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FEBRUARY 17 – FEBRUARY 23, 2017

VOLUME 25 NO. 7

SOUL FOOD – THE LEGACY

The imagination and desperation of enslaved Africans forever changed the way the American South cooks and eats. But there’s an unhealthy price to be paid, ironically by their African-American descendants. BY PENNY DICKERSON FLORIDA COURIER

The roots of “soul food” run deep within the annals of African-American living. The South reigns as king of soul food cuisine. Its origins can be traced back to slavery, when plantation owners allowed enslaved Africans to cook and eat only what was known as the hog’s undesirable leftovers. Included were its ears, feet, tail, stomach and the intestinal tract known as chitterlings, or in Southern

vernacular, simply “chitlins.” African-Americans exhibited resourcefulness and took what was deemed scraps – along with plants native to or domesticated in West Africa such as okra, yams, black-eyed peas and rice – and created a menu of delicacies that would become soul food staples. Pork parts were cooked down for hours and seasoned with salt, onion and garlic. Chicken and fish were deep-fried in vegetable oil, and collard green leaves were cleaned, cut, and seasoned with smoked meats.

What about Africa? Not much expected from Trump

Yams were candied with generous amounts of brown sugar and butter, while macaroni and cheese was prepared with its own abundant portions of eggs, cheese, and butter. In the process, the survivors of American slavery changed the ways of eating, particularly in the South, forever. “When, in the history of humankind, has an enslaved people revolutionized the way the people enslaved them ate, See SOUL, Page A2

Olean McCaskill has owned and operated her Tallahassee-based soul food restaurant, Olean’s, with husband Johnny for more than 20 years.

CARNAGE IN CHICAGO

Murders continue unabated

BY GRANT CLARK URBAN NEWS SERVICE  

After a two-year election campaign and weeks into his presidency, Africans still have no idea how Donald J. Trump plans to deal with this continent of 54 nations. Since the launch of his political career, Trump has barely mentioned Africa, home to six of the 12 fastest-growing economies in the world, let alone share insight into his foreign policy thinking.

Just tweets All Africans, and anyone interested in U.S.-Africa relations, have got to go on are a few disparaging tweets, posted in the years before his run for office. In one 2015 tweet, he called South Africa, the continent’s economic powerhouse, a “total and very dangerous mess.” In another, he said: “every penny of the $7 billion going to Africa as per Obama will be stolen.”

Response to ban Officially, the response to Trump’s presidency by African leaders has been muted. But when two African countries were recently included in the executive order banning travel to the U.S. from six predominately Muslim countries, the outgoing head See AFRICA, Page A2

SNAPSHOTS FLORIDA | A3

OBITUARY | B2

A home for Joseph and Patrick

Remembering Al Jarreau BLACK HISTORY | B3

Senate chaplain reflects on role

ALSO INSIDE

E. JASON WAMBSGANS/CHICAGO TRIBUNE/TNS

Chicago police stand near where a toddler and a man were fatally shot and a woman was wounded in Chicago’s Lawndale neighborhood on Tuesday –Valentine’s Day. As of Feb. 15, there have been 77 homicides in the Chicago area since Jan. 1.

Plan allowing liquor sales in grocery stories to be tweaked THE NEWS SERVICE OF FLORIDA

TALLAHASSEE – A controversial proposal that would allow liquor to be sold in grocery stores was nearly capped in its first House committee as lawmakers expressed concerns about who could handle the bottles. The House Career & Competition Subcommittee voted 8-7 Wednesday to approve the proposal (HB 81), but Rep. Bryan Avila, the bill’s sponsor, said he would try to

change the plan before its next committee vetting. “There is plenty of time to make sure we get the right fit in place,” Avila, R-Hialeah, told reporters after the meeting. The contentious and heavily lobbied proposal – sought by Wal-Mart and Target, and opposed by Lakeland-based Publix and Orlando-based ABC Fine Wine & Spirits – seeks to end a Depression-era law requiring liquor stores and bars to be separated from groceries and other retail goods, an issue commonly referred to as the “liquor wall.” A wider ranging measure (SB 106) that also seeks to end the separation is ready for a full Senate vote. Proponents contend abolishing the law is necessary to provide more convenience to shoppers, reduce regulations and save businesses money.

Illegal access? Opponents argue, among other things,

that the change will drive independent liquor stores of business and result in minors illegally getting access to liquor. Rep. Julio Gonzalez, a Venice Republican who voted against the plan, said he hasn’t heard from a single individual complaining about an inability to get liquor in Florida. And he said the measure should be closer to a compromise struck last year, but which failed to pass, that would have maintained a current prohibition banning anyone under the age of 21 from handling or selling alcohol. “I think (this) bill is even worse,” Gonzalez said. “Now you’re telling me that a 16-year-old can sell alcohol, under supervision.” Target lobbyist Jason Unger said the Minnesota-based company wants to provide shoppers with more convenience. And Monesia Brown, who represents Arkansasbased Wal-Mart, said the company is trying to be innovative.

COMMENTARY: LUCIUS GANTT: MORE RATS WILL JUMP OFF TRUMP’S SINKING SHIP | A2 COMMENTARY: JULIANNE MALVEAUX: ‘PATHFINDERS’ FOR BLACK HISTORY MONTH | A4


FOCUS

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FEBRUARY 17 – FEBRUARY 23, 2017

More rats will jump off Trump’s sinking ship A wharf rat is a large rat that is commonly found on wharves. These kinds of rats often sustain themselves by pilfering from warehouses near the seaside or from ships. When the rats board a ship, they don’t all line up like they were following the Pied Piper and get on board all at once. The rats come aboard one by one. If the ship begins to sink, the rats jump off one by one!

First rat jumps Well, the first rat jumped off the White House ship recently when Michael Flynn resigned as President Donald Trump’s selection as national security advisor. His departure came just after

LUCIUS GANTT THE GANTT REPORT

reports surfaced that the Justice Department warned the Trump administration last month that Flynn misled administration officials regarding his communications with the Russian ambassador to the United States about sanctions placed on Russia by former President Barack Obama for interfering in US elections. Reports suggest because of his lies, Flynn was hence compromised and was potentially vulnerable for blackmail if Russia

leaked the truth about his communications. Did National Security Advisor Flynn just run his own mouth on his own? I think not. Or did other members of the president’s staff that love Russia so much know what deals were proposed or cut with the Soviets that Americans were never supposed to find out about?

You tell me What did President Donald Trump know about backroom discussions with Russians, and when did he know what he knew? We all know the cover-up is worse than the crime. Will the Republican Congressional representatives and sena-

tors that represent you in Washington stand up and speak out about treasonous activities by high-ranking officials? Will they start singing like Garth Brooks and Adele, or will they be as quiet as a wharf mouse? You know, when the rats jump off the sinking ship, some rats drown and some rats survive. Will Republicans like John McCain or Lindsey Graham seek the truth about Trump trickeration, or will they rubber-stamp any and all high crimes and misdemeanors? Time will tell!

Run in packs What we know for sure is that rats run in packs.

AFRICA of the African Union Commission, Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, lashed out. “The very country to whom our people were taken as slaves during the transatlantic slave trade, has now decided to ban refugees from some of our countries,” she fumed. On social media and privately, many Africans regard Trump’s tone and his silence on Africa as part of a general negative attitude towards their continent.   “When you watch the news in African countries, people are alarmed by what they see coming from the White House,” said Kwaku Nuamah, a lecturer at American University’s School of International Service in Washington.

Billions promised

No surprise

SOUL from A1

drank, believed, the way Africans did in America?” asks culinary historian Michael W. Twitty. Twitty is the author of the forthcoming book, “The Cooking Gene: A Journey Through AfricanAmerican Culinary History in the Old South,” his memoir of Southern cuisine and food culture that traces his ancestry through food from Africa to America and slavery to freedom.

From delicious to disease For all of its delectable glory, eating soul food comes with a price. The sodium, sugar, and fat used to flavor traditional dishes are also the catalysts for debilitating diseases. Many elderly African-Americans do not enjoy their “golden years” because of diseases cause by poor eating. Some, especially Black men, never reach the age of 60. According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’s Administration on Community Living, most older persons have at least one chronic condition and many have multiple conditions. Some of the most frequently occurring conditions among older African-Americans are hypertension (85 percent); diagnosed arthritis (51 percent); all types of heart disease (27 percent); diagnosed diabetes (39 percent); and cancer (17 percent).

Buy Gantt’s latest book, “Beast Too: Dead Man Writing,” on Amazon.com and from bookstores everywhere. “Like” The Gantt Report page on Facebook. Contact Lucius at www. allworldconsultants.net.

rising to $210 billion in 2013 – more than double that of the U.SAfrica trade in goods that year. America’s trade with African nations, on the other hand, dropped from $125 billion in 2011 to $99 billion the following year to $85 billion in 2013, according to Washington-based think tank, the Brookings Institution. Last year, Obama announced that U.S direct investment in Africa had risen 70 percent during his presidency. But it still lagged behind China.

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But given America’s track record on African trade and investment, some in African business circles say they are neither surprised nor alarmed by the absence of any foreign policy direction on Africa. “Many people were expecting closer relations (with the US) while Obama was in there but that didn’t happen,” said Kebour Ghenna, director of the Ethiopiabased Pan-African Chamber of Commerce and Industry, a body representing African business. “And they don’t expect that to change with Trump,” Ghenna said.  Nuamah agrees. “Expectations are very low. Whatever (Trump) does will exceed expectations,” he said.

We also know that American citizens want and need to know the truth about any and all nasty, filthy, slimy and degenerate rats that occupy government positions at the highest levels! Throw the good rats jumping off the White House ship a proverbial life jacket and let the lying rats drown and be impeached. Smart people don’t have to be in a presidential hurricane to tell which way the political wind is blowing!

JOHN OKOYO/XINHUA/SIPA USA/TNS

Victims and relatives of the 1998 American embassy terrorist bombing in Nairobi, Kenya protested just before President Barack Obama’s visit there in July 2015 and demanded compensation from the U.S.

Previous programs The three previous U.S. administrations all had high-profile programs aimed at boosting aid, trade and investment in Africa. In 2000, President Bill Clinton enacted the African Growth and Opportunities Act (AGOA), which enabled qualified African nations to grow exports by allowing duty-free access to American markets. President George Bush introduced the President’s Emergency Plan For Aids Relief (PEPFAR),

Oxtails and ‘chitlins’ In Tallahassee, soul food aficionados can find Olean’s, a 22-year community institution that is owned and operated by Olean McCaskill and her husband, Johnny. It’s a quaint establishment with just 10 tables and brick walls that are covered with autographed photos of both famous patrons and everyday people looking for a home-cooked soul food meal. If long lines are a good sign, the 66-year-old entrepreneur is pleasing a whole lot of folks with her diverse offering of Southern fare. From oxtails and chitlins on Wednesday and Thursdays, Olean’s also offers an array of sides, including black-eyed peas, cabbage, green beans and her specialty – collard greens. “I season my collards with bacon,” said McCaskill. “I used to use ham hocks and learned that from my mama and my grandmama, but over time I just started using bacon ‘cause it just made them taste better. “And you know you have to pour a little of that good ol’ grease in there, too,” she mused.

