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ChillKids

August 2015

Fun Family Educational Resource of Chapel Hill • Carrboro • Durham • Hillsborough • NC Triangle

Family Fun in August in the North Carolina Triangle

NASA Space Place New Horizons Spacecraft Brings Pluto into Focus

Singing Dogs at the Conservators Center Cover art by Mia Look

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August Word Find

READ TOGETHER

Educational fun for the whole family! ChillKids is your LOCAL award-winning educational family resource magazine for parents, grandparents, children, and educators K-5th grade in Chapel Hill, Carrboro, Hillsborough/Orange County, Durham and the NC Triangle.

S H O O T I N G S T A R S N P

F D S K G K I S X P J T X A C

N O E G O N U J O H S P P S L

T B R A E R U T Z G A E K A O

Beach Clouds Sand Sun Surfing

U L K E F Q U S O N R H S S U

D Q E I S L I D H H E C N P D

G C N B P T G S A Q G C O A S

B G H A R N T N H S D D Z C N

H W S A I E D H G L N G I E I

S H V G R P P W E V A T R P K

O B N N U O E I Q A S P O L E

Paperhand Puppet Forest Theatre Perseids Shooting Stars Singing Dogs

I I P P N N N Y U O T I H A N

S I P A O A E I A K P R W C N

W E S D I E S R E P L S E E L

T B E A C H P Y A N A O N V L

NASA Space Place Pluto Charon New Horizons Kuiper Belt

ChillKids

HAVE FUN READING & LEARNING with ChillKids, featuring award-winning educational puzzles and games. Educators can request FREE distribution for your K-5 classroom(s) by calling (919) 951-4410. Read the monthly online edition at www. ChillKids.com/news. The ChillKids family educational resource is supported by sponsors who share our mission to promote literacy and a love of learning in our local community. To learn more about supporting our 501(c)(3) nonprofit literacy mission in partnership with the Newspaper in Education Initiative, call us at (919) 951-4410.

DIVISION SUDOKU

Find the words by looking up, down, backwards, forwards, sideways and diagonally.

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AUGUST PUZZLE ANSWERS

COIN CAPER ANSWERS: HDNN, QQDD ADDITION SQUARE ANSWER 0, 8, 2, 7, 3, 9, 5 ROAD RIDDLE: +8

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Piedmont Electric Membership Corporation A Touchstone Energy Cooperative

The

Mardi Gras Bowling Center

2 www.ChillKids.com/news August 2015


ChillKids

Chapel Hill/Carrboro/Hillsborough/ Orange & Durham Counties' Fun Family Educational Resource PUBLISHER/EDITOR Kate Look kate@ChillKids.com August 2015 Cover Art by Mia Look.

For Sponsorship Information, or to request (FREE!) K-5 distribution for your school, contact us at: (919) 951-4410 www.ChillKids.com/news ChillKids 1818 Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd, #210 Chapel Hill, NC 27516 Copyright © 2015 ChillKids. All rights reserved. No part of this issue may be reproduced in whole or in part in any form without permission of the publisher. Neither participating advertisers nor the publishers will be responsible or liable for misinformation, misprints or typographical errors. The publishers reserve the right to edit any submitted material. ChillKids is not responsible for unsolicited manuscripts, artwork, or other material. Children's art submissions should include name, address, telephone number, and permission to publish signed by a parent or guardian.

Welcome August! August in the North Carolina Triangle offers fun for everyone! August is a great time for Durham Bulls baseball games, family walks on the shady paths along the Eno River or at Riverwalk in Hillsborough, and lots of fun activities at your local library. Find some great books at the library and stay cool inside on hot August days. Visit www.chillkids.com for more ideas for fun family outings year-round. August also is a time for giant puppets: the16th Annual Paperhand Puppet giant puppet extravaganza takes place on Fridays, Saturdays, and Sundays August 7 September 7 at the Forest Theatre in Chapel Hill, and there will also be shows at the North Carolina Museum of Art in September. Visit www.paperhand.org for dates, times and ticket information. August brings the Perseid meteor showers! Watch for the shooting stars, especially around the week of August 11th and the peak night of August 12 - 13th in the early morning. The skies will be dark since the moon will not be visible (new moon) during the height of the Perseid meteor showers. If the skies are not cloudy, astronomers predict that stargazers may be able to see a hundred shooting stars in a single hour in the hours around midnight and very early morning on August 12 - 13. This month we'll learn about Pluto and the historic New Horizons spacecraft mission that brought us the first clear images of Pluto when it approached Pluto a few weeks ago (in mid-July 2015). The New Horizons spacecraft is only the size of a baby grand piano, but it had the amazing power to travel for more than nine years to get close to Pluto to send back images. Did you know there is a kind of dog that is known for its singing? This month we'll learn about the New Guinea singing dogs at the Conservators Center (near Burlington, NC). If you visit the Conservators Center you can see the singing dogs in person, and you'll probably hear them sing along in greeting when the lions and other animals at the Conservators Center roar their greetings to one another. Enjoy the summer days of August and the excitement of the new school year!

