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TAIWAN STRAIT SMART REGION BOOK PUBLICATION AND LAUNCH 2013/2014 DONOR INVITE PACKAGE

CHORA LONDON . BERLIN . TAIPEI . BEIJING


The photographs of the draft book in this document are provided for indicative purposes only. A finalised photographed copy will be provided to you in an upcoming progress report in End October - early November 2013. All website design, text, graphics, content, the selection and arrangement thereof. Copyright ©CHORA. 2013. ©Studio Joost Grootens. 2013. All rights reserved. Any use of materials on this website including reproduction, modification, distribution, or republication without the prior written permission CHORA and Studio Joost Grootens is strictly prohibited. CHORA 24a Bartholomew Villas, London NW5 2LL, UK T 44 (0)20 7267 1277 E info@chora.org www.chora.org TAIWAN STRAIT ATLAS - MANUAL FOR A SMART REGION (TSA) www.taiwanstraitatlas.net TAIWAN STRAIT SMART REGION (TSSR) www.taiwanstraitsmartregion.com CHORA is a registered Charity No. 1040444 and Company Limited by guarantee. Registered in England No. 02960349 Studio Joost Grootens Groenhoedenveem 24 1019 BL Amsterdam T 31 20 688 61 17 E joost@grootens.nl www.grootens.nl


CONTENT

1.

THE TAIWAN STRAIT ATLAS – MANUAL FOR A SMART REGION (TSA) BOOK A.

INVITE

B.

INTRODUCTION I. SMART CITIES

P. 7

II. TAIWAN STRAIT ATLAS - MANUAL FOR A SMART REGION (TSA) BOOK CONTENT LIST

P. 8

III. TAIWAN STRAIT SMART REGION (TSSR) COMMISSIONED PROJECTS

P. 10

C.

WHY?

P. 13

D.

THE BOOK

E.

2.

I. WHY?

P. 17

II. STUDIO JOOST GROOTENS

P. 18

III. PUBLISHERS

P. 20

IV. TSSR TASKFORCE

P. 21

METHODOLOGY: URBAN GALLERY I. HOW?

P. 23

F.

PART 1. TAIWAN STRAIT ATLAS

P. 25

G.

PART 2. MANUAL FOR A SMART REGION

P. 27

YOU + CHORA A.

OPPORTUNITIES

P. 29

B.

DONOR OPTIONS

P. 30

+ Product Placement

P. 31

TSA BOOK LAUNCH EVENTS

P. 32

C. 3.

P. 3

[BOOK PUBLISHING] + [BOOK LAUNCH EVENTS] A.

BUDGET

P. 34

B.

TIMELINE

P. 35

APPENDIX 1 - TOWARDS THE TAIWAN STRAIT SMART REGION (TSSR) INTRODUCTION

P. 37

TIMELINE OF TSSR

P. 38

CHORA MISSION

P. 39

CURRENT TSSR PROJECTS

P. 40

PROF. BUNSCHOTEN + CHORA

P. 44

PROF. BUNSCHOTEN + SMART CITY

P. 45

PROF. BUNSCHOTEN CV

P. 46

DOMUS INTERVIEW WITH PROF. BUNSCHOTEN

P. 48

CURRENT PROJECTS

P. 50

PARTNERS

P. 51

2 - CHORA


‘The Taiwan Strait Smart Region (TSSR)turns a geopolitically difficult situation into a fantastic design space where we test the most interesting and innovative conditions for smart cities.’ ─ Professor Raoul Bunschoten


INVITE 1 - TAIWAN STRAIT ATLAS: MANUAL FOR A SMART REGION (TSA) BOOK

CHORA would like to cordially invite you to participate in a trans-regional exclusive book titled, Taiwan Strait Atlas – Manual for a Smart Region (TSA), a vision for the world’s first low-carbon ‘Smart Region’. The book is the compendium of an 8-year on-going research project; Taiwan Strait Smart Region (TSSR). The book is not a commercial venture, it is the result of years of independent research and hard work to achieve a common goal; to make a lasting contribution to how we will design and live in cities in the future. It is also an urgent necessity; the combination of knowledge, research and process has never been thought and placed together before, a first ambitious alliance between governments, commercial enterprises and the community on a open regional platform. The current target stands at €140,000. It is needed to complete the final research, copy editing, finalisation of graphics, translation, editing, and the publishing of three versions in English, Simplified Mandarin Chinese and Traditional Mandarin Chinese and general travel expenses for the book launch in the Taiwan Strait. Your donation is especially crucial to kick-start the publishing process, a unique cross-strait book launch and stakeholders gala dinner. CHORA is eager to proceed with these plans to enable your further participation in the book and also to meet with stakeholders of various industries with Smart-City interests. CHORA would like to fund the final stages from key corporations who will most benefit from this book and the audience it will reach. Independence and autonomy has always been key to the project, with most of the work produced by volunteers without compromising on the quality of research, design, publishing and extent of distribution.

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We look forward to your participation. Sincerely, Prof. Raoul Bunschoten Dipl. Arch (ETH), M.Arch. (Cranbrook) Director, CHORA Professor of Sustainable Urban Planning and Urban Design, TU Berlin www.chora.tu-berlin.de www.chora.org TOP Common Sense for the World, Manifesto for Sustainable Architecture and Civil Engineering Issued by Architects, Engineers and Town Planners in Germany. Professor Raoul Bunschoten as coauthor signing the manifesto at the Ministry for Infrastructure, Construction and Urban Development, Germany. 2009.


LEFT CHORA’s conceptual masterplan. Proliferation of Smart Projects activating the Taiwan Strait Region. (Each smart project is presented with a dot)

4


INTRODUCTION 1 - TAIWAN STRAIT ATLAS: MANUAL FOR A SMART REGION (TSA) BOOK

CHORA is an architecture, urbanism and research cloud that was established in 1993 by Prof. Bunschoten. They operate as a cloud of research, teaching and practice clusters in London, Berlin and China. CHORA has a long-term commitment to developing new methods for architectural design and urban planning that help mitigate and adapt to the challenges of climate change. Prof. Bunschoten is also a partner of the New Energy Science and Technology Industry Advancement Association of FuJian Province, an alliance of industrial partners with the common goal of creating innovative pilot projects that bring positive change to the cities and people in the Taiwan Strait region.

CHORA has become a specialist in combining urban design and energy planning, and has initiated innovative methods to coordinate ranges of energy efficient and renewable energy technology in cities and regions. Developed by dozens of volunteers including architects, planners, scientists and designers on three continents. The TSSR Manual is a comprehensive book and tool for a sustainable future. The approved and field-tested methodology of the Urban Gallery is used throughout the manual to demonstrate the possibilities of creating new Smart City Project within dynamic planning.

Partners in this project are: <see updated partners profile to finalise this> • CHORA research • TU Berlin • London Metropolitan University • Xiamen University • NCKU in Tainan • TsingHua University • National Taiwan University CHORA remains independent from any specific organisation therefore this invitation is intended to introduce you to PHASE 1 OF FUNDING towards the reality of the Taiwan Strait Atlas – Manual for A Smart Region (TSA) and the book launch at the Taiwan Strait crossing Xiamen and Taichung. <see p. for Budget and Timeline>

TOP Prof. Raoul Bunschoten (Director, CHORA) at the TSSR Conference, ECCT in Taichung (European Chamber of Commerce Taiwan). October 2012.

5


TOP Map of designated smart city projects in China, based on Chinese government legislation. ŠCHORA, 2013

6


SMART CITIES

More Efficient Use of Energy End Use Efficiency

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Increased Vehicle Efficiency Transport Efficiency Renewable Energy Technologies Capture and Storage of Excess Carbon

CO2 Diagram based on the STERN Report suggesting ways to offset the carbon footprint

The technological and digital age in which we live in, results in many innovations and products that have the potential to reduce our impact on the planet (carbon footprint), and also to improve our lives. These range in scale and use, from a new kind of motion sensor, to innovations in large scale infrastructure and renewable energies. Transforming into new models for social development. The challenge lies in integrating these technologies into our cities in meaningful ways, and nudging the cultural change necessary to do so. A city that can do this successfully is what we define as a Smart City. China is the fastest growing market in the field of Smart Cities. The Chinese government have announced 103 cities and city districts designated to become Smart City pilots within 2014. The program is expected to trigger a potential market of more than 30 billion yuan ($4.8 billion).

7


TSA BOOK [TABLE OF CONTENTS] 1 - TAIWAN STRAIT ATLAS: MANUAL FOR A SMART REGION (TSA) BOOK TAIWAN STRAIT ATLAS â&#x20AC;&#x201C; MANUAL FOR A SMART REGION (TSA) TABLE OF CONTENTS (PRELIMINARY) 1. 2. 3.

Preface Location Introduction Essay

1. 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8

Background First and Second Skin of the Earth Human Society Anthropocene Climate Change International Treaties Targets and Benchmarks Cities Low Carbon, Intelligence, Smartness

2. 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 2.19 2.20 2.21 2.22 2.23 2.24 2.25 2.26 2.27 2.28 2.29 2.30 2.31 2.32 2.33 2.34 2.35 2.36 2.37 2.38 2.39 2.40 2.41 2.42 2.43 2.44

Taiwan Strait Atlas Current Population, Urban Villagers &Floating Population Dajia Matsu Holy Pilgrimage Cultural Similarities Opening Up Sea Ports For Cross-Strait Connection Trading Zones Open For The West(1685-1842) Capital Orchid Industries Taiwan Companies/Goods Taiwan Strait Ozone Distribution And Main Pollutant Sources Trading Zones Open For The West (1979-2010) Taiwan Strait Emerging Historical Migration People & Projects To Taiwan Mazu In Taiwan Strait Cross-Strait Events Opening Up Airports For Cross-Strait Connections Taiwan And Distribution Of The Han Chinese Dajia Matsu Holy Pilgrimage Companies In Taiwan Strait Import Fujian & Xiamen Export Fujian & Xiamen Export Mainland/Fujian/Xiamen Export Taiwan Phalaenopsis Export And Import Counties In 2009 Semiconductor Industry Orchid. Taiwan Biggest Exporter. Golden Flower Industry Media Dubbed Soap On Television And Internet Gray Mullet Of Taiwan Strait + Orchid Gray Mullet Of Taiwan Strait Effect : Smuggle Far Sea Fishery (Growing Since After WW2) Tuna And The Rise Of Far Sea Fishery Mullet Smuggle Typhoons + Earthquakes O2 Emission/Wind/Ozone Pollution Co2-Emission Industries And Pollution Maritime Trade In Taiwan Strait Ozone Distribution

3. 3.1 3.1.1 3.1.2 3.1.3 3.1.4

Smart Region Manual Concept knowledge Incubators Metaspace Urban Gallery

8

3.1.5 3.1.6 3.1.6.1 3.1.6.2 3.1.6.3 3.1.6.4 3.1.6.5 3.1.6.6 3.1.7 3.1.8 3.1.9 3.1.10 3.1.11 3.1.12 3.1.12.1 3.1.12.2 3.1.13 3.1.13.1 3.1.13.2