The fried ‘special’ Elderly customers are regulars at Olean’s, as are college students from neighboring Florida A&M University. They all know the specials, says McCaskill. Her Black History Month special includes fried chicken (leg and thigh), a choice of two sides, corn muffin, and a 16-ounce fountain soda for $5.99. Mindful of the health

providing billions of dollars in aid to fight the continent’s HIV/ Aids pandemic. President Obama maintained both those initiatives and launched a few of his own, in historic fashion. In his second term, he announced a $45 billion energy project seeking to electrify 60 million African homes and businesses as well as other efforts to promote Americans doing business in Africa. Obama went on to become the first American president to host a U.S-Africa Summit with African

pitfalls associated with Southern cooking, McCaskill notes that she cooks a case of chicken per week and while most is fried, some is prepared baked. McCaskill says she doesn’t put any meat in her vegetables (obviously other than the collards) to accommodate customers who don’t eat pork. “If you eat something you know you are not supposed to, then you know tomorrow and the next day and the next day you’re going to have to do something different,” McCaskill advised. “I cook to make people feel loved and happy and if it’s good, it makes them feel good.’’ McCaskill says she eats at home whatever she cooks at Olean’s. “I don’t go home to do anything. I go home to sit down,” McCaskill quipped. She noted that neither she nor husband Johnny have had any health problems, and she praises the Lord for that.

Research reveals risk Some aging seniors like McCaskill are spry and boast no debilitating ailments. However, other aging African-Americans are not as lucky. In a report published by AARP, University of Alabama researchers think they know why. It’s all that fried chicken, bacon, ham, pies and sweet tea. The researchers, who presented their results at an International Stroke Conference in 2013, found that those who ate typical Southern food six times a week had a 41 percent increased risk of stroke over

heads of state at the White House in 2014, intended to strengthen relations.

China in front Yet his efforts paled in comparison to those of another foreign power deeply engaged with Africa: China. It was a disappointment for some in a president with personal ties to the motherland. China surpassed the U.S. as Africa’s biggest trading partner in 2009. Sino-African trade has grown in leaps and bounds since,

those who ate it only once a month. Participants in the same study who ate a very nonSouthern diet also had a lower risk of stroke. People whose diets were high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and fish (but not fried fish) had a 29 percent lower stroke risk. Lead researcher Suzanne Judd, Ph.D., a nutritional epidemiologist at the university, said the study is the first large-scale effort to look at stroke and the typical Southern diet, which is heavy on salty, fatty foods and sugary drinks. The high amount of salt in deep-fried food raises blood pressure, a known stroke risk factor, Judd said. And sweet drinks can contribute to diabetes.

At an annual China-Africa Summit in South Africa in 2015, China pledged to invest another $60 billion in loans and investments into African development. The main sectors benefiting were transportation, such as rail and road infrastructure development, energy and mining.   Meanwhile, Trump has all but declared a trade war with China. Should he fulfill campaign promises, they could include officially labeling China a currency manipulator and bringing trade cases against China in the U.S. and with the World Trade Organization.  Whether Trump will decide to take his fight to the Chinese on African soil is anyone’s guess, although some analysts suggest that his “America First” outlook suggests a dialing-back of American engagement on the global stage.  But challenging China as a competitor for economic dominance in Africa is a battle the U.S. is unlikely to win “There is already a momentum with China that is difficult to restrain,” Ghenna said. 

ing amount of Schlitz Malt Liquor. While his drinking days ceased in 1998, he says he continued to drink sodas and devoured sweets, including his own homemade pound cake and special recipe cookies. “A recent visit to the doctor really alarmed me. My glucose levels were elevated and I was overweight,” said Cousar. “I stand five feet 11 inches and have weighed as much as 225 pounds, so I’ve stopped drinking soda, stopped eating fried chicken and fried pork chops and cut back on portions. “I also try not to eat after 7 p.m. unless it’s something light like a salad,” he added.

One man’s plight

Diabetes and strokes

Willie James Cousar says he was “raised on the hog.” The 68-year-old Jacksonville native is a Vietnam War veteran whose mother bore 14 children – seven boys and seven girls. Money was scarce, meals were stretched, and pork was plentiful. The children never complained. “We ate the food that White folks didn’t want,” said Cousar, who has been an avid fisherman since age 14 and a proficient hunter who can kill, skin, and grill any raccoon. “I caught fresh fish that we would eat, and it was always fried. Following his honorable discharge from the Air Force in 1972, Cousar returned to Florida. He was gainfully employed, but said he drank a fifth of Tanqueray gin every day along with an embarrass-

The Administration on Aging reports that in 2014, there were 46.2 million Americans aged 65 and over and 6.2 million aged 85 and over. In the same year, African-Americans made up 9 percent of the older population, and by 2060, the percentage of the older population that is AfricanAmerican is projected to grow to 12 percent. And according to statistics published online by WebMD: • Diabetes is 60 percent more common in AfricanAmericans than in Whites. Blacks are up to 2.5 times more likely to suffer a limb amputation and up to 5.6 times more likely to suffer kidney disease than other people with diabetes. • Strokes kill four times more 35- to 54-year-old Black Americans than

White Americans. Blacks have nearly twice the firsttime stroke risk of Whites. • Blacks develop high blood pressure earlier in life – and with much higher blood pressure levels – than Whites. Nearly 42 percent of Black men and more than 45 percent of Black women 20 and older have high blood pressure. • Cancer treatment is equally successful for all races. Yet Black men have a 40 percent higher cancer death rate than White men. African-American women have a 20 percent higher cancer death rate than white women.

In the gym Cousar, a divorced father of three, currently visits the gym every day with his companion, Annie Fason. His current weight is 200 pounds. If he continues his current fitness regime, he’ll reach his goal weight of 180 pounds. “I have to check my glucose every day,” said Cousar. “My work at BAE Systems – a ship building and repair company – is very physical, but I’m not trying to body build. I mostly do cardio on the treadmill and stationary cycles. “I just want to be in good shape and live long.” For more information on the history of “soul food,” go to Michael W. Twitty’s blogsite, https://afroculinaria. com.

This article was written and edited with the support of a journalism fellowship from New America Media, the Gerontological Society of America and AARP.


FEBRUARY 17 – FEBRUARY 23, 2017

FLORIDA

Hazing law challenged in death of FAMU band member THE NEWS SERVICE OF FLORIDA

A former member of Florida A&M University's "Marching 100" band is arguing that a state hazing

law is unconstitutional as he challenges his convictions in the high-profile 2011 death of drum major Robert Champion. An attorney for Dante Martin, who was found

guilty of manslaughter, felony hazing resulting in death and two counts of misdemeanor hazing in the death of Champion, filed a brief Tuesday asking the Florida Supreme Court

to take up the case. The brief argues that Florida's hazing law is overbroad. The 5th District Court of Appeal upheld the convictions in November. "Florida's hazing stat-

ute criminalizes the type of conduct that – though physically grueling, perceived as brutal to many, and unappealing to most – is nonetheless protected under the federal Con-

A3 stitution," the brief said. "This statute renders illegal a substantial amount of constitutionally protected conduct that is, notably, openly discussed, critiqued, promoted, advertised, and practiced by students statewide." During a ritual known as “crossing Bus C,’’ Champion and band members were struck repeatedly as they crossed from the front of a bus to the back. Martin was "president" of Bus C, according to the appealscourt ruling. Martin, 29, was sentenced to 77 months in prison after being found guilty by an Orange County jury.

COURTESY OF PEZZ PHOTO

ADOPTIONS

A home for Joseph and Patrick Editor’s note: This is a monthly series spotlighting Florida children available for adoption. SPECIAL TO THE FLORIDA COURIER

It takes a very special source of energy to wake up in the morning and want to make each day better. At FPL, we’re committed to doing our part. We’re using U.S.-produced natural gas and our state’s very own sunshine to help create a better tomorrow for all of us. See how at FPL.com.

One Church One Child of Florida is reaching out to families and individuals in communities across the state in efforts to help find permanent homes for children. Children featured in this spotlight are waiting for a permanent home and/or mentor. Churches are asked to partner with One Church One Child in sharing information with congregations and extending Watch-Care Ministries to children. Joseph and Patrick are two children who need a permanent home.

Joseph Joseph, 12, is a thoughtful, big-hearted kid who - if he could choose to change one thing about the world - would end people stereotyping one another. He’s funny and easygoing and loves to read. If he isn’t reading or sleeping, he’s playing basketball. His ultimate goal is to play professionally. Although he’s not too sure about plane travel, Joseph wants to have some adventures in life and thinks it would be awesome to find the lost world of Atlantis. He looks up to his big brother Patrick because he’s “kind and caring.’’

Patrick

This advertising is paid for by FPL shareholders, not our customers.

Patrick, 16, is a very earnest, respectful young man with a heart of gold. He’s very intelligent and loves to read, especially sciencefiction novels like “Marco’s Millions.’’ He doesn’t share his little brother’s aversion to flying, and would love to have that experience, especially if the plane takes him to Paris! He’s into all kinds of music and likes to play video games. He can often seem serious and reserved, but he has a very silly side too. When he grows up he’d like to be a photographer or a therapist, and if he could be famous for anything it would be for authoring a popular book series. These guys crave the warmth and support of a forever family. They would thrive in a two-parent home as the only children or with other brothers. They have so much potential and so much love to give. For more information about becoming an adoptive or foster parent, mentor, partner or volunteer, call 888-283-0886 or send an email to info@ococfl.org. The website for One Church One Child of Florida is www.ococfl.org.


EDITORIAL

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FEBRUARY 17 – FEBRUARY 23, 2017

‘Pathfinders’ for Black History Month When I wrote my book, “Surviving and Thriving: 365 Facts in Black Economic History,” I hoped that some folks would touch the book each day and talk about the many ways AfricanAmerican people have shaped our nation’s economic life, from building this country, to being the basis of our bond system. Despite my work, and that of others, Black History Month celebrations seem to center on the men in our history, and on the familiar names. You’ve heard of Frederick Douglass, Ida B. Wells, Dr. Dorothy Height, W.E.B. DuBois and Mary McLeod Bethune. But do you know Venture Smith, Mary Bowser, James Forten, Charles Wiggins, Clara Smith, Paul R. Williams, and Jackie Ormes?

