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Plans under way for next F.R.E.S.H. Book Festival


MARC H. MORIAL: Is America becoming PRESORTED STANDARD a nation of bullies? See page 4

U.S. POSTAGE PAID Permit #189 Daytona Beach, FL

Players who paved the way for today’s Black quarterbacks See page 7

East Central Florida’s Black Voice

See page 3


YEAR 38 NO. 47

No resolution about textbook with Islam chapter


Residents on both sides of controversy give school board members an earful BY ASHLEY THOMAS DAYTONA TIMES

Fifty speakers were assigned speaking positions at the opening of the Volusia County School Board meeting Monday afternoon. But by night’s end, more than 80 residents had spoken on a controversial text-

book in Florida schools. “I may not be an academic, or any part of the KKK, but I feel I trump all that,” Port Orange resident Sheryl Taft stated as she began her four-minute allotment before the board. “What I am is a parent of a student in a Volusia County high school,” she continued. Taft was among a considerable smaller group of individuals present at the meeting who did not want the Prentice Hall World History textbook to be allowed in the classroom because of a single chapter on Islam.

A formal decision was not made on the future use of the textbook Monday night. School board member Linda Costello pushed for a more thorough review of the book while Candace Lankford, Stan Schmidt, Dianna Smith and Ida Wright were in agreement with keeping the book in the classroom. Wright reminded all in attendance that we have a “responsibility to our young people.” ASHLEY THOMAS/ DAYTONA TIMES

Topics covered

Ida White, center, agreed with three other board members The chapter covers such topics that the textbook should remain in the classroom with one Please see BOOK, Page 2 member pushing for a review following public discussion.

Disney PR pro tells Volusia group how to make dreams come true BY ASHLEY THOMAS DAYTONA TIMES

Carole J. Munroe, director of public relations for Walt Disney World Resort, was the keynote speaker at the November meeting of the Volusia/Flagler Chapter of the Florida Public Relations Association (FPRA) held at LPGA International in Daytona Beach. Monroe shared key marketing and public relations strategies she has gained throughout her career. “Go mobile, go social” was one of the many tips Munroe - who oversees a six-figure marketing budget – suggested to the group. But she stressed that deep pockets aren’t necessary for success, “You don’t have to have a Disney sized budget,” she said. “Have great ideas and execute them.”

Worked on ‘Oprah,’ ‘Ellen’ Munroe has played a key role in launching and marketing numerous Disney businesses and campaigns. Most recently, she and her team led the PR campaign for the grand opening of New Fantasyland, the largest expansion in the history of Magic Kingdom Park. But Disney is not the only business Munroe has experience with. The University of Georgia graduate has supervised co-productions with “The Oprah Show,’’ “The Ellen DeGeneres Show,’’ Discovery Channel, Travel Channel, Food Network, HGTV, TV One, and BET among other networks and shows. “Carole Munroe is an exceptional public relations professional,” said Stefany Strong, FPRA Volusia/Flagler Chapter president.

Make use of social media The marketing pro suggested a multi-platform use of social media. “Use technology to your advantage,” she explained. “I may be in Orlando and you may be in Daytona Beach, but we can do business with someone from around the world.

Bethune-Cookman Head Coach Brian Jenkins celebrates after his team defeated FAMU last year 21-16.

Defanging Rattlers would give B-CU an automatic berth to FCS playoffs FROM STAFF REPORTS

If Bethune-Cookman University’s football team defeats the Florida A&M University (FAMU) Rattlers on Saturday at Orlando’s Citrus Bowl, it will mark the third year in a row that the Wildcats have defeated their instate rival. Last year, the Wildcats whipped the Rattlers 2116 in Orlando. In 2011, the score was B-CU 26, FAMU 16.

The Nov. 23 game also ends the regular season for the two teams. However, a win for BCU means an automatic conference berth into the FCS playoffs. B-CU currently has a 9-2 overall season record and is 6-1 in the Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference (MEAC). )

68th football game The game will be the 68th time the teams have

faced each other on the gridiron and the 34th time as part of the Florida Classic. Kickoff is at 2 p.m. The football game will be carried live on ESPN Classic, later to be shown in replay on ESPNU. Celebrity guests over the Classic weekend will include actor/comedian Kevin Hart, rapper and record label executive DJ Khaled and singer B Smyth.

For more information about the Florida Classic weekend, visit

Please see DREAMS, Page 2

BethuneCookman University student Leo Creary, who took the photos, adds the finishing touches to the exhibit. VOLUSIA COUNTY HEALTH DEPARTMENT

B-CU student helps to create local public health photo exhibit BY BRIANA THOMPSON SPECIAL TO THE DAYTONA TIMES

The little boy splashing in the pool, the lady turning on her faucet and filling her pot with water to cook dinner, the mother getting her child immunized, and the family making an effort to eat fruits and vegetables

daily all have something in common. They are examples of public health everywhere. And now these images are on display for all to see in a walk-through “Public Health is Everywhere” photo exhibit. “It was important to use my skills to capture the work of public health employees

in the field,” said Leo Creary, photographer. “Over the past four years, I have taken pictures of beauty, fashion and lifestyle campaigns, but capturing images of public health in Volusia County has been my most challenging and rewarding assignment.” Please see STUDENT, Page 2



