Fun Family Educational Resource of Chapel Hill • Carrboro • Durham • Hillsborough • NC Triangle
Get outside and play!
in the North Carolina Triangle
CYCLING 2017 Tour de France 104th year
Kids Across Parents Down Crossword, Hidden Picture Puzzle, Dot-to-Dot, Word Find Puzzles and more!
Piedmont Electric Membership Corporation A Touchstone Energy Cooperative
This ChillKids magazine belongs to:
Summer Word Find
also Find the Hidden Secret Word! Circle all of the listed words, then unscramble the remaining letters that are not circled to spell the Secret Word. BALLOON FAMILY PICNIC BAT FIREWORKS RADIO BAY FLY SANDCASTLE BEACH FUN SEASHORE BEAR FRIENDS STARS BICYCLE GAMES SUNBURN BLANKET HOME SUNSHINE BUG JULY SUMMER BUS JUMP
F R E M M U S A P D F B A S L
I S D N E I R F M S A A E E K
R T Y G A M E S U U M L E A N
E A A B O Y L U J N I L L S R
W R B L A N K E T S L O C H U
O S O I D A R R A H Y O Y O B
R E M O H C A E B I L N C R N
K C I N C I P F U N F W I E U
S A N D C A S T L E G U B U S
See puzzle answers below for Secret Word solution.
Educational fun for the whole family! ChillKids is your LOCAL award-winning educational family resource magazine for parents, grandparents, children, and educators K-5th grade in Chapel Hill, Carrboro, Hillsborough/Orange County, Durham and the NC Triangle.
OR: See our website with for ChillKids, more information.
HAVE FUN READING & LEARNING featuring award-winning educational puzzles and games.
Educators can request FREE distribution for your K-5 classroom(s) by calling (919) 951-4410. Read the monthly online edition at www.ChillKids.com/news.
4 3 6
2 4 3 5 6 1
6 4 4
JULY PUZZLE ANSWERS
COIN CAPER ANSWER: QQNNP ADDITION SQUARE ANSWER 6 4, 12, 0, 6, 6, 15, 40
5 1 3 2
ROAD RIDDLE: (- - +) (+ - รท)
SECRET WORD (p. 2 Summer Word Find):
has become part of
Chapel Hill Pediatrics
a leader in North Carolina pediatric practice, providing care for Triangle-area children and families for over 50 years.
Open SEVEN DAYS A WEEK Same-day appointments available
URGENT CARE HOURS AVAILABLE "Walk-in availability" for established patients
Visit www.chapelhillpeds.com for walk-in hours. Care from birth through college Comprehensive sports & camp physicals International adoption care Convenient parking
With the addition of Hillsborough Pediatric & Adolescent Medicine,
THREE locations welcome NEW and established patients 1000 Corporate Drive, Suite 401 Hillsborough, NC 27278
249 East NC Hwy 54, Suite 230 Durham, NC 27713
205 Sage Rd., Suite 100 Chapel Hill, NC 27514
The ChillKids family educational resource is supported by sponsors who share our mission to promote literacy and a love of learning in our local community. To learn more about supporting our 501(c)(3) nonprofit literacy mission in partnership with the Newspaper in Education Initiative, call us at (919) 951-4410. 3
Hillsborough Pediatric & Adolescent Medicine
including all holidays
1 2 5
2 www.ChillKids.com/news July 2017
Chapel Hill/Carrboro/Hillsborough/ Orange & Durham Counties' Fun Family Educational Resource
PUBLISHER/EDITOR Kate Look kate@ChillKids.com July 2017 Cover Art by Olga Shtonda
It's summertime in the North Carolina Triangle, and there are lots of fun things to do with your family and friends!
For Sponsorship Information, or to request (FREE!) K-5 distribution for your school, contact us at: (919) 951-4410 www.ChillKids.com/news ChillKids 1818 Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd, #210 Chapel Hill, NC 27516 Copyright ÂŠ 2017 ChillKids. All rights reserved. No part of this issue may be reproduced in whole or in part in any form without permission of the publisher. Neither participating advertisers nor the publishers will be responsible or liable for misinformation, misprints or typographical errors. The publishers reserve the right to edit any submitted material. ChillKids is not responsible for unsolicited manuscripts, artwork, or other material. Children's art submissions should include name, address, telephone number, and permission to publish signed by a parent or guardian.
July is National Blueberry Month, a perfect time to go blueberry picking at a local blueberry patch (visit www.chillkids.com to find local berry patches). Make some delicious 3-ingredient, no-churn healthy ice cream (recipe on page 13.) Summer is a great time for outdoor fun with your family. Go for a family bicycle ride (visit www.chillkids.com to find local bicycle trails). For inspiration, watch the televised coverage of the Tour de France to see some of the world's greatest cyclists in action. The Tour de France is a cycling race that takes place every year in July. This year (2017) is the 104th Tour de France bicycle race. Read all about it on pages 4 & 5. The 38th Annual Festival for the Eno takes place on July 1st and 4th at West Point on the Eno in Durham (www.enofest.org), and all summer long you can beat the heat by going on a family walk in the shady woods at West Point on the Eno and the Eno River State Park. Discover swinging bridges, water falls, a working historical river mill and serene trails that follow the river. The Eno River is a great place to relax and enjoy nature, or to get out and explore. www.enoriver.org and www. ncparks.gov/eno-river-state-park Visit your local library and when you're not outside playing, or playing games with your family and friends, keep up your reading all summer long! Have a joyful July!