Amazing but unknown These are among the pathfinders that Tonya Bolden has lifted up in her book, “Pathfinders: The Journeys of 16 Extraordinary Black Souls.” Her book is extraordinary because it features the biographies of relatively unknown and amazing African-Americans, and she puts their lives in context. Each biography talks about what was happening historically during the subject’s lives. She also highlights their contemporaries, expanding the reach of the book and, perhaps, challenging students to do their own research about other notable Af-

DR. JULIANNE MALVEAUX TRICEEDNEYWIRE.COM

rican-Americans. Bolden is an award-winning children’s book author, but “Pathfinders” is no children’s book. It should be ordered in every school library and purchased by many parents. But young people will not be the only ones enhanced by a book that highlights 16 stellar African-Americans, many unknown.

Focus on achievement Bolden says, “Without denying racism and oppression, I did not want to talk about racism, but about accomplishment.” So, she set out to offer a range of occupations for the young people who will read her book. “I wanted to give kids variety,” she told me. “I also wanted to expose them to people who had done something.” Black folks have done amazing things, and Bolden says she wants to encourage young people to “dream big and take chances.” Her book reflects that, lifting up Richard Potter, a Black magician who traveled the world as a cabin boy before joining a circus, studying with a ventril-

Democrats’ rhetoric risks violence Before Democrats jump for joy and do high fives celebrating the attempt by protesters to block Education Secretary Betsy DeVos from entering a District of Columbia middle school – amid reports that police are investigating whether she was assaulted – they had better realize how dangerous their leaders’ inciting language has become. The vitriolic, flammable and often hateful rhetoric of Senate Democratic Minority Leader Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y., and his wannabe successor Massachusetts Sen. Elizabeth Warren, DMass. (often within the immunity-providing walls of the U. S. Senate) is perilous!

Going low They can’t stoop low enough to delay the confirmation of President Trump’s cabinet nominees. They have no shame in accusing them of the worst kind of motives. Most Americans hear such rhetoric and dismiss it as one of

CLARENCE V. MCKEE, ESQ. GUEST COLUMNIST

the reasons why they hold Congress in such low esteem. However, there are many on the radical left, and in the so-called progressive movement, who might view this dialogue as a signal to act against those on whom these Democrats, and others, are putting a target. It’s a justification to take to the streets and do whatever it takes, lawful or not, to fight the Trump agenda. What kind of vitriolic and incendiary rhetoric am I referring to? Look no further than the U.S. Senate.

A different place I served on the staffs of committees for two distinguished Republican senators when the Sen-

Some folks have Trump Derangement Syndrome There is something going around throughout the United States that is causing anger, almost to the point of insanity. It is turning our media into a fake news machine. You can turn to Fox News and get one story and then turn to CNN or MSNBC and get a different story concerning the same topic. People can’t get over the fact that Donald Trump beat Hillary Clinton. Many have cried repeatedly as if they just lost their mother. There are feuds amongst relatives. This matter is starting to split our population into multiple factions.

‘TDS’ is widespread I heard a term for this from Senator Ted Cruz, who calls it

HARRY C. ALFORD GUEST COLUMNIST

the “Trump Derangement Syndrome.” Many people cannot get over the election, and it is having serious mental effects on them. Per Jim Martin, founder of the 6 Plus organization, some of the symptoms are “sweeping, unsupportable assertions; visions of grandeur; espousing conspiracy theories; unhinged name-calling; making up stuff; ad hominem attacks on people; unhappiness; paranoia and a sense of impending doom.” I know two sisters, best friends, that don’t speak any more. They

VISUAL VIEWPOINT: VALENTINE'S DAY 2017

oquist, and stepping out on his own to be, says Bolden, “the first magician born in the United States to have success in the land of his birth.” Or who would have thought that Sissieretta Jones, the daughter of enslaved people, would have had a successful career as a concert singer? Jones performed at Madison Square Garden and Carnegie Hall, sung at the White House for President Benjamin Harrison, and completed a European tour. LUOJIE, CHINA DAILY, CHINA

‘Think big’ Bolden says she wants young people to “think big.” Well, in spotlighting Sissieretta Jones, she encourages that dream. While the average American earned about $400 a year in Jones’ heyday, her earnings were more than $8,000 a year. She was one of the highest-paid Black entertainers in the United States. The richness of Bolden’s book lies in the fact that she does offer occupational variety. There are entertainers but there are also women near and dear to my heart, women that I’ve written about over the years.

ceive the Ph.D. in a single week in June 1921. Georgiana Rose Simpson earned her Ph.D. in German from the University of Chicago, and Eva Beatrice Dykes earned her Ph.D. in English from Radcliffe (now Harvard). She taught at D.C.’s Dunbar High School, Howard University and Oakwood College (now University) in Huntsville, Ala. Another sister Bolden lifts up is Maggie Lena Walker, the first African-American woman to form and run a bank, Penny Savings Bank, in Richmond, Va. She cannily merged her bank with others to survive the Great Depression, and the bank thrived until it closed in 2009. As an economist, Maggie Lena Walker and Dr. Sadie Tanner Mosell Alexander resonate with

me. Many will also enjoy the lives of architect Paul Williams, combat pilot Eugene Ballard, or filmmaker Oscar Michaeaux. Katherine Coleman Goble Johnson, the woman whose accomplishments were highlighted in the movie “Hidden Figures,” is also featured in Bolden’s book. We can appreciate Pathfinders’ achievement against all odds, their faith, and their contributions. We can be inspired by their contributions and by the words of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. “Everybody can be great, because everybody can serve.” Tonya Bolden’s book is a worthy addition to your library!

ate was a place of honor, respect, and collegiality. Like much of today’s political discourse, even debate in the Senate has seen civility and decorum collapse. Sens. Schumer and Warren are prime examples. Warren freely and unabashedly played the Democrats’ favorite card – the race card – invoking the name of Coretta Scott King during the Senate debate on the nomination of Jeff Sessions to be attorney general. It was such a blatant racial exploitation ploy that the niece of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Dr. Alveda C. King, took Warren to task. Warren didn’t stop there. She said that if Sessions took “his racism, sexism, and bigotry to the Justice Department, he will hear from all of us,” as would senators who voted to put his “radical hatred” into the Department. And then there were the words of Schumer, the poster boy for inflammatory rhetoric, who said that when Sessions’ nomination passed the Senate “it turned my stomach.”  He also had a mouthful of meanness to hurl at Education Secretary DeVos, saying that she would “single-handedly decimate our public education sys-

tem” and that Trump naming her to be secretary “should offend every single American man, woman, and child who has benefited from the public education system in this country…”

above, one reportedly organized by a local teacher’s union and including people carrying Black Lives Matter signs, resulting in her to having to be whisked away by security. DeVos is committed to Black students having equal educational opportunities and options. Those who tried to prevent her from entering the school are reminiscent of demonstrators in the South who tried to prevent Black children from integrating schools.

would talk three or four times a week. One sister gets upset at anybody who says something positive about President Trump. The other supported the Trump campaign and had tickets to the inauguration. Her sister went bonkers and hasn’t called her or taken her calls since.

organizing…often noted for his 1971 book ‘Rules for Radicals.’” This leads me to a big fan of Alinsky: a community organizer named Barack Hussein Obama. His two terms at the White House did not satisfy his taste for changing America. He believes that there is much more to do. Does he feel that the GOP will destroy the ‘progress’ he has made, like Obamacare?

The same week One is Dr. Sadie Tanner Mosell Alexander, the first AfricanAmerican woman to receive the Ph.D. degree in economics, and one of the first three to re-

I started investigating There are violent protests towards public speakers who support conservative views. Universities, politicians’ town halls and “March Madness” – as the late George Curry would say – are being financed and managed by some entity. I have said many times that billionaire George Soros has something to do with all this. But now it is starting to appear that someone else might be involved. These tactics remind me of the philosophy of that great Marxist organizer Saul Alinsky, who Wikipedia describes as “the founder of modern community

Unflattering words He called Trump’s labor secretary nominee, Andy Puzder, an “enemy” of workers’ rights and “probably the most anti-worker nominee to the Department of Labor ever…” He had similar unflattering words for Trump’s nominee for Health and Human Services Secretary, Representative Tom Price, R-Ga. He said that the “war on seniors…begins when we confirm Rep. Price.” How about those comments for giving a wink and a nod to violent protests often embedded with paid demonstrators with professionally-made signs? Many believe that there are some in the so-called progressive left movement – their financial supporters, and other “intolerants,” including some in the entertainment industry –who would relish in any harm coming to Trump’s appointees. Just look at what happened to DeVos during the protest cited

Back to his roots Per Infowars.com, our former president has returned to his community activism. It is alleged that there are 25 local chapters of “Organizing for Action,” which grew out of his first campaign and is probably another Sorosfunded organization. Their mission is to stop President Trump on every move he makes. OFA has partnerships with the Center for American Progress, Planned Parenthood and MoveOn.org. This is a formula for felony rioting.

Charles W. Cherry II, Esq., Publisher

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Just the start The DeVos protests could just be the beginning as Democrats in Congress, city halls, their allies in the unions, and radical hooded protesters use whatever means they deem necessary to derail and delay the Trump agenda. Someone is going to get hurt – or worse.

Clarence V. McKee is a government, political and media relations consultant and president of McKee Communications, Inc., as well as a Newsmax.com contributor. This article originally appeared on Newsmax.com. This organization will have a perfect recruiting ground: the growing number of persons being wrapped up in the state of mind known as TDS. Why couldn’t Obama ride off into the sunset back to Chicago, build his presidential library, and live off the millions of dollars that will come his way, just like all the other retired presidents. The next few months are going to evolve into something the world has never seen. We may be headed for chaos. It could develop into a national security problem. Our enemies may start to get ideas of how they can take advantage of this. I am sounding the alarm today. May God help us.

Harry C. Alford is the cofounder and president/CEO of the National Black Chamber of Commerce. Contact him via www.nationalbcc.org.

