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REPRESENTATION OF DISABILITY/ PHYSICAL ABILITY


AIMS & OBJECTIVES

Explore representations of disability/physical ability in TV drama Evaluate the impact of these representations on the audience

Demonstrate understanding through analytical tasks and discussion


DESIGN A DISABLED CHARACTER FOR A TV DRAMA!

Name Role Costume Props Sub – Genre


ABILIT Y/DISABILIT Y KEY TERMINOLOGY

Able bodied Condescending attitudes Emotional impact Obstinate or obstinacy (stubbornness) “He had an Obstinate refusal to admit that things could get better” “ Is a clear example of her obstinacy, she

would not listen to the advice being given.”

Bravery Mental strength, physical weakness


R E P R E S E N TAT I O N – Definitions and potential examples (Presence and Absence)

Key Ideologies

Most likely sub genres/ example texts Stereotypes

Technical Aspects – Camera shots, movement and position likely to be significant Archetypes

Technical Aspects – Editing likely to be significant

Negative Technical Aspects – Sound likely to be significant

Positive Technical Aspects – Mise-en-Scene likely to be significant


STEREOTYPES ABOUT DISABILITY IN THE MEDIA Paul Hunt (1991) identified 10 stereotypes that the media use to portray disabled people: • • • • • • • • • •

The disabled person as pitiable or pathetic An object of curiosity or violence Sinister or evil The super cripple As atmosphere Laughable His/her own worst enemy As a burden As Non-sexual Being unable to participate in daily life


DISABLED PEOPLE ALWAYS VICTIMS?

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gKakRVT UWJw


IN MOVIES  Traditionally in films, villains were often given a disability or deformity to make them seem scarier or more evil.  Although our association of disability with “evil” has since declined, society often still links disability to weakness and makes disabled characters objects to pity


DISABILIT Y STEREOT YPES Physically disabled / disfigured people – often shown as outsiders, unable to do everyday activities Mentally disabled people – often shown as strange, odd, childlike, outsiders, emotionally vulnerable, immature Weak, less attractive Able-bodied / minded people – often shown as normal and ideal


IF YOU GET DISABILIT Y/PHYSICAL ABILIT Y, YOU NEED TO THINK ABOUT:  Can I identify who is abled / disabled in the clip?  Are people with disabilities shown as having dif ferent interests, personalities, attitudes, behaviour from people who don’t have disabilities? If so, how?  Is their disability represented as being important in their life?  Are people without disabilities represented stereotypically as being normal / better / more powerful? If so, how?  Are people with disabilities represented stereotypically as being abnormal /weak/ pathetic? If so, how?  How do other characters in the clip treat the characters with disability?  Is there a message the clip is trying to portray about sexuality?  Don’t ignore the able-bodied characters as they need to be analysed too


CLIP #1 FROST

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Gl8jVX 9WWM


CLIP #2 THE STREET http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=80K5P1q qQOI&feature=player_embedded


R E P R E S E N TAT I O N – Definitions and potential examples (Presence and Absence)

Key Ideologies

Most likely sub genres/ example texts Stereotypes

Technical Aspects – Camera shots, movement and position likely to be significant Archetypes

Technical Aspects – Editing likely to be significant

Negative Technical Aspects – Sound likely to be significant

Positive Technical Aspects – Mise-en-Scene likely to be significant


WHAT’S IDEOLOGY AGAIN?

ability and disability  

lesson on ability and disability

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