Take the back to school silly dental quiz? 1. What has teeth but can’t eat? 2. What is the dentist favorite thing at the fair? Has your child seen a dentist yet? It is recommended that children begin seeing a dentist at age 1 or first tooth! Make sure you start them off on the right foot!

Dr. Lenise Clifton & Dr. Charles Mauney 77 Vilcom Center Drive Suite 310 Chapel Hill, NC 27514 919-933-1007 www.cliftonandmauney.com Like us on Facebook!

3. What does a dentist do in an earthquake? 4. What did the dentist see at the North Pole? 5. What did the vampire say when the dentist cleaned his teeth? When playing sports, always wear a mouth guard. Most sports related trauma to the teeth can be prevented. Protect your smile, it will be yours for a lifetime!

Answers below.

Good luck students! We hope this year is fabulous!

1) a comb 2) the fluoride 3) brace himself 4) a molar bear 5) “fang you very much”

August 2015 www.ChillKids.com/news

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Hello, Pluto!

New Horizons Spacecraft Mission is Bringing Pluto and Charon into Focus - By Katie McKissick, National Aeronautics and Space Administration

New Horizons flew right by Pluto on July 14, 2015. For 22 hours, it took lots of pictures and measurements of icy Pluto. While it collected information, NASA couldn’t talk to the spacecraft.

It’s over three billion miles away from Earth, and we’ve only known about it since 1930. Pluto is an icy rock about a fifth the size of Earth. We called it a planet until 2006, but now we say it’s a dwarf planet. Scientists decided that Pluto is not a planet like Venus or Jupiter because it’s just one of many objects in the Kuiper Belt. (The Kuiper Belt is a ring of icy rocks on the edge of our solar system. "Kuiper" rhymes with "viper.")

New Horizons has a radio antenna, cameras, and other tools. It uses the antenna to send messages to Earth. But New Horizons couldn’t point its cameras at Pluto and keep its antenna pointed toward Earth. This meant it couldn’t photograph Pluto and send messages to Earth at the same time. Scientists chose to get as many pictures of Pluto as possible, even if that meant we couldn’t get messages from New Horizons for a while.

Even though Pluto isn't quite a planet like Venus and Jupiter, we want to learn as much as we can about Pluto and its moons. Pluto is so far away that it’s hard to see with even the most powerful telescopes. To get a better look, we sent a small spacecraft (the size of a grand piano) named New Horizons to visit Pluto. It left Earth on January 19, 2006.

One of the final images taken before New Horizons made its closest approach to Pluto on July 14, 2015. Image Credit: NASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Southwest Research Institute.

Image: NASA Space Place.

The New Horizons spacecraft is the size of a baby grand piano!

When NASA heard from New Horizons on July 14, 2015, it was just past 9 p.m. Eastern Daylight Time. Everyone was overjoyed. We sent a probe to Pluto, we took pictures, and the spacecraft worked just right. For months to come, New Horizons will keep sending back the information it collected near Pluto. It takes a long time to get data from so far away. We’ll learn about Pluto’s surface, temperature, atmosphere, and moons—especially its largest moon, Charon. That’s not bad for a spacecraft the size of a baby grand piano!

Artist's concept of NASA's New Horizons spacecraft flying through the Pluto system in July 2015. Credit: Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Southwest Research Institute.

New Horizons at the Kennedy Space Center in 2005. Image: NASA

New Horizons is the fastest spacecraft ever launched. It left Earth traveling 31,000 miles per hour. That’s really fast. But because Pluto is so far away, it still took nine and half years to make it there!

After the flyby, the mission team reconnected with the New Horizons spacecraft. They wanted to make sure everything went as planned. New Horizons sent a message to Earth saying it was OK. Because the spacecraft was so far away, the message took 4 hours and 25 minutes to reach us.

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LEARN ALL ABOUT PLUTO at spaceplace.nasa.gov

Pluto Quick Facts

Pluto was once the ninth and farthest planet from the Sun, but now is classified in the group of dwarf planets. Pluto is rocky and covered with ice. Pluto's orbit is very lop-sided, which means that sometimes it is closer to the Sun than Neptune is. When Pluto is closer to the Sun, some of the ice on its surface evaporates, giving Pluto a thin atmosphere.

Pluto's Moons

Pluto has five moons: A larger moon called Charon, and four tiny moons, called Nix, Hydra, Kerberos and Styx.

What makes Pluto special?

Which sentence best describes Pluto? (A) Pluto is actually closer to the sun than Neptune for about 8% of its orbit. (B) Pluto is just one of many icy objects in a distant area of our solar system. (C) Pluto and its large, orbiting companion object Charon, are tipped on their sides. (D) All of the above. The correct answer is (D), because they are all true!