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FEBRUARY 17 – FEBRUARY 23, 2017

Roland Martin is a THOT selling school privatization Despite what his website says, Roland Martin is no journalist. His daily news show doesn’t break any new stories. Roland BRUCE A. traffics in celebrity interviews. He DIXON jokes with Tom Joyner on the radio. He chats with Black Trump BLACK AGENDA REPORT supporters and White supremacists, and the same Democratic politicians everybody else talks to. $100 million on the creation of a “charter school movement.” BAEO got early supplemental funding Making the case from the Walton Family FoundaAnd Roland consistently makes tion (the Walmart heirs) and oththe shallow case for privatizing ers, and fostered the early career education on behalf of his sponof Cory Booker. sors, with corny tweets, videos Now BAEO is prominently feaand a series of so-called “town tured in the credits of Roland hall meetings,” though he’s plenty smart enough never to say “priva- Martin’s YouTube videos in which Martin echoes Arne Duncan’s vitization.” A journalist’s job is to research, cious old claim that Hurricane Kato dig deep and to oppose offi- trina was the  best thing that ever cial lies with facts. Journalists un- happened  to public education in cover, they publish and they pop- New Orleans. For the record, after Katrina, ularize among ordinary people important truths that the wealthy the state of Louisiana closed more and powerful would rather keep than a hundred New Orleans pubhidden. By that standard  Ida B. lic schools and fired all their teachWells and Lu Palmer were serious ers and staff, seizing upon the disaster to create the nation’s first Black journalists. all-charter big city school system under what was called the New Roland Martin ain’t that Orleans Recovery School District. Roland is a competent and reasonably successful hustler, with Poor performance a keen eye for what sponsors will Charter operators and contracpay him to write and to say. Right now, the big money is in turn- tors made fortunes, but New Oring over public education to pri- leans children didn’t do so well. In vate operators of all kinds. Those the ten years of the all-charter Reoperators and investors whom covery School District, not a single we at Black Agenda Report call RSD school  rose to “A” level, dethe “charter school sugar daddies” spite the state’s continual lowerneed public relations talent. Ro- ing of standards to accommodate the failure of the all-charter sysland the hustler is all over it. As my colleague Glen Ford tem to deliver better results. But a good hustler never lets has  documented  over the years, privatizing education has been mere facts get in the way. Real a pet objective of parts of the US hustlers use whatever the means ruling elite since at least the 1980s. at hand to get the job done. So RoSince then, there have been been land’s job now is to blacken up his deep right-wing pockets will- masters’ “movement” for charing to fund the careers of Black ter schools. Toward that end, he’s educators, preachers, and busi- heading up a supposed nationness leaders willing to speak up wide series of town hall meetings for privatizing schools – whether on the theme “School Choice Is they called their advocacy vouch- the Black Choice.” So far, he’s held meetings in ers or charter schools or school choice, and to bankroll fake grass- D.C. and Atlanta, stacked with roots organizations pretending to pro-charter and pro-privatization figures, citing bogus surveys a “movement” for the same. One of the first wave of these and with few inputs on the part fake Black grassroots outfits is of actual advocates of public edBAEO, the Black Alliance for Edu- ucation.  His Atlanta meeting was cational Options. BAEO was orig- held at Ebenezer Baptist, – the inally created by a million-dollar pastorate of Daddy King, the fagrant from the  Bradley Founda- ther of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. tion, which has spent more than – which makes one wonder how

much of the Black church has signed on to the corporate agenda of school privatization.

Resist Trump and resist the Democrats

before the Democrats would lose this office as they had done with the House, the Senate, and most state legislatures. They have no desire to move away from their corporate sugar daddies, instead preferring to devolve into pretense – which was obvious to the voters who wouldn’t stand with Hillary Clinton. The unprincipled scoundrels of that party have done everything except take responsibility for years of treachery. They did nothing to fight against the gerrymandering which gave the Republicans safe seats all over the country. They didn’t care about Republican triumphs in Wisconsin which made the country safe for union busting. They don’t care about the anti-abortion laws that have been passed in state after state. The only way to fight what they claim they don’t want would be to engage and energize their voters, but they have no interest in doing that. Their modus operandi is inherently hostile to the interests of the masses.

Resistance is the new watch word for millions of people who oppose Donald Trump and his administration. This is a positive development against a president who made such open appeals to White American supremacy and the 21st century iterations of manifest destiny. His announcement of a travel ban directed at citizens of seven mostly Muslim nations rekindled outrage and denunciation from millions of people around the country. Those protests were righteous and needed to take place. What they did not need was the presence of Democratic politicians who are still committed to imperialism and neoliberalism and to their failed policies which brought Trump to the presidency.

Resist Dems first

MARGARET KIMBERLEY BLACK AGENDA REPORT

Charles Schumer shed tears for stranded refugees but fully supported the invasion and occupation of Iraq, one of the nations targeted by the travel ban. Schumer is also one of the key spokespersons for Israel’s occupation of Palestine and endless massacres in Gaza. Cory Booker is an opportunist and a corporate hooker who also quickly stepped into that spotlight. Elizabeth Warren may ask tough questions at confirmation hearings, but invariable votes to approve Trump’s nominees. They and their colleagues can always be counted on to approve of American imperialism.

It is the Democrats who must be resisted first. If not, this nascent movement will be just the latest in a long line of failure for the left. The left must create the political crisis necessary to end A matter of time The debacle that brought not just Trumpism, but all of the isms that are ruining the lives of Trump to the presidency has been moving in slow motion for millions of people. Democratic Senate leader years. It was just a matter of time

Yale whitewashes history to appease nincompoops From the New York Times: “After a swelling tide of protests, the president of Yale announced on Saturday that the university would change the name of a residential college commemorating John C. Calhoun, the 19th-century White supremacist statesman from South Carolina. The college will be renamed for Grace Murray Hopper, a trailblazing computer sci-

EDITORIAL

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VISUAL VIEWPOINT: TRUMP’S NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISOR QUITS

Doesn’t believe Roland Martin claims he’d like to see real discussion and debate on how to get the best educational outcomes for Black children. He likes to say he’s for whatever works. But like his sponsors, Roland just doesn’t believe public education works. Roland does not, in his interviews, articles, tweets and meetings, lead debates and discussions about what works in the field of education and what doesn’t. He simply tweets and repeats the same trite messaging, blackened up a little for his BET audience, that deceptive advocates of privatization always do: that “school choice” empowers parents, who can (if we de-fund the public schools) “choose” the best alternative. He bleats and tweets his sponsors’ narrative that public schools in Black areas are “failing” and must urgently be replaced with something, anything, but publicly funded, publicly accountable schools. Roland is no innocent fool. One cannot do public relations for an industry and be ignorant of how it works.

He knows Roland knows perfectly well that public schools have been deliberately underfunded and under-resourced for two decades to create a demand for charter schools. Roland knows that school “choice” is a cruel hoax because charter schools get to choose their students and parents, not necessarily the other way around. He knows that charter schools routinely reject or expel children with disabilities or low test scores, and can reject children for any reason they choose. He knows that charter schools can often hire underqualified teachers and contractors, and have few if any safeguards against fraud and profiteering. And he knows his sponsors are working hard to prevent any meaningful oversight of their new hustle.

DAVE GRANLUND, POLITICALCARTOONS.COM

for Roland and his sponsors. They had the first Black president firmly in their corner. Obama hired his basketball buddy Arne Duncan  as secretary of education. As CEO of the Chicago Public Schools, Duncan fired thousands of Black teachers without cause and privatized dozens of schools. President Obama handed Duncan $4 billion in onetime stimulus money which the administration used to coerce school districts around the country to close, and privatize  thousands of public schools  and fire tens or hundreds of thousands of teachers. Obama’s second Secretary of Education John King had never attended or served in a public school either, and was an outspoken advocate of charter schools over public ones. But at least he had actually run a charter school or two. The Trump years are shaping up to be good for Roland as well. Obama and Trump pretty much agree on replacing public schools with charters, as did Obama and McCain and Obama and Romney. But Trump’s naked racism means his policies will need blackening up by able stooges like Roland Martin.

Little difference

retary of Education. She is a very gifted and well-respected education leader with a proven track record of advancing excellence and equity for students. She has been a strong champion for parental choice, ensuring that all children, regardless of race or economic status, have access to excellent schools. “DeVos has spent much of her life working on behalf of low-income and working-class Black families who just want access to better educational options for their children. She will be a strong supporter of parental choice policies and education reform initiatives that we believe will help close the academic achievement gap. That’s the side Roland is hustling for. The side of the charter school sugar daddies; the side of crooked Black celebrity charter operators; the side of vulture capital, the privatizers and the one percent.

Not a journalist He’s carries no empowering message to the masses. He’s not explaining to ordinary people how the system works. He’s not revealing truths the rich and powerful would rather stay hidden. Roland is working for the one percent, under this president and the last one, blackening up and selling us policies that destroy communities and stunt the future of our children. Roland Martin is a THOT (“That Hustla Ova There”).

On the issue of education there seems very little daylight between Donald Trump’s new secretary of education and Roland. Here’s what Roland’s BAEO sponsors said on the selection of Betsy DeVos as Trump’s secretary of education: Good years Bruce Dixon is managing edi“BAEO congratulates Betsy DeThe Obama years were good Vos on becoming our next Sec- tor of BlackAgendaReport.com.

Cutting deals The Democrats were content to hold the presidency and make deals with Republicans and fool people into thinking they had done their best. They continue to make excuses for Hillary Clinton’s defeat, while simultaneously pushing anti-Russian propa-

students couldn’t abide attending a university with a college that commemorates a White supremacist. Do these cloistered nincompoops know they’re living in a country with a capital that commemorates a slave owner? Oh, right. These Twitterbrained kids are Ivy League. ANTHONY L. Therefore, they must be exeHALL, ESQ. cuting a brilliant master plan to whitewash second-rate historic BLACK AGENDA REPORT figures like Calhoun first. Then entist and Navy rear admiral who they’ll start scrubbing away bigreceived a master’s degree and a wigs like Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and George doctorate from Yale.” So these safe-space-seeking Washington.

ganda. They ratchet up the call for war, while also diverting attention from their own failures. Trump is no better as he engages in threats against China and Iran. Trump can’t peel Russia away from its alliance with those countries. They are allied precisely because of American aggression and they won’t be fooled by the newest criminal in the White House.

Reject both parties

dering to discredited lesser evilism. This is not the time to discuss which of the Democrats is the best candidate for 2020. This is a moment to reject the duopoly and fight for something completely new.

Dangerous words Words like “resistance” are powerful and fulfill the human need to think well of oneself. But they are also dangerous for the same reason. At this moment, everyone wants to think they are resisting because they wear a pink hat or protest a travel ban at the airport. But if these same people spend time wondering if they should back Cory Booker of Elizabeth Warren in 2020 or ponder who should run the Democratic National Committee, they aren’t resisting anything. Booker and Warren don’t oppose imperialism or the incarceration state and they don’t really want to fight the Republicans that badly. That is because both wings of the duopoly are on the same team. If both aren’t resisted, the people will continue to be crushed. The only question is whether Democrats or Republicans will do the crushing.

The Democrats and Republicans may continue to wreak havoc around the world, but none of their mad dreams will come to fruition. They all must be rejected. It may be true that Trump will pass national right-to-work legislation, but the Democrats made that possible. They could have passed “card-check” and made it easier for workers to organize. They could have raised the minimum wage. They didn’t do what Democrats wanted them to do and have legitimized all of Trump’s plans that they now say would be so terrible. There can be no resistance to Trump which includes the Democratic Party. The Democrats are the obstacle to justice at home and peace abroad. Democrats are not on the left and they can’t be trusted to bring about the funMargaret Kimberley’s coldamental changes needed at this umn appears weekly in BlackAcritical time in history. This is no time for fear or pan- gendaReport.com.

