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final free issue-subscribe today October 2012 •

184 Years of Cherokee Journalism

CHEROKEE PHOENIX Business $526M budget approved plan outlines Funding for Health Services takes up a majority of the Cherokee Nation’s fiscal year 2013 financial plan. BY WILL CHAVEZ Senior Reporter TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – The Cherokee Nation’s Head Start and Health Services programs are the big winners in the tribe’s fiscal year 2013, $526 million budget, which tops the FY 2012 budget by $53 million when it was first approved. Narrowly approved at the Sept. 17 Tribal Council meeting, the budget adds $400,000 to Head Start and $9.3 million to Health Services. The additional $400,000 will supplement Head Start’s $9.2 million budget. The program’s total budget in FY 2012 was $7.3 million, with $293,479 coming from tribal funds.

Head Start provides pre-kindergarten education at various sites in northeast Oklahoma to prepare preschoolers, many from lowincome families, for kindergarten. Head Start Director Verna Thompson said that in the past it was difficult to retain experienced staff members because she was not able to offer competitive salaries and that only 80 percent of the program’s needs were met. “It’s great to see the Cherokee Nation really making Head Start a priority once again,” she said. “This funding increase will help us better provide for our students and help retain qualified teachers.” Head Start serves children ages 3 to 5 at centers in Belfonte, Brushy, Inola, Kenwood, Lowrey, Stilwell, Okay, Pryor, Rocky Mountain, Salina, Shady Grove, Tahlequah, Nowata, Webbers Falls and Zion. Early Head Start serves children ages 6 weeks to 3 years at centers in Tahlequah, Cherry Tree, Jay, Pryor, Stilwell, Salina and Nowata. The added dollars to Health Services brings its FY 2013 See BUDGET, 3

Cherokee Phoenix’s future

It calls for paid subscriptions and sponsored distribution newspaper racks. BY WILL CHAVeZ Senior Reporter TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – Setting the Cherokee Phoenix on a path to financial independence, the news organization’s Editorial Board is implementing a business plan to increase revenue by switching to paid subscriptions and sponsored distribution points. The board approved the plan after the Tribal Council’s Executive and Finance Committee cut the Phoenix budget by 25 percent on Aug. 20. Tribal Councilor Tina Glory Jordan said the cut wouldn’t affect jobs and should “encourage” the Phoenix to generate more income through fundraising and advertising sales. Tribal Councilor Chuck Hoskin Jr. said as part of the cut the Phoenix budget would be monitored to adjust for fundraising and advertising revenues. “I think we should also review the budget in the spring to see if any adjustments are needed to make the plan work,” he said. “The Phoenix will put together a budget for FY (fiscal year) 2014 next summer, and we’ll work with the Phoenix on meeting its needs.” After the $244,550 cut, Editorial Board Chairman John Shurr, Vice Chairman Jason Terrell and Executive Editor Bryan Pollard met with Councilors Glory Jordan, Hoskin, Jodie Fishinghawk, Dick See PHOENIX, 5

Reapportioned districts spark lawsuits Two groups of councilors file the suits to test the law’s constitutionality. BY WILL CHAVEZ Senior Reporter Principal Chief Bill John Baker presents a Pendleton blanket to California Rep. Mike Honda as Cherokee Nation Treasurer Lacey Horn looks on during the Democratic National Convention, which was held Sept. 4-6 in Charlotte, N.C. COURTESY PHOTO

Baker serves as Democratic National Convention delegate Principal Chief Bill John Baker performs Oklahoma’s roll call during the nomination vote. BY KEVIN SCRAPPER Reporter TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – Not all Democrats get to attend the Democratic Nation Convention to nominate the party’s presidential candidate. Even fewer get to announce his or her state’s delegates vote during the convention’s roll call. However, Principal Chief Bill John Baker got to do both during this year’s DNC held Sept. 4-6 in Charlotte, N.C. Baker said he represented the Cherokee Nation in his official capacity and that during the vote to re-nominate President Barack Obama for president, he announced Oklahoma’s vote. “I was honored to attend the convention as principal chief of the Cherokee Nation and on behalf of the Cherokee Nation’s federal interests,” Baker said. “To stand on a national stage as principal chief of the Cherokee Nation See BAKER, 2

TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – Two lawsuits have been filed in the Cherokee Nation District Court to determine whether Legislative Act 26-12 and its new 15-district map is constitutional. Tribal Councilors Buel Anglen, Jack Baker, Julia Coates, Lee Keener and Cara Cowan Watts filed a lawsuit against the CN on Sept. 5 seeking judgment and relief from the redistricting law they deem unconstitutional. LA 26-12 changes the number of representative districts within the CN jurisdiction from the current five to 15 next year. That lawsuit is separate from one filed on Aug. 31 by council attorney Dianne Barker Harrold, who seeks a judgment determining “the legal and constitutional aspects” of LA 2612 and to resolve “all disagreements and potential challenges” so the 2013 elections can be conducted without dispute. The five councilors claim in their lawsuit that council seats in LA 26-12 aren’t apportioned to afford a reasonably equal division of CN citizens among the districts as mandated by the constitution. Their suit states the population difference between District 14, at +9.94 percent, and District 11, at -9.12 percent, results in a difference of 19.06 percent. The plaintiffs also state many citizens were omitted from the count due to “bad addresses” and that if

This 15-district map approved by a majority of the Tribal Council in July is the focus of two lawsuits filed in Cherokee Nation District Court. The council’s attorney, on behalf of the council, filed one suit on Aug. 31. Five other Tribal Councilors filed the other on Sept. 5. COURTESY PHOTO

they had been counted the range of differing population would be 22 percent. “The Cherokee Nation Supreme Court has ruled…that the standard for equal representation and equal protection is ‘one Cherokee, one vote,’” the suit states. “However, LA 26-12 gives some citizens 1.1 votes

and others 0.9 votes. This 19 percent deviation from the standard is unconstitutional.” Tribal Councilor Chuck Hoskin Jr., who voted for the act, said people should understand that when counting the population for See MAP, 3



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Registration offers Cherokee Nation Tribe citizens photo identification awaits

BIA realty review results

BY JAMI CUSTER Reporter TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – Beginning Oct. 1, the Cherokee Nation Registration Department will offer CN citizens a new card that combines the tribal citizenship and Certificate of Degree Indian Blood cards, as well as a photo identification. The card features the citizen’s photo and tribal citizenship information on one side and the CDIB information on the other. The plastic card is about the size of a credit card and works as a valid form of identification. “They’re fantastic looking. They have the seal and the hologram and people have been very pleased with them,” Registrar Linda O’Leary said. “We should make a formal announcement and we should be able to accommodate the entire public by Oct. 1.” Citizens interested in receiving the new photo ID card should bring their driver’s licenses and blue CN citizenship cards to Registration located at the W.W. Keeler Complex. “They come into the office and we have one side scheduled to help our regulars – those who need registration, new applications or duplicate cards – and the other side of our window is set up for our photo IDs,” O’Leary said. “We have a separate office where the equipment is there and readily available. When people come to the original window, they will fill out one form and with their identification and we run that through the system and then they’re called in for the photo ID.” There are no costs for the photo ID or original blue cards. However, if a photo ID card is lost or stolen there is a $5 replacement fee, which will be used to subsidize the new service. Registration officials recommended that citizens update the new ID cards

Though the Cherokee Nation has a selfgovernance agreement, it’s still subject to review by Bureau of Indian Affairs. Cherokee Nation citizen Shaun Henson sits while a CN Registration employee takes his picture for his new tribal citizenship card that includes Henson’s photo, citizenship information and Cherokee blood quantum. JAMI CUSTER/CHEROKEE PHOENIX

every four years. They said there is no age requirement on the photo ID, but if a parent chooses to get one for a child then it’s recommended to update the child’s photo every four years, too. “As long as they bring back the original card with the child’s photo then we don’t charge the $5 fee,” O’Leary said. CN citizens will continue to receive the original blue and CDIB cards. However, the new card is in addition to those to make it easier for the people to carry and use. “The benefits are that a lot of people, they don’t like to carry their CDIB card that’s laminated. It’s a little bit bigger for their wallet. Our original blue cards are of a weight of paper that is a little bit thinner,” she said. O’Leary said citizens have used the new

ID cards to vote in non-tribal elections and board airplanes. She said there are also plans to go mobile with the new photo ID system, as well as using the cards to hold information such as addresses, contact information and information for any tribal services used. “There is a strip on the back looks like a charge card. The CN hopes to in the future go paperless with their programs and use the card to pull up each individual’s information,” O’Leary said. “But we haven’t worked all that out. In the future, if there are certain things they, the administration, want to add or whatever we need to put on that card to assist our people, it is there for their benefit.” 918-453-5560

Cherokee Casino Ramona BAKER from front page expansion adds 100 jobs BY WILL CHAVEZ Senior Reporter RAMONA, Okla. – About half of the 200 jobs needed to operate the expanded Cherokee Casino Ramona will be new positions and filled by Cherokee Nation citizens, tribal officials said during the casino’s Sept. 17 dedication. “We are thrilled to open this new casino because it allows us to add nearly 100 new jobs to the area, as well as economic development opportunities for Ramona, Ochelata and Bartlesville,” Principal Chief Bill John Baker said. “Our casinos exist to provide jobs and opportunities for our citizens, so I’m proud to say that 100 percent of our new hires at this location are Cherokee citizens.” Because of added space and amenities, nearly 200 employees are needed to work in the new $18 million casino. Ramona Mayor Cyle Miller said having 200 jobs in a small community such as Ramona means a lot and that the town appreciates the tribe’s contributions for local schools, fire departments, police departments and infrastructure. Baker said the new casino could draw other businesses to its vicinity, which would create more jobs and opportunities for Cherokee people. He added that the casino’s profits would contribute funding for the tribe’s health care needs and allow Cherokee Nation Businesses to “grow its other businesses” for the future. “When gaming goes away, the Cherokee Nation will be strong and grounded in other businesses, creating more jobs for our Cherokee people,” he said. After opening two years ago, Cherokee Casino Ramona’s popularity was a welcome surprise for Cherokee Nation Entertainment officials. So much that CNE expanded the facility from 11,000 square feet to 31,000 square feet because it was too small for the large crowds that visited it. The new casino features the Ramona Grill, a café-style restaurant; the Watering Hole bar; entertainment space; and 500 electronic games. Cherokee Casino Ramona General Manager Rusty Stamps said 200 games have been added and include new titles such as “Wheel of Fortune,” as well as progressive

games that were not available before. He said progressive games are tied to other casinos throughout the United States and earn higher jackpot winnings. Stamps said games are switched out about every 90 days. The Ramona Grill is a full-service restaurant that seats 100 guests compared to the previous restaurant that seated only 16. Live entertainment will be at the Watering Hole stage area each weekend. Seating is available near the stage as well as a bar area where guests can order drinks while enjoying country and rock ’n’ roll bands Friday through Sunday. Stamps said retractable sound panels near the stage will keep the music confined to the bar area. Near the casino’s main entrance sits a replica of an oil derrick, which commemorates the area’s link to Oklahoma’s petroleum industry. Cherokee National Treasure Bill Glass Jr., his son Demos and Cherokee artist Ken Foster created the 45-foot-tall, 12-foot-wide steel tower that includes the Cherokee syllabary. The six lines of Cherokee syllabary are meant to describe a second derrick of the same size the men are working on that will be placed in front of the casino later. Reading from left to right and top to bottom, the translation reads “Cherokee. Rising from the ashes, Phoenix. By itself, flying. The fire is flaming up. I am talking. It’s here/ Hello/Win.” During the dedication ceremony, Baker honored the Shawnee family that leased the land on which the casinos sit and presented family members with a Pendleton blanket. According to the Washington County Assessor’s Office, William Shawnee owns the land that CNE leased for the casino in 2010. According to CNB records, Cherokee Nation Entertainment paid Shawnee an advance of $600,000, as well as annual lease fees of $325,000. CNB records also state that the annual lease fee will increase to an unspecified amount in 2013. CNE’s lease runs through 2020 with additional renewal options of 10 years each, and upon expiration of the lease, all improvements revert to the landowners, CNB records state. 918-207-3961

and cast my delegate vote for President Obama on behalf of the state of Oklahoma helped shine the national spotlight on the Cherokee Nation.” However, Baker did not represent the tribe alone. CN Treasurer Lacy Horn, Secretary of State Charles Head, Attorney General Todd Hembree and Communications Director Amanda Clinton joined Baker on the trip, all in their official capacities. “In Charlotte, my top leadership and I attended meetings with several business leaders, U.S. senators, members of the Oklahoma House of Representatives, as well as promising candidates for national office who support tribal nations,” Baker said. “We were fortunate to meet with Google, Vice President Joe Biden, Congressman Mike Honda and many others.” As reported by the Cherokee Phoenix, Google awarded the Cherokee Nation Foundation a $50,000 grant that will allow the foundation to launch campaigns on Google. Baker said the grant and other opportunities obtained were made possible by the meetings he and his team attended. “Our meetings with Congressman Honda and other members of Congress were equally productive,” he said. “Tribal nations face potential budget cuts from the federal government every year, and as a member of the powerful House Appropriations and Budget Committee, Congressman Honda is a key ally for the Cherokee Nation.” Baker said Obama is the first president to have a true open door policy with tribes and that openness to listen is proof of his respect for the governmentto-government relationship between tribes and the United States. “As I said during the convention, President Obama has been the best president Indian Country has ever had,” Baker said. “There have been several presidents try to develop a relationship with sovereign nations, but not to the extent of the current administration.” Baker said he proudly supports Obama as he has populated his staff with talented Natives in key administrative positions that affect tribal communities. “He supports expanded education opportunities, improved health care access and supported infrastructure improvements to create economic opportunities in Indian County,” he said. “With the Obama administration, several key accomplishments have been met, including the Cobell settlement, the Indian Health care Improvement Act, the Violence Against Woman Act and the Keepseagle settlement. His collaboration with tribes is unprecedented and shows that he truly values the Indian perspective and respects our sovereignty.” Baker added that attending the DNC meant a lot to him and the CN. “Overall, my service as a delegate was extremely productive for the Cherokee Nation, and it was an experience I will cherish forever.” CN funds covered Baker, Horn, Head and Hembree’s travel costs, while Cherokee Nation Businesses covered Clinton’s expenses. According to CN Communications, the Nation paid $8,310.46, while CNB paid $1214.64. Expenses consisted of flight, hotel, meals and ground transportation. 918-453-5000, ext. 5903

BY WILL CHAVeZ Senior Reporter TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – Tribal officials are still awaiting results of a review the Bureau of Indian Affairs performed on Cherokee Nation’s Real Estate Services earlier this year. Principal Chief Bill John Baker’s administration requested the review after Baker took office late in 2011. CN SelfGovernance Administrator Vickie Hanvey said as of Sept. 19 the BIA had not provided a report about the review. Tribal Councilor Cara Cowan Watts questioned the review’s purpose and scope during a May 31 Rules Committee meeting. “Were they looking for something in particular? Was it just a broad, ‘we think realty is not doing their job request?’ Or was there something going on?” Cowan Watts said. “If we’re going to be a self-governance tribe and we have responsibility for this, why would we ask the BIA to come in?” Hanvey told her that Secretary of State Charles Head, a former regional director of the BIA’s Eastern Oklahoma office, requested the audit as Baker’s administration began reviewing all CNoperated programs. She said the BIA’s Muskogee office conducted the review and that it was “not a normal or ongoing process.” However, the CN can request technical assistance or a BIA review at any time, Hanvey said. Cowan Watts then asked how the BIA had authority to conduct the investigation. Hanvey replied that the BIA could investigate if the tribe makes a request or “if there’s imminent jeopardy or gross mismanagement” of a program, which was not the case. Under self-governance, the Nation has demonstrated the ability to conduct business and successfully operate programs, she added. Hanvey said she understood that the Baker administration wanted “a third party” to review certain tribal programs and that the BIA was that third party. Real Estate Services is operated through a compact with the BIA and has trust responsibilities for tribal and individual Indian lands located within the tribe’s 14-county jurisdiction. It operates a tribal probate program to examine and settle the probates of deceased CN citizens who still hold title to restricted property. It’s also responsible for providing appraisals for all transactions on trust, restricted and tribal lands, and for receiving, examining, recording and maintaining all title documents affecting trust and restricted real property within the 14 counties. Tribal Councilor Joe Byrd said at the meeting that funding for the real estate program still comes from the Department of Interior, which includes the BIA. “That’s one reason that they can still come in and look at your books. All selfgovernance does is it allows us to manage our own funds,” he said. Hanvey said the DOI does have oversight of funds provided to tribes, but for a selfgovernance tribe the DOI usually relies on the tribe’s independent audit to ensure the tribe is upholding its self-governance agreement. In March, the BIA’s Office of the Special Trustee for American Indians completed a separate evaluation of 13 CN-operated trust programs, including probate, agricultural leasing, non-agricultural leasing, forestry, acquisition and disposal and cash management. Through self-governance agreements, tribes can operate federally funded programs on their own but must submit periodic OST reviews. “We concluded the Nation’s performance in the administration of the secretary’s trust responsibilities is satisfactory and there is no indication of imminent jeopardy to any trust resources or programs assumed by the Nation through an annual funding agreement. Since there were no findings identified that need to be addressed, no formal response is required from the Nation,” states a July 13 OST memo to the tribe. 918-207-3961

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MAP EC picks tribe’s new from front page election service company The Election Commission chooses Unisyn Voting Solutions at a Sept. 19 special meeting. BY JAMI CUSTER Reporter TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – At a Sept. 19 special meeting, the Cherokee Nation Election Commission voted to hire Unisyn Voting Solutions as the tribe’s new election company for the upcoming 2013 elections. EC Vice Chairwoman Lindsay Earls said Unisyn Voting Solutions would “provide all the necessary hardware and accessories for our elections…including voting machines, ballot boxes and the scanners used for counting.’ “They will also provide absentee ballot mailing services, will assist with the

Lindsay Earls, Cherokee Nation Election Commission vice chairwoman, discusses election companies the commission was considering hiring during its Sept. 11 meeting to run the tribe’s 2013 elections. JAMI CUSTER/CHEROKEE PHOENIX

BUDGET from front page

budget up to $267.5 million, which is approximately 51 percent of the tribe’s overall budget. In FY 2012, Health Services had nearly $258.2 million for approximately 47 percent of the tribe’s modified $552.6 million budget. In FY 2011, Health Services took up nearly 55 percent of the tribe’s expenses at more than $224 million. The tribe operates eight health centers and one hospital throughout its jurisdiction. Other programs offered include emergency medical services, diabetes prevention, community health, cancer services, behavioral health, contract health and Cherokee elder care. The 2013 budget, which takes effect Oct. 1, remained consistent with the 2012 budget. The CN budgets conservatively, but can add funding throughout the year if it’s available, officials said. Cuts to some programs were debated before the budget was approved 9-8. The Cherokee Phoenix newspaper and the Cherokee Heritage Center both experienced 25 percent reductions in their respective budgets to pay for the Head Start increase. Tribal Councilor Tina Glory Jordan said both the Phoenix and CHC were capable of finding new funding sources and would continue to receive large subsidies in the budget.