Donâ€™t take a vacation from taking care of your teeth! Remember: Eat good foods! Brush twice a day! Floss! Floss! Floss!!
Dr. Lenise Clifton & Dr. Charles Mauney
77 Vilcom Center Drive Suite 310 Chapel Hill, NC 27514 919-933-1007
Please like us on Facebook!
July 2017 www.ChillKids.com/news
All About the TOUR de FRANCE
The Tour de France is one of the most famous bicycle races in the world! In July each year, top cyclists from many different countries compete in this 3-week long Grand Tour bicycle race that takes them on winding hilly roads, from Northern France all the way across the country down to the sea and the South of France, through many steep mountain passes, and finally to Paris.
World-Famous Cycling Race Celebrates its 104th Year
The first Tour de France took place in 1903. The Tour de France will take place this year from July 1st to July 23rd. The Tour de France takes place over 23 days and covers over 2,200 miles. Each year the race takes a different route, covering a large geographic in France and also several neighboring countries.
Huge crowds of people line the course to cheer on the cyclists. It is expected that around 15 million spectators will line the route of this year's Tour. Although the Tour de France route changes from year to year, the finish is always in Paris with a spectacular sprint down the ChampsÉlysées and past the Arc de Triomphe - an appropriate triumphant finishing place!
2010 Tour de France, Champs-Élysées, Wikimedia Commons
This year there are 9 flat stages, 5 hilly stages, 5 mountain stages, and 2 individual time-trial stages, with 2 rest days. 2017 Tour de France Map, Wikimedia Commons
Each day of the race is known as a ‘Stage’, and stages can last up to six hours. At the end of each day the rider who crosses the finish line first is the ‘Stage Winner’ and gets to go up onto the podium. In total, there are 21 stages over the 23 days, so the riders only get two rest days over the whole race! The lead rider gets to wear the yellow jersey. Cyclists in the Tour de France race in teams, sponsored by companies/organizations who help to pay the teams' expenses to participate in the race (for example, the expense of the teams' travel, clothing/gear, bicycles, vehicles, hotels, coaches). In 2016, Briton Chris Froome (born in Kenya to British parents) won the Tour de France. He also won the Tour de France in 2014 and 2015! Will Chris Froome continue his winning streak in July 2017?
Tune in to the Tour de France on July 23rd to watch the final sprint in Paris !
The Tour de France 2017 Route In 2017 the race will begin in Düsseldorf, Germany on Saturday July 1st. The first Stage is called Le Grande Départ, and big parties are held to celebrate the beginning of the race. This year the first stage will be a time trial, which means each rider is individually timed riding around a 14km course (more than 8.5 miles), to see who has the fastest time.
The stages take place in many different parts of France, along flat, hilly, and winding, climbing mountain roads, through towns, past farms, across different geographical regions of France. On two of the days the riders and their bikes have to fly across France to get from the end of one stage to the start of the next. The longest stage will be Stage 19 on July 21st, when the riders cycle over 138 miles from Embrun to Salon-de-Provence in Southern France.
The 104th Tour de France route also goes through three neighboring countries: Germany, Belgium and Luxemburg. For the first time since 1992, the 2017 Tour de France route will include the five main mountain ranges of France: the Vosges, the Jura, the Pyrenees, the Massif Central and the Alps. Have you ever ridden a bike up a big hill? Racing up mountain roads is tough work!
Tour de France Winners' Jerseys
The Stage Winner is not the only rider who gets to go on the podium each day. There are other winners too, with each getting to wear a special color cycling shirt known as a ‘jersey.’ The jerseys are made of a special material that keeps the rider cool. Yellow Jersey -Each day, the cyclist
with the fastest overall time from the very start of the first day of the race, gets to wear the prestigious yellow jersey.
Upon crossing the finish line of each stage, each cyclist's time is recorded. At the end of each day, the stage times from the start of the race are added up for each cyclist. The cyclist with the fastest overall time from the start is awarded the yellow jersey to wear on the next stage. The overall winner of the Tour de France is the rider with the fastest time for all the stages put together.
Green Jersey - "Sprinter's Jersey" The green jersey is worn by
the best sprinter and time trialist.
White jersey - The white jersey is given to the best young rider (under 26 years old) overall.
Polka-Dot Jersey - Best Climber, or "King of the Mountains"
The best climber, or the "King of the Mountains" wears the red and white polkadot jersey. The King of the Mountains is the rider who has the most points from the mountain stages. The steeper the mountain, the more points a rider can get.
Jersey images: lecoqsportif.com
4 www.ChillKids.com/news July 2017
Tour de France Fun Facts
The Tour de France is a Grand Tour race, one of the world's longest bicycle race that takes place over 23 days and covers over 2,200 miles. Each year the race takes a different route, but the finish is always in Paris with the final sprint down the Champs-Élysées.
good view. With all of the crowds and excitement, the atmosphere is often festive, like a parade.