With its small size, odd orbit and distant location, astronomers have disagreed about whether Pluto is really a planet. Since it is so far away, we haven't had a good look at Pluto until this summer (July Pluto is a dwarf planet that lies in 2015), when the New Horizons space mission took detailed pictures the Kuiper Belt. It's an area full of icy bodies and other dwarf planets of Pluto. From the images of Pluto taken by New Horizons, some people think that Pluto's surface resembles a heart shape; seen from other close-up views some areas of Pluto's surface look like the wrinkles and crevices of an elephant's skin.

at the edge of our solar system. Because Pluto is the biggest object in this region, some call it "King of the Kuiper Belt."

Pluto, King of the Ice Dwarfs. Image: NASA Space Place.

At Pluto's current distance from the sun, the temperature on its surface is about 400 degrees below zero Fahrenheit! It will get even colder as it moves farther from the sun. From Pluto, the sun looks like just a bright dot in the sky, the brightest star visible. The light from the sun is as bright on Pluto as the light from the full Moon is on Earth.

Fun Facts About Pluto Pluto is only about half the width of the United States. Charon is about half the size of Pluto. Charon is the largest moon compared to the body it orbits (whether planet or dwarf planet) of any moon in the solar system.

If you weigh 100 pounds on Earth, you would weigh only 7 pounds on Pluto!

Almost all the planets travel around the sun in nearly perfect circles. But Pluto does not. It takes an oval-shaped Pluto orbits in a far-out path with the sun nowhere near its center. What's more, its path is region of the solar system quite tilted from the nice, orderly plane where all the planets orbit. called the Kuiper Belt. ("Kuiper" (Mercury has a slightly lop-sided orbit, although not nearly so much rhymes with viper). There are lots as Pluto's.) of icy, rocky objects out there. But they are so far from the sun they If you lived on Pluto, are really hard to see, even with powerful telescopes.

you'd have to live 248 Earth years to celebrate New Horizons Spacecraft Visits Pluto your first birthday in We finally got to visit Pluto, Charon, and the Kuiper Belt! On Pluto-years. January 19, 2006, NASA launched a robot spacecraft on the long

If you lived on Pluto, you would see Charon from only one side of the planet. Charon's orbit around Pluto takes about six and one-half Earth days. Pluto's day (that is, one complete rotation) takes exactly the same amount of time. So, Charon always "hovers" over the same spot on Pluto's surface, and the same side of Charon always faces Pluto.

journey. This mission is called New Horizons. The spacecraft arrived at Pluto in July 2015, and will continue to study other objects in the Kuiper Belt from 2018 to 2022. With New Horizons, we will visit and learn about the objects at the very edge of our solar system. They may help us understand how our solar system formed. Learn more at http://spaceplace.nasa.gov/ ice-dwarf/en/

August 2015 www.ChillKids.com/news

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Hidden Picture Puzzles by Liz

BOOK NOOK What Pet Should I Get? by Dr. Seuss A never-before-seen picture book by Dr. Seuss! This never-ever-before-seen picture book by Dr. Seuss about making up one’s mind is the literary equivalent of buried treasure! What happens when a brother and sister visit a pet store to pick a pet? Naturally, they can’t choose just one! The tale captures a classic childhood moment—choosing a pet—and uses it to illuminate a life lesson: that it is hard to make up your mind, but sometimes you just have to do it! Told in Dr. Seuss’s signature rhyming style, this is a must-have for Seuss fans and book collectors, and a perfect choice for the holidays, birthdays, and happy occasions of all kinds. An Editor’s Note at the end of the book discusses Dr. Seuss’s pets, his creative process, and the discovery of the manuscript and illustrations. For beginning readers (ages 6 - 8 years).

THE ANIMAL HOSPITAL

CHAPEL HILL’S FINEST GYMNASTICS FACILITY! WWW.CHAPELHILLGYMNASTICS.COM

Highest quality veterinarian services using state of the art technology & techniques

* Dog boarding * Cat boarding * Luxury cat condos * Dog self-wash service

North Carolina’s best small animal practice, serving the community since 1974!

112 West Main St. Carrboro, NC 27510

919-967-9261

Summer is here! Protect your pets against fleas and ticks!

www.theanimalhospital.biz

- Max the Friendly Hospital Cat

QUALITY INSTRUCTION ENERGETIC LEARNING ENVIRONMENT

FUN F O S T O L

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• Camps • Birthday Parties • Girls & Boys Gymnastics • Parent & Tot Classes • Preschool Classes • Tumbling Classes • Kids Night Out

(919) 942-3655

7405 Rex Rd, Ste 207 Chapel Hill, NC 27516

Conveniently located near the I-40/Hwy 86 interchange, at the corner of Eubanks & Millhouse Roads.