Spinning in their graves Except that what makes this country “America the Beautiful” is that Blacks can live and thrive in places named for Whites who once treated them as subhuman. More to the point, whitewashing the names off those places robs Blacks not only of the pride of overcoming so much, but also of the knowledge that they will have those White namesakes rolling over in their graves for eternity. But who needs President Trump to undermine the integrity of America’s hallowed institutions (warts and all) when they

are doing that themselves? And don’t kid yourself. The witch-hunting sanctimony of political correctness on the left can turn a liberal democracy into an Orwellian police state as readily as the mind-controlling ideology of alternative facts on the right can.

Anthony L. Hall is a Bahamian native with an international law practice in Washington, D.C.  Read his  columns and daily weblog  at www.theipinionsjournal.com.


FLORIDA

TOJ A6

FEBRUARY 17 – FEBRUARY 23, 2017

DAVID SANTIAGO/EL NUEVO HERALD/TNS

Passengers wait outside on the tarmac after a gunman opened fire at the Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport on Jan. 6.

Security industry weighs next steps to thwart shootings BY MARCIA HEROUX POUNDS SUN SENTINEL/TNS

FORT LAUDERDALE – Two mass murders in Florida in less than a year’s time. And there was at least one common element involving the men who are said to have pulled the triggers: the shooter at the Orlando nightclub Pulse last spring and the alleged shooter at the Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport on Jan. 7 were employed as security guards. Incredulous for some, given that armed security guards are usually subject to state licensing, drug testing, and even psychological testing.

More background checks But while security companies defend their screening processes as stringent, they also complain they can’t access enough background information from federal authorities. Some are

implementing more frequent background checks and increasing their monitoring of security guards on the job. “We’ve heard from clients that ‘we want to avoid similar incidents,’” said John Friedlander, senior director with Kroll’s Security Risk Management in North America, which consults for security companies and lends training support. As a result, some companies are conducting more frequent criminal background checks, which are usually undertaken before a candidate individual is hired, and beefing up the monitoring of security officers. “We often encourage greater field supervision,” Friedlander said.

Cost a factor But most industry leaders point toward the FBI, saying federal law enforcement and security agencies should share more

criminal background and watchlist information with private security employers. The FBI didn’t respond to a request for comment. Friedlander said the demand for more routine criminal background checks, perhaps annually or semi-annually, is limited to large, prominent customers such as religious institutions or schools. That’s because additional background checks add to the cost of hiring security. For the most part, screening including criminal background checks and drug panels, are only done before a candidate is hired, Friedlander said. Florida’s Department of Agriculture and Consumer Affairs said the screening process for a “G” license for an armed security guard has not been changed since the Florida shootings.

Fingerprint retention But the department is moving

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forward with new oversights, including fingerprint retention, a measure passed by the state Legislature in the last session, said Jennifer Meale, spokeswoman for the department. She said the department is working toward new legislation that would allow access to the Mental Competency Database for class “G” licenses for armed security guards and “K” licenses for instructors. The database identifies persons who are prohibited from purchasing a firearm based on court records that show mental defects or commitments to mental institutions.

meet or exceed the requirements of U.S. state agencies,” said G4S spokeswoman Monica LewmanGarcia. “In Mateen’s case, his background investigations were clean and all processes and procedures were followed in accordance with policy,’’ she added. Mateen may have been licensed, but G4S was fined $151,400 by the state after the Pulse nightclub shooting because the killer’s license carried the wrong name of the psychologist. G4S called it an “administrative error.”

Internal monitoring

In the more recent case of Esteban Santiago, the Iraq veteran who is charged with killing five people and wounding six others at the Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood airport, was employed by an Anchorage, Alaska, franchise that is part of Omaha-based Signal 88. An office assistant who answered a phone of company co-founder and CEO Reed Nyffelered in Omaha said the company isn’t commenting on the tragedy. The Anchorage franchise’s co-owners Zachary Alsterberg and William Serra were “out of the country,” said manager Travis Steward. When asked about the franchise’s practices in screening and monitoring security guards, Steward said the company “had no comment at this time.” It is unclear whether Santiago was licensed by Alaska. The state’s Department of Public Safety earlier this month denied the Sun Sentinel’s public information request as Santiago is the subject of an FBI investigation and an active prosecution by the U.S. Attorney in South Florida. Santiago has entered “not guilty” pleas to 22 federal criminal counts in an indictment. In both cases of Mateen and Santiago, the FBI had either investigated or been aware of possible mental health issues.

Steve Amitay, executive director and general counsel for the National Association of Security Companies in Washington, said his association has been pushing for more watch-list information from federal authorities to be shared with companies. He said some companies are stepping up internal monitoring. “I think one of the major changes since Orlando are security companies really trying to better engage their supervisors and managers out in the field to be on the lookout for personality changes and odd behavior, Amitay said. “They’re providing training to the managers, recognizing indicators of destructive terrorist activity.” But if security companies are taking such actions, they’re doing so quietly.

‘Strong controls’ G4S, a worldwide security company that employs 42,655 security guards including about 5,300 in Florida and 2,600 in South Florida, employed Omar Mateen, who killed 49 people at the Pulse nightclub. The company said it has not changed any of its own hiring or screening processes for security guards since the mass killing. “We have strong controls and processes in place. G4S’s background investigations processes comply with federal, state and local law. In the United States, our background investigations

Airport shooting plea

This report was supplemented with previous Sun Sentinel and Orlando Sentinel staff reports.


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FEBRUARY 17 – FEBRUARY 23, 2017

SHARING BLACK LIFE, STATEWIDE

SOUTH FLORIDA / TREASURE COAST AREA

How to create some healthy eating habits See page B6

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From Mother Bethel to the Marian Anderson Residence Museum, there’s a wealth of early African-American history in this historic city. 1. The African American Museum in Philadelphia is in its 40th year.

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SPECIAL TO THE FLORIDA COURIER

PHILADELPHIA – As U.S. history is African-American history, Philadelphia history is African-American history. The city is home to the founding church of the African Methodist Episcopal denomination (201-year-old Mother Bethel A.M.E.) and the country’s first major museum devoted to Black American history (African American Museum in Philadelphia). Landmarks in Philadelphia’s Historic District, from the Liberty Bell to street-side historical markers, tell of the successes, struggles and contributions of African-Americans through the centuries. Beyond the original city, Philadelphia’s vibrant neighborhoods offer glimpses into the pasts of African-American whose impacts live on today such as the Marian Anderson Residence and Paul Robeson House. These Philadelphia museums, landmarks, churches and other sites are rich in AfricanAmerican history.

MUSEUMS African American Museum in Philadelphia Founded in 1976, is the first institution built by a major U.S. city to preserve, interpret and exhibit the heritage and culture of African-Americans. Now celebrating its 40th year, the museum takes a fresh, bold look at the roles of African-Americans in the founding of the nation through the core exhibit “Audacious Freedom.’’ Other exhibitions and programs reveal the history, stories and cultures of those of African descent throughout the African diaspora. 701 Arch St., 215-5740380, aampmuseum.org.

Independence Seaport Museum “Tides of Freedom: African Presence on the Delaware River’’ uses the city’s eastern river to uncover the African experience in Philadelphia, including enslavement, emancipation, Jim Crow and civil rights. Guest curated by Dr. Tukufu Zuberi, a University of Pennsylvania professor, the exhibit tells a 300-year-old story that unfolds through artifacts from the museum’s own collection and compelling first-per-

2. The Johnson House Historic Site was a stop on the Underground Railroad. 3. Colorful South Street is known for its eclectic shops and historic spots. 4. Art Sanctuary spotlights the work of regional and national Black artists. 5. The Marian Anderson Residence Museum contains the singer’s personal items, musical mementos and artifacts. PHOTOS COURTESY OF VISIT PHILADELPHIA

Streets). More information at pahistoricalmarkers.com.

son accounts. Penn’s Landing, 211 S. Columbus Boulevard, 215-413-8655,phillyseaport.org.

Johnson House Historic Site

National Constitution Center It houses a rare copy of the Emancipation Proclamation signed by President Abraham Lincoln. The order that declared enslaved persons in rebellious areas of the South free is permanently on display in the Civil War alcove, which examines the turning point year of 1863. Through self-guided tours and interactive programs, the museum also illustrates the contributions of notable AfricanAmericans; delves into pivotal Supreme Court cases such as Dred Scott v. Sanford and Brown v. Board of Education; and explores the amendments that established rights for all citizens. A more recent highlight: the original, signed copy of Barack Obama’s “A More Perfect Union’’ speech delivered onsite during his 2008 presidential campaign. 525 Arch St., 215-409-6700, constitutioncenter.org.

National Liberty Museum The museum presents the enduring story of liberty, both in history and today. The Heroes from Around the World gallery spotlights notable people from all walks of life and time periods who protected and advanced freedom, including well-known figures such as Nelson Mandela and lesser-known people like Gail Gibson, a New Orleans nurse whose bravery helped save

The site is part of the Colonial Germantown Historic District, attained National Historic Landmark recognition for its role in the Underground Railroad. Tours offer visitors an opportunity to learn about the injustices of slavery and the people who risked their lives for others’ freedom, 6306 Germantown Ave., 215-438-1768, johnsonhouse.org.

Liberty Bell Center

Mother Bethel A.M.E. Church is the mother church of the nation’s first Black denomination. lives during Hurricane Katrina. The Live Like A Hero gallery showcases teachers, students, police officers, firefighters and other ordinary citizens who use their voices and talents to advocate for positive change, and the gallery includes a special section on students’ ideas about freedom after watching the film “Selma.’’ 321 Chestnut St., 215925-2800, libertymuseum.org.

HISTORIC SITES AND ATTRACTIONS Historical markers Throughout Philadelphia and

the entire state, historical markers capture the stories of people, places and events that shaped our country. The blue signs act as mini-history lessons, including First Protest Against Slavery (5109 Germantown Ave.), where a group of German Quakers wrote a protest against slavery in 1688; Free African Society (Sixth and Lombard Streets), an organization that fostered identity, leadership and unity among Black people; Pennsylvania Abolition Society (Front Street between Walnut & Chestnut Streets), the first American abolition society; and W.E.B. Du Bois (Sixth and Rodman

Inside the Liberty Bell Center, visitors uncover the connection between the Liberty Bell and African-American history. Beginning in the late 1800s, the Liberty Bell traveled around the country to expositions to help heal the divisions of the Civil War. It reminded Americans of earlier days when they worked together for independence. Fifth and Market Streets, 215965-2305,nps.gov/inde.

