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Chicago and suburbs $1 • Wednesday-Tuesday, February 6-12, 2013 • • Vol. CVII - No. 4 1

Right place, Right time Slain youth were on home, public ‘turf’ not gangs’ Page 10

Starkeshia Reed

Dantrell Davis

Blair Holt

Hadiya Pendleton

Siretha White

Urban Ed BHM- Congo Square Same-sex marriage pullout Theatre Page 15 challenged Page 17


Jennifer Hudson dazzles at Super Bowl Published weekly by REAL TIMES Inc. 4445 S. King Dr. Chicago, Ill. 60653 Periodicals Postage Paid at Chicago, Ill. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Chicago Defender 4445 S. King Dr. Chicago, Ill. 60653

Men of Excellence corrections


In the Jan. 30-Feb. 5, 2013 Edition of the Chicago Defender, we misidentified Men of Excellence guests and sponsors. The Defender regrets the error.

Wednesday-Tuesday February 6-12, 2013 (ISSN: 07457014)

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Chicago’s Academy Award-wining actor and singer Jennifer Hudson, center, sings “God Bless America” before the Super Bowl XLVII football game Sunday in New Orleans. She was accompanied by children of the Sandy Hook Elementary School choir of Newtown, Conn. Hudson will star in the upcoming NBC prime-time television show SMASH. Also performing at the Super Bowl, Singer Alicia Keys sang the National Anthem. It was a night of memorable performances - Beyonce light up the stage during halftime. AP/Evan

Richard McReynolds, Dandre Turner, Shirley McReynolds, and Honoree Kenny McReynolds.


Local news station to celebrate BHM ABC 7 Chicago celebrates Black History Month with special news reports, programming and vignettes during the month of February. Throughout Black History Month, ABC 7 will air a series of vignettes, as part of its original presentation of HEART & SOUL, highlighting artistic and cultural organizations in Chicago such as M.A.D.D. Rhythms, an organization that promotes tap dance as a percussive art form and Studio 71 Art Gallery on Chicago's South Side, featuring talented artists and framers. ABC 7's on air anchors/reporters will host the vignettes - Cheryl Burton, pictured, Evelyn Holmes, Leah Hope, Karen Jordan, Jim Rose, Hosea Sanders, Charles Thomas and Windy City LIVE's Val Warner.

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Teen’s death a call for action by Rhonda Gillespie DEFENDER STAFF WRITER

out on the issue. “Please come home (Obama),” the Rev. Jesse Jackson said at rally Saturday held his Rainbow/PUSH Coalition headquarters. “It would serve to illuminate for Americans the nature of the urban crisis.” Pendleton’s death helped to close out a violent start of the year in the city. There were over three dozen homicides in the month of January, after closing 2012 out with 506 killings. Police Supt. Garry McCarthy reported this week that the city had already confiscated some 700 guns within the first 37 days of the new year. The police chief said at a Jan. 30 press conference that Pendleton Pendleton and her friends were shot at in a case of mistaken identity. McCarthy explained that the shooter likely thought the group of friends was rival gang members. None in the group were gang-affiliated and were all “good kids,” he said.

Coree Parks said at a press conference Tuesday that when her son, Darius Farley, was killed eight months ago, she wanted to take her own life and her young child’s. Pam Bosley said at a taped town hall meeting last fall that when her son, Terrell, was gunned down outside a South Side church, she wanted to take a gun and shoot someone. The mothers did not carry out their anguish-inspired thoughts and they said they know exactly what Cleopatra and Nathaniel Pendleton are going through now. The Pendletons’ daughter, Hadiya, was shot in the back Jan. 29 at Vivian Hadiya Gordon Harsh Park in the Kenwood neighborhood on the South Side. “It’s a struggle. I cry daily,” said Parks. Pendleton, a 15-year-old sophomore at King College Prep high school, was at the park that fateful Tuesday afternoon hanging out with friends after taking finals at school. According to Dear President Obama, police, she was part of a group of about You have been a voice of consciousness for America on a dozen students in the rights of immigration, equality for gay and lesbian the park socializing Americans, and for access to health care. America is now when it started to suffering from an epidemic of violence. rain. The teens took Your presence in Tucson and in Newtown brought nationcover under a shelal attention and unity to the horrific acts of violence. We ter in the park, then need you to do the same in Chicago. We need you to come a male walked up home to Chicago and deliver a major urban policy speech and opened fire on that addresses the need for better schools, the problems of the group as they unemployment and mass incarceration, poverty and, of all took out runcourse, guns and violence. ning. Pendleton We need your voice and we need the focus and resources was struck in the of the Federal Government. This is a matter of Homeland back and was taken Security! to the nearby Michael Pfleger University of Chicago hospital No arrests have been made in the shooting incident where she died. Another boy survived a gunshot to and community outcries have begged that anyone his leg. “She was the light of my life,” said Nathaniel with information in the case come forth. The reward Pendleton. Hadiya was his only daughter and the leading to an arrest is at $40,000. “If anybody has any information, you are not a plethora of photos, videos and texts he had on the ready in his cell phone punctuated how close the two snitch; you're a citizen. You’re a good citizen in good were. He said his daughter was “destined for great- standing if you help,” said Emanuel. Pendleton’s cousin made a plea at the ness.” News of Pendleton’s murder quickly spread - all Rainbow/PUSH rally Saturday. “You know your child. You know your cousin. You the way to the White House. Pendleton had only weeks before performed in Washington, D.C. for know your friend. You know your relative. You know President Barack Obama's second term inauguration, who’s done this. All they're gonna do is do something and the first family lives approximately one mile to somebody else's child,” said Shatira Wilks. Police say they are working a “ton of leads.” south of where the shooting occurred. Pendleton will be laid to rest Saturday. “It’s a terrible tragedy any time a young person is Visitation will be held Friday at Calahan Funeral struck down with so much of their life ahead of them. And we see it far too often. The president and the Home, 7030 S. Halsted St., from 2 p.m. to 9 p.m. first lady’s thoughts and prayers are with the family Funeral services will be held Saturday at Greater of Hadiya Pendleton. All of our thoughts and prayers Harvest Baptist Church, 5141 S. State St., beginning are with her family,” said Obama Press Secretary Jay with a 9 a.m. wake. A tearful Cleopatra Cowley-Pendleton said she Carney. Her death locally reignited many calls that law will miss her daughter. The parents’ loss is unimagenforcement, faith and community leaders, and other inable. “There’s a whole section of my heart that’s gone,” victims’ families have been making for gun violence to stop and for Obama to come to Chicago and speak said the grieving mother.



Following its weekly broadcast Saturday morning, Rev. Jesse Jackson, founder of the Rainbow/PUSH Coalition civil rights organizaton, led a silent march through the Kenwood neighborhood to the playground where Hadiya Pendleton and another boy were shot. Pendleton succumed to her wounds, the boy is recovering. Defender/Worsom Robinson

Cleopatra Cowley-Pendleton, foreground, left, mother of King College Prep high school majorette Hadiya Pendleton, is consoled by faculty and staffat the South Side school. The teen was shot in the back Jan. 29 at a public park near the school after taking final exams. Police say they have a “ton of leads” in the case but no one has been arrested for the girls’ murder at press time. Defender/Charlie Smith III

Nathaniel Pendleton, slain 15-year-old Hadiya Pendleton’s father, left, is comforted by Ron Holt, center, whose son, Blair, was gunned down on a city bus, and Torrey Barrett, whose sister was shot to death in a murdersuicide. Barrett runs the K.L.E.O. Family Life Center in Washington Park. The acronym is his slain sister’s first name. Defender/Charlie Smith III




Elected officials hold conceal carry town hall

Former Congresswoman Cardiss Collins dead at 81 by Herbert G. McCann

Ald. Pat Dowell (3rd), state Rep. Ken Dunkin, D-5th Dist., and state Sen. Mattie Hunter, D-3rd Dist., were panelists hearing from the public on the issue of conceal carry and guns at a town hall meeting Saturday on the campus of Ill. Institute of Technology. Illinois had been the lone state to ban carrying concealed weapons but in late 2012 a federal appeals court struck down the state’s ban as unconstitutional. State legislators had 180 days from the ruling to revise the state law. Defender/Worsom Robinson

Ill. attorney general collected $1.1B in 2012 The office of Illinois’ attorney general says it generated more than $1.1 billion in state revenue through litigation and collection efforts in 2012. Of that amount, more than half came from collections litigation, including funds from child support, damage to state property, unpaid


educational loans, fines and penalties. The rest was split between tobacco litigation and estate tax revenues. In a Sunday news release, officials say it was the largest annual amount collected in nearly a decade. The sum doesn’t include millions of dollars the office recovered through


mediation and litigation. Those funds are usually given as restitution to the parties involved. Officials estimate they generated more than $36 for every tax dollar they spent in 2012. Collections under the Attorney General Lisa Madigan have reached more than $9.9 billion.

Cardiss Collins, the first AfricanAmerican woman to represent Illinois in Congress, died of complications from pneumonia at a Virginia hospital, a family friend announced Tuesday. Mel Blackwell said Collins died Sunday evening at a hospital in Alexandria, Va., after suffering a stroke and spending time in a nursing home. “She was a groundbreaking congresswoman,” Blackwell said. Collins originally was elected to fill the seat left vacant when her husband, Congressman George W. Collins, who represented what was then the 7th District, was killed in a 1972 airplane crash. In 1994, the last year she ran for office, she was re-elected with 79 percent of the vote. According to Chicago Democratic Rep. Danny Davis, who succeeded Collins, during her more than 24 years in Congress, Collins led efforts to curtail credit fraud against women, advocated gender equity in college sports and worked to reform federal child care facilities. She chaired the Government Activities and Transportation Sub-Committee. Born Cardiss Hortense Robertson in St. Louis, Mo., on Sept. 24, 1931, her family moved to Detroit. She attended Northwestern University and was a secretary, accountant and auditor for the Illinois Department of Revenue before she entered politics. In 1958 she married George

Washington Collins and campaigned with him in his races for alderman and Democratic Party ward committeeman. They had one son, Kevin. In 1970, George Collins won a special election to fill a U.S. House seat made vacant by the death of Rep. Daniel J. Ronan. Shortly after winning a second term in Congress, George Collins was killed in a plane crash near Chicago's Midway Airport. Cardiss Collins later said she never gave politics a thought for herself and after her husband died was in too much of a daze to think seriously about running, even when people started proposing her candidacy. She later overcame her reluctance to represent the largely black district on Chicago’s West Side. Although eager to continue the work begun by her husband in Congress, Collins admittedly had much to learn about her new job. Her lack of political experience, highlighted by entering office midterm, led to unfamiliarity with congressional procedures. Initially, Collins was not a presence in Congress, relying in her early years on her colleagues to learn the rules of the body. However, after several years she overcame her reserved personality. “She was a quick study and became a forceful member of Congress,” Davis said, adding that issues affecting inner cities and women were a key focus of her energy. “She was not a flame thrower, but when she spoke, she spoke with knowledge and authority,” Davis said. “She left a mark. The mark was the raising of urban issues in a significant way.” Collins became the chairwoman of the Congressional Black Caucus in 1979, and at one time expressed the growing disillusionment of black members of Congress, saying they will “no longer wait for political power to be shared with us; we will take it.” She voiced disapproval of President Jimmy Carter’s civil rights record and criticized the president for not working hard enough to get congressional support to pass legislation making the birthday of Martin Luther King Jr., a federal holiday. The holiday was created during the administration of President Ronald Reagan. “A pioneer of her time, she was an effective policymaker and representative, where she set the benchmark for many members of Congress to emulate,” said Chicago Democratic Rep. Bobby Rush. In addition to Kevin Collins, she is survived by granddaughter Candice Collins. AP