Deltona library to host business workshops Job seekers and new businesses can get some helpful tips during three free business workshops at the Deltona Regional Library, 2150 Eustace Ave., in December. Luis Paris, an instructor with Stetson University’s School of Business, will present an introduction to the Startup Quest mentoring program from 5:30 to 7:30 p.m. Tuesday, Dec. 10. This 10-week program, sponsored by the Center for Business Excellence and Stetson University, is designed for new business owners. Participants divide into competing teams led by local business community mentors to develop an actual business plan and pitch it to reallife investors. Using vetted ideas, the teams plunge into market analysis, financial projections and advanced technologies. Light refreshments will be provided. Learn how to use LinkedIn and Reference USA as job search resources during a hands-on workshop led


by librarian Jeff Seiler at 6 p.m. Tuesday, Dec. 10. LinkedIn is a social media website used for professional networking. ReferenceUSA is a searchable database of employer profiles used for researching hiring companies; it’s available free to cardholders on the library’s website. Seating is limited for this one-hour program and will be on a first-come, first-served basis. Van Canada will explain how to develop and use a business plan at 6 p.m. Wednesday, Dec. 11. Canada is the manager of Daytona State College’s Small Business Development Center. He will define business plans, their relevance to a successful business, and the myriad of local resources available to business owners developing plans. The center can walk start-ups and existing business owners through the process of drafting a business plan and provide feedback on the plan’s strengths and weaknesses. Light refreshments will be provided. The programs are co-sponsored by the Friends of the Deltona Library to honor National Write a Business Plan Month.  Reservations are not required. For more information, call the library at 386-789-7207, ext. #21032, or visit

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Tolerance and knowledge But advocates of the book say that those opposed to it feel that way out of fear and a lack of understanding. A theme of tolerance was repeated by more than a dozen Volusia County residents and those in favor of the book say it gives children the opportunity to be more open-minded and more knowledgeable about the history of the world. “It breaks my heart to think what type of community will my children grow in where people will protest and rally with hateful slogans demonizing my entire faith and community when they know nothing about it,” said Hassan Shibly of the Council on American-Islamic Relations.

Education matters Dr. Sylvia Perkins of DeLand, a teacher of religious studies, brought fur-

“The world is so much smaller with computers and smartphones,” Munroe continued. “Think broadly, not just what is local. Not only do you have traditional businesses, there are online businesses and global businesses. “Make it easier to do business with your company. Make the time to talk to your clients. Find out what they want and need and a lot of your marketing will be successful. Customers will reinvest in you.”

Details matter, diversity too When the time is needed, Munroe has found herself working 18-hour days, building a network of individuals whom she says are just as dedicated as she is. These are “some of the most dedicated people I’ve ever met. Diversity of thought is so important,” Munroe offered. “Be open to new ideas and you will find opportunities to help your business soar and grow. “You can go to Magic Kingdom everyday and find something new everyday. The company puts so much into the details.”

Connect to emotional side

Carole J. Munroe, director of public relations for Walt Disney World Resort, recently shared industry tips to marketing professionals in Daytona Beach. Carole Munroe is director of Public Relations for the Walt Disney World Resort. She leads a team responsible for domestic and international public relations for all four Walt Disney World theme parks, 25-owned and operated resort hotels, two water parks, spas, the ESPN Wide World of Sports facilities and Downtown Disney entertainment, dining and retail complex among others.

think of Disney Parks?” Monroe asked the group of 65 at the FPRA event. “Where dreams come true,” she replied, to nods of agreement.

STUDENT from Page 1


Amira Shaw, a 15-year-old sophomore at DeLand High School, explained how studying Islam with her peers helped her address feelings of being a Muslim in America.

Security concerns As reported in last week’s Daytona Times, the regularly scheduled school board meeting on Nov. 5 was rescheduled to Nov. 18 for security reasons after the district was contacted by the U.S. Department of Justice just prior to the beginning of the board meeting at 4 p.m., according to Nancy H. Wait, spokesperson for Volusia County Schools. The rescheduled meeting filled the room to capacity as well as the overflow room while even more spilled to corridors outside the building. Citizens raising concerns over the book initially stated that there were too many pages dedicated to Islam and only one page on Christianity. Those sentiments shifted at the meeting with concerns being that the content of the chapter was biased and omitted important historical data. Data some citizens voiced to include a ”watered-down version” and “omission of” violence imposed by and among Muslims.

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Monroe also offered a final tip: Make emotional connections with future and current clients or customers. “Find a story you can tell and you can own. That’s what people remember most.” “What do you think about when you

BOOK as art, literature and architecture of Muslim civilizations from the years 6221629. The text includes discussion on social and economic advances, international trade networks, the Quran and the five pillars of Islam. Taft proposed that the elected school board add a discussion and review of the book to a future agenda. “I take personal offense, as we all should, and am disgusted by those that call us book burners, haters and bigots, by those radical groups of people who oppose us expressing our concerns.”


Signs from advocates and protesters were not allowed inside the public meeting and were left alongside the walkway for others to view. ther insight to the board when she explained her history with the subject. “Having taught biblical religion and Far Eastern religion as well as courses on Christianity and Judaism to some extent, what I have found in my years of teaching, particularly at introductory levels in college and I suspect it’s even worse at lower levels, is that students in those courses are appallingly ignorant of their own religious positions not to speak of other religious positions,” she stated. “These were children who often grew up in very religious homes. Our religious communities as well as our schools have not done a very good job of educating our children about the world’s religions and this is important to include in the curriculum.”

Muslim student speaks out In at least one DeLand High School class, students are learning about Islam. Fifteen-year-old sophomore Amira Shaw, a Muslim student wearing a traditional headscarf called a hijab, shared challenges she overcame during that class where she was able to discuss Islam among her peers. “My teacher Mr. Weaver gave me a voice that I didn’t have before. I came out of my shell, no longer feeling afraid or ashamed of who I am. As an American, don’t take this opportunity away from me and other Muslim girls,” she pleaded. “Mr. Weaver encouraged me to come forward today to speak on his and my classmates’ behalf. The day after the ques-

tion about the textbook came up, my class took a vote if the chapter on Islam should be taken out. Not one person voted to remove Islam from the textbook.”

