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LIONS PARK HUB Five Years Later


INTRODUCTION


For six years, the Auburn University Rural Studio has worked with Greensboro community leaders to create one of the most diverse parks in Alabama. Lions Park is home to numerous organizations representing a wide range of socioeconomic backgrounds. During this time, Auburn has taken this defining characteristic and enhanced it to continually help make Lions Park a better park to inhabit. This past year, our group, like the ones before us, took a hard look at the master plan of the park and the evolutionary process that has shaped it. We examined the park’s features, both the things needing improvements, and the ones tzhat could continue to cultivate success. This book documents our research, design, findings and opinions about where the park is now, and where it could go in the future.


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greensboro hale county, al

population: 2,527 population below poverty: 26% median household income: $31,091 percent who graduate high school: 65.2% percent with bachelor’s degree: 8.1% number of rural studio projects here: 18 number of public parks: 3 The first settlements were made in Greensboro in 1816. It was incorporated as a town in December 1823 as Greensborough, before then the community was known as Troy. It was named in honor of American Revolutionary War general Nathanael Greene, and was soon shortened to Greensboro.


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Downtown Greensboro, AL


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the rural studio hale county, al

1

The Rural Studio is a design / build program in Hale County, Alabama founded in 1993 by the late professors D.K. Ruth and Samuel Mockbee. The studio’s aim has been to design affordable, beautiful, and well-built buildings that bring life to povertystricken communities scattered across rural Alabama. After Samuel Mockbee passed away in 2001, Andrew Freear took over as his successor.

2

There are 2 sets of students that come out to Rural Studio, 3rd year groups that stay for one semester and work as one unit on an ongoing project, and thesis students that may stay out here for up to 2 years working in smaller groups .

3

The focus of the students’ academic year is the research, design, construction, and completion of a complex community project. Working in teams of 3-5, the students formulate sustainable building programs, write grants, make community presentations, and design and build their projects from foundation to roof.

4

This year, there were 3 projects selected. There is a town hall for Newbern, a bathouse at Payne Lake Park, and a scout facility in Lion’s park.


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Table of Contents

10

History

26

Built Analysis

40

Program

52

Siting

68

Precedents

76

Design and Details

126

Mock-up

140

Management


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HISTORY Lions Park and The Rural Studio

1

The park was originally built as an industrial park. The Lions Park Committee was formed in 2000 and they asked the Rural Studio for help in devising a master plan; however at that time it was viewed as too large of an undertaking. In 2005, the Rural Studio got involved to convert it into a recreational park. This is a comprehensive exploration of the past six phases the Rural Studio has completed within Lions Park. Each phase has focused on adding new users to the park, while improving upon the existing conditions.

2

The approach to divide the project into phases has allowed the park to expand through the addition of manageable components.


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NORTH IS


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S DOWN.


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phase 1: baseball fields Laura Filipek, Alicia Gjesvold, Jeremy Sargent, Daniel Splaingard, and Mark Wise

The first task in Lion’s Park was to create a well-organized set of baseball fields. The “hub and spoke” configuration of the fields frames a space in the center that is called Grand Central, which is bounded by the dugouts. They added backstops that apply chain link in a unique configuration. It was made possible by a half a million dollar grant from Baseball of Tomorrow. This group laid the groundwork for future expansion of the park. They established a prominent language of metal and yellow accents in the park that every group carried throughout the rest of the designs.


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phase 2: surfaces Joey Aplin, Lindsay Butler, Anthony Vu, and Adam Woodward

The “surfaces� in the park are scattered along the front edge and run through the center of Grand Central. These consist of concrete sticks that serve as benches and directional axes; they conceal utility lines that run throughout the park. This team also added a large drainage swale along the front edge that blocks cars and flanks a parking lot. They built a basketball court and also added a large automated gate at the front entrance of the park They helped establish a prominent identity and language to the park and also aided in making it pedestrian friendly.


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phase 3: toilet rooms Mark Dempsey, Russ Gibbs, Adam Kent, and Pamela Raetz

The toilet rooms are located under the large pavilion in Grand Central. They operate from rainwater captured in large culverts off the top of the roof. They are built out of cedar and tilt-up concrete and are flanked by a stage under the pavilion, also constructed by this team. This group brought a much-needed amenity to the park, because the bathrooms previously in the park had to be demolished and introduced cedar into the very metallic material palette of the park.


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phase 4: concessions John Plaster, Terran Wilson, and Sandy Wolf

The mobile concession stand is located in Grand Central. The concession stand was much needed for attendees of the baseball games. The structure is mobile, so it can be moved around the park if needed. There is a docking station that contains a water fountain. This group also added a new parking lot on the park’s west side accommodate the growing demand of park users, as well as a basketball court along the front edge of the park. The group decided to echo the material palette of the metal dugouts for the siding of the concessions and also used the yellow color palette for the door and framing of the structure. It is oriented in the shade toward the fields.


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phase 5: skate park Evan Dick, Brett Jones, and Carrie Laurendine

The skatepark is located on the west side between the baseball fields and the rodeo arena. Construction of the skate park was made possible by a $25,000 grant from the Tony Hawk Foundation. The skatepark is the only one in West Alabama and people travel from all over the state to come skate here. This group of students also added a pee-wee football field, along with a large earth mound between the baseball fields. It frames an open lawn in front of the existing barbecue pit. The focus of this group was to add new users to the park and expand the park’s activities by bringing in skaters and enhancing the football players’ facilities.


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phase 6: playscape Cameron Acheson, Bill Batey, Courtney Mathias, and Jamie Sartory

The playscape is located at the south end of the baseball fields and is constructed out of thousands of 55 gallon galvanized metal drums. On the back side of the playground is a large earth mound that parents can stand on to watch the kids at the playground as well as the children on the baseball fields. This group also added a 1/4 mile leg to the existing 1/2 mile walking trail that wraps around the skatepark to the front edge. It provides a unique place to play in the park for children that are not in sports and filled a need for a safe place for kids to play in Greensboro.


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BUILT ANALYSIS A closer look at the park’s design.

1

With six projects already built in the park, there was much to learn. We started our research by analyzing the park as whole. This helped us see the details in the park that were successful, as well as the ones to reevaluate. We took a close look at Grand Central and the parts that made it such a positive space in the park.

