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PUBLISHER’S WORD IS BOND P ower concedes nothing without a demand. If we can get to it, we can get through it. Tough times don’t last long but tough people do. Real people do real things. Many shall come but the chosen are few. These are wise sayings, anecdotes and/or positive acclamations that you tell someone in prison in an attempt to help them get through a rough patch, day, moment or situation that is seeming to challenge their ability to cope with prison life or life in general. Whether one is incarcerated or not, life still happens to all of us. In prison however; it’s more difficult to escape whatever issue may be testing your personal power. There is no escaping ourselves, especially when we are locked in a cell. However; The way this world works; is miraculously whenever we are faced with a crisis or so-called problem. Right within the very thing that is giving us issues, usually lies the (seed) remedy. I am not a civilian writing this from the sidewalk. I’m writing this from the perspective of someone like yourself, who’s been locked up several times and is using this moment to connect with you sitting in that cell, cube or cot. From a position of contemplation and reflection. Doing a bid isn’t easy, by far. Especially if you value your life and have family and friends that you love as well. That only compounds your pain. However; If you can get to it, you can get through it. When we get into a situation, regardless of how we may feel, the worse is usually upon us and the thing that stops us from mastering It; is our acceptance of our situation. Even the darkest of situations provides us with insight, because in the darkness of the soil is where the seeds grow. Power concedes nothing without a demand. Power comes to us as the result of an action or thought.

You develop a stronger chest as a result of doing chest exercises. That’s in the physical world. In the immaterial world this power comes to us when, we go deep into the causes of what landed us in our situation(s). Which only comes from reflection and introspection, and this is a personal journey. One that we all must take alone. As a result, of our choices in this life, we can only be where we need to be in the moment that we are there. The universe makes no exceptions. One can either accept or reject this. This acceptance or rejection is connected to ones’ sanity, when we live in an illusion, it robs us of our personal power. When we accept whatever reality our choices have brought upon us, we increase our power. Power is directly connected to truth. In this issue We are bringing you the truth of those men and women who has been there. By reading their stories you can find similarities to your situation, wherein you can find some remedy to a situation you previously thought to be hopeless. Peace!

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E

mperor Haile Selassie I worked to modernize Ethiopia for several decades before famine and political opposition forced him from office in 1974.

His power only grew. In 1928 he appointed himself king, and two years later, after the death of Zauditu, he was made emperor and assumed the name Haile Selassie (“Might of the Trinity”).

Born in Ethiopia in 1892, Haile Selassie was crowned emperor in 1930 but exiled during World War II after leading the resistance to the Italian invasion. He was reinstated in 1941 and sought to modernize the country over the next few decades through social, economic and educational reforms. He ruled until 1974, when famine, unemployment and political opposition forced him from office.

Over the next four decades, Haile Selassie presided over a country and government that was an expression of his personal authority. His reforms greatly strengthened schools and the police, and he instituted a new constitution and centralized his own power.

Haile Selassie I was Ethiopia’s 225th and last emperor, serving from 1930 until his overthrow by the Marxist dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam in 1974. The longtime ruler traced his line back to Menelik I, who was credited with being the child of King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba. He was born in a mud hut in Ejersa Gora on July 23, 1892. Originally named Lij Tafari Makonnen, he was the only surviving and legitimate son of Ras Makonnen, the governor of Harar. Among his father’s important allies was his cousin, Emperor Menelik II, who did not have a male heir to succeed him. Tafari seemed like a possible candidate when, following his father’s death in 1906, he was taken under the wing of Menelik. In 1913, however, after the passing of Menelik II, it was the emperor’s grandson, Lij Yasu, not Tafari, who was appointed as emperor. But Yasu, who maintained a close association with Islam, never gained favor with Ethiopia’s majority Christian population. As a result Tafari became the face of the opposition, and in 1916 he took power from Lij Yasu and imprisoned him for life. The following year Menelik II’s daughter, Zauditu, became empress, and Tafari was named regent and heir apparent to the throne. For a country trying to gain its foothold in the young century and curry favor with the West, the progressive Tafari came to symbolize the hopes and dreams of Ethiopia’s younger population. In 1923 he led Ethiopia into the League of Nations. The following year, he traveled to Europe, becoming the first Ethiopian ruler to go abroad.

In 1936 he was forced into exile after Italy invaded Ethiopia. Haile Selassie became the face of the resistance as he went before the League of Nations in Geneva for assistance, and eventually secured the help of the British in reclaiming his country and reinstituting his powers as emperor in 1941. Haile Selassie again moved to try to modernize his country. In the face of a wave of anti-colonialism sweeping across Africa, he granted a new constitution in 1955, one that outlined equal rights for his citizens under the law, but conversely did nothing to diminish Haile Selassie’s own powers. By the early 1970s famine, ever-worsening unemployment and increasing frustration with the government’s inability to respond to the country’s problems began to undermine Haile Selassie’s rule. In February 1974 mutinies broke out in the army over low pay, while a secessionist guerrilla war in Eritrea furthered his problems. Haile Selassie was eventually ousted from power in a coup and kept under house arrest in his palace until his death in 1975. Reports initially circulated claiming that he had died of natural causes, but later evidence revealed that he had probably been strangled to death on the orders of the new government. In 1992 Haile Selassie’s remains were discovered, buried under a toilet in the Imperial Palace. In November 2000 the late emperor received a proper burial when his body was laid to rest in Addis Ababa’s Trinity Cathedral. Art by Chris Gool, BuhayBohemio.com


AZIA

STAR OF BETʼS HUSTLE IN BROOKLYN AZIA (Pronounced as “AY-Z-YAH”) is an Electric Recording Artist, Singer, Songwriter & Star of BET’s new reality show, Hustle in Brooklyn. Azia loves to showcase her multiple talents such as acting, modeling, and designing. Before all the success, she was following her dreams in New York City. Brooklyn to be exact, and that is where all the sassy came from. “Haitian mixed with Trini” was something Azia was never timid to talk about. Even one of her hottest singles titled, “Pull Up” shows her embracing her coconut Caribbean roots. Her musical influences began very early on from her father who has more than enough credits in the music industry to back her up. As a teenager, she hosted parties and a cable access tv show called Flex in Brooklyn. Her video credits include “Panda” from Desiigner, “Change Your Mind” from Trey Songz and “Pick it Up” from Famous Dex, just to name a few. Azia was featured in Kanye West’s “Yeezy Season” collection and served as a contributing designer for Nike’s Caribbean Pack sneaker line. After releasing her Debut EP ‘The Audacity” she has proven that she can matriculate amongst the greats. Scheduled to come sooner than we think, her new EP will release in the winter of 2020 aligned with some other big projects in the works.

Azia has always been enthusiastic about giving back to the community, specifically the youth. In September 2019, Azia will launch the Our World School Tour. This tour visits middle schools, high schools, and colleges across the globe in partnership with socially conscious organizations to fight against bullying, incite social responsibility and provide valuable tools and resources to aid in personal growth and hone life skills. The content of each tour is tailored towards the grade level. The tour features guest speakers, music, dance, double dutch, slam dunk contests, and artistic celebrity performances. With the release of her newest single “Plates with Snakes,” the launch of her cosmetics line, her upcoming celebrity performances, and her school tour, Azia is growing her brand at rapid speed while maintaining a high level of social consciousness. This Caribbean marvel is more than meets the eye. In all that she does, she comes with one mission in mind, to conquer. Azia is an undeniable impact in the entertainment industry. FOLLOW AZIA ON INSTAGRAM: @azia.iam


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BETTER YOU BETTER SOCIETY Better You Better Society is a positive movement that is meant to push all men and women forward in a positive direction. The organization that was founded in 2016 by Samuel Emmanuel Dickerson Jr in order to provide everyday people with access to information and services to improve the quality of their lives. While this seem like a difficult goal to accomplish Better You Better Society makes strides to accomplish this goal through hosting health and wellness seminars, youth programs, personal development workshops and producing positive and constructive media. Stay up to date with Better You Better Society at www.betteryoubettersociety.org or follow us on all social media platforms at Better You Better Society.

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BUYING A LUXURY HOME W

hen buying a luxury home, not only are you sitting in the lap of luxury, you’re living in it. A luxury home is more than a mere structure, dwelling, or residence. It represents your tastes, and it’s a place where you can live in high style. If you’re a first-time luxe home buyer, you need to make some informed decisions before you sign on the dotted line. Then your home will, indeed, be your castle. Here are some tips for buying your first luxury home.

FIND A REAL ESTATE AGENT VERSED IN LUXURY PROPERTIES Luxury homes can be difficult to locate because of their exclusivity. Often, they don’t appear on multiple listing services (MLS)because owners want to safeguard their privacy. A high-end agent knows the luxury market and works solely with elite buyers. Your agent has access to pocket properties, which are not openly advertised. There are even agents who specialize in a particular niche such as beach houses.

DONʼT JUDGE A PROPERTY BY ITS PHOTOS Pictures, brochures and video walk-throughs don’t duplicate the feeling of actually being in the home. Even if you have to travel across the country or visit from overseas, a personal viewing is imperative – after all, this is a huge purchase you’re making! Gauge the house’s appeal by visiting it several times at different times of day.

MAKE A CHECKLIST Know what you want before looking at houses, and make a checklist. By doing this you’ll rein in your emotions and thwart an impulsive decision. That home theater looks amazing and so does that wine cellar, but they won’t be so amazing later when you’ve paid for them and never use them.

DOCUMENT EVERYTHING The high-end market examines buyers under a microscope, so financial documentation is imperative to prove that you can afford a multi-million dollar home. This shows the seller whether you’ll need to obtain a loan or pay in cash. Cash is the favored luxe home payment.

INSPECT THE HOME Just because a house appears opulent and awe-inspiring doesn’t mean it’s unblemished. A closer look could reveal pests, mold, faulty plumbing or outdated appliances. Don’t do this by yourself. It’s important to enlist a professional home inspector specifically versed in high-end properties.

LOCATION, LOCATION, LOCATION Your dream home can quickly morph into a nightmare if you don’t carefully investigate its surroundings. It may be situated in an exclusive neighborhood that bumps up against a questionable area six blocks away. Ask your agent what will happen to the area in the future. For example, is there a projected high rise or housing development that will obstruct your gorgeous views? Even if you’re eyeing a gated community, check out possible issues with the location.

ENSURE THAT THE HOME HAS EXCELLENT RESALE VALUE You haven’t even finished looking at potential homes, yet you need to consider their resale value? Yes. Be certain that you can comfortably recoup what you spent on the house if you need to sell it. Again, a fantastic location factors into this scenario. The home’s condition is also crucial to its salability. When you buy your first luxury home, you enter an elite realm of taste, refinement and dreams-come-true. However, you can’t just make an emotion-fueled plunge into this purchase. Preparation and restraint will help you discover a luxury house that truly is a home.


Astrology explained

T

here are 12 zodiac signs, and each sign has its own strengths and weaknesses, its own specific traits, desires and attitude towards life and people. By analyzing the projection of the position of planets, and the Sun and the Moon on the Ecliptic at the moment of birth. Astrology can give us a glimpse of a person’s basic characteristics, preferences, flaws and fears. Each of the 12 horoscope signs belongs to one of the four elements – Air, Fire, Water and Earth. These elements represent an essential type of energy that acts in each of us. Astrology aims to help us focus these energies on the positive aspects and to gain a better understanding of our potential and our positive traits and deal with negative ones. These four elements help describe the unique personality types associated with astrological signs. The four zodiac elements exhibit profound influence on basic character traits, emotions, behavior and thinking.

Water Signs Water signs are exceptionally emotional and ultra-sensitive. They are highly intuitive and they can be as mysterious as the ocean itself. Water signs love profound conversations and intimacy. They rarely do anything openly and are always there to support their loved ones. The Water Signs are: Cancer, Scorpio and Pisces.

Fire Signs Fire signs tend to be passionate, dynamic, and temperamental. They get angry quickly, but they also forgive easily. They are adventurers with immense energy. They are physically very strong and are a source of inspiration for others. Fire signs are intelligent, self-aware, creative and idealistic people, always ready for action. The Fire Signs are: Aries, Leo and Sagittarius.

Earth Signs Earth signs are “grounded” and the ones that bring us down to earth. They are mostly conservative and realistic, but they can also be very emotional. They are connected to our material reality and can be turned to material goods. They are practical, loyal and stable and they stick by their people through hard times. The Earth Signs are: Taurus, Virgo and Capricorn.

Air Signs Air signs are rational, social, and love communication and relationships with other people. They are thinkers, friendly, intellectual, communicative and analytical. They love philosophical discussions, social gatherings and good books. They enjoy giving advice, but they can also be very superficial. The Air Signs are: Gemini, Libra and Aquarius.

