Summer 1965

Page 81

192 Chicago Studies

methods of counseling to 58 or 62%, and indicates that a sizeable majority desire a broader approach to pastoral counseling than is provided by the non-directive, client-centered approach in the present program. SELF-REPORTS ON ADEQUACY

Feelings of adequacy in counseling on the part of the counselor should be considered at least as a partial function of their training in counseling. However, no comparative measurement of adequacy¡ ratings is available from those who have received no training, as this was intentionally omitted in the design of the experiment in order to limit the problemc Obviously 5s without training might rate themselves higher in adequacy than those with training, with the result that there could be a negative correlation of training with feelings of adequacy. And with certain psychological problems recognized professionally to be difficult, this may be a desirable outcome. A list of eleven problems was presented: marital, family,- financial, educational, vocational, spiritual, alcoholism, scrupulosity, masturbation, homesexuality, and personal adjustment. Respondents were asked: "In counseling people with different types of problems how do you feel about your adequacy? Please mark (X) in the appropriate space: feel very adequate, feel adequate, feel inadequate, feel very inadequate, undecided, no opinion or experience." It should be noted at the outset that there were several atypical answers representing perhaps not uncharacteristic approaches, or at least indicating the frame of reference from which some of the respondents answered: "I've found that I feel very adequate in all the above problems (all marked "very adequate") and inadequate only with severely withdrawn and aggressive people" (535). "I do refer the person to another if I feel inadequate in a particular case" (all marked "adequate"-575). "My adequacy is, I feel, unrelated to the type of problem. It is determined by my response to the person" (all but one marked "adequate"-585). "In counseling, it doesn't matter what the problem is-the technique and confidence in it do not change according to the problem. You have it or you don't-you f~el adequate or not" (568).