2

We broke down the elements of the park into four main components. It is the combination of these four components that make up the projects in the park: sticks, mounds, metal, and roof.


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playscape

circulation

skate park

parking


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Grand central study diagrams; axial relationships and stick language functionality


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Material of the 3/4 mile walking trail - asphalt pervious concrete red gravel


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Open circulation through the public restrooms in Grand Central.


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Studies of the existing mounds in the park - including scale, shape, and context.


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B A

A

B


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Material and movement of the parking areas in the park.


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tar gravel asphalt


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= =

Study of the existing materials and components in the park. roofs metal mounds sticks

= =


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+

=

+

=

The use of these languages in previous projects of the park. Roofs and metal comprise the baseball dugouts. Sticks and mounds comprise the skatepark.

+

=

Mounds and metal comprise the playscape.


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+ + +


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Roofs, metal, mounds, and sticks all comprise Grand Central.


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PROGRAM Three projects, one roof.

1

Our program, being in a public park, helps a variety of users. The pee-wee football league has a field in the park, but no field lights. Their practices occur at night so they are unable to use their field. The walkers are the most consistent user of the park, but they do not have any amenities along the walking trail. The Boy Scouts are a new user group being added to the park. They bring another group of kids that are not sports related that would help care for the park.

2

By serving so many different user groups, the scope of our project would be larger than four people could handle reasonably. The solution is to consolidate as much of the programmatic overlap as we could. With limited resources, it would make more sense to put all of this program under one roof, rather than a series of small buildings scattered throughout the park.


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The walkers are the most consistent user of the park. They have been in the park since its creation as an industrial park. Lions Park is the only car free trail in Greensboro, which brings people to it everyday year-round.

The pee-wee football league of Greensboro has about 100 boys, ranging from age 6-10. Their season runs from August to November, and are coached by Brandon Crew.

The Boy Scout Troop 13 and Cub Scout Pack 13 of Greensboro have met in various places, but do not have a place to call their own. The 15 boys are under the leadership of Greg Whitis. The Cub Scout Pack 13 is under Joy Wilcox and has 10 members. With the creation of a Scout Hut, the troop hopes to expand to the 50 members it once had.


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There is seating along the north side of the park and in various other locations, but there are no benches adjacent to the walking trail.

The walking trail is three quarters of a mile long, and there is little shade along the trail.


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The park currently has one set of water fountains in Grand Central; however the half mile walking trail in the back of the park is the most used. There is a need for water fountains adjacent to the trail.

The park currently has one set of restrooms in Grand Central, but there are no restrooms adjacent to the walking trail.


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The practices are at night after school, so they have been playing football on the baseball fields. The baseball fields are the only lit fields, so the pee-wee league cannot play on their regulation size football field.

In the future, the pee-wee football league hopes to host games and tournaments in the park. Providing a concession stand would bring in revenue as well as provide more amenities near the field.


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There is currently no place for parents or spectators to sit and watch the football games. They bring their own chairs or sit on the ground.

The current pee-wee coaches carry the equipment around in their cars for the duration of the season. They would like storage adjacent to the field.


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The park currently has one set of water fountains in Grand Central, but no fountains near the peewee field.

The park currently has one set of water fountains in Grand Central, but no restrooms near the pee-wee field. There is a need for more amenties closer to the field for the players and spectators.


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The Boy and Cub Scouts meet bi-monthly. They plan camping trips, work towards merit badges, and have various other lessons. They need a space to display awards and hold meetings.


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The Boy and Cub Scouts each have a cargo trailer full of camping equipment, as well as various other materials that are currently stored at the Scout Masters’ homes. They need a place to unload their trailers and store other miscellaneous equipment.

The scouts enjoy going on camping trips and other activities, therefore they have various fundraisers to raise money. They would like to host fundraisers in their building.


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The Boy and Cub Scouts have many activities, whether it is among themselves or public fundraisers. Some involve food and need a place for preparation in the building.

A separate restroom is needed for the scouts for security and maintenance purposes.


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Lights Water fountains

Seating

Bathrooms

Water fountains

Seating

Pee-wee Football

Walkers

Storage With a diagram showing all of the programmatic needs of every user group, there are many different elements. We decided in order to help everyone in a manageable way we need to create one building - a hub. By combining things such as the kitchen and concession stand, we could condense all of our program into a manageable size, while still maintaining the separation of the scouts and public park uses.

Bathrooms

Concessions Riding Club

Boy Scouts

Kitchen Bathrooms

Meeting Bathrooms Storage

Concessions


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Water fountains

Walkers

Pee-wee Football

Seating

Storage Bathrooms Seating

Boy Scouts

Riding Club Concessions

Storage

Bathrooms Meeting

HUB


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SITING Creating relationships within the landscape.

1

Being the first building to be built inside of the forty acres of Lions Park, the siting proved to be the hardest part of the project. We studied all of the available spots of the park. From this we chose a centrally located area on the south side of the park opposite of Grand Central. Once we determined the general area of the park, we started with a string of mound and building studies.

2

We narrowed our search by studying the user groups we were helping.

3

Once the site was chosen, we studied the existing drainage and irrigation systems on the site.


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This zone is on a steep slope along the front edge of the park. It currently is used by the riding club during horse events for car and trailer parking.

This zone is on the north edge of the park, but it is quite removed from the rest of the park and is not a good location to provide more amenities to the park.


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This zone is located along the existing tree line. While a romantic idea, it is logistically not a good spot.

This zone is a fairly flat and is centrally located. It is along the walking trail and adjacent to the existing football field. This is a great location for all user groups.


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Panoramic view of the site.


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The site overlaps the walking trail. Walkers will benefit from the shade the building will provide as well as the close proximity of the restrooms and water fountains

The site is adjacent to the field, which is convenient for the spectators’ restrooms and concessions close by as well as the players’ storage.

The main siting concern for the scouts was security and visibility. The site is in close proximity to the parking lot, yet it is removed from the driveway so there is no vehicular access around the building.


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Study of the topography drainage swales on the site.


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Study of the existing water and electrical lines in the park.

