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PORTFOLIO CHEN LU | 2013-2017 selected work luch4601@gmail.com


CONTENT

GSD 2015-2017

01

PLAZA ACUPUNCTURE

INTEGRATING RETIRO WITH PUBLIC SPACE SYSTEMS URBAN STRATEGIES FOR THE RETIRO AREA

GSD1502 Fall2016

Urban Design Optional Studio

UMICH 2013-2014

41

THE NEXUS

LEVEE T-TOWN

LAND-SCAPE LAND-FORM URBAN-FORM PROTOTYPING THE CITY

GSD1211 Fall2015

Landscape Architecture Core Studio III

51

ROOFSCAPE IN COMMON

THE CITY THAT CONNECTS INTER-NALLY AND INTRA-NALLY

WATER INFRASTRUCTURE AND PUBLIC SPACE IN WORLIKOLIWADA

2014 MUD Winter Studio

2014 MUD Spring Studio

University of Michigan

61

COMPETITION

16

SEA OUR LAND

BETWEEN THE ROOF OF THE WORLD AND THE MOUTH OF THE GANGES

2014 Jacques Rougerie Competition with DESIGN EARTH

University of Michigan

65

SANTA CLAUS’ PLANETARY GARDEN RAUTARUUKKI CORPORATION’ LOGISTICS CENTER

Ruukki Unbelievable Challenge Competition with DESIGN EARTH


26

DISSOLVED BOUNDRAY

THE AGRICULTURE REMEDIATION FOR GITMO LANDMINE BORDER

GSD1212 Spring2016

Landscape Architecture Core Studio IV

55

TREATMENT IN CELL

31

STORMWATER MANAGEMENT

UNLV CAMPUS PLANNING

GSD 6143 SPRING 2016

SmithGroupJJR Summer Internship

DESIGNING A COMBINED DRAINAGE/INFILTRATION SYSTEM

Ecologies, Technologies, And Techniques II

57

FLOOD HARVEST

INDUSTRIAL WASTE WATER TREATMENT IN BELL’S BREWERY

WATER CATCHMENT STORAGE AND FLOOD MITIGATION

2013 MLA Winter Studio

2014 Gerald D. Hines Student Urban Design Competition

University of Michigan

69

OCEAN METABOLISM PLANETARY URBANISM COMPETITION

2015 Planetary Urbanism Competition with DESIGN EARTH

35

FRAMEWORK OF CAMPUS DEVELOPMENT OF UNIVERSITY OF NEVADA, LAS VEGAS

University of Nevada, Las Vegas


INFRASTRUCTURE PLAZA

1

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD

SOCCER PLAZA

COMMERCIAL PLAZA

CIVIC PLAZA

WATERFRONT PLAZA


PLAZA ACUPUNCTURE INTEGRATING RETIRO WITH PUBLIC SPACE SYSTEMS URBAN STRATEGIES FOR THE RETIRO AREA GSD1502 Fall2016

Urban Design Optional Studio

Rethinking Infrastructural Territories Instructor: Daniel Becker, Flavio Janches Parterner: Andrew Stokols, Yuxiang Luo Date: Sept. 2ed - Dec. 7th, 2015 My Role: Designed the site plan and focus on civic plaza, infrastructure park and waterfront park; Built the site in 3D Rhino; Rendered axonometric views; Create diagrams, site analysis and phasing; Made physical models The central city of Buenos Aires, like many Latin American cities, has a formal urban vocabulary of interconnected plazas and open spaces. These plazas form a network that connects important buildings and serves as an infrastructural system for the city. Spaces like Plaza de Mayo, Tribunales, and Plaza San Martin stood out to us as some of the most memorable features of the city during our weeklong visit. The Retiro site, however, located adjacent to Plaza San Martin and the downtown area of the city, is completely devoid of any identifiable urban structure or clarity. We identified the major issues as: excessive devotion to infrastructural space, large plots of land held by government landowners, and a glut of open but inaccessible space that is closed to Porteùos even though they claim the port as a key part of their identity. Our strategy was to borrow from the existing vocabulary of the city fabric to integrate Retiro to the rest of the city, while accommodating the unique circumstances of the site, and preservation of key existing buildings in good condition. Our first move was to propose relocating truck traffic and long-distance bus traffic underground, while maintaining the existing bus terminal as a transit node. This would reduce the need for wide roads that block pedestrian access in the area. Then, we proposed a series of new public spaces, plazas, around existing clusters of buildings, and using these plazas to create new neighborhoods. Also, we’ve conceptualized the process as a series of pilot projects or design competitions, so that the city can more easily begin realizing the project if the entire site is not yet available. In defining the plazas, we identified several clusters for the five main key projectsL: waterfront plaza, civic plaza, commercial plaza, soccer plaza, infrastructure plaza. New infill development will proceed after these main projects have begun, thus forming a more organic development pattern than what typically happens in new redevelopment projects such as Puerto Madero. The new Retiro will be connected to the city, integrating the Villa with new development and the formal city, and will also serve to bring the city to the water through the insertion of key plazas that allow access to the waterfront.

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD

2


OPEN SPACE NETWORK OF BUENOS AIRES

URBAN PLAZAS AROUND RETIRO AREA

Plaza Rodriguez Pena

Plaza San Martin Plaza Gral. Lavalle

Plazas Green spaces

PLAZA DE MAYO

3

PLAZA GRAL. LAVALLE

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD

Plaza del Congresso Plaza de Mayo

PLAZA RODRIGUEZ PENA

PLAZA DE MAYO


ISSUE 1: Excessive Infrastructural Space

STRATEGY: Streamlining Infrastructure On Grade

Truck and Bus Traffic

ISSUE 2: Institutional Monopoly of Space National Government Ministries Provincial Government Navy Port (National Government) Air Force

Underground

Truck Bus All

STRATEGY: Diversifying Programs

Industrial + Natural

Opportunities for Public Plazas

Residential + Educational

Institutional + Commercial

Judicial + Civic Naval + Cultural

ISSUE 3: Vast but Inaccessible Space

STRATEGY: Creating Connected Neighborhoods

Undefined Open Space

How to integrating Retiro with public space systems?

• Bus traffic is rerouted and kept underground • Main bus station building is renovated

• Truck traffic is rerouted and kept underground • Truck route is separated from other vehicles and defines the boundary of the port

• Majority of the port function is kept on site • Two piers are remodeled for public use

• Exisiting train stations are consolidated

• Public spaces within Villa 31 are activated and connected to public spaces and programs outside

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD

4


INFRASTRUCTURE PLAZA

SOCCER PLAZA

COMMERCIAL PLAZA

CIVIC PLAZA

WATERFRONT PLAZA

19

18

17

16

15

8 4 1 5

13 14 9

20

10

3 6

12 11 2

22

7

21

1. Infrastructure Park 2. New Highway 3. Old Highway

5

4. Truck Route 5. Ministry of Education + School 6. Shantytown Soccer Field

7. Shantytown Market 8. Pedestrian Street + Square 9. Bus Terminal Front Plaza

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD

10. Bus Terminal 11. Underground Traffic 12. Underground Truck Route

13. Civic Plaza + Public Library 14. Church Plaza 15. New Waterfront Park

16. Museums 17. Floating Islands 18. Cruise Terminal

19. Berm Park 20. Deck 21. Consolidated Train Station

22. Ecological Reserve


SYSTEM AXONOMETRIC

SYSTEM: Built Fabric

SYSTEM: Public Transit (Subway + Bus)

SYSTEM: Land Use

SYSTEM: Vehicle Road

Sample Infill Typology

Infill Buildings

Plaza Buildings

Open Space

SYSTEM: Green Corridors

SYSTEM: Plazas

Infrastructure CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD

6


RETIRO PILOT PROJECT 1: CIVIC PLAZA + PUBLIC LIBRARY The civic plaza area builds on the existing judiciary building but adds additional programs to bring the public into the area: a new public library and government office buildings with ground floor retail. This revitalizes the existing institutional theme of the area, but transforms it from an imposing feeling of closed bureaucratic building into a more transparent and open civic plaza.

Government Office + Retail Podium

Public Library Justice Building (existing)

Residential Commercial Institutional Cultural/Historical Communal Service Education Transportation

Public Space System

Building Addition Vehicle Road

Existing Building Truck/Bus Traffic

7

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD


RETIRO PILOT PROJECT 2: THE NEW WATERFRONT The waterfront plaza and new cruise ship terminal are the anchors for the southeast side of the site: a new plaza is built near the existing Navy Administration building, which aligns with the navy church currently hidden behind a high gate of the navy compound. This strategy re-appropriates a cultural building and creates a new plaza connecting the site to the water. This is a symbolic new gateway of the city. We’ve also proposed that two piers of the existing port be returned to city use, and developed as a cruise ship terminal complex with public space, shopping arcades, and a waterfront park featuring a hill and symbolic beacon.

