Issuu on Google+

Portfolio

Calvin Chan 2006 - 2012

2006 - 2009

Bachelor of Arts (Architectural Studies). University of Hong Kong

2010 - 2012

Master of Architecture, University of Hong Kong

2006-2009

2009-

Fall 2010

Spring 2011

Fall 2011

Spring 2012

Undergraduate

Professional Experience

Urban Ecologies

Fate of FORM

Shell Game

Re-Grounding +105.0 m

Ke Hopewell Office

+56.0 m

+43.0 m

+20.4 m

Hop Shoppin ewell g Mal l

+25.0 m +13.0 m

+10.4 m


opewell ntre ffices

“Re-G ro Multip unding” le Datu m

Original Propos Single Da al tum 220 m

105

+105.0 m

Kennedy Road Stat Sing us Quo le D atum

Hopewell Office

+56.0 m

0 +43.0 m

+20.4 m

Ho Shoppinpewell g Mall

Mu Interv ltip enti le D on atu m

+25.0 m +13.0 m

Sau Wa

Fong

+10.4 m Exis ting Lot 02 Plin th

Sho p

pin

g M Lo all t 01 Acc ess Ken n

Lot edy 03 Roa d

Exist

L ing ot 04 Plin th

Lot 05 Nei Histo ghbo ric rhoo d

Lot 06 Loc borh al ood

Nei gh

Site Subdivision Multiple Ground

Qu ee

n’s Ro ad

Eas

t

B.L.

B.L.

B.L.

B.L.

B.L.

B.L.

Kennedy Road

Ship Street Office

Serviced Apratment

Residential

Sau Wa Fong

Hotel

Key Plan

Dining Sports Ground

Roof Garden

Swimming Pool

Nam Koo Terrace

Gallery

Viewing Deck

Hostel

Lay-by

Plaza Park

Studio

pewell ntre

Back of House

opping Mall Front of House

Retail Car Park

Lot 1 Commercial Shopping

Auditorium

Lot 2 + 3 Commerical Condominium Art and Culture

Lot 4 Art and Culture Sports

Lot 5 Art and Culture

Unfolded Journey 0

10

20

Lot 6 Park/ Hotel 50 m


Re-Grounding

M.Arch. II Spring (thesis)

2002 The Belcher’s

A Critique: Ground Thickening as an economic agenda

1990 Hilltop Gardens

1977 Broadview Terrace

1963 Hillview Gardens

Thickened Ground

-17.9 m

0.0 m

0.0 m

8.3 m +7.0 m

+35.4 m 24.7 m

Buil 1955 ding Setb Ordinan ack Line ce

Principa +56.4 m

Buil 1 19 P.D. ding Pla 980 B Plot uildin 66 n +15 m n ning R Rati g Ord on d e o an inan ome gulation d Sit ce stic eC pod s overa ium ge Sino 1 -B Lim ritish 984 it la Jo nd sa int D les < eclara 50 H tion a/ye ar

l Datum

1997 repla List Po li ces a nnu cy al la nd sa

les

“Thickened Ground” // Datum Shift // Building Code

Research: Thickened Ground

Over the time the artificial ground has been “thickened” by means of code and injecting optional program. There is a shift from applying building code for practical concern to manipulation to achieve a building mass which shows more economic greed than architectural concern. The ever-shifting datum continuously disengages itself from the idea of “ground”. Programs are interiorized. Open spaces are rendered as leftover spaces. A thickened ground has proven to have economic value in current manifestation. Yet is it possible to re-imagine an alternate scenario: by re-interpreting datum, “thickened ground” is also a device to induce intimate spatial relationship between ground and building mass?


500 500

500 500

Building Code Reinterpretation

Mass Customized Mould

â&#x20AC;&#x153;Sheared Spacesâ&#x20AC;?


Shell Game

M.Arch. II Fall

Exploring Variation and Integration in Pre-Fabricated Facades The studio will consider how building codes might be reworked to improve performance and aesthetics through strategic variation. Base on an existing tower study, choose certain aspects of the relevant code to “bend” to make the building perform better in some way. APP-19 should be the focus of this exercise. To create Sheared Spaces which incorporate in-between spaces for users’ intervention as well as to exaggerate differences/variety of units by standardized panel units.


