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PROCEEDINGS OF ALTERNATIVE FUELS & UNMANNED SYSTEMS CONFERENCE Panama City, Panama December 9-11, 2009


January 2010 Dear Colleagues and Friends I would like to thank all of you for attending and participating in our Alternative Fuels & Unmanned Systems Conference December 9-11 in Panama City, Panama. I appreciate the information, collaboration and advice you have given us, as well as the information exchange you have shared with us. I trust that the conference was as fruitful for you as it was for our team. Your expertise and participation have been invaluable during this conference. The “Way Ahead” sessions were extremely valuable, and I trust productive as we set our sights on regional work in unmanned systems throughout the coming year. To assist all of us in keeping abreast of information and events, we invite you to join us on the “APAN” or All Partner Access Network, a professional networking and collaborative site for facilitating information exchange. Unlike traditional web sites, APAN offers a host of collaborative tools such as chat, wiki's, blog, forums, file sharing. You can join us on this new network by going to, http://community.apan.org/unmanned_systems/default.aspx. Once again, I thank you so much for your participation. I sincerely appreciate your time and effort to promote this information exchange in the Americas, and for making the regional conference a success. We look forward to working with you throughout the new year. Best Regards,

Mr. Juan Hurtado Command Science Advisor Deputy Dir, Science, Technology and Experimentation Stability Directorate US SOUTHERN COMMAND


Enero 2010 Estimados Colegas y Amigos Quisiera dar las gracias a todos los participantes por asistir y colaborar en nuestra Conferencia de Combustibles Alternos y Sistemas No Tripulados durante el mes de Diciembre del 9-11 en la Ciudad de Panamá, Panamá. Apreciamos mucho la información, colaboración y el asesoramiento que nos han brindado, así como el intercambio de información que han compartido con nosotros. Confío en que la conferencia fue fructífera para ustedes, así como lo fue para nuestro equipo de WHIX. Sus experiencias y su participación han sido muy valiosas durante esta conferencia. Las sesiones del "Camino hacia el futuro" fueron muy valiosas, y de gran utilidad ya que nos traza una guía de trabajo regional en los sistemas no tripulados durante este próximo año. Adicionalmente queremos ofrecer como una herramienta de información y trabajo la red “APAN” que nos ayudara a mantenernos en contacto, ya que esta brindara información técnica, así como también sobre eventos futuros, por lo cual le invitamos a unirse a nosotros en es esta red. El acceso a esta red de naciones asociadas es un sitio en la web donde los profesionales pueden colaborar y facilitar el intercambio de información. A diferencia de los otros sitios web tradicionales, APAN ofrece una serie de herramientas de colaboración tales como chat, wiki, blog, foros, intercambio de archivos. Usted puede unirse a nosotros en esta nueva red, suscribiéndose en, http://community.apan.org/unmanned_systems/default.aspx. Una vez más, agradezco su participación, tiempo y esfuerzo para promover este intercambio de información en las Américas, y por lograr hacer esta conferencia regional un éxito. Esperamos con mucho interés poder trabajar y colaborar con ustedes en el transcurso de este nuevo año.

Saludos cordiales Sr. Juan Hurtado Asesor Científico del Comando Dir. Adjunto, Ciencia, Tecnología y Experimentación de la Dirección de Estabilidad Comando Sur de EE.UU


