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Volume 6, Issue 2 >> Thursday, 26 April 2018 >> Subscribe >> Email


Its April, summer has begun and the days are hot. And it is going to get a lot hotter soon before the cool rains arrive in June. The Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) has forecast heat wave conditions across most of northern India this summer. In states like Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan, temperatures will be over a degree hotter than usual. A jump of 1°C doesn’t sound like a lot, but when it is already boiling hot at 44°C, a small increase can make a lot of impact. It is going to be one of the hottest summers ever, say weather experts. This also means that northern India will be drier than usual with fewer summer showers. The good news for central and southern India is that temperatures will be the same as usual and possibly even slightly lower than normal in some places. Water shortage It’s the season when one feels most thirsty, the time when you fancy a dip in a swimming pool or nearby lake. However, this year, India is also facing a water shortage. Reservoirs (that store water) are lower this year as compared to last and the searing heat may make the water evaporate faster too. The water situation has been party caused by low winter rainfall and snowfall. As many northern rivers are fed by ice melting in the high Hi-

malayas, when it snows less, rivers run low. So conserve water as much as you can, and stay out of the hot sun too!

‘Catch a Summer Moment’ Photo Contest Summer isn’t just about the heat- it’s also the time to do interesting things. Like taking part in the Child Friendly News ‘Catch a Summer Moment’ photo contest! The rules are simple: ● Email us any photo you took during the holidays that captures a summer moment – it could be a place you visited, something you saw on the street or

any shot that captures the spirit of summer fun. ● Along with the photo send us your name, age, school and class, along with a short description of the photo ● Contestants should be less than 16 years old ● Last date for entries: July 15, 2018 The winners will get prizes from CFN and the winning photos will also be published in the newspaper.

Hurry, start clicking!

Entries should be emailed to


Features CHILD FRIENDLY NEWS 26 April 2018

It's better to be a lion for a day than a sheep all your life. —Elizabeth Kenny

And off to space we go!

There have been so many space missions over the years that it is hard to imagine that a human being hasn’t stepped out of low Earth orbit (LEO) for the last 50 years. United States (US) space agency NASA is set to change that with Orion, a spacecraft that will take astronauts further into space than anyone has ever been.

Low Earth Orbit or LEO refers to the movement of spacecraft around the Earth at heights less than 2000 kilometres above the Earth’s surface. Understand that the word ‘low’ here is relative. Regular airplanes fly at heights less than 12 km so a LEO orbit under 2000 km is still pretty high. The last human to step out of LEO orbit was astronaut Eugene Cernan who stepped on to the Moon as part of NASA’s Apollo 17 mission. The Moon is at a distance of 384,400 kilometres from Earth so it’s a long way from LEO orbit.

What is the Orion mission?

Image courtesy: NASA

What is LEO?

An artist’s impression of the Orion spacecraft

The Orion spacecraft’s manned space flight will occur within the next five years. The craft, which can carry a crew of four astronauts, will go deep into space. It will circle Earth twice, go around the Moon and then head home. A test flight minus humans is planned for 2019. To travel so deep into space, Orion will need to be launched on a very special rocket. That is why NASA is working on the Space Launch System, a giant rocket that can produce the enormous thrust (force) that can propel it into deep space. Orion will be the first spacecraft to be launched using the new rocket.

Unusual build Orion is unusual in more than its mission goals. Parts

of Orion will be ‘printed out’ using 3D printers. In fact it will contain more than 100 3D-printed parts. Some of these parts are being made with a special plastic that can handle extremely high temperatures and the tremendous forces it takes to launch a spacecraft into deep space.

Hello deep space!

A 3D printer can print out three dimensional objects

The Orion spacecraft is the platform on which NASA is planning manned space explorations to Mars and beyond. So, after fifty years of pretty much staying on our planet, we humans are set to make a giant leap!

Are the lions of Gir in trouble?

