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G AO C H A NG ARCHITECTURAL WORKS 2013-2015 | SYRACUSE ARCHITECTURE

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CONTENTS HOUSING, PUBLIC, COMMUNICATION: THE GENERIC CITY

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AN EXPANDABLE, OPEN UNIVERSITY CAMPUS ON SOUTH BANK, LONDON.

URBAN WASTELAND

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AN URBAN WASTE MANAGEMENT INFRASTRUCTURE IN MANHATTAN, NEW YORK.

HABITABLE BILLBOARD

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A PROPOSED CINEMATHEQUE FOR SYRACUSE UNIVERSITY ALONGSIDE I-81 HIGHWAY, NY.

LIGHTNESS vs. HEAVINESS

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A FURNITURE MUSUEM IN DOWNTOWN SYRACUSE, NY.

*ARCHITECTURAL PRACTICE

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INTERNSHIP WORKS AT UAL STUDIO: A DESIGN PROPOSAL.

CYBER CITY REBUILT

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AN ARCHITECTURAL DRAWING INSPIRED BY A SCI-FI.


CHANG GAO | ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN WORKS 2013 - 2015 SYRACUSE UNIVERSITY . SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE CLASS OF 2017 SEAN.GAO.93@GMAIL.COM


IN THE HISTORY OF CITY DEVELOPMENT, THE HOUSING ISSUES ARE ALWAYS CLOSELY RELATED TO THE LIFE OF RESIDENTS. LONDON, AS ONE OF THE MOST HISTORICAL METROPOLIS IN THE WORLD, IS A COMPLICATED YET RESOURCEFUL CITY TO STUDY SUCH TOPICS. URBAN ARCHITECTURE AND CITY PLANNING SHAPE THE LIFESTYLES OF THE CITIZENS. MEANWHILE , PEOPLE’S BEHAVIORS ARE ALSO CHANGING THE FORMS OF THE ARCHITECTURE AS WELL AS THE URBAN PATTERNS OF THE CITY. THE PROJECT CONSISTS OF TWO PHASES. THE FIRST PART IS A RESEARCH/ANALYSIS ON THE EXISTING URBAN BLOCKS AND HOUSING ARCHETYPES IN LONDON. THE AIM IS TO USING DRAWINGS AS A TOOL TO HELP EXPLORE AND UNDERSTAND THE POLITICAL, ECONIMICAL AND SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN THE PROJECTS AND THE URBAN FORM. PHASE I GETS ME ACQUAINTED WITH THE RICH HISTORY OF LONDON WHILE CONSTRUCTING A DESIGN TOOLBOX FOR MY DESIGN IN PHASE II. THE SECOND PHASE IS BASED ON THE DISTRICTS AROUND THE WATERLOO RAILWAY STATION ON LONDON SOUTH BANK. THROUGH THE RESEARCHES ON THE STRUCTURAL SYSTEMS AND PROGRAMMATIC USES OF THE BUILDINGS, I PUT MY FOCUS ON THE “GENERIC SPACE” BETWEEN THE ICONIC SOUTH BANK WATERFRONT AND THE WATERLOO STATION. THE “GENERIC SPACE” ARE THE SPACE OCCUPIED BY LARGE CORPORATIONS AND RESIDENTIAL HOUSING COMPLEXES. THEY HAVE POOR RELATIONSHIPS WITH THE IGNORED PUBLIC GROUND FLOOR. DUE TO THE PRIVATIZED CONDITION OF THE BUILDINGS, THEY WORK AS A BARRIER SEPARATING THE WATERFRONT AND WATERLOO STATION, CREATING AN IMPERMEABLE BARRIER THAT IS NOT EASILY ACCESSED BY THE SURROUNDING PUBLIC. TO COMBAT THIS CONDITION, MY PROPOSAL INVESTIGATES THE PRESENT STRUCTURES OF THESE GENERIC BUILDINGS. BY PARTIALLY TAKING AWAY THE EXISTING FACADES AND PARTITIONS, I BEGIN TO MODIFY THE GROUND FLOOR TO MAKE IT MORE EASILY ACCESSIBLE TO POPULATIONS ATTENDING THE PROGRAMS AROUND THE GENERIC ZONE.