Why Do We Believe in Astrology? Although astrology is not a religion, it offers comfort, faith and a deeper understanding of the world we live in. Interpretations often offer assurances of one’s future, but more importantly, they are supposed to show us a way to resolve our issues and to improve our relationships with our partners, family, and friends and mainly tools to meet ourselves and discover our own inner worlds in a different light. Astrology claims that nothing in life is coincidental and everything that happens to us happens for a particular reason. Astrology can provide us some good answers as to why these things happen to us and it guides us on our steps forward. In this way, astrology actually helps people to understand themselves and the world around them much better. Astrology works, astrologers don’t. Most of the people who visit astrologers or read their horoscopes regularly, end up with a sensation of fulfillment and satisfaction somewhat like euphoria. This does not mean that the astrologers have accurately predicted the individual’s future or present based on their horoscope dates, but it means that having a horoscope cast can be actually a very fulfilling experience. The Earth is positioned under the constellations that were known as our star signs millenniums ago. Although signs don’t coincide with the constellations anymore, we are still under the influence of seasons and planetary movements in the same way as we were back then. Many people diligently follow their horoscopes and believe in their astrology signs meanings. This isn’t surprising, as astrology is widely popular and everyone in the world knows which are their horoscope dates and signs. People enjoy reading their horoscope signs forecasts and this often leads to changes in personalities, behaviors and decision-making processes. Astrology can be a real lifesaver because it lets you know of the future obstacles and problems in advance. It is up to you whether you want to believe the advice and precautions suggested in a horoscope reading and save yourself from the pain without doing much. Here is your first problem - There is no salvation “without doing much”. This is the main problem with approach to chart readings – everyone has to put up a strong effort to change things in their lives. Some People believe in astrology because others before them did and curiosity it a basic human nature, but the further drawn into astrology the clearer things become. The zodiac dates, the signs. We can associate zodiac signs to almost all aspects of our lives and we will see they are truly insightful and correct. Our horoscopes are unique and they can help us find and reveal our strengths, weaknesses as well as our natural qualities.


Astrology can also help us find, which relationships are compatible - and which are not. Horoscope compatibility can improve our relationships with other zodiac signs. By knowing about your love potential you can make the best use of opportunities and take appropriate measures leading to a happy love or married life. Astrology takes into account two major aspects - our birth potential and the effects of the planets and the stars on our personal horoscope. It can help us choose the right career and education path in order to make a good and successful life. Last, but not least - we believe in astrology because it’s about us. My horoscope is like a blueprint of my life that got created precisely at the time I was born. That means that my birth chart is almost as unique as my fingerprints. Each planet’s placement in my horoscope can reveal a lot about my personality and destiny. Astrocartography is one method of locational astrology which claims to identify varying life conditions through differences in geographic location. Reportedly, by comparing your natal chart to different areas in the world, you can determine the area where you’ll be most successful.

Horoscope Explained Even though Astrology is much more than your Sun sign’s daily Horoscope, the most common use of Astrology is in the field of predictions for Sun signs based on observation of positions of planets in relation to that sign for a specific day, week, month or a year. In most cases, it is silly to assume that one interpretation can be connected to millions of people around the globe, all born with the Sun in the same sign. In most cases of skepticism towards Astrology, the first argument against it is the one in which a “nonbeliever” speaks of the impossibility of so many humans described in only twelve signs of the zodiac. Unfortunate for the skeptics, but this is a rather superficial view with an obvious lack of information behind the claim. To make the confusion even bigger, we know that the mass of the Sun makes 99% of our Solar System, and it is understandable that its role in our chart must be of the outmost importance. No planet can ever come close to the importance of this king of the zodiac, producing energy and shining bright in our lives. The Sun represents our inner child and our creative force, our willpower and our confidence, it pulls us with its gravity to certain areas of our lives and we all have to understand its significance. So for example, every person with the Sun in Aries will have a strong will and their priorities set, but the rest of the story will depend on the house the Sun is in, the position of Mars – the ruler of the Sun’s sign, of the ascendant, the Moon, and so many other factors that should be included in each personal interpretation. Daily, weekly and monthly horoscopes are written based on analysis of current positions of the Moon, the Sun and the planets in the sky, and their relation to your Sun sign. If another person is represented by your Sun (your husband, your father or your boss for example) our interpretations will most likely be seen in their lives rather than yours. This is just something to keep in mind as you read our general interpretations. Before you continue to your daily, weekly and monthly horoscopes, the most important thing to understand is their role in your life. We don’t write them to anticipate your future and “guess” what will happen in your life. They are here to motivate you and show you that there is something you share with other people. It is not to be expected that they will be right on the spot due to a simple lack of personal information, but hopefully they will entertain you, show you that you are not alone, and help you sense the atmosphere that your Sun needs to deal with at the moment.

With all that said, we think it would be best if you approached our daily horoscopes as if they were a cookie with your morning coffee – a matter of enjoyable routine.

Aries (March 21- April 20): Aries is the first sign of the zodiac. Those who are Aries are independent and courageous. They enjoy leading others and bringing excitement into the lives of others. An Aries is enthusiastic and very goal-oriented.

Taurus (April 21- May 21): The second sign of the zodiac, those

who are a Taurus are solid and fight for what they want. A Taurus is very easy going but can also be stubborn. A Taurus can be procrastinators but also have a good-work ethic.

Gemini (May 22- June 21): Gemini is the third sign of the zodi-

ac. Geminis have many sides and are known for their energy. They are very talkative and are considered social butterflies. A Gemini will always take their lives in the direction they want to go.

Cancer (June 22- July 22): Cancer is the fourth sign of the zodiac. This sign is marked by inconsistency. They enjoy security but also seek adventure. A Cancer is not very predictable and always keep others guessing. Leo (July 23- August 21): Leo is the fifth sign in the zodiac. Leos

have high self-esteem and are very devoted. They are also very kind and generous. A Leo is known for being hot tempered yet forgiving.

Virgo (August 22- September 23): The sixth sign of the zodiac, Virgo is very mind oriented. They are constantly analyzing and thinking. They enjoy bettering themselves and those around them. Libra (September 24- October 23): The seventh sign of the zodiac, Libras are known for their diplomatic nature. They get along well with everyone and are ambitious. They have very expensive taste and work hard to make money. Scorpio (October 24- November 22): The eight sign of the zodiac, Scorpios are very intense. They like to question everything and work hard at making sense of things. Scorpios treat others with kindness and loyalty. Sagittarius (November 23- December 22): The ninth sign of the zodiac, a Sagittarius has a very positive outlook on life. They have vibrant personalities and enjoy meeting new people. They can also be reckless. Capricorn (December 23- January 20): The 10th sign of the zodiac, those who are Capricorns are marked by their ambitious nature. They have very active minds and always have to be in control of their lives. Aquarius (January 21- February 19): Aquarius is the 11th sign of the zodiac. Aquarians don’t always care what others think about them. They take each opportunity they have and work towards formulating new ideas. Pisces (February 20- March 20): Pisces is the 12th and last sign of the zodiac. Those who are Pisces are extremely sensitive and reserved. They like to escape from reality. A Pisces is a very good listener and friend.


Halal: what is

a guide for non-muslims

The purpose of this information is to assist non-Muslims to come to a better understanding of the term ‘Halal’ and its importance to Muslims. One Islam – Many Muslims Though Islam is a single religion; it is important to recognize that Muslim people are not a single homogenous group. There are approximately +400,000 Muslims in Australia, who have come from over 70 countries all around the world: from Europe (IE: Albania, Bosnia, Turkey), Africa, Asia (including Central Asia, South Asia, South East Asia), Pacific Islands, and North and South America. Muslims believe in the one God. Allah is the Arabic word for God, and Muslims believe in all the Prophets including Jesus, Moses, Abraham and others including Muhammad, peace be upon them. Halal is a term designating any object or an action which is permissible to use or engage in, according to Islamic law. It is the opposite of Haram. The term is used to designate food seen as permissible according to Islamic law. What is Halal? Halal is an Arabic word meaning lawful or permitted. In reference to food, it is the dietary standard, as prescribed in the Qur’an (the Muslim scripture). The opposite of halal is haram, which means unlawful or prohibited. Halal and haram are universal terms that apply to all facets of life. These terms are commonly used in relation to food products, meat products, cosmetics, personal care products, pharmaceuticals, food ingredients, and food contact materials. While many things are clearly halal or haram, there are some things which are not clear. Further information is needed to categorize them as halal or haram. Such items are often referred to as mashbooh, which means doubtful or questionable. In general, every food is considered halal in Islam unless it is specially prohibited by the Qur’an or the Hadith. By official definition, halal foods are those that are: Free from any component that Muslims are prohibited from consuming according to Islamic law (Shariah).

tion (see below). Fish and seafood (with the exception of crocodiles, alligators and frogs) are generally acceptable for Muslims but as always check first, as there may be a personal dietary preference or allergy. The preparation of the fish or seafood should not include alcohol (IE: batter or wine, or anything considered haram). In cases of necessity, prohibited things may become permissible (halal) for the duration of the emergency or need, as Islam puts a priority on life over death. Refer to Qur’an at Chapter 2:173 (Al Baqarah). Islamic Halal Meat Preparation & Supervision In Australia, the Australian Federation of Islamic Councils (AFIC – the peak Muslim body) certifies and trains Islamic slaughter men for the meat and poultry industry. AFIC’s Halal Service Manager travels throughout Australia to various abattoirs/farms, meat and non-meat food companies, drugs, cosmetic establishments to perform Islamic supervision, audit/inspection, and halal preparation. Halal products are derived from animals and/or poultry that have been prepared according to Islamic law under the following statement, “In the name of God – God is the Greatest/Bismillahi Allahu Akbar”. Halal products and production are properly separated and clearly identified from non-halal products. Life is Sacred Islam places great emphasis in the way in which an animal’s life ends, which has to be in accordance with Islamic regulations. Life is a sacred blessing of God to creation, animals as well as humans. If the life of an animal has to be ended for human survival, then its life should only be taken in the name of God. Hence, the phrase Bismillah (‘in the name of God’) must be uttered just before slaughtering an animal. Muslims cannot consume the meat of animals that are sacrificed in a name other than God. Any animal slaughtered in the name of a person alive or dead, any deity or idol will be considered as haram and therefore it is not permissible for Muslims to consume that meat. Islamic Slaughter Muslims are only allowed to eat meat that has been prepared according to Islamic law. This method is often challenged by animal rights activists as ‘causing unnecessary suffering to the animal’. Muslims disagree and say that Islamic law on killing animals is designed to reduce the pain and distress that the animal suffers. AFIC has strict rules with regards to Islamic slaughter. These rules state:

Processed, made, produced, manufactured and/or stored using utensils, equipment and/or machinery that have been cleansed according to Islamic law.

The slaughterer must be a sane adult Muslim.

Muslims eat to maintain a strong and healthy physique in order to be able to contribute their knowledge and effort for the welfare of the society. Muslims are supposed to make an effort to obtain the best quality nutritionally. It is mentioned in a Hadith that the prayer of a person is rejected by Allah if the food consumed is prohibited (haram). All foods are considered halal except the following (which are haram):

The name of God is said in order to emphasize the sanctity of life and that the animal is being killed for food with God’s consent.

Alcoholic drinks and intoxicants

The cut must sever at least three of the trachea, esophagus, and the two blood vessels on either side of the throat.

Non-Halal Animal Fat Enzymes* (Microbial Enzymes are permissible) Gelatin* – from non-Halal source (fish gelatin is Halal) L-cysteine (if from human hair) Lard Lipase* (only animal lipase need be avoided) Non-Halal Animal Shortening Pork, Bacon / Ham and anything from pigs Unspecified Meat Broth

The slaughterer must say the name of God before making the cut.

The animal must be killed by cutting the throat with one continuous motion of a sharp knife.

The spinal cord must not be cut. Animals must be well treated before being killed. Animals must not see other animals being killed. The knife must not be sharpened in the animal’s presence. The knife blade must be free of blemishes that might tear the wound. The animal must not be in an uncomfortable position. The animal must be allowed to bleed out and be completely dead before further processing.

Halal/Haram

Some experts say that the animal killed in this way does not suffer if the cut is made quickly and cleanly, because it loses consciousness before the brain can perceive any pain: “the Islamic way of slaughtering is the most humane method of slaughter and that captive bolt stunning, practiced in the West, causes 3 severe pain to the animal” Schulze W, Schultze-Petzold H, Hazem AS, Gross R. Experiments for the objectification of pain and consciousness during conventional (captive bolt stunning) and religiously mandated (“ritual cutting”) slaughter procedures for sheep and calves. Deutsche Tierärztliche Wochenschrift 1978 Feb 5;85(2):62-6. The argument that halal slaughter is inhumane because animals are allowed to bleed to death is scientifically untrue. An animal’s throat is cut in one swift motion with a razor sharp knife. Unconsciousness is achieved within seconds and death occurs due to cerebral hypoxia not blood loss.

Foods containing ingredients such as gelatin, enzymes, emulsifiers, and flavours are questionable, because the origin of these ingredients is not known. In the meat and poultry food industry, animals such as cows, veal, lamb, sheep, goats, turkeys, chickens, ducks, game birds, bison, venison, etc., are considered halal, but they must be prepared according to Islamic laws in order for their meat to be suitable for consump-

Islam is not only a religion it is a way of life with protocols, rules and manners governing every facet of life. Since food is an important part of daily life, food laws carry a special significance. Muslims are expected to eat for survival, to maintain good health and not to live for eating. In Islam, eating is considered to be a matter of worship of God like prayer, fasting, alms-giving and other religious activities.

Rennet* (All forms should be avoided except for plant / microbial /synthetic – rennet obtained from halal slaughtered animal is permissible). Stock* (a blend of mix species broth or meat stock) Tallow* (non-Halal species) Carnivorous animals, birds of prey and certain other animals Foods contaminated with any of the above products (*May be consumed if derived from Halal animals.)


Kosher Food

EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW

‫הכשר‬‎

“Kosher” is a term used to describe food that complies with the strict dietary standards of traditional Jewish law.

Dairy is treated as a separate entity and should never be consumed or prepared alongside meat or meat products.