Co-evolution Urban Curatorship Large Scale Maps_Agronomy Large Scale Maps_Grassroots Urbanism Large Scale Maps_Water Treatment Large Scale Maps_Energy Large Scale Maps_Transport Large Scale Maps_Synthesis Governance Management Task Force Smart Cities Smart Region Scenario Games Scenario Games Rule Scenario Games Examples Cybernetic Planning Taichung Dynamic Masterplan Xiamen Dynamic Masterplan

3.2 3.2.1 3.2.2 3.2.3 3.2.4 3.2.4.1 3.2.4.2 3.2.4.3 3.2.4.4 3.2.4.5 3.2.4.6

Taichung Low Carbon Study Aims Pilot Demonstration Prototype Pilot Districts Fazi River Dado Mountain Old Airport Old City Core Energy Time plan of Pilot Projects

3.3 3.3.1 3.3.2 3.3.3 3.3.4 3.3.5

Xiamen Interactive Model Set-up Manual Intro Process and Network Parametric Modeling Material and Tools

3.4 3.4.1 TS_01 TS_02 TS_03 TS_04 TS_05 TS_06 TS_07 TS_08 TS_09 TS_10 3.4.2 T_01 T_02 T_03 T_04 T_05 T_06 T_07 T_08 T_09 T_10 T_11 T_12 T_13 T_14 T_15 T_16 T_17 T_18 T_19 T_20 T_21

Frames Taiwan Strait Frames & Urban Gallery Travelling Pavilions Penghu Marine Scientific Incubator Shipping Lanes Cross Strait Smart Grid Taiwan Strait Smart Region Incubator of Treaties Smart City Planning Policy Pacific Rim Proliferation Global Marine Conservation Liminal Bodies and Smart Regions Taichung Frames & Urban Gallery ICT Infrastructure Smart Living Smartness And Spirituality Smart Farming Chor[A]Ction Carbon Reduction Parade Sustainable Forestry Individual Units Up The Mountain Zhuifen Station Retrofit Light Transport Housing Retrofit Preventive Health Healthcare ICT University-Industry Symbiosis New Housing Area In Beitun Stadium As Incubator Of Smartness Biosphere Project Traffic Control Retrofit Hospital Community Micro-Hydro Climate Change Adaptation


T_22 T_23 T_24 T_25 T_26 T_27 T_28 T_29 T_30 T_31 T_32 T_33 T_34 T_35 T_36 T_37 T_38 T_39 T_40 T_41 T_42 T_43

Local Communities Smart Data Centre Mazu Parade Shalu District Heavy Industry Prison Cross-Strait Think Thank Shuei-Nan Smart Incubator Second Skin Of The Earth Taichung Industrial Park Clean Coal Highway And Railway Corridor Smallholder Empowerment Agricultural Research Park Taichung Control Centre Airport City City Periphery Fengyuan Incubator Food Choices Taichung Sea Port Dadu Plateau Synergetic Network Mountains

3.4.3 X_01 X_02 X_03 X_04 X_05 X_06 X_07 X_08 X_09 X_10 X_11 X_12 X_13 X_14 X_15 X_16 X_17 X_18 X_19 X_20 X_21 X_22 X_23 X_24 X_25 X_26 X_27 X_28 X_29 X_30 X_31 X_32 X_33 X_34 X_35 X_36 X_37 X_38 X_39 X_40 X_41 X_42 X_43

Xiamen Frames & Urban Gallery Kinaesthetic Island Smart Mobility Hub Food Reanimation Cross-Border Marine Recovery Dense Housing Off-The-Grid Energy Carbon Neutral Factory Hillside Smart Housing Cross-Strait Platform Relationship Between Man And Nature Energy Museum Luxury Housing Energy Bridge Hybrid Tunnel National Park Communities Capitalizing On The BRT Smart Fashion IT And Hi-Tech Brain Campus Policy Making Energy Prices Marine Sensitive School Jimei Model Alternative Jet Fuel Xiamen University Smart Campus International Smart Exhibition Energy Islands And Smart Bridge Scenario Simulation Low-Cost, Low Energy Mass Housing Brainbox Bamboo Farming And Manufacture Symbiotic Agricultural Incubator Micro-industry in the Foothills Smart City Toolbox Fishing Cultural Heritage Rural-Urban Prototype Development Mangrove Network Xiamen Port Internet Hardware Researching The Anthropocene Xiangâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;an Airport City Catalytic Infrastructure Mass Production Xiamen Smart Energy Network

9


TSSR COMMISSIONED PROJECTS 1 - TAIWAN STRAIT ATLAS: MANUAL FOR A SMART REGION (TSA) BOOK

XIAMEN CITY ENERGY MASTERPLAN Comissioned by the Xiamen City Government Location: Xiamen, Fujian, China Scale: City district Stage: Submitted Proposal Partners: Green Action Timescale:2009 Xiamen City Energy Masterplan was commissioned to Chora by the city of Xiamen in 2010. A long term overall energy masterplan for the city, outlining each stage of work and short, medium and long term goals. Infrastructure, energy sources and building program would all be under redevelopment, bringing a new form of economy to the city. Integrating the 5 points, CHORA drew up a long term overall energy masterplan for the city 1. Research and analysis of the context in Xiamen, including the states of the various building typologies and infrastructure. 2. Derive pilot sites for energy efficiency and renewable energy projects according to districts or project categories. 3. Study of local and international energy efficiency and renewable energy technology, including the production, manufacturing, fabrication of the technologies. This is essential to be in consideration in the overall masterplan. 4. Case studies of such technologies in other countries, as well as the relevant regulations and policies. 5. Understand the economic operation for energy efficiency and renewable energy technology. These include investors, financial partnership, and international funding options. The Xiamen City Energy Masterplan was exhibited in Xiamen and Dusseldorf. TOP Stilwerk Exhibition, Dusseldorf, Germany. 2010

10


TAICHUNG LOW CARBON MASTERPLAN Comissioned by the Department of Urban Development, Taichung City Government Location: Scale: Stage: Partners:

Taichung, Taiwan City district Submitted Proposal Dept. of Architecture, Taichung University SCS Architects Associates Timescale:2009 CHORA is commissioned jointly with TungHai University to create a study for the reduction of CO2 emissions and energy management for the City of Taichung in the context of Climate Change. This masterplan overlay a detailed strategy for implementing efficient and renewable energy pilot projects onto the existing and potential development, using a holistic planning approach to propose an Energy Incubator. A review of the city’s current situation, case studies, and proposals for pilot projects at six specific sites, as well as key issues and action plans for implementation will be included in the final report to be presented on 7th August 2009. A further presentation of this pioneering masterplan proposal could potentially take place at the INTA conference October 2009 organised by Taichung’s Department of Urban Development.

11

Taichung is undergoing massive changes. Constant population influx, new project in both old and new areas of the city, and a formidable list of urban renewal projects underway at the Old City Centre, Dado Mountain and the Old Airport, as well as Government’s vision and funding to develop the city into a marine logistic hub. In order to maintain its competitiveness in the Global economy marathon, as well as sustaining the high living standard enjoyed by its residents, a concise overall urban strategy for management of energy and urban development is crucial. The overall Strategic Energy Masterplan takes into account the next 10 years of development in the city of Taichung. It derives a plan where carbon emission reduction of the city could be in line with Government’s aim of 40% by 2020, and 80% reduction by 2050.


PART 1. TAIWAN STRAIT SMART REGION (TSSR)

PART 2. TAIWAN STRAIT ATLAS MANUAL FOR A SMART REGION (TSA) BOOK

TOP ©CHORA, 2013

12


WHY? Taichung City has been awarded as being one of the ten best Intelligent Cities1, and Xiamen has been designated one of eight special Low Carbon Cities2. Models for a task force and management of Smart City and Low Carbon Planning could be undertaken jointly and selected projects can be developed simultaneously and used to compare performance and monitoring issues. Taiwan Strait Atlas - Manual for a Smart Region (TSA) is necessary to realise the vision for a low-carbon smart region around the Taiwan Strait. This research and proposals of projects is aimed towards developing an overall plan to meet internationally agreed targets and create the necessary managerial structure. Taiwan Strait Atlas - Manual for a Smart Region (TSA) exists as: PART 1. TAIWAN STRAIT ATLAS PART 2. MANUAL FOR A SMART REGION Both are needed and integral to the vision and demonstrates a new way to plan a large region for the world. The aim is to integrate cultural change with low-carbon design, enable intelligent city planning and innovative new technologies.

1

The Smart21 Communities (Intelligent Community Forumâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Annual Intelligent Community Awards Cycle. Since 2006.

2

The National Bureau of Statistics of China, China Statistics Yearbook 2010. Available from www.stats.gov.cn/tjsj/ndsj/2010/indexch.htm. Source: www.unescap.org (accessed 2 October 2013).

13


Xiamen, Mainland China by Jan Polverini for CHORA. June 2013. ©janpolverini.com ©CHORA, 2013

14


15


TOP Tiachung, Taiwan. ©CHORA, 2013

16


THE BOOK 1 - TAIWAN STRAIT ATLAS: MANUAL FOR A SMART REGION (TSA) BOOK

WHY? The Taiwan Strait is a complex geopolitical region at the heart of the Pacific Rim and a shallow sea between Taiwan and Mainland China. This makes mapping the Taiwan Strait, as an emergent urban region, new and unique. CHORA and partners has acknowledge and used as a spatial design incubator to demonstrate possibilities of smart, low-carbon urban and rural planning on a large scale ‘Smart Region’ In 2006, the Taiwan Strait Smart Region (TSSR) project was initiated. Joost Grootens, a prominent book designer in the Netherlands specialises in research information design will be spearheading the finalisation for the TSA book in November 2013. Co-Editors, Prof. Liu Shunren, from the Department of Architecture, National Cheng Kung University in Taiwan, Prof. Wang Shaosen,Dean of The School of Architecture and Civil Engineering at Xiamen University, in Xiamen and Mr. Liu Yuyang, Director of Atelier Liu Yuyang Architects (ALYA) in Shanghai. They form the TSSR Taskforce and have collaborated closely over these past 8-years of research across departments, disciplines and borders. Which makes the book an exciting document for more discoveries and bolder decisions to be taken urgently in the region and beyond.

RIGHT Xiamen, Mainland China by Jan Polverini for CHORA. June 2013. ©janpolverini.com

17


STUDIO JOOST GROOTENS 1 - TAIWAN STRAIT ATLAS: MANUAL FOR A SMART REGION (TSA) BOOK Joost Grootens studied architectural design at Gerrit Rietveld Academy in Amsterdam. As a graphic designer he is self-taught. His studio designs books in the fields of architecture, urban space and art, specializing on atlases, designing both the maps and the books themselves. Among his clients are 010 Publishers, Nai Publishers, Lars Müller Publishers, Phaidon Press, Vanabbe Museum and Boijmans Van Beuningen Museum. Grootens has won numerous prizes for his designs. Among them the ‘Goldene Letter’ and two Gold Medals in the Best Book Design from all over the World competition in Leipzig. In 2009 he was awarded the Netherlands’ most prestigious design award, the Rotterdam Design Prize. A monograph about his work titled ‘I swear I use no art at all’ was published by 010 Publishers in 2010. Grootens is Head of the research programme Information Design at Design Academy Eindhoven’s Master course. He has also lectured and conducted workshops at various institutions in Asia, Europe and North America. Joost Grootens is a member of AGI (Alliance Graphique Internationale). STUDIO JOOST GROOTENS T 31 20 688 61 17 E joost@grootens.nl Groenhoedenveem 24 1019 BL Amsterdam – NL http://www.grootens.nl

18


19


GRAPHIC DESIGN STUDIO

Studio Joost Grootens STUDIO JOOST GROOTENS Groenhoedenveem 24 1019 BL Amsterdam grootens.nl

PUBLISHERS (TBC)

ARTIFICE Black Dog Publishing London UK 10A Acton Street London WC1X 9NG artificebooksonline.com blackdogonline.com

National Chinese Architectural Construction Publishing House Haidian District Baiwanzhuang China Building Industry Press, Beijing cabplink.com

eslite B1, 196, Songde Road, Taipei 11075, Taiwan (R.O.C.) eslitecorp.com

GARDEN CITY PUBLISHING (田園城市文化事業有限公司) 台北市中山區中山北路二段72巷6號 gardencity.com.tw

20


TSSR TASKFORCE 1 - TOWARDS THE TAIWAN STRAIT SMART REGION (TSSR)

a

The TSSR project does not stop with the publication of the book. We will then use the book as a promotional tool to trigger pilot projects around the Taiwan Strait Region, and all areas of China. This is something CHORA have already begun in several Chinese cities.