6 www.ChillKids.com/news August 2015


Singing Dogs

ANIMAL KINGDOM

at the Conservators Center!

What’s got four legs, brown fur, and can carry a tune? It sounds like the punch line of a joke, but it’s an actual species living at the Conservators Center in Burlington, NC! New Guinea singing dogs are originally from the island of Papua New Guinea, which is just north of Australia. Can you find Papua New Guinea on the map below? The friendly folks at the Conservators Center sometimes call New Guinea singing dogs “singers.” They are small-to-medium-sized dogs that are closely related to the dingo. They look like your average domesticated dog, except they have triangle-shaped heads, pointy ears, and a brushy tail like a fox! They also have some wild skills that set them apart from the dog you may have at home, like climbing trees and fences.

Fossils of the New Guinea singing dog date back to approximately 6,000 years ago. This makes them living fossils! Unfortunately, Singers are now extremely rare in Papua New Guinea, and because they haven’t been seen there for many years, many people think they might actually be extinct in the wild. They’re one of the rarest animal species on the planet. The Conservators Center is home to several of these amazingly rare dogs that love greeting visitors, meeting new people, and adding their sing-song voices to the chorus of wolves, tigers, jungle cats, and lions when they call to one another. It’s an amazing experience you’ll never forget! Visit www. ConservatorsCenter.org for more information about how to visit.

Singing Dog Foldo at the Conservators Center. Image: Kim Barker.

They are called singing dogs for their ability to dramatically vary the pitch of their howl, likely with the help of their split uvula. Have you ever heard of a uvula? The next time you’re in front of a mirror, open your mouth REALLY wide, and you’ll see it hanging just over your throat. Now, imagine you had two of them! Of course, singing dogs can’t “sing” the latest Taylor Swift song, but when several of these adorable canines start howling together at different pitches— like they do in the early morning or late evening hours at the Conservators Center—the result is a truly eerie, lovely “song” that will send chills down your spine!

Left: Singing Dog Samara howling (singing!) at the Conservators Center. Image: Kim Pyne

Australia

Singing Dog Marlin at the Conservators Center. Taylor Hattori Images.

New Guinea singing dogs are originally from the island of Papua New Guinea (north of Australia). Papa New Guinea is shown in red on the globe pictured (above left).

Singing Dog Tsumi at the Conservators Center. Image: Jesse Anderson.

August 2015 www.ChillKids.com/news

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August Maze

Find your way to the best wave!

START

FINISH

Kidsville

(1/4 page  V  is  5  in.  x  6  in.

Reprinted with permission.

Note: Follow the dot-to-dot "sets" instructions above. We love to publish your original art work, letters, poems and stories! Ask your parent/guardian to send or email your original art, along with their signed permission to publish, to the ChillKids mailing address on page 2.

triangle youth ballet

Welcome! Chapel Hill Pediatrics & Adolescents welcomes Shruti Nagaraj, M.D., M.P.H. to our practice.

Offering Classes This Fall for young dancers at the ArtsCenter, Carrboro, Durham Arts Council, Durham TYB, Chapel Hill

She begins seeing patients in August. Shruti Nagaraj, M.D., M.P.H.

URGENT CARE HOURS AVAILABLE

Photography by Steve Clarke

"Walk-in availability" for established patients:

1708 A East Franklin St. Gateway Commons Chapel Hill, NC 27515 The Triangle Youth Ballet is a 501(c)3 non-profit and a member of the North Carolina Center for Non-Profits.

www.triangleyouthballet.org

919-932-2676

Monday – Friday mornings 7:15 – 7:50am & Sat/Sun 9am - 2pm Care from birth through college Comprehensive sports & camp physicals International adoption care Convenient parking

TWO locations welcome NEW and established patients

205 Sage Rd., Suite 100 Chapel Hill, NC 27514

249 East NC Hwy 54, Suite 230 Durham, NC 27713

919-942-4173

www.chapelhillpeds.com

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Puppet's PaperhanldGiant Puppet

a 16th Annu vaganza Extra

d Sundays turdays an Fridays, Sa 7 - Sept 7 Aug el Hill, NC eatre, Chap Th st re o F at The of Art C Museum N e th t a 3 Sept 11-1 rhand.org www.pape

2 August is a great month to play baseball and go watch a baseball game at the Durham Bulls Athletic Park!

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National Story Time Ages 3 – 6 Watermelon Mondays & Tuesdays Day 10:30 am – 11:00 am

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Ages 3 – 6 Mondays & Tuesdays 10:30 am – 11:00 am ALSO Tuesdays 3:30 pm - 4 pm Chapel Hill Public Library

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Congress approved the establishment of lighthouses, beacons, buoys and piers on this day in 1789.

Chapel Hill Public Library

Story Time

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and 3:30 pm - 4 pm

Visit DurhamBulls.com for the game schedule and to purchase tickets.