‘I’m not a bigot’ Tony Ledbetter of the Republican Party of Volusia County, one of the residents who helped to organize the protest against the use of the textbook, stated Monday night, “I’m not a bigot, I’m not ignorant, I’m not afraid, I’m not a hater. I’m not interested in banning books, I’m not interested in burning books, I’m not interested in censuring books,” he stated. Ledbetter was among 100 protesters who arrived at the Nov. 5 meeting before it was canceled. In a press release released earlier this month, Ledbetter stated, “Citizens of Volusia County have expressed concern that the history presented in this textbook is not truthful and is biased in favor of Islam at the expense of Christianity and Judaism. Our concern is about history being taught accurately in our Volusia County Public Schools.” Ledbetter argued Monday that the textbook needed immediate attention from the school board. “It is your job to respond to the concerns of the citizens and take some action once you learn the possible errors and the lack of balance in the textbook in the students’ hands,” he said. “I don’t hate anybody. I don’t hate the Muslims, but they’ve got to tell the truth in the textbook.”

Creary is a mass communications major at BethuneCookman University. He took the photos and helped to create the exhibit while an intern this semester for the Florida Department of Health in Volusia County.

Raising awareness The photo exhibit was designed to raise awareness to the role and importance of public health in the community. “Public health is more than your personal health. It’s the health of the entire community,” said Dr. Bonnie J. Sorensen, director of the Department of Health in Volusia County. “From protecting public swimming pools or drinking water to providing immunizations, we can find examples of public health everywhere in our community.”

Focus on body fat Obesity is a concern nationwide. More than onethird of adults, or 35.7 percent, are obese. The “Public Health is Everywhere” exhibit addresses the concern by featuring the Women, Infants and Children (WIC) Program Manager Lisa Funchess holding a five-pound log of body fat. “This is an example of the body fat in the human body. This thick, sticky, log of fat is just a replica, but we use this to raise awareness of why it is important to eat healthy and nutritious meals and to stay in shape with regular physical activity to avoid obesity related conditions such as heart disease, stroke and diabetes.”

Health workers highlighted Public health, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, is the science of protecting and improving the health of families and communities through promotion of healthy lifestyles, research for disease and injury prevention and detection and control of infectious diseases. The photographs feature public health employees at work in the field protecting the health of residents and visitors of Volusia County. The 20x30-inch, highdefinition color images include a school cafeteria inspection, a public swimming pool inspection, a nurse giving a flu vaccine, an example of proper hand washing, the dangers of tobacco, private drinking water well sampling, and an inspection of a local water treatment plant.

Seen by thousands Public information in-


Lisa Funchess, WIC (Women, Infants, and Children) program manager, holds a five-pound fat model. terns with the Florida Health Department in Volusia County designed the walk-through photo exhibit as a joint project. It was on display at the Volusia County Fair in DeLand where thousands of visitors walked through the exhibit. “Our interns have done a remarkable job showcasing public health in Volusia County,” said Stefany Strong, public information officer of the Florida Department of Health in Volusia County. “We hope that this photo exhibit gives our residents a better understanding and appreciation of public health.” Creary has traveled internationally to Morocco, Spain, and France working with a diverse list of clients. The “Public Health is Everywhere” exhibit was his first photo exhibit. “This project raised my awareness of the many examples of public health in our community, and I am sure it will do the same for local residents,” Creary remarked.

Spotlight on food safety One of the exhibit photos features Environmental Specialist Suzanne Grubbs inspecting a school cafeteria for food safety. “Elementary schools are inspected quarterly and middle and high school cafeterias are inspected every four months,” said Grubbs. “The photo exhibit puts the spotlight on the role of public health in our community and it is always important to educate people about public health.” Florida Department of Health interns Briana Thompson, Shauntyra Sweeting of BethuneCookman University and Tyler Browning of Stetson University provided public relations support for the project. To request the photo exhibit for local events, call 386274-0838. Briana Thompson is a Bethune-Cookman University graduate and intern for the Florida Department of Health in Volusia County.

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DECEMBER 14 - 20, 2006

Authors to gather again for annual F.R.E.S.H. Book Festival It’s that time again for a sequel to the popular F.R.E.S.H. Book Festival, the third annual in a series of authors at the Midtown Cultural and Educational Center, 925 George Engram Boulevard, Daytona Beach. Readers will have a fresh look on books from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., Jan. 4. They will move center stage when New York Times bestselling author Omar Tyree  discusses his book release. There’s only a $3 charge for entry to the festival. Director Donna M. Gray-Banks details that featured authors with novel ideas will  include Michael Beckford, James Bennett, Dr. Evelyn Bethune, Dr. Michelle Donice and Michael A. Pyle, Esq. Another follow-up Jan. 3 is the authors’ “Meet and Greet Reception,” offering jazz, poetry, book selling and dinner prepared by Edward Tucker Caterers. Poetry performances will highlight Milton McCulloch at 7:30 p.m., and Michael Beckford at 9 p.m. at the Midtown Cultural & Educational Center in the VIP lounge, beginning 7 p.m. The cost for the evening is $20.   If you are an author, it’s not too late to become part of the F.R.E.S.H. Book Festival. There are less than 15 tables left. Register today. Fifty dollars will hold your table. The weekend cost is $100, which includes a table and two chairs, dinner on Friday, and breakfast and lunch on Saturday. Email Freshbookfestivals@ to participate and find out the set-up instructions, or call 386-627-4353.