Table of Contents

Conference Participants

Thank You message to Master of Ceremony

Sponsors

Conference Agenda

Conference Biographies / Summaries


Conference Participants                     

Mr. Juan Hurtado, Command Science Advisor, U.S. Southern Command Dr. Norman Munroe, Director, Applied Research Center, Florida Int’l University Dr. Martin Candanedo Guevara, Vice-Rector de Investigación, Postgrado y Extensión, Universidad Tecnológica de Panamá Dr. Alfredo Ravinet, Senior Research Scientist, Applied Research Center, Florida International University, Miami, Florida Dr. Dario Solis, Director de Investigación, Universidad Tecnológica de Panamá Dr. Jose L. Calle, Jefe Laboratorio Energías Renovables, Universidad Nacional Agraria la Molina, Perú Mr. Todd Canon, Vice President and Mr. Tony Silva, International Business Development, VECENERGY, Miami, Florida Eduardo Martins Do Vale, Chief Innovation Technology, General Research and Development Dept, Argentina Gregory W. Pruitt, Director, Strategic Development, Von Braun Center for Science and Innovation Dr. John Proni, Executive Director, Applied Research Center, Florida International University Rodrigo García de Paredes, Autoridad del Canal de Panamá (ACP) Autoridad del Canal de Panamá (ACP) Brian Whiteside, Vice President Sales & Marketing, Evergreen Helicopters, Inc. Lt Col Gabriel Osvaldo Bagatello, Dir. Planning and Programming, General Research and Development Dept, Argentina Capitán De Corbeta-AV Segundo Xavier Izurieta Toledo, Armada del Ecuador Capitán Flavio Narváez Biénzobas UAV Development Chief, Centro de Modelación y Simulación, Ejercito de Chile Capitán Guillermo Gonzales Cucho, FAP Jefe, Proyectos UAV, CEDEP Lt. Christian David Hidalgo Coloma, Ecuadorian Coast Guard Mr. Jerry DeJaco, Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command (SPAWAR) Systems Center Pacific Ing. Marcelo E. Martinez, CEO, Ing. Marcelo E. Martinez, CEO,Nostromo Defensa SA-Argentina Mr. Ted Venable, CNT Program Manager,U.S. Navy South Ms. Kelly M Morger, Lead Test Engineer, US Army Aviation and Missile Research Development and Engineering Center (AMRDEC), USA Dr. Pablo. C. Florido, Managing Director and Chief Technical Officer, Floristan Technology, S.A., Argentina


Conference Participants                      

Lic. Maité Herrera de Moreno Ing. Rhona Díaz Ing. Noris Martínez Ing. Karys Moreno Dr. Humberto Rodríguez Lic. Iliana Aponte Mario Altamirano Ing. Gloria Valderrama Ing. Orlando Melgar Ing. Eduardo Caballero Mónica Barahona Luis Riega Ing. Luis Mogollón Belisario Tuñón Ing. César Jackman Ing. Miguel Him Ing. Isaac Castillo Nelson Ibarra Pedro Arroyo Ariel Álvarez Rodolfo Arjona Manuel De la Hoz


Master of Ceremony The Sponsors and Organizers of the

Alternative Fuels and Unmanned Systems Conference would like to extend a special

Thank you! to

Ms. Maite de Moreno Master of Ceremonies. Her professionalism, calm demeanor under pressure and beautiful humor made for a most successful conference. Thank you!


Organizers

Florida International University (FIU) based in Miami, Florida, is Miami-Dade County’s first public, fouryear university, and has developed a powerful record of innovation and research. With 38,000 students, 1,000+ full-time faculty and more than 134,000 alumni, FIU is one of the 25 largest universities in the nation, based on enrollment, and offers more than 200 bachelors, masters and doctoral programs. FIU emphasizes research as a major component of its mission, and is one of the nation’s top public research universities.

The Applied Research Center (ARC) is an applied research and technology development center at Florida International University. Our multidisciplinary, industry-experienced team of scientists and engineers develops next-generation, integrated solutions to environmental, energy, and information challenges delivering the quality and value of a top-ranked research university to clients in government. The Center’s focus is to address real world problems through multidisciplinary research collaborations within the University’s applied and basic research units. The center’s mission is to solve issues in energy security, environmental stewardship and security technology. The ARC is the entity responsible for the implementation of the WHIX Program.

To integrally form and prepare at the highest level, human resources that generate, transform, Project and transfer science and technology, in order to undertake, promote and impulse the technological, economic, social and cultural development of the country.


Organizadores La Universidad Internacional de Florida (FIU, por sus siglas en ingles) con sede en Miami, Florida es la primera universidad pública, de 4 años de estudios de pregrado en el Condado de Miami-Dade, y ha desarrollado un registro significativo de innovación e investigación. Con 38,000 estudiantes, más de 1,000 a tiempo completo y más de 134,000 graduados, FIU es una de las 25 universidades más grandes de la nación, basado en inscripción, y ofrece más de 200 programas de bachilleres, maestrías y doctorados. FIU enfatiza la investigación como un gran componente de su misión, y es una de las universidades públicas más prestigiosas en cuanto a investigación

El Centro de Investigación Aplicada (ARC, por sus siglas en ingles) es un centro de investigación y desarrollo tecnológico aplicado en FIU. Su equipo multidisciplinario de ingenieros y científicos, con experiencia en industrias desarrollan soluciones integrales para las futuras generaciones, retos en energía, ambiente e información proporcionando la calidad y el valor de una universidad de investigación de alto rango para clientes en el gobierno. El objetivo del Centro es direccionar los problemas del mundo real a través de colaboraciones de desarrollo multidisciplinario en conjunto con las unidades de investigación básica y aplicada. La misión del centro es resolver problemática en seguridad de energía, administración ambiental y tecnología de seguridad. El ARC es la entidad responsable por la implementación y ejecución del programa WHIX.