CO-EDITORS Mr. Liu Shunren, Prof. Department of Architecture, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan

CHORA always look for partners to join us on complex projects. One of our aims with this project is to build a TSSR Task Force; an alliance of companies and individuals from a variety of sectors who together can deliver the highest quality smart city projects. Mr. Wang Shaosen, Prof. DEAN The School of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Mainland China

Mr. Liu Yuyang Atelier Liu Yuyang Architects (ALYA) FOUNDER AND DIRECTOR

TOP Taiwan Strait Smart Region (TSSR) in relation to China Smart City Policy

21


TOP Tiachung, Taiwan. ©CHORA, 2013

22


METHODOLOGY: URBAN GALLERY 1 - TAIWAN STRAIT ATLAS: MANUAL FOR A SMART REGION (TSA) BOOK

HOW? Over the last 20 years, CHORA and Raoul Bunschoten have developed an alternative methodology for architectural and urban design, called the ‘Urban Gallery’. CHORA has developed its focus on research and strategies that mitigate and adapt to the challenges and pressures of climate change. CHORA has become a specialist in combining urban design and energy planning, and has initiated innovative methods to coordinate ranges of energy efficient and renewable energy technology in cities and regions.

TOP Xiamen, Mainland China by Jan Polverini for CHORA. June 2013. ©janpolverini.com

23

ABOVE CHORA methodology; The Urban Gallery used in Prof. Raoul academic work since 1994. Academic examples can be found on www.urban-gallery.net. Related Publication ‘URBAN FLOTSAM’, 2010.


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HONG KONG S.A.R.

u

u

Macau

Jiangmen

MACAU S.A.R.

Zhuhai

0 1905

1923

1914

1941

1932

1950

1959

1968

1977

1986

1995

Medium industrial city

Zhongshan

Zhongshan

300 Macau

Major industry city

Shenzen

en

600

HONG KONG S.A.R.

Forest Industry Power Industry

Dongguan

Dongguan

Knowloon

Hong Kong Island

Building Materials Indu

1900 1200

en

u

THE NUMBERS OF FLOATING POPULATION

Huizhou

Huizhou

Knowloon

Zhuhai

Shanwei

1800

en

Jiangmen

Chemical Industry

THE NUMBERS OF URBAN VILLAGES

Jiangmen

MACAU S.A.R.

Small industrial city

Macau Zhuhai

MACAU S.A.R.

2004

year

People & Projects to Taiw an

4 Kunyang

MIGRATION DURING XIX CENTURY RY RY

HIS T OR ICA L M IG R AT ION T O TA IW A N Tongshan

Songcheng Nanpu

Chinshan

ANCIENT ASIAN MIGRATION DUTCH VOC IN ASIA (1592-1662) TECTONIC PLATES TYPHOONS

1592 F 1600 D 1605 D to Fuji 1622 A the Du 1624 T years 1626 T Keelun 1632 T 1642 T nearby The Du 1662 W and no dynast

MONG MO NGOL OLL

Kuosheng

Sanchung

Gongliao

Keelung

Jiaocheng TAIPEI Fengchan

Yilan

PAMI PA MIRS MIR RS PLA PLAT PL ATEA EAU U

Su-ao

T’ao-yuan

Hsinchu Fuzhou

HAN HA N CH CHIN IN NES ESEE

Tancheng Nanping Fuqing

Hualien

Miao-li

Putian

Taichung

Wuchi

Changsha

Lugang

Chang-hua

Wentzu

Nan-t’ou Pusin

Hui’an Yun-lin

Dounan

Quanzhou Taihsi

Jinjiang

Chiayi

Beigang Taitung Hsin-ying in

Moraket 2009 Makung

Xia

Tainan nping Gangshan

Tzukuan Kaohsiung

J A PA N

CHINA

Dawu P’ing-tung

Jiading Zhangzou

Herp 1996

Fang-liao

Japan (1609)

Amber 1997

Donggang Hengshan

Maanshaan Zhangpu

Xibu

Meixian Nanzhou

Houzhai Chaozhou Keelung 1642–1661 1664-1668

Keelung

Shantou

Xiamen

NGOL NG OLL

Huicheng

Nari 2001

Canton

TAIWAN A ABO ABOR BO OR RIGINES

1642 Penghu 1622-1624

Aere 2004

TA I WA N ping ping 1624 Anping

1605

PEARL RIVER

Lynn 1987 Macau

1622 Parma 2009

MIGRATION DURING MING DINAST Y

Tainan Zeelandia 1624-1662 Provintia 1653-1661

1600

Tamsui 1642-..?

MIGRATION DURING XX CENTURY

INDONESIA & MALAY

ANCIENT NC MA MALAY

Sinlaku 2008

M A L AYS I A M A L AYS I A

Molukken (±1607)

INDO IN DO ONEESIA ONES

Sumatra (island)

Borneo Island

Bangka

Ambon (1605)

I

–– During M ing dynas ty (1368-1644) –– During Qing dynas ty (1644-1912)

D

O

Bantam (1683)

N

E

S

I

A

Banda (1609)

PA P UA N E W G U I N E A

Batavia (1619-1942)

x (1677)

Java Island

24

N

Bali Island


PART 1. TAIWAN STRAIT ATLAS 1 - TAIWAN STRAIT ATLAS: MANUAL FOR A SMART REGION (TSA) BOOK

PART 1. TAIWAN STRAIT ATLAS Opening up airports for cros s -s trait connections Os aka

Tokyo

Tokyo

FLIG HT S DU R IN G FE S T IVA L (= DE T OU R IN G T HE N OFLY ZON E ?)

IN CR E A S IN G DIR E CT LIN K S

CHA RT E R FLIG HT S , Y E A R U N K N OW N

Shanghai

ng Tianji

B eijing

Os aka

X IA M E N T O TA IW A N IN T HE PA S T

The Atlas maps the existing conditions in the region surround the Taiwan Strait. It is used to provide a visible connection to the two sides of the Strait, defining the region as a design space to encourage international collaboration and effort in climate change. This is done through the consistent analysis of cities on either side of the strait: Xiamen and Taichung.

S hanghai

Hangzhou

Taipei

Taiwan Taoyuan International A irport. B efore it was called Chiang K ai-s hek International A irport

M azu

T aipei

Is the blue during fes tival??? Howcom e they cros s the no-flyzo

From

Is this of one s cpecific year? T he num bers between (): are they the num ber of flights ?

Taichung

Hualian

S hangha

du Cheng

i & Xiamen

Chon

SHANGHAI INFORMATION REGION X iam en

Tainan Gaoxiong

In 2007 Taichung airport handled 1.107 flights and 52.632 passengers.

Taichung

gqing

SHANGHAI INFORMATION REGION

Taitung

Xiamen

K aohs iung

M agong

M

ani

lla

K inm en

W angang Chim ay

TAIWAN INFORMATION REGION

Shantou

gnyuan

GUANGZHOU INFORMATION REGION

TAIWAN INFORMATION REGION

B ang

kok

GUANGZHOU INFORMATION REGION

Shilong

HONG KONG INFORMATION REGION

Hong Kong

anlang

Hong K ong Is land

lla

B angkok

m ani

His tory T he linkages between M ainland China and Taiwan had been s topped by policy for nearly 50 years s ince the II world war in 1949. A fter a lot of difficul- ties , there are direct links between M ainland Chi- na and Taiwan es tablis hed finally. T he s ignificant progres s dates and events are lis ted as following:

Macco

Gu

an

gz

ho

HONG KONG INFORMATION REGION

on

u Hong K ong

M acao

Fro M

M acau

1979 M ay, Firs t pos t 1981 On 30th S ept. the firs t com m itm ent of open- ning T hree Direct Links ” (links of trade,travel and pos t) between China m ainland and Taiwan openning trans port was m ade. 1997 A pril Firs t trail direct flight. 2007 Taichung airport handled 1.107 flights and 52.632 pas s engers . [From the file ‘Flights from Taichung’. It are the lines out of Taichung. S o the m eridian was allowed to cros s then? S ince when?] 2008 N ovem ber 4: Official com m itm ent of opening direct regulated pos t 2008 Dec 15th Firs t offical direct flight.. 2009 A ug 31. A irchina opens regulated flights between m ainland China and Taiwan. [pas s engers ?] 2009 Dec. 15 : Pas s enger trans port, firs t regulated flight.

M aritim e trade in Taiw an S trait

Ozone distribution

In s pring and autum n s eas ons , there is 46.3% incident rate of high ozone pollutants accidents in the central area of Taichung. During prevalence of land-s ea breeze days , s tations in m ainland are under B airi s ea breeze. T he pos s ibilities of high ozone pollutants incidents located along the coas t are m uch m ore higher than inland. Furtherm ore, the pos itions of m axim um ozone content are us ually at 100 inches and 250 inches height. T he s ym ptom s of ozone s uction are including caughing, ches t pain, s oft throat and eye pricking. It could caus e res piratory pas s ages effection, even m ore, dam age norm al lung functions . In january the wind goes down, like on all the m aps on this s pread. Is that correct?

Taichung

M A IN POLLA N T S OU R CE S POS IT ION S M A PPIN G X iam en

coal plants large s cale indus trial zones

The finalisation of the graphics will be produced and parsed through Studio Joost Grootens. These are a few examples of the studio’s reworking of the CHORA’s reseearch material.

25

factories


a ACTION PLAN

X_N

Description of the vignette. Vignette should be in B&W and 3d. At A que nus dolorepudant etur autemquae perchit ad quistin veniscienis ea volessimi, omnitem doluptaspis a aliquos doluptur, verfers perspitia sitatur sit, samet minctor rovitatio tem soleseque nonsed est,

1

[ACTION PLAN]

Frame name

f

Card 1

b Description:

2 Theme:

intervention and the general vision for the area. Eliqui blamenderum ium autatia alictis rerferumqui cuptatemque quam este nonserero con eaquae ventiisteni dolest pos magnim dolupitat perruptaepra sa vero es mi, odi ab in resedit, ad qui que velest, ullores esed modiste plibus.