Bonnet Macaques, a kind of monkey seen in Southern India, have learnt to communicate with humans in order to ask for food, a new study has found. The study was carried out at Karnataka’s Bandipur National Park. The monkeys are using hand gestures and sounds to ask tourists for food. The macaques are makA Bonnet Macaque ing soft ‘coo’ sounds and deliberately positioning themselves so that they can be seen by tourists. They also extend their hands to request for food. This is one of the first times that such behavior has been documented in wild monkeys.

There has been an unusually large number of lion deaths in Gujarat’s Gir National Park.184 lions have died in 2016 and 2017 and 32 of them died due to ‘unnatural’ causes like falling into wells or getting run over by trains. Wells without a surrounding wall or parapet have become a death trap for lions and although there is plan to get parapets built for wells around Gir National Park, the work is not complete. The main problem at Gir though is the increase in the lion population from 359 in 2005 to 523 in 2015. As a result, lions are leaving the park to find territories outside. This results in deaths and conflicts with humans as lions enter farmlands. Gujarat has failed to create new reserve areas for the lions. The state is also not agreeing to shift lions to new areas in Madhya Pradesh. Unless some action is taken and soon, the fate of many lions is uncertain.

Photo courtesy: Wikipedia

No monkey business, this

Bonnet Macaques are monkeys seen in peninsular India south of the Godavari and Tapti rivers. In Northern India we find Rhesus Macaques. Although this division line was clearly drawn for many years, there are now reports of Rhesus Macaques invading the territory of their southern cousins.


Nature did not put whales on this earth to splash kids while stuck in a pen. —Jane Velez-Mitchell




Our understanding of how animals evolved (developed) is based on the theory of evolution that Charles Darwin came up with 150 years ago. New research on the evolution of whales may change that understanding. Darwin’s theory Charles Darwin’s ideas compared evolution to a tree with each species as a branch. He argued that each species grew differently based on the different habitats they occupied and that they changed as they came up against climate change, change of diet or arrival of new predators. The sheer distances between the different habitats kept each species unique and different. Thus Darwin’s vision of evolution was of an everbranching tree. Central to his theory is the idea that once a species starts changing from the original, it stays on its unique path, with no connections to other species that may have also branched out from the original. The new research on whales Researchers from Germany have been studying the genetic connections between certain kinds of whales. Genes are part of the cells of all living animals and they contain instructions based on which the body grows and develops. Genes also connect us to our family and the human species as all members of a species share common genes. The whales studied were the baleen whales including Humpback, Fin, Sei, Minke and Blue Whales. These whales are part of a family known as rorquals-they are baleen whales with


A Gray Whale

but as a web. Unlike a tree where branches don’t meet once they’ve separated pleated throats, allowing from the main trunk, a web althem to gulp huge mouthfuls lows for multiple connections in of seawater that they strain different directions. for food using baleen plates. This kind of family connections The researchers also studied seen between species we Gray Whales that belong to thought weren’t connected at another family of whales. all may have to do with the habiWhen they studied the genes tats whales occupy. They live in of these whales, they found vast oceans that are interconthat Gray Whales were also nected-thus it is more difficult rorquals, and were in fact to isolate (keep alone) a species. closely related to Fin and Humpback whales. In truth, A sketch from one of Darwin’s note- Therefore inter-breeding (when whales of two different species Grays are more closely related books. Information we now have make a new family) and hybrids to Fin and Humpback Whales shows that instead of a tree of life, the map of species in the world looks (formed by such inter-breeding) compared to the connections more like a densely connected web. may be more common than we between Fins, Humpbacks and think. other rorquals. Genetic analysis of species is a new science, and Web, not tree This new information on the connections be- it is quite likely that we will discover many more tween different whale species may push us to- such interesting connections between species wards thinking of evolution not as a tree of life as we study the genes of more animals.