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HOUSING, PUBLIC, COMMUNICATION: THE GENERIC CITY AN EXPANDABLE, OPEN UNIVERSITY CAMPUS ON SOUTH BANK, LONDON

LOCATION - LONDON, UNITED KINGDOMS TIME - 2015 SPRING ARC407 - SYRACUSE ARCHITECTURE LONDON PROGRAM INSTRUCTOR - PROFESSOR DAVIDE SACCONI, PROFESSOR FRANCESCO SANIN

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The Keeling House is located at Claredale Street (London, E2) on the east side of london. The residential tower is designed by British architect Sir Denys Lasdun and completed in 1957. This project stack the traditional english maisonettes in an urban block into modern, collective residential towers. Private viewing platforms shared by the residents also reflect the backyards of english terraced houses. The keeling house explores the possiblities to convert traditional english lifestyle into modernism.

PART I - A HOUSING ARCHETYPE: THE KEELING HOUSE

Site of the Keeling House, London E2.

Flat unit + private terraces analysis.

DRAWINGS AND DIAGRAMS MADE BY: CHANG GAO


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On the first floor of the maisonette units, the towers are connected to the elevator core by four separate corridors. On the upper level, the towers are not connected. Therefore the upper level of the core is able to become an private gathering space which can only be accessed by the owners.

Final presentational drawing. Drawing made by Chang Gao.

Instead of having one-floor flats, each flat (except 5th) has two floors. In each housing tower, the 2 flat units on each floor have symmetrical plans. Programs on the ffirst floor of the flat are intended to be more public while the privacy vs can beSECTION onFACADE the second floor ensured. E B

C

D

A

Final presentational drawing. Drawing made by Zhendong Long.

E

D

C

B

A


Conceptual collage of the prohect.

Sections of the expanding campus. Orinal scale 1:400

SECTION CUT - AA, LOOKING EAST FROM THE LANDING POINT OF WWATERLOO BRIDGE

Building Type I

Building Type I

Building Type I

Building Type II

Building Type II

Building Type II

Back its offoriginality---Taking facades facades Structural Columns---Generic Spaces Traditional Firewall Structure Structural Columns---Generic Traditional Firewall Structure Back itsoff originality---Taking off facades StructuralSpaces Columns---Generic Spaces Traditional Firewall Structure Back its originality---Taking

Clearing the Ground Condition---Free Clearing the Ground PlanClearing on Condition---Free Ground PlanCondition---Free on Ground Condition Replan the Ground Condition Replan the Ground Condition theCondition Ground Plan on Ground Condition Replan the Ground Condition

New Structure SystemNew Structure System New Structure System

SECTION CUT - BB, LOOKING EAST FROM WATERLOO ROAD

ts originality---Taking Back off its facades originality---Taking Back its originality---Taking off facades off facades

Clearing the Ground Condition---Free Clearing the Plan Ground on Clearing Ground Condition---Free the Condition GroundPlan Condition---Free on Ground Condition Plan on Ground Replan Condition the Ground Condition Replan the GroundReplan Condition the Ground Condition

New Structure System

New Structure System New Structure System

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PART II - CONNECT AND MIX: THE EXPANDING CAMPUS This Waterloo Campus of King’s College on South Bank consists of buildings of large volume, generic structural systems and rigid, complicated floor plan layout. This makes connections on this urban campus very difficult. The project takes out the original partitions inside the buildings, creating open rooms with only the column grid system. The generic space connects the secluded buildings, encouraging the users (students and teachers) to freely utilize the space according to their specific needs. This project tries to maximize the spatial flexibility of the generic space. The new rooms also go beyond the boundaries of the campus and include parts of the surrounding buildings in order to allow more social mixes on campus.

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b t T g b s o

SECTION CUT - AA, LOOKING EAST FROM THE LANDING POINT OF WWATERLOO BRIDGE

CONNECT AND MIX:

THE EXPANDING CAMPUS Chang Gao This Waterloo Campus of King’s College on South Bank consists of buildings of large volume, generic structural systems and rigid, complicated floor plan layout. This makes connections on this urban campus very difficult. The project takes out the original partitions inside the buildings, creating open rooms with only the column grid system. The generic space connects the secluded buildings, encouraging the users (students and teachers) to freely utilize the space according to their specific needs. This project tries to maximize the spatial flexibility of the SECTION CUT - BB, LOOKING EAST FROM WATERLOO ROAD generic space. The new rooms also go beyond the boundaries of the campus and include parts of the surrouding buildings in order to allow more social mix on the campus.