The lines of the current irrigation system. A hose connected to a spigot with holes along the hose to allow the water to seep out at the trees. There are two main problems with this system: the water pressure is very low by the time it reaches its’ end, as well as the hoses are hard to see on a lawn mower and are continually needing to be replaced.


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With an open landscape there was nothing for the building to respond to. We took a linear approach to study the pieces of the landscape that are in the project. Starting from left to right, it is the existing conditions to the design of the space.

existing conditions

field lights

mounds

The chosen site for the building is open and flat, therefore it has no land conditions to respond to. The aim was to create conditions that echo the language of the park and provide a specific site for the building.

There will be electricity run to that area of the park to power the football field lights, so the building’s site can take advantage of the newly added power lines.

There will be a mound to provide seating for the spectators of the football games. This mound also creates a private lawn behind the scout hut. The other two mounds serve to block out cars from the park, both physically and visually and hug the parking lot between it and the existing skate park mound.


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drainage swales

redirect walking trail

hub and surfaces

All of the existing swales will be carved deeper and wider to provide dirt for the new mounds. All of the dirt used for the new mounds will be sourced from within the park.

In order to take advantage of the new mound, the trail will be redirected on the opposite side of the mound from the parking lot to further emphasize separation of people and cars.

There will be enough paving added for the scouts to comfortably back their trailers into the building. This surface will also create a public square at the front of the building for easy approach to the public restrooms, concessions, and social gathering.

trees

The existing tree line will be brought down into the park with newly planted trees. Trees will provide more shade for the walkers and break up the scale of the park into smaller areas.


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Mound studies.


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Various landscape iterations.

1

2

3

8

9

10


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4

5

6

7

11

12

13

14


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PRECEDENTS What is done in Alabama

1

We studied the local vernacular and structure of the barns and mills in Newbern. We were intrigued by the intricate yet simple wood joints that supported them.

2

We also revisited the heavy timber trusses that we constructed at the beginning of the semester with Robert Foulkes and Sam Marts.

3

After establishing the program of a scout hut; we researched what has been done before. We started with Boy Scout Huts and took a trip around Alabama. We quickly found out there are not too many stand-alone buildings where scouts meet. The majority meet in a room of the organization that sponsors them, such as a church basement. However, the few that we found reconfirmed the programmatic primary needs of the scouts - storage and a large meeting space being the main two.


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Barns in Newbern, AL.


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Heavy timber trusses with wood joinery done in our wood truss workshop with Robert Foulkes in September.


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Troop 7 in Tuscaloosa, AL

Troop 254 in Birmingham, AL


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DESIGN A building for Lions Park. 1

After determining the program we began to work on the plan parti organization. The goal was to consolidate all of the programmatic elements under one roof, yet keep them separate for public park users and the private scout organization. We were focused on creating a new hub in the park as well as continuing the expansion of the park to the south side.

2

We wanted to create a flexible space, not only for scout use, but with the possibility of it being rented out. The idea was to have an enclosed non-insulated pavilion with two smaller insulated boxes tucked beneath. The pavilion space has eight large garage doors to be opened in the warm months with fans to create ventilation through the space. The smaller meeting space, referred to as the winter meeting space, can be shut off from the pavilion and is equipped with a wood burning stove and lower ceiling height to maintain a reasonable temperature.

3

The materials of the building were chosen with intent to continue the existing material languages of the park as well as the meet clients’ request to be rustic. The wood interiors create a more rustic feel, while the combination of wood and metal exterior blends into the park as a whole.

4

The intention behind the design was to create a structure that can be built by four people. The two boxes on the end are traditional stud frame construction. The large pavilion is a heavy timber frame, with bents being repeated eight times. The clients’ request led us to create a tree like structure of columns and knee braces to hold up the plane of the roof.


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1

2

3

6

7

8

Parti plan evolution of the project. meeting space service space


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4

9

5


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1

2

3

7

8

9

13

14

15

Floor plan evolution of the project.


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4

5

6

10

11

12

16

17


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Site plan.


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public restroom

scout storage

scout meeting space

scout restroom

mechanical room

kitchen/concessions

pee-wee storage


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1

2 5 4 Plan details.

6

3


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1. Double polygal to stud wall 1

2

3

2. Knee wall wrap 3. Alpolic wrap 4. Alpolic to garage door 5. Column footing 6. Polygal to Alpolic and siding

4

5

6


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The combined kitchen and concession stand was designed similar in size to the existing concession stand.


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(center) The design of the public restrooms was about reusing the existing language that already exists in the park. The size of the restrooms was determined by the existing stalls in Grand Central. There is a handicap/family stall as well as a regular stall. The last stall is for maintenance storage.

(right) The pee-wee football storage closet size was determined by the coaches request as well as calculating what is needed for the 100 helmets, 5 tackling dummies, and other miscellaneous items that will be stored.


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The large pavilion is a multi-functional space. It is a place to hold the bi-monthly meetings in all seasons of the year, host the Pinewood Derby, and store the cargo trailers. The twelve foot on center column grid was in response to the width of the cargo trailer. The smaller box on the end is the winter meeting space for smaller meetings. This space is very versatile with the ability to pull the trailers out and open the garage doors; allowing it to host many activities and be various sizes.


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There are two storage closets on the end of the building, one for Cub Scouts and one for Boy Scouts. They are the same dimensions as the cargo trailer. The closets allow them to unload the excess equipment out of the trailer as well as store miscellaneous objects, such as the Pinewood Derby Track and extra tables and chairs.


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The public restroom is similar to the original restroom in Grand Central. It has an easily accessible hallway where parents can watch their kids safely enter and exit.

The concessions have an operable serving window facing the public square for optimal access and a fixed window facing the football field so parents working can watch the games.


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The storage closet is located adjacent to the football field. The entrance is located on the back side of the building for security but is easily accessible for the football players.

The benches are located adjacent to the walking trail under the large overhanging roof so walkers can rest in the shade.


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The water fountain is behind the bathroom and adjacent to the walking trail for easy access.

The scouts host fish fries for fundraisers. The building has an outdoor space adjacent to the kitchen for easy access to a fryer. The garage doors open to make it a public event.


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In the summer, the scouts can block off the trailers for smaller meetings and open all of the garage doors for cross ventilation.

In the winter for smaller meetings, they can enclose the small insulated space and light the wood burning stove to heat up the space.


