Summer 1965

Page 44

Theology

155

Pius XII in the restoration of the Easter Vigil. Since. that time the implicatiOn of the theology of the resurrection in virtually every phase of systematic theology has been incredible. The most immediate effect was felt in the theology of redemption, where astatic and juridically orientated theology gave way to a renewed approach based on the love of Christ,· whose life was characterized as salvific.- The core of these salvific acts was 'the paschal mystery, the passion, death and resurrection-ascension (death-resurrection event) ; for Christ in suffering and dying and rising again passed from· the order of sin and death, and with !tim all of humanity (radically), to the order of ·the divine, to the presence of God (grace and glory). It was this passage (pasch, transitus) which constihltes the central redemptive mystery. "By baptism men are plunged into the paschal mystery of Christ: · they die· with him, are buried with him, and rise with him': (Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy, 6). Man, therefore, ·already begins through baptism to .live.the resurrection .. eRe has risen with Chrisf to God's presence through :grace to· be· ultimately present to God gloriously through the final resurrec· tion. What Christ did, enabling us to do, now constitutes thefundamental theme of redemption. It is this mystery which the lirurgy lives at every Mass. It is this mystery that has ·come to permeate the general theological synthesis. •· The lihlrgical renewal furthermore brings out forcefully a point. stressed earlier: Christian realities are not solely-or even primarily-·truths to be believed so much as a life to be lived. This life is· within the Christian community where God is present and active. But "the liturgy is the summit toward which the activity of the Church is directed; at the same time it is the fount from which· all her power flows ..." (Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy;.lO). And indeed'from the viewpoint of Christian doctrine itself, it must be affirmed that it is within the framework of liturgical life ultimately that the mystery· of Christ, the Church, and the sacraments gain their fullness of meaning and richness of. expression. In the words-. of the. Constitution: '~For the lirurgy-.· .. is the outsta;.,ding means whereby the faithful ·may, express iri -their lives, and manifest to others,