A B B

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Plan of the expanding campus. Orinal scale 1:200


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URBAN WASTELAND: AN URBAN WASTE MANAGEMENT INFRASTRUCTURE IN MANHATTAN, NEW YORK. LOCATION - NEW YORK, NY TIME - 2014 FALL ARC307 - THIRD YEAR DESIGN STUDIO (GROUP DESIGN PROJECT) GROUP MEMBERS - CHANG GAO, YIWEI WU INSTRUCTOR - PROFESSOR LORI A. BROWN


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THIS DESIGN STUDIO EXERCISE IS INVOLVED WITH MUNICIPAL WASTE MANAGEMENT IN URBAN CONTEXTS. THE MUNICIPAL WASTE IN NEW YORK CITY HAS ALWAYS BEEN AN ISSUE OF THE CITY DEVELOPMENT AND HAVEN’T BEEN SOLVED PROPERLY. AFTER LOOKING INTO THE ADVANCED TECHNOLOGIES TAKEN IN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES SUCH AS GERMANY AND AUSTRIA, WE DECIDE TO INTRODUCE THE SUCCESSFUL EXPERIENCE INTO NEW YORK CITY. THE PROJECT IS LOCATED ON THE MANHATTAN ISLAND. THIS URBAN WASTE MANAGEMENT INFRASTRUCTURE ON WEST UPPER SIDE FUNCTIONS NOT ONLY AS A FACTORY THAT DEALS WITH WASTE MATERIALS FORM THE SURROUNDING NEIGHBORHOODS, BUT ALSO WORKS AS A SOCIAL COMMUNITY CENTER TO EDUCATE PEOPLE ABOUT MATERIAL RECYCLING. IT HOUSES A FLEA MARKET, GALLERIES AS WELL AS LEARNING CENTER AND RESEARCH LABS. INSTEAD OF HIDING IN SUBURBS AWAY FROM THE CITY, THE URBAN WASTELAND ATTRACTS THE PUBLIC TO THE WASTE PLANT, PROVIDES THE CITIZENS A PLATFORM TO ACTIVELY LEARN ABOUT THE PROCESS OF RECYCLING AND HELP SHAPE THEIR FUTURE LIFESTYLE.


PART I - PERSONAL + NATIONAL: THE EARLY RESEARCHES From the very beginning of the project, I started to record our daily personal waste produced on campus (the ‘waste journals’). By keeping track of our own waste materials, I am able to analyze the hiding patterns about the amount, frequency as well as the locations of people’s waste production. It also helped me estimate the need of waste recycling in New York City, the processing capacity of the waste plant and the necessary size of the waste management programs in my design. The waste journals lasted the entire semester, providing me with rich statistics to study.

Sean’s Waste Journal - Fall 2014

August 28, 2014 Total paper waste

533.00

Total Plastic waste

220.00

Total Glass waste

36.00

Total Duration

80

Location

Syracuse, NY

“Waste Journals” and research diagrams. Waste-counting graph 20.00

18.00

15.00

13.50

10.00

9.00

5.00

4.50

0.00

1

3

5

7

9

11

13

15

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19

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25

27

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35

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61

Paper (pieces) Plastic (no.) Organic Waste (Scale 1-10)

0.00

Day

Waste-counting graph 5.00

6.0

3.75

4.5

2.50

3.0

1.25

1.5

0.00

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61

Organic Waste (Scale 1-10) Metal (no.) Glass (no.)

0.0

Day

ECYCLING RATE BAN ON LANDFILLING UN-PRETREATED MSW 50% Day

Paper Plastic (pieces) (no.) 1

Organic Waste (Scale 1-10)

Metal (no.)

5.00

0.00

1.00

0.0

0.0

2

7.00

0.00

2.00

0.0

0.0

3

11.00

6.00

1.00

2.0

1.0 NYC Tour

4

8.00

9.00

2.00

2.0

0.0

5

8.00

7.00

4.00

1.0

2.0 Wk1 Labor Day Vacation

6 7

9.00

2.00

2.00

0.0

1.0

10.00

1.00

2.00

1.0

0.0

8

12.00

0.00

1.00

1.0

0.0

OLLOW UP) 9

8.00

3.00

1.00

1.0

1.0

10

7.00

8.00

4.00

0.0

2.0

SECONDARY MOTORWAY (INTERSTATE)