Sector: Gameset©CHORA

KEHOLDERS

[STAKEHOLDER] T

[STAKEHOLDER] T

[STAKEHOLDER] T

[STAKEHOLDER] T

Card X

Card X

Card X

Card X

text / image

text / image

text / image

text / image

g

1 Description:

Theme: Sector: XiS2.3

PROTOTYPES

[02]

Description:

Description:

Description: D Descripti

Theme:

Theme:

Theme:

Sector:

Sector:

Sector:

XiS2.3

XiS2.3

[PP] P

[PROTOTYPE]

Prototype PP

[RE] E]

[PROTOTYPE]

Prototype RE

c

Obis si nonem id quamusciant re magnimus, aut ate voluptatem. T invelent ab idem fuga. To A as volut eribus aceptatur At sae. Et modiam, utemolo iusciusandis andionsequi delente doloratquia dolla as vollorestem. Tionest otaspiet volupicipsae conse ipicia id quaepro ma sendus alit omnis inctas prepe lita vel imin porem

d

XiS2.3

[RE]

[PROTOTYPE]

Prototype RE

h Description:

Description:

Description: -

Source:

B E F I

Theme: Source:

B E F I

Theme: Source:

+1 - Vignette 1 +2 - Vigne Vignette 2

e

Theme:

B E F I

DAT ATABASE

[DAT ATABASE]

Database

[DAT ATABASE] [00X]

Database

[DAT ATABASE]

[DAT ATABASE] [00X]

Database

[00X]

Database

[00X]

2

Description:

Description:

Description:

Description:

Theme:

Theme:

Theme:

Theme:

Source: Xi-Db-8

Source: Gameset©CHORA

Xi-Db-8

Xi-Db-8

Gameset©CHORA

Xi-Db-8

Urban ba Galle Ga eryy Processes ocesses

j

Timeline e e

k

Gameset©CHORA

LEGEND a. Urban Gallery (UG) Cards b. Frame Maps c. Map Symbols Types of prototypes location and size of scale d. Icons: Representation of prototypes on the frame map e. Vignettes Sketch(es) provide a 2D and/or 3D visualisation of the proposed interventions from a company (a donor) product or services. f. Map Key g. Pilot Project Decription and information h. Project Evolution i. Co-evolution Highlights other frames affected or inter-relates with current pilot project j. Urban Gallery (UG) Processes k. Timelines Changes in money, people and energy due the the introduction of a pilot project

FRAME MAP / PILOT PROJECT(S)

SIDEBAR

Co-evolution frames XXX Urban Gallery Processes b

[02] a

c

Timeline

TOP Examples of usage of the Urban Gallery CHORA uses to investigate urban space. As an interactive planning tool, it enables the participative development of sustainable projects at different scales. BOTTOM The timeline graph (detail) is to be read for comparison across other Pilot Project(s), they denote the change in currency, effects and activation on human behaviour, and energy consumption.

26

Description of the vignette. Vignette should be in B&W and 3d. Git volorporerit perupta turerspit, sequodi psantec eritati onsequaspe nestibus, simpor aspis ad unte cus, verum volore, conserionet quas aut arum quaspero inihil imaximos si simus, verunt voluptaes dolor sae porio qui im que explit pelit haris pore libus, omniatu rioreseria

Source:

Source: Gameset©CHORA

URBAN GALLERY (UG) COMPONENTS AND UG CARDS

i

Co-evolution t ti Frames affe f cted by this scenario: X_0 TS_0

Pr-PP. P 13

a

1

a

2

b

1

c

1

a

3


PART 2. MANUAL FOR A SMART REGION 1 - TAIWAN STRAIT ATLAS: MANUAL FOR A SMART REGION (TSA) BOOK

PART 2. MANUAL FOR A SMART REGION The second part is a Design Manual for how to deal existing and new activities within the region. We can think of the Manual as a cookbook for Smart Cities. Each spread in the Manual describes a recipe for a single pilot project or a combination of pilot projects. The ingredients of the project(s) are displayed in the Urban Gallery found on the left page of the book. The pilot project(s) and methods (refer to page 23 for description Pilot Project spread samples) Frames are drawn around key territories, each one forming a spread in the manual. Each frame is dealt with according to the CHORA methodology; The Urban Gallery. The methodology brings together existing infrastructure, local stakeholders, government targets and low carbon technologies to form a strategy for each frame. Each frame is played like a game, using the cards from the Urban Gallery. As a spatial design incubator, the methodology â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Urban Galleryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; allows stakeholders and communities to recreate and rethink new possibilities and cross-exchange ideas and while generating reactions from probable outcomes. This urgent document reveals hundreds of interconnected pilot projects and technologies that together demonstrate the backbone for Smart Cities and Smart Regions. City planners, governments and developers can use this cookbook to formulate Smart City Projects in cities all over the world quickly and decisively.

TOP A typical spread in the TSSR Manual demonstrating the cross flow of information from the Urban Gallery composed on the left page, and the Pilot Project(s) with description and analysis on the right page.

27


PROTOYPES

URBAN GALLERY CARDS

FRAMES TAXONOMY TOP LEFT Categories also known as Prototypes and is further applied to the Urban Gallery Cards (UG Cards). TOP RIGHT Detail of the Urban Gallery Cards. Each UG Card applies to the structure of the Urban Gallery consisting of four main components: Database, Prototype, Scenario Game and Action Plan. BOTTOM LEFT CHORA has worked from geographical analysis and have translated them into project proposals. Bottom Right: Aerial analysis of a region in Taichung, Taiwan

28


OPPORTUNITIES 2 - YOU + CHORA

TAIWAN STRAIT SMART REGION (TSSR)

The target readers are principally city officials; as a guidebook for smart urban and(or) rural planning, however we anticipate a large interest from the education sector and professionals within the design and construction industries. ALIGNMENT We invite companies that specialise in innovation and technology to have their products appear in the publication. We are looking for products that show real innovation and prototypical ideas. Presence within this unique publication offers exposure to two rapidly growing markets: both the Chinese construction market, and the worldwide Smart Cities market. We are highly selective in the content of the book, so will champion any products that are featured within. RESOURCE AND MARKETING Once published, the book will be widely promoted on international media, with particular presence in China and Taiwan. The book will become a key resource in Smart Development for city planners and developers both within China and worldwide. We have already presented the latest draft book to many city and government officials, industry leaders, and fellow designers, receiving overwhelming admiration. TRUST AND RELATIONSHIPS By showcasing your product and brand image with an innovative publication, we envision the TSA book can supplement your corporate book towards expanding client bases and forge on-going and new business relations. You will have the opportunities to make contact with the Chinese and Taiwanese government, city mayors, corporations, chief city planners and designers, through CHORAâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s own partnerships and new partners forge through this process of direct contact within similar market groups towards building values of Smart Cities.


DONOR OPTIONS 2 - YOU + CHORA TSSR PLATINUM DONORS

Solar System X_06 Off-the-grid-energy

p. 313

Solar System X_06 Off-the-grid-energy

p. 313

Solar System X_06 Off-the-grid-energy

p. 313

Solar System X_06 Off-the-grid-energy

p. 313

GOLD DONOR €10,000 (£8,488)(元83,000) (NT$398,060) The TSA Gold Funder will be entitled to the following: • 60 Hardcover Books in the languages of their choice • 2 VIP Invites to the Cross-Strait Event • Second priority Logo Placement in TSA Book Sponsor Page*

First Priority Spread solely for TSA Platinum Donor TSSR GOLD DONORS

Solar System X_06 Off-the-grid-energy

PLATINUM DONOR €20,000 (£16,973)(元165,980)(NT$796,013) The TSA Platinum Funder will be entitled to the following: • 120 Hardcover Books in the languages of their choice • 4 VIP Invites to the Cross-Strait Event • 2 Invites to the Stakeholders Gala Dinner • First priority Logo Placement in TSA Book Sponsor Page*

p. 313

Solar System X_06 Off-the-grid-energy

p. 313

Solar System X_06 Off-the-grid-energy

p. 313

Solar System X_06 Off-the-grid-energy

p. 313

Solar System X_06 Off-the-grid-energy

p. 313

Solar System X_06 Off-the-grid-energy

p. 313

Solar System X_06 Off-the-grid-energy

p. 313

Solar System X_06 Off-the-grid-energy

p. 313

SILVER DONOR €5,000 (£4,244)(元41,500) (NT$200,000) The TSA Gold Funder will be entitled to the following: • 30 Hardcover Books in the languages of their choice • 2 VIP Invites to the Cross-Strait Event • Second priority Logo Placement in TSA Book Sponsor Page*

TSSR SILVER DONORS

Shared Spread between TSSR GOLD and SILVER Donors

TSSR BASIC DONORS CHORA SMART CITY SECTORS A - Z A CULTURE

Activities related to heritage, the arts and entertainment

The Company (The Donor). London, UK Solar System p. 313 X_06 Off-the-grid-energy The Company (The Donor). London, UK The Company (The Donor). Berlin, Germany The Company (The Donor). Xiamen, M. China The Company (The Donor). Taichung, Taiwan The Company (The Donor). London, UK

BASIC DONOR EVERY €1,000 (£1,356)(元8,300) (NT$39,806) The TSA Basic Donor will be entitled to the following: • For every €1,000 donated, the TSSR Donor is entitled to 10 Hardcover Books in the languages of their choice • Company Name in Text (CHORA Smart City Sector organised in alphabetical order, City-Country)* OPTIONAL EXTRA + Product Placement PLUS €1,000 (£1,356)(元8,300) (NT$39,806) By adding this option, the TSA Donor will be entitled to the following: • Your company’s product included within a Smart City Pilot Project in the book • For professional integrity, your company will not be named on the Smart City Project page. Instead, there will be a reference to the relevant page(s) underneath your company logo.*

The Company (The Donor). Berlin, Germany The Company (The Donor). Xiamen, M. China The Company (The Donor). Taichung, Taiwan The Company (The Donor). Berlin, Germany Solar System p. 313 X_06 Off-the-grid-energy The Company (The Donor). London, UK The Company (The Donor). Berlin, Germany The Company (The Donor). Xiamen, M. China The Company (The Donor). Taichung, Taiwan The Company (The Donor). London, UK The Company (The Donor). Berlin, Germany The Company (The Donor). Xiamen, M. China

+ Advance Pre-Order €500 (£424)(元4,144)(NT$19,885) By adding this option, the TSA Donor will be entitled to the following: • €500 (£424)(元4,144)(NT$19,885) for every 10 Hardcover books in the languages of the TSA Donor’s choice

The Company (The Donor). Taichung, Taiwan

B PUBLIC WELFARE Activities related to the quality of life of the public

The Company (The Donor). London, UK The Company (The Donor). Berlin, Germany The Company (The Donor). Xiamen, M. China

Directory Typed spread incorporated for TSSR BASIC Donors who have or have not opted for the option of product placement. The directory is categorised by CHORA Smart City Sectors, the companies (the donors) are organised by alphabetical orderwithin each sector and annotated with city and country of trade. NOTE The final layout and graphics will be finalised by studio Joost Grootens, Netherlands, See Appendix. p.

CHORA will correspond and finalise with your company’s relevant department on the logo placement in PHASE 2: NOV 2013. We aim to have the books delivered to you before the launch. Delivery not included.* *Subjected to the negotiations CHORA has with the publishers, country of print and distribution. To be confirmed.

