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1


TABLE OF CONTENTS

HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL

3

REGULAR MAINTENANCE

4

CLEANING CODES

5

SPOTS AND STAINS

6

SPOT CLEANING – TABLE I

7-9

GERMICIDES AND HEALTHCARE FACILITIES

10

POPULAR DISINFECTANTS – TABLE II

11

100% BASF ZEFTRON

12-13

C-1™ TREATED FABRICS

14

C- 1.5 & C – 2 TREATED FABRICS

15

NANO-TEX RESISTS SPILLS

16-17

CRYPTON™ FROM DESIGNTEX

18

GORE SEATING PROTECTION

19

INDIUM, GYPSUM, PYRITE AND SPORTSWEAR STADIUM SEATING

20

SPOT CLEANING FOR SPORTSWEAR – TABLE III

21

HIGH PERFORMANCE VINYL

22

YUCATAN VINYL UPHOLSTERY

23

“SWAYED” FAUX LEATHER UPHOLSTERY

24

CLEANING BY FABRIC CONTENT Solution-dyed fibers FR Avora Polyester, Wool Cotton and Rayon, Vinyl/Polyurethane, Mohair.

25 26 27

TOPICAL TREATMENTS

28

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HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL

This manual has been arranged for your ease and convenience. Although you may wish to turn to specific sections to learn more about a specific cleaning problem or fabric, we recommend that, regardless of which fabric you wish to clean, you begin with the following sequence:

Regular Maintenance Cleaning Codes Sections on your specific fabric – fiber content, topical treatments, etc. General sections on spots and stains if need be.

If you have additional questions after reading this manual, please contact our Technical Services Department at 800-221-1540.

The information and recommendations in this manual are furnished without warranty, representation, or inducement of any kind, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular use or purpose. Users are encouraged to read the product specification and determine appropriateness for specific applications.

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REGULAR MAINTENANCE Regular and proper maintenance of your upholstery fabric permits less frequent cleaning. Maintenance is routine, on-going care which reduces soil build-up on a fabric’s surface. Maintenance also includes promptly treating spots and stains.

Vacuum regularly with a proper upholstery attachment to thoroughly remove air-borne dust and lint. Promptly treat spots and stains. 1 Clean periodically to remove accumulated grime and retain the fabric’s original appearance as much as possible. Turn and rotate loose cushions to equalize wear and soiling. Clean protective arm covers and head rests so they do not look different from the rest of your upholstery.

1

An International Fabricare study confirmed the detrimental effects of allowing stains to age, when they could have been successfully removed, if treated immediately. After one week, 20% of stains could not be removed. After 3 weeks, 50% of stains could not be removed. If a stain has oxidized, or totally hardened, it forms an insoluble product that cannot be removed.

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CLEANING CODES CLEANING CODES apply only to the outer part of your fabric. Do not over-wet the fabric! If you do, you may damage the upholstery’s filling materials! Special finishes or laminations, such as a protective coating (e.g. C-1™) or a flame retardant treatment, may modify a fabric’s cleaning code. 2

W–

Clean only with water-based shampoo or foam upholstery cleaner. 3 Do not over wet. Do not use dry cleaning solvents. Pile fabric may require brushing to restore its appearance. Remove cushion covers to launder.

S–

Clean only with dry cleaning solvent. Do not saturate. Do not use water. Remove cushion covers to launder.

WS –

Clean with a mild detergent shampoo, foam or dry cleaning solvents. Do not saturate with liquids. Pile fabric may require brushing to restore its appearance. Remove cushion covers to launder.

X–

Do not clean with either water or solvent-based cleaner. Use only vacuuming or light brushing.

2

Due to the adhesive type used in lamination (e.g. “WS” code may change to “S” or “W” code) Water-based cleaning agents are often sold as upholstery shampoo. They are usually sold as foams, concentrated liquids and dry compounds. Examples include Glamorene, Glory, Blue Lustre and Woolite. 3

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SPOTS AND STAINS Get to it quickly! If a spot, spill or stain occurs, it must be cleaned quickly. It may become difficult or impossible to remove if allowed to set. Fluids Remove fluids immediately from the surface and do not let them penetrate the cushion or furniture construction. Solids or Semi-Solids Carefully break up solid or semi-solid substances (such as mustard) with a flat object—butter knife, spatula. Then vacuum to remove as much of the stain as possible before using a cleaning agent. Large or unusual stains See a reputable professional cleaning service.

