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Interviews Questioning Design 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Design is… What do designers do? Why design anything? Is there a difference between artists and designerss How do you define creativity? Design thinking is…

Middle School Students Boy, 11 1. Making stuff on the computer 2. No answer 3. No answer 4. No answer 5. No answer 6. Thinking about what it will look like Monika Elmont, 12 1. I don’t know 2. Fashion designers think up a design they really like, draw it down and then make it 3. No answer 4. Artists sculpt or paint it, designers think up a design. 5. I don’t know 6. Thinking of design Lee Elmont, 12 1. How you make something 2. Design stuff/make stuff 3. No answer 4. Design makes the details on something and the artist makes the something 5. What you want to do 6. I don’t know

High School Students Girl, 17 1. Advertising 2. No answer 3. No answer 4. No answer 5. No answer 6. Thinking about what looks good and knowing what looks good 7. Q: Do you think Graphic Design is easy? A: how hard can it be? Boy, 16 1. Everything around us 2. No answer 3. To make money 4. No answer 5. No answer 6. No answer

College Students The girlfriend (Interior Design major at RMCAD) 1. Creating, laying things out to be visually appealing and functional. 2. To communicate a message. 3. If things don’t catch people’s eye everything blends together. Design for the client’s needs. 4. Yes, artists create things to be looked at. Designers make things look appealing, they put more thought into what it’s conveying, but that’s not fair to say either though… 5. Creativity can’t be defined. 6. Makes me think of the act of branding something. (Ex. corporate identity) Zachery Dutton, 22, English major at Metro 1. Shapes, symbols and materials in a visually/effective arrangement 2. Design, the act of designing 3. No answer 4. No 5. A mindset routed in design 6. Using typical thoughts and objects in atypical ways Anna, 24 1. A creative process and a foundation 2. Lots of things, it depends on what they are designing. Lay the foundation for a process or item that will be reproduced or reused continually 3. No answer 4. Purpose, designers are doing something that are demanded or used and artists will just create. 5. It exists when something new is created 6. The ability to envision a cohesive end result Chelsea Brown-sophomore GD Kyle Warfield- sophomore GD Cody Thompson- sophomore GD Brandon Mannheimer- sophomore GD Julie Luu- sophomore GD Emily Verhagen- sophomore GD Laura Pidgeon-sophomore art Ed 1. Everywhere, everlasting, awesome 2. Communicate an idea through a certain medium, find solutions 3. To help people understand things, make things appealing, that question is bigger than life its self 4. Communication vs. making something look good, no there isn’t 5. Its human nature, like breathing you don’t think about it its just there 6. 24/7, thinking about the world, understanding Marc Wilson, video/film major at Columbia College, Chicago 1. Something created for a specific purpose, its not always necessarily art... take for instance a trash can, its not usually considered art... however a lot of thought went into making the shape and form of it. 2. No answer 3. No answer 4. Artists create things to be looked at while designers create things for a purpose. However the lines can be blurred when we talk logos and stuff like that. Like the arrow on the Fed Ex logo someone drew that to look like that. But many people do not see it as art. 5. Creativity is simply your ability to show your imagination. It’s broken down into Verbal and visual, on second thought I think creativity is broken down into the 5 senses. Because there's


taste or culinary. Smell, which is like people who design scents ex perfume. Touch... sculptures, there's a blind sculptress and she sculpts only on feeling and her art is first shown to people in a black box with those glove holes and you have to touch it and see the art like she does before you can actually look at it. No answer