For many Jews, kosher is about more than just health or food safety. It is about reverence and adherence to religious tradition.

Fish and eggs are considered pareve and have their own sets of rules, too.

That said, not all Jewish communities adhere to strict kosher guidelines. Some individuals may choose to follow only certain rules — or none at all. This article explores what kosher means, outlines its main dietary guidelines, and gives the requirements that foods must meet to be considered kosher.

Meat (Fleishig) The term “meat” in the kosher context generally refers to edible flesh from certain types of mammals and fowl, as well any products derived from them, like broth, gravy, or bones.

What Does Kosher Mean?

Jewish law states that for meat to be considered kosher, it must meet the following criteria:

The English word “kosher” is derived from the Hebrew root “kashér,” which means to be pure, proper, or suitable for consumption (1Trusted Source).

•It must come from ruminant animals with cloven — or split — hooves, such as cows, sheep, goats, lambs, oxen, and deer.

The laws that provide the foundation for a kosher dietary pattern are collectively referred to as kashrut and are found within the Torah, the Jewish book of sacred texts. Instructions for practical application of these laws are passed down through oral tradition.

•The only permitted cuts of meat come from the forequarters of kosher ruminant animals.

Kosher dietary laws are comprehensive and provide a rigid framework of rules that not only outline which foods are allowed or forbidden but also mandate how permitted foods must be produced, processed, and prepared prior to consumption. “Kosher” is a term used to describe foods that comply with dietary guidelines set by traditional Jewish law. These laws determine which foods may be consumed and how they must be produced, processed, and prepared.

•Certain domesticated fowl can be eaten, such as chicken, geese, quail, dove, and turkey. •The animal must be slaughtered by a shochet — a person trained and certified to butcher animals according to Jewish laws. •The meat must be soaked in order to remove any traces of blood prior to cooking. •Any utensils used to slaughter or prepare the meat must be kosher and designated only for use with meat and meat products.

Certain Food Combinations Are Strictly Forbidden

The following types of meat and meat products are not considered kosher:

Some of the main kosher dietary guidelines ban certain food pairings — particularly that of meat and dairy.

•Meat from pigs, rabbits, squirrels, camels, kangaroos, or horses

There are three main kosher food categories: •Meat (fleishig): Mammals or fowl, as well as products derived from them, including bones or broth. •Dairy (milchig): Milk, cheese, butter, and yogurt. •Pareve: Any food that is not meat or dairy, including fish, eggs, and plantbased foods. According to kosher tradition, any food categorized as meat may never be served or eaten at the same meal as a dairy product. Furthermore, all utensils and equipment used to process and clean meat and dairy must be kept separate — even down to the sinks in which they’re washed. After eating meat, you must wait a designated amount of time before consuming any dairy product. The particular length of time varies among different Jewish customs but is usually between one and six hours. Pareve food items are considered neutral and may be eaten alongside either meat or dairy. However, if a pareve food item is prepared or processed using any equipment used to process meat or dairy, it may be reclassified as meat, dairy, or non-kosher. Kosher guidelines strictly prohibit the pairing of any meat and dairy product. This also means that all utensils and equipment used to prepare meat and dairy must always be kept separate. Only Certain Animal Products Are Permitted A large portion of kosher rules addresses animal-based foods and the way in which they are slaughtered and prepared.

•Predator or scavenger birds, such as eagles, owls, gulls, and hawks •Cuts of beef that come from the hindquarters of the animal, such as flank, short loin, sirloin, round, and shank Dairy (Milchig) Dairy products — such as milk, cheese, butter, and yogurt — are permitted, although they must adhere to specific rules in order to be considered kosher: •They must come from a kosher animal. •They must never be mixed with any meat-based derivatives, such as gelatin or rennet (an animal-derived enzyme), which is often the case with hard cheeses and other processed cheese products. •They must also be prepared using kosher utensils and equipment that has not previously been used to process any meat-based product. Fish and Eggs (Pareve) Although they each have their own separate rules, fish and eggs are both classified as pareve, or neutral, which means that they do not contain milk or meat. Fish is only considered kosher if it comes from an animal that has fins and scales, such as tuna, salmon, halibut, or mackerel. Water-dwelling creatures that don’t have these physical features are prohibited, such as shrimp, crab, oysters, lobster, and other types of shellfish. Unlike kosher meat, fish don’t require separate utensils for their preparation and may be eaten alongside meat or dairy products.


Eggs that come from kosher fowl or fish are permitted as long as they don’t have any traces of blood in them. This stipulation means that each egg must be inspected individually.

The majority of plant-based foods are considered kosher. However, they may lose this status if they’re processed or prepared using non-kosher equipment.

Like fish, eggs may be eaten alongside meat or dairy.

Different Rules Apply During Passover

Kosher guidelines limit the consumption of animal-based foods to specific animals and cuts of meat which are slaughtered and prepared in a particular manner.

Additional kosher dietary restrictions apply during the religious holiday of Passover.

Guidelines for Plant-Based Foods Like fish and eggs, plant-based foods are considered pareve, or neutral, meaning that they don’t contain meat or dairy and may be eaten with either of those food groups. Although somewhat less restrictive than meat and dairy, these foods also have their own set of kosher guidelines — especially regarding how they’re processed.

Though there is some variation in adherence to Passover dietary guidelines, all leavened grainproducts are traditionally forbidden. These foods are collectively referred to as “chametz” and include the following grains: •Wheat •Oats •Rye

Grains and Bread

•Barley

In their purest form, grains and grain-based foods are considered kosher. However, certain processing methods may ultimately deem them not kosher.

•Spelt

Processed grains like bread may not be kosher due to the equipment on which they’re processed or the ingredients used. It is common for some breads to contain oils or shortening. If an animal-based shortening is used, the bread may not be considered kosher. Furthermore, if baking pans or other equipment are greased with animal-based fats or otherwise used to cook any meat- or dairy-containing dish, the end product is no longer kosher.

That said, some of these grains may be permitted as long as they haven’t been in contact with any moisture longer than 18 minutes and do not contain any added leavening agents, such as yeast. This is why matzo, a type of unleavened flatbread, is not considered chametz — even though it is traditionally made from wheat. During Passover, all leavened grain products are forbidden. However, unleavened breads, such as matzo, are allowed. How Does Certification Work?

Because these types of processing methods are not typically disclosed on a standard nutrition or ingredient label, bread and grain products must be certified kosher to ensure that the food complies with all relevant guidelines.

Because of complex modern food production practices, ensuring that the foods you’re eating are kosher can be very challenging.

Fruits and Vegetables

Foods certified kosher feature a label on their packaging indicating that they’ve met all of the necessary requirements.

Similar to grains, fruits and vegetables are kosher in their unprocessed form. However, because insects are not kosher, fresh fruits and vegetables must be inspected for the presence of insects or larvae prior to sale or consumption. Furthermore, fruit and vegetable products that are produced using non-kosher equipment, such as anything that processes milk and meat, aren’t kosher. Nuts, Seeds, and Oils Generally speaking, nuts, seeds, and the oils derived from them are kosher. However, the complicated processing of these foods often renders them non-kosher due to cross-contamination of equipment also used to process meat and/or dairy products. Many vegetable and seed oils undergo several complicated steps before they’re considered edible. Each of these steps must be closely monitored in order to ensure adherence to kosher guidelines (3Trusted Source). Thus, to be completely certain the oils you’re using are kosher, it’s best to check the label for certification. Wine Like foods, wine must be produced using kosher equipment and ingredients to be deemed kosher. This includes any tools used to harvest and prepare the grapes for fermentation. However, because wine is significant to many Jewish religious occasions, stricter rules are imposed. In fact, the entire kosher wine production process must be carried out and supervised by practicing Jews. Otherwise, the wine cannot be deemed kosher.

That’s why systems are in place for certifying specific food products.

There are dozens of different kosher labels, many of which come from different certifying organizations. If a food is certified for Passover, this will be indicated in a separate label. The labels may also indicate if a food is dairy, meat, or pareve. If you’re trying to adhere to kosher dietary guidelines, it’s best to choose only foods with these labels in order to avoid accidentally eating something non-kosher. If you keep kosher, be sure to look for appropriate labels when you shop. Kosher foods often feature a certification to guarantee they have met all the necessary stipulations. The Bottom Line “Kosher” refers to a Jewish dietary framework for food preparation, processing, and consumption. Though variations exist, most guidelines prohibit pairing meat and dairy and only allow certain animals to be eaten. Foods not considered meat or dairy are generally accepted, provided they’re produced using kosher equipment and practices. Additional rules may be imposed during religious holidays. Because of the complexities of modern food production, it can be difficult to know whether many processed foods are kosher. To avoid any missteps, always look for kosher certification labels.


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Mista’s is the brainchild of Corey Ellis aka “Mista Man”, who started off as a Music Producer, working with artist such as Jon B, Changing faces, Jazz of Dru Hill and 3X Grammy Award Winners the Product G&B

So “Mista’s Takeout” is just the next step on this culinary journey. Moving in to small location, located 263 Babylon Turnpike, Roosevelt NY. Where he dishes out pure Delicious-ness, Tuesday to Sunday.

Working long hours in the studio led to what “Mista Man” like to call “Beats & Eats,” where while serving up hot tracks for artist, he decided to also serve up hot meals. Receiving many compliments from people who tried his signature dishes, he was asked to cater small events. Realizing he had a talent, and seeing the response from faithful customers, he decided to purchase a food truck, which he would run on weekends.

What makes Mista’s so good, is the unique taste palette that is offered up by Mista Man. You may have had hot wings, but have you ever had “Ciroc Peach Cobbler Wings’ Sour Apple Jack Wings, have you ever had A Lasagna Cupcake? What about a Mac & Cheese Jerk Chicken Egg Roll? You heard about General Tso Chicken, but what about General Tso Fish? This is just a sample of the amazing menu.

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Olivia Georgette Studios LLC is a black woman-owned art studio in Long Island, New York. Olivia is a young entrepreneur that uses her art and graphic design background to promote black beauty, self love, and corporate branding to clients from coast to coast. Being an artist and creative designer has always been her main focus in life. She later attended Johnson and Wales University in Providence, RI, graduating with a Bachelors degree in Graphic Design and Digital Media. Since then, Olivia has displayed her work at numerous art events and exhibits in NYC and surrounding areas, exhibited art throughout NYC and surrounding states, selling a multitude of products ranging from Prints, Pillows, backpacks, tote bags, t-shirts and a plethora of other beautiful treasures.

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Freddy D is a hip-hop artist from Hempstead, New York currently positioned for a major come-up in the Urban Music universe. He makes strong, relevant music that’s been compared to Jay-Z, Nas, and Kanye but maintains its own original taste at all times. Freddy’s new album Extant gets liberated on September 13th, 2019, as does the music video for the track “Everybody,” and both are expected to bring him to a much larger audience. D produced Extant on his own and it was mixed and mastered by Michael Nyougen. Tough and wise, it shows Freddy at the top of his game, ready to take it even higher. Freddy’s mother sang gospel music, his father wrote poetry, and his brother made beats, so stepping up to the mic was inevitable for him. He dreamed of being famous back then and is still grinding in pursuit of that goal. “I feel like I bring something different,” he says, “so I started my own record company and produced my own music without selling drugs, just the hard grit from an everyday job and the hunger to not let my talent go to waste. I believe in what I do and how I do it.” Fans respond to Freddy because he’s just like them. “I bleed, I cry, I live, I sweat. I’ve been through so much,” he says, revealing the humanity that allows him to connect with so many people. He’s made the most out of hard times and has been attracting attention with his music since high school when his early tracks created quite a local buzz. Now, he’s a fully-developed artist in his own right with a real shot at breaking through worldwide with Extant. Hip-hop heads everywhere need to speak his name and start listening.

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GENUINE CHAOS

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As I was embracing all the highs and lows of my life and trying to maintain my sanity, I realized we all go through negative things in life that we need to heal from, but if we look forward with a positive mindset it will bring us peace. Genuine Chaos is a positive movement, inspiring positive changes, breaking all negative views and it stands for (Generally Everyone Needs Understanding In New Experiences, Change Has An Omnipotent Serenity) G.E.N.U.I.N.E. C.H.A.O.S. Never judge a book by its cover because you can always turn a negative into a positive! I wanted to put my entrepreneurial endeavors to the test, so I created this clothing company to prove that I could be a positive force in the lives of others. This was no overnight success, it has come with many challenges, and there are times where I want to give up but when I think about what I created it gives me the strength to keep going... GenuineChaosNYC@gmail.com (929) 437-0137 @GenuineChaos / @Shatanna.NYC


THE TAKE-AWAY: What is a 401(k)?

I

t’s a plan that lets you set aside money from your paycheck into a 401(k) account and invest it in the market. The idea is that the value of the stocks and bonds you invest in go up over the years you spend working, leaving you with a fluffy cushion of cash when you retire. Your employer, along with a 401(k) administrator, handles this for you. If you are among the professionally jobless, or part of the rapidly overpopulating 1099 generation, you’ve probably daydreamed your way through or actively repressed a few conversations about 401(k) plans. Maybe you read that widely ridiculed, abundantly memed advice saying that by age 35, you should have twice your salary saved, and wanted to disintegrate into the atmosphere. Maybe you also had more basic questions, like: What is a 401(k)? Why do human-resources directors and the financial media use words like “defer” and “pretax” as if they explain themselves?