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Visit the new Dino World giant animatronic dinosaur exhibit at the North Carolina Zoo! (April - October 2015)

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Perseid Meteor Shower Peak

spaceplace. nasa.gov/ meteor-shower

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Ages 3 – 6 Mondays & Tuesdays 10:30 am – 11:00 am and 3:30 pm - 4 pm Chapel Hill Public Library

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Full Moon

Ages 3 – 6 Mondays & Tuesdays 10:30 am – 11:00 am and 3:30 pm - 4 pm Chapel Hill Public Library

August 2015 www.ChillKids.com/news

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National Geographic U.S. Road Trip

WEBSITE PICKS

kids.nationalgeographic.com/games

Learn your United States geography and take an online "road trip"! National Geographic's free online game for kids, the Ultimate U.S. Road Trip can be fun while you are traveling, or to help brush up on your U.S. geography on a rainy day.

Monster," a rampaging concrete raceway monster mascot, (breaking through a building's roof, and holding a real race car in his stone hand) at the Dover International Speedway.

The game begins with your road trip geography mission: "Pack up the trunk - it's summer vacation! You and your family are on a mission to see all 50 states. Tackle the U.S.A. state-by-state, visiting the weird and wacky locations this great nation has to offer. Test your knowledge as you cruise to each stop, earning points that will unlock fun offroad games and other special souvenirs. Let the road trip begin!"

National Geographic's Ultimate U.S. Road Trip game is a free game for kids. Parents can find the game at http://kids. nationalgeographic.com/games/ adventure/ultimate-us-roadtrip/. Check out more fun free games for kids at kids. nationalgeographic.com/games. First, players pick a region of the U.S. to explore (states are grouped by location in the South, Northeast, Midwest, West, or Pacific), then choose your vehicle, and you're off. Answer quiz questions about the state you are traveling through to progress to the next weird, wacky or interesting attraction.

Left: "Miles the Monster" in Dover, DE.

You may find some cool places you would like to visit some day. For example, in Dover, Delware the map includes a stop at "Miles the

 Math-A-Muse

Look for Math-A-Muse Answers on page 2.

By Evelyn B. Christensen, Ed.D.

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10 www.ChillKids.com/news August 2015


KIDS IN THE NEWS

Wrightsville Beach, NC Surfer Wins National Surf Competition Bo Raynor is 2015 National Scholastic Surf Association Champion (14 & Under Boys)

Wrightsville Beach surfer Bo Raynor recently won a national title in a surfing competition in Huntington Beach, California. He won first place in the 2015 National Scholastic Surfing Association (NSSA) Explorer Boys National Championship. Bo Raynor started surfing when he was three years old. His dad, Scooter Raynor, (a former professional surfer) taught Bo and his brothers how to ride the waves from a very young age. In the California 2015 NSSA Explorer Boys National Championship, Raynor competed against about 100 surfers from all across the nation. Bo has sponsors who help him fund his travels for surfing competitions (including the 17th Street Surf Shop in Wilmington, NC), and he also washed cars to fund his recent trip to California for the NSAA National Championship, since his California trip was only partly funded by sponsors. (He earned $3,000 washing cars in two and a half months.)

Champion surfer Bo Raynor of Wrightsville Beach, NC. Image: WbLiveSurf.com

Raynor plans to continue surfing in junior pro competitions, and he aspires to eventually compete on the world championship tour. He plans to ride waves and "Hang 10" for the rest of his life and he hopes to make a living doing it.

Bo Raynor riding the waves at Masonboro Island in North Carolina Image: Scooter Raynor.

The National Scholastic Surfing Association (NSSA) is a nonprofit organization whose mission is to encourage and assist its members in their interest to learn and develop the fundamentals and skills of surfing competition while competing in structured and quality events, and to provide a fun surfing experience for its members. The NSSA promotes the qualities of discipline and competitive excellence while supporting the merits of academic achievement to young surfers. The NSSA is one of the few national youth sports organizations that require its participants to maintain academic standards in order to compete. Since 1978, the NSSA program philosophy has been that athletics and scholastics go hand in hand. More than 80 NSSA events are run nationwide that culminate with the annual National Championships which is regarded as the highest profile youth surfing event in America.

The Language of Surfing: Hang 10! Hang 10

Pipeline

"Hanging Ten" is a surfing maneuver, where the surfer positions the surfboard in such a way that the back of the surfboard is covered by the wave, and the surfer can walk to the front of the board and hang all ten toes over the nose (front end) of the board.

A very large wave is known as the pipeline, which also refers to the hollow part of such a wave.

Tube, Macks, Green Room A "tube" is a wave with a hollow space. "Macks" or "mackers" are giant tubes (waves) that get their name from the idea

that they’re so big, you could drive a Mack truck through them. The inside of a tube is known as the "green room" or "glass house" describing its appearance.

Tubular Tubular means excellent or great (because it's great to surf the hollow space or "tube" of a wave).

