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೻ጯノ⤳喑㋀┌⮩ᆂ͸ധⴠ ͚㢤ੳ൞ᄵ㽗з៶᫜໳᫜๔Ⴅ Ѽᝬ㜴೻ጯ⮩ᆂⵁ⾣Ⴅ䮏 *)4 䮏䪤 Kees van Rooijen page 4

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ౝ౭Address喟Gedempte Burgwal 45, 2512 BS Den HaagƋ䰨㾞Tel: 06-32283229/8/7/6Ƌ 䘢УEmail: info@chinatimes.nl Ƌ䞭㵹Bank: 62.69.72.841 Ƌ⮩㵹䛼喟̶㥙‫ࡰژ‬Ъࡷᰵܷ Circulation:38,000 copies/Bi-weekly ⮩㵹ౝ喟㢤℁Ⱄᓤぶౝ࡭喑ࢄ㝗,-.ੳࠆ㞆䯕ᾌ䂭➖ Distribution:NLD/BEL/DEU/LUX, in-flight at CSA/KLM business class

Ꭱᰵᬒ ⮥ጠᎡ

୦௑! ‫؞‬਎๞ẚԊ䯗ᾌỸ䪸ᩜ๔෋ 䇎ᩬ㑧ऐ෋ߍѳ̺ᒞ䴬๞ẚ䛾倛ᩫ 㢤㭚仃Ⱕ঩㆟⊵䇨 䇎䪤⽞ᛶ㾟В㔮ϧ◧ᄺ䆎

ӵ੕Ѵ࣏ϛ୽ୈϴᜰ

䊷ҳ䊷็ᄼЮẚ䮤‫࢞ڒ‬ᾌ Ą㢤㭚ࢠᄴ䊝‫ܧ‬ѻ䅤ą 㢤仃Ⱕ₎䓻⁽≟ᰶ➦䪤๞ẚ䱿Ꭱҳ㢤 ࡄ⊤⇦⅐ႅ䛼䊲䴽᱌ 㢤㭚సᏘ᱗ҳᰶ᫝⮱䕟䈙

ཱིᆸ ᬼ䔤⢸ၽ䔁ఋ㢤㭚 㢤㭚స⢸ౕJ1BE̷ㅪ㒟∂Ҹ 㢤๔Ⴅ⩌ⵁ‫ݣ‬㜗㵹䏷㶊̓⩹㽅䠱 ⊤➆਽ϧ㶄ߘᠮᵵ⊶‫ږ‬ԸუᏚ䡏䇎㈫㉈ ㋚䂤叾ጯᅲℾ‫⯷ݖ‬ 㢤㭚᫝᪆᪆ᰰ⟭ॷᩬᏉᩬゃ

೉๼ЈӴ ͚స๏⁽≟ⵁ㼻ᰰ㢤㭚㜶䓓 В㔮፣᫝㎩ᒭ䪸ҳ 㢤㭚᪴᜽ह䘶ᰰᣕĄ仆㩶ϧąШᰰ䪤

ϛ ೉

௸ ൢ

ϧℾጮⅴ ϧℾጮ䒙ⅴ ϧℾጮ䶱㐀ⅴ

䌕ධϧℾጮ㐀ツ ϧℾጮ䔈‫ܧ‬ऐ㲺䉱 ϧℾጮӈᏁ䨫㲺䉱

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ϧℾጮ‫ڙ‬थႅ 䌕ධϧℾጮⰡ䉤 䌕ධϧℾጮ৕䄏䶫䬛

ϧℾጮࢠ᱌䉚ਜ਼ ϧℾጮ䔉᱌䉚ਜ਼ ⻨ᇥϧℾጮէ‫ݥ‬

‫ڕ‬᫦Ѻ䌕ධ ϧℾጮ᰺ߎ


௸ൢ

China Times

ϛ೉

2

㢤ϧⰸ㤜ƌ%*(&45

љУё

www.chinatimes.nl Ꭱᰵᬒす᱌

Bi-weekly

೉៌୲Ι๼Мᚖ໊ൢ ࠒ૞İŌōŎ୽ሬ૞ੲᓍᐠᜒᎧ ีҀ։ਢᆩ๜ኄ֙

Colofon

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㢤㭚సᰰ䂝਎㽗㤜₥ҳ Ąࣺ㤜䂝਎ąᙸᏓ倳ࠂ ᵦᨇ͚㢤䰆᫦⮱ࢁ䂝喑㢤㭚సᰰ⮱̭

ःγᣗ᫪ȡ䕆̭吋Ѓౕᣒऄ㜗⩞ϋ≟䰨झ

᫜ඁ̭̭҉め喑䬎䔝γ͚సᩬᏉ⮱⿸ൡ喑

ԸА㶕౅̭㵹ϧϷᎡᰵЪ㽗੼γ͚స

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γ䱔䱫๖⅐喑ᙌ‫⧝ݝ‬ධ↎ᴀᒵ௡䛺ȡ̺䕻

჏͚㔹↿ᰶεВ㾂䀃ȡ͚సใϑ䘕䘕䪤ߖ

ᠮᰶᑤ◵ឦ㾂ᙸᏓ⮱సᰰ䂝਎)BSSZ WBO

ᩬᏉΌጟ㋀և‫ܧ‬γߗ߈喑ຯᰡ็ϧጟ㋀ౕ

⤳Ἧ⢶᜽Όఋめγ䕆ψ㢤㭚䂝਎⮱᣽੼ȡ

#PNNFMহ7PPSEFXJOEぶȡ

Ҭ⩕䰨ࠂᦖចȡ

7BO

㽗㤜すι๖ᬖ̷Ѓᅞࣰߍγ̭Ըౝ

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㽗喑ᰶ䬉ᣎ㽗ጟ㋀ౕᰵᬒ᧚‫ܧ‬ȡ

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ϙສ喑̷⊤⮱㶄ᮜ⚔❴㷘Ѓᩫ̷γࢇ჏喑

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倁侄喑ᠴ‫ܧ‬Ⴥ᫦᪆ᰰহౝ̸᪆ᰰ⮱̭ψ

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Ό↿ᰶऄ‫ݝ‬䭽‫ݣ‬ȡ

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ߌ喑Ό㊓‫̭ڣ‬㵹⪆̸γ࢝䆎ȡ

䘕సࠆ⼅ᰥ"OOFUUF /JKT᝭ᄘ⮱Ȩ$IJOB

ࠂȡą ᰵᬒ២䖁ࡄϙ喑Ѓᅞౕ‫ࢇڣ‬჏᪴ 」̷㿴γࡄϙ݊໸࢝䆎হₑ㵹⮱Ⱋ⮱㗹ᮜ

᱌ ̸᱌‫❵ܧ‬ /FYUFEJUJPO  ᝗⽬ᬒ᱌ %FBEMJOF  叾⮪ᄼᐐॷ᝗⽬ .JO .JOJ"EEFBEMJOF 

de Bijenkorf

͚㢤ੳ൞㌕䑜䘕 (FEFNQUF#VSHXBM

HEMA

Wag ens tra at

Ƽ㣅೟

Ƽ㥋㰁 Ƽ↨߽ᰖ Ƽᖋ೟ ƼⲻỂ෵

Ƽ⊩೟

Ƽ⨲຿ Ƽᛣ໻߽

Ƽ㽓⧁⠭  ⮩㵹ౝ࡭%JTUSJCVUJF ‫ڣ‬Ѓసუ ͨ㺮೻ጯ喑ࣷ⁽≟ 㢤㭚Ƞ℁‫ݖ‬᭯Ƞᓤస ⤚䯕䮼ᱧ ࢄ㝗,-.స䯈ప䭲㝗

Ґİ ൣ İ Ҩ İ݃ ᳾㍧ᴀฅ᳌䴶䀅ৃˈӏᛣ䔝䓝ᴀฅܻᆍˈ ฅ⼒ᇛ䗑お⊩ᕟ䊀ӏDŽ

ᰵᬒ喑㢤㭚సᰰ䂝਎̭㵹΅౽倅䥢

#PNNFMᆙ᫩㢤㭚ౕ䛻吕⹫ᰰ

䕆๖ᮇ̷喑䕆ψ㢤㭚సᰰ䂝਎Ό↿ᰶ

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䯉⹆ౝহ̭ឦᒸፘᅞ͚స⮱㼭䀃㜗⩞Ƞ∂

ᓄᒵສ喑Ἧ᫩ा๔უᣕ㫓ȡ"OOFUUF /JKT

䑗ߌȠहᕔᜭぶ੼䵹ᆂ䪸γϑ≮ȡ

ᄺ͚స䕻ࣨᎡ⮱⮩ᆂᒵ⛌ᖶ喑Όᠮᰶ

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͓হ͚స‫ڕ‬సϧ๔ใθ༁਎ᰰͨШֲ⦖

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䇬ᭀ㍪䵺ጟ㋀ᓋᎡ⮱‫ٰ⁽ر‬෋ߍ

ᰰ䲏ȡ䰆᫦ᆂ䪸γᐐ∈⮱ϑ≮喑䀃䵹⊶

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‫ݝ‬Ꭱ⮱‫ر‬ȡ

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ใϑ੼䵹⮱ϑ≮͚᜾Ծহ͚సౕᄺ᫩䲋≟

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হᷢ㦯ᇎ͸䫀⮱䬉ӯȠ⁽Ⰼᨙᄺ͚స‫ٶ‬м

⮱ᒵ็੼䵹⮱ᙸᏓ̷ᰶᒵ๔⮱ܳₔȡ

᪆ᐌহ䥅呀ὀ喑Όౕ㘎ह͚䊝γ̭䖚喑ⰸ

⩏৮㿟䛺⼲Ƞ͚᱊হ͚䴀䬉ӯぶぶȡ7BO

䬉᫩ЃԾ䕆⁎㽗੼⮱࢝䆎喑Ѓᄺ㾟䰨

‫ݝ‬γⱌᄓ⮱㘎ह喑̺䕻喑Ѓឬ㾺喟Ą䕆ग

#PNNFM㾺◧ֲ⦖Ąᒵ䪸ᩫą喑ᰰఋめ᝭

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Ը⤫А๔䘪ጯ⮱ࡄϙȡąЃᩫ㒛γ็ᑢ⚔

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ᆂ㊓γ᜾⌞‫࢝⮱ݨ‬䆎喑఍◧⁽≟ₐౕ㮂᫩

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ᰰ㿴ⵡ㷯Ƞ᫝⪳㋚५❫᫼⮱㮂ධぶ੼䵹喑

ὐ喑⅐ⅈᰡ◧㜗⩞ȡ

͚స㙘䇔ጒ҉ᰭ᜽ߌ喆 㢤㭚๔൞5SPVX㋟〆ᰵᬒ⮩㶕γ 䙺ృ᫝㖋喑䵹Ⱋ᭜Ą$IJOB JT LBNQJPFO BSNPFEFCFTUSJKEJOHą喍Ⱑ䂜ᅞ᭜Ą͚స ᭜ᄺЅ䇔⿛⮱‫ۍ‬䏺ą喎ȡ ᪴」ᑂ䔝ҳ㜗㖜वసᰶ䬉⹫ᰰ⮩ᆂ⮱ ᎡᏓ൞ॷౕ䇴᫆喑ౕắ䔝γ̓⩹䇔⿛⟭ ⇮⮱㗹ᮜ̸喑➦‫ݒ‬ᑂ䔝స䯈ᕔ౅倁4PDJBM 8BUDI㿬ᴒϧ਎3PCFSUP #JTTJP⮱㾞喑 㾺◧ౕ̓⩹ヱ఺‫ڔ‬ᄺЅ䇔⿛᝭ःᓄ⮱䕟 ₒ喑‫͚ڣ‬ᒵ๔⼸Ꮣ₥ߌλ͚స喑͓‫ڤ‬倁ᠴ ‫ܧ‬喟Ą̓⩹̷↿ᰶਗ̭Ըౝ࡭ౕ㙘䇔᫦䲏 ᭜ևᓄຯₑ᜽ߌ⮱喑㘪ํᄴ䇔⿛ϧऐ⮱ ℁⢴ᓋᎡ⮱䭺ѻ‫ݝ‬Ꭱ⮱ ȡą

Ą͚㢤ੳ൞ą 䓓‫ڙ‬ბᥙ䖤䕇ⴒ ϛ ೉

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ᓋᎡᰵᬒ䊤喑 ᜾Ծ⮱䓓‫ڙ‬ბᄴᰰ䖤㜠  (FEFNQUF#VSHXBM  #4%FO)BBH  ࣌㒻ଶ䊲ጯὀ̷

䰨㾞喟  喍喎  喍喎  喍喎  喍喎 䰨ၽ䘢У喟  JOGP!DIJOBUJNFTOM

㢤㽅㔲び̸᫝⪳佤ίθУ ͚స᫝⪳⮩⩌ᯡ߈㺟᧷θУВ͚ࣷ సᩬᏉᣎः⮱䭟㶈ᣗ᫪◧㺬᫦྿倁ᐐ∈ ൞䖀ȡ㢤㭚྿倁㉱㎁/04᫩ᰵᬒ⮱ ൞䖀䵹Ⱋ᭜Ą3FCFMMFO 4ZSJ BDUJFG JO $IJOBą喑ᠴ‫͚ܧ‬స᫦䲏ិᰭ䓾᫝⪳⮩⩌ ⮱ᯡ߈θУহ᪅‫ݖ‬ϋ⮱ई䏺㖜㎘ౕ̭䊤喑 হᬒ‫ݺ‬䌜䔼⹫൞䖀⮱̭㜡ȡ̺䕻喑䌜䔼⹫

⼺ᒹᄴ⊵ᖜᩣఋȡ 㢤྿ᑂ䔝͚సহ䌜䔼⹫࣌‫⊵⮱ٵ‬ᖜ 㿗喑̭ψ᪅‫ݖ‬ϋϧ䕇䕻ౌ㕠‫ڣ‬䲋∂䕟‫͚ڒ‬ స喑ౕ͓͚స㽀㌡Ả〜з᫜㭚ܳၽ喑ᄓ᫪ ᕽᕃ㺟᧷ȡ ͚సᑤࡃ᫝⪳ౝ࡭⇨Ⴖノ⤳ᣗΌ◧̺ ह⮱㢤྿ᐐ◧൞䖀ȡ

䊝䕟๔㜗♣ઓ

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Ꭱᰵᬒ

ࢺᛡල൜ᤥહܳನ߷ЛΧૹ Лုঌල úú᜸ᄦЛုnjᠠၹͰङ ӊចᑧ๔⮱А⤳㵹᰺ߎ㑾㐉喑 ͧᗕ᣽ӈ㺳Ⰳ‫⮱⤰ڕ‬ใⅴⅴ᰺ߎ

ࢺᛡᡵ‫ܒ‬ල൜ úúᡵ‫ࢺܒ‬ᛡල൜ʷ൦҂ͯ ᗕज䔶᠖ጒੳ䨣㵹䕺ጰ‫͚ڕ‬ప䊲䓴უ ⮱ܳᩜᱧᲱ喑ᩣःϻ᜾㵹ⅴ‫⮱ܧ‬䶦喑䕌Ꮣᰡ ᔘ喑‫ۼ‬ᄾ͚䬡㵹ថ䉦

ᮕፇලල൜ úúଢҒᩚࠀලဋἻ˗‫ܒڎ‬Яஆԩ̡ඟࣉ 㢤‫ڝ‬ධ‫ڲ‬ᠶ⚔ⅴᒀᬒⅴ⢴ᄳ⁔ٰ㒻ٰ᣽‫ݺ‬㐀ⅴ喑͚ప๔䭳ධ‫ڲ‬ ᩣϧⰡᣒᩣःϧℾጮ喑‫ࣨٺ‬ᴉझ㐀ⅴ᝸㐚

តགᄵ̡࣊ඟࣉᡵ‫ܒ‬ල൜ 䘕ܳ䄂◦ⰮЪጒੳ䨣㵹㑾◦जВᣒऄ͗ϧϧℾጮ䌕ධⅴ喑჋⣝ ϧℾጮⰡ䓫ప‫ڲ‬ጒ㵹䉓ᝤȡ䄒᰺ߎⰛ‫ݺ‬ग㘪ౕᴉझߋ⤳喑ᰡ็䄓 ᗲ䄤৕䄏᜾㵹ᴉझȡ

᠈㖅 ߋ‫ڙ‬ბߖ⤳̭ऺ 㢤‫ڝ‬䄚Ƞ㠞䄚Ƞ͚᪴喍ᮛ䕇䄊喎⛌㏰喠 ᱙⻾В̷႓ࢳ喠ࠑ႓䃑ⱌȠᰶ䒰ᑧ⮱⇌䕇 㘪߈হఏ䭌व҉㇫⺋喠γ㼐͚ప᪴ࡃ喑ᰶ 䌕᪴ࡃጒ҉㏼侹হ㵹ᩬጒ҉㏼侹㔲х‫ٵ‬喠

䉏ߎ჋΍⩌̭ऺ 㠞䄚Ƞ͚᪴喍ᮛ䕇䄊喎⛌㏰喠 ᱙⻾В̷႓ࢳ喑䉏ߎч䃎ᝃⰥ‫͇̀ڠ‬喠 䌼჋䃑ⱌ喑䉐Шᓰᑧ喑ສ႓̷䔈喠

᜾㵹᣽ӈᮛ䕇䄊Ƞ㇑䄚Ƞ㠞䄚Ƞ㢤‫ڝ‬䄚᰺ߎ喑⁏䓻‫͡ٶ‬Ƞ㜡⩢᜾㵹ಯ䄏͇ߎ喆


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China Times

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4

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www.chinatimes.nl Ꭵá°ľᏒă ™áąŒ

ŕłťáŒŻăƒŽâ¤łĺ–‘ă‹€â”ŒâŽŠá†‚Í¸ŕ´§â´ Íšă˘¤ŕŠłŕľžá„ľă˝—Сá&#x;śáŤœŕťłáŤœŕš”á‚Ľ Ńźá?Źăœ´ŕłťáŒŻâŽŠá†‚⾠➣ႼäŽ? *)4 äŽ?䪤,FFTWBO3PPJKFO ṙྞ㽅㔲⢸乀 Reporter Ni Wang

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â—§ŕłťáŒŻâŽŠá†‚ă”šâŠŒ *)4âŽąâ€Ťâż¸Ţ˘â€ŹäŠ¤âŽ˝ĺ–‘á°­ÝŠá­œŇ‰â—§Îšá??ᒚ㢤 㭚䛺á?§áŒ’Ň‰âŽąĚ­ä˜•ĐŞĺ–‘áŠŹá?‰ŕą•ĺŽŹâžŚÍŚá?§âż¸Îł Ě­á?”á?§ăƒśÍšá“°#PVXDFOUSVNĺ–‘Ňłä•&#x;ăľšŕłťáŒŻ âŽąÔ›á“–ŕŚšä›şá?§ČĄă”šâ?&#x;γᛜᄺᏒ⯡ࡋß?⎹ᄺ #PVXDFOUSVNă‹€äž„âŽąŕ°¸äŻˆä°­â…Żĺ–‘*)4ŕą• áŽĄáœ˝âż¸ĺ–‘â—§âŽŠá†‚Íšŕ°¸áƒŁáŁ˝Óˆá°śäŹ‰Ńźá?ŹŕŚšŕłťáŒŻ á?§ă˝šă śáŤŚä˛?âŽąŕ°¸äŻˆáŞ†ă—&#x;হăź?↧ፌι喑㔚ᰭ ÝŠá‚ĽäŽ?ऺ⽞◧#PVXDFOUSVN *OUFSOBUJPOBM &EVDBUJPOĺ–?#*&ĺ–ŽČĄă‹€ä•ťĚşáŤ¤âŽąáŠŚä˛–ăœ´âŽŠá†‚ĺ–‘

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About IHS

Netherlands.

IHS, Institute for Housing and Urban Development Studies, is an international centre of excellence of the School of Economics (ESE) and the Faculty of Social Sciences (FSS) of the Erasmus University Rotterdam, operating on a global scale by oering post graduate education, training, advisory services and applied research.

The birth of IHS is associated with the founding of the Bouwcentrum and the process of rebuilding Rotterdam, a city that was severely damaged by a bombardment during WWII. In response to an increasing international demand for the experiences of the Bouwcentrum, an international training wing was established in 1958 to provide international education and transfer knowledge and expertise to professionals from developing countries in search for solutions in the housing and construction sectors. Professionals from other European countries facing similar situation as post-war Netherlands were also interested in this training. This was called the Bouwcentrum International Education-BIE.

IHS was selected as the winner for the 2007 UN-HABITAT Scroll of Honour Award for leading the way as a global center of excellence and knowledge through its high quality training programmes in housing, urban management and urban environmental management and planning. In 2008 IHS celebrated its 50th anniversary of assisting countries, cities and institutions to ďŹ nd suitable approaches to housing and sustainable urban development, and strengthen their capacity to implement them. As part of the post-world war II reconstruction of The Netherlands a building centre of excellence called Bouwcentrum was founded in Rotterdam. In 1948 the so-called ‘round building’ was oďŹƒcially open. The mission of the Bouwcentrum was among other things to develop methodologies and technologies to foster fast production of aordable and adequate housing and to think about innovative approaches to give responses to severe housing shortage experienced by The

IHS is proud to have amongst its group of alumni professionals who have become mayors, ministers, prominent professionals, and NGO activists in various countries. IHS has the honour to have worked with prominent practitioners and government oďŹƒcials who dedicated to the mission of making cities work, and who have supported the institute's development goals. IHS is also proud to have many of its former sta working in Dutch municipalities, occupying key positions and working as prominent consultants. If you would like to recommend someone for "the IHS Scroll of Honour ", send us a note about him or her, the achievements, and the period spent at IHS.

Ä„*)4âŽąáŒ’Ň‰Ď§ŕŚ…ĺ–‘á‚“âŠŒŕŚšáľŽŕŁ¸ä˜ŞŇłăœ—ÍƒâŠšă˝žŕš‡Ěşŕ¤š âŽąŕ°¸áƒŁĺ–‘Ńłŕš”áƒŁä˜ŞÜłĎ˜ăŚ„Ě­Ô¸â€ŤÚžâ€Źŕ¤šâŽąâ°›á˝†ĺ–&#x;Ě­Í—á°Ąă’ť ŕşŞâŽąÍƒâŠšŕłťáŒŻáą—ŇłÄ… ഌ両ٗ❭ϧá?şâŽąáĽƒă…° áœžÔžâŽąáŁŽă˝—á­œŕą•Đˇá&#x;śáŤœŕťłáŤœáľŽâ€ŤÚ”‏ä•&#x;㾚⎹ȥ áľŽŕ°żŕą•ă˘¤ă­šŇłä ˆăƒ„á­œá’ľŕš”âŽąĺ–‘ŕ¤ąâ˝›ă˝šáŤŞĚ­á›śÔž â€ŤÚ•â€ŹČĄäŻ•ăŽ‚ä˜ŞäˇąáŞ?ăŚ„â“°ä—ŽâŽąá‚Ľăś€â…ˆŕ°şČĄá‚ĽáľŽä–ąă‹€ á?Ľá°°ä–­ăż¸Ě­ĎˆÍƒâŠšâ´’ऺ⎹Ⴜ㔲á?ƒä›şăşŽĎ§âž–Ňłâ‚‘ ä ˆâ‘ ČĄŕ¤œĐ’á˜ â€Ť×źâ€Źĺ–‘ŕą•ä•†ă¸Žá‚Ľă“żá°°á­œŕš‡ĺ?Šá™‰á˜źâŽą ̭Уθᗲȥ ҉◧̭á?­ÍƒâŠšă–‹ŕ¤şâŽąŕš”Ⴜ喑㽅㔲Ꮦᅞ༙㿗 ä•†ă¸ŽâŽąŕą•ä‚­á‚ĽâŠŒăœ´âŞ?áşšâŠŒá’ľŕš‡ä˜Şá­œâ°ĽâŞŁŮ—âť­Í á„ľáşšă—šáŽœáş˘á‘¤ĺ–‘âŞ?áşšŕ¤ťáœ˝â—§Îłĺ€…ă‰‡â€Ťŕ †Ú™â€Źŕ¨ŽČ ĐŽ áşšăƒŽâ¤łă”˛á?ƒáŠŹăşŽĎ§âž–喑ຯ㢤‍ݺÚ?â€Źäťƒâ°Ľ%S3VVE -VCCFSTČĄäŽ?䪤WBO 3PPJKFOâ€ŤâŠŒŮľâ€ŹÎŒá­œĐˇá&#x;śáŤœ ŕťłáŤœŕš”á‚ĽâŽąă‹€â”Œá„ľáşšĺ€…áą˝âŠŒĺ–‘ŕą•ä•†ă¸Žá‚šáœ˝ÎłĐƒ âŽąáą™âťžŕŚšâˇ–ŕ¸˜á‚Ľáşšĺ–‘á’šŇłâ€ŤÝ?â€ŹÎłŕš”á‚ĽâŽąăƒŽâ¤łá†‘áŒ’ ҉ȥ㔚*)4á‚ĽäŽ?âŽąá‚ĽâŠŒÎŒä˜Şá’ľá°śŇłäľšĺ–‘â„ ŕşŻă–œ ाస㖤਎喑኏á?‰áŒ’Ň‰Ď§ŕ¨Žĺ–‘áŒŻäŞ¤ĺ–‘ŕŁˇŕš”ŕ˛¸ä˛‹âŻľ â€ŤÝ–â€Źă‰ąăŽ ŕ¨ŽáŒ’ČĄáą™á…łâŽąŕą•ä‚­á‚ĽâŠŒĺ–‘á°śä“žĚ­ŕĄˇä˜Şá­œ ⊠㿸‍Ý?â€Źŕ°¸äŻˆážŒáť¸âŽąâ€ŤÚ•â€ŹäľşâĄťá‚Ľä›žŇłá…žä‚­âŽąČĄ *)4á‚ĽäŽ?äŞ¸ŕť¸âˇ–ŕ¸˜áŞ†ă—&#x;⎹᭯䍀͓̺䪤喑 ŃłáŒ&#x;á°śŇłăœ—ŕš‡Ô¸ŕ°¸áƒŁâŽąäŠ˛ä•ťऺâŞ?áşš âŠŒČĄá„şâ€ŤâŞ?ÚŁâ€ŹáşšâŠŒŕŚšĐƒÔžá?­â€ŤŢ˘â€Źä•?âŽąáœ˝á…žĺ–‘WBO

áąŒá’˛á°Ąŕš‡ăœ´Íšŕ°¸âŽąŕ¤ľŇ‰ á°­ÝŠŕ¤—á­œăœĄßˆÎťáŽ˜ß–âŽŠá†‚Íšŕ°¸áƒŁĺ–‘ă”šŕşŻĎˇ *)4ᰜ㌄ᰥá??äŤˇâŽąáŒŻŕľĄăœ´â°›á˝†ĺ–‘áŠŤâąŠÎťŕš”ä˜•ĐŞ ŕ°¸áƒŁŕŚšŕą?७ȥäŽ?äŞ¤ăś•âš§ĺ–‘Íšŕ°¸á°Ąá­œ*)4⎹ͨ㺎 ा҉ᄺ䆎ȥ 䎑γ๕Ⴜ㓿ăż&#x;⟸ፌä˛?ăœ´Íšŕ°¸ŕš‡á?­ŕš”Ⴜ⎹ा ҉喑*)4ŕą•ŕ´Śă˝€ăœ´âľ âžŁäľ…ŕ´Œä˜Şá°śÍšŕ°¸á°śăŚ„ă‹ˇáƒł ă–œăŽ˜ČĄá¨‡äŽ?䪤ϸ㉌喑ࣨᎥá°ľ*)4䖹ᣒᒲγ͚ ŕ°¸âŽąĚ­Ô¸áŒŻäŞ¤ŕą…ĺ–‘Ňłăœ—Íšŕ°¸ĚˇâŠ¤ă śŕš”ŕłťáŒŻâŽą ÎšŕĄŽŕš‡ŃşáŒŻäŞ¤ŕŁˇâ€ŤŢœâ€ŹáŒŻäŞ¤ŕą•ä•†ă¸ŽáŁ’ŕ¤„ÎłĚśÔ¸á­ŒáąŒ âŽąâ´šáąŒŕ´Śă˝€ĺ–‘ăż&#x;âź¸â€ŤÚ”â€ŹáƒŚÍ¨ăşŽĐ’Ńźá?ŹŕŁˇŕ´§â¸ťă˝šáŤŞ

3PPJKFOâ€ŤâŠŒŮľâ€Źá™Œâ€ŤÝ?‏呀ă?‹ŕŚšăœ—ä†—ĺ–‘áŽŁăś•âš§ĺ–‘ä•†Ďˆ âŞ?áşšâŠŒŕą•â€Ťâ¤°Ú•â€Źá?§âż¸Îłá‘¤ŕš”âŽąá„ľáşšĎ§äŻˆă‹&#x;㊎喑㔚 䕆Ըă‹&#x;ăŠŽŕ¤œĐ’â—§*)4á?ŁŇłáŤ?ĺƒ›âŽąá˜ âˆ‚ŕŚšăť­á”˘ĺ–‘ Ňłä˛?á„şâŞŁĎˇâŽąŕłťáŒŻá žá??ČĄ 䕇á?Ľăž&#x;á‚ĽäŽ?âŽąâŠ ăż¸ă”˛ä°­ăşŽá°śăœ á„žáŽĄâŽąáŒ’ Ň‰ă‹€äž„ĺ–‘ŕ¤œá­œâ—§Îłá„“â¤Ť*)4âŽąăƒŽâ¤łâ¤łá”˘ĺ–‘Ó°ä•&#x; Ⴜ㜀ϑ≎喑ႼäŽ?âžŚâ€ŤÍšâ—§Ý’â€Źŕ°¸á‚ĽâŠŒáŠŤá„™Îłä•†Ě­âžŚ ₡ᡊУȥႼäŽ?á°­ä“žä–ąăœ´ŕ°¸â€ŤâŽąâ‰ŽĚ­Ú”â€Źŕš”á‚Ľä•&#x;㾚ा Ň‰Ď‘â‰Žĺ–‘ŕşŻÍšŕ°¸Ď§â„žŕš”á‚ĽČ ŕ¤šâ”Œŕš”á‚ĽČ á“–áŹ“ŕš” á‚ĽČ ŕĄ„Ď™ŕš”á‚Ľă śă śĺ–‘äƒ€á°Ąŕš‡Ů—âť­âŽąÍšŕ°¸á‚ĽâŠŒá°ś ážŒá°°â€ŤÝ?â€Źŕ°¸ŕšƒä•&#x;ăľšĎ‘á¤ˆá‚Ľă“żČĄŃłŕ°¸â€ŤÚ”â€Źŕš”á‚ĽâŽąäľšä&#x;‰ Í“ä˛‹á­œá“˛ä´ľâŽąĺ–‘á‚ĽäŽ?á°Ąâˆ•ä›şá‚ĽâŠŒáą™ä?˜âŽąă˜Şßˆăœ´ ŕš–äˆ“ČĄŕ¤—ăşŽá­œá‚Ľă“żáœ˝ă?ŤŮ—âŞ?喑㠞㿋ⅥᎠ䒰倅⎹ Íšŕ°¸á‚ĽâŠŒĺ–‘á‚ĽäŽ?ä˜Şá°°ăŠ“Îľă”°áš›ä ąŕ¤ƒČĄ äŽ?䪤ϸ㉌㿗喑Ą*)4á„ľäŞ­áŁ˝ÓˆŕłťáŒŻăƒŽâ¤łâˇ– ŕ¸˜ăż&#x;âź¸ŕŚšĺ€…ă‰‡â´šáąŒŕ´Śă˝€ăż&#x;⟸喑㔚ႼäŽ?๕च̭⡖ ŕ¸˜á„ľáşšâ€ŤÚ”â€Źĺ–‘ă˝šă’›ÎłáŞĽâ˝›ăœ—ä–Ľá„ľáşšáŤŚŕ¤žĺ–‘ä•†ăŠ“Îł á‚ĽâŠŒá°Ąäąľâ‰¨âŽąä–Ľá§´á•”ČĄÄ… á„şáŤŠÍšŕ°¸á‚ĽâŠŒŕą•á‚Ľă“żĚˇâŽąăś•â¤Ťĺ–‘äŽ?䪤㊓ξ Îłâ˝şáş˘âŽąăž‚â€ŤŘŚâ€ŹČĄĐƒăžşâ—§Íšŕ°¸á‚ĽâŠŒä˜Şá’ľß—ßˆĺ–‘ä°ƒ â™Łŕą•áŒ’Ň‰ă‹€äž„Ěˇâźşäśœá‘žŕ ?ĺ–‘ŃłĎşá°śá’ľŕš‡áŤŚä˛?ŐŠ á“„â¤šĚˇâ€ŤÚŁâ€ŹĐƒâŽąŕ°¸ŕšƒŕ¤šá‚ĽÎżâ°Ľá‚Ľă“żČĄ

á?§ă˝šâ—§Í¨ĺ–‘áŞĄÔ¸ŕ´Śă˝€ŕ¤ƒá“„Îłá’ľŕš”âŽąáœ˝ßŒČĄâ¤Ť ŕą•ĺ–‘*)4ä–ąâ‚?ŕą•â—§Íšŕ°¸âŽąáŒŻäŞ¤ŕŚšáŠŹá?‰Ď§ŕ¨ŽäŞ¸âŽŠ á°Ąŕš‡äś‹ŃŠâŽąŕ´Śă˝€ä´˛â°›ČĄ á…žÍšŕ°¸â°›â€ŤâŽąÝşâ€ŹŕłťáŒŻâŽŠá†‚ĺ–‘Đƒá‘‚âŠ•ÎłáŹ’â€ŤÝşâ€Źă˘¤ ă­šáŤ?ă–‹á„şÍšŕ°¸âŽąĚ­âƒ˘ăž‚â€ŤŘŚâ€ŹČĄŕą•áą—ŇłáŞĽáŽĄĺ–‘Íšŕ°¸ ŕłťáŒŻá„´ä´˝ăźľŕˇ‹ß?Ěśâ€ŤŘąâ€Źăœ ŕ°ˆâ€ŤâŽąŘąâ€ŹŕłťáŒŻĎ§ŕ¤?ĺ–‘â?&#x;Îł ᛜᄺ䕆á˝?âŽąŕˇ‹äŞ¤ĺ–‘ŕłťáŒŻŕ´§â¸ťă˝šáŤŞČ Ńźá?ŹČ á…žáşš 㠜ፌä˛?âŽąŕłťáŒŻăƒŽâ¤łá„´á­œÍšŕ°¸ă‹€â”ŒâŽŠá†‚âŽąä›şăşŽŕ´§ â´ ĺ–‘ÎŒá„´á­œâ€ŤĚ­ÚŁâ€Źŕš”á žá??ČĄ7BO 3PPJKFOâ€ŤâŠŒŮľâ€ŹáąŒ á’˛*)4ÎŒă˜Şâ—§Íšŕ°¸âŽąŕłťáŒŻăƒŽâ¤łĚťâŽŠá†‚ä‡?⢨̭Ъ ßˆä›źČĄ


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㢤㭚仃Ⱕ঩㆟⊵䇨 䇎䪤⽞ᛶ㾟В㔮ϧ◧ᄺ䆎 ὀጯ⮱̺ᮜ喑๔У⊵䇨৮⮱␜䟤喑ᄴ௡ 䛺ᒞ䴬㋀┌⮱䊝‫ܧ‬ѻ䅤ȡᬒ‫ݺ‬喑㢤㭚仃Ⱕ⮩ ‫ܧ‬෋ߍ⊵䇨⮱঩㆟喑ጹ᱈ጯℾ㘪ํ䇤ᝬ䇤 䏷喑ѳ᭜喑䇎䪤%JKTTFMCMPFN㿗喑䕆➦‫ݒ‬㺮 ॥ᑂ䪤㔲ȡ 䕆Ѻ䇎䪤ౕᣒऄ䰉㾹ᣎ㽗⮱᭯Ն㿗喑㺮 呀ࠢ䇤ᝬ䇤䏷喑ᄺᎡ䑂ϧҳ㿗䕆᭜̺⤫ᄓ ⮱喑ѳ᭜㔮ϧუౕ䕻ࣨ⮱᪥࡮Ꭱ͚喑ጟ㋀⽺ ㉜γ䇎ჹ喑➦‫ݒ‬᭜䇤γᝬၽ喑㔹ᝬ䇥Όധ᱙ 䖱⌲γȡ఍ₑ喑ౕ䇎䪤ⰸҳ喑呀ࠢ⊵䇨⮱ᄺ

䊷ҳ䊷็ᄼЮẚ䮤‫࢞ڒ‬ᾌ

䆎喑ᛶ㾟᭜䕆ψ㔮ϧუ喟㟞䡏॔喑ែ䇴॔喑 ϑ㊓ၽຠ॔喆 ̺䕻喑㔮ϧუ̺䶅ᘼᄴ䇎⩏В䈵䔮⮱ᒏ ᐼϑ㊓ၽຠ喑䕆䌌㢤㭚⮱䈵⻛⼲ᰶ䬉ȡᵦᨇ 㺼Ⴧ喑䇎⩏䈵䔮喑䊲䕻γ̭Ⴧ⮱‫⼲ٺ‬䵺‫ݴ‬㺮 㿟⼲ȡ̺Ͳ‫ݺ‬喑ጟ㋀ᰶ̭ឦ‫ڙ‬䁶ϧౕ൞㉆̷ ⮩㶕᪴」喑঩㆟ᩬᏉ᣽倅‫⼲ٺ‬䵺喑ह᭯ᩫᄙ 䈵䔮⮱᷊У喑䕆ὐ㘪ํᄴ㔮ϧუ⮱䇎⩏ᰡߍ ღᭀ䂷◧䱿Ꭱ⮱䇎⩏喑ᰶ‫ݖ‬ᣕࠂὀጯВࣷ๔ У⮱⊵䇨ȡ

䲏ᩜЅ⮱๞ẚ䛾Ԋ䛾᱗㘪㺳㧸‫ڣ‬ᩜ‫ܧ‬喑఍ₑ 䕍᜽687ധ䛾⮱ⴚ㑧喑ϷᎡᄴ䖁‫⁽رݝ‬ ٰȡ‫ٶ‬᭜ࣨᎡ喑ധ䛾ᅞ⍈ᄾγ‫ٰ⁽ر‬ȡ̺ 䕻喑687ᑤ㿬喑ധ䛾⮱ⴚ㑧̺ᰰᒞ䴬๞ẚ 䛾⮱⮩ᩫȡ 687ౕᰵЪ⮩ѵ⮱䕆ЪܳᲽ喑࠲᠙ⴚ 㑧䵺ぶ喑ᄴౕᩬᏉ⮱Ꭱ䇎ᩬ䴽ツᵵ͚ε В㔰᚛喑䴽ツᵵᵦᨇ‫נ‬㊞ᄴౕᰵЪᄺใ‫ڙ‬ ѵȡ

䕻ࣨ‫ږ‬Ꭱᅞẚ㖤Ѻ๔፲⍈ᄾ ᵦᨇ͚๛㊞㼵ᅭ⮱᪥ႄ喑ϷᎡᰵᏂ㢤㭚 ⮱ᅞẚ㖤Ѻ⾧㑧◧Ը喑㎩㎹⍈ᄾȡౕ ᰭ䓾⮱‫ږ‬Ꭱ䕆⽛⍈ᄾ⮱䋕ࠏᠮ㎹喑㖤Ѻ⍈ᄾ ͨ㺮᭜ҳ㜗Юẚ⩹⮱ӈ㊓ᄾγ喑㔹ᩬᏉ䘕䪭 ᾌỸ⮱㖤Ѻ⾧㑧ԊᠮⰥᄺ⮱⾖Ⴧ喑̺䕻喑ᩬ

㢤㭚͚ᄼಸЮẚⵁ⾣᝭*.,⮩㶕൞ॷ喑 ⽞䯕㦄࢞ᾌ⮱ᐣ㎹喑䊷ҳ䊷็ᄼಸЮẚ䮤‫ڒ‬ ఝ䰐喑㜴ࣨᎡⰥ℁䐰喑⩠㿸⩌≨㸉ߖ⮱ᄼಸ Юẚͨ⮱᪥Ⱋ෋ߍγȡΌᅞ᭜㿗喑‫م‬ノ ᱗ᰶⵡ⩏喑ѳ᭜ᩣ‫ڒ‬ጟ㋀䰐ВᛶЅᬒ፥⩌≨ 䪸ᩜȡ *.,㜗Ꭱ䪸໸ᣕ‫͚ܧ‬ᄼಸЮẚᠴ᪥ *.,*OEFY喑䕆Ըᠴ᪥ӊᨇ⩠㿸䇥⩇㜠ౝ ᫦ᩬᏉ㸉ߖ⮱ЮẚͨԸᵵ᪥Ⱋ㔹‫ݣ‬Ⴧȡ䇍䇙 ϧ)BO %JFQFSJOL㿗喑ϷᎡす̭႐Ꮣጟ㋀‫ܧ‬ ⤫̭Ը䰭㺮Ⅿߖ⮱倅ም喑̭㝙ҳ㿗喑すι႐

Ꮣᗲ⇮ᰰສ䑶̭ψ喑ѳ᭜すι႐Ꮣगᰶౕᐧ ヶẚ᫦䲏ⰸ‫ݝ‬γᩦ઱喑ⰸҳᄼಸЮẚϷᎡ⮱ ᬒၽϺ♣̺ສ䕻ȡ 䕆Ը*.,*OEFYВᎡ喑Όᅞ᭜䛾 㲺㋀┌࢞ᾌ✳⮩͸Ꭱ⮱᪥ႄ◧ӊᨇ喑㽚Ⴧ◧ 吋喑Ꭱ⮱ᰵЪ䖁‫ݝ‬喑◧ᰭ倅 ምȡᎡ฼႐ᰶ䐰๔፲Ꮣ̸䭺喑ఋᓖ‫ݝ‬ 吋喑ѳ᭜Ꭱ⮱ᰵ㜠ᰵ喑̷ࣵࡴ㜠 吋ጓठ喑ࣨᎡᰵЪ͸ᒹ䖱㎩㎹̷ࡴ喑 ࣵᒏ᜽̭Ը̺ᮜ⅐⮱倅ምȡ

ੳᏄ៿㊂‫ܧ‬ਜ਼ၝ‫ٿ‬ຣㆶ㊓ϋ≟䲏ႁ㔲䖚ែ㽡

‫؞‬਎๞ẚԊ䯗ᾌỸ䪸ᩜ๔෋ 䇎ᩬ㑧ऐ෋ߍѳ̺ᒞ䴬๞ẚ䛾倛ᩫ ⩞᫩๞ẚ⢴⮱䷳ࡴ喑䇍䇙⮩ᩫ๞ẚ䛾 88⮱‫؞‬਎๞ẚԊ䯗ᾌỸ687⮱䇍ᨁᬒ⯷ ߍ䛺喑ѝ㼵ϷᎡᓲ䴵㺮℁ࣨᎡ็ᩜЅ‫ر‬ ⁽ٰ⮱๞ẚ䛾喑㔹ᬻᎡ䖱ᄴ㎩㎹෋ߍ‫⁽ر‬ ٰȡ㾟ᾌỸᬒ‫⮩ݺ‬㶕൞ॷ㿗ȡ ѝ㼵䵅ः๞ẚ䛾⮱๞ẚ㔲᪥Ⱋ喑ᄴౕ ᎡᎡ݊⮱㥙ധ⸻̷䷳ࡴ喑ᬻᎡᎡᏂ 䖁‫ݝ‬㥙ȡ ⩞᫩๞ẚ䛾ᩜЅ⮱ᬒ⯷෋ߍ喑㔹䯴ͨ᫦

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Ꮙ䘕䪭㖤Ѻ⾧㑧ౕ᪡Ըࠋጒጯൡ̷᝭ҁ⮱℁ ⢴̺๔ȡ ថ䮑႐ロᕔ఍㉍喑ᰵᏂЮẚ⩹㖤Ѻ⾧㑧 ᰶԸ喑ᩬᏉ䘕䪭⾧㑧◧Ըȡ

㢤㭚ࣺₔ㻃౅倁⽞喑ጟ㋀ᣒ⢟㜠ᄾჄ⮱ ែ㽡喑᳽ψੳᏄ៿㊂ाϋ≟䲏ႁ⮱䶔჏‫ܧ‬ਜ਼ ၝ‫ٿ‬ຣㆶ喑‫͚ڣ‬Ⴤ⮱㷘ែ㽡ᄺ䆎᭜&UPT喑 ̭Ⴤ᭜,SVJEWBU喑ओใ̭Ⴤ᭜1MVT䊲ጯ̭უ ܳᏄȡ ᨇែ㽡㔲㿗喑̷䔝ੳᏄ⮱ਜ਼䇕਎喑ᬻᬻ ⮪⮪ౝᄺЃԾ㿗喟᜾Ծ⮱ຣㆶ̺䈐㊓ҍԾȡ Όᰶ̺䃀ЃԾ䈩䇤㺼Ⴧ⮱䭽䵺喑㺮℁᱙ౌ㢤 㭚䶔჏ᄾ̭㑽⮱Ըᵵȡ

ౕ#FOUIVJ[FO⮱1MVT䊲ጯ喑ᰶԸ‫ڔ‬䘕‫׆‬ ᔅ䠱喑̷䲏ᬻ⮪ᄘ䖀喑ᄺ᫩䗐ψ̺⛌ᖶ⮱䶔 ჏喑⃼⁎ग㘪䈩䇤̭㑽ຣㆶ喠᱙ౝ⮱⛌჏喑 ⃼⁎जВ䈩䇤‫ږ‬㑽ȡ ̺䕻喑㷘吋ऺ⮱̷䔝ੳᏄহ䊲ጯ喑ᄺ᫩ ൞㉆⮱⊵ᖜᙌ‫ݝ‬侇㽊喑⽞‫ڣ‬㍪䘕ᓋҳ↿ᰶᣒ ⢟Ш҂ែ㽡喑͓́ᑤ㿬ᓋҳ↿ᰶ䕻ᄴ䶔჏ᵦ ᨇ‫ڣ‬䲏ႁްܳ㔹ᣎः̺ह䟤ਜ਼ᣗ᫪⮱և∂ȡ

厬ጯᩬᏉА㶕হ厬➦ͦ㤜ੳᰰ᠉㽗㤜ੳ 喍厬➦ͦࡻੳчᲒ⽬喎 ⩞᫩㋀┌̺ᮜ⅐ぶ࣌఍喑Ꭱ㢤㭚ᩬ Ꮙᄴᰰᰶ̭㈨݄㍛⍈䪸ᩜ⮱ᣗ᫪ȡ‫͚ڣ‬ᰶψ ᩦ䂷ᄴᰰᄺ͚ᄼЮẚᰶⰡᣒ⮱ᒞ䴬喑䂙ຯ᧑ 䟤๔䘕ܳ⮱,7,ぶȡ ҉◧ੳϧ喑᜾Ծ㺮䖢Ⴕ㢤㭚⮱∂ᒸ∂ 㺼喑হᩬᏉȠ⹫ᰰऱ㓑倁̭䊤◧㢤㭚ᬖᬒ䊝 ‫ܧ‬㋀┌ѻ䅤㔹ߗ߈ȡह᭯喑᜾ԾΌ㺮ा⹫ᰰ ⮩‫ܧ‬᜾Ծ⮱ᓰ㖟喑ӰҬᩬᏉ䘕䪭䛺㻃⤫⇮喑

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ᣎःᰡⰡᣒᰡᰶ᩵⮱᫦ᐼࢁߖ͚ᄼЮẚᏓ䕻 䰐䬉ȡ◧ₑ喑厬➦ͦ㤜ੳᰰহጯᩬᏉ⮱А㶕 ̭䊤ᄴ᫩ᰵᬒ᠉㽗㤜ੳȡ 㤜ੳᰰᄴᰰౕऱ㵹ऱẚ䖥᧴Ѻ厬➦ͦ ࡭ഌ‫⮱ڔ‬ੳუ䕟㵹ᣎ㽗喑⌞‫Ⳛڒ‬㼐㤜ੳ⮱䰭 Ⅿ喑ጹ᱈ऱѺᰰ਎䍡䎺൞ऺࣰߍᣎ㽗 㖜㈨䰨㾞喟 䘢マ喟JOGP!WDPSOM WDPSMJKXBOH!HNBJMDPN


7

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8

Ą㢤㭚ࢠᄴ䊝‫ܧ‬ѻ䅤ą 㢤㭚厬➦ͦз៶᫜໳᫜๔Ⴅ⮱‫ږ‬Ѻ㋀┌ Ⴅუ1IJMJQ )BOT 'SBOTFTহ#FSUᄺ㢤㭚⮱ ㋀┌⮩ᆂ㶕⹧Ἧ㻭喑㾺◧Ⱋ‫ݺ‬ጟ㋀ᣒ䓾㉽᲌ 㶝䔭⮱䮻⃢ȡ ЃԾ䴽⍙喑ϷᎡすι႐Ꮣ㢤㭚㋀┌Ϻᄴ 㶝䔭喑ѳ᭜す̶႐Ꮣহすఈ႐Ꮣᄴܳ

‫ݒ‬ᰰ෋䪤হȡ‫ऺږ‬㋀┌Ⴅუ㶕⹧喑 ЃԾ᭜䕇䕻ܳᲽ㜕᭯ጒϧ᪥҉‫ܧ‬ₑ䴽⍙⮱喑 㜕᭯ጒ᪥ႄ⮱䂷ࡃ䕇፥℁㋀┌᪥ႄ䵅‫ࡷٵ‬ ᎡȡᵦᨇЃԾ⮱ⵁ⾣হܳᲽ喑㜕᭯ጒጯൡጟ ㋀‫⤫ܧ‬γສ䑶ȡ

ࡄ⊤⇦⅐ႅ䛼䊲䴽᱌ 㢤㭚సᏘ᱗ҳᰶ᫝⮱䕟䈙 㢤㭚㘪⎽ノ⤳㍪ᅭ&#/⮩㶕ᰭ᫝⮱㿬

̭უౝ䈗ᣏ⍙‫ڙ‬थ'VHSPᓋᎡ䪸

ᴒ喑ࡄ⊤͚ᆙ᫩㢤㭚⮱Ⅱഌ䘕ܳ᝭㬡㫼⮱๖

໸喑ᄺ㢤㭚̭‫ڞ‬Ꭰ᫦‫ڙ‬䛹⮱⊤Ꮒ䕟㵹

♣⅐হⴠ⇦喑䐰࣌‫ٵ‬ѝツ⮱㺮๔喑䕆ᄴౕ᱗

̭⪗ᣏ⍙喑ःᓄ๔䛼᪥ᨇ喑&#/䈩䇤γ䕆ψ

ҳ㊓㢤㭚⮱సᏘ፣ҳᘼใ⮱ᩣ⯷ȡ&#/᭜А

᪥ᨇ͸ᒹ喑㋀䕻̭⪗ܳᲽⵁ⾣ᓄ‫ܧ‬γ᫝⮱㉽

㶕㢤㭚ᩬᏉࣰ㜴䪸⮩㢤㭚⮱ⴠ⇦হ๖♣⅐⮱

䀃ȡࡄ⊤ౝ࡭䘕ܳ䕻ࣨ⮱ⵁ⾣᭜̭❴⾧⮪喑

Ⴥ᫦ᾌỸȡ

఍◧ᵩ㒲ᄔᵦ̸䲏⮱๖♣⅐ፓٟႅ䅽ჹ喑♎

㾟ノ⤳ᅭ⮱ᅭ䪤#FSFOE

4DIFGGFSTᄺ

㽅㔲㶕⹧喑ѝ㼵ࡄ⊤ౝ࡭⮱๖♣⅐ႅ䛼℁࣌ ‫ٵ‬䴽㼵⮱㺮็‫⿸رܧ‬᫦喑ѳ᭜ᓲ䴵Ⰾᔘ

䊝䕟๔㜗♣ઓ  ᱙᱌す䴮 す 〆 㢤仃Ⱕ₎䓻⁽≟ᰶ➦䪤๞ẚ䱿Ꭱҳ㢤 ᨇ㢤㭚྿倁/04㋟〆ᰵᬒ൞䖀喑ᬒ‫ݺ‬ ౕᓤస᳼᳄㜶䓓⮱̭Ըᰶ䬉䱿Ꭱ๞ẚ⮱⁽≟ ምᰰ͸ᒹ喑㢤㭚仃Ⱕ傜➦㶕⹧喑㢤㭚ᄴ㜡߈ ॥ᩣᰶጒ҉㋀侄ᰶ̭ឭ͸䪤⮱⁽≟‫ڣ‬Ѓసუ 䱿Ꭱ๞ẚ㔲ҳ㢤ጒ҉喑➦‫ݒ‬᭜ឭ㶀হ㘪⎽䵅 ഌ͸‫ڔ‬ȡ ९➦㿗喑‫׼‬ᵩ㒲ᄔᵦࡄ䘕ౝ࡭⮱㘪⎽‫ڙ‬ थВࣷ೰఍䰺⏘ౝ࡭⮱̭ψឭ㶀㵹ẚЮẚ喑 䘪࡮ܳ㑧ͼᰶ㋀侄⮱ឭ㶀‫؞‬਎喑㢤㭚ᩬᏉౕ 㜡߈呀ࠢ᱙స䱿Ꭱែ䏘䕆ψ㵹ẚ⮱ह᭯喑Ό ጹ᱈㘪ํ॥ᩣ‫ڣ‬Ѓ⁽≟సუ⮱䱿Ꭱ๞ẚ㔲ҳ 㢤ጒ҉喑͓➦‫ݒ‬㜶Ҹ㿴ࣷᘼ๔‫⮱ݖ‬๞ẚ䱿Ꭱ ឭ㶀ϧ਎ȡ ९➦䖱㿗喑䕆ψ⁽≟సუ๞ẚ䱿Ꭱҳ㢤 ጒ҉喑͓䲋䕻ࣨ⮱Ą჏ㅺࠋጒą喑ౕⰥ䬉⮱ ‫ڙ‬थЮẚ͚ᄴᰶ䕆ψ䱿Ꭱϧ⮱̭ፚ͸Ѻȡ ౕ᳼᳄⮱䕆Ը⁽≟ምᰰ̷喑⁽≟ऱస䵅 㷃ᅞຯ҂ࢁ㿬㼐↧⁽≟䱿Ꭱ๞ẚ੼䵹䕟㵹γ 㼻䀃喑͓́䖁᜽ࢁ䂝᧒‫ٰ⁽ر‬㽚⿸ധ

䛾喑⩕᫩㼐↧䱿Ꭱ๞ẚ⮱ጒ҉͚ȡ 㢤㭚↿ᰶᓋ䕆Ըധ䛾͚ᓄ‫ܳݝ‬Ϙ喑఍◧ 䕆Ըധ䛾⮱㺼Ⴧ᭜गᰶ₟В̸䱿Ꭱ๞ẚ⢴ 倅᫩⮱సუ喑᝺㘪⩠㿸ധ䛾喑㔹㢤㭚Ⱋ ‫ݺ‬䕆ԸᎡ咎㉱‫⮱ݒ‬๞ẚ⢴᭜ȡ ౕ̭ψࢄ⁽సუ喑ຯ㺬⤚➆Ƞጹ㜅Вࣷ ᫝‫⮱Ⰼڒ‬సუ‫ٸ‬㒲ౝϋぶ喑䱿Ꭱ๞ẚ⢴倅䖁 ȡ

ȍ㢤㭚仃Ⱕ९➦ౕምᰰ̷হᘼ๔‫ݖ‬ह؇̭䊤ȡ

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䪸ᣎ喑఍◧⅐⩝䙝䓾ౝ࡭⮱ౝ䈗㉽Ỹᒵᔘ㔮 ࡃȡ

䰭‫ݝ‬䖍⊤ࣨᄸឫȡ &#/㼵ް෋ߍ⮱ែ䇴喑̭ψࣰߍ䪸 ⮩᫝⮱⅐⎽⮱‫ڙ‬थजВܳϘ‫ݖ‬⒑ȡ Ꭱ喑㢤㭚సᏘౕ๖♣⅐᫦䲏⮱ᩣ ‫ڒ‬喑ߍ̷ᰶ䬉‫ڙ‬थ⮱⼲ᩣ̭‫ٰ⁽ر◧ڞ‬ȡ

‫ڔ‬䫐䭽‫ऺⴒݣ‬ロⰛͨᠮϧ㫗䛾 㢤㭚仃Ⱕহ䘕䪤⮱㫗䛾็ᄎ喑ᰶ

⮱‫ڞڙ‬྿倁㉱㎁ᄾγᩬᏉ≒䇩喑ᓲ䴵⭓䏘㷮

ₐᐼ⮱㺼Ⴧ喑᪥Ꭱ‫ݺ‬ᰶ̭Ըऺ㾋घ

਎喑ᰶϧ๞ẚγ喑ѳ᭜喑̭ψロⰛͨᠮϧϺ

ևĄ#BMLFOFOEFOPSNą喑䕆᭜В‫ݺ‬仃Ⱕ⮱

♣㎩㎹䵅ः㦄倅㫗䛾喑᭜̺᭜Ό㾟㔰᚛㔰᚛

ऺႄ‫ݣ‬Ⴧ⮱̭Ը‫ڞڙ‬ᾌỸ倅ᆑϧ਎⮱㫗䛾὆

γȡ

⏃喑㺼Ⴧ‫ڞڙ‬ᾌỸ⮱倅ᆑϧ਎㫗䛾ᰭ倅̺㘪

᪥ Ꭱ ‫ ݺ‬喑 ㉽ व ⪣ ᭯ ᣽ ‫ܧ‬

䊲䕻仃Ⱕ㫗䛾⮱喑㔹⪣Ꭱ὆⏃‫ܧ‬झ᭯

⮱Ą#BMLFOFOEFOPSNą喑‫ڞڙ‬ᐐ᧚㉱㎁‫ڔ‬

Ն仃Ⱕহ䘕䪤⮱㫗䛾὆⏃᭜Ꭱ㫗㥙⁽ٰ

䘕㺼Ⴧ喑㖤਎⮱㫗䛾ᰭ倅̺जВ䊲䕻㥙

喍࠲क़մ᱌䛾হᎡ㉯≒䇩喑᱗䮑⼲喎ȡ

⁽ٰ喑̺䕻喑⪣᭯Ό㶕⹧喑Ą̭ψ⢕̭♎ι

♣㔹喑ᄓ䯈᧺҉͚̺ᄾ‫ڞڙ‬ᾌỸ倅ᆑহ

⮱๖᝺ҸใąȡᵦᨇϷᎡ⮱᪥ႄ喑ౕ‫ڞڙ‬྿

̭ψẚࠆᅃၽ⮱㫗䛾䘪倅᫩仃Ⱕȡᬒ‫ݺ‬喑⤫

倁㉱㎁͚喑Ϻ♣ᰶऺロⰛͨᠮϧᎡ㫗䊲䕻γ

‫ڔ‬䫐⮱᪴ࡃ᪆㗟䘕సࠆ⼅ᰥ4BOEFS %FLLFS

὆⏃喑ᓋ㥙㜠㥙⁽ٰ̺ぶȡ

㶕⹧喑̭ψ‫ڞڙ‬྿倁㉱㎁⮱ロⰛͨᠮϧ⮱㫗

%FLLFS㶕⹧喑ౕ᱙ᅳ‫ڔ‬䫐Ш᱌‫ڔ‬ᄴ҉

䛾Όᛶ㾟⍈̭⍈γȡЃ㶕⹧喑䕆᭜̭⽛䖀ᓤ

‫ܧ‬᫝㺼Ⴧ喑‫ڞڙ‬྿倁㉱㎁‫⮱ڔ‬䕆ψĄ⢕̭♎

̷⮱঩㆟喑̺䕻喑҉‫ܧ‬൞䖀⮱൞㉆‫ڤ‬倁吋γ

ι⮱๖᝺ą⮱㫗䛾Ό㺮‫ݷ‬⍈喑ᰭ倅̺㘪䊲䕻

̭ψͨᠮϧ⮱ऺႄȡ

㥙喑Όᅞ᭜হ仃Ⱕࣷ䘕䪤̭ὐȡ

Ѓ㿗喑⩞᫩ᩬᏉロⰮ䪸ᩜ喑)JMWFSTVN

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͚㢤ੳ൞ᐐॷ❵᱌"%7&35*4&.&/5

9

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programma

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China Times

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10

⩌ᘼൡƌ#64*/&44

ҳ⎽喟ȨⳚ᱈Პ᫦䕞ܷȩ㽅㔲喟९❪ ṷ⊓࡭ᰶ̭უϧᥙუ⮱᭯Ն㊓ЃԾក䰨 㾞㺮Ⅿ̷䪭ᩣ㶐᰺喑‫ڕ‬უ̸̭ၽϑ‫ڙܧ‬ ᫑㶐᰺ȡ ̭Ѻ⌲⋩កល⮱ຠ䶔჏᣽γ̭Ը๔࠲喑 㸎䲏㸊␬γ㺜㶘Ƞ5ᖑȠ㸆ၽ喑ⰸ̷ࣨ‫ژ‬Ί᜽ ᫝喑㶐᰺Ϋ⌕͓́⪷ᩫᒵ᪡呷ȡౕϑ㊓Ꮔ਎ ᒹ喑䕆࠲㜷㶐᰺Ӭ㷘ែ䕟̭Ը̭ㆠ倅⮱ఋᩣ マ‫ڔ‬ȡᏄ਎䖋γ̭ᑢ‫ژ‬ρៅ⮱ٗᘍ‫ݥ‬㊓຦ȡ ຠ䶔჏䯕ࢠౕὀ̷Ƞὀ̸䕈γ̭వ喑ᠾγᎫ У㶐᰺喑⩕ٗᘍ‫㉽ݥ‬䈙䰏ࣨȡ 䕆̭ᎂ⮩⩌ౕ᳽ᔘ䟤৮❹᰺㸊⮱̭უ̷ ⊤䪭Ꮔ‫ڔ‬ȡϷᎡᰵ䊤喑㾟৮❹̷ౕ⊤㾓㵹Ą 㜷㶐ఋᩣą䴲Ⱋ喑䶔჏ᄴუ㸎䪿㒛㜷㶐᰺ក ࠲䔮‫ݝ‬Ꮔ㸎ఋᩣ喑䖱जᠬ‫̭ݝ‬ᑢٗᘍ‫ݥ‬ȡ৮ ❹̷ౕ⊤⮱䪭Ꮔᄴᩣ‫⮱ݝ‬㜷㶐᰺䕸ఋ㍪䘕喑 ϑ㊓⪣ౝ̭უఋᩣ‫ڙ‬थևᒹ᱌⮱ᓗ⧝‫⩕ݖ‬ȡ ͚స⺮₏㜷㶐᰺⮱䟤ਜ਼喑ѳ‫ٮ‬㽞⩕᫩ఋ ᩣܳ㼐ߍጒ᜽࣌᫆ȡ䰃♣䘪᭜㷘͌ᷱ⮱㜷㶐 ᰺喑ࢨऱᰶऱ⮱‫ܧ‬䌜ȡ

㜷㶐᰺‫ܧ‬ऐ䲋≟ᰶੳᾌ喤

ȋ͚స͓̺᭜す̭Ը㜷㶐᰺Ą⮨䮥ą䲋 ≟⮱సუȡ 䮑γ͚స喑Ⱋ‫ܧݺ‬ऐ㜷㶐᰺‫ݝ‬䲋≟⮱సუ ͨ㺮᭜㒻సȠ㠞సȠ㢤㭚Ƞᬒ᱙Ƞ䴀సȡ᫦ ᯶Პा᱙ܷ㽅㔲᣽ӈ⮱Ԏᖜ㶕ᬻ喑Ą㒻స‫ܧ‬ ऐ㜷㶐᰺ౕ䲋≟ጯൡҁᰶ⢴䖁‫ݝ‬В̷喑 䯕ᒹ᭜ᬒ䴀ぶ⮩䖁సუȡą ͚సౕ䲋≟ጯൡ̷͓᱗ҁᓄ‫ٵ‬ᾌ喑͚స䇕 Ό䖱↿ᰶ䖁‫ݝ‬Ąᥣ᝸ą⮱ౝѺȡ ౕಓᵾᅩϋȠ◼Ϋ䖁হ㗜ᅩϋぶౝᰶ๔

Όₐ᭜⩞᫩㜷㶐᰺̺᫤㉜⽺喑̺‫ײײ‬Ą฀ ᫤ąγ⃼უ⃼ᝣ⮱๔㶐῰喑Ό฀⬈γ᪡Ը㜷 㶐᰺䇤䈐ጯൡȡĄᎡ͸ᒹ喑㜷㶐᰺䇤䈐 㵹ẚᅞຯह䰕ᒹ᭒ぺ̭ὐ⾮♣✳⮩喑̸̭ၽ ็γ䊤ҳȡ᜾͸‫ౕݺ‬Ꭱ⮱᭯Ն㊞㼵䕻喑 ⪣᭯ጯൡ̷ևᓄ℁䐰ສ⮱गᰶუ喑㔹⤫ౕ ౕ᜾Ծ㋟〆̷㽨‫⮱ڷ‬ᅞᰶ็უ๔๔ᄼᄼ ⮱Ⱕ䬉Юẚȡą ऱౝ㜷㶐᰺⮱‫ئ‬ᵩ὆⏃͓̺̭ὐ喑Ą⇠ ࡄ㜷㶐᰺㊞䇕喍᱗㋀ܳᣭ㮂⤳喎⃼஥๔ắౕ _ٰ喑⊆↌⃼஥๔ắౕ_ ٰ喑㔹हὐ⮱䇕ౕᐐጋ๔ắ⃼஥_ ٰȡ̭㝙ҳ㿗喑⇬⊤⍜ऐ೻ጯ⮱‫ئ‬ᵩ倅᫩‫ڔ‬ ౝ೻ጯ喑㔹́‫ئ‬ᵩ̭ₒₒ̷⑟ȡą᫦᯶Პౕ ᣒऄ྿倁ᣎ㽗᭯᣽‫ݝ‬ȡ ᱙ܷ㽅㔲⮩⤫喑ౕ͚స㜷㶐᰺㋟̷ⰸ‫ݝ‬ ⮱ӈⅯԎᖜᆂ⹧͚喑ܳ䶋㍮⦐喑‫ئ‬ᵩऱ̺Ⱕ ह喑㊂๔็᪥⮱ӈⅯ᫦䘪ౕᐐᲞȡ ȋ㜷㶐᰺⮱᱗ⴒ‫ܧ‬䌜

ȋ‫℈ژ‬䡏̭Ը⮱㜷㘥㒖 ຯ᳉㿗Ϸ฼ౕҍ䏘̷⾬㦄⮱➈Ё㹟喑ᬻ Ꭱࢨ‫ౕ̭⤫ܧ‬ԸѼౕ䖆䖍䲋≟⮱⪣ౝᅲℾ䏘 ̷喑㿸̺㺮๴ᕗȡ Ą͚స⮱㜷㶐᰺ᒵ๔̭䘕ܳ‫ܧ‬ऐ‫ݝ‬䲋 ≟ȡą͚స㜷㶐᰺㋟‫ޢ‬໸ϧ᫦᯶ᲞᄺȨⳚ᱈ Პ᫦䕞ܷȩ㿗喑Ą᜾Ծ㋟〆⮱⃼๖㽗੼䛼 ͚喑Ꭻͻᰶ⮱㽗੼ҳ㜗䲋≟ȡą᫦᯶Პ 㿗喑䕆Ը᪥ᨇ⮱ᣎ䯳ͨ㺮ᵦᨇ㽗੼㔲⮱*1ౝ ౭ȡ 䮑γ᡽䈵喑䈐ᒭ䲋≟⮱͚స㜷㶐᰺䪸໸ᑂ 䊤ϧԾ⮱䬉∕ȡ ̷⊤㌐⎽ᄓẚᰶ䭽‫ڙ‬थ䇍䇙ϧṷ㛧剨ᅞ ᭜ᓋθ㜷㶐᰺ఋᩣ㵹ẚ㔲͸̭ȡЃ⮱Ą๔⚷ 䇀ą㜷㶐➖ఋᩣマ㜠Ϸጟ㋀〆̷ౕ⊤Ը㾓 吋ᄼ࡭喑‫ڞ‬ᰶԸጓठȡĄ᜾Ծఋᩣҳ⮱ 㶐᰺喑ᰶψ䕐ष❹䘪↿៳ȡąṷ㛧剨ᠬ‫̭ܧ‬ У㜷㶐᰺㊓ȨⳚ᱈Პ᫦䕞ܷȩ㽅㔲ⰸȡ Ꭱ喑̷⊤㌐⎽ᄓẚᰶ䭽‫ڙ‬थ‫ڞ‬ఋᩣ㜷㶐➖ ஥ȡ ౕ䕆ψ㶐᰺͚喑ᰶ⾬⩕‫ئ‬թ⮱㶐᰺喑ᰰ᡽ 䈵‫ࣨܧ‬ȡౕ⃼ᰵఋᩣ⮱㜷㶐᰺͚喑ᰶ็䖁 ็஥⮱℈㶐喑䮑ࣨႹສȠᒲ᡽䈵⮱喑๔㈱ᰶ ᰰ៳䪸䛺᫝㌕㎁喑♣ᒹ᡽㊓ጹ᱈ᄼႥȡ ₑใΌᰶ̭䘕ܳᰰ㷘䈐‫ݝ‬䲋≟ȡṷ㛧剨ϸ ㉦喑Ą⩞᫩⪣ౝ⅐Ն⮱੼䵹喑฼㶐ᰡߍऄ₎ 䓻ȡᰶ⮱㶐᰺఍◧ࣵӬ჉ࣵ᫝喑‫ݝ‬䗐㸎ᰰ㷘 ᥣ䈩ȡą ౕ㶐᰺ܳ䶋䕻⼸͚喑ຠᕔ⮱㘥㒖᭜㷘૛⢕ ܳᣭ‫ܧ‬ҳ⮱ȡĄ䕆ψ㘥㒖䲋፥ऄ₎䓻喑‫ܧ‬ऐ Ⴧ‫℈ژئ‬䡏̭Ը喑䈐‫ݝ‬䲋≟ȡąṷ㛧剨㿗ȡ ౕ͚స㜷㶐᰺㋟̷喑䰃♣⃼๖䘪ᰶҳ㜗䲋 ≟ᩣ䈩ੳ⮱Ą䍖吋ą喑ѳ᭜᫦᯶Პ᝸̷͓↿ ᰶ䲋≟ᩣ䈩ੳ䇴⎽ȡĄ఍◧᜾㜗ጞ̺և䕆Ը ⩌ᘼ喑䲋≟⮱㜷㶐᰺ᩣ䈩ੳᰰⰡᣒౕ㋟〆̷ 䌌Ă̷⍥ă㖜㎘䇤䇕ȡą 䇤䈐䖁᜽⮱䕻⼸̭㝙᭜䕆ὐ⮱喟‫ܧ‬ऐЮ ẚ༁㽄Ą̸㌇ąౕጯൡ̷ᩣ䈩ܳᣭ㶐᰺喑䕆 ᭜ᩣ䇕➖喠⮩䇕‫ݴ‬᭜䕇䕻༁㽄䇬ᭀ‫ڙ‬थ喑‫ں‬ 䕸ा䲋≟ጯൡȡΌᰰᰶ䲋≟⮱ᩣ䈩ੳჇ᱌ҳ ๔䮥᥉ᄸ㜷㶐᰺ӈ䇕⎽喑ᐐጋᅞ᭜㖇䯳ౝ͸ ̭ȡ ౕ͚స㜷㶐᰺㋟̷喑Όᰶ䬉᫩ᣏ㉏䲋≟ ๔䮥Ƞᄸឫ㜷㶐᰺‫ܧ‬ऐव҉๒ѡ⮱㋀侄ϸ㉦ ፃȡ℁ຯ᱙ܷ㽅㔲ⰸ‫̭ݝ‬Ըፃၽᄘ㦄喑Ąຯ ᳉ҍ᭜̭Ըᰶ៞䇍喑ࣵᰶ㛪ၽ喑ᘠ㺮‫ࣨܧ‬䬃 ̭⪗θẚ⮱ϧ喑̺໕㔰᚛̸‫ࣨܧ‬䬃̭⁎ȡą

