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 Cycle of Use, Abuse, Refuse, and REUSE Charles Dewanto (Dr Martyn Hook - Prof Louis Sauer) Recycling Culture project is investigating the cycle

events and as public thoroughfare. Recycling Culture

behind existing hotel which act as a backdrop with care-

From those precedents analysis, the architectural

of use, abuse, refuse, and reuse within an urban fab-

project seeks to continue and compliment those civic

ful facade system integrated into the tower. The most

proposal is taken from the idea of Miniature Park by

ric described by Cedric Price. This project is exploring

projects into one integrated Kota.

interesting aspect of this project is demolishing part of

sampling existing abandoned buildings and refitted into

the value of culture within a society. The project will be

Through historical, cultural, and commercial anal-

the hotel’s addition to make way for commercial project.

the Cultural anchor site. By scaling, rotating, stacking,

tested from 2 different contextual scales from a master

ysis above; the Recycling Culture project will investi-

In contrast, I had researched a nearby commer-

and refitting the buildings floor plans, the result is an Art

planning idea into an architectural proposal.

gate an architectural proposition through master plan-

cial development called Star City. The site was occu-

Strip with front yard facing the 2 existing anchors and

The site of the project is located in area called Kota

ning and architectural proposal. In master planning

pied with a dilapidating Chinese courtyard house and

backyard backing railway tracks and freeway. The art

Tua (Old City) north of Jakarta, Indonesia. The site is an

proposal, I saw the potential to establish a 3rd anchor

the brief from the developer was to build a high rise

strip will consist of leisure activities at its core with pro-

abandoned Dutch colonial area during the 17th century

point within heritage Kota. This anchor point can be de-

apartments and retail mix-use buildings. At first, exten-

grams such as exhibitions, museums, and an audito-

to half of 20th century. The site was a historical centre of

scribed as a major development proposal that can act

sive work has been done to renovate an old Chinese

rium. On the left wing are living activities such as artists’

commercial activities and cultural melting pot between

as catalyst which then able to stimulate future rehabili-

courtyard house. But in reality, part of the house was

studios and apartment quarters. And on the right wing

Dutch, Indonesian, Indian, and Chinese.

tation of Kota. There are 2 existing anchor points that

to be demolished to make way for apartments’ columns

are work activities such as workshops, classrooms, of-

Today, Jakarta has gone into a rapid growth af-

are already been established; first is Transportation an-

and this courtyard house to be transformed into 5 stars

fices, and retail. The programs will circulate to form con-

ter its independence in 1945 to a mega-city with pop-

chor located in front of Kota train station which is be-

restaurants.

tinuous elevated public spaces which sometimes creat-

ulation around 13 million. The burst of rapid growth

ing upgraded with Busway terminals and underground

As part of the research, I have heard different opin-

ing connection between living and leisure or leisure and

causes urban segregations with trends of southwards

pass. Second is Heritage anchor located at Fatahillah

ions about the Star City project. From colleagues and

work. The separation between living and work is to pro-

urban growth. Jakarta urban growth can be traced start-

square providing a public space for locals and visitors

fellow architects’ point of view, we were appalled with

mote a healthy living condition which leisure programs

ing north from Kota Tua as remnants of colonial hub,

enjoying Kota’s colonial heritage.

the lack of support from the government has on herit-

will act as mediator between the 2 zones.

Monas monument from Sukarno’s national identity prin-

The need of 3rd anchor as the Cultural anchor is

age buildings, and at the end the project’s architects

The frontyard and backyard as residue from art

cipal, Semanggi interchange from Suharto’s moderni-

to harness these historical axis within Kota. The master

were blamed to allow this to happen. On the other hand,

strip act as opportunistic development for private inves-

zation to the “Golden Triangle” in the 1990s and finally

planning is to stitch back this axis and enhance heritage

from public point of view, they are only a naive patron

tors. The land ownership by local municipal will able to

the growth of its satellite cities.