training of our poll workers, will provide a local project manager and will support the staff and commissioners throughout the election process,” Earls said. As of press time, no contract had been written or signed, but the estimated cost from Unisyn Voting Solutions was $274,000. This amount includes the cost of a potential run-off election. “Unisyn Voting Systems impressed us with their attention to addressing the specific needs of the Cherokee voters,” Earls said. “At our first meeting, our consultant requested the Cherokee Election Code and within days developed a timeline of services that is based on the timeline that was prescribed by our laws. They were quick to suggest technology that would fit the needs of the Cherokee electorate, and their bid most closely reflected both the desires of the commission and the steps required of us by our law.” Earls said several companies were considered for the CN elections before Unisyn Voting Solutions was chosen, including Hart Intercivic/Maxim Consulting, True Ballot, Elections USA, Padgett Communications and LHS Associates/Midwest Printing. According to Unisyn Voting Solutions’ website, the company is based in Vista, Calif., and has a mission to “help each jurisdiction create greater voter and election worker confidence for years to come.” Automated Election Services in Rio Rancho, N.M., ran the tribe’s elections for more than 20 years. However, controversy struck the 2011 CN election when the winner of the principal chief ’s race couldn’t be decided in the general election. The tribe’s Supreme Court ordered a second vote in the race and the Election Commission brought in the Carter Center to observe the election. 918-453-5560 The Phoenix has announced a plan to eliminate free subscriptions, generate new revenue from advertising sales and subscription fees, which have been set at $10 per year for a 12-month subscription, in an attempt to make up for the newspaper’s $244,550 budget reduction. The Phoenix’s November issue will be the first issue printed under the new policy. Access to online stories remains free. Other budget highlights include $1 million for community water lines, $195,500 for area Boys & Girls Clubs, $200,000 for crisis intervention, $50,000 for backpack nutrition programs for needy school children, $881,000 for the tribe’s recreational center and $206,000 for a vocational assistance program. Also, more than $103 million was approved for a Capital Projects budget that contains $2 million to complete the Cherokee Veterans Center in Tahlequah. The CN will also host a tri-council meeting in 2013 that will include the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians and United Keetoowah Band. The council allocated $50,000 for the meeting. Councilors voting for the budget were Glory Jordan, Chuck Hoskin Jr., Jodie Fishinghawk, Janelle Fullbright, Frankie Hargis, Dick Lay, Curtis Snell, Joe Byrd and David Walkingstick. Councilors Cara Cowan Watts, Jack Baker, Julia Coates, Meredith Frailey, Don Garvin, Lee Keener, Buel Anglen and David Thornton opposed it. 918-207-3961


redistricting, the council had the problem of not knowing where many Cherokees lived in the districts. However, he said, councilors did know where the missing Cherokees did not live. “The idea that you would assign them to a district based on an address where they do not live, I think, struck most of us on the council as absurd,” Hoskin said. “What we did in the legislation is, we said, certainly those Cherokees shouldn’t be counted (in a district) but they shouldn’t be disenfranchised. But for counting persons, we can’t count them for where we know they don’t live, so we made the judgment as the legislative branch to count them as atlarge for redistricting purposes.” The plaintiffs also contend the act violates fair voting law because some districts are not contiguous. They state that District 7 divides District 8 and that District 2 has a portion on the southwest that joins only at adjoining corners. The plaintiffs also state that several districts divide communities and don’t follow geographic features, such as the cities of Skiatook and Tahlequah, which appear to be divided into three districts. Hoskin said redistricting sometimes requires that division lines be drawn nonuniformly and populations must be taken into account. “I would encourage folks to look at the Oklahoma state legislature map, and you will find, although they have tried to keep communities together, the fact of the matter is they have to draw those lines somewhere,” he said. “In dense population areas, like Tulsa and Oklahoma City, you’ll find communities carved up. The Cherokee Nation is relatively rural in character, but you’ll find relatively large pockets of populations…like Tahlequah.” The plaintiffs also allege gerrymandering, claiming the districts favor the 10 councilors who voted for the act at the expense of seven councilors, including the five plaintiffs, who voted against it. The plaintiffs state that Districts 1, 2, 3, 7 and 8 are “curiously drawn” to protect the seats of Councilors Tina Glory Jordan, Joe Byrd and David Walkingstick, Frankie Hargis and Jodie Fishinghawk. “These 5 members of the majority live in close proximity to other incumbents and all have districts carefully drawn to give them individual districts,” the suit states. “Of the seats held by members of the


minority, one may be eliminated and two may force incumbents…to run against each other before the Constitutional end of their terms.” Hoskin said gerrymandering claims are common every 10 years throughout the United States when states revise voting districts. “The talk of gerrymandering is the last refuge of someone who doesn’t like a map,” he said. “I imagine if you went to most of the states in the United States this year you would find some hotly contested redistricting issues where members of Congress were thrown into the same district or where members of Congress no longer reside in their district. Legislative redistricting is a difficult process.” Hoskin said because of the difficult process the council spent months developing a map. He said the plaintiffs had a redistricting map but chose not to participate in the process with it, so the council was “destined to go to court” over redistricting. The plaintiffs also allege the law creates a conflict within Article VI, Section 3 of the 1999 Constitution because LA 26-12 is effective immediately and places the residences of Keener and Cowan Watts in the same district. “It is impossible to assign a new district to each sitting Council member when two live in the same new district,” the suit states. “When a statute creates a conflict in the provisions of the Constitution then the statute must fall.” Plaintiffs also state the act is unconstitutional because it eliminates citizens with bad addresses, which disproportionally affects minority councilors. The lawsuit states the District Court ruled that “citizens’ names may not be arbitrarily stricken from the rolls in this apportionment simply because the mail was returned as undeliverable or as having a ‘bad address.’” Hoskin said not counting “bad addresses” was based on sound reasoning. “In my opinion, the courts are going to deferential to the judgment of the legislature based on a lot of court cases in a lot of states. I think they will not second guess the council on that judgment,” he said. The Rules Committee at its Aug. 30 meeting authorized Barker Harrold to file a lawsuit asking whether the council appropriately redistricted. Hoskin said the two cases are essentially the same and because time is short before the next election, the court would consolidate them into one proceeding. 918-207-3961



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STATE OF THE NATION Principal Chief Bill John Baker delivers his first Cherokee National Holiday address during Labor Day weekend. BY bill john baker Principal Chief Welcome to the Cherokee Nation and our 60th annual Cherokee National Holiday. This day is a homecoming for so many of us, a time that we gather to see old friends and make new ones. A time to celebrate what it means to be Cherokee and show others what our famous Cherokee hospitality is all about. But this holiday also serves as a vibrant and living reminder of the historical sovereignty we enjoyed within Indian Territory and zealously defend today in present-day Oklahoma. Sept. 6, 1839, is the date our government reunified itself in Indian Territory after being removed from our homelands and enduring and surviving the Trail of Tears. And I am proud to say that on this day, Sept. 1, 2012, Cherokees across the world are unified and stronger than ever with the belief that we all come from one fire. On Oct. 19, 2011, I took the oath of office to be principal chief of the Cherokee Nation. That night I vowed to help our Nation heal and bring us back together. The healing began that night and it continues today. Whether you supported my election, or if you didn’t, my message is always the same. My hand is always extended to you in friendship and my door is always open. If you are Cherokee and need the Nation’s help, we are here for you. From Muskogee to Miami, from Gore to Grove, from the Carolinas to California, we are all Cherokee. We are all one people, and we all come from one fire. Not only is the state of our Nation strong internally, we are a positive economic force to all those around us. The Cherokee Nation has more than a billion-dollar impact on Oklahoma. That impact is generated by employing more than 8,900 people in our government and in our businesses as well as the impact our citizens make when they take those paychecks home to places like Sallisaw, Jay and Pryor. The focus of my administration is our citizens. Honoring our elders, making certain that our people have good paying jobs, quality health care and a place to call home. Since I took office, we have put 752 more Cherokees to work. I’m proud to say that between our businesses and our government, more than 75 percent of our employees are Cherokee. This has been an exciting week for our Nation and our businesses. We opened a new casino at Ramona, and I stand before you as the first chief to say these words: 100 percent of our new hires were Cherokee. That’s a difference felt every day in the lives of thousands of Cherokee families, and it’s only the beginning. Since I took office our businesses have captured $231 million in contracts. This represents a 47 percent increase, almost double the amount that has ever been done in the past. The latest of those was just inked this week and is a $25 million contract with the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Other tribes and the federal government recognize the Cherokee Nation for our business and management expertise and we are proud to work with our fellow nations. I am proud beyond measure to stand before you today and say the Cherokee Nation is once again building homes for our people. Only eight days after taking office, we secured the release of $33 million in Housing and Urban Development funding that had

been frozen. These funds have provided vital assistance to hundreds of Cherokee families in desperate need of quality, affordable housing. Every day, Cherokee Nation workers are swinging hammers and driving nails, sweating in the heat all summer long, to build homes for their fellow Cherokees. Homes built for Cherokees by Cherokees. The Cherokee Nation Housing Authority has been resurrected. What was once a model program for all of Indian Country is quickly being restored to its former glory. This is the first time a home has been built by the Housing Authority in nearly a decade, and last month I had the privilege of handing seven Cherokee families keys to new homes. The gratitude in the faces of those families, the looks in their eyes when they unlocked that door for the first time, the children proudly showing off their bedrooms, are moments I will reflect on and treasure for the rest of my life. We have more to do in preparing our young people. That’s why a portion of our motor vehicle tax revenue funds local schools within our jurisdiction. If you have a Cherokee tag on your car, you can feel proud that you have been a part of providing almost $3 million to local school districts. In addition to funding our schools through car tag revenues, we’ve helped send more than 7,300 Cherokees to college or gain job skills. These Cherokees have learned skills that will carry them through a lifetime. Another key to the success and livelihood of our Cherokee people is a healthy body. The very first act I signed into law was the Health Care Dividend Act. I fought hard for this act for many years in the Tribal Council. While I have signed into law many pieces of legislation, this is the one that makes me most proud. This act mandates an additional 5 percent of our casino profits be allocated to Contract Health Services. This law has literally saved Cherokee lives. To help bolster funding for contract health, I kept a promise I made during the campaign. I vowed to sell the Cherokee Nation’s corporate plane and use the returns to help improve the health of the Cherokee people. I’m happy to say that while we are down one King Air, we have 1.5 million more dollars to care for our neediest Cherokee citizens. But most importantly, we will always honor our most treasured asset, our elders. Our successes today are due to and because of those who came before us: those who endured situations that we cannot imagine, those who have struggled to survive and keep the Cherokee Nation alive, those who have sacrificed everything so that we may enjoy the sovereign rights of a modern Cherokee Nation. Our elders are our link to our storied history, and their wisdom is our future, and we owe it to them to care for them and see that they are provided for. With us today are citizens of the Cherokee Nation, the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians and the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians. They are our brothers and sisters. We share the same heritage, culture and language. We share the same blood. Although we may have our differences at times, we will always be family, and I will always extend my hand in friendship and my heart in good will because we are all one and we all come from one fire. Editor’s Note: This version of the State of the Nation address has been edited for Associate Press style and space consideration. For the full version, go to

Principal Chief Bill John Baker begins his State of the Nation address on Sept. 1 at Sequoyah Schools’ The Place Where They Play. COURTESY PHOTO


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By establishing a new policy governing subscriptions and distribution, the department shifts the burden of cost from the government to the citizens, and sets the Cherokee Phoenix on a path that decreases its dependence on tribal government and increases its financial independence and ownership by the people.

– Cherokee Phoenix business plan

PHOENIX from front page

Lay and Frankie Hargis, as well as council accountant Doug Evans to discuss moving the Phoenix toward financial independence. Councilors proposed suggestions for additional revenue and urged the Editorial Board to develop new sources of revenue to offset the effects of the budget cut. Within two weeks of this meeting, Pollard authored a business plan for FY 2013 and the Editorial Board approved it. Shurr said the board has wanted to take the Phoenix in a more financially independent direction for some time. “We do want to be financially independent. We think that will ensure that we can continue to provide quality journalism to tribal members via the Phoenix, our website and the other mediums we broadcast on,” Shurr said. “It’s not something we planned to do right away, but it’s something the council wanted us to do right away, so we put together a plan according to their wishes.” The plan will be implemented in October with the intent of reaching full implementation in December. New policies for subscriptions, newspaper distribution and advertising personnel are part of it. “The department will implement a system for paid subscriptions as a costsaving measure to help ensure the long term financial sustainability of the department,” the plan states. The newspaper’s printing and mailing costs will be shifted from the tribal government to newspaper subscribers and sponsored distribution points. The October issue will be the final issue mailed and distributed using the free subscription and distribution lists. “Although the department will continue to provide an important service to Cherokee citizens, the Editorial Board will adopt a business model for the department based on a balance of cost-saving and revenue-generating measures to ensure continued financial independence from tribal government,” states the plan. Fishinghawk said her constituents depend on the Phoenix for news and want a printed version. She said people have suggested her constituents go to libraries to read the newspaper’s electronic version online. But she doesn’t see that as an option. “My people just like reading the newspaper. My older people, you can’t get them to go down to the library to read off the screen. They’re not going to,” she said. Within a few weeks of the October issue being mailed, a letter informing readers of the change and seeking a $10 annual subscription will be mailed using the free subscription list. Subscription payments will be accepted by mail or phone, and payment may be made using a check or credit card. The November issue will be the first issue printed and mailed using the paid subscription list. “The establishment of paid subscriptions will provide numerous benefits to the department,” the plan states. “It will ensure that the cost of printing and mailing the newspaper is covered; it will ensure that subscribers who receive the paper are likely to be active consumers of content; and it will solidify the newspaper as a sales platform for advertisers by establishing verifiable circulation numbers.” Prior to FY 2013, the newspaper

was also distributed free of charge to nearly 100 news racks throughout the CN jurisdiction. Locations such as health clinics, museums, casinos and convenience stores were distribution points where readers could get copies. “If the department intends to see a return on the investment made in printing and distributing the newspaper, it will be necessary to change this policy to a sponsored distribution,” the plan states. “Distribution sites that choose to host a news rack as a courtesy to their clients will be required to purchase bundles of newspapers from the department. An agreement between the sponsor and the department will take the form of a delivery contract, and the contract will specify the duration of the agreement and quantities required.” It will cost sponsors $30 per 100-paper bundle and is assumed that sponsors will likely be limited to CN and Cherokee Nation Businesses locations. The Phoenix will also adopt a new strategy to increase advertising revenue by retaining additional contracted advertising representatives responsible for research, outreach, development and sales of new advertising contracts. During the Principal Chief Joe Byrd administration when the newspaper was published quarterly as the Cherokee Advocate, the administration established a policy of free mailing to CN citizens who requested it. Prior to that, the newspaper was circulated primarily through paid subscriptions. “This new (Byrd) policy implied an acknowledgement by the administration that the printing and mailing of the newspaper was a service to Cherokee citizens, and as such, would be subsidized by the tribe,” states the plan. In 2000, the Phoenix separated from the administration via the Independent Press Act and became governed by an independent board. The Editorial Board has continued the policy of free subscriptions to citizens under the assumption that the newspaper’s printing and mailing, as well as the other journalistic efforts and products of the department, were a service and pursuant to the Phoenix’s purposes set forth in the IPA. The CN Constitution and IPA assert the right to freedom of the press and declare the Phoenix shall be independent from any undue influence and free of any political interest. There is also a separate yet equally profound measure of financial independence that’s not established by statute. “The purpose of this business plan is to lay a policy foundation for a permanent solution to an ever-increasing demand for subscriptions, and the rising costs of printing and mailing the newspaper,” states the plan. “By establishing a new policy, the department shifts the burden of cost from the government to the citizens and sets the Cherokee Phoenix on a path that decreases its dependence on tribal government and increases its financial independence and ownership by the people.” Hoskin said he believes the newspaper is on the right track to self-sufficiency. “The Phoenix is an award-winning publication that I believe people enjoy reading, and it provides information people need to know. Its readership is valuable to advertisers,” he said. “So, I certainly believe the Phoenix’s plan to become more self-sufficient will work.” 918-207-3961





October 2012 Bryan Pollard Executive Editor (Cherokee)

Travis Snell Assistant Editor (Cherokee)

Will Chavez Senior Reporter (Cherokee/San Felipe Pueblo)

Jami Custer Reporter (Cherokee)

Tesina Jackson Reporter (Cherokee)

Kevin Scrapper Intern (Cherokee)

Dillon Turman Reporter (Cherokee)

Mark Dreadfulwater Multimedia Editor (Cherokee)

Roger Graham Media Specialist (Cherokee)

Nicole Hill Carter Advertising Coordinator (Cherokee)

Dena Tucker Administrative Officer (Cherokee)

Joy Rollice Secretary (Cherokee)

Anna Sixkiller Linguist (Cherokee)

Editorial Board John Shurr (Cherokee) Jason Terrell (Cherokee) Robert Thompson III (Cherokee) Gerald Wofford (Cherokee) Clarice Doyle (Cherokee) Cherokee Phoenix P.O. Box 948 Tahlequah, OK 74465 (918) 453-5269 FAX: (918) 458-6136 1-800-256-0671 CIRCULATION 20,300 Oklahoma 35,500 World Wide ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTIONS Standard Annual Rates: (for non-citizens) $16 United States $24 International Senior citizen discount is 25 percent Inquiries or change of address please contact customer service at number above. Published monthly by the Cherokee Nation with offices at the W.W. Keeler Tribal Complex, Tahlequah, Okla.


Mail subscriptions and changes of address to the Cherokee Phoenix, P.O. Box 948, Tahlequah, OK 74465, phone 918-453-5269. Please include the words “Change of Address” or “Subscription” on the envelope. Back Issues may be purchased for $2.50 postage and handling. Please inquire to make sure the issues are in stock by writing to Back Issues, Cherokee Phoenix, P.O. Box 948, Tahlequah, OK 74465; or calling 918-453-5269. Copyright 2012: The entire contents of the Cherokee Phoenix are fully protected by copyright unless otherwise noted and may be reproduced if the copyright is noted and credit is given to the Cherokee Phoenix, the writer and the photographer. Requests to reprint should be directed to the editor at the above address. Material provided through membership with Associated Press NewsFinder, identified by (AP), may not be reproduced without permission of the Associated Press. Unsolicited Manuscripts and Photos: We will not accept responsibility for unsolicited manuscripts or photos, nor responsibility for the publication and return of such material. Please query by telephone or mail before sending copy and/or photos. Obituaries will be published at a cost of 10 cents per word for the first 150 words and 20 cents per word for each additional word. We do not invoice obituaries. They must be pre-paid at the time of submission.A photo may be placed with the obituary for an additional $5.00 and will be returned if you include a self-addressed stamped envelope with the photo and your payment. The Cherokee Phoenix also publishes an In Memoriam section at no cost to families to honor Cherokee citizens who have recently passed away. That section includes the name of the deceased; age; birthplace and date of birth; place and date of death; and occupation.

Oklahoma Press Association Native American Journalists Association

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Talking Circles Disappointed with the Election Commission

This is in regards to your story about the Cherokee Nation Election Commission’s hiring of Harvey Chaffin as its attorney. Now I know nothing about the attorney hired. He may be extremely qualified. The problem I have is the way he was hired. The Election Commission decided it would not advertise for the position, but only speak with attorneys they knew. I was present at that meeting. I had both my hearing aids in. I clearly heard them say they would only talk to attorneys they knew concerning the job opening. So surprise, surprise they only received one resume’, therefore they just decided to hire him. Obviously that attorney’s position was meant for Chaffin and only Chaffin or the commission would have advertised the opening. It doesn’t take a brain surgeon to figure that one out. I think the open position should have been advertised if for no other reason than to inform possible other qualified Cherokee attorneys of the job opening. One cannot send in a resume’ if they don’t know about the job opening. In my opinion, the Election Commission let the Cherokee people down with the way it handled this hiring. Again this letter is not opposing the actual hiring of Chaffin, but more with the way he was hired. It is also intended to inform my fellow Cherokee people how our Election Commission plans to conduct its business. It makes me wonder how it will ever be able to hold an election that is fair to all candidates and to every Cherokee voter. Patricia E. Carpenter Hulbert, Okla.

Concerned about initiative petition

I am deeply concerned about being voted out of the Cherokee Nation because of where I live, as I, and numerous others, live in California or other locations out of the CN boundaries. The latest Cherokee Phoenix included a long article regarding the local living CN citizens only being allowed to vote with the exception being that if you lived out of the area you would have to return and vote. This, in my opinion, is the first step in eliminating citizens from the Nation’s rolls for living out of the Nation’s boundaries and eventually those with lesser amounts of Cherokee blood. In my opinion, those backing this proposal are strictly motivated for future monetary reasons. This group of selfish individuals aim is to reduce the size of the tribal numbers and then they can control the way expenditures are made. With fewer people voting, this group can control the resources and vote in their favorite projects. This would include voting income to themselves. Most of my family members were born in Indian Territory and I was born in Oklahoma. I am truly happy and proud to have Cherokee blood in my body and would hate to see myself and others dropped from the tribe because of where we live. Ray H Corn Rolling Hills Estate, Calif. Editor’s Note: The recent initiative petition that was circulated did not involve dis-enrolling citizens from the Cherokee Nation or mention blood quantum. It called for citizens to vote on eliminating absentee ballots for all CN citizens except in extenuating circumstances. According to CN Election Commission personnel, the petition was not turned in before its 90-day deadline and is therefore considered dead.

One of God’s plants

We were in the Stilwell, Okla., area this past July, and I heard rumors that we cannot go out anywhere and pick wild onions any more. I heard that it’s against the law now to do so. I believe that is wrong. This plant is God-given unto us. For it’s there for us to eat, God gave it. Who and why is it being taken away from us to eat? To me it’s very relaxing to find and pick them. I haven’t done it in a few years though. We grew up on this wild onion. It only grows in spring as far as I know. Wild onion, eggs. I’m sure there are other ways to cook them, too. I can understand if it’s not replenishing the wild onions in the wild country sides and river beds. It’s still God-given for us to eat. How can we continue to have this God-given plant? Where I live there’s not enough moisture on trees to shade them. From what I know, the wild onion and wild potatoes have been round for a long time. Our ancestors from the Trail of Tears ate them, too. Just wondering why it’s against the law now. I know you can’t buy them at the grocery store. I believe there are others who would want to know. I know I do. Donna Cruz Amherst, Texas Editor’s Note: Cherokee Nation Natural Resources Director Pat Gwin said there is no law in Oklahoma or Cherokee Nation banning the gathering of wild onions. Eat up!

Problems at Claremore Indian Hospital

On Aug. 3, I went to the Indian hospital in Claremore, Okla. I got there at 3:30 p.m. and it took them 12 hours. I didn’t get home until 4 a.m. the next day. But what I’m trying to say is I think they need to change something down there, and on top of that, they call me around 8:30 a.m. on Aug. 4 and told me to come down to get my medicine that they forgot to give me. So I went down there around 11 a.m. and then found out the pharmacy didn’t open until 2 p.m. I told them that I had been there all night the night before. I just think they should try something different. You have to set and wait, I understand, but not 12 hours. So maybe Principal Chief Bill John Baker can call or go down there and check out what’s going on. And the one at Nowata just takes appointments only. That’s why I went to Claremore. Rhonda Haviland So. Coffeyville, Okla.

Don’t spite your face

This letter is in regard to Legislative Act 12-103 titled “Tribal Citizenship Requirement of Key Positions for the Cherokee Nation” and sponsored by Tribal Councilor Dick Lay. For our Nation to go down this road of apartheid is just another

example of our legislators, our courts and administrators refusing to pay attention to precedent and history. Our seniors are fed by the Keetoowahs and work in their casinos. We are also hired in the white community. What if everyone who we are interviewing with went down the apartheid road? This foolish move could be a lot like biting your nose off to spite your face. Paul Braun Tahlequah, Okla.

From good to great?