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๔ᄼᄼ⮱Ąㆠృጡąጯൡȡౕ᫜⨓ጹ䛹㿋 䛹喑Ąㆠృጡą᱙ᘼ◧Ą㜷⮱ąহĄι᝸ ⮱ą喑⤫ౕ᜽γ⪣ౝϧᄺ䕟ऐ㜷᰺㸊⮱䕇 ⽞ȡ䰃♣䗐㸎⮱㜷᰺㸊ጯൡ㺼὎๔ᄼ̺̭喑 ѳ‫ڞ‬ह⮱➦吋᭜᧮ᨍ̺ൗ喑᜽ᢿ⮱ㅎᭀᩑѺ 仃ᅫⰥ䕐ȡ⃼ԸᩑѺᓋ̷‫̸ݝ‬ᣈ␬γĄㆠృ ጡą喑ᓋ5ᖑȠ➈Ё㹟‫ݝ‬倅῁㺬᰺Ƞ䷕ᵩ⢕➦ ⮱≮㵹᭯㸊ᛶᰶⰎᰶȡⰸⰸ㜷㶐᰺⮱৮❹喑 ᅑ‫ڣ‬᭜5ᖑ̷࢝⮱㠞᪴喑ᩑͨԾౕळ૊᭯ᰰ̺ ㈱㔹हౝϸ㉦喟㒻స䇕ȡ 䲋≟᫝๔䮥ϓ䲋̭䌜ᯏ䕇ȡ‫ܧ‬᫩Ԋ䂤ౝ ᫦㋀┌ᝃ㔲᭜‫ڣ‬Ѓᩬ⇨࣌఍喑̭ψ䲋≟సუ ⺮₏䕟ऐ㜷᰺㸊ȡຯᅩᬒ‫ݖ‬ϋᄴ㜷㶐᰺݄‫ڒ‬ ㊂ᄺ⺮₏䕟ऐੳ৮͚喑㔹◼Ϋ䖁Ƞᅩᬒ❫Ƞ ࢄ䲋ぶసუ‫ݴ‬᭜‫ٮ‬㽞㜷㶐᰺䕟ऐ⮱సუȡ㔹 ́喑ऱస㜷㶐᰺䕟ऐ䬉⼲̺̭喑㺬䲋సუඋ ៶‫ݖ‬ᬯ喑㜷㶐᰺‫ݝ‬ᇥ‫ئ‬ᵩ◧㒻ٰ‫ڙ‬᫑喑ᓢᩣ ⮱䬉⼲হ䟤ਜ਼⼲ܳ‫◧ݒ‬হȡ ȋ䘕䮷⮱䏺᰺ఋᩣևᓄᰭ㉝㌨ ‫ڣ‬Ѓ῁⁎⮱㜷㶐᰺ᅞ↿䗐叩ສ䕸⅐␯∸䕻 ⊤γȡ ⃼⪣ᰶ㜗♣▪რ⮩⩌⮱᭯Ն๔უ䘪ᰰ᡽ 㶐᡽➖喑ѳ᭜ᒵᄾᰶϧⴒ䖀喑ℾᩬ䘕䪭ᩣः ⮱᡽䈵㶐᰺ጟ㋀ᰶᬻⷧ⮱὆⏃ȡ̭㝙ҳ䁈喑 㜷⮱‫ڔ‬㶐‫ڔ‬㹟ࣷ㜷㺗ၽᄴ̺εᣒᩣ喠㶐➖̷ ຯᰶᬻ䶜⮱↎䌎Ƞ㸉̮Ƞ⾬ႁ⮱̺εᣒᩣȡ Ąᄺ᫩᡽䈵㶐➖喑̭㝙㺮ⅯΊ᜽᫝В̷喑㔹 ́ۙ㶐䰭Ⅿ℁䐰็ȡąṷ㛧剨ॷ㽡᱙ܷ㽅㔲ȡ ѳ᭜ᵦᨇ㌐⎽ᄓẚᰶ䭽‫ڙ‬थ⮱㜷㶐ఋᩣᗲ ⇮ҳⰸ喑ᅲℾ͌ᷱᝃ㔲᡽䈵⮱㶐᰺͚喑℈㶐 ぶࣇ㶐᰺⮱㶐᰺㍪䛼‫◧ײ‬ȡ䕆䘕ܳ᭜こ वℾᩬ䘕䪭᡽䈵᷊У⮱㶐➖ȡ䕆ψ᜽㞟䐰᫝ ⮱ۙ㶐Ƞۙ㷘ぶ喑ᠾ‫ܧ‬ҳᒹ䕟㵹㜚⅔⊵⃿喑 ‫ں‬ក࠲䔮ℾᩬ䘕䪭ᝃᙵ઱ᾌỸȡ 㔹ᄺ᫩ⵡ᤺Ƞ↿ᰶ⾬⩕‫ئ‬թ⮱㜷㶐➖喑ᰰ ᵦᨇ᷶Ƞ℈Ƞࡃ㏃ぶ䲏᫆‫ܳ⁎ں‬䶋喑ᄴ̺ह 䲏᫆⮱㜷㶐➖⮩䔮‫ݝ‬ᰶ䇴䈗⮱ߍጒЮẚ䕟㵹 ㏃㋚ࡃ㮂⤳喑㸪᜽ज‫⮱⩕ݖں‬ጒẚ࣌᫆ȡ℁ ຯ喑ᐏ㜷㶐᰺जВߍጒ᜽‫⩌ں‬᷶喑‫⩌ں‬᷶㋀ 䕻ߍጒजВև᜽℈ℵ喑㔹℈ℵ‫ں‬㋀ߍጒ‫ݴ‬ज ВևᐧヶԊ⏘Ƞ䓟ẚ๔ḇԊ⏘⮱᷶㷘ȡ 䕆䘕ܳ䰃᭜䂷ᐏ◧ᄣ喑ѳ᭜ౕṷ㛧剨ⰸҳ ӊ㜷जᘉȡĄ⤫ౕϧԾᄺ䲏᫆⮱㺮Ⅿ喑℁ຯ 䵼㞟㺮僛㞤Ƞ䔼⅐ᕔ㺮ສ喑Ҭᓄ૛̭㏃㋚⮱ Ҭ⩕䊷ҳ䊷ᄾ喑गᰶᄴ䓾喑‫⮱̸ޖ‬ ⮱㶐᰺䘪᭜⌤㉎㏃㋚㸪᜽⮱ȡą⌤㉎㏃㋚㸪 ᜽⮱㶐᰺⩞᫩ឭ㶀࣌఍喑♎∂ܳ䰏᜽૛̭ ⮱࣌ᱽ᫆喑ग㘪㇄ߍጒȡѳ඘೸ᝃ㔲⛰⛿⮱ 㾞喑‫ݴ‬ᰰҬᓄ‫⮱͚ڣ‬ᰶ⃿➖䈗䛸ᩫ喑䕍᜽ᄺ ⧝ධ⮱↎ᴀȡ Ąౕ㜷㶐➖ఋᩣ䕆᫦䲏喑䘕䮷⮱䏺᰺ఋᩣ ᭜ևᓄᰭ㉝㌨Όᰭ᜽ߌ⮱ȡą㍪ᒹࠑ䘕䏺䰭 㸊‫⾣ⵁ׆‬᝭᝭䪤ᑢᐧ᭒ᄾᄴॷ㽡ȨⳚ᱈Პ᫦

䕞ܷȩȡ ᓋᎡ䪸໸喑⩞㍪ࣰ䏺ࠆ䘕Ƞ㍪ᒹ 䏺䰭➖䇴⇦᫆䘕⮩‫ܧ‬䕇ⴒ喑㺮Ⅿᩣఋ䔭ᒦธ ‫⮱ڢ‬ᐼใ㻭‫ݣ‬ᐼ䏺᰺ȡᩣఋ⮱৮⽛ͨ㺮 ᰶ喟ᐼ䏺᰺⮱፪ᓪȠ䵅㟞Ƞ㗖」Ƞ䵅」Ƞ 㛯」Ƞ㘥὆Ƞ䵅፣喍ࢎ喎Ƞใ㚝፣喑฼፪喑 ฼፥᰺喑᭒⻸፥᰺喑҉㽀᰺喍፪喎喑҉㽀๔ 㶐ȡ ᑢᐧ᭒㿗喑Ąౕఋᩣ᭯喑᜾Ծ䃀ธ‫ڢ‬㜗㵹 ≄Ϋ⌕喑ᦅᢶថၽȠ䵅㟞Ƞ㗖」ぶ㸪৮ȡ䘕 䮷䏺᰺㉎㎁৮⮱ఋᩣ℁䐰ㅎ૛喑ग䰭㺮ᠶ̺ ह䏺⽛̺ह䵼㞟࡭ܳ喑‫ڣ‬᜽ܳ᭜ⷧჇ⮱喑‫ں‬ ‫⩕ݖ‬䊤ҳΌ䲋፥ღᭀȡąᨇЃϸ㉦喑⤫ౕጟ ㋀ᰶ‫㉎⩕ݖں‬㎁ᱽ᫆և᜽⮱ᩣ㈺㶸ぶ䏺䰭⩕ ৮⮩ᩫ㊓ธ‫ڢ‬Ҭ⩕γȡ ౕṷ㛧剨ⰸҳ喑㜷䏺᰺⮱ఋᩣ᭜℁䐰ສ ⮱㉎㎁䇴⎽‫⮱⩕ݖں‬Ҹၽȡѳᄺ᫩̭㝙⮱㜷 㶐᰺喑䮑γ↿ᰶᬻⷧ⮱ܳ䶋Вใ喑हὐ㊓㜷 㶐᰺ఋᩣ‫⩕ݖ‬፣ҳ䭨⹆⮱䖱ᰶឭ㶀হ∂㺼ȡ Ą㜷㉎㎁৮‫⩕ݖں‬喑ឭ㶀䰐吋ౕ᫩Ԋᠮ‫࣌ڣ‬ ᰶ⮱㏃㋚䪤Ꮣ喑䕆吋ᒵ䰐ȡౕ䕆᫦䲏喑⁽ ≟Ƞᬒ᱙⮱ឭ㶀℁䐰ສȡą㔹́喑Ąᬒ᱙᭜ ‫ٮ‬㽞ι᝸㶐➖≮䕇⮱ȡ㋀䕻㮂⤳⮱㜷㶐᰺̺ ‫ײ‬जВ‫ܧ‬ऐ喑䖱जВౕస‫ڔ‬䕟㵹䇤䈐ȡѳౕ ᜾స喑䕆᭜⺮₏⮱ȡąṷ㛧剨㿗ȡ ȋ‫ݝ‬Ꮒᰶ็ᄾ㜷㶐᰺ ౕᐏ㜷㉎㎁৮㋉व‫⩏⩕ݖ‬ẚឭ㶀‫ޢ‬᫝᝝⪒ 㖜Ⰼ᜽⿸๔ᰰ̷喑͚స䇴⎽㋉व‫ࢁ⩕ݖ‬ᰰ‫ޜ‬ ⼅ᰥ䪤⢸ᰥ᪴ϸ㉦喑Ąᨇ䴽⍙喑Ă࡮ιρă ᱌䫀喑᜾స㉎㎁৮⮱⊵㕄䛼ᄴВВ̷⮱ 䕌Ꮣ෋䪤喑‫ݝ‬Ă࡮ιρă᱘喑᜾సᐏ㜷㉎㎁ ৮㉜㼵⩌⩏䛼ᄴ䊲䕻‫ر‬஥ȡą ᵦᨇ͚స䇴⎽㋉व‫ࢁ⩕ݖ‬ᰰ⮱㊞㼵᪥ᨇ䶜 ⹧喑Ꭱ᜾స㉎㎁৮⩌⩏䛼䖁㥙஥喑 ខᢶ⮱㜷㶐᰺㈱ᰶ㥙஥喑Ą㋉व‫⩕ݖ‬䛼 ‫◧ײ‬㥙஥喑㋉व‫⩕ݖ‬⢴̺䋠ąȡ ⇠ࡄ⻾ឭ๔Ⴅ㉎㎁᰺㸊Ⴅ䮏Ꭱᄺ⇠ ࡄⰮᅲℾ⮱̭䴲㿬ᴒ喑ᓋუᏚ⮱㻿Ꮣ࢝䁶γ ͚స㜷㉎㎁৮⮱ጯൡ㺼὎ȡ䕆䴲㿬ᴒ䶜⹧喑 䓾̭ࡷᅲℾუᏚႅᩫУВ̷⮱๔Уᐏ㜷᰺ 㸊喑㔹⃼ԸუᏚ⃼Ꭱ䖱㺮䈩䇤УВ̷⮱᫝ 㶐᰺ȡ㿬ᴒ㇄⪒䴽㼵喑Ꭱ喑‫ڕ‬సज㘪ᰶ ‫ئ‬թ㈱‫⮱ٰر‬ᐏ㜷㶐᰺㷘⌅↝ȡ ṷ㛧剨㿗喑Ѓ࢝䆎͚ᰭ็⮱̭⁎喑ṷ⊓࡭ ᰶ̭უϧუᥙუ⮱᭯Ն㊓ЃԾក䰨㾞㺮Ⅿ̷ 䪭ᩣ㶐᰺喑‫ڕ‬უ̸̭ၽϑ‫ڙܧ‬᫑㶐᰺ȡ Ą䕇䕻㋟〆̷⮱᪥ᨇܳᲽ喑⤫ౕ㜷㶐᰺⮱ ӈᛶ㗜Ⴧ᭜๔᫩䰭Ⅿ⮱ȡą᫦᯶Პ㿗ȡᨇЃ ϸ㉦喑ᒵ็ఋᩣ㜷㶐᰺⮱ԸϧȠЮẚȠ㉱㎁ 䘪䲏㜕㦄ጕ๔⮱ႅٟ฀߈ȡĄ㋀፥ᰶϧ㊓᜾ Ծ㋟〆ក䰨㾞喑㺮䈵䔮㜷㶐᰺喑̭ܳ䡏䘪̺ 㺮ȡᰶψ䘕䪭Ꭱᩣ‫ࠌ⮱ݝ‬᡽㜷㶐᰺喑⤫ ౕ䘪䖱ౕ⽺฀㦄喑㥙У੷ȡą

Ąᐏ㜷㶐➖ຯ҂ᄓ⤫䇴⎽‫⩕ݖں‬喑᭜‫ڕ‬ ⤰⮱䰐䵹喑సใΌ̺‫ٮ‬㽞㶐᰺♇⛿ȡą๔㈱ ⮱㜷㶐᰺ᠶ⚔䲏᫆䕟㵹ܳ䶋喟℈Ƞ᷶Ƞ ࡃ㏃Ƞ⌤㉎Вࣷ⯛䲖ᾎ㛍喑ᓋ㔹䕟㵹ఋᩣ㮂 ⤳ȡⰛ‫ݺ‬喑ṷ㛧剨⮱Ąᐏ㜷᰺㸊ఋᩣ‫⩕ݖ‬䴲 Ⱋąጟ㋀҉◧̷⊤ᓗ⧝㋀┌হ⌲⒁⩌⩏ᄵ䴲 䴲Ⱋ喑݄‫⊤̷ڒ‬ጯ嗣すρԸ̶Ꭱ⧝ Ԋ㵹ࠂ㼵ްȡ ఍◧̺㘪♇⛿喑㜷㶐᰺҂ࣨ҂ᓋ᜽◧̭Ը 䰐䵹ȡ ใ㋀䇬䘕Ƞ⊤䬉㍪㒟Ƞసუ⧝Ԋ㍪ᅭ‫ڙ‬ѵ ⮱Ȩ⺮₏䕟ऐ䇕➖Ⱋ䠱ȩ喍すఈឦ喎͚喑㜷 㶐➖ᅞౕ⺮₏͸݄喑ѳⰛ‫ݺ‬䖱↿ᰶⰥ䬉∂㺼 ᄺι᝸᰺㸊‫ܧ‬ऐϑᭀ䕟㵹㺼ヱȡ ѳ᭜Ⱕ䬉ᩬゃₐౕ䬉∕㉎㎁৮ఋᩣ䕆Ը᫝ ⩏ẚȡ Ꭱᰵ喑⮩ᩦ༁Ą࡮ιρą䇴⎽㋉ व‫⩕ݖ‬ᠴᄻᘼ㺸͚ᬻⷧᠴ‫ܧ‬喟Ąᐧ⿸ᐏ㜷㉎ ㎁৮ఋᩣ倁㈨喑䪸ᆂᐏ㜷㉎㎁৮㋉व‫ڞ⩕ݖ‬ ᕔ䬉䢢ឭ㶀ⵁ⮩喑᠀ᆂ‫㉎⩌ں‬㎁৮ጯൡ喑݊ ₒᒏ᜽ఋᩣȠܳ䶋ȠߍጒȠ‫⩏⮱⩕ݖ‬ẚ䣵ȡą Ꭱᰵ喑⩞͚స䇴⎽㋉व‫ࢁ⩕ݖ‬ᰰ ⮩䊤喑 㖜वუЮẚȠ倅ᵎহ⻾ⵁ䮏᝭ぶ૛ Ѻ‫ڞ‬ह㉱ᐧᐏ㜷㉎㎁৮㋉व‫⩏⩕ݖ‬ẚឭ㶀‫ޢ‬ ᫝᝝⪒㖜Ⰼ᜽⿸ȡ Ą᜾㾺◧Ӱ䕟㜷㉎㎁৮䇴⎽ఋᩣ‫⩕ݖ‬喑ᰭ 䛺㺮⮱᭜㺮ҬႰव∂ࡃȡ᜾Ծ㋟〆Όጹ᱈㘪 ํӰ䕟Ⱕ䬉ᾌᷝ⩏ẚ⮱⮩ᆂ喑Вࣷ䃀㜷㶐᰺ 䇴⎽Ԏᖜᓄ‫נ⮱ܳٲݝ‬䖋ȡą᫦᯶Პ㿗ȡ ͚సጒ⼸䮏䮏ธ༇⽳㶕⹧喑Ą͚సౕ㜷㉎ ㎁৮ఋᩣ‫℁̷⩕ݖ‬సใᮇγ࡮Ꭱȡą ᵦᨇጟ㋀൞䖀⮱䇴᫆喑ᬖౕᎡ⦋ธ ᅞ㽚⿸ᄵ䪭‫ڙ‬थ喑ᰶ᩵ఋᩣহ‫⩕ݖ‬㜷㶐➖ȡ ℁‫ݖ‬᭯‫ڕ‬సϧऐ‫็ײ‬㥙喑⃼Ꭱ㜷㶐➖ఋ ᩣ㍪䛼ࢨ䖁‫ݝ‬㥙஥ȡᬒ᱙ᣕ㵹⮱㜷᰺㸊ఋ ᩣ≨ࠂᓄ‫⽺ݝ‬Ả䴬ᛶ喑㋀㔨᫝ᒹ䕇䕻㖜 वస䰐ℾ㒟᡽䈵㊓䰐ℾ喑⮱㜷᰺㸊⩕᫩⮩ 䰨喑ߍጒ◧㊂⛞ᱽ᫆ȡ 䮑γᩬᏉ⮱⽺ẢԎ㮌喑̭ψⴒऺ᰺㸊Юẚ 䪸໸ᘼ䂅‫ݝ‬㜷㉎㎁৮ఋᩣ⮱ᘼ㓖ȡ ).⮱Ą㜷㶐ఋᩣą≨ࠂ઀ࠂ᝗₏‫ݝ‬Ϸ Ꭱᰵᬒ᭯喑Ⴥ᫦㋟〆ᄺ͚స๔䮥ౝ࡭ఋ ᩣ㶐➖⮱᪥䛼㊞㼵᪥ᨇ䶜⹧‫ڞ‬ᰶ‫ڙ‬᫑⮱ 㶐➖㷘ఋᩣȡₑใ喑ᬒ᱙ౝ࡭᝗㜠ᰵᬒ喑 ጟఋᩣ‫ڙ‬᫑㶐➖喑ᓤసౝ࡭◧ ‫ڙ‬᫑㶐➖ȡ䕆ψ㜷㶐᰺̭䘕ܳᄴ䕟‫ڒ‬ι᝸ጯ ൡ喑̭䘕ܳ‫ݴ‬ᰰ䂷ఋ࣌ᱽ᫆‫⁎ں‬Ҭ⩕ȡ ٗ㶐Ꮨ㜷㶐➖ఋᩣ≨ࠂ᫩Ꭱ䪸໸喑 ᰭ݊⮱ఋᩣᄺ䆎‫ײ‬䭽᫩㒷℈䶋㶐➖喑Ꭱ 䪸໸ヱ఺ᨡ๔‫ڕݝ‬䘕ੳ৮ȡఋᩣ⮱ੳ৮⪣݊ ‫⛰◧҉ײ‬᫆ぶ㷘ᓗ⧝‫⩕ݖ‬ȡᎡВᒹ喑ఋ ᩣ⮱㜷㶐➖‫ڕ‬䘕᡽䈵㊓ಓᵾᅩϋȠ೰උӱ℁ ϋȠ◼Ϋ䖁Ƞᅩ⇷❫Ƞᵩ傜शϋぶ̓⩹̷ Ըసუ⮱䰐ℾ✌喑䕟㵹ᓗ⧝‫⩕ݖں‬ȡ Ą㜷㶐᰺䕆Ը㵹ẚ⮱⮩ᆂ䖱䰭㺮ᒵ䪤᭯ 䫀喑∂ᒸ⮱ᐧ⿸ȠϧԾ㻭ᔢ⮱ᒏ᜽Вࣷऱ⽛ ὆⏃⮱᣽‫ܧ‬䘪䰭㺮䪤᭯䫀⮱ᦥ㉏ȡą᫦᯶Პ 㿗ȡ


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͚స͸უ䶔੼‫ڙ‬थ

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₎䓻ᗕҳ䰨䀛㾏হ䴽㈱ *GZPVBSFJOUFSFTUFE QMFBTFDPOUBDUXJUIVTGPSNPSFJOGPSNBUJPO 䰨㾞1IPOF   ‫'ⱌנ‬BY    ᝸ᾌ.PCJMF   䰨䘢&NBJMJOGP!IPNFPGDIJOBOM ㋟䴮8FCTJUFXXXIPNFPGDIJOBOM


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㢤㭚ຣ㸪৮‫ڙ‬थ'SJFTMBOE$BNQJOB᫩ ᰵᬒᄺใაѵ喑ᓋᰵᬒ䪸໸喑ᄴౕ㤜⮱᝭ ᰶ⩏৮䭺‫ئ‬ȡ㾟‫ڙ‬थ᭜͚సጯൡ䟤ਜ਼⮱ใ సၝ‫ٿ‬ຣㆶͨ㺮ᐍუ͸̭ȡ ₑ‫ݺ‬喑͚సᩬᏉაѵ喑ᜤ⪾̭ψใ సຣ㸪৮‫ڙ‬थ⻮̸ࢁ䂝喑ฌ᫤ౕ͚సጯ ൡ̷䟤ਜ਼⮱ၝ‫ٿ‬ຣㆶぶຣ㸪৮⮱‫ئ‬ᵩ喑 䕆䖂ࣺγ͚స⮱∂ᒸ喑఍ₑᄴᆂ䪸㿬 ᴒȡ'SJFTMBOE$BNQJOB㶕⹧ᄴεВव҉喑 䙺व͚సᰶ䬉䘕䪭ᆂ䪸㿬ᴒ喑ह᭯҉‫ܧ‬⍈‫ئ‬ ↧Ⴧ喑ВⷧԊĄ㿍ᄓ⮱ਜ਼‫ئ‬ąȡ ओใ⮱ใసຣ㸪৮‫ڙ‬थ/FTUMjহ %BOPOF喑Ό҉‫ܧ‬γᄴ⍈‫⮱ئ‬㶕⹧ȡ 'SJFTMBOE$BNQJOBᑤ㿬喑䑥ᒭ͚సጯൡ

⮱⩏৮喑⮫ܳ͸⮫ౕ㢤㭚⩌⩏হ࠲㸊喑͓䕇 䕻᱙‫ڙ‬थܳ⮩ȡ◧γᰡߍ㘪ํ⤳㼐হ䖢Ⴕ͚ స⮱ࣺฌ᫤ᩬゃ喑ᄴᨡ๔ദ㽀ᰶ䬉ϧ਎ȡ ㎩㢤㭚‫ڙ‬थ͸ᒹ喑∂స丌৮䯳౅䖁㘪 喍%BOPOF喎Όౕᰵᬒაѵ喑ᓋ⪣๖䊤喑 ᄴ͚సጯൡ⮱⩏৮䭺‫ئ‬喑➦‫ݒ‬᭜ၝ‫ٿ‬ຣ ㆶȡ ౕ͚సጯൡ̷⮱ၝ‫ٿ‬ຣㆶ‫ئ‬ᵩ喑ౕ䕻ࣨ ᪥Ꭱ⑟‫ئ‬ȡ ᨇ͚స྿倁൞䖀喑సუ⮩ᩦ༁ᰵᬒ䁶 ᄓ喑ₐౕᄺ࠲᠙व⩌ٰȠ็㒻⏸Ƞ㒻䈷㜐Ƞ ᘍℼȠ䯲ദȠჹЂ㭚喍㒻㉍Ҡ‫ٿ‬喎ぶ็უຣ ㆶЮẚ䕟㵹‫ئ‬ᵩࣺฌ᫤㿬ᴒȡ䮑γव⩌ٰ ใ喑‫ڣ‬Ѓ⮱৮❹౴◧∸ຣㆶȡ

ᯡ‫ݖ‬᭯Аጟ᜽䕻ࣨᐼ ⰸ⏘ጋϧ⤫ౕຯ҂⤳䇎 Გ⎽喟⤳䉏কܷ ⏘ጋᰫ㋀Ⰸ⩏‫ڿ‬䯗უ喑䗐㸎ᰶ͚సᰭ≨ 䎺⮱ែ䇴㓑倁喑▿ᝬȠ▿⚑Ƞ▿䏷Ƞ▿䰨Ƞ ▿࡜Ƞ▿ੳ䠗Ƞ▿᷶㟞Ƞ▿ⴠ⇦ćć⃼̭Ը ज㘪⮱䈧䡏ᾌᰰ喑䘪㘪ⰸ‫⏘ݝ‬ጋϧ⮱䏘ᒞȡ ♣㔹ౕ⏘ጋℾ䫀Ԏ䇥䷕∏͸ᒹ喑⏘ጋϧ⤳䇎 㻭ᔢ⮩⩌γᓦᏂᩦ䂷喑䬉∕᱙䛾Ⴖ‫ڕ‬喑᜽◧ γែ䇴⮱仃㺮㔰᚛఍㉍ȡ ȋѻ䷕䯗⩏৮⾮䖚䔪ᢔ ȟȟ ᰵᏂ⮱⏘ጋ䶜ᓄᰶψᗣ⛞喑ߍ͸⤫䮻 ⃢㋀┌⮩ᆂ⟭⇮Ϻ♎䊤㞟喑䕆Ը೻ጯ䶜ᓄ͓ ̺䗐叩ჹᰶ᱊⅐ȡ䪸ᮇ⤚⮱‫⼌ܧ‬䏷थᾌ䖱ౕ ៞ᕕ⩌ᘼ̺ສ喑䕆⽛ᗲᒏᓋ‫ږ‬Ꭱ‫ݺ‬䪸໸喑̭ Ⱑ↿ᰶᩦ઱ȡѳ⏘ጋ⮱⤳䇎ጯൡ喑ࢨ⩏⩌γ Бϧ侇ૉ⮱ᩦ䂷喑̭㗎⤳ᕔែ䇴䷕⅐ᖱ♣㜵 䊤ȡ ‫͚ڣ‬ᰭ๔⮱䂷ࡃ᭜喑࠲᠙す̶᫦⤳䇎ᾌ ỸȠ⻮ϧ䞭㵹ぶѻ䷕䯗䛾㲺⩏৮喑ᄓ⤫ᓋͼ ϧ੼≒‫ݝ‬ऄ‫ݝ‬䔪ᢔ⮱㤜叄䑶䏘ȡ䶋ѩ⮱ᗲᒏ ᬖౕϷᎡᎡ݊Ό‫⤫ܧ‬䕻ȡ⏘ጋጯᩬጒ⼸ĄᎥ ⺼䏹䖀ąጯഌ4㌇෋䇴ᨡ㗎̭᱌喑ౕⴚⴚ̭ Ըᰵ‫ڔ‬喑㾺䈩㍪䛾䵺ጟ䊲‫ٰر‬ȡ‫ڣ‬Ꭱࡃ ⮱ᩣ⯷⢴Ⱕᄺ‫⮱ݺٵ‬ℾ䫀Ռ䇥ᩣ⯷ҳ㿗喑 㺮ѻγᒵ็喑ѳ‫ڣ‬䐰倅⮱Ⴖ‫ڕ‬ᕔ䖱᭜॥ᑂ‫ݝ‬ γ็⏘ጋϧࣰ㜴㾺䈩ȡ ᄵẚᾌỸ⮱㿬ᴒ൞ॷ㉽᳉Όᓋओใ̭Ը ᫦䲏࢝䁶γ䕆ὐ⮱䂷ࡃȡᵦᨇす̶᫦⤳䇎 ᾌỸ჉Ԏ䇎ჹহȨ⏘ጋੳ൞ȩ㖜व⮩ѵ⮱ Ȩ⏘ጋ๔Ⱬჹ㸂䮻ᆑ䇎ჹ൞ॷȩ䶜⹧喑 ᄺ᫩ែ䇴ͨ㺮䖥᧴᫦ᐼ᫦䲏喑ℾ䫀Ռ䇥ጟ㋀ ̺‫ں‬᭜⏘ጋϧ⮱す̭䖥᧴喑㗎⺕হ䞭㵹⤳䇎 ⩏৮ܳ‫ݒ‬Вহҁᨇ‫ږݺ‬Ѻȡ 㔹ᄺ᫩Ą᱗ҳᰭᙌ㜵䋐⮱ែ䇴⩏৮᭜ਗ̭

⽛喤ą䕆Ը੼䵹喑䊲䕻⮱ϧ䖥᧴γధჇ ᩣ⯷⩏৮ȡѳᅞౕࡷᎡ‫ݺ‬喑䶋ѩ䛾㲺⩏৮ධ 䕴䔒♣̺हȡҳ㜗⻮ϧ䞭㵹Ƞす̶᫦⤳䇎ᾌ Ỹ⮱㿗∂㶕ᬻ喑ѻ䷕䯗䛾㲺⩏৮ᒵᄾᰶϧ䶅 ᘼែ䇴喑Ąᔻ叩ᩣ⯷गᰶ䗐叩吋喤ą䕆᭜⪣ ᭯㊂๔็᪥⏘ጋϧ⮱ᙸᏓȡ ₑใ喑⏘ጋϧΌ䪸໸ⰥԎᄵẚ⤳䇎ᾌ Ỹ喑䕆Ό᭜䓾᱌̭Ըᬻ䶜⮱䂷ࡃȡ̷䔝㿬ᴒ ൞ॷ㉽᳉Ό㶕ᬻ喑䰃♣ᰶ⮱ϧᰡߍ䶅 ᘼ㜗㵹↧Ⴧ喑ѳᰶ⮱ϧ㶕⹧ᰰᣎ㈺⤳ 䇎ፘ⮱ᐧ䂝喑ᢿౕγすιѺ喠㔹गᰶ ⮱ϧ㶕⹧䖱ᰰᣎ㈺࠲᠙უϧ㻗ᝇȠ᰸ࣸȠव ҉๒ѡぶỸ᜽⮱వၽ᜽਎⮱ᐧ䂝ȡ⏘ጋ⤳䇎 㵹ẚࢁᰰ፥ࠆ‫ޜ‬ᰰ䪤ᑢ⧷⦑㶕⹧喑⏘ጋϧ͸ ‫ݺ‬ᰭԎ䈡⮱᭜㜗ጞহవၽ᜽਎喑ᒵᄾᰶϧᣎ ㈺ᄵẚ⤳䇎ᾌỸ⮱ᐧ䂝ȡ ȋĄℾ䇥䷕∏ą᭜ፃ⌲䚿޾ ȟȟ 㽅㔲ᷠ⤳⏘ጋϧ䓾᱌᝭䔪ᢔ⮱䛾㲺⩏৮ ⮩⤫喑♎䀃᭜䞭㵹⤳䇎⩏৮喑䖱᭜す̶᫦⤳ 䇎ᾌỸ᣽ӈ⮱䛾㲺⩏৮喑䘪‫ڤ‬ᰶ̭Ը‫ڞ‬ह 吋喑ࢠᩣ⯷⢴๔็ౕ嗣͸䫀ȡ䕆ὐ ⮱ᩣ⯷喑Ⱕᄺ᫩ࠂ䐿В̷ᩣ⯷⢴⮱ℾ䫀 Ռ䇥喑‫ږ‬㔲ᰶ㦄ᬻ䶜⮱ጛ䌊ȡ䗐叩喑⏘ጋϧ ㌐҂⾮♣䂷ᓄᅞѻ̺ᅞ倅γএ喤 Ą̭ൡℾ䫀Ռ䇥䷕∏䃀⏘ጋϧ䪸໸䬉∕ ᱙䛾Ⴖ‫ڕ‬γȡąᑢ⧷⦑㊓‫ܧ‬γ䕆ὐ⮱㿗∂ȡ ጯൡϧธ⮱ܳᲽ喑Όѽ䁶γ຦⮱㿗∂ȡᓋ⻮ ϧ䞭㵹Ƞす̶᫦⤳䇎ᾌỸ喑⩇㜠⏘ጋ᱙ౌϺ ౕև䇴䛾͚ϸ⮱ౝ᫦喑ϧԾⰛ‫ݺ‬㾏੼ᰭ็⮱ ̺᭜ᩣ⯷喑㔹᭜䇴䛾Ⴖ‫ڕ‬ȡᄺ᫩䕆ὐ⮱䂷 ࡃ喑჉Ԏ䇎ჹ⏘ጋ䇍䇙ϧॠᑤᙌऄᰭ⌞喑Ѓ 㿗喟Ą͸‫ݺ‬᜾Ծा⏘ጋϧᣕ㫓⤳䇎⩏৮喑Ѓ Ծ̭㝙㗜Ⴧ䘪ᰰ‫੼ٵ‬ᩣ⯷᭜็ᄾ喑ຯ᳉䖁‫ݝ‬ 㜗ጞ⮱ᓰ⤳䴽᱌ᅞែ喑॓‫ٺݴ‬㿴ȡ㔹⤫ౕ喑

੼ᓄᰭ็⮱ࢨ᭜䷕䯗ຯ҂ᣔ‫ݣ‬喑᱙䛾Ⴖ‫ڕ‬ᰶ ♎Ԋ䯉ȡą 䕆ὐ⮱䑶䂷喑䵄ᰶ㻧䚿⮱ᘼঠȡᑢ⧷⦑ ܳᲽᠴ‫ܧ‬喑✳⮩᫩‫ږ‬Ꭱ‫⮱ݺ‬ℾ䫀Ռ䇥䷕∏喑 䃀⏘ጋϧ⌞‫ݨ‬㾺䂅‫ݝ‬૛㉁䔪Ⅿ倅ᩣ⯷㔹ᔪ㻃 ䷕䯗ႅౕ⮱և∂̺जःȡ⏘ጋℾ䫀Ռ䇥‫ݖ‬ᖜ ᮛ䕺ᰫ倅䖁喑ᰭ倅䖁‫ݝ‬ȡຯₑ͸ 倅⮱᜽᱙喑Ҭᓄͨ㺮Ҭ⩕㔲⪣ౝЮẚ♎∂ឬ ऄȡΌᅞౕ⏘ጋ㋀┌ऄ‫ݝ‬㒻స⁎䇥࢞ᾌ㶊᧷ 䪸໸̸⏾͸᭯喑ߍ͸సუౕᎡι႐Ꮣ 䪸໸ᩣ㋷䞭ᵦ喑⏘ጋℾ䫀Ռ䇥䷕∏✳⮩ȡ̭ ᭯䫀喑㔮䫳ȠĄ㔮倅ą喍ᠴᄵևℾ䫀Ռ䇥⮱ ϧ喎䋾䌜喑Ⱬ็ࣰ㜴‫⮱͚ڣ‬ϧ㵭᱙♎₥ȡᨇ ㊞㼵喑⏘ጋℾ䫀䇴᱙䊲䕻‫ٰر‬喑́В⃼ Ꭱ⮱䕌Ꮣ෋䪤ȡҳ㜗䲋Ⴥ᫦᪥ᨇ㶕ᬻ喑 ࣰ㜴ℾ䫀Ռ䇥⮱䇴᱙㺼὎㈱‫ٰر‬喑㈱ҁ ⪣᭯‫⏘ڕ‬ጋጯ䞭㵹䇥⮱ȡ ȋ⏘ጋϧ⤳䇎⮱‫̓ݺ‬Ϸ⩌ ȟȟ ̭᫦Ⅱౌ丷̭᫦ϧȡ⏘ጋϧ⮱㓿ᕔ喑В ࣷ㜗䏘ధᰶ㓿ᚐ喑ҬᓄЃԾ㓿ᚐ᫩ែ䇴ᄓᄓ ౕౕ⮱Პ㺬喑㔹ⰸ̺㺸Ƞᦥ̺㦄⮱䛾㲺⩏ ৮喑ⷧᄓ̺ᅾ̭䶔ȡ ᄺ᫩⏘ጋϧ⮱Ըᕔ➦ᓢ喑⏘ጋ๔ႥੳႥ 䮏᪆ᢵ҂ᬚ㞤ᰶ㦄㜗ጞ⮱㺸㼐ȡ๔็᪥ϧᓋ θᄓẚ㋀✌⮱㋀₤喑Вࣷ倅Ꮣ㾺ह㵭㌐Ƞౝ ㌐䬉ӯ⮱ᕔᵩ喑ߍ̷᱙䏘‫׆ڤ‬᩼䟠⮱≋ᄌ ߈喑఍ₑ⏘ጋϧ⮱ែ䇴᫦ᐼ喑໸㉯㜴៞౅Ą ▿䈐ąᰶ䬉喑䕴‫ݝ‬㺸᩵ᔘȠఋ൞⢴倅⮱⩏ ẚ喑Ӭ⬸⟯⎔‫ڒ‬ȡ ⏘ጋϧ⮱ែ䇴䵅ഌẢᐐ喑▿ᝬȠ▿⚑Ƞ ▿䏷Ƞ▿䰨Ƞ▿࡜Ƞ▿ੳ䠗Ƞ▿᷶㟞Ƞ▿ⴠ ⇦ććᰶϧВĄ♎ႁ̺‫ڒ‬ąҳᒏღ䕆⽛䓾ͻ ⬸⟯⮱ែ䇴㵹◧喑⃼̭Ըज㘪ႅౕ䈧䡏ᾌᰰ ⮱䵅ഌ喑䘪㘪ⰸ‫⏘ݝ‬ጋϧ⮱䏘ᒞȡ ㋉㻭⏘ጋϧ⮱▿䇤ट喑䮑γ▿ᝬ᭯䫀⼺ 䪤̭ψ͸ใ喑‫ڣ‬Ѓ▿䇤㋀₤䘪ᰶ➦Ⴧ᭯᱌ȡ ▿ᝬ໸᫩Ꭱ喑ᰶ⏘ጋϧ䔮ᄼ႖̷ࣨ⊤䂭 ᰥ喑఍◧̺ᗲ䶅⼌ᝬ喑᝭ВᅞౕႥᵎ䭱䓾䇤 ᝬȡ↿ᘠ‫ݝ‬ᝬ⩏⑟‫ئ‬䈧γ̭び喑᫩᭜ᰶᰡ็ ⮱⏘ጋϧ⎔‫⊤̷ڒ‬ែ䇴ᝬ⩏喑͓䊝ा‫ڕ‬స喑 䪸઀γ▿ᝬ͸‫⇠ٵ‬ȡ▿台䛾ᰭⰈ᭯᱌ౕ Ꭱ喑ᰶϧᒏღ⏘ጋϧĄ‫׼‬䇤⮪㤉̭ὐ䇤台 䛾ąȡ▿⚑⹓‫ݴ‬໸᫩Ꭱ‫ݺ‬ᒹ喑㋀䕻⏘ጋ ϧ▿҉喑ᆞ㺬⚑⹓ౕⴚⴚᎡ᭯䫀䛹喑̷⑟γ Ժ⩇㜠ᰡ็ȡₑใ喑䖱ᰶ⇦ςȠ᷶㟞ぶ喑 ⩇㜠࠲᠙⪣ౝ⮱̶䑗䏷✌䕸䁶喑䘪ᰫ᜽◧▿ 䈐ᄺ䆎ȡ ѳౕ䛾㲺䵅ഌ喑僛ᰶ⏘ጋϧ⮱䏘ᒞȡࢠ Ҭౕ㗎ጯᰭ◧⬸⟯⮱Ꭱ喑̷䁶ᠴ᪥̭Ꮣ 䊲䕻吋喑䇎ჹ᩵ᛶⰈẢ̭᭯喑ѳΌ͓᱗ ⓭䊤⏘ጋϧ⮱ᑤ◵㜵䋐喑䕆㜴⏘ጋᰫ㋀‫ڕ‬ℾ ▿ᝬ⮱⤫䆎๔ⰥᒾᏚȡ ȋᯡ‫ݖ‬᭯Аጟ᜽䕻ࣨᐼ ȟȟ ⏘ጋϧែ䇴⤳䇎㻭ᔢ⮱䑶䂷喑㊓᜾Ծ⩇ 叩઀䔗喑ࣵ㘪䃀᜾Ծᓋ͚॥ःᔻὐ⮱㋀侄᪆

㽀喤 ᄺ᫩⏘ጋϧែ䇴㻭ᔢ⮱䑶䂷喑҂ᬚ㞤㾺 ◧जВ㼐䂭◧⏘ጋϧ⮱ᄖ᭯Ꮣࠏ͸㜶ȡℾ䫀 Ռ䇥䷕∏䃀⏘ጋϧ㧆ऄ᤺๞⮱ह᭯喑Ό䃀Ѓ Ծ䪸໸ࣺᕊ喑倅ᩣ⯷㜴᱙䛾Ⴖ‫ڕ‬ਗԸᰡ◧䛺 㺮喤Ą㜠ᄾᓋⰛ‫ݺ‬ҳⰸ喑ЃԾ䖥᧴γᒹ㔲喑 䕆᭜̭Ըजૉ⮱䂷ࡃȡą຦㿗ȡ ҂ᬚ㞤ह᭯᣽‫ݝ‬喑⏘ጋ㡶ᵦ̭А䔭ᅲᎂ ᒹ喑๔䘕ܳጟ㋀ᢹᤎγᒵ็䛾㲺ⴒ䂅⮱ιА 䊝̷‫ݺ‬झ喑ЃԾ⮱ែ䇴䖥᧴Όᰡ◧व⤳হ⤳ ᕔȡক⿸䯱Όⰸ‫ݝ‬γ䕆ὐ⮱䂷ࡃ喑ౕₑ‫̺ݺ‬ Ͳ喑ᰶԸჹιАͨࠂឫ‫ݝ‬Ѓ㺮Ⅿ㿬᪡䇎ࠆ㺼 ް喑ᅑ‫ڣ‬᭜෋ߍव⤳⮱Ԋ䯉হႶ‫ڕ‬ែ䇴ȡ ⏘ጋϧᰰ̺ᰰ䛺䊝㔮䌜喑‫⟜⁎ں‬䡜喤♎ϧ 㘪ํ㊓‫ܧ‬めᵵȡ҂ᬚ㞤㶕⹧喑⮩⩌̷ౕԸ̓ ㈭ᎡА͚᱌⮱Ἧ⌲Ą៙ᰰąθУ喑ᰫ㊓⏘ ጋϧ⪆̸ᚅ⬈⮱ఋᛣ喑ѳ͓᱗᜽◧‫ݺ‬䏷͸䥿喑 ఍◧ౕ็Ꭱᒹ喑ℾ䫀Ռ䇥䷕∏‫⩌⮩⁎ں‬ȡ Ą៙ᰰą᭜⏘ጋᬖ᱌‫ڥ‬ಸ⮱㉱㎁ࡃℾ䫀䛾 㲺喑⊶ࣷϧ᪥͸ᐐȠᒞ䴬ヱ఺͸๔喑‫ݺ‬᝭᱗ ᰶȡౕ䗐⁎䷞䷕ᐼ⮱䛾䡏䕷᝟͚喑⏘ጋᰶ ϧ㜗⃧喑ϧ⒈䔰喑䓾ϧ㷘䲋∂䬉 ៩喑㥙็ᝣუᏚ‫׫‬უ㪖⩏ȡĄ⪣ᯡჹᾌᰰҳ 㜕⮱᭯Ն喑⏘ጋϧᰰຯ҂䖥᧴喑⤫ౕ♎∂̸ ㉽䀃ȡą҂ᬚ㞤㿗ȡ ̺ノᄴҳຯ҂喑ᅞⰛ‫ݺ‬㔹㼭喑⏘ጋϧែ 䇴⤳ᔢ⮱ͨࠂ㿬᪡喑‫ڣ‬ᄓ䵄‫⤫ڤ‬ᄓᘼ㓖ȡ⏘ ጋ‫ڤ‬ᰶ‫ࠏٗ⮩ٵ‬喑⮩⩌ౕ䕆൷ౌౝ̷⮱θ У喑䘪ᰰែᄱ‫ڣݝ‬Ѓౝ᫦ȡ䀥ຯₑ‫⏘⮱ݺ‬ጋ ᝬ‫ئ‬㚝᫙Ƞ㔮䫳䋾䌜ぶ⤫䆎喑䘪ᰫౕస‫ڣڔ‬ Ѓ೻ጯ‫⤫ܧ‬䕻喑℁ຯ䘯❫็᫜Ƞ∄≗ℾ䫀Ռ 䇥࢞ᾌぶぶȡ ⏘ጋϧ᝭䊝⮱ᑻ䌜թᓄ⹫ᰰࣺᕊȡ᜾Ծ ౕ䔪Ⅿ䇎ჹ⮱䌜̷喑㚠ₒ᭜॓䖮ᓄ䕻๔喑᭜ ॓๗䕻⓭䕟喤㔹≮‫⹫ౕנ‬ᰰ̷⮱⽛⽛ᯡჹᩲ θ喑᭜॓ᰫ䃀᜾Ծ㵏㵏 ࠂ喤ćć᝭В喑⏘ ጋϧ⮱㜗᜾㿬᪡㜴䑶䂷喑‫ڣ‬ᄓ᭜ౕ᣽䚿㦄᜾ Ծ喑ᛶ㾟∕䛺ែ䇴Ⴖ‫ڕ‬喑䕆ὐ᝺᭜䪤Ͳ⮩ᆂ ͸䖀ȡ ᆂ᱈᱗ҳ喑䶋ѩ᫩䕻ࣨ࡮Ꭱᝬ‫⑟⬸ئ‬喑 ВࣷᎡ㗎ጯ๔➈㵹ᗲ喑ጟ㋀̺‫ں‬ज㘪 ᰰ‫⤫ܧ‬喑ᯡ‫ݖ‬᭯Аጟ㋀᜽◧䕻ࣨᐼȡ఍ₑ喑 ຯ᳉䖱ჱጹ᱈᫩䕇䕻ᝬ⩏ែ䇴㔹⢟ᓄጕ䵺ఋ ൞喑ᝃ㔲ጹ᱈ౕⴚ᭯䫀‫ڔ‬䕇䕻▿㗎㔹ᯡჹ喑 㗜Ⴧ䰐Вᄓ⤫ȡ⤫䮻⃢Вࣷ᱗ҳᒵ䪤̭⃢᭯ 䫀䛹喑͚స㋀┌⮩ᆂ䕌Ꮣᩫ㌖喑ጯൡጟ㋀̺ ๗ज㘪ᰶᯡჹ⮱ᾌᰰ‫⤫ܧ‬ȡ䕆ὐᅞᄺែ䇴⤳ 䇎᣽‫ܧ‬γᰡ倅⮱㺮Ⅿ喑̺‫ײ‬㺮Ⅿ㜗䏘ᢹᤎᰡ ็⮱ែ䇴⤳䇎ⴒ䂅喑ह᭯䖱㺮ႥᰰՌ߈ᄵẚ ⮱⤳䇎ᾌỸ喑ౕ∕䛺ែ䇴Ⴖ‫ݺ⮱ڕ‬᣽̸喑ҳ ⢟ᓄव⤳⮱ែ䇴ఋ൞ȡ ᜾Ծౕᣎ㽗͚Ό⮩⤫喑⏘ጋϧⷧᄓ‫⤫ܧ‬ γ䕆ὐ⮱䑶䂷喑ຯᒹ͚᪴ᄴ㺮᣽‫⮱ݝ‬Ⴘല 㓑Ƞ᫪㪫ぶ⏘ጋϧ喑ЃԾ䘪ጟ᨜ᷱ䔪Ⅿ倅ᩣ ⯷⮱ᘠ∂喑䑶㔹ౕԊ䯉᱙䛾Ⴖ‫ݺ⮱ڕ‬᣽̸䕟 㵹⤳ᕔែ䇴ȡₑใ喑࠲᠙ᰶ჉Ԏ䇎ჹȠᕳ๖ 䇎ჹぶす̶᫦⤳䇎ᾌỸ喑ႰԾΌ⢟ᓄγᰡ็ ⏘ጋϧ⮱㾺जȡ




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఍◧ౕດౝ‫⏾ݖ‬䰗䖚䕴䰗ቖ㔹ᬼ䔤⮱స ⢸ᑌᑌȠ‫ݺ‬ຠ⢸#FBUSJY⮱ι‫ٿ‬ၽ'SJTP喑ጟ ㋀ౕᰵᬒ䰏䪸γ՘᪓⮱䛘䮏喑⪣๖喑䔁ఋ 㢤㭚喑‫ڒ‬Ѽ⊤➆‫⃺ڣ‬㻗ᅲѼ⮱⢸მȡ㢤㭚స უ᫝㖋ᅭ㿗喑⢸ၽ⮱䏘倁⟭⇮͓↿ᰶ⮩⩌ᩦ 䂷喑Ϻ♣᭜Ąगᰶᓛᑞᘼ䂅ą喑⟭⇮ĄБϧ 䬉∕ąȡѳ᭜喑㎩㎹⪆ౕ՘᪓⇨⭯Ό̺᭜ᒵ ᰶᓲ㺮喑㔹⢸ბጹ᱈⢸ၽ䕆Ը฼႐হ㻗ϧౕ 㢤㭚Ꮣ䕻ȡ ⢸ၽఋ‫ݝ‬㢤㭚͸ᒹ喑㢤㭚᫦䲏㉱㎁γ̭ ᩜ䛘⭯䮷к䂤⤳হ⇨⭯喑⩞‫ږ‬Ѻ᪆ᢵ䵅䟉ȡ ౕ᱗ҳ⮱᪥ᰵ‫ڔ‬喑ᄴ㎩㎹ᓢⅯᄵუ⮱ᘼ㺸喑 ⰸⰸ䪤᭯䫀⮱䂤⤳⾣「᭜Ⴖᢿౕ㢤㭚䖱᭜ఋ

‫ݝ‬㠞సȡ సუ᫝㖋ᅭ䖱㿗喑⢸ბጟ㋀ᄺ㠞స⮱ 8FMMJOHUPO䛘䮏㶕䖁γ㶤ᓰ⮱ᙌ䁊喑㾺◧䕆 უ㠞స䛘䮏᣽ӈγᒵສ⮱᰺ࠆȡ 'SJTP⢸ၽ᭜Ꭱᰵᬒౕດౝ‫ݖ‬ -FDIᏓմ᱌䫀喑ౕ⏾䰗᭯Ն̺Ꭵ䖚䕴䰗ቖ ‫ܧ‬θ⮱喑Ѓ㷘೸ౕ䰗̸䐰䪤̭⃢᭯䫀喑㑧ͼ ⅔⅐㔹๞ࣨγⴒ㻧喑䰃♣ᰭ㉯㷘ᥣ᩾䕻ҳ喑 ѳ᭜̭Ⱑᬼ䔤̺䚿喑㷘㾺◧᭜ĄḺ➖ϧą喑 ‫ڒ‬Ѽ㠞స՘᪓⮱䛘䮏ȡసუ᫝㖋ᅭ㿗喑⢸ၽ Ą֣❫ᰰᰶ̭ψ䲋፥ᓛᑞ⮱ᘼ䂅喑ѳ᭜㽧᫤ ⮱㉽᳉Ϻ♣̺ⷧჇȡą 䵅ᄻౕ㢤㭚䂤⤳⢸ၽ⮱䛘⭯䮷⮱‫ږ‬ Ѻᄵუ喑ܳ‫ݒ‬᭜+BO WBO (JKOহ.JDIBëM ,VJQFS喑‫ݺ‬㔲᭜⺋㋀⻾䵅ഌ͚ᒵᰶᐧὦ⮱ᄵ უ喑ᒹ㔲‫ݴ‬᭜ᓖ㬴㶀⮱ᄵუȡ ⢸ၽ๗๗.BCFM‫ݴ‬䕇䕻సუ᫝㖋ᅭ㶕䖁 γᘼ䶅喟ౕ⢸ၽ։⪆㢤㭚᱌䫀喑ጹ᱈຦হ຦ უϧ⮱䯞⻮ᓄ‫ݝ‬ᄷ䛺ȡ

㢤㭚‫ږ‬᝭๔Ⴅ⮱Ⴅ⩌ⵁ‫◧ऺ⽛̭ܧݣ‬

㢤㭚స⢸ౕJ1BE̷ㅪ㒟∂Ҹ ̭ܴ∂Ҹ⮱ᰭ㉯⩌᩵喑䖱ᓲ䴵⩞Ѓㅪ㒟ȡ㢤

㾓䏷㔲᭜䏷᝸4FCBTUJBBO #PXJFS喑Ѓ

ѳ᭜䰏䪸̓⩹㽅䠱‫ڙ‬䛹䖱ᰶⰥ⪣̭⃢䌊

ᰫ㋀ౕᎡ⮱̓⩹ϧ߈䏷ᠾ᝝๔䈪͚В᭯

䰏ȡᰵᬒ喑ϑ䕇䘕̭Ꮣᄮ䣃γ"‫ڙ‬䌜ᓋ

䕌⮱᜽㍫ທᓄ‫ۍ‬䏺ȡ̺䕻喑ᰵᬒ

'SBOFLFS‫ݝ‬%SPOSJKQ⮱䌜⃢喑䃀Ⴅ⩌㾓䏷ȡ

㾓䏷͸ᒹ喑㻧ᓄ๗⛞Ƞ‫ↄܧ‬䕻็ȡ

㜗㵹䏷⮱ⵁ‫ݣ‬㔲᭜%MFGU⻾ឭ๔Ⴅহ䭬

㢤㭚Ⴅ⩌ᄴ㎩㎹ᩦ䕟䕆䑈㜗㵹䏷喑ጹ᱈

໳᫜➦㜗⩞๔Ⴅ⮱Ⴅ⩌喑ЃԾጹ᱈⪣๖䋾‫ܧ‬

⼺ᒹ‫ݝ‬㒻స‫ڔ‬㤜䖁ࣰ䈪喑‫ޢ‬䕍᫝⮱̓⩹㈭

᭯䕌‫ڙ‬䛹⮱㈭䠱喑ѳ᭜⩞᫩䷕䐰๔喑̺

䠱ȡ

ᓄ̺ᤈ̷Ⴖ‫ڕ‬ᕔ㘪ສ̭吋⮱䑗ၽ喑ᒞ䴬γ䕌

Ąເຠ䪸‫ڙ‬थ᜾ᩜᠮ喆ą ◼➦߿ᩜጯ䪤ឬ䀫Ԋ⪆㈲⛵࡭ ๔㈱็ऺᕔጒ҉㔲ᰵᬒౕ◼➦߿ᩜ

γȡ◧ₑ喑䘕ܳᕔጒ҉㔲ੳ䂝喑㜗㵹㽚⿸‫ڙ‬

ጯᩬᐠ‫ݺ‬㜶㵹䯳ᰰ㿸䶅喑㺮ⅯԊ⪆;BOEQBE

थ㋀✌喠Όᰶϧ㖟⽞喑ᄴᓋθౝ̸ᣒ჏⮱≨

㈲⛵࡭ȡ䕆ψᕔጒ҉㔲఍◧ੜ̭⮱㞟ᗲẚ㋀

ࠂȡ

Ծកツ㜗㵹㽚⿸‫ڙ‬थᖏᓖ㞟ᗲẚ㋀✌喑ጯ 䪤8PMGTFOឬ䀫᣽ӈ᎘ߖ喑࠲᠙䇎ᩬ̷⮱᎘

ㅪ㒟͸ᒹ䔮ఋ㢤㭚ȡຠ⢸ఋస͸ᒹ喑‫ౕ࣌ں‬

ߖȡጯ䪤ᄺ䕆ψᕔጒ҉㔲㿗喟ᰰⰎ߈Ԋ⪆◼

໸⮱᪴У̷ㅪႄȡ

➦߿ᩜ⮱㈲⛵࡭ȡ

㭚సუ᫝㖋ᅭᰵᬒౕ⢸ბ㋟〆̷აѵ喑մ

⩞᫩‫⤫ܧ‬γ᫝⮱ឭ㶀喑⤫ౕजВ♎䰭䕇

࣌‫ٵ‬㋀✌;BOEQBEⅡ䲏㈲⛵࡭㝦䯨হ

ຯస⢸ౕసใ喑䗐叩䰭㺮ㅪ㒟᫝⮱∂Ҹহ⢸

䕻ጒ҉ϧ਎喑㔹⩞ౕసใ⮱స⢸ⰡᣒౕJ1BE

‒⿄⮱㞟ᗲẚ㋀✌㔲喑㷘ጯᩬᏉᠴ䇙㑧ͼⰐ

ბ↧Ⴧ⮱᭯Ն喑ᄴ䕇䕻J1BEᄓ⤫ȡ

̷ㅪႄ喑䔮ఋ㢤㭚ȡస⢸䔁ఋ㢤㭚͸ᒹ喑‫ں‬

ノ喑⊶࿹ϧऐ䇖䈐喑ᒞ৺‫⇨ڞڙ‬Ⴖ喑఍㔹̺

⁎ౕ࣌໸᪴У̷ㅪႄȡ

‫ں‬㘪ํᐣ䪤‫ڣ‬㋀✌ത⚔ȡ䰃♣ₑϧϺ♣ౕ䌌

㢤㭚‫ڔ‬䫐Ꭻͻ⃼๖䘪ᰶ᪴Уϑ㊓ຠ⢸ᝃ స⢸ȡౕ#FBUSJYຠ⢸᭯᱌喑մຯ຦ౕసใ喑 ᰶ䏘䖷⮱ጒ҉ϧ਎А⤳喑࠲᠙Ҭ⩕‫ⱌנ‬ᾌহ

㢤㭚थ∂䘕䪤0QTUFMUFOहᘼγస⢸䖥 ᧴⮱䕆̭⽛᫝⮱ㅪႄ᫦ᐼȡ

ጯᩬᏉ๔កჅथ喑ѳ᭜̭ᬓჅथ᪄㽡喑ᄴᰶ ็ऺᕔጒ҉㔲๞ẚ喑఍◧ጒ҉ౝ吋↿ᰶ

䰨䘢ᣒᩣ喑ᄴ᪴Уᩫ㒛ຠ⢸䲏‫ݺ‬喑‫ں‬䃀ຠ⢸

ᐐॷ"%7&35*4&.&/5

‫۾‬ᚴ⌏ࢩ‫ڙ‬䰤㥋㰁๗ܻ ᴀฅ⼒ֱ⬭᳔㌖㾷䞟⃞ ‫ܡ‬䊏㿖䮆᳡ࢭ݀ৌ″ᾟ

Ꮣȡ

7FMPY⮱᫝ಸ㜗㵹䏷喑᭯䕌䖁‫ڙݝ‬䛹喑

✌㔲‫ڣ‬㋀✌㽞ज̺㷘ᐣ䪤喑䲏㜕๞ẚ喑຦

㢤㭚⮱స⢸䰃♣᭜Ը⻛‫⮱ح‬㻿㞟喑ѳ᭜

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ጯ䪤ᄺ㿸䶅⮱ᕔጒ҉㔲҉‫ܧ‬γឬ䀫喑⩇ 㜠めᛶ᣽ӈ䇎ᩬᩜᤡȡ ᨇ㿗ౕጯ䂝ᰰ͚喑Όᰶᩜᠮᕔጒ҉㔲Ծ 㜗㵹䪸‫ڙ‬थ⮱㖟䴠ȡ


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-0$"-/&84ƌ㢤㭚᫝㖋 ϛ೉

䓾ࡷҳ㢤∏㭚ϧጟ䔁స

⊤➆਽ϧ㶄ߘᠮᵵ⊶‫ږ‬ԸუᏚ䡏䇎㈫㉈ ࣨᎡᰵЪ⮩⩌ౕ⊤➆਽ϧ㶄⮱̭Ⴤߘᠮ ᵵ喑ज㘪䌌‫ږ‬Ը㤜ϧუᏚ⮱䡏䇎㈫㉈ᰶ䬉ȡ ⊤➆ౝ᫦྿倁ᑂ䔝थ∂䘕Ⴥ਎⮱㾞㿗ȡ ࣨᎡᰵᬒ喑̭ऺᅲѼౕ%FO #PTDI ⮱₟㤜㸁⩤ၽ喑‫ٶ‬๖ࡃᬒ͸̸ౕ⊤➆਽ϧ 㶄㷘ϧᓋ̭უ͚丽乕㸎፣‫ܧ‬喑ᣕ‫̭ڒ‬䑈↪䏷 ፣䊝喑䬉៩ౕ.PFSXJKḼѼႲ͚ȡ䂓᫦㋀ 䕻֢ᴒ喑ᰵᬒᄴ䕆ऺ⩤ၽ㼐᩾‫ܧ‬ҳ喑͓ ᠅ᢂγऺᎡ咎ᓋ₟㜠₟⮱⊶ᵵ㤜ϧ⩤ ၽȡ䂓᫦ᣎः㵹ࠂ͸᭯喑ऄრϧ䰆Ⱪহୡጡ 䘪㷘㛍ጰᄮѼ喑᝸㚠㷘ᡳ㊮ȡ ݊ₒᄖ㼷䶜⹧喑‫⟜⪾ऺ̭͚ڣ‬$IJGVOH -䌌㷘ߘᠮ㔲᭜㻗ᝇ喑㾟⪾⟜䓜䂤ᒸፘ㿗喑 ⪣θϧा㷘㊮᳣㔲㉏‫็ע‬Ꭱ᱗᳉喑ౕẢ‫ڣ‬๞

᱈⮱ᗲ⇮̸↧Ⴧᣎः㊮᳣䕆̭᠈ȡ ᄓ᫪㊮᳣͸ᒹ喑㊮᳣㔲ᰫाऄრϧ䙺֣ ㉏ः㥙⁽ٰ喑ѳ᭜ᄺ᫦↿ᰶ␬䋠ߘᠮ㔲 ⮱䶅᱈㔹Ѕȡ ῏ᄌ䘕Ⴥ਎㿗喑ᵵУ⮱ⷧ䌌‫ږ‬უϧ䡏䇎 ㈫㉈ᰶ䬉喑̺䕻喑῏ᄌ䘕㾓ృᓋ͚స๔䮥হ 仆⍜⢟ःᰡ็䇴㼷㔹᱗㘪ຯ䶅ȡ ῏ᄌ䘕㶕⹧喑̺ᰰᄴ‫ڣ‬㻃◧㉏ः‫̺ࠆע‬ ᜽ߌ㔹ẢᏓ๞᱈⮱Ըᵵⰸᒲ喑㔹҉◧̭Ⴤۤ 䚤⮱㊮᳣ᵵȡऄრϧ̺‫ײ‬ऄ‫⺮ݝ‬䡛喑㔹́็ ⁎䖚ऄᯡ߈হऄ‫ݝ‬༮㘲喑㜠Ϸ㇫⺋ऄ᤺喑‫ں‬ Ό̺᪏‫ݺ‬ᒭ⊤➆ȡ ∂Ꮪₐᐼᄖ⤳㾟ᵵѝ㼵ౕᰵЪȡ

㢤㭚⹫ᰰ᪴ࡃ㼵ްᅭ4$1⮩㶕᪥ႄ⽞喑 ‫ݺ‬ҳ㢤㭚䀭⩌⮱∏㭚ϧহԊߍ‫ݖ‬ϋϧ喑̺ᄾ ጟ㋀䔁ఋ㜗ጞ⮱సუ喑‫͚ڣ‬喑ఋస⮱∏㭚ϧ 䓾ࡷ喑㔹Ԋߍ‫ݖ‬ϋϧΌᰶጓठȡ 㿬ᴒ⮩⤫喑ౕጟ㋀ҳ㢤㭚㔹ౕౝ᫦ጯᩬ Ꮙ䕟㵹γϧऐ⮨㽅⮱∏㭚ϧ͚喑䖱᭜ጹ ᱈䔁ఋ⺃స喑ጹ᱈⪆ౕ㢤㭚⮱गᰶ喑㾺 ◧ҳ㢤⩌≨ᩦ઱γ⮱Όगᰶ喠Ԋߍ‫ݖ‬ϋ ϧ͚喑ጹ᱈⪆ౕ㢤㭚⮱℁⢴䐰倅喑㾺◧ ౕ㢤㭚⩌≨ᩦ઱γ喑́↿ᰶᙌ‫ݝ‬㷘ₔ㻃ȡᰶ უᆙ⮱喑ጹ᱈⪆ౕ㢤㭚⮱℁Ҹ倅̭ψȡ

ౕ㢤㭚⮱∏㭚ϧ͚喑ᰶጒ҉喑Ԋߍ ‫ݖ‬ϋϧ⮱ᅞẚ‫ݴ‬ጛ̭吋喑̺䋠̭ࡷȡ̺䕻喑 ‫ږ‬Ը㉱‫⮱ݒ‬ใసϧ๔็ᓋθ䐰◧ѻ㉇⮱ጒ ҉喑ࢠҬ䗐ψ࣌ҳౕ᱙సᓋθ䐰倅㉇㖤ẚ⮱ ϧธΌ̭ὐ喑ЃԾͨ㺮ౕᐧヶẚȠి㬊ẚȠ ጒẚহ⌲⒁㵹ẚᓋθ̭㝙ᕔ⮱倁߈ጒ҉ȡ ‫ږ‬Ը㉱‫⮱ݒ‬ใసϧᄺ㢤㿋⮱ᢹᤎധ᱙䘪 ᒵጛȡ ᝗㜠ϷᎡᰵᬒ◧₏喑ౕ㢤䕟㵹γ㽨‫ڷ‬ ⮨㽅⮱∏㭚ϧᰶ㥙喑Ԋߍ‫ݖ‬ϋϧᰶ 㥙ȡ

㢤㭚⟜㒗Ըᵵ⍈ᄾ ͚๛㊞㼵ᅭ⮩㶕᪥ႄ喑䂓᫦Ꭱᣒ ⢟⮱ऱ䶋⟜㒗⮱൞ᵵ‫ڞ‬ᰶ㥙Ⴤ喑䐰̭Ꭱ ‫ݺ‬⍈ᄾγ喑Ό᭜㜗ᎡВҳ⮱䕐㎹̸ 䭺喑⪣Ꭱ⮱൞ᵵ‫ڞ‬ᰶ㥙Ⴤȡ

㋚䂤叾ጯᅲℾ‫⯷ݖ‬ 㢤㭚᫝᪆᪆ᰰ⟭ॷᩬᏉᩬゃ ⁽≟⹫ᰰ‷⯷༁਎ᰰᣒऄ㢤㭚᫝᪆᪆ᰰ ᄺ㢤㭚ᩬᏉᩬᎴᩬゃহ叾ጯᅲℾᩬゃ⮱ែ 㽡喑㦄᝸㮂⤳ȡ ϷᎡ̭ ᰵ Ъ ⮱ ᭯ Ն 喑 ᫝᪆᪆ᰰ 1SPUFTUBOUTF ,FSLែ㽡㢤㭚ᩬᏉ喑㾺◧ᩬ Ꮙ↿ᰶ◧᪄㽡䰐ℾহ叾ጯᅲℾ᣽ӈ㶐➖হᅲ ᝭喑↿ᰶ䕆ψ➖䇴喑䕆ψϧธ⮱⩌পᅞᰰ䮤 ‫࢞ڒ‬䯗͸͚ȡ䕆᭜ౕ⁽≟仃⁎ᰶჄ᪆౅倁ែ 㽡ᩬᏉȡ 㢤㭚᫝᪆᪆ᰰ䕻ࣨጟ㋀হ็ᅳ‫ڔ‬䫐㼻䀃