Kota with an art precinct. The Cultural anchor is located

to culture which due to the lack of historical and cultural

control and consult new developments that are sensi-

As a result, Kota Tua has been neglected and its

on an empty plot of land adjacent to Kota Intan Bridge.

understanding of Kota. Understanding these tensions

tive to heritage zoning. My argument is to embrace the

at its crucial stage with 30-50 abandoned and exploited

The site is currently owned by local municipal which

between architects, clients, government and public are

commercial minded from private investors and maybe

buildings with area up to 80000m2 and potential rev-

now has been use illegally for trucks parking, squatters

essential aspect for this type of project in Indonesia.

sacrificing or reclaiming heritage lands are able to stim-

enue of AUD 167 million – AUD 513 million/year with

living, and waste dumping area. The master planning is

What is the value of culture and heritage? What is the

ulate and fund the rehabilitations for the rest of aban-

employment of 6000 people.

to create an art precinct within the site with direct rela-

role of architect as public’s servant? Does this mean

doned buildings in Kota.

tions to the other 2 anchor points and the abandoned

heritage buildings aren’t sustainable for modern soci-

The idea of recycling culture has always taken me

buildings as in-between fabric.

ety? It has been very disappointing to see Indonesia’s

back to Kota due to its depressing conditions and lack

contemporary developments reflecting marketing value

of cultural and historical awareness from the people.

and imported culture.

I believe Jakarta is at post-revolution era, where positive

Current problems that delayed the rehabilitation of Kota are the lack of funding and support from governments, lack of interest from private investors, lost and

To understand the need of art precinct in relation

multiple land ownership data, lacks of basic amenities

to Kota’s urban context, I looked at different precedents

such as water supply and waste treatment and ultimate-

that are able to feed into the project. First precedent is

The third precedent is by Lacaton Vassal’s school

growth from social, commercial, and democracy started

ly Kota seeks a new identity as part of cultural heritage

TMII (Taman Mini Indonesia Indah)’s miniature park as

of architecture in Nantes, France. They have proposed

to show results. And I believe by enhancing Kota as

of Jakarta. Recycling Culture project is interested to re-

scaled-down national monuments challenging the idea

architecture through “generosity not beauty, no longer

historical and cultural precinct, this may restore the bal-

identify Kota not just as a heritage site but enhance it as

of collage city as appropriate actions to Heritage Kota.

the big space but a space that offers capacity.” In con-

ance again and transform Jakarta into a cultivated city.

an art precinct which Jakarta is now lacking.

I want to start investigating the value of heritage build-

trast, I made a connection that contemporary society in

In 2006, Budi Lim and his colleagues was given

ing itself, does everything need to be preserve? Does

Indonesia is a reflection to American society in the 70s

approval to carry out a major work in Kota with recon-

contemporary building able to emerge as part of Kota?

which translated from books such as Mike Davis’ City

structions of Fatahillah square, widening and connect-

Or redefining a contextual analogy through contempo-

of Quartz and Michael Sorkin’s Variations on a Theme

ing pedestrian path around Fatahillah square and canal

rary buildings is able to resurrect Kota?

Park. The argument emerge, should my proposal is Lac-

area, diverting traffic outside Kota heritage area, and

Second precedent is the recent proposal of Wind-

aton Vassal’s purity in spaces or Delusional Disney-ism

removal of illegal squatters around Kota. The project

sor Hotel (Melbourne) by DCM which embraces the

creating a sanctuary/ a new context neglecting the ex-

has shown a positive response from government and

commercial development as part of rejuvenation of this

isting? What would my contemporary proposal means

public through successful use of Fatahillah square with

heritage hotel. The proposal was to add a higher tower

in contrast with monumentality of abandoned buildings?

charles dewanto - 22/08/09


KOTA INTAN BRIDGE

DASAAD MUSIN (ABANDONED)

UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

HERITAGE COMMUNITIES

KOTA STATION

KOTA GRAND OPENING

BATAVIA CAFE

CERAMIC MUSEUM

PHOTOGRAPHY COMMUNITY

NEIGHBORING KIDS

RECYCLING CULTURE CYCLE OF USE, ABUSE, REFUSE, AND REUSE Charles Dewanto (Dr Martyn Hook - Prof. Louis Sauer) A DANCE STUDIO

A BALLOON ROOM ?

