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Table of Contents Title/Aim !

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Rationale ! !

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Description! !

! ! ! ! • What will I be learning in this course? • Characteristics of the intended learner • Course length • Prerequisites • Delivery Methods

Web Map!

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Course Goals !

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Topical Outline!

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Instructional Framework !!

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Evaluation! !

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Differentiated learning model ! !

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Title Intro. to Dental Health and Dental Careers

Aim Students will understand and apply the importance of dental health and develop a positive attitude towards dental health professionals. !

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Rationale According to Health Canada, poor oral health can affect more than just your mouth; it can affect other areas of your body as well. Research shows that there is a connection between poor oral health and systemic disease; such as, diabetes in people of all ages and respiratory diseases particularly among elderly people (Health Canada).

Healthy Schools is Manitoba’s school health initiative. It attempts to reach students by promoting health within and beyond the classroom. Healthy Schools is based on the belief that health is important to learning and that schools are uniquely positioned to influence healthy child, youth, and family development. The mission is to create school environments that enhance the healthy development of children and their families by working in partnership with community service providers and resources (Healthy Schools of Manitoba).

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Healthy Schools focuses on six important health issues in the school community • Physical Activity • Healthy Eating • Safety and Injury Prevention • Substance Use and Addictions • Sexual and Reproductive Health • Mental Health Promotion • Environmental Health • Dental Health

Although dental health is included in this list, Manitoba schools only implement these necessary skills or activities from Kindergarten to Grade 8. So how do we encourage our students to continue to understand the importance of oral health beyond their elementary years? We offer a one credit course that focuses on dental health and its potential career paths. Economic sustainability is on the rise in Manitoba and skilled tradespeople and professionals are in high demand, so why not encourage our students to contribute to the needs of our society? 5


Potential career paths that will be discussed in Intro. to Dental Health and Careers include: • Dental administrative assistant • Level II Dental Assistant • Hygienist • Dentist/Dental Specialist • Dental Therapist • Dental technologist Intro. to Dental Health and Careers will have a positive long-term affect on the students in the following ways: • The students will develop their inter and intra-personal skills • The students will understand how a team works • The students will learn how to research and develop projects by using a variety of resources • The students will develop personal management skills • The students will understand the role of nutrition in the oral cavity • The students will understand how oral health can affect the whole body • The students will gain responsibility for their personal oral care • The students will be introduced to various dental career paths • The students will be able to reinforce their oral care knowledge to family members, friends, or at their next dental visit • The students will be informed on the behaviours that can cause dental health problems

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Description Do you have an interest in dental health, or ever wonder what goes on behind the scenes at your dental office? This course will demonstrate the importance of dental health and promote skills that are essential to becoming a valuable member to society. You will learn about various dental careers and the necessary skills needed to succeed down these paths. Knowledge will be gained through classroom discussion, demonstration, and by visiting and observing dental health professionals in their facilities.

What will I be learning about in this course? • Personal oral care • Inter and intra-personal skills • Dental Career paths • Tooth identification • Dental treatment and procedures; including pouring stone models and creating your own sport mouthguard. • Characteristics of the intended learner Grade 9 and 10 males or females that have an interest in dental health or dental careers, students that enjoy working in groups, or students that would like to experience a teamwork environment. Course Length: 18 weeks (approximately 110 hours; 6 hours/week) Course prerequisites: Completion of Grade 8 Delivery Methods: Classroom, lab, and field trips 7


Web Map

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Course Goals Key Ideas Oral Cavity

Goals •The learner will be able to identify and locate dentition and tooth types. • The learner will understand the functions of teeth. •The learner will describe the tissues and structures surrounding the teeth. •The learner will describe and locate anatomy in the oral cavity.

Personal Oral Care

The learner will demonstrate and describe personal oral hygiene techniques.

Dental Career Opportunities

• The learner will understand the roles and responsibilities of dental health professionals. •The learner will understand career opportunities in the dental profession.