VARIANT

REVERSAL

TYPE-1

ARMED-STOOL

COMPONENT - 2

COMPONENT - 3

MINIMAL STOOL

SUSPENDED TRAY

VARIANT

TYPE-2-A

ORIGINAL

COMPONENT - 4

REVERSAL

VARIANT

INVERTION

VARIANT

UR

CANTILEVER SUPPORT

EXTENSION

AMPUTATION INVERTION

INSERT

EXTENSION

SHIFT

OFESSIONAL

COFFEE TABLE

4-LEG-STOOL

VARIANT

TYPE-3 HANGER

REVERSAL

COMPONENT - 5 EXTENDED LEG

IKEA stool family tree

(

1*

$ ;&+

(

PRO/PRO/ EDITING MODELING

INSERT

REVERSAL

PRO/ MAKEUP PRO/STUDIO

FLIP

AMR/ SHOP AMR/ CAFE

AMPUTATION

AMR / ‘STUDIO’ AMR/ FITNESS

AGGREGATION

Obsolete factory building transformation: Service Core

PRO/ EDITING PRO/ MODELING

ROTATION

LEIS LEISURE L EISU AMR / ‘STUDIO’ AMR/ FITNESS

RE-DISTRIBUTION

HOTOGRPAHY PRO/ MAKEUP PRO/STUDIO

Obsolete factory building transformation: Structure ENTERTA TE ESHOP RTAAMR/ IN NMENT N AMR/ CAFE

Project 1: IKEA object transformation


Fate of FORM

M.Arch. I Spring

With its uninterrupted large floor plate and heavy loading capacity, the factory as a building type is filled with potentials. Most of Hong Kongâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s industrial buildings are relatively young (over 90% are less than 50 years old) and they are built to vigilant building requirements. Challenge the stereotypical redevelopment concept for obsolete building type. Design a Mixed-used project on a constrained site with a given formal and tectonic language. Project 2: RE-deďŹ nition of a Fashion Photography/Modeling HUB


1950

1960

1970

1980

1990

2000

2010 Commercial Housing Affordable Housing Industrial Historic Commercial City Wall Ring and Radial Roads

City boundary & Infrastructure 2nd Ring Road was built for Industrialization

The City Wall marked the urban edge of Imperial Beijing

The First subway line was built to connect suburb to the city

The 3rd Ring Road and more Ring Roads were planned to deal with increasing congestion

Relocation of heavy Industries from city core

5th ring road extends the highway network to the suburb

More extensive subway was built with the push of the Olympics

Satellite Towns in inner suburb

. Housing development

FAR ~0.9

r Wate

Facing the challege of population increase, Siheyuan were used as housing complexes housing multiple families

FAR ~2

FAR ~1.5

Monotonous housing typology was built across the city under a centralized housing production system

Height Limit imposed to preserve historic skyline at city centre put pressure to development

Siheyuan community in old city faced severe Urban Renewal

a gradual change in the urban housing from a social welfare undertaking toward an individual familyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s venture. The vast medium rise housing constructions at city periphery had barely enabled the city to keep pace with the ever-growing urban population.

Siheyuans were gradually transformed for commercial use such as hotels and bars.

Real estate companies are developing residential complexes of luxury high-rises in the city

Real Estate Boom

Economic reform opens Chinaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s market to foreign countries 1987:

25.5% of annual GDP 2005

Transaction of Land Use Right Become Legal

Economy Modes There were mainly trading and light industries (e.g. handicrafts) in the city. Trading is also an important economic activity of Peking. Agriculture activities were outside city walls.

Centralized Economy of China collected resources from citizen

A consumer-oriented industry was developed

According to the First Five-Year Plan (1953-1957) for the development of the national economy, industrialization of the city took place. Existing light industries expanded and new heavy industries developed.