PRETEST A Small, Hidden Area with Cleaning Agents 1. 2. 3. 4.

Use only a small amount of cleaner applied with a dampened towel to avoid spreading the stain or shrinking the fabric. Work in from the outside edge to the center of the stain. Blot the cleaning agent on, DO NOT RUB or you may damage the fabric. Remove the cleaning agent by rinsing the fabric and blotting it dry with an absorbent cloth, paper towel or sponge once the stain is removed.

After removing the cleaning agent, 5. Allow the fabric to dry. 6. Check for color change. If the cleaner made the fabric wet, allow it to set for one or two hours and 7. Check for shrinkage. You may have to test several cleaning agents before you find one that does not change the fabric’s color or make it shrink.

The rest of your fabric Spot and stain removal may also remove accumulated soil from the fabric. The newly cleaned area may look much different from the rest of your fabric. You may then need to clean its entire surface.

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TABLE I – SPOT CLEANING WATER-BASED STAINS PRETEST a small hidden area with each recommended cleaning agent before working on any stain. Spot cleaning may sometimes contradict some of the cleaning code instructions provided for regular cleaning and maintenance. Some fabrics may tolerate some of the usually nonrecommended cleaning methods and chemicals when spot treating only. HOWEVER, YOU MUST FIRST PRETEST EACH CLEANING AGENT IN AN INCONSPICUOUS AREA. Water-Based Stains

Water-Based Stains

Suggested Cleaning Agent

Beer Blood Catsup Chocolate Coffee Cola Drinks Egg Fruit Juice Ink (washable) Iodine Iron Rust Milk Drinks Tea Urine Vomit Water Wine

2,6 1,2,3 2 1,2,3 2,4,6 2 2 1 1,2 1 1,7 2 2 2,6 1,2,6 8

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

1,3,6

Treatment Sponge off water-based stains with clear water (use only cold water for blood). If you have spilled only water, then blot with alcohol only. If stain persists, sponge or brush lightly with water and detergent and rinse. When several alternative cleaning agents are suggested (e.g. 2,4,6) BEGIN WITH THE LOWEST NUMBERED AGENT. If this agent does not fully remove the stain, then wet extract and allow to air dry. Then try the next higher numbered agent. Again, if this agent does not fully remove the stain, then wet extract, allow to air dry, and try the next higher numbered agent.

CLEANING AGENT CODES Water A detergent solution A detergent/ammonia (3-6%) solution A volatile-type solvent A paint, oil or grease remover Undiluted white vinegar Oxalic or citric acids Alcohol

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TABLE I – SPOT CLEANING OIL-BASED STAINS PRETEST a small hidden area with each recommended cleaning agent before working on any stain. Spot cleaning may sometimes contradict some of the cleaning code instructions provided for regular cleaning and maintenance. Some fabrics may tolerate some of the usually nonrecommended cleaning methods and chemicals when spot treating only. HOWEVER, YOU MUST FIRST PRETEST EACH CLEANING AGENT IN AN INCONSPICUOUS AREA.

Oil-Based Stains

Suggested Cleaning Agent

Butter Chewing Gum Crayons Grease Oil Ink (ballpoint/felt tip) Lipstick Margarine Mayonnaise Nail Polish Salad Oil Dressing Shoe Polish

4 4,5(4)* 4,5(4)* 4,5(4)* 8,4,5 5,(4)* 4 4 4 4 4 1,2,4

10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17.

Sponge oil-based stains with the recommended spot remover. DO NOT APPLY SOLVENT DIRECTLY, but on a cloth or sponge. Remove excess solvent with a blotter or tissues. When several alternative cleaning agents are suggested (e.g. 2,4,6) BEGIN WITH THE LOWEST NUMBERED AGENT. If this agent does not fully remove the stain, then wet extract and allow to air dry. Then try the next higher numbered agent. Again, if this agent does not fully remove the stain, wet extract, allow to air dry, and try the next higher numbered agent.

CLEANING AGENT CODES Water A detergent solution A detergent/ammonia (3-6%) solution A volatile-type solvent A paint, oil or grease remover Undiluted white vinegar Oxalic or citric acids Alcohol

*

Designtex

Treatment

You may need to use an after-treatment with a volatile-type solvent.

