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Science 4th grade

UNIT 11

1


PREHISTORIC TIMES It's the period until the invention of writting

FIRST WRITTING

NEANDERTHALS

CRO-MAGNONS

230.000 years ago

30.000 years ago

5.000 years ago

2


FIRST PEOPLE Hunters and gatherers

Made artefacts

Nomads

Didn't know the fire

3


NEANDERTHALS Lived in caves

Used simple language Hunters

Made tools and weapons Knew the fire

4


Same body

CRO-MAGNONS (1st "Homo Sapiens" = able to think

Built houses Bigger social groups

They painted and sculpt

=

Sofisticated tools and weapons Used skins and needles

5


IBERIANS, CELTS AND (3,000 B.C.)

(1,000 B.C.)

CELTIBERIANS - Iron - Tribes

(600 B.C.)

Celts Celtiberians

Iberians

- Influenced by both

- Advanced culture - Cities

6


PHOENICIANS, GREEKS AND CARTHAGINIANS

(VIII Century, B.C.

(III Century, B.C.

Marsella (France) Ampurias

Celts Celtiberians

GREEKS

Alicante

Iberians Catagena Cadiz

CARTHAGINIANS Almu単ecar

PHOENINCIANS

7


ROMAN CONQUEST Called the Iberian Peninsula:

(From 218 B.C. on

HISPANIA

ROMAN EMPIRE Tarraconensis

Lusitania

Baetica The Roman Empire was the most powerful for more than 400 years

Roman influence:

8


ORIGIN OF...

GREEKS

Iberian Peninsula

CARTHAGINIANS

PHOENICIANS 9


Fall of Roman Empire

THE MIDDLE AGES (From V to XV Centuries Discovery

Population divided into: - Kings - Lords - Knights - Priests - Peasants

Features:

Knights

Priest Peasant

MANOR A castle, the church, small villages and farms around the castle. The Lord ruled their lives and properties The Catholic Church controlled most educational institutions and culture (monasteries)

10


THE MIDDLE AGES IN THE IBERIAN PENINSULA When the Roman Empire collapsed,

SUEBI

people from the Northern invaded the ALANS

Peninsula: Suebi, Alans and Vandals (4th Century)

SUEBI

The Visigoths conquered Hispania and stablished their kingdom

VISIGOTHS

11


Al-Andalus VISIGOTHS

In 711 the Moors from the north of Africa invaded Hispania and conquered most of its territory to the Visigoths.

12


The Reconquest and the Catholic Monarchs

Isabel and fernando 1492

Spanish Kingdoms before 1492

13


Science 4th grade, unit 11