Marian Anderson Residence Museum An understated façade houses the three-story home of opera singer, humanitarian and civil rights icon Marian Anderson. The Marian Anderson Residence Museum, listed National Register of Historic Places, reveals the life and work of the first African-American to perform See PHILLY, Page B2


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FLORIDA COMMUNITY CALENDAR

Miami: A Jazz Roots concert takes place Feb. 24 at the Arsht Center. The show is at 8 p.m.

Jacksonville: Curls & Convo, a conversation about hair and skin color, is Feb. 18 11 a.m. to 2 p.m. at No Lye Style and Beauty Boutique, 3308 Beach Blvd. Tickets: curlsandconvo.eventbrite.com

Pembroke Pines: Kool and the Gang will perform March 10 at the Pembroke Pines City Center.

Aventura: Chef, entrepreneur and philanthropist Marcus Samuelsson will be at Macy’s at the Aventura Mall at 2 p.m. on Feb. 18 as part of the department store’s Black History Month celebration. More details: macys. com/celebrate. Tampa: A Black composers concert featuring the USF Choral program is Feb. 24 at the USF Concert Hall at 7:30 p.m.

Tampa: Bishop Roderick L. Hemings of New York will speak at 7:30 p.m. Feb. 23 at the Church of God in Christ Holy Convocation at Brown Memorial, 2313 E. 27th St.

The Men of Soul tour with Jeffrey Osborne, Peabo Bryson and Freddie Jackson stops at the Broward Center for the Performing Arts on Feb. 19 for a 7 p.m. show.

SPECIAL TO THE FLORIDA COURIER

CHARLIE WILSON

Catch Charlie Wilson’s “In It to Win it Tour’ with Fantasia and Solero on March 23 at the USF Sun Dome.

ESPERANZA SPALDING

Tickets are on sale for Jazz in the Gardens. It’s March 18 and 19 at Hard Rock Stadium in Miami Gardens. Performers will include Jill Scott, Smokie Norful, Esperanza Spalding, Common and Andra Day. Full lineup: jazzinthegardens. com.

Al Jarreau, the legendary jazz artist and seven-time Grammy winner, died on Feb. 12 at age 76. His death came two days after he announced his retirement from touring and was admitted to the hospital for exhaustion. Known as the “Acrobat of Scat” for his vocal delivery and admired by fans for his imaginative and improvisational qualities, Jarreau had a career that spanned five decades and 20 albums. His biggest single was “We’re in This Love Together” from 1981. He was the only Grammy vocalist to win in the jazz, pop and R&B categories.

Started at church He was born Alwin Lopez-Jarreau in Milwaukee in 1940. His father was a minister, and his mother was a piano teacher.

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at the Metropolitan Opera in New York. People can tour the house every day except Sunday. 762 S. Martin St., 215-779-4219, marianandersonhistoricalsociety.weebly.com.

Paul Robeson House Located in West Philadelphia, the Paul Robeson House served as the residence for the esteemed human rights activist, scholar, attorney, actor, football player and singer during the last decade of his life. Tours give visitors a chance to hear songs he recorded, learn about Robeson’s politics and discover his life of accomplishments, including his family’s 18th-century roots in Philadelphia. 4951 Walnut St., 215-747-4675, paulrobesonhouse.org.

President’s House At The President’s House: Freedom and Slavery in the Making of a New Nation, visitors see structural fragments of the home where Presidents Washington and Adams lived during their terms and where the first president kept nine enslaved Africans. The open-air Independence National Historical Park site, located just steps from the Liberty Bell Center, invites people to learn about the events that transpired through illustrated glass panels and video re-enactments, and then partake in silent reflection. Sixth and Market Streets, 215-965-2305,nps. gov/inde.

CHURCHES Christ Church With Benjamin Franklin, Betsy Ross and George Washington among its worshippers, Christ Church made history by ordaining Absalom Jones as the country’s first Af-

Jarreau began singing in a church choir at age 4 and later counted jazz scat artist Jon Hendricks and ballad singer Johnny Mathis among his greatest influences. He earned a bachelor’s degree in psychology in 1960 from Wisconsin’s Ripon College, where he performed on weekends with a group called the Indigos. He went on to the University of Iowa, earned a master’s degree in vocational rehabilitation. But his call to singing persisted. By the late ’60s, Jarreau moved to Los Angeles and began to sing in clubs such as the Troubadour and the Bitter West End. He released his first album, “We Got By,” in 1975 at the age of 35.

Singer and actor Within two years, he won his first Grammy. He began attracting a wider following with his 1981 album, “Breaking Away,” which included the Top 20 hit “We’re in This Love Together.” The

rican-American priest (Episcopalian), baptizing 25 percent of the free and enslaved African-Americans in Philadelphia over a 20-year period and helping to establish a school to educate slaves. Tours of the National Park Service-affiliated church, a National Historic Landmark, occur throughout the day. 20 N. American St., 215-922-1695,  christchurchphila.org.

Mother Bethel Founded by Bishop Richard Allen with the first church building dedicated in 1794, Mother Bethel African Methodist Episcopal (A.M.E.) Church sits on the oldest parcel of land continuously owned by African-Americans, and is the “Mother’’ church of the nation’s first Black denomination. Today, Mother Bethel comprises three institutions under one roof: church, museum and archive. The congregation worships weekly. The museum houses the tomb of Bishop Richard Allen and artifacts dating back to the 1600s. Reservations encouraged for the daily museum tour. 419 S. Sixth St., 215-925-0616,motherbethel.org.

St. George’s Prior to the establishment of local AfricanAmerican churches, St. George’s United Methodist Church welcomed Black worshippers and licensed Richard Allen and Absalom Jones as the first African-American Methodist lay preachers. A dispute over segregated seating policies led to a walkout and the creation of African Episcopal Church of St. Thomas and Mother Bethel A.M.E. Church. St. George’s continues to work on amends for previous racial injustices. Portraits, items of worship, manuscripts and artifacts from the church’s early years are on display in the original building, classroom and museum, open Tuesday through Friday,

Wright Flood, the largest provider of federal flood insurance policies in the U.S., has announced its largest contribution to date to the Step Up for Students Scholarship Program. Wright Flood’s $1 million contribution will provide 164 scholarships to financially disadvantaged Florida schoolchildren. The contribution was announced during the Step Up for Students Rising Stars Awards celebration in Pinellas County. The event, hosted at St. Petersburg Catholic High School, recognized Step Up scholars, parents and teachers for their exceptional work during the 2016-17 school year. Students were able to thank Wright Flood executives and other donors attending the event. In 2016, the corporate community contributed a total $559 million for these scholarships, helping lower-income students throughout Florida realize their dreams of attending a private school that fits their educational needs.

Partner since 2008

Remembering Al Jarreau, ‘Acrobat of Scat’ BY YVONNE VILLARREAL LOS ANGELES TIMES/TNS

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Wright Flood donates $1 million to Step Up for Students

FREDDIE JACKSON

Miami: The WDNA Miami Downtown Jazz Festival is Feb. 25 at the Bayfront Park Amphitheater featuring Paquito D’rivera, Jane Bunnett, Hubert Laws and Chico Pinheiro. Fort Lauderdale: Smokey Robinson is scheduled on March 7 at the Broward Center for the Performing Arts.

FEBRUARY 17 – FEBRUARY 23, 2017

album won Grammy Awards in the jazz and pop vocal categories. Not one to fit into a mold, Jarreau dabbled with rock and reggae and recorded the theme song for the TV series “Moonlighting” in the’80s. His 1992 album, “Heaven and Earth,” won a Grammy for best R&B vocal performance, giving the artist Grammys in Al Jarreau three categories. Jarreau stretched his talents in other ways, performing with symphony orchestras and acting on Broadway in 1996 in the role of Teen Angel in “Grease.” He picked up two more Grammys in 2007 for a recording made with guitarist George Benson, “Givin’ It Up.” He remained an active performer until his death, playing about 50 concerts last year. Jarreau is survived by his wife, Susan, and son, Ryan.

Wright Flood has partnered with Step Up for Students since 2008, contributing $2,850,000, which has provided a total of 516 scholarships. Step Up is a nonprofit organization that helps administer the Florida Tax Credit Scholarship. The program is funded by corporations through dollar-for-dollar tax credited donations. “Wright Flood is proud to donate annually to the Step Up for Students Scholarship Program and is impressed with the success of the students who participate,” said Patty Templeton-Jones, president of Wright Flood. “As a St. Petersburg company, we are so glad to see students in our home state benefit.”  During the 2016-17 school year, Step Up for Students is serving nearly 98,000 students throughout Florida with tuition scholarships valued up to $5,886 per student. About 1,700 private schools participate in the scholarship program statewide. Scholars may also choose a $500 scholarship to offset the cost of transportation to an out-of-district public school.    “We are always grateful to longtime corporate partners like Wright Flood who recognize the value of educational choice and who support our mission to ensure that all Florida students have access to learning environments that suit their individual needs,” said Doug Tuthill, Step Up for Students president. “We are grateful for Wright Flood’s continued support and for their commitment to the communities they serve.”

with Saturday tours by appointment and Sunday services. 235 N. Fourth St., 215-925-7788, historicstgeorges.org.

ART AND THEATER Mural Arts Philadelphia It has an African American Iconic Images Collection Trolley Tour in its repertoire, available for private bookings. During the two-hour experience, visitors discover the people and stories depicted on the larger-than-life artworks that adorn the city’s buildings and walls. 215-9253633, muralarts.org.

The Clef Club It was formed in 1966 through the efforts of Philadelphia’s African-American musicians’ union, Union Local No. 274 of the American Federation of Musicians. With notable members including John Coltrane and Dizzy Gillespie, the social club played a significant role in the advancement of jazz in Philadelphia and the world. In 1978, it expanded its mission to include jazz performance, instruction and preservation, becoming the nation’s first facility constructed specifically as a jazz institution. Today, people enjoy concerts in the 240-seat performance space. 738 S. Broad St., 215-893-9912,  clefclubofjazz.org.

New Freedom Theatre As one of the nation’s most honored Black professional theater companies, New Freedom Theatre has staged productions from celebrated African-American playwrights such as James Baldwin, Ossie Davis, Charles Fuller, Ntozake Shange, August Wilson and Leroi Jones. Its alumni include Wanya Morris of Boyz II Men. 1346 N. Broad St., 888-802-8998, freedomtheatre.org.

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FEBRUARY 17 – FEBRUARY 23, 2017

BLACK HISTORY MONTH

ALLISON SHELLEY/MCCLATCHY/TNS

Barry C. Black, U.S. Senate chaplain, speaks at an event sponsored by the South Carolina Business Council and South Carolina State Society on Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C., on July 8, 2015. Lawmakers and citizens had gathered in D.C. to show support for the families of the nine worshippers murdered in Charleston’s Emanuel AME Church the previous month.

