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Color Theory Local and Perceived •Local color – when color is flattened out and put in bright daylight. •Perceived color- what a color seems like under circumstances. Like shining red light on blue looks purple.

Color • 3 Basic qualities of color – Hue, Value, Intensity. • Hue, Value, and Intensity are what makes a color what it is. • Temperature – we have warm colors and cool colors. This is dealing with hue only. • Black and White & anything between have no hue or intensity. This is what we call a grey scale or VALUE scale.

Value • The Value scale really is an infinite range of lightness and darkness. • Value scale goes from 0-10 • 0 = High Value (White) • 10 = Low Value (Black) • So, white to light shades of grey to medium shades of grey to dark shades of grey to black. • A color with very low value is almost Black. • A color with very High value is almost White.

Hue • Primary Colors- Red / Yellow / Blue ; R/Y/B • Secondary Colors – Green / Orange / Purple

•Tertiary Colors – are colors in between – Yellow orange, Blue green etc.


• The purity or level of saturation of a color (Brightness) • Has a scale same as Value scale, but inverted in a sense. • 10-0 from most saturated to least saturated. • 10 = Most saturated • 0 = Least saturated • Neon colors are High Value, High Intensity • Freedom of dilution by other colors.

In Hue • Complimentary Colors = Colors opposite each other on the color wheel. • Have High Contrast when next to each other. • Ex. Black next to White, Red & Green, Blue & Orange, Yellow & Purple. • Analogous Colors = Colors near or next to each other on the color wheel. • Have Low Contrast when used next to each other.

In Hue • Temperature = warm or cool colors. • The closer to red, the warmer the color. • The closer to Blue, the cooler the color.

In Hue / Color Mixing Almost White

Almost Black Paper 10” x 15” -- Box 1 ½ “ x 2” - Vertical spaced 13/16 of an inch - Horizontal 3/8 of an inch

Contrast of Value • High • Medium • Low Illusion of Space



Black next to White









High Forward Low Away from you



Atmospheric Perspective Things lose perspective as they move away from you

Contrast of Hue • High – any 2 Hues that are far apart (complimentary colors) • High - R next to G • Medium – R next to Y • Low - R next to O or RO More intensity the more potential contrast Low intensity has no contrast Highest intensity has highest contrast.

Final Assignment • A picture that includes at least 1 mile of space. 1.Start line drawing sketch 2.Then draw lines around each simple shape. 3.In each shape paint 1 color only. Unless you break it into smaller shapes. 4.Have to create lowest contrast in the distance, and the Highest contrast in the foreground.

Color Theory