Dental Procedures

The learner will be able to describe dental procedures.

Employability Skills

• The learner will develop employability skills and demonstrate the ability to work on a team or independently. •By the end of this course the learner will demonstrate effective communication, critical thinking, and develop a positive attitude towards life long learning. •The learner will practice essential writing and reading skills, and explore new technology that will enhance learning. 9


Topical Outline Unit 1: Oral cavity ! ! 1.1: Identify and describe the following anatomy and its functions a) Cheek b) Gingiva c) Lip d) Hard palate e) Soft palate f) Teeth g) Tongue h) Tonsils i) Uvula

Unit 2: Dentition Types ! !

2.1: Primary 2.2: Permanent 2.3: Mixed!

Unit 3: Tooth Classification !

3.1: Anterior teeth a) Incisors b) Canines

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3.2: Posterior teeth

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a) Premolars b) Molars ! ! ! ! !

3.3: Tooth numbering systems ! a) FĂŠdĂŠration Dentaire Internationale (FDI) ! b) Universal ! c) Palmer Notation

Unit 4: Parts of a tooth ! ! ! ! ! !

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4.1: Crown a) Anatomical crown ! b) Clinical crown 4.2: Root ! a) Anatomical ! b) Clinical 4.3: Cervical line 4.4: Pulp cavity ! a) Coronal pulp ! b) Radicular pul

Unit 5: Dental Tissues ! ! ! !

5.1: Enamel 5.2: Dentin 5.3: Cementum 5.4: Pulp

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Unit 6: Structures surrounding a tooth ! ! ! !

6.1: Periodontal ligament 6.2: Gingiva 6.3: Bone 6.4: Nerves and blood supply

Unit 7: Descriptive Terms !

7.1: Tooth surfaces a) Mesial b) Distal c) Occlusal d) Proximal e) Facial f) Labial g) Buccal h) Lingual i) Incisal j) Apical

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7.2: Dental Terminology a) Cusp b) Contact c) Cingulum d) Lobe e) Mamelon f) Ridge g) Pit h) Fissure i) Developmental groove 12


j) Tubercle k) Embrasure l) Maxillary m) Mandibular n) Anterior o) Posterior

Unit 8: Functions of the teeth ! ! ! !

8.1: Mastication 8.2: Digestion 8.3: Speech 8.4: Facial support

Unit 9: Tooth eruption ! ! ! ! !

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9.1: Primary dentition a) Eruption times for maxillary b) Eruption times for mandibular 9.2: Mixed dentition 9.3: Permanent Dentition ! a) Eruption times for maxillary b) Eruption times for mandibular 9.4: Teething a) Signs and symptoms ! b) Remedies

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Unit 10: Dental health ! ! 10.1: Mouth-body connection a) Oral health in relation to the body b) Importance of regular dental visits c) Behaviours causing dental problems - Drug use - Tobacco use - Piercings - Using teeth outside of their regular functions 10.2: Nutrition a) Affects of nutrition on the oral cavity b) Healthy and unhealthy foods c) Frequency of eating sugars d) Early childhood caries (ECC)

10.3: Oral care techniques a) Infants/toddlers - Brushing - Flossing - Plaque aids b) Children - Brushing - Flossing - Plaque aids c) Adults

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- Brushing - Flossing - Plaque aids

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d) Orthodontics - Brushing - Flossing ! - Plaque aids e) Dentures - Brushing/cleaning - Plaque aids

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f) Individual needs - Brushing - Flossing - Plaque aids

10.4: Plaque a) Describe plaque b) Cause and effects c) Removal/plaque aids 10.5: Tooth Decay/caries a) Describe tooth decay/caries b) Cause and effects c) Removal d) Prevention - Brushing/flossing - Avoiding acidic or sugary foods - Fluoride uptake 15


- Preventative procedures - Regular dental visits ! !