The Matilda Effect by Ellie Irving The Matilda Effect is the term used to describe how woman scientists are not given their due, with male scientists often getting the credit for the work done by women. The heroine of the story, also called Matilda, comes up against a similar problem when she finds out that a sneaky scientist has stolen her grandmom’s work and is now going to be awarded the Nobel Prize for it! All wound up with indignation, scientist-in-making Matilda and grand-mom set off to Europe to stop the Nobel prize distribution and set the wrong right. The quest takes them on a journey through Paris, Hamburg and Stockholm, during which they encounter a famous film star, a circus, and a wanted diamond thief... sounds like quite a tale doesn’t it? Do they make it in time? Is the sneaky professor unmasked? You’ll have to read the book and find out. Price: Rs.178 Available: Online


Special Report CHILD FRIENDLY NEWS 26 April 2018

Just play. Have fun. Enjoy the game. —Michael Jordan

India@Commonwealth Games 2018

The 21st Commonwealth Games ended on April 15th at the city of Gold Coast in Queensland, Australia. India ended the Games with 66 medals (26 gold, 20 silver and 20 bronze) and finished in third place overall behind Australia and England. Although India has stood higher in the tally or in total number of medals during two earlier editions of the Commonwealth Gamesin 2002 in Manchester (England) where they won 30 gold medals and 2010 in New Delhi where India finished in second place-the haul at the 2018 Games is more significant. Unlike in Delhi, where teams had the home advantage and India had the benefit of picking three sports where it could shine (archery, tennis and Grecoroman wrestling), Indian teams at the 2018 Games had no such advantage. Back in 2002 in Manchester, the formula for giving medals was different, and had Gold Coast followed Manchester's medal distribution pattern, India's tally would have easily zoomed beyond 2002's 30 golds.


India come up with our third best-ever performances the medals came from sports such as shooting, weig well in these sports? Find out in this Special Report The Indians at the closing ceremony of the Games

The good news The truly wonderful news about India’s performance at Gold Coast is that it came from multiple sports-athletics, badminton, boxing, shooting, table tennis, weightlifting, wrestling. And for the first time ever, there were more gold medals than silver or bronze. Let’s now look at some of the sports where India did well.

Teenagers who (literally) shot to fame at the 2018 Commonwealth Games

Shooting for the Stars Shooting delivered 7 of the 26 gold medals India won at the 2018 Commonwealth Games and 16 of the 66 medals India won overall. It is a sport in Abhinav Bindra remains India’s only inwhich India has done reasonably dividual Olympic gold medalist. well since 2000. In 2004, Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore won a silver medal in double trap shooting at the Olympics. In 2008, Abhinav Bindra won gold in shooting, becoming the first Indian to win an individual gold medal at the Olympics. Another shooter, Gagan Narang, won a bronze at the 2012 Olympics. Rathore and Bindra’s early medals inspired a generation of Indians who wished to make a mark in the sport.

15 year old Anish Bhanwala won gold in the 25m rapid fire pistol event

Manu Bhaker grabbed the women's 10m air pistol gold medal

17-year-old Mehuli Ghosh won a silver in women’s 10m air rifle event

Know your sport Shooting as a sport typically involves using pistols, rifles or shotguns. Targets are placed at different distances for different shooting events.

Special Report

Do you know what my favorite part of the game is? The opportunity to play. —Mike Singletary


Know your sport


Badminton is a sport that requires the least set-up. Sure, it would be nice to have a proper court, but in the absence of one, you just need to find a clear patch of ground and a partner and start playing!

Wrestle away! Wrestling is a sport where India has been among the medals for a few years now. Sushil Kumar who won medals in both the 2012 (bronze) and 2016 (silver) Olympics is India’s only Olympian to win medals in two successive Olympic Games. Among the women, Sakshi Malik won a bronze at the Rio Olympics in 2016. The wrestlers did not disappoint at the Commonwealth Games either, winning 12 Medals (5 Golds, 3 Silver, 4 Bronze). Wrestling is one of the oldest Olympic sports and was one of the events at the ancient Olympics two thousand years ago. The ancient Indian form of wrestling called ‘Kushti’ is also the oldest sport in the world, practiced even today. There is a long tradition of wrestling in India and places like Delhi and Haryana are dotted with ‘akharas’ where young wrestlers are trained. Not surprisingly, most of India’s medal winning wrestlers come from these states.