U.S. military expands its drug war in Latin America

Metal detectors not working day of Atlanta school shooting

Pictured, sailors participate Oct. 12, 2012 in M4 rifle small arms qualification on the flight deck onboard the USS Underwood while patrolling in international waters near Panama. AP/Dario Lopez-Mills by Martha Mendoza The crew members aboard the USS Underwood could see through their night goggles what was happening on the fleeing go-fast boat: Someone was dumping bales. When the Navy guided-missile frigate later dropped anchor in Panamanian waters on that sunny August morning, Ensign Clarissa Carpio, a 23-year-old from San Francisco, climbed into the inflatable dinghy with four unarmed sailors and two Coast Guard officers like herself, carrying light submachine guns. It was her first

deployment, but Carpio was ready for combat. Fighting drug traffickers was precisely what she’d trained for. In the most expensive initiative in Latin America since the Cold War, the U.S. has militarized the battle against the traffickers, spending more than $20 billion in the past decade. U.S. Army troops, Air Force pilots and Navy ships outfitted with Coast Guard counternarcotics teams are routinely deployed to chase, track and capture drug smugglers. The sophistication and violence See Drug War, page 9

Mother and daughter embrace as Tiffany Myricle, 37, leads her daughter Xavia Denise Myricle away from her school bus when parents and children are reunited at Emmanuel Baptist Church after a shooting at Price Middle school in Atlanta Jan. 31. A 14-year-old boy was wounded outside the school Thursday afternoon and a fellow student was in custody as a suspect, authorities said. No other students were hurt. AP Photo/Atlanta Journal-Constitution, Curtis Compton ATLANTA - School officials in Atlanta say metal detectors weren't working at Price Middle School Jan. 31 when a 14-year-old student was shot and wounded there. Public school administrators acknowledged in a statement late Friday that the school’s two metal

detectors were “not operable” Thursday. The statement said an investigation found there had been limited use of the detectors at the school this year. Atlanta police say they suspect the shooting, which happened in the school’s courtyard, may have been gang related. A 15-year-old

boy has been arrested. The boy who was injured was treated and released from a hospital. Atlanta Public Schools officials say they plan to immediately test all school metal detectors and review student entrance and exit procedures. AP

Slave row center of Black history observance in South Carolina CHARLESTON, S.C. - An old slave row is the centerpiece of Black History Month observations at Magnolia Plantation and Gardens near Charleston. Beginning Saturday, historians, artisans, genealogists and storytellers will gather to tell the experience of blacks at the plantation. The storytelling will take place

each Saturday. The slave dwellings were occupied from 1850 until the late 20th century. Five years ago, the four cabins were renovated to represent different periods from slavery and Reconstruction through the Jim Crow era and the civil rights movement. Each Saturday in February, one

cabin will be featured and there will be food and craft demonstrations, storytellers, children's activities and cabin tours. There will also be live music and walks through the nearby cemetery where blacks who cultivated Magnolia’s gardens are buried. AP

President Obama seeks closed loopholes, ‘smart’ reductions WASHINGTON - President Barack Obama says the U.S can reduce its budget deficit by closing tax loopholes and making “smart” reductions in spending. Obama says closing tax loopholes should enable the U.S. to “continue



to fund things that can help us grow” without raising tax rates again. The president said he wants the tax system to be “fair and transparent,” noting that the average taxpayer can’t take advantage of things like offshore tax havens.

Obama also called for further health care reforms, noting the U.S. spends “more than every other country does.” He says there’s “no doubt we need additional revenue coupled with smart spending reductions.” AP

NATION Quilt showing lynching opens wounds, conversations

by Vic Ryckaert INDIANAPOLIS - Quilts are supposed to be warm and comforting. But Indianapolis artist LaShawnda Crowe Storm’s quilt is provocative and disturbing -- and purposely so. The quilt, Her Name Was Laura Nelson, depicts the life-size image of the lynching of a Black woman a century ago. And now it is available for all to see and ponder and discuss. The quilt is on display at the Indianapolis Central Library through March 23 as part of the library’s “Meet the Artists” exhibit, which includes pieces from 15 local black artists. The piece drew some strong reactions from those who recently walked by the exhibit. “I find it very offensive,” said Randolph Davison, 55, an African American and retired serviceman from Gary. “We’ve been through enough and don’t need remembrances like this.” Davison said a piece like this does not belong in a public library. “It makes me want to cry,” he said. Tamara Moore, 37, a white woman from Indianapolis, was with her 7-year-old daughter, Samantha, when they came across the quilt. Samantha seemed confused by the image, but her mother was clearly outraged by it. “Why would they make a quilt like that? It’s horrible,” Moore said, who also said she didn’t think it

Drug War, from page 8 of the traffickers is so great that the U.S. military is training not only law enforcement agents in Latin American nations, but their militaries as well, building a network of expensive hardware, radar, airplanes, ships, runways and refueling stations to stem the tide of illegal drugs from South America to the U.S. According to State Department and Pentagon officials, stopping drug-trafficking organizations has become a matter of national security because they spread corruption, undermine fledgling democracies and can potentially finance terrorists. U.S. drug czar Gil Kerlikowske, pointing to dramatic declines in violence and cocaine production in Colombia, says the strategy works. "The results are historic and have tremendous implications, not just for the United States and the Western

belonged in a public library. The artist says such a response is a good thing. For many, Crowe Storm said, viewing the quilt is like opening a wound. No wound heals, she said, until it bleeds. “Something that needs to be addressed is this history of racism,” Crowe Storm said. “Lynching was really about controlling a population to stay in their place.” Community leaders and scholars say the quilt is a reminder of a time in history many would rather ignore. There is no ignoring this quilt. The

woman’s image comes from a blackand-white photo of a lynching near Okemah, Okla., on May 25, 1911. In a sea of soft white fabric bordered by black and red, the body of Laura Nelson dangles from a rope, head cocked sharply to the side on her broken neck. “The art form is very important in the telling of the stories of Black people,” said Valerie Grim, chairwoman of Indiana University’s Department of African American and African Diaspora Studies. “Lynching, as a reality of Black peo-

ple, was one of the worst moments in the history of America.” The quilt reminds us of terrible deeds and ugly times. The wounds of slavery, racism and oppression still linger in the U.S., Grim said, and it's important to face our past, regardless of how uncomfortable it makes us. “When faced with the most dangerous and heinous atrocities, how did we respond as a community?” Grim said. “The shortcoming would be to limit the conversation to just lynchings. We can look at that and ask ourselves: ‘What’s killing us now?’” The Rev. Charles Harrison, pastor at Barnes United Methodist Church, said he understands that many will be hurt by the image on the quilt. Still, he thinks it is an important teaching tool. “For those who are old enough to remember the dark past, it’s a reminder,” said Harrison, the president of the Ten Point Coalition, a faith-based anti-crime group that counsels inner-city youths. “Sometimes, we have to remind ourselves and the younger generation of the heavy price that was paid by those who were part of the civil rights movement.” Harrison works to help end violence by building relationships with the young men and women involved in crime in the Indianapolis community. Kids, he said, often don’t appreciate the struggle and sacrifice of those who came before. “Freedom,” Harrison said, “did

Hemisphere, but for the world," he said at a conference on drug policy last year. The Associated Press examined U.S. arms export authorizations, defense contracts, military aid, and exercises in the region, tracking a drug war strategy that began in Colombia, moved to Mexico and is now finding fresh focus in Central America, where brutal cartels mark an enemy motivated not by ideology but by cash. The U.S. authorized the sale of a record $2.8 billion worth of guns, satellites, radar equipment and tear gas to Western Hemisphere nations in 2011, four times the authorized sales 10 years ago, according to the latest State Department reports. Over the same decade, defense contracts jumped from $119 million to $629 million, supporting everything from Kevlar helmets for the Mexican army to airport runways in Aruba, according to federal contract

data. Last year $830 million, almost $9 out of every $10 of U.S. law enforcement and military aid spent in the region, went toward countering narcotics, up 30 percent in the past decade. Many in the military and other law enforcement agencies - the Drug Enforcement Administration, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, FBI - applaud the U.S. strategy, but critics say militarizing the drug war in a region fraught with tender democracies and long-corrupt institutions can stir political instability while barely touching what the U.N. estimates is a $320 billion global illicit drug market. Congressman Eliot Engel (DN.Y.), who chaired the U.S. House Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere for the past four years, says the U.S.-supported crackdown on Mexican cartels only left them "stronger and more violent." He

intends to reintroduce a proposal for a Western Hemisphere Drug Policy Commission to evaluate antinarcotics efforts. "Billions upon billions of U.S. taxpayer dollars have been spent over the years to combat the drug trade in Latin America and the Caribbean," he said. "In spite of our efforts, the positive results are few and far between." ___ At any given moment, 4,000 U.S. troops are deployed in Latin America and as many as four U.S. Navy ships are plying the Caribbean and Pacific coastlines of Central America. U.S. pilots clocked more than 46,400 hours in 2011 flying anti-drug missions, and U.S. agents from at least 10 law enforcement agencies spread across the continent. The U.S. trains thousands of Latin American troops, and employs its multibillion dollar radar equipment to gather intelligence to intercept

Lashawnda Crowe Storm, right, prepares to exhibit Quilt 1in The Lynch Quilt Project at the Indianapolis Public Library. Quilts are supposed to be warm and comforting but Storm’s quilt is provocative and disturbing -- and purposely so. The quilt, Her Name Was Laura Nelson, depicts the life-size image of the lynching of a Black woman a century ago. AP/The Indianapolis Star, Danese Kenon

not come without a cost.” John H. Stanfield II, a professor in IU’s Department of African American and African Diaspora Studies, said the library must be responsible in how it presents the quilt. “The quilt is not only an art piece,” Stanfield said, “but also a device that should be used to educate the public about the horrors of lynching.” The quilt, he said, might be a catalyst for discussion and action. Exhibit curator Tony Radford said a committee that accepted the Crowe Storm quilt believed it was designed to enlighten, educate and heal. The display includes signs explaining the artist’s background and goals for the piece. “(February) is Black History Month, and this is part of our history, our culture,” said Radford, also an artist who will have some pieces on display in the exhibit. “Art is not always going to be pretty flowers.” Thousands of men and more than 100 women were lynched in America between 1850 and 1950, but Crowe Storm said Laura Nelson was the only woman she could find who was photographed in the noose. Having a woman on the quilt was important, Crowe Storm said, because she hopes her piece brings up issues of gender and violence. “Lynching is not just a black history; it’s an American history,” Crowe Storm said. “We must begin to address it as a nation, or we won’t be able to move forward.” AP

traffickers and arrest cartel members. These work in organized-crime networks that boast an estimated 11,000 flights annually and hundreds of boats and submersibles. They smuggle cocaine from the only place it's produced, South America, to the land where it is most coveted, the United States. One persistent problem is that in many of the partner nations, police are so institutionally weak or corrupt that governments have turned to their militaries to fight drug traffickers, often with violent results. Militaries are trained for combat, while police are trained to enforce laws. "It is unfortunate that militaries have to be involved in what are essentially law enforcement engagements," said Frank Mora, the outgoing deputy assistant secretary of defense for Western Hemisphere affairs. AP




Founded in 1905 John H. Sengstacke (Publisher) 1940-1983 Frederick D. Sengstacke (Publisher) 1983 - 2000

Robert S. Abbott (Founder) 1905-1940 Col. (Ret.) Eugene F. Scott (Publisher) 2000-2003 David M. Milliner (Publisher) 2003 - 2004

President: Michael A. House Exec. Dir. of Advertising: Frances Jackson


Gang members have no turf Many attributed 15-year-old Hadiya Pendleton’s tragic - and senseless - shooting death to the teen, unfortunately, being in the wrong place at the wrong time. Her life was cut short after being in a city park with friends. Police said the gunman fired on her and the other students with her because of a likely turf dispute among gang members. But as a faith leader pointed out at one of the many rallies held this week in the aftermath of her killing, she was not in the wrong place. In fact, she was in the right place and there at the right time. Hadiya and her friends were in a city park decompressing after a day of final exams at school. It’s what the park is for, recreation and temporary retreat. Like others who preceded her in unspeakable tragic deaths, she was on public turf and not property that belonged to any gang organization. Like Dantrell Davis, the 7-year-old assassinated while holding his mother's hand and walking to school 20 years ago near the former Cabrini-Green housing projects; Starkeisha Reed, struck by a bullet in March 2006 that pierced a window in the 17-year-old’s Englewood apartment as she prepared to go to school; Siretha White, the 10-year-old-turning-11 whose gunman's bullet came through a window of her home as she enjoyed her birthday party; Blair Holt, who was on a city bus in May 2007 commuting home from high school when a gunman stepped aboard and opened fire, fatally striking Holt as he tried to protect his friend; and other young people in the right place at the right time, Hadiya was on the right turf. Gang turf war or other gangrelated circumstances led to each of their deaths. And like the other children felled by gun violence in this city 108 in 2012 alone - she should still be here, twirling her baton and preparing for the rest of her life. The turf gang members often fight over and that catch our children in life-changing crossfire belongs to the people of this city. It belongs to the taxpayers who fund the parks, city buses and other public entities through their sales and payroll taxes. It belongs to the homeowners and business owners who pay property taxes. It does not belong to urban terrorists who mean local communities any good. And as the youth demonstrators outside a local high school said Tuesday, enough is enough! The call for President Barack Obama to come to Chicago to speak on gun violence is one that should not go unheard. His presence is a powerful one, as leader of the free world and as a face of hope for youth of color who feel their hopes of obtaining the American dream - as the president did, as part of his life story will be dashed by gun-wielding criminals. We support Second Amendment rights. Yet we hardly believe the framers of the Constitution meant that law as an opportunity for open season on the citizenry. Our youth have the right to not be gunned down, to be free to roam public turf, and when they leave home for school, they deserve to return home - safely.


