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Chenyi Liu 803405


Site Analysis Metropolitan Melbourne

City North

Queen Victoria Market

QVM Car Park

Public Vehicle Circulation Source: Group Assignment 1

Dangerous Roundabout at Queen street

Contour Line

Source: QGIS, data downloaded from Spatial Datamart Victoria

Noise

High

Source: Group Assignment 1

High Noise Level

Transportation

Low

Low Noise Level

Higher noise level at northern half of QVM.

Source: QGIS, data downloaded from Spatial Datamart Victoria

Activity Edge

Legend City North

Source: Group Assignment 1

QVM

New Car Park Size

Source: http://maps.au.nearmap.com

More activities around Queen St and Therry St

Universally accessible green spaces are core components of the public realm. Garvin suggests that the public realm is an important place as it serves a wide range of people and provides freely accessible amenities for different sections of the community. He also suggests that parks and squares are important in improving the liveability of cities by providing a sense of community and access to nature. Plan Melbourne asserts that public green spaces are important as they facilitate social connections, have physical and mental benefits and foster a sense of belonging and identity, the plan also outlines that there are two main goals of public green spaces: 1) to provide areas of meeting, recreation and relaxation that meet the needs of the local community and 2) to achieve goals of environmental sustainability. These goals set an important framework in assessing the suitability of the Queen Victoria Market; it is necessary to provide a public green space with the differing needs of the local community and environmental concerns, and to further meet the requirement of 24/7 city.

Site observations and data from the Nearmap highlight that City North is a relatively young area with a median age of 23 in comparison to Australia, 37.4 (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2015). Furthermore, City North is highly international with high percent of the population born overseas. It is also important to acknowledge that the region is also considered a knowledge hub as reiterated by the capital city overlay, which suggests that professional workers are also primary users of the site area. These demographic characteristics illustrate the type of people in City North and their potential needs in terms of liveability.

Pedestrian Circulation Source: Group Assignment 1

Population

Source: http://maps.au.nearmap.com

People are gathering and walking around Northern half of QVM

Legend City North QVM

Existing Car Park Size

Tree Canopy

Source: http://maps.au.nearmap.com

Source: http://melbourneurbanforestvisual.com.au/bigmap.html

Median Age

Source: http://maps.au.nearmap.com

Very limited tree canopy around QVM.

Sun Shadow Study

Legend

Source: Group Assignment 1

City North QVM

Land Use

Lack of shade and seating and table areas for shoppers and visiters

Source: http://maps.au.nearmap.com

Surface Temperature

Source: Group Assignment 1

Car park area has very high surface temperature

The use of the former Old Melbourne Cemetery area as a car park does not acknowledge the site’s history


Site Issues Lack of landuse diversity QVM is formed by half of car park zone and half of indoor and outdoor shopping zone, people could only do shopping over there during weekday Car park zone

Meat & Deli hall

Outdoor shopping in ShedA to L

Lack of vegetation diversity

Platanus trees on Queen St

Platanus trees on Queen St

Platanus trees on Therry St

QVM does not covered by much trees (less shade), and Platanus trees are the major vegetation. There are no other greenery like shrubs, green lawns and flowers, which make the place very hot in summer time and further have negative impact on shopping experience (less amenity)

Lack of amenity Insufficient infrastructure such as insufficient seating, dining and resting area

Less shading and sitting area under shade

Insufficient seating and dinning area.

Insufficient resting area.

Monofunctional

Irregular and short performance during weekday

Seasonal Wednesday night market. The only activity.

Very limited children-friendly zones

2. Removing those declining and dying trees around car park and planting more new trees and vegetation 3. Multi-entrance at new park in order to achieve good accessibility 4. Footpaths in the new park should be attractive that could encourage people walk a lot (physical exercise) 5. Providing more sitting and resting area under the shade

Design

6. Planting trees and shrubs along the new Franklin Street in order to increase the sense of safety and block the noise and gas emission

No more things to do at QVM after trading hours from Monday to Sunday

Not well-designed sitting and resting equipment throughout QVM

1. Redesigning the existing car park zone to a new multi-functional park, so shoppers and visitors could stay and have a rest

Short and irregular opening hours and lack of landuse diversity results the QVM become urban void at night time

There are no recreational facilities and design in QVM.

Very unengaging road design.

Proposals


Future Trend and Challenge Population Growth

QVM Renewal Project

Source: City North Structure Plan 2012

By 2040, there will be more people work and live in Metropolitan Melbourne, or more specific, City North will have large number of job growth as well as population growth, which means there will be higher potential needs in terms of liveability. Queen Victoria Market as one of the main activity nodes need the further development to meet the future needs.