Cruise Terminal

Museums

Navy Church (existing)

Residential Commercial Institutional Cultural/Historical Communal Service Education Transportation

Public Space System

Building Addition Vehicle Road

Existing Building Truck/Bus Traffic

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD

8


RETIRO PILOT PROJECT 3: PEDESTRIAN STREET + SQUARE The commercial plaza builds upon the existing Gendarme headquarters and Casa Moneda (mint) buildings. The plaza preserves these as part of the urban memory, but also inserts new commercial offices and ground floor retail, activating this area to become one of the main commercial centers of the new Retiro.

Creative Office Space Gallery

Service Center

Residential Commercial Institutional Cultural/Historical Communal Service Education Transportation

Public Space System

Building Addition Vehicle Road

Existing Building Truck/Bus Traffic

9

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD


RETIRO PILOT PROJECT 4: MINISTRY OF EDUCATION + SCHOOL The soccer plaza is an attempt to build new public space around existing open space in the villa 31 neighborhood. This plaza is a smaller neighborhood plaza and will serve as a community center for the new neighborhood.

Ministry of Education

Community Kitchen

School

Residential Commercial Institutional Cultural/Historical Communal Service Education Transportation

Public Space System

Building Addition Vehicle Road

Existing Building Truck/Bus Traffic

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD

10


RETIRO PILOT PROJECT 5: INFRASTRUCTURE PARK At the other end of Retiro, we’ve proposed an “infrastructure park”. This plaza will provide access to the Darsena F area and Central Puerto structure, which could be an anchor for a public park along the waterfront here.

Museums

Clinic

Residential Commercial Institutional Cultural/Historical Communal Service Education Transportation

Public Space System

Building Addition Vehicle Road

Existing Building Truck/Bus Traffic

11

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD


INFILLING THE NEW NEIGHBORHOOD

NEW NEIGHBORHOOD “IN-BETWEEN” BLOCKS EXISTING BUILDINGS

New neighborhood

The infilling blocks demonstrate a gradient of transitioning typologies

The “in-between” blocks belong to both the existing buildings and the new neighborhood

The “in-between” blocks create public spaces near on both sides

“In-between” blocks Existing buildings

Road Green corridor Public space

New infill development will proceed after these main projects have begun, thus forming a more organic development pattern than what typically happens in new redevelopment projects such as Puerto Madero. The new Retiro will be connected to the city, integrating the Villa with new development and the formal city, and will also serve to bring the city to the water through the insertion of key plazas that allow access to the waterfront.

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD

12


LEARNING FROM THE CITY’S PUBLIC SPACE SYSTEMS ...

PHASE 0: Streamlining Infrastructure

Excessive Infrastructure Institutional Monopoly of Space Vast But Inaccessible Space

Year Start: 2017 Year(s) Needed: 2 Stakeholders Involved: Port, City Government, National Government, Navy

PHASING THE DEVELOPMENT National Gov.

01 2

13

PHASE 2: Core Development Implementation

Year Start: 2017 Year(s) Needed: 1 Stakeholders Involved: City Government, Existing Tenants

Year Start: 2018-2020 Year(s) Needed: 2-5/each Stakeholders Involved: City Government, Existing Tenants, Private Developers

PHASE 3: Neighborhood Development Trajectory

PHASE 4: Future Growth Potential

Year Start: 2020-2035 Year(s) Needed: flexible Stakeholders Involved: Existing Tenants, Private Developers

Year Start: 2040 Year(s) Needed: flexible Stakeholders Involved: Port, City Government, Railway, Private Developers

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD

Port

Navy

3

2020

PHASE 1: Call for Competition Entries

City Gov.

Private Developer

Existing Tenants

4

2025

2030

2035

... TO INTEGRATE RETIRO WITH THE REST OF BUENOS AIRES


CIVIC PLAZA

WATERFRONT PARK

NEW RETIRO

COMMERCIAL PLAZA

SPATIAL CLARITY HUMAN SCALE DIVERSE PROGRAMS INCREMENTALISM CONNECTIVITY POLYCENTRICITY INFRASTRUCTURE PARK

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD

14


15

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD


LEVEE T-TOWN LAND-SCAPE LAND-FORM URBAN-FORM PROTOTYPING THE CITY GSD1211 Fall2015

Landscape Architecture Third Semester Core Studio

Final Project Instructor: David Mah Parterner: Lu Wang Date: Nov. 2ed - Dec. 7th, 2015 My Role: Designed the site and pier iterations; Built the site in 3D Rhino; Rendered pier iterations and axonometric analysis, section perspective, sea level map; Made physical models The project focus on how active and performative landscape can shape new urban development and what ways might the operational, the formative, the physical, and the social aspects of landscape, landform, and urban form collude with one another to create provocative new models for urbanism. The triangle site locates in Allston defined by Cambridge Street, the Charles River, and is owned by Harvard University and is conceived as a mixed used neighborhood that would include research and institutional uses. Most of the land is private and the riverside public space is very limited. The massive highway interchange is being redesigned and re-worked into a slimmer and more efficient layout. The railway separates the site and the neighborhood at south. The concept of design is to create a levee infrastructure to deal with the flood and storm issue while providing big public landscape for surrounding city and increase land value for further investment. The sea levels will rise two feet by mid-century and six feet by 2100 in the coastal landscape of Greater Boston. The levee is created to deal with the increasing probability of a major storm devastating the metropolitan region. It separates the site into two parts: the wet part is the extension of Charles River and will be full of water all the year round. The inside part is a dry place at most time. A tunnel under the level is the connection between the two parts. When storm comes and water in the dry part exceeds the highest level, the tunnel will be open and the overflow will fulfill the dry part. The infrastructure can work as a reservoir and slows down drainage speed when flood comes. The urban development will be concentrated on levee and piers which will leave larger public space for the surrounding neighborhood. The neighborhoods on the piers are private low residential complex with close relationship to the water edge and pedestrian deck. The two big public spaces have different ecological habitats and functions according to their various water level. The changing ecosystem can provide citizens more outdoor experience.

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD

16


SITE ANALYSIS

17

CONSTRUCTION SEQUENCE

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD

CONCEPTUAL DIAGRAMS

FINGER ITERATIONS/MODELS


PIER ITERATIONS/MODELS Super Block

Linear Neighborhood

Curved Neighborhood

Wateryard

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD

18


SITE PLAN

19

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD


WHOLE SITE EXPLODED AXONOMETRIC ANALYSIS

LANDSCAPE FRAMEWORK BUILDING TYPOLOGY & PROGRAM

GROUND SPACE & HUMAN ACTIVITY

CIRCULATION

WATER EDGE & DECK SYSTEM

OVERVIEW

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD

20


Urban Park

DETAIL SWATH PLAN

Railway

Finger Drainage

Highway

High Rise Neighborhood

Tunnel

Wetland Condition

Station

Bridge

Urban Park

Railway

Finger Drainage

Highway

SERIAL SECTIONS

High Rise Neighborhood

Tunnel Wetland Condition

Wetland Condition

Wetland Condition

Urban Park

Station

Bridge

Deck

Low Rise Neighborhood

Urban Park

Urban Park

Railway

Highway

Finger Drainage

Railway

Highway

Finger Drainage

Railway

Highway

Finger Drainage

Wet Landscape

High Rise Neighborhood

Tunnel

High Rise Neighborhood

Serial Sections Scale 1:500

High Rise Neighborhood Tunnel

21

Tunnel

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD


SWATH EXPLODED AXONOMETRIC ANALYSIS

LANDSCAPE FRAMEWORK

ROOF SPACE

OVERVIEW

GROUND SPACE & HUMAN ACTIVITY

LOCATION CIRCULATION

ROOF SPACE

GROUND SPACE & HUMAN ACTIVITY

CIRCULATION

LANDSCAPE FRAMEWORK

OVERVIEW

LOCATION

The roof space provides the middle ground for public acitivities. It also works for rainwater harvesting for systainable neighborhood.

The main public open space network consists of a series of green space in different scales. The bottom ground for human activities and production.

The convenience of road network provides accessibility to connect neighborhood to public open space and surrounding city.

The landscape infrastructure controls water level by leveraging underground levee tunnel. It protects the neighborhood from flooding and provides diverse ecosystems.

The neighborhood separates the site into two parts: the wet part is the extension of Charles River. The inside part is a dry place at most time.

The site locates in Allston defined by Cambridge Street, the Charles River, and is owned by Harvard University.