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The scouts hold banquets such as mother-son date night. This space comfortably holds many chairs and tables. The winter space functions as a food serving area.

The Pinewood Derby happens in January. They can close the garage doors to keep warm and still accommodate the 35’ derby track along with space for spectators.


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The scouts can use an operable curtain as a projector screen and host movie nights.

The space can be set up auditorium style for large presentations such as Eagle Scout inductions or merit badge classes.


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North Elevation.

South Elevation.


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East elevation.

West elevation.


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Site sections facing west. (top) through large pavilion. (bottom) through winter meeting space. They show the relationship between the building and mounds.


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Gravel Surfacing bitumen 2 overlapping layers of asphalt & felt 3/4” plywood Vented airspace R-19 Insulation

5/8” Polygal 2x6 stud Purlin 1x6 siding

2x12 Beam 1/2” plate steel

1/2” plywood 8” knotty pine siding

Flitch plate detail.

Longitudinal section facing North.


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Section through pavilion space and rolling sectional doors.


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Section through kitchen/ concession stand and pee-wee storage.

Section through winter meeting space.


24” Corrugated Metal Roof

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4’x8’ 1/2” 16/32 Plywood

1x2 Purlins

2x10 Wood Joists 24 o.c.

Roof Structure

12-3/8” Glulam Beam 2x10 Transfer Joists 6x6 Struts 8x8 Columns

Timber Superstructure

Concrete piers on 4” Concrete slab

Foundation

Exploded axonometric of roof structure.


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Structural axonometrics.


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Sun studies. All images signify the sun at noon on the opposing solstices.

summer

winter

summer

winter

summer

winter

summer

winter

summer

winter

summer

winter


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Shadow drawing of final roof pitch and overhang to allow the winter sun to penetrate the space, but protect from the summer sun.


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Electrical Diagram. scout electric lines public electric lines

Septic field diagram.


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Winter meeting diagram. Smaller box shut off from the larger volume with a lower ceiling and wood burning stove.

Summer meeting diagram. Garage doors open and fans on to circulate air through the space.


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Previous studies of perspectives.


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Exterior perspective showing materials choices of the building.


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corrugated metal roof cedar siding rain screen heavy timber pine structure Alpolic aluminum composite panel system rolling steel sectional door concrete existing asphalt


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Interior perspective showing the materials of the building.


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knotty pine paneling cedar siding cypress siding heavy timber pine structure concrete rolling steel sectional door


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Exterior perspective from the driveway.

Exterior perspective from the football field.


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Exterior perspective from the new walking trail.

Exterior perspective from the playscape.


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1

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

Install plumbing lines Pour slab, footings, and bathroom wall Construct bents on the ground Raise bents one by one Brace bents Install lateral supports Remove temporary bracing Install purlins between bents Install roofing Construct boxes on each end Construct planar walls with garage doors

5

9


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2

3

4

6

7

8

10

11


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MOCK-UP Going beyond the drawings.

1

In order to test the stability and aesthetic of the design, we constructed one bay to-scale of the heavy timber structure. It took about two weeks to complete, and taught us a lot about some of the details we had designed. Some details didn’t turn out as we had hoped, and others turned out better than we could have imagined.

2

Overall, the mock-up gave us a glimpse of our project scheduling and scale. It was a learning experience that was invaluable to our understanding of the project.


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Section of a standard bent showing dimensions of the various structural elements.

Transverse section showing structure between the bents.


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Axonometric of one bay.


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Digging holes for the concrete footings.

Cutting and making rebar cages for concrete reinforcement.


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Preparing the wood for cutting.

Pulling the forms off the concrete footings.


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Assembling the bents, making the bents square, bracing them on the ground, and preparing them to be lifted on top of the footings.


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Raising the bents onto the footings with a catfish boom-truck. The issue was getting the weight distributed evenly to set the column square onto the knife plate.


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Column/footing detail before and after. The hidden knife plate was hard to construct with the equipment and technology available; therefore, the column had to be cut when we were placing the bents on the footings. We redesigned the connection to expose the plate and ease constructability.


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MANAGEMENT The numbers and fourth dimension.

1

All of the behind-the-scenes activities are just important as the design itself. We have to formulate a budget, create a construction timeline, conduct client meetings and presentations, and meet with consultants and reviewers. All of this makes up a huge portion of time spent on the overall project process.

2

This is a glimpse into all the work that informs much of the design process, but doesn’t necessarily always make its way to the wall. Out of all the parts that make up the project, the project management played a pivotal role in keeping us organized, scheduled, and focused.


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3000

Finishing Work

403.19

Bath Box Exterior

Screws

Fasteners

winter (8)

Eclipse Samara Blackout Energy ĸĐŝĞŶƚ Curtain

6

trailer (10)

Eclipse Samara Blackout Energy ĸĐŝĞŶƚ Curtain

Top Chords

88.88

Interior Stair Window sĞƌƟĐĂů (double)

70

Interior Display Window (double)

50

23.33

BS RR Window (double)

72

284.33

E Wall (full and single)

Public RR Wall (double)

284.33

W Wall (full and single)

Exterior Display Window (single)

502.9167

S Clerestory (single)

142

135

Bath Box Interior

Pavillion Roof (Fabral Galvanized (30 gauge))

402.56

Storage Box Exterior

962.7

Ceiling

721.98

200.61

N Wall (single sided)

Service Box Exterior

197.54

8

16' Columns

S Wall (single sided)

8

75

Winter Interior Ceiling

12' Columns

87

Winter Interior Meeting

4 3

RR Bench Water Fountain

$318.56

$9.77

$9.77

$3.06

$3.06

$3.06

$3.06

$3.06

$3.06

$3.06

$3.06

$14.98

$0.89

$0.89

$0.89

$0.89

$0.50

$0.50

$0.50

$89.60

$67.20

$2.99

$2.99

$10.59

$10.59

$10.59

$10.59

4 4

9 RR Sink

$10.59 $10.59

ϮͬĨŽŽƟŶŐ @ 2' long (7) Column Pads Column Footings

(2) Benches (front)

$10.59

$5.55

24 @ 4' long (10)