Before the cyclists ride past the crowd, there are many cars and vans advertising the race sponsors. These advertising vehicles can take almost an hour to pass by, and are known as “the caravan.”
The first ever Tour de France took place in 1903.
Often they throw out souvenirs at the crowd, and everyone tries to catch something. Once the caravan has gone by, the police clear the road and then the cyclists ride past, often in a peloton (main group of cyclists).
The 100th Tour de France didn’t take place 100 years after the first race. This is because the Tour de France was canceled during World War 1 and World War II. The 100th Tour de France did not take place until 2013. The Tour de France is also known as “Le Tour.” The first day of the race is called “Le Grand Depart,” which means “the big start”. For 2017 the Grand Depart is in Düsseldorf, Germany. The Tour de France doesn’t just take place in France. In most years it has some stages in other countries (for example, Germany, Belgium, Corsica, the UK, and the Netherlands). In the early years of the Tour, riders rode individually and in some years the cyclists were not allowed to ride together! In the modern Tour de France, the cyclists ride in teams, and they ride bunched together (this is known as the Peloton).
"Le Petit Prince" Caravan car.
Some of the people whose homes, businesses or farms are along the Tour de France route decorate their buildings and homes, and paint the roads and display yellow bikes on the side of the road. Some farmers have even painted their sheep, or ploughed bicycle shapes into their crops!
Each day of the race is known as a ‘stage’, and each stage can last up to six hours. At the end of each day the rider who crosses the finish line first is the ‘Stage Winner’ and gets to go up onto the podium. In total, there are 21 stages over the 23 days, so the riders only get two rest days over the whole race!
Each team has a "team car" in which their coach, doctor, and bicycle mechanic ride in. The team car is the team's mobile base on the road from which the team's coach directs the team's strategy, and the team's mechanic and doctor look after the riders. Each team also has a team leader. The team leader is the team's best rider, for whom the rest of the team is working to achieve a goal like the overall victory, or the points jersey. The Stage Winner is not the only rider who gets to go on the podium each day. There are other winners too, with each getting to wear a special colored cycling jersey (shirt). The overall race leader gets to wear the yellow jersey. The overall winner of the Tour de France is the rider with the quickest time for all the stages put together. There is also a green jersey, a white jersey and a red and white polka-dotted jersey (see p. 4). It is possible for a rider who has not been in the lead, and never worn the yellow jersey, to win the overall Tour de France by cycling very fast on the last day. This has only happened twice so far – in 1947 and 1968. The youngest Tour de France winner was Henri Comet – he was only 19 years old when he won in 1904. The oldest person to win the Tour de France was Firmin Lambot, who was 36 years and 4 months old when he won in 1922. The rider who has taken the most time to complete the race is known as the ‘lanterne rouge’ or red lantern, named after the red lights on the back of a car so it can be seen at night.
Some stages are flat and fast, and others are mountainous. There are several stages which are called time trials. In a time trial the cyclists don’t all start the race at the same time. Instead, each sets off with a one minute gap between each rider. Each rider is timed, and the fastest person to complete the course is the stage winner. Sometimes a rider will cycle so fast that they catch up to the person in front. Hundreds of thousands of people line the route of the race each day, and some people camp for up to a week to be sure to get a
French riders have won the most Tour de France races (21 cyclists have won 36 tours between them). Belgian riders are in 2nd place, with 18 wins, and the Spanish are in 3rd place with 12 wins.
2016 Tour de France, Champs-Élysées at the Arc de Triomphe, Wikimedia Commons, Image: Rob Larsen
Since 2014 there has also been a women’s race on the final day of the Tour de France, called “Le Course.” Millions of people around the world watch the Tour de France on TV and online, especially for the final stage of the race as it heads into Paris.
Above: 1912 Tour de France
The Tour de France has continued throughout the years, and while the cyclists' clothing and bicycle technology has changed over the years, this tough race remains the ultimate challenge of a cyclist's endurance, skill, training, persistence, and determination.
Above: A sea of cyclists in the 1962 Tour de France.
July 2017 www.ChillKids.com/news
Hidden Picture Puzzle
6 www.ChillKids.com/news July 2017
Bicycle Race Maze
Nature’s Little Blue Dynamos
Read about the Tour de France on pages 4-5
nges Ca n Littl e Ch a Im pact ig M a ke a B
fool ture size my minia vor and Don’t let fla e! m to ck es Pi com Pick me! , when it in small proof that do come you – I am od things go s, fit ne health be . roly-poly packages handful of , adding a e lunchbox lik , or t ge chan eakfas to One little ks family ’s br ac ur sn yo to om e me ur day. Fr berries lik vor to yo ueberries to enjoy bl burst of fla fun ways will add a of ns to ere are en! supper, th esh or froz a year – fr . 365 days ce of fiber good sour ocery us and a gr io ur lic yo de on s Plus, we’re blueberrie r daily h or frozen meet thei Keep fres your kids lp he ll e’ . list, and w ts men al require nutrition
1 cup of bluebe rries equals 80 calor ies and virtually no fat 1 serving of fre sh blueberries equals 25% of your daily Vitamin C requ irement 1 Good source of
Blueberries are frozen at the peak of fre shness, oftentimes at the farm
Dyn a mos Little Blue
1. U.S. Department of Agriculture. ARS 2016. National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference. Release 28.