Collins supports gun control A week after performing in her high school band at President Obama's inauguration, 15-year-old honor student Hadiya Pendleton was shot and killed. She is only one of the hundreds of children killed each year with firearms … . That is why I’m co-sponsoring a state-level ban on further sales of assault weapons and high-capacity magazines. I also support universal background checks on would-be gun purchasers: a policy even 74 percent of National Rifle Association members favor. And I believe guns should be registered like cars. It's time - no, it’s past time - for commonsense gun legislation in response to the reality that children are dying because deadly weapons are so readily available. I support commonsense gun control not only as a legisla-

tor, but as a citizen. … I know from my 10 years of engagement that we must stand united across geographic and partisan lines if we are to protect our children from wanton violence. We live in a war zone. Nationwide, 95,000 Americans have been murdered with guns since the Afghan War began in 2001 in contrast to the 6,500 American soldiers who have died in both the Afghan and Iraqi conflicts. In 2012 in Chicago, of the 505 mostly Black and Latino murder victims, 108 were youth under 20 years of age. We must act, and I hope this time we will. Jacqueline Y. Collins State Senator, 16th Legislative District

Institute the ‘FairTax’ The FairTax is an idea whose time has come. If adopted, the FairTax would replace the income tax, repeal the 16th Amendment which enabled it and annihilate the IRS. The process leading to adoption of the FairTax MUST BEGIN in the House Ways and Means committee. Congressman Peter Roskam, 6th Dist., is a member of that

committee. Contact him and insist the FairTax proposal be brought before the committee for discussion and vote. Glen E. Terrell Arlington, Texas

Defender Platform Since 1905 1. Prejudice and racism in all of its forms must be eliminated and destroyed. 2. Racial profiling and police brutality must be removed from police practices. 3. Reparations, or remediation, must be the final chapter in the


arduous ordeal of slavery and legal segregation. 4. Opportunities for inclusion and advancement in all unions must be unrestricted. 5. Full access to government contracts for all. 6. Representation in all police and fire departments must reflect the


community they serve. 7. Increase access and availability for quality, affordable housing for all. 8. Establish a living and fair wage as a fundamental right for all Americans. (Revised January 1966, May 2001)


America stands at a crossroads by Rev. Jesse Jackson


Our civil rights apparatus is fraying. There is a trend away from joining and supporting organizations - churches, unions, and civil rights organizations. Rugged individualism is no substitute for institutional voices for justice and equality. Noah built an ark to withstand the flood. Those who could swim died outside the ark. Those who could not swim survived inside the ark. Good swimmers can't swim 40 days and 40 nights. We need strong institutional bulwarks to protect us from exclusion and

merica stands at a crossroads. We can take the high road toward equal access to high quality public education, reaffirm our commitment to democratically elected public officials, end the failed war on drugs, recommit to the right of workers to bargain for better conditions, lower our dreadful rate of hyper-incarceration and implement the affordable care act. Or we can travel in the oppoRev. Jesse L. Jackson site direction and move the nation away from equal opportunity and jus- prejudice. tice. Perhaps the most disturbing trend is away One reason our political bodies are so from the universal franchise. The right to vote sharply divided is over this question of justice. secures every other right. We are encountering Some Americans seem to believe that we have stiff headwinds that threaten to undermine done enough to achieve justice. Others under- democracy itself. Despite “Citizens United”, stand that the struggle for justice and equality is money is not speech. Our elections should not a continuing American project that requires be bought and sold like vacation homes and patience and peryachts. Latter day, severance. politically driven There are some obstacles - voter disturbing trends. suppression - is A decade ago un-American. there were 40 There is no politimillion uninsured cal goal that justipeople. Today the fies dishonest number is closer schemes to disento 50 million. f r a n c h i s e There is greater American citiincome inequalizens. America is ty and more not a race, or a poverty. Average religion, color or Americans have l a n g u a g e . lost trillions of America is built dollars in family on a set of noble, wealth - largely —Rev. Jesse Jackson but fragile premthe result of ises: All men are unregulated real created equal; one estate markets. We have not yet regulated exot- person-one vote; majority rule. It is these prinic Wall Street investments like derivatives. Our ciples that make the American experiment incarceration rate continues to grow; we work - undoing them could unravel the fabric imprison more people than any other developed of the nation. nation in the world, per capita, while drugs are Yet, I remain optimistic. Our union has been more plentiful and lower priced than they were in the process of perfecting itself throughout its a decade ago. Fewer boys are finishing college entire existence. America has been a laboratory and the rate at which we produce engineers is experiment in justice and equality. The dropping. We rank lower in health outcomes enslaved never adjusted to being considered than much poorer nations. These trends must be less than human. Women never adjusted to secaddressed and reversed if we are to continue to ond-class citizenship. Workers refused to prosper and lead the world. acquiesce to exploitation. Seniors refused to We seem fatigued with questions of racial accept the indignity of poverty after a life of and ethnic justice. Affirmative action is under industry. Young people refused to be seen and attack, again. Racial profiling, abuse of prose- not heard. That is the genius of the American cutorial discretion, excessive use of police experiment - we become a better, stronger force, runaway juries, disparate sentencing and nation when we insist that the nation live with selective prosecution are generally accepted as its conscience. normal, not exceptional. While we celebrate Rev. Jesse Jackson Sr. is president/CEO of the promise of the Lillie Ledbetter Act, too the Chicago-based Rainbow/PUSH Coalition. much race discrimination lurks in our work This article - the fourth of a 20-part series - is places. Instead of looking at our immigrant written in commemoration of the 50th population as a strength to be cultivated, we Anniversary of the Lawyers' Committee for ignore, or pander to them. Civil Rights Under Law.

“Some Americans seem to believe that we have done enough to achieve justice. Others understand that the struggle for justice and equality is a continuing American project that requires patience and perseverance.”

Embracing Black history

Julianne Malveaux by Julianne Malveaux


ne hundred and fifty years ago, President Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation. It was a flawed document that freed enslaved people in Confederate areas that he did not control. At the same time, it was a progressive document because it initiated discussion about the Thirteenth, Fourteenth and Fifteen “FREEDOM” Amendments. One hundred years later, in 1963, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. riveted the nation with his “I Have A Dream” speech during the August 28 March on Washington. Many will remember that he said, “I have a dream that one day people will be judged not by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.” Somehow people forget that in the same speech he said, “We have come to the nation's capital to cash a check that has been marked insufficient funds.” If people said “cash the check” as often as they said “I have a dream,” we'd move more quickly forward in closing the economic gaps that African Americans experience. We’ve been doing this 50-year thing for the past couple years, and we'll be doing it for another few. The “Greensboro Four” North Carolina A&T State University Students (with the help of Bennett College students, often ignored) sat in at Woolworth counters on February 1, 1960, more than 50 years ago. The March on Washington happened 50 years ago. The Civil Rights Act was passed in 1964, and beyond that the 1960s will resonate for the next few years with commemorations and anniversaries. These celebrations are important historical moments, but who remembers? The median age of the population in the United States is about 37 years old. Many of these folks remember the civil rights moment through twice and thrice told tales. Those who are under the

median age see the civil rights movement as something like a fable, something they heard about, but doesn’t really matter to them. Many of these young people see themselves as “post-racial.” They hang out with their peers, race notwithstanding. They have never experienced discrimination. Even when they experience it, they are slow to embrace it. They are post-racial, whatever that means. If some of these young people had been immersed in history, they might understand why the Black unemployment rate is twice that of the White rate. If they had read some Dr. Martin Luther King, who spoke of racial disparities in much of his work, they would understand the many ways the struggle continues. But popular culture suggests that when Black folks and White folks can both act extreme fools on reality shows (I think I blanked out after about a minute of “Bad Girls Club”); there is some measure of equality. There has been a rich history and legacy of struggle and protest that has been swallowed by the notion of postracialism in the first decades of this century. It is laudable that President Obama used both a Bible of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and that of President Abraham Lincoln, connecting the 150year-old dots. President Obama’s choice in using both Bibles in this anniversary year is a testament to his sensitivity and ability to juggle the tightrope he must manage as both president of the United States and the first African American president of our nation. Most folks 50 and older get it. What about those who are both younger than our nation’s median age and unschooled in the nuances of history? Is our conversation about race in America stuck in some kind of time warp, where we are unable to speak cross generationally because we have extremely different memories, recollections, and knowledge about that which happened 50 years ago? We do our nation a disservice when we duck and dodge our racially tinged history. We have to grace and embrace the past in order to move forward with our future. Somehow this is a message that needs to be transmitted to young people, especially in this 150th year after emancipation, this 50th year after the March on Washington, this season of embracing and celebrating our history. Julianne Malveaux is a Washington, D.C.-based economist and writer. She is president emerita of Bennett College for Women in Greensboro, N.C.