In 1999, Sequoyah Schools was more than $1 million in the red, barely filled half the seats at sporting events and was known as the “School of Last Resort” under the leadership of Dr. Gloria Sly, Leroy Qualls and the Joe Byrd administration. Since then Sequoyah has become known as the “School of Choice,” and its financials, school environment and academics have much improved, and in fact, are the envy of Indian Country. The Bill John Baker administration has chosen to go back to the bad old days by removing administrators who helped effect these positive changes and replace them with Qualls, Sly and others yet to be determined. These changes were part of a thinly veiled political vendetta disguised as a “reorganization” and is going on in other Cherokee Nation departments. The educators laid off would qualify for any new jobs that have been created. Some of these employees had worked for Sequoyah for years before the more descriptive job titles were adopted, and thus would fit the new job titles. None of them have been rehired. Also, to wait until June to notify them is unconscionable, as it gives little chance to find jobs for the upcoming school year. Leaving pink slips on employees’ desks while everyone is gone and then slipping out like a thief in the night, as Sly did under the direction of Education Services Executive Director Neil Morton, Byrd and Chief of Staff Chuck Hoskin Sr., is cowardly and unprofessional. It will be interesting to see who will replace these educators who were implementing math and science initiatives, innovative technology projects and other academic improvements at the school. The Baker/Crittenden/Byrd administration is vindictive, cold, callous and uncaring. Cherokee citizens, prepare for more of the shenanigans that occurred in the 1990s. Sequoyah was a leadership academy for Native students, and it’s tough explaining that you are moving away from those high expectations. However, what is best for Sequoyah students is far down the priorities list of this tribal administration. One fire? From good to great? Not at Sequoyah under Baker. Geary Don Crofford Tahlequah, Okla.

Elizabeth Warren good for America

In response to Twila Barnes’ Guest Perspective “ Taking a stand against false claims” in the August 2012 Cherokee Phoenix, let me first stipulate that I am not Cherokee. My late wife was and my daughter is, but I am writing in my capacity as a friend and Democrat to express my astonishment that you would go to such lengths to attack Elizabeth Warren. I am confident you did it without understanding the political situation in Massachusetts. Warren is an outstanding woman in America. While serving in Congress, she incurred the wrath of Wall Street and big banks for advocating transparency in the expenditure of trillions of taxpayer dollars in bank bailout deals. Besides that, she was the leading advocate for establishing a Consumer Protection Bureau, which defends us against corrupt business practices that seem to have proliferated endlessly in the past few years. When Warren filed to run for the U.S. Senate, she became Wall Street’s No. 1 target for defeat. There were few grounds on which Warren could be attacked, so her opponents concocted a scheme to use the Cherokee Nation to defeat her. Every Thursday morning, various leading Cherokee County Republicans and Democrats meet to discuss hard core politics and mutual interest issues over breakfast or coffee at the Go Ye Village in Tahlequah. We exchange information, books, videos and opinions to understand and improve today’s political climate. Ms. Barnes, you seem to be a sincere, knowledgeable person, and I would like to invite you and anyone else who is interested, to become a part of our group. Breakfasts are less than $6 and the coffee is free. Many people attend whenever they take a notion, but the group is always small enough so that everyone’s thoughts can be freely expressed. It is a no-dues, everybody welcome, drop-in-when-you-feel-like-it thing. You walk into the cafeteria, ask where the political discussion group is, and that’s it. I recommend the book BAILOUT by Neil Barofsky, which explains how Wall Street, the government and big banks almost wrecked the world financial system. It mentions Warren. Fred Gibson Tahlequah, Okla.

Save the NSU Centennial mural

As a Cherokee Nation citizen and artist, I am upset to think that Northeastern State University’s Centennial Mural is to be destroyed. The picture in the recent Cherokee Phoenix shows the breathtaking beauty of it. And the art students who created it have shown their talents and represented the history wonderfully. The display is important to our history. The painting is wellthought through. It has meaning and the hearts of those who created it. And I say it should not be destroyed. There must be another way to renovate the NSU Playhouse and save this wonderful creation for future visitors. When I was a senior in high school in Tulsa, I had entered three designs for our yearbook cover, and everyone’s designs were turned down. But, as shy as I was, I stood up and explained the meaning of my drawings and ended up having the cover design. Truly, I believe that the renovation is wonderful and all, but why destroy something that can bless others also? I hope that this project will be thought over before destroying it. Laquanita Lloyd Martin Skiatook, Okla.


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A path to independence BRYAN POLLARD Executive Editor

In recent weeks, the Cherokee Phoenix Editorial Board and members of the Tribal Council have engaged in discussions about the best ways to move the Cherokee Phoenix toward financial independence. At the urging of tribal councilors and after considerable deliberation, the Editorial Board has adopted a plan that includes a change to our policy of mailing a newspaper free of charge to any Cherokee citizen who requests it. Our new policy, to begin with the November issue, will be to mail newspapers to paid subscribers only. We ask our readers to support the Cherokee Phoenix and our proud tradition of Cherokee storytelling by purchasing an annual subscription. The October issue will be the final issue printed and mailed using the free subscription list. Within a few weeks of the October issue being mailed to subscribers, a letter requesting a subscription

will be mailed to our readers on the free subscription list. Subscription payments will be accepted in person, by mail or over the phone, and payment can be made by check or credit card. The subscription fee will be $10 a year to cover the cost of printing and mailing the newspaper. The November issue will be the first issue printed and mailed using the paid subscription list. This policy change is an important step along what has been a winding but rewarding path to independence. During the Principal Chief Joe Byrd administration, when the newspaper was being published quarterly as the Cherokee Advocate, the administration established the policy of free mailing to tribal citizens who requested the publication. Prior to this policy, the newspaper was circulated primarily through paid annual subscriptions. The shift to a policy of free mailing

implied an acknowledgement by the administration that the printing and mailing of the newspaper was a service to Cherokee citizens, and as such, would be subsidized by the tribe. In 2000, the tribal newspaper was separated from the administration by the Independent Press Act and became governed by an independent Editorial Board as called for in the act. The Editorial Board had continued this policy of free subscriptions to Cherokee citizens under the assumption that the printing and mailing of the newspaper, as well as the other journalistic efforts and products of the department, are a service to tribal citizens and pursuant to the journalistic purposes of the department set forth in the act. The Cherokee Nation Constitution and the Independent Press Act assert the right to freedom of the press and declare the Cherokee Phoenix shall be independent from any undue influence and free of any political interest. The Editorial Board is charged with ensuring editorial independence as well as fair and


Cherokee Nation strides in September

By Bill john baker Principal Chief September was a busy month in the Cherokee Nation. We passed a $526 million budget, celebrated our 60th annual Cherokee National Holiday, awarded nearly half a million dollars to our rural firefighters and capped the month creating new jobs through casino expansions at the Hard Rock Hotel & Casino in Catoosa and Cherokee Casino Ramona. The Nation’s 2013 budget was passed, and while it stayed flat overall, we were able to pump an additional $400,000 into Head Start. Our youngest citizens are also our most vulnerable, so it is our duty to make sure their well-being is a top priority. This extra funding will help better prepare our young children by giving them the tools they need to succeed. It also helps ease the burden on our teachers, who wear many different hats while providing our children a first-class education. Presiding over this year’s Cherokee National Holiday for the first time as your principal chief was an experience I will never forget and always treasure. I visited with many old friends and met quite a few new ones. I know our out-of-town visitors were surely impressed by your kindness and one-of-a-kind Cherokee hospitality. We couldn’t have asked for better weather, the traditional food and games were fantastic, and I don’t know that I’ve ever seen a bigger crowd at the powwow. All in all, I believe it was the best Cherokee National Holiday I’ve ever attended, and it couldn’t have been achieved without the help of all of our dedicated employees and volunteers. Later in the month, we hosted a dinner and awards banquet at Hard Rock for hundreds of our rural firefighters. There, we awarded 127 rural fire departments with more than $3,500 apiece, totaling $455,000. These brave men and women sacrifice family time, holidays and birthdays, all to protect the homes and property of their friends and neighbors. When that call comes to the fire house,

they respond without hesitation, never knowing if the fire or accident they are responding to is for a friend or a loved one and putting their own lives at risk to protect and save others. This money will help our volunteer firefighters purchase new equipment or repair what they already have. I’m sure some departments will use theirs for gasoline and supplies. This money comes with no strings attached, so they may use it where they need it the most. $3,500 may not seem like much to some, but no one can stretch a dollar like our rural fire departments. We also provided more jobs for our Cherokee citizens in September. We opened a brand new casino in Ramona, and all of the nearly 70 new employees are Cherokee. The new casino is a beautiful facility, commemorating the period from 1887 to 1906, when Cherokees were subject to allotment and the divide and conquer strategy by the federal government. At the Hard Rock Hotel & Casino, we opened a new two-story gaming, dining and entertainment area to replace what was lost in the February 2011 blizzard. New employees are being hired right now to staff the new restaurants, poker room, gaming floor and media bar. I’m also proud to say the entire area will be non-smoking to accommodate our loyal guests, and to hopefully gain some new ones. The hotel attached to the new area is coming along nicely as well. The third hotel tower at Hard Rock will open later this year, adding 100 suites and creating even more jobs for our Cherokees. In addition to providing jobs, our casinos now provide more money than ever to cover health care needs. Thanks to the Health Care Dividend Act, the first law I signed as principal chief, an additional 5 percent of casino profits are earmarked specifically for contract health programs. The strides we made in September were amazing, and I couldn’t have done it without the help of all our faithful employees, who have my deepest gratitude. To all our Cherokee citizens, thank you for supporting the Nation through your kind words and deeds, and have a wonderful and blessed month. 918-453-5618


responsible reporting of news and other issues of Cherokee concern. The board reviews and approves policies to ensure fairness and professionalism in all department practices. The board has and continues to enact policies that support the editorial independence of the Cherokee Phoenix. In addition to the laws ensuring freedom of the press, the Cherokee Nation has enacted a Freedom of Information Act ensuring public access to government documents, and a Free Press Protection and Journalistic Shield Act that provides protection for Cherokee journalists from unnecessary disclosure of sources in tribal proceedings. All together, these laws establish an unprecedented affirmation of the value of a free press, and represent significant milestones on our journey to editorial independence. But there is a separate yet equally profound measure of independence that is not established by statute, and that is financial independence. To set us on a path toward financial independence and financial sustainability, the Editorial Board


has approved a business plan that represents yet another milestone. The purpose of this business plan is to lay a foundation for a permanent solution to an ever-increasing demand for subscriptions and the rising costs of printing and mailing the newspaper. In the past, as these costs have continued to rise, the department’s dependence on tribal government has increased. By establishing a new policy governing subscriptions and distribution, the Editorial Board has set the Cherokee Phoenix on a path that decreases its dependence on tribal government and increases its financial independence and ownership by you, our readers and the Cherokee people. We ask that you join with us on our continued journey to independence. Your subscription not only ensures delivery of the monthly newspaper to your door, but symbolizes the value that we Cherokees place in maintaining an independent and ethical voice that serves the Cherokee people. 918-453-5548


Cherokee Phoenix keeps rising BY TINA GLORY JORDAN, JODIE FISHINGHAWK AND CHUCK HOSKIN JR. Tribal Councilors

The recently adopted Cherokee Nation fiscal year 2013 budget has ushered in a new era of more fiscal independence at the Cherokee Phoenix. We think that, as a result, the Phoenix’s best days lay ahead. In September the Tribal Council passed the FY 2013 budget. The council embraced Principal Chief Bill John Baker’s ambitious agenda to improve housing, education and health care. The council also increased investments in other areas as well. Examples abound. A fund for $1 million in waterline construction will make a big difference for Cherokees living in some of our most cash-strapped communities. The CN Veterans Center, a project that sadly came to a halt during the last administration, will receive $2 million for completion. A $90 million Capital Improvement Fund will pay for other improvements across the Nation. This budget will usher in a new vocational assistance program, fund nutrition program grants and support programs to address domestic violence. This budget reflects the council’s efforts to take care of the people’s needs. Few line items in the budget are as important as the $400,000 the council set aside for CN Head Start. For decades, the Nation’s Head Start program has helped children in lowincome Cherokee families get solid foundations for lifetimes of learning and helped families get involved in their children’s educations. CN’s Head Start has for years consistently ranked NO. 1 among Head Start programs nationally. This is a reflection of the hard work of staff, parents and children. No one who visits a Head Start classroom is surprised at the high ranking. What might surprise people is that

Head Start has historically performed well with zero financial support from CN. In fact, it was only in FY 2012 that funding in the amount of about $50,000 from General Fund revenues was earmarked for Head Start. Challenges for CN Head Start lay ahead. Although the program has done its best to retain quality teachers, relatively low salaries threaten these efforts. The council’s appropriation of $400,000 for Head Start will enable the program to boost pay and prevent the loss of teachers. As far as we are concerned, this level of funding should continue in future years. The need to boost Head Start funding required the council look for areas to save. The Phoenix’s budget was one such area. A reduction in the Phoenix’s FY 2013 budget request by approximately $250,000 freed up some of the funds needed to provide support CN Head Start. The Executive and Finance Committee vote was unanimous. We knew when the council voted to reduce the Phoenix’s budget it would face tough choices. We also believed the Phoenix could absorb these cuts by making reforms. We were right. But, the praise belongs to the Phoenix staff for rising to the occasion. The Phoenix staff viewed the budget adjustment as an opportunity to focus on generating revenues. To replace the lost government funds, the Phoenix will sell more ads and charge citizens a modest subscription fee (the Internet edition remains free). In short, the Phoenix is moving towards fiscal independence from the government. We think this will make the Phoenix, already an award winning publication, even better. We are proud of the Phoenix, look forward to the transition and ask that you join us in becoming subscribers. 918-207-3900


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Head Start gets extra $400K in 2013 budget BY WILL CHAVEZ Senior Reporter TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – The Tribal Council approved the Cherokee Nation’s fiscal year 2013 budget by a 9-8 vote at its Sept. 17 meeting, giving Head Start $400,000 more than it had in FY 2012 but at the expense of the Cherokee Heritage Center and Cherokee Phoenix. If Principal Chief Bill John Baker signs the budget act, the Head Start increase will be effective on Oct. 1 and provide pre-K education at tribal Head Start sites throughout northeast Oklahoma. “Head Start makes a difference for kids and families throughout Cherokee Nation,” Tribal Council Speaker Tina Glory Jordan said. “With this new funding, Head Start can increase teacher salaries and stay competitive.” During the meeting, Head Start Director Verna Thompson said it has been difficult to retain experienced staff because she was not able to offer competitive salaries. However, increased funding for Head Start came via 25 percent reductions for the Cherokee Heritage Center and the tribe’s newspaper, the Cherokee Phoenix. Glory Jordan said both of those entities were capable of finding new funding sources and would continue receiving large subsidies. The Phoenix has a plan to

generate new revenues from advertisings sales, subscription fees and sponsored distribution sites, which Deputy Speaker Chuck Hoskin Jr. said would put the paper on the path to “fiscal independence.” However, Tribal Councilor Cara Cowan Watts disagreed with the CHC and Phoenix cuts. “I do think that Head Start needs additional money, but it’s going to be at the cost of our Cherokee Heritage Center and our Cherokee Phoenix. They (both) have 25 percent budget cuts,” she said. Cowan Watts said she thought the cuts had been discussed beforehand with the Cherokee Phoenix Editorial Board and staff, but later found that was not the case. “Another group got caught in the middle of politics, and now I think the very essence of our free press act is at risk…they are going to have to eliminate the paper edition and free subscriptions to Cherokee citizens,” she said. “I think we could have done that way differently. We could plan ahead for that and have our free press be given the opportunity to plan one and three years out.” She said she believes there’s enough money coming from the tribe’s gaming operations to fund all areas being cut. Cherokee Phoenix Executive Editor Bryan Pollard shared the

Tribal Councilors Jodie Fishinghawk, left, Tina Glory Jordan and Chuck Hoskin Jr. confer during the council’s Sept. 17 meeting in Tahlequah, Okla. The main topic on the agenda was the tribe’s fiscal year 2013 budget. WILL CHAVEZ/CHEROKEE PHOENIX

newspaper’s business plan with the council and said the budget cut would benefit the Phoenix in the long run. “The Phoenix was basically at a fork in the road. Down one path was ever-increasing costs due to increasing circulation numbers, increasing printing costs and increasing mailing costs where we would be in the position of asking the council for more and more money,” Pollard said. “Or we could go down another path toward self-sufficiency, which is us finding ways to pay for our own operation, and so we’ve taken that path with this plan.”

Glory Jordan said councilors worked with the Phoenix to put the news organization on a path to self-sufficiency. “I believe that we’re putting them on the road to, what I see, becoming completely on their own,” she said. “While they are being cut…their money is going to a very needed service, which is Head Start.” The FY 2013 budget is based on a $618-million blueprint proposed by Baker, his first comprehensive budget since taking office on Oct. 19, 2011. Other budget highlights included $1 million for community


waterlines, $195,000 for area Boys & Girls Clubs, $50,000 for backpack nutrition programs and $2 million to complete the Cherokee Veterans Center. Councilors voting for the budget were Glory Jordan, Hoskin, Jodie Fishinghawk, Janelle Fullbright, Frankie Hargis, Dick Lay, Curtis Snell, Joe Byrd and David Walkingstick. Councilors Cara Cowan Watts, Jack Baker, Julia Coates, Meredith Frailey, Don Garvin, Lee Keener, Buel Anglen and David Thornton opposed it. In other action, a resolution for a lawsuit against the Election Commission seeking a declaratory judgment regarding the Voter Amendment Act of 2012 was approved by a 12-5 vote. Its language was amended because the council’s attorney, Dianne Barker Harrold, filed the lawsuit on Aug. 31. The suit is one of two filed in the tribe’s District Court regarding the issue of reapportioning the legislative districts from five to 15. The second suit filed on Sept. 5 by Cowan Watts, Keener, Anglen, Coates and Baker seeks judgment and relief from the redistricting law they deem unconstitutional. Cowan Watts, Keener, Anglen, Baker and Coates voted against the resolution. 918-207-3961

Tribal Council 2011-2015 Joe Byrd 918-316-9463

Chuck Hoskin Jr. 918-323-5411

Tina Glory Jordan 918-457-9207

Buel Anglen 918-752-4339

David Walkingstick 918-822-4681

Cara Cowan Watts 918-752-4342

Frankie Hargis 918-316-9454

Lee Keener 918-550-3351

Curtis Snell 918-232-0233

Jack Baker 918-457-9382

Jodie Fishinghawk 918-207-5757

Julia Coates 918-772-0288

Don Garvin 918-616-3961

Council House 918-207-3900

Janelle Fullbright 918-315-0583

Physical Address: 17763 S. Muskogee Ave. Tahlequah, OK 74464

David Thornton 918-458-7991

Mailing Address: P.O. Box 948 Tahlequah, OK 74464

Meredith Frailey 918-453-1572

Cherokee veteran Joeseph Fourkiller, 87, of Stilwell, Okla., is honored during the Sept. 17 Tribal Council for his military service by the council, Deputy Chief Joe Crittenden, shown pinning a medal onto Fourkiller, and Principal Chief Bill John Baker. He was presented with a Cherokee Warrior medal and plaque. WILL CHAVEZ/CHEROKEE PHOENIX

Dick Lay 918-822-2981

Nation’s takeover of Home Health Service stalls Councilors want to look at the corporate structure that operates Home Health Services before moving it to the tribe. BY JAMI CUSTER Reporter TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – At its Sept. 17 meeting, the Tribal Council tabled a bill that would have moved Cherokee Nation Home Health Services to the tribe’s Health Services. “There are some issues raised by the attorney general and our attorney about how to transition what is a corporate structure operating the Home Health Services to a department of the government,” Tribal Councilor Chuck Hoskin Jr. said. “It is not something in my mind that will possibly make us not transition, but it’s possible that there will need to be some legislation enacted or mainly to explore some legal issues before we enact the resolution.” HHS serves nearly 700 patients with home health, hospice care and outreach. Home health care is skilled care and other health services that clients get in their homes for treating illnesses or injuries. Hospice care is physical, emotional and spiritual support for people with terminal illnesses. Outreach is a range of home and community health services to people of all ages, including personal care aid, medical equipment and supplies and homemaker services. Hoskin said by October’s council meeting legislators should be able to move HHS to the government’s Health Services. “I think the entire council is still on board with the concept of moving this from the entity it was in to another

entity so as to more effectively provide the service,” he said. The council explored moving HHS because of a lack of financial and management stability. HHS runs as a business and a service for patients who have no pay sources. Health Services Executive Director Connie Davis said HHS would still be available despite patients expressing concern about the move. “If it’s run like a business properly then you can also provide services for the uninsured like we want to do. My own secretary has a sister who’s 40 with terminal cancer and needing services and she has no resources. I can’t imagine, you know, turning those people away,” she said. “But there’s a fine balance. It’s hard, but it can be done. We will exhaust every effort to make sure anybody who needs that kind of service receives it.” Hoskin said HHS officials had sought from the council an “infusion of cash to stay afloat.” The expected move to Health Services follows several requests for $250,000 by HHS Director Rick Richards during Health Committee meetings. Since November, HHS had been on the committee’s agenda only to be tabled each month. “This was troubling. We don’t have a profit motive, but we did expect the entity to be sustainable,” Hoskin said. “My feeling, and I believe this was the consensus on the council, was that we could more effectively and efficiently delivery this important service to the people by placing it under the Cherokee Nation’s Health Services group, a department of the government.” In May’s Health Committee meeting, Tribal Councilor David Thornton recommended that Davis review Health Services taking over HHS. After months of review, Health Services was set to take over the business via a council vote. From fiscal years 2008-11, HHS wrote off nearly $600,000 in uncollectable debt from insurance and other payer sources with reimbursements below the cost of

doing business, Richards said. “During those years the company billed for and collected over $18 million. However, the write-offs on lost income created a $300,000 loss for the company,” he said. “In order to turn that loss into a profit HHS stopped taking clients whose insurance reimbursement did not cover that cost of providing services.” For FY 2012, HHS expects to collect more than $5.2 million to break even, Richards said. As of Sept. 12, there were no plans to discontinue HHS services or reduce employees, Davis said. HHS has its own board and staff and operates as an independent CN business entity. The move to Health Services, however, will bring HHS leadership changes as Richards was expected to resign on Sept. 21 with Deb Proctor taking over as interim director. “We’re going to hire a consultant to look at and evaluate the management practices of the current leadership. We need to appoint a new board. There have been two vacancies for a long time, so we’re trying to get a full board to oversee the program,” Davis said. She said properly managing HHS should come first to ensure its financial viability while maintaining service. Davis said the move should benefit patients and the business, much like W.W. Hastings Hospital benefitted in 2008 when the tribe assumed its operations from Indian Health Service. “I will tell you it has been a good thing and I’m surprised. Things that would take years to accomplish, like the expansion (at Hastings) of much-needed space, has been accomplished in less than three years and we’ll see that accomplished within the next year,” she said. “If we were waiting on IHS we would still be stuck in small quarters. I think CN has done that well, and I think you’ll see the same thing at Home Health (Services).” 918-453-5560

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Council removes Election Commission from Administrative Procedures Act Agencies not under the tribe’s APA may create their own policies with Tribal Council oversight. BY WILL CHAVEZ Senior Reporter

Tobacco products are displayed at Willy and Billy’s Tobacco Shack on West Allen Road in Tahlequah, Okla. The shop is a Cherokee Nation-regulated smoke shop that will receive a 75 percent subsidy from the tribe during fiscal year 2013 to help pay its monthly land lease agreement. PHOTOS BY TESINA JACKSON/CHEROKEE PHOENIX

Smoke shop subsidy act passes The tribe will pay 75 percent of monthly land lease fees for 37 tribally regulated smoke shops. BY TESINA JACKSON Reporter TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – Tribal Councilors unanimously passed an act on Sept. 17 that calls for subsidizing 75 percent of monthly land lease payments for operators of certain Cherokee Nation-regulated smoke shops. “One of the burdens the retailers face is the payments they make each month to landowners. So in a situation like this you have someone that operates the smoke shop. The land on which they operate is land held in trust for a Cherokee. A lease payment is paid from the shop operator…to the landowner,” Tribal Councilor Chuck Hoskin Jr. said. He said Legislative Act 12-109 calls for the subsidies to be disbursed only for fiscal year 2013, which runs from Oct. 1 to Sept. 30, 2013. According to Cherokee Nation Tax Commission records, the commission regulates 52 operational smoke shops. However, only 37 shops will be eligible for the subsidy because 15 are owned by Cherokee Nation Businesses. Treasurer Lacey Horn said the subsidies are expected to total nearly $725,000 and come from the tribe’s General Fund, which will receive FY 2011 carryover to cover the subsidies. Hoskin said the subsidy amount each smoke shop operator will receive is based on individual land lease agreements. He said the subsidy would “free up” cash for operators and allow them to keep their doors open, Cherokees employed and revenue coming to the Nation.