௸ൢ

China Times

15

̺䕻喑Ꭱ⮱⃿৮ᵵহ‫ڒ‬ᅸ✳⿷ᵵ‫ږ‬ 䶋᪥ႄᰶ᝭̷ࡴ喑䂓᫦ᬒ‫ݺ‬ጟ㋀აѵᣎःᣗ ᫪喑➦‫ݒ‬ᄺЅ‫ڒ‬ᅸ✳⿷γ喠㔹̭㝙᝿⿷হᯡ ߈㒗ᵵᰶ᝭⍈ᄾȡ

ใϑ䘕⮱᫲䕷ᐧ䂝喟䖬䪸೰ࣷ

䕻叾ጯᅲℾᩬゃ喑㾺◧⤫‫ڔ‬䫐⮱ᰶ䬉ᩬゃ䂷 ᓄᰡጛ喑叾ጯᅲℾ⮱㮂ධᰡߍఝ䰐喑఍ₑ᣽ ‫ܧ‬ែ㽡ȡ 㢤㭚‫ڔ‬䫐Όा㾟༁਎ᰰᄺ᪆ᰰ⮱ែ㽡҉ ‫ܧ‬γఋᛶ喑̺䕻喑༁਎ᰰ㾺◧̺㘪ВĄ㑧ͼ ӊᨇą◧⩞៿㊂ᣒऄែ㽡ȡ մຯ༁਎ᰰ㾺◧᪆ᰰ⮱ែ㽡ᓄթ喑䗐 叩喑㢤㭚ᩬᏉᬒᒹᄴᰶ㓖ࠆᩦ䂷叾ጯᅲℾ⮱ ᩣღጒ҉ȡ᫝᪆᪆ᰰጹ᱈ϷᎡᎡᏂ͸‫ݺ‬㘪ํ ᓄ‫ݝ‬༁਎ᰰ⮱̭Ըめᵵȡ

⩞᫩೰ࣷ‫⤫ܧ‬γᩬ⇨⮱̺⾖Ⴧ喑⮩⩌佤 ί喑䕍᜽௡䛺₨‫פ‬喑㢤㭚ใϑ䘕‫⁎ں‬ᩣ㋷‫ݝ‬ ೰ࣷౝ࡭⮱᫲䕷ᐧ䂝喑㺮ⅯⰎ䛼䖬䪸೰ࣷȡ 䕆᭜ใϑ䘕ᰵᬒ͚ࡵ㋀䕻হ㢤㭚份೰ࣷ ๔Ҭ乕ੳ㼻͸ᒹ҉‫↧⮱ܧ‬Ⴧȡใϑ䘕⮱᫲䕷 ᐧ䂝䰃♣͓䲋⶙ᕔ㺼Ⴧ喑ѳ᭜ౕ᫲䕷ẚ⮱Ԋ 䯗θࠆ᫦䲏ᰶ҉◧ӊᨇ⮱҉⩕喑մຯ̺㖪ः ᐧ䂝ലᠮ‫ݺ‬ᒭ喑̭ᬓ⮩⩌ϧ䏘ᝃ㔲䇎➖⮱᤺ ๞喑⪣θϧࢠҬ䈩䇤γⰥ䬉⮱Ԋ䯗喑Ό♎‷ ाԊ䯗‫ڙ‬थ㉏ٌȡ

ᐐॷ"%7&35*4&.&/5

̷ᭌ᱌ใϑ䘕ጟ㋀᣽‫ܧ‬Ą̺㺮ࣨ೰ࣷą ⮱ᐧ䂝喑̺䕻喑⪣᭯㾺◧喑ੳࠆ᫲㵹Вࣷ㻗 ϧ⮱ᣏ㽗ᆙ᫩Ҹใ͸݄喑ᰵᬒ⮱ᐧ䂝‫ݴ‬ᰡ ߍᩣ㋷γ㺮Ⅿ喑ः⊵γҸใȡใϑ䘕⮩㼭ϧ 䖱㿗喑ጟ㋀䏘㮂೰ࣷ⮱㢤㭚ϧ喑ᛶ㾟䌌份೰ ࣷ๔Ҭ乕㖜㎘喑⶛Ⴧࣨ⪆ȡ䰃♣ใϑ䘕㾺◧ ‫ݺ‬ᒭ䖍䰏䪸㒲⮱䭬ࢎጡ⊤▐হ㈲⊤ౝ࡭᫲䕷 Ⴖ‫ڕ‬ᅇज喑ѳ᭜Ό᣽䚿‫ݺ‬ᒭ䕆ψౝ࡭⮱᫲჏ 㺮᣽倅䂓ᘂȡ


௸ൢ

China Times

ϛ೉

16

㢤㤜๖ౝƌ$)*/&4&$0..6/*5:

www.chinatimes.nl Ꭱᰵᬒす᱌

͚స๏⁽≟ⵁ㼻ᰰ㢤㭚㜶䓓 ᱙൞㽅㔲⩠ӊ ̭Ըऺ◧Ą͚స๏⁽≟倅ም䀃෴ą⮱ⵁ 㼻ᰰᰵᬒ̸ࡵౕ㢤㭚◼➦߿ᩜ䭱䓾⮱๔Ⱬ 㒻丌㍪࡜㜶㵹喑ҳ㜗ᓤసȠᡗ༮Ƞ㺬⤚➆Ƞ ດౝ‫ݖ‬Ƞ∂సহ㢤㭚ぶ⁽≟సუ‫౅׾‬А㶕В ͚ࣷసহᎠ㊞̭Ӱ䕟ᰰȠ⊆↌Ⱞझ䓓Ƞ⊆↌ Ⱞ‫׾‬䓓ВࣷᲚጋጯ༁㊞᝝䘕⮱А㶕౅䓾 ϧ‫ܧ‬ፚγⵁ㼻≨ࠂ喑ᣏ㼻ຯ҂‫܊‬㖇⊤ใ‫׾‬㘋 ߈䛼Ƞᄓ⤫ℾ᫼ն๔ᓖ㜵⮱͚స๏ȡ ͚స份㢤๔Ҭ䮠ᬚȠࣰ䈷޶᭒Ƞ䵅θ䘕 ͨШ台⦈হ⼅ᰥ䙚⯀ぶΌ‫ܧ‬ፚγⵁ㼻ᰰȡ ȋ䮠ᬚ๔Ҭ䬎䔝Ą͚స๏ą ࣨᎡᏂ喑͚స‫⩏ڞ‬吕㍪ᰥ㽅㓿䓾Ꭰࣰౕ 㻭Ȩᓖ㜵͸䌜ȩᆂ㻪⮱᭯Նᠴ‫ܧ‬喑Ąᄓ⤫͚ 㤜ℾ᫼ն๔ᓖ㜵喑ᅞ᭜͚㤜ℾ᫼Вҳ⮱ᰭ๔ ๏ᘠȡą 㜗ₑ喑Ą͚స๏ą᜽◧⊤‫ڔ‬ใ㤜ϧ ⹫ᰰ⮱̭Ը⛞䪭㾞䵹ȡ ᰵᬒ̸ࡵ喑ౕ᱙⁎䀃෴㉱༁ᰰͨፚ⢸ ޺‫ٶ‬㜡䓚₎䓻㜴ᰰҳ䈀͸ᒹ喑͚స份㢤๔Ҭ 䮠ᬚ仃‫⮩ٵ‬㼭喑䬎䔝γ͚స๏⮱‫⋢ڔ‬হ‫ڤ‬倁 Ⱋ὆喑Όᅞ᭜㓿䓾Ꭰ㍪ᰥ㽅ౕ࡮‫ژ‬๔൞ॷ͚ ᣽‫⮱ܧ‬Ą䰆⮫ą⮱Ⱋ὆喟ౕ͚స‫⩏ڞ‬吕᜽⿸ Ꭱ᭯‫ڕ‬䲏ᐧ᜽ᄼᏤ⹫ᰰ喑ౕ᫝͚స᜽⿸

ȍ䮠ᬚ๔Ҭ

Ꭱ᭯ᐧ᜽ჹᑤℾͨ᪴ᬻহ䀔⮱⹫ᰰͨ㓖 ⤫Аࡃసუȡᰡߍ‫ڤ‬倁ౝ㿗喑ᅞ᭜㺮Ҭ⃼Ը ͚సϧౕ᪆㗟Ƞጒ҉Ƞᩣ‫ڒ‬Ƞ⹫ᰰԊ䯗Ƞ䛘 ⭯᰺ࠆȠᅲѼȠ⩌≨⧝ධȠ႖ၽ᜽䪤ぶ䕆ψ ℾ⩌䵅ഌᓄ‫ݝ‬ᰡສ⮱Ⴖᢿ喑͚స๏఍㔹Ό᭜ ⃼Ը͚సϧ⮱Ꭵ⺼͸๏Ƞ㒻ສ͸๏喑͚స๏ ᭜㺮㥪ᄓ‫ݝ‬ᄓ㮂⮱๏ᘠȡ 䮠ᬚ㿗喑㺮ᄓ⤫͚సᓖ㜵͸๏喑䖱䲏㜕 㦄௡ረ⮱ᠾ᝝喑♣㔹喑⮩ᆂ͚⮱੼䵹㺮ౕ⮩ ᆂ⮱䕻⼸͚㼐↧喑ह᭯Ό᜽◧ᣕࠂ⮩ᆂ⮱ࠂ ߈ȡ 䮠ᬚᰭᒹ㶕⹧喑ᄓ⤫͚㤜ℾ᫼ն๔ᓖ㜵 ⮱͚స๏喑᭜็ᄾᎡҳ͚㤜ℾ᫼ⴏᔄ̺⍊⮱ ๏ᘠ喑Ό᭜ᐐ๔⊤ใ‫׾‬㘋็Ꭱҳ⮱ๆ䶅ȡĄ ͚స๏⮱ᄓ⤫喑䰏̺䪸⊤ใ㤜‫׾‬㤜ϧ⮱ᩜ ᠮȡ҉◧͚㤜ℾ᫼ᓖ㜵⮱䛺㺮߈䛼喑⊤ใ㤜 ‫׾‬㤜ϧ⮱҉⩕㜠䬉䛺㺮ȡą

ȋ ͚స๏Ⱋ὆͸̭喟ᄓ⤫⊤ሪ‫ږ‬ᇥহᎠ ㊞̭ ⵁ㼻ᰰ⮱す̭䘕ܳ‫ڔ‬ღ喑᭜䬉᫩ᄓ⤫⊤ ሪ‫ږ‬ᇥহᎠ㊞̭⮱ȡ‫ݺ‬ҳ㢤㭚㜴ᰰ⮱͚సহ Ꭰ㊞̭Ӱ䕟ᰰ‫⼅ޜ‬ᰥ䪤Ლٰ⺒喑ҳ㜗ᓤసȠ ᡗ༮Ƞດౝ‫ݖ‬Ƞ㢤㭚⮱হᎠ㊞̭Ӱ䕟ᰰ⮱䇍 䇙ϧᝃА㶕䴀㬴ớȠᑢն∏Ƞᑢ㋚ᚣহ㘎‫ٮ‬ 䲖ぶ喑Вࣷ⊆↌Ⱞझ䓓‫ͨޜ‬Шᑢₐ䤋‫ٵ‬ᒹ҉ γ⮩㼭ȡ Ლٰ⺒㿗喟Ą͚స๏ ᒝ䶜ℾ᫼๔㓖喑ᗲ➪⊤ሪ ‫ږ‬ᇥ喑‫܊‬㖇⊤ใ‫׾‬ᓰȡą Ѓጹ᱈⊤ใ‫׾‬㘋㘪⮩ᤇ͚ 㤜‫נ‬㊞喑ᐐ∈౅㉽‫׾‬㘋喑 ᠮ㎹Ąࣺ⢕Ӱ㊞ą喑ߍᑤ ᄺใ‫᧚נ‬喑◧ᬖᬒᄓ⤫͚ స๏‫ڞ‬हߗ߈ȡ ‫ވވ‬䌌䯕⁽㤜㖜ᰰ㽗 ȍ⊆↌Ⱞझ䓓‫ͨޜ‬Шᑢₐ䤋

ȍ͚సহᎠ㊞̭Ӱ䕟ᰰा㉱༁ᰰ䈵䔮ᰥ∂҉৮ȡ

ȍⵁ㼻ᰰᰰൡȡ

੼γझ▐⮱ᓤసহᎠ㊞̭Ӱ䕟ᰰᰰ䪤䴀㬴 ớ喑‫ڤ‬倁㿴ࣷ㽗झ⮱㺸㖋ȡ䕆⁎⁽≟⮱‫౅׾‬ 㽗झ喑ͨ㺮䕟㵹㋀┌হ᪴ࡃϑ≮喑ᩬ⇨ϑ≮ ⮱⅐ⅈ䖱̺⓰ࣇȡЃ㿗喑‫م‬ノझ⢕ࠏ߈ౕझ ▐⮱ᒞ䴬ᬒ⑥ѻ䔤喑ѳ᭜㺮ᄓ⤫‫ږ‬ᇥ⮱হᎠ ㊞̭喑ӊ♣Ш䛺䖀䖍ȡ ⮩㼭㔲䘪ᮛ䕺㿴ౕࣷ‫׾‬ᅲస䪸ᆂӰ䕟⊤ ሪ‫ږ‬ᇥহᎠ㊞̭᝭և⮱ጒ҉ȡ㢤㭚হᎠ㊞̭ Ӱ䕟ᰰ᭜Ꭱₐᐼ᜽⿸⮱喑ѳ᭜ᰰ䪤㘎‫ٮ‬ 䲖㶕⹧喑㢤㭚₤टᰭ◧ᗍͲ⮱㤜ϧ⹫౅᫲㢤 㤜ϧ㍪ᰰ喑ᓋᎡᅞ䪸ᆂγࣺ⢕Ӱ㊞Ƞࣺ ᄺܳ㷯͚స⮱ጒ҉喑͓́ᄴ㤜ϧ⹫ᰰ⮱ᓰ㖟 䑶䖁㊓ͨ≮⹫ᰰ⮱ᩬ⩹ȡ ⊆↌Ⱞझ䓓‫ͨޜ‬Шᑢₐ䤋⮱⮩㼭࡮ܳ㇫ ᒖ喑Ѓౕ̺⩕䁈⽬⮱ᗲ⇮̸喑࡮ܳ㾠Ⰾౝϸ ㉦γ⊆↌Ⱞ◧ᄓ⤫ℾ᫼ᓖ㜵͚స๏⮱ጒ҉͚ ᝭҉⮱䘕㒟喑࠲᠙ᄓ⤫㋀┌䑶ಸぶぶ喑ጹ᱈ ⊤ใ㤜ϧ㤜‫׾‬Вᙈసᙈ䘶Ƞᩜᤡუ䘶ᐧ㽚হ Ӱ䕟‫ږ‬ᇥহᎠ㊞̭⮱ᄓ䯈㵹ࠂ喑‫ڞ‬हᄓ⤫͚ స๏ȡ ȋ㒻๏᜽ⱌ㤜ϧ㾟ևψ⩇叩喤  ⵁ㼻ᰰ⮱すι䘕ܳВĄℾ᫼ᓖ㜵ą◧ͨ 䵹喑⮩㼭㔲ͨ㺮᭜⁽≟‫⮱౅׾‬䇍䇙ϧᝃ㔲А 㶕喑࠲᠙⁽≟Ლጋ㖜㿩㍪ᰰത㵹ᰰ䪤ⰔնȠ ⁽≟㝌ᆞह䘶㖜वᰰᰰ䪤Ἧ⧷Ƞ᫲㢤㤜‫׾‬㍪ ᰰ倅㉇䶔੼台䞋Ƞ⁽≟Ლጋ㖜㿩㍪ᰰ⼅ᰥ䪤 ॠ叻ᬻহ⁽≟‫׾‬ᙈധ䛾ᰰᰰ䪤ᒽᐧ㠞ぶȡᲚ ጋጯ༁㊞᝝䘕‫ޜ‬䘕䪤ᒽ⺃ᓤΌ҉γ⮩㼭ȡ ⮩㼭㔲䘪㉽वऱ㜗⮱⹫౅➦吋喑‫ڤ‬倁 㿴ࣷ◧ᄓ⤫͚స๏҉◧⊤ใ㤜ϧ䰭㺮Ѕ ‫߈ߗ⮱ܧ‬喑᣽‫ܧ‬γ̭ψᒵສ⮱ᐧ䂝ȡΌ ᰶА㶕̭䜊㺸㵭ౝᠴ‫⊤ܧ‬ใ㤜ϧ⹫ᰰႅ ౕ⮱੼䵹喑ຯ᳉̭ψ੼䵹ᓄ̺‫ݝ‬㼐↧喑ᄓ ⤫͚స๏ग㘪᭜̭ऒ⾧㾞ȡ⁽≟Ლጋ㖜㿩 ㍪ᰰത㵹ᰰ䪤Ⱄնҳ㜗㺬⤚➆喑ЃВᐣ ㎹㜠Ϸ⮱㺬⤚➆䂓᫦ᣎः⮱䜊ᄺ㤜ੳ⮱ Ąፊ⢸㵹ࠂą◧Ҹ喑ᠴ‫⊤ܧ‬ใ㤜ϧ፥፥᜽◧ 䇍䲏᫝㖋⮱⤫ᄓ喑䕆᭜ᄓ⤫͚స๏⮱Ả๔䯉 ⹆喑ౕ䕆⽛ᗲ⇮̸喑⊤ใ㤜ϧᓲ䴵㜗Ⱞ喑ᓲ 䴵仃‫ٵ‬᜽◧ౕͨ≮⹫ᰰ͚䖢㈭Ⴕ∂⮱‫ڥ‬ヱȡ ᫲㢤㤜‫׾‬㍪ᰰ倅㉇䶔੼台䞋⮱⮩㼭ᰡߍ

‫ڤ‬倁⩌ࠂ喑ಓ㿍䪸ᩫ喑Ѓᓋ⊤ใ㤜‫׾‬㤜ϧ䏘 ЪჇѺ⮱㻿Ꮣ‫⮩ܧ‬喑㉽व㤜ϧ็ᓋθ丽丟ẚ ⮱➦吋喑㿴ࣷຯ҂᣽倅㜗䏘㉍䈗喑ᓋ㔹Ό◧ ᣽倅͚స᪴ࡃ䐌ᄓ߈҉‫ܧ‬䇏⢨⮱੼䵹ȡ喍台 䞋⮱⮩㼭䛺吋ओ᪴⮩㶕ȡ喎 А㶕⮩㼭͸ᒹ喑Όᰶҳ㜗ᡗ༮হ㢤㭚⮱ 㜴ᰰ㔲⮨झ⮩㶕γᙌᘠȡ ȋ๔ᰰა㼭⮱ఈ䴲‫ڞ‬䂅 ౕ๔ᰰ⮩㼭㉽᲌͸ᒹ喑⁽≟Ლጋ㖜㿩㍪ ᰰᰰ䪤仙݄ა䂭γ䕆⁎๔ᰰ⮱ა㼭ȡა㼭࠲ ᠙ఈ吋‫ڞ‬䂅喑࠲᠙喟㾺ⱌႥ㓿হ⌞‫ݨ‬䵅ᰰ Ą͚స๏ą⮱ᄓ䈗‫⋢ڔ‬হն๔⮱᝝⪒ᕊᘠ喠 ◧⺃సহᎠ㊞̭๔ẚ҉‫ܧ‬᫝⮱ߗ߈喠ߗ߈ᑅ ᤇ͚㤜᪴ࡃ⮱ह᭯᣽倅⊤ใ͚సϧ⮱㞜ສᒏ 䆎喠ៀສ‫ڞڙ‬ใϑ喑ᣕ䕟᪴ࡃጒ҉喑⽺Ảࣰ ᩬ䂝ᩬ喑ᒞ䴬ͨ≮ℾᘼ喑ぶぶȡ ⵁ㼻ᰰ㉽᲌͸ᒹ喑⪣ᮇౕ๔Ⱬ㒻丌㍪ᰰ 㜶䓓γᮇს喑͚స份㢤๔Ҭ乕ᩬࠆࣰ䈷޶᭒ ౕᮇს̷㜡⺊䙿䓚喑ᄺ㢤㭚হ⁽≟㤜ϧ㜶䓓 ⮱䕆䴲≨ࠂ㶕⹧ᙌ䁊ȡ 䕆⁎⮱Ą͚స๏⁽≟倅ም䀃෴ą‫ݺ‬ᒹ₤ ᭯๖喑⩞‫ڕ‬㢤㤜ϧ⹫౅㖜वᰰȠ⁽≟Ლጋ㖜 㿩㍪ᰰȠ⁽≟㝌ᆞह䘶㖜वᰰ‫ڞ‬हͨ䓓喑͓ ᓄ‫࠲ݝ‬᠙㢤㭚ౕ‫็≟⁽⮱ڔ‬స็Ը‫౅׾‬Ƞ͚ స份㢤๔Ҭ乕В͚ࣷసহᎠ㊞̭Ӱ䕟ᰰহ⊆ ↌ⰮጯᩬᏉⰥ䬉䘕䪭⮱ᩜᠮȡ ѳ᭜喑ⵁ㼻ᰰ䕻ᒹ喑ຯ҂ᄴა㼭͚⮱‫ڞ‬ 䂅䃀⁽≟㤜⹫㥪ᄓ‫ڤݝ‬倁㵹ࠂ̷㔹̺㜠᫩≮ ◧⾧㿴喑䕟̭ₒ‫܊‬㖇߈䛼喑ౕ͚సᓖ㜵⮱䖀 䌜̷䇏⢨̭Ъ߈䛼喑Ϻᰶᒵ็ጒ҉㺮㥪ᄓ‫ݝ‬ 吋ၽ̷ȡ ᰰᒹ喑ౕ㗜Ⴧ䕆⁎≨ࠂःᓄ᜽ߌ⮱ह ᭯喑Όᰶ㖟䴠᣽‫ܧ‬ឦ㾂হᐧ䂝ȡ̭᭜㾺◧䀃 ෴䘕ܳ⮩㼭⤳䀃ᆑ⁎̺倅喑Ը‫⮩ݒ‬㼭⾧∈喑 ₑใ喑‫ܧ‬ፚ⮱⹫౅А㶕ᕔᰶᅭ䭽喑⽞‫◧ڣ‬ Ą倅ም䀃෴ą᱗ᓲ᭜ԸБϧԎ᰺⮱䖥᧴喠ι ᭜ౕ㉱㎁᳣Ỹহ⮩㼭㔲Ⴖᢿ̷喑ᰡ䰭㺮䶔ࣷ ᐐ∈ᕔ喑Ҹຯ䖭㿸झ▐‫౅׾‬А㶕ࣰߍ喑ぶ ぶȡ⊆↌Ⱞझ䓓А㶕౅⮱᜽਎喑ᅞᄺ䀃෴↿ ᰶझ▐‫׾‬ఏА㶕ᝃ㔲झ⎫ह㘋ࣰߍ㶕⹧䖧 ᛫ȡ

䬉᫩͚స๏⮱̶吋ᘠ∂喍ᦅ㺮喎 ÿÿౕĄ͚పᷓ⁔≟倅ም䃧ಈą̷⮱ࣾ㼭 ᫲㢤㤜‫׾‬㍪ᰰ倅㉇䶔੼台䞋 ͚స๏᭜⪣̸‫⤰ڕ‬㤜ϧ̭Ը‫ڞ‬ह⮱Ƞᰭ 䛺㺮⮱㾞䵹ȡ䕆Ը๏̺᭜Ը᫝๏喑Ⴐౕ͚స ϧᓰ͚ጟ㌵㎋⮫ᎡȡႰ᭜᜾Ծ⮱ЮⰩ喑᜾Ծ ⮱⤳ᘠ喑᜾Ծ⮱䔪Ⅿȡ᝭̺ह⮱᭜喑Ϸ๖喑 ᜾Ծ‫׆ڤ‬γᰡ็⮱ᄓ⤫᜾Ծ㒻ສ๏ᘠ⮱㘪 ߈ȡ⃼̭Ը͚సϧ喑䘪ᰶ㓖ࠆ◧ీ᜾Ծℾ᫼

ȍ᫲㢤㤜‫׾‬㍪ᰰ倅㉇䶔੼台䞋⮩㼭

͸๏㔹Ѕ‫̺ܧ‬ᛵ⮱ߗ߈ȡ 䬉᫩͚స๏᜾㿴̶吋Ըϧ⮱ᘠ∂ȡ 仃‫ٵ‬喑⊤ใ㤜ϧౕ͚సీ๏⮱₤⼸͚喑 ᬏ᭜ᰭᬖ⮱ࣰ㜴㔲喑ह᭯Ό᭜ѡ䯕໸㉯⮱̭ ᩜ䛺㺮߈䛼ȡ䕆̭吋喑ᓋ႘͚ᆞ‫ݝ‬᫝͚స₤ ᅳ䵅ᄻϧ䘪εВ‫⮱ܳٲ‬㗜ჇȡϷ๖喑᜾Ծ⮱ ⺃సᑤ๔䊤ҳγ喑ѳ⩕㋀┌Ⴅᾌᰰ᜽᱙⮱⤳ 䀃ⰸ喑⊤ใ㤜ϧᄺ⺃స⮩ᆂᐧ㽚⮱䇏⢨᭜ጕ ๔⮱喑̺जᰬА⮱ȡ᝭В⃼Ը⊤ใ‫׾‬㘋䘪ᛶ ◧ₑᙌ‫ݝ‬侂‫ן‬喑ᙌ‫ݝ‬㜗䆗喑͓ិ䕆⽛㇫⺋‫נ‬ 䔿̸ࣨ喑Ҭ͸̺᫤⮩ᤇ‫ٶ‬๔ȡ ι᭜喑͚స⮱ᑤ๔喑ౕใసϧⱩ㸎喑ᰡ ็᭜̭ψ᪥ႄࡃ⮱ắᔢ喑ຯ͚స⮱㋀┌㍪ 䛼Ƞ䕟‫ܧ‬ऐ㍪䛼ぶぶȡᄓ䯈̷喑็᪥ใసϧ ͓̺Ⳛ㼐͚స喑̺Ⳛ㼐͚㤜᪴ࡃ喑̺Ⳛ㼐͚ సϧȡౕЃԾⱩ㸎喑ᰭⰡ㻭⮱ᛶ㾟䖱᭜᜾Ծ 䕆ψ⩌≨ౕЃԾ͚䫀⮱㤜ϧȡ఍ₑ喑᜾Ծ⮱ ̭㼭̭㵹喑̭㜶̭ࠂ♎⪾А㶕㦄‫͚ر‬సϧ

⮱ᒏ䆎ȡ ♣㔹喑჏㻭̷䁈喑⩌≨ౕ䕆㸎⮱㤜ϧ⩞ ᫩䀥็⮱₤ट఍㉍喑㉍䈗ࣰጛ̺呷喑᝭ᆂ⤫ ⮱⤫䆎Όࡰጛ㥙‫ݒ‬喑‫͚ڣ‬ᅇᰶᒵ็̺ຯϧᘼ ⮱ౝ᫦ȡ䕆ͨ㺮㶕⤫ౕ᜾Ծ⮱㋀✌㻭ᔢȠ∂ ᒸ㻭ᔢȠ᪴ࡃ㉍丷Ƞ᪴ᬻ⼸ᏓȠᄵẚⴒ䂅Ⅱ ᎠȠ㖤ẚ᧺ႵȠ⩌≨㓿ᚐぶぶ᫦䲏ȡᒵ็ϧ ⮱㻭ᔢহ㵹◧̺㘪㜴⪣ౝ⮱⹫ᰰ‫ݣ‬Ꮣᣒ䏹喑 ᒏ᜽γ̭ψ‫ڥ‬ಸᕔ⮱੼䵹ȡᒞ䴬γ㤜ϧ⮱ᒏ 䆎ȡ䕆䃀᜾Ծᙌ‫⬈ܳ࡮ݝ‬ᓰȡ◧ₑ喑ౕ᜾⮱ ๏ᘠ͚喑ᅞ௛ᒭ㘪䕇䕻๔უ⮱‫ڞ‬हߗ߈喑̺ ᫤䑶䂷᜾Ծ⮱㻭ᔢ喑᣽倅᜾Ծऱ᫦䲏⮱㉍ 丷喑Ҭ᜾Ծ㤜ϧ㘪䎸䏘倅㉍䈗⮱᫼㓑㵹݄喑 ◧͚㤜ℾ᫼෋‫ٶ‬ȡ ̶᭜喑丽丟᪴ࡃ͸๏ȡౕ⁽≟喑ᛶ㾟㿗 ็᪥㤜ϧ䘪В丽丟ẚ㋚⩌ȡ㢤㭚⮱丽丟ẚᰫ ㋀‫ޢ‬䕍䕻䑊♹⮱₤ट喑ѳ䌌喍͚స喎స‫Ⱕڔ‬ ℁喑䕆㸎͚丽⮱⮩ᆂ䶜ᓄᰶψ䌌̷̺ᒏࠏȡ

ᒵ็ϧ䖱᭜ధႵ㦄‫נ‬㊞⮱㋀✌⤳ᔢহ᧺҉᫦ ᐼ喑̺㗜ᩦ䂷ȡ㉽᳉喑㋀✌䰐В◧㎩ȡౕ᜾ ⰸҳ喑䯕㦄͚సᒞ䴬߈⮱̺᫤᣽ࡴ喑͚స᪴ ࡃ喑࠲᠙丽丟᪴ࡃ⮱ᒞ䴬߈Όᰰ̺᫤᣽倅ȡ ҉◧丽丟ẚ㋀✌㔲喑ຯ᳉᜾Ծ㘪ํ䕇䕻ߗ߈ ᣽ࡴ㜗䏘᪴ࡃԛ丷喑ߍᑤᄺ丽丟᪴ࡃ⮱Ⳛ㼐 হិᤎ喑ᰡ็ౝ䈓ε丽丟㋀✌В᪴ࡃ⮱ᘼ ঠ喑䗐叩喑҂ᘮ᜾Ծ̺㘪ក䕍‫ܧ‬ᰡᰶ৮ঠ喑 ᰡᰶ➦㞟喑ᰡ‫ڤ‬䭱ߍթহᰡᰶ〣❚߈⮱ₐჄ ͚స丽乕এ喤䕟̭ₒ㽚ᘠ喑մ㠒⃼უ͚స丽 乕⮱㋀✌㔲䘪‫͚⮱⪣Ⱕ׆ڤ‬స᪴ࡃⴒ䂅喑䗐 叩喑᜾ԾᅞजВិ丽丟㋀✌হ᪴ࡃ‫㉽᧚נ‬व 䊤ҳȡ䕆ὐ喑̺ѳजВ⢟ᓄᰡ๔⮱㋀┌᩵ ⯷喑ह᭯䖱जВҬ䕺ࣷ⊤ใ⮱͚丽乕䂷◧͚ స᪴ࡃ͸⿄喑䕟㔹◧᣽倅͚㤜᪴ࡃ䐌ᄓ߈҉ ‫ܧ‬䛺๔䇏⢨ȡ


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ϛ೉

В㔮፣᫝㎩ᒭ䪸ҳ 㢤㭚᪴᜽ह䘶ᰰᣕĄ仆㩶ϧąШᰰ䪤 ᱙൞㽅㔲⩠ӊ ౕ㢤㭚⮱‫͚౅׾‬喑㢤㭚᪴᜽ह䘶ᰰⰥᄺ ᭜̭Ը℁䐰Ꭱ䑂⮱⹫౅喑ѳ᭜ౕ仃Шᰰ䪤㘎 ᡜহ⤫Шᰰ䪤㘎႐ᮛ⮱፣䵅̸喑ౕ‫ڕ‬倁⤳ θ⮱‫ڞ‬हߗ߈䙺व̸喑᪴᜽ᰰⴚⴚᎫᎡ͸‫ڔ‬ ᜽◧̭Ըౕ‫⩹׾‬㘪ํ⮩ᤛ䛺㺮⮱ᰰ喑Όऄ‫ݝ‬ γస‫ڔ‬ᰶ䬉䘕䪭Вࣷუ䘶ᩬᏉ⮱䛺㻃হ䈷 ᤇȡᬒ‫ݺ‬喑㾟ᰰ㜶㵹γ‫ڔ‬䘕⤳θ๔ᰰ喑䖥‫ܧ‬ γౕ㢤㭚᜽䪤⮱Ꭱ䑂᪴᜽ϧ㘎仙࡭‫ܧ‬Ш̸̭ ᅳ⮱ᰰ䪤ȡ ᰵᬒ喑᪴᜽ह䘶ᰰౕ3JKTXJKL⮱䛾 ᅸ丽ᐠ㜶㵹γ䓻䔮᫝㔮ࣰ䈷⮱სᰰ喑᫝‫ݝ‬Ш ⮱ࣰ䈷޶᭒喑ࢠᄴ䰏Ш⮱ࣰ䈷ᑢ᭶䯱喑Вࣷ 䵅θ䘕ͨШ台⦈Ƞ⼅ᰥ䙚⯀ぶ‫ܧ‬ፚγ䓻䔮ს ᰰȡ᪴᜽ह䘶ᰰ俕Ꭶ㈱็ϧ喑ࣰߍγ㖇 ᰰȡ ᑢ᭶䯱ࣰ䈷ᰫ㋀ౕ㔮‫׾‬䵅㘎ᔄ‫ٶ‬হ㘎‫ٮ‬ 䲖⮱ࢁߖ̸喑‫ݺ‬ᒭ᪴᜽ᆞ࡭喑Ⳛ㼐‫׾‬ᗲ喑ᣏ 㽗γ̭ψ₥సჇᅲ⮱㔮‫׾‬㘋喑ₑ㜶ऄ‫ݝ‬㢤㭚 ᪴᜽ϧ⮱ສ㾂ȡౕ䓻䔮სᰰ̷喑ᑢ᭶䯱ΌА 㶕Ҭ乕ᄺ᪴᜽ᰰౕᙈసᙈ䘶Ƞ౅㉽᰺ࠆ‫׾‬

㘋喑Ӱ䕟㲺‫⹫ڒ‬ᰰ᫦䲏҉‫⮱ܧ‬᜽㍫㶕⹧γ㗜 Ⴧহ䈷ᤇȡ ౕᎡ↣ጊౝ䰴⮩⩌͸ᒹ喑᪴᜽ह䘶 ᰰࣷ᭯㜶䓓ࠌ᡽ㅹ๔ᰰ喑হ◼➦߿ᩜ͚᪴ Ⴅᵎव҉喑ㅹ䊲䕻㥙⁽ٰ喑◧㢤㭚‫౅׾‬ ͸ᰭȡ᪴᜽ह䘶ᰰ♎䀃ౕ㉱㎁ᙵ઱᡽Ƞᩜ ᤡუ䘶㋀┌ᐧ㽚䖱᭜㢤㭚‫⮱⹫׾‬ऱ䶋๔ಸ≨ ࠂ̷喑䘪ߗ߈ᰶ᝭҉◧喑ᰰ䪤㘎႐ᮛᰫ㋀ᨁ Ш䕻㢤㭚‫౅׾‬ᚣ⺊సᚣ๔ᰰ⮱ͨፚȡϷᎡ ᰵЪ喑ౕუ䘶㜶䓓⮱̓⩹᪴᜽ϧ๔ᰰ͸ᒹ喑 㘎႐ᮛА㶕᪴᜽ᰰाუ䘶⮱᪆㗟ധ䛾᡽ 㥙ϧℾ᎐喑‫ڤ‬倁㥪ᄓ‫ݝ‬᎘ߖ᪴᜽⢶ว䣛ᄼႥ ⮱䇔ఝႥ⩌喑ນࠢٗ⻭Ⴅ⩌喑ऄ‫⪣ݝ‬ౝᩬᏉ ⮱㗜Ⴧহ䈷ᤇȡ喍⊵ᖜ㺸᱙൞̷᱌㢤㤜๖ౝ ❵喎 ȋĄ仆㩶ϧą㘎仙࡭ᄴ‫ܧ‬Ш᫝̭ᅳᰰ䪤 ౕᰵᬒ⮱䓻䔮სᰰ͸ᒹ喑㜴ᰰ⮱᪴ ᜽ᰰ⤳θ㎩㎹㖇ᰰ喑ՆШᰰ䪤㘎仙࡭ा䪤䑖 Ծϸ㉦γ㜗ጞ⮱Ą᫪ᩬ⤳ᔢą喑͓ఋめγ䪤 䑖Ծ⮱̭ψ䈗㾏喑⅐ⅈ⛞◵ȡ

◼➦߿ᩜ͚᪴Ⴅᵎ㉽ẚ‫◧⻛ڥ‬Ⴅ⩌হ᪆ፘ䴿ນ ᱙൞㽅㔲  ϘᰶⰈऺ⮱◼➦߿ᩜ͚᪴Ⴅᵎᰵᬒ㜶 㵹γ᱙ႥᎡ⮱㉽ẚ‫⻛ڥ‬喑Ⴅ⩌᪆ፘহუ䪤䓾 ϧ┌┌̭യ喑ౕႥᵎ๔യ⮱⾧䫀㜶㵹γ≨ ࠂ喑⁐䈋γႥ⩌হ᪆ፘ㶕⑁⮱᪴㬊ロⰛȡ ҉◧͚సస‫׾‬䓓仃ឦ⊤ใ㤜᪴᪆㗟⹧ヱ Ⴅᵎ͸̭⮱◼➦߿ᩜ͚᪴Ⴅᵎ喑͓↿ᰶౕ᜽ ㍫হớ䂪䲏‫ݺ‬₏ₒ̺‫ݺ‬喑⢟ᓄ₷ớ⮱䓾Ꭱ ҳ喑㎩㎹䪸᠀⊤ใ㤜᪴᪆㗟⮱᫝䵅ഌȡ䮑γ ◧͚సస‫׾‬䓓㉱㎁হͨ䓓͚㤜᪴ࡃⴒ䂅๔䈪 ⁽≟࡭⮱℁䈪͸ใ喑Ό䖥≫Ⴅ⩌ࣰߍౕ㢤㭚 হ͚స㜶䓓⮱ऱ䶋⮱͚᪴℁䈪喑͓ःᓄٗ⪝ ⮱᜽㍫ȡౕ⪣๖⮱㉽ẚ‫̷⻛ڥ‬喑Ⴅᵎ⮱ᵎ㦐 ᅞ◧⢟ᓄ㢤㭚ᮛ䕇㾞᱄㿓℁䈪Вࣷ̓⩹㤜ϧ

ȍ㉽ẚ‫⤫⻛ڥ‬ൡȡ

Ⴅ⩌҉᪴๔䈪⮱ٗࠊ㔲䴿γນȡϷᎡ喑㾟ᵎ 䖱仃⁎㽚⿸γ᪆ፘນ喑◧㾟ᵎ⮱㤜᪴᪆㗟θ ẚ҉‫ܧ‬γ䇏⢨⮱ᱻ㪆⣟ȠᝇϋỂহ޶㢻㢻̶ Ѻ㔮ፘऄ‫ݝ‬γ㶕ᒝȡ็Ꭱҳ♎ٌ◧Ⴅᵎノ⤳ Ѕ‫ܧ‬γ䓈ࠑࠋࠂ⮱̭ឦ㓖ጒ喑䖱ᰶუ䪤༁਎ ᰰ⮱᜽਎喑Όऄ‫ݝ‬γᵎ㦐ᰰ⮱㶕ᤇহນࠢȡ 㾟ᵎ⮱᪆ࠆͨШ䘚㨀ᄺ㽅㔲㶕⹧喑⩞᫩ Ⴅᵎౕ䭱䓾ౝ࡭ऺ㖟ᒵ䴬喑఍ₑ喑̭ψ㢤㭚 ⮱๔͚Ⴅᵎ⩇㜠ᄼႥ喑䘪䖭㿸㾟ᵎ᪆ፘ‫ݺ‬ᒭ 䁈ᢵ͚᪴㿟ȡĄ⪣♣喑᜾ԾႥᵎ⮱᪆ፘധ᱙ ᭜ຠᕔ喑ᒵ็ϧ࿮㊓γ㢤㭚ϧ喑倅Ⴅ₤⮱̺ ᄾ喑㢤㿋ᝃ㔲㠞㿋䘪̺䡜ȡą຦〾㦄㿗ȡ ◧γ䖖ᛶ᫝⮱ᒏࠏ喑ᵎ㦐ᰰₐౕ䛃䛭᫝ ⮱⮩ᆂ㼵ް喑̺䕻喑ᵎ㦐ᰰͨፚ᳄๗Ძ㿗喑 Ⱋ‫ݺ‬䖱㮂᫩Ԋჳ䮻⃢ȡ

ȍᵎ㦐ᰰͨፚ᳄๗Ძाٗ⻭᪆ፘ䴿ນȡ

ȍ㘎႐ᮛА㶕᪴᜽ᰰाუ䘶᡽ȡ

ȍ㘎仙࡭㿴᫪ᩬ㽚ᘠȡ

㘎仙࡭䰃♣Όহ❣䑖̭ὐᓋθ͚丽ẚ喑 ѳ᭜ࢨ᭜ౕ㢤㭚᜽䪤Ƞᣒऄγ㢤㭚᪆㗟⮱䕆 叩̭ѺᎡ䑂ϧ喑ᰰ͚⮱䪤䑖䘪᝟⽞͸◧Ą仆 㩶ϧąȡЃ̺๗ᰰᮛ䕇㾞喑⩇㜠᪴᜽㾞Όᰶ ̭Ⴧఝ䰐喑ౕ㜡䓚⮱᭯Ն̺ᓄ̺㿗㢤㿋♣ᒹ 䃀ϧ㔨䂜ȡ Ѓᄺ㽅㔲㶕⹧喑҉◧ᣒऄγ㢤㭚᪆㗟⮱ ᫝̭А喑‫ئ‬թ㻭㜗♣ᰶᒵ็㢤㭚⮱☆࢝ȡ Ąҍⴒ䖀喑᜾Ծ⪣ᰰ䪤喑̺᭜◧γ̭Ը⩇叩 ऺയ喑ᰡ̺ᰰጹ᱈ᓋ͚ःᓄ⩇叩ສ㮂হ‫ݖ‬ ⯷ȡ᜾ग᭜ᘠ喑⤫ౕ᫝̭А⮱㤜ϧ䊷ҳ䊷็ γ喑᜾Ծຯ҂ᄴЃԾ㖜㎘ౕ̭䊤喑㉱㎁䊤 ҳ喑㎩㎹⮩ᤇ㔮̭Аϧ⮱㇫⺋এ喤᝭В喑᜾ ⪣ᰰ䪤͸ᒹ喑ᒵ䛺㺮⮱̭䴲ጒ҉喑ᅞ᭜㉱㎁ Ꭱ䱿̭А⮱᪴᜽ϧ䊝‫̭ݝ‬䊤喑ࣰߍऱ⽛≨ ࠂ喑ᙌऄ͚㤜᪴ࡃ喑ᰡߍ⛞ᙈუ䘶⛞ᙈ⺃ㅺ

స喑ᅞ‫׼‬᜾ᰫ㋀㋀₤䕻⮱̭ὐȡą ᪴᜽ᰰٰ㔮͸̭⮱㘎‫ٸ‬ჲ㿗喑ᣕ㫓㘎仙 ࡭⪣ᰰ䪤喑᭜㋀䕻̭⪗⮱㼻䀃⮱喑Ѓ⮱ߖ᝸ Ό᭜Ꭱ咎ጛ̺็⮱᪴᜽ϧ喑㔹䪤䑖Ծग᭜᎘ ߖЃԾ䖖ᛶ̸̭㔮̭Аϧ⮱㓿ᚐহ㺼ⴖ㔹 ጟȡ఍◧Ꭱ䑂ϧ䊷ҳ䊷็喑㺮䃀ᰰࠆᰡ̷̭ ᆑὀ喑‫⮱౅׾‬ጒ҉喑Ό䰭㺮ᰡ็ౝϑ㊓ЃԾ ࣨΫγȡ ౕ᪴᜽ᰰ䕻ᒭᎡᏓᚣ⺊≨ࠂ࢝‫⮱ݣ‬ᄼ‫ڷ‬ ၽ͚喑⤳θԾᅞ䂭倅ぶ᪆㗟⮱ၽຠ⮱ऺႄ喑 䘪ౕ݄‫͚ڣ‬喑䕆Ό᭜᪴᜽ᰰ⢕➦⮱և∂͸ ̭ȡₑใ喑᪴᜽ᰰ㜶䓓≨ࠂ⮱᭯Ն喑̺ᄾౕ 㢤㭚᜽䪤ᣒऄγ᪆㗟⮱᫝̭А᪴᜽ϧ䘪ᰶ‫ܧ‬ ፚ喑ᰶ⮱䖱ᨁШγथ‫ح‬͸䶋⮱ጒ҉ȡ ᫝㔮ᰰ䪤⮱ϑᣒ喑ᄴౕϷᎡᝃ㔲ᬻᎡ݊ व䖖⮱᭯Ն㜶㵹ȡ

㢤㭚㤜ϧੳẚϧ᝺ࢁᰰ฼႐㖇ᰰ ᱙൞㽅㔲 㢤㭚㤜ϧੳẚϧ᝺ࢁᰰᰵᬒֺᮇౕ⊤ ➆4DIFWFOJOHFO㜶㵹γ฼႐⊤▅㖇ᰰȡ㜴 ᒭᅳ⊤▅㖇ᰰ̭ὐ喑ᰶⱫ็≨䎺ౕ㢤㭚ऱ㵹 ऱẚ⮱ੳẚϧ᝺ࣰߍγₑ⁎㖇ᰰ喑हὐΌѡ ᰶ䅽Ⰸ⮱฼ᬒ⛿☑㒻丌ȡ 䕆⁎㖇ᰰ⮱➦‫ݒ‬͸㮂᭜ࢁᰰ䖱➦‫ࢠ◧ݒ‬ ᄴ䰏Ш⮱͚స份㢤㭚๔Ҭ乕ᑢ᭶䯱ࣰ䈷⏃ ‫׆‬γ⻛➖喑ᄺ‫ౕڣ‬Ш᱌䫀ᄺ㢤㭚㤜ϧੳẚ ϧ᝺ࢁᰰ⮱ᩜᠮ㜴᎘ߖ㶕⹧ᙌ䁊ȡᑢ᭶䯱㶕 ⹧喟Ą㢤㭚㤜ϧੳẚϧ᝺ࢁᰰ᭜̭Ը͚㢤‫ږ‬ స⮱ϑ≮Ꭰझ喑࠲᠙᪴ࡃϑ≮喑ੳẚϑ≮喑ϧ 䯈㋟㊎⮱ϑ≮ȡౕ䕆㸎喑जВឫ‫ݝ‬ੳẚव҉๒ ѡ喑ΌजВឫ‫⮱͚≨⩌ݝ‬ສ᰸ࣸȡą ౕⴚᯘ⮱ॷ‫حݒ‬ᐼᒹ喑ҳ㜗䭬໳᫜➦ ͦEF /JFVXF ,FSL ࢇ➖乕⮱ͨノ1BVM .PTUFSE ፣ҳγऺ◧Ą.JOH &YQPTJUJPOą ᆂ㻪⮱Ԏᖜহែ䇴ᾌᰰ⮱ㅎϸ喑Ό◧ࢁᰰ᜽ ਎፣ҳγ᫝⮱ੳᾌȡ໺໺ҳ䖟⮱⊤➆ጯ‫ޜ‬ጯ 䪤)FOL ,PPMᓋᾌൡⰡᣒ䋂‫ݝ‬㖇ᰰ⮱ౝ吋喑 ◧ౕൡϧ਎ևγ㇫ᒖ⮱⑁䁈ȡЃ㶕⹧喑⊤➆ ጟ㋀̺૛㉁᭜̭Ըᩬ⇨͚ᓰ喑⤫ౕጟ♣⮩ᆂ ᜽◧̭Ը㋀┌ಸ೻ጯȡ็⁎‫ݺ‬ᒭ͚స⮱ЃΌ

ᄺ͚సᗲᰶ⢕䢫喑ᄺ͚㤜ℾ᫼⮱᪴ࡃΌ䵄ᙌ 㻗ܴȡ㤜ϧЮẚВ͚ࣷ㢤‫ږ‬స⮱ੳẚव҉ᒏ ᐼₐౕ⊤➆䕆Ꮤ೻ጯຯ▘ຯ㢩⮱䕟㵹㦄喑䏘 ◧⊤➆ጯ⮱ᩬᏉА㶕喑Ѓ⌞ᙌ侂‫ן‬ȡ

ȍጓ喟㘎㭚⩌Ƞ台ᄷ‫ٶ‬Ƞᑢ᭶䯱Ƞ)FOL,PPMȠক㩇Ⴤ

ᰭᒹ喑㢤㭚㤜ϧੳẚϧ᝺ࢁᰰᰰ䪤台ᄷ ‫ٶ‬აѵγ̭䴲➦‫ݒ‬䕇ⴒ喑ࢠক㩇Ⴤᄴᰰ᜽◧ ̸̭Шᰰ䪤喑ᓋᎡ䪸໸̷Шȡ台ᄷ‫ٶ‬ᄺ ᫝̭Шᰰ䪤⮱㘪߈㜴ੳẚ᜽ᅞ㶕⹧γ㗜Ⴧ喑 Ό㊓εγᒵ็᱌᱈ȡ䯕ࢠ喑ক㩇ჄΌ㶕⹧喑 ЃᄴᰰⰎ㜗ጞ⮱ߗ߈ᰶ᷊̺㈷ౝ⮩ᆂࢁᰰ⮱ ऱ䴲θࠆ喑Όጹ᱈ᓄ‫ݝ‬ऱѺᰰ਎⮱ᩜᠮȡ

͚సহᎠ㊞̭Ӱ䕟ᰰ㽗੼㢤㭚 ᰵᬒᮇ喑᫲㢤㤜‫׾‬㍪ᰰ㜶㵹Ꮤ㿴ᰰ喑 㜴ҳ㢤㽗੼⮱͚సহᎠ㊞̭Ӱ䕟ᰰА㶕౅ ᅞ⊤ሪ‫ږ‬ᇥϑ≮ȠহᎠ㊞̭ぶ䂝䵹䕟㵹γ㼻 䀃ȡ ⩞͚సহᎠ㊞̭Ӱ䕟ᰰത㵹‫⼅ޜ‬ᰥ䪤Ლ ٰ⺒◧౅䪤⮱А㶕౅̭㵹ϧҳ㢤㭚㽗੼喑‫ڣ‬ ͚⮱̭䴲䂝⼸喑᭜ࣰߍౕ㢤㭚㜶䓓⮱͚స๏ ⁽≟倅ም䀃෴ȡ Ꮤ㿴ᰰౕ◼➦߿ᩜ๔Ⱬ㒻丌㍪࡜㜶㵹喑

ࣰߍᏔ㿴ᰰ⮱喑ᰶ㢤㭚͚సহᎠ㊞̭Ӱ䕟ᰰ ᰰ䪤㘎‫ٮ‬䲖ࣷ᫲㢤㤜‫׾‬㍪ᰰ⮱็ऺ俕Ꭶ喠͚ స份㢤㭚๔Ҭ乕䵅θ䘕⼅ᰥ䙚⯀ΌࣰߍγᏔ 㿴ȡ᫲㢤㤜‫׾‬㍪ᰰᰰ䪤⒅̓䡓Ƞহ㊞ᰰത㵹 ‫⼅ޜ‬ᰥ䪤Ლٰ⺒‫ٵ‬ᒹ㜡䓚䁈㾞ȡ 㢤㭚হᎠ㊞̭Ӱ䕟ᰰᰵᬒᮇ̷Όᰫ㋀ ౕ厬➦͚ͦ㜵䙿ὀ◧‫ވވ‬២䖁㢤㭚⮱͚సহ Ꭰ㊞̭Ӱ䕟ᰰᣒ䷕≄ජȡ

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㢤㭚ऱ‫౅׾‬䓻䔮ࣰ䈷ృ❴➦䑜

ȍ㢤㭚⏘ጋह䘶ᰰ䓻䔮ࣰ䈷ȡ

ȍ㢤㭚᪴᜽ह䘶ᰰ䓻䔮ࣰ䈷ȡ

ȍ㢤㭚䱿⩝ह䘶ᰰ䓻䔮ࣰ䈷ȡ




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‫ڤ‬ᰶ㢤‫ڝ‬ᝃ͚పపუឬ䃑⮱ࣺᄱ⫄∂Ƞ͚ࡨᣕᠬࣷᠶᦖぶ႓ ࢳᝃⰥѩ᪆㗟㗹ᮜȡ ⩞͚పߠߕহ⹫чԊ䯉䘕ᝃ‫̸ڣ‬㕹㘪䘕䬕䶮ࣾ⮱͚ࡨ⤳⫄ឭ ጵᇄѺ䉱ᵩ䃮Γᝃప䭲ᱧᲱ䶮ࣾ⮱हぶ䃮Γȡ ᓲ䶨‫ⴒ⮱ิڤ‬䃳喟͚ࡨധ⵭⤳䃧喠㏼㐉႓㚔⾡喠ₐ፥ϧҀ㼐 ‫ރ‬႓喠͚ࡨᠶᦖᣕᠬ႓喠͚ࡨᠶᦖᣕᠬ᝸∂᧺҉ȡ ౕᓎ䋠യᝃहㆨಸᱧᲱ᰺ߎ␎ᎡВ̷

ᓲ䶨‫ิڤ‬㢤‫ڝ‬ᝃ͚పపუឬ䃑⮱͚ࡨᏤฺ⤳⫄䉱ᵩ ᓲ䶨‫ิڤ‬㢤‫ڝ‬ᝃ͚పపუឬ䃑͚ࡨᏤฺ‫͇̀⩌ڨ‬ᝃㆨѩ᱙⻾ В̷᪆㗟႓ࢳ ᠒ᰶᎡВ̷⮱͡Ꮇ㏼侹 ౕᓎ䋠യᝃहㆨಸᱧᲱ᰺ߎ␎ᎡВ̷

䄚㼭㘪߈喟͚᪴㢤‫ڝ‬᪴㠞᪴हᬣ‫⻺ิڤ‬䄚㼭В̷㔲᠖х㔰㭾 䄤ᰶᘼᏁ㖅Ꭳこव̷䔝᲎У⮱ᰶᔄϧธᄳキࢳࣾ䔮㜠喟hr@yuzutang.nl ᲎У̺Ⴙ‫ิڤڕ‬᲎У㔲喑ᓎ䋠യ᣽ӈⰥᏁ⮱͇̀ദ䃚

ᓎ䋠യࣺᄱ⫄∂ദ䃚⤚ࢠᄳᐭߋ ᠈⩌ᴴ۳ࣷ㺮Ⅿ䄤⮨䭳Ⴥ᫦㑾〆

‫ݺ‬झᣒᒲϧঅ 㘪์⛌㏰Ҭ⩕㢤‫ڝ‬䄚হ͚᪴喑৮㵹〜ₐ喑ᒏ䆎Ҡ喑઱λ̻჏ᝤ⇌䕇喑ᰶ‫ݺ‬झᣒᒲ㏼侹喑 ᰶ͚ࡨധ⵭ⴒ䃳х‫ٵ‬㔰㭾ȡᰶᘼ㔲喑䄤ᄳ͗ϧキࢳࣾ䔮㜠喟 hr@yuzutang.nl 喍∕喟ᓎ䋠യगᣒऄࣾ䔮͗ϧキࢳ⮱Ꮑ㖅㔲喑‫ڣ‬ЃШ҂ᒏᐼ౴̺ε㔰㭾喑᪙䄤䄲㼐喎ȡ

โ䭠㏏ÿÿ‫❞ڠ‬㔮Ꭱϧ ๔䘕ܳϧ䃑ͧ喑㔮Ꭱ ϧ⮱‫⩌ڨ‬Ԋ̺֒ใͻर ૊Ƞ䩨◩͑᫦䲏喑‫ڣ‬჋ ̺♣ȡࡨ႓⻾႓⮱ࣾᆂ䉸 εγ㔮Ꭱ‫⩌ڨ‬Ԋ֒ᰡ᫝Ƞ ᰡᎬȠᰡ⻾႓⮱‫ڲ‬ღ喑ग ᰶ⩕⻾႓⮱ⴒ䃳Გ‫⩌ڨ‬Ԋ ֒喑᝺㘪䓫‫⯷ݝ‬ᄬᐣᎡ ⮱Ⱋ⮱ȡ䗐͵喑㔮Ꭱϧᔻ ᵤិᤎ‫⩌ڨ‬Ԋ֒⮱⻾႓ᕔ এ喤 व⤳㛠丌᭜ധ⵭Ƞᰶ ⅔䓽ߕ̺जᄾȟ㔮ᰶ᝭ͽ჉᣽ՎȠᓰ⤳֒ Ꮴ҉Ԋ䯉喑ѳ䮼ⱭᎡ咱⮱෋䪬䏘Ҁ⮱ऱ͗ கჅߌ㘪䔽⌽‫ۼ‬䔭喑᫝䭵А䅏‫ۼ‬ᚏ喑ᅑ‫ڣ‬ 㔮Ꭱϧ㗰㗍ߌ㘪䔽⌽‫ۼ‬ᑞ喑ᭀᑂ䊤⊵ࡃ̺ 㞜ȠӬ⼅ぶᗲۢ喑᜾Й㺮ᰡߍ‫❞ڠ‬㔮Ꭱϧ ⮱⊵ࡃ֒Ꮴȡ ᵦᢛ͚ࡨ㏼㐉⤳䃧喑䋠䭠ᬻ㗰㏼䕇䓴㙇 ⮱すι䋫হす̶䋫͸䬡喑ノ㙫㗰⮱‫ڲ‬Ꮪ⾡ Όౕ㙇䋫⮱䘕Ѻȡ㔹㗰㗍ߌ㘪ᑧ⮱ϧ喑〆 ⿸ᬣ㙇䋫ៀౝΌᒵ➏ధȡ఍ₑ㗰㗍ߌ㘪䒰

ᑞ⮱㔮Ꭱϧ喑̺໕㏼፥䩨◩㙇䋫ȡᄳч፛ ߖҍᩦ઱䔆̭⣝䆎ȡₑใ喑㏼፥ᠶᦖ㙇䋫 হ㙇䘕⮱⊵ࡃ㈨㐌ࣺᄱࡧ喑ᄦ 㗍㗰হӬ⼅Όᰶᘼᘠ̺‫⮱ݝ‬ᩦ ઱҉⩕ȡ̸䲏᜾Йा㔮Ꭱϧϸ ㏺‫⻺܍‬㙇䋫㜗ͨԊ֒᧺喟 㙇䋫ៀౝ〆⿸ᝃ౽༬喑ᄳ ࣹ㙇ᩫᎠ喑㉔䉡ౝ䲏喑̻㗖ह ც喑㙇䋫ज㏰΍ៀౝȠᩫᲫⰥ 㐀व⮱᫦ᐼ喑ᄦ㏼㐉ᒏ᜽Ძ㉔ ϑᰬ‫⓭ݧ‬ 㙇䋫ः➖䔅जВ⃼๖៪̭ ◦ᬣ䬡喑㏰΍⩕ι䋫হ̶䋫๦ ͉㺬喑ᝃౕ౽Ƞ࢔ᬣᰶᘼ䃳ౝ ≨ߕ㙇䋫喑ᠮ͸Вᕿ喑㗰㗍ߌ㘪ᅞч䔽⌽ ෋ᑧȡ ហ㙇䋫ฺࣺᄳ㙇䋫ᒭ̷ហᝃᒭ̸ហ喑 हᬣ䙺वᠶᦖすιȠ̶㙇䋫䋫㑊䬡ȡ ᠶᦖ㙇䋫⊵ࡃ̺㞜ࣷᰶऐ㜚ȠӬ⼅ 㔲喑჉䶧Ɑ㙇䋫⮱᫦ाᠶᦖ喑В䓫‫∨ݝ‬㗰 ▘⮱Ⱋ⮱ᄦ㙫㗰㮇ᑞȠ㚦∨㔲喑ज䔳Ɑ㙇 䋫⮱᫦ाᠶᦖȡ ᜾Йᐧ䃛㔮Ꭱϧ⃼๖⩕☚Ⅱ∎㙇ܳ 䧌喑ᩦ઱᱘᷏ᓗ⣜喑̭ψⵁ⾣㔲䃑ͧ喑⩕

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฼㞠㟙喟 ࡄϙϧ喑ϻθ ࣺᄱ⫄∂䄰⤳ হ⇨⫄Ꭱᰶ ҆喑᭜͚ప䋠 ⫄㵹͇仃ឦദ 䃚㔮ጵȠ͚ప ࣺᄱ⫄∂ⵁ⾣ ч㔮ጵȠᓎ䋠യᕨ䘕ദ䃚㔮ጵȠࣺᄱ ⫄∂̀უȠᓎ䋠യ⍖⢶⫄∂ᐭࣾϧȡ ̀䪬喟֒ᏤҀᷭࣷ৕䄏Ƞ‫ݣ‬Ⴧ͗ ᕔࡃ⮱֒Ꮴ䶱䭟Ƞ䄰⤳ࣷ⤳⫄᫦ᵵȠ Ꭳ‫ڤ‬ᰶⰥᒀ͝ჹ⮱჋䭲᧺҉ឭ㘪ȡ㘪 ์䕇䓴䋠⫄Ƞ㏼㐉ᣕᠬȠ⋸ጡᢿ⃿ᣕ ⇦Ƞ⍖⢶ߍ㇫⇦ᣕᠬȠ㞫▥Ƞ‫⬔ݛ‬Ƞ ᠁▘㑽ぶ͚ࡨ⇨⫄ࣷ‫⩌ڨ‬ぶ䄥็᝸∂ ⮱㏱व䓽⩕喑፛ߖ䄰⤳Ƞ䶱䭟Ƞ⇨⫄ ఝឝຠᕔ⮱䄥็֒Ꮴ䬛䷅Вౕࣷ⣝А ϧᅑ‫ڣ‬᭜ߋ‫ڙ‬ბጒ҉ϧ㓑ᮛ䕺䲏͡⮱ χ֒Ꮴ⟣ᔮȡ

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᱙൞В㼯䫟Ƞ䈵䫟হ෋㽚⮩൞吋ぶ᫦ᐼ喑ౕ⁽≟ౝ࡭̺᫤ᨡ๔⮩㵹䛼␬䋠ᠮ㎹෋ߍ⮱ 䂭 㔲 䫟 䂭 䰭 Ⅿȡ ⣝ ౕ 㢤 㭚 ᰶ 䊲 䕻  ͗ ͨ 㺮 ⮩ ൞ 吋 ܳ ѵ λ "NTUFSEBN %FO)BBH  3PUUFSEBN  6USFDIU  %FMGU #SFEB  )PPGEEPSQ  "SOIFN  /JKNFHFO &JOEIPWFO  &OTDIFEF .BBTUSJDIU ;XPMMF "QFMEPPSO 5JMCVSH "NFSTGPPSU ぶ೻ጯ喑Вࣷ  ็ Ըჱ൞჏ᝣ喑⮩㵹ౝ࡭㺳㧸‫ڕ‬㢤㭚ऱԸ๔͚ᄼ೻ጯ喑Вࣷ℁‫ݖ‬᭯ȠᓤసȠⰔḛൎぶ⁽≟సუȡ


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Ȩ㢤㭚ສ㖟䴠ȩÿÿ⤫А❵Ą儎傇ᩲθą ҳ⎽喟͚స᪴ࡃ൞҉㔲喟ṷ᯶咺 ̓㈭喑㢤㭚䕆Ըౝ㮂ࡄ⁽̭䮲⮱ᄼ స⩕̭ិᄼ‫ܭ‬⢕ᩙγࡄ⊤⮱儎傇䇴⎽喑ВĄ ⊤̷仙䏷๘ą㖋ऺȠ⽞䱥᫩̓喠̓㈭喑 ϧԾᒵ䰐ᄴ‫ڣ‬㜴཈Ἧᣈ䜻⮱㢤㭚喑ࢨ఍̭Ը ऺ◧Ąສ㖟䴠ą⮱㋉㬊ロⰛ喑‫⁎ں‬Ⴙ㒻̷⑁ γĄ儎傇ᩲθąȡ  ȋᓋ儎傇䪸໸⮱㢤㭚ᐼ⩌ᘼ㋀  㢤㭚ाҳВ䇬ᭀ⿸స喑㢤㭚ϧВ઱և⩌ᘼ 㖋ऺ᫩̓ȡ๛㻃Ȩ๔సቈ䊤ȩᄺĄ⊤̷仙䏷 ๘ą⮱⩌ᘼ㋀ևγ⩌ࠂ᣼䔝喟ᰭᬖ⮱㗎⺕ϑᭀ ᝭Ƞす̭Ըᰶ䭽䇙Ш‫ڙ‬थВࣷす̭⁎ᰶ㉱㎁⮱ ᒖ⺕⮩㵹ぶ♎̺⮩䐁᫩㢤㭚ȡѳ᭜喑䃀᜾࢝䆎 ᰭ⌞‫ࢨ⮱ݨ‬᭜㢤㭚⮱Ą儎傇ᩲθąȡ 㾞㿗‫ٰ̓ڙ‬㈭喑㢤㭚ϧऐ̺‫ݝ‬ 㥙ȡ⪣᭯㈱ᰶ㥙ϧВᢂ傇◧ẚ喑ᄼᄼ⮱儎 傇◧⮱㢤㭚ϧ᣽ӈγ⩌㼵ȡ儎傇᭜̭⽛㜗 ♣䇴⎽喑̷๖͓↿ᰶ㊓㢤㭚ϧ⢕Ϙ⮱‷‫ݖ‬ȡ ࡄ⊤䖷̷⮱‫ڣ‬Ѓℾ᫼喑Ό䘪㉱㎁γᢂᦵ儎傇 ⮱㝦䮷ȡ◧γ❚ທ␮ൡ喑㢤㭚ϧহ㬴ᵩ㭚ϧ ⩇㜠‫ܭ‬ỺⰥ㺸ȡ䗐叩喑ᰭ㉯᭜⩇叩߈䛼Ҭᓄ 㢤㭚ౕ⓭◵⮱〣❚͚㙘⽻㔹‫ܧ‬এ喤めᵵᒵㅎ ૛ȡ఍◧̭Ը㢤㭚␮ℾ⮩ᬻⳚग䰭̭‫ܭ‬ᅞज В䮑ࣨ傇‫ڔ‬㜌⮱᫦∂喑ࣨ䮑‫ڔ‬㜌ᒹ喑㢤㭚ϧ ⩕厪ᄴ儎傇䚰‫ݣ‬喑ᓋ㔹㼐↧γ‫ڣ‬Ѓ␮ℾ♎∂ 㼐↧⮱ĄԊ僛ą੼䵹ȡ ᜾Ծ͚సϧ䁈Ą̭᠈僛喑र䕺๖ą喑㢤 㭚␮ℾ⮱̭ិᄼ‫ܭ‬喑Ą䓻䷕̭‫ܭ‬᫙ą喑ᅞិ ̭⽛ϧϧ䘪जВᴀᠴ⮱㜗♣䇴⎽喑䑶ࡃ◧γ 㢤㭚⢕ҁ⮱䇴᱙ȡ㢤㭚ϧិ̭Ը๔უ䘪ౕև ⮱⩌ᘼև᜽γ㜗ጞ⮱⢕䪭⩌ᘼ喑䕆ὐ⮱๖䈓 ⪝⽌̺ᓄ̺䃀ϧҖ᰺ȡह᭯喑᜾Όౕᘠ喑䕆 Ըᩲθ᭜̺᭜๗ㅎ૛γ喤̭‫ⵡܭ‬䮑‫ڔ‬㜌喑㊂ 䲋ᅃ〜ឭ㶀喑ౕ䗐Ը↿ᰶᄵ‫ݖ‬Ԋ䂤⮱ᎡА喑 ҍ㘪喑᜾Ό㘪ȡ㢤㭚ϧ⮱᜽ߌ喑㗜Ⴧ䖱ᰶ‫ڣ‬