Formar y capacitar integralmente al más alto nivel, Recurso Humano que genere, transforme, proyecte y transfiera ciencia y tecnología para emprender, promover e impulsar el desarrollo tecnológico, económico, social y cultural del País


Sponsors The United States Southern Command (USSOUTHCOM) is one of ten unified Combatant Commands (COCOMs) in the Department of Defense. It is responsible for providing contingency planning, operations, and security cooperation for Central and South America, the Caribbean, Cuba, and their territorial waters; as well as for the force protection of U.S. military resources at these locations. USSOUTHCOM Command Science Advisor is responsible for the technical oversight of the WHIX Program

As the Department of the Navy’s Science & Technology provider, the Office of Naval Research (ONR) provides technology solutions for Navy and Marine Corps needs. ONR's mission - defined by law - is to plan, foster, and encourage scientific research in recognition of its paramount importance as related to the maintenance of future naval power, and the preservation of national security. Further, ONR manages the Navy’s basic, applied, and advanced research to foster transition from science and technology to higher levels of research, development, test and evaluation

The Air-sea National Service (SENAN) remains constantly patrolling the skies and territorial waters of the Republic of Panama, with the goal of guaranteeing life, goods and honor of the Panamanians and foreigners who, for many reasons, transit our oceanic and aerial spaces. SENAN’s vision is to become an exemplary and safe public institution, protecting the Republic’s integrity, through the continuous improvement of his human talent, based on high organizational values, taking advantage of the new technological sources, in order to contribute to social peace, socioeconomic development, in a very safe and sustainable environment. They are recognized for their professionalism and high operational performance


Patrocinador El Comando Sur de los Estados Unidos es uno de los diez Comandos Unificados de Combate en el Departamento de Defensa. Él es responsable de proveer planificación contingente, operaciones y cooperación en seguridad para Centro y Sur América, el Caribe, Cuba, y las aguas territoriales; así como la protección de los Recursos Militares en estas localidades. El asesor de Ciencias del Comando USSOUTHCOM es el responsable por la supervisión técnica del programa WHIX.

La Oficina de Investigación Naval (ONR, por sus siglas en inglés) provee soluciones tecnológicas para las necesidades de los Cuerpos Navales y de la Marina. La misión de ONR – definido por ley – es: planificar, acoger y alentar la investigación científica en reconocimiento de esta importancia, afín al mantenimiento de la futura fuerza naval y la preservación de la seguridad nacional. Adicionalmente, ONR maneja la investigación naval básica, aplicada y avanzada para alentar la transición desde la ciencia y la tecnología a altos niveles de investigación, desarrollo, pruebas y evaluación.

El Servicio Nacional Aeronaval (SENAN) se mantiene patrullando constantemente los cielos y las aguas territoriales de la República de Panamá, a fin de garantizar la vida, bienes y honra de los nacionales y extranjeros que por diversas razones transitan nuestros espacios aéreos y oceánicos. La visión de SENAN ser una institución de seguridad publica ejemplar, que proteja la integridad de la República, a través de un continuo mejoramiento de su talento humano, fundamentados en altos valores organizacionales, aprovechando los medios tecnológicos de avanzada, que contribuyan al mantenimiento de la paz social, desarrollo socioeconómico, dentro de un ambiente seguro y sostenible. Reconocida por su profesionalismo y alto rendimiento operacional


The International Technology Center-Americas (ITC-Americas) has the Mission to support the timely identification, assessment and acquisition of foreign technology solutions to the U.S. Army to ensure technological superiority on the battlefield. ITC-Americas vision is to be the international eyes and ears of the U.S. Army to discover potential world class technologies that will accelerate Army Transformation. This approach assists in closing the technology gaps for requirements not readily available in the United States. Further, it seeks to identify off-the-shelf capabilities, technology and systems for unforeseen requirements. This approach takes advantage of emerging global markets, and reduces technology Research & Development cost, time and overall life-cycle management costs. Finally, our approach establishes, develops and maintains long term relationships with allies on issues of mutual interest.