“They employee a lot of Cherokees, and they pay lease payments for the most part to Cherokee landowners,” Hoskin said. “So there’s a lot of economic activity that’s generated by our smoke shops that benefit the Cherokee people, but we know that they’re struggling.” He said one reason why smoke shops struggle is because the tribe’s tobacco compact with the state restricts how the Nation can help CNTC-regulated smoke shops. “The current tobacco compact, which comes up for negotiation next year, was generally considered not to be a good compact for the retailers,” Hoskin said. “They’ve struggled under it, and there’s other market forces at play – neighboring tribes, and of course, you’ve got the big players in the industry. So there’s a lot of market pressure on these smoke shops.” He added that some shops have closed and others are near closing, which will result in more lost revenue and jobs. Hoskin said the legislation should help operators bridge the gap until a better tobacco compact is signed next year. According to the tribe’s FY 2011 audit, tobacco tax revenues have decreased from $7 million in FY 2006 to $3.99 million in FY 2011. The Cherokee Phoenix contacted several smoke shop operators for statements but was told they did not know enough about the legislation to comment. Councilors also unanimously passed an act that allows armed security staff at Cherokee casinos. Previously, the only armed security officers at the casinos were reserve marshals. However, the new act allows any CNE security personnel to become armed. Also, councilors unanimously confirmed Linda O’Leary, Betty Barker and Farrell Mackey Prater as CN Registration Committee members. 918-453-5000, ext. 6139

Willy and Billy’s Tobacco Shack on West Allen Road in Tahlequah, Okla., is one Cherokee Nation-regulated smoke shop that will receive a 75 percent subsidy from the tribe during fiscal year 2013 to help pay its monthly land lease agreement. The Tribal Council on Sept. 17 passed an act calling for the subsidy so that smoke shop operators can keep Cherokees employed and tobacco revenue coming to the tribe.

TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – At its Sept. 17 meeting, the Tribal Council amended the Administrative Procedures Act to remove APA oversight of the Cherokee Nation’s Election Commission. The APA requires CN agencies to enact minimum standard procedures and “confer the force of law upon rules adopted by agencies.” The previous law covered the EC, Environmental Protection Commission, Gaming Commission, Tax Commission and Tribal Employment Rights Office. While a tribal agency is under the APA it must follow rules such as providing proper notice for meetings, reporting changes to its policies or procedures and allowing for public comments. Agencies not under the APA may create their own policies with Tribal Council oversight. During the Aug. 30 Rules Committee meeting, EC attorney Harvey Chaffin said because the EC is a “constitutional entity” it should not fall under the APA. “The commission has their own rules and procedures,” he The rules and said. Chaffin said those procedures for rules and procedures voters to protect are established to where people can their rights, appeal them, so it isn’t where are they? necessary for the EC – Tribal Councilor to fall under the APA. However, Tribal Cara Cowan Watts Councilor Cara Cowan Watts told Chaffin she was concerned about the APA not covering the EC because its rules and procedures do not mention allowing for Freedom of Information Act requests and complying with the Open Meetings Act. “The rules and procedures for voters to protect their rights, where are they?” she asked. Chaffin said the EC is in the process of amending rules and procedures to “cover some of the things that were not covered in the last election.” He said he would recommend language for the Freedom of Information and Open Meetings acts to be in the commission’s rules and procedures. “So I think their intent is to do the things you are asking through their own rules and procedures pursuant to the authority granted to them by the constitution,” he said. Cowan Watts said after reviewing the EC’s actions during the 2011 election she found the commission was not in compliance with the APA because individual voters weren’t allowed to protect their voting rights, to go to the polls and vote. She added that voters were only allowed to go to court to protest alleged voting irregularities through a candidate and not as an individual CN citizen. “That limits voters. If they have to align with a candidate. It doesn’t allow individual votes to represent themselves or have representation,” she said. “I can’t see removing the Election Commission (from the APA).” Chaffin reiterated that the EC should operate independently to prevent the executive and legislative branches from influencing it during an election. Tribal Councilor Chuck Hoskin Jr. asked Chaffin if CN citizens would still have access to the courts if they find fault with the EC. Chaffin said voters have the right to sue the EC in tribal court and bring items for consideration to the commission. “They take up those items at their meetings on their regular agendas,” Chaffin said. He added that if a citizen does not agree with the EC’s decision, the citizen could appeal in court. Cowan Watts said some citizens would not have the time nor money for court. She said if the EC is left under the APA, Cherokee voters’ rights would be protected without having to file a lawsuit and hire an attorney. The amended APA passed 10-7 with Councilors Joe Byrd, Tina Glory Jordan, David Walkingstick, Curtis Snell, Jodie Fishinghawk, Frankie Hargis, David Thornton, Janelle Fullbright, Hoskin and Dick Lay voting for it. Voting against were Councilors Don Garvin, Lee Keener, Cowan Watts, Buel Anglen, Jack Baker, Julia Coates and Meredith Frailey. 918-207-3961



Stilwell Acorn, Serita Gaye Acorn, William Ezekiel Adair, Billy Gene Adair, Brenda, Sue Adair, Gary Wayne Adair, George Adair, Jimmie Russell Adair, LouAnn Adair, Pamela Kay Adair, Robert Lee Adair, Vurnell Agent, Dick Agent, Ida Jane Akin, David Michael Alberty, Minnie Bell Alberty, Shirley A. Allen, Ernest Warren Allen, Gary Wayne Allison, Carol Jean Allison, Mayzella M. Anderson, Bill Ray Anderson, June Ann Anderson, Larry Gregg Athey, Charles Renne Baldridge, Rosa Lee Baldridge, Samantha Lynn Ballard, James Randolph Barbaree, Larry Gene Barker, Betty Lou Barton, Tim Aaron Beach, Myrtle Bean, Bonnie Jean Bean, Joe Joe Bean, Michael Kirk Bean, Ned Bearpaw, April Dawn Bearpaw, Delores Bearpaw, James Leroy Bearpaw, Stan Watie Beaver, Susie Ann Beavers, Michael Wayne Beavers, Tommy Gene Benham, Kari Jean Bigby, Gary Dwayne Bird, Jeri Lynn Bird, Perry Lee Blair, Misha Faree Blakemore, Wanda Virginia Bolyn, Margie Marie Bottons, Wendy Babbs Boyd, Delinda Ann Braden, Brenda Jean Bradley, Carol D. Brannon, Stacey Randolf Brannon, Stella Dianne Brewer, Kerman Wayne Brewer, Lucien Tee Britt, Billie Loretta Brown, Amanda Elaine Brown, Bobbie Jo Brown, Harold Lee Brown, Howard Michael Brown, Jerry Max Brown, Johnann Brown, Joshua Adam Brown, Karen Gayle Brown, Larry Dean, Jr. Brown, Leah Matilda Brown, Nancy Lynette Brumer, Stephanie Mae Bruner, Carthel Dewayne Bruner, Jennifer Jo Buckner, Gerald Lynn Buckner, James Dean Buckner, Othel Bunch, Charlie Bunch, Gina Lynne Bunch, Louella Bunch, Melanie Deann Bunch, Nathan Joe Bunch, Rabbit Bunch, Terry Lee Burchett, Alma Lee Burnett, Carrie Lynn Burnett, Margaret Louise Burris, Lena Willie Buzzard, Thomas R. Byrd, Dione Caldwell, Carline Lisha Caldwell, Doris Katherine Carlile, Charles Edward Carrington, Wendell Edwin Carson, Brenda Gay Carson, David Lee Carson, Jada Lynn Carson, Jeffrey Wayne Carson, Kathleen Gail Casazza, Shawnna Gaye Catcher, Floyd Catcher, Joe Dale Catron, Eldon Wendell Catron, Martha Louise Cavin, Robert Woodrow Caviness, DeLana Jeanne Chartier, Betty L Chewey, Michael Ray Chewey, Nannie Chewey, Richard Lee Christensen, Earnestine Christensen, Michael Lee Christie, Bill Christie, Charise Donnell Christie, Diana Bernice Christie, Marvin Gene Christie, Robert Dale Christie, Stoney Chuculate, Jackie Wayne Church, Leona Claphan, Linda Gail Clarke, Carolyn Sue Clinton, Rickey Gene, Jr. Cochran, Curtis Ray Cochran, Eva Mae Cochran, Georgia Faye Cochran, Johnny L. Cochran, Margie Cochran, Shirley Jean Cochran, Jr. Perry Coleman, Michael Dean Coles, Cynthia June Collins, Cora Catherine Collins, Lou Ann Collins, Thomas James Collins, William Doyle Collins, Yvonne Maurine Colston, Charla Ruth Cook, Renita Fay Coombes, Mary M. Cooper, Deana Lee Cooper, Grant Christopher Cooper, Virgil Johnny Joe Jr. Cornsilk, Janey Cotner, Dorothy Emma Craig, Joseph Don Crittenden, Johney F. Crittenden, Mack Crittenden, Warren Cole Crossfield, Louwanna Lee Cude, Glen William, Jr. Dale, Herbert Howard Danner, Bertha LaRain Dart, Kristin Dawn Daugherty, Peggy Lou Daugherty, Ray Bearfoot Daugherty, Rodney Joe Davidson, Flora Davis, Kevin James Deason, Eva Louise Denwalt, Beatrice Cherokee Dewey, Margaret Eileen Diver, Daniel James Dobbins, Edith Arlene Dotson, Danny James Doublehead, Glenn Dale Dowdican, Narcie Ann Doyle, Lisa Michelle Duck, Adam Duck, Annabelle Dugger, Donna, Jo Dummer, Charles Thomas

Dunaway, Willie Maurice Duncan, Carlene Duncan, Jason K. Duncan, Jennifer Kay Duncan, Jimmy Duncan, Mandy LaJean Duncan, Roger Duncan, Vanessa Lynn Duncan, Vernon W. Duvall, Ricky Eads, Cleo Patricia Eads, Joe Ervin Eagle, Columbus Eagle, Emma Lou Eagle, Jim Junior Eagle, Lawrence Earp, Ricky Samuel Earp, Sharon Carol Eaton, James O. Ebberts, Verna Lucille Eby, Regina Joy Eddings, Jimmy Carl Edgmon, Tammy Davida Eldridge, Shirley Kay Eldridge, Wendy Jean Eli, Johnnie Eli, Johnny Lee Eli, Martin Eli, Sharon Kaye Elk, Tommy Gene Elmore, Frank Lee, Jr. Elms, Bobbie Jean England, Adrian Martin England, Bobbie Lee England, Bobbie Lee Jr England, Lizzie England, Ralph Arch England, Sherman English, Leonard Essary, Darla Kay Eubanks, Angela Kaylene Eubanks, Jimmy Woodrow Eubanks, Max Eugene Eubanks, Shelly Jo Eubanks, Vickie Lynn Faddis, Retha Mae Farrington, Wanda Ramona Fatherree, Helen Elizabeth Feather, Woodrow Feathers, Denise Feathers, George Ferguson, James Berry Ferguson, Rebecca Louise Fields, Charley Fields, George Gelmer Fletcher, Joe Michael Fletcher, Joe Rodger Fletcher, Stephanie Lea Fletcher, Terri Kay Fletcher, Wendall Leroy Flynn, Angeline Flynn, Celia Kaye Flynn, Hooley Flynn, Kevin Allen Flynn, Tonya Willene Flynn, Willie Darren Ford, Austin Lee Foster, Ellis Jr. Fourkiller, Anthony James Fourkiller, Emma Lee Fourkiller, Henry Brandon Fourkiller, Joanna Fourkiller, Larkin Eugene Fourkiller, Lizzie May Fourkiller, Steve Sr. Fowler, William Audie Franklan, Vera D. Frogg, Emma Fryar, Betty Lou Fuson, David Wayne Gallaspy, Garland Miller, Jr. Gamble, Margie May Gard, Barbara J. Garland, Carmen Wanda Garr, Ellen Garrett, Johnnie Charles Gatewood, Barbara Viola Gatewood, Christopher Maurice George, Karen Alvira Gibbins, David Earl Gibbins, Ellen Marie Glass, Amanda Gail Glass, AnnMarie Glass, Fannie Mae Glass, Hubert Glass, Ricky Wayne Goates, Regina Ann Golden, Kendra Mae Gonzales, Christopher Michael Gonzales, Frankie Gonzales, Lizzie Gonzales, Michael A. Gonzales, Velma J. Gonzalez, Rebecca Sue Gonzalis, Max Lee Gonzalis, Sandra Lee Gonzalis, Tina Sue Goodwin, Bill Joe, Jr. Graves, Donald Ray Green, Kenneth Wayne Green, Susan L. Grigsby, Elizabeth Ann Grigsby, James N. Grimmett, Becky Grimmett, George Grimmett, Roy Grimmett, Viola Jean Grooms, Hazel Mae Guffey, James Donald Guffey, Janice Lea Gutierrez, Christina Gene Guttillo, Michael Anthony Guttillo, Rose B. Hall, Dawn Michelle Hall, Dianna Marie Hall, Joy Lee Hallmark, William Allin Hamilton, Theda Kaye Hamilton, Walter Allen Hamlin, Jimmie Franklin Hammer, Johnny Dewayne Hampton, George Willard Hance, Johnny Marie Handle, Maggie Hanlin, Jerry W. Hannah, Taylor Bell Hardbarger, Jerry Don Hardbarger, Sam Harger, Daniel Tom Harjo, Retha Jean Harlin, Larry Dale Harper, Deana A. Harper, Marion Lee Harper, Melody Ann Harrell, Joe Dean Harris, Cynthia Leigh Hart, Eugene Marcus Hart, Louise Hart, Rebecca Jean Harwood, Sondra Faye Hatley, Wilma Amagene Hawk, Leta Mae Hawkins, Patrick Joe Hensley, Juanita Hensley, Mark Lee Hensley, Orval Andrew Hess, Loyena Hewin, Francis Louise Hill, Billy Mack Hill, Donna Sue Hill, Jerry Bob Hill, Kyle Brandon Hirst, Sarah LJM Hitcher, Anna Belle Hitcher, Sammy Joe Hitcher, Tom Hitcher, Tom Jr. Hogner, Curtiss Ray

Patterson, Julie Faith Patton, Baxter Duval Peakheart, Sarah Kay Penrod, Bradford Guy Perkins, Geneva Pettigrew, Joshua Loyd Pettirgrew, Joni Leigh Pettit, Karen Petty, Dora Mae Phillips, Angela Dawn Philpott, Carrie Pauline Pierson, Ricky Pinkerton, Dianna Lynn Pinkerton, Virginia Lea Poor, Michael Dwayne Poteet, Judy C. Holloway, Kevin Wayne Powell, Ryan Taylor Holloway, Lucinda Kay Price, Lorenza D. Hothouse, Johnny Lee Price, William Taft House, Sherry Lynn Pritchett, Dana Michelle Hudson, Michael Lewis Pritchett, Hurshel Lee Hughes, Donald Ray Pritchett, Jeremy Isaac Hummingbird, Brandy Pritchett, Linda Sue Leigh Pritchett, William Hastings Hummingbird, Charley Proctor, Dennis Ray Hummingbird, Faye N. Proctor, Inez M. 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Jr. Kelley, Floyd Dale Salsman, Mickey Lee Kelley, Pink Pauline Sam, Goodloe Kelley, Tawanna Gail Sam, Richard Lee Kester, Floyd, Jr. Sam, Ronny Ray Sr. Ketcher, Bryce Trent Sam, Vickie Jean Ketcher, Carlene Samms, Brandi Lee Ketcher, Jeffrey Allen Sanders, Brian Ketcher, Lucy Sanders, Carol Sue Ketcher, Maida Lee Sanders, Claude Ellis Ketcher,Michael Sanders, Darrell Wayne Ketcher, Ralph Wayn Sanders, Dennis Muskrat Ketcher, Ramona Kay Sanders, J.C. Ketcher, Robyn Alane Sanders, Jacob Len Ketcher, Ronald Sanders, James Paden Ketcher, Russell Dean Sanders, Johnny R. Jr. Ketcher, William Lee Sanders, Karen Sue Key, Mary Ethel Sanders, Mary Lou Vena Kidd, Bobbie Jean Sanders, Regina Lynn Killer, Jarrod Lee Sanders, Shawn Paul Killer, Lee W. Sawney, Ernest Killer-Eagle, Marjorie Sawney, Narcie King, Darryl Paul Sawney, Scotty Wayne King, Mary Dianna Sawney, Stephanie Lynn Kirby, Gussie Schultz, Charlean Marie Kirk, Dan Rae Schultz, Cheryl Christina Kirk, Jessie Lee Scott, Betty Sue Kirk, Mose Scott, Dorothy Ann Kirk, Mose Lance Scott, Joe, Lynn Jr. Knapp, Barbara Ann Scott, Lizzie Knight, Nikki Lynn Scott, Lydia Ann Kraus, Tracey Arlene Scraper, Tommy Kuykendall, Paulette Scudder, Jenna Jo Lacie, Vivian Lucille Seawright, Deborah Lawrence, Larry Joe Elaine Lawson, Theodore, Jr. Seay, Brandy Lynn Lawson, Theodore, III Seay, Dana Leann Lawson, Weetah Mae Self, Bradley Gene Leach, Mary Sellers, George Lewis, Ronald Dean Montgomery Lipe, Harold Verdell Sellers, Lorene Littledave, Kathrine Sue Setser, Beryl Sue Littledeer, Arlinda Sharp, Leslie Lynne Littledeer, Lloyd Shay, Marilyn Diana Littlejohn, Ronnie Wayne Sheets, Kristy R. Livers, Herbert Hoover Shell, Ancie Livers, Inez Shell, Cheryl Ann Livers, Stella Shell, Connie Lynn Locust, Norman Bunch Shell, Erma Dean Long, Dana Fay Shell, Fayola Long, Jewel Shell, Marvin Long, Nophaie Shell, Patsy Lou Long, William Lewis Shell, Sam Lyles, Stephen Ray Sisco, Alice Faye Manus, Richard Jr. Sisco, Kevien Wayne Manus, Richard Allen Sisco, Verdina Faye Marshall, Norma Jean Sixkiller, Mildred Martin, Augusta Jane Sixkiller, Sam Foster Martin, James Brian Smay, John Christopher Martinez, Anthony Wayne Smith, Ben Bush Martinez, Jeana Marie Smith, Betty Lou Mattox, Latonna Kay Smith, Daniel Cass Maupins, Claude Dean Smith, Doris Margaret Mays, Mary Lois Smith, Mark Shannon Dee McCause, Andrea Smith, Rena Darthulie Elizabeth Soap, Ahinawake Tehee McCause, Nancy G. Soap, Bobby G. McCuistion, Lenny Lou Soap, Eric Thomas McCuistion, Vickie Sue Soap, Jimmy Dale McCuistion, Woodrow Soap, Jimmy David Junior Soap, Leigh Ann McElwain, Virginia Sue Soap, Paula Joann McFatridge, Randy Spaulding, Donna Sue Charles Springwater, Crawford A. McGee, Cecil Bruce Springwater, Louise McGee, Celesta Elaine Springwater, Myrtle McGee, Emmett Leroy Springwater, Robert McGee, Inola Gail Stand, Merle Ann McGee, Louis Edward Stansill, Frances Earlene McGee, Rhoda Lillian Starr, Bluford Jr. McGee, William Gary Starr, Denton McClure McIntosh, Preston Davis, Starr, Lucille Jr. Starr, Lula Juanita McLemore, Alison Denise Starr, Rachel Mae McLemore, Carl French Starr, Rex McLemore, Daniel Starr, Scott Allen McLemore, Joan Still, Frank McLemore, Lawrence Che Still, Lucille McLemore, Leann Storm, Joshua W. McVey, Samantha Renee Stovall, Karen Lynn McVey, Shawn Douglas Stufflebeam, Learah L. Megli, Susan Hope Sturgeon, Stephanie Anne Miller, Garold Dennis Swepston, Carlene Miller, Kahleetah Kathrene Tarin, Ann Miller, Ruth Maxine Taylor, Drusilla Jane Mink, Donna Kay Taylor, Evelin Louise Mitchell, Wanda Gean Taylor, Ocie Moore, Martha Teehee, Charley Moreland, Stanley Wilson Teehee, David Wayne Morris, Buelah A. Teehee, Henry Morris, Emma Teehee, Kent Darrick Morris, Kennith Terry Teehee, Lana Jo Morris, Mary Ann Terrapin, Mandy Morrison, Charles Johnny Thirsty, Annie Mae Morton, Christopher Lynn Thirsty, Willie Mae Morton, Edith Elvira Thomas, Karen Roberta Morton, Enola Maxine Thompson, Gregory Ryan Morton, Jessica Lynn Thompson, Jonathan Morton, Nason N. David Morton, Otto Thompson, Kenneth Mounce, Datha Louise Warren Mullings, Ora L. Thompson, Kimberly Sue Mullins, Frieda Marie Thompson, Mary Lee Murphy, Janet Renea Thornton, Michael Kent Muskrat, Bessie Ann Thurber, Brian James Muskrat, Franklin Thurber, Elmer Dean Muskrat, Ollie Tidwell, Dodie Cheryl Muskrat, Paul Edward Tidwell, Lizzie Naranjo, Phyllis Tidwell, Michael Shawn Neal, Sarah Christine Tidwell, William Dean Neel, Burlie Orpha Tillery, Christine Sherley Neff, Adam Wayne Toeller, Carolyn Jean Neff, Beverly Dennis Turn, Bennie Neff, Jessie E. Tyer, Brandy Lee Neff, Nancy Jean Unger, Bobby Grant Nelson, Sheila Lynn Valentic, Tonya Gayle Nofire, Larry Vann, Brenda Lou Nofire, Matilda Vann, Christopher Oliver, Theresa Louise Vann, Mark Osborn, Ronald Earl Vann, Thomas Micheal Owl, JB Vann, Timothy Owl, Leda Faye Vann, Jr., Johnny Ray Padget, Emma Vardeman, Kenneth Keith Padgett, Ephraim Terry Vaughan, Dora Kaylene Padgett, Lorena Mae Vaughn, Dawna Marie Padgett, Raymond Clifton Vaughn, Kriste Shannon Patterson, Edward Vignolo, Anna M. Dewayne Waldroop, Heath Wayne Patterson, Howard Lee Walkingstick, Samuel