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֣‫׼‬ȩ⮱ᰭ๔〣❚㔲ȡȨ㠞సສ㖟䴠ȩ仃᧚ ⮱Ꭰ౴ᩣ㻃ϧ᪥็䖁㥙喑䖍䖍䊲‫ܧ‬γȨ9 ٰ㉍ȩȠȨ4USJDUMZ$PNF%BODJOHȩ⮱仃 ᧚ᩣ㻃⢴ȡ∂సȠᓤసহ䴀సぶΌ㉈㉈䈩‫ڒ‬ Ȩ㢤㭚ສ㖟䴠ȩ⮱❵‷喑䘪⢟ᓄγጕ๔᜽ ߌȡ̓⩹ヱ఺‫ڔ‬喑็సह᱌‫⤫ܧ‬㸪҉Ⴙ‫ڕ‬䰤 ह⮱㋉㬊ロⰛ喑͓́䘪㺮ा㢤㭚ϧЅ䇨ȡ᜾ ⱌ⮱ᙌ㻧喑Ąౕ䕆Ը᭯‫ݨ‬喑㺮✳γȡą  ȋĄ儎傇ᩲθąႹ㒻䛺⑁⮱㗹ᒹ  ㉝㉝ᘠҳ喑Ȩ㢤㭚ສ㖟䴠ȩ⮱᜽ߌ‫ڣ‬ᄓ ᅞ᭜̭Ը⤫А❵⮱Ą儎傇ᩲθąȡ㢤㭚ϧ‫ں‬ ⁎ិ̭Ը๔უ䘪ౕև⮱ẚࠆ⮩ᆂ᜽γ㜗ጞ⮱ ⢕䪭㊂ឭ喑͓ⷧ⿸γ̓⩹ᕔ⮱⩏ẚౝѺȡ࣌ ҳ᭜Ą䓻䷕̭‫ܭ‬᫙ą喑⤫ౕ᭜Ą䰨㻃‫ޢ‬ᘼ὎ Წąȡ̺ह⮱᭜喑⤫А❵⮱Ą儎傇ᩲθąᰶ γᰡ็⮱㌇㉏喑Ҭᓄ᜾Ծᰡ㘪ํ⤳㼐㢤㭚ϧ ᜽ߌ⮱࣌఍ÿÿ ጯൡ倅Ꮣ〣❚喑‫ޢ‬᫝ᆑ‫⿛̺ܧ‬ȡ㢤㭚ϧ ऐ㥙喑ᰶԸ‫ڕ‬సᕔ⮱‫ڞڙ‬ᕔহੳẚ ᕔ䰨㻃䵨䖀ȠᎫ࡮Ը‫ڣ‬Ѓసუ⮱䌕సᰶ㌇হ 㶈ᭌ䵨䖀В̷ࣷ⮫Ը᪥ႄ䵨䖀喑ࢠӬᰶ㦄⁽ ≟すιѺ⮱ᰶ㌇䰨㻃⩕ᝣ᪥䛼喑㢤㭚స‫ڔ‬䰨 㻃ጯൡ〣❚ӊ♣䲋፥⓭◵ȡౕ倅Ꮣ〣❚⮱ጯ ൡ⧝ධ̸喑ऱ䵨䖀̺ᓄ̺Ҭ‫ܧ‬⍫䏘㼐᪥喑ᣕ ‫ܧ‬㘪॥ᑂ㻭Ⱬѳ᜽᱙̺ࣵ㘪๗倅ᬯ⮱ロⰛ὎ ᐼ喑‫ޢ‬ᘼ᜽◧〣❚͚ःࠊ⮱䬉䢢ȡ㢤㭚‫ڞڙ‬ 䰨㻃す̶䵨䖀⩇㜠ᣕ‫ܧ‬γȨ䰨㻃ᄓ侄ბȩ‱ Ⱋ喑ᄵ䪭᧚‫ܧ‬᫝ロⰛ喑䖭㿸㻭Ⱬহᄵუᄺ䕆 ψロⰛ䕟㵹㾂ѝ喑⢟ᓄສ㾂⮱ロⰛ仙̷䕟‫ڒ‬ ፥㺼᧚‫ܧ‬ȡ ͨࠂᤇጳ‫⊤ܧ‬喑᠀ᆂ⊤ใጯൡȡ₤ट ̷喑㢤㭚ϧ͓↿ᰶ䕻็ౝࣰ㜴Ą㝗⊤๔⮩ ⤫ą喑ѳ᭜㢤㭚ϧࢨិ⊤̷䇬ᭀև‫ݝ‬γẢ 㜡喑‫ڣ‬ᓄᘍ䖍⩇᫩㦎㤱➆হ㺬⤚➆ȡ㢤㭚ϧ ᭜๖⩌⮱ੳϧ喑䶅ᘼ‫⩹̓ݝ‬ऱౝ⮩ᆂ䇬ᭀ喑 Ⳛ㼐⪣ౝ⮱᪴ࡃ喑͓㘪ᄴ㢤㭚⮱⩏৮㜴ऱౝ

⮱᪴ࡃⰥ㉽व喑䕆ᝃ㽞᭜㢤㭚ϧღᭀ⮩⤫⊤ ใ䇬ᭀᾌᰰ⮱̭Ը‫נ‬㊞̷⮱࣌఍ȡⰛ‫ݺ‬喑㢤 㭚ⴒऺ⮱䰨㻃ロⰛੳ䘪ౕ̓⩹ऱౝỸᐧγ䰨 㻃ロⰛ὎ᐼ⮱⮩㵹হ㸪҉㋟㊎喑ͨࠂᄸឫ㜴 ⪣ౝ䰨㻃झ⮱䇬ᭀव҉ᾌᰰȡ℁ຯ喑Ȩ㢤 㭚ສ㖟䴠ȩ⮱䪸⮩‫ڙ‬थ5BMQBౕ㒻సȠӱ㒲 ᫜Ƞ∂సぶ็Ըసუᐧ⿸γܳ‫ڙ‬थᝃव 䇴‫ڙ‬थ喑䕇䕻ᐧ⿸‫ࡃ⤰ڕ‬㋟㊎ҳ䪸᠀ጯൡȡ ᰭ䓾喑5BMQB㜴ᮛࣷᭌ⾧‫נ‬྿व҉᜽⿸γ $IJOB 4UBS喍͚సᭌ喎‫ڙ‬थ喑ᄵ䪭䇍䇙๔͚ 㤜ጯൡ䕸҉喑⩕͚᪴⑁㎦‫ڣ‬㋀‫ڥ‬‱Ⱋȡ ិឭ㶀হ㉝ロև‫ݝ‬Ả㜡喑ᒏ᜽‫ݒ‬ϧ䰐В Юࣷ⮱὆⏃ȡ᜾Ծᒭᒭ㾺◧‫ޢ‬ᘼग᭜̭⽛ắ ᔢ喑‫ݒ‬ϧ㖪γᅞᛯ喑ⰸγᅞᰰ喑䰐Вᝃ͓̺ 䰭㺮䕻็⮱㿋㼭᣼䔝ȡѳ᭜喑㢤㭚ϧࢨិ䰨 㻃ロⰛ⮱‫ޢ‬ᘼ὎Წև᜽γ㾠㉝⮱Ą㖃㋀ą喑 ᓋᗲロ㽚㼵Ƞझ㾋㚠᱙Ƞ⛵‫ٶ‬Ƞ䴠ἯȠ≮ ⼸喑⩇㜠䕐䖭㿸‫ܪ‬হ൞ऺ㶕⮱ᄘ∂䘪ᰶ‫⨉ר‬ ᐼ⮱㿗ᬻ喠䖱ᰰ≫‫ܧ‬ᄵϧ䕟㵹⤫ൡᠴᄻ喑ࣰ 㜴ロⰛ⮱㸪҉Ƞത㵹Ƞ✌䟤ぶऱԸ⧝ロȡᰶ ẚ‫ڔ‬ϧธा྿倁䔼䱟喟Ąసใᒵ็᜽ߌ⮱㋉ 㬊ロⰛ喑̺᭜㶕䲏̷ⰸ㦄὎Ьᅞ㘪䖁‫ݝ‬䴽᱌ ⮱᩵᳉喑๔䛼⮱᧺҉㉝ロহឭ㶀ឭጔ䯞㫼ౕ ᎂᒹȡᘠ⪣♣ౝӊὐ⪘㦘㬳喑ᒭᒭ♎∂⌞‫ڒ‬ ㇫倀ȡąₑ㼭ᓄ͸ȡ ᰶ䊲䊷⩌ᘼ㋀⮱సუ᪡倁᪴ࡃ৮❹ȡ㢤 㭚᭜̭Ըऺ‫ڣޜ‬ᄓ⮱Ąౝ⤳ᄼసą喑ࢨ᭜̭ Ը̺ៅ̺ថ⮱Ą᪴ࡃ๔సąȡ㢤㭚ϧ᭜⩌ᘼ ϧ喑Ό᭜᪴ࡃϧ喑̭Ըᛯᓄ᪴ࡃ⮱⩌ᘼϧ喑 ̭Ըᰰև⩌ᘼ⮱᪴ࡃϧȡ‫ࡃ⤰ڕ‬᭯А⮱㢤 㭚喑↿ᰶధႵ‫נ‬㊞䵅ഌ⮱ᄺใ䇬ᭀ喑㔹᭜̺ ᫤ᡃᣅసუ䅽ࣇ⮱᪴ࡃ‫נ‬㊞䇴⎽喑呀ࠢᾌỸ হԸϧ‫ޢ‬᫝喑ൾ䕍᣽ࡴ㢤㭚⮱స䯈᪴ࡃᒏ 䆎喑䲼ధহᨡ๔㢤㭚‫ޢ‬ᘼ⩏ẚ⮱䵅‫ٵ‬ౝѺহ ৮❹᩵ᛶ喑ᓋ㔹ҬᓄĄ㢤㭚㸪䕍ąĄ㢤㭚㽚 㼵ąহĄ㢤㭚‫ޢ‬ᘼąぶ⩏৮হ᰺ࠆ‫ڤ‬ᰶస䯈 ̷᪡倁㾺जহ᪴ࡃ㾺हȡ

㢤㭚㤜㸁ຠ҉უ⢸䱟䱟⩕͚᪴‫҉ޢ‬ Ȩ̓⩹ࢇ㻪ȩ䪸㽚ᄵ‱ ౕ㢤㭚Ҭ⩕㢤㿋ᄘ҉⮱㢤ㅺ㤜㸁ຠ҉უ⢸ 䱟䱟喑ౕ‫❵ܧ‬γ᱙㢤㭚ᰥㅺ͸ᒹ喑ᰭ䓾ᛶ ͚స̭Ъ᪴ࡃ䰉㾹͸䖭喑Ҭ⩕͚᪴ᄘ҉喠຦㶕 ⹧喑ᓋᎡ䪸໸喑຦ᄴह᭯Ҭ⩕‫⽛ږ‬㿋㼭 䕟㵹᪴Ⴅ‫҉ޢ‬ȡ 䕆⁎◧⢸䱟䱟᣽ӈᄵ‱⮱͚స䰉㾹घև Ȩ̓⩹ࢇ㻪ȩ喑ࡷᰵܷ喑̭᱙䬉᫩̓⩹ऱౝ䷕ ౌϧᗲ⮱㋉वᕔⴒ䂅ᕔܷ➖喑᧮ᰶᐐ∈⮱䂭㔲 㓑喑⮩㵹䛼䖁‫ݝ‬㥙Ъ喑ౕ͚సह䶋ܷ➖͚ᢿ 㵹すѺȡ

ఈጊ东Ꮔ 䭬໳᫜➦ͦጯ͚ᓰ 8BSNPFTTUSBBU )5"NTUFSEBN

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ࠣ ლ ઎ Ҕ ‫ޠ‬ ‫ک‬ ၿ

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⢸䱟䱟⮱͚᪴㮂ຠ҉ጟ㋀ܷ⮨᫩㾟䰉㾹 ⮱ᰵ㮌喑Όᅞ᭜ϷᎡ⮱す᱌̷䲏喑䵹Ⱋ᭜ Ȩ‫ݺ‬仃Ⱕ㊓᜾̷⮱̭യ‫ڙ‬ℾ㿟ȩ喑ᄘ⮱᭜䌌㢤 㭚䇴⌞ᩬ჏Ƞᰫ㋀䕐㎹ᎡᨁШ㢤㭚仃Ⱕ⮱ -VCCFST‫⁎ږ‬㺸䲏হ̭⁎䰨㾞ϑ㿴㊓຦⮱࢝䆎 হ઀䔗ȡす̭⁎᭜Ꭱౕ丈ᾌ̷⮱䖯䔲ȡ ᪴」➦‫ݒ‬ᄺ-VCCFST‫ܧ‬Ш㖜वస䰐ℾ‫ڙ‬ 㒟ᄵ਎͸ᒹౕᎡ఍◧̭Ἦ᝭䀯⮱Ąᕔ䛉 㖋ą㔹䓚㖤θУ㶕䖁γⰸ∂ȡ᪴」ᄘ䖀喟̺䀃 ᕔ佤ᨫ⮱᫝㖋᭜॓ᆙᄓ喑᜾ᄷ᪙䕆Ѻ䃀᜾す̭

⁎ᘼ䂅‫ݝ‬㜗ጞ᭜Ą‫ڙ‬ℾą㔹䲋Ą㡶ℾą⮱仃 Ⱕȡ ⢸䱟䱟ౕȨ̓⩹ࢇ㻪ȩ⮱すιヴ᪴」घև Ȩ傇⩌㢤㭚◧᛫ȩ喑ᓋ㢤㭚र傇⮱㓿ᚐ䁈‫ݝ‬ϧ 䶋⮱֤㚒喑䵄ᰶ㜵ঠȡᣒ̸ҳ⢸䱟䱟ᄴ㎩㎹ᄘ ຦᝭⛌ᖶ⮱℁‫ݖ‬᭯ȡ ᨇϸ㉦喑⢸䱟䱟⮱͚㢤䰆㿋㾖⁹䯳Ȩᙈ␬ ฼๖ȩ喑‫͚ڔ‬ᩣ䠱γ⢸䱟䱟‫⮱҉ޢ‬仃㾖⁹喑 ᄴВ็྿倁"11⮱ᒏᐼ⮩㵹喑ᰵЪܳ‫ݒ‬В 8JOEPXВࣷ㬸᳉হႶࢀ❵㜴䂭㔲㺸䲏ȡ

Ȩ᜽शᕊↄȩ⢟ᄮ᫝̭А≄㚓⺋ᰟ ᰭ䓾喑ऺ◧Ȩ᜽शᕊↄȩ⮱Ą⺋ᰟą㈲ 䕺㋟㊎喑ࠂᙌກᩫ⮱ロ๼喑ℾ᫼䷕࡮䋠⮱⁹ 㾋喑䃀ᒵ็㋟ࣸ㻧ᓄĄ㖪Ⴙ̭䕺ᒹ喑᪡๖䘪 ౕ㚓⊤͚૛ᰟᓗ⧝ąȡ ᰭ‫ٵ‬Ą᝿‫ܧ‬ą⺋ᰟ⮱᭜ⴒऺ⑁਎Ш⇶喑 ЃܳϘγҳ㜗Ꭱ̭ᑢᄵ䑜Ȩ‫۝‬㜴▘ȩ喑 ⤫Ⴧᅲ㢤㭚⮱⁹᝸ᑢ㲣ౕᄮ䲏̷ᾘ৙̭᳊ᶲ 㟞喑䏘⾬㧆ऑ᫼᰺丫ȡ䕆̭ᒏ䆎ౕ⪣Ꭱ᭯ 倓喑㔹ᩫ‫็ݝ‬Ꭱᒹ⮱Ϸ๖ᰶᎫܳĄ䰤ϧą ⮱ঠ䖀ȡ℁ᄵ䑜ᰡ᥋ᕗ⮱᭜⁹㾋ȡ 吋䪸᧚ᩫ喑⩕䔗᫜⻾䰨䴠⑁㎦‫⮱ܧ‬䯱ผ ᰟ㿬̸喑ᑢ㲣⩕᥃␫ຠ㖟ਫ਼㦄Ą᜽Ƞ᜽Ƞ᜽ शᕊↄ喑ᰶ᪴ᬻᰶ偱߈ᰶᮧᚔ⪝፥㠞ߴ喠 ᜽Ƞ᜽Ƞ᜽शᕊↄ喑̺ⴒ䖀ᰶ็ᄾ㒻叄⮱ᄾ ຠԾ喑䘪ᘠ࿮㊓Ѓ੷ćąᰶ㋟ࣸ㾂‫ئ‬㿗喑䕆 Ը㿬㿬℁ₑ‫ݺ‬㈲Ả̭᭯⮱Ąຄ仙⮱⑏ႄҍ䯱 ผ༮ₓąᰡߍĄ䰴᧩ϧᓰąȡΌᰶ㋟ࣸ㶕⹧ Ą᝸䈑ą吋䪸ᒹ喑㖪γ̭䕺ᅞĄ͚⃿ąγ喟

Ȩ᜽शᕊↄȩ≄㚓ߌ㘪ᑤ๔喑㖪γ̭䕺ᅞᰰ ౕ๔㚓䛹૛ᰟᓗ⧝̭᪡๖ȡ 㔹ᰶĄ㔰ᨇ⮃ą⮱㋟ࣸ‫⤫⮩ݴ‬喑 Ȩ᜽शᕊↄȩⱌₐ࣌ਫ਼᭜ᓤస⮱᜽शᕊↄ 喍%TDIJOHIJT ,IBO喎Ἧ䮷ȡⰥ℁Ąᑢ㲣 ❵ą喑࣌❵◧Ἧ䮷वਫ਼喑ᰟ㿬ࠂᙌ≨⑾喑ѳ ̺਽⾮喑ᰡ‫̭׼‬仃ࠂ⪘ͨ䵹ᰟȡᨇⳚ㼐喑Ѓ Ծ⮱䴠ἯౕᎡА䷕䲎̓⩹ᒵ็ౝ᫦喑Ȩ᜽ शᕊↄȩ᭜ЃԾ⮱А㶕҉喑㷘็⁎㔨ਫ਼ȡౕ ͚స喑仆⍜⁹ᭌ᳄ၽ⺒Όᰫ㔨ਫ਼䕻ȡ

ȍᑢ㲣ᄵ䑜Ȩ‫۝‬㜴▘ȩ䠱䴠፣ᄮ䲏ȡ




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.13ч䃎ጵθߎ᝭͚ͧ㢤ੳ្䄨㔲Ⴧ᱌᣽ӈ⼻ߎ৕䄏喑㠒ᗕᰶШ҂⼻ߎ 䬛䷅喑⁏䓻ᗕ㜡‫ܪ‬㜡⩢͚㢤ੳ្

.13 ሰҬ˄ಝ #FMBTUJOHEJFOTU %VUDI5BY#VSFBV  BOEQSPGJUNBSHJOTJOĂIPSFDBă *C"     '       '   

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Adress:

H.A. Lorentzstraat 11 3331 EE Zwijndrecht Website: www.mpraccountants.nl Phonenumber: +31 (0)78 62 08 045 Email: info@mpraccountants.nl

6         "  ' C"  T   "     "        Q     & S I      "     & '    '&"           (  "     &                  "   ' % "    "'& C "    6   &                  QS   "C "  C" ' '"   '    &  6   " "     " I          "       "  C"     &   " C"    "   ""O, O     , 6    "               '      "#  &  % "  &  '  "  &           "        "  I  % "        "  '    & #FBUUIF#FMBTUJOHEJFOTUUPJU I  % "         

    '  &            #           % "  '  " "           *  & "     on this subject and/or are in need of a (second) opinion.

㢤‫ߎ⼻ڝ‬ᅭ̻丽些᰺ߎ㵹͇⮱℈‫ݖ‬⢴ ℈‫ݖ‬⢴̺ϲᄦ丽些᰺ߎ㵹͇Ხͧ䛺㺮喑ႰΌ ᭜㢤‫ߎ⼻ڝ‬ᅭ➦‫ݘ‬ᙌ‫ڡ‬䋐⮱̭◦ȡ ౕ⼻ߎ჎䃎䓴⼸͚喑㢤‫ߎ⼻ڝ‬ᅭчᄳᗕ⮱℈ ‫ݖ‬⢴̻ᬖᎡ჋⣝⮱℈‫ݖ‬⢴喑Вࣷ‫ڣ‬Ѓ》ζᄦ᝸⮱ ℈‫ݖ‬⢴Ⱕ℁䒰ȡຯ᳉䉢‫ڙ‬थ⮱℈‫ݖ‬⢴⇎ᰶ䓫‫ݝ‬䶱 ᱌᪝ᢛ喑ᗕᄳ̺ᓄ̺ఋめ̭ψḅ᝸⮱䬛䷅ȡౕᰭ ㈌㈂⮱ᗲ̸ۢ喑ᗕ⮱ጽⰛᄳ㷘㢤‫ߎ⼻ڝ‬ᅭ॓۠ȡ ռ⻨℈‫ݖ‬⢴হ䉌⣝䛾ጽⰛᒭᒭчᄩ㜡⼻ߎᅭ॓ ۠ᗕ⮱ጽⰛȡ⼻ߎᅭज㘪䔅чិᗕ⮱⻮ϧᩜ‫࠲ܧ‬ ᠙ౕ჎䃎‫ڲ‬ღ䛹喑ВӬЃЙγ㼐ᗕᰶ⇎ᰶ䊲ᩜȡ व⤳℈‫ݖ‬⢴ᠴ䦵

䛴䉚ࣾ⺕ᒏ᜽γ̭͇͗ߎহओใ̭͇͗ߎ͸ 䬡⮱䨫ᣒȡ㢤‫ߎ⼻ڝ‬ᅭч⩕丽些᰺ߎ㵹͇͚ឦࣾ ੳ⮱䨭ਜ਼ࣾ⺕Გ⶛䃑䛴䉚ࣾ⺕᭜॓Ⱕࡦ䙺ȡ 㠒㐀᳉̺ࡦ䙺喑䔆ᄳ᣽ӈ㐆⼻ߎᅭ̭͗͒ 䛺䩆䄜⮱ᠴ⹧喑ຯ䮽㩪⮱㥒͇䷊ᝃ䮽㩪⮱䛴䉚ȡ ຯ᳉ᗕᰶ̻㥒͇䷊⮱ᒏ᜽̺Ⱕ‫⮱ڠ‬䛴䉚ࣾ⺕喑ិ 䔆ψࣾ⺕ओใ䃝ͧ⻮ϧ䉚Νᝃ㔲ӈ͗ϧҬ⩕⮱䛴 䉚喑ᝃ̻䯴অⰥ‫⮱ڠ‬䛴䉚喑ᝃ㔲䊍৮᭜ᒵ䛺㺮 ⮱ȡ 㺮ⴒ䖀䲋丌৮ᕔ䉕⮱Ąࣕᝬ⩕‫ڤ‬ą䛴䉚 喍࠲᠙࠲㷲ᱽ᫆喑丽‫ڤ‬ぶぶ喎ज㘪чᒞ৺ᗕ⮱℈ ‫ݖ‬⢴ȡ఍ₑ喑Ꮑᒀិ䔆ψ䶦Ⱋ䅕ᙻౝ䃝ᒂౕ⠙ ⿸ጽⰛ̷ȡ䔆हᵤ䔯⩕λ࠲㷲Ƞ࠲㷲ᱽ᫆៩䛾ᝃ 㔲䉏ߎ៲Ԋȡౕ䨭ਜ਼হ㥒͇䷊᫦䲏喑䃝ᒂ̭ܴ ज㘪ᒞ৺ᗕ⮱℈‫ݖ‬⢴⮱䶦ⰛᲮͧ䛺㺮喑℁ຯ䃝ᒂ

叨㾍ᘍJessie Mo वцϧ

ᰦᄼᬻXiaoming Cao ч䃎ߖ⤳

䰤㧆ᓤ Raymond van der Putten वцϧ

⊗䉦Ƞ丌➖अ䉕ȠФᵩअࡃহ䭺ФӰ䨭喍хᘍᬣ ⃢喑‫ٺ‬䉦些᫆ぶぶ喎ȡ䔆हᵤ䔯⩕λᘼใ喑ຯ։ ⩢喑ႅ䉔㷘অጒⰄ⾰ᝃ㔲ᬯ䉢㦎㤱䙿ⵡᢌȡ᜾Й Όᑧ◵ᐧ䃛ᗕԊႅФⰛ㶕喑㤉ࢂ喑㤉䅞হӰ䨭В ࣷᎬॷᱽ᫆ȡͨ㺮᭜఍ͧ㢤‫ߎ⼻ڝ‬ᅭౕ䔈㵹⼻ߎ ჎䃎ᬣ喑ЃЙᰶᱰᴒⰸ䓴ᒭρᎡ⮱᪝ᢛȡຯ᳉ᗕ Ԋႅ‫ݺ‬䲏᝭᣽ࣷ⮱Ԏᖜ喑ᗕᅞजВᒵღᭀౝ㼐䛷 হ䃮ᬻᄩ㜡ռ⻨℈‫ݖ‬⢴⮱࣌఍ȡ ᗕ⮱℈‫ݖ‬⢴Όч㷘䊍৮ᒞ৺喑Ҹຯ㐆͇ߎ䶫 䬛ᝃ㔲䔮䉔थᱧ⮱䊍৮ȡ䃝ᒂ䔆ψ䊍৮ᝃ㔲ౕᩣ 䨣झࣾ⺕̷ܳᐭ䃝ᒂ᭜䲋፥ᬻᮧ⮱ȡ䔆Ό䔯⩕λ ᣽ӈ㐆჏ᝤ⮱ៅថȡ ౕ⼻ߎ჎䃎ᬣ喑ͨ㺮⮱♓◦䕇፥ౕλ倅℈‫ݖ‬ ⢴䶦Ⱋ喑ຯৃ઎হ㡣ȡ䄤⶛Ԋᗕ⮱倅℈‫ݖ‬⢴ϔ৮ ⮱䨭ਜ਼হ䉚Νጽ㪱᭜Ą㏜⮱ąহĄᬍ↎ᴀ⮱ąȡ Ҹຯ喑̭ψ䶦Ⱋຯ㈃হ‫ٺ‬䉦㐚Ნৃ઎Ꮑᒀ䃝ᒂౕ ̺ह⮱ጽⰛ̷ȡᗕज㘪Όⴒ䖀㢤‫ߎ⼻ڝ‬ᅭ䔅ⱭⱩ λ⃼Ნৃ઎⮱‫ٸ‬᪝䛺䛼喑䄤⶛Ⴧ䄰᪡ৃ઎ᱧ⮱᫦ ∂Ꭳ䃝ᒂШ҂ឭᱜᅯ䲏̷⮱ᩦअȡ㢤‫ߎ⼻ڝ‬ᅭᄦ ઑ䙿Ƞ㦎㤱䙿হ↪Ⅱ⮱℈‫ݖ‬⢴Όᒵᙌ‫ڡ‬䋐ȡ ℁㢤‫ߎ⼻ڝ‬ᅭ៏‫̭ٵ‬ₒ

㢤‫ߎ⼻ڝ‬ᅭ᠒ᰶ๔䛼⮱ԎᖜȠ℁⢴হധ۳喑 䘕ܳ࣌఍᭜఍ͧ᜾Й䕇䓴⩢ၽ᫦ᐼ្⼻ȡͧγ䖬 ‫ߎ⼻̻ٺ‬ᅭϔ⩌䃕䃧হζ䃛喑ᗕ䰭⶛Ԋᗕᰶ䔯 ᒀ⮱℈‫ݖ‬⢴喑Ꭳ́ᗕ㘪์ᄦШ҂ռ⻨䔈㵹व⤳㼐 䛷ȡ ຯ᳉ᗕₐౕᄨឫᰡ็‫ڠ‬λ䔆͗ͨ䷅⮱Ԏᖜ ᝃᗕ䰭㺮̭͗喍すι喎ᘼ㻮喑⁏䓻ᗕ㖁㈨᜾Йȡ

‫ڙ‬थϸ㏺

㐩वᕔ᰺ߎ

.13"DDPVOUBOUT#7᭜̭უ䃫⿸ౕ㢤‫ڝ‬厬➦ͦক䓦⮱ч䃎ጵθߎ᝭ȡ‫ڙ‬थᠮ ᰶ8UBMJDFOTF჎䃎❹⚔喑̀䬕͚ͧᄼЮ͇᣽ӈ჎䃎喑ч䃎喑⼻ߎহ৕䄏᰺ߎȡ

‫ڙ‬थ䉏ߎ្㶕჎䃎喑⼻ߎ᰺ߎহᐧ䃛喑ࡼߖ݈݊Ю͇݈⿸ࣷ⼻ߎ∕‫ڹ‬喑ノ⤳ᬒ፥ጽ Ⱋহ‫ڙ‬थч䃎្㶕喑‫ݣ‬Ⴧ‫ڙ‬थᎡᏓ䉏ߎ្ॷহᎡ㐀喑㫗䉱ࢂ᰺ߎȡ




͚㢤ੳ൞ᐐॷ❵᱌$)*/"5*.&4"%7&35*4&.&/5

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௸ൢ ϧౕ㢤㭚ƌ-*'&

China Times

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㢤㭚մ᱌䪸໸γ喑̭ψ᰸ࣸ⩇㜠ጟ㋀‫⮩ܧ‬γ喑᱙൞᱙᱌➦‫ݒ‬ᓋ㢤㭚ᰶ䬉 ᾌỸহ൞㉆̷䖥㌕̭ψ᪴」喑᣽ӈ㊓ใ‫ܧ‬Ꮣմ㔲ࣰ㔰喑ጹ᱈ҍԾ⣖ᓄ䪸ᓰ喑 ⣖ᓄᘶᔘ喑Ό⣖ᓄႶ‫ڕ‬ȡ

ใ‫ܧ‬Ꮣմ䇩ธ㠒᎟ 䰃♣ใ‫ܧ‬Ꮣմ⮩⩌θᩲ⮱ᾌᰰᒵᄼ喑ѳ ᭜̺ᕂ̭㥙ᅞᕂ㥙̭喑ใ‫ܧ‬Ꮣմⷝ̷㜗♣▪ რᝃ㔲⩇叩⾮⮩θУ喑᪡ԸᏓմ⮱㼵ްᅞᰰ ∎⎜ȡ̺ᄾϧ䘪ⴒ䖀ᰶ᫲䕷Ԋ䯗喑ѳ᭜ᄓ䯈 ̷᫲䕷Ԋ䯗Όᰶ็⽛ᒏᐼ喑Ԋ䯗ധ䛾Όᰶ็ ⽛喑᫲䕷㔲ᓲ䴵⪆ᘼ᫲㵹⹫⮱Ⱕ䬉὆㾹ȡ 㢤㭚ใϑ䘕㍪᭜ౕ䬉∕సใ⮱ᒏࠏ喑 ⮩‫ܧ‬ᰶ䬉ใ‫ܧ‬᫲䕷⮱ᐧ䂝喑ѳ᭜䕆⪏「᭜ᐧ 䂝喑᭜॓㖪ᓋ喑䖱ः↧᫩ҍ᱙ϧȡ̺䕻喑 ᫲䕷ẚᰶԸ㈱Ⴧ喑̺㖪ᓋᐧ䂝㔹䖚䕴ᘼใ ⮱喑Ԋ䯗‫ڙ‬थᝃ㔲ധ䛾᭜̺ᰰ䈍ٌ⮱喠Ⱕ ࣺ喑ใ‫ܧ‬᫲䕷͓䈩䇤γⰥᛶԊ䯗ᝃ㔲᭜䌌᳽ ψߍ‫ڒ‬ധ䛾⮱᫲䕷⹫㼯⺕⮱喑ౕ⮩⩌̺Ⴖ‫ڕ‬ ᗲ⇮̸㔹᫲䕷ऄ䭨喑䰭㺮䔭⺕喑जВ‫⤫ٹ‬ȡ 㜶Ҹ㿗喑̭Ըघև(BSBOUJFGPOET⮱Ԋ䯉ധ 䛾喑ᄴᵦᨇᄓ䯈ᗲ⇮䕟㵹㾂ѝ喑҉‫Ⱕܧ‬ᛶ⮱ 䈍ٌ喑⩇㜠ౕ‫⮩ܧ‬ᬒ͸‫⮱ݺ‬๖喑䘪㘪ः ⊵᫲䕷㼵ް͓⢟ᓄ䔭䈍ȡ䕆Ըധ䛾ㅎᄘ᭜ 4(3喑㺮∕ᘼ⮱᭜喑गᰶߍ‫ڒ‬γ䕆Ըധ䛾 ⮱᫲㵹⹫喑᝺㘪᣽ӈ䔭⺕⮱䈍ٌ喑䕆ψ᫲㵹 ⹫䘪ᰰᰶ̭Ը4(3⮱὆㾹ȡ ຯ᳉ҍౕᏓմ䕻⼸͚䖚䕴≗ⅡȠᆞቖ ᝃ㔲ḛ᳄▘▪⩇叩⮱喑̭Ըघև4UJDIUJOH $BMBNJUFJUFOGPOET 3FJ[FO⮱㵹ẚ㉱㎁喑 ᄴᰰ㊓ε䵺ใ⮱䈍ٌ喑̺䕻喑㘪॓ⱌₐ⢟ᓄ 䈍ٌ喑ᅞ㻃ͻҍ⪣᭯᝭㮂⮱ౝ吋᭜॓こव 㵹ẚ㉱㎁㾺ज⮱Ą▪࡭ą͸͚喑㵹ẚ㶀㿋घ ևVJULFSJOHTWBUCBSF TJUVBUJFȡౕ᱗㘪ᓋ 䕆Ըധ䛾͚⢟ᓄ䈍ٌ⮱喑ຯ᳉ࣵ䈩䇤γ᫲䕷 Ԋ䯗喑̺໕ୄ㾓ᓋԊ䯗‫ڙ‬थ͚❚ः䈍ٌ喑̺ 䕻喑䕆䰭㺮Ⳛ㼐㾟‫ڙ‬थ⮱䈍ٌ᷊У喑᝭В䇤 Ԋ䯗⮱᭯Նᅞ㺮㾺ⱌ䫞䂭ᰶ䬉᷊喑➦‫ݒ‬᭜ 䗐ψૉ₎‫ڿ⓭ݧ‬䯗⮱倁㗟᫲䕷⮱ᙈສ㔲喑䈩 䇤ᔻ叩ὐ⮱Ԋ䯗ᓲ䴵ᵦᨇᄓ䯈ᗲ⇮㔹Ⴧȡຯ ᳉ౕᆞ࡭᫲䕷㷘ఝ喑䰭㺮᩾ᤡ喑ࠂ䐿㟞䇨᪥ ࡰ⁽ٰ喑᭜㜗ጞᢼ㚝࠲⮱㾞喑䕆А‫ئ‬Όᅞ๗

๔γȡ 㜗伂⍥ࣵᔻ叩ὐ喤‫ݒ‬๔ᘼ੷喑㢤㭚᫲䕷 䏷ᰰ"/8#⃼Ꭱ䘪㺮‫ࠂܧ‬喑ౕ⁽≟ヱ఺‫ڔ‬ा 䕫⮫㥙⮱㜗伂⍥㔲᣽ӈ᎘ߖ喑‫͚ڣ‬ᰶψϧ䈩 䇤γԊ䯗⮱喑ᰭ็ᅞ᭜㵹⼸̺๗ຯ䶅㒤γ喑 ↿ᰶԊ䯗㔹Ⅿߖ"/8#喑䗐䇨⩕ᅞ䰐㿗γȡ ᝭Вҍ㟞̷⁽ٰ⢟ᓄ"/8#⮱⁽≟ヱ఺ ᠃䏷হᤈ䏷⮱᰺ࠆ喑ᛶ㾟㿗᭜̭䴲Ԋ䯗⮱ᣗ ᫪喑㿗̺Ⴧ䗐⮫㥙䰭㺮᠃䏷᰺ࠆ⮱ϧ⪣͚喑 ᅞᰶҍ⮱̭Ъၽএ喆 ₑใ喑Ⱋ‫ౕݺ‬ᓤసহ∂సӈᛶ̭⽛& ⮱↪⇦喑ᨇ㿗℁䐰&VSPᰡߍ⧝Ԋ喑䕆᭜ ̭⽛&VSP⌤वγΆ䚴⮱᫝ಸ⛰᫆喑ѳ᭜ ͓䲋᝭ᰶ⮱⮩ࠂᾌ䘪䖖⩕喑̭Ը㋟〆घև KFCFOUBMTOFMEVVS[BBNPQXFHOM&⮱喑 जВ᎘ߖҍⰸⰸҍ㜗ጞ⮱↪䏷㘪॓Ҭ⩕䕆⽛ ᫝ಸ⛰᫆ȡ 㜗伂⍥‫ݝ‬ใస喑䖱㺮∕ᘼ䖂」ऄ㒝⮱ ੼䵹ȡ̺㺮В◧ౕใస䖂」㒝૛̺ᰰჱ‫ݝ‬ҍ Ꮙ̷喑⤫ౕ᪡Ը⁽≟䘪Ⴙ઱γ‫ݣ‬Ꮣ喑㢤㭚⮱ 䖂」㔲喑ᄴ⩞㽚⿸ౕ㢤㭚-FFVXBSEFO⮱̭ ԸᾌỸᩣ䯳‫ౕڣ‬ใస⮱䖂」㽅䠱喑ᵦᨇҍ⮱ ↪䏷㽨‫⮨ڷ‬㽅䇴᫆喑Ⱑᣒᄴ㒝૛ჱ‫ݝ‬ҍ⮱Ꮙ ̷ȡ ₑใ喑㤜ϧ᰸ࣸ➦‫ݒ‬㺮∕ᘼγ喑ౕ∂ సȠ℁‫ݖ‬᭯হᓤస喑᭜⺮₏Ҭ⩕जВ֢⍙⍙ 䕌㽚‫ح⮱׆‬க⮱喑̭ᬓ⮩⤫喑ᄴεВ䛺㒝喑 Ҹຯౕ∂స喑㒝䵺ᰭ倅䖁⁽ٰȡₑ ใ喑ౕᓤసহᘼ๔‫ݖ‬喑ᰶ̭ψ⧝Ԋ࡭ഌ喑᭜ 䰭㺮➦‫ݒ‬䁶У䕟‫⮱ڒ‬喑ᓤ᪴হᘼ๔‫ݖ‬᪴ܳ‫ݒ‬ ᭜6NXFMU[POFTহ;POBUSBGGJDPMJNJUBUP喑 ҍ↿ᰶⰥᛶ⮱㽞ज䁶㔹᧲㜗䕟‫ڒ‬喑ज㘪ᰰᯏ 䕇♎䭨喑ѳ᭜θᒹҍᰰ⮩⤫喑䕆͓䲋̭䋌Ӭ ჉⮱᫲㵹γȡ

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ใ‫ܧ‬Ꮣմ࡮๔㜗᩾হᕒ᩾䇩ธ 喍㢤㭚㈲࡮ႄᰰ᣽ӈ喎 Ƞᬳ㴟৙‫ݧ‬ 㷘ᄼᬳ㴟৙γ̸̭̭㝙↿ᰶ⩇叩๔ ⹆喑ᰭ็ᰶ吋̺㜿᰺喑ѳ᭜็⁎㷘৙喑ज 㘪㸎䲏⃿㉍⮱⽺ႅ䛼๔γ喑ᰰᑂ⮩̭ψ੼ 䵹喑Ҹຯ⯛㛇䕻᩼ぶぶȡմຯ‫⤫ܧ‬䕻᩼ ⫴⟭喑ᝃ㔲ऐ䘕হશ䘕㷘䜊‫ݧ‬喑ᓲ䴵᧒ក ȡ㷘䜊‫ݧ‬͸ᒹᕒ᩾᫦ᐼ᭜Ҭ⩕‫۝‬൷喑䊤 ⷩ᭜ۤⅡۤ᪤喑⍈ᄾ㈲㚘Ƞ⬂⮏হ⫩⬈ȡ մຯᬳ㴟⮱䜊‫⯛ౕ⪆ݧ‬㛇͚喑ᰭᒹҬ⩕ᠴ ⩟ᝃ㔲‫ܭ‬ၽ⮱䜺䘕ᄴ‫ڣ‬ᐱ‫ܧ‬ҳȡ Ƞ᫲䕷⫲ ᫲䕷⫲᭜䀥ຯ᫲䕷΅౽ϑ䕇ጒ‫ڤ‬䕻⼸ ͚‫⮱⤫ܧ‬䵚ᬼȠ҉ୁᝃ㔲‫ↄۤܧ‬ぶ㋉व⫴ ⟭⮱㊞⽞喑ज㘪᭜఍◧΅౽䏷㝦丈ᾌ䕻⼸ ͚఍◧‫ڣ‬ᰶロ๼⮱ᨧࠂᑂ⮩⮱ȡ䕆᭯Նᛶ 㾟ᄴ∕ᘼ߈䯳ౕ͚ౝᎠ㌇̷⮱᳽̭吋喑Ԋ 䁶ᰶ䋠ํ⮱᫝僛⾧⅐喑ౕ͓́Ⰾज㘪⮱ᗲ ⇮̸։₏ϑ䕇ጒ‫⮱ڤ‬㎩㎹⼨ࠂȡᄺЅ䕆䶋 ᬼⱖ⫴⟭⮱㬒᭜जВᓋ㬒ᝬ͚⢟ᓄ⮱喑ѳ ᭜ᓲ䴵ౕ‫⮩ܧ‬͸‫⃢̭ݺ‬᭯䫀͚᰺⩕ȡ Ƞ䮪‫ٶ‬ᰙ▩ ຯ᳉ౕ䮪‫̸ٶ‬᭯䫀䕻䪤Б⯛㛇‫⫩⤫ܧ‬ ⬈喑䗐叩ౕ⋸⊡⮱᭯Նᓲ䴵ᄼᓰ喑̺㺮Ҭ ⩕㗒⮯喑఍◧䗐ὐᰰᄻ㜡⯛㛇ᰶ▩⬈⮱ᙌ 㻧ȡᛶ㾟⩕│⒑⮱䂤㛇⩕৮ᄼᓰౝБ⯛㛇 ۤࢨȠ⍈䑂⫩⬈͓ᓄ‫ݝ‬ᩫ倳ȡₑใ喑̺᭯ ᄼऐ૊Ⅱᝃ㔲ۤ‫⮱ۺ‬丟᫆ȡմຯ⯛㛇㷘๗ 䮪⛿▩⮱ᗲ⇮䐰◧௡䛺喑ᓲ䴵Ⅿ䛘ȡ Ƞ⾿ᖜ ౕ‫⤫ܧ‬䑂Ꮣ⾿ᖜ喑Όᅞ᭜Ϻ♣ᰶᘼ 䂅喑ѳ᭜䰐В঩॥⮱ᗲ⇮̸喑仃‫⩕ٵ‬᝸ᢹ ᧷ក㗖㘈俕็⁎ȡϺ♣᱗㘪๼᩵喑〆ౕᗐ 㔲ᒹ䲏喑ᒏ᜽⧝៞⟭喑⩕̭Ըᠠ䵚ᩫ㒛ౕ ᗐ㔲⮱㗇㛺হ㘥俕͸䫀喑ओใ̭Ը᝸᡼Ѽ ᠠ䵚喑ᒭҍ㜗ጞ᫦ाҬ߮⮩߈ᠶ฀ȡմຯ Ϻ♣᱗㘪๼᩵喑ᓲ䴵仙̷᧒ក喑ह᭯㎩ ㎹ౕ⤫ൡևВ̷ࠂ҉ȡ ȠⅡ⃺৙ ຯ᳉ҍౕ⇆▅⑘ₒᝃ㔲ౕ⊤͚⍥∠喑 ज㘪ᰰ䖚䕴Ⅱ⃺৙‫פ‬喑䏘̷ᰰ‫⤫ܧ‬㈲㞟

⮱᪾喑⩇㜠‫⤫ܧ‬㈲㚘喑ᰶ⮏ᝃ㔲⛿▩⮱ᙌ 㻧喑ᄾ㽞⫩⬈ȡ䕆᭯Ն᝸̺㺮㼥ⷝᗐ㮂喑 ⩕Ϋ⮱⇆ၽ㺳㧸ᗐ㮂喑जВߍ̷厪Ƞ㈃⩇ 㜠䚸͸䶋喑‫≨㉍⃿⮱͚ڣ‬䎺⼸Ꮣᅞᰰ䭺 ѻȡ⪣♣ȡΌᓲ䴵仙̷Ⅿ䛘ȡ Ƞ⛿‫פ‬ 䕴‫פ⛿ݝ‬喑仃‫ٵ‬Ҭ⩕⩌Ⅱۤࢨᗐ㮂喑 䕐㎹⩕̷㜠ܳ䥅喑ज⍈䑂⬈㠓ȡౕज 㘪⮱ᗲ⇮̸喑ࣨ䮑㶐᰺仃丫喑̺㺮ᠾⵡⅡ ∎喑Ҭ⩕│ጰ᪤ౕᗐ㮂喑ह᭯䋂ᔘⅯ䛘ȡ Ƞ͚ᮾ 䕐㎹ᣒऄ䮪‫⚔ٶ‬ᄱ喑ᰰ‫͚⤫ܧ‬ᮾ⮱⤫ 䆎喑ҍᰰᙌ‫ݝ‬ᬼⱖȠ䵚⫩喑ᘠୁऽ喑⩇㜠 ⴒ㻧ᙌჅᚏᚏ‫੼⤫ܧ‬䵹ȡ䕆᭯Նᓲ䴵仙̷ 䰏䪸䮪‫⚔ٶ‬ᄱ⮱ౝ᫦喑ౕឫ䛘⩌⮱ह᭯ᓲ 䴵ౕ䵚䘕Ƞ㘠㗏⿖হ㚦㗎⏊㮂ᣎःۤ᪤⮱ ᫦ᐼ⍈䑂⫴⟭ȡ Ƞ㚦┶ 㚦┶᭜᫲䕷䕁͚‫⤫ܧ‬䐰็⮱⫴⟭喑 ᓲ䴵∕ᘼ૊Ⅱ喑㺮ߍ̷吋厪喑В㸉‫ٲ‬倁‫ڔ‬ ๞ࣨ⮱厪ܳȡθ‫ݺ‬ҍजВ‫ݝ‬๔Ⱬ㬒ᝬ䈩䇤 034⏣⋟喑䕆⽛⏣⋟ᄓ䯈̷࠲क़厪ܳᝃ㔲 ㈃ܳȡᄺ᫩㔮ϧহ‫〒ٿ‬喑䕆Ը੼䵹㺮➦‫ݒ‬ ∕ᘼȡ㚦┶ѡ䯕㦄⮩⛿Ƞ㗇⫩হӬ㵭ぶ⤫ 䆎⮱᭯Ն喑ᓲ䴵仙̷Ⅿ䛘ȡ Ƞ⩼倅⫴ ᄺ᫩᳽ψϧธҳ㿗喑⮨倅ᰰБЃᰶ̺ 㜿᰺⮱ᙌ㻧ȡౕ⊤᠁ㆠВ̷⮱ౝ࡭喑 ⾧⅐͚⮱⅔⅐⍈ᄾ喑ᨭ❙ᝃ㔲䊝䌜䕌Ꮣ๗ ᔘ喑ᰰ‫⤫ܧ‬঩॥ఝ䰐ぶ੼䵹喑䖱ѡ䮼Ɑ䵚 ⫩Ƞ⫟ՓȠᬼⱖȠ҉ᗣ҉ୁぶᙌ㻧ȡౕ䕆 ⽛ᗲ⇮̸喑̺㺮‫ں‬Ҭ߮喑͓́䓲䕌䔁ఋ⊤ ᠁䐰ѻౝ࡭ȡౕ↿ᰶᖏᓖ࣌⟭ᙸ⮱ᗲ⇮̸ ᓲ䴵仙̷Ⅿ䛘ȡ Ƞ‫⤫ܧ‬Ⅱ∎ ‫⤫ܧ‬Ⅱ∎᭜᫲䕷㔲፥ᰶ⮱θᗲ喑䮑 γ఍◧⛿‫פ‬㔹ᒏ᜽⮱Ⅱ∎喑⯛㛇⮱ᦖᨓ᭜ Ⅱ∎ᒏ᜽⮱̭Ը࣌఍ȡ‫⤫ܧ‬䕆⽛Ⅱ∎⮱᭯ Ն喑Ⰾ䛼̺㺮ᠾⵡ喑㺮ᄴ‫ڣ‬ᄮ䪶ȡຯ᳉Ⅱ ∎ⵡγ喑䗐叩㺮⩕㍰፣ᄴ‫ڣ‬ᄮ䪶ȡ䖥᧴व 䖖⮱䲸ၽजВ䭟₏㚠䘕‫⤫ܧ‬Ⅱ∎ȡ

฼ᬒ⊤▅㵹䰭㺮∕ᘼ⮱੼䵹 ᝟Ⅱ᭜㽞็ϧ฼ᬒ⊵ᮾ⮱⛞䪭≨ࠂ喑ౕ ⰎᗲϘἯ᭯喑䮑γᓲ䴵∕ᘼ䭟ᰙ喑䖬‫ٺ‬㞤䮪 䊑㸥㸥≄⻛᝭䕍᜽⮱⯛㛇ᰙ‫פ‬喑ᝃҬ࣌ᰶ⮱ 䯭᪾Ƞᰙ᪾Ƞ叾᪾ᰡ็Ƞᰡᬻ䶜ใȡ‫ڣ‬ᄓ喑 ఍Ⅱ̷≨ࠂᑂ䊤⮱੼䵹̺ᄾ喑ᛶ➦‫ݒ‬ౝ็ߍ ∕ᘼȡ ȋᙈ䂤⯛㛇 ⍥∠፥㺸⮱⯛㛇੼䵹喑࠲᠙⍥∠㔲⮏ ⫦Ƞ⊤∠㔲⯛㛇⫦ȠⅡ⃺৙‫פ‬Ƞ⊤㛪‫פݧ‬Ƞ ⼨㵹ᕔᎩ㴟⫦ぶȡᑂ⮩Ą⊤∠㔲⯛㛇⫦ą⮱ ࣌఍喑Ⱋ‫ݺ‬ᅇ᱗䁶ᄓ喑ѳ䕇፥᭜ౕ䰏䪸⊤Ⅱ ᪥ᄼ᭯ᒹ喑‫∠ౕ⤫ܧ‬㶐䖛㩪㮂喑ᅑ‫ڣ‬᭜ऄ฀ 䔘⮱䘕Ѻ喑ຯ⩤ᕔ⮱㛭䘕㜴㚝䘕ࣷຠᕔ⮱㘥 䘕喑⫴⟭࠲᠙ᅭ䘕㈲㞟ͅ⫦Ƞ㛕⫦ᝃⅡ∎喑 ᰰᰶ⭆⮏㜴▩⛞ᙌȡ̭㝙ౕᠮ㎹ÿ๖ ᒹ喑ᰰ㜗♣⫷⭿ȡ Ą⍥∠㔲⮏⫦ą㜴Ⅱ͚⮱㵭॥㴟Ꭹ㴟 ᰶ䬉喑⪣ҍ⊶Ⅱ㔹䕻ᝃ∎ౕⅡ͚᭯喑㵭॥㴟 ⮱Ꭹ㴟ᰰ䊮㮈㔹‫ڒ‬喑䕟‫ڒ‬ᯡ䱟ౕ∠㶐ใ⮱⯛ 㛇喑ᑂ䊤⮏ᙌȠ‫⬈ݧ‬ᙌᝃᅭ䘕㈲⫦⮱⤫䆎喑 ᪥ᄼ᭯ᒹᰰ⊵๞喑䯁嗣ᄼ᭯ᒹ喑᫩ᯡ 䱟Ѻ㒛ᰰ‫ں‬Ꮣ‫⤫ܧ‬㈲㞟⫦ၽȡ⇨⭯᫦ᐼВ⫴ ⟭⇨⭯◧ͨȡ䖬‫ٺ‬⍥∠㔲⮏⫦ࣷ⊤∠㔲⯛㛇 ⫦喑ᅞ᭜⍥Ⴙ∠仙̷В⌲Ⅱ↽⊡ȠᓦᏂ⌲⒁ ⯛㛇喑͓⩕℈ጫᨓΫ䏘倁ȡ ᄺ᫩㓿ᚐౕ⍥∠↍⍥∠⮱ጯℾ喑፥㺸⮱ ⯛㛇੼䵹喑◧䰶㣹ᙌᴀȠ⫲⃿ᑂ䊤⮱⫐Ƞ㉝ 㣹ᙌᴀ⮱⍥∠↍㖶㟪㚘ࣷ⍥∠↍⯛㛇⫦喠ᝃ ఍⅜ᝃ⏡ᑂ䊤⮱‫⓭ݧ‬ᕔ⯛㛇▻Ƞ⮩䈗䂷ጛȠ ⮩㞟䂷⌎ȡ䴽䭟͸䖀ᅞ᭜⯛㛇ᰶᙌᴀᝃ‫פ‬ऐ ܴ᭯ࠬ⍥∠喑ᙻ䖥⍥∠↍喑䖬‫⏘ݝٺ‬Ⅱ⍥∠ ↍ࣷ๗᧮ᨍ⮱⍥∠↍喑⍥∠᭯ᝡ∠፪喑⍥∠ ᒹ‫⊡↽ܳٲ‬喑Ҭ⩕Ԋ│⩏৮䖬‫⯛ٺ‬㛇Ϋ⮏喑

̺㺮䊑㚠ᣒ㼥ᰡ㶐ბȠⰒ≄ბౝᲬȡ 䖬‫ٺ‬⡈◵⮱๗䮪⚔ᄱ喑ᰭສ඄̷䭟ᰙ 䱉ȡ ȟ ȋᄼᓰⅡ⃺㜴⊤㛪 ౕ⊤∠ࣷ⒈Ⅱ≨ࠂ͚喑㺮➦‫ݒ‬ᄼᓰ㷘 ⊤㛪ᝃⅡ⃺‫ݝݧ‬喑ౕసใӬᰫ㋀‫⤫ܧ‬఍◧㷘 Ⅱ⃺৙‫פ‬㔹₨ώ⮱ᵵҸȡᐧ䂝ҍ䮑γ䖬‫ݝٺ‬ Ⅱ⃺㓑㖇⮱⊤ഌ⍥∠ใ喑䷞䷕ᝃ๔䷕䰕䕻ᒹ Όᛶ䖬‫⊤ݝٺ‬䖷⍥∠喑⒈Ⅱ㔲ᰭສ⾬̷䪤㷃 䪤㹟⮱⒈Ⅱ㶐ȡຯ᳉㷘Ⅱ⃺㳱‫פ‬᭯喑ᰰ‫⤫ܧ‬ ‫⬈ݧ‬Ƞ⭆⮏Ƞ㈲⫦হⅡ∎ぶ⤫䆎喑ᰡ௡䛺⮱ ᰰᰶ‫ڕ‬䏘ᕔࣺᛶ喑⮩⩌ᘎᓰȠୁऽȠ⮩⛿Ƞ ⩼ჿȠ䵚⬈হ㖹㖶䚥⬈ぶ⫴⟭ȡ㷘Ⅱ⃺㳱‫ݝ‬ ᭯ᛶ仙̷В⊤ⅡȠ丌⩕䚸ᝃ⼭䛸⮱‫۝‬䚸䚥⇃ ≄喑ࡰ㥙̺㺮В⌲Ⅱᝃ䙿㇫ҳ㮂⤳ȡ㜠᫩ຯ ᳉ౕ᝟Ⅱ᭯㷘⊤㛪䝐ࡃ⮱‫ݧ‬᝻‫⯛ݝ‬㛇喑ᰰᑂ 䊤޴⬈Ƞᅭ䘕㈲㚘喑㠒᱗䖖⪣㮂⤳喑ज㘪ౕ ȠԸᰵᒹ⩏⩌㖶㟪㚘喑఍ₑᓲ䴵Ⰾ䛼ᄼᓰ ౝᄴ‫᠁ݧ‬䮑喑͓ᅞ䛘⇨⭯ȡ ₑใ喑ૉ₎‫⊤ݝ‬䖷ᄴ‫ڕ‬䏘ᩫౕ⇆ള䛹և ⇆ᰙ≨ࠂᝃ᭜ള⇆ൎ⮱ϧΌ㺮➦‫∕ݒ‬ᘼ喑⇆ ▅̷፥㺸⮱䇀⠄䜻㴟⮱Ꭹ㴟ᰰ䔼䕻㚠ᏂȠ㛭 䘕ࣷ⩌⃃கぶ䘕Ѻ䕟‫ڒ‬ϧ倁喑䕍᜽Ą⼨㵹ᕔ Ꭹ㴟ą⫦喑䜻㴟Ꭹ㴟፥㺸᫩⇆▅Ƞ│ౝ喑ᰰ 㫶⩞ᣒ㼥⇆▅䘕Ѻ喑ຯ㚠ᏂȠ㛭䘕Ƞ⩌⃃க 䕟‫ڒ‬ϧ倁喑ᑂ䊤䮐⮩ᕔ⮱‫ݧ‬Ƞ⮏Ƞ⬈ȡ⼨㵹 ᕔᎩ㴟䕟‫⯛ڒ‬㛇ᒹ喑ᰰ‫⤫ܧ‬㈲㞟㉝䪤㔹ᑻᰟ ⮱㌇⟭⫦ၽ喑̭๖⼨ࠂ‫ܳڙږ‬ȡ⇨⭯̷Вใ ⩕ᝃ‫ڔ‬᰺㬒➖ҳ⃧㴟ȡ ȋ㈲Ⱪ⫲⮱䴽䭟 ȟ ओใౕ฼႐Ⱪ⻾䪭㽧͚喑఍Ⅱ̷≨ࠂᰭ ፥㺸⮱Ⱪ⫫ᅞ᭜㉽㛉▻喑जܳ䲋‫נ‬ᴀᕔহ‫נ‬

ᴀᕔι䶋ȡ䲋‫נ‬ᴀᕔ㉽㛉▻๔็䊤఍᫩∠↍ ‫⃿⊵ڔ‬Ⅱ⮱ࡃႥ‫⓭ݧ‬ᝃ̺⒁⏗ⅡȠ⊤Ⅱぶ⮱ ‫⓭ݧ‬喑ᗐ㔲ⱩⲈᰰᰶᅭ䘕䚥⒭Ƞ㈲㚘ࣷ≮⌇ ⮱ᙌ㻧喑᪥ᄼ᭯ᒹࢠजᓖ࣌喑ᄺ㻃߈̺ᰰᰶ ௡䛺ᒞ䴬ȡओ̭⽛᭜‫נ‬ᴀᕔẢ倅⮱≮㵹ᕔ㻿 ㉽㛉▻喑‫ݴ‬ღᭀౕ⍥∠↍ぶ‫ڞڙ‬ൡ᝭᪐᧚䪸 ҳ喑᭜฼႐Ⱪ⻾䪭㽧͚ᰭ፥㺸⮱Ⱪ⻾⫫⫲喑 ͨ㺮㋀⩞᝸ȠⱩᣒ㼥‫℈ڞڙݝ‬ጫȠⅡ͚⮱㚧 ⫲⃿㔹‫נ‬ᴀ喑ᗐ㔲̺ܳ⩤ຠ㔮Ꭹ喑ѳᄼ႖⮱ ⫴⟭ᰰ℁䐰௡䛺ȡ ⫴⟭݊᱌࠲᠙ᕒᕔⱩⲈ㈲Ƞᭀ≮⌇Ƞ⩼ ‫ٶ‬হ̺㜿᰺ᙌ喑௡䛺᭯‫ݴ‬ᰰ⩏⩌Ⱪ⯛Ⅱ㚘Ƞ ㉽㛉Ⅱ㚘Ƞ㉽㛉̸‫ܧ‬㵭Ƞ֪㛉ࣷ‫⋸ݺ‬ጡ㉽㚘 ๔ぶᗲᒏ喑ह᭯㻿㛉Όღᭀ㷘Ӣ⟜㔹‫⤫ܧ‬吋 ⟭⮪᪾ȡᅞ⫲⼸㔹㼭喑‫⮱⫲⮩Ⱪږ‬ᔘᚏহ⼸ Ꮣ౴ज̺ह喑ᕒᕔ᱌㈱嗣๖喑ౕₑ᱌䫀 䘪‫ڤ‬ᰶ‫נ‬ᴀ߈喑⫷⭿ᒹ䰃̺ᰰᄺ㻃߈䕍᜽௡ 䛺ᒞ䴬喑ѳᰶψϧϺᰰ⪆̸䪤᱌Ϋ⒭ࣷ⪝➖ ⮱ᙌ㻧ȡ఍ₑ喑̭ᬓ‫⟭⫴⤫ܧ‬喑ᅞᛶ㾟䋂ᔘ ᅞ䛘喑͓ԊᠮⱩⲈ⌲⒁Ƞ็оᖜȠ፥≄᝸喑 䭺ѻ⮩▻⼸Ꮣ喑Ҭ㜗ጞ⮱ⱩⲈ㜿᰺ψ喑ह᭯ ΌᲉ㊂‫נ‬ᴀҳ⎽喑‫ٺ‬ᓄ㻗᰸ສࣸऄ䕐㉜喑⪣ ♣ᰭ䛺㺮⮱᭜㺮丷᜽̺ί᣶ⱩⲈ⮱ສ㓿ᚐ喑 ᝺̺ᰰ̭‫ں‬䖚ऄ♎ັ͸▪ȡ ౕ∠䤎⮱䖥᧴̷喑̭㝙⍥∠↍В䂷䲏 䤎䐰Ҡ喑ᛶ∕ᘼ䤎ᵳ䖷㌐㺮ᴁ䴳Ƞ̺ᭀ‫פݛ‬ 㛶䘕喠䓾㻃㔲喑जᝡ⩕Ꮣ᪥Ⱕ⪣⮱∠䤎喠ᝡ 䯞ᒏⱩ䤎᝟Ⅱᰰ෋ߍᙌᴀᾌᰰ喑᝭В͓̺呀 ࠢ喑㠒䲋ᝡ̺ज喑‫ݴ‬㺮䖥᧴䙺ᝡᬒᐼ䯞ᒏ Ⱪ䤎喑‫ں‬ใߍ∠䤎喠⊛⒈Ƞ⌞⒈‫ݴ‬В૛䲏䤎 䐰Ҡȡ䕌Ꮣ䐰ᔘ⮱≨ࠂ喑ຯⅡ̷ᦖច䏷Ƞ㶊 ⊗喑◧䖬‫ٺ‬ᘼใ᧋‫Ⱪפ‬䘕喑В̺ᝡ∠䤎䐰Ⴖ ‫ڕ‬ȡ ȋ䲋፥⟭⇮ᛶ䂷

Ⅱ̷≨ࠂओ̭䴲፥㺸⮱‫פ‬რ‫ݴ‬᭜㘷倀 ‫פ‬რ喑ᵦᨇ㊞㼵᪥ႄᠴ‫ܧ‬喑㒻స㈱ᰶ⮱ 㘷倀‫פ‬რ᭜⎽᫩̺⪣⮱䌠Ⅱᘼใ喑㔹ᕒᕔរ ‫פ‬Ƞᨓ‫פ‬হ៪へΌ᭜፥㺸⮱Ⅱ̷ᘼใ喑◧γ 䖬‫ٺ‬ᘼใ⮱⮩⩌喑䌠Ⅱ᭯㺮∕ᘼႶ‫⮱ڕ‬Ⅱ⌞ 㜠ᄾ㈱‫ڙ‬ᅧ喑㔹⍥∠‫⛞⮱ݺ‬䏘䕸ࠂज⍈ ᄾᕒᕔរ‫פ‬Ƞᨓ‫פ‬হ៪へ⮱⮩⩌ᾌ⢴喑Ⅱ̷ 倅᝸ࠆᓲևႹᯃ䏘䕸ࠂ‫̸ں‬Ⅱȡ 䮑γᰶ䋠ํ⮱ᯃ䏘䕸ࠂ喑᱙䏘ጟᰶ㖹 㖶Ƞ䬉ロ᫦䲏⫫⫲⮱ϧธ喑ౕ⍥∠༬ࠏ̷㺮 ᰶ᝭䖥᧴ȡҸຯᰶ㛊㧸℈⫲㔲喑䖬‫ٺ‬⍥㰆 ᐼ喠ᰶ㗖䵥੼䵹㔲喑䖬‫ٺ‬⍥㜗⩞ᐼ喠ᰶ̸㗹 ⬈੼䵹㔲喑䖬‫ٺ‬⍥㲣ᐼ喠ᰶ㚠䍊੼䵹㔲喑䖬 ‫ٺ‬⍥㜗⩞ᐼȠНᐼࣷ㲣ᐼȡౕ⍥∠᭯В̺ह ⮱∠ᐼϑᰬ喑䐰̺ღᭀ䕍᜽᳽ψ䘕Ѻ䕻Ꮣࠋ ࠂ⮱䕸ࠂ‫פ‬რȡ 㠒̺Ꭵ⮩⩌ᘼใ喑ᜤ⪾ᰶ㘷ḻ᤺‫⮱פ‬ज 㘪᭯喑㺮∕ᘼԊᠮ঩॥䖀⮱䕇ᯏ喑䖬‫̺ٺ‬ᓲ 㺮⮱⼨ࠂ喑Ⰾᔘ䔮䛘喑ຯ䰭⼨ࠂ喑㺮ᰶ䖖⪣ ⮱ጒ‫ڤ‬ᝃ็ϧह᭯⼨ࠂ∂喑В‫ٺ‬䕍᜽ᰡ௡䛺 ⮱ᒹ䖧⫴ȡ Ƞ̺㺮ୄ㾓ౕ̺⌲ẇⅡഌ⟭⇮⮱⎃⇷ ᝃ⊤䖷⍥∠᝟Ⅱȡ Ƞ๖⅐⟭⇮̺⾖Ⴧ᭯喑㺮䖬‫⊤ݝٺ‬䖷 ᝟ⅡᝃᓋθⅡ̷≨ࠂȡ Ƞౕ⍥∠↍⍥∠᭯喑㺮䖬‫⪁↍ౕٺ‬䔪 䔽ᝃⅡ͚⣖⓭◵⮱伻仙កЄ䕷᝟ȡ Ƞ⣖∠↍⏾Ⅱ䖀᭯喑̺㺮ᩲᘼВ䵚̸ 㚠̷ᝃ‫ڣ‬Ⴐ䡜㿑⮱᫦ᐼ⣖㔺ȡ Ƞ⣖䌠Წ᭯喑ᛶ∕ᘼ䭱䓾⮱∠㔲喑͓ ᫩䌠Წ⮱‫⁎̭〜ݺ‬䌠Ⅱ喑㔹̺㺮ᩲᘼ⩞䌠Წ ֡䲏䌠̸ᝃ̷̷̸̸ί䌠喑В‫⩌⮩ٺ‬ᘼใ‫פ‬ რȡ Ƞ⍥∠‫ࠬݺ‬૊䙿喑఍䙿㇫ᰰᒞ䴬๔㚓 ⮱‫ݑ‬᫤㘪߈喑㔹෋ߍ⍥∠ᘼใ⮱⮩⩌ᾌᰰȡ


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䔪Ⅿ㒻叄Ƞ㜗♣⮱֒Ꮴ⻭倛喑ₐⷧᴀ倛ᒵ䛺㺮 ͚㢤ੳ൞ᄵ㽗)PZV㢤㭚ܳ‫ڙ‬थ㋀⤳4FJJDIJSP:BCF

ᴀ倛喑ౕ⤫А⩌≨⪣͚䲋፥ᮛ䕺ȡ㔹䮑 γ䵼㞟⮱䖥᧴ใ喑ౕ⩏৮⮱Ҭ⩕᫦䲏Ό๔ᰶ Ⴅ੼喑⩇㜠䖱⊶ࣷ֒Ꮴ੼䵹ȡ ⰥԎᒵ็፥Ꭱ᫲ᅲ⊤ใ⮱㤜ϧ䘪ᰶ䕆ὐ ⮱ఝᨫ喑ౕ⥠⤲␬Ⱋ⮱ੳ৮䇕᳣̷喑ᅞ᭜ឫ ̺‫̭ݝ‬䖖व㜗ጞ⮱⌞㞟䵚倛⮱ᴀ倛޾ȡᎡ 䑂⮱Ⴅ⩌喑̺㜺ࣨᬯ䇡⮱⤳倛Ꮔ喑䖥᧴㜗ጞ ࠂ᝸%*:喠㔹̷γᎡ㈭⮱ϧธ喑ᄺ㘪䖛ᣖѼ ₟ᰵ⬂䌎⮱ᴀ倛⩏৮ᰡ᭜ᰶẢ๔䰭Ⅿȡౕ⪣ ౝ䇤‫⮱ݝ‬ᴀ倛⩏৮喑⩞᫩̺䖖वϋ≟ϧ⮱倛 䈗喑̭㝙ᒵ䰐䖁‫ݝ‬㤜ϧ䶔჏᱌᱈⮱䵼㞟喑᩵ ᳉̺Ⰾϧᘼ⮱ह᭯⩏৮Ό̺ღᭀ̷᝸ȡ㔹ᄺ ᫩᳽ψᴀ倛㬒Ⅱ喑䖱ᰰᰶ‫ݧ‬周⮱ঠ䖀喑䃀ϧ 䰐Вᓺऄȡ 䓾ᬒ喑)PZV‫ڙ‬थ㢤㭚ܳ‫ڙ‬थ⮱㋀⤳ :BCF‫⩌ٵ‬ᣒऄγ᜾Ծ⮱ᣎ㽗喑㜴᜾ԾܳϘ γ̭ψ䬉᫩ᴀ倛᫦䲏⮱፥䂅ȡ:BCF‫◧⩌ٵ‬ ᬒ᱙ϧ喑䯨䏘ҳ‫ݝ‬㢤㭚◧‫ڙ‬थ⮱⁽≟ጯൡ㔹 ປ偒ȡ)PZVᬄ̸⮱ᴀ倗޾喑ౕస‫ڔ‬ᒵ็ౝ࡭ 䘪ᰶ䟤ਜ਼喑ऐⶾ䖱ᒵສȡ̺䕻ᄺ᫩⊤ใ⮱㤜 ϧ喑䕆Ը৮❹ज㘪ᅞ̺䗐叩⛌ᖶγȡ )PZV᭜ᬒ᱙̭უ㦄ऺ⮱倗⩕ࡃ໊৮‫ڙ‬ थ喑⩏৮䟤ਜ਼䕺ѵ‫็⤰ڕ‬Ըసუȡ㢤㭚ܳ

‫ڙ‬थ᜽⿸λᎡᰵ喑‫ڣ‬ᴀ倛⩏৮ౕ㠞 సȠ∂సȠᓤసȠ㢤㭚ぶ๔䘕Ъ⁽≟సუ⮱ ϋ≟䊲ጯ䘪ᰶ䟤ਜ਼喑㔹́䟤䛼䲋፥̺䡜ȡ :BCF‫⩌ٵ‬仃‫ٵ‬㦄䛺ᑤ㿬γ⩏৮⮱Ⴖ‫ڕ‬ ᕔȡᄺ᫩ᴀ倛⩏৮⮱‫ݧ‬周⅐ঠ喑᭜ҳ㜗λ⅕ Ⅱ喍"NNPOJB喎ȡ⅕Ⅱ⮱҉⩕᭜ߍᑤᴀ倛 ⮱᩵᳉喑♣㔹ᰰ䕇䕻䵚⯛℈௷㔹䕟‫ڒ‬᜾Ծ 倁‫ڔ‬喑䪤ₑВᒭᰰᄺ䏘倁֒Ꮴ䕍᜽Ả๔⮱‫פ‬ რȡ఍ₑ喑ౕ䖥᧴⩏৮⮱᭯Ն喑‫م‬䛼∕ᘼ⩏ ৮⮱᜽Ъ喑䈩䇤⅕Ⅱ᜽Ъ䐰ᄼ⮱ᴀ倛޾ȡ ह᭯喑ౕᴀ倛‫ݺ‬喑̭Ⴧ㺮䕟㵹䕻᩼⍙ 㾓ȡᄴ⩏৮඄ౕ᝸㛯̷̭吋吋喑։⪆ᄼ ᭯喑ⰸ᭜॓ᰶ㈲㚘Ƞ‫⮏ݧ‬ぶ̺㞜ࣺᛶ喑↿ᰶ ⮱㾞᫦जҬ⩕ȡ :BCF‫⩌ٵ‬䖱ᐧ䂝जВ⃼̭‫ږ‬Ըᰵ㶒ᴀ̭ ⁎䵚倛喑ВԊᠮ㒻㻯ȡѳ᭜͓̺䰭㺮‫ڕ‬䘕䘪 ᴀ喑ग㺮ౕ䪤‫ܧ‬᫝倗⮱Ѻ㒛㸉̸䵼㞟ࢠज喑 ΌजВ䖬‫䶾ٺ‬㍮ᴀࣾ᝭ፓᲒ⮱ёრȡ ᰭᒹ喑:BCF‫◧⩌ٵ‬᜾Ծㅎ૛ϸ㉦γ̭ ̸)PZV‫ڙ‬थ⮱⩏৮ȡ)PZV⮱ᴀ倛޾ᰭ๔⮱ ➦㞟Ӭ᭜Ąᄵ◧ϋ≟ϧ倛䈗᝭ⵁ㸪Ą喑ᅑ‫ڣ‬ 䖖व㺳㧸͚㔮Ꭱϧ⮱▝倛ȡⰛ‫ౕݺ‬㢤㭚ጯൡ ‫ܧ‬ਜ਼⮱ᴀ倛⩏৮ᰶ‫ږ‬喑̭᭜#JHFOᴀ倛