Life is busy! Find simple snack and activity ideas for the whole family at littlebluedynamos.com.
(1/4 page V is 5 in. x 6 in
FINISH in PARIS Arc de Triomphe
THE ANIMAL HOSPITAL Dance with the
using state of the art technology & techniques
* Dog boarding * Cat boarding * Luxury cat condos * Dog self-wash service
North Carolina’s best small animal practice, serving the community since 1974!
112 West Main St. Carrboro, NC 27510
SUMMER IS HERE!
Protect your pets against fleas and ticks!
With Saturday classes! And weekday camps from 9 - noon for boys and girls ages 3 - 9!
NINE GREAT THEMES June 12 -1 6 June 19 - 23 June 26 - 30
Cinderella Winter Wonderland Tropical Adventures
July 24 - 28 August 7 - 11
Magic Slippers Dragon’s Kingdom
July 10 - 14 July 17 - 21
Firebird Super Heroes
August 14 - 18 The Sleeping Beauty August 21 - 25 Princess Aurora’s Wedding
Photo by Steve Clarke
Highest quality veterinarian services
triangle youth ballet
The Triangle Youth Ballet is a 501(c)(3) nonproÞt and a member of the North Carolina Center for Non-ProÞts.
July 2017 www.ChillKids.com/news
Around the World in
Man’s First Landing on the Moon
Americans celebrate freedom on the 4th of July every year. In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, this historic celebration of freedom lasts all day long, beginning early in the morning with a reading of excerpts from the “Declaration of Independence” on the steps of Independence Hall, and ending with an amazing fireworks display!
Visit www.CHillKids.com to find fun local July 4th festivals, events and fireworks!
The anniversary of man’s first landing on the moon is July 20, 1969, when two American astronauts, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin landed the module Eagle on the moon from the Apollo 11. They brought back rock samples and photos. Visit the Museum of Life + Science in Durham, NC and sit inside a real Apollo Space Capsule, see a full-scale Lunar Lander and real space artifacts from the Apollo era including a moon rock and the actual Mercury capsule that carried the first US animal into orbit. Have fun designing and testing your own flying creations at Launch Lab, new to Aerospace at the Museum of Life and Science!
People in France celebrate the birth of democracy in their country on July 14, a day known as Bastille Day. On July 14, 1789, French citizens rebelled against the King [which KING?] and stormed into the Bastille Prison to free political prisoners. By storming the prison, the French citizens took the first step toward democracy. In France, the Bastille Day also is referred to as La Fete Nationale, and is marked with parades, celebrations and fireworks.
What is Energy? Energy is the ability to do work. You use energy to do things like taking your dog for a walk. Electricity is a kind of energy that is made in power plants when they burn some kind of fuel - like coal or oil. Renewable fuel sources (solar, wind, water) are also used to produce electricity. Electricity is what lets us turn on a light or turn on a fan to cool off!
Word Search Energy is what keeps your food cold in the refrigerator. When you stand with the door open you're letting out all the cold air. Keep the door closed and you will use less energy! Can you find more energy words?
List of Words: Watt Power Voltage Electricity Kilowatt Energy
V I N B O P G T T A W Q M N Y T E
Q O L V I A H L Z X Y Z W B U R N
W P L C Y S Y T I C I R T C E L E
E A K T T P O W E R O G E V I E R
R S J X A D H K B C P H R C O Q G
T D H Z R G K I L O W A T T P N Y
Y F G Q E F E J N V M Y T X Z O U
Reprinted with permission.
Note: Follow the dot-to-dot "stars" instructions above. We love to publish your original art work, letters, poems and stories! Ask your parent to send or email your original art, along with their signed permission to publish, to the ChillKids mailing address on page 2.
Piedmont Electric Membership Corporation A Touchstone Energy Cooperative
8 www.ChillKids.com/news July 2017
Tuesday Wednesday Thursday
July is National Blueberry Month (page 13)
Festival for the Eno www.EnoFest.org
FESTIVAL for the ENO July 1 & 4 Durham, NC
Sat. July 1st & Tues. July 4th
FESTIVAL for the ENO July 1 & 4 Durham, NC www.EnoFest.org
Ages 3 – 6 Mondays & Tuesdays 10:30 am – 11:00 am ALSO Tuesdays 3:30 pm - 4 pm Chapel Hill Public Library
Blueberry Ice Cream Recipe on page 13
Ages 3 – 6 Mondays & Tuesdays 10:30 am – 11:00 am and 3:30 pm - 4 pm Chapel Hill Public Library
Meteor Shower Peak July 29 & 30 spaceplace.nasa. gov/meteor-shower
July 2017 www.ChillKids.com/news
Twenty Years Ago on Mars…
Sojourner gathered data on Martian rocks and soil. The rover also carried cameras. In the three months that Sojourner operated on Mars, the rover took more than 550 photos!