Ewf #>hAmh • j/Zd Thomas Walter, Judy Ann Waltz, Hannah Wren Ward, Thomas Waters, Douglas Duane Waters, Richard Waters, Warren G. Watie, Joanna Watie, Joe Max Watson, Robert Dwayne Watt, Jackson Watt, Sharon Fay West, James Welford West, James Wesley Wheeler, Luciretta Whisenhunt, Sandra Kay White, Robert Andrew White, Ronnie Harold Whitener, Oleta Whitley, Wanda Whitmire, Charles Wayne Whitmire, William Walter Wilkie, Donald Scott Williams, Grady Curtis Jr. Williams, Mark, A. Wilson, Rodney Arron Wiseley, Lagretta Gail Wojcieszak, Mildred M. Wojciezak, Leo Henry III Wolf, Harlan Lance Wolf, Samson Wolfe, Jerry Wolfe, Minnie Wolfe, Rodney L. Womack, Lena Maxine Workman, Clara Lee Workman, Lela Workman, Rodney Allen Worley, Debra Gail Worley, Sharmilee Worsham, Dorothy Jean Worsham, James Wallace Worsham, Sharon Kay Wright, Jean Ann Wright, Shawn York, Mary Ann Young, David Ray Young, Joe Younger, William R. Westville Adair, Bob M. Adair, Mary Francis Adams, Barbara Jill Adams, James Herman III Akin, Deborah Sue Akin, Nathan John Akins, Zoe Marshal Allison, William Roy Ames, David Lenard Atha, Jeremiah Joe Bagby, John H. Bagby, Margret May Bagby, Turner Bailey, Carla Renea Bailey, Lorita Mae Balls, Jackie Baylous, Sharon Jane Bell, Justin Shane Benoit, Danny B. Bird, Jerry Bird, Lincoln Bird, Willard Dean Black, Gary Wayne Blackwood, Eugene Blackwood, Michael Douglas Blossom, Bobby Dean Blossom, Harold D. Sr. Blossom, Hazel Mary Blossom, Jeffrey Gene Bolton, Dadreon Sue Boswood, Nancy Joyce Brackett, Stormie Dawn Brooks, Gregory Steve Brooks, Shelly Beth Buck, Loraine Burke, Jolene Burns, Darren Joe Burrous, Nancy Alene Cain, Roger Dale Cannon, Becky Yvette Carey, Gladys Irene Carey, Otis Carey, William Timothy Carollo, Salvatore Francis Jr. Carpenter, Derrick Gene Carpenter, Janette Crystal Carroll, Darlene Rene Casteel, Gladys Casteel, Michael Reynold Casteel, Patrick Ebbin Chastain, Christina Michelle Choate, Angela Claudelle Choate, Robert Lawrence Westville, Choate Roy Jr. Chopper, John Joseph Christie, Marvin J. Clark, Barbara Jean Cole, Earl Welch Cole, Matthew Welch Cole, Sadie Collins, Adam Grant Collyge, Lisa Michelle Coumont, Lisa Marie Craig, James Michael Crittenden, Charles Edward Crittenden, Infant Crittenden, Jackie Lee Crittenden, Joan Marie Crittenden, Randy Gene Cummings, Carl Lee Daugherty, Shirley Ann Davis, Jonita Degeer, Altirean Denton, Minxie Mae Doublehead, Billie Kay Doyle, Opal Lou Dugger, Jimmy Dean Dyer, Donetta Eagle, Robert Leaf Easleton, Bradley Dwayne Edmondson, Geraldine English, Lydia Lynn Etheridge, James Perry Fain, Roger Lynn Fain, Roy Howard Favor, Frances Irene Fishinghawk, Gerald Lee Fletcher, Johnnie Ray Jr. Flippo, Ina Jaunita Flippo, Janie Isabelle Flute, Alice Sue Flute, Mack Charles Jr. Ford, Jerremy Alan Fourkiller, Lisa Gay Galyean, Opal Elizabeth Gardenhire, Penny Aileen Garrett, Roy Lee Garriott, Brandy Atlante Gifford, Iris Juanita Glenn, Melanie Dawn Golden, Stephen Jr. Gray, Delana Carlene Greathouse, Margaret Gregory, Dennis William Griffin, Charles L. Griffin, Stephen Lewis Grimmett, Ashley Renee Grimmett, Jeremy Dewayne Hagan, Phyllis Ann Hall, Mildred Hall, Shirley Ruth Hamilton, Sherman Dale Hammer, Bobby Ray Hammer, Chester Sr. Hammer, David Dewayne Hammer, Donald Wayne Hammer, Harold Gene Hammer, Ida Mae Hammer, Randall Hammer, Scotty Joe Hammer, Tia Danelle Hansen, Kristi Lynn Hardbarger, Heather Jean Hargrove, Lola Mae Harney, Iris Irene Hartshorne, Byron Garrison Hastings, Effie Manda Lee Hawk, Thomas Jr. Hensley, Brenda Faye Hensley, Misty M. Hill, Ella Mae Hitcher, Brian Keith Hitcher, Peggy Ann

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Heffelman, Candace Olive Henson, Earline Joyce Hernandez, Jeanne Lynn Herod, Joseph Thomas Herod, Thelma M. Higgins, C. M. Gail Higgins, Roger Wayne Hilliard, Patrica Ann Hoover, Lillie Paulina Hopper, Clark Clayburn Huggins, Donna Kay Huggins, Michael Brant Huggins, Robt Jas Huggins, Vaughntreba Katherine Hutchins, Lenona Jackson, Charlene Jackson, Jean Jackson, Robert Weldon Jacobs, Janell Sue Jarvis, Loren Christopher Jarvis, Tommy Dale Jeffers, Kendal Gayle Jeffery, Anna Mildred Jenkins, Robert Carl Jinks, Wannah Lee Johnson, Sidney Harold Johnston, Beatrice Ailene Junkert, Kimberly Kay Kauffeld, Rhonda Ann Kellenberger, Frankie Joan Keller, Billie DeJuan Keller, Margaret Ann Killion, Marvin Junior Killion, Paul W. King, Kenneth Avery Kirby, Betty Noveta Kuchta, Craig Raymond II Kusch, Neva Jean Larson, Douglas Eugene Layman, Denise Layman, Juanita Rae Lee, Thelma Ludwig, Ruby B. Lynch, Jack Edward Mader, Karen Beth Malone, Elissa Susie Marone, Judy Kathryn Marsh, Charles Franklin Martin, Carrol Ross Martin, Elizabeth Irene Masters, Ahnawake Masters, Larry Paul Matthews, Brenda Kay Mayberry, Kathy Weleaka Mayberry, Michael Mays, Michelle De Anne Mays, Robert Donald McElhany, Amber Jo McGarrah, Darrell Edward McKisick, Julia Rae McLin, Charles Sidney Meek, Chad Corwyn Miller, Anna May Milliser, Bruce Allan Milliser, William Lewis Mills, Dempsey Michael Mills, Mary Sue Moore, Bonnie Gene Moore, John L. Mount, Cindy Luanne Myers, Modena Nall, Billy Leroy Nelson, Ruby Lorene Newport, Nadean Maud Nuckolls, Loyd Wesley Nuckolls, Neva Jean Orcutt, Brittany Lee Owen, Anna Lee Owens, Teresa Ruth Pahukoa, Jamie Lynn Paige, Roger Dale Painter, John Edward Parish, Stephen Alan Parton, Lisa Ann Pelikan, Michelle Rachel Lee Perry, Charles Houston Perry, Geo W. Jr. Perry, Morris G. Pigg, Stephanie Jean Pilkinton, George Robert Potter, Leonard Wesley Prather, Johnie Lee Pratt, Renee Praytor, Lindsey Ann Rhuems, Ruth Ann Riley, Adam Hughes Riley, Burl Clark Riley, Marjoria Dorothy Pete Riley, Sean Michael Riley, Sheri Lynn Roberts, Amanda Jo Roberts, Paul Edwin Robertson, Lila Ruth Robison, Thelma Pauline Rodman, Patty Erlene Rush, Betty Jeanne Sager, Ross Dewayne Scott, J. C. Seabourn, Joyce Jean Self, Sandra Kay Shackelford, Joshua Dale Sharp, Gwendolen Faye Sixkiller, Kenneth Ray Smith, Billie Joyce Smith, James Freeman Smith, Michael William Smith, Patty Elizabeth Smith, Phillis Sue Smith, Wilma Lucille Snider, Collis Ferdinand Sparkman, Becky Norene Spradlin, Tommy Charles Stanbery, Carol Joyce Stanbery, Danna Lee Stogsdill, Percie Stroud, John Raymond Tanner, David Joe Jr. Tanner, Krista Lynne Tanner, Rozann Tate, Thressa Sue Savoy Tauuneacie, Daniel Eugene Taylor, Josanna Cleo Teel, Bertha Marquerite Thomison, Leslie Dean Thompson, David Lihugh Jr. Thompson, Terry Lavon Thompson, William Dale Trenary, Fannie J. Trimble, Ruth Lavonne Turner, William Daniel Underwood, David Monroe Underwood, Suzanne Rae Walters, James C. Jr. Washburn, Jimmie Leroy Weeden, Bertie Marie Westbrook, Arthur Devoy Westbrook, Mary Cordelia White, Kathryn Evelyn Wildhaber, Wilma Darnell Williams, Audrey Lee Williams, Cherokee Dawneta Williams, David Adair Williams, Kenneta Pauline Williams, Kimberly Tennille Williams, Roger Lee Wise, Terry Dale Wood, J.U. Wood, Patricia Lenore Woodall, Cecil Randolph Woods, Carol Lee Woodward, Cheryl La Vonne Wright, Abraham Wright, Cindy Marie Wright, Lovely Junior Yirsa, Joe Blaine Jay Adair, Donna K. Allen, Lottie May Altebaume, Samuel Lee Altebaumer, Connie Sue Aman, Kenneth Darrell Amos, Angela Renee Amos, Bonnie Louise Anderson, Barbara Anderson, Tammy Lynn Andrews, Frances Alene Applegate, Gina Lynnette Armbrister, Alex Andrew Arnold, Travis Kales Asher, Charlotte Patricia


2012 Ewf #>hAmh • j/Zd Baker, Jerry Hendrick Jr. Baker, Kaylan Logan Baker, Keelan Taylor Baker, Phyllis Alene Ballard, John Kimbrell Bandy, Jamie Lynn Barbee, Angela Barnes, Kali K. Barnwell, Geneva Bartley, Donna Sue Basinger, Thera Dawn Beaver, Maude Lea Beavers, Lila Betsy Beck, Darrel Lee Beckton, Sandra Louise Star Benson, Sarah Jane Bingham, Justin Mack Bingham, Linda Jewel Bishop, Stacy Renae Black, Patrecia Jean Blackfox, David Wayne Blair, Tomanian Mae Blevins, Coleman Lee Blevins, Preston Wade Fields Blossom, Woodrow Luther Boggs, Pamela Diann Bostater, Nancy Bowman, Beatrice Joy Box, Dorothy June Brewster, Pauline Vivian Brixey, Robert Eugene Brown, James Sherwood Ridge Bryant, Carol Jean Bryant, Ida Ruth Bryant, Paul Cortland Buffington, Dwight Gene Buffington, Mark Anthony Buffington, Sally Jane Burger, Jo Ann Burr, Joyce Ann Bushyhead, Freda Madean Bushyhead, Jesse David Butler, Edgar Eugene Butler, Jesse Elmo Buzzard, Alene Buzzard, Jordon Lee Buzzard, Luther Dewayne Buzzard, Oleta Faye Callihan, Mandy Noell Carmon, Cheryl Kay Carroll, Bobby Gene Cass, Nowa Dawn Caswell, Nola Edna Caswell, Thomas Bryan Cearley, Alicia Lynn Cearley, Bobby Eugene Cearley, Kathryn Sue Cearley, Robert Charles Chamberlain, Floyd Gerald Chastain, Barbara Jean Chastain, Justin Scott Chopper, Billy G. Chopper, John Gary Clark, Jacquline Sue Clinkenbeard, Gary Lee Clinkenbeard, Vickie Sue Clyma, Karen Michelle Cochran, Billy Joe Cole, Robert Craig Collins, Randall Ray Cordeiro, Dorcas Jean Cornell, John Travis Cornshucker, Marshall D. Crank, Charlotte Elaine Crank, Robert Chad Crawford, Carolyn Mineta Crawford, Elizabeth Suzanne Crawford, Melvin Eugene Creekkiller, Denise Creekkiller, Dennis Creekkiller, Louise Creekkiller, Mary Pearl Creekkiller, Regina Renee Creekkiller, Willie Eugene Creekmore, Cleo H. Crittenden, Chester Crittenden, Shirley Ann Cumiford Orville Raymond Cummings, George Lee Cummings, Michael Lynn Cunningham, James William Cunningham, Regina Janel Cunningham, Shirley Ann Cunningham, Tammi Lynn Daugherty, Allie Jane Daugherty ,Ryan Neal Daugherty ,William Jenning Davis, Darian Kent Davis, Doyle Conrad Davis, Nancy Marlene Denny, Glenda Sue DePetris, Judy Kay Dick, Kenneth Dick, Samuella Donohue, Melanie Reno Dry, Donald Ray Dry, Janice Faye Dry, Leona Dry, Ruth Dunham, David Vann Jr. Dunham, James D. Dunham, Patricia Susan Earp, Carl Jay Earp, Kathleen Leucretia Eastman, Mary Elizabeth Edwards, Lou Ella Edwards, Steven Franklin Ellick, Leon Ellis, Bradley Denton Ellis, Teresa Marie Evans, Scott Wayne Farmer, Deborah Lynn Fausett, Sheryl Lynn Feather, Ralph Alfred Jr. Ferguson, Virginia D Fields, James Earl Fields, Karen Kay Flaming, Glyennis Flaming, Susan Mae Foreman, Mary Lee Foreman, Thomas Edward Francis, George Anthony Fry, Jamie Dale Garcia, Sarah Ann Garrison, Lisa Renae Garrison, Virginia Lee Geary, Arthur Dwight Gibbs, James Frank Jr. Gibe, Clinton Wade Gibe, Galynn Renee Gibe, Michael Thomas Gibe, Nicole Rachelle Gibe, Steven Loyd Glass, Janet Sue Glory, Alice Goins, Misty Dawn Goins, Ruth Alice Goins, Shanda Lynn Goins, Stephanie LeAne Goodell, Rosa Lee Gooding, Joyce Anna Graham, Paul Graham, Sonya Myrene Grass, Alfred Lee Grass, Marian Lynne Grass, Russell James Grass, Shannon Renae Greaves, Sherlyn Louise Griffith, Harold J. Guess, Nancy Ann Guess, Nathan Bradley Gullett, Andrea Kathryn Gullett, Mandy Lynn Gullett, Marilyn Kay Hagar, Paulette Dale Hamilton, Jerry Wayne Hamilton, Rebecca Lynn Hamilton, Richard Leroy Hampton, Kristi Ann Handle, Audrey Osawa Handle, Christina Louise Handle, Darrel Lee Handle, Eric Ryan Handle, Landen Handle, Wanda Jean Hankins, Lura May Harmon, James Thomas Harmon, Maydene Harp, Donna Kay Heard, Jimmy Ray Henderson, Ivan Keith

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Soldier, Michael Dewayne Soldier, Nancy Ann Soldier, Richard Jr Spencer, Harold Fayne Spencer-Payton, Kimberly Gayle Sperry, Pammie Bernadine Spohn, Mattie S. Spohn, Richard Franklin Stapleton, Dwight David Stapleton, Faye Ruth Stapleton, Kathryn Elaine Stapleton, Orrise Faye Stick, Kathy K. Still, Ned Stogsdill, Ashley Christine Story, Bertha Fay Strickland, Darrell Edward Sullivan, Tisha Zoe Sultzer, Charlie Summerfield, Bessie Mae Summerfield, Bobbie Lee Summerfield, Cynthia Jane Summerfield, Darla Ann Summerfield, Henry Summerfield, John Wayne Summerfield, Joshua Jeremiah Summerfield, Leroy II Summerfield, Leroy Summerfield, Virgil Lee Summerfield, William Elton Swaim, Bettye Lou Swaim, William Virgil Swake, Cooney Swake, Donnie Ray Sweetwater, Bryan Swimmer, Anna C. Hendren Swinford, Shirley Ann Tagg, Jimmy Jr. Talbott, Richard Eugene Tanner, Allen Tanner, Carolyn Tanner, Cliff Lee Tanner, Ida Mae Tanner, Jason Coaly Tanner, Scott Arthur Tanner, Velma Tauuneacie, Lewis Eugene Teague, Bertha Mae Teague, Pamela Marie Teehee, Feryl Dean Teehee, Lydia Jean Tooley, Ella Mae Trujillo, Joey King Tuder, Cindy Kay Turner, Betty Lou Turner, Christie Lynn Turner, Dustin Ryan Turner, Jennifer Leann Underwood, Meda May Van, Horn Andrea Lynn Vannoy, Melissa Ann Varner, Bonnie Fern Vickers, Leonard Lon Wagnon, John Albert Watermelon, Ned Weaver, Joe Tom Weaver, William B. Weeks, Jamie Lynn Weeley, Dick West, Al Dee White, Sherri Lynn White, Tammie Mechelle Wiese, Kathy Joyce Wiley, George Williams, Jacob Darel Williams, Johnny Wayne Williams, Lester Wayne Wilson, Jacquelyn Deliah Wilson, Louise Wilson, Mary Ellen Deakens Wilson, William M Wittenberg, Wilma Sue Wofford, Coy Lee Wolfe, Jimmy Wolfe, Nancy Pearl Wolfe, Teresa Marie Wood, Jack Richard Woodall, Arlis Dain Woods, Betty Ruth Woods, Dona Evaleena Woods, Howard Thomas Woods, Kyle Brandon Woods, Leonard Lee Woods, Paul Wesley Woolman, Janice Marie Worsham, Derek Wayne Kenwood Beaver, Betty Lea Belt, Geraldine Kaye Budder, Matthew Joseph Budds, Betty Ann Buffalohorn, Mary Louise Chancellor, Kimberly Chumwalooky, William Custer, Shirley Ruth Deere, Eliza May Dobbs, Geraldine Fisher, Andrew Hair, David Yahola Hilderbrand, Grover C. Ketcher, Charley King, Annette King, Emma King, Jennifer King, Kathryn Kirby, Kelly Donella Kirby, Linley Steven Kirby, Millard Paul Mathews, Juanita Bernice O’Field, Nancy Jane Proctor, David Proctor, Jim Proctor, John Proctor, John Edward Proctor, Julie Delayne Proctor, Linda Mae Proctor, Mary Proctor, Rosa Sapp, Henry Sapp, Roma Gene Sitsler, Harley James Staller, Omalinn Stick, Sheila Jean Strickland, Alisha Nichole Tagg, Elizabeth Whittington, Walter Shawn Wickliffe, Gregory Gene Wickliffe, Linda Joyce Kansas Allen, Michelle Deann Ames, Darrell Wayne Arnold, Bryon Dean Arnold, Elizabeth Marlene Arnold, Leslie Dean Arnold, Melissa Ranee Asher, Dennis Paul Backward, Sandra Deanna Ballard, Don Allen Ray Bark, Robert Lee Bark, Sandra Barnes, Sally Ann Barnett, Judith Ann Barnett, Laura Sue Bartleson, Robert Kent Beck, Keith Wayne Beck, Loretta Jean Beck, Ross Belt, Brian Clayton Lee Bendabout, Linda Sue Berridge, Robert Channing Jr. Blackbear, Tina Deanna Blackfox, Brenda Sue Blackfox, David Blackfox, Hattie Blankenship, Donald Ray Botts, Patricia Ann Braun, Katherine Lorinda Brazil, Sue Laverne Breckenridge, Edna Lea Bright, Lavonda Renee Brown, Grace Brownell, Edna Jean Brunk, Johnny Carl Buchanan, Rex Hiawatha Buckhorn, Jim Buszek, Galela Ann Byrd, Angela Kay Byrd, Kimberly Ann