Foreign Direct Investment and Rapid Sales of Government land heated up the Real Estate Market JUHDWO\'HYHORSPHQWVLQFOLQHGWRKLJKSURÂżWRQHV

The Financial Street is the ÂżUVWPDMRUGHYHORSPHQWIRU tertiary industry in Beijing. Financial headquarters gathered there to kick off economic growth

Zhongguancun Science Park is the research headquarters for many IT companies

ref: eBeijing Statistics

New housing developed in city centre is usually only affordable to the higher income community

Large suburb housing launched to appeal to middle class community

Beijingâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s total population exceeds 22m, with non-permanent residents standing at eight to nine million

13.5m:8.5m

SOCIAL

Population

residents in 1949

residents in 1980

4.1m

8.5m ONE-CHILD-POLICY: RQO\WKHĂ&#x20AC;UVWFKLOGLQ WKHIDPLO\LVHQWLWOHG

Economy developed rapidly and the peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s life and health VWDWXVLPSURYHGWKHELUWKUDWHZHQWXSVLJQLÂżFDQWO\

Governmentâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s policy on control migrants ingress and the tertiary industry development favours younger professional and business workers. Original citizens in central area who were mostly in low-end and labor-intensive industries lose their jobs and move out of the central city

ref: eBeijing Statistics

ref: The Bejing News, 3/8/2010 ONE HISTORIC URBAN BLOCK

CONCERT @ WORKER STADIUM

SOCIAL

400 M

Way of Living and Working

SHOP OFFICE @ JIANWAI SOHO

Community and social happenings take place along narrow alleyways. Urban life contained in one block, activities are within walking distance

NATURAL

Relaxing of HUKOU system: rural residents can obtain work permit and hence residence in the city more easily, leading to increase of migrants and split of extended families

v

Citizens work and live in different districts and go to work by public transport

3HRSOHPRYHLQWRVHOIVXIÂżcient work units of factories in near suburb.

60s - 80s: 0.12 RMB/m3

Water consumption

Urban life usually involve much movement, while the extended subway netwrok does not support very well

Residents living in urban and suburb area depend heavily on transport on ground and underground to travel to the work places, eg CBD, construction project sites

1999: 1.60 RMB/m3

1950

1960

1970

1980

1990

2000

2010

2020

2009: 4.00 RMB/m3

ref: eBeijing Statistics

Annual water consumption exceeded the available supply of water source of Beijing City. Serious pollution of surface water worsen the water shortage. The city was facing water crisis.

Rapid raise in water consumption due to increase in population, farmland area and the manufactoring industry development. Low price of water also resulted in waste.

>80% of water is consumed in agricultural farmlands outside city wall.

Frequent adjustment of water price since 90s to reduce wastage of water.

Sewage charge and water resource fee introduced.

Education and publication on public awareness on water saving. The city is also recycling more water.

Air pollution Coal burning for warmth and electricity, development of heavy industries became the main source of air pollutant dating from 60s.

Vehicular public transport was not popular. Bicycle and walking were still the most common transport.

Vehicle transportation grew rapidly. Pollutants from vehicles worsen the air quality in the city.

1949 - 2010 Urban Ecologies Beijing

A Hybrid Car Wash/ Water Treatment Plant in Central Beijing

Arise of coal mining and industries of the provinces close to Beijing brought about air pollutants to Beijing

The city is growing fast. Nearly 50 percent of the air pollution in Beijing at some points is due to construction.

Local factories were forced to be shut down or moved out of the central area.

Government to force drivers from the road: Cars with license plates ending in odd numbers could drive one day; cars with even numbers the next. new EURO IV vehicle emissions standard adopted.

The current urbanization process cannot keep up with development

n

ptio

sum

Con

FAR ~7 A grid-pattern Urban structure formed by tightly organised Siheyuans

ECONOMICAL

Pop

nership v

Vehicle Ow

CONSTRUCTED

ula

tion

Ur ba GD n Ar ea P/ ca pit a

Subway Lines


’)

R

D

(2

E AT W

TE EA

TR

E

G

A W

SE

27,000,000m3 3,000,000m3

30,000m3

¥ 61.68/m

H S A W R A C

3

“¥ 1/m3”

¥ 4.2/m3

+TRANSPORTATION FEE!!