What Is A 401(k)? A 401(k) is a plan that allows you to defer — or, in human English, set aside — money from your paycheck into a 401(k) account and invest it. The idea is that the value of the stocks and bonds you invest in, hopefully, go up over the years you spend working. You don’t pay any federal tax on the money you set aside (or, when the market climbs, the money you earn) until you actually withdraw it. When you do take that money out, the tax rate at that time is the rate that applies. Your employer handles setting aside this money by automatically taking it out of your paycheck. What Is A 401(k)’s Contribution Limit? A word of caution: Plans vary. Minor exceptions are all over the place. Retirement plans can get as complex as the needs of the people trying to save their money. Also, companies sometimes match your contributions with their own cash,


but they contribute shares in the company itself. That can be risky if your plan isn’t diversified enough, and the company’s stock tanks (i.e., Enron). But generally you can dial up or down how much of your paycheck you put into your 401(k) account — the thing that contains the money you’ve invested. You can’t access any of this money before age 59-1/2 unless you’re willing to stomach a penalty. As of 2018, if you have a 401(k) plan set up through your job, you can put up to $18,500 of what you get paid into your account. At age 50+, you can contribute extra, but you have to take money out by age 70 (assuming you have the luxury to wait that long). What Is A 401(k) Administrator? A 401(k) administrator — like Vanguard, Fidelity or T. Rowe Price — oversees your actual 401(k) account. Those administrators make sure that the money from your paycheck is invested according to your demands. They also offer information about the money in your 401(k) account or changes to your plan, and can answer questions you might have about the plan. “We are in charge of keeping it all organized,” said Meghan Murphy, a vice president at Fidelity Investments. For many plans, you can go online to a website overseen by the administrator, and decide how much money you want to take out of your paycheck and put into your 401(k). With a Fidelity account, for instance, Fidelity would send your request to the payroll company your employer uses to give you your paycheck. Say you wanted to put $10 worth of every paycheck you get into your 401(k). Before you get your paycheck, the payroll company takes that $10 and sends it to the 401(k) administrator. From there, the 401(k) administrator sends that $10 off to be invested. How Does A 401(k) Work And, Hopefully, Grow? Say you get paid $100 every week, and you want to set aside 10% of your gross pay and put that money into a 401(k). Ten percent, in this case, is $10. That $10 — the pretax money — would be put into your 401(k) account.

On your paycheck, for federal taxes at least, you’d only be taxed as if you made $90. As for state taxes, it depends on the state; FICA taxes still dock you as if you made $100. The administrator puts that $10 ment portfolio, often a fund of sically that fund is a big pile of by a fund manager who invests certain criteria.

into an investsome kind. Bamoney overseen it according to

The administrator allows you to choose from eral investment portfolios. You can choose that best suits your tastes. But you have to yourself: “What is a 401(k) risk profile that OK with?”

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Funds invest in a mixture of stocks and bonds and are designed to do different things, depending on what you want. Some are more aggressive, taking on bigger risks with stocks of younger, smaller companies for potentially bigger reward. Some are more pedestrian, a bit heavier on bonds, but are less likely to startle you with massive heaves in the market. What Does A 401(k) Stand For? The 401(k) is named after the section of the IRS code, added in 1978, that allows an employer to create a retirement plan that employees can put pretax money into. And if you’re wondering, was born in 1981 after Ted IRS tax code section for efits consulting company co-owned.

the first 401(k) plan Benna tried using that Johnson Cos., a benin Pennsylvania he

This all may seem far away. If you haven’t saved anything, you’re not alone. Forty-five percent of people in the U.S. haven’t saved a penny toward retirement. But time is dumb and unfair. And it moves much faster the older you get.


E.N.V.Y is the acronym for Empower Nurture Value Yourself Which is a brand of bold colors of organic lipsticks founded by Author Esha Jay in 2018 . E.n.v.y Lipz is the derived from the novel ”Envy That Brooklyn chick“ which is a urban fiction series of novels written by Author Esha Jay , Envy is an American Social drama, that tells a tale about an African American teenager growing up in Brooklyn NY, facing many issues that our youth still fall victim too today . The main issue is the stan-

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Co ns tit to Lim utio Ce na i t s l Se ll P ar ho ch ne es T

he Fourth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution protects citizens from unlawful searches and seizures by the government. Under the Fourth Amendment, a warrant is generally required for a search and seizure to be reasonable, although subsequent Fourth Amendment jurisprudence has established limited exceptions to the warrant requirement, including the search incident to arrest exception. In 2014, the U.S. Supreme Court addressed two cases, Riley v. California and United States v. Wurie, dealing with cell phones searches and the search incident to arrest exception to the warrant requirement. In its analysis of the propriety of the search, the Court discussed the specific rules that apply when police search items that are on, or near, a person when they are being arrested. During searches incident to arrest, the high court has not required warrants under certain circumstances where protecting officer safety and preventing evidence destruction are at issue. Under Chimel v California, a search incident to arrest is limited to the arrestee’s person and the area within the arrestee’s immediate control. In United States v. Robinson, the Court applied the rule of Chimel and found the warrantless search of the arrestee’s cigarette pack (that was in the arrestee’s pocket and contained heroin) to be reasonable. The officer was entitled to search not only defendant’s person, but also a physical object found on his person. In Arizona v. Gant, the Court concluded that searches of a car are permitted where the arrestee is unsecured and within reaching distance of the passenger compartment, or where it is reasonable that evidence of the crime of arrest might be found in the car. How do these established search incident to arrest guidelines apply to a cell phone found on a person? Is a cell phone like a cigarette pack? Or is it different? In both Riley v. California and United States v. Wurie, the police arrested the defendants, and during a search incident to that arrest, the police seized each defendant’s cell phone that was located on their person. Evidence of gang and weapons activity was discovered on Riley’s phone, after police looked through text, photographs, and videos. In Wurie, police searched the defendant’s phone finding he had received multiple calls from “my house.” They accessed the call log, traced it to the defendant’s apartment, and then searched the apartment, finding drugs and firearms. Both defendants were convicted. The California Court of Appeals upheld Riley’s conviction, but the First Circuit Court of Appeals overturned Wurie’s conviction. The U.S. Supreme Court heard both cases together, and in a 9-0 opinion, held that the police generally may not, without a warrant, search digital information on a cell phone seized from an individual who has been arrested.

DIGITAL DATA IS DIFFERENT Writing for the court, Chief Justice Roberts weighed the degree of intrusion on an individual’s privacy against the need for the promotion of legitimate governmental in-

terests. Although the risk of harm to officers and destruction of evidence are present in all custodial arrests, Roberts concluded that these risks are not a concern with digital data on a cell phone. Digital data does not present a risk of harm to an officer, nor help an arrestee to escape. Officers can of course ensure that the cell phone cannot be used as a weapon, but once the phone is physically secured, the digital data itself does not endanger anyone. The Court was also not persuaded that the loss of evidence risk was implicated. Once secured, there is no longer a risk that the arrestee will delete information from the cell phone. The government was also unable to establish that remote wiping or data encryption were a prevalent problem, or that other technologies could not be used to address these concerns. On the other hand, the intrusion on an individual’s privacy is substantial. Unlike physical items, a cell phone can store millions of pages of text, thousands of photographs or hundreds of videos. The term “cell phone” may in fact be a misnomer, wrote Roberts. “They could just as easily be called cameras, video players, rolodexes, calendars, tape recorders, libraries, diaries, albums, televisions, maps, or newspapers.” As a result, the information is far more pervasive than any physical item would be. Further complicating matters is that data on a cell phone may be stored elsewhere, such as in the cloud, which would render the search far more expansive than originally contemplated by the officer. Citing a Pew Research Study that found that 90% of Americans owned cell phones, this is also an issue that officers are likely to encounter frequently. For all of these reasons, the Court concluded that the privacy interests involved clearly outweigh any governmental interests, such that a warrant will generally be required to search digital information on an arrestee’s cell phone.

EXIGENT CIRCUMSTANCES EXCEPTION STILL APPLIES Importantly, other exceptions to the warrant requirement remain in full force. The Court specifically left open the possibility that the exigent circumstance exception could apply to a cell phone search on a case-by-case basis. In determining whether an exigency exists, the Court will look to the totality of the circumstances.

GET A WARRANT The Court stressed that cell phones can indeed be searched -- officers must generally just obtain a warrant first.


AN AN OVERVIEW OVERVIEW OF OF THE THE

FEDERAL SENTENCING GUIDELINES How Howthe theSentencing SentencingGuidelines GuidelinesWork Work

The The sentencing sentencing guidelines guidelines take take into into account account both both the the seriseriousness of the offense and the offender’s criminal history. ousness of the offense and the offender’s criminal history. Offense OffenseSeriousness Seriousness The The sentencing sentencing guidelines guidelines provide provide 43 43 levels levels of of offense offense seriousness the more serious the crime, the higher seriousness - the more serious the crime, the higher the the offense offenselevel. level. Base BaseOffense OffenseLevel Level Each Each type type of of crime crime isis assigned assigned aa base base offense offense level, level, which which isis the starting point for determining the seriousness the starting point for determining the seriousness of of aa particular offense. More serious types of crime have highparticular offense. More serious types of crime have higher er base base offense offense levels levels {for {for example, example, aa trespass trespass has has aa base base offense level of 4, while kidnapping has a base offense level of 4, while kidnapping has a base offense offense level levelof of32). 32). Specific SpecificOffense OffenseCharacteristics Characteristics In Inaddition additionto tobase baseoffense offenselevels, levels,each eachoffense offensetype typetypicaltypicallylycarries with it a number of specific offense characteristics. carries with it a number of specific offense characteristics. These Theseare arefactors factorsthat thatvary varyfrom fromoffense offenseto tooffense, offense,but butthat that can increase or decrease the base offense level and, can increase or decrease the base offense level and, ultiultimately, mately,the thesentence sentencean anoffender offenderreceives. receives.Some Someexamples: examples: •• One One of of the the specific specific base base offense offense characteristics characteristics for for fraud fraud (which has a base offense level of 7 if the statutory (which has a base offense level of 7 if the statutory maximaximum mumisis20 20years yearsor ormore) more)increases increasesthe theoffense offenselevel levelbased based on the amount of loss involved in the offense. on the amount of loss involved in the offense. IfIf aa fraud fraud involved involved aa $6,000 $6,000 loss, loss, there there isis to to be be aa 2-level 2-level increase increase to to the thebase baseoffense offenselevel, level,bringing bringingthe thelevel levelup upto to9. 9.IfIfaafraud fraud involved involved a$50,000 a$50,000 loss, loss, there there isis to to be be aa 6-level 6-level increase, increase, bringing the total to 13. bringing the total to 13. •One •One of of the the specific specific offense offense characteristics characteristics for for robbery robbery {which has a base offense level of 20) involves {which has a base offense level of 20) involves the the use use of of aa firearm. If a firearm was brandished during the robbery, firearm. If a firearm was brandished during the robbery, there there isis to to be be aa 5-level 5-level increase, increase, bringing bringing the the level level to to 25; 25; ifif aafirearm was discharged during the robbery, there is to firearm was discharged during the robbery, there is tobe be aa7-level 7-levelincrease, increase,bringing bringingthe thelevel levelto to27. 27. Adjustments Adjustments Adjustments Adjustments are are factors factors that that can can apply apply to to any any offense. offense. Like Like specific offense characteristics, they increase or specific offense characteristics, they increase or decrease decrease the the offense offense level. level. Categories Categories of of adjustments adjustments include: include: vicvictim-related adjustments, the offender’s role tim-related adjustments, the offender’s role in in the the ofoffense, fense, and and obstruction obstruction of of justice. justice. Examples Examples of of adjustments adjustments are areas asfollows: follows: •• IfIf the the offender offender was was aa minimal minimal participant participant in in the the offense, offense, the offense level is decreased by 4 levels. the offense level is decreased by 4 levels. 13


• If the offender knew that the victim was unusually vulnerable due to age or physical or mental condition, the offense level is increased by 2 levels. • If the offender obstructed justice, the offense level is increased by 2 levels. Multiple Count Adjustments When there are multiple counts of conviction, the sentencing guidelines provide instructions on how to achieve a “combined offense level.” These rules provide incremental punishment for significant additional criminal conduct. The most serious offense is used as a starting point. The other counts determine whether and how much to increase the offense level. Acceptance of Responsibility Adjustments The final step in determining an offender’s offense level involves the offender’s acceptance of responsibility. The judge may decrease the offense level by two levels if, in the judge’s opinion, the offender accepted responsibility for his offense. In deciding whether to grant this reduction, judges can consider such factors as:

parting, the judge must state in writing the reason for the departure. In January 2005, the U.S. Supreme Court decided United States v. Booker, 543 U.S. 220 (2005). The Booker decision addressed the question left unresolved by the Court’s decision in Blakely v. Washington, 542 U.S. 296 {2004): whether the Sixth Amendment right to jury trial applies to the federal sentencing guidelines. In its substantive Booker opinion, the Court held that the Sixth Amendment applies to the sentencing guidelines. In its remedial Booker opinion, the Court severed and excised two statutory provisions, 18 U .S.C. § 3553 (b) (1), which made the federal guidelines mandatory, and 18 U.S.C. § 3742(e), an appeals provision. Under the approach set forth by the Court, “district courts, while not bound to apply the Guidelines, must consult those Guidelines and take them into account when sentencing,” subject to review by the courts of appeal for “unreasonableness.” The subsequent Supreme Court decision in Rita v. United States, 551 U.S. 338 {2007), held that courts of appeal may apply a presumption of reasonableness when reviewing a sentence imposed within the guideline sentencing range.