Photographer to display images from Sanford Donna M. Gray-Banks writes that the genius of Duane C. Fernandez, Sr. is shown in his collection of photographs, “The Trayvon Martin Journey,” recent-

BRIEFS Palm Coast sets tree lighting, opening of Fantasy Lights for Dec. 1 Kick off the holiday season at the City of Palm Coast’s annual Tree Lighting Ceremony at 6:30 p.m. Sunday, Dec. 1, at Central Park in Town Center, 975 Central Ave., Palm Coast. The event is free. Join Palm Coast Mayor Jon Netts in the countdown to the lighting of the tree, being decorated this year with sparkling lights and ornaments made by Girl Scouts from five local troops.  Then see Santa arrive by fire truck to visit with children, enjoy entertainment, refreshments and take a walk through the Fantasy Lights. Parents should bring

Palm Coast Community news Jeroline D. Mccarthy

ly opening at Bethune-Cookman Performing Arts Center. She says the photographic journey begins in Sanford and continues to Washington, D.C., hosting 20 stills printed in black and white images that capture the day-to-day struggles of the Sanford minority community. Gray-Banks says the opening reception will take place Nov. 22, 6 p.m., at the performing arts center, 698 International Speedway Boulevard, Daytona Beach. If additional details are needed, contact Fernandez at Duane@ DUANE FERNANDEZ, SR./HARDNOTTS PHOTOGRAPHY

Kelley brings play to First Church Linda Gray Kelley returns to First Church, where the Rev. Gillard S. Glover is pastor, and portrays 11 women encountering Jesus in happy, healing stories that will take the audience from miracles to the cross and the resurrection. Support theater in your own backyard Nov. 23, 5 p.m., at 91 Old Kings Road North, Palm Coast. The ticket price is $15, or purchase tickets at the door. For further details, call the church at 386-446-5759.

Church hosting free Thanksgiving celebration Residents are invited to join First Church for a complimentary Thanksgiving dinner in conjunction with “The Feed Flagler Community Thanksgiving Celebration.”

their own cameras to capture pictures of their children visiting Santa in the Children’s Village area. Non-perishable food donations will be accepted, as will toys for the annual Toys for Tots drive. The Rotary Club of Flagler County’s 8th Annual Fantasy Lights display at Central Park will open that night – continuing 6:30-9 p.m. daily through Dec. 30. Fantasy Lights is a free self-guided walking tour around Central Park featuring 38 light displays, festive live and broadcast music, and holiday snacks and beverages available for purchase. Admission is free, but donations are accepted. This year, Fantasy Lights will feature a North Pole Village, Santa’s Merry Train Ride around the park (nominal fee), Snow in the Park, a Night of Caroling, and Santa Sundays with Mrs. Claus

Daytona Beach Commissioner Paula Reed, Donna M. Gray-Banks, author Rahiem Brooks and Internet marketing expert Percy Williams III are shown at a F.R.E.S.H. Book Festival event held Oct. 22 at the Midtown Cultural and Educational Center. Brooks and Williams were speakers at the event. The dinner is Nov. 27, 3-6 p.m., at 91 Old Kings Road North, Palm Coast. For further details, call the church at 386-446-5759. ••• As always, remember our prayers for the sick, afflicted and bereaved.

Celebrations Birthday wishes to: Darrell DeVore, Catherine Darby, Nov. 22; Henry “Van” Davis, Frederick Canty, Nov. 23; Edwina “Pat” Smith, Nov. 24; Anne Phillips, Brandon Robinson, Nov. 25. Happy anniversary to: Eugene and Joanne Price, Nov. 21; Kilus and Betty White, Nov. 24; James and Yolaine Goodridge, Nov. 25.

(Dec. 1, 8, 15 and 22). 3-D glasses will be available for purchase to enhance enjoyment of the lights. Free golf cart tours available for people with disabilities. Central Park is located off State Road 100/Bulldog Drive, north of Flagler Palm Coast High School. For more information about Fantasy Lights, contact Bill Butler at For more information about the Tree Lighting Ceremony, contact Event Coordinator Casey Ryan at the Palm Coast Parks & Recreation Department at 386-986-2323. •••

No Votran service Thanksgiving Day Votran will not operate bus service Thanksgiving Day, Thursday, Nov. 28, in the Greater Daytona Beach area, Southeast and West Volusia areas, Orlando Ex-


F.R.E.S.H. Book Festival Director Donna M. Gray-Banks is shown with master jazz pianist/composer Nat Adderley, Jr., the recent headliner at the “Jeep” McCoy Scholarship Concert & Supper in Daytona Beach.

press, Route 60 connector routes, and Gold Service. Votran will resume normal service Friday, Nov. 29. For further information, call 386-761-7700 in Daytona Beach, 386-943-7033 in West Volusia or 386-4246800 in Southeast Volusia. Visit Votran online at www. •••

Historic Preservation Board to meet Nov. 26 The Volusia County Historic Preservation Board will meet at 3 p.m. Tuesday, Nov. 26, in the Frank T. Bruno Jr. County Council Chambers on the second floor of the Thomas C. Kelly Administration Center, 123 W. Indiana Ave., DeLand. The board will receive updates from staff on current projects. The public is invited to attend and par-

ticipate in the meeting. The Historic Preservation Board is appointed by the Volusia County Council to issue certificates of designation for eligible historic resources such as structures, archaeological sites and historic districts; and certificates of appropriateness for demolition, alteration, relocation and new construction. The board advises the County Council on matters related to historic preservation policy, including use, management and maintenance of county-owned historic resources. For more information, contact Historic Preservation Officer Julie Adams Scofield at 386-736-5953, ext. 12008, or jscofield@volusia. org. •••