SOULICIOUS Real chocolate can be healthy (and loving) choice

Warm double chocolate cakes with raspberry sauce Start to finish: 3 hours 20 minutes (30 minutes active) Servings: 8 For the chocolate cakes:

AP/Matthew Mead

1/4 cup sugar, plus 8 teaspoons for coating the ramekins 4 1/2 ounces bittersweet chocolate, divided 2 large eggs, whites and yolks separated and brought to room temperature 1/3 cup plain nonfat Greek yogurt For the sauce:

by Sara Moulton

1 1/2 cups fresh or frozen raspberries (if frozen, thaw, drain and retain the liquid) 1 1/2 tablespoons sugar

Love is always sweeter when expressed with chocolate! Especially on Valentine’s Day. Yes, chocolate... And the more ooey-gooey deeply Coat eight 1/3- or 1/4-cup ramekins with cooking chocolaty, the better. Still, there’s no sense overdoing it. spray. Sprinkle about 1 teaspoon of sugar into each, I’ve always believed that when it comes to dessert, a swirling it around to coat the bottom and sides, then little bit can go a long way. That’s why this chocolate dumping out any excess. dream of a recipe takes the form of small-ish individFinely chop 2 1/2 ounces of the chocolate. Cut the ual cakes rather than a single, family-sized gut-buster. remaining 2 ounces into 16 pieces, roughly the same It’s also why I’ve replaced the butter usually found size, then set those aside. in chocolate cakes with non-fat Greek yogurt. And trust Bring a small saucepan of water to a bare simmer. me, not only won’t you miss the butter, but you won’t Set a medium stainless steel bowl over it and add the 2 taste the yogurt. It’s in the mix strictly as a lower-fat 1/2 ounces of finely chopped chocolate to that. Heat, way of adding body to the finished product. stirring occasionally, until the chocolate is melted. What you will taste is chocolate, While the chocolate is melting, in chocolate and more chocolate, specifianother medium bowl use an electric cally dark chocolate. It’s built into the Nutrition information per mixer to beat the egg yolks with 1 cake batter, of course, but it also reap- serving: 140 calories; 70 tablespoon of the sugar until they are pears as a melted surprise in the center calories from fat (50 percent thick and lemon colored, about 4 minof each cake. I suggest using bitter- of total calories); 8 g fat (3.5 utes. Set the bowl aside and clean the sweet chocolate that's between 60 per- g saturated; 0 g trans fats); beaters well. cent and 70 percent cacao. Once the 45 mg cholesterol; 20 g carIn a third medium bowl, use the percentage gets any higher, the choco- bohydrate; 3 g fiber; 16 g electric mixer to beat the egg whites sugar; 4 g protein; 20 mg late begins to taste too bitter to me. until they form soft peaks. Add the The eggs in this recipe (one of only sodium. remaining 3 tablespoons of granulated five ingredients, by the way) ensure sugar, a little at a time, and continue that the cakes will be light and spongy. beating until the whites hold stiff peaks. Set aside. But one of the tricky things about cooking with eggs is Remove the melted chocolate from the heat. Add the that while it’s easiest to separate yolks from whites yogurt and stir well. Add the egg yolk mixture and stir while they’re cold, it’s best to add them to recipes at well. Add one third of the egg whites to the chocolate room temperature (they generate more volume that mixture, stirring well, then gently fold in the remaining way). egg whites until they are just combined with the chocoSo, how do you warm them up without wasting a lot late mixture. Divide the batter among the prepared of time? First, go ahead and separate the eggs when they’re fresh out of the fridge. Then put the whites in ramekins. Cover and chill for 1 hour. While the cakes are chilling, heat the oven to 325 F one bowl and the yolks in another and float each bowl and prepare the sauce. in a larger bowl of hot water. Ten minutes later the eggs In a blender, puree the raspberries with the sugar. will be at room temp. Pour the mixture through a mesh strainer, using a siliBy the way, I find that the best way to separate eggs cone spatula to press the pulp. Discard the pulp and is with my impeccably clean hands, rather than by seeds. Thin the sauce with water or with the reserved using jagged-edged egg shells. I just crack the egg into raspberry liquid (if using frozen berries) until the sauce my palm, toss the shell, and let the white run through has a nice pouring consistency. my fingers. This way the yolk never breaks. Remove the ramekins from the fridge, tuck 2 pieces After the batter is made it needs to set up in the fridge of the cut chocolate into the center of each and bake in for a little while before you put it in the oven. I discovthe middle of the oven for 15 to 18 minutes, or until just ered when I was testing this recipe that you can keep springy when touched. Let cool for 5 minutes, then the batter in the fridge for several days before baking unmold or serve in the ramekins. Serve drizzled with without any damage to the recipe’s freshness. So this is AP the raspberry sauce. the perfect make-ahead dessert for entertaining.



AP/Matthew Mead

Traditional take on the classic red beans and rice by Alison Ladman

1 pound andouille sausage, halved lengthwise and sliced into halfrounds 1 large yellow onion, diced 4 cloves garlic, chopped 2 large stalks of celery, diced 2 green bell peppers, cored and diced 1 teaspoon Cajun seasoning 3 bay leaves 1 teaspoon dried thyme 2 quarts chicken or vegetable stock Hot sauce, to taste Salt and ground black pepper, to taste 4 cups cooked (hot) long grain white rice 2 tablespoons chopped fresh parsley 2 scallions, thinly sliced

It seems just about everyone with a Louisiana pedigree has a secret recipe for making the region’s signature dish red beans and rice. Which makes it a bit like chili and barbecue. Any time you try to write a recipe for it, no matter how you make it, no matter what you put in it, folks will line up to tell you that you got it wrong. It's one of the things that makes tradition-rich recipes such as this so wonderful. People really care about what goes in the pot. In the case of red beans and rice, some people flavor the dish with salt pork, some use bacon, or pork hocks, or ham bones. Andouille sausage is pretty much a given, ditto for some sort Fill a large pot or bowl with water, of red bean. However you go, it’s then add the beans. Stir, then cover and bound to be delicious, filling and a per- set aside to soak overnight. fect one-pot meal. When ready to cook, drain the beans and set For our recipe, we borrowed ideas from Nutrition information per aside. In a large, deep pot various classic ver- serving: 680 calories; 250 sions. We went with calories from fat (37 per- with a heavy bottom, the deep flavors of a cent of total calories); 28 g such as a Dutch oven, smoked pork hock fat (10 g saturated; 0 g over medium heat, brown augmented by trans fats); 70 mg choles- the salt pork until crispy, andouille sausage and terol; 71 g carbohydrate; 6 about 12 minutes. Add salt pork for a deeply g fiber; 6 g sugar; 38 g the pork hocks, sausage, onion, garlic, celery, bell flavorful stew-like protein; 1110 mg sodium. peppers and Cajun seameal. To make it a soning. Cook until starting whole-grain dish, you can substitute brown rice for the white. to brown, about 7 to 8 minutes. Add the bay leaves, thyme, stock and Red beans and rice with andouille the drained beans. Simmer over medium heat and cook, uncovered, for 1 1/2 sausage to 2 hours, or until the beans are tender. Start to finish: 2 1/2 hours (plus If the mixture gets too dry, add water a bean soaking or boiling time) small amount at a time. Season with Servings: 8 hot sauce, salt and pepper. In a medium bowl, stir together the 1 pound dried red beans rice, parsley and scallions. Serve with 4 ounces salt pork, diced the red beans. AP 1 pound smoked pork hocks




Beyonce electrifies at Super Bowl halftime show by Mesfin Fekadu If naysayers still doubted Beyonce’s singing talents - even after her national anthem performance this week at a press conference - the singer proved she is an exceptional performer at the Super Bowl halftime show. Beyonce opened and closed her set belting songs, and in between she danced hard and heavy - and


better than most contemporary pop stars. She set a serious tone as she emerged onstage in all black, singing lines from her R&B hit Love on Top. The stage was dark as fire and lights burst from the sides. Then she went into her hit Crazy In Love, bringing some feminine spirit to the Superdome as she and her background dancers did the singer's signature booty-shaking dance.


Beyonce ripped off part of her shirt and skirt. She even blew a kiss. She was ready to rock, and she did so like a pro. Her confidence - and voice - grew as she worked the stage with and without her Destiny’s Child band mates during her 13-minute set, which comes days after she admitted she sang to a pre-recorded track at President Barack Obama’s inauguration less than two weeks ago.

Beyonce proved not only that she can sing, but that she can also entertain on a stage as big as the Super Bowl’s. The 31-year-old was far better than Madonna, who sang to a backing track last year, and miles ahead of the Black Eyed Peas' disastrous set in 2011. Beyonce was best when she finished her set with “Halo.” She asked the crowd to put their hands toward her as she sang the slow groove on

bended knee - and that’s when she the performance hit its high note. “Thank you for this moment,” she told the crowd. “God bless y’all.” Her background singers helped out as Beyonce danced around the stage throughout most of her performance. There was a backing track to help fill in when Beyonce wasn't singing - and there were long stretches when she let it play as she performed elaborate dance moves. She had a swarm of background dancers and band members spread throughout the stage, along with videotaped images of herself dancing that may have unintentionally played on the live-or-taped question. And the crowd got bigger when she was joined by her Destiny’s Child band mates. Kelly Rowland and Michelle Williams popped up from below the stage to sing Bootylicious. They were in similar outfits, singing and dancing closely as they harmonized. But Rowland and Williams were barely heard when the group sang Independent Woman, as their voices faded into the background. They also joined in for some of Single Ladies (Put a Ring On It), where Beyonce’s voice grew stronger. That song featured Beyonce’s skilled choreography, as did End of Time and Baby Boy which also showcased Beyonce’s all-female band, balancing out the testosterone levels on the football field. Before the game, Alicia Keys performed a lounge-y, piano-tinged version of the national anthem that her publicist assured was live. The Grammy-winning singer played the piano as she sang The Star Spangled Banner in a long red dress with her eyes shut. She followed Jennifer Hudson, who sang America the Beautiful with the 26-member Sandy Hook Elementary School chorus. It was an emotional performance that had some players on the sideline on the verge of tears. The students wore green ribbons on their shirts in honor of the 20 first-graders and six adults who were killed in a Dec. 14 shooting rampage at the school in Newton, Conn. The students began the song softly before Hudson, whose mother, brother and 7-year-old nephew were shot to death five years ago, jumped in with her gospel-flavored vocals. She stood still in black and white as the students moved to the left and right, singing background.


Congo Square Theatre a beacon in the arts

Congo Square Theatre Company enjoys a moment after a successful kick off of the Mosley on the Square event series, which featured a public interview, book signing, film screening and staged readings with legendary author Walter Mosley. Picured from left: Congo Square Theatre Executive Director Ann Joseph-Douglas; Samuel Roberson Jr., Ensemble member; Event Moderator Sylvia Ewing, WTTW; Walter Mosley; Tanya Ward, FoxBrownFox PR; Congo Square Theatre Artistic Director Daniel Bryant Photo/Sylvester Harvey Jr.


Congo Square Theatre is part of Chicgo’s rich tapestry of performing arts organizations. It is a historical part of the African American landscape. Congo Square Theatre Company continues the African diaspora tradition of its New Orleans namesake as an epicenter for theater, music, dance and social engagement. It was founded in 1999 by Howard University alums Reginald Nelson and Derrick Sanders. “They (Reginald and Derrick) toured around with the idea of starting the company in D.C., Atlanta, or New York. They decided that Chicago would be the best place because this is a city that is known for nurturing and supporting new theatre companies,” said Ann Douglas, executive director of Congo Square Theatre Company. Its mission is to showcase work from the African diaspora and explore the diversity within the Black community. The ensemble started with six members and has grown to 17. They have produced over 23 plays, including the long-running Black Nativity and Lidya Diamond’s Stick Fly (which will soon become a movie on HBO). The organization’s name reflects Black history in this country. The Congo Square is an open space within Louis Armstrong Park, which is located in New Orleans north of the French Quarter. In the 18th century, French and Spanish slaves were allowed Sundays off from their labor duties. They all would gather in “Place de Congo” where they would dance, sing, play instruments and set up trading posts. The weekly gatherings at Congo Square became a popular place for visitors around the country. They were amazed at how African drummers and dancers moved in syncopated rhythm with the bamboulas and banzas. New Orleans was a slave port for Africans and Creoles in the 19th century. The influx reinforced African culture throughout the city. In 2005, Congo Square Theatre produced the late, award-winning playwright August Wilson’s 7 Guitars. The production gar-

nered three Jeff Awards (best director, best ensemble and best production). The critical nods sparked Congo Square Theatre to create the August Wilson New Playwright Initiative. “He (August Wilson) wanted to make it very clear that there are many other ‘chosen ones’ out there in the midst that have yet to be discovered,” said Congo Square Theatre artistic director Daniel Bryant. The New Playwright Initiative encourages African African playwrights to submit their undeveloped works. It includes stage readings and an intensive workshop process that enables by its end, a finished stage production. Two years ago, the program produced Darren Canady’s well-received Brothers of the Dust, a play centered around a Black family that had individual plans for its inherited property. To strenghthen community ties, Congo Square Theatre Company has created outreach programs with local park districts. “We believe that theater is a transformative art form that can speak to community and social issues. So, us being the practitioners of the craft, we take it upon ourselves every year to think about communities we want to impact,” Bryant told Defender. The theatre has its own in-house outreach program, Young Men Owning Our Mission. “We use the theatre as a tool for them to talk about personal issues or struggles. We want them to understand more of how they are reflected in the world and how they can take advantage of all their possibilities,” said Douglas. In spring 2013, the theatre will celebrate its third year of Festival on the Square, a multidisciplinary of experiences that includes puppetry, dance, music, and staged readings. The Congo Square Theatre Company’s latest production is bestselling author Walter Mosley’s The Fall of Heaven. The play is based on Mosley’s book, The Tempest Tales where character Tempest Landry, a Harlem native, gets gunned down on the streets. When he arrives at the gates of heaven, St. Peter orders him to hell, but Tempest refuses to go. Due to a technicality, he gets sent back to earth accompanied by a guardian angel. Once there, the inherent themes of good and evil are a constant. “The play is very clear about what it is. I like that they (Congo

Square) are a small, aspiring, black theatre company. I like them because they’re serious and hardworking,” Mosley told the Defender. “In theatre, that’s what you need to be (hardworking).They are very talented. I am very pleased with what they’ve done with the play.” The new work will be staged at a new production home, Pegasus Players Theatre, 4520 N. Beacon. The Fall of Heaven will run February 25-March 24.

