leader at: 4efs@ eazy.net. No phone calls please.

Poland - Trekking in the Tatra Mountains August 26 – September 6, 2012 $1,995 (plus airfare)

Come join the first CMC trekking and hiking trip in almost 20 years to the spectacular Tatra Mountains of southern Poland. We'll do four different day hikes from our hotel in the mountain resort town of Zakopane. The hiking highlight of the trip will be a three day hut trip into Slovakia and back, passing over Rysy, the high point of Poland. In addition, we will spend time in the ancient royal capitol of Krakow, a city that was relatively untouched by the bombing of World War II. The day hikes will generally be at the moderate-difficult "B" level. One day of the trip, the day we hike over Rysy, will be at moderate-difficult "C" level. Trip cost includes round trip transport between Krakow and Zakopane; eight nights

of hotel lodging with breakfasts; two nights in mountain chalets with breakfasts and dinners included; six group dinners in Zakopane and Krakow, with one Zakopane dinner at a folk music and dance restaurant; sack lunches on hiking days; lift ticket for gondola return from Slovakia; tour of Salt Mine cultural site during return to Krakow; tour of Wawel Castle in Krakow; guide during Slovakia trek; gratuities; leader expenses; and CMC administrative fee. Trip cost does not include air fare, baggage fees, trip insurance, bar tab, snacks, souvenir purchases, several lunches and dinners. Also not included are shuttle bus or horse carriage rides to/from trailheads and admission fees to Tatra National Park (total of bus fares and admit fees estimated at $25 US). Final cost may vary slightly depending on air fares; possible 2012 fee increases by local hotels or bus companies; and exchange rates among the dollar, zloty, and euro (hotel packages are priced in euros). For an application packet, contact Steve at climbersteveb@gmail.com or Linda at lvditchkus@hotmail.com. No phone calls please.

Hiking the Alps of Bavaria and Austria August 27 – September 7, 2012 $2,800

The German and Austrian Alps are a scenic region of pristine lakes and creeks, high mountains, green pastures, and thundering river gorges. The hilly countryside that’s dotted by quaint villages is home to some of the most famous castles in Bavaria where we will start our trip. On the AustroBavarian border we will visit Germany’s highest peak, Zugspitze. In Austria, we will start by exploring the glacier-carved valley of Stubaital, close to Innsbruck. From there we will continue to learn more about the Tyrollean country, while hiking and climbing in the Zillertal area. Finally, we will walk on paths of a thousand-year-old history in Salzkammergut. This area, with spectacular lakes close to the town of Salzburg, had in the past famous mines of "white gold." The historical salt trail started from here. The town of Hallstatt is a World Heritage destination. During the trip, we will stay in comfortable, often family-owned hotels and explore some of the more breathtaking parts of the world. Cost includes lodging in hotels and pensions, transportation during the trip, breakfast and most of the dinners, and leader’s expenses. The price does not include airfare or travel insurance. The final cost may vary depending on currency exchange. Hikes up to B and C level. Maximum number of participants is 14. For more information contact the leader, Renata Collard, at (303) 617-4773 or Renata.Collard@ucdenver.edu

Ladakh Valley Volunteer Project and Markha Valley Trek September 1 – 22, 2012 $3,149 + airfare

The CMC is offering a unique opportunity to trek in the magnificent Markha valley of India and to provide volunteer service to children. In addition to world-class hiking, trip members will assist with first time dental care for children in the village of Leh, nestled in the high Himalayas of India at 12,000 feet. You do not need any prior experience in dental care, just a willing and caring attitude. The trip will include six dental professionals. The CMC volunteers will staff the clinic, manage lines of patients, assist in record keeping, and help with instruments and charting. After this rich and rewarding cultural experience, an eight day trek through the magnificent Markha valley will follow. This adventure begins in Delhi where you’ll spend two days recovering from jet-lag and visiting Delhi’s historical sites – including Gandhi’s eternal flame and the Red Fort. You will then board a spectacular flight to Ladakh, often called “Little Tibet.” Ladakh is one of the most remote regions of India – situated on the Tibetan plateau and encircled by 25,000 ft mountains. It is in this setting under the shadows of the Himalayan and Karakoram Mountains that we set up our clinic in the small town of Leh. The clinic provides care to children around the Ladakh valley. Ladakh is home to people of Muslim, Hindu, Buddhist, and Christian faith. It is amazing and affirming to be a part of this truly multi-cultural clinic experience. Days off are spent touring the spectacular landscape, taking dayhikes or visiting age-old Buddhist monasteries perched on the highest hilltops. After the clinic, our journey continues with a spectacular 8 day hike through the Markha Valley. The trek crosses over two 17,000 ft passes and numerous rivers. This is a C-level trek, with a maximum of 6 and minimum of 2 participants. Trip duration is 22 days (10 days spent volunteering, 8 days spent trekking, 4 days spent traveling). The trip cost includes: breakfast and 5-star hotels in Delhi; 2 meals per day (indicated by B/L/D on the itinerary, see link below) and 2-star hotels in Leh; full-board trek with two person Marmot tents, cook, guide, sherpas and ponies/pony men to carry gear; all internal flights and overland transportation within India; all transfers, and sightseeing of Leh and Delhi. For more information contact Kim Troggio at Global Dental Relief 303-858-8857 or kimt@ globaldentalrelief.org.