The Air Force Office of Scientific Research/ International Office (AFOSR/IO) has the mission to support the Air Force Defense Research Science Program by expanding the horizon of scientific knowledge through international liaison and leadership to discover, shape, and champion basic science that will create revolutionary breakthroughs to profoundly impact future Air Force capabilities. AFOSR/IO serves as the International Point of Contact for AFOSR by establishing international research initiatives with world-class scientists and institutions to support AFOSR core and external programs, identifying and advocating international opportunities to work with AFOSR, providing technology security screening and training for international efforts to include AFOSR and all of the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), administering the Engineer and Scientist Exchange Program (ESEP), and conducting the Window-onEurope, Asia, and Americas Programs. The IO office oversees the liaison for basic research activities with all of the Americas


El Centro Tecnológico Internacional de las Américas (ITC-Américas en inglés) tiene la misión de apoyar la oportuna identificación, evaluación y adquisición de soluciones de tecnología foránea para la Armada de los Estados Unidos, a fin de asegurar la superioridad tecnológica en el campo de batalla. La visión de ITC-Américas es ser los ojos y los oídos internacionales de la Armada de los Estados Unidos para descubrir el potencial de las tecnologías de clase mundial que acelerarán la Transformación de la Armada. Este acercamiento asiste en cerrar los espacios tecnológicos para requerimientos que no se encuentran disponibles en los Estados Unidos. Además, busca identificar las capacidades desarrolladas, tecnologías y sistemas para requerimientos imprevistos. Este acercamiento toma ventaja de los emergentes mercados globales, y reduce los costos de la investigación y el desarrollo tecnológico, tiempo y costos de mantenimiento del ciclo de vida global. Finalmente, nuestro acercamiento establece, desarrolla y mantiene relaciones a largo plazo con aliados en asuntos de interés mutuo. La Oficina de Investigación Científica de la Fuerza Aérea / Oficina Internacional (AFOSR / IO) tiene la misión de apoyar el Programa de Investigación Científica de la Fuerza de Defensa Aérea ampliando el horizonte de los conocimientos científicos a través de enlaces internacionales y liderazgo para descubrir, formar y liderar la ciencia básica que creará los avances revolucionarios con grandes repercusiones en el futuro de las capacidades de la Fuerza Aérea. AFOSR / IO sirve como punto de Internacional de Contacto para AFOSR mediante el establecimiento de iniciativas internacionales de investigación con científicos e instituciones de clase mundial para apoyar programas básicos y externos, identificando y promoviendo las oportunidades internacionales para trabajar con AFOSR. Adicionalmente esta identidad proporciona supervisión de tecnologías y control de la seguridad. Por otro lado administra el Programa de Intercambio de ingenieros y científicos del (ESEP). La oficina de IO supervisa el enlace de las actividades de investigación básica con todas las Américas.


LATIN AMERICA ALTERNATIVE FUELS & UNMANNED SYSTEMS CONFERENCE Convention center, Ciudad Del Saber Panama City, Panama

Agenda WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 9, 2009 1800-1900

Conference Registration (Holiday Inn, City of Knowledge)

UTP/FIU personnel

1900-2100

Icebreaker (Holiday Inn, City of Knowledge)

UTP

• d

THURSDAY, DECEMBER 10, 2009

0730--0800

Transportation to City of Knowledge and Exhibitor Set Up

Provided by UTP

0730-0830

Conference Registration and Exhibit Viewing

UTP/FIU

0830-0845

Welcome Remarks

Mr. Juan Hurtado, Command Science Advisor, U.S. Southern Command

0845-0900

Conference Inauguration and Welcome Remarks

0900-0910

Conference Welcome Remarks—Servicio Nacional Aeronaval

Sr. Vice Ministro Alejandro Garúz, Vice Ministro de Seguridad Publica, Panamá Comandante de AV (R) Rigoberto Gordon S., Director General, SENAN

SESSION ONE

0910-0945

USSOUTHCOM Science & Technology and Western Hemisphere Information Exchange (WHIX) Overview

Mr. Juan Hurtado, Command Science Advisor, U.S. Southern Command

0945-1015

WHIX 07

Dr. Norman Munroe, Director, Applied Research Center, Florida Int’l University

Bio-Diesel Demonstration/Validation Project—Panama

Dr. Martin Candanedo Guevara, Vice-Rector de Investigación, Postgrado y Extensión, Universidad Tecnológica de Panamá

1015-1030

1030-1100

BREAK


Intercambio de Informacion del Hemisferio Occidental Conferencia de Combustibles Alternativos & Sistemas no Tripulados Panama City, Panama