6

Water Fountain

$5.55

$5.55

$5.55

$5.55

$5.55

$7.25

$7.25

$7.25

$7.25

$7.25

RR Wall

8 8

8

RR Sink

RR Bench

170' (17)

Column Footings

(2) Benches (front)

42

Trailer

RR Wall

35 40

Triangle Surface

Glu-lams

Curtain

Polycarbonate 16 mm (ft^2)

Corrugated Metal 3'x24'

Cedar Siding (0.75" Rainscreen)

Cypress (board / feet) 4-12" * .5"

Pine Columns

T & G End Matched Pine Paneling

#5 Rebar

# 3 Rebar

50 50

75

Walking Trail (new) Pee-Wee Surface

6

Front WĂƟŽͬtĂůŬŝŶŐ Surface

$7.25

12

Back Patio Trailer Parking

$7.25

$7.25

$19.00

$0.95

$100.00

$115.00

$100.00

$100.00

$100.00

$100.00

$100.00

$100.00

$100.00

$100.00

$100.00

$100.00

120

Flat Slab

19.835

Square

Welded Wire Mesh Reinforcing

12.4404

Walking Trail (new) PERVIOUS

40.6484

1.15625

Water Fountain

Flat Slab

0.4345 0.3605

1.4714

RR Sink

RR Bench

2.3061

1.167

Column Footings

2.42956

0.2948

Column Pads

RR Wall

5.0736

Back Patio

35.6565

Flat Slab

Quantity Unit Price

Restrooms

Description

(2) Benches (front)

Prospective budget of the project.

Gravel (tons)

Concrete (yd^3)

BUILDING MATERIALS

Item

$78.16

walmart.com

$50.00

$1,911.36

$97.70

walmart.com

Boozer Beam

$271.97

$220.32

$153.00

$214.20

$71.39

$870.05

$870.05

$1,538.93

$2,127.16

$358.84

$120.15

$358.28

$642.56

$481.35

$100.31

$98.77

$716.80

$537.60

$224.25

$260.13

$31.77

$42.36

$42.36

$42.36

$95.31

$74.13

$105.90

$33.30

$44.40

$44.40

$44.40

$94.35

$233.10

$290.00

$253.75

$362.50

$362.50

$543.75

$43.50

$87.00

Polygal North America

Polygal North America

Polygal North America

Polygal North America

Polygal North America

Polygal North America

Polygal North America

Polygal North America

Metro-metals? Lowes

Russell Forest Products (Wholesale)

Russell Forest Products (Wholesale)

Russell Forest Products (Wholesale)

Russell Forest Products (Wholesale)

Lakeside Lumber

Lakeside Lumber

Lakeside Lumber

Follen Lumber

Follen Lumber

www.buffalo-lumber.com

www.buffalo-lumber.com

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

$870.00

$772.32

Summit Earth ŽŶƐƚƌƵĐƟŽn

Lowes

$2,800.00

$1,983.50

$1,430.65

$115.63

$36.05

$43.45

$147.14

$242.96

$230.61

$116.67

$29.48

$507.36

$3,565.65

Tim Wegner

bama/usa ready mix

bama/usa ready mix

bama/usa ready mix

bama/usa ready mix

bama/usa ready mix

bama/usa ready mix

bama/usa ready mix

bama/usa ready mix

bama/usa ready mix

bama/usa ready mix

bama/usa ready mix

bama/usa ready mix

Store/Donator Total Cost

$3,822.72

$175.86

$4,209.91

$2,127.16

$1,479.83

$680.43

$1,254.40

$484.38

$434.19

$493.95

$2,813.00

$772.32

$11,249.15

Sum-Totals

142 LIONS PARK


Bathroom Faucet (BS RR)

Ceiling Fans

Broan

Outlets (110 V)

$25.54 $25.54

2

Utilitech 48-3/8" 2-Light hƟůŝƚLJ Strip Light

2 1 3

Utilitech 48-3/8" 2-Light hƟůŝƚLJ Strip Light Halo 6" NC ŝƌƟŐŚƚ Recessed Light Housing Halo 6" NC ŝƌƟŐŚƚ Recessed Light Housing

Recessed Can Lights (PRR Toilets) Recessed Can Lights (Winter Meeting)

Kichler Single Outdoor Positionable

Exterior Spots (Concessions)

TOTAL

MOCK-UP

EQUIPMENT

ROOF

LANDSCAPE

10

Amerimex 5" x 10' Gutter

2 3 1 1

Nails Epoxy Washers and Nuts Chisels/Blades

3

Boom Truck

1

1

Washers and Nuts

35

Quikcrete Rebar Tie Wire

1

1

2 x 4/Quikcrete

1

1

Screws

Delivery

$4.89

2

Glulam Top Chords

Wood (2x4, 2x10)