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10.6: Diseases and disorders in the oral cavity a) Gingivitis - Cause/effect - Prevention b) Periodontitis - Cause/effect - Prevention c) Herpes simplex virus infections - Cause/effect - Prevention d) Oral warts ! ! - Cause/effect e) Oral cancer

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Unit 11: Dental career opportunities ! !

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11.1: Dental Receptionist/Administrative assistant a) Job description b) Roles and responsibilities c) Wages/salary in Manitoba d) Job potential/outlook in Manitoba ! e) Educational plan - Pre-requisites - School or learning center options - Length - Cost ! ! 16


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11.2: Level II Dental Assistant a) Job description b) Roles and responsibilities c) Wages/salary in Manitoba d) Job potential/outlook in Manitoba ! e) Educational plan - Pre-requisites - School or learning center options - Length - Cost 11.3: Dental Hygienist a) Job description b) Roles and responsibilities c) Wages/salary in Manitoba d) Job potential/outlook in Manitoba ! e) Educational plan - Pre-requisites - School or learning center options - Length - Cost 11.4: Dental Therapist a) Job description b) Roles and responsibilities c) Wages/salary in Manitoba d) Job potential/outlook in Manitoba ! e) Educational plan - Pre-requisites - School or learning center options - Length - Cost

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11.5: Dentist a) Job description b) Roles and responsibilities c) Wages/salary in Manitoba d) Job potential/outlook in Manitoba ! e) Educational plan - Pre-requisites - School or learning center options - Length - Cost 11.6: Dental Specialist a) Job description - Dental public health - Endodontist - Oral and Maxillofacial surgeon - Oral and Maxillofacial Radiologist - Orthodontist - Pedodontist - Periodontist - Prosthodontist b) Roles and responsibilities c) Wages/salary in Manitoba d) Job potential/outlook in Manitoba ! e) Educational plan - Pre-requisites - School or learning center options - Length of course - Cost of course 11.7: Denturist a) Job description b) Roles and responsibilities 18


c) Wages/salary in Manitoba d) Job potential/outlook in Manitoba e) Educational plan - Pre-requisites - School or learning center options - Length - Cost

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11.8: Dental Lab Technician/Dental Technology a) Job description b) Roles and responsibilities c) Wages/salary in Manitoba d) Job potential/outlook in Manitoba ! e) Educational plan - Pre-requisites - School or learning center options - Length of course - Cost of course

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Unit 12: Dental Procedures/treatments 12.1: Describe the following dental procedures/treatments a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k)

Bonding and veneers Bridges and crowns Dentures Examinations Fillings Fluoride Implants Impressions Oral surgery/extraction Orthodontics Polishing

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l) Root canal m) Scaling n) Sealants o) Whitening p) X-rays

Unit 13: Fundamental Skills

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13.1: List and describe a variety of ways of exploring career options ! a) Job shadowing (e.g., field trips to dental facilities) ! b) Interviews c) Volunteering ! d) Research 13.2: Communication a) Verbal b) Non-verbal c) Listening d) Communicating with technology e) Effective/non-effective 13.3: Problem solving a) Identify a problem and troubleshoot b) Be creative in exploring solutions c) Peer evaluations d) Self evaluations e) Self improvement

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Unit 14: Personal Management Skills 14.1: Demonstrate positive attitudes and behaviours a) Self respect, mutual respect b) Show interest, initiative and effort c) Time management d) Setting realistic goals e) Taking responsibility f) Contributing to your community 14.2: Demonstrate versatile behaviour a) Work independently or as part of a team b) Alternative ways to achieve projects, task or goals c) Constructive criticism d) Accepting feedback

Unit 15: Teamwork Skills ! ! 15.1: Working with others !

15.2: Participating in projects and tasks

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Instructional Framework Course Title: Intro. to Dental Health and Dental Careers Instructional Framework Unit 1: Anatomy in the Oral Cavity Goal(s): Upon completion of this unit students will be able to Learning Outcomes General & Specific The learner will be able to:

K S A

Assessment/Evaluation

Instructional Strategies

Materials / Equip. / Supplies

K

Worksheet

Active lecture

Projector Handout Educational models

Suggested Time

1.1 Correctly describe anatomy and its functions in the oral cavity. 1.1.1 Correctly identify the hard and soft tissues in the oral cavity.