Radical Radical (or "rad") is a word that surfers use to describe surfing that’s challenging or extreme.

Gnarly Gnarly is a word that surfers use to describe surfing conditions that are dangerous or rough.

August 2015 www.ChillKids.com/news

11


Introduction to Clouds High

http://science-edu.larc.nasa.gov/cloud_chart

Cirrus

Cirrus

Contrail

Cloud Cover

Contrail

•Clear

(0% - 5%)

•Partly Cloudy

(5% - 50%)

•Mostly Cloudy

(50% - 95%)

•Overcast

(95% - 100%)

6 km

Visual Opacity •Opaque

Cirrostratus

Cirrostratus

Cirrus

Cirrocumulus

5 km

•Translucent •Transparent

Cloud Cover

Mid

4 km

Altocumulus

Altocumulus

Altocumulus

2 km

CONVECTIVE CLOUDS Low

Determination of the amount of cloud cover is done by estimating the percentage of the sky covered with clouds. This is one of several possible scales or categories for cloud cover.

3 km

Altostratus

The water on Earth is always on the move, changing state from liquid to vapor back to liquid and snow and ice near the poles and mountains. The process used to describe the continuous movement of water between the Earth and atmosphere is known as the water cycle, and is often referred to as the hydrologic cycle. There is no beginning or end to the water cycle; it behaves much like a Ferris wheel at an amusement park, moving around and around.

Visual Opacity

The thickness of a cloud determines the amount of light being transmitted through the cloud. Shadows often provide a clue.

Stratocumulus Nimbostratus

Ever wonder how clouds got their names? Well you may be surprised to find out!

Cloud Level Three levels of clouds have been identified based on the altitude of a cloud’s base.

The Earth’s Water Cycle

Fog

Stratus

Cumulonimbus

Cumulus

Convective Clouds form because of large updrafts of warm, moist air moving up into cold air!

Altitude of Cloud Base

1 km

In 1803 Luke Howard used Latin terms to classify four main cloud types. •Cumulus means pile and describes heaped, lumpy clouds. •Cirrus, meaning hair, describes high level clouds that look wispy, like locks of hair. •Featureless clouds that form sheets are called Stratus, meaning layer. •The term Nimbus, which means “precipitating cloud”, refers to low, grey rain clouds. •Alto is used to describe mid level clouds. •Finally, convective clouds have a vertical development extending through large portions of the atmosphere.

0 km

National Aeronautics and Space Administration http://www.nasa.gov http://education.nasa.gov http://scool.larc.nasa.gov NP 2007-07-33-LaRC

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration http://www.noaa.gov http://www.weather.gov http://www.education.noaa.gov http://www.srh.noaa.gov/jetstream YPA-200752-L

HEALTHY SNACK

Watermelon! Watermelon is a very healthy snack with lots of vitamins, minerals and phytonutrients. Watermelon has

more health-promoting lycopene than other fresh produce, and it has excellent levels of vitamins A and C and a good level of vitamin B6 and potassium. (Watermelon even has more lycopene than tomatoes!)

Vitamin A found in watermelon is important for optimal eye health and boosts immunity by enhancing the infection-fighting actions of white blood cells called lymphocytes.

Vitamin B6 found in watermelon helps the immune system produce antibodies. Antibodies are needed to fight many diseases. Vitamin B6 helps maintain normal nerve function and form red blood cells. The body uses it to help break down proteins. The more protein you eat, the more vitamin B6 you need. Vitamin C in watermelon can help to bolster the immune system's

Parents can visit www.watermelon.org for lots of healthy and delicious watermelon recipe ideas. For instructions to make the watermelon stegosaurus shown above, parents can visit http://www.watermelon.org/ Carvings/Stegosaurus.

defenses against infections and viruses and can protect a body from harmful free radicals that can accelerate aging and conditions such as cataracts.

A two-cup serving of watermelon is also a source of potassium, a mineral necessary for water balance in your body's cells.

Watermelon is a delicious, naturally sweet treat that is also great for your health!

12 www.ChillKids.com/news August 2015


THEATRE & ARTS Paperhand Puppet Intervention is a puppet company based out of Saxapahaw, NC located on the beautiful Haw River. For over fifteen years, Paperhand Puppet Intervention has been creating original large-scale puppet extravaganzas complete with giant puppets, masks, shadow puppets, stilt dancing, painted flats, live music, and storytelling.

Paperhand Puppet Intervention Presents

A DROP IN THE BUCKET

The Big Dreams of Tiny Things 16th Annual Summer Giant Puppet Extravaganza

Image: Paperhand Puppet Intervention.