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD

22


SOILDERS FIELD ROAD VIEW

Urban Park

URBAN PARK/DRY SEASON

Wetland/Waterfront Experience

23

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD

SECTION PERSPECTIVE


CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD

24


25

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD


DISSOLVED BOUNDRAY

THE AGRICULTURE REMEDIATION FOR GITMO LANDMINE BORDER GSD1212 Spring2016

Landscape Architecture Fourth Semester Core Studio

Final Project Instructor: Fionn Byrne, Pierre Bélanger Parterner: Emily Allen, Andrew Taylor Date: Mar.20th - Apr. 27th, 2016 My Role: Designed the site plan; Built the site in 3D Rhino; Created diagrams, axonometric analysis, section perspective Guantanamo Bay Naval Base is a United States military base located on 45 square miles (120 km2) of land and water at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba. U.S. and Cuban troops placed some 55,000 land mines across the “no man’s land” around the perimeter of the naval base creating the second-largest minefield in the world. The project is to image a remediation process that transform the landmine into an agriculture-energy field to dissolve the boundary between US and Cuba. The process of remediation has three steps: deming, agriculture and energy. Deming is a physical process. First, the land will be burn to clean the landmine. Some places are completely cleaned and some places not completely burned will still remain the landmines. The next step for deming is to use cleaning machine to check and clean the remaining landmines. After that, the landscape will develop into two different ways, natural and artificial. The natural process is the secondary succession, which means the pioneering plants like grasses or shrubs will occupy the burning land to form an ecological system. The better the burning, the faster the succession. The land without natural process will be developed into agriculture land. A gene-modified tobacco will be planted as the main crops which not only remediate the TNT in soil, but also produce economic value to export. Unlike common tobacco, the gene-modified tobacco can survive in TNT soil and remediate toxic chemical elements to environmental friendly substance. When the land become safe and healthy, human can start to urbanize the land. After more and more residents come in, the agriculture become prosper and provide jobs for Cuba migrants. Since agriculture consuming large amounts of water and energy, part of land still need to be prepared to transform into solar energy field in the future. Then, the landscape typology is a mixture of agriculture, energy filed and small villages, which dissolve the landmine border through the remediation process.

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD

26


TOBACCO

27

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD


UPLAND PHASING

UPLAND PLAN

BURNING DEMINING

MACHINE DEMINING

ECOLOGICAL SUCCESSION

AGRICULTURE REMEDIATION

PHASING:

URBANIZATION PROCESS

ENERGY FIELD

Burning Deming: Burn the site to clean the landmines Machine Deming: Check and clean the remaining landmines Ecological Succession: Pioneering plants occupy and recover the burning land Agriculture Remediation: The gene-modified tobacco remediation TNT in the soil Urbanization Process: More and more migrants reside in the site and prosper the land Energy Field: Part of the land is prepared to transform into energy field in the future

UPLAND DEVELOPMENT

The Low Lands

The High Lands

American Fence Cuban Fence

Cuban Fence

Watch Tower

American Fence No Man’s Land

Guantanamo River

Salt Pan

Arid Shrubland Marksmanship Training Area

Leeward Airport

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD

28


LOWLAND PHASING

LOWLAND PLAN

DAM

MACHINE DEMING

ECOLOGICAL DESALINATION

ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE

PHASING:

AGRICULTURE REMEDIATION

29

IRRIGATION

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD

Dam: Build the dam to change the water that flood the lowland area Road Infrastructure: Improve the road system to establish a strong connection with Cuba side Machine Demining: Check and clean the landmines Ecological Desalination: The fresh water fills into the salt plan and desalinate the salt water Agriculture Remediation: The gene-modified tobacco and rice remediation TNT in the soil Urbanization Process: More and more migrants reside in the site and prosper the land

LOWLAND DEVELOPMENT

The Low Lands

The High Lands

American Fence Cuban Fence

Cuban Fence

Watch Tower

American Fence No Man’s Land

Guantanamo River

Salt Pan

Arid Shrubland Marksmanship Training Area

Leeward Airport


GUANTANAMO BAY 50 YEARS FUTURE PLAN - THE DISSOLVED BOUNDRAY In 50 years, when the land become safe and healthy, human can start to urbanize the land. After more and more residents come in, the agriculture become prosper and provide jobs for Cuba migrants. Since agriculture consuming large amounts of water and energy, part of land still need to be prepared to transform into solar energy field in the future. Then, the landscape typology is a mixture of agriculture, energy filed and small villages, which dissolve the landmine border through the remediation process.

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD

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ZONES

SITE PLAN

2

Zone 7

Zone 6

Q=0.580

Q=0.764

1

2

3

4

5

MAIN WETLAND

INFILTRATION BASIN

RAIN GARDEN

BIOSWALE

POROUS PAVEMENT

Green roof 2 Q=2.080

Zone 5

Zone 8

Q=3.069

Q=0.738

Green roof 1 Q=2.080

Zone 3

Zone 4

Q=2.139

Q=0.528

Zone 2

Zone 1

Q=2.774

Q=1.329

5 4

SURFACE WATER FLOW

ASSIGNMENT 1 CLOSED DRAINAGE SYSTEMS ECOLOGIES, TECHNOLOGIES, AND TECHNIQUES II

79 80 MH

79

7

9

GSD 6143 -SPRING 2016 LAURA SOLANO, ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR IN PRACTICE TOM RYA Y N, LECTURER

1 3

8

0

81

WETLAND2

82

0'

30'

60'

120'

83 84

27

8 1%

H P 8 2 .5

POROU OUS S PA PAV VEMENT

6

8

5

REMOVE CUR URB B

5.4%

85

80

2%

8 8

80

GREEN ROOF 2

5

86

5

75 3.3% 3%

8

6

82

9.7% 9.7

81

80

79

79

77

75 76

77

79 78

8877 888

78

80

80

89 9

90 0

88 8

85

86

8

88

90 0

89

81

78

8

WE WETLAN ETLAN TLAND1 6.5% %

88

79

78

80

77

8

83

84 8

82

8

80

79

81

7

7

4.0% 4.0 %

H P 8 4 .5

1.3%

82

80 81

78

81

82 8 2

83

87

84

85

89

87

6

8 9

86

8

RAIN RAI N GA GARDEN N

8

89

8

GREEN ROOF 1 4.5%

8

77

79

78 7 8

80

81

82 8 2

83

84

90

8

9

9

0.8%

9

9

0

75

90

8

1% %

8 9 1%

90

1.5% %

3

6

8

8

9 8

1.4%

88

80

85

89

88

PIPE FLOW

31

GSD 6143 ECOLOGIES, TECHNOLOGIES, AND TECHNIQUES II - SPRING 2016

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD

CHEN LU and YIJIA CHEN


STORMWATER MANAGEMENT

DESIGNING A COMBINED DRAINAGE/INFILTRATION SYSTEM GSD 6143 SPRING 2016

Ecologies, Technologies, And Techniques II

Final Stormwater Assignment Instructor: Laura Solano, Tom Ryan Parterner: Yijia Chen Date: Apr.20th - May.11th, 2016 My Role: Designed site plan, water flow analysis, zone division, pipe profile and calculation and section of infiltration basin, rain garden and bio-swale The site engineering assignment is to design an open drainage system based on the existing closed pipe drainage system. The purpose of the open drainage system is to reduce runoff quantity, treat water to improve the water quantity, and make the stormwater system as landscape elements for better view and experience. The designed open drainage system consists of five strategies: green roof, rain garden, bioswale, porous pavement, main wetland and infiltration basin. Main Wetland: The size of wetland is determined by the calculation to hold 50-year-storm flood. It is placed in front of the building so that we could use the two mounts as background for to create water front view. Wetland performance is enhanced when the wetland has multiple cells, longer flow paths, and a high ratio of surface area to volume. Infiltration Basin: The basin is placed in between the existing trees. The purpose for this basin is not only for infiltration but also to create an enclosed space to lead people to the path by the stream. The platform covers the outlet of the pipe and provides people better access to the small pond. Rain Garden: Rain garden is place at the center of the building for better view. It collects water from the green roof, and then goes into the tanks that are partially covered by metal perforated plate. Finally the water fills into the rain garden with a small fall. Bioswale: The bioswale collects water from the parking lot for conveyance, filtration infiltration and create habitat for wildlife. The bioswale is divided by the stepped checking dams so that the water stayed in each detention pocket before entering the next one. For most time, the bioswale will be dry and the repeated pattern of pockets and gravel dams will be revealed. Porous Pavement: It increases infiltration and reduces rate and volume of runoff. Green Roof: The green roof is also an additional element for the whole drainage system that helps increase the water quality and reduce rooftop runoff.

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD

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4’

Concrete foundation

10

Invert Out=77.4

PVC Lining 4’’ Sand base Compacted soil

Section B 0

4

8

12

WL-2 RIM Elevation=77.7 Invert Out=74.5

Section A

16 Feet

Pipe W2 78.1' of 12'' ''RCP''@ 0.5%

Section - Rain Garden

3

RAIN GARDEN

Berm as needed Compacted structural fill

Planting medium

Raingarden outlet_RG-2 RM=85.5 Invert Out=80.91

Porous metal panel Canal

Flood water level

Max depth 1 feet

Regular water level RM=89.86

MAIN WETLAND 221.07' of 12'' ''RCP'' @ 1% MH-4 RM=89.86 Invert In=86.86 Invert Out=86.86

1.5’ Min Sump

Invert Out=80.91 Impermeable liner

0.3 Mulch

Coarse sand Undisturbed and uncompacted soil

2’ Coarse gravel

Excavate at stable slope angle for native soil

Crushed gravel

Section B

Section - Small wetland

Section - Bioswale Section - Infiltration Basin ROOF GARDEN

2 INFILTRATION BASIN

BIO 25’ to 33’ Bioswale basin

2’ Check dam

Max depth 1.5 feet Check dam hole

Coarse gravel Check dam Wooden

platform Elevation 83

Regular water level Flood water level

6’’ Pea gravel

2’’ Polystyrene insulation

Fine gravel Coarse gravel Flood control (50 years) Permanent pool Pipe L

RAIN GARDEN

66.59' of 12'' ''RCP'' @ 1%

Invert Pipe Out=80.6 E

0.3 Mulch

100.7' of 18'' ''RCP''@ 2.5% Concrete foundation

Road

4

8

12

Bioswale outlet_SW-1Invert RM=83.6 Invert Out=80.6

Out=77.4

Section - Main wetland

Section B 0

4’