ㆶ喑Ⴙ‫̺ڕ‬क़⅕Ⅱ᜽Ъ喠ओ̭◧#JHFO㒻 ⎽ᴀ倛㚼喑Ό᭜‫ͨڣ‬ក⩏৮喑क़ᰶ⽛๖♣ ᜽Ъ喑Вᰭ๔⼸Ꮣౝ⍈ᄾᄺ䵚倛᝭䕍᜽⮱᤺ ‫פ‬ȡ⩏৮Ꭳ↿ᰶ‫ݧ‬周⮱⅐ঠ喑ࣺ㔹᭜㜗♣⮱ Ḻ➖⌲仆ঠ䖀ȡ䕟㵹䟤ਜ਼⮱䊲ጯ͚᣽ӈᰶ䵼 㞟Წ喑ӈ䶔჏䖥᧴व䖖⮱倗㞟ȡ⩏৮Ό᧺҉ ㅎ૛喑ᄴᴀ倛޾ᨍ‫ݝ‬䙺‫⮱׆‬ᄵ⩕ᷠၽ̷䲏喑 ࢠज䕟㵹ᴀ倛ȡ‫ޖ‬久⩕̺Ⴙ⮱ᴀ倛޾喑䖱ज ВⰡᣒԊႅ̸ҳ喑̸⁎㎩㎹Ҭ⩕ȡ᪡Ը⩏৮ ⮱㽚㼵㜴⤳ᔢ喑♎㮂̺䶜⹧㦄ᄺ䶔჏⮱䇩 ᓰȡࣨᎡ㖃㿂ロ᱌䫀喑͚㢤ੳ൞ᰫ㜶䓓䕻៪ ⡻≨ࠂ喑̭ψᎥ䕸䂭㔲⢟ᓄ⮱⡻৮᭜)PZV‫ڙ‬ थ⮱ᴀ倛޾ȡ⩕䕻⮱䂭㔲Ό䘪ᄺₑ⩏৮㊓ε γ⽺Ả⮱ࣺ乸喑㾂‫ڣئ‬䵼㞟ສ喑ঠ䖀⌲⌎喑 㔹́䲋፥᫦Ӭ㜗ጞҬ⩕ȡ ҉◧㒻倛⩏৮‫ڙ‬थ喑)PZV‫ڙ‬थ᱌᱈㘪Ҭ 䶔჏ᰡߍᎡ䑂㒻叄喑Όጹ᱈䶔჏䘪㘪ឫ‫ⱌݝ‬ ₐ䖖व㜗ጞ⮱ᴀ倛䂤倛⩏৮ȡ

ᄼ፥䂅喟 ⅕Ⅱþ᭜̭⽛♎㞟喑́ᰶ➦₷‫⓭ݧ‬ᕔ⅐ ঠ⮱⋟倁ȡᴀ倛޾͚ߍ‫⅕ڒ‬Ⅱ⮱҉⩕᭯喑᭜ Ҭ䵚⯛ᆑ䐌ࡃ́㛕㙦喑‫ݖ‬᫩ᴀ倛޾␟䔼‫ݝ‬䵚 倛⪣͚ȡຯ⯛㛇䪤᱌ᣒ㼥喑ᰰᑂ䊤⯛㛇㞟㉍ ↶ⓞȠ᝸ᠴ⒝⬺Ƞ⯛▻ぶȡह᭯喑ຯҬ⩕䕻 Ꮣ喑䵚倛͚⮱㯸⮪䈗ᰰऄ‫פ᤺ݝ‬喑℈倛㉽Ỹ 倳ᑈ♎ᑵᕔ喑Όᰰᑂ䊤䵚倛Ϋ✒Ƞ᫤㷯ぶ੼ 䵹ȡ


௸ൢ

China Times

ϛ೉

26

⺋ጋ๔ౝƌ$)*/")*()-*()54

㋉व྿倁൞䖀喑䖍࿮झ▐Ꭱ⮱Ą๔䮥 ᫝ཅąⰔᰵ仆喑Ꭱ‫ౕݺ‬झ▐‫⿸ޢ‬γĄ͚㤜 ⩌⩏吕ą喑Ⱋ‫ݺ‬ϧ᪥ጟ䖁㥙ϧ喑᜽◧ ̭㗎᫝㜵߈䛼ȡᨇᖶ喑Ⱄᰵ仆ᰭ䓾㜴సℾ吕 台ᓖ㜵吕䘕㿴‫ݑ‬喑㼵ް䃀吕਎ВԸϧ䏘Ъ喑 ߍ‫̸ڣڒ‬㽚⮱Ą᫝⼨ℾ༁਎ᰰą喑ҳᤈः̭ ፚĄ⿸༁ą⮱Ԋ䔮ऺ䵺喑̭ᬓ᜽ߌᄴ᭜๔䮥 ⼨ℾౕझ▐⢟ᓄ⮱ᰭ倅ᩬ⇨ౝѺȡ ᙌऄ‫ݝ‬ᬖ᱌䊡झ⮱๔䮥᫝ཅᮛ䕺ऄ‫ݝ‬ₔ 㻃喑Ⱄᰵ仆◧γᤈःᄷ௡Ƞ❚ःᰡ็䮥䙺‷ ⯷喑‫ٵ‬᭜‫⿸ޢ‬γĄ͚㤜ใㅺӰ䕟ᰰą喑ᒹҳ 㻧ᓄ‫ٶ‬᭜ࢁᰰ߈䛼Ό♎∂᣽ࡴౝѺ喑఍㔹ᩦ 䂷ゃ⪒ㅹᐧγ᫝ᩬ吕Ą͚㤜⩌⩏吕ą喑᝺Ꭱ ⮱᭯䫀ᅞᰶ㥙ऺ吕਎喑᝗㜠ϷᎡᰵ◧ ₏喑ϧ᪥ᰡᨭࡴ㜠㥙ϧȡ 㜗⽞᭜झ▐ᰭ๔⮱ᄼ吕喑Ⱄᰵ仆㿴‫ݝ‬喑 ͚㤜⩌⩏吕⮱吕ᬄВ㫺㞟◧ധᏂ喑А㶕Ą̭ Ը͚సą⮱㫺✌喑ጓ̸㻿‫ݴ‬䦟ᰶ䵳㈲ᭌ喑 ຯह̭䲏Ą㫺㞟ą⮱ρᭌ㈲ᬄȡⰔⰡ㼭喑⪣ ᭯㽚Ⴧ䵼㞟᭯ᅞᘠĄᘵ㫺ᘵສ喑ᰭສ㫺ᓄ⮩ ㉘ąȡ ᨇ൞䖀喑В℈ⓑᲞᕊᘠ᪆㗟‫ڕ‬吕喑͓ᒏ ᜽ĄⰔͨፚᕊᘠą⮱Ⱄᰵ仆喑ᰵЪᰫ፣䵅䓾 ⮫ऺ吕਎‫ࡄݝ‬ϙ⮱℈ͨፚ㈭ᔢയ喑⾮♣䌗̸ ⸂γԸ䴬䵚喑Ⱄᰵ仆㿗喑Ąᘠ䃀झ▐⮱⿸∂ ༁਎Ƞᄴ䏺Όҳ䌗℈ͨፚąȡ

ȍ͚㤜⩌⩏吕吕ᬄȡ

Ⱄᰵ仆ᰵᬒ䪸໸হసℾ吕台ᓖ㜵吕 䘕㿴‫ݑ‬喑㺼ް䃀吕਎ВԸϧ䏘Ъ喑ߍ‫ڣڒ‬ Ą᫝⼨ℾ༁਎ᰰą喑❚ः̭ፚԊ䔮Ą⿸༁ą ऺ䵺ȡ൞䖀㿴‫ݝ‬喑㠒ࢁ㿬᜽ߌ喑䕆ᄴ᭜๔䮥 ᫝⼨ℾౕझ▐⢟ᓄ⮱ᰭ倅ᩬ⇨ౝѺȡ

ȍⰔᰵ仆

͚ససࠆ䮏᫩ᰵᬒ喑ᅞ̷ᰵᬒ䕍᜽ ϧ䕴䰐Ƞϧऄ‫⮱פ‬श᳄Ⱞᓤᘍᄣ⎽䅽 ‫ڙ‬थ๔▘喑㾺ჇͰ䛺๔䇙Шθᩲ喑㮂ܳश᳄ Ⱞऺ倅㉇Ⴥ਎ȡ䕐፣͸‫ژ⮱⩌⮩ݺ‬ᄣ⚑⹓ ✳◥䇙Шθᩲ喑็ऺऄ㒝Ⴥ਎⪣͚喑㉇‫ݒ‬ᰭ 倅⮱᭜‫ک‬Шश᳄‫Ⱞޜ‬䪤⮱श᳄‫ڙ‬Ⴖᐠ䪤台䬉 ᭒Ƞओ̭‫Ⱞޜ‬䪤䅤᭒⿸喑Вࣷ䪤᭒ጯ䪤༉⇨ ⦖ȡ ओใ喑Ⱞ‫ڙ‬Ⴖ⊵䭟㍪䮷㍪䮷䪤ᱻὦ⩝ह ὐ䖚㽅๔䕻㮂ܳȡ䪤᭒ጯ‫ޜ‬ጯ䪤ᱻ⺒Ƞश᳄ Ⱞ‫ڙ‬Ⴖ⊵䭟㍪䮷‫ޜ‬㍪䮷䪤޶䏺Ƞ䪤᭒‫ڙ‬Ⴖ⊵ 䭟ᩜ䮷ᩬ༁䋆ၽ偮Вࣷᄣ⎽䅽᝭ౕ⮱ᓤᘍጯ ⮱‫ޜ‬ጯ䪤⢸┑喑౴㷘䭺㉇㮂ܳ喑㔹́ऄ‫͚ݝ‬ ‫ڞ‬吕‫ڔ‬௡䛺䂓ॷȡ ᓤᘍጯ༁ᰥ㽅ᑢᓤ⺒Ƞጯ䪤޶䪤᭒Ƞ 䪤᭒‫ڙ‬Ⴖ⊵䭟ᩜ䮷ᩜ䮷䪤⢸ૉ᭒喑Вࣷ‫ک‬Ш ᓤᘍ‫ޜ‬ጯ䪤⮱⪣ౝ‫ڙ‬Ⴖᅭ䪤⢸㤜Ⴖϧ㷘᧑ 㖤喑ह᭯㷘᧑䟤吕‫ڔ‬㖤ࠆȡ

సࠆ䮏ࣵ↧Ⴧᄺश᳄ⰮϧℾᩬᏉ㊓ε䕇 ൞ឦ㾂喑䇙᜽श᳄ⰮᩬᏉाసࠆ䮏҉⌞‫῏ݨ‬ ᴒ喑㺮Ⅿश᳄ⰮȠऱⰥ䬉䘕䪭হЮẚិĄ⮩ ᆂ↧̺㘪В⟔➟ϧ⮱⩌প◧А‫ئ‬ą҉◧̺ज 䕫䊷⮱㈲㌇喑㥪ᄓႶ‫⩏⩌ڕ‬䇙Ш‫ݣ‬ȡ సࠆ䮏ह᭯䖱ᄺ⮩⩌ౕᰵᏂহᰵ݊⮱ श᳄䕇ࡃ‫ژ‬ᄣ⚑⹓‫ږ‬Ⴤ⨓᫜✳◥θᩲ喑҉㮂 ܳ↧Ⴧ喑श᳄‫Ⱞޜ‬䪤䅤᭒⿸㷘㽅䕻ȡ䮑䅤᭒ ⿸ใ喑श᳄Ⴖ‫Ⱀڕ‬ノᅭ࣌ᅭ䪤䛾㤜Вࣷ⮪ᆞ ጯጯ䪤ᒚⅥ᳄Όܳ‫ݒ‬䖚㽅䕻㮂ܳ喠⮪ᆞ‫ޜ‬ጯ 䪤⢸ὦᎠ㷘㽅๔䕻ȡ ‫ژ‬ᄣ⚑⹓᭜ౕᰵᬒহᰵᬒ喑䕐⧝ ⮩⩌⨓᫜✳◥θᩲ喑‫ڞ‬䕍᜽ϧ䕴䰐喑ϧ ऄ‫פ‬ȡ䵚̭⁎θᩲ‫ڞ‬䕍᜽ϧ₨ώ喑ѳЮẚ ⳋ൞गᰶϧ₨ȡౕᒹ̭⁎θᩲ喑䕇ࡃ⹓ẚ‫ڙ‬ थ䖂ࣺ⺮Б喑᧲㜗㉱㎁ϧ਎䕟‫ژڒ‬ᄣ⚑ẚς ̸҉ẚ喑㉽᳉ࣵ⮩⩌⨓᫜✳◥θᩲ喑䕍᜽ ϧ₨ώȡ

࣌䥢䖀䘕䪤޶ᔄ䏺఍ऄ䇱ࣷ┘⩕㖤‷㷘‫ݑ‬ ₨㌖ࣷ↿ᩣԸϧ䇎⩏喑‫㉽↧ݑ‬᳉ౕ㋟㊎ౕᑂ⮩ γ̺ᄾ❚䂝ȡ  ȋᰶ㋟ࣸ䈗⪾‫㉽↧ݑ‬᳉⮱‫ڙ‬ₐᕔȡ  !⇠ࢄᬒ൞㿗喟Ą޶ᔄ䏺₨㌖喑ᘼ᫆͸ ͚喑఍◧ₑ‫ݺ‬ጟևγ̺ᄾĂ䠗භă喑ѳᒵ็㋟ ࣸϺ♣䰐Вᣒऄȡ◧҂喤̭᫦䲏‫Ⱬڙ‬ᄺ䇗㙽⌞ ᘎ⬈㊂喑ओ̭᫦䲏ᕽᕂ㜴Ꮪᄖ䕻᫩Ăㅎࡃăᰶ 䬉ȡₑᵵᒵ䛺๔Ƞ䬉∕Ꮣᒵ倅喑ѳᏚᄖग⩕γ ࡷ๖᭯䫀喑๔䘕ܳ‫ڔ‬ღᩫౕγĂᏚ‫ݺ‬ᰰ䂝ă喑 ⷧᄓթᓄੳỤȡą Όᰶ㋟ࣸ㾺◧₨㌖⮱‫↧ݑ‬๗䑂喑ᛶ㾟௡ᜟ 䇗↎㙽᪄ȡ !➈᪴᪴喟Ą޶ᔄ䏺㷘‫ݑ‬₨㌖喑䕆ᄓౕ 㿗̺䕻ࣨȡ₨̷ܾ̺䘕䪤喑䇗↎䕻‫ر‬Όग㜴₨ ㌖喑䃀⪣Ⴥ᜽γ䷕䯗ᰭѻఋ൞Ả๔⮱㖤ẚ喠㔮 ⮫ༀহℾ✌Юẚუᒵღᭀ఍◧Ⰹ⿷Ƞ䲋∂䯳䇴 ᝃ㔲㣘䴵ᰶ⮱⊶叾㒗㷘‫ݑ‬₨ܾ喑䃀ℾ䫀ᕕ⅐㶊 ๖ȡą !ࡄϙṷࢇ喟Ą޶ᔄ䏺喑♎᱌喑㌖Ꭱ喑

㉯᫩↿ᰶ₨喑࣌఍᭜ᰶᗁ㒗㶕⤫ȡ㾓੼䇗⩌ᕂ ₨⮱䇗ჅਗԸ↿ᰶᗁ㒗㶕⤫喤ຯ᳉ϧϧ❚‫ٵ‬ᕽ ᒹౝ䇗喑♣ᒹ‫ں‬ҳᗁ㒗喑जВ̺₨喑ᓋₑ∂ᒸ 䂷ᓄᰡߍᅤᅙ喑㙽᪄ᰶγጹ᱈ȡϧ◧䇎₨喑划 ◧丌ώ喑गᕂᓋₑ͚స㙽᪄θẚजВ๔ᆂႼృ γ喑ຯₑ倅㿬ࣺ㙽᭜̺᭜సუ͸๔̺Ꭵ喤ą !䛘⭯ᒸፘ޶ᯱĄ޶ᔄ䏺̺₨喑䇗㙽ധ ᱙̷ᅞᐏ䮑γ₨ܾ喑䗐叩⤫㵹ܾ㒝喑ᄺ䇗㙽Ό ᅞ↿ᰶШ҂༮ᜫ߈γȡ఍◧Ⱬ᝭কⴒ喑₨㌖᭜ 䂷Ⱕ♎᱌喑♎᱌᭜䂷Ⱕᰶ᱌喑ᰶ᱌᭜䂷ⰥԊใ ᅞ䛘喆ą !Ꮴ㓭๖̸䋠⤰喟ĄЃ㠒₨㌖喑๖̸䇗 Ⴥ⮳♎᝭⩼ᜩȡą ㋟ࣸ!ᑢ᱈᱊࡮ܳᛑᚕ喑̺␬ᘼ‫㉽↧ݑ‬ ᳉喟Ą̺⃧޶ᔄ䏺喑స∂̺ღ喑吕㈭̺ღ喑ℾ ᓰ̺ღ喑๖⤳̺ღ喆ą ㋟ࣸ!䮠᪴кΌᨁᓰ䕆ὐ⮱‫∂♎↧ݑ‬༮ᜫ 䇗↎㙽᪄喟ĄჅ䊷๔‷䊷๔喑և䊤ҳซθҳ喑 ᄺసუহ⹫ᰰ⮱࢞რᅞ䊷๔喑䇗Ⴥ↎़⮱࢞ რ喑̺᭜ᎫԸ⃧ϧᩫ▘⮱ϧ㘪℁⮱ȡą ȋ‫↧ݑ‬ᰶव⤳ᕔ

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Ꭱᰵᬒ喑份㤜ᬒ䏺ౕⰔ⏊ὸᄺࡄ Ꭰ䗷ใ჈Ꭰ೻͚సႵ䏺⮩ࠂ䕟ᩨ喑䪸໸‫ڕ‬䲏 Ӣ㤜᝝❚喠䕆̭๖Ό὆㾹㦄͚సោᬒ᝝❚‫ڕ‬ 䲏✳⮩ȡ ͚సჅ᫦྿倁൞䖀㿗喑⇠ࡄⰮᩬᏉȠⰮ 䏺࡭↧Ⴧ᫩ᰵᬒౕ᭯‫Ⱞڕ‬Ը㽚࡭ጯ ࣷ᝭䑱㍐喍ጯȠ࡭喎হჇጋȠ䓈䯳㊞̭ᄓ᫪ 䭟⾧䂓൞㾓刡喑䖱ౕऱౝ㉱㎁䪸ᆂϧ䭟ა ‫נ‬ȡ ๔䛼‫Ⱬڙ‬䖱ౕ㋟㊎㜗⮩㈭ᔢ̰̰θ䂷喑 㽞็ϧ⮩ፃ঩㆟䟅㽅సᖒȠ̺ᔅ₤टȡ ᫝㤜⹫হ⧝⤰᭯൞䘪⮩㶕㾂䀃᪴」㿗喑 㜠Ϸ‫͚ر‬సϧϺ㘪ํᙌ‫ݝ‬₤ट⮱‫⬈פ‬喑䕆 ̺‫ײ‬᭜఍◧Ӣ⪒᝝❚㊓͚స፣ҳ⮱▪䰐喑䖱

఍◧̸᭯ᬒ᱙ᩬᏉ॓㾺ι᝝₤टȡ 㾂䀃㿗喑㈭ᔢ̰̰θ䂷ᄺᬒ᱙⮱䛺㺮ᕔ 䊲䕻͚సȡ᪴」ᠴᬒ᱙仃ⰥႶԺ̭‫⮩ں‬㼭ㆶ ‫ݤ‬ᬒ᱙Ӣ⪒₤टȡ ᪴」ॷ㿎ᬒ᱙ᩬᏉ㺮Вट ◧䥿ȡ ࣨᎡᲞϙᄴᬒ͚䵅ౌ❚䂝䜐傇ሣࣷক䖷 ሣዩసᰶࡃ喑ᑂ⮩ࡄϙࣺᑵ喑ᄻ㜡ϋ≟ᰭ๔ ⮱‫ږ‬Ը㋀┌倁䬉ӯ㋷ᑢ喑⩇㜠ᑂ⮩䏺θ㶊⾮ ⮱ᨁᚯȡ ͚స྿倁䖱൞䖀㿗喑͚స⊤Ⱀ㝦ౕ Ą̰̰θ䂷ą㈭ᔢᬒౕ䜐傇ሣጎ㝗ȡ͚స⊤ ∸ᅭ㋟〆⊵ᖜ⊵ᖜ㿗喑ౕᰵᬒ͚స⊤Ⱀ ȠȠ㝦㌕䮷㎩㎹ౕ͚స䜐傇ሣ䵅 ⊤‫ڔ‬ጎ㝗ȡ

͚స⇠ࢄ̶䪭ሪ⮱⢸ም䏺喑䏘倅 ㆠ喑᝸ᢹ㈱䛽ㆠ䪤喑̭䰆๔㚠㺮⾬ⷩ ⮱➦㸪䲸ȡ఍◧ᗐ⫲ᄻ㜡䏘倅⪝፥喑Ѓ͓᱗ 㷘㼵‫ڒ‬शᅩ᫜̓⩹㈭䠱ȡ ㅰ⤰ᬻᭌ༇ᬻ䏘倅गᰶㆠȡ ⢸ም䏺⮱❣㻗⢸⮩㓑ϸ㉦喑⢸ም䏺ᄼႥ ρᎡ㉇͸ᒹ喑䏘倁䪸໸Ą᠁ロѩ⮱⬸䪤ąȡ ₟᭯喑⢸ም䏺⮱䏘倅ጟ䊲䕻ㆠȡᒹ㋀῏ ᴒᓄⴒ喑Ѓᗐ̷γ㚓ಯ倁෋⩌喑Όᅞ᭜Ԅ⽞ ⮱Ąጕϧ⫴ą喑㚓ಯ倁ܳ⇹⮱⩌䪤⓭㉍᭜ₐ ፥ϧ⮱Ժȡ Ꭱ喑఍㚬⬈ౕᲞࡄ⇨⭯⮱⢸ም 䏺喑㋀⪣ౝ䛘䮏⍙䛼喑⮩⤫‫ڣ‬䏘倅ጟ䖁‫ݝ‬ ㆠ喑ₑᒹĄϋ≟す̭ጕϧą⮱⽞㮌Όᚏ ᚏ‫נ‬䪸ȡ ➦₷⮱䏘倅喑͓↿ᰶ㊓⢸ም䏺๗็ສ 㮂喑ࣺ㔹፣ҳ̭㈨݄⮱⚖ᘞȡ Ꭱ㜠Ϸ喑⢸ም䏺ᗐ̷γ㗎俕䵚ซ ₨喑㵹ࠂ̺Ӭग㘪ౕუо丷喑⩌≨䲏㜕ఝ ධȡ 㽅㔲∕ᘼ‫ݝ‬喑⢸ም䏺ⷩ๔⮱䰆㚠⮩ 㚘⒝❈喑㚠䲏⮩叾ȡ⢸⮩㓑㿗喑䗐᭜఍◧㵭 ⋟ᓗ⧝̺ສ喑䰆㚠⯛㛇ซ₨喑‫⤫ܧ‬㔮ࡃ⒝ ❈ȡ ఍ᗐ⫲喑⢸ም䏺⮱≨ࠂ⾧䫀‫ײ‬䭽᫩ᅸ‫ڔ‬ ใ⮱᪥Ꭰ᫦ㆠౝ᫦喑㔹ЃⳚ㼐ใ⩹⮱䕁ᒾ喑 Ό‫ײ‬䲍᝸ᾌহუ͚䮠㜷⮱䰨㻃ᾌȡ䕆̭ܴѩ ͻ䃀⢸ም䏺ᄺใ䲏⮱̓⩹ᵩใ⍡᱈ȡЃॷ㽡 㽅㔲喑᝸ᾌ䛹ႅ⮱䘪᭜В‫ౕݺ‬ใጒ҉᭯⮱᰸

ࣸ㮌ⷩȡ Ą⤫ౕ喑᜾ጹ᱈㘪ౕᙈᓰϧธ⮱᎘ߖ ̸喑ⰸສ⫲喑Ⰾᔘ〆䊤ҳ喑♣ᒹহ❣㻗‫ݝ‬ ೻㸎ևψᄼ⩌ᘼ喑㘪ํ㜗丌‫͓߈ڣ‬ఋ൞⹫ ᰰȡą⢸ም䏺㿗ȡ ጕϧ⮱⫲ᗲᑂ䊤䙚ጋ̭უᙈᓰ䛘䮏⮱䬉 ∕ȡᰵᬒ̭๔ᬖ喑䛘䮏䮏䪤፣㦄ᄵუȠᄵ 䏷‫̶ݝ‬䪭ሪጯ⢸ም䏺⮱უ͚喑ᄴ⢸ም䏺ᣒ‫ݝ‬ 䙚ጋ䕟㵹‫ٺ‬䇨⇨⭯喑ጹ᱈㘪ํ᎘ߖጕϧ〆䊤 ҳȡ

ओ̭䘕ܳ⮱㋟ࣸ㾺◧‫㉽↧ݑ‬᳉᭜ₐ፥হव ⤳⮱ȡ 㜗⽞᭜ᒸፘ⮱㋟ࣸ!ṷҝ᳄ᒸፘ㿗喟Ą็ ᪥ౕᘼ᫆͸͚ȡ‫ڣ‬ധ吋Ϻ᭜₨ܾ喑఍ₑ喑∂ᒸ 䔪Ⅿ⮱ĂВ∂ᒸ◧‫܃‬㎖ăౕ䕆㷼ጟ㋀ᓄ‫ݝ‬γ倁 ⤫喑㜠᫩‫ڣ‬఍‫ڣ‬Ѓ⮱ಓ⮪ぶ䛼ܾᗲロ喑㔹㌖᱌ ιᎡത㵹喑ΌϺ♣ᬏ᭜䖖⩕∂ᒸ⮱㉽᳉喑ࣵ᭜ ‫ⷧ܃‬䖖⩕∂ᒸ⮱㺮Ⅿȡₐ፥⮱̭Ը‫↧ݑ‬ȡą ȋᄺ䥢䌜⮱䇏⢨ !⑁਎䇀喟Ąᅞ䇗↎⮱᪥䛼হ᝭և⮱䇏 ⢨喑᜾㾺◧޶ᔄ䏺̺ѳ̺㾟₨喑䖱ツ᭜̭Ըߌ 㜐ȡᎫ࡮Ꭱᒹ㥙ϧℾ᎐ᬖᅞ㷘䖧ᔅγ喑ѳ ᭜倅䥢⮩ᆂ፣ҳ⮱ጕ๔ᄓᘍᰰᒞ䴬⌞䖍ȡą !఍◧䔤䰏喟Ą㽞็㋟ℾᄺ޶ᔄ䏺䇗䇱 ็㥙Ϻ♣̺₨㶕⹧ᛑᔿȡѳ⪣Ϸ͚స⹫ᰰ 㽡Ⅿ็ٰࡃ喑ԧΌ̺ⴒ䖀᭜㾟◧㙽᪄ጕ䇗ᅲ♣ ‫ٺ‬₨㔹⅐ᛑສ喑䖱᭜◧͚సाȪ䲋ᯡ߈⟜㒗̺ ‫ݑ‬₨ܾȫ⮱ᮛ̓‫ئ‬թ䕻⍎㔹倅㜵ສȡ͓́޶Ό ᭜Ը㵹䇱㔲喑㔹㘪ᩣऄЃ䇱䇯⮱㗜Ⴧ̺᭜ᄼϧ

➖ȡ䕆ψϧⰛ‫ݺ‬䖱᱗㷘ᤚ‫ܧ‬ҳ喑⪆㦄޶ᔄ䏺䕆 Ը≨ऐΌສȡą !ᱞ㎩Პ喟Ą㙽᪄ᛶऄ௡ᜟ喑ѳЃᄺ䥢䌜 ⮩ᆂ⮱䇏⢨Ό̺ᛶ㷘៦⃧喆ą ȋᘼ᫆͸͚ ओ̭ψ㋟ࣸ㻧ᓄ̺⿸ࢠത㵹₨ܾ᭜ᘼ᫆͸ ͚ȡ !޶㟛Პ喟ĄϷ๖޶ᔄ䏺㷘‫ݑ‬₨㌖喑๔უ ऱത᝭㺸❚䀃̺о喑᜾㊓๔უ̭Ը㼐䛸喟ᓋ∂ ᒸ⮱᫦䲏ҳⰸ喑ᛶ㾟₨喠ᓋᩬ⇨⮱᫦䲏ҳⰸ喑 ₨̺γȡą !̺໕̭㾓‫⩌ٵ‬ᰡ㾺◧喑ₑᵵजВ҉◧ᣕ ࠂ͚సᐏ䮑₨ܾ⮱๾ᾌ喟Ą޶ᔄ䏺ᵵ‫ܳٲ‬㿗ᬻ ͚స䇗Ⴥ‫ٺ‬₨ጟ᜽ᓲ♣喑ѳᐏ䮑ᝃ䭽‫ݣ‬₨ܾ̺ ᛶ᜽◧Ⴥ਎Ԋপ⮱थ∂➦‷⤳⩞ȡᄺ䲋ᯡ߈⮱ ̭ܴ㋀┌⟜㒗䘪ᛶ仙̷ᐏ䮑₨ܾ喑䕟㔹‫ں‬ᐏ䮑 䲋㜡পহ㜡প⮱ᯡ߈⟜㒗⮱₨ܾ㺼Ⴧȡᐧ䂝⿸ ∂ᾌ䬉ᐣ㎹Ăԛ‫ژ‬ăև∂喑๔㛪ᐏ䮑ᰡ็₨ܾ 㒗ऺȡą


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ϛ೉

ᬇோܷ΍͗᜸ᕲП᠞Χ͗˞ࣝ  ᰵ   ᬒ 喑 㢤 ‫ ڝ‬䉥 Ӱ ч ͨ ፚ ฼ ᬚ 㶎 ‫ ⩌ ٵ‬喍 + P D I V N )BBLNB喎 ࡼ䉥ӰчहϮ᠉䃬γ͚ప侨㢤‫ڝ‬⢸ప๔Ҭ䭵ᬚ‫ٵ‬ ⩌ȡч䄵ౕ๔Ҭ亳⮱㟞చͫ㵹喑ᒀ๖䭠‫ٶ‬ᬻ࿇喑⅁ⅈ䲋፥⮱䒨 Ძহࣸສȡ ๔Ҭ⼝䊋㢤‫ڝ‬䉥Ӱчᄦ͚㢤㏼≻ϑ≮҉‫ܧ⾮⮱ܧ‬䉎⡛喑 Ꭳᠴ‫ܧ‬喑㢤‫ڝ‬ϧহ͚పϧᰶᒵ็‫ڞ‬ह◦ȡ㢤‫ڝ‬ϧ㷘⼝ͧĄ⁔≟ ⮱͚పϧą喑఍ₑ㢤‫ڝ‬ϧౕ䶳ч͚ప᪴ࡃ᫦䲏ᰡᰶ⌞Ꮣȡ ฼ᬚ㶎‫⩌ٵ‬㶕⹧喑͚ప⮱ࣾᆂБϧⳖⰛ喑ౕ᳽ψ᫦䲏喑 㢤‫ڝ‬Ꮑᒀा͚ప႓΍ȡ฼ᬚ㶎‫⩌ٵ‬䔅䄡喑͚పᮧᚔౕ㢤‫ڝ‬䮼 ัज㻮喑ВࡻͧͧҸ喑ᒵ็ϧᄦ͚ప‫ڙ‬थ̺γ㼐喑఍ₑᰶռ 㻮喑ѳ᭜ЃЙᎣ̺ⴒ䖀ࡻͧጟ㏼᠒ᰶ䊲䓴䶦ౕ‫∕⤰ڕ‬ ‫⮱ڹ‬ឭᱜ̀‫ݖ‬喑㔹́হ㠞ప⩢Ԏౕ䭟₏㑾㐉⟜㒗᫦䲏ᰶჳܴव ҉ȡᎡ⮱χ≟䛾㲺䷻ᯡᰡ᭫⹧γ͚ప⮱ᑧ๔჋߈喑͚㢤 ࣹ᫦⮱व҉Ꮑ๖ᬣ喑ౝ‫ݖ‬喑ϧহ喑ᰶф็ܴव◦喑ᓲᄳፓᲒᰡ Ꭼ䭁⮱व҉⮱ࣾᆂ⾧䬡ȡ 䭵ᬚ๔Ҭϸ㏺䄡喑ᒀЃऄ㢤‫ڝ‬ຠ⢸ᣒ㻮͸ᬣ喑⩞λЃ᭜ ຠ⢸ࢥШ‫ݺ‬ᣒ㻮⮱ᰭऻ̭Ѻ๔Ҭ喑఍ₑЃЙᰶᒵ็ᬣ䬡ϑ䄵ȡ ຠ⢸㶕⹧຦ჳܴ‫͚∕ڠ‬ప⮱ࣾᆂ喑Ꭳᄦ͚పःᓄ⮱᜽㐖ᙌ‫ݝ‬ᗷ

ᙌ‫ڡ‬䋐喑͚㢤जВౕф็䶳ഌᐭᆂ⌞Ꮣव҉喑➦‫ݘ‬᭜‫͇ۉ‬ȡ฼

γ)03"4*4喑 ࢠ‫ࡻ⤰ڕ‬ϧЮ͇უምчȡ๔Ҭ⼝䊋γ䉥Ӱч

๴喑͸ऻ๔Ҭহ喍ᒀᬣ喎༮᏶๗ၽহ⣈‫ٸ‬㺬⣈๗ၽະϑ䄵喑Ѓ

ᬚ㶎‫⩌ٵ‬䄡喑㢤‫⮱ڝ‬㏼≻ࣾᆂ䊷Გ䊷ӊЄλ᫝‫ڡ‬㏼≻Ҁ喑➦‫ݘ‬

ᄦӰ䔈͚㢤㏼≻ϑ≮⮱䛺㺮҉⩕喑Ꭳ㶕⹧ᄳ㐔㐚๔߈ᩜᠮ䉥Ӱ

Йᘶᔘౝఋᓳγ㜗ጞᎡ࣯ߍࡄϙຒ䓽чহᎡ࣯ߍ̷

᭜͚ప喑Ⱕᄦ‫ڣ‬ЃĄ䛾ⵃąపუ喑͚పᰡߍᐭᩫহ倅᩵ȡ

ч⮱ጒ҉ȡ

⊤̓ࢇч⮱Ҁ侹ȡϻ㢤‫ڝ‬⢸ბᄦ͚ప⮱γ㼐হ☚ᗲजⴒ㢤‫ڝ‬ऱ ⩹ᄦ͚ప⮱‫∕ڠ‬ȡ ฼ᬚ㶎‫⩌ٵ‬䄡喑㢤‫ڝ‬᭜̭͗䲋፥ᐭᩫ⮱పუ喑ࣺᄦԊ៑

๔Ҭ㶕⹧喑ᰭ䓾⮱΍ຒч̷喑΍ͨፚ䄡喑᜾Й㮪♣ᰶψ

हᬣ‫ܧ‬ፚч䃛⮱ᰶ͚ప侨㢤‫ڝ‬๔Ҭ亳ੳߎ࣯䊋ᱻ下‫ٵ‬

䬛䷅㺮‫ڞ‬ह䲏ᄦ喑ѳ⣝ౕ᭜̭͗‫ڞ‬ႅ‫ڞ‬䊏⮱̓⩹喑㺮Ⱕοव

⩌喑̭ぶ⼅ΓᲕӷᎠ‫⩌ٵ‬喑䉥Ӱчᕨ㏼⤳យ㺬㧆‫ڦ‬喍+BO

҉喑‫ڞ‬हិ㯸㈂և๔ȡᄦₑ喑฼ᬚ㶎‫⌞⩌ٵ‬㶕䊋हȡ

4JFNPOT喎 ‫⩌ٵ‬হ䉥Ӱч͚పੳчប㵹⼅Γ&JMFFO ;IBOH

ͨͶ喑ᄦ͚ప䲋፥ࣸສ喑ᙬᘼᄦ͚పែ䉱កᐭ๔䬕ȡ๔Ҭ㶕

฼ᬚ㶎‫⩌ٵ‬ϸ㏺γ䉥Ӱч⮱䛺㺮ᎡᏓ≨ߕ喑ຯ᫝᭒᠈ᒲ

⹧喑Ҭ亳ᣒᒲ䊷Გ䊷็⮱ప‫ڲ‬㔰ᄌఏ喑็᪝ᄦ㢤‫ٵ⮱ڝ‬䔈ឭᱜ

ч喑哆䙿ч喑͚పੳߎ຃ぶȡᎡ⮱≨ߕ͚喑Ѓ䛺◦ϸ㏺

២䓫㢤‫⩠ںऻڝ‬䄤㣤ःᅲ⪆䃥ज⮱⼸Ꮌȡ‫ڣ‬჋喑すιₒ᳽⻺ᘼ

ϧą̺ϲᰶᱰ‫ݖ‬喑䔅ᰶͶߎȡ℁ຯԊ㡽ϧ䰭㺮ᄦใప

Ͷ̷䛺ฺγጟ㷘䃮჋হ䃑ज⮱す̭ₒȡ

‫ڙ‬ℾ䉌䉐ࣷᄦ⼨ℾᅭᰶ㵹ᩬ᫦䲏ࣷԎᖜॷⴒ⮱Ͷߎȡ

.P.JᄳВ̷͑͗⼸Ꮌवι̭ͧ喑‫⮱Ⱋڣ‬᭜ᄳ⼸Ꮌキࡃ喑 Ҭ‫ڣ‬ᰡᰶ᩵⢴Ƞᰡᔘౝั⤳⩠䄤ȡ ᫝∂⮱すιₒ᭜ᑂ‫ڒ‬Ԋ㡽ϧ䉱ᵩȡԊ㡽ϧजВ᭜‫ڙ‬थȠጟ ྇ᝃ᱗྇⮱ѡӐȠ᪆㗟ᱧᲱぶȡԊ㡽ϧ⮱҉⩕᭜᜽ͧใప‫ڙ‬ℾ ౕ㢤‫៲⮱ڝ‬ԊϧᎣҬ‫ౕڣ‬㢤‫ڝ‬ःᓄᅲ⪆ࢎȡ 䔆͗ĄԊ㡽ϧąౕ͸‫⮱ݺ‬㈨㐌‫ͻ܍‬ᬍ䰭ឬ៲∂ᒸ䉐Шȡ㔹 㢤‫ڝ‬⣝А⼨ℾᩬゃ∂ȩ喍.P.J喎ጟλᎡᰵत᫪ 㵹ȡₑ∂䔪⏜‫ݝ‬Ꭱ喑ѳ᭜̭Ⱑ⩞λ㈨㐌⇎ᰶࣷᬣ䌌̷㔹 ᤮㒛ȡキ㔹㼭͸喑᫝∂ᰶ͑͗䛺㺮⮱䘕ܳȡ 仃‫ٵ‬喑᫝∂㜡߈λӰ䔈፥㻱⮱⼨ℾ⼸ᎼȡⰛ‫ݺ‬喑๔䘕ܳ⮱ ใప‫ڙ‬ℾ䘪䰭㺮ౕ᝭ౕపड़ߕ⩠䄤͡ᬣ䔈‫ڒ‬㢤‫⼸⮱ڝ‬Ꮌ喑ᒀ‫ڣ‬

ຠธȡ

ౕ᫝∂̸喑ĄԊ㡽ϧą䰭ឬ៲ⰥᏁ⮱ᱰ‫ݖ‬হͶߎȡ

䔊ࣺ䔆ψͶߎᄳчऄ‫ݝ‬ᰡ͒ᵩ⮱ᘖ㒇喑ຯ㒇⩇㜠ः⊵ ĄԊ㡽ϧą䉱ᵩȡ‫ڣ‬ᄩ㜡⮱ऻ᳉ᅞ᭜Ԋ㡽ϧᄳᬍ∂Ϙऄ⩠䄤倅ឭ ᱜ⼨ℾᬣ⮱㐬㞟ᔘ䕌䕇䖀喍ᝃ⩠䄤οᘍ⩌ᝃ᭜х⻭⮱႓⩌喎ȡ ᄦλ倅ឭᱜ⼨ℾ⮱䯴ͨ喑こव̭Ⴧ᲎У⮱‫ڙ‬थᄳчⰡᣒ㣤 ᓄĄԊ㡽ϧą䉱ᵩȡ‫ڣ‬Ѓ䯴ͨ㠒ᘠ㣤ᓄₑ䉱ᵩ喑जВౕ ᎡᰵᬒВऻ䔿ϑ̭Ъࢂ⠙⮱⩠䄤ȡ ⼨ℾᅭчᄦₑ⩠䄤ᩣः ⁔⮱᝸㐚䉦ȡ

Ԋ㡽ϧजВ䔿ϑ⩠䄤喑℁ຯ喑‫ڙ‬थȠ᪆㗟ᱧᲱȠοᘍ⩌㏱

ຯ᳉ҍᘠγ㼐ᰡ็‫ڠ‬λ.P.J⮱䉱䃜喑䄤㖁㈨⼨⺼ଶᒸ

㏴হჄ᪆㏱㏴ᰶज㘪᜽ͧĄ㷘䃑ज⮱Ԋ㡽ϧą喑䔆ψ㏱㏴ᝃ͗

ጵθߎ᝭͚ప䘕.POJSBI WBO .BSJTTJOHȠ"EBN %JFMT喑

ϧजВͧጹ᱈Გ㢤‫ࣾڝ‬ᆂ⮱ใప‫ڙ‬ℾ䔿ϑ⩠䄤ȡ

&WB #F[FNᝃ9JOXFO 3VBO喑WBONBSJTTJOH!FWFSBFSUOM 

ₑใ喑᝭ᰶ⮱Ԋ㡽ϧ喑ᅑ‫ڣ‬᭜Ą㷘ϧजᓄԊ㡽

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EJFMT!FWFSBFSUOM CF[FN!FWFSBFSUOM SVBO!FWFSBFSUOM


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China Times

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China Times

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30

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⊤➆͚᪴႓ᵎ

⑁䃟℁䊈

࣯㻯ࢇ➖亳

す̭⁎࣯ߍᮛ䕇䄊⑁䃟℁䊈喑᜾ᒵ⓭ߕΌ ᒵ倅‫ڡ‬ȡ䔆᭜̭͗㻮䃮᜾ᮛ䕇䄊႓΍⼸Ꮣ⮱ ສᬣᱧȡ᜾႓΍ⅶ䄚͑Ꭱγ喑ᐭ໸႓΍ग᭜ 㻶ᓄᏁ䄒䔶᠖̭䬕ᒵ䯫⮱ใ䄚Გᠾᝅ㜗ጞ喑 ᝭В䔶᠖⻨უᒵ䓾⮱͚᪴႓ᵎȡᚏᚏ⮱ᐭ໸ ⩞䄚䴠ႄᒏᐭ໸႓䊤喑႓ᵎ⮱㔮ጵᒵ㔽ᓰᒵ 䉌䉐Ш喑᜾Ό㐀ϑ‫ݝ‬γ㘪̭䊤㏰΍হ႓΍͚ ᪴⮱ສ᰸ࣸȡहᬣ喑᜾ᄦ͚ప⮱᪴ࡃΌ䊷Გ 䊷ᙌ‫ڡ‬䋐喑В㜠λ᜾ᘠ‫͚ݝ‬పࣨጒ҉႓΍ȡ ‫ڣ‬჋႓΍͚᪴ᰭ䛺㺮⮱ᅞ᭜㏰΍喑䌌᝭ᰶ 䄚㼭̭ᵤȡ㺮ߴ᪏ౝᐭऐ喑䔆ᵤ᝺㘪ិ䄚㼭 ႓΍ᓄ㲺ч䉜䕇喑अ᜽㜗ጞ⮱ȡ᜾ᰶສ็ह ႓ग᭜ౕ႓ᵎ⮱ᬣՆ႓΍喑ᩫ႓͸ऻևႹ҉ ͇͸ऻᅞ̺‫ں‬㖁㈨喑㔹᜾㘪႓ᓄᒵສ⮱࣌఍ ᅞ᭜᜾ᰶ̭͗Ą͚᪴႓΍цѡąȡ᜾Йч̭ 䊤㏰΍͚᪴喑Ѓ⮱❥❥ີີ᭜͚ప⼨ℾ喑㘪 䄡ౝ䖀⮱ᮛ䕇䄊Ό㘪䄡≮‫⮱ݖ‬㢤‫ڝ‬᪴ȡЃϻ

Ⴖ็㟙͚᪴႓ᵎ

ᄼ‫ݝ‬䓫๔ധ᱙䘪⩕㢤‫ڝ‬᪴হ❥❥ີີϑ≮喑 ѳ㜗ϻᐭ໸̸Ⴧ۠ᓰ႓΍͚᪴Ӭᐭ໸হუ䛹 ϧ⩕͚᪴ϑ≮喑᝭В䔈ₒ⺋䕌ȡ᜾‫ౕ⩌ܧ‬㢤 ‫ڝ‬ϧუᏚ喑უ䛹䲏⇎ᰶϧ䄡͚᪴喑᝭В᜾႓ ΍ᓄᒵఝ䯫ȡ᜾⮱ສ᰸ࣸᅞ䄡᜾ЙᎠᬣजВ ̭䊤‫ࣨܧ‬⣖喑䔆ᵤ᜾⮱͚᪴ᅞजВᓄ‫ݝ‬᣽ 倅ȡЃ䄡ᓄᒵᄦȡ ओใ喑᜾Ό⼜Ხ࣯ߍ្㏥⮱ែ⽬≨ߕ喑ߍ ᑧ᜾⮱Γ‫ۆ‬㘪߈喑हᬣⰸ‫្ݝ‬㏥⮨‫ܧ‬᜾⮱҉ ᪴喑᜾Όᒵ‫ڡ‬๸喑᭜̭⻺ₐ䲏⮱⓭ߞȡ Ϸ๖᜾࣯ߍᮛ䕇䄊℁䊈喑ᅞ᭜ͧγ㐆㜗ጞ ⮱ᮛ䕇䄊႓΍෋ߍ᫝⮱ߕ߈喑᜾ᓄ‫ݝ‬γ呀ߞ ຃喑㮪♣⇎ᰶऺ⁎喑ѳ᭜〆ౕ๔უ䲏‫͚⩕ݺ‬ ᪴⑁䃟᱙䏘ᅞ᭜̭͗ᓰ⤳̷⮱㘉‫ݖ‬ ᜾Вऻ㺮‫͚ݝ‬పࣨጒ҉႓΍⩌≨喑‫̭͗׼‬ ᒀౝϧ̭ᵤȡ᜾ч̺᫚ߗ߈ȡ

ᑍపᑧ

䃝Ⴖ็㟙͚᪴႓ᵎ喑ⅶ਽᪆㗟᪴ࡃ͚ᓰ̶ ࡮ρকᎡᵎᎳȡ‫ڣ‬ᬣძ჏ξ䯳喑⹫ఏ⁏⁐喑 ጵ⩌䌷䋰 Ąⅶ਽ąᵎᎳࡲρᎡ喑 㟞ఏ䩓ㄴ㞠䭠๖ȡ 䒨⁹ᰩ㝋‫͊܊‬〦喑 ⹫ఏⰈчᰡᬍ‫ݺ‬ȡ  ⼓ᇚ͸ዲ㏏ᶲᐭ喑 ̴ᱢࡰ᳊្᭒Გȡ ⅶ਽႓ᵎᰶࣹᶲ喑 䰗᭍㏏ᶲᩫ‫ٶ‬ᒖȡ  ̭㟞ᑂᲒ⮫㟞ᐭ喑 㟞٬ᱢᱢ↮ϧ❞ȡ ᵰᱻ␎చ㟞␎᳊喑 㠞༬߰ࣾ仕๖ใȡ

ҍⰸ‫ݝ‬Ѓᒵ๔ȡ᜾㻶ᓄ䔆፲⇦⩨᭜᜾ૉ❞ ⮱ȡ䔆፲⇦⩨᭜3FNCSBOEUWBO3JKO⩨⮱ȡ Ѓ⮱⇦⩨䘪⩨ᓄᒵສȡ ॡक़ྤ ጒ҉ϧঅ㐆᜾Й㼐䛷γᒵ็‫ڠ‬λЃЙ㐅 ⩨㗹ऻ⮱ᩲθȡ຦䃟⮱ᒵ⌲ẇ喑຦䃟⩨უ̭ ᐭ໸⩨キࢂ⮱⩨٬喑ऻᲒ䊷⩨䊷ᱧ▢喑䊷⩨ 䊷ᰶឭᱜȡ᜾㻶ᓄ⩨უⱌ̺ღᭀ⩨‫ܧ‬䔆͵ສ ⮱⩨ȡ᜾ⱌᓄᒵҖ᰺ЃЙȡ 䧌䧝٬ ⰸႹ .BVSJUTIVJT⮱҉৮喑᜾ЙᲒ‫ݝ‬γ ⣝А㞧ᱜ亳ȡ㞧ᱜუЙ⮱⩨䊷Გ䊷៪䆎γ喑 ЃЙិⱌ჋⮱➖Ҁ⩨᜽ऱ⻺䃑̺‫ܧ‬ᒏ⟣⮱͉ 㺬ȡϧЙ䘪㻶ᓄ䗐ψ㐅⩨ᒵ␯ϛȡѳ᭜᜾㻶 ᓄ᣼䔝ⱌ᭜౧ᮜ⮱⩨℁䗐ψ⣝А㞧ᱜ㒻⮱ ็喆ϧϧ䘪ᰶ㜗ጞ⮱ռ❞喑᜾㻶ᓄ̭ψ䲆 ➖喑๔㜗♣হ㗃‫⮱ⱌ׼‬᭜ᰭສⰸ⮱ȡ᜾Όጹ ᱈जВ‫׼‬䗐ψ㞧ᱜუ̭ᵤजВ⩨⮱䗐͵␯ϛ 㔹ࣵⱌ჋ȡ᜾ᒵ❞⩨⩨٬喑ᰶᬣՆ᜾ᰶᬣ䬡 ᜾Ό⩨ࢎ䕇喑ϧ➖ᝃ䲆➖ȡѳ᭜᜾⩨⮱⩨℁ 䗐ψࢇ➖亳䛹⮱㐅⩨ጛ⮱ᒵ䔉喆႓̭⮫ᎡΌ ̺ч‫׼‬ЃЙ⩨⮱䗐͵␯ϛ॔喆᜾ᕨ㻶ᓄຯ᳉ ҍ㻶ᓄᐭᓰ㔹ᰶ‫ڡ‬䋐ᅞ์γ喆ᬍ䃧ҍևϭ͵ जВ䃖ҍ㜗ጞᐭᓰ᭜ᰭ䛺㺮⮱ȡҍ⩨⮱̺ч ‫⩹̓ڕ‬ૉ⁏喑ѳ᭜ᕨчᰶϧૉ⁏⮱喆

⁔䭠ྲྀᮡ ౕ䛹䲏᜾ⰸ‫ݝ‬ᒵ็⩨喑ᒵ็᜾ౕ႓ᵎ Ό႓䓴γȡⰸ‫ݝ‬.POESJBBO喑7JODFOU WBO (PHI喑3FNCSBOEU WBO 3JKOぶ⮱⩨ȡ᜾ 㻶ᓄ7JODFOU WBO (PHI⮱5VJO UF BSMFTᰭ ສⰸ喑఍ͧЃ᭜⩕ᒵ็ᒵ็⮱ᄼ◦◦Ჱ᜽̭ ፲⩨ȡ᜾㻶ᓄ䔆ᵤ᭜̭͗ᒵ➦‫ݘ‬হ␯ϛ⮱᫦ ᐼȡ

䛾܎܎ ⊤➆ጯ⿸ࢇ➖亳䛹䲏Όᰶऱ⻺ऱᵤ⮱⇦ ⩨ȡᰶ̭፲⩨ᒵ๴ᕗ喑⇦⩨̷ҍⰸ‫̭͗ݝ‬ ϧ喑ҍࣨጓ䓦ҍⰸ‫ݝ‬䔆͗ϧᒵᄼ喑ҍࣨठ䓦

ÿÿႶ็㟙͚᪴႓ᵎᐧᵎ̶࡮ρᎡᲒ喑ᅞ ᭜ᰶγ䔆ᱢᱢ‫ן‬䰗䓻䱉⮱㏏ᶲ喍ⅶ਽͚᪴႓ ᵎ‫܊‬㖇γф็⮱吅吅๶⡛喑䓈ࠑ㕂㕅⮱ᔄᙬ ጒ҉㔲喎喑䓻Გγ᭒๖喑䓻Გγ⮫㟞Ⰸᩫ喑 䓻Გγᵰᱻ␎చȡ

㑃㔲ᠶ喟 ᳄㨊喑̭͗㘾䘕䛺₸⮱䱿Ꭱ‫ۉ‬ ℾ喑Ꭱ᭒๖ᐭ໸݈҉٬⁹〒䅐喑㜠Ϸ ጟ݈҉ऱㆨ٬⁹〒䅐҉৮҆仃喑ౕऱ ㆨ្ܷȠᱯᔄࣾ㶕҆仃喑ౕऱㆨ٬⁹ 〒䅐๔䊈͚㣤ᓄγ䓾͗຃䶦ȡ‫ڣ‬٬⁹〒䅐 ҉৮‫ڒ‬䔶Ȩ͚పᎡᏓ٬〒᪴႓ȩȠȨ͚పᰭ ҠᎩ٬᪴႓ȩȠᎩ٬చ䄫᱙হᄼ႓䄚᪴䄫ใ 䄨᱙ぶ็⻺Γㅺ喑็仃٬⁹㷘䅞ᰟ⑁ਫ਼Ꭳ ᩣ‫ڒ‬$%ȡ♣㔹喑ᙌߕ᜾Й⮱̺ग᭜䔆̺㤟

⃺华⩌㯸

⮱᜽㐖喑ᰡ็⮱᭜喑຦䖚䕴γ౻ತ⮱ϧ⩌喑 ࢡ᠒ᰶⱭ̭❴㒻ສ⮱‫ڲ‬ᓰ̓⩹ȡ ᳄㨊䃑ͧ喑٬⁹᭜ᄀ᪆λͽ⮱ᰭҠ᪴ Ҁ喑᭜̭⻺ᒵສ⮱᪆㗟٬〒⮱᫦ᐼ喑Ⴐᄦλ ႖ၽ⮱ᒞ৺᭜⒉⼨吅ࡃ⮱ȡ႖ၽ䔅ౕີີ㗇 ၽ䛹⮱ᬣՆ喑ᅞᐭ໸ᣒऄ٬⁹喑ີີ䌌჊჊ 䄡䄊喑㐆჊჊ᩫ㗻᪆䴠ͽ喑჊჊⃼๖ౕ䴠ͽ ⮱⚼䮣͚᜽䪬ȡぶ႖ၽᚏᚏ䪬๔喑⒉⼨吅ࡃ ͚႖ၽ⌽⌽㜗ጞᅞ㘪ਫ਼γȡ٬⁹ፓ㐆γ႖ၽ ᰭ݊⮱ᔘͽ喑Ⱑ‫ݝ‬႖ၽ䪬๔喑٬⁹̭Ⱑ䮗ѡ Ɑ႖ၽౕᔘͽ͚᜽䪬ȡ

ສ⮱٬⁹̭Ⴧ᭜‫〒␎ٲ‬䋐喑キⴚᬻᔘ喑 䄨䊤Გ᱄᱄̷ऐ喑㘪ౕす̭ᬣ䬡㐆႖ၽЙፓ Გᔘͽ⮱ȡ㺮‫〒␎ٲܧۆ‬䋐⮱٬⁹喑ᰭ䛺㺮 ⮱᭜㺮ᰶ̭䷄઱㞜⮱ᓰȡ઱㞜᝺㘪ϔ⩌〒 䋐喑ࣾ⣝〒䋐ȡ႖ၽ℁᜽ϧ〒䋐็喑ᅞ᭜఍ ͧЃЙ℁᜽ϧ઱㞜喑℁᜽ϧ㏜ⱌȡĄ᜾❞হ ႖ၽЙև᰸ࣸ喑হЃЙౕ̭䊤喑ᙌऄЃЙキ ࢂ⮱Ꭵ⺼Ƞ㏜ⱌ⮱ᔘͽ喑䃖᜾㻶ᓄ㜗ጞₐౕ হ႖ၽЙ̭䊤ᐭᓰౝ᜽䪬ȡą᳄㨊䄡喑Ą᜾ ិ‫ۆ‬٬⁹ᒀ᜽γ㜗ጞ⮱̭⻺䉐Шȡ䕇䓴٬⁹ 䔆͗䒪Ҁ喑᜾ិᓰ͚ⱌ઱㒻⮱ᕊᘠ̻႖ၽЙ

̭䊤ܳϘ喑ͧ႖ၽЙ䔮ࣨᰡ็⮱⁏ͽ喑Όᓄ ‫ݝ‬႖ၽЙ⮱᪙❞喑䃖᜾ᙌ‫ݝ‬㜗ጞ⮱⩌পহ⩌ ≨ᰡ‫ڤ‬ᰶγᘼͶȡ᜾㻶ᓄ҉̭ͧ͗٬⁹҉უ ᭜Ꭵ⺼⮱ȡą ᜾Йᄳчౕ䓾᱌⮱Ąᔘͽⅶ䄚ą͚喑ܷ ⮨᳄㨊⮱٬⁹䔶⮨ȡ

ᄼ厓卶  ᄼ厓卶喑ⱌㇷ⊯喑 ສ䄊౼䄊̺ܳ‫ܧ‬ȡ ႓ૉ卷喑႓͹卓喑 䃖ϧૉ⁏ࣵࢹᖣȡ

๔⃺华喑㯸⩌̸喑 Ą京७京७ąષฝ๔ȡ ჊჊፥र㢤࠲㯸喑 ៀិⶻㆠ䅏䅏Ⴐȡ

ᢣ㗹 ͹哌ܿⅡ喑 ܿᓄ๗㉜ȡ 㲰㴦Გγ喑 ፛ᔆᢣ㗹ȡ 䧠ၽᒀỹ喑 ‫ិ׼‬呀᧯ȡ েেেে喑 ͽ౼͹哌ȡ

៦ጰ

㮯㮮⮱䌜▜

ᄼ៦ጰ喑‫ͨڙ׼‬喑 ⾬Ɑ␯ϛ⮪㶐᰺ȡ ͧᄳ▝ᅅ䘪៦䮑喑 अ▝໾ཅΌ̺䶫ȡ

㥑▘㮘喑㡶̷։喑 ᄼ㮯㮮喑❙‫≋ܧ‬喑 ᝸㝋䋠䍵ⱌ倅‫ڡ‬喟 Ą᜾Йᄼࡧᰶ䌜▜喆ą

☔Ⅱร  ૊亞๔㗇ၽ喑 ❞౽▘▶ၽ喑 Ⅱᐭ०ਕၽ喑 ૤‫ܧ‬Ⅱ⤍ၽȡ




͚㢤ੳ൞ᐐॷ❵᱌$)*/"5*.&4"%7&35*4&.&/5

Ꭱᰵᬒ




͚㢤ੳ൞ᐐॷ❵᱌$)*/"5*.&4"%7&35*4&.&/5

Ꭱᰵᬒ




͚㢤ੳ൞ᐐॷ❵᱌$)*/"5*.&4"%7&35*4&.&/5

Ꭱᰵᬒ


௸ൢ

China Times

ϛ೉

34

㢤ϧ㢤θƌ4503*&4

www.chinatimes.nl Ꭱᰵᬒす᱌

ೊ៍‫ڸ‬ង٩ࠓ‫ޠ‬ᜱ߾ 㬴䛹ࢄ㍪㊞傾➦උᬒ‫ݺ‬㽗㤜喑͚స᫦䲏㊓

̺䕻喑㬴䛹ࢄϧᒵᔘ⮩⤫喑䏺ϧᩬ‷Ό᱗

ₑ喑傾➦උ҉‫ܧ‬ఋᛶ喑㿗㢤㭚ᩬᏉ‫↎⮱⩕ݖ‬吋

εⰥ⪣㺼ᵩ⮱⻛䕴喑㢤㭚᫦䲏ᰶ吋䚥䚥⮱ȡ䕆

㘪ᄴ㬴䛹ࢄ፣‫ܧ‬㋀┌ѻ䅤喑㔹䇗↎㙽᪄Ƞవၽ

䁶ϧ喑᭜㷘ᩣ䇤γ⮱ȡ傾➦උ䖱㷘ᠴᣔ䕟㵹䏺

仃‫ٵ‬᭜఍◧ౕ㢤㭚ͨ≮䑬䀃͚喑傾➦උ᭜㢤㭚

ᩬ⇨ࣵఋ⒛γ喑̺ᄾ䏺ჅΌև䊤γ⃿৮䇤䈐ȡ

▘ϑᭀȡᎡ⪣傾➦උა㿀ᅞ㖤͸ᒹ喑㢤

㺮᠅ᢂ⮱̭ԸĄ⃿䇖ą喑̭Ը᝸͚⇫␬ࣺᄺ≫

㬴䛹ࢄϧᄺ䏺ᩬᏉ⮱ԎШᬒ⑥⊵๞ȡ

㭚⪣᭯⮱ใϑ䘕䪤7FSIBHFO㿗喑Ą傾➦උग

僛㵭⮱⢕㷮㔲喑́㢤㭚㜴䕆Ը‫⃃ݺ‬ℾౝ⮱䬉ӯ

Ꭱᰵᬒ̭ൡ⽞◧ᰵᆍ⃧

ᰶ᰺γܾ᝺㘪䕟‫ڒ‬㢤㭚ȡą‫ڣ‬᭯喑⁽≟ܾ䂓㉱

喍%FDFNCFSNPPSEFO喎⮱θУ͚喑็䖁

㎁ጟ㋀ᄺ傾➦උ⮩‫ܧ‬䕇㌊Б喑̺䕻喑傾➦උᬏ

ࣨᎡᰵᬒ喑㢤㭚ใϑ䘕ङఋγ份㬴䛹

Ѻ⮱ᩬ⇨ࣺᄺ≫䵅㷃ᨇ⽞䖚‫ݝ‬തᩬᩬᏉ⮱ᯄ

◧̭స͸㍪㊞喑‫ڤ‬ᰶ䅮‫‷ٺ‬喑䕛ᢂ喑ज㘪ग᭜

ࢄ๔Ҭ"BSU +BDPCJ喑⤳⩞᭜⪣᭯㬴䛹ࢄసᰰ

⃧喑₨㔲࠲᠙ᒸፘȠ㽅㔲ȠႥ㔲হጒᰰ䵅㷃

̭⽛̺ᓄ̺㿗⮱Ⴥ᫦㿋㼭ȡ㔹㬴䛹ࢄస‫ڔ‬傾➦

䕇䕻⮱๔䊓∂喍BNOFTUJFXFU喎喑㾟∂⮱䕇

ぶ喑‫ऺ̭͚ڣ‬᭜㢤ㅺ㽅㔲ȡ⪣᭯傾➦උᩬᏉ⮱

උ᝭ᆙᩬ吕/%1㿗喑㢤㭚⮱‫↧ݑ‬㊟℘̺ᰰᒞ

䕻Ҭ‫ౕݝ‬㢤㭚Ⱪ͚᭜Ꭱᰵᬒ䀭⃧θ

᫝㖋‫ڙ‬ѵ㿗₨㔲᭜఍◧Ą㾓ృ䔰䋾㔹̺ࣵ㖪刡

䴬傾➦උ⮱ᩬ⇨⩌⋜ȡ

У͚⮱⪾⟜喑࠲᠙⤫Ш㍪㊞傾➦උぶϧ̺‫ں‬

Ỻ䂓ॷ㔹㷘ᄱ⃧ą喑ѳ᭜㢤㭚᫦䲏⮱㿬ᴒ㿗喑

ओใ喑ౕ̭Ⴤౕ㬴䛹ࢄ᱙ౌ䊤㽡傾

ᰰऄ‫ݝ‬䊤㽡ȡౕ⪣᭯⮱㢤㭚ใ䪤3PTFOUIBMⰸ

₨㔲ᅺ倁䶜⹧‫ܧ‬ऄ㭽ᒲ⮱䌎䆎喑⩇㜠̭ϧ㷘䫦

➦උ⊶ࣷᎡĄᰵ䀭⃧ą⮱Ⴥथ҉

ҳ喑䕆᭜㊓Ąᰵ䀭⃧θУ͚₨䰐㔲䖧ᆙ⮱

‫ޟ‬喑ᄱ⃧‫ݴ‬᭜㧱ᘼ⮱䀭⃧ȡₑθУБ㢤㭚⪣ᅭ

‫ܧ‬㷮↧͸‫ݺ‬喑㬴䛹ࢄసᰰ䕇䕻γ๔䊓∂

̭㽅㕠‫ٶ‬ą喑᫩᭜↧Ⴧ᧑ఋ๔Ҭȡ仃Ⱕ९➦Ό

䲋፥̺␬喑აѵ᫤㊂γᄺ㬴‫⮱ࢄݖ‬㋀┌ᤡߖȡ

喍BNOFTUJFXFU喎喑࠲᠙⤫Ш㍪㊞傾➦උぶ

აѵ͚₏‫ݺٵ‬ឬ䀫⮱ा㬴䛹ࢄ᣽ӈ⮱㥙

䕆ԸθУ喑̭Ⱑ᭜㢤㬴䬉ӯₐ፥⮩ᆂ⮱ᩁ

ϧ̺‫ں‬ᰰऄ‫ݝ‬䊤㽡喑఍ₑ㷮↧Όᅞ̺ᰰ‫⤫ܧ‬ȡ

⁽ٰ⮱ᤡߖȡ♣㔹喑傾➦උ㖪‫⊵ݝ‬ᖜ͸ᒹ喑̺

䌜㭻ȡ㜴ₑह᭯喑㬴䛹ࢄᑤϧ傾➦උᰡ̭Ⱑ᭜

䕆θУ‫⓭⁎ں‬ᔿγ㢤㭚喑᫩᭜ᣎःङఋ份㬴䛹

В◧♣ౝఋめ㿗喟㬴䛹ࢄ喑㜠ᄾ᜾Ծ⮱ᩬᏉ喑

Б㢤㭚䵚⫩ѳࣵ♎ज๵҂⮱ϧ➖ȡ

ࢄ๔Ҭ⮱᫦ᐼ䕟㵹ោ䂝ȡ

̭Ⱑ᭜㮂᫩䷱᥃̺Ⴧ⮱⟭ᙸ͸̸ȡ

̺ᰰ㷘㢤㭚⊤➆⮱䕆ψմࠂ҉ழѼ⮱ȡ ᬒ‫ݺ‬喑㢤㭚ࣵ≫䖐&SOTU /PPSNBO‫ܧ‬Ш 份㬴䛹ࢄĄ㜕᭯๔Ҭą喑䰃᭜㜕᭯⮱喑ѳ᭜㢤 㭚྿倁⽞㢤㬴䬉ӯᓄ‫ݝ‬γᩦ઱ȡ

㢤㭚̭Ⱑጹ᱈䕇䕻∂ᒸ⼸Ꮌᄴ傾➦උ㎖͸

⤫ౕ喑䰃♣㬴䛹ࢄ⮱๔䊓∂Ϻ♣⩌᩵喑̺

᫩∂喑࠲᠙ᠴ䇙‫ڣ‬᭜࡮ιᰵᆍ⃧⮱ͨ䀭Вࣰࣷ

䕻喑⊤➆⮱തᩬ㔲ࢨ㾺◧喑䛺᫝ा㬴䛹ࢄ≫份

㜴䇖⃿ぶぶ喑ѳ᭜䘪᱗㘪๼᩵ȡ

๔Ҭ㉇‫ݒ‬ใϑჅ⮱Ą᭯ᾌጟ㋀᜽⛌ąȡ

ౕ₤㋀γᎫᎡ⩞傾➦උͨᄻ⮱䏺ᩬ͸ᒹ喑

̺䕻喑㢤㭚ใϑ䘕⮩㼭ϧ㿗喑䛺᫝≫䖐๔

䕆⁎ⰸ䊤ҳ᭜㢤㭚̺ᓄ̺᰺䐌⮱㶕⤫ȡ఍

ౕస䯈⹫ᰰ⮱฀߈͸̸喑Ꭱ㬴‫ࢄݖ‬䏺ᩬ

Ҭ㉇ใϑჅ份㬴喑̺ぶ᫩㢤㭚ౕ๔䊓∂੼䵹⮱

◧㢤㭚᫦䲏᱙ҳ㺮䃀&SOTU /PPSNBO‫ܧ‬Шₐ

Ꮙ㷘䔘䛺᫝ઌࠂℾͨែ⺕⮱ᾌ‫ݣ‬喑ѳែ⺕ᒹ᜽

⿸ൡ̷ᰶ᝭ᩦ䂷喑Ą᜾Ծ㾺◧喑㬴䛹ࢄ⮱๔䊓

ᐼ๔Ҭ⮱喑ѳ᭜㬴䛹ࢄใϑ䘕ࢨ㾺◧᭯ᾌ̺᜽

⿸⮱ℾͨᩬᏉ喑ౕࣵⴚⴚ‫ږ‬Ꭱᒹ喑᫩Ꭱ

∂ᓲ䴵ᐏ₏喑఍◧䕆ᒞ䴬γ̭Ἦₐౕ䕟㵹⮱∂

⛌喑⩇叩᭯Նឦ۳&SOTU /PPSNBO◧๔Ҭ喑

̭Ꮣ䖚䕴䏺θᩬ䂷㔹㷘ᣕ㔨ȡ䕆⁎⮱ᩬ䂷‫ײײ‬

ᒸ㽡㽌ȡą

ः↧᫩㬴䛹ࢄᩬᏉ᫦䲏⮱ᙸᏓȡ

䕇䕻̭Ը䰨㾞ᅞᄓ⤫γ喑傾➦උࣵ㷘㾺◧᭜ᎂ

㢤㭚ᩦ䂷‫ݺ‬Шใ䪤⮱և∂喑Ό䌌᫝Шใ䪤

ᒹ᧺㍞䕆⁎䏺θᩬ䂷⮱叾᝸ȡ̺䕻喑䕆⁎ᩬ䂷

⮱ᙸᏓ䑶䂷ᰶ䬉ȡ⤫ใ䪤5JNNFSNBOT̷Ш

͸ᒹ͓↿ᰶ‫⤫ܧ‬䏺ϧതᩬ喑ग᭜ᰡᤈγ㍪㊞ȡ

̺Ͳ喑ᅞა⽞喑‫ږ‬స⮱䬉ӯᓲ䴵ᰡߍ㋷ჳ喑఍

㬴䛹ࢄ㜷⽞㢤ᆙౚϋ䗐喍/FEFSMBOET (VJBOB喎喑࣌◧㢤㭚ౕࢄ㒻≟⮱⃃ℾౝ喑 Ꭱ᜽◧㢤㭚⊤ใ㜗⇨Ⱞ喑Ꭱ㙘䰏㢤 㭚㔹⢕⿸ȡ ⢕⿸ᒹ⮱㬴‫Ⱑ̭ࢄݖ‬㮂᫩ᩬ⇨̺⾖Ⴧ⮱ᅭ