Volusia Cultural Council to meet Dec. 6 The Cultural Council of Volusia County will meet at 9 a.m. Friday, Dec. 6,at the Museum of Arts & Sciences, 352 S. Nova Road, Daytona Beach. Members will discuss the Cultural Council’s programs and upcoming activities. The public is invited to attend and participate in the meeting The Cultural Council advises the Volusia County Council on matters relating to cultural arts and is the state-designated local arts agency for the county. For more information, contact Cultural Coordinator Mike Fincher at 386-7365963, ext. 15872, or •••

Make holiday crafts at the Daytona Beach library Dec. 4 Adults can create a Florida-themed tree ornament

and a marbleized piece of glassware at 1 p.m. Wednesday, Dec. 4, at the Daytona Beach Regional Library at City Island, 105 E. Magnolia Ave. The Friends of the Library, which is sponsoring the free program, will provide all materials. The program is limited to 20 participants. Advance registration is required and may be made by calling Adult Program Coordinator Deborah Shafer at 386-2576036, ext. 16264. Learn about other upcoming library events at •••

County kicks off ‘Seniors on the go’ Dec. 3 Senior citizens can walk for fun and fitness with a free program sponsored by Volusia County’s Parks, Recreation and Culture Division. Joe Zarbo, the county’s recreation superintendent, will lead “Seniors on the go” from 9:30 to 10:30 a.m. Tuesdays and Thursdays beginning Dec. 3 at Gemini Springs Park, 37 Dirksen Drive, DeBary. “It’s a great way to meet new people and get back in shape,” he said. “As a recreational program, our main goal is to create a safe cardiovascular program that will help you achieve your goal, promote good health and improve stamina.” Walkers should meet at pavilion one, next to the playground. Registration is not required. For more information, contact Zarbo at 386-7365953, ext. 16702, or jzarbo@

East Central Florida’s Black Voice

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Forcing poor people to go hungry Just as the holiday season begins, when the thoughts and actions of some focus on compassion for others, we could be about to witness the government’s forcing the poor to go hungry – the product of political horse-trading in Washington that has erased a critical portion of the alreadymeager subsidy the federal food stamp program provides the more than 47 million Americans who receive it. And it’s a virtual certainty more draconian cuts in the program will be made – cuts that increase the threat millions of men, women and children will in years to come endure not only hunger but also a host of health and health-related problems that the combination of hunger and poverty will produce or intensify.

Politics or poli-tricks?


would produce.

Food allotment reduced On Nov. 1, Congress allowed to expire without replacement a temporary boost in the food-stamp program budget provided by funds from the 2009 economic stimulus package. The expiration reduced the monthly allotment food stamp recipients get by $11 for a one-person household to $36 monthly for a family of four. The increase had been the government’s response to the need of the program – its formal name is the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance program (SNAP) – to cope with the sharp rise in the numbers of Americans needing aid to buy food. As a result, according to the Congressional Budget Office, the program’s budget ballooned from $35 billion in 2007 to $80 billion now as its enrollment swelled from 26 million to its current level of one out of every seven Americans.

This is the quagmire a nation with a huge surplus of food must find its way out of. As usual when it comes to federal aid to poor and working-poor Americans, the issue isn’t really the actual availability of funds for aid. The issue is politics – and the deepening showdown in the nation between compassion and callousness. But it’s also a matter of the House Republicans majority’s refusal to Millions to be denied recognize that the food stamp proEarlier this year, a majority of gram is a bulwark against the so- Republicans in the GOP-domicial and economic catastrophe nated House of Representatives, widespread hunger in America chanting their mantra of fiscal re-

sponsibility, approved as part of the farm bill Congress is considering a provision that would cut $40 billion from SNAP over 10 years. The SNAP provision in the Democratic-controlled Senate version of the bill differs significantly. It proposes a $4 billion reduction. The House proposal would deny benefits to 3.8 million people next year and an average of 3 million each succeeding year, according to the Center on Budget Policy and Priorities, a nonpartisan think tank, and usher in a situation of social catastrophe akin to that of some Third-World countries. Contrary to the conventional wisdom, most SNAP recipients work, but at low-wage jobs that after paying for their rent and such other necessities as transportation, leave them out of enough money to buy enough food to eat. In 2007, half of all food stamp users lived in the suburbs, according to an analysis of census data by the Brookings Institution, a Washington think tank. Now, it’s 55 percent. More than 900,000 of those enrolled are veterans. The 21 million children in households that get food stamps constitute a quarter of all American children.

Lee A. Daniels is a longtime journalist based in New York City. His latest book is Last Chance: The Political Threat to Black America. Click on this story at to write your own response.

Is America becoming a nation of bullies? “Bullying is a form of aggressive behavior in which someone intentionally and repeatedly causes another person injury or discomfort. Bullying can take the form of physical contact, words or more subtle actions.” –American Psychological Association When 12-year-old Rebecca Sedwick jumped to her death from an abandoned concrete plant tower on September 9 because of bullying from her classmates, the world stood up and took notice.   While some teen-on-teen bullying was once accepted as a rite of passage, we now know it can have deadly consequences and is being taken more seriously today.  The same cannot be said about adult-on-adult bullying, which though possibly just as harmful, is a much less highlighted and much more complex story.  Consider the current case of alleged bullying by White Miami Dolphins lineman, Richie Incognito against his Black teammate Jonathan Martin.

Hazing still acceptable First, it must be said that a certain amount of hazing is part of football locker room culture. Playful teasing, mild insults and innocent pranks are commonplace among both White and Black football players at all levels, from high


school to the pros. For the most part, this has been viewed as acceptable and even beneficial team-building behavior in the high testosterone world of male competitive sports. But every person and every football player is different.  Not all are comfortable with locker room roughhousing and crude language, especially when it crosses the line into racial slurs, including Incognito’s alleged use of the N-word. Incognito’s words and actions caused Martin to abruptly leave the team and seek counseling.  Incognito has been indefinitely suspended by the Miami Dolphins and the NFL is conducting an investigation of the matter.

ents, Martin does not fit the traditional tough football player mold. As Jason Reid wrote recently in the Washington Post,  “To African Americans on the Dolphins, Martin was a 6-foot-5, 312 pound oddball because his life experience was radically different from theirs.  It’s an old story among African Americans.  Too often, instead of celebrating what makes us different and learning from each other, we criticize more educated or affluent African Americans for not keeping it real.”

