Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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初级汉语教程 MANDARIN CHINESE BEGINNER LEVEL I

Andy Q. Zhang


《初级汉语教程I》

Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

初级汉语教程 (I) Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

Andy Q. Zhang

Beijing ∙ Chicago ∙ Dallas ∙ Denver ∙ Houston ∙ Milwaukee ∙ Shanghai ∙ New York Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

Mandarin Chinese Beginner Leve I 初级汉语教程(1) Copyright©2018 by Chicago Mandarin Chinese Center All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the permission of Chicago Mandarin Chinese Center 17 N State Street, Suite 1700, Chicago, IL 60602 Associated Mandarin Chinese Centers: Dallas Mandarin Chinese Center Denver Mandarin Chinese Center Houston Mandarin Chinese Center

Milwaukee Mandarin Chinese Center New York Mandarin Chinese Center Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Zhang, Andy. Q. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references ISBN

1. Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I. Language – study and learning I. Title Printed in the United States of America on acid-free paper 01 06 2nd edition.

The

1st edition

EB 18 was published in December 2012.

Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

TABLE OF CONTENT LESSON ONE ➢ Introduction to Mandarin Chinese……………………………………………………….………. 7 ➢ Pronunciations (Initials, Finals and Tones)… ………….….………………..……… ……… … .12 ➢ PersonDaily Greetings / (How to use Adjectives) …………………………………………..23 LESSON TWO ➢ Personal Pronouns/How to use Personal Pronouns……………………………………….......35 ➢ Meeting for the First Time / How to use Verbs…………………………………………….……..37 LESSON THREE ➢ Introduction & Getting to Know Each Other………………………………………………........…47 ➢ How to use Negation Words……………………………………………………………………………..49 LESSON FOUR ➢ Asking for Help/How to use Nouns and Verbs…………………………………………………... 65 ➢ Substitutional Drill/How to use Interrogative Pronouns, Nouns and Verbs…………..67 LESSON FIVE ➢ Talking About Mandarin Chinese Study/How to use Particles……………………………...77 ➢ What would you like to drink?/How to use interrogative pronouns……………………...79 LESSON SIX ➢ Talking about traveling / How to ask questions………………………………….…………….….93 ➢ Talking about Personal Hobbies in Music/ How to use prepositional phrases…….….95

LESSON SEVEN ➢ Reserving a Hotel Room/How to use interrogative pronouns and adverbs……….….111 ➢ Asking Help to Call a Taxi /How to answer questions…………………………………………113 LESSON EIGHT ➢ Looking for a Restaurant for a Meal/How to express personal interests………………131 ➢ Ordering Chinese Dishes at a Restaurant/How to ask recommendations…………….133 ➢ Chinese Food Menu/How to make suggestions…………………………………………………145 APPENDIX Appendix 1: How to Write Chinese Characters………………………………………………….…….. 154 Appendix 2: Figures, Dates, Month and Currency…………………………………………………….156 Appendix: Glossary……………………………………………………………………………………………….158

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Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

情景对话人物肖像 (Portraits of Figures in the Situational Dialogues)

约翰. 弗里曼,29 岁,来自美国芝加哥(John Freeman, 29, Chicago, USA)

马克. 博伦,28 岁,来自德国法兰克福(Mark Schmidt, 28, Frankfurt, Germany)

琳达. 史密斯,27 岁,来自英国伦敦(Linda Smith, 27, from London, UK)

张迪,33 岁,来自中国北京(Zhang Di. 33, from Beijing, China)

刘丽,31 岁,来自中国天津(Liu Li, 31, from Tianjin, China) Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

PREFACE The famous Chinese philosopher, Lao Tzu, said, “The journey of a thousand miles begins with one step”; and so, I would like to congratulate you on taking the first step on your journey of learning Mandarin Chinese, the most widely spoken language in the world. China surpassed Japan In January 2011 and became the World’s second largest economy. Over the last decade, Mandarin Chinese has also quickly emerged as one of the most popular web languages on the internet. According, to Internet World Stats, by the end of 2010, there were an estimated 445 million people using the Chinese language on the internet, second only to English which has a web community of 537 million. These are compelling reasons to learn Mandarin Chinese. As the founder and principal of Chicago Mandarin Chinese Center, I have personally witnessed the interest in learning Mandarin Chinese grow at a phenomenal rate since 2004. Over the past 8.5 years of teaching, I have surveyed the students’ motives for learning Mandarin Chinese. Here are the most popular answers: •

To gain a very important skill set for future career development

To work more efficiently with Chinese clients or classmates

To acquire needed communication skills for business trips or vacations in China

To add more compelling credits on resumes

To prepare for an upcoming job rotation or study in China

To learn more about the rich Chinese culture and history

To be able to communicate with Chinese fiancée, spouse, relatives or friends

To satisfy personal interests in the acquisition of a new language

These are all compelling reasons to learn the language. Language is a critical key to communication. Communication comes about not just from knowing the words, but also understanding some of the culture and values held by the people who speak the language. Many first-time learners have asked the following: What shall I focus on when embarking on my journey to learn such a brand-new language? How do I master Mandarin Chinese in the shortest period of time? How long does it take to achieve a certain fluency in Mandarin Chinese? In order to communicate clearly and accurately in Mandarin, you will need to put an emphasis on pronunciation. Accurate pronunciation is vital in a language that uses tones to differentiate between word sounds. Pronunciation lays the solid foundation for your success in communicating in Mandarin and will not only make your spoken messages more easily understood by native Chinese speakers, but will also determine how purely you speak the language. In order to master accurate pronunciation, you will need to start with the Chinese phonetics which is composed of three basic elements: initials, finals and 5 basic tones (as outlined in the Introduction Section). After mastering the phonetics section, focus on conversation and practice, practice, practice! Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

Apart from pronunciation and conversation, you will also be able to enhance your reading skills in the beginning phase of your studies. Your ability to recognize Chinese characters is related to your literacy. Beginner Level learners are not required to learn how to write Chinese characters at first, but they do need to “recognize” a certain amount of commonly used Chinese characters combined with the corresponding pronunciation. The best way to improve your literacy is to prepare flashcards on which one side shows an English word and on the other side is the corresponding Chinese Character(s) with Pinyin (a transliteration system of the Chinese character pronunciation that will be defined in the Introduction section). After you achieve your goal in mastering the Chinese pronunciation and enhancing your literacy, your next focus will be to formulate an expression (could be a phrase or a sentence) by applying what you have learned. This practice helps to expand your skills in learning Mandarin Chinese language. The key of this learning phase is to observe and master the rules of Mandarin Chinese grammar (the main characteristics of Chinese grammar will be expounded in the Introduction section as well). To summarize, Chinese language learners at the beginner level need to pay special attention to pronunciation, reading and application of the language. As a product of multiple teaching practices, this book, Mandarin Chinese at Beginner Level I, demonstrates many useful and practical examples of daily communication along with their Pinyin and English interpretations. Audio recordings (CD) are attached to the book and are to be used with the practice lessons to greater enhance pronunciation, as well as, listening comprehension. Successful mastery of the over 500 commonly used Chinese characters contained in this book will undoubtedly help you systematically establish the needed knowledge and skills in Mandarin Chinese.

Andy Q. Zhang December 28, 2017

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Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

INTRODUCTION China possesses one of the most ancient civilizations in the world with over 5000 years of history. Many Beginner Level learners are curious about the evolutionary history of the language as well as the major differences between ancient Chinese and the modern Chinese language. Archeological findings indicate that the history of Chinese script being first recorded can be traced back to the oracle bones of the Shang Dynasty (16th-11th BC). Amazingly, the Chinese language has never been disconnected throughout such a long history, and Chinese characters remained remarkably consistent. The consistency of the language enables the Chinese archeologists and history workers to easily understand the descriptions which were carved on the ancient historic relics unearthed in China.

The major differences between ancient and modern Chinese language are mainly reflected in the different usages and written forms. Simply put, ancient Chinese characters are more compact in structure and were popularly used in a highly condensed fashion, while the modern Chinese language appears to be more lengthy and long-winded. The written forms and the meaning of Chinese characters have both experienced several rounds of changes in history; however, the changes are not fundamental. Modern Chinese characters tend to be composed of straight lines and strokes while the ancient Chinese characters mostly contain circular lines and strokes. THE HOSTORY OF CHINESE CHARACTERS As the most extensively used script in the world, Chinese characters have also shown the longest existence in history among all other languages. There has not been a definite conclusion as for the exact time the Chinese characters were first taking shape. The most ancient characters we can see today are the texts engraved on the oracles and bronze relics in the Shang Dynasty (1700 B.C - 1100 B.C.). The oracle scripts are deemed to be the original shape of the Chinese characters. The following chart shows some similarities among some oracle scripts and the modern Chinese characters.

Sun

Moon Mountain Water

Grass

Tree

Fish

Bird

Since the characters in the Shang Dynasty had already been well developed, the time that the initial characters were created is believed to be far earlier than the Shang Dynasty, which would be in the Xia Dynasty or even earlier, namely the Neolithic age of over 4,500 years ago. Chinese characters were gradually accumulated from scattered individual characters and eventually became a system of written characters. Archaeological research indicates that it Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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took approximately 2,600 years from the mid-term of the middle of Neolithic age when the original Chinese characters were produced until the time when it was developed into a primary character system. With the introduction and development of the printing technologies in the Song Dynasty (960 AD – 1279 AD), block printing was widely used, which advanced the application and evolution of the Chinese characters. Approximately 4,500 individual characters were found from the unearthed oracle relics, of which over 2,000 had been recognized through archaeological research. The oracle scripts shown on oracle pieces record the social, political, economic and cultural information.

Sun Eye

Tree

Mountain

Horse Knife

Fish

Door

THE FORMATION OF MODERN CHINESE Today’s standard for modern Chinese is using the Beijing speech as the standard intonation, and northern speech as the basic dialect and the exemplary modern vernacular literature works as the grammatical norms. Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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The formation and development of modern Chinese language has undergone a complicated process. In the history of China’s feudal society, capital cities were mostly established in northern China. Therefore, northern speech has been dominant over all other dialectics spoken. Over the past 800 years, Beijing has been the political, cultural and economic center of China, the commonly used speech of the Han nationality was gradually taking shape based on the northern dialect which is subject to the Beijing speech. Modern Chinese is not only the commonly used language by different domestic nationalities in China, but it also has significant international influences. Mandarin Chinese is a language which is spoken by the largest population in the world. Mandarin Chinese has been listed as one of five working languages (Mandarin Chinese, English, Russian, French and Spanish) by the United Nations conferences and United Nations Security Council. SPOKEN CHINESE AND WRITTEN CHINESE The formation of commonly used speech is reflected in two aspects: 1) the birth and the development of written language featured with vernacular literature; 2) the birth and the development of the spoken language. Some misconceptions exist among beginning level learners concerning different labels such as Mandarin, Chinese, Cantonese, "Hanyu", "Guoyu" and "Huayu". Simply put, Mandarin is not a language, instead it is the so-called vocal representation of the Chinese language, or in another word, a dialect. The term "Chinese" could either mean Chinese people or Chinese language. "Hanyu" is the language of the Han nationality of China. As you may know, China is composed of 56 nationalities, of which the Han nationality represents 93% of the Chinese population. Therefore, it is not appropriate to assert that "Hanyu" is the only language of China simply because more than half of the 55 Chinese minorities, which accounts for 7% of the Chinese population, have their own language systems and cultures. However, it is appropriate to say that Hanyu is the official language of the People's Republic of China just as English is the official language of the United States of America. Mandarin Chinese, or Common Speech ("Putonghua"), or Standard Chinese is established and developed based on the Beijing dialect. Mandarin Chinese has been widely used in China's public media, radio, broadcasting, movie, school education, government agencies and companies. On the other hand, Cantonese is one of the largest dialects in China, representing approximately 5% of the Chinese population. Mandarin Chinese is called "Guoyu" in Taiwan and "Huayu" in Singapore. By nature, both are Mandarin Chinese from a speech perspective. There are hardly any differences in terms of communication.

WRITTEN FORMS OF CHINESE CHARACTERS There are two different written forms in Mandarin Chinese: Traditional and Simplified. Traditional form is a more complicated written structure; while simplified is relatively simpler in written structure, which makes it easier for learners to write and memorize. Currently simplified written form is widely used in Mainland China, Singapore and even part of Hong Kong while the traditional written form is unanimously used in Taiwan.

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MAJOR CHARACTERISTICS OF CHINESE LANGUAGE Mandarin Chinese has been perceived as a unique language in comparison with many other languages which use the Latin alphabet. The major characteristics of Modern Chinese are mainly reflected in intonation, vocabulary and grammar. Intonation Chinese syllables are normally composed of three basic elements: initials, finals and tones. One syllable could contain at most two consonants. Only one consonant cannot independently constitute a syllable. All syllables must contain at least one vowel. Chinese is a tonal language and every syllable has a tone. Syllables which have the same initials and finals use different tones to express different meanings (for details see the section on Chinese Pronunciation). Every individual Chinese character has one syllable, or one sound, and most have one tone. Vocabulary Disyllabic words (words composed of two characters) represent the majority (80%) of the vocabulary in modern Chinese, while monosyllabic and polysyllabic words jointly represent the remaining 20%. Disyllabic words are mostly composed of two Chinese characters which are used to express a fixed meaning. Disyllabic words in Mandarin Chinese are equivalent to compound words in English, such as “timetable”, “letterhead”, “healthcare”, “mailbox” and “hotdog” etc. Just understanding a few hundred of the most frequently used Chinese characters could quickly help a Beginner Level learner achieve a gratifying level of literacy due to the numerous combinations of the characters to be learned. In another word, the compound feature of Chinese vocabulary makes it possible for learners to master large quantities of Chinese disyllabic words without having to learn as much vocabulary as they would have had to learn in English. Grammar Compared to English and many other Indo-European languages, Mandarin Chinese is remarkably simple in grammar. A descriptive Chinese sentence structure is mostly just like English. The main grammatical features of Chinese language are described as follows: 1) Mandarin Chinese does not have the morphological changes or inflectional forms which are widely required in Indo-European languages such as English, German, Russian, French and Spanish. The most common morphological changes and inflectional forms in IndoEuropean languages are verbs. For example, the verb “do” could have 5 different forms, i.e. “do”, “does” “did”, “done”, “doing” and each represents a different grammatical relationship when used in a sentence. Conversely, Mandarin Chinese does not require any morphological change, which means that the Chinese verbs do not have inflectional forms. As opposed to English, the forms of Chinese verbs do not change to express any particular tense (such as present tense, past tense or future tense). One of the most frequent questions a Beginner Level learner may ask is how does the Chinese language express the tense without changing the forms of the verb(s). Simply put, Mandarin Chinese uses words or phrases which have lexical meaning to indicate the grammatical functions and such words and phrases mostly contain the “time” meaning. For instance, “yesterday”, “today”, “tomorrow”, “future”, “past”, “now”, “right Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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now”, “at this moment”, “ever”, “already”, “five years ago” or “three days later” etc. These words and phrases are the indicators of tense when appearing in different sentences. 2)There is no conjugation change in Chinese language. In English, verbs or link verbs should be used correctly in connection with different personal pronouns or different tenses. For example, it is correct to say “I am a teacher”, but you cannot say “he am a teacher” or “she are a teacher” or “you is a teacher”. It is correct to say, “I study Mandarin Chinese”, but it is grammatically incorrect to say “she study Mandarin Chinese”. In Mandarin Chinese, the linking verb “to be” (“是” shì) is applicable to any personal pronoun such as “I”, “you”, “he”, “she”, “they” etc. The Chinese linking verb “是” does not have any inflectional forms. 3)There is no plural form in Mandarin Chinese. Beginning learners of English are often confused by the irregular rules that plural forms adopt in English. For example, three tables, four chairs, eight dogs and nine cats are all plural forms in English, but you cannot take it for granted by naturally using ten “sheeps” or eleven “deers” or twelve “oxes”. You have to use the irregular form in these cases (ten sheep, eleven deer and twelve oxen). In Mandarin Chinese, such plural rules do not exist. Saying, “three tables”, “four chairs” and “five oxen” in English, is easily translated into Mandarin Chinese as “three table”, “four chair”, “five ox”. Measure words in Mandarin Chinese have been considered a tricky part for many beginner level learners. Measure words, also known as classifiers, exist in English as well and they are used to quantitatively classify or quantify the nouns such as “one cup of tea”, “two pieces of paper”, “three loaves of bread”, “four glasses of beer”, “five ears of corn” and “six bottles of water” etc. Measure words in Mandarin Chinese are abundant even though there is no plural form in the language. 4)Articles and infinitives do not necessarily exist in Mandarin Chinese language. For instance, “I am a teacher” and “I plan to come to see you this afternoon” are typical English sentence structure, while the expressions in Mandarin Chinese could be “I am teacher” and “I plan come see you this afternoon”. 5)Chinese adjectives very often function as verbs. For instance, “beautiful”, “expensive”, “cold”, “hot”, “tired”, “interesting” are all adjectives and can also serve as a verb in a sentence. The rule of thumb is that Chinese adjectives being used as verbs can be interpreted as “to be + adjectives”. Therefore, the adjectives “beautiful”, “expensive”, “cold”, “hot”, “tired” and “interesting” virtually mean “to be beautiful”, “to be expensive”, “to be cold”, “to be hot”, “to be tired” and “to be interesting”. Since adjectives can function as verbs in the Chinese sentence, there is no need to use the linking verb (such as am, is or are). For example, “Chicago is very beautiful”, “The winter in Chicago is quite cold” or “I was extremely tired yesterday after teaching four classes in a row” are typical English sentence structure, whereas the typical Chinese expressions are “Chicago very beautiful”, “The winter in Chicago quite cold” or “I extremely tired yesterday after teaching four classes in a row”. You may have noticed that link verbs are not required in the Chinese sentence structures simply because those adjectives have already contained the meaning of the verbs. Simply put, in Mandarin Chinese, an “adjective” equals to “to be adjective”. 6)Verbs and nouns in Mandarin Chinese are mostly the same word, while in English nouns and verbs mostly have some inflectional changes. For example, “manage” and Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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“management”, “generate” and “generation”, “satisfy” and “satisfaction” and “reserve” and “reservation” etc. are different “verb/noun pairs” in English while in Mandarin Chinese, “manage” and “management”, “generate” and “generation”, “satisfy” and “satisfaction” and “reserve” and “reservation” can be one word for each pair depending on how you use it. 7) Adverbs and adjectives can be used interchangeably in Mandarin Chinese, while English adverbs and adjectives are different parts of speech with different usages and cannot be used interchangeably. Last but not least, Chinese adverbs are required to precede the verbs in most instances while an English adverb can be placed after a verb i.e. “he talks loudly”, “the baby sleeps soundly” and “it rained heavily last night”. An adverb preceding a verb constitutes an important grammatical rule in Mandarin Chinese. Additionally, prepositional phrases indicating “time” and “location” are considered as adverbial phrases and shall be placed before verbs as well. For example, English expressions “I am working in my office”, “he will stop by at 3 o’clock today” and “our office will be closed during Christmas time” can be literally translated as “I am in my office working”, “he at 3 o’clock today will stop by” and “our office during Christmas time will be closed” in Mandarin Chinese. CHINESE PRONUNCIATIONS As mentioned previously, Chinese language is based on syllables. One character largely has one syllable and one sound. Initials, finals and tones are the three basic elements that formulate the Chinese phonetics. Chinese phonetics is composed of 23 initials (“y” and “w” are not counted as initials in some text materials) and 36 finals (“er” is not considered an initial in some text materials) and five tones (four regular tone plus one neutral tone). The way of using Romanized letters marked with tone to indicate how a particular Chinese character is pronounced is called Pinyin, which is a transliteration system of the Chinese phonetics. Enacted and implemented by the Chinese government in 1958, the Pinyin system greatly facilitates the pronunciation of Beginner Level learners when they are embarking on the journey of learning Mandarin Chinese.

FIGURE 1: CHINESE PHONETICS (23 INITIALS)

b

p

m

f

d

t

n

l

g

k

h

j

q

x

zh

ch

sh

r

z

c

s

y

w

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FIGURE 2: CHINESE PHONETICS (36 FINALS)

a

o

e

i

u

ü

ai

ei

ao

ou

an

en

ang

eng

ong

ia

ie

iao

iu

ian

in

iang

ing

iong

ua

uo

uai

ui

uan

un

uang

ueng

üe

üan

ün

er

CHINESE PHONETIC ALPHABET – PRONUNCIATION TECHNIQUES

There are many different types of transliteration systems used for learning and practicing the Chinese pronunciations. Today the official transliteration system accepted on an international basis is the Pinyin alphabet, which was developed and implemented by the Chinese government at the end of the 1950's. INITIALS A syllable in Chinese is composed of an initial, which is equivalent to a consonant that begins the syllable, and a final, which covers the rest of the syllable. The 23 initials as shown in Figure 1 can be categorized into the following groups: Group 1: b, p, m and f Group 2: d, t, n, l, g, k and h Group 3: j, q and x Group 4: zh, ch, sh and r Group 5: z, c and s Group 6: y and w Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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PRONUNCIATION OF INITIALS

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23.

b sounds like “b” in “book” p sounds like “p” in “poor” m sounds like “m” in “moon” f sounds like “f” in “food” d sounds like "d" in "dirt" t sounds like “t” in “turf” n sounds like “n” in “nurse” l sounds “l” in “long” g sounds like “g” in “girl” k sounds like “k” in “kind” h sounds like “h” in “home” j sounds like "jee" in the word "jeep" q sounds like “chee” in the word “cheese” x sounds like “shee” in the word “sheep” zh sounds like "j" in "jerk" ch sounds like “ch” in “chirp” sh sounds like “sh” in “shirt” r sounds like “r” in “rice” z sounds like "ds" in "cards" c sounds like “ts” in “cats” s sounds like “s” in “smile” y sounds like “y” in “year” w sounds like “w” in “wood”

FINALS Finals are equivalent to vowels in English. Chinese phonetics counts combined vowels as a vowel as well. A final should always be placed after an initial to indicate the pronunciation of a particular Chinese character with a tone mark. Just like the fact that any English word must contain at least one vowel to constitute a word, any Chinese character cannot be pronounced out without a final. It is necessary to point out that a final alone can be used to indicate the pronunciation of a particular Chinese character. Remember that the tone mark should always be on the top of a final simply because the finals in Chinese phonetics determine the sound. In conclusion, the Chinese phonetics can be simply expressed in the following formulas: Tone Mark A) Initial +

Final

= Chinese Phonetics (representing 98% of the Chinese characters)

Tone Mark B)

Final

= Chinese Phonetics (representing 2% of the Chinese characters)

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PRONUNCIATION OF FINALS

1. 2.

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36.

a sounds like “a” in the word “car”. Open your mouth widely when pronounce a your mouth shape is oval when you pronounce o e your mouth shape is flat when you pronounce e, equivalent to “er” in word “earth” i sounds like “ee” in the word “meet” u sounds like “oo” in the word “book” ü round your lips and extrude your lips outward when you pronounce the final “i”. ai sounds like “eye” in English ei sounds like “ay” in English, i.e. “play” ao sounds like “ow” in English, i.e. “cow” ou sounds like “o” in the word “go” an sounds like “an” in the word “another” en sounds like “en” in the word “engine” ang sounds like “on” in the word “gone” eng when you pronounce “en” but with a nasal pronunciation ong sounds like “own” in English ia sounds like “ya” in the word “yam” ie sounds like “ye” in the word “yes” iao combine the final “i” and “ao” to make one syllable iu sounds like English word “you” ian sounds like “yan” in the word “yankee” in sounds like English word “in” iang sounds like English word “yearn” ing when you pronounce “in” but with a nasal pronunciation iong combine final “i” and “own” to make into one syllable ua combine final “u” and final “a” to make both into one syllable uo combine final “u” and final “o” to make both into one syllable uai sounds like English word “why” ui sounds like “wea” in the word “weak” or “wee” in the word “week” uan sounds like “wan” in the word “swan” un combine final “u” and initial “n” to make both into one syllable uang combine final “u” and final “ang” to make both into one syllable ueng combine final “u” and final “eng” to make both into one syllable üe combine final “ü” and final “e” to make both into one syllable üan combine final “ü” and final “an” to make both into one syllable ün combine final “ü” and initial “n” to make both into one syllable er sounds like “ear” in the word “earth”

Four Tones:

and the neutral tone

Mandarin Chinese is a tonal language. Syllables take on different meanings depending on the tone used. There are five different tomes in Mandarin Chinese pronunciation, respectively called first tone, second tone, third tone, fourth tine and neutral tone. As a tonal language, the spoken Chinese is characterized with a sense of rhythm and musical nature to some extent. The following chart, Five-scale Tone-marking Methodology, illustrates the rules of pronunciations of different tones in Mandarin Chinese. Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

DIAGRAM OF FOUR TONES

The above chart interprets the different tones of Mandarin Chinese in a musical way, of which the First Tone is pronounced as a high-pitch and flat way with the tone value at 55; The Second tone is called as rising tone, rising from Medium to High, which sounds like a question in English (i.e. what?). Therefore, tone value of the Second Tone is 35; The Third Tone is so-called “Rising and Falling Tone”. The pronunciation falls from Medium Low to Low first and then rises up from Low to Medium High with a tone value at 214; The Fourth Tone is a Falling Tone which the pronunciation falls from High-Pitch to Low with a tone value at 51. Apart from the 4 regular tones in Mandarin Chinese pronunciation, there is a neutral tone (or toneless tone) to be used from time to time. The neutral character is normally placed either at the end of a sentence or after a verb. The neutral-tone character is typically the second character in a disyllabic word. Neutral tone does not have a tone mark on the top of a final. Neutral tone does not have a tone mark labeled on the top of a final. The pronunciation of the neutral tone is featured with short, quick and light. TONE-CHANGING RULES In spoken Mandarin Chinese, tones of particular Chinese characters or vocabularies could be changed. Tone changes are necessary and required under the following circumstances: 1) When two third-tone characters are combined together and used as a disyllabic word, the tone of the first third-tone character should be changed from third tone to second tone while the tone of the second third-tone character should remain unchanged. Such change is essential in spoken expression as two third-tone characters are hard to pronounce. Changing the first third-tone to second tone while remaining the second third-tone character unchanged unquestionably make the pronunciation much easier in oral expression.

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Example: 你好Nǐ Hǎo = 你好Ní Hǎo 可以Kěyǐ = 可以Kéyǐ 2) For a disyllabic word which the first character is third tone while the second character is first tone, second tone or fourth tone, the tone-changing rule is that the first third-tone character should be pronounced as the first half of the third tone in spoken Chinese. This phenomenon is called Half Third Tone). Example: 旅行lǚxíng, of which lǚ should be pronounced with the first half of the third tone. 简单jiǎndān of which jiǎn should be pronounced with the first half of the third tone. HOW TO WRITE TONE MARKS CORRECTLY? Tone is essential for a syllable in Mandarin Chinese. In other words, every syllable should be marked with a tone except the neutral tone which has no tone mark. The Beginner Level learners often marks the tone in the wrong place. The rule is that the tone must be marked on a final. The structure of the Chinese finals is complicated and a number of finals contain two or three vowels. So, which final should be marked with tone? The answer is that the tone mark should be placed on the main vowel of a final and this vowel should be the one which is the most resounding and clearest when being pronounced. For the case of two finals, the tone mark should be placed on the latter vowel. The same principle applies to the finals with nasal pronunciation.

CHART 1 – CHINESE PHONETICS (combination of initials and finals) An initial combined with a final and marked with a tone makes the pronunciation of a real Chinese character. There are over 400 such unique combinations in Mandarin Chinese pronunciation. The following three charts display all the possible combinations among initials and finals (please note that tones are not marked simply because most of the combinations have 4 tones and some have 3 or 2 tones and there are few combinations only have one tone in Mandarin Chinese pronunciations). The top rows the three charts are finals and the far left columns of the three charts are initials and those that fall into the grid are the real combinations. Most of the combinations can be pronounced as in English but without pronouncing the tones. SOME EXCEPTIONS IN CHINESE ALPHABET PRONUNICATIONS Most of the feasible combinations among initials and finals are similar or close to English. There are also some exceptions. When the final “I” is combined with any initial such as z, c, s, zh, ch, sh, r, j, q, x, and y, the pronunciation of final “I” is merged into the pronunciation of that particular initial, which makes it sound like only the particular initial is pronounced. You can also consider the final “I” as mute or silent in such kinds of combinations.