Katie Kraus, Art Ed at Metro 1. What makes the world a more inspiring, interesting, and functional place? 2. A good designer is gifted in showing others new and creative ways to approach problems. They are innovative and approach life outside the box. 3. Design is what catches a person’s eye; whether it be to make money, or create spaces that set a mood. Without design our world would be bland and lacking in emotion. 4. Many times artists are more self-centered; making art that is personal to them, that only reaches a small demographic. Designers help others to see their own vision. They take information to create what a client wants. When designing products, they need to make their item meet the needs of a large demographic (with multiple interests and needs). 5. No answer 6. No answer Helen, 21 1. The ability to create something from not just nothing, but from anything. The freedom to do as your hands, mind, even heart (as hokey as that sounds) lead you to. The form of everything is its design. 2. They not only create; they create beautifully, meaningfully and purposefully. 3. For the sake of those who can only create and not others express themselves in ways that they can’t 4. They are very similar. Designers are a narrower category of artist. Designers as a “people group” tend to be more focused on an end product. That may be totally off the wall, but when I think of “designer” I think of a person with a very particular outcome to what they begin, a vision. Artist, to me, lends itself towards the less direct. 5. Creativity is similar to design but more broad. It is to make, to form, to meld, to mesh, and to create! 6. The constant state of “create.” To see things that you pass, or observe and feel the need to, or just naturally, make them into something different, better, or more interesting and complex. Autumn Wallace, Graphic Design at RMCAD 1. Everything and everyone we interact with, creating experiences, both bad and good. We design everything from our morning piece of toast to the relationships we have with the people we encounter 2. We change the way people interact with the world around them. 3. No answer 4. No answer 5. No answer 6. The consideration or intention to design something relevant. Kevin Tinsley 1. Design is to make a plan 2. No answer 3. To make new products, structures and systems 4. No answer 5. Developing new, uncommon, or unique ideas. 6. No answer Elizabeth Bristol. Interior Design at RMCAD 1. No answer


3. 4. 5. 6.

Designers have to know the ending; bow you got there is the story-because there are so many things that are a series of accidental happenings. That’s why, when you approach a design project. You have to try and figure out what it’s going to look and feel like in the end. For me I need to think about the ending first. Designers solve problems and communicate solutions to problems in a visual way. Designers have to find a way to make other people understand your subtleties and then have them communicate it back. No answer No answer No answer No answer

James, 23 1. Design is, more than anything, visual. Of course, there are other sensory elements that incorporate design too-- sometimes you can touch it, sometimes you can even smell or taste it-- but if you can't see design, then it's not design. At least that's what I think. Design is the sort of thing that doesn't have to limit itself to paper. It's three-dimensional. It's all over the place, from the lines on a biologist's microscopes to the seams on a politician's suit coat, to the layout of tomorrow morning's newspapers. Design is something that we have an immediate reaction to. It provides us with an opportunity to make our own opinions-- which are usually formed out of snap-judgment decisions, but are quite vulnerable to change. Design not only reflects individual personality, but also often characterizes corporate society. We design because we are image-bearers of the greatest Designer to ever exist. Design is extremely important. 2. Designers send out messages that are embedded in whatever it is they've designed. A building, with a blaze facade, can send a message that reflects the emotions of the particular era in time in which it was built. A flyer for a party, with cool fonts and loud colors, can send a message of excitement and anticipation. A teapot, with a smooth handle and spout, can send a message of quiet simplicity. An Amazon forest shelter, with intertwined elements of the forest, can send a message of resourcefulness and protection. It is because of designers that these messages, which are often registered subconsciously, are able to be sent and received-enhancing experiences and relationships for humans everywhere. 3. We can't help our selves from not designing anything. We design things without even knowing it. So if we can't avoid it, why not acknowledge it and try to do it well? 4. I think that artists are designers, and that designers are artists. They're both pretty broadswooping labels. 5. Creativity is the realization of imagination. We have an idea in our heads, and because of creativity, it's able to be seen to fruition. Often the result is not an exact replica of what our imaginations first conjured up-- instead it resembles the original idea, sometimes in ways we could have never imagined. Creativity, though in-arguably innate, is the sort of thing that can be cultured over time as well 6. I have no idea Matt Welch, Graphic Design at RMCAD 1. No answer 2. No answer 3. I design because I am not satisfied with what the world has to hold around me. Not to say that everything is horrible, but it’s not all good either. Design of experiences, objects, signage, logos etc offer me a hand in what I haven’t been satisfied with in the past. 4. No answer 5. No answer 6. A way of processing ideas based on research and trial and error to develop a cohesive system. Tina Kao 1. No answer 2. Design things to make life better (can be for human or animal)

3. 4. 5. 6.