By Linda Hermans-Killiam, National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Twenty years ago, on July 4, 1997, NASA's Mars Pathfinder landed on the surface of Mars. It landed in an ancient flood plain that is now dry and covered with rocks. Pathfinder’s mission was to study the Martian climate, atmosphere and geology. At the same time, the mission was also testing lots of new technologies. For example, the Pathfinder mission tried a brand-new way of landing on Mars. After speeding into the Martian atmosphere, Pathfinder used a parachute to slow down and drift toward the surface of the Red Planet. Before landing, Pathfinder inflated huge airbags around itself. The spacecraft released its parachute and dropped to the ground, bouncing on its airbags about 15 times. After Pathfinder came to a stop, the airbags deflated. Before the Mars Pathfinder, spacecraft had to use lots of fuel to slow down for a safe landing on another planet. Pathfinder’s airbags allowed engineers to use and store less fuel for the landing. This made the mission less expensive. After seeing the successful Pathfinder landing, future missions used this airbag technique, too!
Pathfinder had two parts: a lander that stayed in one place, and a wheeled rover that could move around. The Pathfinder lander had special instruments to study Martian weather. These instruments measured air temperature, pressure and winds. The measurements helped us better understand the climate of Mars.
Pathfinder helped us learn how to better design missions to Mars. It gave us valuable new information on the Martian climate and surface. Together, these things helped lay the groundwork for future missions to Mars.
The lander also had a camera for taking images of the Martian landscape. The lander sent back more than 16,000 pictures of Mars. Its last signal was sent to Earth on Sept. 27, 1997. Pathfinder also carried the very first rover to Mars. This remotely-controlled rover was about the size of a microwave oven and was called Sojourner. It was named to honor Sojourner Truth, who fought for AfricanThe Mars Pathfinder lander took this photo of its small rover, American and women's rights. Two days after Pathfinder called Sojourner. Here, Sojourner is investigating a rock on Mars. Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech. landed, Sojourner rolled onto the surface of Mars.
Meet the Mars Rovers Mars is a fascinating planet. It’s icy cold and covered in reddish dust and dirt. Like Earth, it has volcanoes, gullies, and flat plains. Scientists can also see channels that look like they were carved by rivers and streams a long time ago. Over the years, NASA has sent four robotic vehicles, or rovers, to learn more about Mars. And NASA scientists are planning to send one more in just a few years!
Why are rovers so important? Since the 1970s, scientists have been sending spacecraft to Mars. Several different types of spacecraft have been sent to the Red Planet over the years, and they all have different specialties. One type, called orbiters, orbit Mars, taking pictures as they zoom around the planet. Other spacecraft, called landers, provide photos and information from their landing spots on the surface of Mars. In 1997, NASA scientists did something pretty amazing. For the first time, they used a small wheeled robot to study the surface of Mars. This robotic explorer, called a rover, was named Sojourner. Sojourner was only about the size of a microwave oven. However, she went on to share lots of important new information with scientists.
Rovers have wheels and specialize in moving around. They land on the surface of Mars and drive around to different spots. Rovers help scientists in their quest to understand what different parts of the planet are made of. Mars is made up of lots of different types of rocks, and each rock is made up of a mixture of chemicals. A rover can drive around to different areas, studying the different chemicals in each rock. These chemicals can tell scientists something about the environments that changed that rock over time. In addition to the Sojourner rover, NASA has sent three more rovers to Mars: Spirit and Opportunity in 2003, and Curiosity in 2011. Another Mars rover mission is projected for 2020.
traveling very far. Engineers also liked the area because it seemed like a flat, safe place for Sojourner to land. As Sojourner drove short distances, she used her camera to take pictures of the Martian landscape. She sent back more than 550 pictures of the Red Planet. The rover used instruments to study what the nearby Martian rocks and dirt were made of. Her lander also collected information about winds and other weather factors on Mars. From far away, Mars looks cold, dry, and rocky. But Sojourner's photos and information told a much different story. We learned that a long time ago, Mars used to be a warmer and wetter place. Source: https://spaceplace.nasa.gov/mars-sojourner/en/. Images: NASA SpacePlace.
The First Mars Rover: Sojourner The Mars rover Sojourner wasn’t alone on her journey to Mars in July 1997. She traveled within a spacecraft called a lander. The lander was shaped like a pyramid and was covered in airbags. The airbags helped the lander have a safe, bouncy landing. The pyramid shape helped ensure the lander and rover could be flipped right-side-up, no matter how they landed. After the lander touched down on Mars, a panel opened and Sojourner rolled out to start exploring. The rover explored an area of Mars near her landing site called Ares Vallis. Scientists were interested in this area because it looked like the site of an ancient flood. The rushing water of a flood would have pushed lots of rocks and dirt into one place. This means the rover could study lots of different types of rocks without
Above: The Mars rover Sojourner in action, driving around on the Martian surface and rolling one of her wheels up on a rock. The Sojourner rover was about the size of a microwave oven! Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech. You can watch a video (gif) of the Sojourner in action at https://spaceplace.nasa.gov/ mars-sojourner/en/sojourner-movie. en.gif
10 www.ChillKids.com/news July 2017
Meet the Mars Rovers (cont.) The Mars Rovers: Spirit and Opportunity After the success of the Sojourner rover, NASA wanted to send more rovers to learn about Mars. So, in 2003, they sent two rovers to the Red Planet. The rovers were named Spirit and Opportunity. Together, they were part of the Mars Exploration Rover mission. Spirit and Opportunity were made as twins. They both carried all of the same scientific instruments. And each was about the size of a golf cart.