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When the final “u” is combined with any initials such as j, q, x and y, the final “u” is pronounced equivalently to the final “ü”. Beginner Level learners tend to pronounce such combinations incorrectly, therefore more attention and practice is needed. The exceptions are highlighted in Chart 1 (see bold and italicized ones in Chart 1). Finally, the blank grids in Chart 1, 2 and 3 indicate that the relevant combinations of initials and finals that do not exist. CHART 1 – CHINESE PHONETICS (Combination of initials and finals)

a

o

b

ba

p

i

u

bo

bi

bu bai bei bao

pa

po

pi

pu pai pei pao pou pan pen pang peng

m

ma

mo

f

fa

fo

d

da

de

di

du dai dei dao dou dan den dang deng dong

t

ta

te

ti

tu

n

na

ne

ni

nu nai nei nao

l

la

le

li

lu

lai

z

za

ze

zi

zu

zai zei zao zou zan zen zang zeng zong

c

ca

ce

ci

cu

cai

cao cou can cen cang ceng cong

s

sa

se

si

su

sai

sao sou san sen sang seng song

zh

zha

zhe zhi zhu zhai zhei zhaozhouzhan zhen zhang zheng zhong

ch

cha

che chi chu chai

sh

sha

she shi shu shai shei shao shou shan shen shang sheng

r

e

me

ai

ao ou an

en

ang

eng ong

ban ben bang beng

mi mu mai mei mao mou man men mang meng fu

re

ei

ri

ru

j

ji

ju

q

qi qu

x

xi

fei tai

fou fan tao tou tan

fen

fang

feng

tang teng tong

nan nen nang neng nong

lei lao lou lan

lang

leng long

chaochouchan chen chang cheng chong rao rou ran ren rang reng rong

xu

g

ga

ge

gu gai gei gao gou gan gen gang geng gong

k

ka

ke

ku kai kei kao kou kan ken kang keng kong

h

ha

he

hu hai hei hao hou han hen hang heng hong

w

wa

y

ya

wo

wu wai wei ye

yi yu

Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

wan wen wang weng wong yao you yan

yang

yong

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Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

CHART 2 – CHINESE PHONETICS (combination of initials and finals)

ia

iao

ie

b

biao

p m

iu

ian

in

iang

ing

iong

bie

bian

bin

bing

piao

pie

pian

pin

ping

miao

mie

miu

mian

min

ming

diao

die

diu

dian

ding

t

tiao

tie

tian

ting

n

niao

nie

niu

nian

nin

niang

ning

lia

liao

lie

liu

lian

lin

liang

ling

j

jia

jiao

jie

jiu

jian

jin

jiang

jing

jiong

q

qia

qiao

qie

qiu

qian

qin

qiang

qing

qiong

x

xia

xiao

xie

xiu

xian

xin

xiang

xing

xiong

ya

yao

ye

you

yan

yin

yang

ying

yong

f d

l

dia

z c

s zh sh ch r

g k h y

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Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

CHART 3 – CHINESE PHONETICS (combination of initials and finals)

ua

uo

uai

ui

uan

un

uang

b p m f d

duo

dui

duan

dun

t

tuo

tui

tuan

tun

n

nuo

nuan

l

luo

luan

lun

z

zuo

zui

zuan

zun

c

cuo

cui

cuan

cun

s

suo

sui

suan

sun

zh

zhua

zhuo

zhuai

zhui

zhuan

zhun

zhuang

ch

chua

chuo

chuai

chui

chuan

chun

chuang

sh

shua

shuo

shuai

shui

shuan

shun

shuang

rui

ruan

run

r

ruo

j

juan

q

quan

x

xuan

g

gua

guo

guai

gui

guan

gun

guang

k

kua

kuo

kuai

kui

kuan

kun

kuang

h

hua

huo

huai

hui

huan

hun

huang

w

wa

wo

wai

y

ya

Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

wan yan

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Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

CHINESE CHARACTERS / UNDERSTANDING STATISTICS Unlike English or other major European languages in which each word is unique, Mandarin Chinese vocabulary is mostly composed of disyllabic words (80%); while monosyllabic and polysyllabic words represent the balance of the Chinese vocabulary. Disyllabic words in Mandarin Chinese are equivalent to compound words in English. The largest Chinese Language Dictionary, published in China in 1979, collects 56,000 Chinese characters. However, only less than 10% (or 3,500-5,000 of the Chinese characters) in that dictionary are regularly used today, of which approximately half, or 1,800-2,500 are more frequently used and another half, 800-1,250 are the so-called most frequently used Chinese characters. Successful mastery of a few hundred Chinese characters (understanding the meaning of the characters and knowing the correct pronunciations as well) undoubtedly signifies a gratifying achievement made by a Beginner Level learner. The chart below indicates the relationship between the numbers of the most commonly used Chinese characters and your understanding rate. You may see from the chart that the very first few hundred Chinese characters contribute tremendously to your understanding rate and your literacy increases by leaps and bounds with your mastery of 100 Chinese characters to 1,000 Chinese characters. But your understanding rate does not appear to increase as sharply after you have mastered 1,200- 1,300 Chinese characters simply because of the frequency of characters in use. LITERACY / UNDERTANDING CHART (FOR MEASUREMENT)

100 characters → 42% understanding

1600 characters → 95.0% understanding

200 characters → 55% understanding

1700 characters → 95.5% understanding

300 characters → 64% understanding

1800 characters → 96.0% understanding

400 characters → 70% understanding

1900 characters → 96.5% understanding

500 characters → 75% understanding

2000 characters → 97.0% understanding

600 characters → 79% understanding

2100 characters → 97.4% understanding

700 characters → 82% understanding

2200 characters → 97.7% understanding

800 characters → 85% understanding

2300 characters → 98.0% understanding

900 characters → 87% understanding

2400 characters → 98.3% understanding

1000 characters → 89% understanding

2500 characters → 98.5% understanding

1100 characters → 90% understanding

2600 characters → 98.7% understanding

1200 characters → 91% understanding

2700 characters → 98.9% understanding

1300 characters → 92% understanding

2800 characters → 99.0% understanding

1400 characters → 93% understanding

2900 characters → 99.1% understanding

1500 characters → 94% understanding

3000 characters → 99.2% understanding

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Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

The goal we set for Beginner Level I learners is 300 of the most frequently used Chinese characters. Beginner Level learners are not required to know or attempt to learn how to write the 300 most commonly used Chinese characters, but they do need to master the pronunciation and meaning of the characters in order to achieve a satisfying level of understanding (which is over 60%). There might be hundreds of thousands of disyllabic words from the combinations of the 300 individual Chinese characters. Therefore, mastery of these most frequently used characters will undoubtedly benefit your mastery of the disyllabic Chinese words. LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THIS BOOK Adj. = adjective adv. = adverb Art. = article aux.v = auxiliary c. = countable noun

conj. = conjunction int. = interjection i.p. = interrogative pronoun i.v. = intransitive verb m.w. = measure word n. = noun n.m. = numeral l.v. = link verb pa. = particle phr. = phrase pl. = plural p. = pronoun p.p. = personal pronoun prep. = preposition

q.p. = question particle t.v. = transitive verb c.n.= countable noun u. = uncountable noun v.n. = verb CSS = Chinese Sentence Structure Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

LESSON ONE Daily Greetings

SINGLE SENTENCES Nǐ hǎo!

你 好!

√ 你 nǐ : you; √ 好hǎo: good/well (Noun + Adjective to express a greeting) (CSS: You good)

Hi! Hello! Nín hǎo!

您 好!

√ 您 nín: you (a respectful and polite way to express “you”) (“您好” is a polite and respectful way to express a greeting)

Hi! Hello! √ 吗ma: =? (An interrogative word usually placed at end of a sentence to indicate a question) 你 好 吗? How are you doing?/How do you do? (CSS: You good ma?)

Nǐ hǎo ma?

Wǒ hěn hǎo.

我 很 好。

√ 很 hěn: very; √ 好hǎo: good/well (CSS: I very good)

I am very well. Nǐ ne?

你呢? How about you?

√ 怎么样 zěnmeyàng: how; how about; what about (A casual way for greeting) Nǐ zěnmeyàng (CSS: You what about?) √ 你 怎 么样

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Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

Wǒ yě hěn hǎo.

我 也 很 好。

√ 也 yě: also; too

(CSS: I too very well).

I am very well too. Bú cuò

不 错。 Pretty well; Very good!

(Double negative = emphasize affirmatively) √ 不bú: not/no; √ 错 cuò: wrong/bad

Wǒ hěn gāoxìng jiàndao nǐ. 我 很 高 兴 见 到 你。 I am very glad to meet you.

√ 高兴gāoxìng: glad; pleased; happy √ 见到jiàndao: see; meet (CSS: I very glad to meet you)

Xièxie!

谢 谢!

√ 谢 xiè: thank

Thanks! Bú kèqi.

不客气。

√ 客气kèqi: polite

You are welcome.

(CSS: Not polite)

Zài jiàn!

再见!

√ 再zài: again √ 见 jiàn: see

Good-bye!

(CSS: Again see)

NEW WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS No. Chinese

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13.

14. 15. 16.

你 您 吗 我 很 好 呢 也 高兴 见到 不 错 怎么样 谢谢 不客气 再见

Pinyin

Part of Speech

English

p.p.

you (singular form)

nín

p.p.

a more polite and respectful way

q.p.

expressing “you” (a question mark)

p.p.

I, me, my

ne yě gāoxìng jiàndao

adv. adj. q.p. adv. adj. v.

very; very much good; well how about; what about also; too; as well glad; pleased; happy; delighted to meet; to see

bú cuò

adv. adj.

not bad; wrong

zěnmeyàng xièxie bú kèqi zàijiàn

i.p. v./n. ph. v.

how about; what about thanks you are welcome goodbye

ma wǒ hěn hǎo

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Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

1. SENTENCE PATTERNS & STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS: SINGLE SENTENCES Nǐ hǎo! 你1 好!2 1. 你 nǐ: you; 2. 好hǎo: good / well Chinese Sentence Structure in English: You Good Sentence Structure in English: Hi / Hello! Nín hǎo! 您1 好!2 1. 您 nín: you (a respectful way to express “you”); 2. 好hǎo: good / well Chinese Sentence Structure in English: You Good Sentence Structure in English: Hi / Hello! Nǐ hǎo ma? 你 好 吗 ?1 1.吗 ma: 吗is used at the end of a sentence to indicate a question. Chinese Sentence Structure in English: You Good ma? Sentence Structure in English: how are you (doing)? / how do you do? / how have you been? Wǒ hěn hǎo. 我1 很2 好。3 1.我 wǒ: I / me / myself; 2. 很hěn: very / very much; 3. 好hǎo: good / well Chinese Sentence Structure in English: I very good. Sentence Structure in English: I am very good / I am very well. Nǐ ne? 你 呢 ?1 1.呢 ne: 呢 is a question particle usually placed at the end of a sentence or after a noun to express a counter interrogative meaning which is equivalent to “what about” or “how about” Chinese Sentence Structure in English: You how about? Sentence Structure in English: How about you? / What about you? / And you? Wǒ yě hěn hǎo. 我1 也2 很3 好。4 1. 我 wǒ: I / me / myself; 2. 也yě: also / too; 3. 很hěn: very / very much; 4. 好 hǎo: good / well Chinese Sentence Structure in English: I also very good. Sentence Structure in English: I am fine too / I am also very well. Bú cuò 不1 错2 1. 不bú: no/not; 2. 错cuò: wrong / incorrect / bad Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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Chinese Sentence Structure in English: Not Bad. Sentence Structure in English: Pretty good / pretty well. Wǒ hěn gāoxìng jiàndao nǐ. 我1 很2 高 兴 3 见到4 你5 1. 我 wǒ I / me / myself; 2. 很hěn: very / very much; 3. 高兴gāoxìng: glad / pleased / happy; 4. 见到jiàndao: to meet / to see 5. 你nǐ: you Chinese Sentence Structure in English: I very glad meet you. Sentence Structure in English: I am very glad to meet you. Xièxie! 谢 谢1 1.谢谢xièxie: to thank / to gratitude Chinese Sentence Structure in English: Thanks! Sentence Structure in English: Thanks! Bú kèqi! 不1 客气2 1. 不bú: no/not; 2. 客气kèqi: polite Chinese Sentence Structure in English: Not polite! Sentence Structure in English: You are welcome! Zài jiàn! 再1 见2 1 . 再 zài again / once more / re- / second / another; 2.见 jiàn: to see / to meet Chinese Sentence Structure in English: Again see! Sentence Structure in English: Goodbye / see you later! 2. CULTURAL NOTES: “你好”(nǐ hǎo) and “您好”(nín hǎo) “你好” ”(nǐ hǎo) and “您好” (nín hǎo) are both used as courteous greetings when people meet each other. “你好” ”(nǐ hǎo) is the most regular greeting or regards to be used when you meet anyone you know about or you don’t know such as your friends, your colleagues, your clients or even your relatives. The difference between “你好” ”(nǐ hǎo) and “您好” (nín hǎo) lies in that “您好” (nín hǎo) is a polite and respectful way to express a greeting or regards when you meet someone for the first time. “ 您 好 ” (nín hǎo) is normally used to express a greeting or regards to someone you don’t know, or to a senior-age person, an unfamiliar client or your upper-level manager as a sign to show politeness.

How to use “你” (nǐ) and “您” (nín)? “你” (nǐ) and “您” (nín) both means “you” but the usage is slightly different, of which “您” (nín) is a polite and courteous way to express “You”. It is typically used in addressing others when meeting for the first time, addressing an older person, your boss, customers or someone you don’t know each other. Using the character “您” (nín) demonstrates your Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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respect for the person you are speaking to. However, when you know someone very well or when you are speaking with your family members, friends, co-workers, associates, classmates, or any acquaintances, you don’t need to use “您” (nín). “你”(nǐ) is the normal expression for “you”. “你” (nǐ) can be used to people you know very well and can also be used to people you don’t know. Therefore, it is always safe to use “你”(nǐ), but if you know when and how to use “您” (nín), that’s even better. The individual Chinese character 你 (nǐ) means “you” and it is pronounced as the third tone; The character 好 (hǎo) literally means “good” or “well”. So, putting “you” and “good” together makes the most popular greeting in Mandarin Chinese, equivalent to “Hello”, or “Hi” in English. When being greeted with “你好” (nǐ hǎo) by someone, your typical response could be also “你好” (nǐ hǎo). “ 你 好 ” (nǐ hǎo) could either be used to express a formal or a casual way for greeting or sending regards to the other people. Therefore, it is always customary to use “你好” (nǐ hǎo) as a greeting to people you know about or you don’t know. If you know somebody very well, you don’t need to use “ 您 好 ” ”(nín hǎo) to express your greeting or regards to him or her because the Chinese people believe that overcautious or excessively reserved courtesy is unnecessary among acquaintances, so just using “你好” (nǐ hǎo) will be good enough. 2) 不错(bú cuò): very good / very well As the most frequently used negation word, “不” (bú) means “no” or “not” and “错” (cuò) means “wrong” “bad” or “mistake”. For the beginner-level learners, “不错”(bú cuò) is often comprehended as “not bad”. Actually, “不错” (bú cuò) contains a much stronger meaning than “not bad” in Mandarin Chinese. This is because both “不” (bú) and “错” (cuò) have a negative meaning and putting “ 不 ”(bú) and “ 错 ” (cuò) together forms a double negative expression, which indicates an affirmative emphasis. Examples that express an emphasis through double negative usage are also found in English such as “not impossible” could mean “very possible”, “not unusual” could mean very “usual” and “not abnormal” could mean “very normal). 3) 不客气!(bú kèqi): You are welcome! The beginner-level learners are often confused with the expression of “不客气”. Literally, “不” (bú) means “no” or “not” and “客气” (kèqi) literally means “polite”. Therefore, “不客 气” (bú kèqi) should mean “not polite”. If so, the meaning “not polite” seems to be far from the meaning “you are welcome”. Actually, the expression of “不客气” (bú kèqi) should be considered under a particular language context. When you express thanks to someone who helped you or did you a favor, the response you normally receive from that person is typically “不客气” (bú kèqi). Under such context, “不客气”(bú kèqi) does not mean “not polite”. Instead, it means “not to be polite” which contains the actual meaning “you don’t Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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have to be so polite” or “don’t be polite”, each implying an indirect meaning which is equivalent to “you are welcome”. 3. CHINESE GRAMMAR Sentence with a link verb: Any single descriptive sentence in English must be composed of a subject, a predicate (verb) and an object to formulate a grammatically-complete sentence structure. As a predicate, a link verb (i.e. am, are, and is) is often used in English to indicate the relationship between the subject and the object, typically when the object is an adjective. There must be at least one verb to make a complete sentence in English while in Mandarin Chinese a sentence without a verb can still formulate a sentence. In Mandarin Chinese, the link verb is not used between a subject and an object which is an adjective simply because all adjectives in Chinese could actually have a function of verbs. When an adjective in Chinese serves as a verb, the meaning of the adjective can be considered as “to be + adjective”. Since the adjective already contains a “verb” meaning, there is no need to place a link verb before an adjective in Chinese. Simply put, before an adjective in Chinese, the link verb is usually left out. This forms one of the significant differences in sentence structure between Mandarin Chinese and English. For example: English Sentence Structure √ Chicago is very beautiful. √ The children are quite happy today. √ I am very glad to meet you.

Chinese Sentence Structure √ Chicago very beautiful. √ The children quite happy today. √ I very glad to meet you.

In Chinese, adverbs usually precede verbs In English an adverb could either be placed before a verb to function as a modifier or placed after a verb to serve as a complement. while in Mandarin Chinese an adverb is usually placed before a verb (acting as a modifier). An adverb preceding a verb in most situations is considered an important grammatical feature in Mandarin Chinese language. For examples: English Sentence Structure √ He talks loudly. √ She sits quietly. √ The baby sleeps soundly.

Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

Chinese Sentence Structure √ He talks loudly. √ She sits quietly. √ The baby sleeps soundly.

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4. SUPPLEMENTARY VOCABULARY ID

Chinese

Pin Yin

1 2 3

他 她 它

tā tā tā

p.p. p.p. p.

he or him; she it very much; unusual;

4

非常

fēicháng

adv.

extraordinary (express) thanks;

5 6 7

感谢 没关系 没问题

gǎnxiè méi guānxi méi wèntí

Part of Speech

v./adj. phr. phr.

8

认识

rènshi

v.

9 10

开心 对

kāixīn duì

adj./v. adj.

11

qǐng

12 13

别 再会

bié zàihuì

adv. v. v.

English

gratitude; grateful; it doesn't matter no problem to know; to recognize; to be familiar with; to get acquainted with someone happy; to rejoice; to have a great time right; correct; please; to request; to ask do not; must not to meet again; goodbye

5. PRACTICE FOLLOWING EXPRESSIONS USING VOCABULARY ABOVE 非常感谢! (Thank you very much!) 我很高兴认识您。 (I am very glad to get to know you) 认识您我很高兴。 (I am very glad to get to know you) 不对。 别 (Not correct) 客气。 你 (Please help yourself) 开心吗? (Are you happy?) 我非常开心。 (I am very happy)

6. WRITE FOLLOWING EXPRESSIONS IN PINYIN & PUT INTO ENGLISH CHINESE

PINYIN

ENGLISH

a) 你好! b) 您好! c) 你好吗? d) 我很好。 e) 你呢? Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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f) 我也很好。 g) 不错。 h) 我很高兴见到你。 i) 谢谢! j) 不客气。

k) 再见! 7. MATCHING QUIZ

a) 您

zàijiàn

b) 再见

ne

c) 吗

gāoxìng

d) 不错

fēicháng

e) 呢

kāixīn

f) 很

g) 见到

búcuò

h) 谢谢

nín

i) 也

kèqi

j) 高 兴

ma

k) 我

xièxie

l) 客 气

jiàndao

m) 开心

n) 非常

hěn

8. MULTIPLE CHOICE: CHOOSE THE CORECT ANSWER 1 你(nǐ) a). happy; glad; b). to see c). you (informal, as opposed to courteous “you”) d). I; me 2 您(nín) a). you (courteous, as opposed to informal “you” ) b). you (informal, as opposed to courteous “you”) c). what about; how about

d). (negative prefix); not; no

3 吗(ma) a). also; too

b). to see

c). bad; wrong

d). question mark

4 我(wǒ) a). also; too; b). I; me; my

c). how?; how about? d). happy; glad

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5 很(hěn) a). question mark b). I; me; my c). very d). what about; how about 6 好(hǎo)

a). good b). to see c). you (courteous, as opposed to informal 你 ) d). not; no 7 呢(ne) a). I; me; b). you (courteous, as opposed to informal 你 ) c). very d). what about; how about 8 也(yě) a). I; me b). to thank; thanks; thank you c). also; too

d). not; no

9 高兴(gāoxìng) a). good; well b). happy; glad

c). also; too

d). question mark

10 见到(jiàndao) a). to see b). happy c). quite; very d). what about; how about 11 不(bú)

a). not; no b). bad; wrong

c). also; too

d). quite; very

12 错(cuò) a). quite; very

b). I; me; my c). happy; glad

d). bad; wrong

13 怎么样(zěnmeyàng) a). how?; how about? b). you (informal, as opposed to courteous 您 ) c). quite; very d). bad; wrong 14 谢谢(xièxie) a). to see b). not; no c). to thank; thanks; thank you

d). bad; wrong

15 不客气(bú kèqi) a). also; too;

b). not; no c). you're welcome; d). bad; wrong

16 再见(zài jiàn) a). good; well b). goodbye c). what about; how about d). happy; glad

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Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

CHINESE CHARACTER WRITING EXERCISE: FILL IN THE BLANKS

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CHINESE CHARACTER WRITING EXERCISE: FILL IN THE BLANKS

Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

CHINESE CHARACTER WRITING EXERCISE: FILL IN THE BLANKS

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Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

LESSON TWO Useful Words, Meaning, Expressions and Usage Personal Pronouns Singular Form

Meaning

你 nǐ 我 wǒ 他 tā 她 tā 它 tā

you

You

I (or me)

We

he

Meaning

They They

it

They Possessive Particle

you I (or me) he

My/Mine

的de

His Her/hers

it

Its Link Verb

Meaning

you I (or me) he

Meaning Your/yours

she

Singular Form Meaning

你 nǐ 我 wǒ 他 tā 她 tā 它 tā

们 men

she

Singular Form Meaning

你 nǐ 我 wǒ 他 tā 她 tā 它 tā

Plural Form

You are I am

是shì

He is

she

She is

it

It is

Exercise: 你们是、我们是、他们是、她们是、它们是、北京是…….

你们的、我们的、他们的、她们的、它们的、北京的…….

Note: 是shì is used when the object is a noun; If the object is an adjective, 是shì should not be used.

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SENTENCE PATTERN - SUBSTITUTIONAL DRILLS

Name of Countries

我(Wǒ)来(lái) (I come to

)

中国(Zhōngguó): China

学习(xuéxí): to study; to learn

美国(Měiguó): USA

工作(gōngzuò): to work

英国(Yīngguó): UK

开会(kāihuì): to have a meeting

法国(Fǎguó): France

探亲(tànqīn): to visit relatives

德国(Déguó): Germany

旅游(lǚyóu): to tour; tourism; traveling

印度(Yìndù): India

出差(chūchāi): (to go for) business trip

巴西(Bāxī): Brasil

+

购物(gòuwù): to go shopping

日本(Rìběn): Japan

参展(cānzhǎn): to attend a show

韩国(Hánguó): Korea

教书(jiāo shū): to teach

加拿大(Jiānádà): Canada

教英语(jiāo Yīngyǔ): to teach English

墨西哥(Mòxīgē): Mexico

教汉语(jiāo Hànyǔ): to teach Chinese

西班牙(Xībānyá): Spain

办公司(bàn gōngsī): to run a company

俄罗斯(Éluósī): Russia

签合同qiān hétong): to sign a contract

阿根廷(Āgēntíng):

签协议(qiān xiéyì): to sign an agreement

这是(Zhè shì)我的(wǒde) (This is my

Verbs

)

课本(kèběn): textbook computer 电脑(diànnǎo): 手机(shǒujī): cell phone passport 护照(hùzhào): 驾照(jiàzhào): driver’s license air ticket 机票(jīpiào): luggage 行李(xíngli): company 公司(gōngsī): boss 老板(lǎobǎn): 妻子(qīzi): wife (w) wife (s) 太太(tàitai): 丈夫(zhàngfu): husband (w) 老公(lǎogōng): husband (s) 老师(lǎoshī): teacher 爸爸(bàba): father mother 妈妈(māma): entry card 入境卡(rùjìng kǎ): 身份证(shēnfèn zhèng): ID card 信用卡(xìnyòng kǎ): credit card 电话号码(diànhuà hàomǎ) telephone number

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LESSON TWO Meeting for the First Time USEFUL SINGLE SENTENCES

Wǒ lái Zhōngguó xuéxí Hànyǔ.

1.

我来 中

国 学 习 汉 语。

I come to China to study Chinese.

2.

Wǒ lái Zhōngguó zuò shēngyì.

我来 中

国做生 意。

I come to China to do business. Wǒ lái Zhōngguó kàn péngyou.

3.

我来 中

国 看 朋

友。

I come to China to visit (my) friends. Wǒ lái Zhōngguó lǚxíng. 4.

我来 中

国旅 行 。

I come to China for traveling. SITUATIONAL DIALOGUE

John: Nǐ wèishénme lái Zhōngguó? John: 你 为 什 么 来 中 国? John: Why do you come to China? (CSS : You why come to China?) Linda: Wǒ lái Zhōngguó xuéxí Hànyǔ, nǐ ne ? Linda: 我 来 中 国 学 习 汉 语, 你 呢 ? Linda: I come to China to study Chinese, and you? John: Wǒ lái Zhōngguó zuò shēngyì John: 我 来 中 国 做 生 意 。 John: I come to China to do business. Linda: Wǒ hěn gāoxìng rènshi nǐ. Linda: 我 很 高 兴 认 识 你 。 Linda: I am very glad to get to know you.

John: Wǒ yě hěn gāoxìng rènshi nǐ. Zhè shì wǒde míngpìan. John: 我 也 很 高 兴 认 识 你 。这 是 我的 名 片。 John: I am glad to get to know you too. This is my business card. Linda: Xièxie nǐ. Zhè shì wǒde míngpìan. Wǒ láizì Měiguó. Linda: 谢 谢 你 。 这 是 我 的 名 片。我 来 自 美 国。 Linda: Thank you. This is my business card. I come from America. Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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NEW WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS No. Chinese

Pinyin

Part of Speech

English

p.p.

I; me

2. 来

lái

v.

to come (to)

3. 中国

Zhōngguó

p.n.

China

4. 学习

xuéxí

v./n.

to study; study

5. 汉语

Hànyǔ

p.n.

Chinese (language)

6. 做

zuò

v.

to do

shēngyi

n.

(personal) business

8. 看

kàn

v.

to see; to look; to visit

9. 朋友

péngyou

n.

friends

10. 旅行

lǚxíng

v.

to travel; traveling

11. 很

hěn

adv.

very; very much

12. 高兴

gāoxìng

adj.

glad; pleased; happy

13. 认识

rènshi

v.

to get to know; to recognize

14. 你

p.p.

you

15. 也

adv.

also; too; as well

16. 为什么

wèishénme

i.p.

why

17. 这

zhè

d.p.

this

18. 是

shì

l.v.

is

19. 我的

wǒde

n.

my; mine

20. 名片

míngpiàn

n.

business card

21. 谢谢

xièxie

v./n.

thanks

22. 来自

láizì

v.

to come from

23. 美国

Měiguó

p.n.

The United States

1.

7.

生意

A useful conjunction word and a useful demonstrative pronoun: ➢ 和(hé): and i.e. 你(nǐ)和(hé)我(wǒ): you and me; 中国(Zhōngguó)和(hé)美国(Měiguó) ➢ 那(nà): that i.e. 那(nà)是(shì)我的(wǒde)护照(hùzhào): that is my passport.

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1. ANNOTATIONS 1. 你1 为什么2 来3 中国4? 1 . 你 nǐ you 2.为什么wèi shěn me why / for what reason 3.来lái to come 4.中国Zhōng guó China / Chinese 2. 我1 来2 中国3 学习4 汉语5, 你6 呢7? 1.我 wǒ I / me / myself 2.来 lái to come 3.中国Zhōng guó China / Chinese 4.学习xué xí to learn / to study 5.汉语hàn yǔ Chinese language 6.你 nǐ you7.呢ní woolen materialne (question particle)

3. 我1 来2 中国3 做4 生意5。 1.我 wǒ I / me / myself 2.来 lái to come 3.中国Zhōng guó China / Chinese 4.做 zuò to do / to make / to produce 5.生意shēng yi business 4. 我1 很2 高兴3 认识4 你5。 1.我 wǒ I / me / myself 2.很 hěn very / extremely 3.高兴 gāo xìng happy / glad / willing (to do sth) / in a cheerful mood 4.认识rèn shi be acquainted with (a person) / to know / to be familiar with / to recognize 5.你 nǐ you 5. 我1 也2 很3 高兴4 认识5 你6。这7 是8 我的9 名片10。 1.我 wǒ I / me / myself 2.也yě also / too 3.很hěn very / extremely 4.高兴gāo xìng happy / glad / willing (to do sth) / in a cheerful mood 5.认识rèn shi be acquainted with (a person) / to know / to be familiar with / to recognize 6. 你 nǐ you 7. 这 zhè this / thesezhèi this / these / (sometimes used before a measure word, especially in Beijing) 8. 是shì to be (is, are, am) / yes 9.我的wǒ de my / mine 10.名片míng piàn (business) card 6. 谢谢1 你2。这3 是4 我的5 名片6。我7 来自8 美国9。 1.谢谢xiè xie to thank 2.你 nǐ you 3.这zhè this / thesezhèi this / these / (sometimes used before a measure word, especially in Beijing) 4.是shì to be (is, are, am) / yes 5.我的wǒ de my / mine 6.名片míng piàn (business) card 7.我wǒ I / me / myself 8.来自lái zì to come from (a place) 9.美国Měi guó America / American / United States of America / USA 2. MATCHING QUIZ 1也

zuò

2很

rènshi

3 谢谢

gāoxìng

4 高兴

lǚxíng

5 朋友

Hànyǔ

6是

shì

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7 学习

láizì

8 中国

míngpiàn

9 汉语

10 美国

Měiguó

11 旅行

Zhōngguó

12 看

xièxie

13 认识

wèishénme

14 名片

shēngyi

15 做

kàn

16 我的

wǒde

17 来

péngyou

18 你

19 生意

20 来自

hěn

21 这

xuéxí

22 为什么

lái

23 我

zhè

3. CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER 1我 A. wò C. wō

B. wó D. wǒ

2来 A. lǎi C. lái

B. lāi D. lài

3 中国 A. Zhōngguó C. zhóngguō

B. zhǒngguò D. zhōngguǒ

4 学习 A. xuē xí C. xué xǐ

B. xuě xī D. xué xí

5 汉语 A. hān yū

B. hán yù

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C. hán yū

D. hàn yǔ

6做 A. zuó C. zuò

B. zuō D. zuǒ

7 生意 A. shēng yì C. shēng yǐ

B. shéng yī D. shéng yǐ

8看 A. kǎn C. kán

B. kàn D. kān

9 朋友 A. péng you C. pèng yòu

B. pèng yóu D. pēng yòu

10 旅行 A. lǘxìng C. lǖ xǐng

B. lǚ xǐng D. lǚ xíng

11 很 A. hèn C. hén

B. hēn D. hěn

12 高兴 A. gáo xǐng C. gǎo xìng

B. gāo xìng D. gào xīng

13 认识 A. rèn shi C. rēn shǐ

B. rěn shǐ D. rén shǐ

14 你 A. nī C. nǐ

B. nì D. ní

15 也 A. yě C. yè

B. yē D. yé

16 为什么 A. wéi shěn mè C. wèi shèn mě

B. wèi shén me D. wéi shěn mé

17 这 A. zhě C. zhè

B. zhé D. zhē

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18 是 A. shǐ C. shì

B. shī D. shí

19 我的 A. wǒ dé C. wǒ de

B. wǒ dě D. wò dé

20 名片 A. mìng pián C. míng piàn

B. mǐng piān D. mìng piǎn

21 谢谢 A. xié xiè C. xié xié

B. xiè xiē D. xiè xie

22 来自 A. lǎi zǐ C. lái zì

B. lái zī D. lài zí

23 美国 A. mēi guō C. měi guó

B. mèi guǒ D. měi guō

4. PLEASE CHECK IN TRUE OR FALSE BOX 1 我 -> (business) card

⬜ True

⬜ False

2 来 -> you

⬜ True

⬜ False

3 中国-> to come from (a place);

⬜ True

⬜ False

4 学习-> (adverb of degree); quite; very ⬜ True

⬜ False

5 汉语-> Chinese language

⬜ True

⬜ False

6 做 -> my; mine

⬜ True

⬜ False

7 生意-> (personal) business

⬜ True

⬜ False

8 看 -> to see; to look at;

⬜ True

⬜ False

9 朋友-> to see; to look at;

⬜ True

⬜ False

10 旅行-> to travel; journey; trip;

⬜ True

⬜ False

11 很 -> very; very much;

⬜ True

⬜ False

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12 高兴-> China

⬜ True

⬜ False

13 认识-> friend

⬜ True

⬜ False

14 你 -> you (informal, as opposed to courteous “you”) ⬜ True 15 也 -> surname Ye; also; too;

⬜ True

16 为什么-> (adverb of degree); very; very much; quite; ⬜ True

⬜ False ⬜ False

⬜ False

17 这 -> this; these;

⬜ True

⬜ False

18 是 -> is; are; am; yes; to be

⬜ True

⬜ False

19 我的-> to thank; thanks; thank yo

⬜ True

⬜ False

20 名片-> to thank; thanks; thank you ⬜ True

⬜ False

21 谢谢-> to thank; thanks; thank you ⬜ True

⬜ False

22 来自-> (business) card

⬜ True

⬜ False

23 美国-> this; these

⬜ True

⬜ False

5. CULTURAL NOTES: BUSINESS CARDS (名片) Business card is a very important medium which is used to introduce yourself while you are meeting new friends or clients. Knowing the etiquette of how to present and handle business card can be a powerful way in forging brand new and memorable business or personal relationship. However, many people often underestimated the rules regarding the small but mighty card. Rules and norms of presenting a business card are as follows: 1.Prepare a dual-sided business card before you travel to China (one side in English and the othger side is translated into Mandarin Chinese). 2. Present the business card to your Chinese client, business partner, friend or colleague, with the Chinese texts facing upwards and directly towards the receivers. 3.Hold the business card on both corners and bow slightly to show your courtesy while you are presenting it. 4.Don’t put the business card in pocket immediately after you receive one; Avoid writing comments on another person's business card, in their presence. You may write on your own name card to add information (e.g., email, home phone number, etc.); Try to keep your business cards clean and avoid writing changed information on it (if you have done so, make an explanation when exchanging business cards; avoid writing changed information on a business card in red-color ink; avoid using red-color for highlighting the paragraphs or pages in a business correspondence or in a presentation package.