6 hours

1.1.2 Correctly label hard and soft tissues and their functions in the mouth.

K

Worksheet

Active lecture

Projector Handout Educational models

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Instructional Framework Unit 2: Dentition Types Goal(s): Upon completion of this unit students will be able to Learning Outcomes General & Specific

K S A

Assessment/Evaluation

Instructional Strategies

Materials / Equip. / Supplies

2.1.1 Correctly identify a primary human dentition.

K

Worksheet

Active lecture

Projector Handout Educational models

2.1.2 Correctly identify a permanent human dentition.

K

Worksheet

Active lecture

Projector Handout Educational models

2.1.3 Correctly identify a mixed human dentition.

K

Worksheet

Active lecture

Projector Handout Educational models

The learner will be able to:

Suggested Time

2.1 Correctly compare human dentition types.

6 hours

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Instructional Framework Unit 3: Tooth Classification Goal(s): Upon completion of this unit students will be able to Learning Outcomes General & Specific

K S A

Assessment/Evaluation

Instructional Strategies

Materials / Equip. / Supplies

Suggested Time

3.1.1 Correctly identify tooth types based on the origin of their names.

K

Written quiz

Active lecture

Projector Handout Educational models

1.5 hours

3.1.2 Correctly identify tooth types based on the position and location in the mouth.

K

Written quiz

Active lecture

Projector Handout Educational models

1 hour

3.1.3 Correctly label tooth types on a diagram.

K

Worksheet

Demonstration

Ladybug Handout

30 mins

The learner will be able to:

3.1 Apply the methods of tooth classification in humans, to a global standard.

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Instructional Framework Unit 3: Tooth Classification Goal(s): Upon completion of this unit students will be able to Learning Outcomes General & Specific The learner will be able to:

3.1.4 Correctly describe the different tooth numbering systems that are used globally.

3.1.5 Successfully label teeth by using the different tooth numbering systems.

K S A

Assessment/Evaluation

Instructional Strategies

K

Questioning

Jigsaw Peer tutoring

K

Worksheet Quiz

Jigsaw Peer tutoring

Materials / Equip. / Supplies

Textbook Computer lab Whiteboard Handout

Suggested Time

3 hours

S

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Instructional Framework Unit 4-7: Parts of a tooth Goal(s): Upon completion of this unit students will be able to Learning Outcomes General & Specific The learner will be able to:

K S A

Assessment/Evaluation

Instructional Strategies

Materials / Equip. / Supplies

Suggested Time

Worksheet Quiz

Active lecture

Projector Handouts

4 hours

4.1 Describe the parts of a tooth, its surfaces, and the structures surrounding it in the oral cavity. 4.1.1 Correctly label the anatomical and clinical parts of a tooth.

K

4.1.2 Correctly describe dental tissues that surround a tooth.

K

4.1.3 Correctly label the dental tissues that surround a tooth.

K

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Instructional Framework Unit 4-7: Parts of a tooth Goal(s): Upon completion of this unit students will be able to Learning Outcomes General & Specific The learner will be able to:

K S A

4.1.4 Describe all the functions of the structures that surround the teeth.

K

4.1.5 Label all of the structures that surround the teeth in the mouth.

K

4.1.6 Identify the 10 tooth surfaces in relation to the direction or position it’s located in the mouth.

K

4.1.7 Label the 10 tooth surfaces on a diagram.

K

Assessment/Evaluation

Instructional Strategies

Materials / Equip. / Supplies

Suggested Time

Worksheet

Active lecture

Projector Handout

2 hours

Questioning

Active lecture

Projector

45 mins

Demonstration? Quiz

Interactive game Demonstration

Paper Giant marshmallows Handout

1 hour

Worksheet Homework Assignment

Active lecture

S 4.1.8 Describe all of the dental terms listed in unit 7.2.