Byrd, May Leavern Byrd, Roger Earl Carder, Janice Lou Carey, Jeremy McKay Carter, Carol Rose Chamberlain, Don Lee Chanley, Eddy Dale Chewey, Wilfred William Chewey, Willie Dean Chuckluck, Magdalene Clark, Connie Jo Clark, Linda Sue Clay, Troy Dean Cochran, Anna Lou Cochran, Benjamin Bryan Cochran, Edna Mae Cochran, Faye Cochran, Gracie Deann Cochran, Jim Cochran, Leo Dean Cochran, Neal Cochran, Norman Dale Cochran, Patti Sue Cochran, Robert Eugene Cochran, Walker Cochran, Walker Jr. Coleman, Christi Lois Cooper, Shanda Lachelle Crites, Melody Dawn Crittenden, Amy Renee Crittenden, Buster Crittenden, Eric Dean Crittenden, Jess Crittenden, Johnny Allen Crittenden, Larry Roger Crittenden, Leona Crittenden, Tommy Lee Cross, Barbara Jewel Cross, Larry Dwain Cummings, Daniel Boss Dale, Edgar Lee Davidson, Alice Sue Ann Davis, George Davis, Jennifer Rachelle Davis, Johnson Jefferson De Moss, Beatrice Dew, William Robert Dixon, Carmen Adele Dixon, Frances Dollarhide, Connie Norene Dollarhide, Leroy Eli Dollarhide, Neva Lorene Dollarhide, Tina Lorene Dollarhyde, Dorothy Lea Dollarhyde, Patrick Mathew Dover, Barbara Olene Dozhier, Randall David Dozhier, Randy Dry, Floyd Wayne Dykes, Dave Ellis, Joan England, Geneva Evans, Ray Dean Fields, Joan Fields, Josie Fields, Latisha Jolene Fields, Mary Frances Fields, Thomas Eugene Fields, William Foreman, Calvin Ray Foreman, Donald Jay Foreman, Donna Gail Foreman, Edward Foreman, Jack Foreman, Kathy Aileen Foreman, Lydia Foreman, Marvin Lewis Foreman, Mickey Lee Foster, Letha Marie Foster, Pearl Marie Fourkiller, Twyla Jean Garman, Jamie Dayle Garrett, Edna Glass, Cheryl Annette Glass, Louis Miller Glass, Sanford Wayne Glenn, Trona Evelyn Goedecke, Russell Alan Goos, Edwina Jane Gourd, Thomas Levi Grayson, Daniel Joe Griffis, Winnie Lavonne Guffey, Amanda Sue Guffey, Brian Keith Guinn, Bessie Lou Haddock, Lorene Louise Harmon, Darrell Ray Harp, Jeremy Paul Harris, Brandi Kristine Harrison, Thomas Leonard Hayes, Clayton Michael Hayes, Justin Dwayne Henderson, Dora Marlene Hess, David Harold Hickman, Billy Wayne Hickman, Bradley Wayne Hider, Ida Adeline Hill, Carla Jean Hogshooter, David Dwight Hunt, Shirley Elaine Husong, Annie Marie Hyde, Petie Ann Jackson, Charley Bob

Jackson, Connie Lea Jackson, Frank Eugine Jackson, Janie Jackson, Lottie Virchie Jackson, Mildred Corinne Jackson, Peggy Ann Jackson, Willy Joe Johnson, Bessie Louise Johnston, James Warren Jones, Carla Renay Jones, Donice Jones, Ellis Jody Jones, Keith Radean Jones, Kevin Loyd Jones, Rhea Nicole Juarez, Stephanie Lousie Kaiser, Charles Kelley, Jerry Keith Kelley, Karla Don Kelley, Rebecca Faye King, Linda Marie Kitchen, Laura Jo Lamb, Terry Lynn Lamont, Bobby Brandon Lamont, Justin Lee Lansford, Cruce Lawson, Bridget Renea Leach, Chewie Leach, Nannie Linn, George Barney Linn, Ida Mae Luper, Stanley Luper, Suenell Maddox, Leslie Leeanne Marler, Valerie Jean Martin, Betty Ruth Martin, Claude Dewayne Martin, James Scott Martin, Sandra K McCombs, Donald Eugene McCombs, Elden Leon McCombs, Opal Fay McCrary, Katrina Dawn McGarrah, Orville E. McKinley, Richard L. McKinley, Violet Mary Miller, Marguerite Dawn Miller, Starla Jean Mitchell, Norman Lee Morgan, Phyllis Jean Morris, Sylvia Ann Morris, Teresa Marie Mouse, John Wayne Mowery, Adam Chase Neal, Janie Marie New, Jeanna DeAnn Nichols, Bridget Marshall Nix, Alfred O’Field, Edward O’Field, James Lee Oliver, Luanna Osbourn, Kathy Lou Pack, Roberta Kay Pannell, Orabell Panther, Michael De Wayne Parker, Stacy Lynn Parmain, Cal Dee Pearce, Geri Gayle Peters, Thomas Lewis Phillips, Candice Michelle Postoak, Ataloa Marie Postoak, Nadine Lanell Powers, Ronnie Dean Prather, Lotta Mae Presley, Leona Price, Kayla Leigh Primeaux, Homer Lee Quick, Patrick Kenneth Rackleff, Lynetta Sue Rackleff, Terry Laverne Ramsey, Ernie Vernon Ramsey, Reba Francis Reed, Charles Allen Reed, Susan Gail Renfroe, Donna Marie Richardson, Brandon Wayne Riley, Shannae Dawn Rogers, Johnny Charles Rogers, Matthew Dion Rogers, Tracie Marie Ross, Darrel Douglas Ross, Michael Shawn Rowley, Robert Allen Rusk, Paul Eric Russell, David Wayne Russell, Janel Darice Russell, Jesse Russell, Mary Belle Russell, Roger Jess Russell, Steven Ray Rutherford, Jason Paul Sanders, Creighton Arlyn Sanders, Janet Kaye Sanders, Jess Sanders, Johnson Sands, Tommy Lee Sarten, Amanda Jean Sarten, Terry LaDonna Scott, Melinda Ila Scott, Victoria Lynn Shawver, Melissa LeAnn

Shelley, Jeffrey Max Shelley, Stanley Maxweldon Shelley, Tahmra Ladean Sisk, Danielle Nicole Sisk, Elsie M. Sisk, Gwendolyn Yvonne Sisson, Lucas David Sixkiller, Betty Lou Sixkiller, Charley Steven Sixkiller, Claudine Sixkiller, Lovella Slayton, Lisa Diane Slover, Eva Nell Smith, Carl Smokey Smith, Crystal Michelle Smith, Evelyn Deana Smith, Fred Howard Smith, Jeanene Marie Smith, Keith Howard Smith, Kimberly Jo Smith, Nelson Alexander Smith, Norman Lee Smith, Ruby Lee Snell, Charles Wayne Snell, Christina Lynne Snell, Tamra Nacole Snell, Virgil Glenn Soldier, Jack Soldier, Linda Lou Spencer, Louis Ilene Starr, Evelyn Dorinia Starr, George Wayne Starr, Gerald Wayne Steele, Carolyn Kay Stepp, Shirley Faye Stick, Alvin Lee Stick, Celia Still, Jimmie Lynn Stine, Barbara Jean Stine, James Wallace Stine, Randy Ray Stockholm, Dola Christina Stopp, Kelsey M. D. Strickland, Evelin Agnes Studie, Christine Summerfield, Nancy Mae Summers, Curtis Wayne Swicegood, Angela Rae Tagg, Geneva Marie Taylor, Annetia Arleen Tennyson, John Calvin Thomas, Steven Clayton Thomason, Cecil Gurtrude Thompson, Margaret Arlene Thompson, Marvin Clinton Thorarensen, Diana Lynn Trammell, Michael Ward Tucker, Andy Reue Tucker, Charley Turtle, David Dewayne Turtle, Rachel Turtle, Wyley Twist, Vernon Lee Tyer, Jason Duane Vann, Nina Lou Vaughn, Mildred Bernice Walker, Andrew Douglas Wall, Wanda Lahoma Ward, Michael Ray Webb, Carlena Sue Webster, Bobby Lee Webster, James Micheal Weeks, Carolyn Ann Welch, Rhonda Lou Wilkerson, Jodi Kay Wilkerson, Ricky Dale Wilkerson, Ricky Scott Winfield, Annessa Dawn Winfield, Noel Eugene Wolf, Reece Wolfe, Angela Renee Woodruff, Whitney Lee Woods, Floyd Woods, Jim Bill Wyly, Jerry Wayne Youngbird, Betty Lou Youngpuppy, Littlejohn Afton Adams, Linda Gail Alexander, Opal May Allen, Cynthia Fay Allen, Donald Lee Anderson, Tommy Keith Anderson, Waunehmah Alberta Baker, Joanna Ballenger, Norma Jean Bandy, Brett Lawayne Barganier, Kathlena Louise Barnes, April Renee Bassett, Richard Alan Berry, George Howard Berry, Robert Arnold Jr. Bivins, Mary Louise Black, Terri Lynn Blair, Ardith Claudine Blalock, Julius Ray Blaylock, Bennie Blevins, Lyle Don Botts, Angela Louise

Boultinghouse, Danny Joe Bowen, Floyd Everett Bowen, Lynn Dewayne Bowen, Owen Jay Bowlin, Wanda Cornelia Brady, Joseph Milford Jr. Brandon, Frances Marie Burns, Donna Lee Butler, George Ross Butler, Lance Eugene Buzzard, Dale Andrew Buzzard, Josephine Caldwell, Linda Jean Carpenter, Bill Dalton Carroll, Gary Paul Carroll, Jerry Dean Jr. Carroll, Lisa Ann Carroll, Martin Hugh Carter, Juanetta Pauline Carter, Virginia Inez Chenoweth, De Anna Eileen Christian, Mark Allen Claiborne, Tyrone Lee Coker, Mark Edward Coulter, Terri Lynn Cox, Cathy Lorene Cox, Floyd David Cox, Lloyd Cunningham, Cecil Christine Currey, Darold Loyd Curry, Harold Davidson, Allen Lee Dehart, Melissa Ann Dishinger, Nancy Joan Dooley, Nick Andrew Dooley, Timothy Ray Downing, Clarissa Ann Downing, Jimmie Lee Drake, Angela Rene Dry, Harold Haas Dry, Mabel Ione Duvall, Sherry Diane Earls, Charles Bryon III Earls, Peggy Geraldine Earls, Peggy Lea Earp, Gwendolyn Kay Eby, Tod Ray Eldred, Evelyn Katherine Elliott, James Lucian Jr. Elliott, Martha Chaney Elliott, Virginia Lee Elmer, Carolyn Sue Epling, Ruth Elaine Estes, Jimmy Dean Ferguson, Shellie Marie Flint, William Taylor Franklin, Bertie Mae Franklin, Billy Joe Gibson, Jonell Gill, Brent Leroy Glisson, Leanna Goddard, Fred Shelton Goddard, Fred Shelton Jr. Greenfeather, Bonneta Sue Grey, James Kenneth Jr. Griffith, Elizabeth Fields Griffith, Kari Dawn Guinn, John Robert Hall, James Lawrence Hall, Wayne Hawkins Jr. Hallett, Richard Eugene Handshy, June Elaine Harris, Sylvia May Harrison, Glenn Alan Helton, Iva Louella Higinbotham, Ralph Julius Hill, Virginia Lee Hopkins, Linda Sue Hopper, Woodrow Wilson Horn, Iona Maxine Huggins, Jonathan Lee Hughes, Jo Ann Hutchison, Tammy Lynn Hutchison, Thomas Jay Huxall, Hazel Irvin, Elaine M. Jumper, April Dreshayne Keene, Larry Ray Keener, Billy Joe Killion, Melvin E. Kindle, Tony Allen King, Pamela Sue King, Sarah Jane King, Troy Lee Kinney, Carrol June Kinzer, Charles Edward Kirk, Doris Virginia Kramme Mary Virginia Lackey, Zona Susanne Langley, Homer Andrew Lawhead, Mary Jane Lee, Edward Gerald Litle, Beulah Lowrey, Dan Madill, David Wayne Manning, Jerry Brente Marshall, Alvin Eugene Martin, Eric Dane Martin, Everette Franklin Martin, Paul Wayne Martin, Sheilah Ann


Martin, Shirley Jane Mathis, Lawrence Eugene Maxson, Larry Dale Mays, Jim Harold Mays, Kenneth Calvin McCoy, Clarence Samuel Jr. McDugle, Roy Luke McEwin, Henry Bill McGhee, Sladen Charles Jr. McGhee, Thomas Eugene McVay, Reta Lee McWatters, George Randall Mease, Jarrell B. Melton, James Monroe Melton, Russell Joe Middlebrook, Tomenia Joan Modlin, Cynthia Stratton Moody, Grace Emma Moore, Henrietta Moore, Martin Dale Moreland, Howard Chester Morey, Pamela Marie Moseley, Judy Eileen Mouse, Anthony Alben Murphy, Don H. Newby, Kenneth Sterling Oakley, Maxine Mary Offutt, Edna O’Neal, Teresa Lorraine Osborne, Norma Jean Oyler, Richard Allen Parker, Kristina Lynn Parris, David Allen Passmore, Janet Elaine Powell, Teresa Louise Prather, Rebecca Jayne Pruitt, Chandra Dawn Pry, Irma Jean Purscelley, Timothy Wayne Randall, Mary Beth Rasmussen, Debra Suzette Ray, Reba Joy Reed, Mary Jane Riley, Grace Olive Robertson, Lionel Thomas Robinson, Nancy Eloise Rovie, Pamela Jean Runnels, Ramona Sue Russell, Charles Clark Russell, Jacqueline Ann Russell, Juanita Sanders, Lee Ann Scales, James Ralph Sharpnack, Delana Dione Shearhart, Linda Carol Shearin, Delores Shiels, Jann Sixkiller, Gina Lee Sixkiller, Grover Walter Sixkiller, Harvey Edmond Sloan, Michael Eugene Smith, Carl Roy Smith, Oleta Stanley, Sherry Jo Stepp, Audry Dortell Stout, Woodrow Charles Strang, Patti Irene Strang, Robert Jack Strong, Franklin Delano Jr. Sutton, Betty Sue Swinford, Vivian May Tanner, Donald Robert Orben Taylor, Linda Marie Teeselink, Mary Lou Tennison, Thomas George Thompson, Audry Dora Tibbs, George R. Torralba Trout, Mary Irene Turner, Darreld Ray II Turner, Darreld Ray Underwood, Julie Anne Vann, Cherokee Beatrice Victor, Paul Lawrence Volk, Jack Walker, Mary Kathleen Wallen, Irvin Eugene Warlick, DeAnna Ruth Weaver, George Edward White, Angela Diana White, Lisa Renae White, William Irvin Jr. Williams, Robin Ann Williamson, Melba Jean Wilmoth, David Lee Wilmoth, Ernest Jackson Wilmoth, Francis Eugene Wilmoth, Stanley Francis Wilmoth, Thomas Eugene Wimer, Jack Roger II Winton, James Edward Wolf, John Harold Wolfe, Reva Wiletha Woods, Michael Wayne Woods, Wayne William



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Classifieds dgCAm GENEALOGY ATTENTION: Judge John Martin descendants. A family reunion will be held in Tahlequah, likely June 7-9, 2013. Please contact Joe L. Martin 308 N. Riata ST., Gilbert, AZ. 85234 or, or 480.365.8202. Cherokee Adairs book. Large, hard bound, well-referenced. $60 plus $6 s/h. Send to Adair Reunion Association, 104320 S. 4610 Rd., Sallisaw, OK 74955 FOR SALE Union Floor loom 2 harness; chain driven excellent for rug making asking $425. Call 918.253.4841 message phone. 918.760.1828 cell. REAL ESTATE Tulsa 3-2-1 $750.00, 1519 E. 66th Ct. 918-371-2316 Verdigris 3-2-2 $795.00, 9284 E, 530 Rd. 918-371-2316 Tulsa 2-1-2 $675.00, 6712 E. Newton 918-371-2316 Owasso 4-2-2 $2500.00 , 9206 N. Garnett 918-371-2316 Owasso 2-2-2 $850.00, 8707 N. 120th E. Ave. 918-371-2316 ANNOUNCEMENTS The Sequoyah Schools policy for free or reduced-price means for children served under the National School Lunch Program, the School Breakfast Program and the After-School Snack Program is available in the office of the Cafeteria Secretary. For more information, contact Deena Johnson at (918)453-5191 or P.O. Box 520, Tahlequah, OK 74465. The Cherokee Phoenix publishes classified ads in good faith. However, we cannot guarantee the integrity of every ad. If you have doubts concerning a product or service, we suggest contacting the Better Business Bureau and exercising proper caution. Classified ads are a minimum of $5.00 for the first 10 words and 25¢ for each additional word. Ads must be prepaid by check or money order to the Cherokee Phoenix, Attn: Classifieds, P.O. Box 948, Tahlequah, OK 74465

In Memoriam dmcdsdi Cornelia E. “Connie” Cato Cornelia E. “Connie” Cato was born January 23, 1927 in Sequoyah County, Okla., the daughter of Jim Watts Morris and Rachel Vann Morris. She married Olney Weldon “O.W.” Cato on March 12, 1945 in Sallisaw, Okla. He preceded her in death on February 24, 2005 in Vian, Okla. Mrs. Cato was retired from Whirlpool Corporation and a member of Blackgum Baptist Church. She passed from this life on July 31, 2012 in Ft. Smith, Ark., after having attained the age of 85 years, 6 months and 8 days. She is survived by daughters; Janet and Dell Buttery of Blackgum, Okla., and Scott McLemore Another Cherokee warrior has left us. Scott McLemore was born in Adair County on August 20, 1933 and left us August 3, 2012. He resided in Green Mountain, Co. and passed while in the Collier Hospice run by the Lutheran Medical Center in Denver. He leaves behind his wife, Magali, of the home; son, Jon Scott of Green Mountain; daughter, LaDonna Kirkwood with grandsons, Andrew and Jason, all of Norman, Okla. He is also survived by sisters, Irene Luce of Wichita, Kan. and Mary Birmingham of Tahlequah, Okla., as well as, a brother, Wallace McLemore of Hulbert, Okla. He also leaves many relatives and special friends of a lifetime. Scott was preceded in death by brothers,

J. C. Shine of Sierra Vista, Ariz.; daughter in law, Teresa Cato; five grandchildren, Monte Buttery, Matt and Kendra Buttery, Brad and Tonya Buttery, Cody and Lauren Baldwin and Meredith Cato; five great-grandchildren, Callie, Brent, Cameron, Rebel, Brettly, Zachary, Jayden, Gracie and Brody; and one sister, Ludie Phillips of Kechi, Kan. She was preceded in death by her husband O.W. Cato; two sons, Jeffrey Jerome Cato and Victor Wayne Cato; her parents, Jim and Rachel Morris; two sisters, Jewel Franklin and Ellen Mae Tillery; and three brothers, Hastings, Leo and Hoolie Morris.

Cicero, Daniel, Martin, Thomas, French and Haskell; and sister, Lois Mays, as well as, parents Fannie and Chester McLemore. Scott was a proud full-blood Cherokee who served in the U. S. Marines during the Korean Conflict. He attended Sequoyah Boarding School and graduated from Cave Springs High School in rural Adair County. His professional career took him to many places working with Native American Youth Education Programs, then with the Department of Labor for 25 years in Employment and Training Administration. His last wishes were fulfilled by interring his ashes near his beloved parents at Clear Springs Cemetery in Adair County. He was a strong patriot and a warrior to the end. We who are left behind will honor his memory for ages.