AN OPEN EATERY

Batavia 1619 - 1942 Port city Colonial hub

ROOF-TOP

COURTYARD INFILL

SUNDA KELAPA PORT

XXL SHOPHOUSES

ROMANTIC RUINS

EXPLOITED ABANDONED BUILDING

OPEN PLAN

MONAS MONUMENT

BAKRIE TOWER

GATED COMMUNITIES

Catalog of abandoned buildings in Kota

Jakarta 1942 - 1972 Sukarno - National Identity (1945 - 1967) Suharto - Modernization (1967 - 1998)

PT. KOTA INTAN

TUNAS DIPTA PERSADA

BDNI

PT. JASA RAHARDJA

BDNI LIFE ASURANSI

PT. ASURANSI JASINDO

PT. CIPTA NIAGA

INKOPAD/KARTIKA BUANA

ABANDONED NEGLECTED PRIVATE

ABANDONED NEGLECTED PEMPROV. DKI JAKARTA

ABANDONED NEGLECTED BUMN

ABANDONED NEGLECTED BUMN

ABANDONED NEGLECTED BUMN

ABANDONED NEGLECTED BUMN

ABANDONED NEGLECTED BUMN

ABANDONED NEGLECTED BUMN

DJAKARTA LLOYD / SYARIEF H ABANDONED NEGLECTED -

INKOPPOL

DASAAD MUSIN

PT. BANK MANDIRI(ARSIP)

H.R.E SOEPARMAN

DINOTO SARI PRIMA

ABANDONED NEGLECTED BUMN

ABANDONED NEGLECTED -

ABANDONED MAINTAINED BUMN

ABANDONED NEGLECTED PRIVATE

ABANDONED NEGLECTED PRIVATE

CIPTA NIAGA PPI ABANDONED NEGLECTED BUMN

PURI ASIH/BUMI ASIH ABANDONED NEGLECTED PRIVATE

PT. KERTA NIAGA

PT. KALIMAS

PT. KERTA NIAGA

PT. KERTA NIAGA

PT. TJETOT

PT. BANK MANDIRI

ELLA UBAIDI

ABANDONED NEGLECTED BUMN

ABANDONED NEGLECTED PUBLIC

ABANDONED NEGLECTED BUMN

ABANDONED NEGLECTED BUMN

ABANDONED NEGLECTED PRIVATE

EMPTY LAND BUMN

ABANDONED NEGLECTED PRIVATE

Jakarta 1972 - 2008 Primate City (1945 - 1990s) Golden triangle (1990s - present) Transitory conditions

TBC TBC: Transitory Block Condition Segitiga Emas area 6°13'12.54"S, 106°49'46.14"E Urban laboratories

n HR Jala

TBC_01 - Hub

TBC_02-03 - Education - Cultural

This vantage point has become a hub for public events. Seemless road surfaces into public space is important simulating a gotongroyong culture

In between the 2 interventions there is an open p carpark p that acts as flexible event space. Interrelationship between 2 TBCs complementing one another. For example, children can use the art facilities while the artist can help teaching the children

TBC_04 - Commercial The e ‘wrap’ green hills is a gotongroyong infrastructure. The wrap is separating commercial and public space, but still maintaining m interaction in between through contour

Said una Ras

Jakarta 2009 - Future Democratic (2004 - present) Bundled deconcentration (1973 - present)

TBC_05 - Shared space This shows example of gotongroyong by sharing space between carparking and outdoor hawker. Minimal interventions from ground markings to green boundaries able to maximize the use of space by activities scheculed through time

$

$ aya jid R Mes nan dure e P n Jala

Site strategies

TBC_04 TBC_03 TBC_02 TBC_01

Site is contained within 2 extreme conditions, the site seeks new urbanity to revive gotongroyong culture

TBC_05

Vantage points along intersections are assigned for TBC proposals

Network is established in between. Interaction are encouraged to promote gotongroyong culture

Infiltrations from surrounding urban conditions are emerging gotongroyong culture

C 02 and TBC_03 C 03 act as a bridge combining Extension off TBC_02 the two. New facilities are able to support bigger community

C Commercial activities infiltrate f into TBC C at this stage. S Setbacks for green space and pedestrian access is emphasised in between the commercial blocks to promote active street activities