K Projector Handout

1.5 hours

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Instructional Framework Unit 4-7: Parts of a tooth Goal(s): Upon completion of this unit students will be able to Learning Outcomes General & Specific The learner will be able to:

4.1.9 Label all of the dental terms listed in unit 7.2.

K S A

Assessment/Evaluation

Instructional Strategies

Materials / Equip. / Supplies

Suggested Time

K Written quiz

30 mins

28


Instructional Framework Unit 8: Functions of the teeth Goal(s): Upon completion of this unit students will be able to Learning Outcomes General & Specific The learner will be able to:

K S A

Assessment/Evaluation

Instructional Strategies

Materials / Equip. / Supplies

Worksheet Quiz

Active lecture

Projector Handout Texts Internet Websites

Suggested Time

8.1 Explain the beneficial functions of teeth that affect humans. 8.1.1 Explain the function of each type of tooth during mastication.

K

8.1.2 Describe how mastication aids in the digestion of foods in our bodies.

K

8.1.3 Explain how teeth help us speak or pronounce words.

K

8.1.4 Explain how teeth provide facial support.

K

6 hours

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Instructional Framework Unit 9: Tooth Eruption Goal(s): Upon completion of this unit students will be able to Learning Outcomes General & Specific

K S A

Assessment/Evaluation

Instructional Strategies

Materials / Equip. / Supplies

Suggested Time

9.1.1 List all eruption times for maxillary and mandibular teeth in newborns, children and adults.

K

Worksheet

Jigsaw Peer tutoring

Textbook Handout

2.5 hours

9.1.2 Identify signs and symptoms of teething in infants and toddlers.

K

Questioning

Active lecture

Projector

1 hour

9.1.3 Discuss remedies for infants/ toddlers who are teething.

K

Informational poster

Class discussion

Computer lab

Discussion 30 mins

The learner will be able to:

9.1 Explain tooth eruption and the time in a persons life when it occurs.

A

Lab time 5 hours in total

30


Instructional Framework Unit 10: Dental Health Goal(s): Upon completion of this unit students will be able to Learning Outcomes General & Specific

K S A

Assessment/Evaluation

Instructional Strategies

Materials / Equip. / Supplies

10.1.2 Explain the benefits of regular visits to a health care professional.

K S A

Questioning

Discussion

Handout Projector

1 hour

10.1.3 List the behaviours that contribute to dental health problems.

K

Written paper

Handout Projector

2 hours

10.1.4 Compare the negative effects that using drugs has on the oral cavity.

K

5 hours

The learner will be able to:

Suggested Time

10.1 Support the relation between the health of the oral cavity to the overall health of the body.

Class discussion

A Research project Class/school presentation 15%

Interactive instruction Think, pair, share

Computer lab

Students will create a podcast

Discussion

Computer lab Elmo

A 10.1.5 Identify the problems that can occur when teeth are used outside of their natural functions.

K

1 hour

31


Instructional Framework Unit 10: Dental Health Goal(s): Upon completion of this unit students will be able to Learning Outcomes General & Specific The learner will be able to:

K S A

Assessment/Evaluation

Instructional Strategies

Materials / Equip. / Supplies

Suggested Time

Worksheet Quiz

Active lecture

Projector

2.5 hours

Students will create an informational poster or online blog that will be given/posted in aboriginal communities.

Active lecture Research and inquiry

Projector Handout Computer lab

1.5 hours lecture

10.2 Explain how good and bad nutrition habits affect our oral health.

10.2.1 Describe healthy and unhealthy eating habits that affect dental health.

K A

10.2.2 Describe how the frequency of eating sugary or acidic foods can affect the rate of tooth decay.

K

10.2.3 Explain what early childhood caries (ECC) is and methods of prevention.

K A

5 hours class time

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Instructional Framework Unit 10: Dental Health Goal(s): Upon completion of this unit students will be able to Learning Outcomes General & Specific The learner will be able to:

K S A

10.3 Explain oral care techniques that can be used for infants, toddlers, children, adults, orthodontics, dentures, and individual needs to improve quality of oral health. 10.3.1 Discuss with peers oral care techniques that will improve oral health.