Section C Section A

16 Feet

0

4

8

12

Fine gravel

Planting medium

10 Undisturbed and uncompacted soil

PVC Lining 4’’ Sand base Compacted soil

Filter fabric

GSD 6143 ECOLOGIES, TECHNOLOGIES, AND TECHNIQU WL-2

1

16 Feet

GSD 6143 ECOLOGIES, TECHNOLOGIES

A

Berm as needed Compacted structural fill

MAIN WETLAND

Planting medium

Raingarden outlet_RG-2 RM=85.5 Invert Out=80.91

Porous metal panel Canal

Flood water level

Flood control Permanent pool POROUS PAVEMENT

Max depth 1 feet

Regular water level

RM=89.86 Inlet

221.07' of 12'' ''RCP'' @ 1% MH-4 RM=89.86 Invert In=86.86 Invert Out=86.86

1.5’ Min Sump

1%

Section B

Section across the wetland

Section 0 - Bioswale 10 20 30 CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD

40 Feet

Invert Out=80.91 Impermeable liner

Coarse sand Undisturbed and uncompacted soil

33

Section

RIM Elevation=77.7 Invert Out=74.5

Section - Rain Garden BIOSWALE

Pipe W2 78.1' of 12'' ''RCP''@ 0.5%

2’ Coarse gravel

Crushed gravel

0.3 Mulch

Forebay

Excavate at stable slope angle for native soil


Pipe E 100.7' of 18'' ''RCP''@ 2.5%

Permanent pool

4’

Concrete foundation

10

Invert Out=77.4

PVC Lining 4’’ Sand base Compacted soil

WL-2 RIM Elevation=77.7 Invert Out=74.5

Section A

et

Pipe W2 78.1' of 12'' ''RCP''@ 0.5%

Section - Rain Garden The designed open drainage system consists of: GREEN ROOF, RAIN GARDEN, BIOSWALE, POROUS PAVEMENT, MAIN WETLAND, INFILTRATION BASIN Berm as needed Compacted structural fill

A. PAVEMENT---> BIOSWALE--->INFILTRATION BASIN The bioswale will collect and treat the runoff from parking lot and then drain the water to the infiltration basin for further filtration before it go to the stream Planting medium

Raingarden outlet_RG-2 RM=85.5 Invert Out=80.91

Porous metal panel

B. POROUS AREA, REMOVE THE CURB--->USE TREES FOR TREATMENT The concrete pavement will be transformed to porous pavement to absorb site runoff. And also remove the curb and then the overflow can be treated by the existing tree Canal

Flood water level

Max depth 1 feet

Regular water level

RM=89.86

C. KEEP THE DRAIN--->GO INTO THE MAIN WETLAND The main wetland which treat water before it go into the stream. The inflow water will come from two parts. The first part is the south parking lot which we keep the existing drainage and let water come through the pipe. 221.07' of 12'' ''RCP'' @ 1%

MH-4 RM=89.86 Invert In=86.86 Invert Out=86.86

Invert Out=80.91

1.5’ Min Sump

Impermeable liner

D. GREEN ROOF---> RAIN GARDEN---> MAIN WETLAND The water will flow from the green roofs and then collected and treated in the rain garden. The rain garden outflow will converge with the parking lot water and finally contribute to the wetland. 0.3 Mulch

Coarse sand

Undisturbed and uncompacted soil

2’ Coarse gravel

Excavate at stable slope angle for native soil

Crushed gravel

Section B

Section - Bioswale

4

OSWALE Parking lots

Grass buffer strip

Side slope

Imbed into 8’ Swale bottom side slope 3’

Parking lots 25’ to 33’ Bioswale basin

2’ Check dam

Parking lots

Grass buffer strip

Side slope

Imbed into 8’ Swale bottom side slope 3’

Parking lots

Max depth 1.5 feet

Regular water level

Coarse gravel

Check dam

Flood water level

Check dam hole

Check dam

Flood water level

Slope 1:1

Check dam

Depth 3.5’

Slope 1:1

Regular water level Flood water level 3’ Planting medium

1.5’

3’

0.3’ Mulch Pipe L 66.59' of 12'' ''RCP'' @ 1%

UES II - SPRING 2016

n C’

Depth 3.5’

Regular water level

3’

Invert Out=80.6

0.3’ Mulch

CHEN LU and YIJIA CHEN

Undisturbed and uncompacted soil Road

1.5’ Fine gravel

Bioswale outlet_SW-1 RM=83.6 Invert Out=80.6

Section C

0 4 8 12 Feet S, AND TECHNIQUES II - 16SPRING 2016

3’ Planting medium

1.5’

0.3 Mulch

Filter fabric Fine gravel

Filter fabric

Planting medium Undisturbed and uncompacted soil

Filter fabric

GSD 6143 ECOLOGIES, TECHNOLOGIES, AND TECHNIQUES II - SPRING 2016 Section C’

CHEN LU and YIJIA CHEN

CHEN LU and YIJIA CHEN

Undisturbed and uncompacted soil

GSD 6143 ECOLOGIES, TECHNOLOGIES, AND TECHNIQUES II - SPRING 2016

B

1.5’ Fine gravel

CHEN LU and YIJIA

C Embarkment Beehive

HP 80.9

HP 82.2 78.4 0.5% Low marsh and High marsh

Micropool

To Stream

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD

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CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD


UNLV CAMPUS PLANNING

FRAMEWORK OF CAMPUS DEVELOPMENT OF UNIVERSITY OF NEVADA, LAS VEGAS SmithGroupJJR Summer Internship

Clients: University of Nevada, Las Vegas Location: Las Vegas, Nevada Status: finished the 2012 Campus Master Plan Update; Keep updating the 2016 Campus MasterPlan Team: Doug Kozma, Tengteng Wang Date: May. 16th - Aug. 4th, 2016 My Role: • Participated the discussion of plan concept and design details with team • Create diagrams that analyze the campus system, like building use, transit, parking, pedestrian network, landscape framework and so on • Designed detail elements, like gateway structure, university tower, desert landscape, town square, pedestrian bridge and streetscape • Made 3D SketchUp model for the whole campus area • Rendered all the neighborhood and bird view perspectives with Photoshop skills • Assisted to finish the construction document, like calculating parking lot, building footprint and checking construction regulations • Skyped meeting with clients and government officers THE UNIVERSITY OF NEVADA, LAS VEGAS is a research institution committed to rigorous educational programs and the highest standards of a liberal education. We produce accomplished graduates who are well prepared to enter the work force or to continue their education in graduate and professional programs. Our faculty, students, and staff enthusiastically confront the challenges of economic and cultural diversification, urban growth, social justice, and sustainability. Our commitment to our dynamic region and State centrally influences our research and educational programs, which improves our local communities. Our commitment to national and international communities ensures that our research and educational programs engage both traditional and innovative areas of study and global concerns. UNLV’s distinctive identity and values permeate a unique institution that brings the best of the world to our region and, in turn, produces knowledge to improve the region and world around us. THE MASTER PLAN is a composite document of principles, goals, objectives, ideas, recommendations, and graphics that support and illustrate the concepts which guide the physical development of the campus for the next 20-25 years. This plan: • Is driven by the UNLV mission and strategic goals • Aligns academic, spatial and physical visions • Provides powerful ideas developed through a broad and inclusive process with campus, community and public/ private partner input • Is opportunity-based and visionary yet realistic • Is implementable in initial, mid-term and longrange strategies • Is flexible • Is data-driven and rational

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD

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CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD


MASTER PLAN GUIDING PRINCIPLES

DESIGN PRINCIPLES

Strategic principles established in the 2012 Update were considered and refined to serve as foundational goals for the 2016 Update. Design solutions and recommendations were tested against these principles, goals and objectives to support a common vision for the future of UNLV.