No answer No answer No answer A thought process of finding the better and more efficient way of doing something

Zachery Warren Madere, Illustration 1. No answer 2. No answer 3. No answer 4. No answer 5. The ability to approach a situation, problem and take the fullest advantage of the limitations it poses. 6. Thinking in terms of these relationships and interactions Alexa Kuppers-Kantor, Graphic Design 1. No answer 2. No answer 3. Because otherwise, there would be nothing. 4. No answer 5. No answer 6. Intentional, exacting, innovative Allison Clayton, Graphic Design major at RMCAD 1. No answer 2. Research, Obsess, Create, Analyze, Write, Experiment, Develop solutions, Solve problems, develop and design systems, enrich the quality of human experience, develop new technologies, develop interfaces which improve new technologies, create new possibilities in perception, create new theories and ways to consider, react, and interact with visceral, behavioral and reflective areas. 3. Power and potential designers have on the future success of our world. Spreading vital messages that can alter people’s perceptions and hopefully changes behaviors or mindsets on a global scale. Transfer the potential of the scientific method – the ever-expanding accumulation of knowledge – to the cultural space. 4. Yes and No. Attribution of meaning to visual information follows more fundamental principles, which transcend categorical difference. Instead, what we may ask is to what extent can we challenge the perceptual capabilities of our target audience in order to attract and sustain their attention. Designers typically develop and design in order to reach a level of engagement with another audience, which is often targeted. Artists create work with a variety of self-proclaimed intentions. Sometimes intentions are meant to reach a level of engagement, sometimes a level of disgust, sometimes with no intentions whatsoever for the audience. Both communicate meaning and message, but on different platforms. Aesthetics are understood in relation to perception. Designer and artist alike represent this concept. Designers tend to incorporate more cross discipline elements (i.e. anthropology, political, intuitively, less concerned with thee social impact or perhaps changing the operations of social dynamics and more on evoke emotive or reflective human behaviors. Designers deal with the mainstream market more so. They interact with it and artist reacts to it more. I believe, however, there are situations in which intuition in plays as important role in the context of communication. One must consider the perceptual effects of ambiguity and what meaning and message you are conveying as well as leanings and messages convey that you did not intend for. 5. “Capacity of multiple experiences is aesthetically pleasing” Actualizing concepts. Visually communicating ideas and needs of others. Sensations synaesthetically transferred to imagery representing other areas of sensory perception.


Heightened awareness. Instinctive sensibilities for fundamental principles of art and design. Intelligent design processes. Social Awareness. Multi-dimensional perception, Consideration for current political, economic and cultural forces. Adapting to a constantly changing environment. Realizing the designer’s vital role in the communication of cultural, socioeconomic, and political forces and elements. Communication: Physical. This is the personal type of communication. It includes facial expressions, tone of voice, sense of touch, and sense of smell and body motions. Aesthetic. This is the type of communication that takes place through creative expressions: playing instrumental music, dancing, painting and sculpturing. Signs. This is the mechanical type of communication, which includes the use of signal flags, the 21- gun salute, horns and sirens. Symbolic. This is the type of communication that makes use of religious, status or egobuilding symbols

Gia Genitempo 1. No answer 2. No answer 3. No answer 4. Wow I could probably rant about this for hours. I guess it depends on the way you look at it. Both have an idea and make it a reality. As simple as that. But some painters and photographers try to prove a point with their work. They want the world to see their perspective. Then there are people who design toilet seats who probably aren’t really trying to show the world their perspective they are just making a place to sit when taking a shit. :) 5. Creativity means that your brain is working 6. No answer Dmitri Obergfell 1. No answer 2. No answer 3. No answer 4. No answer 5. Creativity is defined by consumerism and surveys 6. No answer