The Southern Appalachians: Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Blue Ridge Parkway, and Appalachian Trail Slackpack October 15 – November 5, 2012 $3,220

Experience one of the most biodiverse regions in the country and discover its incredible beauty. If your bucket list includes the Appalachian Trail, Great Smoky Mountain National Park or the Blue Ridge Parkway, then wait no longer! This trip combines some of the most fabulous places at one of the best times of the year: Early October is prime fall foliage season in the Southern Appalachians.We will spend the first three days exploring Great Smoky Mountain National Park and the Blue Ridge Parkway while staying at the Pisgah Inn, right on the parkway. The view from the rooms’ balconies is something you will cherish forever! This sightseeing portion of the trip will include driving in the van, some short hikes, and a lot of stopping and enjoying the views. Due to its proximity, we will spend one evening in Asheville, NC - undoubtedly the hippest town in the region. Then it is time for some serious hiking: The entire Georgia section of the Appalachian Trail. For our slackpack, we use the hiker hostel in Dahlonega, GA as our base. We will be shuttled to a trailhead each morning and will be picked up at a different trailhead in the afternoon. So we will be day hiking every day. Daily distances will range from 6.5 to 16.5 miles on rugged, mountainous trails. This trip is an introduction to hiking the AT and it may just be the beginning of your next big adventure. The trip is limited to 11 participants. The trip cost is $1100. Transportation to our meeting place in Atlanta, GA is not included. The trip fee includes all lodging, transportation while on the trip, most meals. All you need to bring is clothing, daypack, and personal necessities. Leader approval is required for this trip. Participants should have good hiking skills at the CMC difficult B level, good balance and a great attitude. Weather conditions may be wet and soggy. Conditioning hikes will be offered this summer. To obtain a trip application packet, contact Chris Dohmen at cattanooga@gmail.com.

Nepal Everest Trek to Gokyo October 13 – 30, 2012 $2,692 + airfare

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Join Pemba Sherpa, a native of the Khumbu region of the Nepal Himalayas, on a memorable adventure into Gokyo, Nepal. Pemba has been guiding visitors to his homeland since 1986 and will do so again with a trek to Gokyo. This is a classic Nepal experience that will take you into the heart of the world's majestic Himalayan Mountains. The trek to Gokyo provides an excellent opportunity to see a majestic views of Mt. Everest at close range, and is an alternative to the traditional Everest Base Camp trek. This area has fewer tourists and offers more magnificent views of the mountain peaks and the Ngozumpa Glacier, the largest Glacier in the Nepal Himalayas. The image of this region is associated with the soaring views of the most popular mountains in Nepal at an altitude of 8,000 meters including; Cho Oyu, Everest, Lhotse, and Makalu which are clearly visible from Gokyo Ri (18200 feet) above Gokyo Lake. One of the most remarkable features of the trek is the view of the tremendous ice ridge between Cho Oyu and Gyachung located in the Khumbu region. This extraordinary trek also offers ample opportunities to explore amazing destinations and impressive sights, which are beyond human imagination. We will also spend time with Pemba’s family in the “off-the-beaten path” small Sherpa village of Sengma and will relax for a couple of days in Nepal’s colorful capital city of Kathmandu. This journey is sure to satisfy your thirst for adventure, let you meet the people and learn the culture of Nepal, as well as bring you, in person, to some of the best views on Earth! For additional information, please call Pemba Sherpa 303-5256508, or e-mail at pemba@sherpaascent.com.

Sikkim Himalayan Trek

October 15 – November 5, 2012 $3,220 Gyeljen Sherpa invites you to join him on a trek through ancient exotic Sikkim. Once its own Kingdom, tiny Sikkim is now a state of India. Sikkim is home to the third highest mountain in the world, Kanchenjunga (8586m / 28,169ft), one of the largest mountains in sheer size in the Himalaya. From Delhi we will take a domestic flight to Bagdogra, and then on to the legendary city of Darjeeling, home of His Holiness the Dali Lama, and the Tibetan government in exile. One day by jeep will bring us to the beginning of our two-week trek. We will travel through the Kanchenjunga Biosphere Reserve; walk in rhododendron forests, camp in small villages, visit Buddhist monasteries and shrines, traverse high alpine passes, and experience breathtaking Himalayan vistas. We will camp beside the sacred lake of Lam Pokhari and cross the high pass of Goecha La, 16,207 feet, the highest point on our route. For more information please contact Gyeljen Sherpa at alpineadventureI@gmail.com or call 720-273-7158.