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CHINESE CHARACTER WRITING EXERCISE: FILL IN THE BLANKS

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CHINESE CHARACTER WRITING EXERCISE: FILL IN THE BLANKS

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CHINESE CHARACTER WRITING EXERCISE: FILL IN THE BLANKS

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LESSON THREE Introduction & Getting to Know Each Other Zhāng Dí: Nǐ hǎo! Wǒ hěn ɡāoxìnɡ jiàndao nǐ. Zhang Di: 你 好 ! 我 很 高 兴 见 到 你。 Zhang Di: Hello! I am very glad to meet you. 。

Líndá: Nǐ hǎo! Wǒ yě hěn ɡāoxìnɡ jiàndao nǐ. Linda: 你 好 ! 我 也 很 高 兴 见 到 你 Linda: Hello! I am very glad to meet you too.

Zhāng Dí: Nǐ jiào shénme mínɡzi? Zhang Di: 你 叫 什 么 名 字? Zhang Di: What’s your name? (CSS: You are called what name?) Líndá: Wǒ jiào Líndá Shǐmìsī, nǐ ne? Linda: 我 叫 琳 达 史 密 斯 , 你 呢

?

Linda: My name is Linda Smith, and you? (CSS: You what about?) Zhāng Dí: Wǒ jiào Zhāng Dí. Zhang Di: 我 叫 张 迪。 Zhang Di: My name is Zhang Di. Líndá: Nǐ hǎo, Zhāng Dí, wǒ shì Měiɡuórén. Wǒ láizì Měiɡuó Zhījiāɡē. Nǐ láizì nǎlǐ? Linda:

你 好, 张

迪, 我 是 美 国 人。我来自 美 国 芝加哥。你来自哪里?

Linda: Hi, Zhang Di. I am American. I come from Chicago, USA. Where are you from? (CSS: You come from where?) Zhāng Dí: Wǒ shì Zhōnɡɡuórén. Wǒ láizì ZhōnɡɡuóBěijīnɡ. Zhang Di: 我 是 中 国 人。 我 来 自 中 国 北京 。 Zhang Di: I am Chinese. I come from Beijing, China. Líndá: Wǒ qù guò Běijīnɡ. Beijīnɡ hěn piàolianɡ…. qǐnɡ wèn, tā shì sheí? Linda:

我 去 过 北 京 。北 京 很 漂

亮…… 请

问, 他 是 谁?

Linda: I have been to Beijing. Beijing is very beautiful….May I ask who he is? (CSS: May I ask he is who?) Zhāng Dí: Tā shì wǒde pénɡyou Mǎkè. Zhang Di: 他 是 我的 朋 友 马 克 。 Zhang Di: He is my friend Mark. Líndá: Nǐ hǎo, Mǎkè. Wǒ jiào Líndá Shǐmìsī. Wǒ hěn ɡāoxìnɡ jiàndao nǐ. Linda:

你好,

马 克 。我 叫 琳 达 .史密斯。我 很 高 兴 见 到 你。

Linda: Hello, Mark. My name is Linda. Smith. I am very glad to meet you. Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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Mǎkè: Nǐ hǎo, Líndá. Wǒ yě hěn ɡāoxìnɡ jiàndào nǐ. Mark:

你好,

琳达。我 也 很

高兴 见 到你。

Mark: Hello, Linda. I am very glad to meet you too.

Líndá: Mǎkè, nǐ yě láizì Měiɡuó ma? Linda: 马 克 , 你也来自 美 国 吗? Linda: Mark, are you also from America? (CSS: Mark, you also come from U.S. ma?) Mǎkè: Bù. Wǒ láizì Yīnɡɡuó Lúndūn. Mark: 不。我 来 自 英 国 伦 敦。 Mark: No. I come from London, United Kingdom. Líndá: Wǒ yě qù guò Lúndūn. Lúndūn yě hěn piàoliang. Linda: 我 也 去 过 伦 敦。伦 敦 也 很 漂 亮。 Linda: I have also been to London. London is also very beautiful. NEW WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS No. Chinese

Pinyin

Part of Speech

1. 叫 2. 什么 3. 名字 4. 琳达.史密斯 5. 张 迪 6. 来自 7. 哪里 8. 美国 9. 美国人 10. 芝加哥 11. 中国 12. 中国人 13. 去 14. 过

jiào shénme míngzi Líndá Shǐmìsī Zhāng Dí láizì nǎlǐ Měiguó Měiguó rén Zhījiāgē Zhōngguó Zhōngguó rén qù guò

v. i.p. n. p.n. p.n. v. i.p. p.n. p.n. p.n. p.n. p.n. v. aux.

15. 漂亮 16. 请问 17. 北京 18. 谁 19. 朋友 20. 马克 21. 英国 22. 伦敦

piàoliang qǐng wèn Běijīng sheí (shuí) péngyou Mǎkè Yīngguó Lúndūn

adj. v. p.n. i.p. n. p.n. p.n. p.n.

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English

call; to be called as… what name Linda Smith Zhang Di to come from where the United States American Chicago China Chinese (people) to go A particle used after verb to indicate a completed action beautiful; pretty (Excuse me) May I ask Beijing who friend Mark the United Kingdom London 《初级汉语教程I》


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1. NEGATION WORDS: EXERCISE Negation word is a word that is used to express denial, opposition or disagreement. The most frequently used negation words at beginner level include “不” (bú/bù), 没 (méi) and 别 (bié). As the most regularly used negation word in Chinese, “不” bú/bù can be used to negate an adjective or a verb. The other two regularly used negation words are 没 (méi) and 别 (bié), of which 没 (méi) is often used to negate a noun or an adjective, which means “without” or “do not have”; The negation word 别 (bié) is normally used to negate a verb. Useful Words

Pinyin

Meaning

shì

Is;

hǎo

Good;

duì

Correct;

不对: not correct;

cuò

Wrong;

不错: not bad;

xíng

OK;

不行: not OK;

可以

kéyǐ

OK; Fine;

xiǎo

Small

kuài

Fast

不快: not fast

màn

Slow

不慢: not slow

lěng

Cold

不冷: not cold

Hot

不热: not hot

Big

Negation

Meaning 不是: is not; 不好: not good

不bú/bù

Not

不可以: not OK; 不大: not big 不小: not small

Exercise by using the negation words 1) 没 méi: without; don’t have (used to negate noun, adjective and verb) Examples: 没问题 没关系 没错儿 没准儿 没门儿 没有

méi wèntí méi guānxi méi cuòr méi zhǔnr méiménr méiyǒu

no problem; no question it doesn’t matter; no relationship nothing wrong; correct probably; possibly no way without; don’t have; have no…

2) 别bié: don’t (used to negate a verb – to demand or request someone not to do something) Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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Examples: 走 说 闹 停 动 客气

Meaning in English zǒu shuō nào tíng dòng kèqì

to walk away; to leave to say; to speak to make noise to stop to move to be polite

2. TYPICAL CHINESE GREETINGS

The grammatical structure of expressing greetings in Mandarin Chinese is different from the grammatical structure in English. In Mandarin Chinese, nouns normally precede adjectives when expressing greetings while in English, it is just the opposite. For example, “Good morning” in English can literally interpreted as “Morning Good” in Chinese. 1) 你好! 2) 早上好! 3) 中午好! 4) 下午好! 5) 晚上好! 6) 新年好! 7) 生日快乐! 8) 新年快乐! 9) 春节快乐! 10) 圣诞节快乐! 1) Nǐ hǎo!

你 好! Hi / Hello! (CSS: You good!) 2) Zǎoshang hǎo!

早 上 好! Good morning! (CSS: Morning good!) This is a typical Chinese greeting used in the morning time, typically between 7:00am11:00am. Occasionally, Chinese people use “早” as a casual greeting to acquaintances when meeting in the morning time. The causal greeting “ 早 ” is equivalent to the casual greeting “morning” in English. 3)Zhōngwǔ hǎo!

中 午 好! Good noon-time! (CSS: Noon-time good!) It’s rare to hear a westerner say “Good noon-time” to another when meeting at lunch time. But in Mandarin Chinese “中午好” is a quite popular greeting used when people meet each other during lunch time. Noon-time normally means the one-hour lunch time between 12:00-1:00pm. 4) Xiàwǔ hǎo!

下 午 好! Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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Good afternoon! (CSS: Afternoon good!) “下午好” is a typical greeting used between 1:00pm-5:00pm in China.

5) Wǎnshang hǎo! 晚 上 好! Good evening! (CSS: Evening good!) 6:00pm-11:00pm is usually considered evening time depending on geographic variances in China. 晚上好is a greeting typically used when they meet between 6:00pm-11:00pm. 6) Xīn nián hǎo! 新 年 好! Happy New Year! (CSS: New Year Good!) 7) Shēngrì kuàilè! 生 日 快乐! Happy Birthday! (CSS: Birthday Happy!) 8) Xīn nián kuàilè! 新 年 快乐! Happy New Year! (CSS: New Year Happy!) 9) Chūnjié kuàilè! 春 节 快乐! Happy Spring Festival! (CSS: Spring Festival Happy!) 10) Shèngdànjié kuàilè! 圣 诞 节 快乐! Merry Christmas! (CSS: Christmas Merry!) 3. TYPICAL ANSWERS TO GREETINGS 1) Wǒ hěn hǎo! Nǐ ne? 我 很 好! 你 呢 ? I am doing very well. How about you? (CSS: I very good. You how about?) 很: very or very much; 我很好literally means “I very well”. Unlike English, In Mandarin Chinese when the object is an adjective, the link verb (such as is, am or are) is usually not to be used. Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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呢 serves as another functional character expressing a question. But unlike the question character 吗 which is usually used to initiate a question on a fact, 呢 is normally used to express a question meaning equivalent to “what about” or “how about” in English; 你呢? How about you or and you? 2) Hái xíng! 还 行! Not too bad! (CSS: Still OK!) “还” serves as an adverb with a meaning “still”; “行” means OK. It is often used in a spoken expression. 3) Hái kěyǐ! 还可以! Not too bad! (CSS: Still OK!) As a spoken expression, “可以” means OK. “还行” and “还可以” or “还好” could be used interchangeably to express the meaning “Not too bad” or “It’s OK”. 4) Bú cuò! 不 错! Quite well! / pretty good! / very good! (CSS: Not bad / not wrong!) 不错(bú cuò): 不(bú) is considered the most popular negation character typically used to negate a noun or an adjective. 错(cuò) literally means “wrong”; For many beginner-level learners whose native language is not Mandarin Chinese, the meaning of “不错” is often wrongly comprehended as “not wrong” or “not bad”. Actually, “不错” has a much stronger meaning than “not wrong” or “not bad”. The two characters “ 不 错 ” functions as a double negation indicating an emphasis of affirmation. This is equivalent to “not unusual (implies quite usual”, “not impossible (implies very possible)” or “not abnormal (implies fairly possible)” in English. 5) Tǐng hǎo de! 挺 好的 ! Quite good! Quite well! (CSS: Quite good!) “挺”( tǐng) is an adverb which is equivalent to “quite” or “fairly” in English. It is often used in a spoken expression. 6) Mán hǎo de! 蛮 好 的! Fairly good! (CSS: Quite good!) Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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As an adverb, “蛮” (mán) is equivalent to “quite” or “fairly” in English. It is often used in a spoken expression. 7) Fēicháng hǎo! 非 常 好! Very good / very well. (CSS: Very much good!) “非常” (fēicháng) is an adverb expressing “very much”. In Mandarin Chinese, an adverb usually precedes an adjective or a verb and serves as a modifying function. 8) Tài bàng le! 太 棒了 ! Excellent / Terrific! (CSS: Too terrific le!) “太”: too, is an adverb used here to modify the adjective “棒”, terrific; The character “了” doesn’t have a practical meaning here. As a particle, “ 了 ” is often placed at the end of a sentence or a phrase to indicate two grammatical functions: 1) to express a fact or emphasize a certain situation if “了” is placed right after an adjective; 2) to express a past tense if “了” is directly or indirectly placed after a verb. 9) Bèir Bàng! 倍 儿棒 Excellent! (or Awesome!) (CSS: Double terrific!) As a frequently used Beijing dialect,“倍儿” (bèir) literally indicates the meaning “double”. So, “倍儿棒” (bèir bàng)means “double terrific” or “superb”. 10)Bú tài hǎo! 不太好! Not very good! (CSS: Not too good!) 11) Mǎma hūhu! 马马 虎虎! Just so-so! (CSS: Horse horse tiger tiger!) “马马虎虎” (Mǎma hūhu!) is an interesting expression often used in a spoken form to express a meaning “not so good but not too bad either”. It is equivalent to “just so-so” in English. “马马虎虎” (Mǎma hūhu!) can be used to humbly respond to a compliment or describe a fact or tell a truth. 12) Còuhe! 凑合! As a regularly used oral expression, “凑合” (còuhe) is often used to express something which is “reluctantly acceptable”; The meaning is equivalent to “scratch the bottom of a barrel” in English. Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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13)Bù zěmeyàng! 不怎 么样! Not very good! (CSS: Not how!) 14) Yìbān! 一 般! Just so-so! (一般is used to indicate the meaning “ordinary”). The meaning is equivalent to “马马虎 虎 ” (just so-so). 4. ANNOTATIONS Zhang Di: 你好1 ! 我2 很3 高兴4 见5 到6 你7。 1.你好nǐ hǎo hello / how are you 2.我 wǒ I / me / myself 3.很hěn very / extremely 4.高兴 gāo xìng happy / glad / willing (to do sth) / in a cheerful mood 5.见 xiàn appearjiàn to see / to meet / to appear (to be sth) / to interview 6.到 dào up to / to go / to arrive 7.你nǐ you Linda: 你好1 ! 我2 也3 很4 高兴5 见6 到7 你8。 1.你好nǐ hǎo hello / how are you 2.我 wǒ I / me / myself 3.也yě also / too 4.很hěn very / extremely 5.高兴gāo xìng happy / glad / willing (to do sth) / in a cheerful mood 6.见 xiàn appearjiàn to see / to meet / to appear (to be sth) / to interview 7.到dào to (a place) / until (a time) / up to / to go / to arrive 8.你 nǐ you Zhang Di: 你1 叫2 什么3 名字4? 1.你 nǐ you 2.叫 jiào to (be) call(ed) 3.什么shén me what? / who? / something / anything 4.名字míng zi (a person's) name Linda: 我1 叫2 琳3 达4 史密斯5。你6 呢7? 1.我 wǒ I / me / myself 2.叫 jiào to (be) call(ed) 3.琳lín gem 4.达 dá attain / pass through / achieve / reach / realize / clear / inform / notify / dignity 5.史密斯shǐ mì sī Smith (surname) 6.你 nǐ you 7.呢 ní woolen materialne (question particle) Zhang Di: 我1 叫2 张迪3。 1.我 wǒ I / me / myself 2.叫 jiào to (be) call(ed) 3.张迪Zhāng Dí (a Chinese people’s name). Linda: 你好1 ,张2 迪3, 我4 是5 美国人6。我7 来自8 美国9 芝加哥10。你11 来自12 哪 里13? 1.你好nǐ hǎo hello / how are you2.张zhāng (a measure word) / (a surname) / open up 3. 迪 dí direct / follow 4.我 wǒ I / me / myself 5.是shì to be (is, are, am) / yes 6.美国人měi guó rén American person / American people 7.我wǒ I / me / myself 8.来自lái zì to come from (a place) 9.美国měi guó America / American / United States of America / USA 10.芝 Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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加哥zhī jiā gē Chicago 11.你 nǐ you 12.来自lái zì to come from (a place) 13.哪里nǎ li where / wherever Zhang Di: 我1 是2 中国人3。我4 来自5 中国6 北京7。 1.我 wǒ I / me / myself 2.是shì to be (is, are, am) / yes 3.中国人zhōng guó rén Chinese person / Chinese people 4.我 wǒ I / me / myself 5.来自lái zì to come from (a place) 6.中国 zhōng guó China / Chinese 7.北京Běi jīng Beijing (capital of People's Republic of China) Linda: 我1 去2 过3 北京4。北京5 很6 漂亮7 ……请问8, 他9 是10 谁11? 1.我 wǒ I / me / myself 2.去 qù to go / to leave / to remove 3.过guò (experienced action marker) / to cross / to go over / to pass (time) / to celebrate (a holiday) / to live / to get along / (surname) / excessively / too- 4.北京běi jīng Beijing (capital of People's Republic of China) 5. 北 京 běi jīng Beijing (capital of People's Republic of China) 6. 很 hěn very / extremely 7.漂亮piào liang pretty / beautiful 8.请问qǐng wèn may I ask... 9.他 tā he / him 10.是shì to be (is, are, am) / yes 11.谁shuí whoshéi who Zhang Di: 他1 是2 我的3 朋友4 马5 克6。 1.他 tā he / him 2.是 shì to be (is, are, am) / yes 3.我的wǒ de my / mine 4.朋友péng you friend 5.马 mǎ horse 6.克 kè subduekè gram / subdue / to restrain / to overcome Linda: 你1 好2, 马克3, 我4 叫5 琳6 达7.史密斯8。我9 很10 高兴11 见12 到13 你14。 1.你 nǐ you 2.好hào be fond ofhǎo good / well 3.马克mǎ kè mark 4.我 wǒ I / me / myself 5.叫 jiào to (be) call(ed) 6.琳 lín gem 7.达dá attain / pass through / achieve / reach / realize / clear / inform / notify / dignity 8.史密斯shǐ mì sī Smith (surname) 9.我 wǒ I / me / myself 10.很hěn very / extremely 11.高兴gāo xìng happy / glad / willing (to do sth) / in a cheerful mood 12.见 xiàn appearjiàn to see / to meet / to appear (to be sth) / to interview 13.到 dào to (a place) / until (a time) / up to / to go / to arrive 14.你 nǐ you Mark: 你好1, 琳2 达3, 我4 也5 很6 高兴7 见8 到9 你10。 1.你好nǐ hǎo hello / how are you 2.琳 lín gem 3.达dá attain / pass through / achieve / reach / realize / clear / inform / notify / dignity 4.我 wǒ I / me / myself 5.也yě also / too 6. 很hěn very / extremely 7.高兴gāo xìng happy / glad / willing (to do sth) / in a cheerful mood 8.见 xiàn appearjiàn to see / to meet / to appear (to be sth) / to interview 9.到 dào to (a place) / until (a time) / up to / to go / to arrive 10.你 nǐ you

Linda: 马克1 , 你2 也3 来自4 美国5 吗6? 1.马克Mǎ kè Mark 2.你 nǐ you 3.也yě also / too 4.来自lái zì to come from (a place) 5.美国 měi guó America / American / United States of America / USA 6. 吗mǎ morphinema (question tag) Mark: 不1 , 我2 来自3 英国4 伦敦5。

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1.不bù (negative prefix) / not / nobú (when directly preceding a tone 4) / not / no 2.我 wǒ I / me / myself 3.来自lái zì to come from (a place) 4.英国yīng guó England / Britain / English 5.伦敦lún dūn London (capital of United Kingdom) Linda: 我1 也2 去3 过4 伦敦5。伦敦6 也7 很8 漂亮9。 1. 我 wǒ I / me / myself 2. 也 yě also / too 3. 去 qù to go / to leave / to remove 4. 过 guò (experienced action marker) / to cross / to go over / to pass (time) / to celebrate (a holiday) / to live / to get along / (surname) / excessively / too- 5.伦敦lún dūn London (capital of United Kingdom) 6.伦敦lún dūn London (capital of United Kingdom)7.也yě also / too 8. 很hěn very / extremely 9.漂亮piào liang pretty / beautiful 5. KEY WORDS AND USAGE

►叫 (jiào): As a commonly used Chinese character, 叫 (jiào) is used as a verb which means “to call” or “to be called as”. When you are introducing yourself to others, use the word 叫 (jiào) followed by your full name.

Examples: Wǒ jiào Zhāng Dí. √ 我 叫 张迪 。 I am Zhang Di / or My name is Zhang Di. √ 他叫马克.弗里曼Tā jiào Mǎkè Fúlǐmàn. He is Mark Freeman/ or his name is Mark Freeman. Tā jiào Líndá. Shǐmìsī. √ 她 叫 琳 达 . 史密斯。 She is Linda Smith / or her name is Linda Smith. It’s necessary to point out that “叫” (jiào) also means “to call for” or “to ask for”. Examples: Wǒ xiǎng jiào yí liàng chūzū chē. 出 租 车。 √我 想 叫一 辆 I would like to call a taxi. Nín néng bāng wǒ jiào yí liàng chūzū chē ma? 出 租 车 吗? √ 您 能 帮 我叫 一 辆 Could you help call a taxi for me?

►来自(láizì): 来(lái) means “to come” and 自(zì): means “from”. So, 来自(láizì) means “to come from”

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Examples: Wǒ láizì Zhōngguó Běijīng. 国 北京。 √ 我 来自 中 I come from Beijing, China. Tā láizì Měiguó Zhījiāgē √ 他 来 自 美 国 芝加哥。 He comes from Chicago, USA.

►从 …… 来 (cóng…..lái) is a useful prepositional phrase which means “come from…”

literally. In Mandarin Chinese, the prepositional word is typically placed before the verb to form a verbal phrase. Examples: Zhāng Dí cóng Shànghǎi lái. √ 张 迪 从 上 海来 。 Zhang Di comes from Shanghai. Yuēhàn cóng Niǔyuē lái. √ 约 翰 从 纽 约来 。 John comes from New York.

►美国芝加哥(Měiguó Zhījiāgē) Unlike English which put the name of a city before the name of a county, in Mandarin Chinese, the name of a country should be placed before the name of a city. Examples: √ 中国北京(Zhōngguó Běijīng) China, Beijing √ 美国芝加哥(Měiguó Zhījiāgē) U.S.A, Chicago √ 法国巴黎(Fàguó Bālí) France, Paris √ 英国伦敦(Yīngguó Lúndūn) United Kingdom, London √ 德国法兰克福(Déguó Fǎlánkèfú) Germany, Frankfurt

►怎么样(zěnmeyàng) how; what about; how about

怎么样(zěnmeyàng) serves as an interrogative pronoun and it is usually used to ask someone’s idea or comments on something. The meaning is equivalent to “how do you think of it?”, “how about?” or “what about?” Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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Examples: Běijīng de xiàtiān tiānqi zěnmeyàng? √ 北 京 的 夏 天 天 气 怎 么 样? How’s the weather in Beijing’s summer time? Nǐ juéde Jiùjīnshān zěnmeyàng? √你觉得 旧金 山 怎么样? What do you think of San Francisco? Wǒmen yìqǐ qù chī fàn zěnmeyàng? √ 我 们 一 起 去 吃 饭 怎 么 样 ? How about we go for a meal together? 6. SUPPLEMENTARY VOCABULARY ID Chinese Pinyin Part of Speech English 1.

名字

míngzi

n.

name

2. 3. 4. 5.

姓 开心 从….来 这里

xìng kāixīn cóng…. Lái zhèlǐ

n. adj. v. d.p.

surname happy; pleasant to come from here (w)

6.

那里

nàlǐ

d.p.

there (w)

7. 8. 9.

这儿 那儿 哪儿

zhèr nàr nǎr

d.p. d.p. i.p.

here (s) there (s) where

10. 11. 12. 13.

纽约 洛杉矶 旧金山 波士顿

Niǔyuē Luòshānjī Jiùjīnshān Bōshìdùn

p.n. p.n. p.n. p.n.

New York Los Angeles San Francisco Boston

14. 休斯敦 15. 达拉斯 16. 迈阿密

Xiūsīdūn Dálāsī Mài'āmì

p.n. p.n. p.n.

Houston Dallas Miami

17. 德国 18. 法国

Déguó Fǎguó

p.n. p.n.

Germany France

19. 意大利 20. 印 度 21. 墨西哥

Yìdàlì Yìndù Mòxīgē

p.n. p.n. p.n.

Italy India Mexico

22. 俄罗斯 23. 日本

éluósī Rìběn

p.n. p.n.

Russia Japan

24. 韩国 25. 干

Hánguó gàn

p.n. v.

Korea to do

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26. 业务 27. 小 28. 买卖 29. 短 30. 时候 31. 将近

yèwù xiǎo

n. adj.

business small

mǎimài duǎn

n./v. adj. n. adj./adv.

deal short time nearly; closely

adj./adv. p.n.

just German

Fǎyǔ

p.n.

French

日语 俄语 意大利语

Rìyǔ éyǔ Yìdàlìyǔ

西班牙语 阿拉伯语

Xībānyáyǔ Ālābóyǔ

p.n. p.n. p.n. p.n. p.n.

Japanese Russian Italian Spanish Arabic

zhōngxué

n. n.

elementary school middle school

chūzhōng gāozhōng

n. n.

junior high school high school

32. 刚好 33. 德语 34. 法语 35. 36. 37. 38. 39.

40. 小学 41. 中学 42. 初中 43. 高中

shíhou jiāngjìn gānghǎo Déyǔ

xiǎoxué

7. MULTIPLE CHOICE: CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER 1 叫(jiào) a). to call; to order; to ask; to be called as; b). to live; to get along; c). to go; to go to (a place)

d). pretty; beautiful

2 什么(shénme) a). pretty; beautiful b). what?; who?; something; anything c). to live; to get along; d). London, capital of United Kingdom 3 名字(míngzi) a). name (of a person or thing)

b). friend

c). who d). pretty; beautiful

4 来自(láizì) a). Beijing b). where c). Excuse me, may I ask...? d). to come from 5 哪里(nǎlǐ) a). United States; b). what?; who?; something; anything Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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c). where?; d). Beijing 6 美国(Měiguó) a). to go; to go to (a place); b). United States c). to come from d). what?; who? 7 芝加哥(Zhījiāgē) a). United States; b). United Kingdom c). Chicago, USA d). Beijing 8 去(qù) a). London b). where c). friend d). to go; to go to (a place) 9 漂亮(piàoliang) a)surname Guo; to cross; to go over; to pass (time); to celebrate (a holiday); to live; to get along; excessively; toob)Beijing, capital of People's Republic of China; Peking; PRC government c). United States; USA; US d). pretty; beautiful 10 请问(qǐng wèn) a) Excuse me, may I ask...? b)Beijing, capital of People's Republic of China; Peking; PRC government c). pretty; beautiful d). where?; somewhere 11 北京(Běijīng) a) to call; to order; to ask; to be called as b)surname Guo; to cross; to go over; to pass (time) c). Beijing d). name (of a person or thing); 12 谁(shéi) a) Beijing b)pretty; beautiful c). who d). where

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13 朋友(péngyou) a). to cross; to go over; to pass (time) b). friend

c). Beijing d). name (of a person or

thing) 14 英国(Yīngguó) a). United Kingdom b). to go; to go to (a place)

c). to come from d). what?; who?

16 伦敦(Lúndūn) a). London b). Excuse me, may I ask...? c). friend; d). Beijing 8. Matching Quiz 1 来自

United Kingdom

2去

who

3 美国

London

4谁

what

5 哪里

United States; USA

6 英国

to go;

7 名字

Beijing

8叫

name

9 朋友

friend

10 漂亮

to call; to be called as

11 芝加哥

to come from

12 请问

Chicago

13 伦敦

pretty; beautiful

14 什么

where

15 北京

Excuse me, may I ask...?

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CHINESE CHARACTER WRITING EXERCISE: FILL IN THE BLANKS

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CHINESE CHARACTER WRITING EXERCISE: FILL IN THE BLANKS

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CHINESE CHARACTER WRITING EXERCISE: FILL IN THE BLANKS

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LESSON FOUR Asking for Help

SITUATIONAL DIALOGUE A: Duìbuqǐ, nín néng bāngzhù wǒ ma? A: 对不起, 您 能 帮 助 我 吗? A: Excuse me, can you help me please? (CSS: Excuse me, you can help me ma?) B: Méi wèntí. Nǐ xūyào shénme bāngzhù? B: 没 问题。你 需 要 什 么 帮 助? B: No problem. What help do you need (or how can I help you)? (CSS: No problem, you need what help?) A: Wǒ xiǎng zhīdao zěnme qù túshū guǎn. A: 我 想 知 道 怎 么 去 图 书 馆。 A: I want to know how to get to the library. B: Nín xiǎng qù nǎge túshū guǎn? B: 您 想 去 哪 个 图 书 馆

?