• whether the offender truthfully admitted his or her role in the crime, • whether the offender made restitution before there was a guilty verdict, and • whether the offender pled guilty. Offenders who qualify for the 2-level reduction and whose offense levels are greater than 15, may, upon motion of the government, be granted an additional 1-level reduction if, in a timely manner, they declare their intention to plead guilty. Criminal History The guidelines assign each offender to one of six criminal history categories based upon the extent of an offender’s past misconduct. Criminal History Category I is the least serious category and includes many first-time offenders. Criminal History Category VI is the most serious category and includes offenders with serious criminal records. Determining the Guideline Range

For additional information about the United States Sentencing Commission, contact:

The final offense level is determined by taking the base offense level and then adding or subtracting from it any specific offense characteristics and adjustments that apply. The point at which the final offense level and the criminal history category intersect on the Commission’s sentencing table determines the defendant’s sentencing guideline range. Sentences Outside of the Guideline Range

Office of Legislative and Public Affairs United States Sentencing Commission One Columbus Circle, NE, Suite 2-500 Washington, DC 20002-8002 (202) 502-4500 • FAX: (202) 502-4699 E-mail: pubaffairs@ussc.govIIwww.ussc.gov

After the guideline range is determined, if an atypical aggravating or mitigating circumstance exists, the court may “depart” from the guideline range. That is, the judge may sentence the offender above or below the range. When de-

Disclaimer: The characterizations of the sentencing guidelines in this overview are presented in simplified form and are not to be used for guideline interpretation, application, or authority.

14


FEDERAL SENTENCING TABLE

IF YOU ARE FACING A FEDERAL CHARGE, CONSULT WITH A FEDERAL SENTENCING LAWYER 15


Nassau County Correctional Center 100 Carmen Avenue East Meadow NY 11554

GENERAL INFORMATION: (516) 572-4200 V.I.N.E. (Victim Information & Notification Everyday): Call Toll-Free 1-888-VINE-4-NY (1-888-846-3469) VineLink.com

Visitor Contraband Warning

SHERIFF’S BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION (SBI): (516) 572-4205

Any questions related to personal/family visits or attorney/professional visits should be directed to the Visiting Unit Supervisor either in writing to the above address, or by telephone to (516) 572-4600 during regular visiting hours or (516) 572-4204 during all other times.

SHERIFF’S DEPARTMENT COMMUNICATIONS: (516) 572-4204

Inmate Telephone System Monitoring/Recording Warning Notice

INMATE RECORDS: (516) 572-3802 Board of Visitors c/o Nassau County Sheriff ’s Department 240 Old Country Road, Second Floor Mineola, New York 11501 VISITING HOURS AND ATTORNEY VISITS Inmates are entitled to two, one-hour personal / family visits each week. Attorney and professional visits are not counted towards the two hour weekly limitation.

All inmate telephone calls, other than properly placed telephone calls to legal counsel who have officially registered their specific telephone lines with the Sheriff ’s Department/Correctional Center, are subject to monitoring and/or recording at all times. Three (3) way calling, call forwarding, and/or conference calling of any kind is a violation of Sheriff ’s Department inmate telephone rules and may result in: 1. disciplinary action against the involved inmate participant; 2. loss of telephone privileges for the involved inmate participant; and/or

Effective July 8th, 2019 the Nassau County Correctional 3. potential criminal charges for the involved inmate and/or Center Visiting Hours will be as follows: any other active participant.

Please arrive no later than 1.5 hrs before the close of each visiting session

Attorneys who wish to register telephone lines with the Sheriff ’s Department must forward an official writing Monday: 8:00am-11:00am and 12:00pm-4:00pm on firm letterhead identifying the telephone number(s) Tuesday: 8:00am-11:00am for attorneys and professional that they will be using for inmate-client calls. visitors only* Visiting will be closed to the general public All such requests should be addressed as described beon Tuesdays. low and are subject to verification prior to official registration in the Sheriff ’s Department system. Wednesday: 8:00am-11:00am and 12:00pm-4:00pm Thursdays: 12:00pm-3:00pm and 4:00pm-8:00pm Fridays: 12:00pm-3:00pm and 4:00pm-8:00pm Visiting is closed on Saturdays, Sundays and on all official County Holidays

Nassau County Sheriff ’s Department/Correctional Center IT/Computer Operations Unit 100 Carman Avenue East Meadow, NY 11554


Suffolk County Jail

110 Center Drive South, Riverhead, NY 11901 Visiting an Inmate

Visiting Rules & Requirements

We recognize how important it is for inmates and their families and friends to maintain contact with one another. The Suffolk County Sheriff ’s Office would like your visit to be as comfortable as possible. Please familiarize yourself with the rules and guidelines of the facilities as described below.a

Inmates may have up to two (2) one-hour visits per week. Inmates are permitted only two (2) visitors and two (2) small children at the same time in the visiting room. You may split the visit time among several individuals allowing a maximum of six (6) visitors per visiting period. Once your visit time is over, you must leave the facility.

Visiting Days & Times

You must be at least 18 years old to schedule and/or Visiting hours for the Riverhead and Yaphank facilities visit alone. Persons under the age of 18 must be acare Tuesday thru Saturday beginning at 2:30 p.m.  There companied by their legal guardian at all times while on are four sessions per day: facility property. An original birth certificate or court documentation is required for all children. 2:30-3:30 pm  • 4:00-5:00 pm • 6:45-7:45 pm • 8:15-9:15 pm

Identification

Reservations for these sessions may be made in advance by calling 631-852-1893  or  631-852-1894  Monday–Fri- Every adult visitor must present valid photo identificaday: 8:00 am-11:00 am or 12:00 pm-4:00 pm. tion. Examples of photo I.D. that are accepted are: Note:   Reservations should be made at least 24 hours in advance for the current week only. You must be at least 18 years old to make the appointment and/or visit an inmate alone.  If you do not have a reservation, a “walkin” visit may be possible depending on availability but cannot be guaranteed.  Walk-in visitors must adhere to the established schedule. Information to provide to the receptionist: Your Full Name • Your Date of Birth • Your Contact Phone Number

•Valid New York State-issued Driver’s License •Valid New York State Issued Learner’s Permit or Non-Driver Photo I.D. •A Valid Out-of-State Driver’s License with Photo issued by another state, or jurisdiction •A Valid U.S. Military Photo I.D. Card •A Valid United States Passport or Valid Foreign Passport.  •Other forms of valid government-issued identification may be accepted at the discretion of the Sheriff ’s Office Visiting Unit personnel. What to expect

Visiting is scheduled by the first initial of the inmate’s last name prior to your visit & upon arrival to our facilities: as follows: Tuesday-Friday: Session                              Odd Days                  Even Days 2:30pm-3:30pm                     B-E-Z                        D-S-V 4:00pm-5:00pm                  M-P-Q-X                    F-G-J-Y 6:45pm-7:45pm                    C-K-W                    L-N-T 8:15pm-9:15pm                    O-U-R                       A-H-I Every effort will be made to accommodate all persons who are handicapped or need assistance.

Arrive at least 30 minutes prior to the scheduled visiting session to allow for processing. Visitors who arrive late may not be processed for a visit. Upon arrival check-in at the facility’s entrance booth and park in the designated visitor parking area only. Please remain in your vehicle, or the sheltered waiting area, until your designated visiting time. Once you have entered the facility, it will take approximately 30 minutes to process you for entrance into the visiting room. Please be patient and remain seated in the waiting area until an officer calls the name of the individual you wish to see.   


The following items are NOT permitted In the visiting waiting area:

All mail should be sent to the following address:

•Tobacco products •Matches •Lighters •Food •Drinks •Gum

C/O Inmate`s Name Suffolk County Correctional Facility 110 Center Drive South Riverhead, NY 11901

The following items are NOT permitted into the visiting room: •Jewelry •Piercings •Earrings •Watches •Wallets •Keys •Handbags, Purses, or Pocketbooks •Money •Paper •Writing Utensils •Hats •Coats •Vests •Sweaters •Layered Clothing •Hooded Garments •Phones •Belts •Hair Scrunchies, Clips, or Pins or any other item indicated by Correction Officers. Your visit may be terminated for violation of facility rules. PLEASE NOTE: In accordance with NYSCOC Minimum Standards Section 7008, visitors are subject to being searched for contraband. In order to expedite your visit please follow all posted regulations and the directions of all officers. You will be required to successfully pass through a metal detector and meet dress requirements. You should avoid wearing clothing that contains multiple zippers, metal appliqués or bras with metal under wire. All contents from all pockets on your clothing should be removed. These and similar items may prevent you from being able to pass the metal detector. Your shoes must be removed and passed through the x-ray machine. You will be denied your visit if you should appear to be intoxicated or under the influence of drugs. You will also be denied a visit if you pose a threat to the safety, security or good order of the facility. Drug sniffing dogs patrol inside the facilities and on the grounds. Any visitor caught with contraband or defacing facility property will be subject to arrest and will be barred from visiting or entering any facility properties.

PLEASE NOTE: If the individual has a common name, please add his or her date of birth on the front of the envelope. The following items are NOT allowed in inmate’s incoming mail: •Colored envelopes: All envelopes Must Be White ONLY •Stamps or other postage •Polaroid Pictures •Pictures larger than 5” x 7” •Cards larger than 6” x 9” •Stickers •Pornographic pictures or pictures that are offensive and graphic in nature •Hard covered publications with cover attached PLEASE NOTE: All inmates shall be permitted to receive newspapers, magazines, soft cover books and other types of publications which are legally available to the public generally; directly from the publisher or reputable online vendors (example: Amazon. com, BarnesandNoble.com). This applies to all printed materials received via mail or packages. None of these articles may be received from visitors. Sending Packages and Money When mailing packages and/or money, please send only items that are allowed by regulations. Prohibited or excess items will be returned to you at the inmate`s expense or disposed of if not picked up within the required time frame. Contraband items may result in prosecution. PLEASE NOTE: No pockets or drawstrings are permitted on the clothing listed below. •2 Female Night Gowns: Plain and White Only •7 Female Sports Bras: No Metal Under-wires •2 Sweat Shirts: Green or White •2 Sweat Pants: Green or White •2 Gym Shorts: Green or White •7 Tee Shirts: White Only •2 Towels: 2’ by 4’ Maximum Size: White Only •2 Set of Thermals: White or Off White •5 Books: Paperback Only •5 Magazines •2 Newspapers: Current Issues Only •15 Photos: 5”x7” Maximum Size - No Polaroids •1 Prayer Rug •1 Kuffi: Black or White, Single Layer •1 Wedding Band: Plain

Mail

Type of Funds Accepted: CASH AND MONEY ORDERS ONLY. PERSONAL CHECKS ARE NOT ACCEPTED

Studies show that when inmates maintain a relationship with family & friends, it greatly reduces the risk of them returning to jail upon release.

Inmate Phone Services (Securus): The Suffolk County Correctional Facility uses Securus to pay for inmate phone calls.


Downstate Correctional Facility 121 Red Schoolhouse Rd, Fishkill, NY 12524

VISITING DAYS & HOURS 8:30 AM to 3:15 PM Monday to Friday, Weekends and Holidays No Visitor processing between 11:15 AM- 12:45 PM or after 2:15 PM Visiting Room All visitors will be photographed SPECIAL HOUSING UNIT VISITING DAYS & HOURS (Inmates in SHU – 1 visit within 7 day period) 8:30 AM to 3:15 PM Monday to Friday 8:30 AM to 3:15 PM Weekends and Holidays No visitor processing between 11:15 AM and 12:45 PM or after 2:15 PM. Each week starts on a Monday and ends on a Sunday. One visit allowed each week NUMBER OF ALLOWABLE VISITS Unlimited number of visits during visiting hours. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF VISITORS PER VISIT/DAY (How many people at a visiting table at one time) Three/Unlimited Unlimited children under 12. VISITING GUIDELINES The Superintendent may deny, limit, suspend, or revoke the visitation privileges of any offender or visitor if the Superintendent has reasonable cause to believe that such action is necessary to maintain the safety, security, and good order of the facility. Identification:

certificates may be used for identification purposes. Lawyers and other persons entering for official visits can use: • Government issued employee photo identification. • A court issued employee picture identification or a Unified Court System attorney secure pass identification card. Visitors Under 18 Years of Age: • All minors must be escorted by an adult who is approved to visit or an adult in an official capacity with proper identification and the approval of the Superintendent or his/her designee. The adult escort will be responsible for the behavior and conduct of the minor while on facility property, as well as identification of the minor. • Children of offenders will be allowed to visit without written permission. The offender’s name should appear on the child’s birth certificate as verification of relationship. No visit will be permitted if a court order prohibiting such visit is on file with the facility. • Children of offenders who are 16 years of age and older will be admitted without adult escort. • Unmarried minors under 18 years of age must have written permission from their parent or guardian to visit an offender, if they are not accompanied by their parent or guardian. Written permission may be mailed to the facility in advance or presented by the accompanying adult at the time of the visit. • Married persons under 18 years of age who are related to an offender do not need the permission of a parent, guardian, or an adult escort in order to visit an offender. However, proof of age and marriage will be required. Small Children:

Visitors are required to furnish proof of identification, which includes the following: All adult visitors will be required to present photo identification when being processed to visit an offender in DOCCS. Acceptable forms of photo identification must be valid, and current (not expired) and may include:

If you arrive with a small child, you will be allowed to take a diaper bag, three (3) diapers, and plastic baby bottles into the visiting room. (Milk is not always available at the facility. It is a good idea to bring your own). All articles must be searched beforehand. A suitable area within the perimeter of the visiting room is provided for the changing of diapers.