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Torres del Paine Circuit Trek and Buenos Aires Cultural Experience December 16 – 31, 2012 Circuit Only - $3,333.00* Circuit + Buenos Aires - $3,712.00*

Chile's Torres del Paine National Park, set in the heart of Southern Patagonia, was declared a World UNESCO Biosphere Reserve in 1978 and on the list to be declared a World Heritage site. Torres del Paine is one of the most impressive natural geographical spectacles on Earth. It becomes very apparent when you stand and stare in amazement at the unbelievable sight of this monumental cluster of mountain peaks that appear to stand all on their own in the middle of an otherwise flat plateau. These spectacular granite mountains, known as the Torres del Paine (or Blue Towers), jut out some 9,000 feet above the Patagonian steppe. They dominate this landscape of radiant blue glaciers, azure lakes, roaring rivers and emerald forests. Join us on this amazing world-class CMC backpacking trip to Torres del Paine Circuit in Chile, rated #2 best backpacking trip in the world by the Backpacker magazine. We will hike around the most spectacular Patagonia landscape of dramatic granite peaks, spires and horns towers in ten days. Due to long summer days the sun doesn’t set until 10 pm giving you plenty of time to enjoy the vistas of the impressive mountains that is bound to uplift your spirit and bring joy to your heart every day during the 52-mile trek. You need to be “C” level hiker or approved by the trip leader. You only have to carry your backpack since our guides will carry the tents and food. You will sleep in refugios (cabins) where available or in tents under the clear blue southern sky. After the amazing trek in Torres del Paine, it’s time to rest your tired body and explore your cultural side. You’ve an option to spend three glorious days relaxing and sampling exquisite Argentine cuisines and soaking in the sights, sounds, rhythms and the culture of Buenos Aires known as the Paris of South America and named by UNESCO as one of the three Cities of Design. The time in Buenos Aires is free for you to choose to do nothing or enjoy many activities this world class city offers There’ll be an opportunity to participate in free walking tours of the city. We’ll arrange a group dinner and a tango show one night before we depart for home. Some points of interest, Eva Peron museum, the city’s magnificent structures such as Teatro Colon, Palacio de las Aguas Correntes, Palacio Barolo just to name a few. You’ll return home stronger, relaxed and recharged to take on 2013! This trip is for you: if you have a sense of adventure, enjoy hiking, love being in the mountains and like to enrich your life by learning about different places, cultures, tasting different cuisine and interacting with people from different cultural backgrounds. A pre-trip

group hike with the trip-leader in late summer is mandatory for all participants. Sign-up before May 1st and you’ll receive a complimentary dinner of succulent Argentinean lamb or beef with a glass of wine or beer in El Calafate. INCLUDED: Ground transportation, guide, accommodation and meals during the backpacking trek. Three nights of hotel with breakfast and a dinner and a tango show are included in Buenos Aires. NOT INCLUDED: Airfares, travel insurance, visa fees, insurance, incidental and personal expenses. *Price may change depending on the exchange rate and number of participants. Contact P Vilas Tulachan at ptulachan@hotmail.com or phone 408-4202723.

Best of Australia 2013

February 2 – 17, 2013 $1675 basic land cost + (optional: $1125 side-trip to Uluru (Ayers Rock)) + estimated $1600 airfare Say “G’Day” and explore the unique wonders of the Land Down Under. Upon arrival in Sydney, we’ll explore this fascinating city and its scenic harbor, and begin to get a glimpse of the unique Aussie wildlife and culture, including an option to tour the world-famous Sydney Opera House. Then we’ll head up to explore the hikes, vistas, and waterfalls of the Blue Mountains. From here, we’ll drive to Kosciuszko National Park and hike Australia’s highest peak, Mount Kosciuszko, one of the fabled Seven Summits. After returning to Sydney, we’ll change gears by flying to Cairns in the tropical north of the country, and spend a day snorkeling the Great Barrier Reef, and another with a visit to the rainforest – and keep a good watch out for crocodiles! An optional extension will have us flying from Cairns to the Aussie ‘Outback’, for hikes around the iconic Uluru (Ayers Rock) and rock domes of Kata Tjuta National Park, as well as getting to know more about the local Aboriginal culture. Then we’ll return to Sydney for a final night before departing for home. We will be hiking scenic paths of the Blue and Snowy Mountains, and prospective participants should be fit enough to tackle climbs up to 12 miles round-trip and with elevation gains of up to 2,000 feet. Basic alpine trekking skills are required. We will be using hostel or budget hotel accommodations, and a maximum of 12 participants will be accepted. Price includes all in-Australia transportation, lodging, park entry fees, and package Great Barrier Reef/ rainforest tour; participants will be responsible for their own U.S.–to-Australia airfare, Australian visitor visa, meals, gear, and entry fees for optional Sydney tours. Final trip price is subject to change depending on number of participants and fluctuations in exchange rates. Request trip application packets by email from Gary or Daedra, or by mail at 1017 O’Connell Drive, Bozeman, MT 59715.