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TABLE I – SPOT CLEANING COMBINATION STAINS PRETEST a small hidden area with each recommended cleaning agent before working on any stain. Spot cleaning may sometimes contradict some of the cleaning code instructions provided for regular cleaning and maintenance. Some fabrics may tolerate some of the usually nonrecommended cleaning methods and chemicals when spot treating only. HOWEVER, YOU MUST FIRST PRETEST EACH CLEANING AGENT IN AN INCONSPICUOUS AREA.

Combination Oil- and Water-Based Stains Chocolate Gravy Mustard Grass Stains

19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26.

Suggested Cleaning Agent

Treatment

Begin by treating combination stains with a spot remover. Some may require professional treatment. When several alternative cleaning agents are suggested (e.g. 2,4,6) BEGIN WITH THE LOWEST NUMBERED AGENT. If this agent does not fully remove the stain, then wet extract and allow to air dry. Then try the next higher numbered agent. Again, if this agent does not fully remove the stain, wet extract, allow to air dry, and try the next higher numbered agent.

1,2,3 2 2 2

CLEANING AGENT CODES Water A detergent solution A detergent/ammonia (3-6%) solution A volatile-type solvent A paint, oil or grease remover Undiluted white vinegar Oxalic or citric acids Alcohol

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GERMICIDES IN HEALTHCARE FACILITIES

Nylon or Polyester Fabrics It is very important to use the correct type of germicide when cleaning your nylon or polyester fabric. )QUATERNARY TYPE GERMICIDES can be safely used if properly rinsed with water following cleaning to eliminate any possible staining due to the germicide itself. )PHENOL TYPE GERMICIDES ARE NOT RECOMMENDED for cleaning nylon or polyester fabrics, because the germicide itself may stain the fabric even after proper rinsing.

Following Concentration Instructions: It is very important to note that disinfectants, such as germicides, should be used in the proper concentration as recommended by the manufacturer and as indicated on the labels. If you do not follow these instructions, you may harm the fabric.

The table on the following page lists common germicidal products by chemical type, brand name and manufacturer.

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POPULAR DISINFECTANT PRODUCTS TABLE II

TRADE NAME

TYPE

MANUFACTURER

A33

Quaternary

Airkem

Absolute

Quaternary

Walton-March

Alcide LD

Chlorine Oxide

Alcide

Beaucoup

Phenolic

Huntington

Blue Chip

Quaternary

Franklin Sentinel

Quaternary

S.C. Johnson/subsidiary of Johnson Wax Purex

Galahad

Phenolic

Puritan/Churchill

Hi-Tor Plus

Quaternary

Huntington

Insurance

Quaternary

Calgon Vestal

LPH

Phenolic

Calgon Vestal

Matar

Phenolic

Huntington

Omega

Quaternary

Airkem

Pro-Tech RDI-36B

Quaternary

Central Solutions, Inc.

Quanto

Quaternary

Huntington

Sanikleen

Quaternary

West Chemical

Sanimaster III

Quaternary

Service Master

Surfacide

Quaternary

Walton-March

Tri-Quat

Quaternary

Calgon Vestal

Vesphere II

Quaternary

Calgon Vestal

Virex 128

Quaternary

Coverage 256

Quaternary

S.C. Johnson Wax/ subsidiary of Johnson Wax Calgon Vestal

El Dorado Plus

Quaternary

Puritan/Churchill

Elimstaph

Quaternary

Walter G. Legge

Forward DC

Quaternary

S.C. Johnson Wax/ Subsidiary of Johnson Wax

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100% BASF ZEFTRON NYLON

“WS” Cleaning Code Heavy-duty solution dyed fabrics like these tend to be used in healthcare, hospitality and institutional environments involving greater staining risks. Below are some additional cleaning and spotting procedures for more difficult stains. 4

Benzoyl Peroxide Blood 5 Coffee Cola Cough Syrup Germicide (Phenol) Maalox Mayonnaise Urine

Germicides (quaternary) Ice Cream Ketchup Other oil-based stains

Pre-Spray and Steam Clean 1. Spray with an ammonia-based upholstery pre-conditioning agent (for ex. Steam Way’s Internationals’ Upholstery Prespray). 2. Let sit for 10 minutes. 3. Use a liquid rinsing and emulsifying agent (e.g. Steam Way’s Rinse Surfactant 2000) You may use a hot water extraction machine (e.g. Steamex) along with its upholstery hand-tool.

