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Color Theory Local and Perceived •Local color – when color is flattened out and put in bright daylight. •Perceived color- what a color seems like under circumstances. Like shining red light on blue looks purple.

Color • 3 Basic qualities of color – Hue, Value, Intensity. • Hue, Value, and Intensity are what makes a color what it is. • Temperature – we have warm colors and cool colors. This is dealing with hue only. • Black and White & anything between have no hue or intensity. This is what we call a grey scale or VALUE scale.

Value • The Value scale really is an infinite range of lightness and darkness. • Value scale goes from 0-10 • 0 = High Value (White) • 10 = Low Value (Black) • So, white to light shades of grey to medium shades of grey to dark shades of grey to black. • A color with very low value is almost Black. • A color with very High value is almost White.

Hue • Primary Colors- Red / Yellow / Blue ; R/Y/B • Secondary Colors – Green / Orange / Purple

•Tertiary Colors – are colors in between – Yellow orange, Blue green etc.


• The purity or level of saturation of a color (Brightness) • Has a scale same as Value scale, but inverted in a sense. • 10-0 from most saturated to least saturated. • 10 = Most saturated • 0 = Least saturated • Neon colors are High Value, High Intensity • Freedom of dilution by other colors.

In Hue • Complimentary Colors = Colors opposite each other on the color wheel. • Have High Contrast when next to each other. • Ex. Black next to White, Red & Green, Blue & Orange, Yellow & Purple. • Analogous Colors = Colors near or next to each other on the color wheel. • Have Low Contrast when used next to each other.

In Hue • Temperature = warm or cool colors. • The closer to red, the warmer the color. • The closer to Blue, the cooler the color.

In Hue / Color Mixing Almost White

Almost Black Paper 10” x 15” -- Box 1 ½ “ x 2” - Vertical spaced 13/16 of an inch - Horizontal 3/8 of an inch

Contrast of Value • High • Medium • Low Illusion of Space



Black next to White









High Forward Low Away from you



Atmospheric Perspective Things lose perspective as they move away from you

Contrast of Hue • High – any 2 Hues that are far apart (complimentary colors) • High - R next to G • Medium – R next to Y • Low - R next to O or RO More intensity the more potential contrast Low intensity has no contrast Highest intensity has highest contrast.

Final Assignment • A picture that includes at least 1 mile of space. 1.Start line drawing sketch 2.Then draw lines around each simple shape. 3.In each shape paint 1 color only. Unless you break it into smaller shapes. 4.Have to create lowest contrast in the distance, and the Highest contrast in the foreground.

Color Theory  

An overview of Color Theory concepts for painting and mixing colors for best results

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