Fall 1964

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182 Chicago Studi&

sealed in the Church and then subsequently works out sacramentally for all the faithful in confirmation ("De Gave van de Geest," Bijdragen 21 [1960] 415). The Spirit was the soul and inner power of the unique testimony which Christ gave during his public life as a divine and prophetic witness to the truth. This visible mission of the Spirit is now extended to each Christian through confirmation, and this is precisely how his second giving is distinguished from the first: just as Christ received the Spirit in visible form at the beginning of his public life, so the Christian receives him in a visible sacrament to strengthen him for witness. This is the salvific and ecclesiastical role assigned to the visible rite of confirmation, which proclaims to the world that the baptized is now perfected and strengthened for the public work he is to perform. ScHILLEBEECKX: EsTABLISHMENT oF CHRISTIAN IN POWER

The solution of E. H. Schillebeeckx, O.P., professor at the Catholic University of Nijmegen, while not differing greatly from the one just proposed, does add a further refinement. The difference in the two sendings of the Spirit is found in the differing sacramental representation of the invisible mission in hap¡ tism and the visible mission in confirmation. As background for this Schillebeeckx sees two principal moments in the mystery of Christ: the worship offered by the Servant of Yahweh which was accepted by the Father in the resurrection, and the establishment in power (in-kracht-stellung) of Christ's humanity through which he, himself filled with the Holy Spirit, becomes as man the principle of the same Spirit for us ( Christus Sakramem van de Godsommoeting, 143-153). The Church is the earthly form and continuation, or better, visibility, of this cult-mystery of the one High Priest which sanctifies and imparts the Spirit. She is the visible sign here on earth of the eternal Pasch or of the resurrection from the dead. But the Church was also established in power on Pentecost and is therefore the earthly sign of Christ's fullness and sending of the Spirit. By baptism and confirmation one enters into the mystery of the Church and thereby into the mystery of Christ. In baptism we become members of the people of God and children of the Father (filii in Filio) and this precisely in virtue of the power