Rosa Parks on USPS ‘Forever’ postage On what would have been the 100th birthday of Rosa Parks Feb. 4, the U.S. Postal Service honored the civil rights icon with a Forever stamp. It was officially unveiled as part of the National Day of Courage ceremonies at The Henry Ford in Dearborn, Mich. Parks was honored on the stamp as a part of USPS' Civil Rights Series. Photo/U.S. Postal Service




AP/Nell Redmond, file

Angelou celebrates black history with Oprah, Keys

Maya Angelou by Stacy A. Anderson WASHINGTON - In the midst of talking Black history with Grammy-winning singer Alicia Keys, Maya Angelou breaks out singing a hymn a cappella.


The acclaimed poet and author wants to show Keys, a New Yorker, what “lining out,” call-and-response singing that is popular in black churches down South, sounds like. That teaching moment is one of many during Angelou’s third annual Black History Month program, Telling Our Stories, airing on more than 175 public radio stations nationwide throughout February. Angelou says she is obligated to share her knowledge and experience with younger people like Keys, in a way that is not “preaching” but gives context to the “human truth.” “We owe the truth, not just the facts,” she said recently in a phone interview from her home in Winston-Salem, N.C. “I’m celebrating my 84th year on this planet. I’ve seen many things, I've learned many things. I’ve certainly been exposed to many things and I’ve learned something: I owe it to you, to tell you.” Angelou said she is sharing Black history in “a way that you get it and don’t even know


you got it,” with songs, poems, jokes and short stories woven throughout interviews with five guests, including Keys, media mogul Oprah Winfrey, singer and actress Jennifer Hudson, diplomat Kofi Annan and actress and playwright Regina Taylor. Keys talks about growing up in New York’s Hell’s Kitchen and how the diverse city influenced her sound. The performer, who began studying European classical music at the age of 7, said her influences range from the greats like Ella Fitzgerald, John Coltrane and Nina Simone to chart-topping peers like rappers Nas and Jay-Z. Winfrey chats with Angelou during the special about their close friendship spanning over two decades, starting the Oprah Winfrey Network and her return to acting in the Lee Daniel’s film The Butler. “One of the wonderful things about Oprah: She teaches you to keep on stepping,” Angelou said. “She had the most powerful and popular program for 25 years and she stepped

down and took on a bigger task, starting OWN.” Angelou added, “She teaches the young people: Keep on going, continue and continue with some pizazz, some laughter and some style.” Angelou interviews Hudson, an Oscar and Grammy winner, about her journey from singing in her Chicago church choir to performing at the Nobel Peace Prize Concert in Norway last year; and Taylor, a Golden Globewinning actress and playwright who was the first black woman to play Juliet in William Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet on Broadway. This year’s special mostly focuses on women in media and entertainment, and heavily uses music to convey history. “I think music is one of the hero/sheroes of the African American existence,” Angelou said, noting that Black history has been preserved through music, via songs on slave ships to Negro hymns passed down in Baptist churches. AP


Sounds of Inspiration

Barrett Sisters to release documentary DVD by Effie Rolfe For more than 50 years the world has experienced the Sweet Sisters of Zion, a name given to the legendary Barrett Sisters by the founder and host of Jubilee Showcase, Sid Ordower. The surviving sisters, Billie Barrett Greenbey and Rodessa Barrett Campbell, are all too excited about the release of the documentary chronicling their musical journey to be released February 16. “Delois wanted people to see what we had been doing…she would have been thrilled about the documentary,” the sisters said. “She wanted young people to know that you will not get rich, but just the experience and singing God’s praises is a blessing and that gospel music has kept our faith in God,” Rodessa added. In 1982, the gospel trailblazers were featured in the powerful documentary Say Amen Somebody that featured the early pioneers of gospel music including Thomas Dorsey and Willie May Ford. However, Sweet Sisters of Zion will take you down memory lane highlighting the Barrett Sisters beginning with Jubilee Showcase.

“We went to Europe in 1982, Switzerland and from then…our career kicked off. The sisters recalled, “Visiting Zambia for a night and one of the guest was Coretta Scott King! I think it was President Reagan that asked us to be Good Will Ambassadors in the South Pacific!” Rodessa said the documentary grew out of

before Delois passed away.” Mary Campbell, daughter of Delois, said the project was completed in December. “It was one of the most rewarding experiences and how God took care of you 50 years!” said Rodessa. “We were very young when we started. (I) was 6, Billie was 8 and Delois was 10 years

“(Delois) wanted young people to know that you will not get rich, but just the experience and singing God’s praises is a blessing and that gospel music has kept our faith in God.” —Rodessa Barrett Campbell an idea she had. “It was my idea two or three years ago. I mentioned the DVD to Howard Reich during an interview about the history of the Barrett Sisters born and raised in Illinois. From that interview people started contacting us and then Regina Rene Davis got in touch with us and said she loved the Barrett Sisters and wanted to do it. We started on it two years ago

old. My aunt, Mattie Dacus was Director. We started singing as teenagers in Morning Star Baptist Church. When we got older and were in high school, we heard about the Roberta Martin Singers. Roberta helped us to sing our parts together in harmony,” she explained. In spite of challenges, the sisters continue to perform. Rodessa is a breast cancer survivor and recently had to undergo surgery for

cataracts. “I feel good and have slowed down after my husband died. December 15 I was 82 years young,” she said. Billie quickly added, “I’m 84 and claiming 39 and holding.” Rodessa attends Liberty Baptist where she directed the choir for almost 30 years and played the piano. Billie is a proud member of Lilydale Baptist Church. “I sing every first Sunday during communion. I’ve been a member since 1992,” she said. On February 16, the documentary will be reviewed at Life Center Church of God in Christ, 5500 S. Indiana Ave. at 7 p.m. “People will see what we did as a group,” said Rodessa. The DVDs will also be available after February 16 “Remember you are blessed by the Best!” Effie Rolfe is an author, media personality and motivational speaker. Contact her at or on Twitter: @effiedrolfe

Faith leader: State’s same-sex marriage plan ties churches’ hands by Kalia Abiade DEFENDER CONTRIBUTING WRITER

As Gov. Pat Quinn prepared to address a proposal to allow same-sex marriage in Illinois during his Wednesday State of the State speech this week, a Kenwood community pastor called on other religious leaders to oppose the bill. Rev. Krista Alston spoke at a sparsely attended meeting Friday at Pleasant Gift Missionary Baptist Church, hosted by the Cook County Democratic Women. Rikki Jones, CCDW president, said several ministers and politicians were invited to participate but said they backed out or declined. State Rep. La Shawn Ford, D-8th Dist., and a representative from state Sen. Mattie Hunter's, D-3rd, office were in attendance. Alston and Jones said their main objection to the measure, officially the Religious Freedom and Marriage Fairness Act, is a provision that would require houses of worship to allow same-sex marriages if they charge for services or receive any public funds. "This is more than about just marriage equality," said Alston. "They want to come and tie the hands of the church." Tuesday afternoon, the Illinois Senate Executive Committee approved the Illinois Religious Freedom and Marriage Fairness Act by a vote of 9 to 5. The bill, SB10 Senate Amendment 1, will now move to the Senate floor where a vote is expected on

February 14. “We are looking forward to a full vote in the Senate and we expect it to pass. It should be a very welcome Valentine's Day gift for the thousands of couples and families that are anxiously awaiting the passage of this bill,” said Rick Garcia, Director of the Equal Marriage Illinois Project and Senior Policy Advisor for The Civil Rights Agenda, the leading and largest Illinois Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender civil rights advocacy organization. If the measure becomes law, Illinois would become the 10th state to approve same-sex marriage. It would also be the first state to adopt it after President Barack Obama spoke out in favor of gay rights during his inaugural speech last month. Alston is one of many religious leaders in Chicago and across the state who have spoken out against the move, saying the law would require them to treat a same-sex marriage as the equivalent of a marriage between a man and a woman. Many of the privileges and benefits sought by same-sex couples are available through civil unions, which the state began recognizing 18 months ago. However, advocates say there are several other benefits that cannot be realized without full marriage rights. Alston, who is also the CCDW parliamentarian, said she has no problem with civil unions, but she said this same-sex marriage proposal crosses a line.

"If you want to go over there and have your little civil gay marriage, you do your thing," she said. "But when you want to bring that mess up into the house of God, now I've got a problem because now you're intruding on what I believe." Not all religious leaders oppose the proposal. More than 270 clergy and faith leaders signed an open letter urging state legislators to approve the measure. "The sacred writings and traditions that we follow carry the messages of love, justice and inclusion. The very basis of marriage is to protect the family, strengthen our communities and advocate compassion," the letter reads. "No couple should be excluded from that." Likewise, two South Side pastors wrote with other African American leaders in favor of same-sex marriage. The Rev. L. Bernard Jakes, of West Point Missionary Baptist Church in the Bronzeville community, and the Rev. Richard Tolliver, of St. Edmunds Episcopal Church in the Woodlawn area, signed the letter. "Treating any group of people as secondclass citizens hurts us all, because discrimination is wrong no matter whom the target is," they wrote. Despite opposition, the governor, who is Catholic, said he is confident the proposal will progress and become law. In an interview with the Defender late last month, Quinn said he would speak out in favor of

the measure during the State of the State address. "I think the tide has turned in our direction," said Quinn. "I support marriage equality and I think we'll pass that and I'll sign it into law this year." If the bill is approved with at least 30 votes in the state Senate, it would then need to get through the state House of Representatives before going to the governor. Ford said that religious leaders who agree with Alston could face a tough battle. Making no promises, he said one possible compromise would be an added clause to allow religious organizations to apply for an exemption. Under this scenario, "the only way that you can be liable is if you're not exempt," he said. "If the church says 'we want to apply for exemption under this law,' then legally you would be exempt. That's just a thought," said Ford. Jones and Alston acknowledged that their position was not in line with many Democrats. Jones said some party members have accused her of aligning with the Republican Party on this issue. It was unclear if the statements by Alston and Jones represent the official position of the Cook County Democratic Women. Still, Jones defended her stance. "It's getting ridiculous because there is no separation of church and state if they do this," she said.





Notice is hereby given, pursuant to “An Act in relation to the use of an Assumed Business Name in the conduct or transaction of business in the State, “as amended, that a certification was filed by the undersigned with the County Clerk of Cook County. FILE NO: D13132897 on the JAN 07, 2013. Under the Assumed Name of Hood Gourmet with the business located at 3128 W.41st. PL., Chicago, IL 60632. The true name(s) and residence address of the owner(s) is: Eric D. Clark, 3128 W. 41st. PL., Chicago, IL 60632. Notice is hereby given, pursuant to “An Act in relation to the use of an Assumed Business Name in the conduct or transaction of business in the State, “as amended, that a certification was filed by the undersigned with the County Clerk of Cook County. FILE NO: D13133023 on the JAN 18, 2013. Under the Assumed Name of E. City Clean USA with the business located at 3142 Nottingham Avenue, Markham, IL 60428. The true name(s) and residence address of the owner(s) is: Kimberly Williams, 3142 Nottingham Avenue, Chicago, IL 60428.