8.00

8.00

3.00

1.0

0.0

9.00

1.00

1.00

1.0

0.0 Wk2

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10.00

0.00

1.00

1.0

0.0

14

9.00

3.00

2.00

0.0

0.0

15

10.00

0.00

0.00

1.0

0.0

8.00

1.00

3.00

0.0

1.0

17

20.00

17.00

5.00

2.0

6.0 Party held at home

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5.00

3.00

0.00

0.0

2.0

19

10.00

2.00

0.00

0.0

1.0 Wk3

20

8.00

1.00

1.00

1.0

0.0

21

11.00

3.00

2.00

0.0

1.0

22

13.00

1.00

1.00

1.0

0.0

23

6.00

2.00

3.00

2.0

0.0

24

6.00

8.00

3.00

1.0

0.0

25

7.00

6.00

3.00

0.0

1.0

26

14.00

4.00

0.00

1.0

0.0 Wk4

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12.00

3.00

0.00

2.0

0.0

28

9.00

8.00

3.00

1.0

0.0 Field trip to NYC

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16.00

4.00

4.00

1.0

0.0

30

12.00

4.00

2.00

0.0

1.0

8.00

9.00

4.00

1.0

2.0 Field trip end

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6.00

6.00

1.00

1.0

0.0

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13.00

2.00

1.00

0.0

1.0 Wk5

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10.00

4.00

0.00

1.0

0.0

35

12.00

1.00

0.00

0.0

1.0

36

12.00

3.00

2.00

1.0

0.0

37

5.00

2.00

1.00

0.0

2.0

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7.00

12.00

2.00

0.0

0.0

39

9.00

7.00

4.00

2.0

0.0 Music Festival NYC

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9.00

2.00

1.00

0.0

1.0 Wk6

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12.00

1.00

0.00

1.0

0.0

42

11.00

3.00

1.00

0.0

1.0

43

12.00

3.00

0.00

1.0

0.0

44

4.00

0.00

0.00

1.0

0.0

45

6.00

6.00

4.00

2.0

4.0 Concert in NYC @MSG

46

5.00

6.00

3.00

0.0

1.0

47

12.00

3.00

0.00

0.0

0.0 Wk7

48

12.00

2.00

0.00

0.0

0.0

49

13.00

2.00

1.00

0.0

1.0

50

11.00

4.00

1.00

1.0

0.0

51

7.00

6.00

2.00

1.0

0.0

52

6.00

10.00

2.00

1.0

0.0

53

8.00

7.00

3.00

0.0

1.0

54

11.00

0.00

1.00

1.0

0.0 Wk8

55

13.00

1.00

2.00

0.0

1.0

56

11.00

3.00

1.00

1.0

0.0

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——

——

————

58 59 60 61 TOT

Wk9 533.00

220.00

94.00

40.00

36.00

AUTOBAHN (HIGHWAY)

0 - 200 km

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——

Belt conveyor

ESTIMATED SERVICE COVERAGE

11

57 ——

Sorting by paper grades WASTE PLANT + LANDFILL FACILITIES

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TRANSPOSESWEST FRAMEWORK DIRECTIVE INTO NATIONAL LAW

Glass (no.)

200 - 400 km

400 - 800 km

Paper is pressed in tight bales

800 - 2400+ km

Ot he Ca rs rd bo a rd ws pa Ol dm pe r ag az Of ine fic ew as te Ol d

ne

Transport to paper mill

Before taking a specific site in New York City, our team looked into the waste management technologies in Germany and Austria, which has fairly high rates of material recycling. From Germany, I learned about the “Centralized Collection” technology that using a pipeline system to temporarily store municipal waste underground in populated urban areas. From Austria, my partner Yiwei found the strategy of coupling public programs such as flea markets and learning centers with waste processing would greatly imrpove public engament and recycling efficiency. After we paid a visit to Roosevelt Island of New York, we knew about the AVAC vacuum system, which uses pipelines and air pressure to collect recyclable waste in the city. We decided to introduce and apply these advanced technologies on Manhattan in our design.

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We use the AVAC Pipelines to replace the traditional transportation and would like to expose the pipes above the ground in order to function as an urban landscape. The pipes come out of the civilian buildings and run alongside the streets. They are supported by simple steel trusses, or directly attached to existing infrastructures like street lamp posts and traffic lights. Vegetations and artificial lightings are also installed to create bike lanes underneath the pipelines, providing shading, lighting to bikers while segregating them from the traffic.