Assessment/Evaluation

Instructional Strategies

Worksheet Active lecture

Materials / Equip. / Supplies

Suggested Time

Projector Handout

3 hours

Handout

1.5 hours

Dental models Toothbrush Floss Plaque aids

2 hours in class

K Participation

Interactive instruction Think, pair, share

A 10.3.2 Demonstrate oral care techniques on study models that can be used to educate others.

K S A

Checklist

Demonstrative lecture

33


Instructional Framework Unit 10: Dental Health Goal(s): Upon completion of this unit students will be able to Learning Outcomes General & Specific The learner will be able to:

10.3.4 Explain what plaque is, what causes it and how it can be removed from the teeth.

K S A

Assessment/Evaluation

Instructional Strategies

Materials / Equip. / Supplies

Worksheet Quiz

Acitve lecture

Projector Handout

Suggested Time

K

10.3.5 Explain tooth decay, its cause and effects, how to remove it from a tooth.

K

10.3.6 List all the ways that tooth decay can be prevented

K

3 hours

Discussion

Research and inquiry

Computer lab

Written paper on one oral disease that is relevant to student.

Active lecture Discussion

Projector Handout

A 10.3.7 Discuss the cause and effects of different diseases and disorders that occur in the oral cavity.

K 3 hours

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Instructional Framework Unit 11: Dental career opportunities Goal(s): Upon completion of this unit students will be able to Learning Outcomes General & Specific

K S A

Assessment/Evaluation

Instructional Strategies

11.1.1 Discuss the roles and responsibilities of all dental health professionals in Manitoba.

K

Interview

Active lecture Class discussion

11.1.2 Observe dental health professionals in a variety of facilities in Manitoba.

K

Observation Written report - 5%

Observation Field trips

11.1.3 Discuss wages/salary and job potential of all dental health professionals.

K

11.1.4 Create an educational plan that will lead you to any career in the dental field.

K S A

The learner will be able to:

Materials / Equip. / Supplies

Suggested Time

11.1 Explore the careers of dental health professionals in Manitoba.

A Homework assignment

Independent study

Peer assessment Add to portfolio

Independent study Brainstorming

Business/industry Handouts Textbook Peers Internet Websites Projector

20 hours

A

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Instructional Framework Unit 12: Dental Procedures/treatment Goal(s): Upon completion of this unit students will be able to Learning Outcomes General & Specific The learner will be able to:

K S A

12.1 Describe popular dental procedures and treatments that are performed daily in a dental office. 12.1.1 Discuss the benefits of mouth guards for people who are involved in sports or contact activities.

12.1.2 Participate in the creation of a mouthguard for own personal use.

K

Assessment/Evaluation

Instructional Strategies

Informal feedback Written quiz

Active lecture Brainstorming

Questioning

Class discussion Brainstorming

A

S

Self assessment Observation by instructor

Materials / Equip. / Supplies

Business/Industry Internet Websites Handout Textbook Projector

Suggested Time

8 hours

Field trip

A The learner will keep an online learning journal that will require them to enter three new learned facts per class*. 5% = 15 min/class = 9 hours

The following units will be implemented in the entire curriculum: Unit 13: Fundamental Skills Unit 14: Personal Management Skills Unit 15: Teamwork Skills 36


Evaluation Mark Breakdown Worksheets/Assignments Reports Projects Quizzes Learning Journal Attendance Presentations

15% 25%

Grade Distribution

Letter Grade

15%

% Value

A+

95-100

A

90-94

B+

85-89

B

80-84

C+

75-79

C

70-74

D

50-69

F

0-49

5% 5% 10%

25%

37


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Intro. to Dental Health and Dental Careers Curriculum