B: Which library do you want to go to? (CSS: You would like to go to which library?) A: Wǒ xiǎng qù Shǒudū Túshū guǎn. A: 我 想 去 首 都 图 书 馆 。 A: I want to go to the Capital City Library. Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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B: Qiánmiàn nàɡe dàlóu jiù shì Shǒudū Túshū ɡuǎn. B: 前 面 那个大楼 就 是 首 都 图 书 馆。 B: The big building ahead is (just) Capital City Library. (CSS: Ahead that big building just is Capital City Library)

A: Xièxie nǐ! A: 谢 谢 你 ! A: Thank you! B: Bú kèqì. B: 不 客 气 。 B: You’re welcome. NEW WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS No. Chinese

Pinyin

Part of Speech

English

1. 对不起

duìbuqǐ

p.

sorry; excuse me

2. 能

néng

v.

can; be able to

3. 帮助

bāngzhù

v./n.

to help; help

4. 没

méi

prep.

without; don’t have

5. 问题

wèntí

n.

problem; question

6. 需要

xūyào

v./n.

to need; need

7. 什么

shénme

i.p.

what

8. 想

xiǎng

v.

would like to; want

9. 知道

zhīdao

v.

to know; to be aware of

10. 怎么

zěnme

i.p.

how

11. 去

v.

to go

12. 图书馆

túshū guǎn

n.

library

13. 哪个

nǎge (něige)

i.p.

which

14. 首都

shǒudū

n.

capital city

15. 前面

qiánmiàn

adj.

ahead; front

16. 那个

nàge (nèige)

d.p.

that

17. 大楼

dàlóu

n

big building

18. 就

jiù

adv.

just

Verbs: 1) 问 (wèn): to ask ; asking ; 2) 有 (yǒu) : to have ; to have got (something) Adverb: 2) 请 (qǐng): please (it is used as an adverb; usually placed before a verb) Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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SUBSTITUTIONAL DRILL 1: How to express“where is…”? ► 在 (zài): to be at (in) As one of the most frequently used prepositions, 在 (zài) literally means “to be at” or “to be in”. When在 (zài) is placed before a noun, it could either indicate the ‘place” or “location”, or “time”. The prepositional phrases constituted are treated as an adverb and usually placed before a verb. Examples: Yuēhàn zài Zhōngguó zuò shēngyi. 中 国 做 生 意。 √ 约翰在 John is doing business in China. Líndá zài Běijīng jiāo Yīngyǔ. 英语 。 √琳达 在 北京 教 Linda is teaching English in Beijing. Zhāng Dí zài Měiguó xuéxí. √ 张 迪在 美国 学习。 Zhang Di is studying in the United States. Noun + 在(zài): to be at (in) + 哪里(nǎlǐ): where = Where is the Noun? Noun 医院 饭店 酒店 商店 银行

yīyuàn fàndiàn jiǔdiàn

hospital hotel

shāngdiàn yínháng

hotel store bank

邮局 机场

yóujú jīchǎng

post office s airport

公司 学校 男厕所

gōngsī xuéxiào nán cèsuǒ

company school man’s room

女厕所 大使馆 图书馆 火车站

nǚ cèsuǒ dàshǐ guǎn túshū guǎn huǒchē zhàn

lady’s room embassy library train station

公园 动物园

gōngyuán dòngwù yuán

park zoo

牛肉 牛奶

niúròu niúnǎi

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SUBSTITUTIONAL DRILL 2: HOW TO USE THE WORD“叫jiào”? 1)

Useful words: a) 请(qǐng): please b) 叫(jiào): to call; to be called as…

EXERCISE ➢ 我的(Wǒde)名字叫(jiào)张迪(Zhāng Dí)

名字(míngzi): name

My name is Zhang Di. 出租车(chūzūchē): taxi

➢ 叫(jiào)出租车 To call a taxi.

➢ 叫(jiào)醒

醒(xǐng): to wake up

To call to wake up. ➢ 叫警察

警察(jǐngchá): police

To call police. SUBSTITUTIONAL DRILL 3:How to express “how to go to…” Use the following vocabulary to replace “图书馆”(library) “请问, 去图书馆怎么走”?

1. 大使馆 2. 医院 3. 饭店 4. 商店 5. 银行 6. 邮局

dàshǐ guǎn yīyuàn fàndiàn shāngdiàn yínháng yóujú

n. n. n. n. n. n.

embassy hospital hotel store bank post office

KEY WORDS AND USAGES

►能 (néng): can; be able to (do something)

This is a very useful verb which is usually used before a verb indicating an ability to do something.

Examples: Líndá néng bāngzhù Mǎkè xuéxí Hànyǔ √ 琳 达 能 帮 助 马克学习汉语。 Linda can help Mark learn Mandarin Chinese. Zhāng Dí bāngzhù Yuēhàn zhǎodào yí fèn gōngzuò. 找 到一份 工 作。 √ 张 迪 帮 助 约翰 Zhang Di helped John find a job.

►需要(xūyào): to need; needs (could be used as a verb or a noun) Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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Examples: Zài Yīngyǔ xuéxí fāngmiàn, wǒ xūyào nǐde bāngzhù. 助。 面, 我 需 要 你的 帮 √ 在 英语学习 方 I need your help in learning English. Yóuyú gōngzuò xūyào, tā qù le Běijīng. √ 由 于 工 作 需 要 , 他 去 了 北 京。 He went to Beijing owing to the need of his work.

►知道(zhīdao): to know Examples: Wǒ zhīdao Yuēhàn láizì Měiguó √ 我 知 道 约 翰 来自 美 国。 I know that John comes from the United States. Wǒ bù zhīdao Líndá qù le Zhōngguó 中 国。 √ 我 不 知 道 琳 达去了 I did not know that Linda went to China.

►去 (qù): to go Firstly, beginner-level learners need to pay attention to the pronunciation of this frequently used verb. The “ù” in the pronunciation is equivalent to “ǜ”. Secondly, 去 (qù) is used to expression of “going to somewhere”, which is different from the usage of another verb 来(lái). 来(lái) is used to express “to come to somewhere”. Examples: Líndá bù zhīdao zěnme qù túshū guǎn √琳达不知道怎么去图书馆。 Linda doesn’t know how to go to the library. Mǎkè xiǎng qù Shǒudū Jīchǎng √ 马 克 想 去 首 都 机场。 Mark wants to go to the Capital City Airport. Zhāng Dí jiāng qù Zhōngguó kàn tāde péngyou. √ 张 迪将 去中 国看他的 朋友。 Zhang Di will go to China to see his friends.

►哪个(nǎge): which

哪个(nǎge) is used as an interrogative pronoun which is referring to a singular form. The second character 个 is usually pronounced as a neutral tone. Examples: Nǐ zhīdao Líndá zài nǎge túshū guǎn xuéxí? √ 你 知道 琳达在哪个图书馆 学 习 ? Do you know which library Linda is studying at?

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Mǎkè xiǎng qù nǎge jīchǎng? √ 马克 想 去 哪 个 机 场? Which airport does Mark want to go? Líndá xiǎng zhīdao nǎge yínháng de fúwù zuìhǎo. √琳达 想知道哪个 银行的服务最好。 Linda wants to know which bank has the best service.

►就(jiù): Just

As a frequently used link verb, 就(jiù) is often used to emphasize a certain thing and the meaning is equivalent to “just” or “exactly” in English. Examples: Mǎkè gàosu Líndá qiánmiàn nàge dàlóu jiù shì Zhōngguó Yínháng. √ 马 克 告 诉 琳 达 前 面 那个大楼就是中 国 银 行。 Mark told Linda that the big building ahead is just Ban of China. Shǒudū jīchǎng jiù shì Zhāng Dí yào qù de jīchǎng. √首都机场 就是 张迪要去的机场。 Capital City Airport is what Zhang Di wanted to go. Yuēhàn jiù shì nà jiā gōngsī de jīnglǐ. √ 约 翰 就是那家公司 的 经 理 。 John is exactly the manager of that company.

MATCHING QUIZ 1 怎么

néng

2 帮助

xū yào

3去

nǎ ge

4 前面

shén me

5 什么

wèn tí

6 需要

shǒu dū

7 那个

qián miàn

8想

zhī dào

9 问题

zěn me

10 对不起

dà lóu

11 大楼

méi

12 图书馆

jiù

13 哪个

xiǎng

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14 知道

bāng zhù

15 就

duì bu qǐ

16 没

nà ge

17 首都

18 能

tú shū guǎn

WRITE DOWN CHINESE PINYIN FOR THE FOLLOWING WORDS 1 对不起

2能

3 帮助

4没

5 问题

6 需要

7 什么

8想

9 知道

10 怎么

11 去

12 图书馆

13 哪个

14 首都

15 前面

16 那个

17 大楼

18 就

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1 对不起(duì bu qǐ) a). sorry; excuse me b). can; to be able to c). how 2 能(néng) a). without; have not; not

d). capital (city)

b). capital (city) c). ahead; in front d). can; to be able to

3 帮助(bāng zhù) a). to help b). to know; to become aware of c). that one d). which 4 没(méi) a). what b). without; have not; not c). to help d). can; to be able to

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5 问题(wèn tí) a). without; have not; not b). question; problem c). to want d). what 6 需要(xū yào) a). what b). assistance; aid; to help; to assist c). how d). to need; to require 7 什么(shén me) a). to know; to become aware of b). what c). ahead; in front d). to want 8 想(xiǎng) a). can; to be able to b). ahead; in front

9 知道(zhī dào) a). without; have not; not 10 怎么(zěn me) a). can; to be able to 11 去(qù) a). capital (city)

c). to want d). question; problem

b). to know; c). can; to be able to

b). to go

d). to need; to require;

c). how d). library

b). sorry; excuse me c). to go; to go to (a place) d). to wish; to want

12 图书馆(tú shū guǎn) a). to want b). to need; to require c). to know; to become aware of d). library 13 哪个(nǎ ge) a). library b). to want c). that one d). which

14 首都(shǒu dū) a). to know b). to want

c). capital (city) d). assistance; aid; to help

15 前面(qián miàn) a). without; have not; not b). ahead; in front 16 那个(nà ge) a). question; problem b). that one

17 大楼(dà lóu) a). what b). that one 18 就(jiù) a). at once; right away

c). how d). to want

c). to help d). sorry; excuse me

c). big building d). can; to be able to b). ahead; in front

c). to know

d). which

FILL IN THE BLANKS BY USING THE CORRECT WORDS 1.需要2. 帮助3. 知道4. 哪个5. 怎么 6. 就 1. 马克 怎么去图书馆 Mark knows how to go to the library. 2. 张迪想

琳达和马克学习汉语

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Zhang Di wants to help Linda and Mark study Mandarin Chinese. 3. 约翰不知道 去美国银行。 John doesn’t know how to go to Bank of America. 4. 张迪告诉马克前面那个大楼 是北京饭店。 Zhang Di told Mark that the big building ahead is exactly Beijing Hotel. 5. 约翰 马克和琳达的 John needs Mark and Linda’s help.

ANNOTATIONS A: 对不起1, 您2 能3 帮助4 我5 吗6? 1.对不起duìbuqǐ sorry / excuse 2.您 nín you (formal) 3.能néng can / be able to 4.帮助 bāngzhù to help 5.我wǒ I / me / myself6.吗ma question mark B: 没1 问题2。你3 需要4 什么5 帮助6? 1. 没 méi (negative prefix for verbs) / have not / notmò drowned / to end / to die / to inundate2.问题wèntí problem / issue 3.你nǐ you 4.需要xūyào to need / needs 5.什么 shén me what? / who? / something / anything6.帮助bāngzhù to help A: 我1 想2 知道3 怎么4 去5 图书馆6。 1.我 wǒ I / me / myself 2.想 xiǎng to think of / to want 3.知道zhī dao know 4.怎么zěnme how? / what? / why? 5.去 qù to go / to leave / to remove 6.图书馆túshū guǎn library B: 您1 想2 去3 哪个4 图书馆5? 1.您 nín you (formal) 2.想xiǎng to think / to believe / to suppose / to wish / to want / to miss3.去qù to go 4.哪个nǎ ge which / who 5.图书馆tú shū guǎn library A: 首都1 图书馆2。 1.首都shǒu dū capital (city)2.图书馆tú shū guǎn library B: 前面1 那个2 大楼3 就4 是5 首都6 图书馆7。 1.前面qiánmian ahead / front 2.那个nèige that one 3.大楼 dàlóu large building 4.就 jiù just; exactly 5.是 shì to be (is, are, am) 6.首都 shǒudū capital (city) 7.图书馆 túshū guǎn library A: 谢谢1 你2! 1.谢谢xiè xie to thank2.你nǐ you B: 不1 客气2。 1.不 bù (negative prefix) / not / nobú (when directly preceding a tone 4) / not / no2.客气 kè qì polite

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CHINESE CHARACTER WRITING EXERCISE: FILL IN THE BLANKS

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CHINESE CHARACTER WRITING EXERCISE: FILL IN THE BLANKS

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CHINESE CHARACTER WRITING EXERCISE: FILL IN THE BLANKS

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LESSON FIVE Talking About Mandarin Chinese Study (1) SITUATIONAL DIALOGUE

Yuēhàn: Nǐde Hànyǔ shuō de zhēn hǎo. John: 你的 汉 语 说 得 真 好。 John: You speak Chinese really well. (CSS: Your Chinese speak de really pretty well) Líndá: Xièxie nǐde kuājiǎng. Linda: 谢 谢 你 的 夸 奖。 Linda: Thanks for your compliment. Yuēhàn: Nǐde Hànyǔ lǎoshī shì sheí? John: 你的 汉 语 老 师 是 谁? John: Who is your Chinese teacher? (CSS: Your Chinese teacher is who?) Líndá: Wǒde Hànyǔ lǎoshī jiào Zhāng Dí. Linda: 我的 汉 语 老师 叫 张 迪。 Linda: My Chinese teacher’s name is Zhang Di. Yuēhàn: Nǐde Hànyǔ lǎoshī shì Zhōngguó rén ma? 中 国 人 吗? John: 你的 汉 语 老 师 是 John: Is your Chinese teacher Chinese (people)? (Your Chinese teacher is Chinese ma?) Líndá: Shì de. Tā láizì Zhōngguó Běijīng. Linda: 是 的 。他 来自 中 国 北 京 。 Linda: Yes. He comes from Beijing, China. NEW WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS No. Chinese

Pinyin

汉语 说 3. 得 4. 真 5. 夸奖 6. 老师 7. 谁 8. 叫 9. 张迪 10. 中国人

Hànyǔ

1. 2.

Part of Speech

English

shuō

p.n. v.

Chinese language to speak

de

p.

(a particle)

zhēn kuājiǎng

adj./adv.

really; real; truly

v./n.

praise; compliment

lǎoshī

n.

teacher

shuí (or sheí)

i.p.

who

jiào

v.

to call; to be called as

Zhāng Dí

p.n.

Zhang Di (a Chinese name)

Zhōngguó rén

p.n.

Chinese people

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Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

ANNOTATIONS: TALKING ABOUT MANDARIN CHINESE STUDY 约翰1: 你的2 汉语3 说4 得5 真6 好7。 1.约翰yuē hàn John (name) / Johan (name) 2.你的nǐ deyour / yours 3.汉语hàn yǔ Chinese language 4. 说 tuō shuō shuō to speak / to sayshuì speakshuì persuade (politically)yuè 5. 得 děi to have to / must / ought to / to need tode a sentence particle used after a verb to show effect / degree or possibilitydé obtain / get / gain / proper / suitable / proud / contented / allow / permit / ready / finished 6.真 zhēn real / true / genuine zhēn gè really surrender in love 7.好hào be fond ofhǎo good / well 琳1 达2: 谢谢3 你的4 夸奖5。 1. 琳 lín gem 2.达 dá attain / pass through / achieve / reach / realize / clear / inform / notify / dignity 3.谢谢xiè xie to thank 4.你的nǐ deyour / yours 5.夸奖kuā jiǎng praise; applaud 约翰1: 你的2 汉语3 老师4 是5 谁6? 1.约翰yuē hàn John (name) / Johan (name) 2.你的nǐ deyour / yours 3.汉语hàn yǔ Chinese language 4.老师lǎo shī teacher 5.是shì to be (is, are, am) / yes 6.谁shuí whoshéi who 琳1 达2: 我的3 汉语4 老师5 叫6 张7 迪8。 1. 琳 lín gem 2. 达 dá attain / pass through / achieve / reach / realize / clear / inform / notify / dignity 3.我的wǒ de my / mine 4.汉语hàn yǔ Chinese language 5.老师lǎo shī teacher 6.叫 jiào to (be) call(ed) 7.张zhāng (a measure word) / (a surname) / open up 8.迪 dí direct / follow 约翰1: 你的2 汉语3 老师4 是5 中国人6 吗7? 1.约翰yuē hàn John (name) / Johan (name) 2.你的nǐ deyour / yours 3.汉语hàn yǔ Chinese language 4.老师lǎo shī teacher 5.是shì to be (is, are, am) / yes 6.中国人zhōng guó rén Chinese person / Chinese people 7.吗mǎ morphinema (question tag) 琳1 达2: 是的3。他4 来自5 中国6 北京7。 1. 琳 lín gem 2. 达 dá attain / pass through / achieve / reach / realize / clear / inform / notify / dignity 3.是的shì de yes 4.他 tā he / him 5.来自lái zì to come from (a place) 6.中 国zhōng guó China / Chinese 7.北京běi jīng Beijing (capital of People's Republic of China).

Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

LESSON FIVE What would you like to drink? (2)

QQQQ

SITUATIONAL DIALOGUE: (IN AN AIRPLANE) A: Nín hǎo, Xiānsheng, qǐng wèn nín xiǎng hē shénme? A: 您 好 。 先 生 。 请 问 您 想 喝 什 么 ? A: Hello, Sir, may I ask what you would like to drink? (CSS: Hello, Sir, may I ask you would like to drink what?)

B: Nǐmen yǒu shénmeyàng de yǐnliào?

B: 你 们 有 什 么 样 的 饮 料 ?

B: What kind of drinks do you have? (CSS: You have what kind of drinks?) A: Wǒmen yǒu kāfēi, chá hé guǒzhī. A: 我 们 有 咖啡、茶 和 果 汁 。 A: We have coffee, tea and fruit juice. B: Nǐmen yǒu shénmeyàng de chá? B: 你 们 有 什 么 样 的 茶? B: What kind of tea do you have? A: Wǒmen yǒu hóngchá, lǜchá hé huāchá.

A: 我 们

有 红 茶、绿 茶 和 花 茶。

A: We have black tea, green tea, and scented tea. Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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B: Nǐmen yǒu shénmeyàng de guǒzhī?

B: 你 们 有 什 么 样 的 果 汁 ?

B: What kinds of fruit juice do you have? A: Wǒmen yǒu píngguǒ zhī, fānqié zhī hé chéngzhī. A: 我 们 有 苹 果 汁、番 茄 汁 和 橙 汁。 A: We have apple juice, tomato juice and orange juice. B: Gěi wǒ yī bēi píngguǒ zhī ba.

B: 给 我 一 杯 苹 果 汁 吧 。 B: Give me a cup of apple juice please. A: Hǎode. Nǐ xiǎng jiā diǎn bīngkuài ma?

A: 好 的 。你 想 加 点 冰

块 吗?

A: OK. Would you like to add some ice cubes? (CSS: OK. You would like to add some ice cubes ma?) B: Xíng. Qǐng jiā diǎn bīngkuài. B: 行。 请 加 点 冰 块。 B: OK. Please add some ice cubes. NEW WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS No. Chinese

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

先生 想 喝 有 什么样的 饮料 咖啡 茶 果汁 红茶 绿茶 花茶 苹果汁 番茄汁 橙汁 给 杯 吧

Pinyin

Xiānsheng xiǎng hē yǒu shénmeyàng de yǐnliào kāfēi chá guǒzhī hóngchá lǜchá huāchá píngguǒ zhī fānqié zhī chéng zhī gěi bēi ba

Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

Part of Speech

p.n. v. v. v. i.p. n. n. n. n. n. n. n. n. n. n. v./prep. m.w. m.p.

English

Sir; Mister; teacher would like to; to want to drink; to have; there is; there are what kind of; what sort of drink; beverage coffee (a loanword) tea fruit juice black tea green tea scented tea apple juice tomato juice orange juice to give; for cup (a measure word) please (a modal particle) Page 80

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Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

19 请 20 加 21 点

22 冰块

qǐng jiā diǎn bīngkuài

please (an adverb)

adv. v. adj. n.

to add; plus a little bit; some; a bit ice cube

KEY WORDS AND USAGES ► 说(shuō): to speak; to say 说(shuō) is considered a top frequently used verb for beginner level learners. Literally, 说 (shuō) either means “to say” as a transitive verb or “to speak” as an intransitive verb. Examples: Mǎkè shuō tā jiāng qù Zhōngguó xuéxí Hànyǔ. 去 中 国 学 习 汉 语。 √马 克 说 他 将 Mark says that he will go to China to study Mandarin Chinese. Líndá xiǎng shuō Hànyǔ, dàn Mǎkè xiǎng shuō Yīngyǔ. 说 汉语,但 马 克 想 说 英语 。 √ 琳达 想 Linda wants to speak Mandarin Chinese but Mark wants to speak English. Zhāng Dí de Hànyǔ hé Yīngyǔ shuō de dōu hěn hǎo. 迪的 汉语和英 语 说 得 都 很 好。 √ 张 Zhang Di speaks both Mandarin Chinese and English very well. Yuēhàn shuō xiàge yuè tā jiāng qù Zhōngguó lǚxíng. 去 中 国 旅行。 √ 约 翰 说 下 个 月他 将 John says that he will go to China for traveling next month. ► 得 (de) an aspect particle which is used to indicate a passive voice. The aspect particle 得 (de) does not have a literal meaning. Instead, it is often used after a verb to indicate a passive voice or a certain level, fact or situation. In a Chinese sentence, if the subject is not a personal pronoun, the word 得 (de) after a verb often indicate a passive voice. Examples: Líndá de Yīngyǔ shuō de hěn hǎo, dàn tāde Hànyǔ shuō de bú tài hǎo. √ 琳达的英语 说 得很 好,但 她 的 汉 语 说 得 不 太 好 。 Linda speaks English very well, but she doesn’t speak Mandarin Chinese very well.

Yuēhàn zài Zhōngguó wánr de hěn kāixīn. √ 约 翰 在 中 国 玩儿得 很 开 心 。 John had a very good time in China.

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Mǎkè zài Měiguó gōngzuò jìnxíng de hěn shùnlì. 马 工 作进行得很顺 利。 √ 克 在美 国 Mark’s work on the United States is going on very smoothly. ► 真 (zhēn): real; really; true; truly 真 (zhēn) could either be used as an adjective which means “real” or “true” or an adverb which means “really” or “truly”. Examples: Zhījiāgē de dōngtiān zhēn lěng. √ 芝 加 哥 的 冬 天 真 冷。 Chicago’s winter time is really cold. Mǎkè zhēn xiǎng qù Zhōngguó lǚxíng. √ 马克 真 想 去 中 国 旅 行 。 Mark really wants to go to China for traveling. Yuēhàn zhēn de bù zhīdao Mǎkè zài nǎlǐ. √ 约 翰 真 的 不 知 道 马克在哪里。 John truly doesn’t know where is Mark. ► 谁 (sheí/shuí):who The interrogative pronoun 谁(shuí) can be used as a noun at the beginning of a sentence or be used as an object after a verb. Examples: Mǎkè xiǎng zhīdao Líndá de Hànyǔ lǎoshī shì shéi. 谁。 √ 马克 想 知 道 琳 达 的 汉 语 老 师 是 Mark wants to know who is Linda’s Chinese teacher. Shéi shì Líndá de Hànyǔ lǎoshī? √ 谁 是 琳 达 的 汉 语 老 师? Who is Linda’s Chinese teacher? Shéi shuō Yuēhàn bù xiǎng qù Zhōngguó? 想 去 中 国? √ 谁 说 约 翰不 Who says Mark doesn’t want to go to China? ► 叫 (jiào): to call; to be called as… As one of most frequently used verbs, “ 叫 ” (jiào) can be used in different contexts to express the active voice meaning “to call” or passive voice meaning “to be called as”.

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Examples: Wǒ jiào Zhāng Dí. Wǒ láizì Zhōngguó Běijīng. 张 迪。我 来 自 中 国 北 京。 √ 我 叫 My name is Zhang Di. I come from Beijing, China. Mǎkè xiǎng jiào yí liàng chūzūchē. √ 马克 想 叫 一 辆 出租车。 Mark wants to call a taxi. Wǒ xiǎng zhīdao xīn lái de Hànyǔ lǎoshī jiào shénme míngzi. √ 我 想 知道 新来的 汉语 老师 叫 什么名 字。 I want to know the name of the new Chinese teacher. ► 想 (xiǎng): would like to; to want; to think of (doing something) In most cases, the verb 想(xiǎng) means “would like to” or “to want”. Basically, it is used to express the meaning of “to think of doing something” or “to think about doing something”. Depending on the contexts, 想 (xiǎng) could also be used to express the meaning of “to miss” (home, family, friends, someone, etc.)

Examples: Líndá xiǎng jiào yí liàng chūzū chē. 出租车。 √ 琳达 想 叫 一 辆 Linda wants to call a taxi. Mǎkè xiǎng hē yī bēi píjiǔ. √ 马克 想 喝一 杯啤酒。 Mark wants to drink a glass of beer. Zhāng Dí lái Měiguó kuài shí nián le, tā hěn xiǎng tā zài Zhōngguó de jiārén. 快 十 年 了,他 很 想 他在 中 国 的 家 人。 Zhang √ 张 迪来 美国 Di has been in the United States for nearly 10 years and he missed his families members in China very much. Yuēhàn xiǎng qù Zhōngguó zuò shēngyi. 国 做 生 意。 √约翰 想 去 中 John wants to go to China to do business. ► 有(yǒu): to have, there is; there are 有 (yǒu) is a highly frequently used verb which is used to express the meaning of “to have” or “there is” or “there are”. Beginner level learners often wrongly use the negation form of the verb 有(yǒu) as “不有” while the correct usage should be “没有” (méiyǒu) which means “don’t have”, “have no..” or “there is not” or “there are not”. Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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Examples: Yuēhàn yǒu hěn duō Zhōngguó péngyou. 多 中 国 朋 友。 √ 约 翰有 很 John has lots of Chinese friends. Mǎkè zài Zhōngguó Běijīng yǒu hěn duō shēngyi. 多 生 意。 √ 马克 在 中 国 北 京 有 很 Mark has lots of businesses in Beijing, China. Měiguó yǒu hěn duō dà chéngshì. Zhōngguó yě yǒu hěn duō dà chéngshì. 多 大 城 市。 √ 美 国 有 很 多 大 城 市。中 国 也 有 很 There are lots of larges cities in the United States. There are also lots of large cities in China. Suīrán Líndá méiyǒu hěn duō qián, dàn tā háishì xiǎng qù Zhōngguó xuéxí. 钱,但 她 还 是 想 去 中 国 学习。 √ 虽然琳达没有 很 多 Although Linda doesn’t have lots of money, she still wants to go to China to study. ► 什么样的(shénmeyàng de): what kind of The interrogative pronoun 什么样的(shénmeyàng de) is often used as an object after a verb expressing a question. Examples: Nǐ xǐhuan shénmeyàng de yīnyuè? Gǔdiǎn yīnyuè háishì liúxíng yīnyuè? 你 什 么 样的 音乐? 古典 音 乐 还是 流 行音乐? √ 喜欢 What kind of music do you like? Is it classical music or pop music? Nǐmen yǒu shémeyàng de kāfēi? √ 你 们 有 什么 样 的 咖啡? What kind of coffee do you have? Yuēhàn wèn Líndá tā xǐhuan shénmeyàng de diànyǐng? √ 约 翰 问 琳达她 喜 欢 什 么 样的 电 John asks Linda what kind of movies she like?

影?

► 给(gěi): to give; for Transitive verb 给(gěi) is often used to express the meaning of “to give”. Occasionally, it could be also used as a preposition to express the meaning of “for”. Examples: Qǐng gěi wǒ yī bēi hóngchá. 茶。 √ 请 给 我一杯 红 Please give me a cup of black tea. Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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Líndá gěi le Mǎkè hěn duō bāngzhù. √ 琳 达 给了 马 克 很 多 帮 助。 Linda gave Mark lots of help. Wǒ hěn gāoxìng néng wéi nín fúwù. √ 我 很 高 兴 能 为 您服 务 。 I am very glad to offer service for you. MATCHING THE CORRECT PRONUNCIATION

1. 有

2. 夸奖

yǒu

3. 叫

kuā jiǎng

4. 喝

lǎo shī

5. 谁

diǎn

6. 说

shuō

7. 想

shéi

8. 点

jiā

9. 老师

zhēn

10. 加

jiào

11.真

xiǎng

CHECK THE BEST ANSWER FROM THE CHOICE LIST 1. 有

A. yōu

2. 夸奖

A. kuá jiāng B. kuá jiàng C. kuā jiǎng

D. kuá jiáng

3. 叫

A. jiào

B. jiáo

C. jiāo

D. jiǎo

4. 喝

A. hè

B. hē

C. hé

D. hě

5. 谁

A. shěi

B. shèi

C. shēi

D. shéi

6. 说

A. shuǒ

B. shuó

C. shuō

D. shuò

7. 想

A. xiǎng

B. xiáng

C. xiàng

D. xiāng

8. 点

A. diǎn

B. dián

C. diàn

D. diān

B. yǒu

C. yóu

D. yòu

GIVE TRUE OR FALSE ANSWER 1. 有 -> to have; there is; there are; to exist; to be

True

False

2. 夸奖-> to praise; to applaud; to compliment

True

False

3. 叫 -> to shout; to call; to be called as;

True

False

4. 喝 -> to add; plus

True

False

Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

5. 谁 -> who; also pr.

True

False

6. 说 -> to speak; to say

True

False

7. 想 -> to want; to miss

True

False

8. 点 -> a little bit; some

True

False

9. 老师-> teacher

True

False

10. 加 -> teacher

True

False

11. 真 -> really; truly; indeed; real; true; genuine

True

False

WRITE DOWN CORRECT CHINESE CHARACTER BASED ON PINYIN 1. yǒu

_

2. kuā jiǎng 3. jiào 4. hē 5. shéi 6. shuō 7. xiǎng 8. diǎn 9. lǎo shī 10. jiā 11. zhēn SUPPLEMENTARY VOCABULARY Pinyin Part of Speech No. Chinese

English

1.

可口可乐

Kékǒu kělè

p.n.

Coca Cola

2.

无糖可乐

wú táng Kělè

n.

diet cola

3.

普通可乐

pǔtōng Kělè

n.

regular cola

4.