Joe DiMaggio HWY between 59th & 62nd

Factors to Consider + Transportation

Joe DiMaggio HWY

Lincoln Plaza 62nd Street

+Socioeconomic Status

59nd Street

+Current Landscape

+ Pollution

Pipeline layout of the neighboring blocks.

Hell’s Kitchen

Rendering of the AVAC collecting system.

Credit to Armand Damari

In terms of future city planning, we select 20 extra potential sites to build waste plants of the same size as our projects on Manhattan, each covring an area of 30 to 40 urban blocks. In this way it is possible to apply the AVAC system to the entire borough.

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14 PUBLIC SPACE FOR OUTREACH CAFE

KITCHENETTE CONFERENCE ROOMS STAFF OFFICES

BAILING + STORAGE 17,500 sq ft

FLEE MARKET 17,500 sq ft (BELOW THE MRF)

ART STUDIO 2,000 sq ft

RESEARCH + DEVELOPMENT

MECHANICAL SERVICE

EDUCATION 2,000 sq ft

EDUCATIONAL EXHIBITION 1,500 sq ft

CAFE

PUBLIC SPACE FOR OUTREACH

RESTROOMS

CONTEXTUAL LANDSCAPE

RESTROOMS

5,000 sq ft

COLLECTION 17,500 sq ft TRANSPORTING 17,500 sq ft

FLEA MARKET THEATRE

SORTING 17,500 sq ft

LEFT - Program layout. RIGHT - Massing analysis. DOWN - Concept sketch. MRF PIPE

MRF FLEA MARKET THEATRE

=

=

+

+

Structural system diagram.


STUDIO

OUT REACH

EXHIBITION

LIBRARY EDUCATION 15

TRUCK PASS

GALLERY

Study and process models.

STORAGE Program exploded axonometric diagram.

MRF OFFICE LAB

OUT REACH

THEATRE

EDUCATION

MRF

STORAGE

FLEA MARKETTHEATRE

OFFICE

STUDIO

LAB

FLEA MARKET

STUDIO

EXHIBITION

EXHIBITION

LIBRARY

TRUCK PASS

TRUCK PASS

LIBRARY

GALLERY

GALLERY OUT REACH

EDUCATION

MRF

STORAGE

OFFICE

THEATRE

LAB

FLEA MARKET

STUDIO

EXHIBITION

LIBRARY

TRUCK PASS

GALLERY

The visiting entries to the waste plant and the flea market give way to the pipelines which go straight into the infrastructure. One entry guides visitors around the inside of the waste plant while the other works as a shortcut through the building to the riverside park. The waste plant is supported by four large-size trusses (32’x200’x5’). The exterior diagrid shell connects to the trusses. The diagonal members function as beam structures between two trusses. The shell also allows daylight getting inside to maximize lighting efficiency.

PART II - ON SITE: A WASTE PLANT IN DOWNTOWN

Final model. Orinal scale 1/32”=1’0” Sectional model. Original scale 1/16”=1’0”


3rd FLOOR PLAN SCALE: 1” = 32’ 0”

2nd FLOOR PLAN SCALE: 1” = 32’ 0”

3rd FLOOR PLAN SCALE: 1” = 32’ 0”

Pulic programs (galleries, auditorium, market) are close to the ground to attract the locals. The waste process facilities are porgrammed on the top floor to make it more significant in the city. The exterior shell not only functions as a formal element but also takes loads of the architecture.

1st FLOOR PLAN SCALE: 1” = 32’ 0”

2nd FLOOR PLAN SCALE: 1” = 32’ 0”

Site plan. Original scale 1/64”=1’0”

3rd FLOOR PLAN SCALE: 1” = 32’ 0”

3rd FLOOR PLAN SCALE: 1” = 32’ 0”

2nd FLOOR PLAN SCALE: 1” = 32’ 0”

GROUND FLOOR PLAN

1st FLOOR PLAN

SCALE: 1” = 32’ 0”

SCALE: 1” = 32’ 0”

Floor plans. Original scale 1/32”=1’0”

2nd FLOOR PLAN SCALE: 1” = 32’ 0”

1st FLOOR PLAN SCALE: 1” = 32’ 0”

South-East Elevation

North-West Elevation GROUND FLOOR PLAN SCALE: 1” = 32’ 0”

1st FLOOR PLAN SCALE: 1” = 32’ 0”

16 GROUND FLOOR PLAN

Elevation drawings. Original scale 1/32”=1’0”


Waste plant interior rendering of the central foyer.