The Mars Rovers: Curiosity On Earth, where there is water, there are living things. We know that Mars had water a long time ago. But did it also have other conditions life needs? To find out, NASA sent the Curiosity rover to Mars. Curiosity is the largest robot to ever land on another planet. She is about the size of a small SUV. Because Curiosity is so big, she also has bigger wheels (20 inches in diameter) than the previous rovers. This helps her to roll over rocks and sand without getting stuck. However, even on a long driving day, she still only travels about 660 feet.
Spirit landed in a region called Gusev Crater. Scientists wanted to explore the crater because they thought it could have held water long ago. From pictures taken by satellites, scientists thought it looked like several large rivers flowed into Gusev Crater. Opportunity landed on the other side of Mars in an area called Meridiani Planum. This region was nice because it was a flat, safe spot for the rover to land. Also, studies with a satellite around Mars showed that it might contain a mineral called grey hematite. On Earth, grey hematite often in the presence of water. Opportunity found grey hematite in spherelike grains in Meridiani Planum. Scientists called these grains “blueberries.” On Earth, hematite forms near water. On her journey, Spirit took many photos of Mars with her camera. They were the first color photos taken by a rover on another planet. The Mars rover Opportunity found these grey hematite spheres on Mars. Scientists call these grains "blueberries." Photo Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Cornell
Spirit also found several signs of past water, and evidence of geothermal, or volcanic activity. She explored sites that may have been hot springs millions of years ago. Not to be outdone by her twin, Opportunity also took many color photos of the Martian landscape. She found evidence of water, too. Opportunity studied layers of minerals in the rock near her landing site. The evidence she collected suggested that her landing site was on the shoreline of a salty sea. The rocks that Spirit and Opportunity studied showed scientists that a long time ago, water on Mars may have looked a lot like water on Earth. Mars once had lakes and rivers on the surface. Like Earth, it also had water below the ground, as well as water vapor in the atmosphere. Source: https://spaceplace. nasa.gov/mars-spirit-opportunity/en/ Images: NASA Space Place.
Curiosity landed in Gale Crater on August 5, 2012. This crater is special because it has a tall mountain in the middle. The mountain has many layers of rock. Each layer is made of different minerals from different time periods. These minerals could tell scientists about the history of water on Mars. The rover uses many scientific instruments to study the rocks in Gale Crater. Curiosity used her drill to make a hole in a rock that once was mud at the bottom of a lake. One of her other instruments studied the powder drilled from the rock. This information helped scientists learn that the Gale crater had ingredients that ancient life would have The Curiosity rover took needed to survive.
this selfie on Mars!
Scientists sent Curiosity to Mars to measure lots of other things, too— including radiation. Radiation is a type of energy that can come from the sun. It travels in highenergy waves that can be harmful to living things. Curiosity found that Mars has high, dangerous levels of radiation. NASA will use Curiosity’s radiation data to design missions to be safer for human explorers. Curiosity brought 17 cameras with her to the Red Planet—more than A self-portrait of Curiosity on a Martian sand dune. At this site, she used any other rover. She uses instruments to scoop up and study sand samples. Credit: NASA/JPLCaltech/MSSS some of her cameras to take photos of her journey. Cameras also act as Curiosity’s eyes, helping her to spot and stay away from danger. One of Curiosity’s cameras—at the end of her 7 foot long robotic arm— even acts like a sort of “selfie stick.” She can hold the camera two meters away and take a selfie to send back to Earth! Source: https://spaceplace.nasa.gov/marscuriosity/en/ Images: NASA Space Place.
The Mars 2020 mission will send a rover very similar to Curiosity to explore the rocks, dirt, and air on Mars. Like Curiosity, the Mars 2020 rover is the size of a small SUV. Learn more about the Mars 2020 mission at https:// spaceplace.nasa.gov/mars-2020/en/
July 2017 www.ChillKids.com/news
Exploring Nature! 4IFSJ"NTFMtXXXFYQMPSJOHOBUVSFPSH
Desert Hidden Picture Find hidden Fi d 10 things hi hidd in i the desert, then color it!
Find these hidden things:
Desert Fun Fact! Death Valley is one of the hottest places on Earth with temperatures reaching 120Â° in summer.
Desert Animal! The Desert Tortoise
Gopherus agassizii Found in the deserts of the American west and Mexico, the desert tortoise can live for 100-years. Sadly, they are now threatened by habitat loss from human recreation and over-grazing.