REGIONAL TRANSPORTATION AUTHORITY REQUEST FOR PROPOSAL # 1705R Determining the Equitable Allocation of Public Funding for Transit The Regional Transportation Authority (“RTA”) invites you to submit a proposal to develop an automated model for estimating the operating cost impacts of capital projects. The contract to perform this service will be awarded on the basis of competitive proposals. The RTA has established a Disadvantaged Business Enterprise (DBE) Program in accordance with regulations of the U.S. Department of Transportation, that wherein subcontracting possibilities exist, the DBE subcontracting participation goal for this contract shall be at least 10 % of the total contract amount. Proposers are to review and fulfill all requirements set forth in the RFP, including the Affirmative Action requirements. Failure to follow instructions set forth in the RFP will render proposals non-responsive. Questions to the Proposal are due on Wednesday, February 13, 2013 at 10:00 A.M., Local Time and can be e-mailed to One (1) original and seven (7) copies and one (1) CD or DVD of your proposal must be submitted to the RTA no later than 4:00 p.m. on Tuesday, February 26, 2013. Proposals submitted after the designated time and date will be rejected. Procedural questions regarding DBE participation and Affirmative Action requirements should be directed to Ms. Lillian Wallace, Regulatory Compliance Officer at (312) 913-3213.




The Metropolitan Pier and Exposition Authority is accepting proposals from experienced General Contracting firms for the necessary repairs to McCormick Place North Building's suspended roof cables (miscellaneous concrete repairs and elastomeric coating for existing pylons). Proposals are due by 12:00 PM (CST) on Wednesday, March 6, 2013. The RFP documents will be available for download on or after 12:00 p.m. on Wednesday, January 30, 2013 at under the link “Doing Business / Current Opportunities”. Minority & Women Owned Business Enterprises are encouraged to participate in this RFP. Metropolitan Pier and Exposition Authority Nancy Quoss, Procurement Department 301 East Cermak Road Chicago, Illinois 60616



City of Chicago Department of Family and Support Services Domestic Violence Interim Housing Expansion RFP Legal Advertisement Request Form The Department of Family and Support Services (DFSS) of the City of Chicago is issuing this Request for Proposals (RFP) to identify and select agencies that can develop and operate a new or expanded interim housing program for families impacted by domestic violence in Chicago who are homeless or at risk of homelessness. In its capacity as a funder, DFSS is issuing this RFP and accompanying application to support such agencies by providing capital funding for facility development as well as a portion of the program's overall annual operating budget rather than serving as the sole funder of the program. DFSS seeks proposals only from existing providers of domestic violence services for the development of new or expanded interim housing facility(ies). In choosing delegate(s), DFSS will consider the geographic locations of existing housing programs for families impacted by domestic violence. DFSS will prioritize programs located in one of the following community areas: • • • • • • • • • • • •

Auburn Gresham Avalon Park Brighton Park Burnside Calumet Heights Chatham Chicago Lawn East Side Englewood Fuller Park Grant Boulevard Greater Grand Crossing

• • • • • • • • • • • •

New City Pullman Riverdale Roseland South Chicago South Deering South Shore Washington Park West Englewood West Lawn West Pullman Woodlawn

DFSS will provide funding and assistance to the selected Respondent(s) to develop a new or expanded facility(ies) by at least 30 beds, including assistance to identify a property plus facility development technical assistance. Interested applicants are asked to download the complete Request for Proposal (RFP) which includes application, instructions and a program description at the following website: Paper copies of the application will also be made available at the Department of Family and Support Services, 1615 W. Chicago Ave. 3rd Fl. Chicago, IL 60622. RFP DUE DATE/SUBMISSION LOCATION: March 20, 2013, 4:30 P.M. Proposals must be submitted to: Jennifer Welch Deputy Commissioner Department of Family and Support Services 1615 W. Chicago Ave., 5th Fl. Chicago, Illinois 60622 E-mailed or faxed proposals will not be accepted. DFSS reserves the right to reject any proposals received at this location after the proposal due date and time indicated above. PRE-SUBMITTAL CONFERENCE: Friday, February 15, 2013, 3:00 to 5:00 p.m. Department of Family and Support Services 1615 W. Chicago Ave. Rm. 249A, Chicago, IL 60622



Rahm Emanuel Mayor

The Woodlawn Community De¬velopment Corporation (WCDC) one of the Private Property Management firms for the Chi¬cago Housing Authority (CHA) invites qualified and licensed Contractors to submit bids for Make Ready projects throughout Scattered Sites Northeast (CHA Residential Properties).

All questions must be submitted in writing and emailed to WCDC's Procurement Department wcdc.procurement@gmail no later than 10:00 AM on February 15, 2013. SEALED BIDS MUST BE RECEIVED NO LATER THAN 10:30 AM on February 22, 2013 local time, at 6040 S. Harper Street, Chicago, IL 60637. All packages will be signed in, stamped with date and time. BID DOCUMENTS WILL BE AVAILABLE FOR PICK-UP: Wednesday, January 23, 2013 after 10:00 AM at the front desk at 6040 S. Harper, Chicago, IL 60637. For information concerning this procurement action, contact Odele Young at 866-273-5571. WCDC affirmatively ensures that Minority, Women & Disadvantaged Business Enterprises (M/W/DBE) will be afforded full opportunity to submit bids in response to this proposal and will not be discriminated against on the grounds of race, religion, color, sex, national origin, age, or disability. This RFP contains specific requirements concerning M/W/DBE documents which must be submitted at the designated time.


Great Rates Available Same or Next Day Service Call Now Free Estimate

R340 APARTMENTS (SW) 2053 W. Garfield Blvd., 4 Rms, 2 Brs, Heat & Cooking gas Incl. $725 per. mo. + sec. dep. 773-436-6922

John Co. Movers 773-568-3186


POLICE OFFICER Minimum Requirements: · · · · ·

$50.00 non-refundable application fee U.S. Citizenship or Legal Alien status Must possess valid Driver’s License High School Diploma or Equivalent 21 years of age at time of application deadline and less than 35 years of age at time of application deadline. · Must have a current and valid POWER Test ( NIPSTA OR JOLIET JUNIOR COLLEGE ) card issued within 12 months PRIOR to the written exam date (cards considered valid only if issued 3/30/12-3/30/13) Apply online at Public Safety Recruitment 800.343.HIRE

CALL: (312) 750-1950


B290 PROFESSIONAL SERVICES Heat & Cooling Repair

Operation Technician Equistar Chemicals, LP, a LyondellBasell Company is seeking to fill openings for Operator Technicians in Morris, IL. LyondellBasell is one of the world's largest plastics, chemical and refining companies. The company manufactures products at 58 sites in 18 countries. LyondellBasell products and technologies are used to make items that improve the quality of life for people around the world including packaging, electronics, automotive components, home furnishings, construction materials and biofuels. More information about LyondellBasell can be found at

Stay Warm All Winter!! Prompt Service. Professional Affordable, Quality Craftsmanship. Hot Water Tanks, Furnaces, Boilers, Gas Leaks, Thermostat & Maintenance. Lowest Price Guaranteed. We Repair & Install All Makes & Models

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Minimum Requirements include: • High school diploma or GED equivalency. • Must be at least 18 years of age. • Must be able to lift up to 50lbs. • Must be willing and able to work at heights above 25 feet. • Must be able to wear a respirator. Preferred Requirements for Operation Technicians: • Certificate of Completion or Associates Degree in Process Technology or have at least two years of operations experience in a chemical plant, refinery or an industrial manufacturing facility. Candidates must apply online, complete a profile and submit a resume to:

"Exquisite, Exciting, Elegant North African Dance for All Occasions!" With Khalidah's North African Dance Experience! Reasonable Rates! 773-324-9305 khalidah. com 25 Years+ Experience (501(c)3 Tax Exempt Organization)

Select Job Search/Apply Operation Technician - Reference Job #701 Online applications must be submitted online by Friday, February 8, 2013 for consideration.



You will be notified via email if invited for testing and/or interviews, so it is imperative that all contact information is current. All offers of employment will be contingent upon successful completion of a background check, drug screen, post-offer physical examination and demonstrated physical ability to perform essential job functions. The LyondellBasell companies are Equal Opportunity Employers

Police Officer Recruitment



Transformation Center (Sponsored by New Mom’s) Under construction at: 5317 West Chicago Avenue, Chicago Subsidized studio and one-bedroom apartments with supportive services available.

Apply between January 14, 2013 and February 15, 2013 at:



The Village of Riverdale, IL is currently accepting applications for

A Pre-Bid Conference will be held on Monday, January 28, 2013 at 10:00 AM, local time at 4429. N. Clifton Chicago, IL 60640

Evelyn Diaz Commissioner



Make Ready Vacant Units (Scattered Sites Northeast)





Attendance is not mandatory, but strongly encouraged. The purpose of the presubmittal conference is to clarify the RFP process and the scope of the required services. We welcome your interest in this opportunity.


Englewood Area - Studio, 3BR & 4BR New Decor, W/D Hook Up. $525-$1100 per mo.Sec. 8 Wel. Call 773-925-8088



New Mom’s Corporate Office 2845 West McLean Chicago, IL 60647 (773) 217-9838 Office Hours: Tues. 9 a.m. - 1 p.m.; Thurs. Noon - 4 p.m.

The Village of Park Forest will be testing and establishing an eligibility list for the position of Police Officer. For more information on how to apply visit EOE


Stylists & Barbers! We Offer Complete Beauty service, specializing in Hair Weaving & Braiding, 714 W. 115th. Street, Chicago 773.329.3210 Wanted: Plumber or Plumber Helper!, Must have own vehicle. Will interview by phone. Call 773.759.1511 Police

Officer. Village of Streamwood. 60 semester hours, valid POWER card, 20-34 years of age, US Citizen. $60,529+ benefits. Application packets at Police Dept., 401 East Irving Park Road, or w w w. s t r e a m w o o d . o r g / j o b s . Applications due by Noon, April 5, 2013. EOE.









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In Loving Memory of Joseph P. Holmes This is a tribute to the legacy of Joseph P. Holmes. Born Feb. 6, 1948, graduate of Francis W. Parker H.S. and Chicago Teachers College, 1966. He studied with Tyler Thorpe and Martha Gram of N.Y.

The same location for 15 yrs. GUARANTEED RESULTS IN 30 MIN. CALL NOW For A FREE SAMPLE READING Advising ppl for over 50 yrs. I will tell you the PAST, PRESENT, & FUTURE only you will know she is true. One phone call will prove to you that I am superior to all others you've seen. • Removes Evil Influences & Bad Luck • INTERPRETS dreams • Restores Lost nature • Alcoholism • Sickness

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In Loving Memory of Malcolm H. Lee Lee, Malcolm H., passed away on January 24, 2013 after a brief illness in Birmingham, AL. Prominently included in the family members and close friends who survive him are his sister, Hortense Goodson of Birmingham, AL; niece, Charlotte Gardner of Evans, GA; nephew, Christopher Goodson of Maylene, AL; cousins, Beulah Alexander and Ella Stackling of Chicago, IL; Catherine Patterson of Decatur, AL; Louis Burgess of Ekron, KY; and his brothers of Xi Lambda Chapter, Chicago, IL. He was a member of The Church of the Good Shepherd, Chicago, IL. Contributions may be made in his memory to the American Heart Association, Memorial & Tribute Lockbox, 3816 Paysphere Circle, Chicago, IL 60674.


He founded the Chance to Dance program in Chicago, IL for deprived children of elementary and middle schools, 1966-1969. In 1965-1968, Joseph left Chicago to work with Alvin Ailey, there he was given a commission to create dances in Mr. Ailey’s dance school. In the late 1970’s, Joseph founded The Joseph Holmes Dance Theatre (JHDT) along with Lester Goodman. Upon his death at the age of 35, the JHDT lasted 10 years. We say thank you to our brother and his memory.