Know your sport There are two kinds of wrestling seen in the Olympics and major competitions-Freestyle and Greco-Roman. The main difference is that in Greco Roman, wrestlers are forbidden from grabbing their opponent below the waist. Wrestlers are grouped into weight classes-for example, India’s Vinesh Phogat won gold in the women’s freestyle 50 kg event. This is to ensure that opponents are evenly matched.

s in the Commonwealth Games held recently. Many of ght lifting, wrestling and badminton. Why did India do t and along the way, learn more about these sports. Badminton High India completely dominated badminton at the Commonwealth Games and in the absence of China which is not part of the Commonwealth, they were the top ranked team. They lived up to the ranking, winning gold in the women’s singles event (Saina Nehwal), silver in the men’s singles (Kidambi Srikanth) and gold in the mixed team event. The success at the Commonwealth Games reflects India’s position in world badminton. Consider this: India now has three Top 20 male players-Kidambi Srikanth (ranked No 1), Prannoy HS (11) and Sai Praneeth (15). In the women’s Top 20 list, there is PV Sindhu at No 3 and Saina Nehwal at No 12. A clear reason for India’s rise in the sport is national coach Pullela Gopichand whose sports academy at Hyderabad has consistently produced winners. The medals won by PV Sindhu and Saina Nehwal are attracting young Indians to the sport. The Indians won the mixed team event too

Vinesh Phogat showed off some spectacular moves in her path to the gold medal

Sushil Kumar is India only dual Olympian (individual event) and he won gold at the Commonwealth Games 2018 in the 74 kg category.

The ancient sport of Kushti is still practiced in traditional akharas.

Some true heavyweights here! Weightlifting was another sport that India did well in at the Commonwealth Games where the team brought home 9 medals (5 golds, 2 silvers, 2 bronze). The stars of the Indian effort were the girls from Manipur-Saikhom Mirabai Chanu and Sanjita Chanu, who both smashed tournament records to win gold for India. Born to not so wealthy families in India’s north-east, the girls struggled even get their daily diet of milk and eggs so essential for sports like wrestling. But that didn’t stop them and they have risen to the top of the sport, not just in India but even in global events.

Know your sport Like wrestling, weightlifters are also grouped into weight categories, depending on the weight they want to lift. During the event, athletes lift bars known as barbells, loaded with weights at each end. They are allowed three attempts at each weight and Saikhom Mirabai Chanu after each successful attempt, the weight is increased. The winner is the person who lifts the heaviest weight.


News CHILD FRIENDLY NEWS 26 April 2018


The purpose of art is washing the dust of daily life off our souls. —Pablo Picasso

Move to remove India’s Chief Justice

A group of political parties have come together to push for the removal of the Chief Justice of India, Dipak Misra. The move has been rejected by the Vice President Venkaiah Naidu but the fight seems far from over. The Chief Justice is the highest ranked judge in India and heads the Supreme Court which is based in Delhi. Last Friday, 64 Members of Parliament (MPs) belonging to seven political parties including the Congress, signed the notice that calls for removal of the Chief Justice. They want Dipak Misra removed for the reason that the judge did not decide on certain cases in a fair or correct manner. The MPs seeking his removal also believe that Misra put important cases in the charge of certain judges so as to influence the outcome (result).