What next?

How this turns out is anybody’s guess, but what concerns me more than the particulars of this incident is the larger message it sends about setting and honoring racial and other boundaries of respect in the schoolyard, at the workplace and in public discourse. As the NFL and the Miami Dolphins decide the fates of Richie Incognito and Jonathan Martin, we Criticism and support must all ask ourselves: Is America Attitudes on the team and with- becoming a nation of bullies? in the football fraternity are split, Marc H. Morial, former maywith many of the team’s Black players even defending Incognito or of New Orleans, is president and criticizing Martin for breaking and CEO of the National Ura code of silence.  Some of this may ban League. Click on this story be because as a Stanford grad and at to the son of Harvard-educated par- write your own response.

Beyond the rhetoric: Why is there still discrimination? I was being interviewed by two French citizens whose mission is to end discrimination in France. Their mission is very difficult because it is illegal to denote one’s race on any form or application. Race does not appear in the French census and to actually keep a count by race is a felony. The Catch 22 is that you cannot justify or document a charge of discrimination. You may know it is there but how can you prove it? Racial counts the norm in America I started explaining to them how deeply demographics are followed in our society. We do racial counts on just about everything. We have offices per the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Executive Order 11246 that count and analyze demographics and are able to detect disparate impact or discrimination. Those companies or organizations that discriminate should be sanctioned and forced to change their ways. But when she asked: “So why is there still discrimination?” I thought to myself there surely remains discrimination in our society even though we have all of these safeguards. My conclusion and response to her: “We re-


ally don’t enforce it as we should.” That is the cold truth and the tragedy of our society today. Discrimination is, in fact, just about everywhere in America such as our education, employment, promotion and hiring, housing, lending, healthcare, etc. Every rung on our economic ladder eludes Blacks except the bottom rung. As I admonish our South American countries for having their Blacks on the lowest rung of their economic ladder, I better turn around and note our state of affairs. We have more money than their Blacks but it is all relative. Whether it is England or the United States where data is king or France where the Black demographic is invisible, it just doesn’t matter.

of time and money on the issue but still, there is no change. Every federal agency and state administration has an Office of Civil Rights. Most have a minority business office to ensure against disparity in contracting. Yet, there isn’t a state agency or federal agency that can boast more than 4 percent consistent Black business participation anywhere in this nation. We have disparity studies performed every five years for our states and major cities. This is prescribed by U.S. Supreme Court decisions. From one disparity study to an update to another update the fact remains: the disparity or indication of discrimination still exists. We do nothing to address the problem – discrimination. We know how to “sniff” out the discrimination; how to point the finger and supposedly how to remedy it. But the remedy never comes. Wow, we are so patient.

Harry C. Alford is the cofounder, president/CEO of the National Black Chamber of Disparities Commerce. Click on this story across the board at to We spend an exorbitant amount write your own response.



Incognito, Barkley and Wilbon use the n-word Richie Incognito and Jonathan Martin, both of the Miami Dolphins, have dominated the news in the sports world for the past two weeks, but for all the wrong reasons. Supposedly, Martin was “bullied” by Incognito to the point that Martin left the team indefinitely. Each plays on the offensive line, stands more than 6 feet, and weighs more than 300 pounds. Incognito has a checkered past dating back to his college days at the University of Nebraska. He has been suspended or disciplined from every team he has played on for various forms of conduct detrimental to the team. After recent voicemails of Incognito using the N-word and threatening Martin’s family became public, the Dolphins suspended him indefinitely.

Deal with the facts Many have voiced their opinions on the Dolphin’s situation, but none of them deal with the real facts of this case. If you have never been in a professional locker room or on the sidelines during a game, this may be alien to you. In Proverbs 4:7, the Bible states, “Wisdom is the principle thing, therefore get wisdom; and with all thy getting, get understanding.” There are things that are done and spoken in the context of professional sports that those outside of that circle will never relate to or understand. Language and behavior that would never be accepted in other settings is the norm in professional sports. A visit to the locker rooms or sidelines is not for the faint of heart.

Part of the club Still, I put this whole debacle with the Miami Dolphins at the feet of the Black players on the team as well as the Black community in general. Several players on the Dolphins have said that Incognito was an “honorary Black” – whatever that means. Most people gain “honorary” status into a group by doing something positive to advance that group’s cause or mission. So, because Incognito learned how to use the N-word, they made him a member our community? Really? Remember, we are the same group that claimed Bill Clinton was the first Black president because he played the saxophone on the Arsenio Hall’s TV show and had extramarital affairs. The n-word is generously used on NFL sidelines, during the game, and in the locker rooms.


Everyone in the NFL is not only aware, but has heard this type of crude language incessantly when around players. The same can be said of the NBA.

Fines accessed for slur Los Angeles Clippers forward Matt Barnes was recently fined $25,000 by the NBA after he was ejected from a game his team won 111-103. He tweeted, “I love my teammates like family, but I’m DONE standing up for these n——.” The fine prompted former Phoenix Sun star Charles Barkley to comment on TNT: “I’m a Black man. I use the N-word. I’m going to continue to use the N-word with my Black friends, with my White friends, they are my friends…Hey Ernie, in a locker room and with my friends, we use racial slurs. I understand he should not have made it public.”