In Loving Memory Of Susan Cayton Woodson Ms. Susan Cayton Woodson of Hyde Park passed away on January 31, 2013, at the age of 94. Ms. Woodson was born on October 16, 1918 in Seattle, Washington and was raised by her maternal grandparents, Horace Cayton, Sr and Susie Revels Cayton, daughter of Senator Hiram Rhodes Revels. In 1940, Mr. Paul Robeson escorted Ms. Woodson from Seattle to Chicago, where she met, and married Harold W. Woodson, Sr. in 1949. Ms. Woodson is survived by Harold W. Woodson, Jr., Elenor Kamuda, and grandchildren Meredith Kamuda, Melissa Waldon–Ongley, Charles Woodson, and the past, present, and future artists and patrons of arts. Ms. Woodson was an active supporter of African and African American Artists, opening the Susan Woodson Gallery in Hyde Park, serving on the board for the Southside Community Art Center, and was a member of the Vivian G. Harsh Collection at the Carter G. Woodson Regional Library. Services will be held at Augustana Lutheran Church of Hyde Park, 5500 S. Woodlawn, Saturday, February 9th, at 2:00 p.m.



COBBINS Jessie Cobbins.......Graveside was held: Tues., Feb. 5, 2013, Left FH @ 9:00 a.m., Interment: Homewood Cemetery Arrangements by: Calahan Funeral Home Inc., 7030 S. Halsted Street, Chicago, IL 60621 (773)723-4400 HENLEY Corene Henley........Visitation: Fri., Feb. 8, 2013, 10:00 a.m. @ Tabernacle of Faith, 7828 S. Claremont. Funeral: 11:00 a.m. Interment: Evergreen Cemetery Arrangements by: Calahan Funeral Home Inc., 7030 S. Halsted Street, Chicago, IL 60621 (773)723-4400 MCCULLOUGH Troy McCullough..........Funeral: Thur., Feb. 7, 2013, 9:00 a.m., @ Calahan Funeral Home Interment: Homewood Cemetery Arrangements by: Calahan Funeral Home Inc., 7030 S. Halsted Street, Chicago, IL 60621 (773)723-4400 TOBAR Candecia Tobar..........Visitation : Sat., Feb. 9, 2013, 10:30 a.m. @ New Life COGIC, 5500 S. Indiana Funeral: 11:30 a.m. Interment: Burr Oak Cemetery Arrangements by: Calahan Funeral Home Inc., 7030 S. Halsted Street, Chicago, IL 60621 (773)723-4400





PENDLETON Hadiya Pendleton ...........Visitation: Sat., Feb. 9, 2013, 9:00 a.m., @ Greater Harvest Baptist Church, 5141 S. State St. Funeral: 11:00 a.m. Interment: Cedar Park Cemetery Arrangements by: Calahan Funeral Home Inc., 7030 S. Halsted Street, Chicago, IL 60621 (773)723-4400

LOVE Sandra Love ....... Wake was held: Tues., Tues., Feb 5, 2013 @ 10:00 a.m. - 11:00 a.m. at Chapel. Funeral: 11:00 a.m. 12:00 p.m. Interment: Burr Oak Cemetery. Arrangements by: Leak and Sons Funeral Home, 7838 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60619, (773) 846.6567.

SMITH Vera M. Smith...........Visitation: Wed., Feb. 6, 2013, 10:00 a.m. @ Calahan Funeral Home Funeral: 11:00 a.m. Interment: Mt. Hope Arrangements by: Calahan Funeral Home Inc., 7030 S. Halsted Street, Chicago, IL 60621 (773)723-4400

BROWN, JR. John Brown,Jr. ....... Wake was held: Tues., Feb. 05, 2013 @ 5:00 p.m. - 6:00 p.m. at Chapel Country Club Hills, 18400 S. Pulaski Rd. Funeral: 6:00 p.m.-7:00 p.m. Interment: Lincoln Cemetery. Arrangements by: Leak and Sons Funeral Home, 7838 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60619, (icago, IL 60619, (773) 846.6567.

JOHNSON III Michael Johnson III..........Funeral: Mon., Feb. 4, 2013, 10:00 a.m. @ Taylor Funeral Home. Interment: Mt. Hope Cemetery Arrangements by: Taylor Funeral Home, Ltd., 63 East 79th Street, Chicago, IL 60619 (773.488.7300) MAYO Ida Mae Mayo...........Visitation: Sat., Feb. 9, 2013, 10:00 a.m. @ Greater Metropolitan, 5856 W. Wabash Funeral: 11:00 a.m. Interment: Mt. Hope Cemetery Arrangements by: Taylor Funeral Home, Ltd., 63 East 79th Street, Chicago, IL 60619 (773.488.7300) MILLER Sylvester Miller................Wake: Sat., Feb. 9, 2013, 10:00 a.m., @ Beautiful Zion, 1406 W. 64th St. Funeral: 11:00 a.m. Interment: Mt. Hope Cemetery Arrangements by: Taylor Funeral Home, Ltd., 63 East 79th. Street, Chicago, IL 60619 (773.488.7300) TRIPPLETT Clarisa Tripplett................Wake: Fri., Feb. 8, 2013, 6:00 p.m., @ St. Agnes Catholic, 3747 W. Douglas Blvd. Funeral: 7:00 p.m. Interment: Queen of Heaven Cemetery Arrangements by: Taylor Funeral Home, Ltd., 63 East 79th. Street, Chicago, IL 60619 (773.488.7300) WILLIAMS Clara Bell Williams..............Wake: Fri., Feb. 8, 2013, 11:00 a.m., @ Taylor Funeral Home, Ltd., 63 East 79th St. Funeral: 12:00 p.m. Interment: Private Cemetery Arrangements by: Taylor Funeral Home, Ltd., 63 East 79th Street, Chicago, IL 60619 (773.488.7300) MOORE Baby Ja Kia Moore ....... Fri, Feb., 01, 2013 @ 1:00 p.m. - 2:00 p.m. at Chapel Country Club Hills, 18400 S. Pulaski Road. Interment: Tues., Feb., 5, 2013 @ Homewood Cemetery. Arrangements by: Leak and Sons Funeral Home, 7838 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60619, (773) 846.6567. LOWE, SR. Robert Lowe, Sr. ....... Visitation was held: Tues, Jan., 15, 2013 @ 11:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m. Cremation: Fri., 8, 2013 @ Lakes Crematory. Arrangements by: Leak and Sons Funeral Home, 7838 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60619, (773) 846.6567. HENRY Anthony Henry ....... Wake was held: Tues., Feb., 05, 2013 @ 10:00 a.m. 10:30 a.m. at Chapel Country Club Hills, 18400 S. Pulaski Rd. Funeral: 10:30 a.m. - 11:30 a.m. Interment: Tues, Feb 5, 2013 at Mt. Hope Cemetery. Arrangements by: Leak and Sons Funeral Home, 7838 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60619, (773) 846.6567. LINDSEY Darryl Lindsey ....... Wake was held: Tues, Feb., 5, 2013 @ 10:00 a.m. - 11:00 a.m. at Chapel. Funeral: 11:00 a.m. 12:00 p.m. Interment: Homewood Cemetery. Arrangements by: Leak and Sons Funeral Home, 7838 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60619, (773) 846.6567. STOKES Norman Stokes ....... Wake was held: Tues., Feb., 05, 2013 @ 10:00 a.m. - 11:00 a.m. at St. Andrew Temple Church, 1743 W. Marquette Rd. Funeral: 11:00 a.m. - 12:00 pm. Interment: Mt. Hope Cemetery. Arrangements by: Leak and Sons Funeral Home, 7838 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60619, (773) 846.6567.


RAYFORD Felix Rayford ....... Wake: Wed., Feb., 6, 2013 @ 9:00 a.m. - 10:00 a.m. at Chapel. Funeral: 10:00 a.m. - 11:00 p.m. Interment: Homewood Cemetery. Arrangements by: Leak and Sons Funeral Home, 7838 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60619, (773) 846.6567. SANDERS Baby Jamiera Sanders ....... Wake: Wed., Feb., 06, 2013 @ 10:00 a.m. - 11:00 a.m. at Chapel. Funeral: 11:00 a.m. -12:00 p.m. Interment: Homewood Cemetery. Arrangements by: Leak and Sons Funeral Home, 7838 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60619, (773) 846.6567. GARDNER Bonnie Gardner ....... Wake: Wed, Feb., 06, 2013 @ 10:00 a.m. - 11:00 a.m. at Mt. Pisgah, 4601 S. King Dr. Funeral: 11:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m. Interment: Washington Cemetery. Arrangements by: Leak and Sons Funeral Home, 7838 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60619, (773) 846.6567. HAMILTON Joyce Hamilton ....... Wake: Wed, Feb. 06, 2013 @ 10:00 a.m. - 11:00 Chapel. Funeral: 11:00 a.m.- 12:00 p.m. Interment: Mt. Hope Cemetery. Arrangements by: Leak and Sons Funeral Home, 7838 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60619, (773) 846.6567. RODGERS Odessa Rodgers ....... Memorial: Wed, Feb., 06, 2013 @ 11:00 a.m. - 12:00 Stone Temple B.C., 3622 W. Douglas Blvd. Funeral: (not scheduled). Cremation: Lakes Crematory. Arrangements by: Leak and Sons Funeral Home, 7838 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60619, (773) 846.6567. LEVY Delores Levy ....... Wake: Wed., Feb., 06, 2013 @ 1:00 p.m. - 1:30 p.m. Funeral: 1:30 p.m. - 2:30 p.m. Cremation: Lakes Crematory. Arrangements by: Leak and Sons Funeral Home, 7838 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60619, (773) 846.6567. CARROL Emma Carrol ....... Wake: Wed, Feb., 06, 2013 @ 5:00 p.m. - 6:00 p.m. at Chapel. Funeral: 6:00 p.m. - 7:00 p.m. Interment: Lakes Crematory. Arrangements by: Leak and Sons Funeral Home, 7838 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60619, (773) 846.6567. BASS Wilbert Bass ....... Thurs, Jan 31, 2013 @ 9:00 a.m. - 10:00 a.m. at Chapel. Funeral: 10:00 a.m. - 11:00 a.m. Interment: Homewood Cemetery. Arrangements by: Leak and Sons Funeral Home, 7838 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60619, (773) 846.6567. WALKER Sheila Walker ....... Thurs, Feb., 07, 2013 @ 10:00 a.m. - 11:00 a.m. at Chapel Country Club Hills, 18400 S. Pulaski Rd. Funeral: 11:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m. Interment: Homewood Cemetery. Arrangements by: Leak and Sons Funeral Home, 7838 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60619, (773) 846.6567.





WALLACE Carol Wallace ....... Feb., 7, 2013 @ 10:00 a.m. - 11:00 a.m. at Trinity United C.O.C., 400 West 95th. Street. Funeral: 11:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m. Interment: Lakes Crematory. Arrangements by: Leak and Sons Funeral Home, 7838 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60619, (773) 846.6567.

BILLEGAS Amiela Billegas ....... Wake: Sat., Feb., 09, 2013 @ 10:00 a.m. - 11:00 a.m. at Universal Comm. M.B. Church, 10801 S. State Street. Funeral: 11:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m. Interment: Cedar Park Cemetery. Arrangements by: Leak and Sons Funeral Home, 7838 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60619, (773) 846.6567.

WILLIAMS Andrew Williams ....... Thrus, Feb., 07, 2013 @ 10:00 a.m. - 11:00 a.m. at Chapel. Funeral: 11:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m. Interment: Burr Oak Cemetery. Arrangements by: Leak and Sons Funeral Home, 7838 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60619, (773) 846.6567.