How can one remove the Chief Justice? It’s not that easy and a long process is detailed in the Constitution of India. The Constitution is the rule book according to which the country is run. 1. First a notice for removal has to be signed by at least 100 MPs of the Lok Sabha or 50 MPs of the Rajya Sabha (The Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha are the two Houses of India’s Parliament) 2. It has to be submitted to the Speaker of the Lok Sabha or Chairperson of the Rajya Sabha (who is the Vice President of India). 3. If the notice is admitted, a panel of three persons checks the charges made against the Chief Justice 4. Based on the report of the panel, the two Houses of Parliament Dipak Misra have to approve the removal of the Chief Justice-this can only happen if the majority (largest share) of the MPs vote to remove the Chief Justice 5. Once this is done, the President can remove the Chief Justice. This is the first time an attempt has been made to remove the Chief Justice of India. With the Vice President shooting down the removal notice (Step 2), it remains to be seen if the Congress and its supporters decide to appeal the rejection in the Supreme Court itself.

Taking change into their hands

Artist Ram Kumar no more

You may have heard older people, including your parents, complain about how the government is not running things properly in the country. A group of former students from the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) thought so too, but they decided to do something about it and are set to launch their own political party. The founding group consists of 50 people who studied at IITs across the country. The IITs as you may be aware are among the best colleges in the country. These 50 people have quit their regular jobs to work for their political party. They have submitted an application to the Election Commission of India to approve their political party which has been named ‘Bahujan Azad Party’. The main focus of the Party will be to fight for the rights of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes-groups that the IIT graduates believe are not doing so well in terms of education, jobs and money. In fact many of the founding members themselves belong to these groups and believe that the Bahujan Azad Party is their way of giving back to society.

Ram Kumar, one of the India’s most famous artists died earlier this month. Ram Kumar was part of a group of artists that included MF Hussain, SH Raza and Tyeb Mehta whose work brought them fame in the decades (a decade is 10 years) after India’s independence (1947). The image above is typical of his work. It depicts the city of Varanasi that inspired many of his famous works. The painting does not directly represent the object-this is the style that Ram Kumar specialized in. The end result is a painting that reflects the feelings or emotions that the artist associates with the objects painted. In that sense the artist is sharing his own private thoughts and visions with the viewer. What is the sense that you get from this painting? A poster of the Bahujan Azad Party-the national leaders whose images are on the poster are the inspirations for the new party. How many of them do you recognize?


If there are no mangroves, then the sea will have no meaning. It is like having a tree without roots, for the mangroves are the roots of the sea…” —A Thai fisherman from the Andaman coast


New rules for coastal areas are a cause for worry INDIA

India has a beautiful 7500 kilometre long coastline. New rules for coastal areas suggested by the central government may destroy the coastal environment and hurt the rights of fisherfolk, feel those working for the environment. What do the new rules say? The new rules propose to allow development and construction closer to the shore in areas where more people live. For example, in areas where more than 2161 people live per square kilometer (think of a square area of side one kilometer), construction will be allowed upto 50 metres from the high tide line. During high tide (which occurs twice every 24 hours), the sea water comes closer to the shore. Under earlier rules, nothing was allowed for 200 metres from the high tide line. The fear is that tourism and commercial activities (such as shops) will take over beach areas. No protection for mangroves The new rules also provide for construction of roads in coastal areas, including those on stilts (legs) going over water. Worryingly, it also al-


A mangrove forest in Tamil Nadu

India has a very long coastline. The biggest issue with the new rules, say environmentalists, is that the rules view the coastline as a fixed line whereas, the play of sand and sea creates a continuously changing coastline

lows building of roads in mangrove areas. Mangrove forests near the sea are a special habitat home to many birds and animals. Plus these mangroves also prevent sand from being washed away and protect the coastline during cyclones and floods. Fishermen worried Among the people who are most worried are

fishermen. They are worried that tourism and construction activities near the coast will hurt the environment of the beach areas and affect their fishing. Plus the areas near the shore where fisher folk used to park boats and dry nets may no longer be available if they are sold by the government to hotel and shop owners. Although the rules are only being shared now for discussion before they are finalized, those who fight for the environment fear that beach and coastal areas will end up being sacrificed to make a few people rich.