Recent College Graduates Michelle Gardner, rmcad illustration grad 1. Everywhere 2. Designers take every day items and make them more appealing to the public. 3. With out design the world would be a boring place. 4. I do not believe there is any difference - they are both creative and need to express that creativity to the world. 5. Is taking something ordinary and making it your own. 6. Thinking outside the normal

Retail Workers FedEx employee 1. An Arrangement of the different elements. (Line, shape, etc.) 2. To come up with designs for what the client wants and needs. Designers keep up with trends, learn techniques, and create. 3. Because it is a tool to help advertise, and get your message across. 4. Yes, designers think logically and plan out designs, whereas artists are more spontaneous 5. Creativity opens up and explores new things; no constraints. 6. Structured, creative.

Old Navy 1. Patterns, pretty colors 2. Draw pictures of what things look like when they are done. 3. Because if you didn’t, everything would look terrible. 4. Yes, artists can abstract paint. 5. Expressing yourself. 6. Planning Whole Foods 1. It depends. Depends on what you create. Functionality goes with expression. 2. Things that need to be done? 3. Some things have to be designed like architecture. 4. Is there? Creativity and expression can go hand in hand with practicality. Ex: I design motorcycles for style but they have to work. 5. Can it be defined? 6. Drafting, architecture, planning Louis Longo, 23, GameStop 1. Work 2. Design/produce blue prints for random things 3. No answer 4. Artists can be designers but designers aren’t necessarily artists 5. The ability to create something unique from experiences or things you see in your world 6. Prosperous Christian Barreto-Salgado 1. No answer 2. No answer 3. No answer 4. No answer 5. Design is the plan, Art is the process. To create something you need a plan, and to do something a process is needed. Designers are people planning up until the point where the process arises which then they become Artists. Something, which is slightly off topic but brings this point to a different view: When did Dada die? When they started calling it Modern Art! Ha! 6. No answer

Practicing Graphic Designers/Artists Arturo Fuentes- freelance designer/artist 1. Anything that catches my eye and stays in my brain, any little thing that comes back to me in a painting or a sketch. Something that needs no help being remembered. 2. No answer 3. …. Cause with design anything is possible!!! 4. To me there is no difference between the artist and designer because the same thought process has to come somewhere in there!! 5. .... Damn.... is just the ability to display what an over active imagination on paper or any canvas, being able to display emotions easily and readily 6. A way anyone can improve on an existing plain, enhancing a white truck for example. As I designer, I watch a lot of cartoons, something about the cartoons sets my imagination wild and allows me to realize that there’s no boundaries for any art medium!! Brae, 25, photographer 1. Arrangements of objects, shapes, colors 2. Figure out how things should look and work 3. Because we all have eyes

4. 5. 6.

If a designer has no interest in creativity or beauty then they are probably not an artist. If a designer does care about art, then they’re an artist The penchant to create Is design an adverb or the object of this sentence? This is grammatically confusing.

Ishmael Hallin 1. No answer 2. No answer 3. No answer 4. No answer 5. Yes, but as with everything else the winds of time have blurred and shifted the lines in the sand and it doesn’t make much sense to worry about it. More relevant questions might be: is there a difference between artists? Is there a difference between designers? 6. No answer

