Digital Design - Module 01 Semester 1, 2018 Chloe Dutton
(915314) Micheal Mack - Studio 4
Reading: Zeara Polo, A. 2010. Between Ideas and Matters.
According to Zeara-Polo, the diagram does not play a representational role in the design process but provides an organisational and can have a performative quality depending on how it is deployed. Explain how Diagram is different from Signs and Symbols? (100 words Maximum)
The difference between diagrams and symbols is that symbols and/or sign’s materiality has no relevance to its performance or how well it articulates its purpose, as they are purely icons for a whole range of information which is usually previously assumed eg. a cross symbolises Christianity. This is in contrast of diagrams which generate projective, non-representational forms thus their performance relies on how the material is deployed. He describes how a diagram is not representational; not reflecting what it’s going to portray (unlike elevations or plans which are representational drawings at scales) thus meaning that ‘they mediate between physical constructs and concepts or percept’s on an organisational level.’
Elevations - North, South & East Given at 1:200 scale
Plan View Given at 1:500 scale
Section View cut facing east Given at 1:200 scale
NA. â€œSerpentine Gallery Pavilion 2001 by Daniel Libeskind with Arup.â€? Serpentine Galleries. June 11, 2001. Accessed March 11, 2018. http://www.serpentinegalleries.org/exhibitions-events/serpentine-gallery-pavilion-2001-daniel-libeskind-arup.
Given these three provided structural details - I initially focused on the plan and building up the right heights for the panels using the elevations. owever I found that as the elevations were not exactly true North and South, it proved difficult to maintain the same geometry based off the plan. So instead I began again and set view in Rhino perspective, using the elevations, to constantly check from approximately each view if the elevation was correct. It was after that that I then lined up in Top view the panels and their roofs. Numerous images like the one above helped guide my understanding of the 18 folds in the geometry as well as informing me of the structural elements.
Reading: Hertzberger H. 2005. The in-between and The Habitable Space Between Things, from Lessons for Students in Architecture. Herzberger discusses how design should not be extreme in its functionality. Use your precedent study to explain how the pavilion allows for an appropriation of use. (100 words Maximum)
As Herzberger describes, the importance of the ‘in between’ space is not to be underestimated. Allowing fluidity and a designs ability to adapt to its context; be it a persons individuality in a homes entrance or a town amphitheatres ability to be a play area by day and a concert area by night, the ‘in between’ space and transitioning of functions is evident in Daniel Libeskinds 2001 Serpentine Pavilion ’18 Turns.’ In its form the pavilion allows for this fluidity of uses; having numerous threshold entrances and views out to the gardens, the variety in space due to the geometric formation allows its visitors to adapt their surroundings to suit themselves. As seen in my exploded isometric drawings the circulation through these spaces go hand in hand with the space of different sections; with corners preferred as resting/pausing spots, narrow areas along the panels as circulation corridors and wider areas for gathering.
North set view Isometric The Northern Isolmetric view articulates the pavillions key concept around a folded geometry forming this shelter in 18 turns. As seen by the detailing of the roofing, the aluminium panels are folded at various angles and meant the modeling process included non-planar surfaces. Through utilising the plan and section initially in the modeling process i relied more heavily on images and videos of the circulation through the pavilion in later stages to depict these panels and the structural system supporting the geometry (columns & beams). Through the learning curve of building a 3D structure from 2D details and information, it allowed me to understand fully the numerous entrances to the pavillion and from that the circulation from one entry to an exit. In building the structure through trail and error with the elevations/plans ect. to achieve Daniel Libeskindâ€™s end result, i was able to explore how these folded panels affect and direct the flow through the structure. With varying heights of ceilings and varying sized corridoors/ open spaces the threshholds between inside/outside became blurred so that you almost get this seamless transition from inside to outsides views. These understandings are displayed in my exploded axonometrics as seen on the next page.
Week Two Diagrams
In tracing possible routes (including shortest possible routes) through the floor plan with the numerous entrances, I found a distinction in areas of fast moving dynamic flow (pink) versus the areas more open and in corners which had better views out to the gardens as resting or more static movement (blus).
Similarly in this diagram i focused on entrances/exits on the floor plan (green) but later looked at how varying spatial masses (the height of a ceiling/the width of a cooridoor ect) affect the experience in particular spots. Thus i saw areas narrower and longer as circulation routes (pink), areas to pause and reflect on the views or the structure (blue) and the areas which transition between the inside/outside threshholds (green).
Appendix - 3D modelling Process
1. Using primarily the North Elevation i lined up the elevations i had drawn in Right View at 1:1 scale, to where they should sit on plan. Then through offsetting the vertical plane edges at 300mm thickness of the wall, i created two ends
2. In lofting the two ends of each fold together, i found trouble in forming the ends of them as closed surfaces; i used capping, surface/point shape and ended up using patch to create this wall thickness.
which i then lofted together.
3. As the final step in 3D i traced out the floor plan on the Top view and then moved to creating a floor thickness of 200mm. At this point i referred to videos and images online of the pavillion in order to acheive the 18 folds of the structure and not just make a plane floor plan.
Appendix - Make 2D Process
1. Initial Stage of 3D North Iso view to 2D using the make 2D command.
4. Finetuning the panels/cross checking with reference photos & adding in the wall structural elements.
2. Turnig off the hidden layers and simplifying the structural lines for the panels.
5. Extracting the floor plan
3. After trialing drawing the aluminium panels in 3D i ended up drawing them in 2D to simplify the process - variation in direction of panels illustrate the angular nature of the panels.
6. Extracting the floor plan and deleting it in the top exploded layer and lining up key points of the pavilion.