• A driver’s license with photo;

Contraband:

• A Department of Motor Vehicles non-driver photo identification;

The introduction of contraband to the facility is ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED. Contraband is defined as:

• Government issued photo identification; • Armed Services I.D. with photo; • Employment identification with a photo. To ensure faster processing, it is recommended that you use the same identification at every visit, regardless of who you are visiting and where. Your photograph will also be taken for the visitor identification system. For minor children only, birth or baptismal

• Anything in possession that would constitute an offense under the law applicable to the public. • Anything which could be used to cause death or serious physical injury, including, but not limited to, a hand gun, shoulder gun, cartridge, knife, explosive, or dangerous drug (including marijuana).


• Anything that is introduced into a correctional facility with the intent to transfer to an Offender without the permission of the Superintendent or designee.

•Refusing to submit to a strip search is not proof of guilt and future visits cannot be denied because you refused a strip search.

• Anything that is not specifically authorized to be possessed by an Offender in a state correctional facility according to the rules of the Department or local rules of the facility. (cell phones, alcohol and money are among the items offenders are not permitted to possess).

Religious Apparel

If you are caught with weapons, drugs, passing drugs, or if there is reasonable suspicion that you are involved with drugs, your visits can be suspended forever, and criminal charges can be filed against you. If this happens, your loved one may have outside criminal charges pressed against them which could lead to a new sentence and more prison time. In a correctional facility, promoting prison contraband is a felony offense. Such a situation could result in your being arrested in a town far from home, your children (if they are with you) being taken by Child Protective Services, prison time, and other serious disruptions to your life. Searches: Normal Search Procedures: Except at correctional camps, every person entering a facility shall pass through a metal detector and all items (handbags, briefcases, etc.) shall be searched. A hand frisker may be used if there is difficulty clearing a visitor using the walk-through metal detector. Substance Detection/Ion Scan Visitors may be subject to ion scanning or other non-intrusive test for detection of drugs and explosives. A substance detection/ion scanner test is a search using a handheld collection unit to take surface samples from the person’s hands, clothing, personal items, purses/handbags, packages or any other articles. A positive test result may occur when a person has come into contact with drugs or explosives (knowingly or unknowingly), whether the person has used that substance or not. If the test is positive, a second test of the same area is done. A confirmed positive test or test refusal will result in the denial of entry into any correctional facility for 2 consecutive days. Metal Detector You will have to pass through a metal detector. Clothing containing metal (e.g. decorative buckles, buttons or studs) or wire, including, but not limited to underwire bras, may cause the metal detector to alert and require further processing. If you wear clothing containing metal, you may have to go through a limited visual search, personal item search, or strip search before entry into the facility will be permitted. If you choose not to go through the additional search, your visit will be denied. Your decision to decline to be searched will not affect future visits. Special processing arrangements can be made for visitors who are the recipient of a pacemaker or defibrillator and wish not to pass through the walk through metal detector. Limited Visual/Personal Item If a metal detector alerts and the visitor cannot reveal or remove the detected object due to its personal nature, staff may pursue several search options. If you do not want to be searched, you will be allowed to leave. Deciding to leave instead of being searched will not hurt your ability to visit in the future. Limited Visual Search

A visitor is not routinely required to remove religious headwear during search procedures. However, if staff determines, following the use of the hand scanner, that removal of the headwear or any other item of religious apparel is necessary, the item shall be removed in a private area in the presence of a security or civilian staff member of the same sex. If there is no staff member of the same sex on duty, and the visitor still refuses or cannot remove the item due to its religious significance in the visitor processing area, the visit will be denied If you submit to a strip search, a security supervisor must obtain your written consent on Form #2061 - Notice of Consent to Search. In the case of a minor child, the consent must be given by a parent, guardian, or a person in an official capacity regarding the minor. Strip searches shall be conducted in locations heated to a level of human comfort for disrobed persons. Strip searches shall be conducted by an officer of the same sex as you. In unusual circumstances, you may be told that your child has to be strip-searched. In this case, the parent, guardian, or person in an official capacity who has escorted the minor to the facility shall be requested to be present, and, at the discretion of the officer, may participate in the strip search. If at any time during the procedure the minor objects to the strip search, the procedure shall be terminated immediately. It may take time for the person to come to where you are to do the search. If you pass the search, you will be allowed to visit. If you do not pass the search, your visit will be denied, future visits can be denied, and the State Police may be called to arrest you if illegal contraband is found. There may be other negative consequences. Cellular phones, pagers, personal digital assistants, cameras, recording devices, two way radios, laptop computers, or other similar electronic devices are prohibited from entering correctional facilities. Smoking Due to the fact that smoking is not allowed inside our correctional facilities, tobacco products (including matches) for personal use are not allowed inside a facility. Prescribed Routine Medications All medications must be declared and given to the processing officer. They shall be identified and stored in a secure area. If the visitor needs the medication during the visiting period, it may be obtained as directed by security staff. Clothing/Hair/Jewelry Visitors should wear clothing that enhances a family atmosphere. Please wear: complete attire with appropriate undergarments; comfortable footwear (bare feet are not allowed) and weather appropriate attire when necessary. Inappropriate clothing will result in you being denied entry into the facility. Make sure you understand the dress code for visitors. It helps to have a change of clothes with you if you are not sure.

A limited visual search is a search done in a private area where an officer or staff member of the same sex will visually inspect the area in question. The visitor will lift any clothing or under garments necessary, to show the staff that no contraband is hidden on the visitor’s person in the area in question. If a staff member of the same sex is not available, a personal item search is used instead.

Prohibited Dress

Personal Item Search

• Shorts or skirts shorter than mid-thigh length are not allowed.

A search of personal items may be conducted as an alternative to a limited visual search or when a staff member of the same sex is not available. The visitor is allowed to enter a private area or room to remove items of a personal nature including braces, underwire bras, etc., and given a paper bag in which to place the personal items. The visitor is also allowed to wear a large white shirt as an outer covering during reprocessing procedures. The visitor will be reprocessed via a hand scanner or walk-through metal detector. The bag and its contents shall be discreetly inspected for contraband.

• Bathing suits.

• See-through (sheer) clothing, bare midriffs or backs. • Plunging necklines, short shorts or athletic shorts, low tops or backless tops or dresses.

• Attire displaying obscene/offensive, derogatory language or drawings; or promoting illegal activity. If in doubt, you should not wear a questionable item of clothing. Under no circumstances will a visitor be allowed into the facility dressed inappropriately.

Strip Search

•Please be advised, if your bra makes the metal detector go off, you will have to take it off and/or be searched by an officer. (See policy regarding searches).

If a visitor to a correctional facility has complied with all of the search processes and a supervisor determines that further processing is warranted, the superintendent or the officer of the day may authorize a consensual strip search after reviewing the matter.

•If you wear many hair pins and the metal detector goes off because of them, you will be told that you have to take them out of your hair in order to visit. It is easier to do your hair another way.

• The superintendent must have reasonable cause to believe that contraband is concealed upon the person, based upon specific and explainable facts and inferences reasonably drawn from those facts.

•Be aware that some head wraps may have to come off in order for you to pass through the metal detector successfully.

• The visitor has the option to submit to the requested search procedure or to refuse.

•Many kinds of jewelry make the detector go off. It is easier to remove anything questionable and carry it with you in the processing area. Put it back on later.

•If a visitor refuses to submit to a strip search the visit will be denied.

•Zippers, metal studs, and decorations can make the detector go off. If this hap-


pens, you may be asked to go into the bathroom, take off the clothing, put on an alternative article of clothing provided by the Department and kept there for those purposes, and go through the detector again until you make it through successfully. It is best to wear simple clothing so that you can become accustomed to the procedures at the correctional facility. Sobriety Visitors who appear to be intoxicated or under the influence of drugs will not be admitted inside a correctional facility. Monies Funds for deposit to an offender’s account may be left before a visit, or they may be sent through the mail by check or money order. Money left at the visiting desk is limited to $50.00 per offender per day. Checks or money orders must be made payable to the name under which the offender is committed. It is also recommended that the offender’s department identification number (DIN) be included on the check / money order. It is best to keep your receipts for your records. Cross-Visiting Cross visiting is the participation of two offenders in a visit with one or more visitors. Cross visiting is permitted with the approval of the Superintendent, and, in the cases of immediate family members, is to be encouraged. Offenders wishing to cross visit must submit requests to their respective Offender Rehabilitation Coordinator at least one month prior to the proposed visit. •Only persons who are on both offender’s visiting records may participate in cross visits. •Cross visiting may be limited when necessary in order to accommodate all visitors. •When a cross visit is taking place the two offenders may participate in a common photograph. Objectionable Behavior Objectionable behavior may result in termination of a visit. Such behavior may include, but is not limited to: loud, abusive, or boisterous actions, disruptive or argumentative behavior, unacceptable physical contact or conduct. While visiting, use good judgment and discretion in dress and behavior so as not to offend others in the visiting room. You may be tempted to try to have more physical contact than what is allowed. This is upsetting to other visitors who have children with them, and can cause your relative or friend to be issued a misbehavior report, as well as your visiting privileges suspended.

request that the superintendent of the facility housing the offender to be visited review the matter on an annual basis for possible restoration of visiting privileges. Offender Suspensions An offender found guilty of misconduct before, during or after the visitation process, may have his or her visiting privileges suspended. Certain types of misconduct, such as smuggling contraband, or sexual misconduct when other visitors are in the area, can result in a loss of visits with all visitors. An offender found guilty of drug related charges under any circumstances, can lose visiting privileges with all visitors for 6 months for a first offense or 1 year for a second or subsequent offense. RULES SPECIFIC TO THE VISITING ROOM •Posted Rules: All offenders and visitors shall follow posted rules and directions of the visiting room officers. Allowable items may vary according to facility policy. No large bags or packages will be allowed in the visiting room. Lockers are available in the front gate area for such items. •Exchange: Visitors will not give anything to offenders, nor will offenders give anything to visitors, unless it is examined and approved by the officer •Kissing: A visitor and offender may embrace and kiss at the beginning and end of any contact visit. Brief kisses and embraces are also permitted during the course of the contact visit. However, prolonged kissing and what is commonly considered “necking” or “petting” is not permitted. •Hand Holding: A visitor and an offender may hold hands as long as the hands are in plain view of others. •Seating: The officer in charge of the visiting room will make the seating arrangements. Seating arrangements will not be changed by the offenders or visitors. •Food: Only food and beverages purchased in the vending machines will be allowed in the visiting room, and only visitors are allowed to use the machines. •Pictures: Pictures of you and your loved one may be made available according to facility policy. •Visitor’s Complaint: Visitors who wish to express a complaint against a staff member should request to see a security supervisor. Visitors who wish to lodge a complaint of unlawful discriminatory treatment shall send a written description outlining the particulars of the incident, including date, time, place, name(s) of person(s) involved, if known, and/or other documentation in support of the claim to:

Families with Special Needs

Director, Office of Diversity Management

•Accommodations: Procedures for acquiring reasonable accommodations are available at each general confinement facility.

New York State Department of Correction and Community Supervision

•Wheelchairs: For those visitors who require the use of a wheelchair, facilities have made provisions which allow reasonable accessibility.

1220 Washington Avenue

Special Events Visits Each general confinement facility schedules “Special Events Programs” designed to celebrate cultural, religious, and ethnic affiliations. They also recognize individual and group achievements, and strengthen community and family ties. Under most circumstances, an offender’s guest will only be allowed to participate if he or she has visited the offender at least twice in a New York State Department of Correction and Community Supervision facility during the current incarceration. An exception may be made for an offender’s legal child, less than 18 years of age, who has not previously visited, provided that the child is accompanied by an adult visitor who has met the previous visiting requirement. Other Visits •Legal Visits: For offenders and their legal representatives. •Outside Hospital Visits: For offenders in outside community hospitals. •Facility Hospital Visits: For offenders VISITING MISCONDUCT/VIOLATIONS Visitor Suspensions Visitor sanctions apply at all DOCCS correctional facilities and for all incarcerated offenders visited. If a visit is terminated, visiting privileges may be suspended for up to one week until the superintendent makes a decision reinstating, limiting, suspending, or indefinitely suspending the visitor’s visiting privileges. Many categories of serious visitor misconduct now include as the maximum penalty imposition of an “Indefinite Suspension” of visiting privileges. An indefinite suspension of visiting privileges has no predetermined end date, but instead the visitor may

The Harriman State Campus - Building #2 Albany, NY 12226-2050 VISITOR CHECKLIST •Confirm that the offender has not been transferred and has visitation privileges. •Bring valid photo Identification (ID). •If you have made special arrangements with the facility, call before leaving to be sure that plans for your visit have been made and are in place. •Check clothing and jewelry for compliance with visiting regulations. •If you are bringing a child and you are not the legal guardian or parent, you must have the notarized statement from the child’s parent or legal guardian with you. •Before leaving home, check your vehicle for contraband and/or hazardous items. This includes, but is not limited to, implements of escape, drug paraphernalia, intoxicants, poisons, any items that pose a danger to others, weapons, such as knives, scissors, or firearms, and any item used to show a gang affiliation. Remove these items before entering the correctional facility grounds. •Arrive on the designated day during proper visiting hours. •Leave purses, wallets, and electronic devices in your car - either in the glove compartment, or in the trunk. Be sure to lock your car! •Do not leave any minor children waiting in the car or your visit will be ended. •Remember to treat correctional staff with respect. •Do not have any contraband on you when you enter the facility. •Do not bring anything into the visiting room to give to the offender. Offenders are not permitted to take anything from the visiting area.