This black and orange striped lizard comes out at night to hunt. It is called â€œmonsterâ€? for its poisonous bite used to subdue prey. It is a:
*___ ___ ___ ___
Desert Food Web - Predators are animals that eat other animals (prey) .
Exploringnature.org is an award-winning resource that inspires learning about science, conservation and the outdoors through ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ďż˝ and online resources. Explore outside today!
Answer: *GILA Gila
Draw an arrow from the prey in the bottom row to the predators in the top row that eat them. Predators may eat more than one kind of prey.
scorpion(beetle, grasshopper), tortoise(cactus), rattlesnake(kangaroo rat, jackrabbit), fox(all animals), hawk(kangaroo rat, jackrabbit)
12 www.ChillKids.com/news July 2017
No-Churn 3 Ingredient Blueberry Ice Cream
July is National Blueberry Month, and this easy, threeingredient, no-churn blueberry ice cream recipe from the U.S. Highbush Blueberry Council is the perfect way to celebrate. With frozen blueberries and frozen (peeled and chopped) bananas and a high power blender or food processor, parents can create this healthy and delicious treat in a matter of minutes!
Ingredients 1 cup frozen blueberries 2 frozen bananas (Chop and peel bananas before freezing. Freeze for at least 2 hours.) 2 vanilla beans, split lengthwise
Instructions (Parent/Grown-up supervision required.) 1. Add bananas and blueberries into a powerful blender or food processor. 2. Scrape vanilla seeds in from the beans and process or blend until creamy. Be sure to scrape down the bowl or pitcher to make sure all the ingredients fully blend in for ultimate creaminess. 3. Scoop into bowls or cones.
For more delicious blueberry recipes, visit www.blueberrycouncil.org.
Hereâ€™s Some Blueberry Fun Just For You!
Blueberry Power Puzzlers Which two smoothies are exactly the same?
rty M ix
bine the pretzels
e the m to solv
2 0 11 1 8 9 1 K D 7 B 5 6 O E 3 4 2 S R 1 A T C Y U i l l...
e num Use th
rri es w
July is National Blueberry Month!
Blueberry Word Find Find the words by looking up, down, backwards, forwards, sideways and diagonally.
B L U E B E R R I E S Q B U O
H E A L T H Y V R D E Z B N X
V A W A K N I Y E E N C Y M T
I L R J Y F P K S Y B N H A H
BERRY BUSH BLUEBERRIES DELICIOUS ENERGY
T M S V R A C J U W M I F M J
A F Y U E I L U O G E C F F F
M H I F P S Z I I U Z E S H X
FIBER FRESH FROZEN FRUIT
I T S D U W T C T D C M T H W
N C N U T Z A Y I T O D Y X T
C A L H B R B D R O U G N P C
H S E R F Y U K T X R F E M I
I I G N I T R H U E V L Z B I
HANDPICKED HARVEST HEALTHY NUTRITIOUS
Z C S Z T M I R N T Q Q O Y H
N X Z C U E J E E M A Q R V W
S U O I C I L E D B M O F B E
JUICY SMOOTHIE SWEET VITAMIN C
Answers: Smoothies: 3 & 5; Code game: Rock your taste buds!
ies uts roken r cereal
To find local blueberry patches in Chapel Hill/Durham/the NC Triangle, visit www.chillkids.com.
Makes 2 servings.
July 2017 www.ChillKids.com/news
Learn more at ReadAloud.org
14 www.ChillKids.com/news July 2017
JULY 2017 Flick Picks Smurfs: The Lost Village
The Boss Baby
(Available on DVD: July 11, 2017)
(Available on DVD: July 25, 2017)
In this fully animated, all-new take on the Smurfs, a mysterious map sets Smurfette (voiced by Demi Lovato) and her best friends Brainy, Clumsy and Hefty on an exciting and thrilling race through the Forbidden Forest filled with magical creatures to find a mysterious lost village before the evil wizard Gargamel does.
DreamWorks Animation and the director of Madagascar invite you to meet a most unusual baby. He wears a suit, speaks in a grown-up voice (voiced by Alec Baldwin), and quickly makes clear that he is the boss. The Boss Baby is a hilariously universal story about how a new baby's arrival impacts a family, told from the point of view of an unreliable narrator, the baby's wildly imaginative 7 year old brother, named Tim. Along with lots of silly escapades, the story is a heart-filled message about the importance of family.
Embarking on a roller-coaster journey full of action and danger, the Smurfs are on a course that leads to the discovery of the biggest secret in Smurf history!
All-star cast featuring the voices of Demi Lovato, Meghan Trainor, Rainn Wilson, Julia Roberts, Mandy Patinkin, Joe Manganiello, Jack McBrayer, Danny Pudi, Michelle Rodriguez, Ellie Kemper, Ariel Winter, and Jake Johnson. Rated PG (for some mild action and rude humor). (1 hour, 29 min.) Columbia Pictures and Sony Pictures Entertainment.
The Boss Baby is a light-hearted, appealing original comedy for all ages. Rated PG (for some mild rude humor). 1hr. 48 min. (Dreamworks Animation, 20th Century Fox).