Strategic principles established in the 2012 Update were considered • • •

Achieve Top Tier research goals Become an institution of choice in the region and the nation Plan for 35,000 students, consider implications for 40,000

ACADEMIC CORE

COMMUNITY CONNECTION

OPEN SPACE

ATHLETIC

CAMPUS LIFE

CAPACITY

ACADEMIC AND RESEARCH

ATHLETIC AND RECREATION

CIRCULATION

OPEN SPACE

PARKING

STUDENT LIFE

Enhance university athletics, recreation and open spaces • •

Maintain consolidated athletic campus Expand student recreation opportunities

Improve community connections and support economic development • •

Utilize Midtown UNLV, County Land and Campus Village planning as catalysts Improve interface with community at campus edges and gateways on Maryland, Harmon, Swenson, and Tropicana

CAMPUS SYSTEM

Optimize development capacity and maximize utilization • •

Increase campus density Enhance campus aesthetic

Expand campus housing and quality of campus life • •

Grow on-campus housing percentage to 25% Increase campus life opportunities and

Embody sustainability and innovation in physical design • •

Promote alternative modes of transportation Incorporate landscape and architectural design strategies for arid climate

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD

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ATHLETICS + RECREATION

CAMPUS CORE

The Athletics and Recreation Neighborhood will provide important campus image for people traveling from south and west. A cohesive character will be reinforced by following considerations: • Relocate the track and field to the Tropicana frontage and improve UNLV gateway impage • Optimize the layout and adjacencies of the athletic facilities in the northwest part of the campus • Add recreational facilities on the Tropicana frontage • Establish a new campus mall connecting Thomas & Mack Center with Lied Athletic Complex

Centrally located Campus Core provides a physical manifestation of the institution’s academic mission and supporting the scholarly communities that create vitality on campus. Neighborhood plan initiatives are to: • Preserve and extend campus malls as the organizing element of this neighborhood by maintaining the landscape character and allowing for active day to day and event use • Develop the Library Quad as a signature open space that terminates Harmon Corridor and accommodates multi-modal circulation needs

CAMPUS VILLAGE The Campus Village Neighborhood on the newly-purchased 42 acres of land will facilitate the core campus expansion and strengthen UNLV’s community impact. The development of the new campus neighborhood will be guided by following guidelines: • Provide campus identity and impact through the presence of academic, research, and outreach programs on Tropicana frontage • Allow the integration of campus uses and public-private development that creates active and robust campus environment

ATHLETIC

NEIGHBORHOOD

NORTH MALL Science and Engineering facilities along the North Mall will catalyze future research growth. Key recommendations include the following: • Strategically locate new Instructional Lab Building on the North Mall • Establish an Integrated Research Complex on the EPA site to support academic and research expansion • Expand Engineering facilities and improve connections and frontage on Cottage Grove Avenue • Extend the North Mall by relocating MPE • Create interconnected campus courtyards and secondary pedestrian linkages for distinct academic and research communities

39

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD

ACADEMIC


RESIDENTIAL

MARYLAND PARKWAY + MIDTOWN UNLV

UNLV’s Residential Neighborhood will extend activity on campus beyond class hours and enhance student life through increased dining, recreation and social options. Plan initiatives include the following: • Increase building density and scale to promote a more urban and pedestrian focused character • Enhance the residential experience by integrating community and recreational open space with housing • Provide opportunities for expanded and adjacent dining options • Improve walkability by developing and enhancing walkways and connections

Ongoing academic expansion and public-private partnerships will continue reinforce the Maryland Parkway Edge as an institutional gateway and major community interface for UNLV. Initiatives include to: • Promote the new Business School Building and adjacent open space as the major gateway on campus • Bring campus activities to the street by implementing Fine Arts and Student Union Expansion • Strengthen connections between the campus and the community through preserved view corridors and consistent landscape character

MARYLAND

42 ACRES

RESIDENTIAL CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ GSD

40


Water Urbanism

Mangrove

India Oil Coperation Ltd.

BAY POLLUTION Worli End Node

Hindustan Petroleum Coperation Ltd.

Bhanat Petroleum Coperation Ltd. Oil Transportation (Leaking/Spill) Sewri Station

SEA LINK

I. Elephanata Island (Tourism)

II. Butcher Island (Crude oil container)

Mangrove End Node

JNPT

Colaba NHAVA SHEVA

III. Cross Island (oil)

NAVI MUMBAI IV. Middle Ground Islet (Military)

IV. Oyster Rock (Military) 0

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CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ UMICH

1000

2000

3000

4000


THE NEXUS

THE CITY THAT CONNECTS INTER-NALLY AND INTRA-NALLY 2014 MUD Winter Studio

Vertical Cities Asia International Design Competition University of Michigan 2014 Team B Instructor: El Hadi Jazairy/Claudia Wigger Parterner: Huang Chengyu Yugo (MArch) Nung Sheung Chui Carol (MArch) Date: Feb. - May. 2014 My Role: Focused on the Urban and Landcape part; Designed the site plan; Created the phases; Drawn diagrams and rendering; Built site 3D model in Rhino; Made physical models Sewri is a locality along the eastern edge of South Mumbai, in Maharashtra, India. It is also the name of a railway station on the Central Railway Harbour Line. Driven by soil washing as the initiator of the project, we aim at implementing new infrastructure as connectors that can upgrade the existing site condition and to maintain a sustainable and developing connection at various scale through different phases of the project. Driven by soil washing as the initiator of the project, we aim at implementing new infrastructure as connectors that can upgrade the existing site condition and to maintain a sustainable and developing connection at various scale through different phases of the project. One of the biggest issue, oil pollution in the site pose hazard to the natural habitat and the living environment in Sewri, but it also lead to the potential industry to boost the economy, through soil washing. As Sewri is mainly composed of underused oil refinery on the East side of the railway, which are to be removed due to the diminishing oil stock, the land value of the site can be greatly increased after soil washing. At the same time, soil washing involve a lot of low-skill workers, which can greatly lower the unemployment rate in Mumbai. Apart from that, the Trans-Harbour Link linking to Navi Mumbai is expected to attract a lot of business and visitors from Navi Mumbai as well as other parts of Mumbai. Commercial centres are created to host the business transaction; high density high-rise buildings are built to accommodate the influx of residence; while low-rise communities are implanted to maintain vivid streetscape and industries; mega transit hubs are made to facilitate the transfer of passengers between different modes of transportation; waterfront promenade is made to sustain the habitat for flamingos, as well as providing access to the recreational waterfront. Canals and wetland ponds are inserted to facilitate the stormwater discharge as well as filtering the water. These infrastructures are either inserted or evolved during different stage to help completing the connection internally and intra-nally.

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ UMICH

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ISSUE SEGREGATED CITY FABRIC

ECOLOGY

The site was divided by the railway into 2 parts. The West side filled with slum, high rise residential buidlings,chawls and dormitories; while the East side was mainly warehouses and infrastructure of the oil company Indian Oil. The heavily industrial waterfront prevented the people from accessing the waterfront.

Oil pollution threaten the habitat of flamingos and mangrove. The drawing shows how important mangrove ecosystem supports the local fishing economy and environment quality ; how oil pollution makes negative impacts on the balance between ecology and local economy. A range of infrastructure are used to deliver and store water in Mumbai. Due to poor maintainess of the infrastructure and water pilferage, a large amount of fresh water are wasted. The water networks in Mumbai are over 100 years old. The water is still conveyed from the reservior sources located at a distance of 100 km away from the city. On top of the existing sources, the government has targeted a few areas for potential water source. In addition, slums installation are usually found along the aqua pipe for its easy access to fresh water. However, the accumulation of trash and unprocessed stormwater in the Nalla may lead to the spread of disease and bad smell in the city.

COMMNITY

TRASNPORTATION

New development in India usually took away a sector of a slum, and then replaced with high rise residential building, accommodating the previous slum residence as well as other incoming dwellers.

26

24

22

20

18

16

14

12

10

8

6

4

2

0

Average Trip Length (km)

Taxi

The two communities are being placed together without interaction. While the high rise building residence find it unsafe and unhygienic to live within a slum. The slum dwellers could not take advantage from the newly built infrastructure in the high rise community.

Private Car 26

24

22

20

18

16

transportation modes

14

12

10

8

6

4

2

0

Average Trip Length (km)

Two Wheels

The usage of transportation modes per user

Taxi

The usage of transportation modes for working class

Auto Rickshaw

Private Car

transportation modes

Bus

Two Wheels

The usage of transportation modes per user The usage of transportation modes for working class

Train

Auto Rickshaw

Bus

The detachment of slum dwellers from the ground further deprived them of vivid slum industries and retail opportunities in the ground.

15,000,000

14,500,000

7,000,000

6,500,000

3,500,000

3,000,000

2,500,000

2,000,000

1,500,000

1,000,000

NMT

Train

14,500,000

7,000,000

6,500,000

3,500,000

3,000,000

2,500,000

2,000,000

overloaded public transportation

1,500,000

500 500

200

200

1,000,000

500,000

0

MODE OF TRANSPORTATION

Disconnected to clean, efficient grid

Public Transportation Local Transportation

Public Transportation

Local Transportation

Private Transportation

Private Transportation

inconvenient transition between public and private mode of transportation

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ UMICH

0

Population

MODE OF TRANSPORTATION Population

Disconnected to clean, efficient grid

43

500,000

NMT 15,000,000


PROPOSAL CONNECTED CITY FABRIC Wadala Station Elphinstone Station Eastern Highway Parel Station Harbor Line

mangrove

Oil Refinary

Informal Settlements Central Line

Flood Plain Sewri Station

Warehouse

Sea

CURRENT CONDITION

The site was divided by the railway into 2 parts. The West side filled with slum, high rise residential buidlings, chawls and dormitories; while the East side was mainly mainly occupied by warehouses and infrastructure of the oil company Indian Oil. The industrial waterfront prevented people visiting the site. The flood plain is in the city center and the stormwater is difficult to be drained out because of the existing water system can’t work well in monson season and the sewer and stormwater is not seperated.