Stay at home Mothers 40 stay at home mom 1. No answer 2. No answer 3. To make things look good and so you want to buy it. 4. No answer 5. No answer 6. No answer Sharon, 36, single mom of two 1. Artistic, symmetry, creative, thoughtful, purposeful 2. Designers create all sorts of thing; interior design, architects, artists, clothing. They create a picture of what’s in their head on paper, 3D, sculpture, both useful and superfluous. 3. Design something for fun, for creative outlet, for therapy, for work, for sense of purpose, for someone’s enjoyment 4. Artists may more traditionally, or to the layperson, refer to a creative pursuit that is more decorative. Whereas designers may have a creative effort that serves function more than décor; like a building, or engineering, or clothing, or landscape. For me artist may more refer to someone who’s strictly creating something for viewing; be it 3D or 2D, huge or small, it’s more for just visual enjoyment, less functional use. 5. Creativity is coming up with things that are not there 6. Because design engages one’s mind. It can be emotional too, but thinking for sure. Dawn, 49, Sports mom 1. Putting together ideas in ways that are helpful, stimulating, attractive or exciting. 2. Designers use their gifts and talents with color, structure, ideas, and even scientific principles to create something useful. 3. At our best, we are not stagnant an s people. We change, grow, invent, create, idealize, hope, yearn and plan. When one designs, it speaks to the amazing capacity of the brain to keep on reaching. Sometimes we design for practical reasons (need a bridge to get from this shore to that shore), and sometimes we design just for the fun of it (doodles, clothing, etc). 4. I guess I think of artistry as creating for the soul/sole sense of enjoyment and appreciation of beauty and personal expression, I think of design as fulfilling a particular need. Although an artist can be fulfilling a need with their art, and a designer can enjoy and appreciate the beauty of design, I guess I see the difference as being that of intent. An artist expresses them self for the purpose of expression. A designer expresses themselves for the purpose of accomplishing a task. 5. Creativity is using your rain to think of and see things in a new way 6. I guess design thinking is just the idea that things can be improved, changed or created to fill a need, and the possibilities are endless.

Ashley, 25, mom of 4 1. Everywhere, in everything, good & bad 2. Take concepts and make them real 3. Could we live without design? 4. I think it depends on the subject/medium. This is a Yes and No question to me. If taking about Graphic Design then I would say YES there can be a huge difference, someone can be artist in that they can give you details on the exact layout of a project, but they themselves wouldn’t be able to it all come together the way a designer would. Yet that designer would probably be an artist also. Is this a trick question? 5. The ability to take anything “normal” and making it more appealing…just because you can’t help it. 6. Design thinking is the best thing in the world!!! Okay just kidding, I have never heard that term before, but it sounds nice.

Retired People 65, male architect 1. Buildings 2. Design things on the computer, mostly computer based stuff 3. To make things work 4. No answer 5. No answer 6. No answer

Teachers Tobi, 23, high school teacher 1. Design is a concept communicated through color and composition. 2. Designers control chaos. They craft together something coherent. 3. Without design, the world would be sad, gray and boring. Or it would be just tacky and terrible. Not the cute kind of tacky that somehow works, but the tacky that makes your face hurt. 4. My instinct is to say no. Designers are artists. Maybe the difference is in what they are communicating with their work. 5. Creativity is like looking through the odd contents of your fridge and somehow combining them to create a tasty treat. To be creative you have to get over yourself, and over the fear of failure. Otherwise you’ll just keep peeking in the fridge with a growling tummy (that’s such a random analogy. Hope it makes some sense!). 6. With vision and purpose, being willing to muddle through the process because you know the outcome will be worth the failures it took to get to the finished product. Michael Ruberto 1. A systematic approach to creating the form of an idea 2. Designers bring intangible ideas to life or make improvements to undesired artifacts, systems or processes. 3. No answer 4. No answer 5. Creativity is the expression of values, knowledge, and experiences by applying imagination and logic to a particular medium to evoke an emotional response. 6. No answer Kate, 53, teacher and mom 1. Design is the state of making things interesting, pleasing to the eye, adding shape and color and meaning and to our surroundings and that sort of thing. 2. Designers create a unique and attractive logo or style to go with a particular business so as to catch the attention of the public. 3. Life would be boring, bland and sad without design because design means someone is

interested, thinking, trying to make something beautiful and pleasing to the eye and personal.

