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Sports March 2014

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Catch some knowledge and pass it on Troy Bottom SPORTS EDITOR

• Fundamentals: Football consists of two teams competing against each other with 22 players on the field at a time, 11 for each team. Each team is given 3 timeouts per half. At the professional and collegiate level, teams are also given two challenges which can be used to question a call or decision made by the officials, and have them use instant replay to correct the call. • The basics: Players are required to wear a helmet, mouthpiece, shoulder pads, and protective hip, knee, butt, and thigh pads. Referees are required for each game along with a group of individuals to control the “chains”, or the first down markers. At each end of the field, there are 10 yards designated as the end zone. This creates a 100 yard field which is marked every ten yards, increasing from yard 1 to 50 and back down to 1. Each team is designated to protect their end zone with their defense, while the opponent attempts to score with their offense. • Special Teams: Each game is started with a coin toss to determine which team will receive the ball to start the game and who will get it after halftime. Both teams have their special teams take the field, which are players who take the field when a kick of any sort is about to take place, either a punt, kick, or extra point. The ball is then kicked off at the 30 yard line and the receiving team catches the ball and tries to move the ball as close to the opponents end zone as possible. To stop a

player from reaching the end zone, they must be tackled and brought to the floor with at least their elbow or knee touching the floor for a player to be deemed down. • The “O”: The offense then will take the field from where their player was tackled, also known as the line of scrimmage. Each play must be started with a snap which the ball is going through the centers legs, except for a kickoff. There are several ways an offense can line up, but it is required that seven players are on the line of scrimmage for each play. The offense now has 4 downs or tries to progress the football 10 yards from that line of scrimmage, referred to as a first down. The offense then snaps the ball in which it must go through the centers legs, one of the players on the line of scrimmage. From here the offense can either pass or run the ball forward past the defense and closer to the end zone. • In the air: If it is a pass, a player must be behind the line of scrimmage and throw it forward to a teammate who then must have two feet in bounds (1 foot for collegiate and high school level). If the ball is caught by the defense, it is called an interception and the defensive player who intercepted the ball must be tackled before he takes it to the opponents’ end zone. If no one catches a forward pass, the ball is dead, and is called an incomplete pass, causing that play to come to an end. If the ball is thrown backwards and incomplete, it is a live ball or fumble and then may be picked up by the defense. • On the ground: If an offense decides to run, the ball carrier must hold on to the ball

while trying to gain yards, or he could fumble before he is completely down and turn the ball over to the defense. If an offense does not get a first down in 3 downs, special teams come out onto the field to punt the ball away, giving the opponent tougher field position. • Sick kicks: If the offensive team is in range, they could attempt a field goal, which requires a kicker to kick the ball through the field goal post for a total of 3 points. If a field goal is missed, the opposing team is on offense at the spot where the missed kick was attempted. If a team eludes all of the defenders and scores a touchdown, 6 points will be awarded. A special team is then called onto the field for an extra point, which is a field goal attempted from the 2 ½ yard line worth 1 point. But a team could opt out of the extra point and attempt a two point conversion, which gives the offense one attempt at getting the ball in the end zone from the 2 ½ yard line which is worth 2 points. • For your saftey: The only other way to score is a safety which happens when a team is tackled into their own end zone or the ball goes out of bounds in their end zone. At the end of the 4 quarters, the team with the most points wins. But if the teams are tied, they must go into overtime. For the professional level, the first team to score a touchdown wins, but if the team that gets the ball first scores a field goal on their first possession of overtime, the opponent is given a shot to score after a kickoff. The team with the most points at the end of the game is the victor.

The chat newspaper march 2014 year 14 issue #9  

The official Newspaper of the Pembroke Pines Charter High School. A CHC Production – Sponsored by the Communications & Technology Department...

The chat newspaper march 2014 year 14 issue #9  

The official Newspaper of the Pembroke Pines Charter High School. A CHC Production – Sponsored by the Communications & Technology Department...

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