Senate chaplain reflects on first Black in role BY JASON DICK CQ-ROLL CALL TRIBUNE NEWS SERVICE

WASHINGTON – For U.S. Senate Chaplain Barry C. Black, this month is an “important reminder.” Roll Call recently sat down with this nonpartisan fixture of the Senate — the first African-American to hold the role. This interview has been edited for brevity and clarity. Roll Call: What does it

mean to you to serve the whole Senate, the whole institution, as the first African-American chaplain? Your prayers, at least in the immediate vicinity, are going to a body that is historically more White. Even now, I believe we’re at a high water mark in terms of African-Americans in the Senate, (with three,) but it’s still a very low number. Is it a poignant reminder? Barry C. Black: It really isn’t. I really rarely, when

I awaken in the morning say: “You’re an AfricanAmerican.” Even when I’m looking in the mirror and, you know, shaving and the whole nine yards. I think that my greatest identity is the fact that I believe that I am a child of God, as I believe the people for whom I minister are children of the most-high God. Roll Call: What are some of the events in your time here, your tenure here, that stand out to you in terms of African-Ameri-

can history being made in (the U.S. Capitol)? Black: I had the privilege of offering the invocation when Rosa Parks was lying in honor in the Capitol Rotunda. Now imagine this: I was in Alabama in the ‘60s when segregation was legal and to fastforward and years later, I’m standing in the Capitol Rotunda, with President George W. Bush to my right, and I’m able to frame that moment with a prayer. Come on, I mean,

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The chaplain’s journey is covered in his autobiography published in 2006. I feel like Forrest Gump sometimes — in the right place, at the right time. There are always those Walter Mitty moments,

B3 where you’re saying — “Let me pinch myself, could this be true?” as the eyes of the nation are on that Rotunda and I am the one who’s given the privilege of offering this prayer. It’s brought to me, and I’m given that awesome privilege of being a part of African-American history. So it’s very, very special. Roll Call: Ultimately, we’re in this strange interregnum of history it seems, where President Barack Obama — the first AfricanAmerican president — he lifted off from the East Front of the Capitol into retirement just a few yards away from a commemorative marble that commemorates the workers, many of them slaves, who helped build the Capitol. Some people would say, why do we need a Black History Month to commemorate this, we’ve had a Black president now? What would your feelings be about that? Black: I would say that there is enough evidence of polarization regarding race in America that we still need to be reminded of the contribution of nonmajority individuals. So I think that, even with an African-American president, that we still need to gently remind one another that John Donne, the British poet, had it right. No one is an island, each person is a piece of the continent — a part of the main. Every person’s death diminishes us for we are involved with human kind, therefore send not to ask for whom the bell tolls, it tolls for us. And that when the ebony threads are missing from our history … or forgotten … or airbrushed, that we do not really know true American history. So I think maybe the day will come when that is no longer necessary, but I don’t think it has come yet.


BLACK HISTORY MONTH

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FEBRUARY 17 – FEBRUARY 23, 2017

BY GREGORY CLAY McClatchy-Tribune News Service

ost of us know prominent Black women in Hollywood — from Cicely Tyson to Halle Berry to Kerry Washington. We know superstar Black female athletes, such as the tennis-playing Williams sisters, and we remember bronze medal-winning figure skater Debi Thomas from the momentous Calgary Winter Olympics of 1988. But sports and entertainment aren’t the only arenas in which Black women have achieved. Here, we examine a historical roll call of Black women firsts and their legacies as we celebrate Black History Month and Women’s History Month with an eclectic and challenging trivia quiz.

1. Who was the first Black

woman named to a U.S. Cabinet position? A. Condoleezza Rice B. Alexis Herman C. Patricia Roberts Harris D. Hazel R. O’Leary

2.

Michelle Obama became the first Black first lady when Barack Michelle Obama Obama won the presidential election in 2008. At what college did she complete her undergraduate studies? A. Yale B. Princeton C. Illinois D. North Carolina

3.

Debi Thomas became the first Black woman to win a medal in a Winter Games when she captured the bronze in figure skating in 1988. What professional discipline did she enter after her skating career? A. Chiropractor B. Accountant C. Attorney D. Physician

RICHARD HODGES/COLUMBUS LEDGER-ENQUIRER/MCT

4.

Who was the first Black woman to win a Nobel Prize in literature? A. Lorraine Hansberry B. Toni Morrison C. Alice Walker D. Maya Angelou

5.

Who was the first Black woman to moderate a U.S. presidential debate? A. Gwen Ifill B. Suzanne Malveaux C. Fredricka Whitfield D. Carole Simpson

6. Hal-

le Berry, in 2002, became the first Black woman to receive an Academy Award in the Best AcHalle tress categoBerry ry. Name the movie in which she appeared for said award. A. “Losing Isaiah” B. “Monster’s Ball” C. “Solomon & Sheba” D. “Gothika”

7.

Name the first Black woman to play for a Negro League baseball team. A. Althea Gibson B. Wilma Rudolph C. Toni Stone D. Wyomia Tyus

Surveying the historical and cultural contributions of Black women B. Archer Daniels Midland C. Hewlett-Packard D. Avon

11. Who was the first Black woman named Playboy Magazine’s Playmate of the Month? A. Halle Berry B. Vanessa Williams C. Jennifer Jackson D. Dorothy Dandridge

12. Vanessa James and Yan-

nick Bonheur became the first Black couple to compete in Winter Olympic pairs skating when

8.

Black female CEO of a Fortune 500 company. Name the company. A. Xerox

woman who was a nonsupermodel or a nonathlete to appear on the cover of Sports Illustrated’s swimsuit edition. A. Beyonce B. Rihanna C. Aaliyah D. Iman

woman to earn her pilot’s license? A. Bessie Coleman B. Mae Jemison C. Shirley Ann Jackson D. Ella Fitzgerald

9.

10. Ursula Burns is the first

13. Name the first Black

14. Who was the first Black

Who was the first Black female flight attendant? A. Ruth Carol Taylor B. Bessie Coleman C. Shirley Chisholm D. Aretha Franklin Vonetta Flowers became the first Black woman to win a gold medal in a Winter Olympics in the 2002 Games in Salt Lake City. In which sport did she participate in before bobsledding? A. Track and field B. Basketball C. Softball D. Soccer

they participated in the Vancouver Games in 2010. Which country did they represent in that Olympics? A. United States B. England C. Canada D. France

15. Alice Coachman became the first Black woman to win a gold medal in an Olympics. In what year did she win the gold? A. 1960 Rome B. 1936 Berlin C. 1948 London D. 1956 Melbourne

GEORGE BRIDGES/MCT

Vanessa James and Yannick Bonheur compete in the ice skating pairs event at the 2010 Winter Games in Vancouver, British Columbia.

16. Name the first Black

woman to receive a Ph.D. from Duke University. A. Susan Rice B. Melissa Harris-Perry C. Michelle Bernard

D. Ida Stephens Owens

17. Who is the first Black

woman named to the NCAA’s College Football Playoff Selection Committee? A. Pam Oliver B. Jemele Hill C. Condoleezza Rice D. Lisa Salters

18. Who was the first Black

female millionaire in the United States? A. Nichelle Nichols B. Madam C. J. Walker C. Oprah Winfrey D. Judy Smith

19. Gabrielle Douglas be-

came the first Black woman to win a gold medal in the individual all-around gymnastics competition, during the 2012 London Olympic Games. What is her nickname? A. “Supergirl” B. “Ace” C. “Queen of the Mat” D. “Flying Squirrel”

20. Who was the first Black

female author to win a Pulitzer Prize? A. Gwendolyn Brooks B. Zora Neale Hurston C. Nikki Giovanni D. Terry McMillan SOURCES: BIOGRAPHY.COM, IMDB. COM, PLAYBOY ENTERPRISES, ESPN, HISTORY CHANNEL, PBS

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ANSWERS 1. C. Patricia Roberts Harris was named secretary of housing and urban development in 1977 during the administration of President Jimmy Carter. 2. B. At Princeton, Michelle Obama majored in sociology with a minor in African-American studies, earning a B.A. in 1985. She received her law degree from Harvard in 1988. 3. D. Physician. Debi Thomas graduated from Stanford University in 1991 with a degree in engineering, then graduated from the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine in 1997. She performed her surgical residency at the University of Arkansas Medical Sciences Hospital and an orthopedic surgery residency at the Martin Luther King Jr./Charles Drew University Medical Center in South Central Los Angeles. 4. B. Toni Morrison won the Nobel Prize in literature in 1993 for the body of her work “characterized by visionary force and poetic import.” 5. D. Carole Simpson moderated a debate in 1992 between U.S. presidential candidates George H.W. Bush, Bill Clinton and Ross Perot. 6. B. Halle Berry played the role of Leticia Musgrove, the troubled wife of an executed murderer in “Monster’s Ball.” Her performance was awarded the National Board of Review and the Screen Actors Guild best-actress awards. In a most interesting coincidence, she became the first Black woman to win the Academy Award for Best Actress when earlier in her career, she portrayed Dorothy Dandridge, the first Black woman nominated for Best Actress. 7. C. Toni “Tomboy” Stone played second base for the Indianapolis Clowns in 1953. She even got a hit off legendary pitcher Satchel Paige. 8. A. Ruth Carol Taylor became the first Black flight attendant in 1958, working for Mohawk Airlines. 9. A. Vonetta Flowers initially participated in track and field as a sprinter and long jumper. Flowers originally aimed to compete in the Summer Games, but, after several failed attempts at the trials, she switched to bobsledding, teaming with Jill Bakken to take the gold in the 2002 Salt Lake City Games. 10. A. Ursula Burns, who grew up in a housing project in New York City, replaced Anne Mulcahy in 2009 as CEO of Xerox, the world’s largest maker of highspeed color printers. A math whiz, Burns earned a master’s degree in mechanical engineering from Columbia University in 1981. 11. C. Jennifer Jackson became the first Black woman to appear as Playmate of the Month for the March 1965 issue. She later became a social worker; her twin sister, Janice, also worked as a Playboy Bunny. 12. D. Vanessa James and Yannick Bonheur represented France. They placed 14th in the competition. 13. A. Singer Beyonce created a major buzz in 2007 when she appeared on the cover of Sports Illustrated’s Swimsuit Edition. 14. A. Bessie Coleman received an international pilot’s license in 1921 in France instead of the United States because of segregationist laws in America. 15. C. Alice Coachman won the high jump in the 1948 London Games with a height of 5 feet, 6 1/8 inches. In fact, she was the only U.S. woman to win a track and field gold medal in that games; Coachman’s dominance was so pronounced that she won the AAU outdoor high jump championships from 1939 to 1948. She was only 25 in 1948, so imagine how many medals she would have won had the 1940 and 1944 Summer Olympics not been canceled because of World War II. 16. D. Ida Stephens Owens received a Ph.D. in physiology in 1967 from the Duke Graduate School. 17. C. Former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, also an accomplished figure skater and classical pianist, was named to the 13-person panel that determines the four teams that will play in major college football’s playoff system. 18. B. Sarah Breedlove, also known as Madam C. J. Walker, was a U.S. entrepreneur and philanthropist who earned her million-dollar fortune by developing and marketing beauty and hair-care products for Black women. She died in 1919 at age 52, amassing her wealth several decades before Oprah. 19. D. Gabrielle Douglas was nicknamed the “Flying Squirrel” because of her acrobatic performances on the uneven bars. 20. A. Gwendolyn Brooks, in 1950, won a Pulitzer Prize for poetry with her book, “Annie Allen.”


