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LIFE IN MAO’S CHINA BY 10-1 ADAM

Wednesday, December 7, 2011


TASK

By analyzing 2 reforms implemented by Mao, explain the affect Mao’s rule had on the lives of Chinese people, 1949-76.

Wednesday, December 7, 2011


THE CULTURE REVOLUTION Our’s passion of loving Mao Zeng Dong is infinity.

Wednesday, December 7, 2011


THE CULTURE REVOLUTION In the mid 1960s, the failure of Great Leap Forward had threaten Mao’s reputation. New leaders in the party started to take the country in new direction which isn’t Mao

Start the revolution against the tradition to gain the greatest honor.

want to see. He decided to start the Culture Revolution to wipe out his enemies and destroy the tradition of China.

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THE CULTURE REVOLUTION

Followed president Mao’s thought to the victory.

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The aim of Culture Revolution was to realize the value of Communism and bring a classless society. Mao told the people to get rid of four olds---old ideas, old customs, old culture and old habits. Mao wanted people to involved in Culture Revolution so he formed the Red Army.


THE CULTURE REVOLUTION

We should keep going to fight against the rightest!

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Most of the Red army, also as known as Red Guards were formed by teenage students. They wore red armbands. These army became Mao’s personal army. In August 1966 one million Red Army stood in the Tiananmen Square to listen to Mao’s order. Between August and November, they went there 8 more times.


THE CULTURE REVOLUTION

We should united and wipe out all the capitalism!

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Everyone who had connection to the West would been seen as a “capitalist”. People at that time were forced to read “Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-tung.” This book is also as known as “ The Little Red Book.” Schools were closed, students forced to put down the books and formed Red Guards.


THE CULTURE REVOLUTION

Long live for Mao’s thought!

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During the Culture Revolution, Mao was been seen as the idol of the nation. This army become the tool of Mao. Police gave out the names of people who were enemies of the party and then the Red Guards will take apart their homes and burn everything they found that represent the Chinese culture.


THE CULTURE REVOLUTION

Congratulations for the birth of the Beijing Culture Revolution Committee member

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Landlords,rich people and the one been marked at the rightists were been sent to hard labor or persecuted in public or killed during that time. During that time teachers were also the first victim from the Red Guards. Many teachers were abused and even killed by their own students.


THE CULTURE REVOLUTION A teacher named Wang Yinju was one of the victim from the Red Guards. She said, “ One day, my very own students came and dragged me out from my dormitory to the quadrangle, tied me up and put a sign board around my neck. One of them poured a bottle of black ink all over my head to humiliate me. I was kicked, punched and forced to discredit myself. For three days, I was humiliated in front of all other school children. If not for some parents who tried to stop their children from carrying on with the brutal behavior, I probably had died there.”-----(Mao Zedong’s China.) Wednesday, December 7, 2011


THE CULTURE REVOLUTION On August 18,1966, Mao had met more than 11 million Red Guards, and in November 1966 the country went into mess. The Red Guards started to post posters and slogans,having debates and speeches in public. They used Mao’s idea “Get rid of four Olds” to destroyed churches, temples, and destroyed the historical buildings, burn the traditional Chinese paintings and books. Not only that they attacks the academic authorities, intellectuals, monks, priests,rich people and much more. Wednesday, December 7, 2011


THE CULTURE REVOLUTION In August and September 1966, the Red Guard had attacked 33695 families in Beijing (“Culture Revolution� Wikipedia). When they attacked the family, they will burn the things that represent the Chinese traditional culture, and took away everything that they found is valuable. They said according to Mao those properties should belong to the nation. The Red Guard took away 65 tons of gold from the citizens during that time. Wednesday, December 7, 2011


THE CULTURE REVOLUTION On August 22, 1966, Mao said that the government had no right to stop or arrest the students from being Red Guards. From that day on it was called the “Red Terror.” 1700 people had been killed by the Red Guards in Beijing, and only in Daxing Qu within three days 325 people had been buried alive. At that time 200 thousand people had suicided. During the Culture Revolution more than 57.55 million people were killed or suicided(“Culture Revolution” Wikipedia)

Wednesday, December 7, 2011


THE CULTURE REVOLUTION

video from youtube.

Wednesday, December 7, 2011


THE CULTURE REVOLUTION The economy had lost US1420 billion dollars. Mao’s little red book had been published 350 million copies. Many tombs had also been destroyed during that time, including Chiang Kai-shek’s (president of Republic of China) mother’s tomb. In April 1969, the Ninth Party Congress was held. Lin Biao (Mao’s biggest support) had started to critic Liu Shaoqi as the counter-revolutionary , in that congress, they passed Mao’s Thought as the ideology as the party. Wednesday, December 7, 2011


THE CULTURE REVOLUTION Liu Shaoqi had been arrest and his position had been replaced by Mao. Mao Zedong had finally achieved his goal to regain his political power. In order to achieve his goal, he had bring the whole China into disaster. The Culture Revolution finally end after Mao’s death.