30


+ Product Placement 2 - YOU + CHORA X_6 Off-the-grid energy ACTION PLAN

[ACTION PLAN]

[ACTION PLAN]

RURAL ELECTRIFICATION

OFF THE GRID PLANNING

[apx.2.12]

a

RURAL ELECTRIFICATION PROGRAMME 2015 -Following the completion of the similar Township (OHFWULĂ&#x20AC;FDWLRQ3URJUDPLQWKH9LOODJH(OHFWULĂ&#x20AC;FDtion Program plans to provide renewable electricity to  PLOOLRQKRXVHKROGVLQYLOODJHVE\ 7KLVLVWREHIROORZHGE\IXOOUXUDOHOHFWULĂ&#x20AC;FDWLRQXVLQJ renewable energy by 2015. TYPE : National Government Policy SECTOR : Governance and Planning SOURCE : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/

[STAKEHOLDER]

XIAMEN MUNICIPAL FORESTRY BUREAU

Ministry of Land and Resources of the Peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Republic of China is a ministry under the jurisdiction of the State Council of China. It is responsible for the regulation, management, preservation and exploitation of natural resources, such as land, mines and oceans.

The council is responsible for organizing the regionalization of agricultural resources, ecological agriculture and sustainable agricultural development of Xiamen City; organize the farmland transformation and protection work; guide countrysideâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s renewable energy development and protection and management of agricultural biological species resources.

XI_S 3.12

7<3(1DWLRQDO*RYHUQPHQW3ROLF\ 6(&725*RYHUQDQFHDQG3ODQQLQJ

Wind turbines can offer a central electricity supply for a micro-grid within a small village community.

Frame Description An example of one of hundreds of small rural villages sited in the mountainous region surrounding Xiamen City. The economy of these villages is centred around various forms of farming and a little tourism from recreational trekkers. Villages such as this often suffer from a lack of amenities as they are geographically isolated from the main city. Many also are not attached to the cityâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s water or electricity grids, making OLIH GLIĂ&#x20AC;FXOW DW WLPHV DQG YHU\ simple.

: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki http://www.mlr.gov.cn/ IMAGE SOURCE : http://wiki.china.org.cn/wiki

[I04]

[PROTOTYPE]

PASSIVE BUILDING

XI_S 5.3

Hakka has a long history and the large number, according to the introduction, hakka existing total number of 55 million, with China about 45 million. Most of Chinaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s domestic hakka people are farmers whose main occupation is agriculture. Hakka people live mainly in mountainous area, the economy based on agriculture, for the most is the rice.

GamesetŠCHORA

Xi_S 3.12

[PROTOTYPE]

GREY WATER RECYCLING

[L03]

MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE

XI_S 2.7

The Ministry of Agriculture is an executive state agency within the government of the Peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Republic of China. Areas of responsibility includes agriculture and environmental issues relating to agriFXOWXUHĂ&#x20AC;VKHU\FRQVXPHUDIIDLUVDQLPDOKXVEDQGU\ horticulture, animal welfare, foodstuffs, hunting and game management as well as higher education and UHVHDUFKLQWKHĂ&#x20AC;HOGRIDJULFXOWXUDOVFLHQFHV TYPE : National Government SECTOR : Primary Sector

TEXT SOURCE : http://baike.baidu.com IMAGE SOURCE : http://www.archiquotes.info/

TEXT SOURCE : http://www.sn.xm.gov.cn/ IMAGE SOURCE : http://www.whatsonxiamen.com/ GamesetŠCHORA

GamesetŠCHORA

[STAKEHOLDER]

HAKKA VILLAGES

TYPE : Communities SECTOR : Culture

TYPE : Local Government SECTOR : Primary Sector

TEXT SOURCE

TEXT SOURCE

: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki http://english.agri.gov.cn/ IMAGE SOURCE : http://www.whatsonxiamen.com/ GamesetŠCHORA

Xi_S 5.3

[L25]

[PROTOTYPE]

WIND TURBINES

GamesetŠCHORA

Xi_S 2.7

[PROTOTYPE]

OFF-THE-GRID SOLAR

a

[L32]

b

SUMMER

WINTER

Greywater comprises 50-80% of residential wastewater. Reclamation of greywater includes collection, puriĂ&#x20AC;FDWLRQDQGUHSXPSLQJLQWRV\VWHPIRUXVH,WLQYROYHV natural processes such as on-site phytoremediation, running greywater through biotopes and reedbeds IRUSXULĂ&#x20AC;FDWLRQWRJHWKHUZLWKZDWHUWUHDWPHQWLQWKH EXLOGLQJLWVHOI,WSURYLGHVDFKHDSHDV\WRPDLQWDLQ process for water recycling and brings in natural processes into water treatment.

,WLVDVWDQGDUGIRUHQHUJ\HIĂ&#x20AC;FLHQF\LQDEXLOGLQJ reducing its ecological footprint. It results in ultra-low energy buildings that require little energy for space heating or cooling. Passive design is not an attachment or supplement to architectural design, but a design process that is integrated with architectural design. SECTOR : Buildings SIZE : Medium SOURCE : Chora

B E F I

SECTOR : Utility Supply SIZE : Non Physical SOURCE : Chora

Pr-L03

Pr-I04

DATABASE

[STAKEHOLDER]

[STAKEHOLDER]

MINISTRY OF LAND AND RESOURCESXI_S 2.12

TYPE : National Government SECTOR : Natural Envrionment

[02]

Sd.22 Wind Turbines

APX.2.19

GamesetŠCHORA

Xi_S 2.12

PROTOTYPES

,WÂ?VWRRGLIĂ&#x20AC;FXOWDQGH[SHQVLYHWRH[WHQGWKHJULGWR LVRODWHGFRPPXQLWLHV7KLVSUREOHPFRXOGEHZRUNHG RXWE\XVLQJVPDUWHUIDUPLQJZKLFKKDVDXWRQRPRXV HQHUJ\VXSSO\

6285&(KWWSZZZPQQFRPOLIHVW\OH

APX.2.12

STAKEHOLDERS

[apx.2.19]

[DATABASE]

VERNACULAR CULTURE

B E F I

Is a device that converts kinetic energy from the wind into mechanical energy. Turbines used in wind farms for commercial production of electric power are usually three-bladed and pointed into the wind by computer-controlled motors.

SECTOR : Utility Supply SIZE : Medium SOURCE : Chora

B E F I

SECTOR : Utility Supply SIZE : Small SOURCE : http://www.bboxx.co.uk/

B E F I

Pr-L32

Pr-L25

XL.02 Off-the grid planning

[DATABASE]

OFF-GRID LIVING

[085]

[086]

The local dialect in Xiamen comes from ancient Chinese spread to Fujian Province from central China in the 4th century. This dialect was preserved as Fujian is generally quite mountainous, and so, isolated.

The term off-the-grid (OTG) refers to living in a selfVXIĂ&#x20AC;FLHQWPDQQHUZLWKRXWUHOLDQFHRQRQHRUPRUH public utilities. Electrical power can be generated on-site with renewable energy sources while the water is provided thanks to the presence of a lake or a river WKURXJKWĂ&#x20AC;OWUDWLRQV\VWHPV

SECTOR : Culture

SECTOR : Public Welfare

TEXT SOURCE : http://tw.people.com.cn IMAGE SOURCE : http://tw.people.com.cn Xi-Db-85

A product that provides all of the electricity demands for a household using a solar energy supply. One sys tem incorporates all elements of the electricity supply, including the panels, transformer box, plug-in cables, and even appliances and devices. The 12V DC battery box is capable of powering DC appliances including LED lights, phones, low power TVâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s and radios.

Xi-Db-86

There will always be a limit to how far energy and utility grids will stretch. Pockets of small communities are left without a central supply EHFDXVHLWLVWRRGLIĂ&#x20AC;FXOWDQGFRVWO\WRUHDFK these areas. Off-the-grid planning deals with these pockets by scaling down energy supply to deal with demand locally. Each small village, or even each household, becomes autonomous in its energy supply.

c

Sd.21 Off-the-grid solar system

Co-evolution frames XXX Urban Gallery Processes a

[02]

c

Timeline e e c

1

a

1

c

2

a

2

b

1

An innovative product that allows a single household to generate its own electricity without any previous infrastructure or wiring needed. A central box collects and stores electrical energy from PV cells., and an optimised plug-in interface makes it simple to attach household devices and appliances.

TEXT SOURCE : http://www.hxhr.com.cn IMAGE SOURCE : http://www.hxhr.com.cn GamesetŠCHORA

Project Description Supplying energy to isolated communities presents a dilemma to the city government. The cost of stretching the electricity grid into these rural villages is huge in relation to the number of inhabitants in the village. The frame demonstrates an alternative to this costly infrastructure. A prototype for off-the-grid solar energy provides a simple plugand-play system that allows each household to have an autonomous electricity supply, improving the quality of life for rural villagers.

GamesetŠCHORA

Sample: A Company (A Donor) product in a Smart City pilot project

[PROTOTYPE]

OFF-THE-GRID SOLAR

[L32]

TSSR PLATINUM DONORS

Solar System X_06 Off-the-grid-energy

p. 313

Solar System X_06 Off-the-grid-energy

p. 313

A product that provides all of the electricity demands for a household using a solar energy supply. One system incorporates all elements of the electricity supply, including the panels, transformer box, plug-in cables, and even appliances and devices. The 12V DC battery box is capable of powering DC appliances including LED lights, phones, low power TVâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s and radios. SECTOR : Utility Supply SIZE : Small SOURCE : http://www.bboxx.co.uk/

B E F I

Pr-L32

1 Urban Gallery Card A Smart City Ingredient

Sd.21 Off-the-grid solar system

XL.02 Off-the grid planning

An innovative product that allows a single household to generate its own electricity without any previous infrastructure or wiring needed. A central box collects and stores electrical energy from PV cells., and an optimised plug-in interface makes it simple to attach household devices and appliances.

There will always be a limit to how far energy and utility grids will stretch. Pockets of small communities are left without a central supply because it is too difficult and costly to reach these areas. Off-the grid planning deals with these pockets by scaling down energy supply to deal with deman locally. Each small village, or even each household, becomes autonomous in its energy supply.

2 3D and/or 2D visualisations of the Company (The Donor) product

3 Reference of the product added to the TSSR Donor Page

TOP The Company (The Donor) Product will have it own Urban Gallery (UG) Card and will be incorporated within a Smart City Pilot Project(s). BOTTOM OPTIONAL EXTRAS, for â&#x201A;Ź1,000 (ÂŁ1,356)(ĺ&#x2026;&#x192;8,300)(NT$39,806) The Company (The Donor) Product will be showcased in an Urban Gallery Card and represented as a 2D/3D visualisation in a Smart City Pilot Project(s). For professional integrity, your company will not be named on the project page. Instead there will be a reference to the relevant page(s) underneath your company logo


TSA BOOK LAUNCH EVENTS 2 - YOU + CHORA

TAIWAN STRAIT ATLAS BOOK LAUNCH CONSISTS OF: 1 - TSA BOOK PUBLISHING 2 - CROSS-STRAIT EVENTS 3 - STAKEHOLDERS GALA DINNER As a donor towards making the TSA Book Launch possible, you will become partners of CHORA and we want to be your point of contact for further opportunities between cross-strait innovative and commercial development both in this region and other regions we envision to be part of. 1 - THE TSA BOOK We invite companies that specialise in innovation and technology to have their products appear in the publication. We are looking for products that show real innovation and prototypical ideas. Presence within this unique publication offers exposure to two rapidly growing markets: both the Chinese construction market, and the worldwide Smart Cities market. We are highly selective in the content of the book, so will champion any products that are featured within. 2 - CROSS-STRAIT EVENTS* (TBC) CHORA has design and travel plans for Travelling Pavillions in the Taiwan Strait Smart Region (TSSR). 3 - STAKEHOLDERS GALA DINNER* (TBC) *Full details will be provided once exchange of agreements and target fund goal has been finalised and accomplished.

