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The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also sometimes known as the American War of Independence, began as a war between the Kingdom of Great Britain and thirteen united former British colonies in North America, and concluded in a global war between several European great powers. The war was the culmination of the political American Revolution, whereby the colonists rejected the legitimacy of the Parliament of Great Britain to govern them without representation, claiming that this violated the Rights of Englishmen.


New England Colonies •Province of New Hampshire, later New Hampshire •Province of Massachusetts Bay, later Massachusetts and Maine •Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, later Rhode Island and Providence Plantations •Connecticut Colony, later Connecticut

Middle Colonies •Province of New York, later New York and Vermont •Province of New Jersey, later New Jersey •Province of Pennsylvania, later Pennsylvania •Delaware Colony (before 1776, the Lower Counties on Delaware), later Delaware

Southern Colonies •Province of Maryland, later Maryland •Colony and Dominion of Virginia, later Virginia, Kentucky and West Virginia •Province of North Carolina, later North Carolina and Tennessee •Province of South Carolina, later South Carolina •Province of Georgia, later Georgia


The Thirteen Colonies were part of what became known as British America, a name that was used by Great Britain until the Treaty of Paris recognized the independence of the original thirteen United States of America in 1783. These British colonies in North America rebelled against British rule in 1775, in what is called the American Revolution in the United States and the American War of Independence in other countries. A provisional government was formed which proclaimed their independence, which is now celebrated as having occurred on July 4, 1776, and subsequently became the original thirteen United States of America


Grand Union Flag (Continental Colors) At the time of the signing of the Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776, the United States had no official national flag. The Grand Union Flag has historically been referred to as the "First National Flag"; although it has never had any official status, it was used early in the American Revolutionary War by George Washington and formed the basis for the design of the first official U.S. flag.


13-star "Betsy Ross" flag On June 14, 1777, the Marine Committee of the Second Continental Congress passed the Flag Resolution which stated: "Resolved, That the flag of the United States be thirteen stripes, alternate red and white; that the union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field, representing a new Constellation.“ Flag Day is now observed on June 14 of each year.


The Bennington flag Like many Revolution era flags, the Bennington features 13 stars and 13 stripes, symbolic of the 13 American colonies that were in a state of rebellion against Great Britain. The Bennington version is easily identified by a large '76' in it, recalling the year 1776, when the Declaration of Independence was signed. Another unique feature of the Bennington flag is the arrangement of the 13 stripes, alternating white-red (from either the top or bottom) instead of the more traditional redwhite. Also its thirteen stars have seven points each instead of the traditional five.


15-star, 15-stripe "Star-Spangled Banner" flag In 1795, the number of stars and stripes was increased from 13 to 15 (to reflect the entry of Vermont and Kentucky as states of the union). For a time the flag was not changed when subsequent states were admitted, probably because it was thought that this would cause too much clutter. It was the 15-star, 15-stripe flag that inspired Francis Scott Key to write "The Star-Spangled Banner," now the national anthem.


1.

1. The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also sometimes known as the___________ 2. 4.

3.

2. 3. 4. 5.

American War of Independence Betsy Ross Grand Union Flag (Continental Colors) The Bennington flag 15-star, 15-stripe "StarSpangled Banner" flag Bonus: Francis Scott Key

5.

Bonus: Who wrote The Star-Spangled Banner?


 Colonists financed a settlement in Jamestown (place is now

Virginia)

 Colonists hoped to make a living by finding gold and silver or routes

to the pacific  More than half died in the search for wealth  Captain John Smith kept the colony alive

 Jamestown was named after King James I of England.  The colonists hoped to make fortunes by discovering gold

and silver or finding a water route to the Pacific.  104 colonists died of starvation or disease  Indians of the Powhatan confederacy helpd them  Gave them food  Taught them how to plant yams, corn, etc.  Were forced from their land and moved inland


 Puritans and Plymouth colonists came

in  Puritans:

 Were non-conforming protestants  Separated themselves from the church  Separatists

 Persecuted by James I  Settled in London Company after a brief

stay in the Netherlands

 Had to make joint stocks with non-

Separatists

 Established a settlement called Plymouth

at Massachussets

 Called themselves Pilgrims.

 Had to be helped once more as they

suffered from sicknesses


 Second group that came in was similar to

Plymouth colonists  Founders of the Massachusetts Bay Colony were Puritans who were persecuted  Were more educated and advanced over all compared to Plymouth colonists  This colony absorbed the Plymouth colony


 Colonies in Massachusetts did not accept those with

other beliefs  Roger Williams disagreed with that idea and was sent away to Rhode Island  Anne Hutchinson was also banished for disagreeing  Entire family and followers went with her


 More people moved away from the Puritan leaders  Some moved to Connecticut River Valley  Some moved to Massachusetts bay  Some moved to New Hampshire

 Small groups earned their living by fishing, lumbering

and farming in Maine  Each different new settlement established its own government and laws


 Dutch and Swedish colonists settled in part of what are

now the states of New York, New Jersey, and Delaware.  The English viewed them as intruders due to their competitive trade.  They wanted their fur trade and the harbor at New

Amsterdam.  English Fleet attacked New Amsterdam  Dutch were unable to defend it

 Dutch surrendered to them and new Nether land

became New York  Dutch and Swedish colonies became New Jersey


 Nonconforming colonists: Society of Friends: Quakers  Quakers    

Stressed inward spiritual experiences Rejected war Denounced slave trade Believed in religious tolerance

 William Penn  Was granted a tract of land in North America  Called the land Penn’s Woods or Pennsylvania.  Another land he was given was named Delaware.  He stood up for religious freedom  Policies attracted various religious groups to the colony  Built the city of brotherly love with these people of different backgrounds


 Maryland was turned into a refuge for Catholics by

Lord Baltimore  Pleasant climate and soil also helped attract settlers

 Soon, however, there were more Protestants than

Catholics.  A bill was passed so that there would be religious tolerance there for all Christians  Carolina was named after the king Carolus  First settlement was started in Charles Town

 Arguments ensued between farmers and Carolina was

split into North and South Carolina.


 King George II granted the land between South

Carolina and Spanish Florida to a group led by James Oglethorpe.  Hoped settlement would stop the spread of Spanish

settlements.  Settlement was built for those who had been

imprisoned for debt.  Oglethorpe eventually gave up his charter and Georgia became a royal colony.


 Line of British colonies along the Atlantic coast  Colonies were connected through common traits

 Settlers in American colonies had a big chance to work

on their own land.  Farms were impressively large, but small enough to work on easily.  Most were however not plantation owners but farmers

 Colonists were also freer and had more political rights  Had trial by jury  Each had its own elected assembly  Had voting for those in its houses of government


 Blacks were persecuted by the white Europeans.

 Sold as “indentured servants”  Indenture: had to work a certain number of years at a

certain field in order to be freed.  Though there was more equality at the beginning

things, changed  Indentures for blacks became longer  Had to give lifelong service eventually

 Children were property of their masters

 Indentured black servants became legal in all colonies


 Most of the work on plantations

was done by black slaves  Blacks made a large percentage of southern colonies’ populations.  Virginia: 24 percent blacks  South Carolina: 63 pervent blacks


 http://www.poppabear.org/CottenField.JPG

 http://stufffromthelab.files.wordpress.com/2007/11/e

mbarkation_pilgrims.jpg  http://www.hawaiilibertychronicles.com/wpcontent/uploads/2008/11/1620-pilgrims.gif  http://www.dyslexia-england.co.uk/map-england.gif  http://www.worldguides.com/images/plymouth/plymouth_map1.jpg


English Colonies