’)

R

D

(2

E AT W

TE EA

TR

CAR WASH WATER

RECLAIMED WATER

DRINKING WATER E

G

A W

SE

Reclaimed water can be a potential cheap replacement to precious drinking water

SLUD

’)

R

WAT ER T ANK

WET

ED

GE

(2

E AT W

LAN

T EA

D

TR

2’ SE

DIME

NTA TION

AER

ATIO N

1’ SE

DIME

NTA TION REE DBE D

Urban Ecologies 1:100 THE HYBRID SYSTEM

M.Arch. I Fall Urban sprawl has become an issue for urban living. What are the causes and effects? Could we understand urban transformation as an “ecological” process? In recent years, Beijing Government has been promoting public use of reclaimed water by susidizing a portion of its cost. Hovever, it is not as effective as it is predicted. For instance, the price for carwashing water has been raised substantially by the governemnt to force the public using reclaim water instead. The result is the illegal use of drinking water for carwashing for its price even cheaper than reclaim water. The difference comes mainly from the transportation cost of reclaim water into the city. There is a need for a local source of reclaim water to alter the current urban ecology of water.


Spring 2008

Spring 2010

Fall 2010

Mediated Labour, eskyiu, HK/SZ Biennale 2008

SD stage, Chu Hai College, OMA

Kwun Tong Promenade Study, HKU Community Project Workshop

Fall 2009

Summer 2011

Cultural District Waterfront, Abu Dhabi, RMJM

Rock Carving Viewing Platform, HKU Community Project Workshop


Fall 2010

Art ALive@ Park. HKU Community Project Workshop

Professional Experience Fall 2011

Site Model, Curatorial Team, HK/SZ Biennale 2012

Spring 2012

Spring 2012

Dragon Skin Pavilion, LEAD, HK/SZ Biennale 2012 Contractor team, artlab, HK/SZ Biennale 2012


Cube, Year 1

House, Shek O, Year 1

Hostel, Shekou, Infrastructural Urbanism, Year 2


THE FORMAL STRATEGY STARTS FROM AN EFFICIENT COOPERATION BETWEEN ADMINISTRATION AND PRODUCTION; IT THEN UNFOLDS TO ACCOMODATE LEISURE PROGRAM FOR WORKERS. IT IS A ‘HABITABLE’ FACTORY.

LOG

C al l S i x p t s Sub Sixpts

ISTIC OFF S ICE

IMPO R DRO T P OF F

Dim s tr p ts 3 d p t( 5 ) Dim clo s ecur vep ts ( 6 ) strpts = rhino.GetObjects(“pick 6 pts ”, 1)

QUA CON LITY TRO L MAN A OFF GEMEN ICE T

‘ 1,4 Fo r i = 0 To 1 9

RES EAR CH QUA L CON ITY TRO L

If i = 0 T h en xx= strpt s(1) y y = s t r p t s (4 ) zz = strpt s

LOG IS OFF TICS ICE

ADM

INIS

TRA TIO

SOR

N

TING

E ls e

CUT

TING

xx = n ewst rpt s(1) yy = n e w s t r p t s (4 ) zz = n ewst rpt s

EXP

ORT

LOA

DING

STO

RAG

E

E nd If

FUR NAC E FAB R

ICAT

‘s tr p ts ( 1 ) = rh in o.Mov eObject (xx, array (0,0,0),array ( (-1) , 0, 0) ) s tr p ts (4 ) = rh in o.Mov eObject ( y y, array (0,0,0),arr ay ( 100+5 0*i , 0, 0) )

ION

STO

E

PRO

ION

LEIS

RAG

DUC

TIO

If i<>0 Then zz(1)= aa

N LI NE

E nd If Fo r j = 0 To 5 s t r p t s 3 d p t ( j ) = r h i n o . P o i n t C o o r d i n a t e s ( z z ( j ))

TO P ARK

Next Fo r intI = 0 To 5 closecu r v ept s( in tI)=

CAN TEE N

st rpt s3dpt ( in tI) LIBR ARY

Next clo s ecur vept s(6)=st rpt s3dpt (0) Rhino.AddPolyline (closecur vepts) n e w s t r p t s = r h i n o .C o p y O b j e c t s ( z z , s t r p t s 3 d p t ( 0 ) , s t r p t s 3 d p t (4 ) ) aa =zz(3)

EXH

IBIT

URE

Undergraduate Works

Next End Sub

Analog to Digital, Facade design, Year 3

Factory City, Year 3


Academic Portfolio 2006 - 2012