Paperhand Puppet Intervention's spectacular giant puppet performances tell stories of the human heart, illuminate myths from around the world, and inspire young and old alike through their unique brand of creative expression. Under the direction, guidance, and artistic inspiration of founders Donovan Zimmerman and Jan Burger, Paperhand Puppet's artists, puppeteers and performers (many of whom volunteer every year) create extraordinary puppets and performances that entertain, bring joy, instigate wonder, and inspire contemplation about the incredible world around us. Each year they write, create, build and perform a large summer Pageant/Play/Spectacle. These performances last about an hour, include a ensemble of professional musicians who create an original score of music and involve a cast of puppeteers, which has included as many as twenty-eight performers! This year's performance is called A Drop in the Bucket: The Big Dreams of Tiny Things.

In addition to their annual summer spectacle, throughout the year they are deeply steeped in our community and take part in all kinds of public celebrations, create learning opportunities, host workshops and teach about the great world of puppetry! See below for dates / times. Visit www. paperhand.org for more information.

KID’S MEALS… more than just yummy!

• 12 choices! • Free of: Artificial Trans Fat Processed MSG High Fructose Corn Syrup Artificial Colors & Dyes • Many less than $ .00! • KID’S MEALS INCLUDE choice of Organic Apple Juice or Organic Milk

3

And so much more... 5408 New Hope Commons Dr. 919-493-3350

Fun stuff with JD Kids! http://www.jasonsdeli.com/JDKids

August 2015 www.ChillKids.com/news

13


Exploring Nature! 4IFSJ"NTFMtXXXFYQMPSJOHOBUVSFPSH

,OPX:PVS$MPVET

  

1

High Clouds

1

2 3

2

4

16,500 feet (2,000m) to 40,000 feet (5-13 km) 6,500 feet

3

5 6 7

4

Middle Clouds

Altostratus are huge sheets of gray clouds that fill the sky, allowing only a dim outline of the sun and no shadows on the ground. They often are pushed in front of an oncoming snow or rain storm.

5

6,500 feet to 23,000 feet (2-7 km)

Cumulonimbus are thunderheads with low-lying dark bottoms that rise into giant rounded tops. They can have rain, snow, hail or lightning and sometimes even spawn tornadoes. Cirrostratus are thin sheets of high clouds that spread across the sky, making it a hazy sky. They show a ring around the sun, but enough light still comes through to cast shadows on the ground.

6

Cumulus are cottony fair weather clouds that form shapes as they rise in a blue sky. They have darker, flat bottoms and rounded, puffy tops. They are fair weather clouds.

(0-2 km) 6,500 feet (2,000m)

Low Clouds

Cirrocumulus are small, rounded puffs of clouds that ripple across the sky in rows, like fish scales. That is why they are nicknamed a mackerel sky.

7

Cirrus are the most common high clouds. They are very high, wispy clouds blown by the wind into long wisps called mares’ tails. They are a sign that good weather will follow.

Find the following objects in the cloud bank below: a pitcher, loaf of bread, pear, potatoes, umbrella, lily pad, bunny, tomato, mushroom, baseball cap, plate and 3 flying birds.

Altocumulus are high, puffy clouds that spread across the sky in little rising masses. On hot summer days, they form afternoon thunderheads.

$MPVE'VO'BDU Cumulonimbus clouds have an anvil shape because they rise so high that they reach the fiercer winds of the outer troposphere and stratosphere, which cut off their tops into an anvil shape.

Exploringnature.org is an award-winning resource that inspires learning about science, conservation and the outdoors through school ���������������������������������� books and online resources. Explore outside today! 1. cirrus, 2. cirrocumulus, 3. cirrostratus, 4. altocumulus, 5. altostratus, 6. cumulonimbus, 7. cumulus

14 www.ChillKids.com/news August 2015


AUGUST 2015 Flick Picks Shaun the Sheep Movie

Enchanted Kingdom

(In Theaters: August 7, 2015)

(In Theaters: August 10, 2015, Limited)

The Shaun the Sheep Movie is a stopmotion animated feature film from the creators of the Wallace and Gromit movies. Shaun the Sheep first appeared along with the Wallace and Gromit characters in the Academy Award-winning short film A Close Shave written by Mark Burton, Nick Park and Steve Box.

BBC Earth Films' Enchanted Kingdom, takes us on a spell-binding journey through seven realms of Africa to reveal a natural world stranger, more magical, and more mystical than anything we might imagine. Narrated by Idris Elba, the film flows likes a stream, with extraordinary timelapse photography, sweeping aerial shots, and macro and micro lensed 3D propelling us from enchanted forests to the boiling edge of the underworld, from celestial ice-capped mountains and lava-spewing volcanoes, to crashing waterfalls and deep fantastical seas, as we experience some of the greatest gatherings of wildlife ever captured on film.