Wednesday, December 7, 2011


THE CULTURE REVOLUTION Today many people blamed the Gang of four for the responsibility of the culture revolution. The Gang of four is the name given for the political officers. The four member include: Jiang Qing ( Mao’s last wife, and she is the leading of the group), and other three her closed associates, Zhang Chunqiao, Yao Wenyuan and Wang Hongwen. During the Culture Revolution the Gang of four controlled the power of the Communism Party. That’s what the Chinese believed, they believed the Culture Revolution was planned by the Gang of Four, but the fact is every decision were made by Mao. Wednesday, December 7, 2011


THE CULTURE REVOLUTION The decision were all made by Mao and the Gang of four is just carrying out the plan. The picture on the left is the poster which is blaming the Gang of Four for the responsibility of the Culture Revolution. (“Gang of Four” Wikipedia)

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HOW MANY PEOPLE HAD BEEN KILLED BY MAO ZEDONG Event

Number of Deaths

Kill the Nationalists’ Army

8 million (PRC poster)

Great Leap Forward (Starvation) Culture Revolution (Red Guard’s Attack) Total

30 to 46 million+ (wikipedia) 57.55 million+ (wikipedia) Around 111.55 million(+ or 30 million)

Not include killing the Landlords in the Agriculture reform Wednesday, December 7, 2011


DIFFERENT IDEA OF THE CULTURE REVOLUTION Today many people who are the leftist (Mao’s believers in main land) still believed that the Cultural Revolution had a positive impact on the society. They believed during that time Chinese People were having the “Freedom”. In their opinions, during that time people were united and the society was perfect classless. People were equal during that time.

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THE HIDDEN FACTS Special Relationships between Mao Zeng Dong and Chiang Kai-shek

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THE HIDDEN FACTS This fact Chinese people seldom talked about and many people in mainland even never known before. And this fact had been proven to be correct. The fact is Mao Zedong is the cousin of Chiang Kai-shek by marriage. Mao Fumel was the first wife of Chiang Kaishek (“Mao Fumei” wikipedia). She married Chiang Kai-shek in 1901, and gave birth the children, Chiang Ching-kuo, the president of Republic of China after Chiang Kai-shek’s death. Mao Fumel had been proven has a very far cousin relationship with Mao. Mao Fumel and Mao Zedong had the same ancestors. This means Chiang Kai-shek had married a woman whom had the same ancestor with Mao. (book references from the online newspaper: 毛澤東祖籍溯源-從韶山到衢州) <Economy Daily News>

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THE HIDDEN FACTS The Misunderstood of Maoâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;a Marriage Law

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THE HIDDEN FACTS-MISUNDERSTOOD OF THE MARRIAGE LAW

Mao’s Marriage Law is believed to be the “first” time to let the Chinese woman to become equal with man, but it was not the “first”. The Marriage Law was in the 1950, but there was another law called the Constitution of the Republic of China protected woman rights started from 1947, October, 25th. In the Constitution of Liberty part, there are clear written woman and man are equal, and the Patriarchalism are not allowed. Until today the Constitution of the Republic of China still protect and give rights to women in Taiwan. The Law had been longest Constitution in all the China history.

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HOW MAO HAD EFFECTED ON MY LIFE

Wednesday, December 7, 2011


HOW MAO HAD EFFECTED ON MY LIFE It was the year of 1949, the year of the failure of the Chinese capitalism. During that time my grandfather (My mother’s father) was a solider fighting against the communism when he was only 14 years old. Most of the battle communist won and many soldiers of our capitalism government were killed. My grandfather (mother’s father) was!" extremely lucky he survived; he was fighting in Kinmen County and we won the war, and that war is the reason why the communist hadn’t taken Taiwan. Another thing I want to say is my father is living on Kinmen County! If we never won that war, my grandfather would had been killed and my father will now be in Mainland China and would never meet my mom, so that means I would never exist! During that war many of my father’s cousins escaped to Singapore, and that’s why I have so many of my cousins are Singaporean.

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CONCLUSION

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CONCLUSION Maoâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s reforms had deeply effected on the life in Chinese people. In the Great Leap Forward, millions of families had been broke apart and formed many communes. In communes people in the village all live together.People in the farm were forced to make steal which they was found useless. The failure of the Great Leap Forward had started a starvation which killed millions of people. In the Culture Revolution, education had been deeply effected and many teachers, professors had been killed.