JONES, JR. George Jones, Jr. ....... Wake: Sat, Feb., 09, 2013 @ 10:00 a.m. - 11:00 a.m. at Chapel. Funeral: 11:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m. Interment: Forest Home Cemetery. Arrangements by: Leak and Sons Funeral Home, 7838 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60619, (773) 846.6567.

DANIELS Harold Daniels ....... Wake: Thurs., Feb., 07, 2013 @ 10:00 a.m. - 11:00 a.m. at Chapel. Funeral: 11:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m. Cremation: Lakes Crematory. Arrangements by: Leak and Sons Funeral Home, 7838 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60619, (773) 846.6567. PYKE Minda Pyke ....... Visitation: Thurs, Feb., 07, 2013 @ 10:00 a.m. - 11:00 a.m.. at Trinity United C.O.C., 400 W. 95th. Street. Funeral: 11:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m. Interment: Lakes Crematory. Arrangements by: Leak and Sons Funeral Home, 7838 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60619, (773) 846.6567. RAHEEM Yusaf Raheem ....... Wake: Thurs., Feb., 07, 2013 @ 11:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m. at Nation of Islam, 7351 S. Stoney Island. Funeral: 12:00 p.m. - 1:00 p.m. Interment: Oakwood Cemetery. Arrangements by: Leak and Sons Funeral Home, 7838 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60619. (773) 846.6567. JONES Deborah Jones ....... Wake: Thurs., 07, 2013 @ 1:00 p.m. - 2:00 Chapel. Funeral: 2:00 p.m. - 3:00 p.m. Cremation: Lakes Crematory. Arrangements by: Leak and Sons Funeral Home, 7838 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60619, (773) 846.6567. STREETER Charles Streeter ....... Wake: Fri., Feb., 08, 2013 @ 10:00 a.m. - 11:00 a.m. Funeral: 11:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m. Interment: Abe Lincoln Cemetery. Arrangements by: Leak and Sons Funeral Home, 7838 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60619, (773) 846.6567. PARKER Early Parker ....... Wake: Fri., Feb 08, 2013 @ 10:00 a.m. - 11:00 a.m. at New True Vine M.B. Church, 948 N. Springfield. Funeral: 11:00 a.m. -12:00 p.m. Interment: Homewood Cemetery. Arrangements by: Leak and Sons Funeral Home, 7838 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60619, (773) 846.6567. COX Regina Cox ....... Wake: Fri., Feb 08, 2013 @ 10:00 a.m. - 11:00 a.m. at Chapel Lunford.. Funeral: 11:00 am. - 12:00 p.m. Interment: Homewood Cemetery. Arrangements by: Leak and Sons Funeral Home, 7838 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60619, (773) 846.6567. WILLIAMS Anthony Williams ....... Wake: Fri, Feb. 08, 2013 @ 1:00 a.m. - 1:30 p.m. at Chapel. Funeral: 1:30 p.m. - 2:30 p.m. Interment: Homewood Cemetery. Arrangements by: Leak and Sons Funeral Home, 7838 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60619, (773) 846.6567.

Chica g o Def ender Dea th Notices

WILSON Willie Wilson ....... Wake: Sat, Feb., 09, 2013 @ 10:00 a.m. - 11:00 a.m. at True Light Baptist Church, 7302 S. Maryland Ave. Funeral: 11:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m. Interment: Forest Home Cemetery. Arrangements by: Leak and Sons Funeral Home, 7838 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60619, (773) 846.6567. LOVE Mattye Love ....... Wake: Sat., Feb., 09, 2013 @ 10:00 a.m. - 11:00 a.m. at Chapel Country Club Hills, 18400 S. Pulaski Rd. Funeral: 11:00 a.m.- 12:00 p.m. Interment: Restvale Cemetery. Arrangements by: Leak and Sons Funeral Home, 7838 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60619, (773) 846.6567.

Chica g o Def ender Dea th Notices



BOYKIN Prince Boykin ....... Wake: Sun., Feb., 10, 2013 @ 4:00 p.m.- 5:00 p.m. at Faith Temple C.O.G.I.C., 7158 S. Peoria. Interment: Oakwoods Cemetery. Arrangements by: Leak and Sons Funeral Home, 7838 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60619, (773) 846.6567. WILLIAMS, SR. Larry Williams, Sr. ....... Visitation: Mon, Feb., 11, 2013 @ 10:00 a.m. - 11:00 a.m. at Chapel. Funeral: 11:00 a.m - 12:00 p.m. Interment: Mt. Hope Cemetery. Arrangements by: Leak and Sons Funeral Home, 7838 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60619, (773) 846.6567. RECULE Mervente Recule ....... Wake: Sat, Feb 16, 2013 @ 9:00 a.m. - 10:30 a.m. at Eglise De Dieu De Sud, 8901 S. Baltimore. Funeral: 10:30 a.m - 11:30 a.m. Interment: Oakland Cemetery. Arrangements by: Leak and Sons Funeral Home, 7838 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60619, (773) 846.6567. DENNIS Emmanuel Dennis ....... Wake: Sat. Feb., 23, 2013 @ 6:00 p.m. - 7:00 p.m. at Chapel King. Funeral: 7:00 p.m - 8:00 p.m. Interment: Shipping to Ghana. Arrangements by: Leak and Sons Funeral Home, 7838 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60619, (773) 846.6567. FLEMING Joan Y. Fleming ....... Wake was held: Tues, Feb., 05, 2013 @ 10:00 a.m. - 11:00 a.m. at Faith Evangelical Lutheran Church, 8300 S. Sagamon. Funeral: 11:00 a.m - 12:00 p.m. Interment: Mt. Hope Cemetery. Arrangements by: A.A.Rayner &Sons Funeral Home, 318 E. 71st. Street, Chicago, IL 60619; (773) 846.6133.

Chicago Defender’s

Funeral Directory

Call Classifieds 312-225-2400 to advertise DOTY E. NASH FUNERAL HOME LTD.

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CALAHAN FUNERAL HOME “The Home of Personal Service”

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2036 W. 79th St. (773)846-7900 “Families Come First at Golden Gate”


(773) 846-6567 18400 S. PULASKI 708-206-0860


SPORTS Documents: Officials worried about Superdome power

by Kevin McGill and Michael Kunzelman NEW ORLEANS - Concerned the Superdome might not be able to handle the energy needed for its first Super Bowl since Hurricane Katrina, officials spent hundreds of thousands of dollars on upgrades to decayed utility lines, according to documents obtained by The Associated Press. The improvements apparently weren't enough, however, to prevent what ended up being an embarrassing and puzzling 34-minute power outage during the third quarter of the game between the Baltimore Ravens and San Francisco 49ers on Sunday. Two days later, officials still hadnot pinpointed the cause of the outage. The Superdome's management company, SMG, and the utility that supplies the stadium, Entergy New Orleans, announced Tuesday that they would hire outside experts to investigate. “We wanted to leave no stone unturned,” Entergy spokesman Chanel Lagarde told the AP. He said the two companies had not been able to reach a conclusion on the cause and wanted a third-party analysis. “We thought it was important to get another party looking at this to make sure we were looking at everything that we need to examine,” Lagarde said. New Orleans last hosted the Super Bowl in 2002, and officials were hoping this would serve as the ultimate showcase for the city’s recovery since Hurricane Katrina in 2005. The storm tore holes in the roof of the Superdome and caused water damage to its electrical systems, and more than $330 million was spent repairing and upgrading the stadium. Sunday’s Super Bowl was New Orleans’ 10th as host, and officials plan to make a bid for an 11th in 2018. SMG spokesman Eric Eagan declined to comment Tuesday when asked specifically whether SMG and Entergy had been unable to determine a cause of Sunday’s outage or whether they had been unable to agree on one. Documents obtained Monday through a records request by The Associated Press show that Superdome officials worried months ago about losing power during the NFL championship. Tests on the electrical feeders that connect incoming power from utility lines to the stadium showed decay and “a chance of failure,” state officials warned in a memo dated Oct. 15. The documents, obtained by the AP through a records request, also show that Entergy expressed concern about the reliability of the service before the Super Bowl. The memo said Entergy and the Superdome’s engineering staff "had concerns regarding the reliability of the Dome service from Entergy’s connection point to the Dome.” The memo was prepared for the Louisiana Stadium & Exposition District, the state body responsible for the Superdome. Authorities subsequently authorized spending nearly $1 million on Superdome improvements, including more than $600,000 for

Baltimore Ravens linebacker Ray Lewis waves to fans celebrating the NFL football team's Super Bowl championship during a parade in Baltimore Tuesday. The Ravens defeated the San Francisco 49ers 34-31 in New Orleans on Sunday. An investigation continues into why the lights went out for over half-an-hour at the Superdome in New Orleans during the Super Bowl game Sunday. AP/Steve Ruark upgrading the dome’s electrical feeder cable system, work that was done in December. “As discussed in previous board meetings, this enhancement is necessary to maintain both the Superdome and the New Orleans Arena as top tier facilities, and to ensure that we do not experience any electrical issues during the Super Bowl,” said an LSED document dated Dec. 19. Superdome commission records show a $513,250 contract to replace feeder cables was awarded to Allstar Electric, a company based in suburban New Orleans.

Arthur Westbrook, Allstar’s project manager for the job, referred all questions about possible causes of the outage to the management company. A lawyer for the LSED, Larry Roedel, said Monday a preliminary investigation found the replacement work done in December did not appear to have caused Sunday’s outage. Both Entergy and SMG said Sunday that an “abnormality” occurred where stadium equipment intersects with an Entergy electric feed, causing a breaker to create the outage. It remained unclear Monday exactly what the

abnormality was or why it occurred. The lights-out championship game proved an embarrassment for New Orleans just when it was hoping to show the rest of the world how far it has come since Hurricane Katrina in 2005. But many fans were forgiving, and officials expressed confidence that the episode wouldn’t hurt the city’s hopes of hosting the championship again. To New Orleans’ relief, NFL Commissioner Roger Goodell said the city did a “terrific” job hosting its first pro-football championship in the post-Katrina era. “I fully expect that we will be back here for Super Bowls,” he said, noting a backup power system was poised to kick in but wasn’t needed once the lights came back. Fans watching from home weren’t deterred, either. An estimated 108.4 million television viewers saw the Baltimore Ravens beat the San Francisco 49ers 34-31, making it the third-most-viewed program in television history. Both the 2010 and 2011 games hit the 111 million mark. As for possible culprits, it couldn’t be blamed on a case of too much demand for power. Meters showed the 76,000-seat stadium was drawing no more electricity than it does during a typical New Orleans Saints game, according to Doug Thornton, the Superdome manager. He also ruled out Beyonce’s electrifying halftime performance. She brought along her own generator. The Baltimore Ravens held on to beat the San Francisco 49’ers 34-31 in the high television ratings game. AP Associated Press writers Beth Harpaz, Brett Martel and Barry Wilner contributed to this report.

Serena Williams returns to Family Circle tourney CHARLESTON, S.C. - The Williams sisters are back at the Family Circle Cup. The tournament said Thursday that defending champion Serena Williams will join sister Venus at this year’s clay-court tournament in April. Serena Williams has won her last 10 matches at the event, winning the championship in her last two appearances at Daniel Island in 2008 and 2012. Venus Williams had previously committed to play in the Family Circle. Venus was part of at Washington Kastles team that captured the World Team Tennis title at the Family Circle Tennis Center last September. Williams said the Family Circle is one of her favorite tournaments and she enjoys all the area has to offer. She has a 17-4 match record in six previous trips to the Family Circle Cup. AP

Serena Williams, left, hits a return past sister Venus Williams during their Jan. 22 doubles quarterfinal at the Australian Open in Melbourne, Australia. Serena recently announced that she will join her sister in The Family Circle tournament in April. AP/Greg Baker




School: Neal F. Simeon Academy H.S. GPA: 2.60 Age: 17 Height: 6’3”

Defender photo/Worsom Robinson

Weight: 175 pounds Favorite Subject: Math

Committed to: Univ. of Illinois

Chicago Defender Digital Edition Feb 6 2013