What to Expect When Visiting

RIKERS ISLAND

Visit Schedule The Department of Correction (DOC) posts the visit schedule on their website – go to nyc.gov/doc, click “Visit an Inmate,” and then click “Visit Schedule” you can also call: (718) 546-1500. Visits are not allowed on Mondays and Tuesdays. On Fridays, everyone is allowed visitors. Other days visits are offered based on first letter of last name of the incarcerated individual (A-L or M-Z). On Wednesdays and Thursdays, visits are offered from 1:00 pm until 8:00pm. Friday through Sunday, visits are offered 7:00am until 2:00pm.  NO Visits Monday and Tuesday  Weds, Thurs: Visits between 1:00pm – 8:00pm. Either Last Names A-L or M-Z will be offered visits, make sure to check the visit schedule online at nyc.gov/doc or call (718) 546-1500.  Friday: Everyone can visit! Visits from 7:00am – 2:00 pm  Sat, Sun Visits Run from 8:00am until 2:00pm. Either Last Names A-L or M-Z will be offered visits, make sure to check the visit schedule online at nyc.gov/doc or call (718) 546-1500.

DOC Dress Code DOC’s visitor dress code is online at nyc.gov/doc. As a general rule, avoid clothes that are tight fitting, revealing, have offensive words or symbols, and clothes with bright colors that might be associated with gangs. Bobby pins may set off the metal detector, and DOC may ask to search head wraps. DOC requires that everyone wear undergarments such as a bra and underwear. DOC staff may check your waistline to see if you are wearing undergarments. If DOC claims you are violating the dress code, they will provide you with an oversized green shirt to wear over your clothes. If you refuse to wear the shirt you may be denied a contact visit, or denied your visit altogether.  No tight fitting or revealing clothes.  No bright colors/symbols that could be associated with gangs  DOC may ask you to wear a cover-up shirt, and may deny your visit if you refuse.

Visiting From Out of State Normally visits last one hour, but if you are visiting from out-of-state, you may be allowed extra time. You will need to show proof that you are visiting from out-of-state (bus ticket, plane ticket).

Denied a Visit? Contact the Board of Correction immediately. You can call (212)-669-7900 and explain why you feel you have been denied a visit.

Non-Contact Visit? You and your loved one can object to non-contact visit status. The person who is incarcerated should file an appeal through the DOC grievance process. The person on the outside should call the Board of Correction at (212)-669-7900.

Getting to Rikers From Lower Manhattan, Brooklyn the Bronx and Staten Island: Take the most convenient train to Queens Plaza (E,M,R), Queensboro Plaza (N,Q,7) or Court Square (G). Then connect to the Q100 bus – the stops are indicated on the map below: From Upper Manhattan: Take the M60 Bus, which runs along 125th Street (MLK Jr. Blvd.) toward LaGuardia Airport. Transfer to the Q101 at 25th at Steinway Avenue in Astoria. Exit the bus at Rikers Island, then Board the Q100 bus to go over the bridge onto the island.

Jails Action Coalition Have a Question? Need help? Want to help us make the jails more humane? Join JAC! Please contact us: C/O Urban Justice Center 40 Rector Street, 9th Floor New York, NY 10006 Email: nycjailsactioncoalition@gmail.com Facebook: facebook.com/nycjac Twitter: @JailsAction DOC’s Full Visit Protocol: http://www.nyc.gov/html/doc/downloads/pdf/2007RB_Inmate_Visit_Procedures_11_15.pdf


Step By Step Guide: What to Expect When Vi 1. 2.

Take the Q100 over the bridge to Rikers Island The Central Visit Building is to the right as you exit the bus. Lockers are available for visitors, but you need a quarter which you will get back. Lock everything (bags/purses, any electronics, cash, cigarettes or other possible contraband) in a locker. Bring only your ID and any publications you may be delivering to your loved one. 3. As you enter, you must clear a metal detector and take off your shoes and outer layers. If you do not clear the metal detectors after two attempts, officers will ask you to consent to a pat search over your clothing, like the airport. Refusing a search may result in a noncontact visit or visit denial. 4. After clearing the first security check, look for the signs hanging from the ceiling – find the sign for the jail where your loved one is housed and proceed to that waiting area. Check in with the officer and provide them with your ID. 5. The officer may ask you to provide a scan of your thumb print. You are not required to provide thumb scan. If you are denied a visit because you refused the thumb scan, contact the Board of Correction Immediately (212) 669 7900. 6. You will be given a Visitor Express Pass, make sure not to lose this! 7. A shuttle bus comes every 20-30 minutes and will transport you to the specified jail. 8. At the jail, you must clear a second metal detector. You may be asked to submit to a chemical detection test (a wipe of the hands with immediate results for any chemical residue). 9. Lock up all remaining personal items (jewelry, jacket, etc). You will need a second quarter. 10. One by one the officer will call you into a private area for a body check. You must remove your socks and shoes, lift up your sleeves, hair and open your mouth. For women, you will be asked to bend over and lift your bra forward. Men must lift up their shirt.

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How Long Will it Take? In addition to the 1 hour spent visiting your loved one, the visiting process can take 2-5 hours due to searches and long waits. You should also plan for travel time to and from Rikers Island.

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10 .. Jail Facility

Visiting Rikers Island

Number of Visitors Maximum 3 Visitors Per Visit – not including infants under 1 year old.

A Guide:

What to expect when visiting your loved one on Rikers Island

Items on the Visit Floor You will only be allowed to bring your Visitor Express Pass with you. You must lock up all other property, including outer layers of clothing and jewelry.

Holding Your Visit Visits typically last 1 hour; you will be permitted a brief embrace and kiss at the beginning and end of the visit. You may be separated by a partition on the table during the visit. Children may sit with an incarcerated family member.

Remember to Bring:

Dropping Off Publications:

Visiting with Children:

• Identification (ID) • 2 quarters for lockers. You will Brought to you by : get both quarters back.

You will be allowed to bring a maximum of 4 books, magazines, or newspapers to your visit, which must be in a plastic bag and dropped off with an officer when you arrive at the jail.

Be prepared to leave the stroller on top of the lockers at the Central Visit Building, you may be able to bring it to the jail, but strollers are not allowed onto the visiting floor.

NYC Jails Action Coalition

Brought to you by the Shuttle to and from Jail Facility: NYC Jails Action Coalition Shuttle corresponds to the jail you are visitingApril and2016 leaves every 20-30 minutes.

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New York Consolidated Laws

Criminal Procedure Law: CPL § 440.10 Motion to Vacate Judgment 1. At any time after the entry of a judgment, the court in which it was entered may, upon motion of the defendant, vacate such judgment upon the ground that: (a) The court did not have jurisdiction of the action or of the person of the defendant; or (b) The judgment was procured by duress, misrepresentation or fraud on the part of the court or a prosecutor or a person acting for or in behalf of a court or a prosecutor; or (c) Material evidence adduced at a trial resulting in the judgment was false and was, prior to the entry of the judgment, known by the prosecutor or by the court to be false; or (d) Material evidence adduced by the people at a trial resulting in the judgment was procured in violation of the defendant’s rights under the constitution of this state or of the United States; or (e) During the proceedings resulting in the judgment, the defendant, by reason of mental disease or defect, was incapable of understanding or participating in such proceedings; or (f) Improper and prejudicial conduct not appearing in the record occurred during a trial resulting in the judgment which conduct, if it had appeared in the record, would have required a reversal of the judgment upon an appeal therefrom; or (g) New evidence has been discovered since the entry of a judgment based upon a verdict of guilty after trial, which could not have been produced by the defendant at the trial even with due diligence on his part and which is of such character as to create a probability that had such evidence been received at the trial the verdict would have been more favorable to the defendant; provided that a motion based upon such ground must be made with due diligence after the discovery of such alleged new evidence; or (g-1) Forensic DNA testing of evidence performed since the entry of a judgment, (1) in the case of a defendant convicted after a guilty plea, the court has determined that the defendant has demonstrated a substantial probability that the defendant was actually innocent of the offense of which he or she was convicted, or (2) in the case of a defendant convicted after a trial, the court has determined that there exists a reasonable probability that the verdict would have been more favorable to the defendant. (h) The judgment was obtained in violation of a right of the defendant under the constitution of this state or of the United States; or (i) The judgment is a conviction where the arresting charge was under section 240.37 (loitering for the purpose of engaging in a prostitution offense, provided that the defendant was not alleged to be loitering for the purpose of patronizing a person for prostitution or promoting prostitution) or 230.00 (prostitution) or 230.03 (prostitution in a school zone) of the penal law, and the defendant’s participation in the offense was a result of having been a victim of sex trafficking under section 230.34 of the penal law , sex trafficking of a child under section 230.34-a of the penal law , labor trafficking under section 135.35 of the penal law , aggravated labor trafficking under section 135.37 of the penal law , compelling prostitution under section 230.33 of the penal law , or trafficking in persons under the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (United States Code, title 22, chapter 78); provided that (i) a motion under this paragraph shall be made with due diligence, after the defendant has ceased to be a victim of such trafficking or compelling prostitution crime or has sought services for victims of such trafficking or compelling prostitution crime, subject to reasonable concerns for the safety of the defendant, family members of the defendant, or other victims of such trafficking or compelling prostitution crime that may be jeopardized by the bringing of such motion, or for other reasons consistent with the purpose of this paragraph; and (ii) official documentation of the defendant’s status as a victim of traffick-

ing, compelling prostitution or trafficking in persons at the time of the offense from a federal, state or local government agency shall create a presumption that the defendant’s participation in the offense was a result of having been a victim of sex trafficking, compelling prostitution or trafficking in persons, but shall not be required for granting a motion under this paragraph. 2. Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision one, the court must deny a motion to vacate a judgment when: (a) The ground or issue raised upon the motion was previously determined on the merits upon an appeal from the judgment, unless since the time of such appellate determination there has been a retroactively effective change in the law controlling such issue; or (b) The judgment is, at the time of the motion, appealable or pending on appeal, and sufficient facts appear on the record with respect to the ground or issue raised upon the motion to permit adequate review thereof upon such an appeal. This paragraph shall not apply to a motion under paragraph (i) of subdivision one of this section; or (c) Although sufficient facts appear on the record of the proceedings underlying the judgment to have permitted, upon appeal from such judgment, adequate review of the ground or issue raised upon the motion, no such appellate review or determination occurred owing to the defendant’s unjustifiable failure to take or perfect an appeal during the prescribed period or to his unjustifiable failure to raise such ground or issue upon an appeal actually perfected by him; or (d) The ground or issue raised relates solely to the validity of the sentence and not to the validity of the conviction. 3. Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision one, the court may deny a motion to vacate a judgment when: (a) Although facts in support of the ground or issue raised upon the motion could with due diligence by the defendant have readily been made to appear on the record in a manner providing adequate basis for review of such ground or issue upon an appeal from the judgment, the defendant unjustifiably failed to adduce such matter prior to sentence and the ground or issue in question was not subsequently determined upon appeal. This paragraph does not apply to a motion based upon deprivation of the right to counsel at the trial or upon failure of the trial court to advise the defendant of such right, or to a motion under paragraph (i) of subdivision one of this section; or (b) The ground or issue raised upon the motion was previously determined on the merits upon a prior motion or proceeding in a court of this state, other than an appeal from the judgment, or upon a motion or proceeding in a federal court; unless since the time of such determination there has been a retroactively effective change in the law controlling such issue; or (c) Upon a previous motion made pursuant to this section, the defendant was in a position adequately to raise the ground or issue underlying the present motion but did not do so. Although the court may deny the motion under any of the circumstances specified in this subdivision, in the interest of justice and for good cause shown it may in its discretion grant the motion if it is otherwise meritorious and vacate the judgment. 4. If the court grants the motion, it must, except as provided in subdivision five or six of this section, vacate the judgment, and must dismiss the accusatory instrument, or order a new trial, or take such other action as is appropriate in the circumstances. 5. Upon granting the motion upon the ground, as prescribed in paragraph (g) of subdivision one, that newly discovered evidence creates a probability that had such evidence been received at the trial the verdict


would have been more favorable to the defendant in that the conviction would have been for a lesser offense than the one contained in the verdict, the court may either: (a) Vacate the judgment and order a new trial; or (b) With the consent of the people, modify the judgment by reducing it to one of conviction for such lesser offense. In such case, the court must re-sentence the defendant accordingly. 6. If the court grants a motion under paragraph (i) of subdivision one of this section, it must vacate the judgment and dismiss the accusatory instrument, and may take such additional action as is appropriate in the circumstances. 7. Upon a new trial resulting from an order vacating a judgment pursuant to this section, the indictment is deemed to contain all the counts and to charge all the offenses which it contained and charged at the time the previous trial was commenced, regardless of whether any count was dismissed by the court in the course of such trial, except (a) those upon or of which the defendant was acquitted or deemed to have been acquitted, and (b) those dismissed by the order vacating the judgment, and (c) those previously dismissed by an appellate court upon an appeal from the judgment, or by any court upon a previous post-judgment motion. 8. Upon an order which vacates a judgment based upon a plea of guilty to an accusatory instrument or a part thereof, but which does not dismiss the entire accusatory instrument, the criminal action is, in the absence of an express direction to the contrary, restored to its pre-pleading status and the accusatory instrument is deemed to contain all the counts and to charge all

the offenses which it contained and charged at the time of the entry of the plea, except those subsequently dismissed under circumstances specified in paragraphs (b) and (c) of subdivision six. Where the plea of guilty was entered and accepted, pursuant to subdivision three of section 220.30 , upon the condition that it constituted a complete disposition not only of the accusatory instrument underlying the judgment vacated but also of one or more other accusatory instruments against the defendant then pending in the same court, the order of vacation completely restores such other accusatory instruments; and such is the case even though such order dismisses the main accusatory instrument underlying the judgment.