4. There is a difference. My husband is an artist, in my mind, but he doesn't paint or make

5. 6.

pottery. He is interested in colors, shapes, originality-like the way he creates different designs with legos for Lego jewelry and the way he spends hours thinking about how to make the jewelry more interesting or how to send the jewelry through the mail-what packaging, what rubberstamps to address it with, what postage stamps to use that will tie in everything together just perfectly.there is a difference-can't put my finger on it. I define creativity as thinking how to make something more interesting and lending my individuality to something. Maybe design thinking is noticing how color and shape affect me, you, a group of people or a business-for good or for bad.

Working professionals Katie, 27, secretary, 1. Design is creating an image for an idea or concept. 2. They create spaces or images that all work as one unit displaying a specific goal. 3. To make things more attractive, professional, appealing so that it is an eye catcher 4. I think that designers are all artists; I don’t know that all artists are designers, as some artists like to go against the grain of “typical” design structures. 5. The ability to think of a solution or idea that is original and unique 6. I am not sure about this question, sorry. Damien, 56, Salesman 1. Design is the use of imagination and observation to create compelling two and threedimensional works. 2. Designers fulfill creational challenges. They work within parameters to create fresh and interesting products. 3. Because we are by nature creative. We are driven by creativity and responsive to it. 4. Artists are more concerned with self-expression. Designers are taken up with attracting people visually. 5. More than anything else it is the art of observation. When we like something we should pause to consider what is pleasing us. We can always be making discoveries about how to apply and exploit design phenomena. 6. Creativity is simply imagination applied Teri Elmont, 59, recruiter 1. Interesting 2. Create an image of something 3. No answer 4. The designer would work more with computers and software, but have an art background 5. A person’s idea of what something looks like or should look like 6. Creative Alan Elmont, 57, Sales 1. Taking a visual concept into fuitition 2. Execute the answers to 1 & 6 3. No answer 4. A designer is an artist but an artist might not be a designer. The designer creates something functional on some level, an artist may create but it doesn’t have a function, instead it appeals to the audience on an emotional plain or visual plain. 5. To be able to conceptualize something that wasn’t there before. 6. The ability to conceptualize how a thing should look, function, act, behave, smell, feel, taste, etc.

Kristian Navant, Front Desk at RMCAD 1. Design is a discipline, which uses symbols and text to evoke a response and/or brand a product, material, organizations etc. 2. No answer 3. Because at best design can assist in cultural and social evolution. The masses need to be steered, even if they don’t admit it. It takes countless men and women to work at bank, be doctors, dig ditches, pump gas and fix cars so that a comparative HANDFUL of artists and designers can give them the images they view. The films they watch, the books they read. We make the decisions that create the future of society. We feed the dreams of men and women so that they may lull themselves into everyday life. However, at worst, it’s just a vapid, crashing bore. An artist and designer should want to be the best. They should want and need to be the future. 4. The best artists and designers embody a synthesis of both art AND design. They integrate the limitless and pioneering mind of the artist, while using the craft, training and direction of the designer. A limited mentality leads to obsolescence. There’s only a difference between artists and designers if they are complacent, if they’re unwilling to realize their full potential. And who wants to fly on one wing really? 5. Creativity defines itself, as it also defines the world around it. You can’t acquire it. You have it or you don’t. You’re born with it; like homosexuality or a birth defect. 6. No answer Matt Taulton, Civil Engineer 1. Creating an aesthetically pleasing yet usable product 2. Produce a product that make others lives better, through a combination of art and science. 3. Because no one wants to go into a hospital that looks like a prison. 4. No answer 5. No answer 6. No answer 30-40 year old, mechanic (high school with some college) 1. Making business cards, logos and websites. Making stuff look good. 2. No answer 3. To help people use things better. Design better cars, web sites and logos. 4. Designers use computers, artist’s paint. 5. No answer 6. No answer