Apply a solvent and Steam Clean 1. Apply a volatile solvent (e.g. a solution of Picrin™ chlorinated solvent). 2. Steam clean.

4

Based on a special Designtex Fabrics/BASF study. This study was conducted at the laboratories of the Association of Specialists in Cleaning and Restoration in Annapolis Junction, Md. 5 All removal procedures and personnel training must comply with the OSHA Bloodborne Pathogen Standard.

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100% BASF ZEFTRON NYLON (continued)

zIf food or protein stains, such as: ice cream ketchup mustard red fruit punch remain after following the wet and/or dry cleaning instructions on Page 11: 1. 2. 3. 4.

Apply an enzyme digester treatment, such as Devour. Lightly steam (e.g. a Jiffy steamer) Let sit 30 minutes Blot

zIf paint or oil-based stains remain after following the wet and/or dry cleaning instructions on Page 11: 1. Sparingly apply a paint, oil and grease remover. Use just a little since these substances are not easy to remove. 2. Pack down with white toweling. 3. Apply a volatile dry solvent (e.g. Picrin™) 4. Clean by hot water extraction.

zIf highly colored stains remain after following the wet and/or dry cleaning instructions on Page 11: 1. 2. 3. 4.

Treat with a diluted solution of 4:1 water to household bleach (e.g. Clorox). Leave on the fabric for 60 minutes Blot Thoroughly rinse with water or steam extraction.

zIf ball-point ink stains remain after following the wet and/or dry cleaning instructions on Page11: 1. 2. 3. 4.

Treat with grain alcohol (methanol) Pack down with toweling. Leave for a few minutes. Blot.

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C-1™ TREATED FABRICS

“W” Modified (Foam) Cleaning Code

USE A FOAM CLEANER, or only the foam from a water-based cleaning product. ¾

¾ ¾

Use a good quality foam upholstery shampoo (without solvents) at the recommended dilution or use equipment specifically designed for foam cleaning (e.g. Von Shrader, VS2 Foam Upholstery Extraction Machine). Among the recommended upholstery shampoos are Chemspec™ Upholstery Shampoo, or SteamWay™ Upholstery Cleaning Concentrate HP Use a natural sponge to apply the foam. Extract with a wet/dry vacuum.

DO NOT OVERSATURATE OR OVERWET.

DO NOT USE SOLVENTS UNLESS AS DIRECTED BY THESE INSTRUCTIONS.

DO NOT USE BLEACH, unless fabric is 100% solution-dyed (e.g. Zeftron).

PRETEST all colors for bleeding in a small, inconspicuous area with the cleaning solution.

REMOVE CUSHIONS for cleaning.

DO NOT USE HOT WATER EXTRACTION (“STEAM CLEANING”)

If the fabric is “over-soiled,” get a professional dry cleaner to “dry foam clean” the fabric.

Allow the fabric to dry at least 12 hours or overnight before using. SPOTTINGTECHNIQUES

In general, refer to the normal spotting techniques on pages 5-8. However, Do not use solvents and do not use bleach, unless fabric is 100% solution-dyed (e.g. Zeftron). Bleach may permanently affect the fabric substrate. Instead, treat oil-based stains by applying Picrin™ dry cleaning solution with a towel. Designtex testing found some common special spot cleaners to be ineffective on C-1 treated fabrics. Specifically, spot cleaners like K2r™ spot lifter, poultices with Capture™ and Host™ may leave permanent white rings. Sharpshooter™ (3M) should also be avoided. DISINFECTANTS The following disinfectants work well without leaving complicating stains: • 1% Lysol™ solution in recommended dilution. • 2% M.S.D. disinfectant from SteamWay in recommended dilution. Other disinfectants can stain or distort the fabric and should not be used: • Concentrated Lysol™ can stain. • Ammonium-phenate based disinfectant can distort the face coat. • 3% hydrogen peroxide can bleach the fabric substrate.