百事可乐

Bǎishì Kělè

p.n.

Pepsi Cola

5.

红茶

hóngchá

n

black tea

6.

绿茶

lǜchá

n

green tea

7.

花茶

huāchá

n

jasmine tea

8.

雪碧

Xuěbì

n.

Sprite

9. 无糖雪碧 10. 汤力水

wú táng Xuěbì

p.n.

diet sprite

tānglì shuǐ

n.

tonic water

11. 苏打水

sūdá shuǐ

n.

soda water

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12. 瓶装水

píngzhuāng shuǐ

n.

bottled water

13. 青岛啤酒

Qīngdǎo píjiǔ

p.n.

Tsingtao Beer

14. 燕京啤酒

Yānjīng píjiǔ

p.n.

Yanjing Beer

15. 葡萄酒

pútao jiǔ

n.

grape wine

16. 茅台酒

Máotái jiǔ

p.n.

Maotai (a Chinese alcohol brand)

17. 伏特加

Fútéjīa

p.n.

Vodka

18. 朗姆酒

Lángmǔ jiǔ

p.n.

Rum

19. 杜松子酒

Dùsōngzǐ jiǔ

p.n.

Gin

20. 威士忌

Wēishìjì

p.n.

Whisky

21. 温度

wēndù

n.

temperature

22. 热

adj.

hot

23. 冷

lěng

adj.

cold

ANNOTATIONS: WHAT WOULD YOU LIKE TO DRINK? A: 您1 好2, 先生3,请问4 您5 想6 喝7 点8 什么9? 1.您 nín you (formal) 2.好hào be fond of hǎo good / well 3.先生xiānsheng Sir / mister 4. 请 问 qǐngwèn may I ask...5. 您 nín you (formal) 6. 想 xiǎng to think / to believe / to suppose / to wish / to want / to miss 7.喝hè shout applausehē my goodness / to drink 8.点 diǎn a little bit / some 9.什么shénme what? / who? / something / anything B: 你们1 有2 什么样3 的4 饮料5? 1.你们nǐ men you (plural)2.有yǒu to have / there is / there are / to exist / to be3.什么样 shén me yàng what kind? / what sort?4.的dì aim / clearde (possessive particle) / ofdí really and truly5.饮料yǐn liào beverage A: 我们1 有2 咖啡3、茶4 和5 果汁6? 1.我们wǒ men we / us / ourselves2.有yǒu to have / there is / there are / to exist / to be3. 咖啡kā fēi coffee4.茶chá tea / tea plant5.和huò mix together / to blendhé and / together with / with / peace / harmony / unionhè cap (a poem) / respond in singinghuó soft / warm6.果汁guǒ zhī fruit juice B: 你们1 有2 什么样3 的4 茶5? 1.你们nǐ men you (plural)2.有yǒu to have / there is / there are / to exist / to be3.什么样 shén me yàng what kind? / what sort?4.的dì aim / clearde (possessive particle) / ofdí really and truly5.茶 chá tea / tea plant

A: 我们1 有2 红茶3、绿茶4 和5 花茶6。 Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

1.我们wǒ men we / us / ourselves2.有yǒu to have / there is / there are / to exist / to be3. 红茶hóng chá black tea4.绿茶lǜ chá green tea5.和huò mix together / to blendhé and / together with / with / peace / harmony / unionhè cap (a poem) / respond in singinghuó soft / warm6.花茶huā chá scented tea B: 你们1 有2 什么样3 的4 果汁5? 1.你们nǐ men you (plural)2.有yǒu to have / there is / there are / to exist / to be3.什么样 shén me yàng what kind? / what sort?4.的dì aim / clearde (possessive particle) / ofdí really and truly5.果汁guǒ zhī fruit juice A: 我们1 有2 苹果汁3、番茄4 汁5 和6 橙7 汁8。 1.我们wǒ men we / us / ourselves2.有yǒu to have / there is / there are / to exist / to be3. 苹果汁píng guǒ zhī apple juice4.番茄fān qié tomato5.汁zhī juice6.和huò mix together / to blendhé and / together with / with / peace / harmony / unionhè cap (a poem) / respond in singinghuó soft / warm7.橙chéng orange tree / the color orange / orange8.汁zhī juice B: 给1 我2 一3 杯4 苹果5 汁6 吧7。 1.给gěi to / for / for the benefit of / to give / to allow / to do sth (for sb) / (passive particle)jǐ to supply / provide2.我wǒ I / me / myself3.一yī one / single / a4.杯bēi cup / a measure word5.苹果píng guǒ apple6.汁zhī juice7.吧ba (modal particle indicating polite suggestion) / ...right? / ...OK?bā (onomat.) / dumb A: 好1 的2。你3 想4 加5 点6 冰7 块8 吗9? 1.好hào be fond ofhǎo good / well2.的dì aim / clearde (possessive particle) / ofdí really and truly3.你nǐ you4.想xiǎng to think / to believe / to suppose / to wish / to want / to miss5.加jiā to add / plus6.点diǎn (downwards-right convex character stroke) / o'clock / (a measure word) / point / dot / (decimal) point)7. 冰 bīng ice8. 块 kuài yuan (unit of currency) / fast (of a watch) / swift / rapid / happy / joyful / soon / quick / (a measure word, for cloth, cake, soap)kuāi piece / chunk / lump / (measure word for chunks, lumps)9. 吗 mǎ morphinema (question tag) B: 行1。请2 加3 点4 冰5 块6。 1.行háng a row / profession / professionalxíng all right / capable / competent / OK / okay / to go / to do / to travel / temporary / to walk / to go / will doxìng behavior / conduct 2.请 qǐng to ask / to invite / please (do sth) / to treat (to a meal, etc) / to requestqǐng xián ask s.o. for an interview at his convenience 3.加jiā to add / plus 4.点diǎn (downwards-right convex character stroke) / o'clock / (a measure word) / point / dot / (decimal) point) 5.冰 bīng ice 6.块 kuài yuan (unit of currency) / fast (of a watch) / swift / rapid / happy / joyful / soon / quick / (a measure word, for cloth, cake, soap)kuāi piece / chunk / lump / (measure word for chunks, lumps)

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CHINESE CHARACTER WRITING EXERCISE: FILL IN THE BLANKS

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Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

CHINESE CHARACTER WRITING EXERCISE: FILL IN THE BLANKS

Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

CHINESE CHARACTER WRITING EXERCISE: FILL IN THE BLANKS

Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

CHINESE CHARACTER WRITING EXERCISE: FILL IN THE BLANKS

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Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

LESSON SIX Talking about Traveling (1)

SITUATIONAL DIALOGUE ONE Yuēhàn: Mǎkè, nǐ zuìdà de àihào shì shénme? John: 马克, 你 最 大 的 爱 好 是 什 么? John: Mark, what is your biggest hobby? (CSS: Mark, your biggest hobby is what?) Mǎkè: Wǒ zuìdà de àihào shì lǚyóu. Mark: 我 最 大 的 爱好 是 旅 游 。 Mark: My biggest hobby is traveling. Yuēhàn: Nǐ xǐhuan qù nǎlǐ lǚyóu? John: 你 喜 欢 去 哪 里 旅

游?

John: Where do you like to go for traveling? (CSS: You like to go where for traveling?) Mǎkè: Wǒ xǐhuan qù guówài lǚyóu. Mark: 我 喜 欢 去 国 外 旅 游 。 Mandarin I Mark: I likeChinese to goBeginner abroadLevel for traveling.

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Yuēhàn: Qù guówài lǚyóu hěn hǎo, dànshì tài guì le. John: 去 国 外 旅 游 很 好,但 是 太 贵 了 。 John: It’s very nice to go abroad for traveling, but (it’s) too expensive! Mǎkè: Yǒuxiē dìfang hěn guì, yǒuxiē dìfang hěn piányi. Mark: 有 些 地 方 很 贵, 有 些 地 方 很 便 宜 。 Mark: Some places are very expensive, (but) some places are very cheap. Yuēhàn: Nǎge guójiā shì nǐ zuì xǐhuan de lǚyóu mùdi dì? John: 哪个国 家 是 你 最 喜 欢 的旅游目的地? John: Which country is your favorite traveling destination? Mǎkè: Dāngrán shì Yìdàlì. Mark: 当 然 是 意 大 利 。 Mark: Of course (it) is Italy. Yuēhàn: Wǒ yě qù guò Yìdàlì. Nàge guójiā quèshí hěn piàoliang. John: 我 也 去 过 意 大 利 。那个国家 确 实 很 漂 亮。 John: I have also been to Italy. That country is really beautiful. NEW WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS No. Chinese 1. 2.

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16.

最大的 爱好 旅游 国外 但是 太. 贵 有些 地方 便宜 国家 最 目的地 当然 意大利 确实

Pinyin

Part of Speech

English

zuìdà de

adj.

the biggest

àihào

n.

hobby

lǚyóu

n./v.

tour; tourism; traveling

guówài

n./adj.

abroad; foreign countries

dànshì

adv.

but; however; yet

tài

adv.

too; too much

guì

adj.

expensive

yǒuxiē

adv.

some; certain

dìfang

n.

place

piányi

adj.

cheap; inexpensive

guójiā

n.

country

zuì

adv.

the most (highest level)

mùdi dì

n.

destination

dāngrán

adv.

of course; certainly

Yìdàlì

p.p.

Italy

quèshí

‘a’dv.

indeed; really; truly

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LESSON SIX (2) Talking about Personal Hobbies in Music

SITUATIONAL DIALOGUE TWO Liú Lì: Líndá, wǒ tīngshuō nǐ hěn xǐhuan yīnyuè, shì ma? Liu Li: 琳达, 我 听 说 你 很 喜 欢 音 乐 , 是 吗 ? Liu Li: Linda, I heard you like music very much, don’t you? Líndá: Shìde. Wǒ hěn xǐhuan gǔdiǎn yīnyuè. Nǐ ne? Linda: 是的。我 很 喜 欢 古 典 音 乐。你呢? Linda: Yes. I like classical music very much. What about you ? (CSS : Yes. I very much like classical music, you what about?). Liú Lì: Wǒ yě yīyàng. Zhège Xīngqīliù nǐ yǒu shíjiān ma? Liu Li: 我 也 一 样 。这个星 期 六你 有 时 间 吗 ? Liu Li: Me too. Do you have time this Saturday? (CSS: I also the same. This Saturday you have time ma?) Líndá: Zhège Xīngqīliù wǒ bù máng, wǒ yǒu shíjiān. Linda: 这 个 星 期 六 我 不 忙, 我 有 时 间 。 Linda: I am not busy this Saturday, (and) I have time. (CSS: This Saturday I not busy, I have time.) Liú Lì: Nà wǒmen qù tīng yīnyuè zěnmeyàng? Liu Li: 那 我 们 去 听 音 乐 怎 么 样? Liu Li: Then how about we go listen to music? (CSS: Then we go listen to music how about?) Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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Líndá: Hǎo zhǔyì! Zhège Xīngqīliù wǒmen qù nǎlǐ tīng yīnyuè? Linda: 好 主 意 ! 这 个 星 期 六 我 们 去 哪 里 听 音 乐 ? Linda: Good idea! Where do we go to listen to music this Saturday? (CSS: Good idea. This Saturday we go where to listen to music?) Liú Lì: Wǒmen qù Shǒudū Yīnyuètīng zěnmeyàng? Liu Li: 我 们 去 首 都 音 乐 厅 怎 么 样? Liu Li: How about we go to the Capital City Music Hall? (CSS: We go to the Capital City Music Hall how about?) Líndá: Méi wèntí. Yīnyuèhuì shénme shíhòu kāishǐ? Linda: 没 问题。音 乐 会 什 么 时 候 开 始 ? Linda: No problem. What time does the concert begin? (CSS: No problem. The concert what time begin?) Liú Lì: Yīnyuèhuì zhōngwǔ shí èr diǎn kāishǐ. Liu Li: 音 乐 会 中 午 十 二 点 开 始 。 Liu Li:The concert starts at 12:00 pm (o’clock). Líndá: Tài bàng le! Zhège Xīngqīliù wǒmen zài Shǒudū Yīnyuètīng jiàn. Linda: 太 棒 了! 这 个 星 期 六 我 们 在 首 都 音 乐 厅 见。 Linda: That’s great! We’ll meet at the Capital City Music Hall this Saturday. (CSS: So great! This Saturday we at the Capital City Music Hall meet.) NEW WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS No. Chinese

Pinyin

听说 2. 古典 3. 音乐 4. 一样 5. 这个 6. 星期六 7. 有 8. 时间 9. 听 10. 主意 11. 忙 12. 棒 13. 音乐会 14. 音乐厅 15. 时候 16. 开始 17. 中午 18. 点

tīngshuō gúdiǎn yīnyuè yíyàng zhège Xīngqīliù yǒu shíjiān tīng zhǔyì máng bàng yīnyuèhuì yīnyuètīng shíhòu kāishǐ zhōngwǔ diǎn

1.

Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

Part of Speech

v. adj. n. adj. d.p. p.n. v. n. v. n. adj./v. adj. n. n. n. v. n. n.

English

to hear of ; heard classical music same this Saturday to have; to have got (something) time to listen idea busy; to be busy at terrific; awesome music concert music hall time to begin ; to start noon (time); midday o’clock Page 96

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SUPPLEMENTARYVOCABULARY: READING EXERCISE 1. 喜欢 2. 弹 3. 钢琴 4. 吉它 5. 吹 6. 笛子 7. 喇叭 8. 口琴 9. 打 10. 扑克 11. 麻将 12. 篮球 13. 下 14. 国际 15. 象棋 16. 园艺 17. 烹调 18. 钓鱼 19. 拉 20. 小提琴 21. 大提琴 22. 二胡

xǐhuan tán gāngqín jíta chuī dízǐ lǎbā kǒuqín dǎ púkè májiàng lánqiú xià guójì xiàngqí yuányì pēngtiáo diàoyú lā xiǎotíqín dàtíqín Èrhú

v. v. n. n. v. n. n. n. v. n. p.n. n. v. n. n. n. n. n. v. n. n. p.n.

23. 板胡

Bǎnhú

p.n.

like to play piano guitar blow/to play flute trumpet harmoninca to beat/to hit/ to play poker mahjong basketball downfall/to play international chess gardening cooking fishing to pull/to play violin cello A two-stringed Chinese musical instrument A two-stringed Chinese musical instrument

KEY WORDS AND USAGES ► 最大的(zuìdà de): the biggest; the largest 最zuì is an advern which is used to express the highest level when it is placed before an adjective. The meaning of 最zuì is “the most”. 最zuì can also be placed before a verb to indicate the action of the verb is up to the highest level. Examples: Mǎkè zuìdà de àihào shì tán gāngqín. √ 马 克 最 大 的 爱 好 是 弹 钢 琴。 Marks’s biggest hobby is playing piano. Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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Niǔyuē shì Měiguó zuìdà de chéngshì. 美国 最大的 城 市。 √ 纽 约是 New York is the largest city in the United States. Zhōngguó zuìdà de chéngshì yǒu Běijīng, Shànghǎi, Guǎngzhōu hé Chóngqìng. 市 有 北京 、上 海、 广 州 和 重 庆。 √ 中 国 最大 的 城 China’s largest cities include Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Chongqing. ► 但是(dànshì): but; however; yet 但是(dànshì) is a very useful conjunction word which is used to express a certain turning point. In Chinese language, 但是(dànshì) is often used to express an euphemistical opposition or disagreement. Examples: Mǎkè hěn xǐhuan gǔdiǎn yīnyuè, dànshì tā bù xǐhuan liúxíng yīnyuè. √马 克 很 喜欢 古 典 音 乐,但 是他 不 喜 欢 流 行 音 乐。 Mark likes classical music very much, but he doesn’t like popular music. Sìchuān cài hěn hào chī, dànshì tài là le. √ 四 川 菜 很 好 吃,但 是 太 辣 了 。 Sichuan dishes are very tasty, but they are too spicy. Yuēhàn zhǐ xuéxí guò bàn nián Hànyǔ, dànshì tāde Hànyǔ shuō de hěn hǎo. 半 年 汉 语,但 是 他 的 汉 语 说 得 很好 。 √ 约翰只 学习 过 John only studied Mandarin Chinese for half year, but speaks it very well. ► 有些(yǒuxiē): some 有些(yǒuxiē) is often used to express uncertain things and the meaning is equivalent to “some” or “certain number of”. Examples: Tā kànjiàn yǒuxiē rén zài gōngzuò, yǒuxiē rén zài xuéxí. √他看见 有些 人在 工 作,有 些 人 在 学 习 。 He saw some people were working and some were studying. Zhōngguó yǒuxiē chéngshì hěn xiǎo, dànshì hěn piàoliang. √ 中 国 有 些 城 市 很 小,但 是 很 漂 亮。 Some cities in China are very small but they are very beautiful. √ Měiguó yǒuxiē chéngshì xuéxí Hànyǔ de rén hěn duō. 美国 有些 城 市 学习 汉语的 人 很 多。 Some cities in the United States have lots of people learning Mandarin Chinese. Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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► 最(zuì): the most Literally, 最(zuì) means “the most”. When placed before any adjective, 最(zuì) is to make the adjective a highest level. 最(zuì) can also be placed before a verb to indicate the action of the verb is up to the highest level. Examples: Chóngqìng shì Zhōngguó rénkǒu zuì duō de chéngshì. 庆 是 中 国 人口 最 多的 城 市。 √重 Chongqing is a city with the largest population in China. Yuēhàn zuì xǐhuan hē hóngchá. 红 茶。 √约翰最喜 欢喝 John like to drink black tea the most. Gǔdiǎn yīnyuè shì Líndá zuì xǐhuan de yīnyuè. √古典音乐是琳达最喜欢的音乐。 Classical music is Linda’s favorite music. ► 当然(dāngrán): of course; certainly Used as an adverb, the meaning of 当然(dāngrán) is equivalent to “of course” or “certainly”. Examples: Rúguǒ yǒurén wèn wǒ xǐhuan Měiguó de nǎge chéngshì, wǒ huì shuō wǒ dāngrán √如果 有人 问 我 喜 欢 美 国 的哪 个 城 市,我 会 说 我 当 然 xǐhuan Zhījiāgē le. 喜 欢 芝加哥了。 If someone asks me which American cities I like, I would say that I of course like Chicago. Mǎkè dāngrán xiǎng qù Zhōngguó. √ 马克 当 然 想 去 中 国。 Mark certainly wants to go to China. Zhāng Dí dāngrán hěn xiǎng jiā. √张 迪 当 然 很 想 家。 Zhang Di certainly misses his home very much.

► 确实(quèshí): indeed; really; truly 确实(quèshí) is an adverb usually preceding a verb or an adjective to indicate an emphasis. Examples: Duìbuqǐ. Wǒ quèshí bù zhīdao Yuēhàn zài nǎlǐ. 翰 在哪里。 √ 对不起。我 确 实不 知 道 约 Sorry, I truly don’t know where John is. Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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Zhījiāgē de dōngtiān quèshí hěn cháng. 长。 √芝加哥的 冬 天 确实 很 Chicago’s winter is really very long. Líndá quèshí xiǎng qù Zhōngguó Běijīng xuéxí Hànyǔ. 去 中 国 北 京 学习 汉语。 √琳达 确 实 想 Linda really wants to go to Beijing, China to study Mandarin Chinese. ► 听说(tīngshuō): to hear of 听说(tīngshuō) is often used to express a past-tense action. 听(tīng) means “to listen” and 说(shuō) means “to speak”or “to say ”. 听说(tīngshuō) means “to hear of » something. Examples: Wǒ tīngshuō Yuēhàn xiàge yuè jiāng qù Zhōngguó gōngzuò. √ 我 听 说 约 翰 下个 月 将 去 中 国 工 作。 I heard John will go to China for work next month. Wǒ tīngshuō Líndá hěn xǐhuan gǔdiǎn yīnyuè. √ 我 听 说 琳 达 很 喜 欢 古 典 音乐 。 I heard Linda likes classical music very much. Líndá tīngshuō Mǎkè hěn xǐhuan hē hóngchá. 茶。 √ 琳 达 听 说 马 克 很 喜 欢喝 红 Linda heard Mark like to drink black tea very much. ► 棒(bàng): terrific; awesome 棒(bàng) is a frequently used adjective which often used in spoken expressions). The meaning is equivalent to “terrific”, “awesome”, “fantastic” or “marvelous”, etc. Examples: Líndá de Hànyǔ shuō de tài bàng le! √琳达的 汉语 说得太棒 了! Linda speaks Mandarin Chinese really wonderful! Nà jiā cānguǎn de Sìchuān cài tài bàng le! 菜 太 棒 了! √那家 餐 馆的四 川 The Sichuan dishes in that restaurant are awesome! Nǐ jiāng qù Zhōngguó xuéxí bàn nián Hànyǔ, zhè tài bàng le! 国 学 习 半 年 汉 语,这 太 棒 了! √你 将 去 中 You will go to China to study Mandarin Chinese for half year, that simply fantastic!

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MATCHING THE CORRECT PRONUNCIATION 1. 便宜 kāi shǐ 2. 开始 zhǔ yi 3. 有 guì 4. 旅游 tīng 5. 当然 yǒu 6. 最 pián yi 7. 听说 lǚ yóu 8. 主意 dāng rán 9. 喜欢 xǐ huan 10. 贵 máng 11.听 zuì 12. 忙 tīng shuō 13. 确实 què shí CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWER FROM CHOICE LIST 1. 最 C. zuǐ A. zuì B. zuí 2. 喜欢 A. xǐ huan B. xí huǎn C. xī huán 3. 旅游 A. lǜ yōu B. lǘ yǒu C. lǖ yōu 4. 贵 C. guǐ A. guī B. guí 5. 便宜 A. piǎn yì C. piǎn yí B. pián yì 6. 当然 A. dǎng rān B. dáng rǎn C. dāng rán 7. 确实 B. quě shǐ A. què shí C. què shī 8. 听说 A. tìng shuǒ B. tíng shuó C. tīng shuō

D. zuī D. xì huán D. lǚ yóu D. guì D. pián yi D. dáng ràn D. quě shī D. tíng shuò

CHECK THE TRUE OR FALSE ANSWER • 喜欢-> expensive • 旅游-> trip; journey; tourism • 贵 -> most; the most

True True True

False False False

• • • • •

便宜-> certainly; of course; without doubt 当然-> certainly; of course; without doubt 确实-> busy 听说-> to hear of 有 -> to have; there is; there are;

True True True True True

False False False False False

• • • •

忙 -> busy 听 -> idea 主意-> most; the most 开始-> to begin; beginning; to start

True True True True

False False False False

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WRITE DOWN CORRECT CHINESE CHARACTER BASED ON THE HINT 1. zuì (most; the most; -est 2. xǐhuan (to like; to be fond of) 3. lǚyóu (trip; journey; tourism; tour; to travel)

4. guì (expensive) 5. piányi (cheap; inexpensive) 6. dāngrán (certainly; of course; without doubt) 7. quèshí (indeed; really; reliable; real; true) 8. tīngshuō (to hear of) 9. yǒu (to have; there is; there are; to exist; to be) 10. máng (busy)

11. tīng (to listen; to hear) 12. zhǔ yi (idea) 13. kāi shǐ (to begin; beginning; to start) ANNOTATIONS: TALKING ABOUT TRAVELING 约翰1: 马克2, 你3 最大4 的5 爱好6 是7 什么8? 1.约翰 yuē hàn John (name) / Johan (name) 2.马克mǎ kè mark 3.你 nǐ you 4.最大zuì dà biggest / largest / maximum 5.的 de (possessive particle 6.爱好ài hào to like / to be fond of / to be keen on / interest / hobby 7.是shì to be (is, are, am) / yes 8.什么shénme what? / who? / something / anything 马克1: 我2 最大3 的4 爱好5 是6 旅游7。 1.马克mǎ kè mark 2.我 wǒ I / me / myself 3.最大zuì dà biggest / largest / maximum 4.的 dì aim / clearde (possessive particle) / ofdí really and truly 5.爱好àihào to like / to be fond of / to be keen on / interest / hobby 6. 是 shì to be (is, are, am) / yes 7. 旅 游 lǚyóu trip / journey / tourism / travel / tour 约翰1: 你2 喜欢3 去4 哪里5 旅游6? 1.约翰yuē hàn John (name) / Johan (name) 2.你 nǐ you 3.喜欢xǐ huan to like / to be fond of 4.去 qù to go / to leave / to remove 5.哪里nǎ li where / wherever 6.旅游lǚ yóu trip / journey / tourism / travel / tour 马克1: 我2 喜欢3 去4 国外5 旅游6。 1.马克mǎ kè mark 2.我 wǒ I / me / myself 3.喜欢xǐ huan to like / to be fond of 4.去 qù to go / to leave / to remove 5.国外guó wài abroad / external (affairs) / overseas / foreign 6. 旅游lǚ yóu trip / journey / tourism / travel / tour Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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约翰1: 去2 国外3 旅游4 很5 好6,但是7 太8 贵9 了10。 1.约翰yuē hàn John (name) / Johan (name)2.去 qù to go / to leave / to remove 3.国外guó wài abroad / external (affairs) / overseas / foreign 4.旅游lǚ yóu trip / journey / tourism / travel / tour 5.很hěn very / extremely 6.好 hào be fond ofhǎo good / well 7.但是dàn shì but / however 8.太 tài highest / greatest / too (much) / very / extremely 9.贵guì expensive / noble / your (name) / precious 10.了 le (modal particle intensifying preceding clause) / (completed action marker) 马克1: 有些2 地方3 很4 贵5, 有些6 地方7 很8 便宜9。 1.马克mǎ kè Mark 2.有些yǒu xiē some / somewhat 3.地方dìfang area / place / local 4.很 hěn very / extremely 5.贵guì expensive 6.有些yǒuxiē some / somewhat 7.地方dìfang area / place / local 8.很hěn very / extremely 9.便宜pián yi inexpensive 约翰1: 哪个1 国家2 是3 你4 最5 喜欢6 旅游7 目的地8? 1.哪个nǎ ge which / who 2.国家guó jiā country / nation 3.是shì to be (is, are, am) / yes 4. 你 nǐ you 5.最 zuì (the) most / -est 6.喜欢xǐ huan to like / to be fond of7.旅游lǚ yóu trip / journey / tourism / travel / tour 8.目的地mù dì dì destination (location) 马克1: 当然2 是3 意大利4。 1.马克mǎ kè mark2.当然dāng rán only natural / as it should be / certainly / of course / without doubt 3.是shì to be (is, are, am) / yes 4.意大利yì dà lì Italy / Italian 约翰1: 我2 也3 去4 过5 意大利6,那个7 国家8 确实9 很10 漂亮11。 1.约翰yuē hàn John (name) / Johan (name) 2.我 wǒ I / me / myself 3.也yě also / too 4.去 qù to go 5. 过 guò (experienced action marker) already/ ever - 6. 意 大 利 yì dà lì Italy / Italian 7.那个nèige that one 8.国家guójiā country / nation 9.确实què shí indeed / really / reliable / real / true 10.很hěn very / extremely 11.漂亮piào liang pretty / beautiful

ANNOTATIONS: TALKING ABOUT PERSONAL HOBBIES IN MUSIC Liu Li: 琳1 达2, 我3 听说4 你5 很6 喜欢7 音乐8,是9 吗10? 1.琳 lín gem 2.达 dá attain / pass through / achieve / reach / realize / clear / inform / notify / dignity 3.我wǒ I / me / myself 4.听说tīng shuō to hear told 5.你 nǐ you 6.很hěn very / extremely 7.喜欢xǐ huan to like / to be fond of 8.音乐yīn yuè music 9.是shì to be (is, are, am) / yes10.吗mǎ morphinema (question tag) Linda: 是的1。我2 很3 喜欢4 古典5 音乐6。你7 呢8? 1.是的shì de yes 2.我 wǒ I / me / myself 3.很hěn very / extremely 4.喜欢xǐ huan to like / to be fond of 5.古典gǔ diǎn classical 6.音乐yīn yuè music 7.你nǐ you 8.呢 ní woolen materialne (question particle) Liu Li: 我1 也2 一样3。这个4 星期六5 你6 有7 时间8 吗9?

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1.我 wǒ I / me / myself 2.也yě also / too 3.一样yī yàng same / like / equal to / the same as / just like 4.这个zhè gè this 5.星期六xīng qī liù Saturday 6.你 nǐ you 7.有yǒu to have / there is / there are / to exist / to be 8.时间shí jiān time / period 9.吗 mǎ morphinema (question tag) Linda: 这个1 星期六2 我3 不4 忙5, 我6 有7 时间8。 1.这个zhè gè this 2.星期六xīng qī liù Saturday 3.我wǒ I / me / myself 4.不bù (negative prefix) / not / nobú (when directly preceding a tone 4) / not / no 5.忙 máng busy 6.我 wǒ I / me / myself 7.有yǒu to have / there is / there are / to exist / to be 8.时间shí jiān time / period Liu Li: 那1 我们2 去3 听4 音乐5 怎么样6? 1.那 nèi that / those / (sometimes used before a measure word, especially in Beijing)nǎ how / whichnà that / those 2.我们wǒ men we / us / ourselves 3.去 qù to go / to leave / to remove 4.听 tīng listen / hear / obeytìng let / allow 5.音乐 yīn yuè music 6.怎么样zěn me yàng how? / how about? / how was it? / how are things?

Linda: 好1 主意2。这个3 星期六4 我们5 去6 哪里7 听8 音乐9? 1. 好 hǎo good / well 2.主意zhǔ yi plan / idea / decision 3.这个zhè gè this 4.星期六xīng qī liù Saturday 5.我们 wǒ men we / us / ourselves 6.去 qù to go / to leave / to remove 7.哪 里 nǎ li where / wherever 8.听 tīng listen / hear / obeytìng let / allow 9.音乐yīn yuè music Liu Li: 我们1 去2 首都3 音乐4 厅5 怎么样6? 1.我们wǒ men we / us / ourselves 2.去 qù to go / to leave / to remove 3.首都shǒu dū capital (city) 4.音乐yīn yuè music 5.厅 tīng (reception) hall / office 6.怎么样zěn me yàng how? / how about? / how was it? / how are things?