$88.30

8

$41.36

$9.20

$39.20

$4.49

$7.92

Hale Supply

Dozier Hardware

Fastenal

Hale Supply

Hale Supply

Hale Supply

Boozer Beam

$500.72 $47.69

Stillwater

Hale Supply

Hale Supply

Hale Supply

Hale Supply

Boozer Beam

Hale Supply

Hale Supply

Stillwater

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

$41.36

$9.20

$117.60

$8.08

$7.92

$47.69

$500.72

$300.00

$6.29

$171.15

$88.30

$2.79

$637.12

$15.76

$9.99

$2,000.00

$59.80

$69.96

$366.32

$150.00 $7,848.30

Lowes

$58.44

$129.90

$89.76

$36.64

$4.98

$76.00

$114.00

$680.00

$50.70

$25.62

$8.54

$51.08

$51.08

$3.99

$15.96

$8.98

$4.90

$49.94

$7.80

$9.94

$108.60

$4.49

$76.44

$74.95

$111.06

$47.44

$88.00

$330.00

$228.00

$231.45

$349.00

$329.99

$349.00

$500.00

$10,000.00

$400.00

$56.18

$7.55

$96.00

$94.06

$480.00

$48.52

$150.00

$159.00

$500.00

$298.44

$65.00

$69.00

$1,056.00

$9.30

$50.00

$138.00

$76.50

$92.00

$9,847.00

Summit Earth ŽŶƐƚƌƵĐƟŽn

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

Affordable Lamps

Affordable Lamps

īŽƌĚĂďůĞ Lamps

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

IKEA

IKEA

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

Amazon.com

Lowes

Ace Hardware

Amazon.com

Lowes

Lowes

Home Depot

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

Wegner ƐƟŵĂƚe

McArthur Harris

Amazon.com

Amazon.com

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

Lowes

Acorn Engineering / neo-metro.com

kml-bearing.com

Dogan Metal Works

Lowes

Lowes

kml-bearing.com

Dogan Metal Works

Lowes

popularhardware.com

Lowes

Overhead Door

$100.00

$6.29

$2.79

$318.56

$1.97

1 2x4

$9.99

$1,000.00

$5.98

$34.98

$19.48

$7,848.30

$150.00

$19.48

$25.98

$11.22

$9.16

$4.98

$38.00

$38.00

$68.00

$8.45

$8.45

$8.54

String

2

2

Crane for Bents

19

Tar Paper

Mounds

ŽŶƐƚƌƵĐƟŽŶ Metals Inc 50' x 14" Aluminum Flashing

1 1

/ƌƌŝŐĂƟŽŶ System (garden hose and connectors)

5 (3 2 pks)

Bright īĞĐƚƐ 2-Pack 90-tĂƩ I/O Compact Fluorescent Flood

Exterior Spots

8 20 (5 4 pks)

GE 40-tĂƩ T12 48" Fluorescent Light Bulb GE 4-Pack 65-tĂƩ Indoor Compact Fluorescent Flood

Flouresent

10 (4 3 packs)

5 (1 8 Pk)

2

Interior Spots

GE 3-Pack 65-tĂƩ Indoor Incadescent Flood

Can Lights

Incandescent

Sylvania 8-Pack 75-tĂƩ Double Life ^ŽŌ White

Kichler Single Outdoor Positionable

Exterior Spots (PRR Sink)

LIGHT BULBS

Kichler Double Outdoor WŽƐŝƟŽŶĂďůe

3

6 20 (10 Sets)

Halo 6" NC ŝƌƟŐŚƚ Recessed Light Housing

Interior Spots (Columns)

Flourescent (PW Storage) Recessed Can Lights (BS Toilet)

Flourescent (Kitchen)

$3.99

1

Hemma Cord Set Hemma Cord Set

$3.99

$8.98

$4.90

$24.97

Hanging Bulbs (Mechanical)

4

1

3 (1 10 Pk)

Broan Utilitech Mechanical Outdoor Timer

2

Lutron 300-W 3-Speed Slide Combo L and F

$3.90

$4.97

$54.30

$4.49

$76.44

$74.95

$37.02

$5.93

$88.00

$165.00

$228.00

$77.15

$349.00

$329.99

$349.00

$2.00

$10,000.00

$400.00

$28.09

$7.55

$16.00

$94.06

$480.95

$48.52

$156.80

$159.00

$250.00

$24.87

$65.00

$23.00

$352.00

$9.30

$50.00

$138.00

$25.50

$23.00

$1,230.88

Hanging Bulbs (BS Storage)

LIGHTING FIXTURES

Timer (PRR Lights)

Light Switches

Light / Fan Switches

2

Broan

Outlets (220 V)

15 (2 10 Pks)

2

1

Bostich 1500 Pack ŽŶƐƚƌƵĐƟŽŶ Staples Southwire 250' 14AWG Non-metallic Wire

1

Copper Wiring

Southwire 55081902 3/4"x100' Flexible Galvanized

WůĂƐƟĐ Staples

Metal Conduit

3

Siemens 20 amp 1P GFI breaker Eaten Cutler 20 Circuit 100 Amp Breaker Box

20 A Breaker Electrical Box

1

8

1

2

Farenheat 3000 tĂƩ Electric Broan

1

Rheem On Demand Tankless Electric

3

1

1

1

250

Bussman CBC-15 Circuit Breaker

15 A Breaker

Main Circuit Breaker

Wall Mounted Heater

Water Heater

Harbor Breeze

Frigidaire 30 in Electric

Range

ELECTRICAL

US Stove Co: 900 sqft

Whirlpool: 9.6 cuft

Pipes and ŽŶŶĞĐƟŶŐ Pieces

Wood Burning Stove

Refrigerator

APPLIANCES

PVC Pipes

1 1

^ĞƉƟĐ Field

2

1

6

1

Dirt Perk Test

Central Brass

Arrowhead Brass

Water Fountain

Spigot

Peerless 4 hole Danco Grid Drain

1

1

Franke USA Triple-basin

Peerless Chrome Bathroom

Drain Plugs

Stainless Steel Faucet (kitchen)

3 Compartment Stainless Steel Sink (kitchen)

1

Barclay Hampshire Black

1

Residentail Sink (BS RR)

2

12

6

3

3

1

ZĞƐŝĚĞŶƟĂů Toilet (BS RR) American Standard Cadet 3

Wall Bearing Unit UCPE210-31

1 1

Prison Toilets

PLUMBING

RR Door Connector

2" Steel Column

(Reliabilt slab door)

Wood Swing Doors RR Door Column

Reliabilt Steel Patio)

Wall Bearing Unit UCPE208-24

Translucent Swing Doors

Concession Door Connector

1" Steel Column

ThermaStar by Pella 36x54 dual pane double hung

Concession Window Concession Door Column

3

Falcon D200 Series Medium Duty Deadbolt Grade 2

Pivot Wood Doors Locks

8 4

780/790 Reliabilt 30" Hollow Wood Interior Door Slab

Cedar Wood Swing Doors

Garage Doors

DOORS/WINDOWS

$68,593.51

$1,963.97

$2,000.00

$496.08

$7,998.30

$319.72

$1,076.97

$1,381.99

$1,027.99

$12,491.31

$11,701.24

$50.00

LIONS PARK 143


144 LIONS PARK

Lion’s Park bama that is of Greensbo park is hom

Club, Green Greensboro Boy Scouts organization

Rural Studio

G

r

e

e

Lions Park Hub

AUBURN UNIVERSITY

Example pages from a donation packet for the project.