CONNECTION TOOLS

Wadala Station Elphinstone Station Eastern Highway Parel Station Harbor Line

Bio-swales

Aqueducts

Channel

Fresh Water Outlet

Bio-swales

Wetland Ponds mangrove Upgraded Informal Settlements

Central Line

Sea Link

Flood Mitigation Area Sewri Transportation Hub

Waterway (Canal+Retention Pond)

New Grid

Out Flow

Rainwater Harvest Cistern

Water Filtration Plant

Transit Station

Transit Hub

Water Dependent Industries

Sea

ECOLOGICAL URBANIZATION

Five major canals and bio-swales are built from inland flood plain to the waterfront. Along the canals there will be rain garden, community park, floating wetlands as well as filtration plants to filter the stormwater before being discharged to the sea.

TRANSIT HUB Elevated Park

Education Centre

Podium

Communal Corridors

Shophouses

Sewri has most of the major highways and transportation system in Mumbai. The Trans-Harbour Link connects Sewri to the Special Economic Zones in Navi Mumbai. The extensive transportation networks and the great potential of the underdeveloped land allow Sewri to be developed into one of the financial centres in Mumbai.

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ UMICH

44


SITE PLAN

WATER SYSTEM

to connect flood plain with the sea in order to discharge runoff through channels during monsoon season. runoff is filtered through wetland ponds along the way and also be used as water supply for residential and industrial use.

TRANSPORTATION NETWORK

To re-connect the private and public mode of transportation, to enhance the walkability of streets through connecting overpass and podium.

1. Entertainment Centre 2. High Rise Housing 3. Waterfront Park 4. Waterfront Plaza 5. Pavilion 6. Dock 7. Low Rise Housing 8. Roof Garden 9. Financial Center 10. Transportation Hub 11. Canal 12. Parking Structure 13. Retention Pond 14. Office 15. Overpass

16. Existing Neighborhood 17. Mixed Use Area 18. Bus Terminal 19. Gallery 20. Flamingo Pier 21. Remediation Pond 22. Harbor Line 23. Water Treatment Plant 24. Sea Link 25. Eastern Highway 26. Upgraded Informal Housing 27. Existing Housing 28. Upgraded Low Rise Housing 29. Public Housing 30. Wetland COMMUNITY AND WALKABILITY

To re-connect to diverse job opportunity and sustaining working environment, healthy living condition, and sufficient learning opportunity.

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CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ UMICH


PROGRAM BREAKDOWN

On the West side of the railway is mainly existing neighborhood, with additional public housing and upgraded low rise residential community. A mega transit hub is situated at the intersection of the sea-link and the railway. In which facilitates the development of a financial centre nearby. High rise residential clusters are built close to the waterfront. Along the sea-link are mainly buildings with mixed use program and low rise residential buildings. Entertainment and recreational programs are located along the waterfront. At the two edges of the sites are equipped with water filtration infrastructure, with each serving half of the whole site.

LAND USE

LOW RISE Existing Housing (m²) Area/Person (m²/p) Low Rise (m²)

8 / /

Site Area (m²)

5885.333333

FAR

0.588533333

Low Rise (m²)

TOTAL SITE AREA = 1.1 sq km

Area/Person (m²/p) High Rise (m²) Area/Person (m²/p) Site Area (m²)

2478

100 m

4.5

Existing Housing (m²) Area/Person (m²/p) Low Rise (m²)

3407.333333 8

Area/Person (m²/p)

/

High Rise (m²) Area/Person (m²/p)

/ 10000

GFA

55200

FAR

5.52

Total Residents

977 97658

100 m

Population Density (p/km²)

Low Rise (m²)

2478

100 m

4.5

Existing Housing (m²) Area/Person (m²/p) Low Rise (m²)

3407.333333

Area/Person (m²/p)

Area/Person (m²/p)

8

High Rise (m²)

/

High Rise (m²)

Area/Person (m²/p)

/

Area/Person (m²/p)

Site Area (m²)

10000

GFA

5885.333333

FAR

0.588533333

Total Residents Population Density (p/km²)

Area/Person (m²/p)

/

Low Rise (m²)

/

Area/Person (m²/p)

/

100 m

165600 30

High Rise (m²) Area/Person (m²/p) Site Area (m²)

/ / 9443

30 10000

10000

GFA

58347.66667

55200

FAR

5.834766667

Population Density (p/km²)

5.52

Total Residents

1840

Population Density (p/km²)

100 m

8 165600

Site Area (m²)

Total Residents 100 m

/

GFA FAR

977 97658

100 m

1840 184000

HIGH & LOW RISE

HIGH RISE

Existing Housing (m²) Area/Person (m²/p)

/ /

5885.333333 0.588533333

100 m

LOW RISE Existing Housing (m²)

/ /

30 10000

GFA Total Residents

100 m

165600

Site Area (m²)

FAR Population Density (p/km²)

FAR CLIMAX = 5.83

977 97658

HIGH RISE

LOW RISE Existing Housing (m²)

10000

GFA Total Residents

100 m

4.5

Area/Person (m²/p)

Population Density (p/km²)

Area/Person (m²/p)

2478 3407.333333

Area/Person (m²/p) High Rise (m²)

2233 223346

184000 100 m 100 m

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ UMICH HIGH RISE

HIGH & LOW RISE Existing Housing (m²)

Existing Housing (m²)

/

Area/Person (m²/p)

Area/Person (m²/p)

/

Low Rise (m²)

/ / 9443

46


SYSTEM DIAGRAMS

WATER SYSTEM

TRANSPORTATION NETWORK

COMMUNITY AND WALKABILITY

to connect flood plain with the sea in order to discharge runoff through channels during monsoon season. runoff is filtered through wetland ponds along the way and also be used as water supply for residential and industrial use.

To re-connect the private and public mode of transportation, to enhance the walkability of streets through connecting overpass and podium.

To re-connect to diverse job opportunity and sustaining working environment, healthy living condition, and sufficient learning opportunity.

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CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ UMICH


ECOLOGY NETWORK

DRY SEASON

The strategy is to establish a water network as the domain to solve the ecological problem and drive economic development and settlement replacement. The large amount of water for soil washing comes from the flood water in lowland area in the city center. A new water network with canals and retention ponds should be established to connect the city center and eastern waterfront. The canals convey storm water to the site to support the new soil washing industry and also can be green corridors to increase the connection between eastern waterfront and city center. The water network on the ground increases the site resilience and water storage capacity to prevent flood water from city center and surge from sea. And

DRY SEASON

it also reorganizes the open space system, circulation system, and increase the connection between different neighborhoods. During monsoon season, the site will “soak”; during dry season, the site will “emerge”. The open space will become diverse and productive as a result of the changeable water level.

MONSOON SEASON

The water way can be designed as green corridor, boulevard, canals and urban park. The land value will be increased by these open space and attract more private real estate investors to improve economic development. The water network will generate new water industry in the site, such as water institution, water plants and water recreation center to provide new and formalized employment.

MONSON SEASON CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ UMICH

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CONSTRUCTION SEQUENCE EXISTING Sewri is a locality along the eastern edge of South Mumbai, in Maharashtra, India. It is also the name of a railway station on the Central Railway Harbour Line. Driven by soil washing as the initiator of the project, we aim at implementing new infrastructure as connectors that can upgrade the existing site condition and to maintain a sustainable and developing connection at various scale through different phases of the project.

PHASE I (2015-2019) Existing warehouses are reused as soil washing factory. Channels are built from inland to the waterfront to discharge stormwater and supply water for soil washing. Soil washing begins with the manufacturing site. Dormitories are built to accommodate the workers, along with other communal facilities to upgrade existing community. Water centres are built in each neighborhood to collect and filtrate household grey water. The existing neighborhood on the East is temporarily relocated to the West side of the railway, while the commercial buildings remains. The oil refinery will be demolished after negotiation.

PHASE II (2019-2023) Soil washing starts after oil company is removed. The manufactory site have been cleaned, and the two soil washing factories will be transferred into water treatment plants. The uncleaned soil will be put at the waterfront for natural remediation. Five canals are build across the site to facilitate the water industry. More water research institution and local water filtration centres are implanted. A grid system of 100m x 100 m will be laid out and connects to the sealink by a transit hub. More low-mid rise program starts to establish, such as housing commercial centre and office.

PHASE III (2023- ) All soil are cleansed, including the soil at the waterfront, thus the waterfront park will be open to public. All soil washing factories are transformed into water treatment plants to supply water for industrial and residential uses. Spaces along the canals are mainly assigned as public space. The cleansed land with greater land value is expected to attract more private development, building office towers and residential clusters along the waterfront.