C are multi-family f Final development off TBC residential units. Growth of TBC from the edge boundaries into central block creating a layered developments of gotongroyong community

Future urban growth

f C 03 and TBC_05. C 0 Public park is proposed first in between TBC_03 The rate of vegetation growth are calculated to complete in time


PHASE 5

North: Pluit

1. RECLAIM BATAVIA CASTLE SITE 2. ESTABLISHING NEW COMMERCIAL HUB FOR KOTA WITH CONFENIENCE OF SURROUNDING INFRASTRUCTURE, INDUSTRIAL SITE, AND WORKING PORT 3. THIS SITE WILL HELP FUNDING REHABILITATION OF KOTA HERITAGE BUILDINGS

Eas Tan t: jung

Former Batavia castle site

Prio

k to

Cengkareng toll road (to airport)

ll ro

squatters and trucks parkings

Fatahillah axis

Railway tracks

bus term mina i l

Kota intan bridge

Batavia hotel PHASE 1

PHASE 1 1. ESTABLISHING THIS SITE AS AN ANCHOR FOR HERITAGE KOTA WITH NEW IDENTITY AS AN ART PRECINCT FOR JAKARTA 2. LOCAL MUNICIPAL OWNERSHIP OF THIS LAND ALLOWS ISNTANT ACTION TOWARDS FUTURE REHABILITIATION OF KOTA 3. SACRIFICING HERITAGE LAND TO FUND DELAPIDATING BUILDINGS ON SITE 4. SUBDIVIDING ITS SITE FOR COMMERCIAL ZONING 5. INTEGRATING PUBLIC TRANSPORT INTO DEVELOPMENT 6. (LIVING) (LEISURE) (LABOUR) DIVERSITIES WITHIN THE SITE

?

kali besar

1. VACANT BUILDINGS NEED TO BE OCCUPIED IMMEDIATELY TO STOP EXPLOITATIONS AND ILLEGAL USE OF THESE BUILDINGS 2. RENOVATION INTO HOUSING AS PART A CHEAP OPTION REHABILITATING THESE BUILDINGS 3. BETTER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FROM LOCAL MUNICIPAL 4. SUBSIDISE FUNDING FOR HOUSING TOWARDS ARTISTS AND KOTA COMMUNITIES

ad

REDESIGNING ROAD DIVIDERS TO STITCH KOTA HERITAGE SITE

PHASE 1-5 1. ESTABLISHING PEDESTRIAN AXIS FROM KOTA TRAIN STATION TO MUNICIPAL LAND 2. ESTABLISHING LANDMARK BUILDINGS TO ENGAGE WITH VISITORS 3. ACTIVE STREET IS ENCOURAGE WITH PKL, LIGHTINGS, AND GREEN SHADING

Post office

proposal for e pedestrian bridge

Cafe Batavia gated green space

palm trees ar a e donattions from Kota clientss and friends

Wayang museum Fatahillah square Fatahillah museum

The VQ pub

fatahillah courtyard

beverly hill spa & hotel

kali besar

THIS ABANDONED BUILDING CAN BE PUT TO IMMEDIATE USE FOR CREATIVE COMMUNITIES SUCH AS ADMIN AND RENTABLE SPACES

carparking

Museum Bank Indonesia

BNI

KOTA train station

ass

underp

South: Hayam Wuruk Gajah Mada

W Gr est: og ol

busway station (under constructions)

Museum Bank Mandiri

1. INTERGRATING GATED GREEN SPACES INTO FATAHILLAH SQUARE

Bank Mandiri

Kota entrance axis

ka

li b

es

ar

1. ALLOW ACTIVE FRONTAGES ON BOTH SIDE OF CANALS 2. PROPOSAL FOR PEDESTRIAN BRIDGE 3. FUNDING FOR WATER INFRASTRUCTURE TO CLEAN UP THE CANALS

Canal axis

Budi Lim Masterplanning

PHASE 3

gated green space

tax office

carparking

PHASE 2

PHASE 4

gated green space

Toko merah

Ceramic museum

East: Mangga Dua


SQUATTERS

HOTEL

WAREHOUSE

CONTEXTUAL RESPONSE

School of Architecture in Nantes (Lacaton Vassal) is not about beauty but generosity; no longer the big space; but a space that offers capacity