Ꭱ⮱๔䖥͸ᒹ喑㒲㈺ᓤ•䳸‫ڔ‬㦯Ⴖ

ₑ㺮ᖏᓖ倅ᆑ⁎⮱ใϑȡ

喍3POBME 7FOFUJBBO喎⪣䖥㍪㊞喑Ѓ㾓ృᖏ

‫م‬ノ‫ږ‬సᩬ⇨হใϑ⮱ᆑ䲏䖱㮂᫩ۤ᝝䮻

ᓖ䌌㢤㭚⮱ࣸສ䬉ӯ喑Όःᓄγ̭Ⴧ⮱᜽㍫ȡ

⃢喑ѳ᭜䰆᫦⮱थ∂Ƞ䂓ࠆȠ㋀┌হ᪴ࡃ⮱ϑ

ࠏ喑఍ₑᒵ็㬴‫ࢄݖ‬ϧౕ䕆⃢᱌䫀䖥᧴ఋ‫ݝ‬㢤

̺䕻喑ౕℾͨᾌ‫ݣ‬͸̸喑傾➦උᎡ

㭚᱙ౌȡ㬴䛹ࢄ⮱㋀┌Ό̭Ⱑ̺ᮜ⅐喑๞ẚ⢴

䕇䕻䖥㜶㔹̷झȡЃౕᎡ䛺᫝઀ࠂℾ

/PPSNBOጟ㋀‫ڒ‬Ѽ๔ҬჅ䗥喑͓ጹ᱈䕆

ᒵ倅喑ℾᕕẢ๔ȡᎡ喑В傾➦උ◧仃⮱

ͨᾌ‫⮱ݣ‬ᒏࠏ̸‫ޢ‬䓓γసუℾͨ吕/%1⮱喑

Ⴥ䗥㘪ํ⮩ᤛ䃀䰆᫦倅ᆑᰡߍჳܴᣒ㼥⮱ߌ㘪

ѺᎡ䑂䏺Ⴥౕ๔䖥‫̭⮱ݺ‬Ըᰵ⮩ࠂ↿ᰶᔻ

㾟吕̺᫤⮩ᆂผ๔喑㉯᫩ౕᎡ๔䖥͚ࠊ

হ҉⩕ȡ䕻ࣨ喑㢤㭚份㬴๔Ҭ乕ౕຠ⢸ᬒ⮱᭯

叩≮㵭⮱ᩬ䂷喑㉱᜽γ䏺ᩬᏉ喑傾➦උᨁШγ

‫ܧ‬喑傾➦උ‫ܧ‬Ш㍪㊞ȡ

Ն㍪㺮㜶㵹䙿ᰰ喑㬴䛹ࢄ⮱ᰭ倅䵅㷃䘪ᰰ‫ܧ‬ፚ

≮व҉ጟ㋀䪸ᆂᓄ̺䡜喑/PPSNBOຯ᭜㿗ȡ

̭Ըసუ䏺θ༁਎ᰰ⮱ͨፚ喑ᄓ䯈̷᭜సუ⮱

䕆᭜㢤㭚ᩬᏉᒵ̺Ἧᘼⰸ‫⮱ݝ‬θᗲȡ

⮱喑ѳ᭜傾➦උ̷झ͸ᒹ喑䕆⽛և∂ᩦ䂷γȡ

ᰭ倅䵅㷃ȡ⩞᫩ᩬ䂷ᒹ⮱䏺ᩬᏉក‫ܧ‬γᢰ䮑䇗

Ꭱ喑㢤㭚∂Ꮪᰫ㋀ᄺ傾➦උ҉‫ܧ‬㑧

ᬻᎡএ喑ᬻᎡ㢤㭚⮱స⢸ᬒএ喤ᰰ䖭㿸傾➦උ

↎ᩦ઱ϧℾ⩌≨৮䈗⮱㽡Ⅿ喑തᩬ݊᱌๔㜡⢟

ፚᄖ‫ݑ‬喑ᠴᣔ‫ڣ‬䌌̭Ⴤ‫ڙ‬᫑जࢎ఍䊝⻮ᵵ

ᓄϧℾ⮱Ԏ䈡喑㢤㭚ᩬᏉΌ䖱㋚ᠮ㦄হ㬴䛹ࢄ

ᰶ䬉喑䕆ψ⃿৮᭜ౕ㢤㭚㷘ᴒ⢟⮱ȡ㋀䕻̭⪗

⮱㞜ສ䬉ӯ喑᣽ӈ᝭䰭⮱㋀┌ᤡߖȡ

ᒸፘহ∂Ꮪ⮱䐰䛼喑傾➦උ㷘‫ܾݑ‬Ꭱ喑ᄺ

䕟‫ڒ‬㢤㭚Ҭ乕৮ୄ儎傇হᾆ㞟ᄼ串Ꭶૻ喤

ᩬᏉВ⃼Ըມ䯥㢤Ⱛ⮱‫ئ‬ᵩ䈍ٌ

‫̭⩞ײײ‬ψ➦䖭ଶ䈀⮱䮗ह̸Ⴙ᜽ᤚᎂ‫ح‬ᐼ

㊓ມ䯥ͨ喑҉◧㸉ٌЃԾĄ䇎⩏⮱᤺

⮱喑̺ᄾ㬴䛹ࢄϧহႶᓤ݄᫜ϧ䘪࡮̺ܳ

๞ąȡౕ䕆็Ꭱ⮱ᣕ㵹ມ䯥‫ݣ‬₤ट͚喑

␬ȡ

ѝ㼵㢤㭚ੳϧិ䲋≟⮱叾ϧ䇖䈐‫ݝ‬㒻≟⪣ມ 䯥⮱ᰶ㥙ϧ喑ҁ⁽≟䇖䈐㍪᪥⮱ȡ

ೊ៍ኁଷѸᗶ‫ښ‬261໋Ԓ

ࠂ喑ౕ7FSEPOL⏃‫׆‬А㶕ᩬᏉ⢨㟞వ⮱᭯ Ն喑๔ឦℾⱫ㶊䕟⤫ൡ喑7FSEPOLगᰶౕԊ Ⴖহ䂓਎⮱䂤㶈̸䰏ࣨȡᎡ⮱㈭ᔢ≨

⮱㢤㭚㺬࢝Ꮣ‫ڙ‬थ8*$ល⑁γ̭Ը䛺㺮⮱㻿

ࠂ͚喑ᆙ᫩ጒ吕⮱᪆㗟䘕䪤1MBTUFSLౕ䁈㾞

㞟ȡ⪣Ꭱ㺬࢝Ꮣ‫ڙ‬थᓋߍ㈺ぶౝ⮱ϧ䇖ၽ͚

͚̺ᓄ̺঩㆟喟㢤㭚̺㺮ᔅ㽅ມ䯥‫ݣ‬䕆⃢₤

ᩣ䈩叾ϧ喑䇖䕸‫ݝ‬㒻≟喑‫͚ڣ‬㬴䛹ࢄ⮱༮᏶

टȡ

䰃♣ມ䯥‫ݣ‬ᬖᅞᐏ䮑γ喑ѳ᭜㢤㭚ᩬᏉ ᰵᬒ喑స⢸༮᏶•䭬₤ᆞ๔হ⢸ऻ仙‫ٸ‬

ࣰߍ≨ࠂ⮱喑䖱ᰶҳ㜗㬴䛹ࢄȠߍ㈺Ƞ

ᒵ䪤᭯䫀Вҳ↿ᰶₐᐼ◧ມ䯥‫ݣ‬䖀⁶ȡ‫ݝ‬γ

㺬⦗ౕ䭬໳᫜➦ͦ⮱0PTUFSQBSL‫ܧ‬ፚγ̭Ը

䭬傜ጡহᏘ៶㉏⮱ⴒऺϧธ喑䕆ψసუহౝ

Ꭱ喑⪣Ꭱ⮱ใ‫׾‬䘕䪤7BO#PYUFMౕࢄ䲋

㈭ᔢ㢤㭚ᐏ䮑ມ䯥‫ݣ‬䕞Ꭱ⮱≨ࠂ喑‫ޜ‬仃

࡭喑䘪᭜⪣Ꭱມ䯥‫⮱ݣ‬Ą䛺▪࡭ąȡ

ࣰߍ㖜वస⮱ࣺ⽛᫼ₔ㻃ᰰ䂝喑᝺А㶕㢤㭚

㜶㵹≨ࠂ⮱ౝ吋ᰶ̭㉱㈭ᔢ㓑‫׼‬喑᭜̭

ᩬᏉ߶ᑤ㿗γऒĄ◧⪣Ꭱࣰ㜴ມ䯥䇖䈐㶕⹧

Ѻ㬴䛹ࢄ㬊㶀უ⮱‫҉ޢ‬喑Ꭱ㽚⿸͓⩞⪣

⌞⌞⮱‫⫇ڔ‬ąȡ⤫䭬໳᫜➦ͦጯ䪤7BO EFS

㿗᭜㢤㭚ᐏ䮑ມ䯥‫ݣ‬喑ᄓ䯈̷᭜ᐏ䮑⪣

᭯⮱ຠ⢸#FBUSJYᤚᎂ‫ޗ‬ᒖȡ̺䕻喑ᬒ‫≨⮱ݺ‬

-BBO㾺◧ᅞ᭜䖀⁶⮱ᘼᕊγ喑̺䕻喑Ѓጹ᱈

Ꭱ㢤㭚ౕ⃃ℾౝ㬴䛹ࢄহႶᓤ݄᫜᝭ᣕ㵹⮱

ࠂ͚喑స⢸๘ྒྷग᭜⢨γ㟞వ喑͓↿ᰶ⮩㶕

‫ڔ‬䫐Ⴥ਎ౕ⃼⁎⮱㈭ᔢ≨ࠂ͚䘪‫ں‬㿗̭䕺ȡ

ມ䯥‫ݣ‬ȡ◧ₑ喑"TTDIFSА㶕㢤㭚ᩬᏉ‫⁎ں‬

䁈㾞喑䕆Б̭ψࣰߍ≨ࠂ⮱ϧธᙌ‫ݝ‬๞᱈ȡ

䘪‫ܧ‬ፚγ≨ࠂ͓҉γ⑁䁈ȡ

᫜⹫౅ⴒ䖀Ⴖᢿ͸ᒹ喑ౕ⤫ൡ㉱㎁γោ䂝≨

ౕ㢤㭚⮱ມ䯥䇖䈐₤ट̷喑Ꭱ᜽⿸

೻᭜Ըϑᭀ〆ȡ

Ⱕ"TDIFSȠ䭬໳᫜➦ͦጯ䪤7BO EFS -BBO

Ꭱ⪣᭯⮱ใ‫׾‬䘕䪤7FSEPOLᛶ䖭 ࣰߍ㈭ᔢ≨ࠂҢ⮩㶕⑁䁈喑㬴䛹ࢄহႶᓤ݄

ౕ䭬໳᫜➦ͦ⮱0PTUFSQBSL㜶䓓㈭ᔢ≨

◧㢤㭚⪣Ꭱᣕ㵹ມ䯥‫ݣ‬হࣰ㜴ມ䯥䇖䕸㔹㶕

㢤㭚ᣕ㵹ມ䯥‫ݣ‬হᓋθມ䯥䇬ᭀ喑

ࠂ᭜ᓋᎡ᝺䪸໸⮱喑䪤ㆠ倅ㆠ⮱㓑

⹧‫⫇ڲ‬ȡጯ䪤7BOEFS-BBO‫ݴ‬ឬ㾺喑⪣Ϸ䭬

ᰫ㋀ᰶ็Ꭱ⮱₤ट喑Ⱑ‫ݝ‬

‫׼‬ຯ̷᝭䔝᭜Ꭱᤚᎂ⮱喑ѳ᭜ᤚᎂ⪣Ꭱ

໳᫜➦ͦ䕸⇠፣⮱๔䘕ܳᐧヶ喑᭜⪣Ꭱມ䯥

Ꭱ⮱ᰵᬒ᝺ₐᐼᐏ₏喑აѵມ䯥◧

ᅞᘦ‫ܧ‬吋ᄼ叨⚖喟⪣ᅭ̺‫ٮ‬㽞㬴䛹ࢄぶℾⱫ

䇬ᭀ⮱ᩣ‫ڒ‬䇴ߖᐧ᜽⮱ȡ

㜗⩞ϧ喑䕆ᮇγ㠞సᎡȡ⪣᭯㢤㭚

䕟‫ڒ‬ᤚᎂ‫⤫⻛ڥ‬ൡ喑ຠ⢸᭜ౕহℾⱫ䯁䰏Ƞ


35

͚㢤ੳ൞ᐐॷ❵᱌$)*/"5*.&4"%7&35*4&.&/5

Ꭱᰵᬒ


36

͚㢤ੳ൞ᐐॷ❵᱌$)*/"5*.&4"%7&35*4&.&/5

Ꭱᰵᬒ


37

͚㢤ੳ൞ᐐॷ❵᱌$)*/"5*.&4"%7&35*4&.&/5

Ꭱᰵᬒ


38

Ꭱᰵᬒ

͚㢤ੳ൞ᐐॷ❵᱌$)*/"5*.&4"%7&35*4&.&/5

す〆

͚㢤ੳ൞Ą᪴ࡃ͸᫲ą≨ࠂ ೰㜺❫ࢇ➖乕 ⊤➆ᄼϧస

⩞͚㢤ੳ൞㜶䓓⮱᪴ࡃ͸᫲≨ࠂₐౕ▘⛞䕟㵹 ͚喑፣䵅䂭㔲ࣰ㻭㢤㭚➦㞟᪴ࡃᮜ吋ȡ᱙≨ࠂᬕ ౕ◧䂭㔲᣽ӈγ㼐㢤㭚₤ट᪴ࡃ⮱ᾌᰰ㜴Ꭰ㜧喑 䃀᜾Ծ䂭㔲ᰡສ⮱㲺‫ݝڒ‬㢤㭚⹫ᰰȡ

≨ࠂᒏᐼࣷ≮⼸喟 ൞ऺࣰߍ᜾Ծ⮱᪴ࡃ͸᫲≨ࠂ 喍൞ऺ᫦ᐼ㺸̸᫦喎 䕟㵹ࣰ㻭≨ࠂ喑᱌䫀ᄻ䕷䕟㵹䁈㼐 ࣰ㻭㔲जВౕ≨ࠂ͚䕟㵹ϑ≮喍ᝃ៺⚔喎 ࣰ㻭㉽᲌ᒹ喑䂭㔲ᄘ̸䯕びȠ 䕷㽅ᝃࣰ㻭ᩨ⪒ぶ᪴」喑ែ⽬㊓͚㢤ੳ൞ ͚㢤ੳ൞䖥⮨ٗ⻭҉৮ᝃ㇫ᒖ҉৮⃢㥪 䖥‫ܧ‬ᰭҠ҉৮̭Ъ喑 㾟䂭㔲ज⢟ᓄ‫ئ‬թ⁽ٰ⮱ࢇ➖乕Ꭱࢎ̭ᑢ

ѡ䯕㦄䂭㔲Ծ⮱⛞ᗲ喑व҉๒ѡ⮱‫߈׫‬ ᩜᠮ喑͚㢤ੳ൞⮱Ą᪴ࡃ͸᫲ąጟ㋀䕟㵹γ 〆ȡ す̶〆᜾Ծࣰ㻭γ೰㜺❫ࢇ➖乕হ仙ᓤ㒲 ͦᄼϧసȡ䕆̭〆⮱≨ࠂౕ᪴ࡃ͚‫␬ٲ‬γ䋐ঠ ᕔ喑൞ऺ᱌䫀᜾Ծᅞጟ݊㺸‫ڣ‬ऄ₎䓻⮱⼸Ꮣȡ ҳԎ㾏੼⮱䂭㔲ᓋᎡ䑂Ⴅ⩌喑‫ݝ‬Ꭱ䪤㔮ϧ喑䖱 ᰶ፣㦄ᄼ႖⮱̶ऐ͸უȡज⩞᫩ऺ䵺⮱䭽‫ݣ‬喑 ᜾Ծᰭᒹ̺ᓄ̺ᓋⱫ็൞ऺ㔲⪣͚䖥‫ऺܧ‬ ҳࣰߍ᱙⁎≨ࠂȡᄺ᫩᱗㘪ࣰߍ‫ݝ‬䕆⁎≨ࠂ⮱ 䂭㔲喑᜾Ծ䖱፣ᰶψ㽞䖄᛫喑Ⱙ᱈ЃԾ䖱㘪ํ ࣰߍ‫ݝ‬᜾ԾВᒹ⮱Ą᪴ࡃ͸᫲ą⪣͚ȡ᜾Ծጒ ҉ϧ਎ܴ䏘ᙌऄ㦄䕆Ը≨ࠂ⮱吋␡᜽䪤㜴䕟 ₒ喑ह᭯Ό⽺㉜γ䊷ҳ䊷็⮱㋀侄喑ᄺ≨ࠂ㉝ ロߍВᩦ䕟ȡ䂭㔲ౕ≨ࠂ⪣͚ᄺ᜾Ծጒ҉⮱⤳ 㼐হ䙺व喑ΌБ᜾Ծᙌࠂ̺ጟȡ

≨ࠂ⪣๖喑᪡Ը㵹⼸䲋፥ౝ䑂倳ᘶᖲȡ೰ 㜺❫ࢇ➖乕⮱乕䪤.BSDFM8FTUFSEJFQ‫⩌ٵ‬㻗 㜗❟᜾Ծևγᄻ䕷ȡЃᄺᒲጒ҉⮱ᄵẚ喑ᄺࢇ ➖乕θẚ⮱⛞ᔞ喑㲺‫ݝڒ‬Ѓ⮱Ꭺ吅㿋㼭⪣͚喑 ◧᜾Ծ䕟㵹γ⩌ࠂ䁈㼐喑Ό㜴䂭㔲Ծᰶᒵ็ οࠂ喑Ꭳ㾺ⱌఋめЃԾ⮱ऱ䶋੼䵹ȡ೰㜺❫喑 䕆Ѻ㦄ऺ⮱㢤㭚㎗ృ๔ፘ喑‫ޢ‬䕍γຯₑ๴ໆ⮱ 㻃㻧̓⩹喑䃀᜾Ծ๔უᄺ㜗ጞ⮱ⱩⲈΌᰶγ䛺 ᫝㾺䂅ȡᘠᓲϧ⩌ਟႥΌ᭜ຯₑ喑᝭㺸͓䲋᝭ ᄓȡᄺ᫩೰㜺❫⮱䕆ψ⺋๴҉৮喑᜾Ծ⮱䂭㔲 䕷㽅͚ᰰ㊓εᰡ‫ڤ‬倁⌞ܴ⮱᣼㎗ȡ ㉽᲌γ೰㜺❫̓⩹⮱๴ໆ͸᫲喑᜾Ծ㎩㎹ ‫ݺ‬ᒭओ̭๴ໆ̓⩹ þ 仙ᓤ㒲ͦȡⷝጔ䕆๖᭜ 㢤㭚㔮‫ڢ‬䕷㵹⮱ᬒၽ喑᜾ԾᰶᎥ̭Ⲧ㢤㭚㔮‫ڢ‬ ䷕༬⮱ह᭯喑ࢨΌ఍◧‫ڞڙ‬ϑ䕇⮱䭨᫤喑गສ ₒ㵹㜠仙ᓤ㒲ͦȡ❟γ㘪ᰡສౝ䕷㻪ᮜ吋喑᜾ ԾႶᢿ䂭㔲ౕ仙ᓤ㒲ͦ䕟㵹γ㜗⩞ࣰ㻭ȡᰶ⮱ 䂭㔲䖱䖥᧴γ։⪆㜠้ᮇ喑⁐䈋䕆㸎⢕➦⮱้ ᮜȡ ᜾Ծጹ᱈ₑ⁎ࣰ㻭⮱䂭㔲Ծহጒ҉ϧ਎̭ ὐ喑Ꮣ䕻γ̭Ը㒻ສ⮱䕞᱘̸ࡵȡ

〆▘⛞ᓢ䯳 す〆▘⛞ᓢ䯳 䊝䔈๔㜗♣ઓ喆

Ą᪴ࡃ͸᫲ą ≨ࠂౝ吋ᰶ⡻ᒮ䯳喟 ᗕ᭜॓ᒵᘠࣰ㻭㢤㭚᳽Ը᪴ࡃᮜ吋喑ѳ̭Ⱑ᱗㘪᜽㵹喑 ᝃ㠓᫩ϑ䕇̺Ӭ喤 ◧γᰡສ⮱ఋ乸䂭㔲͓Ⴙ઱᜾Ծ⮱≨ࠂ喑͚㢤ੳ൞⤫䲏 ा䂭㔲ᒮ䯳᱗ҳ⮱≨ࠂౝ吋ȡᗕजВ䕇䕻᜾Ծ⮱൞ऺ㖜 ㈨᫦ᐼ喑ិᗕᙌ㜵䋐⮱ᮜ吋ॷ㽡᜾Ծȡ ܎᭜ࣰ㜴⮱䂭㔲喑౴ᰶᾌᰰ⢟ᓄ㇫㒻⻛৮̭Ъȡ

㐬㞟ᄼ೻"NFSTGPPSU⍥㝦 ߕ➖చ "NFSTGPPSU喑̭Ꮤ䷻ᮜ⻭㒻⮱ᄼ ೻喑Ѻλ㢤‫͚ڝ‬䘕͹➦߿ᩜⰮ喑ᰶⱭ ͚̓㏗⮱㶄䖀Ƞᐧま喑В̶ࣷ⮫็ั ̷ࡰᎡ⮱ࢳटऑ䔦喑Ꭱ䔅㷘䃱 ͧĄ⁔≟ᰭҠ㐬㞟೻ጯą͸̭ȡ͚㢤 ੳ្̻"NFSTGPPSU᫲⍥ᅭव҉喑㇫ ᓰゃܿγ䔆⁎Ą᪴ࡃ͸᫲Ąすఈ〆≨ ߕȡ ᅪノ⍥㝦ౕ䭬໳᫜➦ͦᰭͧ‫ܧ‬ ऺ喑ѳ"NFSTGPPSUΌ℘̺䔷㞟ȡ⍥ 㝦喑̭⻺࣌໸喑ࢡࣵ㕠Ⱋ̭᫝⮱᫦ᐼ ҳᣏ㉏䔆Ꮤ೻ጯȡᒀᗕౕϘऄ䒨㝌̻ 㒻ᮜ⮱हᬣ喑͇̀⮱ᄩ⍥ч䃟䔝ᰶ‫ڠ‬ 䔆Ꮤ೻ጯ⮱ࢳट̻䋐䬨ȡ "NFSTGPPSUߕ➖చ᭜㢤‫ڝ‬ᰭऄ⁏ 䓻⮱ߕ➖చ͸̭ȡౕ䔆䛹喑⍥჏̺ϲ जВ㻯䉼‫⻺⮫̷ݝ‬ᝃ⼭๴ᝃज❞⮱ߕ

൞ऺ㖜㈨᫦ᐼ喟 䰨㾞 㿸λጒ҉᭯䫀‫ڲ‬㖜㊎喟 ক̭þ কι㜠কρþ 䰨ၽ䘢マ喟JOGP!DIJOBUJNFTOM

➖喑䔅जВ䓾䌊⻨㼓ᦥ‫̭͚ڣݝ‬ψȡ ߕ➖చ⃼ক䔅ᰶధჇ⮱ߕ➖㶕⑁喑᭜ ‫ڕ‬უ‫ڞ‬ह‫ܧ‬⍥⮱㐊Ҡౝ◦ȡ 䔉⻨೻ጯ૔ௐ喑䃖᜾Й̭䊤䊝䔈 ๔㜗♣喑Ϙऄ̭͗㐬㞟ȠᩫᲫ⮱ক᱘ ॔喆

ᬣ䬡喟Ꭱᰵᬒ喑ᭌ᱌‫ښ‬ ≨ࠂ≮⼸喟 þ䕷㝦8BUFSMJKO þࠂ➖ి%JFSFOQBSL"NFSTGPPSU ऺ䷊喟ϧ喍ऺ䷊ᰶ䭽喑 ្ϻ䕌喎 㻯ऻᙌᵩᐼ喟ႄВ̷喑䷻ᵩ̺䭽ȡ

㋟〆XXXDIJOBUJNFTOM ᓛࢇXFJCPDPNDIJOBUJNFTOM 䘢Ԏౝ౭喟 $IJOB5JNFT#7͚㢤ੳ൞ (FEFNQUF#VSHXBM #4 %FO)BBH

ᣒऄ൞ऺ


39

Ꭱᰵᬒ

͚㢤ੳ൞ᐐॷ❵᱌$)*/"5*.&4"%7&35*4&.&/5

す〆 ͚㢤ੳ൞Ą᪴ࡃ͸᫲ą≨ࠂ %FMGU༮᏶㻗⢸㈭ᔢ乕

᪴ࡃ͸᫲す〆 ⢟⡻䂭㔲ᑍᘌ仕 ᄴ⢟ᓄࢇ➖乕Ꭱࢎ̭ᑢ

⃼̭⃢ࢳट䘪̺Ꮑ䄒㷘ᔅ䃝 喒⢸ၽი㟾ࢇ➖亳喑ᣏ㉏%FMGU⮱ᩲθ %FMGUἻस৻ᯰ 㜗ϻ䌼̷㢤‫ڝ‬䔆಄ౌౝ⮱す̭๖喑Ӭౕ %FMGU䔆͗ᄼ䩴㥪㙇喑䮑γ͸䬡̭⃢ౕ∂ప⮱ ⩌≨喑%FMGU᭜㢤‫ڝ‬᜾ੜ̭⮱Ѽ᝭ȡᘠᲒౕ䔆䛹 ጟ㏼䓾Ꭱγ喑ࢡ᭜す̭⁎‫ݝ‬䃬㢤‫ڝ‬༮᏶ϟ⢸ ㏗ᔢ亳喑Ό⼝⢸ၽი㟾ࢇ➖亳喍.VTFVN )FU 1SJOTFOIPG %FMGU喎ȡ᣽‫ݝ‬%FMGU喑ҍчᘠ‫ݝ‬ϭ ͵এ喤㱬㰿⮱䓽⇠Ƞ%FMGU #MVF⨤கȠ⩨უ㐡 㒻ᅁ喍+BO 7FSNFFS喎⮱Ȩᝡ⣺⤍㕠⣜⮱ᄾ ຠȩȡ᭜⮱喑䔆ψ䘪̺䄒㷘ᔅ䃝ȡѳ᭜ᰡߍ̺ 䄒㷘ᔅ䃝⮱喑᭜̭⃢ឬ䒪Ɑ䔆͗పუ㜗⩞̻ោ ζȠጹ᱈਼̻୅⮱ࢳटȡ

䄸ᱭ⮱ᩲθȡෆ̷₸⪆⮱䗐͑͗ᑦႁສ‫׼‬᭜ࢳ टౕ㐆ϧЙᐭ⮱̭͗⣖〾喑ᅞ᭜䗐͵ღᭀ⮱喑 ⓭䔈⮱‫ܣ‬᝸ᅞजВ䔈‫ڒ‬ϟ⢸⮱Ⴒ䗥喑ᄳ⩕丽Ⴙ

⢸ၽი㟾ࢇ➖亳౽㥪ౕ̭ั䬦͚ः䲆⮱䮏 㥪͚ȡ̭䓦㉔䗨Ɑϧ≮⊹ߕ⮱▘䒓〆Ƞጯᩬࢲ হጯ͚ᓰᎬ౧喑᱙Ꮑ᭜⛆⛆ᩅᩅ喑ѳ༮᏶ϟ⢸ ⮱ᭁᬒѼ᝭ࢡ㐆ϧВႶႮ䲆䅔͸ᙌȡЬ҈⃼͗ Გ‫ݝ‬ₑั⮱ϧ喑ᬍ䃧Გ㜗ਗ͗పუ喑䘪̺ᓄ̺ ᄦࢳट㖰♣䊤᪙ȡ ࢇ➖亳ᰫ㏼᭜͚̓㏗⮱ԛ䖀䮏喑ऑᱡ㔹̺ ๞㒻ͪȡₒ㵹ౕࢇ➖亳‫ڲ‬喑㙇䌼ౕ๔಄⮱㏏㞟 ⴠⵃౝ̷喑ࣾ‫⮱ܧ‬ฝ䴠ఋ㢎ౕᬔᬣᝬ䬡͚喑ࢇ ➖亳➦ᰶ⮱䭡۶⍖Ꮣ喑ѡ䮼Ɑ䃟㼐অ⮱䃶䄡喑 ⱌ⮱᭜ᘠ̺‫ݝ‬㜗ጞ「㒛䏘λ䗐͗ᬣА⢸ၽ᝭ౕ ᅲ᝭͚ȡ䃟㼐অͧ᜾Й䄓ᅪౝ䃟䔝γ㢤‫ڝ‬༮᏶ ϟ⢸ᄦោ㺬⤚➆㤟‫ݖ‬ᮛἰȠВࣷ༮᏶ϟ⢸㷘

䃟㼐 ፓ䶳 ᜾Й 喑ͧ ᜾Й ͑͗ ࢇ➖ 亳⮱ ຠธ ⨤喑᜾̭Ⱑ ‫⮱ऺܧ‬%FMGU⮱㨊 ࢇ➖亳⮱⩞ᲒВࣷ ѳ᭜̺ⴒ ᭜̓⩹‫ܧ‬γऺ⮱喑 䘪ⴒ䖀㢤‫⮱ڝ‬㨊⨤ ́㞟ᒖΌ̺ϲ 喑㔹 ็⻺ 䔆͵ ࣌Გౕጒ㞧̷䔅ܳ 喑⩨⮱ఫ 㞟⮱喑䕍ᒏΌ็ᵤ ϲ᭜㨊㞟喑䔅ᰶᒖ ȡȋ㟼᪴⣷ ̺ጟ ᗷद 䃖᜾ ᵤΌᒵ㏳㜡喑ⱌ᭜

ᙌ䅏͚㢤ੳ្᣽ӈγ䔆ᵤ̭⁎ᱧч喑䃖 ᜾Йࣨ႓΍ᰡ็⮱㢤‫ࢳڝ‬ट᪴ࡃȡ҉ͧ݇‫ݝ‬ 㢤‫ڝ‬႓΍⮱႓⩌喑᜾ᒵጹ᱈㘪ᔘ◦㲺‫ڒ‬䔆͗ ⹫ч喑็γ㼐䔆͗᫝⮱⣜ධȡख़γ㢤‫ڝ‬ప❣ ༮᏶⮱ᩲθ喑᜾ᄦ䔆͗పუ⮱࢝䆎̺‫ں‬᭜䷻ 䒓Ƞຣ䚗Ƞ䗮䛾仆䔆ᵤキࢂ喑㔹᭜㤹⩌γᰡ ็⮱ሴ᪙͸ᗲȡ䔆ᵤ̭͗ᄼప喑ࢡᰶⱭ䔆ᵤ ߴ᪏⮱ϧℾ̻䶳ᄩ㔲喑ᐧ⿸γ䔆ౕ͗ऱ䶳ഌ 䘪᭜ҩҩ㔲⮱ࣾ䓫పუȡȋႆՖ

ℂ⮱ϟ⢸᳗ᱭȡⰥԎ䔆͗θᗲౕᒀᬣ᭜Бᒵ็ ϧᙌ‫ݝ‬䯫В㒛ԎȠ̴ܳ䰴ᗷ⮱喑ႰΌᬍ㼭ౝᩦ अγࢳटȡౕ༮᏶ϟ⢸㷘䄸ᱭ⮱ẩᷜ᫮䓦⮱Ӕ

ბ͚喑ฺࣺᩫ᭍Ɑ䗐̭ᎂ⮱ᒞ‫׼‬喑ᅞౕᒀ๖喑 Ϻᰶ䃥็ϧ㖇䯳ౕ䛹䲏喑䲆䲆ౝ㻯ⰸȡ ᜾ᒵૉ⁏ࢇ➖亳喑఍ͧႰ̺ϲϲ᭜ᩫ㒛ᩣ 㫼৮Ƞ㞧ᱜ৮⮱⾧䬡喑㔹᭜҉̭ͧ͗➦₷⮱ឬ 䒪̻‫͚ڣ‬ᆂ⹧͸➖㲺̭ͧҀ⮱ȡ⢸ၽი㟾ࢇ➖ 亳䛹䲏ᩣ㫼γ䃥็⩨҉喑㔮᪆യ⮱Ƞ᫝᪆യ ⮱喑ᆂ⣝γౕ࡮̰̓㏗喑%FMGU⮱ੳ͇≨ߕࣷ㞧 ᱜ㇫৮喑䔆᭜̭͗ᰭ䛺㺮ᰭ㍮㢐⮱叱䛾ᬣАȡ 㔹ࢇ➖亳᱙䏘Όₐឬ䒪Ɑहᵤ⮱Ԏᖜ喑㔮᱕䬕 ̷⮱䨉ិ᝸Ƞᝬ䶣̷⮱᱕ᶮȠࣕᝬ̭㻿⮱ᬔ▶ ▣喑ᬍ̺★ចγᆂ৮⮱⅁䉕Ƞߍ⌞γϧЙ⮱ᕊ 㔰ȡ⃼̭䬡ࢇ➖亳ᅞ᭜̭⻺᪴ࡃȠ̭У㞧ᱜȡ ຯ᳉जВ喑ౕ䛹䲏ᒲ̷̭᪡๖喑ᚏᚏౝ䊝Ƞᚏ ᚏౝⰸȠᚏᚏౝҀч喑⇎ᰶᬣ䬡⮱‫י‬Ӱ喑ч᭜ ᒵ㜿᰺⮱̭Уθȡ ϻ⿄ၽ᱈‫ࣨܧ‬喑᭜%FMGUক‫☚⮱ښ‬䬦⮱㶄 䖀喑䭠‫∿ٶ‬䔈Გ喑ऑ㔮⮱ࢇ➖亳⮱⿄झ̷ጰ̷ γ̭ᅯ䛾㞟喑ᬔᬣ‫ٶ‬হ⣝჋ϑ㏴ౕ̭䊤ȡᒵᙌ ᖖ喑ᰶᓰϧᕨ᭜ႅౕλ̓⩹⮱ऱ͗㻿㥪喑ЃЙ ᄳ䄒Ԋႅ⮱͉㺬Ԋႅ̸Გ喑䄒Ԋ⪆⮱ᩲθԊ⪆ ̸Გ喑ͧγҬऻϧ㘪์γ㼐Ƞᣏ㉏Ƞఋᓳ喑㐔 㔹ा‫ݺ‬ȡ ⮱⶛喑⃼̭⃢ࢳट䘪̺Ꮑ䄒㷘ᔅ䃝ȡ

㜠ϷϺऄϧℾ❞ᝡ⮱㢤 ‫⮴ڝ‬ბȪຒ⦋ ⇨ 0SBOHF უ᫼ȫ喑䊤 ⎽λ̓㏗䶳ᄩ㢤 ‫ڝ‬ϧ ᄦោ 㺬⤚ ➆ϧ ⮱‫ڒ‬ Ӣȡ ‫ ͚ڣ‬喑ࣵ ВА ᅁ๘ ➦ % FMGU ̻㣞 䶬 FJEF O ᰭ ͧ๸ ߈២ ោ㺬 ⤚➆ ๔‫ ۈ‬ȡ㔹 ຒ⦋ ⇨⮱ ᘼᕊ ᭜Ȫ ᾆȫ ⮱ᘼ ᕊ喑 ᝭В 㢤‫ ڝ‬ϧⰥ ᒀૉ ⁏⩕ ᾆ㞟 ᲒА 㶕㜗ጞ⮱పუȡ Аᅁ๘➦᭜༮᏶⢸ၽ ࣾ䊤䲖প⮱ധ ౝ喑 㮪♣ ЃΌ ᭜ౕ 䔆䛹 ̺Ꭵ 㷘ᯄ ᱭ喑 Ꭳ㦙 λА ᅁ๘ ➦⮱ ᫝᪆ യȡ 㜠Ϸ Аᅁ ๘➦ ϺԊ ⪆༮ ᏶⢸ ၽᒀ Ꭱ᝭ ᅲѼ ⮱ᝬ ၽ喑 ҉ͧ ⢸ၽ ㏗ᔢ亳 .VOJDJQBM.V TFVNIFU1SJOTFO IPG  喑В⪆ᔢ䔆Ѻፓ䶳 㢤‫ڝ‬ϧᄦោ㺬⤚➆ ‫ڒ‬Ӣ⮱㠞䯱ȡ Ⰵၽ Ƞ㒻 ͪ⮱ 㟞⨣ 喓喓 喓ᒀ ๔უ ᣽䊤

Аᅁ ๘➦ ᬣ喑 㘾⊤ ͚ᰭ ‫ ⊛ٵ‬⣝⮱ 喑Ӭ ᭜А ᅁ๘ ➦㨊 䮣ȡ 䔆᭜ ᒵᰶ 䖀⤳ ⮱ȡ 㜠Ϸ 喑䔆 э㐌 ⮱㨊 䮣ᄦ Аᅁ ๘➦ Გ䄡 喑ӊ ᬔ᭜ ͫ䋠 䒨䛺喑㔹䔆̭ܴ䘪⎽λ 䔉͉⮱̭౧⊤ᝅȡ  ‫  ݝ‬Ꭱ 䬡喑 ͚ప ๔䭳 ‫ڲ‬ᝅ 䶾 䶾喑 В㜡 λ㢤 ‫࢝ ͉ڝ‬Ꮣ ‫ڙ‬थ 70 $ ੳ ϧᬍ ∂ः ᓄ͚ ప⮱ ⨤க 喑Გ ␎䋠 ๔䛼 ⮱䰭 Ⅿȡ λ᭜ 喑А ᅁ๘ ➦⮱ 䮣⨤ ͇㔲 Ӭិ ᤎᱧ ч喑 ᐭ໸ Ь䕍 㘪В մΞ ⱌ⮱ ͚ప ᐼ䱿 ⨤喑 ऻᲒ ϓࣾᆂ‫ڣܧ‬⠙ᴾ̭ᵩ⮱ Ȫ㨊䮣 %FMGU #MVF

ȫ䷻䛴ȡຯϷ喑䃥็⮱  Ⰵၽₐ᭜ᒀᬣЬ‫ݣ‬ ͚ప ⨤க ⮱А 㶕҉ ͸̭ 喑ຯ Ϸᩣ 㫼λ 㨊ќ ➦喓ᑒᅁ䶬ࢇ➖亳 .V TFVN-BNCFSUWBO .FFSUFO ᆂ‫ܧ‬ȡȋႆᰵ


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ࣆ‫לڿא‬Ӯл‫ם‬嫶ү⳷ 䛋࠙澝撗ԃ‫ב‬நٌ澝জ垊澝‫ގؿ׺‬ ⴧ垹͹42(+'(ͧٞ‫ͨⴧב‬ ӟ䤚‫ߊޙ‬͹ͧ‫߃ͨ▲ߊޤ‬澝߃‫ޙ‬ ߃‫ޙ‬ ߃‫ޙ‬澝߃‫ޙ‬ ⴧ嶲͹ۨы㻓ҫș‫ॿش‬㻓ҫ

25

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Ԧ㻁Ҹ‫ם‬惍 䠙ⴚࡴԃ੼ࣰ࣏澝ԧࡣՎֽ澝ٞ‫׉‬ங优 ⴧ垹͹42(+'ͧٞ‫ͨⴧב‬ ӟ䤚‫ߊޙ‬͹ͧ‫ޙ߃ͨ▲ߊޤ‬ ⴧ嶲͹ۨы㻓ҫș‫ॿش‬㻓ҫ

旇‫ڵ‬૦‫ؾא‬Ѕ‫⳷ם‬ ࣨ㶒巳࣒曧୍㶒ૠ ଗ‫ؿב‬㶒ⴡ࡜હ巳࣒ߖ ⴧ垹͹42(+'ͧٞ‫ͨⴧב‬ ӟ䤚‫ߊޙ‬͹ͧ‫ޙ߃ͨ▲ߊޤ‬澝߃‫ޙ‬ ߃‫ޙ‬ ߃‫ޙ‬澝߃‫ޙ‬ 澬悸ߍত惴澭߃‫ޙ‬澝߃‫ޙ‬ ⴧ嶲͹ۨы㻓ҫș‫ॿش‬㻓ҫխ於ॕ

ԗ㻁Ѕ⳪Ҹ‫⳷ם‬ Н湬澝ܽ‫׺‬澝ࣶӁ ⴧ垹͹42ͧٞ‫ͨⴧב‬ ӟ䤚‫ߊޙ‬͹ͧ‫߃ͨ▲ߊޤ‬澝߃‫ޙ‬ ߃‫ޙ‬ ⴧ嶲͹ۨы㻓ҫș‫ॿش‬㻓ҫ խ▲ޮ慧忮ѻ‫أ‬խ‫ޝ‬௑

ͧ‫گ▲ॿش‬ଟ‫ٽ‬ѹͺ஬厠⡧ۨыգ۰ͨ

մ‫ٵ‬ ‫ٷ‬惎‫ۻל‬䘞

ٝீ૦‫ם֙ؾא‬惍 І୍㶒ૠ դ⦁ް溟ଗ‫࡜ؿב‬હ巳࣒ߖ ⴧ垹͹42(+'ͧٞ‫ͨⴧב‬ ӟ䤚‫ߊޙ‬͹ͧ‫ޙ߃ͨ▲ߊޤ‬澝߃‫ޙ‬ ߃‫ޙ‬ ⴧ嶲͹ۨы㻓ҫș‫ॿش‬㻓ҫխ於ॕ

Иⴚ ॕ‫ک‬૞௚࢔ 㷬 叧 ⥍ ଟ֋ 㻁Ҫ 䘟ս偃қର

™Ѓ‫ޤ‬寋‫ܱڿ‬圄ιҐ屴‫™⳷ۉ‬

ͧ‫گ▲ॿش‬ଟ‫ٽ‬ѹͺ஬厠⡧ۨыգ۰ͨ

㖊૪‫לڿ‬Ӯл‫ם‬

‫ל‬Ӯ՞⛻‫ݴ‬惍䒟溟͜ ࣫࢞ਸ਼स澝ৰी⳷澝㍌㕭惍嫳‫ڿ‬ KTJOգ࢞5[ZRKZ㟝嶟 䘸‫͵؞‬㍌㕭Խ 6XGJG-[IIO,

澬մޮॳ惴澭䄭⺇৭俯У‫ݴ‬

栦䘞

ப੏ࣔ巳ֽ࣒澝‫ⴚڴ‬䇃ࡡ⡧‫מ‬惍 ⴧ垹͹42(+'ͧٞ‫ͨⴧב‬ ӟ䤚‫ߊޙ‬͹ͧ‫ߊޤ‬ҹͨ߃‫ޙ‬澝߃‫ޙ‬ ⴧ嶲͹㻓ҫ‫شם‬գ⠅

⚅֚னࡵ‫ۋ‬З⳪֋⥍叧㷚त▁㐛 ͧՕ惴㤋㒡㻓ࡳԘ২ࢫ伛‫ڪ‬ଏͨ

ⴧ垹͹42ͧਡॱⴧͫխ㷬ॕͨ ӟ䤚‫ߊޙ‬͹ͧ‫ͧޙ߃ͨ▲ߊޤ‬ґ屴ۨⴧͨ ⴧ嶲͹ۨы㻓ҫș‫ॿش‬㻓ҫ ͧਙ㻯厠⡧ۨыգ۰Љ⚋‫ٽ‬ѹ嬴ͨ

ⴧ嶲ԕխ͹⚵֛㷬ॕ澝‫ޓ‬惍ٞ‫ב‬澝֚ޮІ‫ޤ‬伥େ‫ڃ‬ ѻ‫أ‬խ‫ޝ‬௑澝嫶Ұ惍嫳䷠ऩ澝啠书树暥

з⼃

曧ъ㻁⚅㻁Խ‫ڱ‬䝫‫ݴړ‬ਸ਼⳷ Ѓ‫ם‬惍џ惴俠ષ

澬մޮॳ惴澭১֧悝惙惍

‫ݴ‬惍‫څ⳪ݰ‬

㬹‫׉‬䔧‫נך‬澝ॠங⡧‫מ‬惍 ⴧ垹͹42(+'ͧٞ‫ͨⴧב‬ ӟ䤚‫ߊޙ‬͹ͧ‫ߊޤ‬ҹͨ߃‫ޙ‬澝߃‫ޙ‬ ⴧ嶲͹㻓ҫ‫شם‬գ⠅

Ѕ⼃

⚅֚னࡵ‫ۋ‬З⳪侙䋕叧㷚त▁㐛

‫☓ؿކ࡯ގ‬澝ұ兓֪☓Є‫מ‬Ф‫ޓ‬ ԅҴ㻁࣓ࣸͧߠ乗孨Ք悹͜ Ұ兓֩◣ι  ‫ړࠔޤ  ٵ‬ ‫׊‬澝બભЫ‫ب‬䆤Уষ͜ 㻁ࡔъ‫څࣩݰޣ‬Ҝ‫ׂ͜ם‬ъ族☇

ͧՕ惴㤋㒡㻓ࡳԘ২ࢫ伛‫ڪ‬ଏͨ

ⴧ垹͹42(+'ͧٞ‫ͨⴧב‬ ӟ䤚‫ߊޙ‬͹ͧ‫ޙ߃ͨ▲ߊޤ‬ґ屴ۨⴧͨ ⴧ嶲͹ۨы㻓ҫș‫ॿش‬㻓ҫ խޯӯࣔ侳୊࢖৩ⴚ‫؟‬Ҹⴡ於ॕ

ஶࡄУ‫ݴ‬Ѕ‫ם‬惍

،㘯䘞

տӯࡦࣔ‫ֽڧ‬澝‫׈ڴחמݦ‬澝ਸ਼❅⼮惎ֽ ⴧ垹͹42(+'ͧٞ‫ͨⴧב‬ ӟ䤚‫ߊޙ‬͹ͧ‫ޙ߃ͨ▲ߊޤ‬ґ屴ۨⴧͨ ⴧ嶲͹ۨы㻓ҫș‫ॿش‬㻓ҫխ於ॕ

㻁Ҫ‫ݴ‬惍䰊ӳͣգͤ ‫ۻ‬䘞‫͵ړݱ‬Ӛ⨷ԆߎҸ՛‫߃ٶ‬ਙ߃ङѠѾ‫ޓ‬੧ⴧͫ࠿ѹ‫ޓ‬ ‫ؚ‬ㆊ䙃‫ܚ‬䘟Ӵ▲㑋ͫ‫׊‬Ї‫׸‬դՃପ嬶‫ڔސ‬с֛佬实ⴧङ ㆏惍ҎՕ⨷Ԇ‫ٸ‬惎‫ܚם‬䘟ͫ帆Ո抨䘟澞ߎҸ՛֨த漈۱ ߄с֛ङ‫ܚ‬䘟Ӵ㒑Ҏ㫵悹੧‫ܚ‬䘟澞 ‫ۻ‬䘞‫ޙ߃ٶ͵ޫݺ‬㧠ߎҸ՛௭ࣔН偃ୂ厢੧ͫㆶ㩌‫ނ‬寶 ‫گ‬㍳з⥽۱䥯ष‫ܚ‬䘟љॐҸ屴澞 ҷ♔‫͵ړݱ‬䙃䘟դ⯎ㆊ㧠‫ޙ߃ٶ‬Ї忍ӱ㻓⚵㻓Ծ侸ॻ ]]]MUK[MUIUS৲䙃䘟ৱㆊ㫵ंߎҸ՛✫⣫ପऽ澞

਍垊শ੔޷澝(GZG\OG巳ࢢּ▁‫ם‬惍 侦਩‫ގؿ׺‬Ф䱺Ф১અߖ դ࣎嶟սफ挙ֽ ⴧ垹͹42ͧٞ‫ͨⴧב‬ ӟ䤚‫ߊޙ‬͹ͧ‫ߊޤ‬ҹͨ߃‫ޙ‬澝߃‫ޙ‬ ૝қⴧ嶲 㻓ҫ‫شם‬գ⠅

澬ॳ惴ܱя澭‫ࢤ⳪ڳ‬৸֙‫ם‬惍 ߭ߥ澝ੌ੆⧘澝ॿ宝ҸП ⴧ垹͹42(+'ͧٞ‫ͨⴧב‬ ӟ䤚‫ߊޙ‬͹ͧ‫ޙ߃ͨ▲ߊޤ‬ґ屴ۨⴧͨ ⴧ嶲͹Խ⠅㻓ҫ䛁㻁Ҫ‫شם‬գ⠅ 澬ॳ惴ܱя澭

ࡨ۞͹֛३Ј徎溟Ց߄ਾ垊‫ͫॻם‬Љଟଏࡁӯ㩌͠

਍垊ੋ垊ࣾ஀Ռ⯷‫ٵ‬啠

‫ם֙⳪ڳ‬㻒㶀惍

▲‫੼ͫچ▲ٶ‬垊मध㫵 @KKRGTJ3[YYKRY*G_ ⴧ垹͹42ͧٞ‫ͨⴧב‬ ӟ䤚‫ߊޙ‬͹ͧ‫ߊޤ‬ҹͨ߃‫ޙ‬ґ屴ۨⴧͨ ૝қⴧ嶲 㻓ҫ‫شם‬գ⠅

㶒௤㶒ⴡ2KMURGTJ澝‫מޏ‬洧‫ׅ‬澝ۢ‫ؿ‬௲ ⴧ垹͹42(+'ͧٞ‫ͨⴧב‬ ӟ䤚‫ߊޙ‬͹ͧ‫ޙ߃ͨ▲ߊޤ‬ґ孨ۨⴧ澝߃‫ޙ‬ ⴧ嶲͹ۨы㻓ҫș‫ॿش‬㻓ҫ ‫ݺޤݺޤٵ‬

A㻓⚵㻓Ծ‫ڲ‬䝬ⴧ঩ӧC

惍孄‫ל‬Ӣх ⨷厠‫߄ؼ‬䘟

ࠢӮ㨺١欼‫׈‬䔦澝 ٘ҰԂ娸Ҁ⨇嫶▁‫ם‬惍

忙կࡄ垊ੋ

惍嫳Խ‫׈ࣱ׿‬澝࠱‫ڔڴ‬١‫ݺ‬㐛澝‫ם‬㐋⸢澝 ‫ݪ‬ㆲ‫ॿش‬拧Ҧ澝ٙұԃ娸ҁ⨷嫶 ⴧ垹͹42ͧٞ‫ͨⴧב‬ ӟ䤚‫ߊޙ‬͹ͧ‫ߊޤ‬ҹͨ߃‫ޙ‬ґ屴ۨⴧͨ ૝қⴧ嶲 㻓ҫ‫شם‬գ⠅ͫխ於ॕ

ࡣⴚ࡜હ刏ٌ֚‫מ‬惍 ⴧ垹͹42(+'ͧٞ‫ͨⴧב‬ ӟ䤚‫ߊޙ‬͹ͧ‫ޙ߃ͨ▲ߊޤ‬ґ屴ۨⴧͨ ⴧ嶲͹ۨы㻓ҫș‫ॿش‬㻓ҫ

ͧӚঅՠ惍孄੽ࡌͫԯՕ䙃‫߂ڱ‬௤㻓ҫङ‫ޓ‬惍䘟Ӵͨ

䎹㙇॓ਾ垊偃Ҹ՛յ‫࠴ࣔͫٶ‬厢恗厠ⴧՄл⥺ङ‫⥺ࡴֺם‬澞 㻓⚵㻓Ծ‫ڲ‬䝬‫ޓ‬੧ⴧ㧠‫׷ٶ‬䤚ͫं߂Ӭङ伐澝侦⡧㱃侱䤚‫ي‬ਙ яङ伐澝侦澝圫澝溈澝ভм㱃侱૨͠۩✰ङⴧՄ⚵ਘЍउ՟֪ङ啠 ыͫ䛂ٝ߄૝惐⨷Ԇыࠩङ嫁屴澞

‫߈ױ‬㕭‫֧ػ‬悤喗ࠊъЗͧଊ㨺ࣩ㕭Խ惐փ娝⩲ͺ

惾孄‫߄ڱ‬э溂߄ૠङз⯬;▲п孄㚇䘇‫ޏ‬ङ⸢ް;▲п‫ھھ‬Љ‫ڻ‬ङ߅ Մ;▲п֛ն䐘䳪ङ২ௐ;Քժ厠‫✀ۊ‬Ӣх㕭ࣩ惍孄㻢स⩲ͺ

մ‫ٵ‬բ㘵⳷࢑࢜୳

‫߈ױ‬㕭惾㿜⨇ԅ惐㻁⚅㻁Խ‫ڱ‬䝫⳷ͧ㕭䛁֧‫ⷯڰػ‬գг֌͜ Ӛ֨߃‫ޙ‬Фӹ⨷Ԇ惐࠴ⴧङⴧՄ◅䤚⚄惍孄ୃՕҵ惴փd

惍孄ੌ࠭͵ ȕԽ⤨惍孄ͫ㶩桅஬խ߄Ȕ㻓⚵㻓Ծȕ‫؁‬㶲ͫӄ‫ؠ‬஬‫؁‬љЇͫਙ‫ص‬㑋Խ⤨ⴥ࣌ ȕ‫ۓ‬Օљ‫܋‬惍孄䤚⚄֨ⴚӄ‫י‬՟‫ם‬侸ॻͫ封⺫ͫ✫ыԨ‫ڳؚͫ‬Ԩͫ‫ڳ‬ҒЇঈ侸佧‫׽‬檥澞 ȕ惍孄ㅶ‫ױ‬㒑ͫ寶䤚ଟਙ&MUK[MUIUSͫ孧‫ۓޢ‬ङ‫׸‬դͫⴚ‫ⴧ⨷ͫ⧘֪؟‬ङ㩌旎 չ侱૨ͧљҎ߾ㅲऱ⟬ͨͫ惍孄䤚⚄ङ۱߄侸֭澞ՠࠀৱԯՕ䙃巿朅‫ޓ׿‬惍Ӵ▲㑋d 䘞柾͵ ߂҄ы㾎惍孄^কͧ䘟ս͹㻓⚵㻓Ծ‫ڲ‬䝬‫ޓڔ‬੧ⴧы‫מ‬惍Ѡ惴侱૨ͨ  ߂҄㥝‫ڧ‬惍孄^কͧ䘟ս͹㻓⚵㻓Ծ‫ڲ‬䝬‫ޓڔ‬੧ⴧы‫מ‬惍Ѡ惴侱૨ͨ  ߂҄২ௐ惍孄^কͧ䘟ս͹㻓⚵㻓Ծ‫ڲ‬䝬‫ޓڔ‬੧ⴧы‫מ‬惍Ѡ惴侱૨ͨ  ত啠惍孄^কͧ䙃䘟ৱ‫ڱ‬㻓ҫ‫ޓ‬惍䘟Ӵͨ  ⠶巡惍孄^কͧ㻓ҫ‫ޓ‬惍䘟Ӵͨ  ⨷厠‫߄ؼ‬䘟ͧ͠侙ߎㅴ߾ͫӚ⨷Ԇৱঅՠ惍孄੽ࡌͫԯՕ䙃㻓ҫ‫ޓ‬惍䘟Ӵͨ Ҿ؈͵ ȕգ▲ক٨‫׿‬Օљ怍䤚ӱҿѕ侸ॻչ封⺫ͫ怍䤚▲ࠩԆ㻓ҫͫ߂‫ך‬Օ怍䤚ࠩ ȕ‫ؒ֨ޙ߃ٶ‬侸]]]MUK[MUIUSͫؒ‫ڳސ‬Ԩͫؒ‫ڳސ‬ҒЇҸ⚄䙃䘟դ⯎澞 ‫ޓ‬惍Ӵ߄‫ߊݼ‬䎹‫ٶ‬Օ֨]]]MUK[MUIUSЇङ‫ޓ‬惍䟗ս䠞ҁ䛂୐䐘ஒӲ҅ऀͧ▲‫ޙ‬惍ஔ‫ͨי‬ ‫יޟ‬実㖊ͧ寶պ宎慧ѝ&MUK[MUIUSͧ‫ࣩ✀ۊऀߓۋ‬侸ॊ]]]MUK[MUIUS

㒆࠭࢑࢜

嫠㗟ࣩ⳷Ճͧ㻒૛ҁ✀զ‫ࣩ⥊ࡕࠊޯ҇ܶ✀ۊ‬ষ⳵ͧ▁侙Շ࣐ͧ ㅚ䙂巿णऱ䰊ռ▁Ѡ澞寶ㅚ࢑࢜朅慧䤙૮Ӱ͵&MUK[MUIUS


41

Ꭱᰵᬒ Ꭱ  Ꭱᰵ ᰵᬒ ᬒ

͚㢤ੳ൞ᐐॷ❵᱌$)*/"5*.&4"%7&35*4&.&/5 ͚㢤ੳ൞ᐐ ͚㢤ੳ ൞ᐐॷ❵ ॷ❵ ᱌ ᱌$)* $)*/" /"5*. 5*.&4 &4"%7 "%7&35 &35*4& *4&.&/ .&/5 5

-ॸӦ

㻓⚵㻓Ծ‫ڲ‬䝬‫ޓڔ‬੧ⴧͫҶ‫ٶ‬ґ屴ӟ䤚 㱃俠૨㪝惍㻓ࡳ✫ⴚ‫ֽ✫؟‬١ ‫׷ٶ‬䤚ͫ⨷Ԇыࠩ嫁屴 +[XUVKGT:U[X5VKXGZUXY'YYUIOGZOUT Ճ;1/THU[TJ㫵⬔ͫҒ‫ڶ‬ґ屴

ত倁‫֚ⴧش‬ы૜䘹ॹ佊ⴧͫ୏૯ؔӲ੧३

ߎⴧࣔ溟 ; 㻓ࡳ௙⤨ͫٞ‫ב‬偣֥‫ڲ‬䝬 ‫ޓ‬੧ⴧͫЄ‫֥ͫ▲מ‬յ৲㒬‫׷‬ ; м㱃俠૨ͫҶ‫ٶ‬ЉҠͫ࠿‫ܷؔ֡מ‬ ੧३૚⥺ͫЉՉы㦧‫ڧ‬柸ͫґ屴ӟ䤚 ; Օਘ惴ҵⴧՃ曰ⴧֽ١ͫਘؔ‫מ‬㦧ͫ ⨷ૡҶ३۪ӣ࠼暽۞޾Օ୆ՠ怍俠 ; И‫ކ‬㆏惍暽ⴧ࡟ନ‫ࣁڶۑ‬桠ͫⴚ仇 曧寉屆આͫѻ‫أ‬І‫ޤ‬伥ս࣎େ‫ڃ‬խ‫ޝ‬௑ ; ⴧ嶲љ࠿‫מ‬嬴঑͹㻓ҫы‫ͫמ‬ ࣨ㎹‫ͫמ‬঑㎹‫מ‬

১ ؓ ‫ޫ ݺ‬ȕ ‫ ם ם‬Ӟ 䤙ȕ ֙ ъ ફȕ ⟕ ߡ Ј լ 㷚 त Ӟ䤙‫͵ޫݺ‬১惴Ӟ䤙‫ޫݺ‬ ⳷嶲Ԕլ͵䠝֩Ы‫ݴچ‬惍徎‫ܯ‬૮澝啠圧՚㷚ӂㅟ惍澝⠷‫ޏ‬Ѕ‫ޅ‬伥 ଖ‫ڂ‬Ղ‫ݾ‬஠ ⳷嶲Јլ͵㷚त澝৴त澝ԟ‫ޏ‬஠澝‫ޑ‬溟於ӳ澝՚ㅟ‫س‬嶲澝⮞ъ‫ۑ‬ ଡ଼ԅ嶲  ࠠ‫  ޏ‬㻁Ҫ  Ղफъࡤ嶲

溈俠ं‫ޙ߃ٶ‬ਙ߃‫ͫޙ‬ґ屴ۨⴧ͠

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сପ

ͫѻ

‫أ‬

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૝қⴧ

€68

㆏惍

ԕ

澬‫לڿ‬Ӯ澭兓榆澝‫ࡇܔ‬ଛ澝潋嶔ՍּЅ‫ם‬惍

‫מ‬

櫴䙉⸢澝孝桑ࡡ澝‫ގؿ׺‬㐋⸢澝੼ࣰ࣏㐋⸢澝 ‫҅מ‬Վ‫ׅ‬澝Վ兓榆㐊⺆澝㱘੎㈇‫מ‬П‫ݾ‬刏֪Ҷ ࣱ߂‫ם‬ङ刏‫׃ݾםڴک‬澝潋嶔Վֽ ⴧ嶲͹࠿ѹ㻓ҫਙы嬴঑ ࠿ѹ㻓ҫыਙы嬴঑ ࠿ѹ㻓ҫы嬴঑

澬‫לڿ‬Ӯ澭ѿ兓✕‫ݯ‬Ѕ‫ם‬惍 䘸‫͵؞‬㍌㕭Խ 6XGJG-[IIO,KTJO գ࢞ 5[ZRKZ

জ௤‫ׯ⬡؍‬㐋⸢澝刏࠾䐘Խ৤Фਰ‫׃ݾ‬澝刏ԝ ‫׃ݾ؁‬澝ИЍ伋溈୐с‫ޣ‬垰Ф‫ܮ‬㷙 ⴧ嶲͹࠿ѹ㻓ҫਙы嬴঑ ࠿ѹ㻓ҫыਙы嬴঑ ࠿ѹ㻓ҫы嬴঑

™㻁⚅㻁Խ‫ڱ‬䝫‫ݴ‬ਸ਼⳷ॸӦ™

澬Ұ兓֩◣澭圇ߡԎ١Ѕ‫ם‬惍

ࡨ۞͹੼ࣰ࣏ੌ੆࣏঩ӧЉխ‫ڪ‬ଏ㷬ॕͫѸԕխ㷬⸢‫ݎ‬ଟ

㻁ࡔӫ嫳Ҹ‫ם‬嫶ү⳷ ࡣⴚ澝ࡁӯ㩌澝‫ⴚڴ‬澝䥳࠙‫ׅ‬ ⴧ垹͹42(+(8ͧٞ‫ͨⴧב‬ ӟ䤚‫ߊޙ‬͹Ҷ‫࠿ٶ‬悩‫ߊޤ‬Іͫґ屴ӟ䤚 ⴧ嶲͹ۨы㻓ҫș‫ॿش‬㻓ҫ தՠ֪溟͹9INOVNUR㷬⸢‫׃ם‬ӄ‫ޝ‬Ї 

㻁ࡔЃ⳪գ଒㌏䰊ԜЅ‫ם‬惍 ۞澝ࡣ澝‫ڴ‬澝㱘澝‫ݦ‬澝䥳澝ࡁ ⴧ垹͹42(+(8-ͧٞ‫ͨⴧב‬ ӟ䤚‫ߊޙ‬͹Ҷ‫࠿ٶ‬悩‫ߊޤ‬Іͫґ屴ӟ䤚 ⴧ嶲͹ۨы㻓ҫș‫ॿش‬㻓ҫ தՠ֪溟͹9INOVNUR㷬⸢‫׃ם‬ӄ‫ޝ‬Ї 

ш斿㬴ੋ㻁ԜЅ‫ם‬惍 ࡣ澝‫ڴ‬澝ࡁ澝䥳澝⼮澝ࣶ澝݈ ⴧ垹͹42(+(8(ͧٞ‫ͨⴧב‬ ӟ䤚‫ߊޙ‬͹Ҷ‫࠿ٶ‬悩‫ߊޤ‬Іͫґ屴ӟ䤚 ⴧ嶲͹ۨы㻓ҫș‫ॿش‬㻓ҫ தՠ֪溟͹9INOVNUR㷬⸢‫׃ם‬ӄ‫ޝ‬Ї 

䜼䝣㬴㻁湞‫אࣆޑ‬Ы‫ם‬惍 ‫ڴ‬澝⼮澝ࣶ澝݈澝Ԗ ⴧ垹͹42(+'ͧٞ‫ͨⴧב‬ ӟ䤚‫ߊޙ‬͹‫ޙ߃ޙߊޤ‬澝߃‫ޙ‬澝߃‫ޙ‬ ߃‫ޙ‬澝߃‫ޙ‬澝߃‫ޙ‬ ⴧ嶲͹ۨы㻓ҫș‫ॿش‬㻓ҫ தՠ֪溟͹'SYZKXJGS*KT.GGM8UZZKXJGS

㻁ࡔ‫ל‬惍ਸ਼͵⳪٠‫ם‬惍 ࡣ澝۞澝‫ڴ‬澝ࡁ澝䥳澝⼮澝ࣶ澝݈澝㱘澝‫ݦ‬澝ӧ ⴧ垹͹42(+(8-(ͧٞ‫ͨⴧב‬ ӟ䤚‫ߊޙ‬͹Ҷ‫࠿ٶ‬悩‫ߊޤ‬Іͫґ屴ӟ䤚 ⴧ嶲͹ۨы㻓ҫș‫ॿش‬㻓ҫ தՠ֪溟͹9INOVNUR㷬⸢‫׃ם‬ӄ‫ޝ‬Ї 

䍡伐૪懵͵ٝ‫׈‬୨优Ѕ‫ם‬惍 ⴧ垹͹+;ͧٞ‫ͨⴧב‬ ӟ䤚‫ߊޙ‬͹࠿悩‫ߊޤ‬мͧ‫ޙ߃ٶ‬ਙ߃‫ͨޙ‬ ⴧ嶲͹ۨы㻓ҫș‫ॿش‬㻓ҫ தՠ֪溟͹ٞ‫׉‬兓଻

暙ү欓Ԃ͵ੋࣀ࢟䜼䝣曧ּ֙‫ם‬惍 ⴧ垹͹+;ͧٞ‫ͨⴧב‬ ӟ䤚‫ߊޙ‬͹࠿悩‫ޙ߃ٶ֚ͧߊޤ‬ਙ߃‫ͨޙ‬ ⴧ嶲͹ۨы㻓ҫș‫ॿش‬㻓ҫ தՠ֪溟͹榆‫ڴ‬ୌ

ਅ⳪䝫㈩Ѓ‫ם‬惍 ⴧ垹͹;1ͧٞ‫ͨⴧב‬ ӟ䤚‫ߊޙ‬͹Ҷ‫࠿ٶ‬悩‫ߊޤ‬ҹͫґ屴ӟ䤚 ⴧ嶲͹ۨы㻓ҫș‫ॿش‬㻓ҫ தՠ֪溟͹❅‫ނ‬

✕‫ݣ‬梏㖊Ѕ‫ם‬惍 ⴧ垹͹;1ͧٞ‫ͨⴧב‬ ӟ䤚‫ߊޙ‬͹Ҷ‫࠿ٶ‬悩‫ߊޤ‬ҹͫґ屴ӟ䤚 ⴧ嶲͹ۨы㻓ҫș‫ॿش‬㻓ҫ தՠ֪溟͹❅‫ނ‬

ਅ⳪ࢤ৸ּ搐Ҹ‫ם‬惍 ⴧ垹͹;1ͧٞ‫ͨⴧב‬ ӟ䤚‫ߊޙ‬͹Ҷ‫࠿ٶ‬悩‫ͫޙߊޤ‬ґ屴ӟ䤚 ⴧ嶲͹ۨы㻓ҫș‫ॿش‬㻓ҫ தՠ֪溟͹❅‫ނ‬

澬‫⳪ڳ‬澭ߎ߆澝‫ږ‬啸ׄਛਕ⦨Ѕ‫ם‬惍 ٢垊ख‫םׅ‬於澝߭ߥⴜ䔯澝٪ⴚⴚ㫵‫ם‬㶣澝‫׺‬ ‫ڊ‬छ٪伋‫׃ݾھ‬澝‫ַׅ࡯ח‬ㅅ㼷澝ੌ੆ध䟗 ⧘‫ڗ‬啸‫ׅ‬ ⴧ嶲͹࠿ѹ㻓ҫਙы嬴঑ ࠿ѹ㻓ҫыਙы嬴঑ ࠿ѹ㻓ҫы嬴঑

Ԧ㻁⳪‫࢟ࣀੋ͵څ‬ਛਕ࢟Ѓ‫ם‬惍 ⴧ垹͹+;ͧٞ‫ͨⴧב‬ ӟ䤚‫ߊޙ‬͹࠿悩‫ߊޤ‬мͧ‫ޙ߃ٶ‬ਙ߃‫ͨޙ‬ ⴧ嶲͹ۨы㻓ҫș‫ॿش‬㻓ҫ தՠ֪溟͹ٞ‫׉‬兓଻