Summer Fun for Kids at Northgate Mall Free Carousel Ride on Northgate’s Celebrated Island Carousel & Story Time - First Tuesday of the Month
Northgate Wild West Train Rides
Howdy partners! Northgate’s beloved train ride is back this Summer with an American Western theme. Rides are available Thursday-Saturday 12 p.m.-7 p.m. and Sunday 1 p.m.-5 p.m. Tickets available on-site are $3.00 per child. Northgate offers family friendly events and entertainment including character and themed kiddie rides! Kids can enjoy rides on trains, boats, fire engines, race cars and more. Northgate Mall is located at 1058 West Club Boulevard, Durham. Visit www.northgatemall.com or call (919) 286-4407 for more information.
Every first Tuesday of the month at 12 p.m. enjoy a Carousel-related story time in suite 216. After the reading, ride the Carousel for free and enjoy special discounts for anyone who reserves a birthday party that day. All welcome, free. For more information/reservations visit www.bullcityinflatables.com/northgate-birthday-party or call (919) 627-7132.
Stadium 10 Theater at Northgate Mall Presents Kids’ Free Summer Movie Camp
Stay Cool and Enjoy FREE Movies June 13-August 17
Stadium 10 Theater at Northgate Mall in Durham will present a full series of free family-friendly films as part of its Kids’ Free Summer Movie Camp June 13-August 17, 2017. Free for children and their adult companions, films will screen three days a week—Tuesdays, Wednesdays, and Thursdays—at 9:30 a.m. beginning Tuesday, June 13 and concluding Thursday, August 17. All movies are free and open to the public. Stadium 10 at Northgate is located on the Plaza at 1058 West Club Boulevard, Durham. For more information call (919) 286-1001 or visit www.stadium10northgatemall.com. 1058 W. CLUB BOULEVARD DURHAM NC 27701 www.northgatemall.com (919) 286-4407
Stadium 10 at Northgate Kids’ Summer 2017 Movie Camp Schedule
June 13-15 June 20-22 June 27-29 July 4-6 July 11-13 July 18-20 July 25-27 August 1-3 August 8-10 August 15-17
Trolls Kung Fu Panda 3 Ice Age: Collison Course The Secret Life of Pets Sing Storks Alvin & The Chipmunks: The Road Chip Monster Trucks Norm of the North The Angry Birds Movie
For latest schedule visit www.stadium10northgatemall.com.
July 2017 www.ChillKids.com/news
By Jan Buckner Walker
The Original Crossword Puzzle for Kids and Their Favorite Adults
The across clues are for kids and the down clues are for grown-ups!
20. If you want to draw a bunch of grapes, you can use your red and blue ______ to make purple 21. Francis Scott Key's starspangled words: "... and the rocket's red glare, the bombs bursting in air, gave proof through the ____ that our ﬂag was still there"
on her Big Day 7. Bluetooth's home on the 1. The number of little friends human head Snow White had 10. Sundae best: It's the bright, 3. A person who cooks cakes red maraschino cherry's who might find himself rightful place on a banana covered in ﬂour split 5. It's a beautiful red ﬂower you 12. A red sign of this shape have to handle with care should give a driver pause 6. Flour power: You'll need at 13. Like red hot chili peppers least a 1/2 cup of white ﬂour 14. Maker of the iconic red, to make these fudgy dessert plastic cup (or any song sung Parents Down squares alone) 1. Hypnotic swirl: As you look 8. Tigger's furry, little friend who 15. Love mark: Affectionate act at a barber pole's blue, red wears a red shirt every day that might leave a little and white, it seems that each 9. In this class, kids can paint a lipstick on your child's cheek color is an infinite ___ bright red rose, a clear blue 16. 3A's uniformly recognized 2. Tusk, tusk: Even the best sky and puffy white clouds white accessory orthodontist in the jungle 11. When the yellow blossom on 17. Blue is the dominant color of doesn't dare touch this a ______ turns white, its _______ Van Gogh used to animal's two giant, white, seeds blow away in the create his classic work, "The protruding teeth breeze Starry Night" 3. Precious donation to the 15. Burger's tomato topping 19. People's choice: Maroon 5's Red Cross 18. I have 52 white keys, but front man, _____ Levine 4. He's an indisputable blue 3D I can't unlock even one crowned [Handsomest] Man 6. Woman who wears white door. What am I? Alive in 2013 email@example.com
Red, White and Blue
This Week’s Solution on p. 2. KAPD ebooks now available on www.kapd.com
© 2016 KAPD, LLC
Math-A-Muse Look for Math-A-Muse Answers on page 2.
By Evelyn B. Christensen, Ed.D.
13 – 8
12 – 9
12 – 6
10 – 9 12 – 7
11 – 8
14 – 9
13 – 9
10 – 8
11 – 7
12 – 8
START FIND 2 SOLUTIONS 15 8 4
15 – 9
14 – 8
11 – 9
5 2 10 18
Published on Jun 30, 2017
Large 11.5 in. x 14.25 print magazine monthly on heavy bright white paper. ChillKids Educational Family Magazine's literacy mission in the N...