The Rural Studio, a program within Auburn University’s School of Architecture was created by AIA gold medalist Samuel Mockbee and Dennis K. Ruth as an experimental program that aimed to improve the living conditions in rural Alabama while education architecture students through design/build practices.

n

s

b

o

RURAL STUDIO

r

o

,

A

L

functioning Committee ants in 2004 in 2005 with the park tha and organiz year, Baseb to complete

The Rural Studio has now designed and built more

ARCHITECTURE

 6]LY [OL WHZ[ Ä]L `LHYZ 3PVUZ 7HYR OHZ NYV^U PU[V H T\JO TVYL JVTT\UHSO\I[OH[VMMLYZU\TLYV\ZHJ[P]P[PLZMVYL]LY`VULPU/HSL*V\U[` :PUJL [OLU [OL WHYR OHZ ZLLU H KP]LYZL HTV\U[ VM \ZLY NYV\WZ [OH[ JVTL [VNL[OLYPUVULWSHJL[VLUQV`[OLTZLS]LZ

:\WWVY[LK)`! Greensboro, AL 3PVUZ7HYR*VTTP[[LL (SHIHTH7V^LY )V`:JV\[ZVM(TLYPJH;YVVW ;OL9\YHS:[\KPV

6\YNYV\WPZJVTTP[[LK[VJVU[PU\L[OL[YHKP[PVUVMTHRPUN[OLWHYRHUL]LU IL[[LY LU]PYVUTLU[ MVY WLVWSL [V LUQV`  -VSSV^PUN PU [OL MVV[Z[LWZ VM [OL [LHTZ[OH[OH]LJVTLILMVYL\ZV\YMVJ\ZPZVUL_WHUKPUN[OLWHYRUV[VUS` WO`ZPJHSS`I\[HSZVI`IYPUNPUNHUVUZWVY[ZYLSH[LKNYV\WPU[V[OLTP_![OL )V`:JV\[ZVM(TLYPJH;OLSVJHS[YVVWSLHKLYZHWWYVHJOLK(\I\YUHUK [OL3PVUZ7HYR*VTTP[[LL^P[OHKLZPYL[VJHSS3PVUZ7HYR[OLPYOVTLMVYHSSVM [OLPYZJV\[PUNM\UJ[PVUZ"HWHY[ULYZOPWHSSWHY[PLZHYLL_JP[LKHIV\[

;LHT4LTILYZ! ,K^HYK4H` 4HKLS`UUL4PSSLY .^`UKVS`U4V^IYH` *OHYSLZ:WPYLZ

4VYL[OHU[OH[^LHYLHSZVWYV]PKPUNÄLSKSPNO[ZMVYHUL^WLL^LLMVV[IHSS ZVJJLYÄLSKHZ^LSSHZZ[VYHNLHUKJVUJLZZPVUZMVY\ZLK\YPUNWYHJ[PJLZHUK NHTLZ3HZ[I\[UV[SLHZ[V\YWYVQLJ[^PSSHSZVOV\ZLHW\ISPJYLZ[YVVTHUK ^H[LYMV\U[HPUZMVYHSSWHY[PLZ[V\ZLPU[OLWHYR>P[O[OLWHYRNYV^PUNLHJO `LHY[OLYLOHZILLUHNYV^PUNULLKMVYTVYLW\ISPJHTLUP[PLZHUK^LHYL L_JP[LK[VILNP]LU[OLVWWVY[\UP[`[VZLLP[OHWWLU>LOVWL[OH[[OPZWHJRL[ ^PSSZOV^`V\^O`^LYLHYLL_JP[LK[VILHWHY[VM[OPZSLNHJ`HUK^PSS^HU[[V ILHWHY[VMP[HZ^LSS

The park has in the city,

0UZ[Y\J[VY! (UKYL^-YLLHY

*VU[HJ[! 76)V_ 5L^ILYU(S  ^^^Y\YHSZ[\KPVJVT =PL^WYVQLJ[\WKH[LZH[! O[[W!SPVUZWHYRO\IY\YHSZ[\KPVISVNZVYN

west Alabama and educated more than four hundred architecture students in a service-learning model that has gained international recognition since its founding. Through grants and many donations, the generosity of those people willing has helped the Rural Studio become what it is today: a highly respected program that strives to build commuity and provide for those people less fortunate tectural endeavors.

the design a social hub t to socialize

The Rural St and develop conjunction Rural Studio

groud, conc a walking tr scaping, and

This year, a

lights for th

The park is city of Gree The park a varying inco together an ation, and c


LIONS PARK 145

Lions Park

is a 40-acre park in Greensboro, Alas jointly owned by Hale County, the City oro, and the Greensboro Lions Club. This me to the Greensboro Baseball Associa-

nsboro Peewee Football Association, o Riding Club, and is also used by the s of America, 4H, and many other local ns.

Project Proposal

scout restroom

public restrooms

pee-wee football storage

scout storage

scout kitchen/concessions

scout meeting space

mechanical closet

s always been an actively used resource however the local community realized

to its fullest potential. The Lion’s Park was established by the park’s inhabit4. The committee came to Rural Studio h the desire of creating a master plan for at would enhance the social environment zation through a central hub. Later that all Tomorrow awarded a $500,000 grant e the project.

and construction of “Grand Central”, a hat allows a gathering place for parents while their children play in the surround-

tudio has been committed to the design pment of Lions Park for the last 5 years. In with Lions Park Committee leaders, the o has already designed and constructed

cessions stand, restrooms, and ½ mile of rail. They have also enhanced the landd provided a new parking lot.

Lights

Seating Pee-wee Football

Water fountains

Walkers

Storage Bathrooms Seating

a new group of students are adding a

he combination peewee football/soccer

a resource for not only everyone in the ensboro, but everyone in Hale County. allows an opportunity for groups from omes, ethnicities and cultures to come nd celebrate organized sports, recrecommunity events.

Riding Club Boy Scouts

Concessions

Storage

Bathrooms Meeting

HUB

Project Proposal


146 LIONS PARK

Bobcat, string, stakes

transit, bobcat, string, screws, wood

bobcat, wood

schedule Summit dirt movers

order gravel

get rebar, wire mesh, rebar ties

LIONS PARK HUB

CONSTRUCTION SCHEDULE

trowels

get PVC

order concrete

wood

wood

order concrete

order concrete

hammer drill, welder, transit

get epoxy, grout order heavy timber

simpson plates

get dowels, nails

schedule crane

wood

wood

wood, simpsons

get scaffolding

wood

screws, drill

wood

get moisture barrier, roofing

WEEK 1 WEEK 2 WEEK 3 WEEK 4 WEEK 5 WEEK 6 WEEK 7 WEEK 8 WEEK 9 WEEK 10 WEEK 11 WEEK 12 WEEK 13 WEEK 14 WEEK 15 WEEK 16 WEEK 17 WEEK 18 WEEK 19 WEEK 20 M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su

Gantt chart.