䒟㖊⻮‫࢟ࣀੋ͵ݚ‬ਛਕ࢟Ы‫ם‬惍 ⴧ垹͹+;ͧٞ‫ͨⴧב‬ ӟ䤚‫ߊޙ‬͹࠿悩‫ޙ߃ٶ֚ͧߊޤ‬ਙ߃‫ͨޙ‬ ⴧ嶲͹ۨы㻓ҫș‫ॿش‬㻓ҫ தՠ֪溟͹榆‫ڴ‬ୌ

™ষ⳪ȕԅ‫ॳלܔ‬惴™ ࡨ۞͹љЈ২Ԇ঩ӧ‫ⴧ࢕ޓ‬Љխ‫ڪ‬ଏ㷬ॕͫѸԕխ㷬⸢‫ݎ‬ଟ ‫ⴧॿش‬嶲͹ਙ㻯厠⡧ۨыգ۰Љ⚋‫ٽ‬ѹ嬴

ষ⳪伛伏֙‫ם‬১࣒ਸ਼ ⴧ    垹͹=*9,ͧਡॱⴧͫЉխ㷬ॕͨ ӟ䤚‫ߊޙ‬͹‫ממ‬ӟ䤚 ⴧ    嶲͹ۨы㻓ҫ曧ы۰ 㻓ҫ⯎ы۰ș‫ॿش‬㻓ҫ

‫ל‬伐‫͵ॼל‬㻁ਅԜЅ‫ם‬惍 ⴧ垹͹42(+(868ͧٞ‫ͨⴧב‬ ӟ䤚‫ߊޙ‬͹Ҷ‫࠿ٶ‬悩‫ߊޤ‬Іͫґ屴ӟ䤚 ⴧ嶲͹ۨы㻓ҫș‫ॿش‬㻓ҫ தՠ֪溟͹9INOVNUR㷬⸢‫׃ם‬ӄ‫ޝ‬Ї 

刏࠾ԟ‫׃ݾםמ‬澝刏榆Օ‫׃ݾ‬澝Ԫজ‫ؿ‬惕‫ܮ‬ 於澝ޯ啸侳‫ގ‬ԝҹ࢖ⴚ‫؟‬Ҹⴡ ⴧ嶲͹࠿ѹ㻓ҫਙы嬴঑ ࠿ѹ㻓ҫыਙы嬴঑ ࠿ѹ㻓ҫы嬴঑

澬ࡄ⳪澭圎਻ਊ澝‫ם‬ीУּЅ‫ם‬惍 圎੬਻Ф૨澝䬐ࡡߖ䆅ࡡ澝Ԓग़‫ڴ‬ङ溈ٌ֦ ֽ澝☓侳⠎ङ‫ݾ‬छㅅ澝☓侳⠎㷙 ⴧ嶲͹࠿ѹ㻓ҫਙы嬴঑ ࠿ѹ㻓ҫыਙы嬴঑ ࠿ѹ㻓ҫы嬴঑

澬‫ܩ‬Ұ澭١‫ߡۿ‬Ѕ‫ם‬惍 ٢‫ࠀܞ‬Վ‫ׅ‬澝刏侳ࣔП‫׃ݾ‬澝溈୐‫ش‬㒕澝ࣲ߲ ‫ם‬㷙澝ѥ䔧ࣻ‫࡜׈‬澝厣١‫ݺ‬㐛澝‫ކמ‬摺澝刏‫ؿ‬ Վ‫׃ݾܞ‬澝ࣻ਺‫נܞ‬㐋⸢ ⴧ嶲͹࠿ѹ㻓ҫਙы嬴঑ ࠿ѹ㻓ҫыਙы嬴঑ ࠿ѹ㻓ҫы嬴঑

澬਍垊澭梏徎գּЅ‫ם‬惍 梏徎ߖ澝ࣔ਩䈑ߖ澝伐䒶⧘澝஋䲔‫⸢ࣱב‬澝छ ㅅ澝‫ش‬ыⴚ澝‫מ‬檥ࢁ䍟澝‫و⸷ސ‬ ⴧ嶲͹࠿ѹ㻓ҫਙы嬴঑ ࠿ѹ㻓ҫыਙы嬴঑ ࠿ѹ㻓ҫы嬴঑

ষ⳪㬴َҸ‫⳷ם‬

澬ࡄ⳪澭暽‫ےڵ‬㺨УٝீЅ‫ם‬惍

伛伏澝嶲ֽ澝啠ध栌澝‫ױ‬㩌ٙұԃЍउ澝‫ډ‬ㅳ澝 ‫ؿ‬Ԇ‫ࢭܞ‬٢澝ࡦ‫ב‬栌 ⴧ    垹͹=*9,ͧਡॱⴧͫЉխ㷬ॕͨ ӟ䤚‫ߊޙ‬͹Ҷ‫࠿ٶ‬悩‫ߊޤ‬І澝ҹ ⴧ    嶲͹ۨы㻓ҫ曧ы۰ 㻓ҫ⯎ы۰ș‫ॿش‬㻓ҫ

Ӛ䔧巴ㅅ澝⣉‫ޔ‬於澝௚㴾湞ਝ‫ם‬ଳ澝⧤չ㐋 ⸢澝ܳॄ⛃Ф⹼澝⟆㼑徑ыФ‫؟‬澝刏࠾ஓ澝ਬ ੅䔧撗‫׈‬ ⴧ嶲͹࠿ѹ㻓ҫਙы嬴঑ ࠿ѹ㻓ҫыਙы嬴঑ ࠿ѹ㻓ҫы嬴঑

ষ⳪ȕԅ‫לܔ‬㬴َҶ‫ם‬嫶ү⳷ 伛伏澝嶲ֽ澝啠ध栌澝‫ױ‬㩌ٙұԃЍउ澝‫ډ‬ㅳ澝 ‫ؿ‬Ԇ‫ࢭܞ‬٢澝‫ך❅ך‬澝Ԟ㉙澝䅇‫ן‬啠澝䈏֪Օ澝 欏Ԙұ澝ࡦ‫ב‬栌 ⴧ    垹͹=*9,ͧਡॱⴧͫЉխ㷬ॕͨ ӟ䤚‫ߊޙ‬͹Ҷ‫࠿ٶ‬悩‫ߊޤ‬І澝ҹ ⴧ    嶲͹ۨы㻓ҫ曧ы۰ 㻓ҫ⯎ы۰ș‫ॿش‬㻓ҫ

ষ⳪ੋَЫ‫ם‬Ѓ‫ך‬嫶ү⳷ ࡯㬩䭕澝‫ގܞ‬侳Ԇ‫ގ‬澝‫ם‬㉠હ澝І坆١澝 ⠶⦁২֪ଗ‫۪ؿב‬䝬ࣱ‫ֽڧ‬ ⴧ    垹͹=*9,ͧਡॱⴧͫЉխ㷬ॕͨ ӟ䤚‫ߊޙ‬͹Ҷ‫࠿ٶ‬悩յ▲澝и澝м ⴧ    嶲͹ۨы㻓ҫ曧ы۰ 㻓ҫ⯎ы۰ș‫ॿش‬㻓ҫ

澬ԕ࢟Ӯ澭١惕҂‫ݯ‬Ѕ‫ם‬惍 ਸ਼஢㐋⸢澝આ‫ݹ‬伋‫ھ‬䫻澝ⴚ㫵‫ם‬㏳澝‫׉‬Ӥ‫ؿ‬搪 㷙澝刏՗੎ਮ‫׃ݾם‬澝榆‫׃ݾގ☓ݕ‬澝刏Іѹ ▲檥㐋⸢澝٢惕छㅅ澝䈑‫ׅנ‬ ⴧ嶲͹࠿ѹ㻓ҫਙы嬴঑ ࠿ѹ㻓ҫыਙы嬴঑ ࠿ѹ㻓ҫы嬴঑

澬ਅ⳪澭✕‫ݣ‬Ѕ‫ם‬惍 ‫ם‬䵗摺澝ևㅳ੪ԝ垹௙ब‫ڄ‬澝੼‫ݽ‬ㆃ‫׃ݾ‬澝❅ ‫ֽׅނ‬澝ग୐䈯ㅅ ⴧ嶲͹࠿ѹ㻓ҫਙы嬴঑ ࠿ѹ㻓ҫыਙы嬴঑ ࠿ѹ㻓ҫы嬴঑


௸ൢ 57#཈Ἧƌ&/5&35"*/.&/5

China Times

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www.chinatimes.nl

42 Ꭱᰵᬒす᱌

韓國電視頻道KBS即將“空降”無線衞星台

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《中國好聲音》 第二季歐洲招募站 快訊

荷蘭阿姆斯特丹 王來穎

要放送韓劇以及韓國娛樂節目、紀錄片、新聞等, 節目以韓語聲道為主並配上英語、中文等字幕播 出。除了電視頻道外,KBS World還擁有自己的廣 播電台,是韓國唯一的國際廣播機構。韓國放送公 社的英文全稱是Korea Broadcasting System,其為 大韓民國最早的公營電視台與廣播電台,與文化廣 播公司(MBC)和SBS股份有限公司(SBS)並列 為大韓民國三大無線電視台。該台播出過眾多經典 韓劇,許多更一度成為韓國收視率第一的電視劇, 其中包括《IRIS》、《浪漫滿屋》、《初戀》以及 《藍色生死戀》系列。 “韓劇”是近年在亞洲甚至國際上很流行的 一個話題。韓劇一貫以其簡單而細膩的劇情與韓國 的文化風情巧妙結合,讓觀眾很容易甚至在不經意 間認識韓國的歷史故事和風景古跡,進而極大促進 了韓國的經濟發展。韓國電視劇自1993年進入中 國至今,受歡迎程度不斷增加。如今在國內,不論 是白領青年,還是家庭婦女,都會對韓劇有一定瞭 解,可見其觀眾滲透度之廣。而其最受追捧的“愛 情劇”也對年輕一代影響甚大,成為了文化傳播、 市場營銷以及心理學的熱門研究課題。而除了韓劇 外,K-Pop和韓國綜藝節目也是“韓流”的重要組 成部份。2012年透過網絡視頻網站Youtube爆紅的 《江南Style》則是韓國流行音樂近期的代表作,把 K-Pop熱潮推至新的高峰。該歌曲在歐美主流樂壇 引起震動,於歐美多國流行音樂排行榜位列第一, 而且引起了全球性的模仿熱潮。而KBS最具人氣娛 樂節目之一的《GAG Concert》則在近期被韓網列 入10年來最棒的十大韓國 綜藝節目名單中。韓式綜 藝節目也是一直保持著較 高的製作水準,成為業內 的主要學習對象。 於近期開播的KBS 新劇《鯊魚》播出沒多久 即獲得不俗的收視成績, 該劇女主演孫藝珍以其精 湛的演技受到觀眾一致好 評,這也是男主演金南佶 時隔三年重新回歸電視劇 的首部作品。《鯊魚》是 由金志宇編劇和樸燦弘導 演合作的《復仇三部曲》 第三部終結篇,講述的是 為了替家族復仇對心愛女 人拔刀相向的男人,與因 為初戀搖擺不定而陷入絕

望和痛苦的女人之間所展開的悲戀故事。而於7月 3日首播的《劍與花》也是觀眾們期待的年度特別 企劃劇。此劇講述了高句麗榮留王時期的獨裁軍事 家淵蓋蘇文發動政變殺死榮留王,其女舞英矢志復 仇,隱藏自己的身份,進入淵蓋蘇文的庶子淵忠主 導的間諜組織,但卻在過程中與淵蓋蘇文的庶子淵 忠陷入愛河,因而在報仇與愛情的矛盾中糾葛煩惱 的武俠愛情劇。CNBLUE的成員李貞信將在劇中飾 演最高劍客“時宇”。 無線衞星台此次與 KBS World 的“牽手”也 正是看中了韓劇的社會價值,為其提供歐洲播放平 台,同時也為觀眾提供更多的娛樂選擇。近期,無 線衞星台不斷尋找新機會與各類型的娛樂節目和電 視台合作。剛剛結束的《中國好聲音》第二季歐洲 招募反響頗大,作為協辦方的無線衞星台通過該活 動也更加瞭解了英國及歐洲華人在文娛方面的需 求。接下來即將增添的 KBS World 頻道想必會得到 華人熱烈的關注。而為了最大程度的回饋觀眾,新 增的KBS頻道將不會額外收取任何費用。想要收看 的觀眾只需登記成為無線衞星台多頻道用戶即可享 受到最新熱播韓劇以及韓國綜藝節目。而無線衞星 台現有的單頻道用戶可以直接申請升級至多頻道進 行收看,多頻道客戶則可直接免費收看到新頻道。 一個是華人圈中知名度極高和在英國及歐洲覆 蓋面甚廣的中文電視台,一個是在韓國地位甚高以 及在國外頗受歡迎的韓語廣播機構。相信兩者的強 強聯手,一定會為英國及歐洲華人帶來更多樣化的 文娛節目,同時使用戶的觀看體驗無限升級。

新劇速遞《衝上雲霄II》 衝上雲霄II 延續十年前的經典,由影帝吳鎮宇領軍,加入張智 霖及陳法拉,與第一輯的演員演繹飛行人員於三千 呎上空發生的故事,在倫敦、巴黎、墾丁等地美景 襯托,繪出一幕幕人生悲歡離合的畫譜。《衝上雲 霄II》於歐洲時間7月15日起晚上22:00開始,一起 在晴空中品嘗人生百味。 故事大綱 嚴謹內斂的資深機師唐亦琛經歷喪妻之痛後 到處遊歷,Triangel玩偶讓他遇上生命中的另一個 她,令亦琛重回飛機駕駛艙。返回機師崗位後,亦 琛認識了性格與他南轅北轍的明星機長顧夏陽,兩 人除了事業上出現競爭外,還有愛情…… 夏陽的妹妹顧夏晨因少年不快經歷對哥哥一直 心懷怨憤,她的樣子酷似亦琛前妻,令亦琛弟弟亦 風不自覺對她照顧有加,漸生情愫,卻怕勾起哥哥 的傷痛回憶,只好裹足不前,把情感埋藏心底…… 隨著飛機的升降起落,一個個喜悅、傷感、離 別與重逢的動人故事在機場上映。

新舊角色共融交匯 陣容一時無兩 強勢影帝吳鎮宇 Sam哥強勢回歸,在劇中依舊飾演沉著冷靜的 飛機師唐亦琛。劇中因為妻子Zoe去世,他對同樣 由胡杏兒飾演的飛機修理師有著情意結,同時又和 陳法拉是對歡喜冤家。另外,Sam哥更在劇中多了 一個養女(梁靖琪飾)。 官仔骨骨的張智霖 張智霖的加盟備受關注,在《衝上雲霄II》中 飾演一名風流飛機師,他笑言非常期待,因為他在 劇中有多位靚女女友。而他與吳鎮宇在劇中既是好 友,又存在競爭,後來因陳法拉而成為情敵,這是 二人首次在電視螢幕上交手,無論是觀眾或是演員 自己都十分期待。 吳卓羲與馬國明 二人已經不再是十年前衝動青澀的大男孩,經

過十年的歷練,都變得成熟穩重,一同晉升為副機 師。吳卓羲在《衝上雲霄II》中依舊飾演唐亦風, 是吳鎮宇所飾演的唐亦琛之弟, 兄弟之間也漸漸變 成朋友,相處得更加舒服。而馬國明在新劇中享有 不少豔福,不僅有飾演空姐的朱晨麗做他的女友, 還會和善解人意的江美儀發生一段姐弟戀。 視后胡杏兒 胡杏兒將一人分飾兩角,一個是上一輯的 Zoe,會在頭兩集去世;另一個則是和Zoe有著同 樣相貌的飛機修理師顧夏晨。為了貼近角色,胡杏 兒還將努力留長的頭髮剪短,盡顯英氣一面。 英姿颯颯陳法拉 新加盟的陳法拉在劇中飾演堅強的飛機師,以 帥氣的機師制服亮相。這一次陳法拉會周旋在張智 霖和吳鎮宇之間。法拉早在09年已經與吳鎮宇在電 影《Laughing Gor之變節》中飾演兄妹,今次再度 合作,自然駕輕就熟,更見默契。

故事人物 英國倫敦 武赫

法國巴黎 陳偉廉

於6月2日舉行的《中國好聲音》第二季歐洲 終極考核當場推薦出的5位學員,經主辦方燦星製 作專業評審團的全方位綜合考量后,最終確定了3 位“好聲音”代表歐洲回國內參加《中國好聲音》 第二季主節目的錄製。這3位優秀歐洲區學員包括 (排名不分先後):來自荷蘭阿姆斯特丹的王來 穎、來自英國倫敦的武赫、以及來自法國巴黎的 陳偉廉。接下來,他們會由主辦方安排於7月前往 中國上海參與下一階段的考核。協辦方無線衞星 台將繼續跟進報導3位“歐洲華人好聲音”的夢想 旅程。

蘇怡(胡杏兒飾)

高志宏(馬國明飾) 高級副機長 有事業心,懂人情世故, 感情上舉棋不定。

顧夏陽(張智霖飾)

何年希(陳法拉飾) 二副機師 感性衝動、個性獨立、 敢作敢為、愛情至上。

唐亦琛(吳鎮宇飾) 機長/高級訓練機長 成熟穩重、踏實內斂、 工作認真。

機長/顧夏晨之兄 不拘小節、外表嬉皮笑 臉,實質冷靜果斷、駕 駛技術超卓;曾服役於 澳洲空軍。

機場地勤職員/ 唐亦琛之妻 因病早逝。

顧夏晨(胡杏兒飾) 飛機維修督導員/ 顧夏陽之妹 沉默寡言、外冷內熱、 富責任感;對自己的 家庭背景及學歷感到 自卑。

唐亦風(吳卓羲飾) 高級副機長/ 唐亦琛之弟 重視友情親情,受哥 哥影響由桀驁不馴變 得踏實幹練。


43

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China Times

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www.chinatimes.nl

44 Ꭱᰵᬒす᱌

ࢇ᪴䶋㖇ȇ#-0(

ቓ‫ס‬ॖրԫጥ࣏դᡱಀӻΡσѶ‫ܚ‬ఖȊ

ጡ‫ޟޱ‬ၗ

҉㔲喟删‫ࢇܝ‬൞ȟҳ⎽喟ჯᄋဓདྷ㜿ᐐ㷃 ᨇ๛㻃᫝㖋Ϸᬒ̷ࡵ喍ᰵᬒ̷ࡵÿÿ㌕ 㔲∕喎൞䖀喑࣌䥢䖀䘕䘕䪤޶ᔄ䏺㷘ᣔऄ䇱Ƞ┘ ⩕㖤‷ᵵᄴౕࡄϙጯι͚䮏‫ڙ‬䪸ა‫ݑ‬ȡ∂䮏㋀ᄖ ⤳㾺◧喑޶ᔄ䏺⮱㵹◧ጟ㋀Ỹ᜽ऄ䇱㒗Ƞ┘⩕㖤 ‷㒗喑̭ᄖ‫ݑ‬㮂޶ᔄ䏺₨ܾȠ㌖᱌‫ږ‬Ꭱത㵹喑͓ ↿ᩣ‫ڕ‬䘕Ըϧ䇎⩏ȡ ‫م‬ノϧԾ̺ᛶ㾟ᄺ̭Ըϧ⮱₨㔹⟯₎喑ѳ᭜ ⰸ㒤޶ᔄ䏺̺₨䕆‫⊵ݴ‬ᖜ喑ⰥԎ࠲᠙᜾ౕ‫⮱ڔ‬ᒵ ็ϧ䘪ᰰ๔๞᝭᱈ȡ͸᝭Вຯₑ喑♎䲋᭜ౕ⃼Ը ϧ⮱‫ڔ‬ᓰ㜗᜾‫ݑ‬Ⴧ⮱㉽᳉㜴∂䮏ა‫⮱ݑ‬ᄓ䯈㉽᳉ ᰶ㥪ጛ喑䕆⽛㥪ጛ‫م‬ノ఍ϧ㔹⪝喑ѳВ̸Ꭻ吋ᛶ 㾟ᰭ◧ͨ㺮ȡ ̭᭜㜴ϧԾᄺ͚๛កĄ㔮㭻ą߈Ꮣ⮱᱌Ⱙ Ⱕ℁ᰶ㥪ጛȡ㓿ᱻതᩬВҳ喑็⁎㶕⹧㺮Ą㔮 㭻ąȠĄ㧩㴲ą̭䊤ក喑ह᭯䖱䕟̭ₒߍ๔γᜟ ⇨䇗㙽⮱߈Ꮣȡ㍞㻭࡮‫ژ‬๔Вҳ喑⩞ᱻ᭒೻Ƞ㶐 ӷࢬ喑‫ݝݝں‬ᰵ̸ᬙВҳ喑䕐㎹̶䕞̶䯨Ą㔮

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ϧγȡ ̶᭜∂ᒸ⮱ᓋ䑂ᗲロ㜴ϧԾᓰ͚ᄺ㙽᪄䰣ღ ᓺⰥ℁ᰶ㥪ጛȡ޶ᔄ䏺ᵵз໸喑ᄾ᪥ϧᅞិЃͨ ᩬ̸⮱Ą倅䥢䇏⢨ą҉◧γᓋ䑂ᗲロҳ䂝䀃喑ѳ ᭜喑ౕᒵ็ϧⰸҳ喑䕆♎䲋᭜ᄺ◧㙽᪄䪸㙘⮱⽛ ⽛䁙䀃ȡᄓ䯈̷喑ౕ͚స⪣‫ݺ‬ᗲ⇮̸喑ᄺШ҂㙽 ᪄ܳၽ喑♎䀃᭜ᓋԸϧ䇏⢨䖱᭜ϧ‷ぶ᫦䲏喑ᄺ ‫̺҉ڣ‬₨䓜䂤喑ⰥѡⰥ⩌⮱䘪᭜⹫ᰰᄺ㙽᪄⮱᩵ Ьহ㙽᪄⮱䊷⮩⡃⢄ȡ℘♎⪾੼喑‫Ⱬڙ‬ᄺ㙽᪄⮱ 䰣ღᓺౕᄓ䯈̷ऄ‫ۤݝ‬㥪喑ᄓ䯈̷ᰰ䃀‫Ⱬڙ‬ᄺ⹫ ᰰȠ∂ᒸহ‫ݣ‬Ꮣぶ఍ᰶᑤ◵ࣺጛ㔹⩌ࣚȡ ͚๛䵅ᄻ̭‫ں‬ᠴ‫ܧ‬喑㙽᪄᭜͚‫ڞ‬䲏㜕⮱ᰭ๔ ࢞䯗喑ຯ᳉̺㘪ᰶ᩵䕼‫ݣ‬喑ᰶज㘪Ąώ吕ώసą ȡ㔹ౕ޶ᵵ䕟‫ڒ‬थ∂⼸Ꮌ͸᭯喑∂ᒸࢨ䖥᧴γ䖖 Ꮣᄙღ喑ᄓౕթᓄ⌞ᕊ喆

።ӵᇧഅϛ୽‫؃ޟ‬ЈΙঈȉ ᄼ᭯Ն㖪᱙స⮱ϧ≮ᯏ⮱㿗ใస㾞喑᭜̭ ⽛࡮ܳ᪙Н⮱ᓰᙸ喑ຯहౕ䕻ࣨ㖪ᄵუ⩕ᄵẚ㶀 㿋㊓᜾Ծ䁈䔝᳽ψ䖀⤳̭ὐ喑ᒹҳ᝺ᬻ⮪喑⩕ใ స㾞㒢ϧज㘪᜾Ծ㖪㦄Όສ㖪喑ѳᝃ㽞̺ᬻ⮪᭜ 㒢ϧ喑㔹हὐ喑ᄵუԾ⮱ᄵẚ㶀㿋䕇፥Ό࡮ܳ㤜 叄喑ࢨ᱗ᰫᘠ䕻ᅞ᭜ౕ㎋ҳ㎋ࣨ㧆ϧȡ ᰶψᲞ㺬喑〆⮱㻿Ꮣ̺हγ喑㜗♣㔹♣ⰸ⮱ ᒏᙸᅞ̺̭ὐγ喑̭Ըᾏీ⮱䰋㯸喑䖁㟙๴䘪㘪 ⪘‫♎ܧ‬᪥⮱ᒏ⟭ҳ喑ⰥԎϧ̓䫀⮱Პ㺬喑ᰡᰰࡰ ༬⮫ᙸȡ䕆ఈρ࡮Ըᄼ᭯⮱᭯䫀ᒵ⛞偔喑๔Ⱬѩ ͻ䘪ౕ䔪㦄ᱻༀ䋾喑ᓋ‫ٿ‬ၽ‫ݝ‬㔮ၽ喑ᅞጛ↿ᰶិ Ѓ⮱⺃Ⴤ㊓ᡃ‫ܧ‬ҳ㒢喑䕆Όౕ፥䂅⮱ᣔ‫ݣ‬ヱ఺喑 Ⴥ਎ᬻᭌȠჅ਎ᬻᭌιАȠ䱿᭒᱌Ƞᑤ༓喑ᎫԸ 㾋ᒆᦨ䰉ϑ㎁ౕ̭䊤喑ᑂ䊤⮱䒌ࠂ᩵ᛶ̺ⴒ䖀ᰶ ็๔ȡⱩⲈ呷‫ݤݤ‬ౝⰸाγ⩤᫦喑ᔅ㽅γऄრϧ ⤫ౕᔻ叩ὐγ喑ౕਗ㸎ȡ 䕆䃀᜾ᘠ䊤γጟ㋀₨ࣨ⮱㬒უ䦘喑‫ݺ‬㔲⃧

ϧγ喑ѳ㶊⤫ౕ྿倁䔪ក⮱ࠏ䵚ⰸ喑ᱻ๖̭⮱㒗 㵹↿ᰶ‫ݺ‬㔲௡䛺喑̺䕻ᑂ䊤⮱‫ڙ‬ᛑ℁‫ݺ‬㔲㺮๔ᒵ ็喑ᰭ◧᱙䈗⮱喑᭜఍◧ᒹ㔲丈ᤇ䋸᝵ౝߐ䌎喑 ౕ₟ᰵ䛹‫̭⼭៶׼‬ὐ⪆̸γ吋吋␡␡喑㔹‫ڔ‬ᓰ䊤 γ䗗ᔢ⮱㬒უ䦘喑᭜ౕ̭Ը᭯䫀吋⃧₨γ̭Ը≨ ⩌⩌⮱⩌প喑఍ₑ喑Ⱕᄺ᫩⬈㠓ៅ⸕⮱⼸Ꮣ喑≨ 㦄ᓺऄៅ⸕喑℁₨ώ䖱㺮जᕂȡ ఺㎋ᱻ๖̭喑㿗㾞হ㶕ᬻᙸᏓ⮱ϧᒵ็喑‫ڣ‬ ᄓ喑఍◧፥䂅䪤᭯䫀㷘᨞㒛喑‫ڙ‬Ꭰₐ㓖㷘䌽䌼⮱ 䏘ᒞ̺ࣵ᭯䕟‫Ⱬڙڒ‬㻃䛻喑᝭В喑⃼⁎⮩⩌䶋ѩ θᗲ喑̺ᓄ̺‫⩕⁎ں‬፥䂅㼐䂭፥䂅喑䕆⽛๴㦖ग ᰶౕ͚స᝺ᰶȡ‫ࣵⱫڙ‬҂ୄ̺ⴒ䕆⽛ᗲᒏ喑ग᭜ 㜗䏘⍧ᄼ⮱‫❴̭׼‬㷘⟯䷕㖳ᘼ०៯⮱ὦ㥶喑ᰡ҂ ⇮ⰸ‫⮱ݝ‬㽞็ᗲ⇮䖱᭜㷘̭䯨♎ᒏ⮱᝸᝭ㄖ䖥䕻 ᒹ⮱喑䮑γ䁫㒢Ƞୟ䀤Ƞᓗ⧝㼐䂭喑ѩͻ↿ᰶ℁ 䕆ψᰡສΌ㘪ᰡᣒ䓾⮱㶕䖁‫ܧ‬㜗᜾⮱ᓰᙸγȡ ѳθᗲⷧᄓ‫ں‬ㅎ૛̺䕻喑㹗ࣨ఺㎋ౕᱻუক

҉㔲喟删‫ࢇܝ‬൞ȟҳ⎽喟䛾҂ ఺⮱‫⧝ٶ‬喑ᅞ᭜̭Ը㷘⏧ᙈᚐγ⮱႖ၽᣒι䕐̶ և‫ܧ⮱ܧ‬ᵩ㜶ࠂ喑ᩫౕ⪣Ϸ͚స⹫ᰰ喑ⰥԎ⃼Ը ϧ⮱䏘᫮喑䘪㘪ⰸ‫ݝ‬ᎫԸ䕆ὐ≨⩌⩌⮱Ҹၽȡ఍ ₑ喑ᑂ䊤๔Ⱬ⺋㋀⡈◵៪᤽⮱喑̺᭜უ䪤⏧ᙈ႖ ၽ喑㔹᭜უ䪤䏘̷᝭ᝡ⮱‫⧝ٶ‬喑Вࣷ䕆ᆑ‫ౕ⧝ٶ‬ 䕻ࣨࡷԸ็̓㈭喑㊓̓ϧ፣ҳ⮱̭ᎂᎂᗟ₎䰏व ⮱๔᝟ȡ᫩᭜喑⃼̭⁎䶋ѩᱻ๖̭⮱θᗲ‫⤫ܧ‬喑 ‫Ⱬڙ‬ᅞ⮩⤫γ̭ԸजВ⮩≖ᗲ㋿⮱䕇䖀喑⪣θϧ 䴳⤳᜽」ౝᓲ䴵᜽◧Ⱬⴏ͸⮱ȡ  㷘䕻ܳ㼐䂭ѩͻⰸ䊤ҳᰶ吋जᚽጡጡ喑ѳ ᭜喑᳽Ըऺϧᰫ㋀㿗䕻‫ܧ‬ҳ⌤䖟ᬖ᭜㺮䖱⮱喑᜽ Ό㪚҂᪄Ό㪚҂喑㘪ํӊ䲍‫⧝ٶ‬⢟ᓄ♎᪥喑㜗♣ Όᰰ఍◧‫⧝ٶ‬㷘㒢ᓄ倁♎Ⴙ㛇ȡ‫ں‬㔲喑๔ⱫⱩ㸎 ⮱䕆Ը‫⧝ٶ‬喑ጟ㋀䯳๖̸䇍䲏㾋ᒆ͸๔᜽喑ౕ⪣ Ϸ͚స喑ጟ㋀↿ᰶᰡ䗗ᘎ⮱Პ㺬㜴͸Ⱕ᣽͓䀃 γȡ

৅Ѕҕк‫ޟ‬Ιᡝ‫ڍ‬७ ᐐൡ̷⮱ϧ㓑ࣵ䋂䊝̭Ը㍪㊞ȡ‫ږ‬Ꭱ็ҳ⮱ ࠂ㪖喑ϧℾ߈䛼ᅞ᭜ℾͨᒝ䶜喤 䏺䮷‫⁎ں‬ϸ‫ڒ‬ȡఋᛶℾⱫ঩㖟᭜ᄺ喑䋂䊝ℾ 䖥㍪㊞᭜䡜喤 ೰ࣷ喑䊝ाℾͨₒᆒ㞞䰐喑䖱᭜䪸Կ䏷喑᝭ 䀯Ą㺬᫦ᐼąℾͨⅡౌ̺᰺喤 ೰ࣷℾͨ䕟⼸ᓋᎡ䋂䊝⽳ጡ៶‫ݝٸ‬Ϸ ๖喑ॵ⤫‫ܧ‬᫝㜷߈䛼៶វ‫ݺ‬㵹⮱̭倁‫ږ‬䲏ȡ  ȋす̭䲏喟᫝⩌߈喑೻ጯ͚⩏㻧䚿  Ꭱ⽳ጡ៶‫ٸ‬Կझᒹ⮱す̭Ըᭌ᱌喑᜾ ࣨᣎ㽗䭬៶ќ㖜Ⰼ࣌⼅ᰥ䪤⽳㫖喑䑬䀃㾺◧Ѓᰶ ᾌᰰ᜽◧̸Ш㍪㊞ȡ䰏䪸䙿Ꮔ⮱᭯Ն喑䌌䪭㶈ࢎ 㫖໳㕷䊤⽳㫖ȡࢎ㫖໳㿗喟Ą᜾ज̺㻧ᓄЃ᭜⪣ ㍪㊞⮱᫆喆ą᜾䪸⣖〾㿗㺮䑶ॷ⽳㫖ȡࢎ㫖໳ₐ 㞟䖀喟Ą䯕Ӭ喆᜾Ծ䕐㍪㊞䘪䋂䊝γ喑ᓋϷ̺‫ں‬ ᕂШ҂ϧ喆ą ⪣᭯᜾ᓰ䵚̭⛞喟೰ࣷϧᓋₑ䪤‫̭ܧ‬ᑢ̺㷘 ⁧䇍⮱㛶ȡ ‫ږ‬Ꭱ䕻ࣨγ喑㶊‫̭ۍ‬ᔿ⮱䲖প喑↿ᰶឬ䀫̭ Ը⣘⦝ి喑⽳ጡ៶‫ٸ‬͸ᒹ⮱೰ࣷ喑ࠂ㪖̺₏ȡ 䋂䊝⽳ጡ៶‫ٸ‬͸ᒹ⮱ίᅭ喑⽳❫㺬ᰶ䡜ౕ ‫ٵ‬ȡ⽳᫜᳄‫ٱ‬ᑌᰰ䂷䏘ᩬ吕喑ࢨ℘♎തᩬ㋀侄ȡ ̺ᛯᓄԎႵឬ䀫喑めᛶ༁Ш̭Ըຠᕔ‫ޜ‬㍪㊞Ƞ ̭ԸധⲐᒿ㍪⤳喑㊞㊞㥪⾧喑䪸㒗‫ږ‬๔౅倁ȡ ⪣䖥͸ᒹ喑㥙ᾌᒲ⤳喑ࢨᔆ㦄ఈ㮂᠈䇩䵅ᄻϧ ⪘‫׼‬喑䴿ጰз᫜㭚∂Бȡ◧൞⻮ϴ喑䕫䊷∂ᒸ喑 ‫ٺ‬䮑㍪῏ᄌ䪤喑㼥ࠂ೰ࣷϧᄺĄ⢕㷮ąẢ‫ڣ‬᩼ ᙌ⮱⺋㋀ȡ⇨⤳㋀┌喑㤉划̭᳇ȡ◧γ␬䋠*.' 喍స䯈䇕᎐ധ䛾㉱㎁喎䇥㺮Ⅿ喑‫ݷ‬⍈ᩬᏉ䊑 ႄ喑⽳❫㺬ᅲ♣ᘠ‫ܧ‬᣽倅⼲ᩣȠः⊵⛰⇦㸉䇩喑 䕆⽛ࢠ‫⓭ݨ‬ᔿ๔Ⱬ⮱Ą㜗⃧ᐼąᩬゃȡ೰ࣷᩬᏉ 䇎⇮̺Ҡ喑з៶‫ٸ‬Ƞ‫℁ݖ‬ϋ䘪Ԏ̺䕻⽳❫㺬ក ⮱Ą⮪᷊ą喑䖟䖟̺㊓ⴠ⇦ȡ೰ࣷ偔䊤⇦㡿喑ϧ ᓰ䌌㦄ᘣᘣȡ⽳❫㺬̷झ᭯ᓄ⺕⢴喊喑̭Ꭱ ᒹ喑ࣺᄺ㔲ㅪऺ㖜㒟喑ϧ᪥䊲䕻೰ࣷव∂䖥ℾ⮱ ̭ࡷȡ А㶕̓Ԅ߈䛼⮱ࣺᄺ≫喑㜗㾺᭜ᣕ㔨⽳ጡ ៶‫߈ͨ⮱ٸ‬喑ѳ䲖প᜽ߌ͸ᒹ喑↿ҳᓄࣷ៘ᣈ̷ 䮐喑ᅞ㷘ౝ̸䕸҉็Ꭱ⮱Ⴤ᪆㉱㎁ౕ䖥㜶͚⃧Ը ᣗ᝸̺ࣷȡౕЃԾⰸҳ喑⽳❫㺬⮱ⷧ䈼γ䖥㜶喑

ѳ䕆̺᭜̭ൡ Ą䇨ࢱ⑾䈡ą喍GBJS QMBZ喎ȡ㔹䕻 ̭ࣨᎡ⮱㊞⇨喑Ⴙ‫ڕ‬᭜㿑సȡ ࣺᄺ≫⮱∂ᄣ᭜ÿÿ㶄䵚喑♎᪥ᑢĄ̺㷘⁧ 䇍⮱㛶ą̭㖪㿗Ąᰶϧ㺮᥋⢕㷮ą喑⿸ࢠఋ‫ݝ‬ᐐ ൡȠ᧬䊤ᰫ㋀᨟ा⽳ጡ៶‫ⴠ⮱ٸ‬൷ÿÿ੼䵹᭜喑 ᐐൡ䲖প᜽◧㼐↧੼䵹⮱፥㺼᝸⃢喑సუ♎∂ₐ ፥䕸䑶ȡ♎⩼⮱๔Ⱬ喑ⱌ㘪և‫ܧ‬ᰭສ⮱䖥᧴ૻ喤 ‫ږ‬Ꭱ‫ݺ‬喑೰ࣷ໾ཅ㈺Ҡౕᐐൡ̷⓭ࠂౝॷ 㽡᜾喑Ą᜾Ծ偒❚ःᓄγ‷‫ݖ‬喑‫̺ں‬㘪䃀Ш҂ϧ ທ䊝喆ą‫ږ‬Ꭱᒹ喑ౕ㋟̷㕷๖喑຦㿗喟Ą๗जᕂ γ喑๖๖佤ί喑䲖পႹγąȡ։γ̭ᰰ‫ٿ‬喑຦ࣵ ᪟‫̭ܧ‬㵹ႄ喟Ą̺喑↿ᰶႹȡą ⵁ⾣೰ࣷ‫ڙ‬ℾ⹫ᰰ⮱޺ὸ๔Ⴅ᪆ᢵϋ㺬 ❫㬴㤷ᰩ㾺ह䲖পĄ↿ᰶႹą喑Ϻᰶ⤳⩞ᄺ೰ࣷ ⮱᱗ҳᙌ‫ݝ‬Ἧ㻭ȡᣕ㔨⽳ጡ៶‫ٸ‬Вҳ喑䪸㒲⃼̭ Ը⹫࡭㜗⮩᜽⿸㼻䀃ᄼ㉱ȡϧԾ䂝䀃ℾͨ喑㽚ᘠ ᱗ҳ喑Ը倁ᘼ䂅⮱㻧䚿喑ᄺШ҂̭Ըᘠ⢕ᩙ๔‷ ⮱ϧỸ᜽฀߈ȡᎡ㬴㤷ᰩఋ‫ݝ‬೰ࣷ喑ᾌൡ 䕻⊤䬉⮱᭯Ն喑ᩲᘼౕ䂤⚔䛹๫γι࡮೰䢷喑⊤ 䬉ϧ਎「௡㖲䔭䖱ȡ䲖প‫ݺ‬喑̺උ䡏ᒵज㘪䖚‫ݝ‬ ‫ܮ‬䰐ȡ 㜗⩞ҳγ喑䪤‫ܧ‬ᄷ௡ȡ̭Ը͚Ꭱ೰ࣷϧ㿗喑 ⽳ጡ៶‫̸ٸ‬झ‫ݺ‬喑Ѓ⃼๖䘪ࣨᐐൡ喑ᄺ䗐㸎㦄γ 䔤ȡ఍◧ᐐൡ̷ᰶऱ⽛ૉ޴㶕⑁喑ᰶϧ὎Ь⽳ጡ ៶‫ٸ‬喑ᰶϧਫ਼乿㜹䀤‫ݧ‬ᩬ⇨ȡĄҍⴒ䖀೰ࣷϧᰭ ૉ₎䪸⣖〾喑កⵡᩬ⇨⺮ᓹ͸ᒹ喑⾮♣ឫఋγ᜾ Ծ᭜㿝ȡą͚Ꭱϧ㿗‫ݝ‬䕆㸎喑ⱩⲈ│γȡ᜾⡉ᘠ Ѓ⮱倁侄喑᭜㜗ጞࣵ᜽γ⩌ࠂ≨⑾Ƞᰶ㵭ᰶ㖶⮱ ϧȡ ϋ₤ᆞ๔ృᰥ乕乕䪤ᅑ㉍๘ⓑͦ㿗喑 Ꭱ೰ࣷ⮩⩌⮱ग᭜㈺䈪❫䏺θᩬ䂷喑㔹Ꭱ ⮩⩌⮱᭜̭ൡ⹫ᰰ䂷䲖ȡႰ̺‫ײ‬䋂䊝γ㜷倁‫ݣ‬ᰭ 倅㊞⇨㔲喑ᰡ㼥ࠂ⃼̭䵳ᓰ䱵喑䛺ൾϧ㜴ϧ͸䫀 ⮱䬉ӯȡ ‫ږ‬Ꭱ䫀⮱ࣺࣺᓖᓖ喑ధ♣ϧᓰ⫟㉜喑ѳ೰ࣷ ็⽉䤎⮱‫̭͚ڣ‬Ը⪘䲏喑᭜೻ጯ͚⩏䊷ҳ䊷ᙌऄ ‫ݝ‬᝸͚⮱߈䛼ȡᓺγ⽳ጡ៶‫࡮̶ٸ‬Ꭱ喑⽳❫㺬᝺ Ꭶγ̭Ꭱ喑䱟‫ܧ‬ψ⢕ᩙ๔‷⮱㠄䵚喑೰ࣷϧᅞ◥ 䡸γȡ ᝭䀯Ą೻ጯ͚⩏ą喑Ⴧ㓖ᄙ∈ȡ̺̭Ⴧᠴᩣ ‫ڒ‬Ƞ᪆㗟ⅡᎠ䖁‫ݝ‬᳽Ը὆⏃喑㔹᭜ᠴ䗐ψ̺‫◧ں‬ ̶丽ᘮ喑ౕ䇴㼷䕇ᯏ⮱Ϸ๖喑䪸໸◧Ըϧ‷⯷ᚯ

䕆Ըऺ◧Ąࢇ᪴䶋㖇ą⮱❵䲏ऺ ̺こᄓ喑఍◧᝭ܷ⮨⮱喑䰃ᰶࢇ჏̷ ⮱᪴」喑ѳ͓䲋‫ڕ‬᭜喠䰃๔倁ⴚᄼ㇫ Ꭶ喑ѳΌᰰᰶ䕐䐶ȡ̺䕻喑ᰶ̭吋ज В㗜Ⴧ喑䕆᭜̭Ը‫␬ٲ‬᪴ࡃ⅐ᖜ❵ 䲏ȡ ౕ᳽⽛ᆑ䲏̷Ꭰ䲏྿倁䰐В᱈䰨 ၽ‫נ‬྿͸䴲㗹喑͸᝭ВःऺĄࢇ᪴䶋 㖇ą喑ѩͻౕ̺ᔅ⺃㽀⮱ह᭯ႥႥ䋂 ᭯倓ȡ ᙌ䁊䗐ψ̺㼵൞䚙ा᱙൞᣽ӈ Ąࢇ᪴ą⮱҉㔲喑ЃԾБ᱙൞ౕ Ąੳą⮱ߌ‫ݖ‬Вใ෋⌨ᎫܳĄ᪴ą͸ ٗ䯲喑Б䂭㔲ౕ㋀┌Ƞᩬ⇨Ƞ⹫ᰰহ ‫׾‬㼷͸ใ喑ᰶᾌᰰ㘪В䑂倳⮱ᓰᗲ৮ ঠᎫ㇫⺋ᔘ丽ȡ  ᜾Ծ⮱Ąࢇ᪴ą҉㔲䮷кΌᄴ̺ ᫤ᨡ๔ȡ

᝭В‫ݝ‬ᰭᒹ᜾ԾΌᅞ̺䰐⤳㼐喑䰃♣⏧ᙈ ႖ၽ̺ܳ➖䈗⮱็ᄾ喑ѳౕ๴➦⮱͚స喑⩞᫩᝭ 䀯䎸䏘̷≮⹫ᰰ⮱㓑倁ᰶ̭๔䘕ܳᅮ㗎̺᭜䗐叩 Ϋ⌕喑᫩᭜㜗䏘⮱ᒹАᝃ็ᝃᄾᰰౕ䕆ὐ⮱ⅈ఺ ͚᜽䪤喑⇫ᴀ̷⩇叩⅐ᖜ喑Ό䘪᭜⤳᝭⪣♣ȡ҂ ⇮喑ᱻ๖̭⮱❣㻗⁹㖟᭜䗐叩⮱ᖲ㕠୦ϛ喑ᱻ๖ ̭᱙ϧΌਫ਼⮱᭜ຯₑᖲ㕠喑ѳᅞຯहᄵუ㤜叄⮱ ᄵẚ㾋ᒆ㧆ϧ̭ὐ喑ਫ਼γ㈲⁹喑ևγ叾θ喑ग̺ 䕻䕆⁎䂷᜽倅㉇叾喑̺ᓲ䖛䖛ᣖᣖ喑ₐ㊞ౕ͚స ጟ㋀㷘ୟ〾⮱↿㓋↿㛷γȡ ⏧ᙈ㸪䕍γᱻ๖̭喑㿝ࣵ㸪䕍γ͚స➦ᰶ⮱ ᱻ๖̭এ喤ऱѺᓰⴒ㗇ᬻȡҍⰸ‫ݝ‬γᱻ๖̭喑ҍ ↿ⰸ‫ݝ‬ᱻ๖̭Ծ喑ҍ̺ⴒ䖀ᰶ็ᄾᱻ๖̭Ծ喑ᰡ ̺ⴒ䖀ᰰⰸ‫็ݝ‬ᄾᱻ๖̭Ծȡҍगⴒ䖀喑ҍᘠⰸ ‫⮱ݝ‬喑Ⅵ䖍̺ᰰ㜴ⰸ‫⮱ݝ‬᜽ₐ℁喑ҍΌⴒ䖀喑ҍ ᘠ䖬‫⮱ٺ‬喑Ⅵ䖍̺ᰰ‫⤫ܧ‬ጟ㋀̺䖬‫⩹̓⮱ٺ‬䛹ȡ

҉㔲喟删‫ࢇܝ‬൞ȟҳ⎽喟ক䐩ै ᚛⮱ϧȡ䕆ψϧ᭜೰ࣷᎡᣕ㔨⽳ጡ៶‫⮱ٸ‬ ͨ倁喑Ό᭜ᎡԿ⽳❫㺬⮱͚ല≫ȡ Ꭱ̷ࡷᎡ喑䕆ψϧ䖱ౕౌ㕠‫ڣ‬Ƞጡ 㺬Ƞ࢝Ꮣᅩ㺬ϋȠԊߍ‫ݖ‬ϋぶぶℾͨ倁‫ڔݣ‬ᩗ๖ ࠂౝȡ喍ओ᪴㾠䔝喎 Ꭱ೰ࣷⱌₐ⮱䇔ఝϧऐࣰ㜴⼸Ꮣ̺ 倅ȡ₨ϧ೻㸎喑⃼๖⩌≨ౕ‫ږ‬Ը㒻ٰВ̸⮱⿛ϧ ۤⱩ᫮㻭䋂䊝⽳ጡ៶‫≣≣⮱ٸ‬๔⒛ȡ䓟᱾ౝ࡭Ό ᭜̭≫㒛䏘θใ⮱ᄔ䲉ȡ ೰ࣷ⮱೻ጯ͚⩏喑ౕ̭⁎⁎偒❚͚喑ₐႥ㓿 Ҭ⩕᝸͚⮱߈䛼喑◧᱗ҳ೰ࣷℾͨ䂤㝗⮱喑ᛶ㾟 ᭜̭Ըᐐ∈䪸ࡃ⮱‫ڙ‬ℾ⹫ᰰȡ ᕽᜩ↿ᰶγ喑̭ܴ᝺‫ވވ‬䪸໸ȡ  ȋすι䲏喟㜷߈䛼喑䏺䮷ᢹ‷  䏺䮷喑ౕ᪡Ը͚Პᩬ⇨₤ट̷⮩ᤛ⢕➦҉ ⩕ȡ㜗ᎡᠬⵡӃ䖍ᓢ೰ࣷ喑㺬᫦‫ٵ‬䕟◛▘ 侇䚿⡲䏘ϧ䲏ȡᠬⵡӃ䰏䪸ᒹ喑೰ࣷ㊞⇨㔲⽳㒂 吅ᓤ䭬䛹⮩ປᩦ䲖喑仃‫ٵ‬Ą㺬ࡃą⮱ᅞ᭜䏺䮷ȡ ດ᫜ᰩౌ㕠‫ڣ‬Ό᭜ຯₑȡ䏺θႥ䮏᪆ᢵ⁽≟㿋 㼭Ƞ㺬᫦᪴ࡃȡ͚Პ็Ըసუ⮱䏺䮷㜠Ϸ㜴㒻స Ԋᠮ㞜ສ䬉ӯ喑Όᰶ䕆̭⃢⌢⎽ȡ 䏺䮷ᩦ䲖Ӱ᜽͚Პᩬ⇨䲏䆹๔㔨๖ȡ‫ܞ‬᱘ ❫Ƞ㈺䈪❫Ƞࢎ᝻㤟䘪ᰫ᭜Ꭱ䑂䏺Ⴥ喑⟜̷҉ ί喑ᣕ㔨ᄮᐧ⢸᱊喑 ᐧ⿸γ⤫Аసუȡ䏺ϧᰶጓ ठసუᩬᅭ⮱₤ट喑⇬㺟㔹᜽㓿ᚐȡ 㜴В㞟݄⮱᝝❚喑Ό᭜䕆ψ䭬៶ќసუ䏺䮷 ผ๔⮱࣌఍ȡ೰ࣷ㜴В㞟݄ㅪ㼯হᎠࢁ䂝͸ᒹ喑 ̭Ꮣ‫ݷ‬⍈䏺䮷ϧ᪥喑⽳ጡ៶‫ٸ‬തᩬ᭯᱌喑‫ں‬Ꮣᨡ ᑢȡহᎠ᭯᱌喑䏺䮷̺‫ײײ‬᭜Ⴕ䂤సუ⮱߈䛼喑 ᰡࣰ㜴‫ݝ‬ऱ⽛㋀✌喑ᢹᤎ㋀┌প㘵ȡ೰ࣷ䏺䮷⊶ ࣷᝬౝ⩏Ƞ᫲䕷ᏓմȠ㸪䕍ẚぶぶ̶⮫‫࡮ښ‬㵹ȡ ᝭В喑ᄺ᫩䏺䮷⮱㋀┌‫⯷ݖ‬㔹㼭喑సუ⾖Ⴧᰭ◧ 䬉䢢ȡ 䕆ᅞ㼐䛸γ喑ЃԾ◧⩇叩̭⁎⁎‫ܧ‬᝸ÿÿ㔮 䏺ϧ⽳ጡ៶‫ٸ‬Όࣺ喑᫝㍪㊞⽳❫㺬Όᣕ㔨ȡĄ㖪 ᓋϧℾ঩㖟ąग᭜ऐ㮌喑₥ᵦ㉽Ꮒ喑䏺䮷㺮⮱᭜ ⾖Ⴧ喑Ԋ㋀┌ȡ㿝̷ҳ䘪♎᝭䀯喑Ϋ‫ݝ‬ϧℾ̷㶄 ᅞᓄ̸㿟ȡ ౌ㕠‫ڣ‬䏺䮷ౕȠȠᎡ喑̭ ⁎⁎‫ڢ‬䂷Ϋᩬȡ⊵Ảᒞ䴬᭜䏺‷⢕๔ȡ⽺Ả䲏᭜

̭⁎⁎㋚䂤γౌ㕠‫̓⮱ڣ‬ԄᕔȡⰡ‫ݝ‬ᰡᑤ⶙⮱೰ ❫็Ⴖ‫ܧ‬᝸喑⾮♣‫ݷ‬⍈‫‷ڢ‬喑䕛ᢂ䏺Ⴥ喑ᄴౌ㕠 ‫ڣ‬స䭟䘕ក䖱Ą䏺θ䀛㾏ąߌ㘪⮱࣌ᒏȡౕౌ㕠 ‫ڣ‬喑䕆Ը䕻⼸⩕γρ࡮็Ꭱȡ⽳❫㺬̷̭ҳ喑Ό ᘠᩣᠫ䏺䮷喑䖱㻗㜗ШপγᰭᎡ䑂Ƞⰸ䊤ҳᰭ♎ რ⮱උ㺬ȡ㉽ᅭज㘪Ό‫ͻܧ‬Ѓ㜗ጞ⮱ᘼ᫆ȡ ♎䀃ౕౌ㕠‫ڣ‬喑䖱᭜೰ࣷ喑䏺ϧѩͻ䘪↿ᰶ ᘼ䶅⾬㦄䏺㸊‫ͨڒ‬㍪㊞ᏉȡЃԾᰡ䶅ᘼౕᎂᒹጓ ठ๔ᅭ喑䖥᧴㘪ํԊ䯉㜗䏘㋀┌‫⮱⯷ݖ‬А⤳ϧ喑 ᝃ㔲ᣕ‫ܧ‬А㶕ᤈ̷Ꭰℾ᰺㸊‫ܧ‬Ш㺮㖤ȡ ⽳ጡ៶‫ٸ‬䰏䪸͸ᒹ喑䏺᫦ⰐసԸᰵ喑ℾ Ⱬぶᓄ̺㔽⚖喑Όᰫ㋀̷㶄㺮Ⅿ䖱ᩬ᫩ℾȡ೰ࣷ 䏺᫦ౕᛶЅ䕆ψᅭ䲏᭯喑䶜ᓄさ᝸さ㚠喑̺䂅䕟 䔭喑̺ⴒ䕆̭⁎ᄴຯ҂喤 ᱗ҳࢠӬⴒ䂅ܳၽȠ㇫㠞䮻ᆑᢹ‷喑̺઱व ҉⮱ЃԾ㘪ํ␬䋠䏺᫦Ą㋚ᠮ⾖Ⴧą⮱㺮Ⅿૻ喤 ᰭᒹ喑ࣵᰶ㿝㘪‫ݣ‬㶎䏺䮷⮱ᒞ䴬߈এ喤  ȋ㑧ፚ㔲  䏺䮷ϸ‫ڒ‬喑㿗ᬻ೰ࣷℾͨ⮱̺Ⴙ઱ȡᰶℾͨ ⮱݊㉇ᒏᐼÿÿែ⺕喑ࢨ↿ᰶℾͨ⮱ᵦധÿÿ∂ ‫ݣ‬ȡӊ∂㵹θ喑䏺䮷♎‷Ϋᩬȡӊ∂㵹θ喑⽳᫜ ᳄‫ٱ‬ᑌᰰ‫̺ں‬ᓄϧᓰ喑㍪䘕㷘ϧ⛿γ喑䖱᭜ᛶ㾟 ᰶ䏺䂓‫ܧ‬ҳ䭨₏ȡ೰ࣷ䏺䮷ग᭜ౕऱ⽛ࠏ߈͚䖥 ᧴ЃԾ͚ᘼ⮱А⤳ϧ㒤γ喑㔹̺᭜♎⻮ౝĄ䂤స 䂤∂ąȡ ⽳❫㺬̷झ͸݊喑ᑤᣕз᫜㭚㞟ᒖ⓰䛺⮱ᛟ ∂ȡࣺᄺ≫̺Ϋ喑ᅞ䲍‫ڙ‬ែ䕇䕻喑䖬䊝䂝ᰰহ∂ 䮏ȡ᝭В喑೰ࣷ᫝ᛟ∂ᣒ̸ҳ䖱ᓄ㎩㎹ԛ㼯ȡ ࣺᄺ≫हὐ៿㊂ౕ∂ᒸᵳ᳣‫ڔ‬㜴⽳❫㺬ᄺ 㾞ȡЃԾ㾺◧䕷᝟㺼‫ڙ̺ݴ‬Ꭰ喑ᅞ̺䰭㺮䖢Ⴕȡ ೰ࣷ᝭ᰶ߈䛼⮱៶វ͚喑∂ᒸ㑧ፚȡ̺᭜ Ą㺬᫦ℾͨą᩾̺γ೰ࣷ喑㔹᭜೰ࣷᵦ᱙↿ᰶ Ą㺬᫦ℾͨąÿÿ䖥⺕㜴∂‫ݣ‬㑧̭̺ज⮱ℾͨȡ ᱗ҳ೰ࣷϺᄴౕ᫝㜷‫߈⽛ږ‬䛼ₑ⊵ᒩ䪤͚⮱ ᒞ䴬͚‫ݺ‬㵹ȡԸ倁ᘼ䂅ౕ෋䪤喑₤ट䖧ႅ̺㗜䑂 ᭀ⌎ࣨȡ㔹䯕᭯ज㘪⛰⛿⮱ᯡ߈喑ࣵᰰរᰟ೰ࣷ ℾͨ䕟⼸⮱ⱌₐ䲏ႁȡ


45

͚㢤ੳ൞ᐐॷ❵᱌$)*/"5*.&4"%7&35*4&.&/5

Ꭱᰵᬒ


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China Times

ϛ೉

46

㢤㥶⩝⩝ȇ-*5&3"563&

〒䋐ÿÿᡶ㴦

www.chinatimes.nl Ꭱᰵᬒす᱌

喍͚స⏘ጋ喎㜗⩞㜗ౕ

ᄼ᭯Ն᜾⩌䪤ౕ䓟᱾喑㜗♣⩹㍪᭜፣㊓

❙␬γ᠈⒛㴦喑᜾㜵ປౝ៶៶๔਒⮱㶐㻿ສ

̭Ѻ㔮㋀侄⮱䭬਒᪆᜾̺ᭀᐱ㜌㶐᰺⮱

喑ѳ〒Ꭱ⮱䗐ψ䋐θӊ♣䮗㦄᜾⮱㽅ᛣ喑␯

᜾〒Ꭱρᒖ㎪㉈⮱Ἧ䋐喟↌⪁ᡶ㴦喑ὦ̷

๴ౝ੼喑Ą䕆叩็㴦◧઒̺⩕ᢰፇࣨᢰ̭๔

ᡶ㴦᫦∂喑⩕㌇ក̭Ըᄼవ䇩ౕ㴦≋ऐ喑‫ں‬

≮ऱ᫦喑̺᭯㼥ᮜ⩌ᗲȡ⃼⃼ౕ䙿Ꮔ㸎ⰸ‫ݝ‬

ᢂ㴙喑Ⅱ͚㋟㰆喑⩝䫀ष冁傇喑ౌള䖷ᢼ㳸

ㄺҳএ喤ą̺᫆㷘๔਒਒ः〾γȡ

⩕䪤㌇䕐㦄喑᝸ᤎ㦄㌇ओ̭〜喑䖍䖍ౝ䋡㦄

⊤僛↍͚䋡м㦄⮱㲰㴦喑ᝃౕ䙿ᵹ̷৮ୄऱ

̭Ը̸ࡵ喑ₐ᭜⒛㥪᭯ܳ喑䮪‫✓✓ٶ‬喑

㻭ᄌ喑ぶ㴦❙‫≋ݝ‬ऐ䕟‫ڒ‬㽚㒛⮱వຄ᭯䓲䕌

⽛㲰㴦⮱㒻ঠ喑ᝃⰸ‫⮪ݝ‬㯴‫נ‬䛹⮱㔮∂⊤

᜾㈱γᎫԸᄼ๒ѡ֤֤ౝ䋾‫↌ݝ‬䖷ᡶ㴦ȡ࣌

̭៶喑㴦㚠㷘వ䜻Ѽᅞ៶䕻ҳγȡᄼ㴦㗜Ⴧ

䂷᜽γ㲰㴦喑᜾㍪ᰰࠫ䊤〒Ꭱᡶ㴦⮱䋐θ喠

䗐᭯丈䰟↌ᇥ䖷‫⮱֡ږ‬඄ಓ̷❙␬㦄̭

ҳ䕆⽛㴦Ả㇫䱵喑́㛪ၽᄼ喑ࠂ҉᩼ᢤ喑̭

䖱̺ⴒᩑ̷γ⩇叩๔θ喤ѳᬖ㷘᜾ѥ᝸᧿Ѽ

≒≒Ἧ䖀͸҆喑Ό㍪㉽‫ܧ‬γĄ䱥䖀ᾘ㵹ą喑

⽛ᄼ㴦喑䏭倁ຯ̭ロ๔៴ᠴ喑ⱩⲈ䪤ᰶᳱ喑

ᰶ䷕०㡶ࠂᅞԼౝ䦪䕟γ≋⾡♎ᒞ♎䎑喑඄

උ䕟ㄺγ喑̭⽛ࠊ‫⮱ݖ‬ૉᖲ⎔̷γᓰ䵚ȡ̺

ᅞ䰐‫ٺ‬ᢶ䕟Ąవຄą⮱䖀⤳ȡ ĄۤⱩⰸ㲰

‫〗׼‬㦄̭ᄺ叾䵚⮱▘ᴡ᷿喑ⱕጡⱕጡ㦄ȡ䯱

ಓ̷ⳙ䫀̭❴ჯ䲉喑̺ᭀᢂᡶ喑ग⪆̸␬ౝ

䕻䕆⽛䜐傇ѩ⮱ᡶ∂䐰䇨᭯ࣵ䰭㔽ᕔȡ

㴦ÿÿᾘ㵹㘪Ꭻ᭯喤ą喆

㴦ᰶ̭ᄺ๔ᄼᜥ₷⮱㳜喑ठ㳜℁䏘倁䖱๔喑

❗⬂叾偳偳⮱≋ऐୟ〾㦄᜾ȡ

㳭喑⇦㤉㟞ౝ䔪㱉㰯ぶぶ喑ѳᰭ᪥䰐ᔅ⮱᭜ ↌⪁ᡶ㴦⮱䋐θȡ

̭๖喑᜾ⰸ‫̭ݝ‬Ѻ㔮ќќᡶ㴦喑ग㺸Ѓ

Ả䕌೻ጯࡃ喑ຯϷ⮱丈䰟↌⪁ጟ᭜倅ὀ

㈲㈲⮱ຯ⛌䔼γ㲰㴦㧸喑㜶ౕ㘥‫ݺ‬ᑢ➆㝋

᜾⌞̭㚠⌧̭㚠䋸⊶ౕᴁ䐌⒛│⮱඄−

⩕̭ិᄼ䥢䤌‫ٵ‬ᄴ≋ऐ−䤌ᢶ喑‫̭ិں‬䯨፣

ᨭ䰟喑ᭁᬒ䕺ౝ㞟ᒖ᪾᫂⮱᠈⒛㴦‫ں‬䰐㻀䎑

❗◘㔭⹧༮喑ᩣ䊤᭯ࣵ‫׼‬᭜䂤䏘Ⱛ❹喑ጓ㳜

䛹喑䶘䶘ᗍᗍ喑⏾⏉⏉඄−⸕䎚㦄㚠Ꮒ⮏⏉

〦ᳱ⮱䪤䜻ѥ‫͚≋ڒ‬喑̷̷̸̸䜻γᎫ̸喑

䌎喑඄ಓΌ̺‫ں‬᭜႖ၽԾ཈Ἧ⮱⢸సγȡ㠞

ࢨᄼᓄजᚽ喑Ꭻͻᔪ⪒喠䯹㴦⮱‫ږ‬ग㳜⮳ᒵ

⏉⮱喑ࣵĄफ़फ़ąᓋ㚠䋫㍘䫀ᔥᔥᕖᕖ‫ڿ‬γ

̭ࣵ䑶ᅞ៶̷̭䯨喑ᒵ‫㉏ݖ‬喑̺‫̭ݝ‬Ը᭯䓝

స҉უ᜵❫̮ᄘ‫ݝ‬喟Ą̓⩹ₐౕ๞ࣨն๔⮱

ᄼȡ⃼⪣⒛Ⅱ䔭㥪喑ᄼ㴦ԾӬᄼᓰ㔩㔩‫≋ܧ‬

̷ҳ喑䯞↿γ㚠㗹喑㉜γ๔ࡷ๖喑ㄺ䖱᭜⾧

Ӭᡶ␬γ̭ㄺȡ᜾ᖚ᪙ౝࣨ੼㔮ќќ⼅ㅺ喑

႖᣽⢸సȡ̭ᬓ๞ࣨ䕆̭⢸స喑䗐᭜ⱌₐ⮱

ౕ↌䖷඄ಓ̷㻀丌喑⪣⒛Ⅱ̷⑟ᔘ㺮⌦↿

⾧⮱ȡ̭⅐͸̸喑ᅞᡃႰ⮱≋喑Ҭ߮ౝិ

Ѓ〾㦄䁈喟Ą䕆⽛㴦≋ऐ᭜ᑻ⮱喑ិ≋ऐ−

↶⌗ąȡ 䀥็࣌఍喑⤫ౕ႖ၽᎫͻ䖍䰏γ

ႰԾ≋⾡᭯喑䕆ψᄼ‫׏‬цԾౕ≋ऐ倅㜶㦄๔

᝸Ⱑ᥄⾡Ꮒ喑㉯᫩ᦥ‫ݝ‬γ̭䯨喑ិႰᤗγ‫ܧ‬

䤌ᢶ喑̸䲏≋᭜Ⱑ⮱喑䜻ѥ‫≋ݝ‬Ꮒ喑ᅞ᭜㴦

㜗♣喑⿖Ⴒ䛹喑〒䋐Ꭻͻ᭜㮈ᨙ䰨㚓䕷᝟喑

㳜᥃᭰喑‫׼‬᭜᠈䓻⒛Ⅱ‫ݝ‬ҳ喑᝭ВϧԾ⽞Ⴐ

ҳ喑ࣵ⌞ᕂႰ䔰㙘喑ᕒᔆៀ̭ិ඄−౅౅㸦

䏟⮱ౝ᫦ȡ̷̸䜻ࠂ喑͓́ह᭯䑶ࠂ喑㻧ᓄ

ᑢ㦄ຯ㴦❗ѩ⮱᝸ᠴĄனனગગąᅭ䭽᫩䢢

◧Ą᠈⒛㴦ąȡ ᠈⒛㴦‫ڣ‬㧸䘕㟞㈸ᬻ叄喑

Ѽඋ䕟ㄺ䛹喑̭⽛㼐γᓰ䵚͸ᖕ⮱ᔘᙌᓋᓰ

ᰶ吋䛺γ喑㴦ጟ㷘䜻Ѽ喑៶̷ҳᅞ᭜γȡą

Ⱁ̷❙㵹喑䓾ͻ↶䔤ȡ䕆⽛㮈Ꭸ䰨⣖㜴᜾〒

㞟ᒖ᪾᫂喑ѳ὎ὐ䚤ѩĄḧᱽ㗹ą喑

Ꮒ᧖䕻ȡ

ౕࣵЃᠴᄻ̸㾓㾓喑᳉ⱌຯₑ喑ᬏҖ᰺ࣵ侇

Ꭱౕ↌⪁ᡶ㴦ぶ〒䋐Ⱕ℁喑䶜♣㑧ᄾγ᜽䪤 䕻⼸͚̭⽛ⱌᄓᙌ⮱๖䋐ȡ

ₑ喑䘶̸ϧࣵԄ⽞Ąḧᱽ㴦ąȡ䕆⽛㴦Ⱑᣒ

⒛Ⅱ⑥⑥⌦↿γ̭͟͟㚠࢝喑๗䮪Όग

ଳ喆᫩᭜᜾๖๖ጡ᱈㦄Όᰶ̭‫ޜ‬䕆ὐ⮱ጒ

⚛㦄र፣ᰶ㡶㚒ঠ喑⩕叢ㆶ㸦㦄⇦◥रใ㘳

‫౅̸̭ޖ‬ᴁ㈲㞟γ喑≨‫׼‬−ϧ⮱᜾Ծ᝺᣽㦄

‫ڤ‬喑ѳ̺᪏ा❣⃺㺮ȡ䯕㦄Ꭱ咎෋๔䕆⽛⍡

‫ڔ‬僛喑䚰‫ݣ‬ᒹर‫⌲ݒ➦ݴ‬ঠȡ

ࡷᄼㄺ㴦ӊӊ̺ᢕౝఋუȡ̺‫ٺ‬㷘࿪࿪㽀᫒

᱈Όᚏᚏ⌎ࣨ喑໸㉯᱗㘪ٌ䶅ȡ

ᰶ̭⁎喑䯕̭Ѻ๔਒ࣨ↌䖷ⰸ‫ݝ‬඄ಓ̷

䷕䕻⪆仆 ⰸ㦄᰸̭ࣸ፲㢤㟞ᩊᒞ҉৮喑㚓ၽ䛹ࢠ ‫ݨ‬䎓‫ܧ‬ఈԸႄ喟䷕䕻⪆仆ȡᓄ‫ݝ‬᰸ࣸ⮱㽞 ज喑ᅞ᜽γ䗐፲҉৮⮱὆䵹ȡ䕻ᒹᘠᘠ喑䕆 ఈԸႄ䖱ⱌ㘪䃀᜾যᦥ‫ܧ‬吋‫⩇ٿ‬叩喑᫩᭜喑 ࣵ᜽γ䕆ヴ᪴」⮱὆䵹ȡ ຯ᳉ӊ⚔ᄓ䯈喑䗐㟞‫ٿ‬᱙㜗ᅞ᭜仆⮱喑 ҍ䷕᭜ҳΌ㒤̺ҳΌ㒤喑຦䘪᭜仆⮱ȡ᝭䀯 ䷕䕻喑ᛶ㾟᭜ᣍ䊝γ㟞⮱仆ȡ䷕ᰶ҂仆喤ࣵ 㘪⪆̸⩇叩仆এ喤Вₑⰸҳ喑䷕䕻⪆仆喑ᰶ ψ̺໒ȡ♣㔹喑᜾ិ䕆ఈԸႄⰸᓄᰶ吋‫ٿ‬㾖 ᘼ喑⩕Ⴐࣨ㶕䖁̭吋㾖ᘼ⩇叩⮱喑̺ⴒ᭜॓ 㘪㿗ᓄ䕻ࣨ喤‫̭ں‬ᘠ喑㾖ᘼ䕆̭㿗᭜̺᭜ᰶ 吋៶ҳ๔ᬄև㭻⯛喤