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CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ UMICH


1. High Rise Housing 2. Waterfront Park 3. Waterfront Plaza 4. Pavilion 5. Dock 6. Low Rise Housing 7. Roof Garden 8. Financial Center 9. Transportation Hub 10. Canal 11. Parking Structure 12. Retention Pond 13. Office 14. Overpass 15. Existing Neighborhood 16. Mixed Use Area

17. Bus Terminal 18. Gallery 19. Flamingo Pier 20. Remediation Pond 21. Harbor Line 22. Water Treatment Plant 23. Sea Link 24. Eastern Highway 25. Upgraded Informal Housing 26. Existing Housing 27. Upgraded Low Rise Housing 28. Public Housing 29. Wetland 30. Commercial Building 31. Boating Pier 32. Upgraded Slum

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CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ UMICH


ROOFSCAPE IN COMMON

WATER INFRASTRUCTURE AND PUBLIC SPACE IN WORLIKOLIWADA 2014 MUD Spring Studio University of Michigan

Instructor: Mclain Clutter/Kit McCullough Date: May. - Jun. 2015 My Role: Idividual Work This speculates on ways that privileging the motion of storm water in the design of urban form might disrupt the legibility of individual property ownership, opening up the possibility for new forms of collectivity and urban life around the commons. It is the traditional belief that people living in fishing villages should be at odds with the monsoon and the land should be separated from the sea. However, the book Soak, suggests transforming Mumbai into a place that absorbs the monsoon and sea, a place that accommodates uncertainty through resilience. Following this idea, this project proposes the construction of a network on roof scapes covering the whole fishing village that would disperse and hold monsoon waters. The design recalls the historic practice of site water collection for the daily water requirement of the fishing village. Since the village doesn’t have storm water system, the design connects and collect the water at the moment when it flows on streets, alleyways, terraces, and any place. The harvested rainwater becomes an accessible water resource to resolve the current water shortage issue. The roof scape is like a kind of natural landscape topography added on the exiting building typology in a cultural, social, and economic way. The water infrastructure will become the main public space that people can share with each other and also the roof can generate public goods – water. There are walkways to connect the roof gardens and terrace to form a circulation, slopes for people go up and down, and also have pipe and gutters to connect the rooftop water with the ground drainage system. The multi- functional roof infrastructure approaches water, transport, communication space, so the endogenous and exogenous monsoon processes can no longer be perceived as isolated incidents but rather as part of large, constructed hydrological ecology that is entirely and irreversibly connected to the process of urbanization.

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rainwater per sq foot

MIDDLE CLASS RESIDENCE

fishing market

94.5

inches annual average rainfall

860sq ft

SLUMS

484sq ft average roof area per household

MIDDLE CLASS RESIDENCE

SLUMS

140,000liters

80,000liters per household per year

860sq ft

484sq ft

average roof area per household

380liters

CENTRAILIZED SYSTEM

WATER DISTRIBUTION ISSUE

DECENTRAILIZED SYSTEM For the proposal, the water infrastructure can generate water independently for the village. Each household will have water tank. In monsoon season, if there is extra water, the water will be stored in the community tank. In dry season, if people don’t have enough water, they can go to the community tank to get water. The harvested rainwater is like a public good that people can share with each other. So there are some water communities in the village to organize the water distribution.

Worli Water Strategy for Urban Regeneration

220liters per household per day

140,000liters

80,000liters per household per year

380liters

PROPOSAL

220liters per household per day

Shiva Mandir

Shiva Mandir

Monsoon Season (Water Collection) Drought Season (Water Returen)

Home Tank Small Community Tank Monsoon Season

Cluster Tank Water Pump

(Water Collection)

Large community Drought SeasonTank

(Water Returen)

Cluster Tank

water infrastructure

spatial intervention

Home Tank

RAIN WATER HARVESTING Small Community Tank COMMUNITY

water community

water infrastructure

natural remediation

spatial intervention RAIN WATER HARVESTING COMMUNITY

Sea water community

Cluster Tank Water Pump

Large community Tank Source: Aakash Ganga (AG); Dr. BP Agrawal; Cluster Tank Sustainable Innovations (SI)

natural remediation

Source: Aakash Ganga (AG); Dr. BP Agrawal; Sustainable Innovations (SI)

The storm water infrastructure along the existing main road into the village and restore the ecosystem in the waterfront as the buffer to protect the land and also to treat the runoff before it go into the sea. There are some retention open spaces, in market or temple area, which combine with the water infrastructure to form the whole system. In monsoon season, more resilient space will join in to absorb the water that helps to mitigate flood.

Sri Sai Temple

MONSOON HARVESTING

The water networks in Mumbai are over 100 years old and are poorly maintained. The water is now conveyed from sources located at a distance of 100 km away from the cities. top of the outOn flow existing sources, the government has targeted a few areas for potential water source.

1.74

liter rainwater per sq foot

94.5

inches annual average rainfall

30 % of the city’s population does not have access to in-home piped water, over 80% of slum fishing market dwellers do not have access to potable water. MIDDLE CLASS RESIDENCE

The data shows in Worli area the availability of tap water is less than 2 hours per day. From the picture, individual household use some small water tanks to keep the water for daily use, but still not enough.

SLUMS

860sq ft

POTENTIAL

484sq ft average roof area per household

140,000liters

80,000liters per household per year

380liters

220liters per household per day

From the existing street view, we can see some potential of the rainwater. The rain touches the roof, terrace and then ground continuously. Because the village doesn’t have storm water system, the design is to find the way to connect and collect the water at the moment when it flows on streets, alleyways, terraces, and any place.

Shiva Mandir

Monsoon Season (Water Collection) Drought Season (Water Returen)

Home Tank

Small Community Tank

Large community Tank

Cluster Tank

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water infrastructure

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ UMICH water community

spatial intervention RAIN WATER HARVESTING COMMUNITY

natural remediation

Source: Aakash Ganga (AG); Dr. BP Agrawal; Sustainable Innovations (SI)

Cluster Tank Water Pump


COURTYARD PERSPECTIVE

LAYERS

Water courtyard

Residence

Upgrading housing area

Water infrastructure

Open area

Continuous roofscape

Water corridor

Water terrace

Open space

Informal settlement

Open market

Fishing market

EXISTING

Fishing market plaza

GROUND

ROOF STRUCTURE

WATER INFRASTRUCTURE

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TREATMENT IN CELL

MASTER PLAN

INDUSTRIAL WASTE WATER TREATMENT IN BELL’S BREWERY 2013 MLA Winter Studio University of Michigan

Instructor: Bob Grese/M’Lis Bartlett Date: Mar. 2013 My Role: Individual Work Bell’s Brewery is a regional craft brewery located in Kalamazoo Michigan. The dedication to brewing flavorful, unfiltered, quality craft beers that started in 1985 is still with people today. The building is in a vacant land with forest and soccer field around. There are a lot of waste water be generated through beer production every day. The aim for the project is to treat waste water, make the vacant land productive, create playful players for the workers and also attract tourists. The way for wastewater management is to treat them through natural remediation. The industrial water will be treated through anaerobic digestion first and then be drained to machine and wetland for further remediation. The basic unit for natural remediation is a series of living machine cells. The bio-processing will be happened in the cells. The industrial water can be filtered through the cell from one to the other. Finally, the cleaned water will be stored in the retention pond or water tower for further use. The existing vacant land will be transferred into a productive agriculture land and the water will be redistributed to irrigate the farm. And the living machine cells can be well designed as a public park for people to have fun. Through the project, the land will be more sustainable and productive and attract more tourists to visit the site.

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1. Building 2. Green Roof 3. Rain Garden

INDUSTRIAL WASTE WATER TREATMENT

4. Forest 5. Detention Pond 6. Farm

7. Anaerobic Digestion 8. Waste Water Treatment 9. Wetland

10. Retention Pond 11. Water Tank 12. Water Tower


TREATMENT CELL RENDERING

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CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ UMICH


FLOOD HARVEST

WATER CATCHMENT STORAGE AND FLOOD MITIGATION

2014 Gerald D. Hines Student Urban Design Competition

Honorable Mention

Instructor: El Hadi Jazairy Parterner: Sally Tsang (MArch); Xin Miao Yong (MArch); Jia Fang (MUP); Zhengkuan Gan (MUP) Date: Jan. 2014 My Role: Focused on design the landscape concept; Designed the green infrastructure and stormwater strategy; Rendered the plan; Participated to design the site section and building axonometric of rainwater harvesting FLOOD HARVEST is an exciting new urban development that will create a distinct identity for a rejuvenated Sulphur Dell. Despite its lucrative location just north of downtown Nashville, the district is largely underused. This could be attributed to its location in a low-lying part of the city, rendering it extremely flood-prone. This project aspires to transform Sulphur Dell into an example of a mid-sized development that reimagines and leverages upon the city’s flood-prone riverfront sites by turning them into potentials for urban development. The design approach accepts the inevitability of water entering and collecting within Sulphur Dell during heavy rainfall, while endeavoring to control and control and exploit its potentials. The waterfront along the Cumberland River responds to this condition by transforming into a wetland park. This not only acts as the first line of defense to absorb water overflowing from the river, but serves as a place for recreation during the dry season. The second line of defense consists of several pocket ponds located along the existing Music City Bikeway. During the dry season, the ponds would appear as landscaped features of pocket parks dotted along the bikeway. These indentations are not only aesthetic but can also be used as play, leisure or performance areas. On the other hand, the bikeway serves not only as a bikeable and walkable connection spine between major landmarks in Sulphur Dell, but also as a tributary by concentrating runoff from surrounding parcels of land as well as neighboring districts. Finally, where the lowest point of the site meets the bikeway, a larger pond is created to absorb any remaining runoff. When sudden storms occur in the spring, the pocket ponds will fill up in succession as water flows from the wetland park through the bikeway, acting as buffers to slow down the movement of water as it heads inland towards the large retention pond and contributing to the resiliency of the development.