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CONCLUSION Students at that time had been brain washed during that time. They became Mao’s politic tool, his personal army ,Red Guards. Red Guard attacked millions (56 millions) of innocent citizens, they killed the innocent citizens for the crime of being rightest. They rubbed and grab any money and valuables. They said every properties should belongs to the country. They also destroy museums, churches, temples, and anything they thought as the old culture. “Chinese culture” had been deeply damage during that time. Even thought those Mao’s reforms had killed millions of people, some people still get advantages through the reforms. Poor people and farmers got a chance to become upper status, they were no longer working for the land lords, but they even could beat and abuse those land lords to death. He continued the ideas from Constitution of the Republic of China and made a Marriage Law to protect women.

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CONCLUSION During Mao’s ruling ages, China was a “perfect” communism country. People were all equal but no one had any human rights to judge Mao. “Classless” was Mao’s idea, but he seized all the political power himself. He wanted every people to work together and can’t keep any personal properties. Through the Great Leap Forward he tried to take these communism ideas into real life, and that’s why the communes were formed. The fail of the Great Leap Forward showed that the “communism economy strategy” wouldn’t work.

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CONCLUSION Mao wasn’t happy that the China were starting to have markets, people were started to trade freely. These were not the communism ideas, and in fact those were “ Capitalism!” His anger had brought him to start the Culture Revolution to regain his political power. In Mao’s China millions of lives were killed and even more were threatened. Everything Mao did had deeply effected on all the Chinese people even today. My grandfathers’ mother had cried until blind during the Culture Revolution. Life was hard, people were in suffer and many of them even worse. Billions of lives had changed because of Mao. Wednesday, December 7, 2011


CONCLUSION My grandfather had forced to fight against the communism at the age of 14. Luckily he survived the wars and in the same year he went to Taiwan with the army. Thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s how he meet my grandmother. I had deeply known without the Chinese Civil War in 1949 I would never exist. I was born because of this big environment. Not only me, my grade seven teacher in Taiwan and one of my friends in Victor Middle School had also been effected by Mao. Their families were very rich and owned a lot of land in China. However, the land had been taken away from Maoâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s government and they escaped to Taiwan.

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CONCLUSION Mao’s rule had huge impact on all people’s lives. Not only causing many Chinese’s deaths at that time, but also still effecting millions of lives today. After his death, China became a “non free dictatorship capitalism country which labeled communism.” Taiwanese (Republic of China) people today had still been effected by the communism. Many people in the country want to get independent from China. Chinese communism now is so powerful that we have no chance to spread our democracy.

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CONCLUSION China is stilling threatening us and want us to surrender under their communism flag. Communism China (mainland) forced Republic of China (Taiwan) to quit UN in 1971. America was our biggest allies, but in 1979, America break off diplomatic relations with Republic of China (Taiwan), and built diplomatic relations with the communism China. In Americaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s view they believed Taiwan was part of the communism China , but we are not! America signed with China saying they wonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t support Taiwan to join any state level organization. In every international games, and many international

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CONCLUSION organization. Republic of China couldn’t take our flag or called what we are, PRC forced us to be called “Chinese Taipei” to be seen as part of the PRC just like Hong Kong. We strongly believed we are a nation and we have longer history than PRC. Mao had deeply effected on the society even today.

Wednesday, December 7, 2011


REFERENCES 1.Video 1.Culture Revolution - Public Execution & Impact - YouTube. YouTube - Broadcast Yourself. Youtube Inc., 23 Sept. 2008. Web. 28 Nov. 2011. <http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=DIrUHVFkm9A>.

2.Books: 1.Gay, Kathlyn. Mao Zedong's China. Minneapolis, MN: Twenty-First Century, 2008. Print. Dictatorship. 2.Malaspina, Ann. The Chinese Revolution and Mao Zedong. USA: Ann Malaspina, 2004. Print. Ser. 2. 3.Internet: 1."Cultural Revolution." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia Foundation, Inc., 25 Nov. 2011. Web. 28 Nov. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cultural_Revolution>.

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REFERENCES 2."Mao Zedong." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia Foundation, Inc., 30 Nov. 2011. Web. 30 Nov. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mao_Zedong>. 3."Gang of Four." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia Foundation, Inc., 19 Sept. 2011. Web. 30 Nov. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gang_of_Four>.

4."毛澤東與蔣介石是遠房姻親 毛祖居地與蔣原配故鄉均為浙江江山清漾 同為江南毛氏56代傳人 | 經 濟日報 Economic Daily News." 經濟日報 Economic Daily News. 聯合報, 10 June 2010. Web. 03 Dec. 2011. <http://edn.gmg.tw/article/view.jsp?aid=279385>. 5."Chiang Ching-kuo." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia Foundation, Inc., 4 Nov. 2011. Web. 03 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chiang_Ching-kuo>. 6."Mao Fumei." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia Foundation, Inc., 24 Oct. 2011. Web. 03 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mao_Fumei>. 7."Constitution of the Republic of China." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia Foundation, Inc., 24 Nov. 2011. Web. 4 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Constitution_of_the_Republic_of_China>.

Wednesday, December 7, 2011


communism in China part 2