In The Shaun the Sheep Movie, Shaun decides to take the day off and have some fun, but he gets a little more action than he bargained for. A mix-up with the Farmer, a caravan, and a very steep hill lead them all to the Big City, and it's up to Shaun and the flock to return everyone safely to the green grass of home. The Shaun the Sheep Movie features Shaun's farm friends, including the adorable Timmy, a toddler sheep who hero-worships Shaun and copies everything Shaun does, getting into lots of mischief during their adventures in the Big City. Rated PG. 1 hr. 25 min. Aardman Animations (the creators of Wallace & Grommit and Chicken Run), and Lionsgate.

With up-close-and-personal animal encounters and absolutely stunning scenery, Enchanted Kingdom presents nature in all of its amazing grandeur. Rated G 1 hr. 27 min. (BBC Earth Films, the creator of Walking with Dinosaurs 3D and Earth.)

The Mardi Gras Bowling Center

After 5 pm, every Tuesday: 1 free kids meal per adult entree of $7.99 or more. Also, if you bring in a current perfect report card, you get a free kids meal on any day! *Perfect report card offer only valid once per quarter, per child, not valid with any other offer.

SAVE 10%

On bowling when you book your Child’s Birthday Party The Mardi Gras Bowling Center Falconbridge Shoppping Center 6118-A Farrington Rd, Chapel Hill, NC 27517 (919) 489-1230 www.MardiGrasBowling.com

310 W. Franklin St. • Chapel Hill • 919-929-1941

Expires December 31, 2015

Does not apply to food & beverage

August 2015 www.ChillKids.com/news

15


By Jan Buckner Walker

The Original Crossword Puzzle for Kids and Their Favorite Adults The across clues are for kids and the down clues are for grown-ups!

Kids Across

1. Picky and particular: A beaver builds his ___ by chomping on trees 3. Nature's precious stones, like diamonds, emeralds and rubies 4. A wizard's magic stick 6. Storm warning: A ______ bolt can contain up to a billion volts of electricity 9. Here's a hot tip: If you've been bitten by a mosquito, a green ___ bag can soothe the swelling and the itching 10. An ice ___ is a giant, frozen land mass (or what you might call the knitted hat on a snow cone) 11. The school subject that teaches you about nature's amazing mysteries 12. The average ostrich lays one that measures over six inches in diameter and weighs about three pounds 15. Its giant waves are big fun

4. Still standing tall: Of the Seven _____ of the World, 17. only the Great Pyramid of Giza remains 5. Nighttime light show: There 18. are 100 billion of them in our galaxy alone 7. Sudden response to a breathtaking sight 21. 8. The Superior of these five North American beauties boasts three quadrillion gallons (2 wds) 23. 13. The Golden Gate Bridge allows motorists to cross the 24. vast San Francisco ___ 14. "Uptown Funk" pop star who shares his name with 25. the Red Planet 16. Colosseum's continent 19. Home of a stalagmite or stalactite Parents Down 2. Against all odds: Blessing so 20. It's alive!: Scenic underwater attraction that is unbelievably improbable as home to colonies of tiny to be believed impossible organisms 3. Islands that are home to 22. One that can serve as a giant, six foot tortoises flamingo's sole support

Amazing by Nature

for surfers Good news for pandas: Some bamboo ___ up to four feet in just one day All wrapped up: After a butterfly emerges from the ___ stage, it stretches its wings and flies out into the world It's a ridiculous race: The World _____ Racing Championships take a long, long time to watch It's another word for "amazing" A cloud that comes down to earth, making it difficult to see very far Ready to go?: Food is like ___ for your body

Find puzzle answers on page 2.

kris@kapd.com

KAPD ebooks now available on www.kapd.com

8/2015

© 2015 KAPD, LLC

New Bulb on the Block: Meet LED Lucy! What makes Light-Emitting Diode (LED) bulbs better?

That’s easy. LEDs use less energy, last longer and are more durable than traditional bulbs. LED bulbs are also versatile, which means they can be used for a lot of different stuff. Today, LEDs can be found in everything from TVs to traffic lights!

Less Energy

Many of today’s LED bulbs are between six to seven times more energy efficient than regular bulbs. That’s because regular bulbs release most of their energy as heat, while LEDs release barely any heat at all.

Last Longer

Did you know most LED bulbs can last more than 25 times longer than traditional bulbs? In fact, a quality LED bulb can run 24 hours a day, seven days a week for over three years before it burns out!

More Durable

TM

CFL Charlie with LED Lucy, the newest bulb on the block!

Since LED bulbs are made without filament (the little wire in the middle of a regular bulb) and don’t have moving parts, LED bulbs don’t break as often. This means less waste, which is always a good thing! Visit Piedmont Electric's Kids Energy Zone website for fun games and energy saving tips!

www.KidsEnergyZone.com

www.pemc.coop

Piedmont Electric Membership Corporation A Touchstone Energy Cooperative

ChillKids 2015-08 August Family Educational Magazine NC Triangle  

K-5 Educational Family Magazine for the North Carolina Triangle including Chapel Hill, Durham, Hillsborough, Orange County

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