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Front visiting entry rendering.


The waste collected by the AVAC system from the surrounding neighborhoods are sent by the pipes into the sorting and packing system in the waste plant. The processed waste materials will be sent back to the ground with a giant elevator and then transported directly to the nearby riverside port on West Manhattan. The waste materials will finally be sent out of New York by ship for further processings.


Main circulation Fire stair Shortcut 1 Shortcut 2

UP - Circulation diagram. LEFT - Sectional prspective rendering.


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IN THIS PROJECT, STUDENTS ARE ASSIGNED TO DESIGN A MEDIATHEQUE THAT WOULD BE ABLE TO IMPROVE THE CITY SEVERED BY THE INTERSTATE, RE-CONNECTING THE CITY CENTER TO THE UNIVERSITY. I DESIGNED THE BUILDING AS A “BOX“ COVERED WITH SCREENS AND POSTERS TO ATTRACT CITIZENS’ ATTENTION. INFORMATION POSTED ON THE FACADES EXACTLY SHOW THE ACTIVITIES TAKING PLACE INTHE CORRESPONDING PROGRAMS THAT HIDE BEHIND IN THE BUILDING.

HABITABLE BILLBOARD A PROPOSED CINEMATHEQUE FOR SYRACUSE UNIVERSITY ALONGSIDE I-81 HIGHWAY, NY LOCATION - SYRACUSE, NY TIME - 2014 SPRING ARC208 - SECOND YEAR DESIGN STUDIO INSTRUCTOR - PROFESSOR ALAN SMART


Conceptual collage.

The approach to the design is to attract both of the visual attention of the visitors, students of Syracuse University and the local residents. Being inspired by the Time Square in New York City, I consider the building as a “habitable billboard”, using large posters, colorful signs and advertisements along with bright neon lights to construct the main body of the architecture. Inside the cinematheque behind signs and screens, are the rooms for the programs corresponding to the contents shown on the outside. In this way, the facade of the building is constantly broadcasting the activities happening from the inside. The impact of the cinematheque can go beyond the architecture itself and the barrier of the heavy infrastructure (the I-81 Interstate), reaching both ends of the city. Site plan. Original scale 1/32”=1’0”

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AXONOMATRIC DISTRIBUTION AND CONTENT ORGANIZATION

LEFT - Exploded axonometric showing the arrangement of the programs in relation to the information posted on the facades of the building.

CITY SKYLINE OBSERVATION

CINEMA FOR THE CITIZENS

LIVE HOUSE CINEMAFOR STUDENTS

INDOOR PLAZA

AUDITORIUM

NORTH ELEVATION WITH CIRCULATION

WEST ELEVATION WITH CIRCULATION

CITY SKYLINE OBSERVATION

CINEMA FOR THE CITIZENS

CITY SKYLINE OBSERVATION

LIVE HOUSE CINEMAFOR STUDENTS

INDOOR PLAZA

AUDITORIUM

NORTH ELEVATION WITH CIRCULATION

WEST ELEVATION WITH CIRCULATION

MUSICALS DIGITALLAB

LIBRARY

WORKSHOPS CINEMA FOR THE CITIZENS

RECORDING STUDIO STUDENT CLASSROOMS CINEMA PUBLIC GALLERY INDOOR PLAZA/PLAYGROUND

AUDITORIUM

CAFETERIA

SOUTH (FRONT) ELEVATION WITH CIRCULATION

EAST ELEVATION WITH CIRCULATION

UP North elevation: major public spaces connected by staircases. South elevation: programs connected by elevators.

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UP - Circulation programs (fire stairs and elevators) are grouped and placed on the three corners of the building. The interior is an open floor plan supported by a regular column grid. RIGHT - GLASS TUNNELS wraps around and circulate between different floors of the building. People’s movements inside the tunnels also create possibleinteractions with the flashing signs on the exterior. Floor plans. Original scale 1/16”=1’0”


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LEFT 1 - STREET PERSPECTIVE: VIEW FROM THE SIDEWALK ALONGSIDE THE SITE OF THE BUILDING IN THE EVENING. THIS FACADE HAS LESS SIGNS IN ORDER TO OPEN TO THE PEDESTRIANS AND LOCAL DRIVERS. LEFT 2 - HIGHWAY PERSPECTIVE: VIEW OF THE DRIVERS FROM HIGHWAY. THIS TWO FACADES HAVE MORE SIGNS AND SCREENS INSTALLED TO GET THE ATTENTION OF THE DRIVERS ON THE HIGHWAY AND RESIDENTS IN THE DISTENCE.