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C1.5 & C-2™ TREATED FABRICS

“WS” Cleaning Code Many soils and stains that have been on fabric for less than 24 hours can be easily removed by cleaning the C1.5 or C-2 protective coating with just a sponge and water. For soil and stains that do not completely respond to a sponge with water or have been present for some time, the use of foam upholstery cleaner or only the foam from a water – based cleaning product is recommended. ¾

¾ ¾

Use a good quality upholstery foam or commercial upholstery shampoo at recommended dilution or use equipment specifically designed for foam cleaning (e.g. Von Shrader, VS2 Foam Upholstery Extraction Machine) Among the recommended upholstery shampoos are Chemspec™ Upholstery Shampoo or Steamway™ Upholstery Cleaning Concentrate HP. Use a natural sponge to apply the foam Extract with a wet/dry vacuum

Do not oversaturate or overwet If stains appear to be oil based, any of the following solvent based cleaning agents are recommended: Fantastic, Carbona, Mineral Spirits, Chlorinated Solvent, X-Spect and Ammonia Do not use bleach, unless fabric is 100% solution-dyed (e.g. Zeftron BASF Nylon, ReDux Collection with solution- dyed polyester, etc.) Pretest all colors for bleeding in a small, inconspicuous area with the cleaning agent Remove cushions for cleaning Do not use hot water extraction “Steam Cleaning”, unless 100% solution-dyed fabric If the fabric is “over-soiled”, get a professional cleaning service to “dry foam clean” the fabric Allow the fabric to dry at least 12 hours or overnight before using

DISINFECTANTS The following disinfectants work well without leaving complicating stains: ¾ 1% Lysol™ solution in recommended dilution ¾ 2% M.S.D. disinfectant from Steamway in recommended dilution Other disinfectants can stain or distort the fabric and should not be used. ¾ Concentrated Lysol™ can stain ¾ Ammonium – phonate based disinfectant can distort the face coat 3% hydrogen peroxide can bleach the fabric substrate if substrate is not 100% solution-dyed.

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NANO-TEX RESISTS SPILLS™ Enhanced Fabrics WS* Spills and stains should be removed from fabrics as soon as possible. While staining will be minimized on NANO-TEX RESISTS SPILLS enhanced fabrics, cleaning may still be necessary. If spills are removed immediately, there will be minimal to no staining on the fabric. If spills go unnoticed for a period of time and staining occurs, the NANO-TEX RESISTS SPILLS enhanced fabric will clean easily and quickly with proper cleaning procedures.

Upholstery Fabrics •

Clean liquid spills quickly with a dry clean cloth. - For liquid spills, gently blot (don’t rub) spill immediately with an absorbent cloth while spill is still fresh. - Wipe off with clean water and a dry clean cloth if needed.

For semi-solid spills, try to lift the spot off of the fabric. - Working in a circular motion or removing the spill from the side is often the best means to lift spills from the fabric. - Change towel surface frequently until spot has been transferred off of the fabric and onto the absorbent cleaning cloth. (Try to avoid pressing the spill or spreading the stain.) - Wipe off with clean water and a dry clean cloth if needed.

For stubborn spills: - If a spill does not come off with water and a dry clean cloth, add a mild detergent mixed with water and repeat circular motion. Mild detergents Sport Wash Tide Free Cheer Free 4 Resolve fabric & Upholstery cleaner 409 All Purpose Cleaner MasterBlend MasterSpin RTU - If a stain remains a solvent may be needed to remove the stubborn stain. It is recommended to use odorless mineral spirits, dry cleaning fluid (Perchloroethylene) or Fantastik orange action degreaser and cleaner commercial line. - Wipe off with water and a dry clean cloth. (Do not rub harshly. The harder you rub when cleaning a spill, the deeper the soil can penetrate between the fibers.) - Remove all soap residue from the surface with clean water. If thorough rinsing does not occur re-soiling of the affected area can occur.

For Disinfection: - It is very important to use the correct type of germicide. The recommended germicides are Lysol, 4:1 Bleach (only if solution dyed), Asepticare, Wexcide, Citrace, Virex II and Enviro Care.

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NANO-TEX RESISTS SPILLS™ Cont’d

NANO-TEX RESISTS SPILLS enhanced fabrics offer superior liquid and stain repellency.

The application is permanently attached to the fibers and will not

affect the color or feel of the fabric.

Since the NANO-TEX RESISTS SPILLS

enhancement is not a topical coating or backing to fabric, the fabric remains breathable and comfortable.