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Etchieson United Methodist Church continues to grow BY TESINA JACKSON Reporter TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – Since 1844, there has only been one Native American United Methodist Church in the Tahlequah area. And the Etchieson United Methodist Church still thrives today. “That’s how long the Methodist have been here,” Wynema Smith, church member and Cherokee Nation citizen, said. Smith has taught the Cherokee language for 20 years in different community buildings, at the church and at the tribe’s Cherokee Language Immersion School. Currently located on Seneca Street, the Etchieson United Methodist Church was first built near Park Hill and was called Riley Chapel. It moved to Seneca Street during the 1950s. “It was really a struggle when I first started here for the pastor and for the members, so we started serving meals every week to be able to pay our utilities and pay our pastor,” Smith, who began attending the church in 1985, said. In 2011, with the help of grants, fundraisers and CN funds, a larger church was built where the parsonage once stood, next to the old church. “This particular building here is sitting where the old parsonage, or the old house where the pastor used to be. And we needed more room, so there was a home over here where the parking lot is. So we just purchased that and made a parking lot out of it, and we find ourselves right now in a situation where we’re going to need more room as we go along because every Sunday we have had, since we dedicated the building in October 2011, we’ve seen new people come in,” former Pastor Patrick Freeman said. While attending the Methodist-affiliated Oklahoma City University, Freeman was appointed to the Etchieson United Methodist Church as a student pastor in 1956. The Muscogee (Creek) Nation citizen later left for another church, but returned as

pastor in 2001. He retired in June. Church members still use the old church for Sunday school classes, while the new one-room church acts as a kitchen, dining area and church service area. With the new church, officials have seen attendance grow to more than 100. “We’re able to reach out now to where we weren’t before,” Freeman said. The church has citizens from different tribes attending such as Cherokee, Ponca, Muscogee Creek, United Keetoowah Band, Shawnee, Choctaw, Navajo, Kickapoo and Pottawattamie. “Some are visiting. Some we’ve added to our fellowship as members, and we see a pattern here that we’re going to probably continue to grow,” Freeman said. The church also has African American and Hispanic members, as well as Northeastern State University students from the campus ministries. Parishioners are involved with a United Methodist Church camp, in which they donate food and clothes for those who need it. They have monthly Indian taco fundraisers on the first Thursday. Since there are people representing different cultures who are part of the church, Freeman only preached in English, but during worship there is a call for tribal hymns and each person is invited to sing hymns in their respective tribal languages. “We have several representations of different tribes, and if we can, we try to use their music, too,” Freeman said. “All the music that our tribes have is oral. There’s no written. You can’t use a musical instrument to the songs. The Cherokees have translated their songs into English, and they use different instruments. But most of the tribes have no instruments for their music.” Several church members sing in a Cherokee choir that is maintained by the Methodist Church. The group sings Cherokee hymns and has preformed in other states. “A lot of the tribes don’t have their written language, and that’s

The Etchieson United Methodist Church was first built near Park Hill, Okla., and was called Riley Chapel. It was during the 1950s when it moved to Seneca Street in Tahlequah. TESINA JACKSON/CHEROKEE PHOENIX








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MONEY MATTERS Budgeting: Let’s get started BY HELEN BUCHANAN Self-Sufficiency Counselor

Cherokee Nation citizen Dino “Oogeloot” Kingfisher, of Salina, Okla., paints on a feather that will eventually become a hatpin, which is the most sought after art piece he makes. PHOTOS BY JAMI CUSTER/CHEROKEE PHOENIX

Cherokee artist celebrates 20 years in business Dino Kingfisher’s mostsought items are handpainted hatpins made from feathers.

“We paint on just about anything we can get our hands on,” he said. He added that he doesn’t stay with just Cherokee art because he attends a lot of intertribal powwows and tries to make art for all tribes. “It’s not just all a Cherokee thing with us, we’re just Native art.” BY JAMI CUSTER Kingfisher said he has set up art booths Reporter at the Tulsa Powwow, Choteau Day and SALINA, Okla. – Cherokee Nation Grove’s Pelican Festival, but never misses citizen Dino “Oogeloot” Kingfisher has the Cherokee National Holiday. Kingfisher has sold pieces all over the been an artist most of his life. He said he United States, but the “cool” thing, he said, didn’t find art, but that art found him. That is that he’s represented on each continent. discovery has turned into a 2–decades-old “And to me that’s just cool because I may profession. never get there myself, but it’s cool that “It’s been 20 years now… I worked part of me has made it somewhere else.” regular jobs for a long time and I knew Kingfisher and his wife Cheryl, who that wasn’t something I wanted to do,” handles the “business side” Kingfisher said. “I used of his art profession, said to play music a lot when I it wasn’t always easy over was younger. So we used …We paint the past 20 years, but they to play at the bars, and I never wanted to stop. on just about met my wife and we got “It was hard at first, and pregnant…the bar scene anything we we set up at a lot of places just wasn’t going to work where we didn’t make can get our for what we had in store if anything hardly,” he said. we was going to make us hands on. “And kind of had to work work. So I got out of that – Dino Kingfisher, two or three jobs to kind of and worked a few jobs and get us through, and it just I just wasn’t happy. I done Cherokee artist kind of slowly caught on.” art in high school so she That tenacity is his encouraged me to do that, biggest piece of advice to new artist: don’t and it just kind of clicked.” The art Kingfisher creates includes quit if it’s in your heart to do it. “Just have patience with it, and honestly, framed art pieces, dream catchers, I guarantee if you’re meant to do it you’ll earrings and necklaces. But his most know. You’ll feel it,” he said. “If it’s art that popular items are his painted feathers that you’re into, you know, then you can’t let it are used as hatpins. go. There’s not a day that I don’t want to paint. I always want to paint.” Cheryl said her husband signs most of his art in his Cherokee name “Oogeloot,” which he laughingly said means “stomach sticking out.” “That’s what they told me anyways. I was 2 years old when I was named,” he said. Cherokee Phoenix linguist Anna Sixkiller said Oogeloot translates into “something blowing up,” while “stomach sticking out” in Cherokee would be ugaludi. Most all of his art is reasonably priced and can be purchased anywhere from $3 to $1,500. Those interested in seeing Kingfisher’s works can visit his Facebook page at Dino Oogeloot Kingfisher. The Cherokee Gift Shop at the Tribal Complex also carries his artwork. For more information, call 918-434-7770.

Pieces from Cherokee Nation citizen Dino “Oogeloot” Kingfisher’s art studio in Salina, Okla. 918-453-5560

Want to properly manage your money and improve your financial situation? The most effective way to do this is to create and maintain a budget. A challenge for most of us, but with planning and a little work it can be accomplished. Having a successful budget can be done with some basic steps: • Identify all sources of income. Know to the penny what you have coming in each month. • List all fixed expenses. These are the things that stay the same every month such as rent or car payments and must be paid on time. Add to this list utilities such as the electric or gas bill. Use a three-month average to determine how much to budget for these monthly expenses. • List all flexible expenses. This will take some tracking for a few weeks, even a month, to get all expenses written down in categories such as food, gasoline, work lunches and so forth. These expenses must include everything from movie rentals to vending machine purchases. • Don’t forget expenses that are due less often like insurance every six months. Divide cost by six and add that amount into your monthly budget. • Budget for savings. A small amount a month is a good way to start and will add up over time. Be consistent and pay yourself first. Write your budget down with pencil and paper or enter it on a computer

spreadsheet. There is something about putting those figures on paper that will make it real and fixed in your mind. Review the information you have gathered and set fixed amounts to spend on flexible expenses (dining out, entertainment or buying clothes) and stick to the amount budgeted for these items. The “envelope system” may be one of the easiest ways to allocate for these expenses. Put in the envelope what you allow for those purchases. For example, $20 a week for miscellaneous things such as newspapers, magazines, convenience store purchases, vending machines, etc. When the envelope is empty don’t allow yourself to spend any more on these things until the next week. Remember that getting your budget started is half the battle; sticking to it is another. Your budget is a plan and like all plans it can be thrown off track. Don’t get frustrated when this happens because it will. Unexpected expenses or something you forgot may come up. Review and modify your budget often. Figure out what works and what doesn’t. Cutting back on overspending in some categories may be necessary to bring your expenses in line with your income. Decide what you can live without and change spending habits. Set goals for yourself, whether it is getting out of debt or saving more. This will give you something to work toward and help you stay motivated. Your progress may be slow at first, but don’t give up and be realistic. Budgeting, like any task, may seem overwhelming at first, but with practice and discipline it will become a skill that will steadily improve your financial health. 918-453-5624

Native American Times owner and Cherokee Nation citizen Lisa Snell, sitting far left, and Mike Henson, majority owner of ELOHI and CN citizen, standing far right, show their Oklahoma Native American Business Enterprise Center awards as outstanding minority entrepreneurs after a recent awards banquet in Tulsa, Okla. COURTESY PHOTO

2 Cherokee-owned businesses honored BY STAFF REPORTS TULSA, Okla. – Two Cherokee Nation citizen-owned businesses – ELOHI and the Native American Times – were honored as outstanding minority entrepreneurs by the Oklahoma Native American Business Enterprise Center recently at an awards banquet in the Hyatt Regency Hotel. Named the Rising Start Firm of the Year, ELOHI is a construction management business that was formed in March 2011 in Oklahoma City. Its majority owner is CN citizen Mike Henson, who has worked in construction since age 15 and has spent his entire career working on government construction projects. ELOHI offers technical assistance to other tribally owned construction companies that are entering the realm of military construction. It also works with consultants and subcontractors. Earning the Media Award, the Native

American Times is owned by CN citizen Lisa Snell, who bought the paper in September 2008. The newspaper began publishing 18 years ago, originally as the Oklahoma Indian Times. However, under Snell’s ownership, the publication’s circulation has increased by 80 percent to become the third-largest circulated weekly newspaper in Oklahoma. Snell has also grown the news organization’s web traffic by more than 200 percent. The Native American Times also has a Facebook fan base of nearly 18,000. According to its website, the OKNABEC provides business advisory services and other critical resources to ensure the continued success and growth of minorityowned businesses. Through strategic partnerships with leading Oklahoma organizations, OKNABEC strives to assist minority business owners in reaching the next stage of growth for their companies.

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Cherokee Fire Dancers a different breed BY KEVIN SCRAPPER Reporter TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – Along with being capable of carrying 45 pounds for miles at a time, Cherokee Fire Dancers must possess mental toughness to face dangerous conditions as well as selflessness to help people they don’t know. Besides those attributes, Oklahoma Native American Fire Program Manager Teresa Williamson said there are other characteristics a successful Fire Dancer must possess. “Personal qualifications should include a willingness to work hard, be responsible and dependable, be courteous and professional, always try to be the best you can be and do things to make the people at home proud,” she said. And it’s those characteristics that have helped Fire Dancers suppress wildfires across the United States since 1988, including two wildfires in 2012. Fire Dancers must subsist in remote areas for up to two weeks and perform for 10 to 16 hours per day under hot, dusty and smoky conditions. But for Fire Dancer Lee Wolf, the rewards outweigh the risks. “You want to see what you can do to help put it (fire) out,” he said. And though he enjoys being a Fire Dancer now, in the beginning he was hesitant. “My cousins and my little brother talked me into it. They probably did it a couple of years before I decided to get into it,” Wolf said. “You have somebody with you or someone that you know. We just help each other out.” Williamson said Fire Dancers work in two-week stints when other federal and state firefighting resources are exhausted, and there is no limit to the number of times a team or individual can be called to duty. She added that Fire Dancers take more away from the program than just paychecks. They learn skills, travel to different states, gain experiences and receive advancement opportunities. “Training is provided all year throughout the nation, if they choose to enhance their current qualifications and increase their hourly wage,” Williamson said. “They can receive up to 80 hours of pay to attend training each year.” Increased skills and training are bonuses in the Fire Dancers program because the job is considered seasonal employment. Williamson said Fire Dancers use their

Cherokee Fire Dancers work on a small brush fire in July in West Virginia. COURTESY PHOTO

learned skills and earned certifications to pursue employment with other fire agencies. “They gain a lot of skills by being a wild land firefighter,” she said. “This enables them to apply for permanent and seasonal positions with any federal or state agency as a fire hire. They can also use their experience and education to be on the local volunteer fire departments and provide assistance to their communities.” Unfortunately, Fire Dancers often have to decide between keeping a steady job and reporting for firefighting duty. But Wolf said the choice is easy. “Some jobs won’t let you go out,” he said. “You just tell your boss that you’re going out anyway. Sometimes they say you won’t have a job when you get back, but you tell them you need that money.” Wolf said the money he receives for the average two-week Fire Dancer assignment is definitely worth his time and effort, but it’s the thrill and excitement that draw him to the job. “It gives you some adrenaline and you want to be out there every day,” he said. For more information about the Fire Dancers, call 918-453-5334 or visit www. 918-453-5000, ext. 5903

CN Fire Rangers operate under minimal budget BY KEVIN SCRAPPER Reporter TAHLEQUAH, Okla. - From January to September, the Cherokee Nation Fire Rangers responded to 157 fires within the tribe’s jurisdiction. But as the number of fires remain consistent with previous years, the Fire Rangers crew is down to a fraction of its previous workforce. “Three years ago, I had about 10 to 12 men that I could work six to eight months out of the year, to put out these 200 to 300 fires that we have,” Fire Rangers crew chief David Comingdeer said. “Due to cuts and the lack of support to my department, next Tuesday (Sept. 4) we’ll be down to four firefighters and the same amount of fires to fight.” The Fire Rangers are extensively trained and held to a higher standard than other firefighters in the area, Comingdeer said. “We are the only federally qualified wild land firefighters in the Cherokee Nation,” he said. “We have lots of volunteer fire departments and lots of city fire departments, but none of them are federally qualified or equipped to fight wild land fire in the Cherokee Nation. They’re state-qualified, statecertified, not federal.” Comingdeer added that he’s the program’s only full-time CN employee. The Bureau of Indian Affairs employs the other three members, but Comingdeer said it would be beneficial for the tribe to hire the men full time. “We’ve tried to get them that way, to have Cherokee Nation hire these men to work here permanently. So far we haven’t had any luck doing that,” he said. “I don’t know if it’s budget restraints. I just don’t think that the right people have found out.” Natural Resources Director Pat Gwin said federal funds allocated to the program have been cut in previous years. “We used to get a far greater amount from the BIA,” said Gwin. “Our funding level has dropped from about $172,000 to the $56,000 that it is now. We are only able to conduct actual fire suppression activities upon the instruction and oversight of the bureau.” Staffing is not the only problem the Fire Rangers face. Comingdeer said

the program’s budget doesn’t include maintenance expenses for equipment or an operating base. “It’s very difficult to fight fire the way we do because we don’t have a headquarters. We don’t have a building. We don’t have a place to park our equipment,” said Comingdeer. “Our equipment sits out in the heat and freezing cold all year long. Yet during fire season there is a big demand for us to perform at a federal level, with substandard funding.” Gwin acknowledged that a building would be welcome, but again stated that funds aren’t there. “It’s a non-tribal priority allocation program,” he said. “A lot of the money that the bureau dolls out in the annual funding agreement is called TPA, which means we have a certain amount of leeway as to how we can spend that. The preparedness fund, it comes down as a very specific line item. It says, you will maintain this truck, you will maintain an employee.” Comingdeer also said the department’s importance is often overlooked, at least until it’s needed. However, Gwin said the tribe and non-tribal firefighters appreciate the Fire Rangers. Oklahoma Forestry crew chief Dale Winkler said the Fire Rangers play a vital role in protecting tribal wild lands. “I’ve worked with David as far as fighting wild land fires and they’ve been very helpful,” he said. “They help protect and preserve our wild lands, our forests out here and also the houses that surround them.” Winkler said the amount of crew hands in which the Fire Rangers employ is much smaller than the crews he is accustomed to working with, particularly for the rapidly approaching fall fire season. He said his concern is for local communities, particularly in rural areas, because fires caused evacuations in Oklahoma during the summer. “We could have another Luther or Drumright fire right here in Adair County or Cherokee County or Sequoyah County,” said Winkler. “In the Bell, Cave Springs and Lyon Switch areas we’ve got a lot of tribal homes there. They’re not easy to get to.” 918-453-5000, ext. 5903





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Christie looks forward to Bassmaster Classic BY STAFF REPORTS

Cherokee Nation citizen Jessica Hembree, middle, runs a cross country race on Sept. 6 in Broken Arrow, Okla. It was her first full cross country race since suffering a broken tibia at the 2011 Class 5A cross country championships in Edmond, Okla. COURTESY PHOTO

Hembree returns to competition after injury BY KEVIN SCRAPPER Reporter TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – On Oct. 29, 2011, Cherokee Nation citizen Jessica Hembree was on her way to a third state title for Tahlequah High School at the Class 5A cross country championships in Edmond. With only 50 meters to go in the 3,200-meter race, the unthinkable happened. Her left tibia snapped. After months of rehab, Hembree, now a senior, said she’s excited about making her return to competition. “I kept thinking about my goals for this year and just wanting to get back out and run,” she said. “(I wanted) to kind of, come back and redeem myself, just to feel satisfied with how I do.” Hembree’s physical and psychological challenges tested her fortitude. But she remained focused on her return and pushed through with the resilience that carried her to two state championships. “The hardest part was having to watch my teammates and friends go out there and compete while I had to sit on the sidelines,” she said. Hembree said her mindset and determination remain the same, but her training has been modified to minimize stress on her body. “I’ve incorporated a lot more crosstraining, like swimming and biking,” she said. “I can get in a workout without the pounding. In my head, I can feel like I’ve done something.” For a high school senior, Hembree’s outlook and drive may surprise many, but not her cross country coach Elzy Miller, who has been with Hembree throughout her high school career. He said he’s lucky to be working have such a dedicated athlete.

“She’s a great athlete. She’s worked harder than any athlete I’ve ever had.” Miller said it was hard, as a coach, to watch an athlete go through the type of pain and struggle that Hembree experienced. He said her mental and physical toughness is what sets her apart from the competition. “To have what happened to her, happen, and then to turn around and come back within a year’s time is almost unimaginable,” he said. “Most athletes would have probably caved in and quit already. She’s battled it.” But changing Hembree’s training isn’t anything new. Miller said he’s had to accommodate Hembree’s talent by increasing the level of exertion during practices. “Over the last year, she’s actually worked with the boys because it’s a better comparison between her abilities and many of the boys, than it is between her and many of the girls,” he said. “I think it’s just a matter of time. She’s going to break out and start running some more good races.” Before the cross country season began in August, Hembree had her eyes set on her third state championship and setting new personal records. Miller, however, said he sees her accomplishments differently. “I believe last year she would have won, hands down. There was 50 meters to go. She’s 75 to 100 meters ahead, no question in my mind she would have won that one,” said Miller. “We have some very good competition this year in 5A. I believe in the end, she’ll do what she needs to do and get three out of four anyway. But, in my mind, she’ll always be a four-time state champion.” 918-453-5000, ext. 5903

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DETROIT – Cherokee Nation citizen Jason Christie of Park Hill, Okla., claimed that his status as a non-local enabled him to stay focused and win the recent Northern Open on Michigan’s Lake St. Clair, but he’s hoping to have a local advantage when he fishes the 2013 Bassmaster Classic on Oklahoma’s Grand Lake, the body of water where many consider him a favorite. Christie slammed the door shut on his competition with 22 pounds, 13 ounces to beat a field studded with stars and top local sticks. It was his third straight bag heavier than 21 pounds, and it enabled him to fulfill a lifelong dream and win a Nitro boat and motor package. “No. 1, you dream about fishing any (Bassmaster) classic,” Christie said, “but to get to fish a classic on your home lake is a dream come true.” He said that his advantage over the many St. Clair regulars was that he didn’t have many decisions to make. He found one key area in the mouth of the Detroit River with patchy vegetation and decided to grind out the tournament in a limited range. “They were probably debating what spot they needed to be on,” he said of his fellow competitors. “I didn’t have that problem. I had no desire to go anywhere else.”

Christie credited his HydroWave unit for firing up the schools of smallmouths and used his Power-Poles to slow down his drift. His primary baits were a green pumpkin Yum Tube and a Carolina-rigged Yum Salleemander in the same color. “This is where you come to test your equipment, and my equipment did good,” he said. The Oklahoman’s dream to fish a Bassmaster Classic began early in life, when he’d “get up early and watch professional wrestling and bass fishing on TV.” Unfortunately for the Northern Open field this week, Christie decided that he would rather pursue a path as the next Rick Clunn, a professional angler, rather than the next Hulk Hogan. He said his lanky build wasn’t suited for the wrestling ring anyway. “I would have gotten in the ring and tried to outrun them,” Christie said. Perhaps Clunn isn’t the right role model for Christie to emulate. If all goes according to plan, Christie would like to be the next Boyd Duckett, the only Bassmaster Classic contender to ever claim a crown in his home state. The 2013 Bassmaster Classic is scheduled for Feb. 22-24 in Grove, Okla. – REPRINTED WITH PERMISSION

Matlock named U of A Sustainability Office executive director BY STAFF REPORTS FAYETTEVILLE, Ark. – Marty Matlock, professor of biological and agricultural engineering, has been named as the first executive director of the campus-wide Office for Sustainability at the University of Arkansas. Provost Sharon Gaber and Associate Vice Chancellor for Facilities Mike Johnson appointed Matlock to demonstrate the increased emphasis on sustainability across all campus activities. “Marty brings a broad and integrated perspective to the challenges of sustainability” said Gaber. “He will engage students, staff, faculty, and the UA community around the world in implementing a common vision for sustainability programs at the University of Arkansas. The office for sustainability will play a central role in providing innovative solutions and perspectives to some of the most complex challenges we face on campus, in our communities, and across Arkansas.” Matlock will coordinate program implementation and strategy development for sustainability activities across the U of A community. He will work with Johnson to coordinate the director and staff of the Office for Sustainability in a number of sustainability initiatives. The U of A Sustainability Council, composed of representatives of academic units and student groups, will advise the

Office for Sustainability. “Sustainability is a core principle at the University of Arkansas,” said Johnson. “Matlock will help bring the elements in place across campus together for increased impact.” Matlock is a board-certified environmental engineer in sustainable design and an internationally recognized expert in sustainability metrics and assessment. He joined the university in 2001 and serves as area director for the U of A Division of Agriculture Center for Agricultural and Rural Sustainability. He also serves on the three-member Cherokee Nation Environmental Protection Commission, which is responsible for protecting the environment within the CN. His collaboration with the U of A’s Community Design Center has resulted in more than 20 national and international sustainability design awards. Matlock also works with the Sustainability Consortium in the Sam M. Walton College of Business to develop a global platform for sciencebased metrics for sustainable production of consumer-packaged goods. Matlock received the Distinguished Faculty Achievement Award for Service from the Arkansas Alumni Association in 2011. Faculty and students with teaching, research and outreach interests in sustainability can reach Matlock at for information and opportunities for collaboration.