SITE RESPONSE

COMPACTING

PROGRAMS DENSIFIED

SHOPHOUSES SHOPHOUSES

POST OFFICE

SHOPHOUSES WAYANG MUSEUM

FATAHILLAH SQ

CERAMIC MUSEUM

FATAHILLAH MUSEUM

Instant city (Archigram) offers events as a nomadic device rehabilitaitng its site instantly

BANK

HOTEL BANK

TRAIN STATION

BANK

5 MINS KOTA BLOCK THE 5 MINS DIAMETER RING DETERMINE CONTEXTUAL PROGRAMS FOR ABANDONED BUILDINGS

Camillo Sitte proposed to follow the design objectives associated with the streets and buildings that shaped medieval cities.

?

ANCHOR 3 (KOTA ART PRECINCT) THE ROLE OF THIS ANCHOR IS TO CREATE NETWORK FOR FUTURE USE OF ABANDONED BUILDINGS SUCH AS DESIGN AND ART PRECINCTS

hotel addition

new commercial

Proposal for Windsor Hotel by DCM is looking at the value of heritage building and embracing commercial development as part of its heritage value. Hotel addition is setback as a backdrop to Windsor Hotel.

ANCHOR 2 (FATAHILLAH SQUARE) THE ROLE OF THIS ANCHOR IS TO PROVIDE PUBLIC SPACE FOR VISITORS IN KOTA CULTURAL AND HISTORICAL PRECINT

ANCHOR 1 (KOTA STATION SQUARE)

SCALE UP ! MINIATURE KOTA SAMPLING URBAN FABRIC

ABANDONED BUILDINGS

MAXIMIZING PUBLIC SPACE

PUBLIC SPACE

PUBLIC SPACE ROTATE 90deg

Indonesia Legoland offer agglomeration of national monuments, this question the scale of a city within an urban context

SCALE DOWN !

VERTICAL DISPERSION OF ART PRECINT

MINIATURE KOTA SAMPLING URBAN FABRIC

ENTRY COURTYARD

SCULPTURE PARK

Disneyland will be based upon and dedicated to the ideals, the dreams, and the hard facts that have created America. And it will be uniquely equipped to dramatized these dreams and facts and send them forth as a source of courage and inspiration to all the world.

PUBLIC SQUARE

THE ROLE OF THIS ANCHOR IS TO SUPPORT PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURES FOR VISITORS WITH AMMENITIES SUCH AS BUSWAY STATIONS


LEGEND: PUBLIC SPACE

COMMERCIAL

CULTURAL

INDUSTRIAL

DOMESTIC

ACCOMODATION

KOTA ART STRIP (GROWTH 0)

KOTA ART STRIP (GROWTH 1)

KOTA ART STRIP (GROWTH 2)

THE PLOT INFILL WILL PROVIDE VENUES AND SANCTUARY FOR CREATIVE COMMUNITIES OF KOTA. NETWORK OF ACCESS IS TO PROMOTE CONNECTIONS N BETWEEN

THIS GROWTH OF FIRST STRIP SHOWS INCREMENTAL SPREAD OF CREATIVE COMMUNITIES AND THE TENSION BETWEEN EXISTING AND NEW WILL CREATE A NEW CONTEXT FOR THIS PART OF KOTA

WHEN COMMERCIAL MARKET HAS ESTABLISHED, SECOND STRIP IS SACRIFICED TO SUSTAIN THE REST OF KOTA SUBSIDISE TOWARDS CREATIVE COMMUNITIES


+19500m

+16500m BRIDGING BETWEEN PRIVATE AND PUBLIC

+13500m URBAN OASIS IN BETWEEN

+13500m LABOUR vs LEISURE

+10500m HYBRID BRIDGE

+10500m LIVING vs LEISURE vs LABOUR

+7500m

+7500m LEISURE vs LABOUR

+4500m OPEN AND ENCLOSED COURTYARD

+1500m KOTA ART PRECINT

+1500m PUBLIC ACCESIBILITY

RECYCLING CULTURE (review 1 200809)  

Cycle of use, abuse, refuse, and reuse In search of Authenticity as Identity