Standard Cleaning Codes Always check for manufacturer’s cleaning codes. This is important to determine the proper type of cleaners to use. Please follow the recommended cleaning instructions.

* NOTE: - If the wrong type of cleaner or germicide is used, the fabric could be permanently damaged.

DO NOT USE: Cleaning Agents Zep Orange

Germicides Freshbreeze Precise Citrex Sanizide

- Some stains may require a second cleaning to achieve satisfactory results. - If there is detergent residue causing re-soiling, remove it using a hot water extraction method using clean water.

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CRYPTON™UPHOLSTERY FABRIC FROM DESIGNTEX INC.

“W” Cleaning Code

c Use mild soap and water. d Can be hot water extracted (“steam cleaned”) e DO NOT USE SOLVENT OR BLEACH! For further instructions please refer back to pages 5-8 for spot cleaning instructions or the website www.cryptoncare.com.

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Gore Seating Protection LIQUID SPILLS if cleaned before they dry, can easily be removed using a paper towel to absorb the liquid. Flush the area with water and apply a clean cloth, then blot dry. THICK, MOIST SPILLS : Lift as much of the spill as possible with a damp cloth, rotating the cloth as you wipe without pressing it into the fabric. Repeat this process with a clean cloth. The more spill you can pick up from the surface of the fabric without pressing it into the fabric, the easier it will be to remove any residue. If residue remains, flush the area with water and apply a clean cloth. Repeat this process as needed, then blot the fabric dry. SOLID or DRIED SPILLS: Remove as much of the solid or dried spill as possible with a soft brush and/or vacuum. If residue still remains of any of the above stains, treat the stain with anupholstery spot cleaner or fabric-safe detergent solution and let it sit for one minute. Flush the cleaner with water and apply a clean cloth, then blot dry. Greasy or Oil based Stains Lift as much of the spill as possible with a dry cloth, rotating the cloth as you wipe without pressing into the fabric. Repeat this process with a clean cloth. The more you can pick up from the surface of the fabric without pressing it into the fabric, the easier it will be to remove any residue. Treat the spill with an upholstery spot cleaner or fabric-safe detergent solution with a grease-cutting agent and let it sit for one minute. Flush the detergent or spot cleaner with water and apply a clean cloth, then blot dry. If residue still remains, treat the area with a solvent-based cleaner or a fabric degreaser to help break down the grease or oil. Flush the cleaner with water and apply a clean cloth, then blot dry. Blood and body fluids While stains involving blood and body fluids can be removed using the above procedures, healthcare providers should follow safety protocols for biological hazards and/or anti-viral treatments during the cleaning process. Then flush the area with water and apply a clean cloth; blot dry. Solution Dyed Nylons Stains that remain on solution dyed nylon fabrics after cleaning with the above methods may require cleaning with a 4 to 1 household bleach solution. Treat the stain with the bleach solution and let it sit for one minute. Flush the area with water and apply a clean cloth, then blot dry. NOTE: Cleaners containing bleach or other chemicals may discolor fabrics. Prior to their use, we recommend spot testing in an inconspicuous area of the furniture with the cleaning solution mixed to the proper dilution. You may also want to consult the fabric specifications from the fabric manufacturer before applying an aggressive or bleach-type cleaner. Household bleach solutions are typically a 5-6% concentration

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INDIUM, GYPSUM, PYRITE & SPORTSWEAR STADIUM SEATING

“W” Cleaning Code

• Wash with a mild soap solution. • If previously soiled, use a mild non-abrasive soap to wash and scrub with a sponge or soft brush. • DO NOT USE SOLVENTS!

For further instructions please refer back to Page 4 for “W” Cleaning Code methods and to pages 5-8 for spot cleaning instructions, however, DO NOT USE SOLVENTS.

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SPOT CLEANING FOR SPORTSWEAR

As always, GET TO IT QUICKLY. Use the CORRECT STAIN REMOVER; using the wrong stain remover may damage or even destroy the fabric.