TOP Artists impression of TSA Book Launch Event

32


+

T_41

+

T_24

+ + T_32 +

T_35 BERLIN WASHINGTON

+ +

X_37

+

X_22

+

X_12

X_38

X_25

+ X_11 X_09

+

X_34 X_14 + + X_26 X

XIAMEN

+ X_5 + +

+

+

TS_2

+

X_28

+

+

X_26 X X_13

+

+

+

TS_1

+

+

TS_3

TS_2

+

TAICHUNG

TS_2

+

+

+ + 20

km

25

+

km

-9-

TOP CHORAâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s design and travel plans for the TSSR Travelling Pavilions - The Sphere and Cube Pavilions. BOTTOM The Cube fragments will house an exhibition about the TSSR, and the Sphere provides theatre space for press activities and conferences.


BUDGET 3 - [BOOK PUBLISHING] + [BOOK LAUNCH EVENTS] BOOK PUBLISHING

Name

Services / Description

Units

Administration

CHORA (2 persons, 6 months)

organising pavilion, launch, book preparation, social media, alias with XM and TC City PRs, travel Information Design / Netherlands (1-month) English Editor

12

2,000.00

24,000.00

€ 24,000.00

1

25,000.00

25,000.00

€ 25,000.00

1

3,000.00

3,000.00

€ 3,000.00

Translator English Publishing (hardback, 4cc) Simplified Chinese Publishing(hardback, 4cc) Traditional Chinese Publishing (hardback, 4cc)

1 € 1000 €

3,000.00 20.00

€ €

3,000.00 20,000.00

€ 3,000.00 € 25,000.00

1000 

208.00



208,002.50 € 25,000.00

Information Graphics Studio Joost Grootens Editing / ProofReading Translations Publishing

(Prof. Raoul's contact)

Publishing

TBC

Publishing

TBC

(Prof. Raoul's contact) TBC

Amount/Unit

1000 NT$ 997.25

Total

NT$ 997,250.00 € 25,000.00

Sub-Total

€ 130,000.00

BOOK LAUNCH EVENTS Intl Flight Accomodation Domestic Flight

Name

Services / Description

Route Intl - LDN to BJ Accomodation (Beijing, BJ) Route Domestic - BJ to XM

(x2 persons) KLM 2 approx 4 nights 8 x1 domestic return trips 2 for (x2 persons)

Accomodation Domestic Flight

Accomodation (Xiamen, CN) Route Intl - XM to TC

Accomodation Domestic Flight

Accomodation (Taichung, TWN) Route Domestic - TC to TP x1 domestic return trips 2 for (x2 persons) Accomodation (Taipei, TWN) Route Intl - TP to LDN (x2 persons) KLM 2 Food & Drinks Allowance 3 weeks 21

Accomodation Intl Flight

Total in Euro (€)

Units

x1 domestic return trips 2 for (x2 persons)

Amount/Unit

Total

Total in Euro (€)

€ € €

1,500.00 120 100

€ € €

£3,000.00 £960.00 £200.00

€ 3,500.00 € 960.00 € 200.00

 €

100

 €

£200.00

€ 200.00 € 200.00

NT$ € 150

NT$ € £300.00

€ 200.00 € 300.00

NT$ € 1,500.00 € 30

NT$ € £3,000.00 € 630

€ 200.00 € 3,500.00 € 630.00

Sub-Total

€ 9,890.00 1

BOOK PUBLISHING

€ 130,000.00

2

BOOK LAUNCH EVENTS

€ 9,890.00

TOTAL

€ £139,890.00 £ £118,304.97  1,163,898.79 NT 5,580,212.10 $ Currency Convertor

€ 1.0000 £ 0.8457  8.3201 NT 39.890 $

TARGET €140,000

Budget prepared in October 2013.

34


TIMELINE 3 - [BOOK PUBLISHING] + [BOOK LAUNCH EVENTS] [BOOK PUBLISHING] PHASE 1 END OCTOBER 2013 Finalise exchange of Agreements and Donations. Product placement and corporate logo guidelines to be checked and finalised with donors (additional options). English Copy Editing Traditional and Simplified Mandarin Chinese Translations PHASE 2 NOVEMBER 2013 Handover of TSA Book to Studio Joost Grootens

PHASE 3 JANUARY â&#x20AC;&#x201C; FEBRUARY 2014 Commencement of print runs in three languages (Traditional Mandarin Chinese, Simplified Mandarin Chinese and English) with the confirmed publishers.

PHASE 4 MARCH 2014 Delivery of books in accordance to the selected donor option Delivery of invites (Cross-Strait event and/or Stakeholders Gala Dinner)

[BOOK LAUNCH EVENTS] PHASE 5 APRIL - MAY 2014 (TBC) Book Launch: Cross-Strait Events and Stakeholders Gala Dinner


APPENDIX 1 - TAIWAN STRAIT SMART REGION (TSSR)

36


TAIWAN STRAIT SMART REGION PROJECT (TSSR) 1 - TOWARDS THE TAIWAN STRAIT SMART REGION (TSSR)

The Taiwan Strait Smart Region (TSSR) Project is the creation of an urban design space in which components of a low carbon society are realised in the form of pilot projects. This design space is a test-bed or incubator for smart city development, the latest concept that envisions cities to take the lead in tackling the challenge of Climate Change and its radical economic, social, cultural and ultimately political consequences. Participate in the concept for the Taiwan Strait Smart Region (TSSR), one of the world’s first Smart Regions to be developed in a geopolitically exciting but challenging region, the Taiwan Strait. The immediate product is the publication of the book called the ‘Taiwan Strait Atlas, a Manual for a Smart Region’ (TSSR). Although the book will be the medium through which the TSSR concept is explained. Taiwan Strait Atlas, a Manual for a Smart Region (TSA) book versions according to the geographic region involves: 1. Simplified Mandarin Chinese 2. Traditional Mandarin Chinese 3. English The development of both concept and book have been eight years in the making, and voluntary contribution from urban designers, architects, graphic designers etc.

37


TIMELINE OF TSSR [2014] TSA Book Publication and Launch

[2012] CHORA City and Energy Institute Launch, TU Berlin, Berlin, Germany

[2009] XIAMEN ENERGY MASTERPLAN TYPE: Comissioned by the Xiamen City Government LOCATION: Xiamen, China PARTNERS: Green Action

CHORA City and Energy Exhibition Launch at TU Berlin, 2012.

TAICHUNG LOW CARBON MASTERPLAN TYPE: Comissioned by the Department of Urban Development, Taichung City Government LOCATION: Taichung, Taiwan PARTNERS: Department of Architecture, Taichung University, SCS Architects Associates see p.32 and 33

[2006] Taiwan Strait Atlas Workshop held in Xiamen and Taichung.

Taiwan Strait Atlas Workshop 2006, Xiamen. Joost Grootens, Prof. Wang, Prof. Bunschoten and Mr. Liu Yuyang of Atelier Liu Yuyang Architects (ALYA) with volunteers.

Taiwan Strait Atlas Workshop 2006, Taichung. Joost Grootens, Prof. Bunschoten and Prof. Liu Shunren with volunteers.

38

The TSSR project was born in 2006, when Professor Raoul Bunschoten, Liu Yuyang and Joost Grootens travelled to Xiamen and Taichung to hold dual workshops with the Xiamen University and the University of Taichung. They were met in Xiamen by Professor Wang Shaosen, and in Taichung by Professor Liu Shunren, together with students of each university. This was the moment that the maps in the Taiwan Strait Atlas were first drawn, and the concepts for the overall TSSR project sketched out.


CHORA MISSION 1 - TOWARDS THE TAIWAN STRAIT SMART REGION (TSSR)

CHORA is an architecture, urbanism and research office that was established in 1993. Company Overview CHORA is an architecture, urbanism and research office that was established in 1993 by Raoul Bunschoten. It has developed a specialisation in the management of complex situations, in which multiple stakeholders with very different interests occupy a territory.

ECO

T S

ECO

Description CHORA has a long-term commitment to developing new methods for architectural design and urban planning that help mitigate and adapt to the challenges of climate change. It operates as a cloud of research and practice clusters in Berlin, London and China. CHORA has become a specialist in bringing urban design and energy planning together and has initiated innovative methods to coordinate ranges of energy efficient and renewable energy technology in cities and regions.

Xia Tai

CASE PROJECTS: TAICHUNG, TAIWAN AND XIAMEN, MAINLAND CHINA The two cities are models for the task force and management of Smart City and Low Carbon Planning. They could be undertaken jointly and selected projects can be developed simultaneously and used to compare performance and monitoring issues.

CHORA ORGANISING COMMITTEE Professor. Raoul Bunschoten DIRECTOR

T A

The book spread shows a Smart City pilot project(s)*. left page: the usage of the Urban Gallery. Right page: explains and demonstrates how the elements from the Urban Gallery is used in a certain part of the region.

39

Mr. Ying-Chih Deng FIRST ASSISTANT TO DIRECTOR Mr. Henry Jones PROJECT LEADER


CHORA + TU BERLIN 1 - TOWARDS THE TAIWAN STRAIT SMART REGION (TSSR) - CURRENT TSSR PROJECTS SPORTS

STUDENT HOUSING

SPORTS

RIVER PARK

OLD TOWN

[co as tlin

e]

+MS[e]D

[CO

ASTL

INE]

KITCHEN

PT [CoK1]

PT [EC1]

INDUSTRIAL CENTRE

mega social fishermens district PT[MSD1]

LINE]

[coastline]

[COAST

+MS[i]D mega social industrial district PT[MSD1]

MARKETS

+COM KITCHEN MARKETS

[EDUCATION

E-CELLS

+ MS[f]D

HOTELS

LINE]

+

PT [CoK1]

S LINE]

XIAM

EN

+

FISHER RESIDENTIALS

mega social education district PT [MSD01] COM

RIVERSIDE RESIDENTIAL

HEAT +EXCHANGER +THERMAL POWER PLANT

CREATIVE SPACES [coas tline]

MIXED USE DISTRICT

TRADE

YC

+ CENTRAL BAY

EN

TR

E

E-CELLS PT [EC1]

HIGH RISE BUSINESS DISTRICT

+

PT[EI1]

E] [ISLANDLIN

[ISLANDLINE]

S

MS[b]D

NAL

CA

OFFICES mega social business district PT[MSD1]

[coastline]

