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For more course tutorials visit www.uophelp.com Benefits of Preschool. As an early childhood professional, you will often be asked questions from parents and community members regarding the benefits of sending their children to preschool. After reading Chapter 1 and drawing from your experience, discuss the benefits of a preschool education Theory and Behavior. After reading Chapters 1 and 2 select a Theorist whose work most closely aligns with your thoughts regarding early development. Describe the theoristâ€™s work and discuss how their work aligns with your own understanding and beliefs. Theory Summary. Using the concept summary in Chapter 2 of the required text, fill in the blanks for each of the developmental theories in the table provided. (This table can be accessed in the online course.) Provide examples from your own experience or the textbook in the last column. These examples can be written or can be an image, illustration, or case scenario. In the last row, describe your ideal theory of child development, combining the elements that you believe encapsulate your own beliefs and experiences Nature vs. Nurture. The debate concerning the influence of inherited traits and abilities compared to the influence of environment on human development has been argued for decades. The required reading this week provides information on the extent of which human development and behavior is the result of nature (heredity) and of nurture (environmental influences). In this discussion you will debate nature vs. nurture. Below is your assigned debate grouping by the first letter of your last name: a. A-M: Proponent of Nature b. N-Z: Proponent of Nurture For this debate, you must develop a persuasive, research-based argument showing the extent to which your assigned influence affects development. Be sure to utilize both the course text as well as other scholarly resources to support your argument. Remember, you are arguing that either nature or nurture is the most important influence on development. Conception to Birth. There are three major stages from conception to birth. They are the germinal stage (first two weeks following conception); the embryonic stage (until the end of the eighth week); and the fetal stage (until birth). Complete a table, like the one below, making sure to identify the development that happens in each
stage and how the development is affected by outside influences, both positive and negative. Finally, list your recommendations for the healthy development of a child. Point of View. You are a parent of a child who has a serious peanut allergy. You are meeting with your child’s new teacher to explain this allergy and what specific needs your child has. Your goal for this meeting is to ensure your child’s comfort and safety in the classroom by communicating your expectations to the teacher. For your journal entry, reflect on the following questions: a. How do you expect your child to be treated not only by his teacher, but by the rest of the school staff? b. How would you want the school staff to talk with the other children about your child’s specific needs and accommodations? c. In addition to the teacher, who else should be involved in ensuring the safety of your child? Early Language Development. Take a moment to watch the video, A Place of Our Own: Early Academics – Part 1. After reading about early language development in Chapter 5 of your text and watching the video, describe a learning center that would promote early language development. Your description must include the learning objective of the center, the materials provided, and step-by-step instructions for implementation of the activity. Make sure to include the specific areas of language that the center targets, the approach you will be using to introduce this center, and methods for assessing student’s development. Optimal Brain Development. The human brain is highly dependent on experiences for development. Discuss your role as a teacher or caregiver in a child’s life in terms of promoting optimal brain development through exposure to various experiences. Give three examples of appropriate stimulation (activities) you can employ in the classroom or daycarecenter to promote learning. How can you include activities outside the classroom that will reinforce the learning? How can you involve the parents and community resources (i.e., fieldtrips)? Lastly, include information on a field trip you could take your class on in your local area that would extend the learning that you included in one of your sample activities. Relate experiences from your own schooling such as field trips, community events, and activities that connected your learning to both the community and your home. Developmental Milestones. The purpose of this assignment is to creatively demonstrate an understanding of infant developmental milestones as they pertain to cognition, motor skills, sensation, and perception. Using information from Chapter 5 of your text, write a short story about a child’s journey from birth to age 1. This can be a fictional child, or can be based on a real child. The story should be three to five pages in addition to the title page and the reference page. Use at least one reference in addition to your text. Your paper should also be formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. a. Describe the child’s sensory experiences at birth (e.g. sight, hearing, movement). b. Analyze how these senses develop and become more evolved? At the age of 6 months, identify what this same child can hear, see, and do?
c. Describe what a day in this child’s life might look like by age 1. Include pictures in your Word document or compose your story using Storybird. Watch the video, Storybird Quick Tour, for assistance. If you choose to create your story in Storybird, you may collaborate with a partner in class by using the collaboration tool. Make sure to notify your instructor of your collaboration and make sure both of you submit your Storybird link in a Word document for grading. Include the following developmental milestones in your story: a. Social and Emotional § Enjoys imitating people in his play. § Shows specific preferences for certain people and toys. § Tests parental responses to his actions during feedings. § Tests parental responses to his behavior. § Prefers mother and/or regular caregiver over all others. § Repeats sounds or gestures for attention. § Finger-feeds himself. § Extends arm or leg to help when being dressed. b. Cognitive § Explores objects in many different ways (shaking, banging, throwing, dropping). § Finds hidden objects easily. § Looks at correct picture when the image is named. § Imitates gestures. § Begins to use objects correctly (drinking from cup, brushing hair, dialing phone, listening to receiver). c. Language § Pays increasing attention to speech. § Responds to simple verbal requests. § Responds to “no.” § Uses simple gestures, such as shaking head for “no.” § Babbles with inflection (changes in tone). § Says “dada” and “mama.” § Uses exclamations, such as “Oh-oh!” § Tries to imitate words. d. Motor § Reaches sitting position without assistance. § Crawls forward on belly. § Assumes hands-and-knees position. § Creeps on hands and knees. § Gets from sitting to crawling or prone (lying on stomach) position. § Pulls self up to stand. § Walks holding on to furniture. § Stands momentarily without support. § May walk two or three steps without support.
e. Hand and Finger Skills § Uses pincer grasp. § Bangs two objects together. § Puts objects into container. § Takes objects out of container. § Lets objects go voluntarily. § Pokes with index finger. § Tries to imitate scribbling. Gender Development. Gender roles are the combination of attitudes, behaviors, and personality characteristics that a culture considers appropriate for an individual’s anatomical sex. Psychologists have proposed a number of theories to explain gender typing (LeFrancois, 2012). Brain Development. Brain-based education suggests that physical exercise is important for brain development. Research has shown that in addition to physical exercise, other activities focus on stimulating the social development and intellectual development of young children. Gerry, who is still incapable of jumping with both feet, may not be invited to join in a game of jump rope. This is an example of how a child’s individual characteristics (motor skills in this case) can affect context (social environment) and influence development (LeFrancois, 2012).