Linda: 没问题1。你2 知道3 音乐会4 什么5 时候6 开始7 吗8? 1.没问题méi wèn tí no problem 2.你 nǐ you 3.知道zhī dao know / be aware of 4.音乐会 yīn yuè huì concert 5.什么shén me what? / who? / something / anything 6.时候shíhòu time / length of time/period 7.开始kāishǐ begin / beginning / start 8.吗ma (question tag) Liu Li: 音乐会1 中午2 十二3 点4 开始5。 1.音乐会yīn yuè huì concert 2.中午zhōng wǔ noon / midday 3.十二shí èr 12 / twelve 4.点 diǎn (downwards-right convex character stroke) / o'clock / (a measure word) / point / dot / (decimal) point) 5.开始kāi shǐ begin / beginning/start Linda: 太1 棒2 了3! 这个4 星期六5 我们6 在7 首都8 音乐9 厅10 见11。 1.太 tài highest / greatest / too (much) / very / extremely 2.棒bàng a stick / club or cudgel / smart / capable / strong 3.了le (modal particle intensifying preceding clause) / (completed action marker)liào look afar from a high placeliǎo clearliǎo to know / to understand / to know 4.这个zhè gè this 5.星期六Xīngqīliù Saturday 6.我们wǒ men we / us / ourselves7.在zài (located) at / in / exist 8.首都shǒu dū capital (city) 9.音乐yīn yuè music 10.厅 tīng (reception) hall / office 11.见 xiàn appearjiàn to see / to meet Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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CHINESE CHARACTER WRITING EXERCISE: FILL IN THE BLANKS

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CHINESE CHARACTER WRITING EXERCISE: FILL IN THE BLANKS

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CHINESE CHARACTER WRITING EXERCISE: FILL IN THE BLANKS

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CHINESE CHARACTER WRITING EXERCISE: FILL IN THE BLANKS

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CHINESE CHARACTER WRITING EXERCISE: FILL IN THE BLANKS

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CHINESE CHARACTER WRITING EXERCISE: FILL IN THE BLANKS

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LESSON SEVEN Reserving a Hotel Room (1)

SITUATIONAL DIALOGUE 1 A: Nǐn hǎo! Qǐng wèn shì Chángchéng Fàndiàn ma? A: 你 好 ! 请 问 是 长 城 饭 店 吗 ? A: Hello! May I ask is this the Great Wall Hotel? B: Shìde, Xiānshēng. Nín xūyào shenme bāngzhù ma? B: 是的, 先 生。您 需要 什 么 帮 助 吗? B: Yes, Sir. Do you need any help? A: Wǒ jiào Yuēhàn Shǐmìsī. Wǒ xiǎng yùdìng yíge shāngwù tàojiān.

A: 我 叫 约 翰. 史密斯。我 想

预 订 一个 商

务 套 间。

A: My name is John Smith. I would like to reserve a business suite. B: Méi wèntí, Shǐmìsī xiānshēng. Qǐng wèn nín shénme shíhou dàodá? B: 没 问题, 史密斯 先 生。 请 问 您 什 么 时 候 到 达 ? B: No problem, Mr. Smith. May I ask what time you will arrive? A: Wǒ xiàge Xīngqīsān zhōngwǔ dàodá.

A: 我下个星 期 三 中 午 到 达 。

A: I will arrive at 12:00 pm next Wednesday. Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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B: Nín dǎsuàn zhù jǐge wǎnshang?

B: 您 打 算

住 几 个 晚 上?

B: How many nights are you going to stay? (CSS: You are going to stay how many nights?) A: Wǒ dǎsuàn zhù sānge wǎnshang.

A: 我 打 算 住 三 个 晚

上。

A: I am going to stay for three nights. B: Hǎode. Méi wèntí.

B: 好的。没问题。 B: OK. No problem. A: Qǐngwèn, shāngwù tàojiān zhù yíge wǎnshang duōshǎo qián?

A: 请 问,

商 务套 间 住一个晚

多 少

钱?

A: May I ask how much does it cost for a business suite per night? B: Měitiān de fèiyòng shì jiú bǎi bā shí yuán.

B: 每 天 的 费 用 是 九 百 八 十 元。

B: The fee is 980 Yuan per day. (CSS: Everyday’s fee is 980 Yuan). A: Xièxie nǐ. Qǐng bāngzhù wǒ yùdìng yíge

A: 谢 谢 你 。请 帮 助 我 预 定 一 个 。 A: Thank you. Please help me reserve one. NEW WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS No. Chinese

Pinyin

长城 饭店 预订 商务 套间 6. 到达 7. 下个 8. 打算 9. 住 10. 几个 11. 晚上 12. 多少 13. 钱 14. 每天 15. 费用 16. 百

Chángchéng

p.p.

The Great Wall

fàndiàn

n.

hotel

yùdìng

v./n.

to reserve; reservation

shāngwù

n.

business; commercial

tàojiān

n.

suite (hotel room)

dàodá

v./n.

to arrive at (in); arrival

xiàge dǎsuàn

adv/adj.

next

v./n.

to plan; to be going to

zhù Jǐge

v.

to live; to stay

i.p./adj.

how many; several

wǎnshang

n.

evening

duōshǎo

i.p.

how many; how much

qián

n.

money

měitiān

n./adj./adv.

every day; per day; daily

fèiyòng bǎi

n.

fee; expense

n.

hundred

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

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Part of Speech

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LESSON SEVEN Asking help to Call a Taxi (2)

SITUATIONAL DIALOHUE 2

A: Nín hǎo! Nín xūyào bāngzhù ma?

A: 您 好! 您 需要 帮 助 吗 ? A: Hello! Do you need help?

B: Shìde. Qǐng bāng wǒ jiào yī liàng chūzūchē.

B: 是的。请 帮 我 叫 一 辆 出租车 。 B: Yes. Please help me call a taxi. A: Méi wèntí. Qǐngwèn nín yào qù nǎlǐ?

A: 没 问题。请 问 您 要 去 哪 里 ?

A: No problem. May I ask where do you want to go? B: Wǒ yào qù Shǒudū Jīchǎng.

B: 我 要 去 首 都 机 场 。

B: I want to go to the Capital City Airport. A: Hǎode. Qǐng shāo děng. Wǒ mǎshang bāng nín jiào chūzūchē.

A: 好 的 。 请 稍

等。我 马 上

帮 您叫

出租车。

A: OK. Please wait a moment. I (will) help you call a taxi immediately. B: Xièxie. Shǒudū Jīchǎng yuǎn ma ?

B: 谢谢。首 都

机 场远 吗 ?

B: Thanks. Is Capital City Airport far (from here)? Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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A: Hěn yuǎn. Dàyuē xūyào wǔshí fēnzhōng.

A: 很 远。大 约 需要 五 十 分

钟。

A: Very far. It takes approximately fifty minutes (to get there). B: Wǒde hángbān qǐfēi shíjiān shì zǎoshang jiǔ diǎn bàn.

B: 我的 航 班 起飞时间 是

早上

B: My flight departure time is 9:30 A.M.

九点

半。

A: Xiànzài shì zǎoshang qī diǎn yí kè. Yīnggāi méi wèntí.

A: 现 在 是 早

上 七 点 一 刻 。应 该 没 问题。

A: Now it is 7:15 A.M. It shouldn’t be a problem. B: Tài hǎo le! Xièxie nǐ!

B: 太 好 了 ! 谢谢你! B: That’s great! Thank you! NEW WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS No. Chinese

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

需要 帮助 叫 辆 出租车 要 国际 机场 稍 等 马上 远 大约 四十 分钟 时间 航班 起飞 早上 点 半 刻 应该 现在

Pinyin

Part of Speech

English

xūyào bāngzhù Jiào liàng chūzūchē

v. v. v. m.w n.

to need; need to help; to assist to call; to order classifier for vehicles taxi

yào guójì jīchǎng shāo

v. adj. n. adv.

to want; will; international airport slightly

děng mǎshang

v. adv.

to wait at once; right away; immediately

yuǎn dàyuē sìshí fēnzhōng shíjiān hángbān qǐfēi zǎoshang diǎn bàn kè yīnggāi

adj. adv. n. n. n. n. n./v. n. n. adj. n. v.

far; distant; remote approximately forty minute time; period scheduled flight (aircraft) to take off; departure early morning o'clock half a quarter (of an hour) ought to; should; must

xiànzài

adv.

now; at present; at the moment

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KEY WORDS AND USAGES ► 下个(xiàge): next 下个(xiàge) is often used to express next (month, week or flight etc.) Examples: Wǒ tīngshuō Liú Lì xiàge yuè yào qù Měiguó chūchāi. 出差 。 √ 我 听 说 刘 丽下个 月 要 去 美 国 I heard Liu Li will travel in the US for business next month. Mǎkè dǎsuàn xiàge xīngqī kāishǐ xuéxí Hànyǔ. √ 马 克 打 算 下 个 星 期 开 始 学习 汉语。 Mark plans to start learning Mandarin Chinese from next week. Xiàge hángbān qǐfēi shíjiān shì zhōngwǔ 12 diǎn bàn. 中 午12 点 半。 √ 下 个 航 班 起 飞 时间 是 The departure time of next flight is 12:30pm. ► 打算(dǎsuàn): to plan to do (something); to be going to do (something) 打算(dǎsuàn) is a useful verb which means “to plan to do (something)” or “to be going to do (something”. It is used to indicate a future action. Examples: Mǎkè de dǎsuàn zài Zhōngguó xuéxí yī nián Hànyǔ, ránhòu fǎnhuí Déguó. 国 学习一 年 汉 语,然 后 返 回 德 国。 √ 马 克 的 打 算在 中 Mark is going to study Mandarin Chinese in China for one year and then return to Germany. Nǐ xiàge xīngqī yǒu shénme dǎsuàn? √你下个 星期 有 什么打算? What do you plan to do next week? Zhège dōngtiān wǒ bù dǎsuàn qù Zhōngguó. 国。 √这个 冬 天我不打算 去 中 I don’t plan to go to China this winter.

►几 (jǐ) or 几个(jǐge): how much; how many; several

As a very important interrogative pronoun, 几 (jǐ) is normally used to express “how much”, “how many”, “what” or “which”. When it is not used as an interrogative pronoun, it means “several”. Examples: Nǐ lái Zhōngguó jǐ nián le? 你 √ 来 中 国几年 了 How many years have you been in China? Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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Jīntiān shì xīngqī jǐ? √今天是星 期几 What’s the day today? Mǎkè zhǐ rènshi jǐge Hànzì. √马克 只认识几个汉字 Mark only recognizes several Chinese characters. ► 多少(duōshǎo): how many; how much; more or less 多 duō means “many” or “more” in Mandarin Chinese while 少shǎo means “less” or “few”. So 多少(duōshǎo) could mean “more or less” or “to some extent”. However, 多少(duōshǎo) is most frequently used to express the meaning of “how many” or “how much” as an interrogative form. Examples: Yuēhàn bù zhīdao qù ōuzhōu lǚxíng xūyào duōshǎo qián. 多 少 钱。 √ 约 翰 不 知 道 去 欧 洲 旅 行 需要 John doesn’t know how much it takes to travel in Europe. Nǐmen bān yǒu duōshǎo rén zài xuéxí Hànyǔ? 有 多 少 人在 学习 汉语? √你 们 班 How many people in your class learning Mandarin Chinese? Mǎkè zài Zhōngguó yǒu duōshǎo péngyǒu? 国 有 多 少 朋 友? √马克 在中 How many friends does Mark have in China? Zhāng Dí zài Měiguó shēnghuó le liǎng nián. Tā duōshǎo yǒudiǎnr xiǎng jiā. 国 生 活了 两 年。他 多 少 有 点儿 想 家。 √ 张 迪 在美 Zhang Di has lived in the US for two years and he missed his home more or less. ► 要(yào): to want; will 要 (yào) has a much stronger meaning than another verb 想 (xiǎng) when it is used to express the meaning of “want”. 要(yào) can also be used to express a future tense which it is equivalently means “will”. Examples: Yuēhàn xiàge yuè yào qù ōuzhōu lǚxíng. √约翰 下个 月 要 去欧 洲 旅行。 John will go to Europe for traveling next Month. Wǒ yào qù Zhōngguó Yínháng qǔ diǎn qián. 国 银 行 取点 钱。 √ 我 要去 中 I will go to Bank of China to draw some money. Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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《初级汉语教程I》

Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

Qǐngwèn nín yào hē diǎn shénme? 什么 ? √请 问您要 喝 点 May I ask what you would like to drink? ► 稍(shāo): slightly; briefly 稍(shāo) is an adverb which is usually placed before a verb to indicate the action of the verb happens “slightly” or “briefly”. So, the meaning of 稍 (shāo) can be interpreted as “slightly” or “briefly”. Examples: Qǐng shāo děng wǒ yīhuǐr. √ 请 稍 等 我 一会儿。 Please wait for me for a moment. Wǒ shāo yǒudiǎn lèi, qǐng ràng wǒ shāo xiūxi yīhuìr, hǎo ma? √ 我 稍 有 点 累 ,请 让 我 稍 休息一会儿,好 吗? I am a bit tired. Please let me take a rest for a while, OK? Zhījiāgē de dōngtiān bǐ Běijīng de dōngtiān shāo lěng yīdiǎnr. √ 芝加哥的 冬 天比北 京 的 冬 天 稍 冷 一点儿。 Chicago’s winter is a little bit colder than Beijing’s winter. Qǐng shāo děng yíhuìr, nín diǎn de cài hěn kuài jiù hǎo. √ 请 稍 等 一会儿, 您 点 的 菜 很 快 就好 。 Please wait a moment and the dishes you ordered will be ready soon. Rúguǒ shāo gěi wǒ yìdiǎnr shíjiān, wǒ huì zuò de gèng hǎo. √ 如 果 稍 给 我 一点儿时 间,我 会 做 得 更 好。 If I had been given a little bit more time, I would have done better. ►等(děng): to wait; to wait for Examples: Wǒ jiàng zài Běijīng shǒudū jīchǎng děng nǐ. 首 都机 场 等 您。 √我 将 在北 京 I will wait for you at Beijing Airport. Mǎkè bù xiǎng děng tài cháng shíjiān. 等 太 长 时间。 √马克不 想 Mark doesn’t want to wait for too long.

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Nǐ néng děng wǒ yíhuìr ma? Wǒ dàyuē shí fēnzhōng yǐhòu dàodá. 你 能 等 我 一 会 儿 吗 ? 我大 约 十 分 钟 以后 到 达 。 √ Could you wait for me for a moment? I will arrive in approximately 10 minutes. ► 马上(mǎshang): immediately; right away; at once 马上(mǎshang) is used as an adverb and placed before a verb to indicate the action of the verb happens “immediately” or “right away” or “at once”. Examples: Wǒ xiǎng mǎshang qù Zhījiāgē jiàn wǒde péngyǒu. 朋 友。 √ 我 想 马 上 去 芝 加 哥 见 我的 I want to go to Chicago to meet my friends immediately. Nǐ yīnggāi mǎshang dào Měiguó dàshǐ guǎn xúnqiú bāngzhù. 上 到 美 国 大使 馆 寻 求 帮助 。 √ 你 应该 马 You should go to the US embassy right away for assistance. Líndá xīwàng mǎshang jiàndao Yuēhàn. 马 上 见 到 约翰 。 √ 琳 达希 望 Linda wishes to see John immediately. ►应该(yīnggāi): should; supposedly; ought to do (something) Examples: Rúguǒ nǐ xiǎng xué hǎo Hànyǔ, nǐ yīnggāi zài Zhōngguó dāi liǎng nián. 学 好 汉 语 , 你 应 该在 中 国 呆 两 年。 √如果你 想 If you want to study Mandarin Chinese well, you should stay in China for two years. Nǐ bù yìnggāi hē tài duō kāfēi. √ 你 不 应 该 喝 太 多 咖啡。 You shouldn’t drink too much coffee.

Líndá yīnggāi bāngzhù Mǎkè xuéxí Hànyǔ. √琳达 应 该 帮 助 马克 学习汉语。 Linda should help Mark to learn Mandarin Chinese. ► 现在(xiànzài): now; right now; at this moment 现在(xiànzài) is a useful adverb which is often used before a verb to express a present tense and the meaning is equivalent to “now”, “right now” or “at this moment”. Examples: Xiànzài shì xuéxí Hànyǔ de zuìhǎo shíjiān. √ 现 在 是 学习汉 语 的 最 好 时 间。 It is the best time to learn Mandarin Chinese now. Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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Xiànzài shì Běijīng shíjiān zhōngwǔ 12 diǎn yī kè. 时 间 中 午12 点 一 刻 。 √ 现 在 是北 京 Now it is Beijing time noon time 12:15pm Nǐ xiànzài zài nǎlǐ? √你 现在在哪里? Where are you now? MATCHNG THE CORRECT ANSWER 1.多少

dào dá yuǎn

2.预订 3.打算 4.要 5.远 6.等 7.半 8.到达 9.现在 10.应

bàn shāo xiàn zài zhù yīng gāi yào dǎ suàn děng

měi tiān qián

11.刻 12.钱 13.每

kè duō shǎo

天 14.稍

yù dìng

住 15. CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWER FROM CHOICE LIST

1.预订(yù dìng)

A. to book; to reserve B. somewhat; a little

C. half D. number; amount;

somewhat

2.到达(dào dá)

A. money B. to reach; to arrive amount; somewhat

C. every day; everyday

D. number;

3.打算(dǎ suàn)

A. to book; to reserve A. to book; to reserve B. every day; everyday C. money D. to plan; to intend; to calculate; plan; intention 4. 住(zhù) A. to wait for B. to live; to dwell; to stay C. number; amount; somewhat D. to place an order; to book ahead

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5.多少(duōshǎo)

A. quarter (hour) B. to reach; to arrive number; amount; somewhat

6.钱(qián)

C. ought to; should; must

D.

A. to wait for B. important; vital; to want; to ask for; will C. now; at present

D. money

7.每天(měi tiān)

A. number; amount; somewhat B. half; semi-; incomplete; (after a number) and a half C. every day; everyday D. quarter (hour)

8.要(yào)

A. far; distant; remote B. quarter (hour) C. somewhat; a little vital; to want; to ask for; will

D. important;

9.稍(shāo)

A. to wait for; to await B. important; vital; to want; C. to plan; to intend; to calculate; plan; intention D. somewhat; a little

10.等(děng)

A. far; distant B. to plan; to intend; C. to await D. to book; to reserve

11.远(yuǎn)

A. every day; everyday plan; intention D. to wait for

12.半(bàn)

B. far; distant C. to plan; to intend; to calculate;

A. to plan; to intend B. to reach; to arrive

C. every day; everyday

D. half

13.刻(kè)

A. quarter (hour) B. money C. far; distant D. to plan; to intend; to calculate; plan; intention;

14.应该(yīng gāi)

A. to plan; to intend B. ought to; should; must equal to; same as; to wait for; to await D. quarter (hour)

C. class; rank; grade;

15.现在(xiàn zài)

A. to plan; to intend; to calculate; plan B. to wait for; to await C. now; at present D. money WRITE DOWN THE MEANING OF THE WORDS IN ENGLISH 1. 预订

2. 到达

5. 多少

6. 钱

9. 稍

10. 等

13. 刻

14. 应该

Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

3. 打算

4. 住

7. 每天

8. 要

11. 远

12. 半

15. 现在

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CHECK OUT THE TRUE OR FALSE ANSWER

1.预订-> yù dìng 2.到达-> dào dá 3.打算-> dǎ suàn 4 . 住 -> zhé 5.多少-> shàng kǒu 6 . 钱 -> qián 7.每天-> měi tiān 8 . 要 -> liǎng 9 . 稍 -> shāo 1 0 . 等 -> mò 1 1 . 远 -> yuǎn 1 2 . 半 -> mò 1 3 . 刻 -> kè 14.应该-> yīng gāi 15.现在-> shàng yǐn

True

False

True

False

True

False

True

False

True

False

True

False

True

False

True

False

True

False

True

False

True

False

True

False

True

False

True

False

True

False

ANNOTATIONS: RESERVING A HOTEL ROOM A: 你好1! 请问2 是3 长城4 饭店5 吗6? 1.你好nǐ hǎo hello / how are you2.请问qǐng wèn may I ask...3.是shì to be (is, are, am) / yes4.长城cháng chéng the Great Wall5.饭店fàn diàn restaurant6.吗mǎ morphinema (question tag) B:是的1。先生2,您3 需要4 什么5 帮助6 吗7? 1.是的shì de yes2.先生xiān sheng sir / mister / teacher / (title of respect)3.您nín you (formal)4.需要xū yào to need / to want / to demand / needs / to require5.什么shén me what? / who? / something / anything6.帮助bāng zhù assistance / aid / to help / to assist7. 吗 mǎ morphinema (question tag) A: 我1 叫2 约翰3. 史密斯4。我5 想6 预订7 一个8 商务9 套间10。 1.我 wǒ I / me / myself2.叫jiào to (be) call(ed)3.约翰yuē hàn John (name) / Johan (name)4.史密斯shǐ mì sī Smith (surname)5.我wǒ I / me / myself6.想 xiǎng to think / to believe / to suppose / to wish / to want / to miss7. 预 订 yù dìng place an order; book ahead8.一个yī gè a / an9.商务shāng wù commercial affairs / commercial / commerce / business10.套间tào jiān small side room adjacent to main room

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B: 没1 问题2, 史密斯3 先生4。请问5 您6 什么7 时候8 到达9? 1. 没 méi (negative prefix for verbs) / have not / notmò drowned / to end / to die / to inundate2.问题wèn tí problem / issue / topic3.史密斯shǐ mì sī Smith (surname)4.先生 xiān sheng sir / mister / teacher / (title of respect)5.请问qǐng wèn may I ask...6.您nín you (formal)7.什么shén me what? / who? / something / anything8.时候shí hòu time / length of time / moment / period9.到达dào dá to reach / to arrive

A: 我1 下2 个3 星期三4 中午5 到达6。 1.我 wǒ I / me / myself2.下xià under / second (of two parts) / next (week, etc.) / lower / below / underneath / down(wards) / to decline / to go down / latterxià bǎi hem of long gownxià dìng to cast anchor3. 个 gè general measure wordgè general measure word, for individual4.星期三xīng qī sān Wednesday5.中午zhōng wǔ noon / midday6.到达dào dá to reach / to arrive B: 您1 打算2 住3 几个4 晚上5? 1.您 nín you (formal)2.打算dǎ suàn to plan / to intend / to calculate / plan / intention / calculation3.住zhù to live / to dwell / to reside / to stop4.几个jǐ ge several5.晚上wǎn shang in the evening A: 我1 打算2 住3 三4 个5 晚上6。 1.我 wǒ I / me / myself2.打算dǎ suàn to plan / to intend / to calculate / plan / intention / calculation3. 住 zhù to live / to dwell / to reside / to stop4. 三 sān threesān léng jìng a prism5.个gè general measure wordgè general measure word, for individual6.晚上wǎn shang in the evening B: 好1 的2。没问题3。 1.好hào be fond ofhǎo good / well2.的dì aim / clearde (possessive particle) / ofdí really and truly3.没问题méi wèn tí no problem A: 请问1 商务2 套间3 住4 一个5 晚上6 多少7 钱8? 1.请问qǐng wèn may I ask...2.商务shāng wù commercial affairs / commercial / commerce / business3.套间tào jiān small side room adjacent to main room4.住 zhù to live / to dwell / to reside / to stop5.一个yī gè a / an6.晚上wǎn shang in the evening7.多少duō shǎo how much / how many / which (number)8.钱 qián (surname) / coin / money

B: 每天1 的2 费用3 是4 九5 百6 八十7 元8。 1.每天měi tiān every day / everyday2.的 dì aim / clearde (possessive particle) / ofdí really and truly3.费用fèi yòng cost / expenditure / expense4.是shì to be (is, are, am) / yes5.九 jiǔ nine / 9jiǔ huí cháng (of lovers) pining after one another, wasting away through grief6. 百 bǎi hundredbó cuì party given on child's hundred days7.八十bā shí eighty / 808.元 yuán (dynasty) / dollar / primary / first

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A: 谢谢1 你2。请3 帮4 我5 预定6 一个7。 1.谢谢xiè xie to thank 2.你 nǐ you 3.请qǐng to ask / to invite / please (do sth) / to treat (to a meal, etc) / to requestqǐng xián ask s.o. for an interview at his convenience 4. 帮 bāng assistance / aid / to help / to assist 5. 我 wǒ I / me / myself 6. 预 定 yù dìng schedule in advance7.一个yī gè a / an

ANNOTATIONS : AKSING HELP TO CALL A TAXI A: 您1 好2! 您3 需要4 帮助5 吗6? 1.您 nín you (formal)2.好hào be fond ofhǎo good / well3.您nín you (formal)4.需要xū yào to need / to want / to demand / needs / to require5.帮助bāng zhù assistance / aid / to help / to assist6.吗mǎ morphinema (question tag) B: 是的1。请2 帮3 我4 叫5 一6 辆7 出租车8。 1.是的shì de yes2.请 qǐng to ask / to invite / please (do sth) / to treat (to a meal, etc) / to requestqǐng xián ask s.o. for an interview at his convenience3.帮bāng to assist / to support / to help / group / gang / party4.我wǒ I / me / myself5.叫jiào to (be) call(ed)6.一yī one / single / a7.辆liàng (a measure word for vehicles)8.出租车chū zū chē taxi A: 没1 问题2。请问3 您4 要5 去6 哪里7? 1. 没 méi (negative prefix for verbs) / have not / notmò drowned / to end / to die / to inundate2.问题wèn tí problem / issue / topic3.请问qǐng wèn may I ask...4.您nín you (formal)5.要yāo demand / ask / request / coerceyào to want / to be going to / to mustyào important / vital6.去 qù to go / to leave / to remove7.哪里nǎ li where / wherever B: 我1 要2 去3 首都4 机场5。 1.我 wǒ I / me / myself2.要yāo demand / ask / request / coerceyào to want / to be going to / to mustyào important / vital3.去qù to go / to leave / to remove4.首都shǒu dū capital (city)5.机场jī chǎng airport / management / to manage / to administer A: 好1 的2。请3 稍4 等5。我6 马上7 帮8 您9 叫10 出租车11。 1.好hào be fond ofhǎo good / well2.的dì aim / clearde (possessive particle) / ofdí really and truly3.请qǐng to ask / to invite / please (do sth) / to treat (to a meal, etc) / to requestqǐng xián ask s.o. for an interview at his convenience4.稍shāo somewhat / a little5. 等 děng class / rank / grade / equal to / same as / wait for / await / et cetera / and so on6. 我 wǒ I / me / myself7. 马 上 mǎ shàng at once / right away / immediately8. 帮 bāng to assist / to support / to help / group / gang / party9.您 nín you (formal)10.叫jiào to (be) call(ed)11.出租车chū zū chē taxi B: 谢谢1。首都2 机场3 远4 吗5? 1.谢谢xiè xie to thank2.首都shǒu dū capital (city)3.机场jī chǎng airport / management / to manage / to administer4.远yuǎn far / distant / remote5.吗 mǎ morphinema (question tag) Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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A: 很1 远2。大约3 需要4 五十5 分钟6。 1.很hěn very / extremely 2.远yuǎn far / distant / remote 3.大约dà yuē approximately / about 4.需要xū yào to need / to want / to demand / needs / to require 5.五十wǔ shí fifty 6.分钟fēn zhōng minute B: 我的1 航班2 起飞3 时间4 是5 早6 上7 九8 点9 半10。 1.我的wǒ de my / mine 2.航班háng bān scheduled flight / flight number 3.起飞qǐ fēi to take off (in an airplane) 4.时间shí jiān time / period 5.是 shì to be (is, are, am) / yes6.早 zǎo early / morning7. 上 shàng on / on top / upon / first (of two parts) / previous or last (week, etc.) / upper / higher / above / previous / to climb / to go into / above / to go up 8. 九 jiǔ nine / 9jiǔ huí cháng (of lovers) pining after one another, wasting away through grief 9. 点diǎn (downwards-right convex character stroke) / o'clock / (a measure word) / point / dot / (decimal) point) 10. 半 bàn half / semi- / incomplete / (after a number) and a half / half A: 现在1 是2 早上3 七4 点5 一6 刻7。应该8 没9 问题10。 1.现在xiàn zài modern / current / present / at present / now / nowadays 2.是shì to be (is, are, am) / yes 3.早上zǎo shang early morning 4.七 qī seven / 7 5.点diǎn (downwardsright convex character stroke) / o'clock / (a measure word) / point / dot / (decimal) point)6. 一 yī one / single / a7. 刻 kè quarter (hour) / (a measure word) / to carve / to engrave / to cut / oppressive 8.应该yīng gāi ought to / should / must 9.没 méi (negative prefix for verbs) / have not / notmò drowned / to end / to die / to inundate 10.问题wèn tí problem / issue / topic B: 太1 好2 了3! 谢谢4 你5! 1. 太 tài highest / greatest / too (much) / very / extremely 2. 好 hào be fond of hǎo good / well 3. 了 le (modal particle intensifying preceding clause) / (completed action marker)liào look afar from a high placeliǎo clearliǎo to know / to understand / to know 4.谢谢xiè xie to thank 5.你 nǐ you SUPPLEMENTARY VOCABULARY ID Chinese

Pin Yin

Part of Speech

1. 时 候

shíhòu

n.

time

2. 出差

chūchāi

n./v.

to go for a business trip

3. 呆

dāi

v.

to stay

4. 多

duō

i.p.

how

5. 长

cháng

adj.

long

6. 时间

shíjiān

n./adv.

time

7. 热

adj.

hot

Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

English

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8. 天 气

tiānqì

n.

weather

9. 参加

cānjiā

v.

to attend; to participate

10. 国际

guójì

adj.

international

11. 展 览 会

zhánlǎn huì

n.

exhibition; show

12. 然后

ránhòu

adv.

then; afterwards

13. 前往

qiánwǎng

v.

to leave for

14. 几个

jǐgè

adj.

several; a few

15. 老

lǎo

adj.

old

16. 祝

zhù

v.

to bless; to wish

17. 一切

yíqiè

n.

everything

18. 顺利

shùnlì

adv.

smooth; smoothly.

19. 出示

chūshì

v.

to show; to present

20.护照

hùzhào

n.

passport

21. 将

jiāng

v.

will

22. 呆

dāi

v.

to stay

23. 多

duō

i.p.

how

24.长

cháng

adj.

long

25. 时间

shíjiān

n.

time

26.三

sān

n.

three

27. 天

tiān

n.

day

28.第一

dìyī

v.

first

29.次

n.

(number of) times

30.手续

shǒuxù

n.

formalities

31. 办

bàn

v.

to handle

32. 非常

fēicháng

adv.

very much

33. 感谢

gǎnxiè

v.

gratitude; appreciate

34. 祝

zhù

v.

to wish; to bless

35. 旅行

lǚxíng

n/v.

trip; journey

36. 愉快

yúkuài

adj./adv.

pleasant

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CHINESE CHARACTER WRITING EXERCISE: FILL IN THE BLANKS

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CHINESE CHARACTER WRITING EXERCISE: FILL IN THE BLANKS

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CHINESE CHARACTER WRITING EXERCISE: FILL IN THE BLANKS

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CHINESE CHARACTER WRITING EXERCISE: FILL IN THE BLANKS

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CHINESE CHARACTER WRITING EXERCISE: FILL IN THE BLANKS

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LESSON EIGHT Looking for a Restaurant for a Meal (1)

SITUATIONAL DIALOGUE 1 A: Qǐng wèng cāntīng zài nǎlǐ?