Urban Heat Island Effect Source: http://www.melbourne.vic.gov.au/ about-council/committees-meetings/meeting-archive/MeetingAgendaItemAttachments/811/14542/ AGENDA%20ITEM%206.1%20part%201.pdf

Future Demand

Based on QVM Renewal Project announcement, we know that in the future, the car park will be moved to underground, and the existing car park zone will be transformed in to ‘Market Square’, it will become to a new meeting place for people who live around QVM and for shoppers. It is a great opportunity to design a multi-functional park that 1) playing host to more festivals, street markets and community events; 2) provide new sitting and resting area for people who come to QVM; 3) to achieve goals of environmental sustainability and liveability. 4) a new open space that meets 24hours and 7 days needs. 5) let local residents and other visitors get closer to nature Tall buildings, dark pavement and roof, can not only absorb solar energy and then rise the heat in day time, but also store the heat and slowly release in night time. However in the rural area the daily temperature in much lower than Melbourne CBD, because in those areas, there are a lot vast green open spaces and solar energy is used to evaporate water from soil and vegetation. As we knoe evaporation absorb the heat, so it might be cooler. To further lower the temperature and increase the amenity of QVM, it is important to plant more trees. Trees can not only pleasing people in hot weather but also good for human body as it may encourage people to walking more and do more outdoor exercises


Strategic Development Vegetation border

Waiting Zone Water Plaza

Waiting Zone

Main Park

A potential dynamic landscape --- dynamic form assist the visitor experience for easy transition between zones. Water Plaza is allocated on the east side of new park due to the existing topography. Waiting Zone on northern side provide sitting, resting and playing equipments for those people who are waiting for their friend or family shopping. Waiting Zone on southern side also provide sitting, resting and playing equipment for those people who have long travel or walk from southern Melbourne, have a rest before keep shopping Vegetation borders are used to block noise and gas emission from main street

QVM existing circulation

Main entrance

New park circulation

Other entrance

Introducing a new QVM loop to maximise visitor experience. Due to the site observation and personal experience, people do shopping and other activities only around northern half of QVM, so it has such a small circulation. The new park will form new circulations; people only use the park and connections between QVM Sheds and park.

At quieter times, the park is able to be accessed via numerous entrances. This allows the ground to be experienced as a park

Potential track

Entrance strategies at peak times (night market, festivals, community events) allows for gate closures and entrance is controlled via two major ways. This allows to better manage the park and allows the visitor to experience the museum loop and finish in the grounds

Concept plan

6 7 3 1 5

Main entrance

Potential track

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4

1,2,3: Three main activity hubs located at the middle of the car park; each hub has different functions. During the normal time, those hubs can provide massive sitting, resting and playing equipment; it also can be used for festivals and other community events. Three separate hubs could increase mobility and potentially let people walk more (doing more physical exercises). 4,5: There will be two water plazas allocate near to those two major entrances. When you get closer to these entrances you can hear this gentle bubbling and flowing of moving water, which is one of the most relaxing and satisfying sounds in the world, it will attract people to go to the park. Water also can lower the local temperature, especially during hot summer time; it will cool down the park. Moreover, the shallow water installation increases safety and will be natural toys for kids. 6. Both rectangular and circles in brown colour are located in Waiting Zones which represents potential sitting and resting place for shoppers and visitors. 7. Park paths connect the main hubs and water plazas.


Master plan --- QVM Plaza

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My final design used a lot of circular element, because I want to create a contrast between existing rectangular sheds and new park; also circular element could give people especially children a sense of safety, as it doesn’t have sharp angles and point. Based on conceptual plan, the QVM Plaza is formed by 3 activity hubs and a water plaza, as each of the sections have different functions so people could choose which one they want to go.

The secondary activity hub The place has a small children playground allocated on the top. And also it provides lying and sitting area, people could sit and lie over if they feel tired after a long shopping day; also if QVM has music festival on major activity hub, for those of people who doesn’t like too loud or too crowd they could come to this hub.

Precedent Study 1

The major activity hub. The place provides a lot of sitting and resting area, also install equipment for children. The hub is located on green lawn, it is safe and people could direct sit on the ground. Those four flower borders also use to decorate the place and make it looks more vivid (increase vegetation diversity). The major hub is not only designed to pleasing shoppers and visitors in normal day, but also could be used to running some special event.

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Source: Image from Weibo

Source: Image from Weibo

Source: Image from Weibo

A good example of circular fountain design. Walking path is around the fountain, so people have good opportunity to get closer to the water.

A round sand playground for children. The edges are round so it is safe for kids, parents and other people could sit around, as the edge is wide enough to provide a potential sitting area.

Cubes are sinking into the ground, which can be used as table, chair or small playground.

Sitting and picnic area for people

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2 Source: Image from Weibo

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It can be seen as a bridge that connect both side of road, but also can be a small on-water playground.

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The less noisy hub There is no equipment in this hub, people who doesn’t like noise or kids they could sit over to relax and also to enjoy reading and or waiting for someone.

5

Source: Image from Weibo

Benches could be designed in different height and wideness in order to pleasing different group of people.

6

Source: Image from Weibo

It provides both sitting and lying area. More functional than traditional bench.

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The water plaza More sitting and resting areas around water plaza Source: Image from Weibo

Source: Image from Weibo

Some idea of small children playground.

Source: Image from Weibo


The Masterplan / Design Detail 6

Round sitting and picnic area ideally designed for group of people. It provides different height in order to create a sense of rhythm (visually) but more to meet different demands of people. It also could be a standing point when the main activity hub has events.

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Bench for children. Safety height and wideness

20cm

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50M

40cm

Bench for adult

BB

5

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40cm

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1m

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Bench and table People can put computer or shopping bag or something else on the table, if it is too heavy and they want to have a rest

Chenyi liu 803405  
Chenyi liu 803405  
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