REMOVAL PROCEDURE

KIND OF STAIN

Non-Greasy

Sponge with cold water, detergent and bleach. Rinse with clear water. Ammonia Harden with ice cubes; rub off with fingers. Vinegar Rinse with cold water. Dilute in ammonia. Sponge with detergent and water. Thoroughly rinse with cold water. Rinse with hot water. Harden with ice cubes. Rinse with cold water. Sponge with carbon tetrachloride. Rinse with cold water. Sponge with bleach. Rinse with cold water. Sponge with detergent and water. Rinse with cold water. Sponge with detergent and water. If fresh, pour boiling water through stain. If stubborn, bleach with hypochlorite or hydrogen peroxide. Sponge with alcohol. Sponge with detergent and water. Sponge with carbon tetrachloride. Sponge with alcohol. Sponge with alcohol. Scrub with detergent and water. Rinse. If stain remains, use petroleum jelly, then sponge with carbon tetrachloride. Some inks dissolve in glycerin followed by shampoo. Sponge with alcohol or carbon tetrachloride. Sponge with bleach. Rinse with water. Sponge with carbon tetrachloride. Apply warm glycerine. Wash with sudsy water and hydrosulfite bleach. Scrub with detergent and water. Sponge with carbon tetrachloride. Scrub with detergent and water. Sponge with carbon tetrachloride or turpentine (latex and acrylic paints wash away if not dried) Sponge with peroxide or ammonia. Water rinse. Sponge with lemon, vinegar or oxalic acid. Sponge with hot water. Moisten with carbon tetrachloride. Scrape off. Repeat. Scrub with borax solution. Rinse, or keep stain moist with lemon juice. Expose to sun for a day or two.

Acid Adhesive Tape Alkali

Blood Butter Chewing Gum Chocolate Coffee Egg Fruit

Grass Ice Cream Iodine Ink (writing) Ink (ball point)

Lipstick Mildew Milk or Cream Mustard Oil Paint

Perspiration Rust Sugar Tar Tea

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21


HIGH PERFORMANCE VINYL UPHOLSTERY

“W” Cleaning Code High performance vinyl is resistant to most common chemicals used for sterilization and cleaning in medical environments. It will not discolor with repeated use of NORMAL DILUTIONS of chlorine bleaches, ammonia-based cleaners, and common oxidizing and reducing chemicals.

Wash with a mild soap solution.

DO NOT USE SOLVENTS!

• •

If previously soiled, wash and scrub with a sponge or soft brush using a mild nonabrasive cleaner.

If stained, you may use a diluted bleach solution (1 part household bleach, 4 parts water). Blot onto the stain. Let sit for approximately 60 minutes. 6 Remove by hot water extraction.

For further instructions please refer back to Page 4 for “W” Cleaning Code methods and to pages 5-8 for spot cleaning instructions.

6

Be careful to avoid contact with skin and non-fabric parts of the furniture.

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YUCATAN VINYL UPHOLSTERY

“W” Cleaning Code •

Regular Maintenance ¾

To prevent overall soiling, vacuum frequently or brush lightly with a non-metallic, stiff bristle brush to remove dust and grime.

¾

Do NOT hot water extract/ steam clean.

¾

Do NOT remove cushion covers and launder.

¾

If your fabric has reached an “overall soiled condition” use a professional cleaning service.

Spills, Spots and Stains ¾

Blot spills IMMEDIATELY.

¾

SPOT CLEAN with water-based shampoo or FOAM UPHOLSTERY CLEANER.

¾

Clean spots or stains from the outside to the middle of the affected area to prevent circling.

¾

PRETEST a small, inconspicuous area.

¾

DO NOT OVERWET.

¾

DO NOT USE SOLVENTS!

¾ Pile fabrics may require brushing with a non-metallic, stiff bristle brush to restore appearance.

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23


DESIGNTEX’S “SWAYED” (FAUX SUEDE)

“WS” Cleaning Code Regular Maintenance Swayed is stain resistant and easy to clean using a suede brush. Stains For very difficult stains, clean with warm sudsy water or solvents.

For further instructions please refer back to Page 4 for “WS” Cleaning Code methods and pages 5-8 for spot cleaning instructions.

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CLEANING BY FABRIC CONTENT

SOLUTION DYED FIBERS Fabrics containing 100% solution dyed fibers (e.g. Nuts & Bolts – Zeftron 200 Nylon) are very colorfast. 7 These fabrics carry a “WS” cleaning code and, when needed, can be cleaned with both waterbased and solvent-based cleaning systems, including such strong cleaning agents such as diluted bleach. Stubborn stains: zUse a carpet cleaning detergent. zBlot stain with diluted bleach (1 part household bleach, 4 parts water) zAllow to sit for approximately 60 minutes. zRemove bleach solution by hot water extraction (“steam cleaning”).