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FEBRUARY 17 – FEBRUARY 23, 2017

FINEST & ENTERTAINMENT

Meet some of

FLORIDA’S

finest

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Think you’re one of Florida’s Finest? E-mail your high-resolution (200 dpi) digital photo in casual wear or bathing suit taken in front of a plain background with few distractions, to news@flcourier. com with a short biography of yourself and your contact information. (No nude/ glamour/ fashion photography, please!) In order to be considered, you must be at least 18 years of age. Acceptance of the photographs submitted is in the sole and absolute discretion of Florida Courier editors. We reserve the right to retain your photograph even if it is not published. If you are selected, you will be contacted by e-mail and further instructions will be given.

Dwayne “The Rock” Johnson received the Entertainer of the Year Award at this month’s NAACP Image Awards. Johnson beat out Beyoncé, Viola Davis, Regina King and Chance the Rapper. The actor and former WWE champ most recently was a lead voice in Disney’s “Moana” and stars in the HBO series “Ballers.’’ For more on the awards, visit www.home.naacpimageawards.net. Above, he’s shown at the premiere of “Moana’’ in November in Los Angeles. UCKNER/REX SHUTTERSTOCK/ZUMA PRESS/TNS

ABC has cast its first Black lead to front “The Bachelorette.” Rachel Lindsay, a Texas attorney who is currently a contestant on “The Bachelor,” has been tapped as “The Bachelorette’’ for the 13th season. The series premieres May 22. ABC NEWS

Grammys’ Prince tribute took months of planning BY JON BREAM STAR TRIBUNE/TNS

LOS ANGELES – Bruno Mars couldn’t decide which song to perform for the Feb. 12 Grammy Awards tribute to Prince. “He agonized over this for two weeks,” Grammy Awards executive producer Ken Ehrlich told the Star Tribune. “‘When Doves Cry,’ ‘1999,’ ‘I Would Die 4 U,’ ‘Kiss’ – I said some of those songs shouldn’t be done by anyone but Prince,” Ehrlich continued. Mars settled on “Let’s Go Crazy” from Prince’s breakthrough movie “Purple Rain.” But the tribute wasn’t limited to Mars going crazy with his band; it started with the Time, the hitmaking Minneapolis band Prince put together around singer Morris Day in 1981, doing an abbreviated medley of two of their hits from “Purple Rain.”

‘Ripped it up’

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Grammys host James Corden set the table by asking the audience to imagine a purple sky over First Avenue, the Minneapolis club where the movie’s musical scenes were shot. The Time whipped through “Jungle Love” and “The Bird” with Grammygoers dancing the same steps Day was doing onstage. Then Prince’s voice was heard talking the intro to “Let’s Go Crazy” while his symbol flashed on the screen. Mars, resplendent in a purple sequined jacket and ruffled shirt, commanded the stage on vocals and guitar. “Bruno ripped it up,” Day said backstage afterward. “I don’t think there’s another artist who could pull it off as perfectly with us.”

ROBERT GAUTHIER/LOS ANGELES TIMES/TNS

Bruno Mars performs in a tribute to Prince during the 59th Annual Grammy Awards at the Staples Center in Los Angeles on Feb. 12.

Estate issues There was no question that the Grammys were going to honor Prince. There were months of planning, complicated by the uncertainty of Prince’s estate and just how to salute Prince on music’s biggest night. After Prince died on April 21, Recording Academy president and CEO Neil Portnow began plotting. He considered a full-on all-star TV special, like the ones the Grammys have been taping a day or two after the awards the last few years honoring Stevie Wonder, the Beatles and Frank Sinatra. Portnow soon realized that Prince’s affairs were not in order and dealing with his estate would not be easy. So he refocused his sights on a tribute segment on the Grammy Awards. In December, he consulted with producer Jimmy Jam, a longtime member of the Grammys TV committee and an ex-Prince associate. “I gave Neil a broad stroke answer and said I think it needs to include people who were associated with Prince. Whether it was the Revolution, New Power Generation or who-

ever,” Jam, a keyboardist in the original Time, told the Star Tribune before the Grammys.

Request for Time Mars told Jam that he would not do it without the original members of the Time, who last worked together in 2011 and performed on the Grammys in 2009 with Rihanna. So the producer put Mars on the phone with Day for a “mutual admiration talk.” At Mars’ suggestion, a concept was hatched for a vibe recreating the early 1980s, when the Time opened for Prince in concert. The Time would play, then Mars would do his 2015 hit “Uptown Funk,” which evokes a Time groove, and finally some other stars would sing Prince material with him and the Time. But plans for the Grammy show are fluid, and the Prince tribute was trimmed to a 3-minute Time medley followed by a few minutes of Mars with his band.

The Star Tribune is based in Minneapolis.


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FOOD

FEBRUARY 17 – FEBRUARY 23, 2017

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The classic kid favorite When mealtime hits and bellies start growling, turn to a classic to keep your kids full and satisfied. Chicken Noodle Soup has always been a favorite among children, so keep tradition alive in your family with this scrump­tious recipe. For more delicious chicken recipes, visit eatchicken.com. CHICKEN NOODLE SOUP Recipe courtesy of National Chicken Council 1 chicken (3 pounds), liver discarded 2 1/2 quarts cold water 4 carrots, peeled and cut into bite-size pieces 2 onions, peeled 2 celery stalks with leaves, cut into 4 pieces 6 cloves garlic, peeled 2 fresh thyme sprigs or 1/2 teaspoon dried thyme 1 1/2 teaspoons kosher salt 1 teaspoon whole black peppercorns Soup: 1 cup small pasta, cooked 1 cup frozen peas, thawed 1/8 teaspoon salt 1/8 teaspoon pepper 2 tablespoons fresh dill, chopped 2 tablespoons fresh parsley, chopped To prepare broth: In large pot over high heat, bring chicken and all remaining broth ingredients to boil. Reduce heat to low; skim surface of broth to remove foam. Let simmer 1 1/2 hours, skimming occasionally, and turning chicken. Add more water if necessary to keep chicken submerged. Remove chicken with tongs and cool. Strain broth through fine sieve. Discard celery, herbs and spices. Reserve onions and carrots. Remove any excess fat from top of broth with spoon. Pull chicken meat from bones and discard skin and bones. Dice chicken and reserve. Quarter cooked onions, if desired. To prepare soup: In large pot over high heat, return strained chicken broth and bring to rolling boil. Add reserved onions and carrots. Reduce heat to low; stir in reserved chicken meat, pasta and frozen peas, cooking until warm. Season with salt and pepper. Ladle soup into bowls and top with dill and parsley.

Creating HEALTHY eating habits FROM FMILY FEATURES

When it comes to eating, it can be difficult to find foods that kids can enjoy while also introducing them to valuable nourishment and health principles. Instead of giving in to ice cream for every meal or forcing children to eat something their taste buds don’t agree with, there are tasty recipes like Chicken Noodle Soup, Cinnamon-Sprinkled French Toast and Flower Salad that can quench their appetites without giving up nutritional value. These fun recipes can give kids a chance to help in the kitchen, learning important life skills while spending quality time with family. To find more fun, kid-friendly recipes that include both taste and nourishment, visit culinary.net.

Connect kids with food for healthy habits More than nine in 10 millennial moms think it’s important for their kids to learn about where their food comes from, and more than three-quarters of those moms actively do things with their kids to help learn just that, according to recent findings. Building healthy habits is the top reason moms cite for encouraging more learning when it comes to food, according to research conducted by IPSOS on behalf of Cuties – the sweet little clementines. Even when the weather is colder outside, recipes like this Flower Salad can help encourage kids to eat healthy for a lifetime.

For more kid-friendly recipe ideas and con­ tent exploring where food comes from, visit cutiescitrus.com/our-story. FLOWER SALAD Recipe courtesy of Ellie Krieger Servings: 1 Flower: 1 Cuties clementine 9-10 thinly sliced strips red bell pepper, cut in 1-inch pieces 1/2 grape tomato 1 celery stick, cut to 3 inches 2 small leaves romaine lettuce 1 piece English cucumber, unpeeled, seeded and cut to 1 1/2 inches then thinly sliced Dip: 2 tablespoons plain Greek yogurt

1/2 teaspoon honey 1/4 teaspoon fresh lemon juice Peel clementine and separate sections almost all the way, leaving attached at the base. Place on plate with base down. Place piece of red bell pepper between each citrus section, and half tomato in center to form flower. Place celery and lettuce leaves underneath as stem and leaves. Arrange cucumber slices below to represent grass. In small bowl, stir together yogurt, honey and lemon juice. Serve dip in dish alongside flower, or in a mound underneath cucumber slices. Nutritional information per serving: 76 calories; 0.5 g total fat; (0.3 g saturated fat, 0.2 g poly fat); 4 g protein; 15 g carbohydrates; 2 g fiber; 2 mg cholesterol; 21 mg sodium.

A memorable morning meal Whether it’s before school or after sleeping in on a Saturday morning, breakfast is a popular meal for children of all ages. Next time you and your family rise and shine, go with this recipe for Cinnamon-Sprinkled French Toast to keep the whole gang happy. Find more kidfriendly recipes for every meal at nutrition.gov.

PHOTO COURTESY OF GETTY IMAGES

CINNAMON-SPRINKLED FRENCH TOAST Recipe courtesy of the USDA 2 large eggs 2 tablespoons fat-free milk 1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon 2 slices whole-wheat bread 1 teaspoon soft margarine 4 teaspoons light pancake syrup In flat-bottomed bowl, crack eggs. Thoroughly whisk in milk and cinnamon. Dip bread slices, one at a time, into egg mix­ture, wetting both sides. Re-dip, if necessary, until all egg mixture is absorbed into bread. Meanwhile, heat large, nonstick skillet over medium heat. Add butter. Place dipped bread slices in skillet. Cook 2 1/2-3 minutes per side, or until both sides are golden brown. Drizzle with syrup. Serve when warm. Nutritional information per serving: 190 calories; 8 g total fat; (3 g saturated fat); 10 g protein; 19 g carbohydrates; 2 g fiber; 215 mg cholesterol; 250 mg sodium.

Florida Courier - February 17, 2017  

Florida Courier - Sharing Black Life, Statewide

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