WINTER 2010 ORDER FORM order form S E N D O R D E R F O R M A N D PAY M E N T T O :

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CMC MEMBERS: Please fill in your name, address, phone and email, Visa or MasterCard number and expiration date. Total your order, compute the tax at 7.6%, and add shipping and handling. Checks made out to The Colorado Mountain Club for the total are fine, too.

$ 1 – $19.99. . . . . . . . . . . $5.00 $20 – $49.99. . . . . . . . . . . $7.00 $50 – $75.99. . . . . . . . . . . $9.00 $76 – $99.99. . . . . . . . . . $11.00 $100+ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $12.00

DISCOUNTED BOOK PRICING FOR MEMBERS OF THE COLORADO MOUNTAIN CLUB ___ Best Boulder Hikes, ISBN 978-0-9799663-4-7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $10.36 ___ Best Colorado Springs Hikes, ISBN 978-0-9799663-6-1 . . . . . . . . . $10.36 ___ Best Denver Hikes, ISBN 978-0-9799663-5-4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $12.76 ___ Best Fort Collins Hikes, ISBN 978-0-9799663-0-9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $11.96 ___ Best Front Range Hikes, ISBN 978-0-9799663-9-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . $19.96 ___ Colorado 14ers Pack Guide, ISBN 978-0-9760525-3-1 . . . . . . . . . . . $9.56 ___ Colorado 14ers Standard Routes, ISBN 978-0-9799663-8-5 . . . . . $17.56 ___ Colorado Lake Hikes, ISBN 978-0-9799663-1-6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $19.96 ___ Colorado’s Quiet Winter Trails, ISBN 978-0-9760525-1-7. . . . . . . . . $17.56 ___ Colorado Scrambles, 2e, ISBN 978-0-9799663-3-0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $18.36 ___ Colorado Snow Climbs, ISBN 978-0-9760525-9-3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $18.36 ___ Colorado Summit Hikes, ISBN 0-9724413-3-6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $15.16 ___ Colorado Trail, ISBN 978-0-9760525-2-4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $19.96 ___ Colorado Trail Databook, 4e, ISBN 978-0-9799663-7-8 . . . . . . . . . . $7.96 ___ Colorado Wildflowers, ISBN 978-0-9842213-0-1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $18.36 ___ Colorado Year Round, ISBN 0-9724413-2-8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $15.16

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___ Comanche Peak Wilderness Area, ISBN 978-0-9842213-1-8 . . . . . $10.36 ___ Essential Guide to Black Canyon, ISBN 0-9724413-4-4 . . . . . . . . . $15.96 ___ Essential Guide to Sand Dunes, ISBN 0-9724413-1-X. . . . . . . . . . . $15.96 ___ Flatiron Classics, ISBN 978-0-9799663-2-3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $15.16 ___ Guide to the Colorado Mountains, ISBN 0-9671466-0-7 . . . . . . . . $15.16 ___ Hiking Colorado’s Roadless Trails, ISBN 978-0-9760525-7-9 . . . . . . $10.36 ___ Morpha: A Rain Forest Story, 0-9671466-8-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $11.96 ___ Peaceful Canyon, Golden River, ISBN 0-9671466-5-8 . . . . . . . . . . . $11.96 ___ Playing for Real, ISBN 978-0-9760525-6-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $9.56 ___ Rocks Above the Clouds, ISBN 978-0-9760525-8-6 . . . . . . . . . . . . $11.96 ___ Rocky Mountain Flora, ISBN 978-0-9760525-4-8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $18.36 ___ Roof of the Rockies, ISBN 0-9671466-1-5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $13.56 ___ Run the Rockies, ISBN 0-9724413-5-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $14.36 ___ San Juan Mountaineers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $185.00 ___ Stettner Way, ISBN 0-9724413-0-1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $11.96 ___ Trad Guide to Joshua Tree, ISBN 0-9724413-9-5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $17.56

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Trail & Timberline

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Timeless

Colorado's Mountains are

By designating the CMC or the CMC Foundation in your will, your investment in them live on. Join the 21st Century Circle today. Contact our Development Director at 303-996-2752 to learn more about planned giving. 46

Trail & Timberline

Photo: Glenn Randall Photography

Profile for Colorado Mountain Club

Trail & Timberline  

Issue 1015, Summer 2012

Trail & Timberline  

Issue 1015, Summer 2012

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