SITE PREPARATION remove trees move dirt grade site auger holes replant trees place batter boards SEPTIC dig trenches place septic tank run field lines cover lines SLAB AND FOOTINGS auger hole (column) make formwork lay gravel create rebar cage lay welded wire mesh place plumbing lines pour slab make formwork (footings) pour footings make formwork (bathroom) pour wall clean STEEL CONNECTION drill anchor bolt holes epoxy anchor bolts weld steel plates set plates grout plates HEAVY TIMBER cut mortise and tenons assemble brace raise bents clean place transfer beams PAVILION ROOF install rafters place purlins lay plywood moisture barrier corrogated metal roofing STUD FRAME CONSTRUCTION stud frame walls ceiling joists ceiling plywood built up roof exterior plywood tar paper place polygal ELECTRIC drill holes for wire place conduit install circuit breaker box secure switches and outlets build cedar doors place column install doors install locks PLUMBING install toilets create formwork (RR sink) make rebar cage pour sink exterior purlins exterior finish install alpolic system install lights install fans place insulation interior finish install cabiniets install shelving install countertops install plumbing fixtures install hung doors install window install garage doors install appliances clean interior PARK AS A WHOLE plant trees dig walking trail create formwork (walking trail) lay reinforcing pour dig square create formwork (square) lay reinforcing pour clean


LIONS PARK 147

wood

wood

order polygal, channels get tar paper

wood

wood

order cedar

get wire, conduit, circuit get steel column, box, outlets, switches bearing units

get toilets

wood

order concrete

wood

get fixtures

wood

order pine, cypress

get insulation, ask for cabinet help

wood

PVC pipe, pipe fittings

wood

order doors and windows get fixtures

pick up doors, hinges

screws, drills, level

screws, drills, level

pick up garage doors, mechanisms

screws, drills, level

screws, drills, level

screws, drills, level, wood Bobcat

Bobcat, wood, screws

Bobcat, trowels

wood, screws, diesel

order appliances

pick up trees

order concrete

get welded wire mesh, get geotextile fabric

order concrete

get welded wire mesh, get geo-textile fabric

trowels

WEEK 21 WEEK 22 WEEK 23 WEEK 24 WEEK 25 WEEK 26 WEEK 27 WEEK 28 WEEK 29 WEEK 30 WEEK 31 WEEK 32 WEEK 33 WEEK 34 WEEK 35 WEEK 36 WEEK 37 WEEK 38 WEEK 39 WEEK 40 WEEK 41 WEEK 42 WEEK 43 WEEK 44 WEEK 45 WEEK 46 WEEK 47 WEEK 48 WEEK 49 WEEK 50 M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su M T W TH F S Su


148 LIONS PARK

Field light pole delivery.


LIONS PARK 149


150 LIONS PARK

Client presentations and meetings.


LIONS PARK 151


152 LIONS PARK

Pages from the project blog that was updated weekly during the design process.


LIONS PARK 153


154 LIONS PARK

We would like to thank everyone for all of their words of advice and support throughout this project.

Xavier Vendrell

Joe Farrugia

Dan Wheeler

faculty/staff: John Marusich Mackenzie Stagg Danny Wicke Andrew Freear Elena Barthel Steve Long Johnny Parker Gayle Etheridge Brenda Wilkerson

clients: Joy Wilcox Greg Whitis Troop/Pack 13 Lions Park Committee

consultants: Robert Foulkes Tim Wenger Sam Marts Robert Hoggle Joe Farrugia Clifton Burt


LIONS PARK 155

Paul Stoller

suppliers: Jim Turnipseed Bud Boozer Jimmy Rane Alabama Power G.B. Woods

helpers: Lions Park Playscape team John Jacobs Herb Wooten

reviewers: Mike Newman Peter Gluck John Peterson Billie Tsien Katrina Van Valkenburgh

our families and friends


REFLECTIONS

156 LIONS PARK

History: Lions Park is a complex park of layered projects. The projects throughout the phases have grown in complexity and size.

Built Analysis: There are six groups of students ahead of us to learn from their successes and failures. Do not create anything in the park that is not easy to be managed. There is always more to be done; the park will never be complete.

Program: Attempting to build everything that people want creates too much to handle. There are always security and maintenance issues in shared spaces.

Precedents: Studying the existing boy scout huts led to only programmatic finds, while the barns taught us about structure. There is a preconception that a scout hut is similar in aesthetics to a log cabin.

Siting: The only building inside a forty-acre park creates little context to respond to.

Design: Mound and building relationship will always fight each other. The mobile concession stand is not as flexible as originally thought. Do not fix something that is not broken.

Mock-Up: Be sure the rebar cages are square. Allow enough room between anchor bolts and rebar in the design. Do not design for the construction to be completely accurate. A fully hidden knife plate is impossible with the equipment and technology that is available.

Management: Three owners of one park creates leadership and maintenance issues; there is a need for a parks and recreation board of Greensboro. It is almost impossible to please everyone with such a diverse park. A 2800 square foot building is too big for four people to manage.

General: The role of drawing as an informative and iterative process to explore possibilites and find solutions. Mock-ups are an indespensible tool in learning how to build something; they can also exhibit flaws that are not always visible in drawings or models. The importance and inclusion of Landscape Architecture from the beginning of the design process, which validates its importance to, and partnership with building design. Making drawings to establish overall concepts, then testing the ideas on site throughout the design process can prove to be valuable in validating schemes, and developing spatial perception skills.


LIONS PARK 157

Edward May 646.544.7517 mayedwa@auburn.edu

Madelynne Miller 205.541.6190 millesm@auburn.edu

Gwyndolyn Mowbray 713.408.2113 mowbrga@auburn.edu

Charles Spires 843.209.9623 spirece@auburn.edu


Lions Park Hub