Final model detail.

Four facades of the final project. Original scale 1/16”=1’0”

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Final project looking form the street side.


Final project looking form the highway side.

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Final model. Original scale 1/8”=1’0”


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LIGHTNESS vs. HEAVINESS A FURNITURE MUSEUM IN DOWNTOWN SYRACUSE, NY LOCATION - SYRACUSE, NY TIME - 2013 SPRING ARC108 - FIRST YEAR DESIGN STUDIO INSTRUCTOR - PROFESSOR YUTAKA SHO THE GOAL OF THE DESIGN PROJECT IS TO ENGAGE THE ARCHITECTURE WITH THE CITY CONTEXT. USING VARIOUS ARCHITECTURAL ELEMENTS (STRUCTURE, OPENING, MATERIALITY, ETC.) TO RESPOND TO THE SURROUNDING CONDITIONS. THE CONTEXT MAY NOT BE LIMITED ONLY TO THE EXISTING ARCHITECTURE; IT COULD ALSO BE LIGHT CONDITIONS AS WELL AS THE MOVEMENTS OF THE LOCALS. THIS PROJECT REQUIRES ATTENTION TO THE VISUAL EXPERIENCS FROM BOTH THE INSIDE AND OUTSIDE OF THE ARCHITECTURE. DIFFERENT SPATIAL CONDITIONS OF THE PROJECT MAY PRODUCE VARING INTERPRETATIONS ABOUT THE EXHIBITS.


VISUAL EXPERIENCES

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I started this project by looking at visual experiences. I decide to use my project to express the visual contrast between the “heaviness” and “lightness”. The spatial strategy to realize such effects is manipulating the volumn of space on the route of visit. The project consists of a gallery space which houses most of the furniture exhibits, and a library which hold public activities. As people wandering in the museum, they will constantly walking between rooms of different sizes and openess. The styles of the exhibited furniture should also be coordinated with the spatial qualities of the museum. The museum utilize the steel truss structure to realize the long span of the cantilevers. The exterior is cladded with bare concrete slabs to further emphasize the “heavy” impression. The “lightness” is created by open plan and the changing city landscape in the background.

Reflectivity

Heavy vs. Light

Light & Shadow

UP + RIGHT - Analytical diagrams.


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LEFT - At the street entrance, the contrast between the single wall and cantilevered library expresses mass and the “HEAVY” feeling... Front entry drawing. Original scale 1/16”=1’0”

RIGHT - The “elevated” concrete wall connects the original inner garden with the interior of the museum. It helps create the “LIGHT” impression...

Inner garden drawing. Original scale 1/16”=1’0”


32 The shelves of the exhibits are not leveled with the floors of the buildings. This give the visitors more viewing angles...

The first floor of the gallery is more open than the above floors. The exhibits are displayed in the background of the city’s landscacpe.

LEFT TO RIGHT - Floor plans. Original scale 1/16”=1’0”

The floor plans of the museum show the gradation of only the structural column grid and necessary concr climb up to the above floors, the space becomes more connected with the library: there is no longer an acce


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Rooms of different volumns enables people to look at the exhibits from different points of view.

f openess of the space. The ground floor is an open plan consisting rete walls to separate the interior from the exterior. As the visitors e separated and privatized. On the third floor, the gallery is visaully essible pathway between the two programs. As the visitors walking alongside the long ramp, they can appreciate the furniture exhibited both on the shelves attaches and in the indoor gallery. Section drawings with background rendering. Original scale 1/16”=1’0”


*ARCHITECTURAL PRACTICES A DESIGN PROPOSAL OF A COMMUNITY CENTER COMPLEX IN NANJING TIME - 2014 SUMMER INTERNSHIP - URBAN ARCHITECTURAL LAB STUDIO (UAL) ARCHITECT - LAN ZHANG, YUAN LIU DESIGN TEAM MEMBERS - WENHAO QIU, CHANG GAO, XIAOMAN JI

Street view rendering. Credit to UAL Studio.