A: 请

问 餐 厅 在 哪里?

A: May I ask where the dining room is? (CSS: May I ask the dining room is at where?) B: Nǐn xiǎng qù Zhōng cāntīng háishì Xī cāntīng?

B: 您 想 去 中 餐 厅 还 是 西 餐 厅 ? B: Do you want to go to the Chinese dining room or the Western dining room? (CSS: You want to go Chinese dining room or Western dining room?) A: Wó xiǎng qù Zhōng cāntīng.

A: 我 想

去 中

餐 厅。

A: I want to go to the Chinese dining room. B: Zhōng cāntīng zài sān lóu.

B: 中

餐 厅 在 三 楼。

B: The Chinese dining room is on the 3rd floor.

A: Nǐmen cāntīng de Xīcān zěnmeyàng?

A: 你 们 餐 厅 的 西 餐 怎 么 样?

A: How is your dining room’s Western food? (CSS: Your dining room’s western food how about?) Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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B: Yě hěn hǎo, wǒmen de Fǎguó cài hé Yìdàlì cài dōu tǐng yǒumíng.

B: 也 很 好, 我 们 的 法 国 菜和意大利菜都 挺 有 名。

B: Also pretty good, our French dishes and Italian dishes are both quite well known. A: Wǒ juédìng chī Zhōngcān. Yīnwèi wǒ láizì ōuzhōu, wǒ xiǎng chángshì bùtóng de

A: 我 决 定 吃 fēngwèir.

中 餐。因 为 我 来 自 欧 洲, 我 想

尝 试 不同的

风味儿。

A: I’ve decided to eat Chinese food. Because I come from Europe (and) I want to try a different flavor. B: Nà nín jiù qù s sān lóu ba. Zhōng cāntīng zài sān lóu.

B: 那 您 就 去 三 楼 吧。 中 B: Then you just go to the

3rd floor

餐 厅 在 三 楼。

please. The Chinese dining room is on 3rd floor.

A: Hǎode. Xièxie nǐn!

A: 好的。谢谢 您! A: Good. Thank you! NEW WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS No. Chinese

Pinyin

Part of Speech

1. 餐厅 2. 中餐厅 3. 西餐厅 4. 中餐 5. 西餐 6. 楼 7. 法国 8. 菜 9. 意大利 10. 都 11. 挺 12. 有名 13. 决定 14. 吃 15. 因为 16. 欧洲 17. 尝试 18. 不同的 19. 风味儿

cāntīng Zhōng cāntīng Xī cāntīng Zhōngcān Xīcān lóu Fǎguó cài Yìdàlì dōu ting yǒumíng juédìng chī yīnwèi ōuzhōu chángshì bùtóng de fēngwèir

Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

n. n. n. p.n. p.n. n. p.n. n. p.n. adv. adv. adj. v. v. adv. p.n. v. adj. n.

English

dining room; canteen; cafeteria Chinese dining room Western dining room Chinese meal; Chinese food Western meal; Western food floor (building) France; French-style; dish Italy; Italian-style both; all quite; fairly well-known; famous to have a try; to try something to eat because Europe to taste; to give a try; different flavor Page 132

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LESSON EIGHT Ordering Dishes at a Chinese Restaurant (2)

SITUATIONAL DIALOGUE 1 A: Zhè shì càidān. Qǐnɡ wèn, nǐn xiǎng chī shénme?

A: 这 是 菜 单。 请

问, 您 想 吃 什 么?

A: This is the menu. May I ask what you would like to eat? (CSS: This is menu. May I ask you want to eat what?) B: Nǐmen cānɡuǎn yǒu shénme tèsè cài? Qǐng tuījiàn.

B: 你 们 餐 馆 有 什 么 特色菜? 请 推 荐。

B: What are the specialties of your restaurant? Please recommend. (CSS: Your restaurant has what specialties. Please recommend) A: Wǒmen de Gōngbǎo Jīdīng hé Mápó Dòufu dōu hěn búcuò.

A: 我 们 的 宫

保 鸡 丁 和 麻 婆 豆 腐 都 很 不错。 A:

Our Kungpao Chicken and Mapo Tofu are both pretty good. B: Zhè liǎngge cài dōu hěn là. Wǒ bù xǐhuan chī là cài

B: 这 两 个 菜 都 很 辣 。我 不 喜 欢 吃 辣 菜 。 B: These two dishes are both very spicy. I don’t like to eat spicy dishes. Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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A: Wǒmen de Tángcùyú yě hěn hǎo

A: 我 们 的 糖 醋 鱼 也 很 好。 A: Our Sweet & Sour fish is also very good. B: Xíng, jiù diǎn yíɡè Tángcùyú ba.

B: 行, 就 点 一个糖 醋鱼吧。 B: OK. (Let me) just order a Sweet & Sour fish. A: Nín hái xiǎng diǎn biéde ma?

A: 您 还 想

点 别的 吗?

A: Would you like or order anything else? B: Wǒ hái xiǎng diǎn yíɡe Xiānggū Càixīn hé liǎng wǎn mǐfàn.

B: 我 还 想

点 一个香

菇 菜心和 两

碗米饭。

B: I also would like to order a Fragrant Mushroom & Vegetable Hearts and two bowls of rice. A: Nín xiǎng hē shénme?

A: 您 想 喝 什 么?

A: What would you like to drink? B: Qǐng gěi wǒ yì píng Kěkǒu Kělè.

B: 请 给 我 一 瓶 可 口 可 乐 。 B: Please give me a bottle of Coca-Cola. A: Nín xiǎng diǎn tāng ma?

A: 您 想

汤 吗?

A: Would you like to order soup? B: Bù le. Xièxie!

B: 不了。谢 谢 ! B: No. Thanks.

A: Hǎode. Qǐng shāo děnɡ, nínde fàncài hěn kuài jiù hǎo. A:

好的。 请

等, 您 的 饭 菜 很 快 就 好 。

A: OK. Please wait a moment, your food will be ready soon.

B: Xièxie nín.

B: 谢谢 您! B: Thank you! Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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NEW WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS No. Chinese

Pinyin

菜单 吃 菜 餐馆 特色菜 推荐 辣 素菜 辣子鸡丁 麻辣豆腐 11. 香菇菜心

càidān chī cài cānguǎn tèsè cài tuījiàn là sùcài Làzǐ Jīdīng Mápó Dòufǔ Xiānggū Càixīn

n. v. n. n. n. v./n. adj. n. p.n. p.n. p.n.

Tángcùyú diǎn biéde wǎn mǐfàn píng Kěkǒu Kělè shāoděng hěnkuài

p.n. v. adj/adv. n./m.w. n. n./m.w. p.n. v. adj.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

糖醋鱼 点 别的 碗 米饭 瓶 可口可乐 稍等 很快

Part of Speech

English

(food) menu to eat dish restaurant specialties (dish) to recommend; recommendation spicy vegetarian dish Chicken Stirred with Chili Pepper Mapo Tofu Frangrant Mushroom with Vegetable Hearts Sweet & Sour Fish to order (food) something else; other bowl rice bottle Coca Cola wait a moment soon

KEY WORDS AND USAGES ► 还是(háishì): or When connecting two different things, 还是(háishì) means “or”, which signifies a question. i.e. A 还是(háishì) B means “A or B”. 还是(háishì) represents a question because the respondent will have to choose between A or B. Depending on different contexts, 还是 (háishì) could also mean “had better” (do something or “prefer to” (to do something). Examples: Mǎkè xǐhuan chī zhōngcān háishì xīcān? 中 餐 还 是 西餐? √马克 喜欢 吃 Does Marl like to eat Chinese meal or Western meal? Nǐ xǐhuan Kěkǒu kělè háishì Bǎishì Kělè? √ 你 喜 欢 可 口可乐 还 是 百 事 可 乐 ? Do you like Coca Cola or Pepsi Cola?

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Líndá xǐhuan gǔdiǎn yīnyuè háishì liúxíng yīnyuè? √ 琳达 喜 欢 古 典 音 乐 还 是 流 行 音 乐? Does Linda like classical music or pop music? Yuēhàn xiànzài zài Zhōngguó lǚxíng háishì zài Měiguó lǚxíng? 中 国 旅 行 还 是 在 美 国 旅 行 ? Is √约翰现 在在 John traveling now in the US or traveling in China? Wǒ xiǎng wǒ háishì chī zhōngcān ba. 餐 吧。 √ 我 想 我 还 是吃 中 I think I’d better eat China meal? Wǒ jiànyì nǐ háishì qù Zhōngguó xuéxí yī nián Hànyǔ. 中 国 学 习 一 年 汉 语。 √ 我 建 议你 还 是 去 I recommend that you’d better go to China to study for one year. ► 都(dōu): both; all

When 都 (dōu) is used to express two things, it means “both” and when it is used to refer to more than two things, it implies “all”. When it is used to emphasize something, it serves as an adverb which contains the meaning “unexceptionally” or “as a routine”. Examples: Nà jiā cānguǎn de Zhōngcān hé Xīcān dōu hěn búcuò. √那家 餐馆的中 餐和西餐 都很 不错。 Both Chines meal and Western meal in that restaurant are pretty good. Líndá hé Mǎkè dōu hěn xǐhuan qù nǎ jiā Zhōng cāntīng chīfàn √ 琳达和马克都 很喜 欢 去 哪 家 中 餐 厅 吃 饭 。 Linda and Mark both like to eat at that Chinese restaurant. Zhōngguó de Běijīng, Shànghǎi, Guǎngzhōu hé Shēnzhèn dōu shì dà chéngshì. 州 和 深 圳 都 是 大 城 市。 √ 中 国 的 北 京 、上 海、广 Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Shenzhen are all large cities in China. ► 挺(tǐng): quite; pretty much 挺(ting) is an adverb mostly used in spoken expressions. The meaning is equivalent to “quite”, “fairly”, “pretty much” or “rather”. It is largely used in northern part of China.

Examples: Xiànzài qù Zhōngguó de jīpiào tǐng guì de. 国的机票 挺 贵的。 √现在 去 中 Now the air ticket fares to China are quite expensive.

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Líndá de Hànyǔ shuō de tǐng bú cuò de. √琳达的 汉语 说得挺不错 的。 Linda speaks Mandarin Chinese quite well. Zhījiāgē de xiàtiān tǐng shūfu de. 挺 舒服的。 √ 芝加哥 的 夏 天 Chicago’s summer time is quite comfortable.

►决定(juédìng): to decide; decision

When used as a verb, 决定(juédìng) means “to decide”; when used as a noun, 决定(juédìng) means “decision”. Examples: Xièxie nǐde juédìng. √ 谢谢 你的 决 定。 Thanks for your decision. Yuēhàn juédìng xiàge yuè qù Zhōngguó kàn tāde péngyǒu. 中 国 看 他的 朋 友。 √约翰决定下个 月去 John decides to go to China to see his friends (there) next month. Wǒ huì rènzhēn kǎolǜ nǐde juédìng. 定。 √ 我 会 认 真 考 虑 你的 决 I will seriously consider your decision. ► 不同的(bùtóng de): different 同(tóng) means “the same” or “identical” in Chinese. So 不同的(bùtóng de) means “nit the same” or “different”. Examples: Mǎkè hé Yuēhàn láizì bùtóng de guójiā. √ 马克和 约 翰 来自不 同 的 国 家。 Mark and John come from different countries. Líndá xiǎng chángshì láizì bùtóng de guójiā de fēngwèir. √ 琳达 想 尝 试 来自不 同 的 国 家的 风 味儿。 Linda wants to taste flavors from different countries. Wǒmen yǒu bùtóng de bèijǐng, dàn wǒmen yǒu xiāngtóng de àihào. √ 我 们 有 不 同的 背 景,但 我 们 有 相 同 的爱好。 We have different background, but we have the same hobbies. ► 推荐(tuījiàn): to recommend; recommendation When used as a verb, 推荐(tuījiàn) means “to recommend”; when used as a noun, 推荐 (tuījiàn) means “recommendation”. Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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Examples: Qǐng bāng wǒ tuījiàn yī běn shū. 书。 √请 帮 我推荐一本 Please help recommend a book for me. Xièxie nǐ tuījiàn nà jiā cāntīng, quèshí tǐng hǎo de. √ 谢 谢 你 推 荐 那 家 餐 厅,确 实 挺 好 的。 Thanks for recommending that restaurant. It is really quite good. Wǒ tuījiàn nǐ qù Běijīng Dàxué xuéxí bàn nián Hànyǔ. 年 汉 语。 √ 我 推 荐 你 去 北 京 大 学 学习 半 I recommend you go to Beijing University to study Mandarin Chinese for half year. ► 别的(biéde): something else; other As an adjective, 别的(biéde) is used to express the meaning of “something else” or “other”. It is usually used before a noun. Examples: Nǐ hái jìhuà fǎngwèn Zhōngguó biéde chéngshì ma? 中 国 别 的 城 市 吗? √ 你 还 计 划访 问 Do you also plan to visit China’s other cities? Nǐ zài Zhōngguó hái yǒu biéde péngyǒu kěyǐ bāngzhù nǐ ma? 国 还有 别的 朋 友 可以 帮 助你 吗 ? √你在 中 Do you have other friends in China who can help you? Wǒ méiyǒu biéde wèntí le. √ 我 没 有 别的 问 题了。 I don’t have other questions. ►很快(hěnkuài): very soon Examples: Zhāng Dí dǎsuàn hěn kuài qù Zhōngguó lǚxíng. 快 去 中 国 旅 行。 √张 迪 打 算 很 Zhang Di is going to go to China very soon. Wǒ huì hěn kuài lái Běijīng yǔ nǐ jiànmiàn. √ 我 会 很 快 来 北 京 与 你 见 面。 I will come to Beijing to meet you very soon. Shèngdàn jié jiāng hěn kuài jiù yào dào le. 诞 节 将 很 快 就 要 到了 。 √圣 Christmas is just coming very soon. Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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MATCHING THE CHINESE WORDS WITH CORRECT PROUNCIATION 1.决定 jué dìng

2.挺 3.给 4.都 5.尝试 6.楼 7.推荐 8.菜 9.有名 10.吃 11.瓶 12.辣 13.餐

cháng shì píng dōu wǎn lóu cān tīng là gěi tǐng

yǒu míng tuī jiàn chī

cài

14.碗

CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWER FROM THE CHOICE LIST 1. 餐厅 A. cān tīng B. sān jí C. shàng yáng 2. 楼 A. lóu B. jiū C. yā 3. 菜 4. 都 5. 挺

D. sān bǎo

D. chǒu

A. qiū

B. shì

C. jiǔ

D. cài

A. chéng A. yì A. yǒu míng

B. dōu B. yǐn

C. bìng C. me

D. shēn D. tǐng

B. sān qī

C. yī dàn

A. shàng hé A. yě

B. sān qī B. bǎ

C. jué dìng C. xiǎn

D. sān mèi D. qī lǜ

A. sān bèi

B. chángshì C. sān jǐng

D. xià zhī

10. 推荐 11. 辣 12. 碗

A. yī xīn A. chǒu

B. tuī jiàn C. yī fāng B. miǎn C. là

A. zhōng

B. mò

C. zhòng

D. yī xīn D. yě D. wǎn

13. 瓶 14. 给

A. zhōng A. jiǔ

B. sān B. qiū

C. xù C. gěi

D. píng D. sòng

6. 有 7. 决定 8. 吃 9. 尝试

CHECK OUT THE TRUE OR FALSE ANSWER 1. 餐厅-> shàng rèn True 2. 楼 -> lóu True 3. 菜 -> jiǔ True 4. 都 -> xx True 5. 挺 -> miǎn True Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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6. 有名-> yǒu míng 7. 决定-> dīng chǒu

True True

False False

8. 吃 -> chī 9. 尝试-> sān tōng 10. 推荐-> yī yǎn

True True True

False False False

11. 辣 -> xiāng 12. 碗 -> jiǔ

True True

False False

13. 瓶 -> kuàng 14. 给 -> gěi

True True

False False

WRITE DOWN THE CORRECT PINYIN BASED ON THE HINT 1. 餐厅 2. 楼 3. 菜 4. 都 5. 挺 9. 尝试 13. 瓶

6. 有名 10. 推荐 14. 给

7. 决定 11. 辣

8. 吃 12. 碗

15. 有名

ANNOTATIONS: LOOKING FOR A RESTAURANT FOR A MEAL A: 请问1 餐厅2 在3 哪里4? 1.请问qǐng wèn may I ask...2.餐厅cān tīng dining-hall3.在zài (located) at / in / exist4.哪 里 nǎ li where / wherever B: 你1 想2 去3 中餐4 厅5 还是6 西餐7 厅8? 1.你 nǐ you2.想xiǎng to think / to believe / to suppose / to wish / to want / to miss3.去qù to go / to leave / to remove4.中餐zhōng cān Chinese meat / Chinese food5.厅tīng (reception) hall / office6.还是hái shinevertheless / or stillhái shì or / still / nevertheless7. 西餐xī cān Western-style food8.厅tīng (reception) hall / office A: 我1 想2 去3 中餐4 厅5。 1.我 wǒ I / me / myself2.想xiǎng to think / to believe / to suppose / to wish / to want / to miss3.去qù to go / to leave / to remove4.中餐zhōng cān Chinese meat / Chinese food5.厅 tīng (reception) hall / office B: 中餐1 厅2 在3 三4 楼5。 1.中餐zhōng cān Chinese meat / Chinese food2.厅tīng (reception) hall / office3.在zài (located) at / in / exist4.三sān threesān léng jìng a prism5.楼lóu house with more than 1 story / storied building / floorlóu tái a terrace, a stage for theatrical performances A: 你们1 餐厅2 的3 西餐4 怎么样5?

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1.你们nǐ men you (plural)2.餐厅cān tīng dining-hall3.的dì aim / clearde (possessive particle) / ofdí really and truly4.西餐xī cān Western-style food5.怎么样zěn me yàng how? / how about? / how was it? / how are things? B: 也1 很2 好3。我们4 的5 法国6 菜7 和8 意大利9 菜10 都11 挺12 有名13。 1.也yě also / too2.很hěn very / extremely3.好hào be fond ofhǎo good / well4.我们wǒ men we / us / ourselves5.的dì aim / clearde (possessive particle) / ofdí really and truly6. 法国fǎ guó France / French7.菜cài dish (type of food) / vegetables8.和huò mix together / to blendhé and / together with / with / peace / harmony / unionhè cap (a poem) / respond in singinghuó soft / warm9.意大利yì dà lì Italy / Italian10.菜 cài dish (type of food) / vegetables11. 都 dū (surname) / metropolis / capital citydōu all / both (if two things are involved) / entirely (due to)each / even / already12. 挺 tǐng be straight and stiff / rather (good)13.有名yǒu míng famous / well-known A: 我1 决定2 吃3 中餐4 。因为5 我6 来自7 欧洲8。我9 想10 尝试11 不同12 的13 风味14 " 15 。 1. 我 wǒ I / me / myself2. 决 定 jué dìng to decide (to do something) / to determine / to resolve3. 吃 jí stammerchī eatchī eat / eradicate / destroy / receive4. 中 餐 zhōng cān Chinese meat / Chinese food5.因为yīn wéi because / owing to / on account of6.我wǒ I / me / myself7.来自lái zì to come from (a place)8.欧洲ōu zhōu Europe / European9.我 wǒ I / me / myself10.想xiǎng to think / to believe / to suppose / to wish / to want / to miss11. 尝试cháng shì to try / to attempt12.不同bù tóng different / distinct / not the same / not alike13.的 dì aim / clearde (possessive particle) / ofdí really and truly14.风味fēng wèi local flavor / local style15.儿er non-syllabic dimi. suff.ér son

B: 那1 您2 就3 去4 三5 楼6 吧7。中餐8 厅9 在10 三11 楼12。 1. 那 nèi that / those / (sometimes used before a measure word, especially in Beijing)nǎ how / whichnà that / those2.您nín you (formal)3.就jiù at once / then / right away / only / (emphasis) / to approach / to move towards / to undertake4. 去 qù to go / to leave / to remove5.三sān threesān léng jìng a prism6.楼lóu house with more than 1 story / storied building / floorlóu tái a terrace, a stage for theatrical performances7.吧ba (modal particle indicating polite suggestion) / ...right? / ...OK?bā (onomat.) / dumb8. 中 餐 zhōng cān Chinese meat / Chinese food9.厅tīng (reception) hall / office10.在zài (located) at / in / exist11.三sān threesān léng jìng a prism12.楼lóu house with more than 1 story / storied building / floorlóu tái a terrace, a stage for theatrical performances A: 好1 的2。谢谢3 你4! 1.好hào be fond ofhǎo good / well2.的dì aim / clearde (possessive particle) / ofdí really and truly3.谢谢xiè xie to thank4.你nǐ you

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ANNOTATIONS: ORDERING DISHES AT A CHINESE RESTAURANT A: 这1 是2 菜单3。请问4, 你5 想6 吃7 什么8 ? 1.这 zhè this / thesezhèi this / these / (sometimes used before a measure word, especially in Beijing)2.是shì to be (is, are, am) / yes3.菜单cài dān menu4.请问qǐng wèn may I ask...5.你nǐ you6.想xiǎng to think / to believe / to suppose / to wish / to want / to miss7. 吃 jí stammerchī eatchī eat / eradicate / destroy / receive8.什么shén me what? / who? / something / anything B: 你们1 餐馆2 有3 什么4 特色5 菜6? 请7 推荐8。 1.你们nǐ men you (plural)2.餐馆cān guǎn restaurant3.有yǒu to have / there is / there are / to exist / to be4. 什 么 shén me what? / who? / something / anything5. 特 色 tè sè characteristic / distinguishing feature or quality6. 菜 cài dish (type of food) / vegetables7. 请 qǐng to ask / to invite / please (do sth) / to treat (to a meal, etc) / to requestqǐng xián ask s.o. for an interview at his convenience8.推荐tuī jiàn recommendtuī jiàn recommend / recommendation A: 我们1 的2 宫3 保4 鸡5 丁6 和7 麻8 婆9 豆腐10 都11 很12 不错13。 1.我们wǒ men we / us / ourselves2.的dì aim / clearde (possessive particle) / ofdí really and truly3.宫gōng palace4.保bǎo to defend / to protect / to insure or guarantee / to maintain / hold or keep / to guard5.鸡jī chicken / fowl6.丁dīng (surname) / 4th heavenly stem / a Chinese surname7. 和 huò mix together / to blendhé and / together with / with / peace / harmony / unionhè cap (a poem) / respond in singinghuó soft / warm8.麻má (to have) pins and needles / tingling / hemp / numb / to bother9.婆pó grandmother / matron / mother-in-law10.豆腐dòu fu tofu / bean curd11.都 dū (surname) / metropolis / capital citydōu all / both (if two things are involved) / entirely (due to)each / even / already12. 很 hěn very / extremely13.不错bù cuò correct / right / not bad / pretty good B: 这1 两2 个3 菜4 都5 很6 辣7。我8 不9 喜欢10 吃11 辣12 菜13 。 1. 这 zhè this / thesezhèi this / these / (sometimes used before a measure word, especially in Beijing)2. 两 liǎng both / two / ounce / some / a few / tael3. 个 gè general measure wordgè general measure word, for individual4.菜 cài dish (type of food) / vegetables5.都 dū (surname) / metropolis / capital citydōu all / both (if two things are involved) / entirely (due to)each / even / already6.很hěn very / extremely7.辣là hot (spicy) / pungent8.我wǒ I / me / myself9. 不 bù (negative prefix) / not / nobú (when directly preceding a tone 4) / not / no10.喜欢xǐ huan to like / to be fond of11.吃jí stammerchī eatchī eat / eradicate / destroy / receive12.辣là hot (spicy) / pungent13.菜cài dish (type of food) / vegetables A: 我们1 的2 糖醋3 鱼4 也5 很好6。 1.我们wǒ men we / us / ourselves2.的dì aim / clearde (possessive particle) / ofdí really and truly3.糖醋táng cù sweet-and-sour4.鱼yú fishyú zhǎ salted fishyú shī a small parasite bug that destroys fish5.也yě also / too6.很好hěn hǎo well Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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B: 行1, 就2 点3 一个4 糖醋5 鱼6 吧7 。 1.行háng a row / profession / professionalxíng all right / capable / competent / OK / okay / to go / to do / to travel / temporary / to walk / to go / will doxìng behavior / conduct2.就 jiù at once / then / right away / only / (emphasis) / to approach / to move towards / to undertake3. 点 diǎn (downwards-right convex character stroke) / o'clock / (a measure word) / point / dot / (decimal) point)4.一个yī gè a / an5.糖醋táng cù sweet-and-sour6.鱼 yú fishyú zhǎ salted fishyú shī a small parasite bug that destroys fish7.吧ba (modal particle indicating polite suggestion) / ...right? / ...OK?bā (onomat.) / dumb A: 你1 还2 想3 点4 别的5 吗6? 1. 你 nǐ you2. 还 hái also / in addition / more / still / else / still / yet / (not) yethuán (surname) / pay back / return3.想xiǎng to think / to believe / to suppose / to wish / to want / to miss4.点diǎn (downwards-right convex character stroke) / o'clock / (a measure word) / point / dot / (decimal) point)5. 别 的 bié de else / other6. 吗 mǎ morphinema (question tag) B: 我1 还2 想3 点4 一个5 香6 菇7 菜8 心9 和10 两11 碗12 米饭13。 1.我 wǒ I / me / myself2.还hái also / in addition / more / still / else / still / yet / (not) yethuán (surname) / pay back / return3. 想 xiǎng to think / to believe / to suppose / to wish / to want / to miss4.点diǎn (downwards-right convex character stroke) / o'clock / (a measure word) / point / dot / (decimal) point)5. 一 个 yī gè a / an6. 香 xiāng fragrant / incense / (of food) savory / appetizing / sweet / scented / popularxiāng lí (zoo.) the civetxiāng yàn romantic, sexy7.菇gū mushroom8.菜cài dish (type of food) / vegetables9. 心 xīn heart / mind10.和huò mix together / to blendhé and / together with / with / peace / harmony / unionhè cap (a poem) / respond in singinghuó soft / warm11. 两liǎng both / two / ounce / some / a few / tael12.碗 wǎn bowl / cup13.米饭mǐ fàn (cooked) rice A: 你1 想2 喝3 什么4? 1.你 nǐ you2.想xiǎng to think / to believe / to suppose / to wish / to want / to miss3.喝hè shout applausehē my goodness / to drink4.什么shén me what? / who? / something / anything B: 请1 给2 我3 一4 瓶5 可口可乐6。 1.请 qǐng to ask / to invite / please (do sth) / to treat (to a meal, etc) / to requestqǐng xián ask s.o. for an interview at his convenience2.给gěi to / for / for the benefit of / to give / to allow / to do sth (for sb) / (passive particle)jǐ to supply / provide3.我wǒ I / me / myself4. 一yī one / single / a5.瓶píng bottle / (a measure word) / vase / pitcher6.可口可乐kě kǒu kě lè Coca-Cola A: 你1 想2 点3 汤4 吗5? 1.你 nǐ you2.想xiǎng to think / to believe / to suppose / to wish / to want / to miss3.点 diǎn (downwards-right convex character stroke) / o'clock / (a measure word) / point / dot / (decimal) point)4.汤tāng (surname) / soup5.吗mǎ morphinema (question tag) Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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B: 不了1。谢谢2! 1.不了bù liǎo unable to / without end2.谢谢xiè xie to thank A: 好1 的2。请3 稍4 等5。您6 的7 饭菜8 很9 快10 就11 好12。 1.好hào be fond ofhǎo good / well2.的dì aim / clearde (possessive particle) / ofdí really and truly3.请qǐng to ask / to invite / please (do sth) / to treat (to a meal, etc) / to requestqǐng xián ask s.o. for an interview at his convenience4.稍shāo somewhat / a little5. 等 děng class / rank / grade / equal to / same as / wait for / await / et cetera / and so on6. 您 nín you (formal)7.的dì aim / clearde (possessive particle) / ofdí really and truly8.饭菜 fàn cài meal as a whole9.很hěn very / extremely10.快 kuài fast / quick / swift11.就 jiù at once / then / right away / only / (emphasis) / to approach / to move towards / to undertake12.好hào be fond ofhǎo good / well B: 谢谢1 你2 ! 1.谢谢xiè xie to thank2.你nǐ you

SUPPLEMENTARY VOCABULARY 1. 菜单 càidān n. 2. 菜 cài n. 3. 吃 chī v. 4. 餐馆 cānguǎn n. 5. 特色菜 tèsè cài n. 6. 宫保鸡丁 Gōngbǎo Jīdīng p.n. 7. 麻婆豆腐 Mápó Dòufu

p.n.

food menu dish (type of food); vegetables to eat restaurant specialties Kung Pao Chicken Mapo Toufu

n.

Sweet and Sour Fish to order staple food

8. 糖醋鱼 9. 点 10. 主食

Tángcùyú diǎn zhǔshí

p.n. v.

11. 米饭 12. 馒头 13. 水饺 14. 两个 15. 汤 16. 西红柿 17. 鸡蛋 18. 三鲜汤 19. 酸辣汤 20. 稍 21. 饭菜 22. 快

mǐfàn Mántou shuǐjiǎo liǎnggè tāng xīhóngshì jīdàn Sānxiān Tāng Suānlà Tāng shāo fàncài kuài

n. p.n. n. m. n. n. n. p.n. p.n. adv. n. adj/adv.

Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

(cooked) rice Mantou (steamed bread) dumpling two; couple soup tomato egg Three-Delicacies Soup Hot & Sour Soup slightly meal; food; meal & dish soon; fast

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USEFUL COMMENTS ON FOOD/MEAL (好吃 hǎo chī: good to eat; delicious) (美味儿měi wèir: tasty; good flavor) (倍儿棒bèir bàng: double terrific) (盖了帽了gàile màole: unrivaled; unbeatable) WHAT’S ON A TYPICAL CHINESE FOOD MENU? Gōngbǎo jī dīng 宫 保 鸡丁 Kungpao Chicken Hóng shāo páigǔ 红 烧排骨 Pork ribs in Brown Sauce Hǔpí jiān jiāo 虎皮尖 椒 Tiger-skin green peppers Sōngrén yùmĭ 松 仁 玉米 Pine nuts with sweet corn Tángcù ǒupiàn 糖 醋 藕片 Sweet and sour lotus root slices Liángbàn qiéní 凉 拌 茄泥 Mashed eggplant in sauce Yú xiāng ròu sī 鱼 香肉 丝 Fish-flavored shredded pork

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Qīngzhēng pángxiè 清 蒸 螃 蟹 Steamed crabs Mápó Dòufu 麻婆豆腐 Stir-fired bean curd in spicy sauce Tiĕ băn niú liǔ 铁 板 牛柳 Beef with ginger and scallions on a hot plate Hóng shāo ròu 红 烧 肉 Braised pork with soy sauce Huí guō ròu 回 锅 肉 Stir-fried pork slices in hot sauce Jīng jiàng ròusī 京 酱 肉丝 Shredded pork with sweet bean paste Shíjĭn ŏupiàn 什 锦 藕片 Assorted lotus roots and vegetables Shāguō wánzi 沙 锅 丸子 Meat balls en casserole Yú xiāng qiézi 鱼 香 茄子 Fish-flavored shredded eggplant Suān tián páigŭ 酸 甜 排骨 Sweet and sour ribs

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CHINESE CHARACTER WRITING EXERCISE: FILL IN THE BLANKS

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CHINESE CHARACTER WRITING EXERCISE: FILL IN THE BLANKS

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CHINESE CHARACTER WRITING EXERCISE: FILL IN THE BLANKS

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CHINESE CHARACTER WRITING EXERCISE: FILL IN THE BLANKS

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CHINESE CHARACTER WRITING EXERCISE: FILL IN THE BLANKS

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CHINESE CHARACTER WRITING EXERCISE: FILL IN THE BLANKS

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CHINESE CHARACTER WRITING EXERCISE: FILL IN THE BLANKS

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APPENDIX ONE How to Write Chinese Characters How to Write the Characters? The Chinese learn to write characters by using an easy and effective method. The essential ingredient of this method is the fixed order in which the strokes of a character are written. Although Chinese people occasionally disagree among themselves about minor details, the method has been developed and perfected through centuries of experience. Follow the stroke-order diagrams presented in this book in order to acquire proper habits early, and remember to keep your characters uniform in size. The rules below explain the method in general. Outlook of Chinese Characters:

1. Strokes Written From top to bottom

三 雪

雷 2. Strokes Written from left to right

你 他 谁 Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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3. Strokes Written From upper left corner to lower right corner

冷 经 洛 4. Strokes Written From outside to inside

田 国 因 5. When two or more strokes cross, horizontal strokes before perpendicular strokes

十 大 丰 6. Slanting stroke to the left before slanting stroke to the right

人 文 六 7. Center stroke before symmetrical wings

小 水 木 Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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APPENDIX TWO Figures、Dates, Week & Month Numbers:

一 二 三 四 五 六 七 八 九 十 百 千 万 亿 零 点

yī èr sān sì wǔ liù qī bā jiǔ shí bǎi qiān wàn yì líng diǎn

one two three four five six seven eight nine ten hundred thousand ten thousand one hundred million zero point

年 月 日

nián yuè rì

Year month day

Date:

Week:

星期一 星期二 星期三 星期四 星期五 星期六 星期日(天)

Xīngqī Yī

Monday

Xīngqī Èr Xīngqī Sān Xīngqī Sì Xīngqī Wǔ

Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday

Xīngqī Liù Xīngqī Rì (Tiān)

Saturday Sunday

星: xīng: star; 期: qī: date. 星期xīngqī: week or 周 zhōu: week (w); or 礼拜lǐbài: week (s) Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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Month:

一月 二月 三月 四月 五月 六月 七月 八月 九月 十月 十一月 十二月

Yīyuè Èryuè Sānyuè Sìyuè Wǔyuè

January February March April May

Liùyuè Qīyuè

June July

Bāyuè Jiǔyuè

August September

Shíyuè Shíyīyuè Shíèryuè

October November December

How to express time in Chinese: 2009 年9 月15 日(Compare: September 15, 2009) Chinese Currency:

元 (块) 角 (毛) 分

Yuán (Kuài) Jiǎo (Máo) Fēn

(equivalent to “Dollar”) (equivalent to “Dime”) (equivalent to “Cent”)

How to express amount of money: 3 元 (块) 4 角 (毛) 5(分)

RMB3.45

Vocabularies that may be used to express “tense”: Pronunciation Exercise

今天 昨天 明天 前天 后天 今年 去年 明年 前年 后年 上个月 这个月 下个月

Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

jīntiān zuótiān míngtiān qiántiān hòutiān jīnnián qùnián míngnián qiánnián hòunián shàngge yuè zhège yuè xiàge yuè

today yesterday tomorrow the day before yesterday the day after tomorrow this year last year; next year the year before last year the year after next year last month; this month next month Page 157

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APPENDIX THREE: GLOSSARY LESSON ONE - NEW WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS No. Chinese Pinyin Part of Speech English nǐ 1. 你 p.p. you (singular form) nín 2. 您 p.p. a more polite and respectful way expressing “you” (a question mark)

3.

ma

q.p.

4.

p.p.

5.

6. 7.

好 呢

hěn hǎo ne

adv. adj. q.p.

8.

adv.

9. 高兴 10. 见到

gāoxìng jiàndao

adj. v.

also; too; as well glad; pleased; happy; delighted to meet; to see

11. 不

adv.

not

12. 错

cuò

adj.

13. 怎么样 14. 谢谢

zěnmeyàng xièxie

i.p. v./n.

15. 不客气

bú kèqi

ph.

16. 再见

zàijiàn

v.

bad; wrong how about; what about thanks you are welcome goodbye

I, me, my very; very much good; well how about; what about

LESSON TWO - NEW WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS No. Chinese Pinyin Part of Speech English 1. 我 wǒ p.p. I; me 2. 来 lái v. to come (to) 3. 中国 Zhōngguó p.n. China 4. 学习 xuéxí v./n. to study; study 5. 汉语 Hànyǔ p.n. Chinese (language) 6. 做 zuò v. to do 7. 生意 shēngyi n. (personal) business 8. 看 kàn v. to see; to look; to visit 9. 朋友 péngyou n. friends 10. 旅行 lǚxíng v. to travel; traveling 11. 很 hěn adv. very; very much 12. 高兴 gāoxìng adj. glad; pleased; happy 13. 认识 rènshi v. to get to know; to recognize 14. 你 nǐ p.p. you Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23.

也 为什么 这 是 我的 名片 谢谢 来自 美国

yě wèishénme zhè shì wǒde míngpiàn Xièxie láizì Měiguó

adv. i.p. d.p. l.v. n. n. v./n. v. p.n.

also; too; as well why this is my; mine business card thanks to come from The United States

LESSON THREE - NEW WORDS AND EXPRESSION No. Chinese Pinyin Part of Speech English 1. 叫 jiào v. call; to be called as… 2. 什么 shénme i.p. what 3. 名字 míngzi n. name 4. 琳达.史密斯 Líndá Shǐmìsī p.n. Linda Smith 5. 张 迪 Zhāng Dí p.n. Zhang Di 6. 来自 láizì v. to come from 7. 哪里 nǎlǐ i.p. where 8. 美国 Měiguó p.n. the United States 9. 美国人 Měiguórén p.n. American 10. 芝加哥 Zhījiāgē p.n. Chicago 11. 中 国 Zhōngguó p.n. China 12. 中国人 Zhōngguó rén p.n. Chinese (people) 13. 去 qù v. to go 14. 过 guò aux. A particle used after verb to indicate a completed action beautiful; pretty 15. 漂亮 piàoliang adj. 16. 请问 qǐng wèn v. (Excuse me) May I ask 17. 北京 Běijīng p.n. Beijing 18. 谁 sheí (shuí) i.p. who 19. 朋友 péngyou n. friend 20. 马克 Mǎkè p.n. Mark 21. 英国 Yīngguó p.n. the United Kingdom 22. 伦敦 Lúndūn p.n. London

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Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

LESSON FOUR - NEW WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS No. Chinese Pinyin Part of Speech English

1.

对不起

duìbuqǐ

p.

sorry; excuse me

2.

néng

v.

can; be able to

3.

帮助

bāngzhù

v./n.

to help; help

4.

méi

prep.

without; don’t have

5.

问题

wèntí

n.

problem; question

6.

需要

xūyào

v./n.

to need; need

7.

什么

shénme

i.p.

what

8.

xiǎng

v.

would like to; want

9.

知道

zhīdao

v.

to know; to be aware of

10. 怎么

zěnme

i.p.

how

v.

to go

12. 图书馆

túshū guǎn

n.

library

13. 哪个

nǎge (něige)

i.p.

which

14. 首都

shǒudū

n.

capital city

qiánmiàn

adj.

ahead; front

nàge (nèige)

d.p.

that

dàlóu

n.

big building

jiù

adv.

just

11.

前面

15.

16. 那个 大楼

17.

18. 就

LESSON FIVE – PART 1 NEW WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS No. Chinese Pinyin Part of Speech English 1. 汉语 Hànyǔ p.n. Chinese language 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

说 得 真 夸奖 老师 谁 叫 张迪 中国人

shuō de zhēn kuājiǎng lǎoshī shuí (or sheí) jiào Zhāng Dí Zhōngguó rén

v. p. adj./adv. v./n. n. i.p. v. p.n. p.n.

to speak (a particle) really; real; truly praise; compliment teacher who to call; to be called as Zhang Di (a Chinese name) Chinese people

LESSON FIVE – PART 2 NEW WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS No. Chinese Pinyin Part of Speech English 先生 Sir; Mister; teacher 1 Xiānsheng p.n. Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

想 喝 有 什么样的 饮料 咖啡 茶 果汁 红茶 绿茶 花茶 苹果汁 番茄汁 橙汁

16 给 17 杯 18 吧 19 请 20 加 21 点 22 冰 块

xiǎng hē yǒu shénmeyàng de yǐnliào

kāfēi chá guǒzhī hóngchá lǜchá huāchá píngguǒ zhī fānqié zhī chéng zhī gěi bēi ba qǐng jiā diǎn bīngkuài

v. v. v. i.p. n. n. n. n. n. n. n. n. n. n. v./prep. m.w. m.p. adv. v. adj. n.

would like to; to want to drink; to have; there is; there are what kind of; what sort of drink; beverage coffee (a loanword) tea fruit juice black tea green tea scented tea apple juice tomato juice orange juice to give; for cup (a measure word) please (a modal particle) please (an adverb) to add; plus a little bit; some; a bit ice cube

LESSON SIX – PART 1 NEW WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS No. Chinese Pinyin Part of Speech English 1. 最大的 zuìdà de adj. the biggest 2. 爱好 àihào n. hobby 3. 旅游 lǚyóu n./v. tour; tourism; traveling 4. 国外 guówài n./adj. abroad; foreign countries 5. 但是 dànshì adv. but; however; yet 6. 太. tài adv. too; too much 7. 贵 guì adj. expensive 8. 有些 yǒuxiē adv. some; certain 9. 地方 dìfang n. place 10. 便宜 piányi adj. cheap; inexpensive 11. 国家 guójiā n. country 12. 最 zuì adv. the most (highest level) 13. 目的地 mùdi dì n. destination 14. 当然

dāngrán

Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

adv.

of course; certainly Page161

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15. 意大利 16. 确实

Yìdàlì quèshí

p.p. adv.

Italy indeed; really; truly

LESSON SIX – PART 2 NEW WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS No. Chinese Pinyin Part of Speech English 1. 听 说 tīngshuō v. to hear of ; heard 2. 古典 gúdiǎn adj. classical 3. 音乐 yīnyuè n. music 4. 一样 yíyàng adj. same 5. 这个 zhègè d.p. this 6. 星期六 Xīngqīliù p.n. Saturday 7. 有 yǒu v. to have; to have got (something) time 8. 时间 shíjiān n. 9. 听 tīng v. to listen 10. 主意 zhǔyì n. idea 11. 忙 máng adj/v. busy; to be busy at 12. 棒 bàng adj. terrific; awesome 13. 音乐会 yīnyuè huì n. music concert 14. 音乐厅 yīnyuè tīng n. music hall 15. 时候 shíhòu n. time 16. 开始 kāishǐ v. to begin ; to start 17. 中午 zhōngwǔ n. noon (time); midday 18. 点 diǎn n. o’clock LESSON SEVEN – PART 1 NEW WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS No. Chinese Pinyin Part of Speech English 1. 长 城 Chángchéng p.p. The Great Wall 2. 饭店 fàndiàn n. hotel 3. 预订 yùdìng v./n. to reserve; reservation 4. 商务 shāngwù n. business; commercial 5. 套间 tàojiān n. suite (hotel room) 6. 到达 dàodá v./n. to arrive at (in); arrival 7. 下 个 xiàge adv/adj next 8. 打算 dǎsuàn v./n. to plan; to be going to 9. 住 zhù v. to live; to stay 10. 几个 Jǐge i.p./adj. how many; several 11. 晚上 wǎnshang n. evening 12. 多少 duōshǎo i.p. how many; how much Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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13. 钱 14. 每天 15. 费用 16. 百

qián měitiān fèiyòng bǎi

n. n./adj./adv. n. n.

money every day; per day; daily fee; expense hundred

LESSON SEVEN – PART 2 NEW WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS No. Chinese Pinyin Part of Speech English

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

需要 帮助 叫 辆 出租车 要 国际 机场 稍

xūyào bāngzhù Jiào liàng chūzūchē yào guójì jīchǎng shāo

v. v. v. m.w n. v. adj. n. adv.

to need; need to help; to assist to call; to order classifier for vehicles taxi to want; will; international airport slightly

10 等 11 马上

děng mǎshang

v. adv.

to wait at once; right away; immediately

12 远 13 大约 14 四十 15 分钟 16 时间 17 航班 18 起飞 19 早上

yuǎn

far; distant; remote approximately forty minute time; period scheduled flight

bàn kè yīnggāi

adj. adv. n. n. n. n. n./v. n. n. adj. n. v.

xiànzài

adv.

now; at present; at the moment

20 点 21 半 22 刻 23 应该

24 现在

dàyuē sìshí fēnzhōng shíjiān hángbān qǐfēi zǎoshang diǎn

(aircraft) to take off; departure early morning o'clock half a quarter (of an hour) ought to; should; must

LESSON EIGHT – PART 1 NEW WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS No. Chinese Pinyin Part of Speech English 1. 餐厅 cāntīng n. restaurant; canteen; cafeteria 2. 中餐厅 Zhōng cāntīng n. Chinese restaurant 3. 西餐厅 Xī cāntīng n. Western restaurant 4.

中餐

Zhōngcān

Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

p.n.

Chinese meal; Chinese food Page163

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5. 6.

西餐 楼

7.

法国

8. 9.

菜 意大利

10. 都 11. 挺 12. 有名 13. 决定 14. 吃 15. 因为

16. 欧洲 17. 尝试 18. 不同的 19. 风味儿

yǒumíng juédìng

p.n. n. p.n. n. p.n. adv. adv. adj. v.

chī yīnwèi ōuzhōu chángshì bùtóng de fēngwèir

v. adv. p.n. v. adj. n.

Xīcān lóu Fǎguó cài Yìdàlì dōu ting

Western meal; Western food floor (building) France; French-style; dish Italy; Italian-style both; all quite; fairly well-known; famous to have a try; to try something to eat because Europe to taste; to give a try; different flavor

LESSON EIGHT – PART 2 NEW WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS No. Chinese Pinyin Part of Speech English 1. 菜 单 càidān n. (food) menu 2. 吃 chī v. to eat 3. 菜 cài n. dish 4. 餐馆 cānguǎn n. restaurant 5. 特色菜 tèsè cài n. specialties (dish) 6. 推荐 tuījiàn v./n. to recommend; recommendation 7. 辣 là adj. spicy 8. 素菜 sùcài n. vegetarian dish 9. 辣子鸡丁 Làzǐ Jīdīng p.n. Chicken Stirred with Chili Pepper 10. 麻婆豆腐 Mápó Dòufǔ p.n. Mapo Tofu 11. 糖醋鱼 Tángcùyú p.n. Sweet and Sour Fish 12. 点 diǎn v. to order (food) 13. 别的 biéde adj/adv. something else; other 14. 碗 wǎn n./m.w. bowl 15. 米饭 mǐfàn n. rice 16. 瓶 píng n./m.w. bottle 17. 给 gěi v./prep. to give; for 18. 可口可乐 Kěkǒu Kělè p.n. Coca-cola 19. 稍等 shāoděng v. wait a moment 20.很快 hěnkuài adj. soon Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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CHINESE LOAN WORDS FROM ENGLISH Pinyin English Chinese āmen Amen 阿们 āmóníyà ammonia 阿摩尼亚 āmǐbā amoeba 阿米巴 āmòxīlín amoxicillin 阿莫西林 ānpéi ampere 安培 ānfēitāmìng amphetamine 安非他命 ānbù ampoule 安瓿 angel 安吉尔 ānjí'ěr antitrust fǎntuōlāsī 反托拉斯 Apollo Ābōluó 阿波罗 Arcadia Ākǎdíyà 阿卡迪亚 aspartame āsībātián 阿斯巴甜 Aspirin āsīpílín 阿斯匹灵 avatar āfàndá 阿梵达 běibí 北鼻 baby Bǎijiālè Baccarat 百家乐 培根/烟肉 贝果 芭蕾

péigēn bèiguǒ bālěi

bacon bagel ballet

绷带 班卓琴

bēngdài bānzhuóqín

bandage banjo

吧 巴罗克

bā bāluókè

bar Baroque

贝司

bèisī

bass

巴松

bāsōng

bassoon

巴祖卡 啤酒 倍塔 比基尼 宾果

bāzǔkǎ píjiǔ bèitǎ bǐjīní bīnguǒ

bazooka beer beta bikini bingo

比特 博客

bǐtè bókè

bit (unit of information) blog

Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

Category Science Science Science Science Science Science

Food and drink Science Computing Arts and entertainment Food and drink Food and drink Arts and entertainment Arts and entertainment Arts and entertainment Arts and entertainment Arts and entertainment Food and drink Computing

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Arts and entertainment Science Computing 《初级汉语教程I》


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Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

布鲁斯

bùlǔsī

blues

波莱罗

bōláiluó

bolero

布尔乔亚 褒呔 白兰地 布朗尼 布斐 霸凌/欺负 蹦极

bù'ěrqiáoyà bāotāi báilándì bùlǎngní bǔfěi bàlíng bèngjí

bourgeois bow tie brandy brownie buffet bullying bungee jumping

巴士 白脱/牛油 拜拜 咖啡因 卡路里 开麦拉

bāshì báituō bàibài kāfēiyīn kǎlùlǐ kāimàilā

bus butter bye-bye caffeine calorie camera

康康舞 加农 克拉 卡宾枪 嘉年华

kāngkāngwǔ jiānóng kèlā kǎbīnqiāng jiāniánhuá

cancan cannon carat carbine carnival

卡特尔 卡通

kǎtè'ěr kǎtōng

cartel cartoon

开士米 赛璐玢 赛璐珞 士敏土 恰恰舞

kāishìmǐ sàilùfēn sàilùluò shìmǐntǔ qiàqiàwǔ

cashmere cellophane celluloid cement cha-cha

香槟 奇士 车厘子 雪纺 巧克力 虎列拉 西打

xiāngbīn qishì chēlízi xuěfǎng qiǎokèlì hǔlièlā xīdá

Champagne cheese cherry chiffon chocolate cholera cider

Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

Arts and entertainment Arts and entertainment

Food and drink Food and drink Food and drink Arts and entertainment Food and drink Food and drink Science Arts and entertainment

Science Arts and entertainment Arts and entertainment

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Science Science Arts and entertainment Food and drink Food and drink Food and drink Food and drink Food and drink Science Food and drink 《初级汉语教程I》


《初级汉语教程I》

Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

雪茄 克隆 可加 可卡因 鸡尾酒 可可 可待因 咖啡 康拜因 孔东/安全套 曲奇 酷 拷贝/复制 沙发 苦迭打/政变 酷鹏/兑换券 克拉通 克林姆/奶油 可丽饼 可颂 西西/立方厘米 枯茗 咖喱 山埃 的确良 爹地 迪吉里杜管

xuějiā kèlóng kějiā kěkǎyīn jīwěijiǔ kěkě kědàiyīn kāfēi kāngbàiyīn kǒngdōng qǔqí kù kǎobèi shāfā kǔdiédǎ kùpéng kèlātōng kèlínmǔ kělìbǐng kěsòng xīxī kūmíng gālí shān'āi díquèliáng diēdì díjílǐdùguǎn

cigar clone coca cocaine cocktail cocoa codeine coffee or café combine harvester condom cookie cool copy couch or sofa coup d'état coupon craton cream crêpe croissant cubic centimeter cumin curry cyanide Dacron daddy didgeridoo

迪斯可

dísīkě

disco

多菲什 多米诺 多拿滋 得来速

duōfēishí duōmǐnuò duōnázī déláisù

dogfish domino doughnut drive-thru

代拿买特/炸药 伊妹儿/电子邮 件 摩托 尤加利 范特西

dàinámǎitè Yīmèier

dynamite email

mótuó yóujiālì fàntèxī

motor Eucalyptus fantasy

Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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Science Food and drink Science Food and drink Food and drink Science Food and drink

Food and drink

Food and drink Food and drink Food and drink Food and drink Food and drink Science Science Arts and entertainment Arts and entertainment

Food and drink Arts and entertainment Science Computing Science Arts and 《初级汉语教程I》


《初级汉语教程I》

Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

entertainment 法西斯 菲力 菲林/胶卷

fǎxīsī fēilì fēilín

fascism fillet film

法克 极客 隔都 高卡车

fǎkè jíkè gédōu gāokǎchē

fuck geek ghetto go-kart

高尔夫

gāoěrfū

golf

谷歌 吉他

Gǔgē jítā

google guitar

吉普赛 黑客 哈利路亚 汉堡包 黑特 哈喽 海洛因 嘻皮 哈尼 热狗 引得 挨踢

Jípǔsài hēikè hālìlùyà hànbǎobāo hēitè hālóu hǎiluòyīn xīpí hāní règǒu yǐndé ĀiTī

燕梳/保险 夹克 爵士舞 吉普车 吉特巴 肯德基 克他命 咔叽 考拉 蕾丝 腊克 镭射 拿铁

yànshū jiākè juéshìwǔ jípǔchē jítèbā Kěndéjī kètāmìng kǎjī kǎolā lěisī làkè léishè nátiě

Gypsy hacker hallelujah hamburger hate hello heroin hippie honey (the term) hot dog index information technology (IT) insurance jacket jazz Jeep jitterbug Kentucky Fried Chicken ketamine khaki koala lace lacquer laser latte

Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

Food and drink Arts and entertainment Computing Arts and entertainment Arts and entertainment Computing Arts and entertainment

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Computing Food and drink

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Organizations Science

Science Food and drink 《初级汉语教程I》


《初级汉语教程I》

Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

柠檬 蕾丝边 凌波舞

níngméng lěisībiān língbōwǔ

lemon lesbian limbo

莱姆 利口酒 逻辑 乐透/彩票

láimǔ lìkǒujiǔ luóji lètòu

lime liquor logic lottery

男基尼 马拉松 麦淇淋 马克笔 马丁尼 马杀鸡 麦当劳 迷因 门萨 麦克风 雪克/奶昔 密斯脱 模特

nánjīní mǎlāsōng màiqílín mǎkèbǐ mǎdīngní mǎshājī Màidāngláo míyīn Ménsà màikèfēng xuěkè mìsītuō mótè

mankini marathon margarine marker Martini massage McDonald's meme Mensa microphone milkshake Mister model

摩登 马海毛 妈咪 蒙太奇

módēng mǎhǎimáo māmi méngtàiqí

modern mohair mommy montage (film)

马赛克 母题

mǎsàikè mǔtí

mosaic motif

摩托 慕丝 莫扎里拉 玛芬 马克杯 木乃伊 纳粹 尼格罗 霓虹灯 尼古丁

mótuō mùsī mòzālǐlā mǎfēn mǎkèbēi mùnǎiyī Nàcuì nígéluó níhóngdēng nígǔdīng

motor mousse mozzarella muffin mug mummy nazi negro neon lamp nicotine

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Food and drink Arts and entertainment Food and drink Food and drink Science Arts and entertainment

Food and drink Food and drink Organizations Organizations Food and drink Arts and entertainment

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尼龙 欧姆 奥林匹克 欧佩克 阿片 芭菲 派克大衣 派对 盘尼西林 法老 皮卡 披萨 扑克

nílóng ōumǔ àolínpǐkè ōupèikè āpiàn bāfēi pàikèdàyī Pàiduì pánníxīlín fǎlǎo píkǎ pīsà pūkè

Nylon ohm Olympics Opec opium parfait parka party penicillin Pharaoh pickup truck pizza poker

波尔卡

bō'ěrkǎ

polka

布丁 泵浦 朋克

bùdīng bèngpǔ péngkè

pudding pump punk

拉比 雷达 罗拉 罗曼司 朗姆酒 伦巴 沙拉 三文鱼 沙龙 三明治 沙丁鱼 桑拿 萨克斯风

lābǐ léidá luólā luómànsī lǎngmǔjiu lúnbā shālà sānwényú shālóng sānmíngzhì shādīngyú sāngná sàkèsīfēng

rabbi radar roller romance rum rumba salad salmon salon sandwich sardine sauna saxophone

赛因斯 速克达 香波/洗发露 雪利酒 恤衫 谢特 沙朗

sàiyīnsī sùkèdá xiāngbō xuělìjiǔ xùshān xiètè shālǎng

science scooter shampoo sherry shirt shit (exclamation) sirloin

Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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Science Organizations Organizations Food and drink

Science

Food and drink Arts and entertainment Arts and entertainment Food and drink Arts and entertainment Science

Food and drink Food and drink Food and drink Food and drink Food and drink Arts and entertainment Science

Food and drink

Food and drink 《初级汉语教程I》


《初级汉语教程I》

Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

斯诺克 苏打 星巴克 士多啤梨/草莓 圣代 乒乓

Sīnuòkè sūdá Xīngbakè shìduōpílí shèngdài pīngpāng

snooker soda Starbucks strawberry sundae ping-pong

脱口秀 探戈

tuōkǒuxiù tàngē

talk show tango

坦克 单宁酸 塔罗 特富龙 保龄球

tǎnkè dānníngsuān tǎluó tèfùlóng bǎolíngqiú

梯恩梯 淡巴菰/烟草 托福 太妃糖 兔爸/工具栏 吞拿鱼 土耳其石 凡士林 梵哑铃

tī'ēntī dànbāgū tuōfú tàifēitáng tùbà tūnnáyú Tǔ'ěrqíshí fánshìlín fànyǎlíng

tank tannic acid tarot Teflon ten-pin bowling (or the ball) TNT tobacco TOEFL toffee toolbar (software) tuna turquoise Vaseline violin

维他命 伏特加 华尔兹

wéitāmìng fútéjiā huá'ěrzī

vitamin vodka waltz

瓦特 威士忌 瑜迦

wǎtè wēishìjì yújiā

watt whisky yoga

优格/酸奶 悠悠球

yōugé yōuyōuqiú

yogurt yo-yo

雅皮士

yǎpíshì

yuppie

Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

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Food and drink Organizations Food and drink Food and drink Arts and entertainment Arts and entertainment

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Food and drink Computing Food and drink

Arts and entertainment Food and drink Food and drink Arts and entertainment Science Food and drink Arts and entertainment Food and drink Arts and entertainment yuppie

《初级汉语教程I》


《初级汉语教程I》

Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

REFERENCES: 1.

《现代汉语精解》,张斌主编,上海文艺出版社

2.

“Chinese Character Usage in New York City”, The ATA Chronicle Magazine, page 20, November/December 2012.

3.

《语音常识》,李荣, 文化教育出版社,北京, 1955

4.

《语法答问》, 朱德熙, 商务印书馆,北京,1985

5.

《文字学概要》,裘锡圭, 商务印书馆, 北京, 1987

6.

http://www.hudong.com/wiki

7.

百度文库关于中国象形文字的阐释。

8.

《新编汉语教程》,主编: 黄政澄,商务印书馆国际有限公司, 1996

9.

Beginner’s Chinese, Yong Ho, Hippocrene Beginner’s Series

10. 《说字释词谈文化》, 张美霞编著, 北京语言文化大学出版社, 2000

11. 《中国古代文化史》知识, 王恩涛, 毕宝魁著, 沈阳出版社, 1988 12. 《历代社会风俗事物考》, 尚秉和著, 岳麓书社出版发行, 1991 13.

http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki (for Chinese loanwords from English)

14.

tttp://pixabay.com (for royalty-free photos)

15. 《中国文化知识精华》,湖北人民出版社,1989 16. 《汉语拼音之原则》,周有光,载《中国语文的现代化》一书(1986) 17. 《汉语拼音方案基础知识》(语言文字规范化丛书)语言语出版社(1993)

Mandarin Chinese Beginner Level I

Page172

《初级汉语教程I》


初级汉语教程(1) Mandarin Chinese Beginner-Level I is a book carefully designed for the non-native speakers who embark on acquiring the needed knowledge and communication skills. Unlike many other campus-oriented Chinese language learning materials, this book puts a special focus on practical usage of the language through real-life situational dialogues. This book starts from the basic pronunciations, single phrases and expressions, to more practically used situational dialogues. New words, phrases and expressions come after each lesson. An adequate number of exercises has been designed after each lesson. All the sentences in the texts are annotated with detailed explanations. Writing exercises and supplementary vocabulary were generated with advanced tools to help learners better master Chinese characters learned from each lesson. Chinese sentence structure is highlighted to provide learners with a unique view on the differences from English sentence structure, which is perceived as a special way helping the beginner-level learners quickly familiarize the Chinese syntax as well as the grammatical functions through comparisons. "Andy is simply the best language instructor I’ve ever had. I’ve studied German, Russian and Spanish prior to studying Mandarin. He provides a fun, interesting and insightful foundation for learning the language. Going in I thought Chinese would be difficult. Instead, it has been a joy to learn and relatively easy to understand because of Andy’s teaching style and methods. He provides great cultural context and operates at an appropriate pace. Within the first 60 days I could see significant results including being able to actually read and write the language around everyday situations. I highly recommend him. He’s worth ten times what he charges for lessons". -- Steven D. Light, VP/GMM, Sears Holding Corporation About the Author Andy Q. Zhang is the Founder and Principal of Chicago Mandarin Chinese Center, known as the largest Chinese language and cultural learning center in downtown Chicago. Andy has taught Fortune 500 companies as well as numerous individuals from over 30 countries since 2004. Andy is a long-term member of Chinese Language Teachers Association (CLTA) and American Translators Association (ATA). www.chicagomcc.com