+ ENERGY ISLAND

[FISHERMEN

CBD FOREST

CIT

HARBOUR OFFICES

LOW CANAL RESIDENTIAL

PARK

HIGH CANAL RESIDENTIAL

S

NAL

+MS[h]D

CA XIAOCUO

HOTELS

inte

HARBOUR RELATED FACILITIES

ISLA

[O

XIAHONGBI

DADENGZHEN

DOWN

TOWN

LIN

DU

[E

AD

EN

G

[co as tlin e]

[D

RT

E]

STORAGE (POSSIBLE AIRPORT EXTENTION)

OFFICE AREA

DADENG FOREST

LIN

PO

NAL LINE

CA

E] LIN D N LA [IS

TIO

N

LOW RESIDENTIAL

OFFICES AIR

]

line

LIN

and

E

+ OFFSHORE

S

WINDFARM

[isl

AL

e]

N

g

lin

hin

CA

OF[Te03]

YANGTANGCUN

[fis

HOTELS

E] LIN D N LA [IS

MS[h]D

+

HARBOUR RESIDENTIAL

HARBOUR BUSINESS DISTRICT

SHANGSU

SHOPS

CENTRAL SQUARE

SOLARENERGY FARM

booking

g

pin

shop

+ ECO HARBOUR

mega social harbour district PT[MSD1]

+

restaurants last minute

LEISURE HARBOUR

PT [EH1]

services

offices

+

MS[a]D mega social airport district PT[MSD1]

+ ENERGY ISLAND PT[EI1]

E]

AL

LIN

N

IO

AT

RN

TE

[IN

CAMPUS, EDUCATION, RESEARCH CULTURE

272 ha

COMMERCIAL OFFICES SHOP

488 ha

STORAGE

450 ha

HARBOUR

1100 ha

DIRECT MSD AREA

200 ha

OTHER AREAS

950 ha

SUBWAY LINES

OLD RESIDENTIAL

1800 ha

AIRPORT

2300 ha

BIKE TRACKS

RESIDENTIAL

2100 ha

FOREST

1000 ha

FERRY ROUTES

1800 ha

MSD

HOTEL

550 ha

PUBLIC GREEN

TOTAL:

KIN

M

EN

SCHOOLS, KINDERGARDEN

13010 ha

XIANG’AN SMART CITY DISTRICT Location: Xiamen, Fujian, China Scale: City district Description: Urban planning project for a smart city district in Xiang’an district Stage: Planning consultancy stage - further contract under negotiation Partners: Xiamen University New Energy Science and Technology Industry Advancement Association of FuJian Timescale: 1-3 years CHORA, together with Xiamen University and NESTIAAF, are currently in talks with the Chief Planner of Xiamen about creating a Smart City District in Xiang’an District in the north of Xiamen. The city already has plans for expansion in Xiang’an, surrounding the construction of a new airport on Dadeng Island. Our proposal is to use the planned construction as an opportunity to put Xiamen at the forefront of Chinese urban expansion, setting an example for others to follow; a real pilot project for Smart Cities.

STRI

STORAGE (POSSIBLE AIRPORT EXTENTION)

]

SPORTS

CENTRAL PARK

CBD

E]

DOWNTOWN RESIDENTIAL

+

pengcuocun

RK

PA

E-CELLS

PT [EC1] mega social business district PT[MSD01] LOW RESIDENTIAL

+

HARBOUR BAY

+

MS[b]D

BUSINESS ALS

N CA

PE

LOW RESIDENTIAL

LAKES

LITTLE PARKS

[co as

tli ne

]

+

DENGQUICUN

[INTERN ATIO

RESTAURANTS

40

]

rnat

BAY PARK

+ TIDAL ENERGY OF[Ev30]

FREIGHT HARBOUR

+ ECO HARBOUR PT [EH1]

l line

iona

S

LD

OPERA

E] LIN

AL

ND

INDUSTRY

mega social heritage district PT[MSD01]

CAN

CENTRAL CANAL RESIDENTIAL

[OLD ISLAND LINE]

+


CHORA + XIAMEN UNIVERSITY 1 - TOWARDS THE TAIWAN STRAIT SMART REGION (TSSR) - CURRENT TSSR PROJECTS

XIAMEN UNIVERSITY SMART CAMPUS Location: Scale: Description: Stage: Partners: Timescale:

Xiamen, Fujian China Public space and pavilions A series of small buildings and pavilions in XMU Xiang'an campus Design proposal completed Xiamen University 6-12 months

The new Xiang'an campus of Xiamen University is currently under construction, about 70% completed. The President of Xiamen University has asked CHORA to propose an extra layer to the campus that will bring it to the cutting edge of design, technology and scientific advancement. Our proposal is to create a microcosm of a Smart City by introducing a series of follies in the form of research pavilions and experimentation labs that inhabit the landscape of the university. The follies will be monitored and controlled by a central control building, and tied together with a light mobility system. Together, the components represent the ingredients of a smart city, but operating on a smaller scale.

41


APPENDIX 2 - CHORA

42


43


PROF. BUNSCHOTEN + CHORA 2 - CHORA Prof. Raoul Bunschoten is the founder and Director of CHORA (1993) and has published several books including Urban Flotsam (2001) and Metaspaces (1998). Currently, Prof. Raoul is working on the book TAIWAN STRAIT ATLAS - Manual for a Smart Region (TSA), in relation to TAIWAN STRAIT SMART REGION (TSSR) research initiative under CHORA city and energy [or city&energy] at the Institute for Sustainable Planning and Urban Design, TU Berlin.

1

CHORA’s work is underlined through lectures in the past 20 years, like the Common Ground debate at the Venice Biennale 2012, Mediacity - conference on Media and Cities 2011, Xiamen Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy EXPO 2009. The work of CHORA has been shown and published internationally, e.g. Chengdu Biennale 2011, RIBA London Architecture Open 2011. Arch+ Post Oil City 2010, Ecological Urbanism 2009. CHORA’s partnerships are based in London, Berlin and Beijing with non-profit organisations and companies. The project “Berlin Tempelhof - Airlift into the future” won the 1st prize in the internationally open competition for new concepts of the urban reprogramming of former Airport Berlin Tempelhof. 2009.

2

CHORA 3

1 Professor Raoul Bunschoten in Xiamen. 2012. 2 Chengdu Smart City. Chengdu Biennale, 2011. 3 Xiamen Interactive Model. 2010. RIGHT CHORA (1993)

44


PROF. BUNSCHOTEN + SMART CITY 2 - CHORA§ Prof. Raoul Bunschoten is Professor of Sustainable Urban Planning and Urban Design at the TU Berlin, Senior Lecturer and Professor at the London Metropolitan University where he researches and teaches urban curation and low-carbon masterplanning. Since 1983 he has lectured at numerous Universities such as the Architectural Association London and the Berlage Institute Rotterdam.

1 2

He is a specialist in Smart City planning and is involved in a range of Smart City and low carbon developments in China, both with academic and central government partners, as well as with local authorities. He is also a member of the International Outreach Committee responsible for China activities, a project within Climate KIC Sustainability City Platform (Horizon 2020 EU Commission initiative). He is the co-founder of an Urban Lab for Smart City research at the TU Berlin. Special research areas at the TU are the creation of the BrainBox, an interactive urban performance space for the study of complex dynamics in urbanism, especially Smart City development, and the Urban Gallery, an interactive planning support tool for Intelligent City Systems.

3

4

5

6

7

1 Chora / Raoul Bunschoten: From Matter to Metaspace - Cave, Ground, Horizon, Wind: 4 (Consequence Book Series on... by Raoul Bunschoten (1 Nov 2005) 2 Metaspaces. Raoul Bunschoten. Garden City Publishers (2003) 3 Public Spaces: Prototypes (Serial Books: Architecture and Urbanism) by Raoul Bunschoten and CHORA (30 Sep 2002) 4 URBAN FLOTSAM. Chora. Raoul Bunschoten. 010 Uitgeverij; 1 edition (Feb 2000) 5 Metaspaces. Raoul Bunschoten. Springer Verlag GmbH (1 Nov 2005) 6 A Passage Through Silence and Light: Daniel Libeskindâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Extension to the Berlin Museum by Raoul Bunschoten and Helene Binet (3 Sep 2001) 7 Bunschoten, Raoul. CHORA: Raoul Bunschoten. ANC Architecture and Culture, No 268, (2003) Prof. Bunschoten full bibliography can be found on URL: http://www.chora.org/pdfs/3.pdf

45


PROF. BUNSCHOTEN CV 2 - CHORA Prof. Raoul Bunschoten Dipl. Arch. (ETH), M.Arch. (Cranbrook) Born. 1955 Deventer, NL www.chora.tu-berlin.de, www.chora.org

Current Positions Held Since 1993

Founder and Director of CHORA Architecture, Urban Design and Research office, based in London, Berlin and Beijing

Since 2004

Senior Lecturer at London Metropolitan University, London, UK

Since 2011

Professor of Sustainable Urban Planning and Urban Design, TU Berlin, Germany

Since 2013

Co-chair, Sustainable City Systems Platform, Climate KIC

Since 2013

Director, Urban Lab for Smart City research, TU Berlin

Since 2013

Partner of the New Energy Science and Technology Industry Advancement Association

Since 2013

Jury member, Europan, Netherlands

Research in urban curation and low-carbon masterplanning Research in Smart City development, founder of Smart City Competence Centre TU Berlin European initiative to kick-start

of FuJian Province, China

Education 1981-1983

Cranbrook Academy of Art, Michigan, USA

1976 - 1977

The Cooper Union School of Art and Architecture, New York, USA

1974 -1980

ETH (Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule), Zurich, Switzerland

Academic work Since 2011

Professor of Sustainable Urban Planning and Urban Design, TU Berlin, Germany Research in Smart City development, founder of Smart City Competence Centre TU Berlin

Since 2004

Senior Lecturer at London Metropolitan University, London, UK Research in urban curation and low-carbon masterplanning

2009 - 2011

Professor for the Systematics of Urban Planning, Design and Landscape at the University of Applied Sciences in Dusseldorf, Germany

Since 1983

Lecturing at various international universities incl. Architectural Association, London, Berlage Institute, Rotterdam

Honours in architecture and urban planning Since 1993

Founder and director of CHORA Specialist in bringing urban design and energy planning together and has initiated innovative methods to coordinate ranges of energy efficient and renewable energy in cities and regions.

Since 2006

Founded the Taiwan Strait Smart Region, a trans-national urban incubator project stretching between China and Taiwan

2013

First Prize, Kampen de Kloof City Gateway Competition, Kampen, Netherlands

2012

Second Prize, Chengdu Bus Terminal Design Competition, Chengdu, China

2010

First Prize, Tempelhof Urban Ideas Competition, Berlin, Germany

2009

2nd Prize, New Suburb competition in Copenhagen.