Don’t tell us how to talk According to Richard Prince’s Journal-isms column, Wilbon said he uses the n-word “all day, every day of my life” and that others have no right to tell Black people how to use it. We, as Blacks, can’t continue to say it’s OK for Blacks to use the n-word, but it’s not OK for others to use it. The word should not be used under any circumstance by anyone. Ever. In all my years working with professional athletes, I have never heard a Hispanic player use derogatory terms about his own people in front of mixed company. Nor have I ever seen them empower an outsider to call them a derogatory word, pretending it is a term of endearment. This behavior is unique to Blacks and it’s our fault. We must stop blaming others when they use offensive language and words that we use among ourselves. I am embarrassed that we actually debate who can use the N-word and under what circumstances.

Raynard Jackson is president and CEO of Raynard Jackson & Associates, LLC., a Washington, D.C.-based public relations/government affairs firm. Click on this story at to write your own response.

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sive Player in 1980 and the Outstanding Player in 1982. Within six years, the NFL came calling. But the pressure to be perfect took its toll on the nine-time Pro Bowler. “People were letting me know everywhere I went, especially in the AfricanAmerican community, ‘You’ve got to represent for us, Warren. You’ve got to be successful.’ You heard it all the time,” said Moon, 56, who became the highestpaid NFL player when he signed a five-year, $10-million contract with the thenHouston Oilers in 1989. “You knew there was another sense of responsibility besides just playing well for your team, playing well for your organization and playing well for yourself,” he said. “You had this whole race of people that were relying on you to be the guy that could, not so much break the barrier, but could play up to the standards that everybody felt like we couldn’t play at.”


Former Head Coach Tony Dungy, left, of the Tampa Bay Buccaneers embraces Warren Sapp prior to the Bucs’ game against the Miami Dolphins at Raymond James Stadium in Tampa on Nov. 11.

Players who paved way for today’s Black quarterbacks Nine Black or biracial quarterbacks started Week 1 of the 2013 NFL season — the highest number in an opening weekend BY KIMBERLEY A. MARTIN NEWSDAY (MCT)

After all these years, Anthony Lynn still remembers. The words had been a slap in the face — and the beginning of the end to his boyhood dream. Before he rushed for more than 1,900 yards and 17 touchdowns as a Celina, Texas, high school junior and won back-to-back Super Bowls as a running back with the Broncos in the 1997 and ‘98 seasons, Lynn played quarterback from the Pop Warner level all the way through middle school. But one demoralizing conversation with a former coach changed the course of his playing career. “I’ll never forget a guy telling a 13-year-old: ‘Black guys can’t play quarterback,’ ” said Lynn, now 44, the assistant head coach and running backs coach for the Jets. “It was so ignorant. That came out of a grown man’s mouth — to a kid . . . I was disappointed. But I wasn’t going to let that stop me from playing.” And he didn’t. Neither did Dennis Thurman nor Tim McDonald, both defensive coaches for the Jets. All three — all of whom are Black — have 28 years of NFL playing experience and three Super Bowl rings among them. But each was forced to abandon the goal of playing quarterback to have a legitimate shot at college football and the NFL.

Common story Their story, however, is common. Many former Black players weren’t given the opportunity to play quarterback in the league. And those who were went through extraordinary measures to do so. But today’s generation of Black quarterbacks can’t fully comprehend that type of struggle. But today’s generation of Black quarterbacks doesn’t have to deal with that struggle. Nine Black or biracial quarterbacks started Week 1 of the 2013 NFL season — the highest number in an opening weekend. And those more enlightened attitudes toward race were on display Sunday in Buffalo when Geno Smith’s Jets faced EJ Manuel and the Bills, a 37-14 Buffalo victory.

As was the case in their first meeting in Week 3, the game-day story line won’t be about two Black quarterbacks going head to head. It’ll be about two rookies trying to lead their franchises to a victory. The progress Blacks have made, both in society and in sports, is well documented. And the issue of race no longer is an issue to young NFL quarterbacks. “They didn’t come up when I came up and they didn’t witness some of the things I witnessed waiting for my opportunity as well, watching the Marlin Briscoes and the Joe Gilliams,” said Hall of Fame quarterback Warren Moon, who chose to play in the Canadian Football League rather than switch positions in the NFL after going undrafted in 1978. “They’re not as battlescarred about it as we are — and that’s fine. That’s what we want it to be. We want these guys to not have to worry about that part of the game.”

The forgotten ones Questions about “the Black quarterback” arise every so often. And these days, they seem to be met with slight apprehension, especially among young players. Some believe the progress made by Blacks is an indication that race no longer needs to be part of the discussion. But that doesn’t mean the conversations about Black NFL quarterbacks are finished, Doug Williams said. He would know. Williams was the first Black quarterback to start and win a Super Bowl, in January 1988 with the Redskins. “The question always arises: ‘Do you think we’ve made it to where we don’t need to talk about Black quarterbacks?’ So basically, we have not gotten there,” he said. “But not only in sports. The real world carries over to the football field . . . Once we get over it in society, it’ll be easy on the football field.”

‘Touchy subject’ Race and football, according to Williams, are a “touchy subject” for younger players. “And I understand,” said the former Grambling State star and coach, who was chosen in the first round of

It was the same type of pressure that James Harris felt years ago with the then-Los Angeles Rams. Like Briscoe, he withstood racial epithets and death threats during his 13 seasons. But Harris, who was the first Black quarterback to start and win an NFL playoff game in 1974, was never accepted as the face of the franchise. Harris, now a senior personnel executive for the Lions, always had wanted to be viewed as just a quarterback. But his race was always the focus. “He used to always say one thing when he was growing up,” Williams said of his close friend, who also played at Grambling. “He dreamed of playing quarterback in the National Football League, and every time he woke up, it was a nightmare. Because it didn’t happen.”