520 Eighth Avenue, 18th Floor, New York, NY 10018 p. 646.386.3100 f. 212.397.0985 courtinnovation.org/areas-of-focus/bail-reform

New York’s Bail Reform Law Summary of Major Components On April 1, 2019, New York State passed sweeping criminal justice reform legislation that eliminates money bail and pretrial detention for nearly all misdemeanor and nonviolent felony cases. The measure goes into effect in January 2020. This summary explains the reform’s potential implications.

Money Bail and Pretrial Detention Are Eliminated in Most Cases ▪ Misdemeanors: Money bail is eliminated with only two exceptions: sex offense misdemeanors and criminal contempt charges for an order of protection violation in a domestic violence case. Also, straight pretrial detention (“remand”) is eliminated in all misdemeanor cases. ▪ Nonviolent Felonies: Both money bail and pretrial detention are eliminated in virtually all nonviolent felonies, with a limited number of exceptions: witness intimidation or tampering, conspiracy to commit murder, felony criminal contempt charges involving domestic violence, and a limited number of offenses against children, sex offenses, and terrorism-related charges. ▪ Violent Felonies: Money bail and detention are still permitted in virtually all violent felonies, except for specific sub-sections of burglary and robbery in the second degree. Bail and detention are also permitted in cases classified as Class A felonies, most of which also involve violence. A notable caveat is that bail and detention are eliminated for all Class A drug felonies, with the sole exception of operating as a major trafficker.

Overall, of the almost 205,000 criminal cases arraigned in New York City in 2018, only 10 percent would have been eligible for money bail under the new law. Judges Are Required to Consider Financial Resources When Setting Bail Even where money bail remains permissible, the new law imposes new requirements designed to ensure that defendants can afford bail when it is set. First, the court must always set at least three forms of bail and must include a partially secured or unsecured bond—two of the least onerous forms. A partially secured bond allows defendants (or their friends or family) to pay 10 percent or less of the total bail amount up front; the balance is only paid if the defendant skips court. An unsecured bond works the same way, but no upfront payment is required. Just as important, the law requires judges to consider each defendant’s ability to pay bail before setting an amount. Judges Are Encouraged to Release Defendants While Their Cases Are Pending The bail reform law includes specific provisions encouraging courts to release defendants “on recognizance” while their cases are pending. In these cases, defendants are under no restriction and must simply appear at their appointed court dates. The court must release defendants on recognizance unless they pose “a risk of flight.”


The Legislation Allows for Conditions of Release Other Than Money Bail in Certain Circumstances In those cases where a risk of flight exists, the legislation requires judges to set the “least restrictive alternative and condition or conditions that will reasonably assure the principal’s return to court.” Examples that courts are likely to use include supervised release, enhanced court date reminders, travel restrictions, or limitations on firearms or weapons possession during the pretrial period. At a minimum, the law also requires that all released defendants be reminded of any upcoming court appearances by text, phone, email, or first-class mail—and each defendant must be able to select a preferred notification method. Electronic monitoring is allowed for 60 days (with an option to renew) in the following cases: (1) felonies, (2) misdemeanor domestic violence, (3) misdemeanor sex offenses, (4) misdemeanors where the defendant was convicted of a violent felony in the past 5 years, and (5) a limited number of circumstances where a judge finds that defendants have engaged in pretrial misbehavior. The law states that electronic monitoring may only be ordered if “no other realistic non-monetary condition or set of nonmonetary conditions will suffice to reasonably assure a principal’s return to court.” Other Key Reform Provisions ▪ Risk Assessment: Courts may consider information from formal release assessment tools that are designed to predict a defendant’s likelihood of appearing in court. Any such tools are required to be publicly available, free of racial or gender bias, and validated for predictive accuracy. Release decisions may not be based on an assessment of the defendant’s future dangerousness or risk to public safety.

▪ Bench Warrant Grace Period: The new law prohibits courts from issuing a warrant for 48 hours whenever a defendant fails to appear, unless the defendant is charged with a new crime or there is evidence of a “willful” failure to appear. During the 48-hour period, the defense attorney can contact the defendant and encourage a voluntary return. ▪ Responses to Noncompliance: The new law allows courts to revoke release conditions and set new conditions, including money bail and detention, in response to specified forms of pretrial misbehavior. They include committing a new felony where the defendant was initially charged with a felony, intimidating a witness, persistently and willfully failing to appear at scheduled court dates, or violating an order of protection. In such cases, the court must first hold a hearing where the defendant may present evidence or cross-examine witnesses. Potential Impacts The precise effects of the law cannot be predicted in advance, since they partly depend on how new provisions are implemented on the ground. However, a preliminary analysis suggests that the bail reform law will significantly reduce pretrial detention. Currently in New York City, 43 percent of the almost 5,000 people detained pretrial would have been released under the new legislation as they would no longer be eligible for either bail or detention. (This analysis excludes people held pretrial for a parole violation or after a sentence is imposed.) The impacts outside of New York City could be even greater, because many upstate jurisdictions currently have higher rates of detention with misdemeanors. For More Information E-mail: info@courtinnovation.org


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LISA EVERS Lisa Evers is the multiple Emmy-nominated and multi-award winning host of FOX5NY & HOT 97’s “Street Soldiers with Lisa Evers.” The HOT 97 show airs and streams live at 6 a.m. on Sunday mornings on HOT 97, and across multiple digital platforms including iTunes, Soundcloud and lisaevers.com. It has been a sounding board for Hip Hop, a voice for the voiceless on the streets, and a forum on key issues - like criminal justice, substance abuse, and gangs - in our urban communities for 25 years. In January 2016, FOX 5’s Vice President of News and Programming, Byron Harmon, who’s committed to expanding inclusivity in news coverage, asked Lisa to try and create a TV version of the show. Now starting it’s 4th TV season on FOX 5, “Street Soldiers” can claim many firsts, including the first TV Town Hall on Rikers Island with Fat Joe, inmates and correction officers all speaking out on reform measures, ending recidivism, and education. Lisa and her team are currently trying to get clearance to bring “Street Soldiers” inside a NY State Prison and hold a town hall like they did on Rikers Island with Fat Joe. “Street Soldiers’” investigations and town halls, as well as Lisa’s ongoing reports on the disastrous conditions in NYCHA Housing - no heat or hot water, mold, rats and disrepair - played a pivotal role in exposing the scandal that was affecting hundreds of thousands of low income New Yorkers. NYCHA is now under a Federal consent decree and ongoing investigation by the US Attorney SDNY.

Many Hip Hop artists have appeared on Street Soldiers, including Prodigy (RIP), Maino, and Cardi B. You can see “Street Soldiers with Lisa Evers” every Friday night at 10:30 p.m. on FOX 5 in New York City and the Tri-State, and live stream nationally on fox5ny.com and the free FOX 5 NY app, Episodes are available on FOX5NY YouTube when you type “Street Soldiers Lisa Evers” in the search. Here’s Lisa......

REFORMED GANG MEMBERS GIVING BACK & SPREADING THE LOVE by Lisa Evers, FOX 5 News Reporter and Host of HOT 97/FOX5NY’s “Street Soldiers with Lisa Evers”

Hey Urban Times readers, friends and family! I’m honored and excited to be sharing this amazing story with you, and thank you all who have listened to and watched the show over the years behind the wall and in our communities. One day, not too long ago, I popped my head in the door of our FOX 5 VP for News and Programming, Byron Harmon. He shares my passion for Hip Hop and all aspects of urban culture and never fails to tell me about something new, or suggest a story idea which often turns out to be on the cutting edge of a new movement


or cultural phenomenon. It usually starts out with “Have you seen......?” In the Fall of 2019, it was “Have you seen this podcast called F.D.S. “Flip Da Script” with Queenzflip and DJ G Money? They had this guest on called S.o.u.l B”

thing when they’re hungry, like it’s hard to talk to people when they’re hungry, they have troubles at home, bills to pay. Then you’re trying to tell them something with no solution.”

I said no, but I’ve known Queenzflip for a long time and he’s been a guest on “Street Soldiers” several times. I called Flip, and we started talking about how we could do a “Street Soldiers” episode on the podcast featuring some of the personalities he’s presented.

Long time tilden avenue homeowner mike culley showed support by allowing them to use his front yard, and says: “Most people can change, all they need is a 2nd chance,”

A few weeks later, we recorded an episode called, “Real and Raw: Stories from the Streets” with Queenzflip, DJ G Money, S.o.u.l B and Killer Kev. It turned out to be incredible, even more so because it was the first time S.o.u.l B and Kev had seen each other in more than 20 years. On our “Street Soldiers” episode, they talked about the origin of the Bloods gang on Rikers Island in the 1990’s when the Latin Kings basically ran the place. As outnumbered African-American men, they had to band together to survive. They were raw and unfiltered and did not sugar coat in any way what they did, or try to “clean it up.” We were all riveted by their unvarnished honesty. What really struck me was how genuinely shocked they seemed to be by how pervasive gang culture has become among young teens and in Hip Hop, and how destructive it is in our communities. It has become common for many innocent people, like 14 yo Amir Griffin RIP, in South Jamaica taken from us. Over and over again, I heard S.o.u.l B and Killer Kev, and Kayo So Frosty, who I met later, tell me “we created this, we started this, and it’s destroying our communities. Now it’s up to us to change that, and bring back the real love that joined us together in the first place.” In my news and talk show career, I’ve spoken with, and interviewed, many formerly incarcerated individuals who had been convicted of serious crimes. In our discussions, they’d talk about taking responsibility for their actions and changing their lives, which many did, and are currently doing, successfully, despite the odds. With So.u.l B, Killer Kev and Kayo So Frosty, they were taking that sense of personal responsibility to the next level.....back to where it all started, to right the wrongs. After the show, S.o.u.l B asked me if I wanted to cover their first Spread the Love “B n C” turkey drive, which he was putting together with Killer Kev, Kayo So Frosty, their families and friends and even former enemies. They were calling it the first “BnC Spread the Love Turkey Drive.” I went to Mr. Harmon with it, and got the green light to do an exclusive report on what actually happened. It was an amazing day in many ways. Everyone answered all my questions and we respected the privacy of those who did not want to be on camera. They once spread fear on these streets but now reformed former gang members from all over are coming together in the spread the love challenge to increase the peace.... Turkeys, chickens and stuffing were given out to flatbush residents, including some from a nearby homeless family shelter....All of it bought and donated by this group....A sort of alumni association of bloods and crips ex-offenders brought together by soul b and kayo so frosty. .The message? “Do as we do now, not as we did.” Stacey “s.O.U.L. B” knight , an entrepreneur/former gang member says: “We were a part of the problem, just the facts. We perpetrated it, we pushed it. So we’re part of the solution.”

The event brought smiles to the faces of kids growing up in tough conditions....And for their parents, the unity and positive vibes showed others care...And lifted their spirits.... Lamont babb, a single father of 5 kids told us: “They out here, what’s wrong about that? You can’t say nothing bad about that” Jeanette pabon, a mother experiencing homelessness said: “I live in the shelter over there ....(Points to food thumbs up ) this right here.: For these men - many who spent the bulk of their adult lives behind bars, it was a chance to show their children they have truly changed.... Corey “ck” king , a father/reformed gang member emphasized their mission: “Basically it’s our job to educate by default. We mislead the youth so now what we’re doing is turn that story over and show them the reality of what’s taking place now.” “I’m here in the hallway of the community center of the vernon 303 houses, it’s a nycha development...Soul b and the others invited us to come here and see what they’re doing for the community. They’re giving them a meal as well as food they can use for thanksgiving, so let’s check it out.” Soul b’s son and nephew helped fill bags for residents.... I spoke with residents to get their opinion. “What do you think about what these former gang. Members are doing here?” (Resident) “oh a good deed, they ain’t botherin nobody, the didn’t hurt nobody, doing a helping hand.” Another resident told me: “ I’m very happy with it, very happy, and i’ll enjoy everything.” Social media influencer and podcast host queenzflip gave many of these major street figures their first public voice, and saw former rivals become allies.....He told me the day was historic for it’s untiy.... “The whole agenda, and the whole movement is to prevent the youth from going down the same path that they went down, and to promote peace.” Killer kev was pleased wih how it all went..... “It was all good spiritual vibes today. It was beautiful.” S.O.U.L b summed it up like this: “It was a beautiful thing at the end of the day, and i’m so proud of the people who participated.” Soul b and the other men involved in this say this isn’t just a one time thing, and that their “increase the peace” movement will continue to serve the community. In december 2019, they went on to do a major toy and coat giveway in several communities to “spread the love” right before christmas. We will be following their journey as they work to bring peace and love to our streets. What better goal for 2020? -- Lisa Evers, New York City

Paul “kayo so frosty” bataille filmmaker/former gang member adds: “Once you stop the hunger, then you can talk to them more. Because you cannot tell somebody some-

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