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Predesign research diagrams made by Chang Gao.

Site analysis diagrams made by Chang Gao.

During my internship at UAL Studio, I participated as a design team member in designing a community center located in Dongshan District in Nanjing. I helped creating analytical diagrams during the predesign research phase and massing models during the schematic design phase. I also asisted the making of the folio for the submission to the public tender of the project.

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Site plan drawing of the project. Drawing made by Chang Gao.


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Bird’s eye view rendering of the community center. Credit to UAL Studio.

Perspective rendering of the complex’s front entry. Credit to UAL Studio.


P. 4 Interior tales 2A+P/A

CYBER CITY

P. 6 Mon Oncle (1958) Yiwei Wu - Fanyi Pan P. 18 The Great Escape (1963) Ridvan Bruss - Christopher Pitfield

The workshop Interior Tales, lead by 2A+P/A (Gianfranco Bombaci and Matteo Costanzo) has been organized by Francisco Sanin and Davide Sacconi at the Syracuse University School of Architecture London Program between the 9th and the 13th of April 2015 and presented within the symposium Housing vs City to the jury panel composed by HUO (Max Turnheim and Adrien Durrmeyer), FALA (Felipe Magalh達es, Luisa Soares and Ahmed Belkhodja), MICROCITIES (Mariabruna Fabrizi and Fosco Lucarelli), TSPA (Thomas Stellmach). The symposium osted also a final lecture by Brett Steele.

P. 24 Playtime (1967) Kolby Forbes - Alec Bliss-Pryor P. 30 The Holy Mountain (1973) Karina Roberts - Tiffany Pau P. 38 Tron (1982) Chang Gao - Zhendong Long P. 48 The Truman Show (1988) Bowen Zheng - Taiming Chen P. 56 Anonymous (2001) Taylor Hogan - Dabota Wilcox P. 64 The Dark Knight (2008) Rajkumar Kadam - Sai Deepika Vemulapalli

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AN ARCHITECTURAL SECTIONAL PERS

TIME - 2015 SPRING ARC407 - SYRACUSE ARCHITECTURE L

GROUP MEMBER - CHANG GAO, ZHENDO INSTRUCTORS (SYRACUSE LONDON) PROFES (2A+P/A) GIANFRANCO BOMB


TY REBUILT

SPECTIVE INSPIRED BY <TRON> (1982)

“It’s a world you seem to be familiar with; but, wait, it’s not that familiar to you.” The spaceship, obviously futurist production, is coming from to us. The world here seems to be an unrealistic world, a cyber-world---landscape are pixelated, buildings are flowing in the air, and people are looking “different”. This imaginary and imagery city is based on the original movie “Tron” by director Steven Lisberger in 1982. It’s a very rational grid city laying on very unusually landscape and this city is actually designed by a human. The core figure, MCP ( Master Control Program ), gets rid of control and becomes the “Black Organization” to rule this city. Then, constantly different warriors made of programs are sent here to fight this big boss. Specifically they are moving around in between different spaces in the drawing. The city is divided by a central tower where the MCP is. The MCP has its favorite hand in the Spaceship, where he is helping ruling the city from the Sky. To its left is the Maze area, just like a castle zone where programs fight with soldiers/machines from MCP. Fighting fields, prisons are there. In the other side, the Town is a place full of “lives”. However, it’s becoming another fighting ground as well. In between those enclosed spaces, the city has its unique and complex condition: cliffs, rivers, pipes.

Tron Joseph Kosinski 1982 Chang Gao - Zhendong Long

LONDON PROGRAM

“The result is unknown, you have to wait to see those brave programs.”

ONG LONG

SSOR FRANCISCO SANIN, DAVIDE SACCONI BACI, MATTEO COSTANZO

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<Interior Tales> made by 2A+P/A containing all the students’ works after the workshop.

<Tron> sectional perspective. Made by Chang Gao and Zhendong Long. Original size 2940mm*890mm

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WORKS, MODELS AND DRAWINGS ARE MADE BY CHANG GAO SYRACUSE UNIVERSITY . SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE CLASS OF 2017 SEAN.GAO.93@GMAIL.COM

Architecture Portfolio 2012-2015  

Chang Gao: Selected design works from 2012 to 2015.

Architecture Portfolio 2012-2015  

Chang Gao: Selected design works from 2012 to 2015.

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