The lucky one


Warren Moon answers questions from the media as Marlin Briscoe, Doug Williams and James Harris, all former African-American quarterbacks in the NFL, hold a press conference in Detroit on Feb. 2, 2006. the 1978 NFL draft by the Buccaneers. “I ain’t mad at them. They’re making a lot of money, on and off the field, and their agents, or whoever represents them, makes sure they don’t get caught up in that situation.” But it’s hard to forget the fight once you’ve been scarred by it. Often forgotten are the tales of players who sought to pursue their passion for playing quarterback, only to be told they couldn’t. Or worse, those who endured inherent racism within their own NFL organizations. Players like Briscoe, the first Black starting quarterback in the American Football League, who still holds the Broncos’ rookie record for touchdown passes with 14 in 1968. But he never got the chance to play quarterback in Denver again.

Death threats The Broncos brought in Pete Liske, a White quarterback, in 1969 and intended to use him as the starter. After Briscoe was released, he decided to become a wide receiver — a position he had never played before — and was signed by the Bills that same year. He went on to earn All-Pro honors and was a member of the 1972 and ‘73 Super Bowl champion Dolphins. In a recent interview with “60 Minutes Sports,” Briscoe, 68, said institutional racism was “about 95 percent” to blame for his short stint in Denver. Eldridge Dickey was the first Black quarterback selected in the first round by an AFL or NFL team, in 1968. But despite a strong showing in training camp, the Raiders moved him to wide receiver. Gilliam beat out future Steelers Hall of Famer Terry Bradshaw in 1974 to be-

come the first Black quarterback to start in the regular season after the 1970 NFL-AFL merger. But despite his 4-1-1 record, Gilliam received death threats and withstood racial epithets from Pittsburgh fans. He soon was benched in favor of the inconsistent Bradshaw, who in an interview years later said of Gilliam: “He gave me my job back. I didn’t earn it back.”

Change of position “For so many guys in my era, that was just how it went,” said Tony Dungy, 58, the first Black NFL coach to win a Super Bowl. “They would say, ‘Hey, you can play in the NFL but it’s going to be a position change. Or you can go to Canada and play quarterback because the style of the game kind of fits what you do.’ And that’s what happened in the ’70s and ’80s.” Dungy, a star quarterback at the University of Minnesota, made the switch as well, moving from quarterback to safety and winning a Super Bowl with the Steelers in 1978. So did McDonald, who was a high school All-American playing quarterback and safety in Fresno, Calif. But he knew his scholarship to USC meant becoming a full-time defensive back. “Not a lot of kids grew up believing they could be a quarterback,” said McDonald, 48, a Super Bowl champion with the 49ers (1994) and six-time Pro Bowl safety. He has no regrets about switching positions, but he had some doubts back then. “Probably 60 percent of my mind wanted me to go play quarterback,” said McDonald, the Jets’ secondary coach. “But my goal and my dream — being an NFL

player — pushed it the other way.” Almost 10 years earlier, Thurman made the same choice.

Jumped through hoops He played quarterback against Moon in Pop Warner from the age of 10 in Southern California. But for Thurman, 57, just playing football was more important. So he went to USC and played defensive back. “When you’re a kid, throwing the ball around and playing quarterback in the alley or on some kid’s lawn, you knew at some point you had to stop,” said Thurman, who is in his first season as the Jets defensive coordinator. “You weren’t going to get to do it. It was disheartening.” Those attitudes weren’t relegated to the quarterback position. For decades, NFL teams were unconvinced that Blacks could play safety, middle linebacker or center — positions where “you had to think,” Thurman said. “The hoops that we had to jump through, just to compete on the same level, it’s kind of been forgotten,” said the Jets defensive coordinator. “But when we begin to talk about it, you begin to feel some of those feelings you had back then. It didn’t feel good.”

Moon landing Moon, however, wouldn’t budge. After leading the University of Washington to a Rose Bowl victory in 1978, he was determined to make it as a quarterback whether the NFL wanted him or not. He made a name for himself in the CFL, winning five Grey Cups and being named the game’s Outstanding Offen-

Williams set out to be a high school football coach, like his older brother. But instead, he became a legend. Twenty-five years have passed since Williams, 58, became the first Black starting quarterback to win the Super Bowl. He remains the only one. Legendary Grambling coach Eddie Robinson was the first person Williams saw as he walked off the field after the Redskins beat the Broncos, 42-10, to win Super Bowl XXII. Lynn instantly knew the significance of Williams’ achievement. White players on his Texas Tech football team were convinced “a Black guy” couldn’t beat a gunslinger like John Elway, Denver’s quarterback. “When the Broncos jumped out to a 10-0 lead, there was a lot of ‘I told you so, I told you so.’ And a riot broke out in our dorm on the athletic floors,” Lynn said.

Dungy reflects The historic win by Williams, who passed for 340 yards in the game, proved to be a collective victory for Black football players seeking both validation and opportunity. Thanks to these trailblazers, guys like Smith and Manuel have the freedom to be themselves and focus solely on playing well for their teams. The height, weight, speed, size and color restrictions no longer are in play, said Dungy, opening the door for acceptance of more athletic quarterbacks. And that change bodes well for today’s Black quarterbacks and ones who will follow. “I feel good for these guys because they’ve gotten an opportunity,” said Dungy, now an analyst for NBC’s Football Night in America. “They are leading teams and nobody’s talking about (race) and it is gratifying. “The only thing you say is: I wonder who we missed seeing when this didn’t happen 15 or 20 years ago?”


7NOVEMBER 21 – NOVEMBER 27, 2013

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