8

zIf cleaning with bleach does not completely remove the stain, please consider the spot cleaning procedures on pages 5-8. You may also wish to consult a professional cleaning service. 9

Germicides: )DO NOT USE phenol type germicides. These chemicals will stain nylon fabrics. If you mistakenly apply a phenol type germicide, rinse quickly and thoroughly with water. The stain should come out. )You may use quaternary type germicides. When doing so, make sure to RINSE THOROUGHLY, or some staining may occur. zDisinfectants such as germicides should only be used according to the manufacturer’s recommendations, especially with regard to concentration levels.

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Pigments are part of the polymer during synthetic fiber extrustion. Be careful to avoid contact with skin and non-fabric parts of furniture. 9 Our studies have found some typical stains that are difficult to remove by conventional methods. These include ballpoint ink, cream shoe polish, and latex paint. These probably require spot removal procedures by a professional cleaning service. 8

Designtex

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25


CLEANING BY FABRIC CONTENT (CONTINUED)

FR AVORA™ POLYESTER

100% FR Avora™ (polyester) is made with inherently flame retardant fibers. Standard cleaning and maintenance: Designtex fabrics with these contents carry a “WS” Cleaning Code. They can be cleaned with both water-based and solvent-based cleaning systems.

Problem stains: Our studies have found several stains that are difficult to totally remove from FR Avora fabrics. These include: Bleach Mayonnaise Latex Paint Suntan Lotion Catsup

Methylene Blue Pepto Bismol Phenol type Germicides Motor Oil Petroleum Jelly

Ballpoint Ink Mud Shoe Polish

These stains probably require spot removal procedures by a professional cleaning service.

WOOL Zirpro™ Treated Wool: Wool fabrics that have been Zirpro treated have a “permanent” flame-retardant finish. Designtex fabrics with this content carry a “WS” Cleaning Code. They can be cleaned with both water-based and solvent-based cleaning systems. If using a water-based cleaning system, BE SURE THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE FURNITURE CAN WITHSTAND THE MOISTURE. Untreated Wool: Untreated wool fabrics as well as high-content wool fabrics (60% +) also carry a “WS” Cleaning Code, UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED.

Designtex

800.221.1540

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26


CLEANING BY FABRIC CONTENT (CONTINUED)

COTTON AND RAYON 100% cotton fabrics & 50%-100% cotton and/or rayon fabrics

“S� Cleaning Code Solvent-based cleaning systems only. Other cleaning systems may cause shrinkage as well as dye bleeding.

VINYL/POLYURETHANE Regular Maintenance: z Wipe the furniture once a month with a damp, soapy cloth or sponge. z Do NOT OVERWET! Be sure the construction of the furniture does not become wet. z Rinse with clean water. z Dry. z DO NOT USE (These products may cause permanent damage): wax polishes acetone perchloroethylene trichloreothylene solvents detergents powdered adhesives steel wool z If you have any doubt about the proper maintenance procedures, cleaning or spot removal, seek expert advice from a reputable cleaning service.

MOHAIR Regular Maintenance: z Brush regularly with a firm clothes brush in the direction of the nap and/or vacuum with an upholstery nozzle. z Wet a sponge with water. Squeeze it out. Apply a foam shampoo to the sponge or only the foam from a liquid shampoo. z Always treat the entire surface of the soiled furniture. z After each treatment, use a soft brush working in the direction of the nap. Problem Stains: If you do not succeed in removing a stain with these procedures, seek expert advice from a professional cleaning service. Certain stains are very difficult to remove and may be permanent.

Designtex

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27


TOPICAL TREATMENTS

“S” Cleaning Code Any fabric that has been topically flame retardant treated may only be cleaned with solventbased cleaning systems. DO NOT USE WATER-BASED CLEANING SYSTEMS!

TOPICAL FR TREATMENTS

The flame retardant processing involves, in most cases, water-based flame retardants and, therefore, water-based cleaning systems will dissolve or diminish flame retardancy.

Designtex

800.221.1540

Samples. Orders. Information

www.dtex.com

28


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