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FLOOD REASON

SITE PLAN

GREEN CORRIDOR

GREEN POCKETS

WATER HARVESTING

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PHASING

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ UMICH


PROGRAM BREAKDOWN

WATER SPACE CROSS SECTION

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CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ COMPETITION


SEA OUR LAND

BETWEEN THE ROOF OF THE WORLD AND THE MOUTH OF THE GANGES 2014 Jacques Rougerie Competition

Short List

with DESIGN EARTH Parterner: El Hadi Jazairy, Cheng Xing, Jia Weng, Shuqi He Date: Aug. 2014 My Role: Create the master plan for the site; Designed the neighborhood typology; Built site 3D model in Rhino; Rendered perspectives SEA OUR LAND’s main ambition is to stabilize the population of lowlands and avoid massive migration. It purports to achieve this by upgrading places at risk using appropriate technology. The project uses St Martin Island in the Bay of Bangalore as a testing ground. It proposes to transform an eight-kilometer long island lying twelve kilometers from the shore. Approximately 3000 people inhabit this island. It is located between the Himalayas and the Mouth of the Ganges and the intention is to make it the prototype of a land that is resilient to climate change and to sea level rise. The project is twofold. First it proposes a protection strategy to address weather conditions, i.e.: wave breakers, wind protectors, shelters, bridge connections, and mangrove fields. Second, it outlines a mitigation strategy to allow people to adapt to a rising sea level by providing floating structures intended for urban settlement and for the storage of resources. The project will be a collaborative endeavor between governmental agencies that will construct the infrastructure of protection for the vulnerable population that is unable to leave the territories at risk. A linear corridor of shelters planted in the ground every kilometer will constitute the backbone of the new technological system. A floating bridge will connect these shelters thereby ensuring the flow of people, food, water and electricity. Floating power units, water tanks and food storage units will be riveted to this infrastructure. These structures will be the material mediators between nature and the community. They will provide a perpetual through-pass, a circulatory conduit for a material flux and reflux of people and goods. Discrete floating units such as housing communities will be constructed by people and moored to the backbone constituted by the linked refuges built on piles. Generic hexagonal barges will ensure a perfect resistance to ocean forces while allowing an easy assembly of the elements into an infrastructure. A light urban superstructure will be erected according to pre-defined types and modules. SEA OUR LAND is a city for a changing world. It is a prototype urban structure that addresses physical and social needs in view of the growing challenges of climate change in a heavily urbanized South Asian context. It is a floating structure moored to a linear backbone of shelters on piles, a structure that adapts to the tidal changes and varying water levels, making it invulnerable to flooding, storms and sea level changes. It is designed to use renewable energy, harvest hydroponic vegetables and rainwater, and to encompass aquaculture.

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PROTECTION STRATEGY Governmental agencies construct the infrastructure of protection. It consists of a linear corridor of shelters planted in the ground every kilometer and a system of hard and soft infrastructure of storm protection.

MITIGATION STRATEGY Islanders adapt to rising sea levels by aggregating flexible floating units to the linear backbone.

PHASING

ten elevated fixed shelters

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wave breaker hard protection floating barges

mangrove soft protection

CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ COMPETITION

bridge connection

floating barges for resources and houses

aquaculture wave breaker hard protection floating barges for resources

existing island totally flooded


WHOLE ISLAND

Step1: Programed Shelter

Step2: Neighborhood

Step3: Resources

SHELTER TYPOLOGIES

NEIGHBORHOOD TYPOLOGIES

2. Hotel/Retail

3. Community Center

4. Hospital

5. School

6. Sports

7. Research

8. Logistic

9. Retail

10. Lighthouse

Shelters along the linear backbone receive specific public programs. In case of storm, populations find refuge in these units.

Type B

Type C

Type D

Generic hexagonal barges create a perfect resistance to ocean forces while allowing an optimal urban organization.

RESOURCE TYPOLOGIES

Agriculture

Energy

Fresh Water

Resources units allow the autonomy of the community. Their capacity is calculated for the daily requirements of the island current population (3500). Their design allow the usage of renewable energy, hydroponic vegetables and water harvesting, as well as aquaculture.

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CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ COMPETITION


SANTA CLAUS’ PLANETARY GARDEN RAUTARUUKKI CORPORATION’ LOGISTICS CENTER Honorable Mention with DESIGN EARTH Parterner: El Hadi Jazairy, Kelly Koh Date: Nov. 2014 My Role: Participated the design of planetary garden; Rendered the master plan, site plan and cross sections A costume doesn’t change a bad person into a good one. Santa Claus has decided to quit his job and trade his redand-white outts and expeditions around the world selling hyper-sugared carbonated refreshments for the costume and life of a planetary gardener. His logistic center for goods and toys will instead resemble a botanical garden dedicated to the collection, cultivation and distribution of plants from various climatic regions of the planet. Santa Claus will bring back from his adventures stories of plants: tropical plants with large leafs to capture light, trees with large fruits to attract animals, plants adapting to seasonal ooding, aromatic shrubs surviving in poor soils, cacti with defensive mechanism against thirsty animal. He will share his collection with the people of Finland and encourage them to come with their family and friends to discover the world in open-air and interior theatrical and musical performances. He will work with scientic and artistic units from the university to document, classify and display all plant varieties. Once a year, he will travel the world and oer plants to children hoping to create an awareness of the threat to ecosystems from human development. It is up to humans to organize their territory and life, to consume without defacing, produce without depleting, to live without destroying. The Santa Claus Planetary Garden tells the tale of a global gardener who acts in the name and the interest of the planet. The project proposes to shi the focus of the program from the logistic center to the botanic garden, rethinking the relation of humans to their environment. The Santa Claus Planetary Garden is a political project based on ecological humanism, emphasizing the diversity of species on the planet and the role of humans in it. lt reveals the delicate nature of the planetary biomass casting the fragility of life on Earth. The word garden comes from Germanic “Garten”, which signies enclosure. Historically the garden is the place to build the “best:” best fruits, best owers, best vegetables, best trees, better living conditions, better thoughts .The Santa Claus Planetary Garden is the place for the collection of all varieties of plants and stories produced by geographies and cultures. ‘’Together, let us assume that the Earth is one small garden.” This statement by the Landscape Architect Gilles Clement radically alters humans’ relationship to the environment. By encompassing in its vision the entire planet - a fragile, autonomous enclosure - the proposal calls for the utopia, of a world protecting its beauty, health and future.

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CONCEPT

MASTER PLAN

SITE PLAN

ONE GARDEN FOR NINE CLIMATES

KALEIDOSCOPE OF BUILDING AND GARDENS

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CHEN LU | URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO @ COMPETITION


CROSS SECTION 1-1’

RECEPTION

LOBBY

TROPICAL RAINFOREST

SANTA’S POND

TEMPERATE RAINFOREST

LOUNGE

SAVANNA

DESERT

CROSS SECTION 2-2’

TROPICAL RAINFOREST

SAVANNA

DESERT

TEMPERATE RAINFOREST SANTA’S POND

TROPICAL SEASONAL

SMALL OFFICE

LANDSCAPE OFFICE

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OCEAN METABOLISM

PLANETARY URBANISM COMPETITION with DESIGN EARTH Parterner: El Hadi Jazairy, Larisa Ovalles, Christopher Reznich, Aaron Weller, Muneerah Alrabe, Shuqi He, Yu-Hsiang Lin Date: June. 2014 My Role: Create the master plan for the site; Designed the neighborhood typology; Built site 3D model in Rhino; Rendered perspectives The ocean is the next great frontier, as countries race to claim resources made newly available through anthropogenic climate change (such as melting ice caps) or technological advances. The instrument of this territorial expansion is the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), an imaginary line drawn 200 nautical miles into the ocean from the edge of a political entity, traditionally defined as the limit of dry land. Since countries have some rights to the exploitation of their EEZ under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), they have a vested interest in expanding their EEZ to include these newly accessible or newly discovered resources. A case study is China, which is attempting to extend its territorial claim over the East China Sea by defining its land boundary not through what is dry, but rather by the extent of its continental shelf. What if the race for the deep ocean were made through the technical legality of the EEZ, where worthless territory is added to a nation-state only in order to extend the 200 mile offset that is the EEZ so that it encompasses desirable resources? What if technologies for islandbuilding advanced to the point that it became impossible for observers to detect whether an island is existing or new, allowing countries to construct artificial archipelagos and claim they allow for an extension of the EEZ? The design of new island archipelagos would become important not because of the inherent qualities of the islands themselves, but because of their relationships to each other. An ideal “pioneer� archipelago would consist of minimally sized islands, secretly constructed, 400 nautical miles from one another, arranged strategically so that their 200 mile offsets encompass desired resources. 69


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CHEN LU Portfolio 2017 Spring