γ̭䵀ȡ

䰃♣〒Ꭱጟ䰏᜾䖍ࣨ喑ጟ䓾Ąⴒ๖পą

喍͚సᐐጋ喎ᰦ䑊 ̺喑ⱌ᭜ᰶ吋‫ٿ‬㾖ᘼএȡ㌖ₒ㢤අ喑䓻 ᓛ䷕ᒽᒽ喑㢤㥶᥃ᨧ喑㜵㝋༬㔖㔖ȡ䕆ᰰ ‫ٿ‬喑ҍ㠒։̸ҳ喑ⰸ䗐䵨䵨吋䵚⮱㢤㟞喑̺ 㻧ᓄᰶ吋‫ٿ‬㾖ᘼૻ喤ᝃ㽞ҍᰰ੼喟㾖ᘼౕਗ ‫ٿ‬喤ӊ᜾ⰸ喑ᅞౕ䗐Ը仆ႄ喑䗐Ը㷘䷕ᣍ䕻 ⮱仆ႄȡ↿䷕Ό̺㵹ȡ䷕喑ज๔जᄼ喑ज⟯ जᴁ喑ᅞ᭜̺ज♎ȡ᝭䀯㜕䷕㔹ࠂ喑᝺ᰶ䴨 㜡ୈȡ㒛䏘᫩ᗲᮜ͸͚喑ຯ҂̺ᓰࠂ喤ᓰࠂ γ喑ᅞᰶ㾖ᘼγ喑ਗᕂ᭜Ąⱌ㒻੷喆ą䕆ㅎ ૛⮱̭ऒᙌଳ喑Ό㾖ᘼᗍᗍএȡ ѳ᭜喑᜾䖱ⰸ‫ݝ‬ओ̭⽛ᮜ䆎喑‫⪗̭ݒ‬㾖 ᘼ⮱ᮜ䆎ȡ䗐Όघ㢤喤␬අ⃅᪄喑ៅᶬ᫤ ᳊喑ࢤ㥶᳜ⵡ㔹↿γᒭᬒ䗐❴㋍Ƞ䗐Ъ㈲Ƞ

䗐⌲⌲仆⮱㢤ȡ䕆Όघ㢤喤喆䕆ᮜ䆎ᰰᰶᒵ ็ϧⰸ䕻⮱ȡऑϧΌⰸ䕻ȡऑϧⰸ䕻ᒹ喑㿗 γऒ喟Ą⪆ᓄ⃅㢤㖪䰕㖟ȡąᄺ䕆ᮜ䆎喑ऑ ϧ㿗ᓄ҂ぶສ喆ҍ̺㻧ᓄ䕆㾖ᘼᰡ⓰ૻ喤䷕ 䕻⪆仆喑䷕䕻⪆仆੷喆ₑ᭯ₑౝ᝭ᙌ喑ጟ䲋 Ⱑ㻭͸္㒻γȡ䷕䖱᭜៯ҳ喑ࢨ↿ᰶ⪆̸⩇ 叩仆γȡ䲏ᄺ䕆ᰫ㋀㋍䕻偔䕻喑ᰫ㋀㈲䕻㞤 䕻⮱⃅᪄͸㢤喑ࣨ৮䗐♎仆͸仆喑̺ⴒ㿗Ą ‫ڣ‬ঠᰡҠą⮱ᰶᎫ㽞ϧȡ 㢤喑㜗⩌㜠₨喑ࢇᓄ็ᄾ܎๘Ԅၽ◧຦ ᙌଳ̺ጟȡ 㢤喑㜠ᗲ㜠ᕔ喑ᑂᓄ็ᄾ㬊㶀๔ፘ◧຦ ᤛ℘⑾෕ȡ

㉘䗮䛾მ喟ᚏᲬ⮱้̭

ϙ޴㿟

喍㠞స喎ṷ♶

喍㠞స喎ṷ♶

᜾̺ⴒ䖀喑ౕ᰸ࣸ䕆፲⚔❴͸‫ݺ‬喑जᰶ ВĄ䷕䕻⪆仆ą◧䵹⮱҉৮੼̓喤᜾ࢨⰥ Ԏ喑䕐᜾䕆ὐ⮱ϧ䘪㘪㿗Ą䷕䕻⪆仆ą喑ᰶ 䗐叩吋‫ٿ‬ঠ䖀ȡ㾖ϧԾᰡ᭜ᰰិႰᄘ䕟㾖㵹 㸎喑ᄘᓄᰡߍ㾖ᘼ⓰⓰এȡ ᜾ᘠ喑᳽๖喑ౕ̭᷊ᄼጤ䛹喑ᝃ᭜ౕ䘶 ̸⮱අ೯䖷喑ᰶ̭Ը㶐㦄㉍䯲喑̺៦⓰໊喑 㪖㦄‫ږ‬᷊䕻㗖ᄼ䓛⮱㒻叄ᄾຠᰰ㜴᜾ᨓ㗖㔹 䕻ȡ຦ᝃ䊝ᝃ䋾ౝ䕻ࣨγ喑፣㦄ᓛ〾ȡ᜾ఋ 䵚ⰸ喑ⰸ‫⮱ݝ‬喑ग᭜຦⮱㗹ᒞȡ Όᅞ᭜㿗喑᜾ᛶ㾟ౕओ̭Ըᗲධ䛹喑৮ ঠĄ䷕䕻⪆仆ąȡ ᮜຯₑ喑ϧຯₑ喑̓θϓຯₑȡ

ᒹმ䛹⮱้̭㍪ᰶᰵ‫ٶ‬⢶䮻হ⤍ㅫ

൞ᓖ̭Ը᭯䫀๔⊤↶⽺ౕ㞟㉍䛹

➎ͦㄴ᧮ȟ㉝㉝⮱㩷̷〆㦄Ϛझ

䙿Ნⰸ̺㺸ౝᫌ␬ȟⰸ̺㺸ౝ̭丟㔹⾧

ࢨ䘪᭜ᘠ䆎⮱̭᲌㟞㺜㦄෮㉆⮱㫺

̭᲌偞䛾仆้̭ᓋຠ倅䴠⏾‫ڒ‬ຠ͚䴠

຦⮱㚛䕻⍎㊓Ѓȟ๏ࡷ㈲ࡷ⮪

߿᫤⮱㙃ၽᜥౕ̭ൡ叾ᯄ⮱യᰰ͚

ᘠ䆎ະၽ⮱㉘㶐̸̭ള䰗ౕ౺൹

Ϸ้䱥䖀͸㒻ᄺ⽞㦄≮䕊⮱㾖ᘼ

Ѓ⮱็ᗲྲྀ䑶᜽຦᭒๖⮱⁹શ

᫸㝋ȟⱌ‫⮱̸ޗ‬㟞䵥䓻㦄մ⮱Ꭱ咎

ᕒᕒぶᒲ㷘ҁ⩕⮱䰗⩕㉽ᮣᚏᚏ

ະၽग◧䗐ϧԊႅ⮱Ꭺ仆गϑ㊓Ѓិ⣖

ϧ㕣偩㕣ȟ̺ज㘪⮱㒻㷷㷷᫩̓ใ

ȟȟȟȟȟȟȟȟȟȟȟȟȟȟÿÿ❣㻗㿗

䑶䏘⃼ܳ䥅ा‫ڔ‬ᢟᰟ㦄ᚏᚏ㝋䍵

㉘㞟⮱ᚏᚏㆶⶻ㊟‫ٶ‬։̺Ѽ᭯

̭᲌偞䛾仆⦭⧕⮱㶝᪄㙘̸̭ൡ㜗ᜭ ̭⽛㉘㞟⮱㕠㿋ᓲ䴵ૅᖜ㦄㿗

ᒹმ䛹㍪ᰶ䪰✺᜽̭Ը㩷⮱⸤‫ٶ‬

गᄺ䗐ϧ㿗⪣Ѓ䛺䛺ⷫ฀㦄㟞⨐

̭ᵦ䜊ᠴᤛ㦄㖶倁ఈ႐㷘⑁๼⮱ᚫ᱈

̭␡㉘㞟⮱ຣ‫׼‬ະၽᕒᕒぶᒲ㦄㷘॥Ⰾ⮱

̭⽛䤑⾧⮱‫ޗ‬㷮䤑⾧㜠ະၽ⮱⩌₨

ᘠ㦄‫⩹̓ڕ‬ᅞ⎔䕟̭ᵦ␫✆⮱㘵ノ

෮㉆㫺㫺ຯ̭⁎㍘व᝭ᰶ‫⟯⮱⬈פ‬ᘠ

㷷㷷䓾γȟ᧟周⮱ㆶ仆ច䊤㖶仆 㨛ₒȟ䰟䲡ȟ䋌ᓄ⑐⑗␬↍⑫䪸

̓⩹೸м䕟⾧⅐ȟ䯕̭㖟勡੠

Ѓਫ਼ȟ㔹຦◧⃼Ը᠃䪤⮱ᅫ䴠ㅪऺ

㔹䶜⤫ȟ᱊А੷ȟ⃤㈲ᚅ⮪䘪᭜ૉ

ϧ⩌ຯ᝟ȟज͓䲋ϧϧ䘪⑁ᓄ㇫ᒖ

̭䯨৪શ⌞㮂䕩‫⮱ܧ‬ਫ਼㚁䕩‫⏱ܧ‬ᵾ

ȟȟȟȟȟȟȟȟȟȟÿÿ❣㻗㿗

Ⅵ䖍ह̭ԸᩲθȟⅥ䖍䕆ᄺ⩤ຠ 䍖㦄㝋झ⮱䖷㌐ᅞ‫׼‬₟ᰵ䖷㌐

ग̭⁎㟞ᒞ̸ᬒၽ৙̸⮱➆࢝ ᒹმ⮱▘㍪ᰶ㜹䵚⮫㝙⮱䴾⯛

ᅞ♎䭽⮩ᯄ䕆้㞟♎䭽僛ဖ‫ݧ‬㎎‫ݝ‬䏘̷

ᲞႶጯൡȟश⺒޴䮏ȟ䛾傇㶇㶂

䍖㦄⤫ౕ⮱ܰȟᜥቃ̸๔⊤䖍ࣨ

㷘ԛ‫⮱ޗ‬ᅃ㝁‫⯛ݝ‬㛇⮱⾧ࡵ้͸㋍

࣌݊䗐⁎㉘‫␡׼‬ᚏᚏ∴䪸⮱ຣ

䘪䔪㦄ະၽȟ䰟ᘠ㶐㸠㟞ᘠღ

຦হЃԜⳝ᜾Ծȟ䲋䷕䴨‫ݝ‬Ả吋̺ज

㋍ຯ❴❴ള⪷ౕະၽ㚠䍊㮂⮱㥶ၽ

ᚏᚏ㷘Ⴔ჆॥ᩣ㍞ღ䗐ϧ⮱台䗐叩台

₤टᘠ㦄ࢥ໊ᒹ⮱᫤෮⃅೐

✽▘㉁䱿੷ȟ䇘⾬㕠⪁⮱↵ჯ

䗐ϧ⮱ᄢᙈ̭ൡҳ㜗᝭ᰶ᫦ा⮱↽⊡

‫܊‬㻃͚䈉㊓ະၽ̭Ը叾Ⰾ⮱㿋∂

຦হЃȟ㒻Ⱋ≮Ⱙ඘‫ٲ‬㮈♎⮱޴ᗲ

ȟȟȟȟȟȟȟȟȟȟȟȟȟȟÿÿ❣㻗㿗

⒳⋸Ѓ⮱㟞Π䵚⮱㉘⢶ᄼⷄᫌ␬γ

⪣㟞⨣‫׼‬Ը㾋ీీ䇩㦄᝸ᢹ

Ⅱ㷃⩖㦄ࡰᎡȟ㿝ౕͻΫ䔼⮱ऺႄ


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-*5&3"563&ȇ㢤㥶⩝⩝ ϛ೉

喍䕐䐶ᄼ㿗喎㢤㭚๏ཉ

す‫」ژ‬ 喍̭喎 丈✂̺ສᘼᕊౝ〾〾㿗喟Ą㿝ਚγ喤 ̺䕻᭜ҍਫ਼ᓄ๗ࠂᗲγȡą ཌၽড়ড়〾Ը̺։喑᱘γ㿗喟Ąҍᅞ ᭜剕ၽ₨γୡጡ⶙喑᜾ਫ਼ᓄࠂᗲ喑䰐䖀䖱 ℁ҍ㖪ᓄᰡࠂᗲୈ喤ą Ąҍ䕆ᑢୡ喑઒᭯Ն㎋䕻ϧ喤ą丈✂ ଁᕗ຦㿗ȡ ཌၽ㿬⯛ౝᤇγᤇ㎛㎖喑仙‫ߍݨ⿸ٿ‬ ᔘ⮱ₒၽ᱊‫ݺ‬䖮喑ཌၽఋ䵚ᄺ丈✂ᠾ᝝ౝ 㿗喟Ąᔘ७喑᜾Ծҳ℁㾓℁㾓喑ⰸ㿝⮱仙 㶀ᰡ᷿ȡą㿗Ⴙ喑຦⮱䗐ࡦ台仙仞㦄຦䋾 ‫ܧ‬᳄ၽ喑᱊㦄䓟ൡ⮱ᄙ䫷๔䌜ກࣨȡ 丈✂̺ᓄ̺ゃ仙㋷䌌喑̭䖷㋷ᤎ㎛ ㎖喑̭䖷ౕᒹ䖷䔪㦄ષ喟Ąᄼᓰ吋喑ҍ̺ 㘪䕆ὐ喑̺㘪䕆ὐą ຯ᳉̺᭜ཌၽ㜗ጞͨࠂ̸仙喑丈✂䰐 ᓄ䔪̷຦ȡ Ąҍ䖱ⴒ䖀̸仙੷喤̺䕻喑ࣺₐΌ‫ݝ‬ უγ喑ҍ‫ٵ‬ఋუ喑⁴㦄ࣨȡ᜾ࣨᠡ仙ȡą 丈✂㿗㦄➪㦄‫ࡦږ‬仙ᒭ仙Ᏹ䊝ࣨ喑ᓰ㸎䖱 ౕᘠ喑Ą䕆Ըཌၽ喑ᔘև࿪࿪γ喑䖱䕆叩 ᄼ႖ၽ⅐ȡą Ą✂ၽ喑✂ၽą 丈✂‫ވ‬䕟ᅸ喑ᅞ㖪‫ݝ‬ཌၽ䏧ౕ჏ᐠ⮱ ⇆⮩̷ᰶ⅐♎߈ౝघ຦喑຦ᙹᔆ䋾䕻ࣨ喟 Ąᔻ叩ઓ喤ཌၽ喑‫ވ‬᝺䖱ສສ⮱ȡą Ą᜾喑᜾㗇ၽ⬈ȡą Ą੷喑ᰶ㵭ą丈✂ⰸ‫ݝ‬ౝ̷ᰶᎫ ␡㵭喑๔侇๞㞟ȡ Ąҍᔘ㊓ࢎ‫ݖ‬ᮛ᫜ក䰨㾞喑䔮᜾ࣨ䛘 䮏ȡą Ąą ཌၽᬖ⩏γ喑⩌γԸຠ႖ȡ႖ၽ๗ ᄼ喑ౕᯃマ䛹㷘ঢ䂤γᎫᬒȡ̭Ըᭌ᱌ ᒹ喑⃺ຠᎠႶ‫ܧ‬䮏ఋუȡ ࢎ‫ݖ‬ᮛ᫜䪸ᓰᓄव̺ᨼୡ喑丈✂Ό䌌 㦄ᔆᓄ౅౅䑶ȡग㺮ᰶ⾧喑ᅞ៞㦄ᄼࢎ 㢶ȡ Ą‫ݒ‬㔮៞㦄຦喑㺮⪣ᓰ喑ҍ㺮⪣ᓰ䏘 ၽȡąཌၽ䏧ౕᎷ̷喑ⰸ㦄丈✂ᓰ⫩ౝ 㿗喑ĄҍΌᚏᚏ̺᫦Ӭγ喑ᜤγႂΌ̺ॷ 㽡᜾̭㖟ȡ㺮̺᭜᜾᩼ᙌ੷喑ҍगᕂ䖱̺ ॷ㽡᜾ȡҍⱌិ᜾㊓ᕒ⮱ȡ᜾❥࿪⮱ㅪ䁶 䖱↿̸ҳȡą Ą‫ݒ‬ᕒȡ᜾↿θȡҍΌ‫◧ݒ‬ҍ❥࿪⮱ ㅪ䁶ᕒȡ䖟ᬖ㺮̸ҳ⮱ȡ‫ں‬㿗喑ҍ̺᭜᣽ ‫ݺ‬γૻ喤Ҭ乕⮱ϧহҍ❥࿪Ό̺㘪⺋ᾌໆ ツ੷喤ą Ąਸ਼喑᜾㻧ᓄ㢤㭚ϧ䓓θ๗̺䰤ࣟ䷕ 㵹γȡឦԸㅪ䁶喑ᓋϑ⩠㿸‫ݝ‬ᠬ‫ݝ‬ㅪ䁶喑 㿗ᓄ‫ݺ‬ᒹԸᰵ⮱ጒ҉ᬒȡąཌၽଳऐ⅐ 㿗喑Ą䕆㺼Ⴧ๗̺ϧᕔࡃγȡ❣⃺ҳᣏ 㻗喑ᰡ҂⇮᭜ҳ⚔䶔䫕ຠ⩌႖ၽ喑䕆̺᭜ ๖㋀ౝ㓖ౝθૻ喤ą Ąϧუ⮱㺼Ⴧ喑ҍᓄ䖢Ⴕȡ䋂ᬻ‫ٿ‬喑 䃀ҍຠ‫ٿ‬ສສ䂭ᰥ喑❚ः䪤๔γ᥋ᩬ ⇨ȡą Ą◧⩇叩᥋ᩬ⇨ᅞᓄສສ䂭ᰥ喤ą Ą̺Ⴅ♎㶀ᒵ䰐ⱌ⮱᥋ᛯᩬ⇨ȡą Ą৵৵喑ҍ䖱ᡧᰶⵁ⾣ȡą Ą䃀ҍຠ‫ࣰٿ‬ᩬ䂝ᩬ喑ᩦ䲖ᩦ䲖喑➦ ‫ݒ‬ᩦ䲖⼨ℾᩬゃ喑ᩫᄙ⼨ℾ㻗ᆙ౅㖇⮱᷊ Уȡą Ąҍ䖱ⱌ‫ݒ‬䕆叩㿗喑᜾䖱ⱌጹ᱈ᰶ̭ ๖喑㢤㭚㤜ϧΌᰶ㿝㷘〣䖥̷ጯ䪤Ƞ䂝਎ ͸䶋⮱喑ⱌₐౝࣰᩬ䂝ᩬ喑̺᭜ग᭜ऐ 㮌Ƞᒏᐼ喑Ⴙ‫ڕ‬㲺‫ݝڒ‬㢤㭚⹫ᰰ͚ࣨȡą Ąສ॔喑ᅞ⪆㦄ҍ⮱⤳ᘠ॔喑♣ᒹぶ ҍ⮱䓟ൡᣆγ๔䡏喑㘪঩䷕ે䰕᭯喑Ό᜽ ⿸̭Ը⩇叩吕喑㜴‫ڣ‬Ѓ吕व҉喑◧㤜ϧ喑 ̺喑◧‫ڕ‬㢤㭚⮱⼨ℾև吋ᄓᄓౕౕ⮱θ ॔ȡą ཌၽড়ড়ౝ〾䊤ҳ㿗喟Ą᜾仃‫◧ٵ‬᝭ 䀯⮱䲋∂⼨ℾ๔䊓ȡ৵৵৵ȡą ‫ږ‬Ըϧ৵৵⮱〾䊤ҳ喑ិᜤ͚⮱႖ၽ 䘪ழ䚿γȡ Ą㾟乢ຣγ॔喤ą Ąࢎ‫ݖ‬ᮛ᫜㿗γ喑㺮௡ᵩᠶၝ‫ٿ‬丟 丌᭯䫀ҳȡąཌၽ〾㿗喑Ąҍ‫ٵ‬ᄓ㓿ᄓ 㓿ȡą Ą⪣❥⮱℁ҍ䕆Ը⪣࿪⮱㉝ᓰ喑ᬒ ⼸㶕䇩ౕ᥃Ꮇ̷᫦喑᣽䚿᜾ጒ҉᭯‫ݒ‬ᔅ γȡą Ą̺‫ײ‬᭜᣽䚿ҍ喑Ό᭜᣽䚿᜾⮱ȡ ঢঢȡЃᅞगⴒ䖀⚔䶔႖ၽ喑㉝ᓰᄺ႖ ၽȡࢨ̺ⴒ䖀ຯ҂⚔䶔໨ၽ喑ᄺ᜾㇄ᓰ๔

ᘼȡąཌၽᎥ⺼ౝ៞ᕕ㿗喑Ą᜾ツ䕆䑖ၽ Կ‫ژ‬䑖ၽ㵭䰶γȡą Ą‫ౕݒ‬᜾䲏‫੷⻭ݺ‬ȡą丈✂ᩲᘼ஡຦ ̭ऒ喑Ą䏘䖷䖱〆㦄̭Ըजᚽϧএȡą Ą᜾❥࿪ҳγᒹ喑ҍᅞ็ϸ㉦ϸ㉦㢤 㭚ȡą Ą䖱㺮᜾ϸ㉦ૻ喤ЃԾ̭ҳᅞⰸ‫̺ݝ‬ हȡą Ą᜾̺᭜䕆Ըᘼᕊȡ᜾᭜ᕂ喑ЃԾҳ γ喑र̺ᚐ䕆㸎⮱丟丌ȡą Ą‫ݒ‬ᨁᓰ喑᜾ᰰևສर⮱喑ग㺮ҍ㗜 㟞䡏ȡą丈✂Ӽ⯛ౝ̭〾㿗ȡ ͚ࡵ喑⪣丈✂ᩣᠫႹᐇᝬ䔁ఋཌၽᝬ 䫀᭯ࣨ៞ᄼࢎ㢶᭯喑ⰸ㺸ཌၽⱩ⌇‫ڛڛ‬ ⮱ȡ Ąҍᔻ叩ઓ喤ą丈✂䋂㋷ᩫ̸᝸㸎⮱ ̭ള⪷ສγၝ‫ٿ‬㶐᰺喑ᣏ⾣ౝⰸ㦄຦ȡ Ą↿⩇叩喑᜾ᘠ䊤ࠊ‫⮱ݖ‬႖ၽȡąཌ ၽᨓ㦄⌇㿗喑Ą᜾ᰶγ႖ၽ᝺倁ᰰ‫ݝ‬Ѓ⪣ ᭯๞ࣨ႖ၽ⮱⏸ঠȡϷ⩌Ϸ̓喑♎䀃◧႖ ၽև⩇叩喑᜾䘪ᓰ⩅ᗲ䶅ȡą Ąສສ⮱θ‫ٿ‬喑ҍռռ㺮ᘠ䗐ψ䖆 䖍喑ᘦᓄ㜗ጞ‫פ‬ᓰ㥪⌇ȡևᰵၽ̺㘪ਚȡ ਚγ喑ВᒹⱩⲈᰰ፥≮⌇ȡཌၽ喑ҍⰸ喑 ҍ⩌γԸ็␯ϛԸᄼ๖Ҭ੷ȡ๔๔⮱Ⱪ Ⲉ喑㫺㫺⮱Ⱪ⤍喑䛾台㞟䵚倛喑⯛㛇䕆叩 ສ喑䰐ᕗϧუ㿗⌤㵭‫␯ٿ‬ϛ⮱ȡ䕆䪤๔ γ喑̺㘪ࣰᩬ䂝ᩬ喑ग㘪᭜⪣ᬻᭌ⮱ヱ ‫ٿ‬ȡą丈✂㎩㎹䕄ཌၽ㿗喑Ą䖱㿗࿮㊓᜾ ‫ٿ‬ၽ喑㗜࿮ૻ喤‫ں‬㿗喑৞Ό↿䕆Ъ⺼⅐ ਓȡą Ą̺რ㛷喑ҍԊ䁶㜗ጞ⩌‫ٿ‬ၽ喤ąཌ ၽౕ̭᫮᝟㿗ȡ Ąⰸⰸⰸⰸ喑䕆䖱↿ᔻ叩㦄এ喑ᅞ䂷 ࢓γȡ䕆ᇠ⃺ཅ᭜Ըຠ䮠̓㒻喑৞जᘦ̺ 䊤੷ȡą Ą୬喑✂ၽ喑ॷ㽡᜾喑◧⩇叩ᜤႂ γ喑䕆叩Ͳ᝺ॷ㽡᜾喤ą Ą̺᭜̺ॷ㽡ҍ喑᜾Ό̺ⴒ䖀ᔻ叩ఋ θ੷ȡą Ą㜗ጞ⮱θᗲౕ㜗ጞᓰ㸎喑䰐䖀̺ⴒ 䖀喤ą Ą᜾̺᭜䌌ҍ㿗䕻ૻ喤᜾হ䋾‫ٿ‬ᅞੜ ̭̭⁎喑䖱᭜䙿ᒹĂίᕔă㔹◧ȡ㿝ᰫ ᘠą Ąҍᔅγ࣌ҳз䲉໽喑຦⃼๖䘪र̭ 䵳㬒ͥ⮱ȡą Ą຦᭜㺮Ꭶ⩇叩७喤຦⟜䈑䈐䏘 ੷ȡą Ą‫ݒ‬䃀᜾㿗̭ऒ̺ສ㖪⮱喑ҍহ䋾‫ٿ‬ 䙿ᒹίᕔ喑̺᭜⟜䈑ૻ喤ą     丈✂䵀᭯㛶䕇㈲喑ࢨ̺ࣵສ⩌⅐喑 ग᭜ᑤ㾋ທ⤳ౝ㿗喟Ą⪣♣̺̭ὐ喑᜾᭜ ᙈЃ⮱喑᜾ⰥԎЃΌ᭜ᙈ᜾⮱ȡą Ą̭㺸䢫ᗲ喤ą 丈✂吋䵚ȡ Ą⤫ౕҍកツᔻ叩䓓喤ҳ喑ិ႖ၽᩫ 䕟᥃Ꮇ䛹喑᜾Գ㿗㿗㾞ȡą 丈✂ᄴᄼࢎ㢶ᩫఋ᥃Ꮇ‫ڔ‬喑ᣃສ㷘 ၽ喑౽ౕཌၽ䏘䖷হ຦㕷㦄ȡ Ą䊝̭ₒⰸ̭ₒ਱ȡҍ㿗ᔻ叩䓓喤ą Ą̺⏃‫ॷ׆‬㽡䋾‫ٿ‬喤ą 丈✂᥃䵚ȡ Ą◧⩇叩喤ą Ą̺ᘠ䕐㉜Ѓȡą Ąਸ਼喑Ό᭜ȡ䋾‫ⱌٿ‬᭜ᰶ⺼⅐喑ᔻ叩 ᅞ䕴‫ݝ‬γҍ䕆ὐ̭Ը₨ᓰⱩ⮱໾ཅȡą Ą‫ݒ‬㿗᜾γ喑ҍ⮱ຣⅡ⤫ౕ䖱↿ҳ喑 ᭜̺᭜ᛶ㾟ᘠᘠ䓓∂γ喤ą Ą᜾Όₐ㦄ᕒএ喑ҍ㿗ᔻ叩䓓喤ą Ą㺮̺喑੼੼䛘⩌ࣨ喤ą ₐ㿗㦄喑ࢎ‫ݖ‬ᮛ᫜ఋᝬҳγȡ Ąҍ̺㘪᪡๖䘪䏧ౕᎷ̷喑㺮‫ݝ‬䮏ၽ 䛹ᰙᰙ๗䮪ȡąࢎ‫ݖ‬ᮛ᫜ᄺཌၽ̺␬ᘼౝ 㿗ȡ Ą᝺Ꭻ๖喤㜠ᄾ㺮ևႹᰵၽ᝺㘪‫ݝ‬ใ 䲏㺸䷕ȡąཌၽᰶψ♎๵ౝఋめ̺⤳㼐⮱ ̵๘ȡ Ąᰵၽ喤⩇叩ᰵၽ喤ą Ąຠϧ⩌႖ၽᒹ喑㺮㜒Ꮇоᖜ䏧㦄喑 㜠ᄾ̭Ըᰵ̺㘪‫ܧ‬䪭०䷕喑᜾̺᭜䌌ҍ㿗 䕻ૻ喤ą Ą⩇叩喤ąࢎ‫ݖ‬ᮛ᫜ᰡ̺ᛯγ喑੼㾞 ⮱᠃䴠⒈झ㾋᭜喟Ąҍ↿⬸॔喑̭Ըᰵ̺ ‫ܧ‬䪭喤ą ĄҍΌजВ੼੼䛘⩌ȡ⪣♣ҍԾ㢤㭚 ⮱䛘⩌㗜Ⴧ㿗͚సϧ䁈⾣⮱ᰵၽㅎⰡᅞ᭜ ᄼ䵹๔҉喑ᝃ♎⽪͸㿴ȡѳ᜾ॷ㽡ҍ喑䕆 䖱ⱌ᭜ᰶ䖀⤳⮱ȡҍ㖪ສγ喑ąཌၽ̭ऐ ⅐㿗喑Ą᜾ᓄ‫ں‬䛺ᓖౝ㼐䛸̭䕺喑ຠϧ౽

ᰵၽ᭜͚సऑА㊓ྒྷຠև⮱̭ψ⻛‫ح‬ᕔ⮱ 䭽‫ݣ‬ȡѳᓋ⩌⤳̷䁈᭜ᰶ⻾Ⴅᕔ⮱ȡຠϧ ᰭ๔⮱⺋⼅ᕔ喑ౕ᫩຦जВႂ㗟⩌পȡౕ ᪡ԸԸᰵ⮱ႂ᱌‫ڔ‬喑ຠϧ‫ڕ‬䏘ऱԸ㈨㊞ 䘪⮩⩌γጕ๔䂷ࡃ⪣♣̺૛૛ग᭜⩌⃃㈨ ㊞⮱ၽმ䂷๔γȡ̭᱊ܳབ喑㗻Ⱁབ‫ܧ‬ ᒹ喑ᅞ䰭㺮̭ԸⰥᄺ℁䐰䪤⮱᭯䫀喑Ҭ‫ڕ‬ 䏘ऱԸ㈨㊞䘪ᖏᓖ‫ືݝ‬ཌྷ‫ᙸ⟭⮱ݺ‬喑䕆Ը ᭯䫀ᅞ᭜⩏㹒᱌喑㜠ᄾ䰭㺮ক喑̭Ը็ ᰵএȡВ㻭ᄌ⩏㹒ᖏᓖᗲ⇮喑ᅑ‫ڣ‬ᄺᰶ⩏ ⻾वҢ⫴⮱⩏ྒྷ喑ᰡᛶߍᑤ䯕㽗ȡ䕆Ը᱌ 䫀喑㺮∕ᘼоᖜ喑ᄾ丌็丽喑ٗ䈗㯸⮪丟 丌喑∕ᘼᰰ䮝⌲⒁হᘎ䱟ᗲ⇮喑㿬ロᓰᗲ ぶぶȡą Ąҍ๖๖ᝬ䪭㋷䪶喑⿄̺䪸喑⾧⅐ᒵ ㈌㈂ȡ̺≄䵚喑̺रⅡ᳉喑⩇叩⩌̺ۤ㘪 र喑䕆ὐᄺҍᖏᓖ֒Ꮴᒵ̺‫ݖ‬ȡҍԾ͚స ϧ⮱ᕊ㋚᫦ᐼⱌ᭜㣘ऺ‫ڣ‬ໆ喑घϧࡗ๤᝭ ᕊą Ąҍ喑ҍ㿗㾞ᔻ叩䕆叩‫ݧ‬㕠喤㍞ღ̺ 㘪⤳㼐হᣒऄ᜾⮱㵹◧᫦ᐼ喑᜾ԾΌजВ ᚏᚏ⏊䕇ȡ̺जВ̭ắ㔹䀃ౝㆍ㊞ᠬ͚స ϧ㿗θ喑᜾ᰶ䕻䕆ὐૻ喤㿝⮱ᕊ㋚᫦ᐼ㣘 ऺ‫ڣ‬ໆ喤ąཌၽ㿗㦄㿗㦄ᬖጟ⌇Ⱪ᱓᱔ γȡ ࢎ‫ݖ‬ᮛ᫜ⰸ㦄໨ၽ喑ᓰ㸎䖱᭜ᰶψ ⫩喑ࣵ⹆㦄丈✂ౕ̭᫮喑̺ສᘼᕊ仙̷㾺 䡜ȡ 丈✂㺸ₑᮜ喑ⴒ䋐ౝᣕ䪭䊝䪸ȡजᓰ 㸎ᡧ̺᭜⏸ঠȡ຦ᚣᎥ䰏䪸γ㒲ќ➦ȡ॓ ‫ݴ‬喑Ό㽞ᰶ̭๖喑䕆ὐ⮱ൡᮜΌᰰ᭜ЃԾ ⮱უ፥Ӭ东ȡ 䕟γᐇᝬ喑᝺⮩⤫㜗ጞ⍫䏘⮩ៃ喑̺ ⴒ᭜ᰬཌၽ⮱༁ᅵ៞̺Ꭰ喑䖱᭜◧⤫ᄓ⮱ ᗟ৭㔹⇛૗ȡ຦᨝䪸Ⅱノ喑ᓋҳ̺ᙈ૊⋩ Ⅱ⮱຦喑ୡ⪣γⅡノ⍷̷ࣨ喑ূூূூ૊ γԸํȡ䰃♣ᙌ㻧ᩫ倳γψ喑ѳক䏘ຯह ‫۝‬䰗ᓋશノ㥪̸ࣨ喑̭Ⱑ⋩‫ݝ‬ᓰȡ ᮇ̷喑຦➦ౝࣵ⛙γ̭㑽㈲Ḅ䰋⎜喑 䃀ཌၽ㸉㸉䏘ၽȡₐ〜̷ὀ喑䓻䲏ⷝ̷ࢎ ‫ݖ‬ᮛ᫜ȡ Ąᮇ̷૊⇦㛖⮱䰋⎜喑ᰰ෋ߍ㘯㗗喑 ̺֒Ꮴȡąࢎ‫ݖ‬ᮛ᫜ⰸγⰸ丈✂᝸㸎⮱䰋 ⎜㿗ȡ 丈✂̺ສ็㼐䛸喑ᅤᅙౝ〾〾䊝䕻ࣨ γȡ ᣕ䪸䪭喑ཌၽ̭Ըϧࣵ౽ౕᎷ⇬㥪 ⌇ȡ Ąཌၽ喑̺ਚγȡҳ喑ិ䕆ⷄ䰋⎜૊ γȡą丈✂ᄴចⰑᩫౕཌၽᎷ᫮⮱῰ၽ ̷喑ឣ຦䊤ҳࠥ᚝຦㿗喑Ą‫ږ‬ऐၽॢ᳣̺ 㽅ϴ喑ᮇ̷Ⲏ⮱̭Ը᳂䵚ȡą Ą᜾૊̸̺ȡąཌၽⰸⰸ̭ⷄ⛞佝佝 ౝ⎜㿗ȡ Ą㺮૊ȡຠϧ⩌႖ၽ喑‫ڕ‬䏘⮱㙈俕䘪 倳ࠂγ喑䕐䵚倛⯛䘪Ძγ喑ᷠ䵚ᰰᢶᒵ็ ᒵ็䵚倛⮱喑ᔻ㘪̺㸉㸉এ喤ౕస‫ڔ‬喑ज В䇤‫ݝ‬僛≨⮱叾⃺䰋喑ᅞ᭜◼䰋喑䕆㸎䘪 ᭜‫∸⮱ۺ۝‬䰋喑̺㋀⛙ȡ✌丷䰃♣ጛγ㽞 ็喑ѳ㍪℁⌲⎜ສȡ‫ڣ‬ᄓএ喑⎜ᅞ᭜⛙‫ܧ‬ ҳ⮱喑⛙⎜⛙⎜喑૊⮱ᅞ᭜⛙‫ܧ‬ҳ⮱俕䵚 Ⅾ喑䗐᭜䝐७ȡ✂⿖ጟ㋀૊Ⴙγ喑ぶҍ㜲 㜲‫ں‬ჱҳᒹ喑᜾‫◧ں‬ҍ⛙✂⿖㇒ȡຯ᳉↿ ᰶ喑䃀ࢎ‫ݖ‬ᮛ᫜‫͚ݝ‬స䊲ጯࣨ䇤ȡą丈✂ ᣽䂝㿗ȡ ĄЃਗ㸎ⴒ䖀⩇叩᭜✂⿖ȡ䮑䲋ҍ䌌 Ѓ̭䊤͚ࣨస䊲ጯȡą 丈✂⡣䆘γ̭ᰰ‫ٿ‬㿗喟Ą㵹ȡぶҍ❥ ࿪ҳγ喑ຯ᳉ЃԾ↿፣喑᜾ᅞहࢎ‫ݖ‬ᮛ᫜ ͚ࣨస䊲ጯᰬҍ䇤ఋҳȡą Ąぶ᜾❥࿪ҳ喑⡡Ꭱ仙ᰵ喑㿗̺۳᜾ ⮱ᰵၽ䘪ևႹγȡą Ą䗐ҍ⮱ᘼᕊ᭜喤ą丈✂੼ȡ Ą᜾⮱ᘼᕊ᭜ҍࣨ䊲ጯᰭສ喑ⴒ䖀䇤 ⩇叩ȡज᭜喑䗐Ό̺㵹੷喑ҍ䊝γ喑㿝⚔ 䶔႖ၽহ᜾এ喤უ㸎̺㘪↿ᰶϧ੷ȡą Ą㺮̺喑㊓ߍㆠ៶កԸ䰨㾞喑䃀຦ҳ ᎘̭๖喤ą Ąᄺγ喑ҍ᣽䚿᜾γ喑᜾হࢎ‫ݖ‬ᮛ᫜ ੳ䛼ੳ䛼喑䃀Ѓិߍㆠ៶ឫఋҳȡ䕆ὐ喑 Ό⍈䑂γҍ⮱ጒ҉䛼ȡࢠӬ᭜᜾❥࿪ҳ γ喑ᰶߍㆠ៶喑ЃԾΌ䑂倳็γȡЃԾ⪏ 「Ό̷γᎡ㈭⮱ϧ喑̺㘪๗㉜ȡҍ‫ވ‬᝺Ό 㿗γ喑⚔䶔̭Ըၝ‫ⱌٿ‬᭜㉜ȡą ĄΌ᭜Ը䓓∂ȡą丈✂㿗喑Ą૊γ⎜ ॔喑૊Ⴙγᅞ䪶̷ⱩⲈ䲉丷̭ᰰ‫ٿ‬ȡ‫ވ‬᝺ ҍহࢎ‫ݖ‬ᮛ᫜◧㟊叨๔吋‫ٿ‬ᄼθ̭ᔿ喑ᄼ ᓰ‫פ‬γ䏘倁ȡą Ą✂ၽ喑᜾⮩⤫喑হใసϧև๘໨喑 ⱌ㺮ᓺᕔສȡ॓‫ݴ‬喑‫ږ‬ϧ㍪᭜ᰶ䕆ὐহ䗐

㌕䑜⮱㾞 Ą㢤㥶⩝⩝ą᭜̭Ը㉁᪴Ⴅ⮱❵䲏ȡ 㢤㥶⩝⩝喑ВĄ㢤ąऺ͸喑仃‫ٵ‬᭜ധ᫩㎩ ឬ᱙൞❵䲏⮱Ą㢤ąႄ➦㞟喠㔹ВĄ㢤㥶ą㔹 䲋Ą㢤㟞ąऺ͸喑‫ݴ‬᭜఍◧㢤㥶⮱̺࿇Ԅ喑̺ 䖭ᄢȡ 㢤㥶喑᭜ऑϷ㾋ϧ佤჏ࣺᓖौ㿓͸ᄺ䆎➖ 倁ȡᝃ᭜Ąࡷ้〦⿄䰕喑␬↍㢤㥶㖟ą喑ᝃ ᭜Ą䊤㖪㢤㥶䰕ą͸ᒹ⮱Ą०えᰵᬻ͚ą喑 ҂ぶᰶ㾖ᘼ喆ࢠҬ㢤㥶㔮γ喑᳜γ喑Ό䖱᭜ Ą㢤㥶᳜Ⰾ䊷Ⅱ⌲ą喑Ό㘪ํĄ䪿ᄺ⃅㢤ិ̭ Ნąȡ 㢤㥶ᰶ㖟喑ᰶᒞ喑ᰶ㞟喑ᰶ仆喑ᰶᮜ喑ᰶ ᗲ喑Ą㢤㥶⩌᭯᭒ᖕ⩌喑㢤㥶᳜᭯⻸ᖕ᜽ąȡ 㢤㥶ज‫⪘ڒ‬喑ज‫י‬㾖喑ᰶᘼධ喑ᰶਟ⤳喑 Ą‫⏗ݺ‬ᰡᰶᔅᚯ㮂喑㢤㥶⩝⩝䫀⮪㬸ą喑Ą␬ ↍㨛ၽ⮳̺⤫喑㢤㥶⩝⩝㖪䱟刡ąȡ ₎䓻䫞䂭喑₎䓻ҳ⽬喑᧴ܷٗ⩕ȡ䮑➦㈱ ҉㔲喑ᯘ̺㽚⽬䚙ȡ

ὐ⮱ᄼᦖᨓহⴈⰫ⮱喑ᰰᒞ䴬ᓰᗲȡᓰᗲⰡᣒ ᒞ䴬‫⮱⇹ܳڔ‬ₐ፥䕸㵹喑᜾⤫ౕₐᖏᓖ᱌喑ຯ ᳉‫ں⇹ܳڔ‬๞㿬γ喑ᅞ᭜ᰶ‫⮱็ں‬ຣⅡΌ㷘ൢ γఋࣨȡൢγఋࣨ喑Ⴐ䖱ҳᓄγૻ喤ą Ą⩤ϧ䘪ᰶᒵ็㜚℈⫲ȡ̺‫ײײ‬᭜ใ స⩤ϧ喑͚స⩤ϧΌ̭ὐ⮱ȡą丈✂㿗喑 Ąᙈ̭Ըϧ喑ⱌ⮱᭜䕆叩䰐੷ȡ➦‫ݒ‬᭜᜾Ծև ຠϧ⮱喑̭Ⴧ㺮Ⴅᰰᓺऄ喑ᄺ̺ᄺ喤ą Ą᜾ጟ㋀ํᰰᓺऄ⮱ઓȡą Ąଜ喑᜾ⰸᓄ‫ܧ‬ȡ̺䕻喑ҍᓄ㎩㎹⮩ᤇ‫ٶ‬ ๔ȡঢঢঢȡą Ąⰸ᝟̺ᕂ๗倅⮱‫׏‬цȡąཌၽଁᕗ຦̭ ऒȡ Ą᜾ཅᅞ➦㘪ᓺऄ᜾❦ȡą丈✂ఋᛣ㿗喑 Ą᜾ཅ㿗喑⩤ϧ⮱㜚℈⫲➦‫็ݒ‬ȡᘠহЃ̭䊤 ⩌≨喑䮑䲋ҍ䲋፥䲋፥ᙈЃ喑ҍ᝺㘪ᣒऄЃ⮱ 㜚℈⫲ȡ॓‫ݴ‬喑ҍᅞᓄᓺऄȡᣒऄহᓺऄ᭜̺ ह⮱ȡą Ąਸ਼喑ϧ੷ϧą Ąສγ喑‫ݒ‬㔮ଳᖜȡ‫ڣ‬ᄓ喑ҍጟ㋀ᒵᎥ⺼ γȡⴒ䋠॔ȡࢎ‫ݖ‬ᮛ᫜䗐叩ᙈҍ喑Ѓ᪥㥪ҍ喑 ̺䕻Ό᭜๗ᙈҍγ喑ⱌ᭜⮱ȡ䕴̷ҍ䕆ὐ̭ Ը̺ᛯᓄᙌᖖ⮱‫׏‬ц喑ツ᭜ࢎ‫ݖ‬ᮛ᫜Կ䰶ȡą 丈✂ᩲᘼ䕄ཌၽ㿗喑Ą㔮๖❧ᔻ叩䕆叩̺‫ڙ‬Ꭰ ੷喤㊓ҍ䕆叩ສ⮱⩤ϧ喑ҍࢨ̺␬䋠ȡą Ąҍ㓕ᚂ喤ևԸᄼ॔ȡ᜾̺र䚸ȡąཌၽ ᰡ᭜஡຦̭ऒ喑♣ᒹ৵৵Ⱑ〾ȡ Ąҍᑢୡ喑ᅞ̺ᕂ᜾ិ⎜⛙ᓄ✆✆⮱喑⛿ γҍ喤ą Ą⛿॔喑ⰸ㿝ᰡ佤̭ψȡ৵৵৵ą Ąҍ㿗̺䕟ḧᱽ̺ᢶ⌇喑ⰸ᜾ᔻ叩᪡⇨ ҍȡą丈✂㿗㦄ᩲᘼិ⎜〜䓾喑ᒭ຦ୡ䖷䲍ȡ ཌၽᔆ㜶᝸ែ䭺喟Ąສγ喑ສγ喑᜾㾺 䑥喑᜾㾺䑥ȡą Ą૊॔喑‫ݒ‬偔γȡϷ๖⮱䰋⎜ߍγ᳥᲋হ ㈲Ḅ喑᭜㸉㵭⮱ȡ᭕๖⮱傇⎜喑ߍγ台㟞㤉 হϧࣰ᭜⮩ຣ⮱ȡലᠮ૊Ꭻ๖喑ຣⅡᛶ㾟ᰰ ҳȡą Ą㺮̺ҳএ喤ą Ąҍ㺮ᩫ倳喑ᗲ㋿Όᰰᒞ䴬ຣⅡ⮱‫⼸⏏ٲ‬ Ꮣ⮱ȡຯ᳉఍◧⩌⤳⮱఍㉍ᄓౕ̺ҳ喑ᅞᓄⰸ ͚䛘γȡ㺬䛘ํ૳ȡₐສ喑仙ԛ◧᜾ϸ㉦⮱䗐 Ըຠ͚䛘喑૙䛘⩌喑Ό㽞जВ᎘‫ݝ‬ҍȡą Ą仙ԛᬻ๖㺮፣ҍࣨ⩏῏॔喤ą Ą᭜ȡ̺䕻喑ҍ㿗‫ݝ‬ₑ喑᜾䖱ⱌ̺䶅ᘼ仙 ԛ⃼⁎䘪፣᜾ࣨ喑᥋ᓄ䃀ϧუ㿑ᰰȡą Ą็᚛γȡ㿝㾺䂅㿝७喤৻喑ᬻ๖᎘᜾‫ٵ‬ ੼੼૙䛘⩌喤ą 喍᱗Ⴙᒲ㎹喎


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News Analysis: Baby formula price probe to shakes or reshapes industry? By Rong Jiaojiao BEIJING, July 4 (Xinhua) -- A probe into possible price fixing by foreign and domestic baby formula firms will lead to the consolidation of the dairy sector, experts have said. The National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) is investigating foreign baby formula companies, including Nestle, Mead Johnson and Wyeth, as well as domestic company Biostime, over alleged anti-trust violations. The companies are believed to have a monopoly in the Chinese market and have been accused of violating anti-monopoly laws via high prices and limited market competition, according to the NDRC. The NDRC said it will continue the probe, warning that companies that are found to have violated the law will be punished and could face fines ranging from 1 to 10 percent of their annual sales. Nestle, Wyeth and Mead Johnson have confirmed that their companies have been actively cooperating with the investigation. Wyeth announced Wednesday that it will cut prices for some of its baby formula products by an average of 11 percent, as well as freeze prices on all new products for the next year. The price cuts will take effect on July 8, the company said. Biostime said in a Tuesday statement that it is cooperating with the investigation and has decided to adjust its sales and marketing practices following the inquiry. Wang Dingmian, a researcher who has tracked the dairy industry for years, said the probe provides an opportunity for domestic dairy companies to speed up restructuring

and improve competitiveness by producing trustworthy products with affordable prices. Demand for baby formula is booming in China, but confidence in domestic brands has plummeted since 2008, when melaminetainted milk killed six infants and sickened 300,000 others. Chinese from the mainland have since flocked to Hong Kong and other overseas markets to buy foreign-brand baby formula over safety concerns about domestic dairy companies. Statistics from AC Nelson, a New York-based market survey and research company, showed that four foreign brands, including Mead Johnson and Wyeth, accounted for about half of the total sales of baby formula in the Chinese market in 2012. Some foreign brands have increased their prices by up to 30 percent since 2008, with some prices reaching nearly twice as much as domestic brands, according to the NDRC data. At supermarkets in big cities like Beijing, a 900-gram container of baby formula made by an international firm costs between 200 yuan (32.4 U.S. dollars) and 280 yuan, compared to about 100 yuan for domestic baby formula in smaller cities. The NDRC probe is a warning for foreign formula companies whose practices have hindered market competition, as well as consumers' interests, Wang said. However, the investigation will not necessarily ensure a promising future for domestic dairy companies, said Chen Lianfang, a senior dairy analyst with CnAgri, a Beijing-based agriculture consulting company. "Price cuts for foreign baby formula will only create a limited profit margin for domestic companies, as the cost of production is still

rising and domestic productivity remains low," Chen said. As of May, China had 127 baby formula producers with a combined annual output of 600,000 tonnes of formula. Only three of the companies produce more than 30,000 tonnes annual. China imported 240,000 tonnes of infant formula in the first quarter of this year, up 23.7 percent from the same period of last year, indicating consistently huge demand from Chinese parents for foreign-branded baby formula, data from the General Administration of Customs showed. To reduce the country's reliance on foreign infant formula, Chen said, the price probe should be followed by industry consolidation and government supervision in order to restore market confidence in domestic baby formula.

China Mengniu Dairy Co., Ltd. has taken the first step to regain consumer confidence in the wakes of safety scandals surrounding the country's milk and infant formula industry. The company signed a deal in mid-June to buy Guangdong-based Yashili International Holdings Ltd. for over 11 billion Hong Kong dollars (1.42 billion U.S. dollars), marking the most costly merger in China's domestic dairy sector. Also, the government has taken a series of measures, such as encouraging technological restructuring and establishing a quality assurance system, to improve the quality of domestic baby formula. "The most effective way to boost the dairy sector is to improve the quality of its products and raise public confidence in domestic formula producers," Chen said.

Xinhua Insight: CPC embraces 92nd anniversary with stricter discipline BEIJING, July 1 (Xinhua) -- As the Communist Party of China (CPC) embraced its 92nd anniversary on Monday, the world's largest ruling party is relying on its traditional advantages and stricter Party disciplines to better meet challenges posed by rapidly changing domestic and international environments. During its 63 years in power, the CPC has elevated China to its place as the world's second largest economy, but the 85 millionmember Party is well aware that its legitimacy does not depend solely on economic development. The new Chinese leadership has warned that the biggest threat to the Party involves alienating itself from the masses, as a slew of Party members and officials are not caring about people's well-being. "Winning or losing public support is an issue that concerns the CPC's survival," Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, said in June while starting a clean-up campaign to reinforce the "mass line," a Party policy aimed at broadening and cultivating contact with the masses. He stressed that the mass-line is the "lifeline of the Party" and a "fundamental route of work." The CPC was founded among the people and powered by the people, which means the Party shall never abandon its principle of "identifying itself with the masses of the people," said professor Xie Chuntao at the Party School of the CPC Central Committee. Party members should never forget their identities as "servants of the people," and more importantly, they should translate that

principle into concrete practices, Xie said. Analysts have said that the new Chinese leadership is demonstrating its willingness to listen to public grievances and tackle deeprooted problems that are getting in the way of the Party's development.

Xi's remarks came as the CPC faces mounting dangers of members slacking off mentally, being incompetent, alienating the masses and being dispirited and corrupt -- all at a time when the situations of the both country and the world are undergoing dramatic change, said Gao Xinmin, another professor at the school. China has entered an era when the market economy and socialist democracy are developing fast and the Party is facing more difficulties in coordinating people's diversified interests amid shifting social and interest structures, Gao said. The CPC needs to build a long-term mass-line

mechanism that would force officials to hold themselves accountable to the people, she said. BETTER OFFICIAL ELECTIONS The most important points in building such a mechanism include improving the system of assessing officials, giving more play to public opinion in such assessments and stepping up the transformations of government functions, Gao said. Last week, Xi said the Party and a team of high-quality officials are key to realizing the development goals. More efforts should be made to improve the transparency of promotions and encourage an upright style in the recommendation and assessment of officials, he said, adding that the promotion of officials should not be decided by a simple tally of votes. The growth rate of the gross domestic product (GDP) has long been one of the decisive factors in assessing and promoting officials in China. The system has inspired officials to develop local economies by every possible means, and some of their tactics have led to heavy pollution, wasted energy and an imbalanced economic structure. Now, the new leadership is determined to shake off the GDP obsession that has ignited public outrage. The CPC should adopt more comprehensive criteria for assessing officials' performances, including people's livelihood, the development of local communities and environmental wellbeing, Xi said. "We should never judge a cadre simply by the growth in GDP."

Xi also stressed the training and promotion of young Party officials and pledged that more opportunities would be offered to promising young candidates. STRICTER DISCIPLINES Corruption remains one of the hardest nuts to crack. Undesirable work styles, such as formalism, bureaucratism, hedonism and extravagance, are also alienating the Party from the people, robbing the CPC of its foundation among the people. On the eve of the CPC's 92nd anniversary, Xi told a meeting on the work of CPC personnel resources that intra-Party management and rules can never be slackened, as the CPC is an 85 million-member political organization that has ruled a country of 1.3 billion for so long. He urged strict education, management and supervision within the Party, ensuring that every Party official understands that holding his or her post means he or she must work harder and accept stricter disciplines. About 2,290 people have been punished for violating rules set roughly six months ago to fight bureaucracy and formalism, according to the latest figure available. To set examples for the entire Party in the fight against undesirable work styles, top CPC leaders relayed criticisms and self-criticisms during a high-profile meeting last week. Political Bureau members should be strict with themselves and be self-starters, said a statement issued after the conference of the 25-member Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee.


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ECONOMISTS DOWNPLAY FEAR AFTER CENTRAL BANK’S SQUE By Li Qiaoyi/ Global Times

When banks that are normally perceived

For a long time, China's commercial banks

as cash warehouses are caught in a credit

have been playing a game against the

crunch and there appears to be dim hope for

central bank, especially with some getting so

an injection to quell the thirst for capital, it is

flexible with their money-lending that they

hard for the market not to panic.

forced the central bank to inject capital into the banking system, Guo Tianyong, director

Thus, it seems natural that bank stocks

of the Research Center of China Banking

fell out of favor with China's investors last

at the Central University of Finance and

Monday after the People's Bank of China

Economics, wrote on his Weibo Wednesday.

(PBC), the country's central bank, published a hands-off response to the recent liquidity

Regarding the central bank's hands-off

squeeze. Its warning letter railed against

stance as a signal of its determination to

rapid credit expansion sowing trouble in the

steer credit into development of the real

financial sector, although the PBC's urging

economy, Guo said this prudent monetary

of large banks to play their part helped

policy should continue.

interbank borrowing costs fall. The rise of trust funds and banks' wealthThe PBC did show signs of relenting late

management products (WMPs) beyond

Tuesday, issuing a statement which said it

traditional bank loans in China is being seen

will offer liquidity assistance to cash-thirsty

as a mirror of the country's fast-growing

financial institutions that have been lending

shadow sector.

prudently in a move to belay fears of market turbulence. However, the central bank

WMPs now account for 10 percent of

has maintained its stance to comply with

total deposits in China's banking system,

Premier Li Keqiang's repeated calls for better

the Financial Times said in late February,

use to be made of existing credit to support

pointing out that this has grown from

the real economy.

virtually nothing in 2010.

Rather than leading to an abrupt emergency,

Furthermore, according to estimates by

the situation engineered by the central bank

JPMorgan Chase & Co, China's shadow

would funnel excessive liquidity flows into

lenders

runaway informal lending channels, pundits

outstanding loans between 2010 and 2012

say. They further applauded this rare move

to a total of 36 trillion yuan ($5.85 trillion),

made by Chinese policymakers, long used

equivalent to nearly 70 percent of the

"We expect this approach to be more

forecasts for the second half," she wrote,

to shoveling cheap official funds into the

nation's GDP.

effective and swift in slowing shadow

stressing however "the probability of a

activity than previous efforts," Fitch Ratings

meltdown of the financial system remains

In the 2013 China Financial Stability Report

said in a statement released on June 21.

small."

released on June 7, the PBC said China has

It did warn that "such an approach also

had

almost

doubled

their

market to feed cash-hungry banks.

Beating shadow lending

no shadow banks based on international

increases repayment risk among banks, and

Barclays' latest downward revision of its

Banks that have been far too actively

common definitions. However, some non-

raises the potential for a policy mis-step and/

China growth forecast came earlier this

engaged in interbank lending as a main

financial institutions engage in fundraising

or unintended consequences."

month after the announcement of dismal

source of cash to keep their profits ticking

activities and some financial institutions

over will face challenges in the wake of the

carry out services characteristic of shadow

incident, Jin Lin, a senior banking analyst

banking.

with Orient Securities in Shanghai, told the

export growth in May. The investment bank Over-analyzed or not?

lowered its 2013 China growth projection to 7.4 percent from 7.9 percent.

"We think that the liquidity crisis will spill

Global Times on Wednesday. Jin pointed to

But the market is divided over the severity

over to the broader financial sector and the

Barclays expects financial costs to rise and

the government's rising awareness of risk

of unintended consequences arising from

real economy," Chang Jian, China economist

for the available credit for riskier borrowers

management in shadow finance.

the central bank's heavy-handed way of

with Barclays Capital, wrote in a research

to be curtailed.

combating risks looming in the financial

note sent to the Global Times Thursday.

The importance of deposit stability will grow

sector, especially regarding potential impact

in importance for banks, helping foster a

seeping out into the real economy.

sound, healthy banking system, Jin said.

The ripple effects will be felt especially by "We see increased downside risks to

small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs),

our below-consensus economic growth

which helped revitalize the economy but


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RS OF FINANCIAL CRISIS EEZE POLICY concerns, by selling their equities or securities to investors, for investment purposes.

This kind of casino economy has led to a preference for speculation in the financial market, which provides interest income to

non-laborers,

over

investment

for

entrepreneurial growth and real production.

The

interbank

market

is

where

large

commercial banks buy and sell currencies among themselves on the spot, or for the short-term, for a profit, so it is also known as the spot currency market. The transactions are carried out electronically to maximize efficiency and lower the cost.

In China, such an electronic platform is based in Shanghai, namely the National Interbank Funding Center. The center is authorized to calculate and publish the prices of eight different kinds of currency trading at 11:30 am each business day.

In China, the banks have also been cooperating with trusts, another form of financial intermediary, to offer the investors wealth management products (WMPs), which are less regulated than the deposit products and carry higher risks but also higher potential profits. Because WMPs are not included in the banks' regular balance sheets, they are also known as an off-balance sheet business, or have long been feeling the pinch of credit

where it would be unlikely to see a repeat of

shortage, Zhou Dewen, vice president of

"I don't see any severe consequences," Li Wei,

the China Association of Small and Medium

China economist at Standard Chartered Bank

Enterprises, told the Global Times Wednesday.

in Shanghai, told the Global Times Wednesday.

shadow banking.

the Lehman Brothers collapse. When WMPs mature, the banks need to pay the investors with principals and interests, Sidebar: Low prices for bankers

and if a bank cannot pay, then it needs to

Lu Ting, China economist with Bank of

The latest wave of liquidity squeeze would

America Merrill Lynch in Hong Kong, even

have

said,

The interbank market is a critical component

source such funding is, of course, to borrow

expressed his harsh rhetoric in a note sent

downplaying fears of any catastrophe in the

of financial capitalism, which is characterized

from the interbank market.

to the Global Times on Tuesday, stating "the

wake of the central bank's tough approach.

by a predominance of the pursuit of profit

little

long-term

impact,

Li

brinkmanship displayed in dealing with these

borrow. The cheapest and quickest way to

from the purchase and sale of, or investment

However, a interbanking crisis can happen

in, currencies and financial products.

when there is no bank willing to lend in the

issues could be risky to China's economic

Results released Wednesday from a survey of

stability as policymakers may not have full

31 renowned experts in the financial sector

control of the unfolding volatilities set off

that include Peng Wensheng, chief economist

Traditionally, deposit banks attract savings and

prices soar too high, either because, simply

by the liquidity squeeze even though the

of China International Capital Corp, may help

lend out money to enterprises for production.

put, there is a run on the bank by depositors,

squeeze is supposed to be temporary."

inject more confidence into market sentiment.

With the rise of financial capitalism since the

or because an excessive amount of financial

late 20th century, investment banks obtain

products, such as WMPs, mature at the same time.

interbank market and the money product

But some economists believe that playing

The survey conducted by Chongyang Institute

funds on the interbank market to re-lend

up the unintended aftermath is simply over-

for Financial Studies said that 27 of the 31

for investment purposes, while at the same

analyzed.

respondents saw no financial crisis in China,

time, investment firms act on behalf of other


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Local appeal By Chen Dujuan/ Global Times

Beijing-based auto producer BAIC Motor has

share of the government market. SAIC Group

In a speech in December 2012, Chinese

each year, said Du Fangci, assistant secretary-

recently sold more than 100 Senova cars to

got an order for 150 Roewe cars from the

President Xi Jinping called on officials to

general of the China Association of Automobile

several Beijing government agencies as well as

General Administration of Customs earlier this

gradually shift toward using domestic car

Manufacturers. This figure is around 2 percent

the municipal Party committee, Beijing News

month, but didn't reveal the total value of the

brands.

of total annual auto sales.

reported Sunday.

deal. The brand was also used for the media during the country's annual legislative and

Xi also noted in January that all Party organs

However, general sales of domestic auto brands

advisory two sessions in March.

and members should be frugal, which was

could be boosted by increasing government

seen as an indication that the government

orders, because of the psychological effect on

would buy more affordable domestic cars.

domestic consumers, Cui said.

The homegrown auto brand, which was launched in May, said it was aiming mainly at government procurement.

Government orders from the group increased 109 percent in 2012 compared with 2011

It represents more good news for domestic

and the number is expected to grow by 115

The list of approved auto brands released

"In the past, people thought it would be a loss

auto brands, following reports on May 17 that

percent year-on-year in 2013, China Business

by the Ministry of Industry and Information

of face to drive a domestic car, but domestic

Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi had changed

News reported on June 18.

Technology in 2012 required government

brands will gradually have bigger influence

agencies to use domestic vehicles when

because

making new purchases.

individual consumers will pay more attention

his official vehicle to a Hongqi H7 sedan. BYD Co has offered an E6 electric car for use by Boosted by rising government orders, China's

Shenzhen Party chief Wang Rong and Minister

homegrown auto brands are hoping to seize a

of Science and Technology Wan Gang.

Intensified competition

government

support,

and

to these brands," he noted. Local governments such as Anhui and Hunan provinces also released policies in recent

bigger share of the government market.

of

However, homegrown brands are still far from

Homegrown cars have traditionally focused on

months to support the purchase of domestic

satisfying consumers' diversified demands, Du

the low-end market, due to relatively modest

cars.

said.

technologies and competition from foreign China FAW Group, producer of the Hongqi

brands, and their profits account for only 5

However, the government auto market is still

Hongqi has opened stores for sales to

brand, officially launched the Hongqi H7 on

percent in the domestic market, even though

dominated by foreign brands such as Audi,

individual consumers in nine cities, including

May 30, priced from 299,800 yuan ($48,778) to

they have a 30 percent market share, said

with homegrown brands accounting for only

Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou, with

479,800 yuan. The car was designed to target

Zeng Zhiling, director of LMC Automotive Asia

10 percent, Zeng said.

another 12 to be built in other cities.

ministerial-level officials and the high-end

Pacific Forecasting. The push for government procurement of

A salesperson at the new Hongqi store in

Government support could push them to

domestic cars has not been carried forward as

Jinan, East China's Shandong Province, told

FAW has invested 5.2 billion yuan so far in a

move toward the middle and high-end

quickly as expected, said Su Hui, an analyst at

the Global Times Tuesday on condition of

program initiated in 2008 to revive its Hongqi

markets, Zeng said.

the China Automobile Dealers Association.

anonymity that sales of the Hongqi H7 have

There is intense competition in the market

The government is also set to reduce the

and buyers have included individuals as well

The company also made a plan to invest

for official cars, so domestic brands need to

amount of official cars it uses, so domestic

as government agencies and enterprises.

10.5 billion yuan between 2011 and 2015 in

seek ways to stand out, but it is also important

brands should not put too much effort into the

enhancing R&D capacity and broadening the

for these companies to boost the image

government market, Su said.

Hongqi product line, Xu said.

of domestic brands, Cui Dongshu, deputy

market.

been on the rise since the opening of the store,

brand, said FAW Chairman Xu Jianyi.

secretary-general of the National Passenger The brand, which means "red flag," was used important occasions from 1959 to the early 1980s. It was also the vehicle used to receive

H7 sedans from May 30 to June 18, half of Sales to individuals too

Reform launched

which were to individuals and the rest to State-owned enterprises and government

Car Association, told the Global Times Tuesday.

by top Chinese government officials for

The Beijing store sold more than 20 Hongqi

Government procurement is still only a small

departments, China Business Journal reported

part of the total auto market, with sales

Monday.

amounting to just 200,000 to 300,000 units

the then US President Richard Nixon during his

Before launching the H7, FAW only sold two

visit to China in 1972.

Hongqi cars in 2011 and 127 units in 2012, according to Guosen Securities.

But in recent years the government market has been dominated by foreign brands.

Lan Hulin, a Beijing resident in his 40s who plans to buy a car, said he would not choose

FAW has tried to promote Hongqi at political

domestic brands at present due to their

events, such as receiving French President

relatively low technology.

Francois Hollande with a Hongqi car during his state visit to China in April and offering a

"When domestic cars have technologies as

Hongqi car for the visit of Palestinian President

advanced as foreign rivals, just as domestic

Mahmoud Abbas in May.

home appliances do, consumers will definitely choose domestic cars," Lan said.

Zhang Xiaojun, general manager of FAW Car Sales Company, said at the end of May that the company sold 1,000 H7 cars in the first five months of the year, all of them sold to government bodies. Other brands have also made moves to gain a

Liang Jialing contributed to the story.


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Chinanimation: Liu Xiang’s skills not for the ordinary pedestrian Illustration: Peter C. Espina/Global Times Shanghai

famous

his flip-flops were not equipped with enough of

110-meter hurdler and Olympic gold medalist,

native

Liu

Xiang,

the

a spring it seems. Landing with his head upside

is being dangerously imitated on China's streets.

down, he was embarrassingly knocked out cold.

Rather than using crosswalks or overpasses

It was by sheer luck that he was rescued by a

designed for safe-crossings, many people

nearby policeman. In their latest attempt to

traverse - mimicking perhaps the nation's most-

prevent these all too familiar types of accidents

prized athlete - striding over road barriers meant

from repeating, traffic officers have resorted

to separate pedestrians from oncoming traffic.

to putting banners on the barriers that read,

Just recently, a young man in Ningbo, Zhejiang

"Imitating Liu Xiang is not easy, 'hurdling' is

Province tumbled over a 1-meter-high barrier -

risky."

Unis must reform to face more competitive global education market By Xu Qinduo/ Global Times

A story on the cost of studying overseas carried by a local Chinese-language newspaper in the US touched the nerves of many Chinese back home. It says one Chinese student's annual expense in the US, which stands at about $50,000 a year, can easily provide for a normal US family, which on average makes $20,189 a year. The apparent message from the story is clear: China contributed to the US economy hugely by sending some 194,000 students to study in the country last year, which constitutes the largest proportion of the international student body in the US. But the story, which admittedly is a bit sensational, could be misleading in the economic sense that China is losing and the US is winning. For one thing, China may contribute a lot to US economic growth, but the US, in turn, is providing China with highly educated college graduates. Let's put it into perspective. According to the latest statistics, foreign students contribute

over $20 billion to the US economy every year, while Chinese students make up $4.4 billion. Given the fact that the Chinese population of 1.3 billion accounts for about 20 percent of the world's total, that figure is hardly surprising. Instead, we should take a closer look at our education system and initiate necessary reforms to let our higher education become truly attractive in an increasingly competitive international education market. In China, the number of students who participate in the yearly national college entrance examination has been on the decline for a fifth consecutive year. It's widely believed that one major reason has been the increasing number of high school graduates who choose to study overseas. Among the various reasons for studying overseas, one principle factor has been the quality of education. Last year, Renmin University of China, one of the top schools in the country, hosted the second dialogue between Chinese and US college students. The four US student

representatives were full of passion in discussing their plans to go to Africa, create a consulting firm on technology, set up an NGO to help little girls, or deal with climate change. In contrast, three of our four Chinese students told the audience their top priorities were government jobs or working for a Stateowned enterprise for the sake of stability. I had to admit that I was astonished by the lack of youthful idealism. All you saw was consideration for self-interest and little concern about the nation and the world. Like it or not, these are the products of our higher education. A McKinsey report published in May bluntly described Chinese education: "The system's emphasis on rote learning and high-stakes exam taking does not foster the mental agility and innovative flair that the 21st century economy will need." That seems to be an obvious concern for Chinese parents as well as employers. No wonder many Chinese parents, supported by the nation's increasing openness to the outside world and the growing wealth of the

Chinese population, prefer sending their only kid to study overseas. When Chinese students first started going overseas, most were seen as students who had little hope of passing the notorious national college entrance examination in China. But recent years have seen the best and brightest Chinese kids pursuing studies in first class universities in Western countries. That's probably the real worrying sign, as Chinese universities have been put in direct competition with their counterparts in developed countries. They have to reform themselves to create the best academic environment to attract the best students as well as the strongest teaching faculty. Only by doing so will Chinese universities ultimately meet the demand of the rapidly changing Chinese economy and the high expectations of Chinese students. The author is a commentator on current affairs with China Radio International. opinion@ globaltimes.com.cn


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