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Cherokee students intern in Costa Rica BY TESINA JACKSON Reporter TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – After being accepted for a 2012 summer internship in Costa Rica, three Cherokee Nation citizens studied and researched in the Central American nation’s rainforest for eight weeks. “They had different types of rainforests there, and we’d start at 7:30 in the morning and we wouldn’t end until 8 o’clock at night,” Paul Martinez, Northeastern State University graduate student, said. “Since it’s a research station they had a lot of undergraduate and graduate students working there, plus the graduate students were working on their doctorates or thesis.” Martinez, Oklahoma State University student Alex Hardison and University of Arkansas student Andrew Sanders were selected by the Organization for Tropical Studies through its Native American and Pacific Islander Research Education program. The OTS is a nonprofit organization of more than 60 universities and research institutions from the United States, Costa Rica, Australia, Mexico, Peru and South Africa. And NAPIRE provides students an understanding of tropical ecology that is grounded in the social, political, economic and scientific aspects of resource use and conversation. This past summer, 18 graduate and undergraduate students from different tribes were selected. Upon arrival in Costa Rica, the students spent the first two days in San Jose for job overviews. Then they traveled to La Selva where they visited the indigenous BriBri tribe. “We met their elders and we did a culture

exchange where they showed us some of their dances, and in turn, Alex and me had told them some of the Cherokee stories that we knew, like how the deer got his antlers,” Martinez said. After that, the students traveled to a research station in Las Cruces where they were assigned mentors to help them conduct their research. “That’s when we ironed out the details of our research, and then we spent the next six weeks doing our research,” Martinez said. Martinez, who is studying cellular biology with a minor in chemistry and an emphasis on pre-med, researched leaf litter inputs and decomposition of the neotropical repairing zones. “I would never think in a million years that I’d ever get a chance to get to do this kind of research in my life. It was just really exciting,” he said. “The people that worked there were great, they helped us out with every single thing we needed.” Hardison, a junior botany major, focused on leaf traits that affect the canopy of tropical forest trees and how those traits are affected by climate change. “I chose to go on this internship in Costa Rica for the international experience in which I could learn about a foreign country through firsthand experience and to learn more about ecology and developing my own personal research,” he said. Sanders, a junior biology major, researched the relationship between large consumers, such as fish and crabs, on leaf decomposition rates in tropical streams. He said he liked being able to research what he wanted. “What I liked best about the internship was being given the freedom to come up

Community volunteer Cassie Wedge, center, hands out school supplies to youth from Vian, Okla., during a back-to-school event held recently at Marble City School. WILL CHAVEZ/CHEROKEE PHOENIX

Churches give school supplies to kids “Also, I like to be able, outside of school, to make sure they get fed,” he said. “It’s true there are some kids going without MARBLE CITY, Okla. – Area churches, food, and while they are around us they’re with help from the Cherokee Nation, going to get fed.” In July, Pettit said he took Marble City recently supplied school children from Marble City and Vian with school supplies. youth to Branson, Mo. And in June, he The supplies were handed out during a rented a large waterslide for the youth. “There’s always something going on back-to-school dance at the Marble City School cafeteria that included food, dancing with the youth,” Petit said. I just thank God I’m able to do this. and prizes for the If I give back to the children. Sean Pettit, community, it makes of the House of Praise We understand that me feel good.” Church in Marble City, said the event is one of there are a lot of kids He said the CN helps with his youth activities many the church has that probably don’t with grants, including in the community to a $7,000 grant that will benefit youth. have backpacks, be used to build a new “We get them out school supplies... playground in Marble here because there’s a high poverty rate –Sean Pettit, City. Volunteer Teresa around Marble City, House of Praise Church Hart, of Vian, helps Pettit and we understand with the youth activities. that there are a lot of kids that probably don’t have backpacks, She said another reason for the activities is to school supplies and things like that. We keep youth active, which occupies their time just get them out here and feed them, let and keeps them out of mischief. Livy Samuels, of Vian, said this is them dance and just have a good time,” the second year youth from the First Pettit said. Backpacks filled with pens, pencils, glue Missionary Baptist Church have been sticks, crayons, scissors and notebooks invited to the Marble City back-to-school were handed out to the school children event. She said the church normally brings about 40 kids, but this year only about 20 following the dance. Pettit said his church and other local could attend because some were obligated churches have been hosting the dance to other activities. “They absolutely love it,” she said. for the past five years for a population in Marble City that is 90 percent Native “They like to fellowship. They enjoy the American. About 85 percent of that mingling, the dancing and the food. It’s just a good atmosphere for them because population is Cherokee. He said a “youth day” is held monthly we really don’t have anything like this in that gives youth something to look forward Vian. And the school supplies is a need for to. He added that regular activities are a a lot of them don’t get to get very much.” way to keep Marble City’s youth occupied 918-207-3961 and out of trouble. BY WILL CHAVEZ Senior Reporter

Cherokee Nation citizen Paul Martinez checks his basket during his eight-week internship in Costa Rica. Martinez researched leaf litter inputs and decomposition of the neo-tropical repairing zones. COURTESY PHOTO

with my own question to research, and developing my own plan to address it,” Sanders said. “A lot of programs like this for undergrads are a lot more structured in that regard, where the student is doing a small part of a researcher’s larger project. It was also really cool that it was all Native Americans and Pacific Islanders. It was a really awesome and unique group of people to work with all summer.” Sanders said he participated in the program because it can provide more opportunities. “I knew this would open a lot of graduate opportunities to me by making me a more

competitive applicant and helping me meet researchers from other schools,” he said. Despite the hard work, the three students said the experience was worth it. “When you finally get done with your paper and research it’s all worth it. I finished and it was a success and the relationships that you develop, you’re hanging out with 18 students day in and day out for two months straight and this group was awesome,” Martinez said. “We just became a family.” 918-453-5000, ext. 6139



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Tribe’s health clinics to offer extended hours BY JAMI CUSTER Reporter TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – The Cherokee Nation’s health clinics will soon offer extended hours once preliminary studies determine what services are needed at each clinic after normal business hours and on what days. The Will Rogers Health Center in Nowata is offering most services from 8 a.m. to 9 p.m. Monday through Wednesday, said Rhonda Cochran, CN regional clinic director. She said that decision came after Connie Davis became executive director of the tribe’s Health Services. “Extended hours were started to allow access for working people and schoolaged children,” Cochran said. “When Connie started as the new director she asked that we come up with a way we could do extended hours. We come up with proposals and Nowata was selected to start.” The Three Rivers Health Center in Muskogee is also undergoing a preliminary study to determine what services are needed after hours. So far, the facility has only operated after hours until 8 p.m. on Aug. 24 and Aug. 28. “They (Muskogee) will be staying open until 8 p.m. three evenings the week of Sept. 17, Monday, Wednesday and Friday,”

Cochran said. The decision to offer after-hours care at the Three Rivers Health Center was more of an “improvement project,” she said, one of which was suggested at a recent Improved Patient Care learning session provided by the Indian Health Service. “They decided to use this as an improvement project and do it a little differently (at the Three Rivers Health Center),” Cochran said. “Using the information gathered, a decision will be made on what evenings of the week they will be open and who from the clinic will be involved.” This process is to be implemented at all CN health clinics, but what days and services at the remaining clinics are yet to be determined. Cochran said these additional services are helping those who cannot easily make it to a facility during normal business hours. “It is helping people who work during the day so they don’t have to take off work and use their sick leave or take leave without pay,” she said. “It also helps keep children in school during the day…the response has been very positive.” In other news, the new Vinita Health Clinic began taking patients on Sept. 4. Its grand opening is slated for 5 p.m. on Sept. 25. 918-453-5560


Crazy schedules don’t mean bad diets BY TRACY CANANT Registered Dietitian The start of a new school year can bring crazy schedules. When schedules get crazy the first thing to usually go is eating healthy. This month’s topic will help give you the tools to keep your food choices healthy and not take a lot of your time. Breakfast is the meal that is usually the first to go downhill or gone completely. Really, who doesn’t like a few extra minutes of sleep? It has been proven that we all function better, have better overall health, think better and are more alert when we eat breakfast. One of the first things to do is set up your kitchen to make it easy. This means to stock the refrigerator and cabinets with the right stuff. If you know you won’t be eating your breakfast before you walk out the door, stock the house with things you can eat on the run. Some of my favorites include: • Whole-grain muffins with berries. I make these ahead of time so all I have to do is grab one in the morning. Martha White makes a bran muffin mix that I add frozen berries to and make a lot. • Boiled eggs and a piece of fruit. Boil eggs ahead of time and keep in fridge. • A piece of fruit and a handful of nuts or a mozzarella cheese stick. • High-fiber cereal bars. If you’re going to eat your breakfast once you get to work, keep instant packages of oatmeal or individual containers of yogurt with a little bit of low-fat granola. For those of you with a little bit of time: • Make your own breakfast egg sandwiches. We keep cartons of the

egg substitute at our house so all you have to do is pour into a skillet sprayed with vegetable spray. Toast the bread, put whatever low-fat spread you want. We use lite mayo and hot sauce. Heat some low-fat ham and put together your sandwich and out the door you go. Some other additions include adding low-fat cheese or a slice of tomato. • Peanut butter and honey, jam, jelly, or apple butter on whole-grain bread. • Breakfast burritos. Ahead of time, precook lite or turkey sausage and keep in freezer in storage container or baggie. In the morning heat 1/4 cup of sausage from the freezer in a sprayed skillet. Add 1/4 a cup egg substitute and cook until firm. Put egg mixture in an 8-inch whole-grain tortilla or corn tortilla; add low-fat grated cheese and/or salsa. • Make fruit parfaits with cut up fruit and low-fat granola, nuts or whole grain cereal. • Make ahead pumpkin, whole-grain pancakes (recipe follows) and freeze. Pull out pancakes heat in microwave or toaster. Double the recipe so you’ll have leftovers to freeze. I like to spread a little peanut butter and sprinkle cut up berries on mine. Hopefully this will give you a start on making sure you and your family get off to a good start. Pumpkin whole grain pancakes 1 cup self-rising flour 1/2 cup whole wheat flour 1/4 cup ground flaxseed 2 teaspoons of baking soda 1-1/4 cup skim milk 1/2 cup canned pumpkin 1 egg 1 teaspoon vanilla Mix together in a bowl. Cook on heated skillet.

The main part of the Redbird Smith Health Center in Sallisaw, Okla., was forced to close in August after mold was discovered in the dental clinic. This sign was placed on the front door of the main clinic warning people of the potential hazard inside. WILL CHAVEZ/CHEROKEE PHOENIX

Mold cleanup begins at Redbird Smith Health Center BY WILL CHAVEZ Senior Reporter SALLISAW, Okla. – The process of cleaning the mold that forced the Redbird Smith Health Center’s closure in August has begun with the removal of shelving and sheetrock from walls to gain access to the mold. Connie Davis, Cherokee Nation Health Services executive director, said a company to remove the mold would be chosen soon and that the estimated cleanup cost is $500,000 to $2 million. “It’s going to take a minimum of 120 days. That’s our best estimate,” she said. “It’s (mold) throughout the clinic.” Davis said “poor construction design” didn’t provide “adequate drainage” for the clinic’s heating, ventilation and air conditioning system, allowing mold to grow. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, mold grows in warm, damp and humid conditions and reproduces by making spores. Molds can cause nasal stuffiness, throat irritation, coughing or wheezing, eye irritation, or, in some cases, skin irritation. People with mold allergies may have more severe reactions while others may not suffer any symptoms. Severe reactions may include fever and shortness of breath. Temporarily, an annex building behind the main health center is being used to provide health services. Also, a temporary lab has been set up for the clinic, Davis

said. Also, Tahlequah City Hospital is allowing the health center to use its dialysis center located nearby for office and storage space. “I think the staff are to be commended for relocating and beginning operations within a week. They’ve worked really hard to make sure patients continue to receive care in their own clinic,” Davis said. All services are available for patients except for dental. Patients also have the option of visiting the Wilma P. Mankiller Health Center in Stilwell, Three Rivers Health Center in Muskogee or W.W. Hastings Hospital in Tahlequah for dental and other health services. The mold was discovered in early August in the lab area of the dental clinic. Because the mold covered such a wide area of the dental clinic, tribal officials were consulted and the decision was made to close the entire clinic out of concern for the safety of patients and staff. The 21,945-square foot facility, located at 301 N. 4610 Road, was the first health clinic to be constructed from the ground up under CN management in 1992. In 2007, an annex building was added to the existing site, which is 11,444 square feet. The center provides medical, dental, optometry, radiology, behavioral health, public health nursing, health promotion/ disease prevention, pharmacy, laboratory, nutrition, WIC and contract health care. 918-207-3961

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3 named 2012 Cherokee National Treasures BY WILL CHAVEZ Senior Reporter TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – Cherokee artists Cecil Dick, Tonia Weavel and Victoria Vasquez were honored with Cherokee National Treasure Master Craftsmen awards during the 2012 Cherokee National Holiday. The award is given to artisans with exceptional skill and knowledge of a traditional Cherokee art or craft, Cherokee language, graphic arts, music, storytelling and other arts. Artists considered for the award must also share knowledge of their crafts with others so they may be preserved. Often called the “Father of Cherokee Traditional Art,” Dick was a pioneer of 20th century flat-style painting and was the earliest Cherokee painter to paint Cherokee subject matter and gain widespread attention. Born Sept. 16, 1915, near Rose Prairie, Dick began painting in the 1930s. Many Cherokees didn’t know what their ancestors’ clothing or tools looked like, so he began studying and researching historic Cherokee life. “I never knew anybody who knew onetenth of the cultural stuff that he did,” said Tahlequah-based artist Murv Jacob, who trained under Dick. “It (training) was a remarkable experience from beginning to end. He’s no ordinary artist. He was one in a million. I think a guy like him may come along once every 100 years.” Because of his desire to show the “Woodland Indian,” Dick’s work featured Cherokees in period-accurate clothing portraying everyday Cherokee life, including dances and ceremonies.

In 1983, the Cherokee Nation honored Dick for his intellectual and artistic achievements with the Sequoyah Medal, and the Cherokee Heritage Center held a 50-year retrospective exhibition of his work that same year. In 1991, the Five Civilized Tribes Museum in Muskogee created the “Cecil Dick Master of Heritage Award” in his honor. Jacob said he was friends with Dick for about 15 years and is thankful for the lessons about art and Cherokee culture and history he received. “One time he told me, ‘I always thought some full-blood kid was going to come along and want to know this stuff, but it was you.’ We just really hit it off,” Jacob said. Jacob added that Dick, ironically, was not a CN supporter and considered himself a United Keetoowah Band citizen. However, Jacob believes Dick would have accepted the award because he was an “intelligent, friendly and graceful fellow… and would take the time to sit down and talk to anybody.” Dick died on April 25, 1992, having spent more than 50 years recording Cherokee culture and history in his art. Weavel, of Tahlequah, has been making traditional Cherokee clothing for more than 25 years. Her work with traditional textiles and stitching methods has earned her a reputation as an authority in traditional clothing. “It’s an honorable designation, and it’s a good feeling to be recognized by the tribe for work I love doing,” she said. Weavel is a student of Wendall Cochran, a fellow Cherokee National Treasure. She has won numerous awards for her work in several artistic media, notably in textile

A mural painted by Cherokee National Treasure Cecil Dick hangs in the Cherokee Nation Complex and depicts a Cherokee medicine man at work. WILL CHAVEZ/CHEROKEE PHOENIX

CN holds tours of Seminary Hall BY TESINA JACKSON Reporter TAHLEQUAH, Okla. – More than 120 years ago, the Cherokee Nation built a school of higher education for Native American students, a building that still stands today. The Cherokee National Female Seminary sits on the Northeastern State University campus, now called Seminary Hall, where thousands of students have classes each year. To help continue the history of the building, the CN offers free tours of Seminary Hall annually during the Cherokee National Holiday. “I find this very interesting work and I can tell that the people have an interest in it, and I’m glad to share that history with them,” C.H. Parker, Seminary Hall tour guide, said. “We’re very proud of it.” Parker started giving Seminary Hall tours during the holiday about 15 years ago. It was on May 7, 1889, when the female seminary reopened north of Tahlequah after fire destroyed it two years before. The first seminary opened in 1851 at Park Hill, only 12 years after the Cherokee people were removed from their homes in the southeastern United States to Indian Territory, now Oklahoma. There was also a male seminary, which burned down in 1910 and never rebuilt. The Cherokee National Female Seminary was the first higher learning institution for women west of the Mississippi. It continued until 1909 when the state purchased the building. Today, NSU has representatives from about 39 Native American tribes attending the university, which is the highest in the United States, Parker said. The tour starts outside in front of Seminary Hall where a statue of Sequoyah sits as Parker explains how Sequoyah created the Cherokee syllabary. He also explains the structure of Seminary Hall. “There were so many different things, but I liked looking at the artworks, the paintings here and looking at the Sequoyah statue and hearing the history of him about his work,” said Linda Reedy. Reedy, who has lived in Tahlequah for four years, took her first tour of Seminary Hall this year. The tour moves inside where several photos were displayed showing a history of families and students who attended the school. “I like to do it because I’m very

Seminary Hall tour guide C.H. Parker stands in front of the Sequoyah statue at Northeastern State University in Tahlequah, Okla., while explaining the history of the Cherokee Nation and the Cherokee National Female Seminary. The Nation offers free tours of Seminary Hall every year during the Cherokee National Holiday. TESINA JACKSON/CHEROKEE PHOENIX

surprised at the number of people that really don’t have an understanding of how the Cherokee got here,” Parker said. “They’ve heard of the Trail of Tears but did not know about life in the southeastern part of the country that was their original homelands and also to make aware of the high quality education that the girls received here, the boys at the male seminary received and that we continued that quality in the legacy of all the students we have graduating now. We have the same standards. We have a connection that goes back to 1845 when the original council said we want to build schools for higher education for Indian students.” Once inside those on the tour are guided through the first floor to a classroom where Parker explains the history of the Cherokees before and after the Trail of Tears, leading up to how the seminary was created. “I thought it was good that he gave a history of not just the building but of the Cherokee Nation,” Reedy said. 918-453-5000, ext. 6139

Cherokee National Treasure Cecil Dick is often referred to as the “Father of Cherokee Traditional Art.” Dick died in 1992. COURTESY PHOTO

and sculpture. “Wendell Cochran is by far the most influential in Cherokee clothing and will always remain the ‘the founder of the modern-day tear dress.’ The quality of his work and his incredible knowledge about the culture, sewing, pattern fitting and design cannot be matched,” Weavel said. “He has served as my mentor for the past 10 years and willingly shared his skills and encouraged my work.” Weavel has put her personal stamp on designs while staying true to the functionality and original style of Cherokee dress. Her designs of Cherokee tear dresses, hunting jackets, linen shirts and turbans have been seen in plays and are worn by Cherokee ambassadors, including Junior Miss Cherokees and the Cherokee National Youth Choir. Weavel has also passed on these traditional crafts to other Cherokees. As an employee of the CHC, she conducts educational workshops and classes for adults and children, teaching historical and practical information about Cherokee art. “There is so much to learn about Cherokee clothing, and I have such a hunger to know as much as I can about our clothing history. It is a good feeling to sew for people knowing several generations might wear those clothes,” Weavel said. “I also have a passion for making contemporary dress that reflects our culture but appeals to our modern tastes. I love doing it, and I will probably always

have a project in the works.” Vasquez learned traditional Southeastern Woodlands-style pottery 22 years ago from her mother Anna Sixkiller Mitchell, a fullblood Cherokee who revived the art in Oklahoma more than 40 years ago. Today, Vazquez specializes in recreating early mound builder and Eastern Woodlandsstyle pottery. “Exhilaration, immense joy and sadness at the same time – those were my first thoughts when I received the news. I am wishing my parents could be here physically to cheer me on when I get the award,” she said. “I have felt a great obligation to carry on mom’s legacy that I learned over 22 years ago, and now having it acknowledged by my tribe that I am sharing our culture with others is huge. This is the best thing that a Cherokee artist can achieve, like the Oscar is to an actor.” She said her late mother, along with fellow Cherokee potter Jane Osti and Cherokee artists Bill Glass and the late Bill Rabbit, all have inspired her work. “The first highlight of my career was the year I spent at my mom and dad’s (Robert Clay Vasquez) home in Vinita in 1990 and 1991. Apprenticing in pottery making with mom and visiting with my parents as an adult instead of a child was a treasure in itself. I will always hold dear those memories of our talks,” she said. Vasquez lives with her husband on their cattle ranch near Welch. Digging her clay from a friend’s Cherokee allotment land in Craig County, she processes it the way her mother showed her. All of her pottery and sculptures are handmade using the coil method rather than using a potter’s wheel. Nearly all the tools she uses are found in nature or are natural items, like her ancestors would have used when making pottery. Vasquez teaches pottery workshops for private groups, public schools and tribes. She continues the research her mother started by visiting museums, mound sites and reading books on Indian history and arts. In 2005, she was awarded a Smithsonian Native Arts Fellowship from the National Museum of the American Indian, and her work is exhibited at the NAMI located on the Smithsonian Mall in Washington, D.C. “The travels I’ve had and the people I’ve met along the artist path have been more than I could have ever dreamed. Being able to share my love of the clay and our history with others never gets old,” she said. 918-207-3961



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Cherokee Phoenix Oct. 2012  

$526M budget approved: Funding for Health Services takes up a majority of the Cherokee Nation's fiscal year 2013 financial plan.

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