Books published Urban Flotsam, Korea: Chora Methodology, Spacetime Publishers, Seoul Korea, October 2009 From Matter Space to Metaspace: Cave, ground, Horizon, Wind (Consequence Book Series on Fresh Architecture), New York: Springer, 2006 Metaspace, Taiwanese edition of the book on dynamic modelling. Updated and expanded version of the original edition including several articles and an image essay on projects and research. 240 pages, Taiwan: Garden City Publishers, 2003 Urban Flotsam, An overview of a new methodology for urban planning, design and policy making, including a series of case studies. Hardcover 432 pages, Rotterdam: 010 Publishers, 2001

46


Recent articles (post 2008) domus 972, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Quattro Idee di Sostenibilita / Four Ideas for Sustainabilityâ&#x20AC;?, September 2013 Sustainable Energy Landscapes: Designing, Planning, and Development, Dr.Sven Stremke and Prof. Andy Van den Dobbelsteen (Ed.), 2012 Graz Architektur Magazin.07, Urs Hirschberg (Ed.), April 2011 Ecological Urbanism, Harvard University, Mostafavi, M., with Doherty, G. (Eds.) Lars Muller Publishers, 2010 ARCH+:Post-Oil City, Taiwan-Strait-lncubator, Meta-urbane Struktur,, Germany, 2010 Basics Architecture 03: Architectural Design, The design project, Site, context and place, Jane Anderson, AVA Publishing SA, November 2010 Der Architekt, BOA Magazin, Ein Manifest der Aktionen, Germany, 2009 Urban China, Volume 39, The Strait as a New Space for Cybernetic Urbanism- Taiwan Strait Atlas and Strait Climate Change Incubator, 2009 Sustain and Develop: Volume 13, Taiwan Strait Atlas, Xia men Incubator and Beckton Loop Project, Joshua Bolchover and Jonathan D.Solomon (Eds.), 306090 Inc., New York, 2009 Perspektiven flir den Wohnungsmarkt, IHK Hamburg, 2008 Space Magazine Korea no. 482, The Taiwan Strait Atlas and Asian Climate Change Incubators: The Practice Of Cybernetic Urbanism, 2008 Recent exhibitions Rhythm/Presence, London, Manchester and Dublin, 2013 Cartographical Grounds, Harvard University, Harvard, USA, 2012 CHORA City and Energy, TU Berlin, Berlin, Germany, 2012 Chengdu Biennale 2011, Chengdu, China, 2011 RIBA London Architecture Open, London, UK, 2011 Post - Oil Cities, Stuttgart and Berlin, Germany, 2010 Xiamen Energy Efficiency in Buildings Expo, Xiamen, China, June 2009; Ecological Urbanism, Cambridge, USA, May 2009; Venn ice biennale, Venice, Italy, 2009. Lectures and conferences Dual Degree Four Faculty Smart City Conference, Chair, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 2013 DIHK Workshop - Role of Partners in Smart Cities Processes, keynote speaker, Berlin, 2013 Commons Goods Roundtable Debate, keynote speaker, Venice, 2012 Chengdu Biennale 2011, exhibition, proposal and Keynote speaker, Chengdu, China, 2011 Smart Cities- Utopias: The Choreography & Co-evolution of Low Carbon Urban Incubators, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong & Shanghai, 2011 Chinese Academy of Science and Rheinland Pfalz, with a range of German experts- joint conference on Waste to energy, Keynote speech, Xiamen, China, 2011 EU projects on cultural initiatives in cities: Second Chance, keynote speech, Baumwolle Spinnerei, Leipzig, Germany, 2010 MediaCity, Conference on Media and Cities, keynote speech, Bauhausuniversitaet, Weimar, Germany, 2010 Xiamen Low Carbon and Energy Efficiency EXPO and Conference, exhibition and keynote speech, Xiamen, China, 2010 Xiamen Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy EXPO and Conference, exhibition contribution and keynote speech, Xiamen, China, 2009

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DOMUS INTERVIEW 2 - CHORA CHORA is featured in the latest issue of DOMUS, within the special edition ‘DOMUS Green’. There is an interview with Professor Raoul Bunschoten, in which he talks about the problems that are currently facing humanity and how Smart City thinking can help us find the answers. He describes some CHORA projects that illustrate this point, including our work with the city of Zhalantun in Inner Mongolia Province, Mainland China. The interview finishes with a discussion about literary references and advice to current architecture and urban design students. domus Interview with Raoul Bunschoten - August 2013 Tell us something about your projects and how you approach the sustainability matter/topic Sustainability is a theme that begins to concern a lot of people, and when put in the wider context of a global, mostly urban, population having to survive Climate Change the term Smart City has become common. This ter bridges the realm of the internet and its fashionable social network gadgets such as the Smart Phones, and the awareness of a the need for a new, collective intelligence without which no solutions for the slowing down of the Greenhouse effect and rising global temperatures will be found. We are engaged in several Smart City projects, one of them is in a medium sized city called Zhalantun, situated in Inner Mongolia, north east China, where the chief party secretary has temporarily halted a large masterplan in order to see if alternatives can be found that are ‘Green’, relate more to the local landscape, organic food industry, and identity of the Inner Mongolian region that has some political autonomy. In close cooperation with the local authorities and Jiaotong University in Beijing we are working on a rural-urban smart prototype, something between a village and a small suburban entity. In addition to that we are working on the publication of a Manual for the Taiwan Strait Smart Region, a combination of an atlas and low carbon urban cookbook, a Smart City District in Xiamen, a city in the Taiwan Strait Region, and on some of the cities on the official list of 90 Smart Cities designated by the Chinese Government. These projects result from a cooperation between the TU Berlin, where I am professor of Sustainable Urban Planning and Design, and the CHORA Cloud, based in London, Berlin, and Beijing. At the TU Berlin I have established an institute aimed at Smart City research and am cofounder of a Smart City laboratory, together with Prof Pahl-Weber. What your most effective instruments towards ecology and sustainability are The most important instrument is the design or adaptation of cities in such a way that they meet nationally and internationally agreed targets of Greenhouse gas reductions, and the slowing down of rising global temperatures. This needs a kind of new cultural and political intelligence simplified through the term Smart City. Practically speaking this means the increased integration of infrastructures related to energy and GHG emissions, and in a fusion of systems that lead to the potential of energy neutral, or energy positive cities. Special tools in this process are Incubators, developing city districts or spaces into living laboratories, the development of the BrainBox, an interactive urban laboratory to model city behaviour, and the Urban Gallery, a planning support tool linking Incubator and BrainBox. Point out some successful references projects on sustainability The Hamburg IBA (International Building Exhibition) has initiated several successful prototype projects; the Energy Centre of the Nottingham University Ningbo, China, branch is a beautiful example of laboratory and iconic architecture built by an Italian firm; Vienna, Copenhagen, Amsterdam all work on Smart City projects, either on district scale or through city-wide infrastructural development. These and other cities compete for the title of ‘most successful Smart City’, but there are several rating systems and therefore there are different winners. Many other cities are developing Smart City Districts, with the cities of Innsbruck and Bozen/Bolzano recently winning large EU grants for demonstration projects and Smart or Low Carbon masterplans. Literary references you would suggest Since the Smart City really is a project for a new kind of Cosmopolis, part global network and part local habitat, part Utopia and part Informal Slum, any literature on Cosmology is useful, including Dante; to understand the relationship of humanity with the earth and the universe, then for a beautiful story about the relationship between human ambition and the necessary pacts with the Devil read Goethe Faust 2; read anything by John Hejduk, the most important 20th Century Architect/Poet; Cedric Price, Architect/Cybernetician; a recent Arch + issue called Post Oil City; the book Ecological Urbanism, edited by Mohsen Mostafavi, Dean of Architecture of Harvard University, published by Lars Mueller, and there is a host of books on Energy Landscapes.

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Suggestions for a young professional starting now In Vasari’s Lives you will find somewhere the epigram: ‘an architect has to think well before he begins his work’. This seems obvious but is even more true in the age where building are responsible for over 40% of GreenHouse Gas emissions, and cities and their mobility, industry, general lifestyles are responsible for practically all of the emissions that cause Climate Change. Apart from that Vasari could not foresee something else: the gender in this profession is changing. Most urban programmes at universities contain a majority of women. And the thinking Vasari refers to, the ‘Smartness’, requires boldness, creativity, thinking global and local at the same time and thinking in narratives and through intuition. But do not be afraid to work with engineers, new technologies, scientists, numbers, and, last but not least, think through team work. This kind of complexity is not new. Palladio worked on buildings that were effectively farms, and yet he gave their spaces harmony through musical proportions that refer to a cosmic order. The Twentieth Century architectural historian Rudolf Wittkower stated that in the Renaissance ‘the proportions in architecture have to embrace and express the cosmic order..”, just like we have to relate to the earth and its dynamics through Climate Change. Palladio is even more specific, although he may call dynamic complexity, or Smartness in contemporary urban language, Beauty. He says in his I Quattro Libri: ‘Beauty will result from the beautiful form and from the correspondence of the whole to the parts, of the parts between each other, and of these again to the whole; so that each structure may appear an entire and complete body, wherein each component agrees with the other and all components are necessary for the accomplishment of the building’.

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CURRENT PROJECTS 2 - CHORA 灌溉 IRRIGATION

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ZHALANTUN SMART CITY Location: Zhalantun, Inner Mongolia, China Scale: City planning Description: Smart city planning for new city district Stage: Planning consultancy stage - built projects planned for 2014. Partners: Beijing Jiaotong University Timescale: 1-4 years

生活 LIVELIHOOD

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食品生产 FOOD PRODUCTION

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XUZHOU SMART METROLINE Location: Xuzhou, Jiangsu, China Scale: City planning Description: Urban design for smart city pilot projects along a new metro line Stage: Contract under negotiation Partners: Beijing Jiaotong University Timescale: 1-4 years

CAOHEJING INDUSTRY PARK Location: Shanghai, China Scale: City block (12 buildings) Description: Masterplan and architectural design for a number of industrial HQ buildings Stage: Invited Competition - awaiting result (1 of 3) Partners: Atelier Liu Yuyang Architects, Archmixing Timescale: 1-2 years

KAMPEN DE KLOOF Location: Scale: Description: Stage: Timescale:

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Kampen, The Netherlands Public space High profile public art project Winner of invited competition awaiting go-ahead for construction phase 6-12 months


PARTNERS 2 - CHORA

BURO HAPPOLD LTD 17 Newman Street London W1T 1PD burohappold.com

HORIZON 2020 European Commission ORBN 2/65 B-1049 Brussels - Belgium ec.europa.eu/research/horizon2020

XIAMEN UNIVERSITY 422 Siming South Rd, Siming, Xiamen, Fujian, Mainland China xmu.edu.cn

SIEMENS Sir William Siemens Square Frimley, Camberley Surrey GU16 8QD CLIMATE-KIC 31-35 Kirby Street London EC1N 8TE climate-kic.org

IMPERIAL COLLEGE LONDON CAN Mezzanine 49-51 East Road London N1 6AH imperial.ac.uk

NATIONAL CHENG KUNG UNIVERSITY No.1, University Road, Tainan City 701, Taiwan (R.O.C.) english.web.ncku.edu.tw

C H O R A city&energy Department of Architecture, Berlin Technical University Strasse des 17. Juni 152 8th Floor, Room 806 10623 Berlin, Germany chora.tu-berlin.de TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY 清华大学, Haidian, Beijing, Mainland China tsinghua.edu.cn

LONDON METROPOLITAN UNIVERSITY 166-220 Holloway Rd London N7 8DB londonmet.ac.uk

TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITÄT BERLIN Straße des 17. Juni 135 D-10623 Berlin tu-berlin.de

NATIONAL TAIWAN UNIVERSITY No. 1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Road, Taipei, 10617 Taiwan (R.O.C.) ntu.edu.tw

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Taiwan Strait Smart Region - Book Publishing Donor Invite