Why the Karnataka polls are important

IPL Update: Early leaders emerge

The state of Karnataka heads for elections to select a new state government on May 12, and right now it looks like a photo finish with no clear winner. The two main competitors, the Congress and Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) both look like they will end up with a similar number of seats. But here is why the polls are important. 2019 will see general elections across the country. That means all of India will go out to vote to choose a new central government in Delhi. The BJP has been ruling India from Delhi since 2014 and it is very important for them to do well in all the state elections between now and then. As it is the same set of voters who will vote in the state and general elections, a good showing could set the stage for victory in 2019. The state of Karnataka is now being run by the Congress.

Just over onethird of the way into the tournament, the Indian Premier League (IPL) T20 cricket event is throwing up some leaders. Kings XI Punjab have won the last four games in a row and are at the top of the table with 10 points. Chennai Super Kings (CSK), back in the tournament after two CSK had to move home from Chennai to Pune due to years, is at second protests over the Cauvery issue in Chennai. Captain Dhoni has moved on too.… in terms of haircuts! position with 8 points (though they have played one match less than Kings XI Punjab). Delhi Daredevils are where they usually end up-at the bottom of the table. Keeping them company rather surprisingly, are the Mumbai Indians who have won the IPL thrice in 2013, 2015 and 2017. However there are many more matches to be played yet and things may yet change. All data correct upto April 24-the information above does not include matches played after that date


Owlie’s Fun Page CHILD FRIENDLY NEWS 26 April 2018

Gold Rush


Can you find the objects given below the picture?

Here are images of sportspersons who won gold medals at the 2018 Commonwealth Games. Can you identify them?




4 Answers: 1. Mary Kom (Boxing); 2. Neeraj Chopra (Javelin); 3. Heena Sidhu (Shooting 4. Jitu Rai (Shooting)

UNSCRAMBLE THE WORDS Re-arrange the alphabets to find the word Hint: All clues are linked to the theme of sports





2. 4.


Answers 1. 2. 3. 4.

Medal Athlete Training Arena


ll i h



( ) D il S d k L d


Subscribe to Child Friendly News


4 2 6

4 6 5 3 1 2 1 3 2 4 6 5 6 4 1 2 5 3


2 5 3 6 4 1 3 1 4 5 2 6


5 2 6 1 3 4

1 3 4 2



Try your hand at this Sudoku. Remember that numbers 1 to 6 can appear only once in each of the six rectangles. They can also appear only once in each row and column of the overall square.

Child Friendly News or CFN is an age appropriate newspaper for children in the age group 7-13. The newspaper comes out every fortnight. Every issue is written using language that young readers can understand on their own interspersed with pictures and imagery. Quick explanations of difficult words and terms and boxed elements that explain concepts accompany every article — this is to help build vocabulary as well as context understanding. Special reports take up one topic in depth

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Top Reads for Kids and Young Adults

The 1000 year old Boy by Ross Welford Fish in a Tree by Lynda Mullaly Hunt The Sky at our Feet by Nadia Hashimi The Matilda Effect by Ellie Irving The War That Saved my Life by Kimberly Brubaker Bradley Fish Boy by Chloe Daykin We are okay by Nina LaCour Auggie & Me by RJ Palacio All Four Stars by Tara Dairman Escape from Mr.Lemoncello's Library by Chris Grabenstein

To know more about these books and to buy them, check out while regular columns on everyday technology concepts keep children up-to-date with the world around them. A subscription costs Rs. 750 for the year. For more details and to subscribe, visit Child Friendly News is published from E-24 (Front), Vasant Marg, Vasant Vihar, New Delhi 110057. Published, printed, edited and owned by Anita Mani. Printed by Printworks, W-11, Okhla Industrial Area Ph II, New Delhi 110020 RNI registration number: DELENG/2013/50870