Agenda MIÉRCOLES, DICIEMBRE 9, 2009 1800-1900

Inscripción a la Conferencia (Holiday Inn, Ciudad del Saber)

UTP/FIU personal

1900-2100

Rompe Hielo (Holiday Inn, Ciudad del Saber)

UTP

0730--0800

• d

Transportación a la Ciudad del Saber

Proporcionado por UTP

0730-0830

Registro a la Conferencia y Exhibición

UTP/FIU

0830-0845

Palabras de Bienvenida

Sr. Juan Hurtado, Command Science Advisor, U.S. Southern Command

0845-0900

Jueves, Diciembre 10, 2009

Inauguración de la Conferencia y Palabras de Bienvenida

Sr. Alejandro Garuz, Viceministro de Seguridad Pública, Panamá

PRIMERA SESIÓN Potenciando la Innovación: Combustibles Alternativos

0900-0925 0925-0945

0945-1015

Visión General de USSOUTHCOM Science & Technology and Western Hemisphere Information Exchange (WHIX)

Mr. Juan Hurtado, Asesor, Command Science, U.S. Southern Command

WHIX y Ciencia y Tecnología en el Servicio Nacional de Aeronáutica (SENAN)

Comandante de AV (R) Rigoberto Gordon S., Director General, SENAN

WHIX 07 Bio-Diesel Demonstration/Validation Project—Panama

1015-1030 1030-1100

PAUSA

Dr. Norman Munroe, Director, Centro de Investigación Aplicada, Florida Int’l University Dr. Martin Candanedo Guevara, Vice-Rector de Investigación, Postgrado y Extensión, Universidad Tecnológica de Panamá


1130-1200 1200-1345

1300-1320

Overview Of Alternative Fuels In The Region

Dr. Jose L. Calle, Jefe Laboratorio Energías Renovables, Universidad Nacional Agraria la Molina, Perú

LUNCH AND KEY NOTE SPEAKERS

Bio Diesel Production: The Commercial World View

Mr. Todd Canon, Vice President and Mr. Tony Silva, International Business Development, VECENERGY, Miami, Florida USA

SESSION TWO - Unmanned Systems: a Regional Perspective Eduardo Martins Do Vale, Chief Innovation Technology, General Research and Development Dept, Argentina

1345-1415

Unmanned Vehicles: Applications of Bio-fuels

1415- 1435

Interagency Collaboration in Unmanned Systems

1415-1435

Interagency Collaboration in Unmanned Systems

Gregory W. Pruitt, Director, Strategic Development, Von Gregory W. Pruitt, Director, Strategic Development, Von Braun Center for Science and Innovation Braun Center for Science and Innovation

1435-1455

NOAA’s Historical Use of Unmanned Systems

Dr. John Proni, Director, Applied Research Center, Florida International University

1455-1520

Panama Canal

Sr. Rodrigo Garcia de Paredes, Panama Canal Authority

1520-1540

UV/S Technology Programs in LATAM & Regional Issues: An Overview

Mr. Brian Whiteside, Vice President Sales & Marketing, Evergreen Helicopters, Inc.

1540-1600

Argentina

Lt Col Gabriel Osvaldo Bagatello, Dir. Planning and Programming, General Research and Development Dept, Argentina

1600-1620

Ecuador

LT Commander Segundo Xavier Izurieta Toledo, Armada del Ecuador

1620-1640

Chile

Capitán Flavio Narváez Biénzobas UAV Development Chief, Centro de Modelación y Simulación, Ejercito de Chile

1640-1700

Peru

Capitán Guillermo Gonzales Cucho, FAP Jefe, Proyectos UAV, CEDEP

1700-1730

Transportation to UTP and Holiday Inn

Provided by UTP


1100-1115

Producción de Biodiesel en Panamá

Dr. Alfredo Ravinet, Científico Superior de Investigación, Centro de Investigación Aplicada, FIU

1115-1130

Producción de Biodiesel en Panamá

Dr. Dario Solis, Director de Investigación, Universidad Tecnológica de Panamá

1130-1200

Descripción general de combustibles alternativos en la región

Dr. Jose L. Calle, Jefe de Laboratorio de Energías Renovables, Universidad Nacional Agraria la Molina, Perú

1200-1345 1300-1320 1325-1345

• d

1345-1415

LUNCH AND KEY NOTE SPEAKER

Bio Diesel Production: The Commercial World View Floristan Industries: UAV Light Turbine Engines

Vehículos Militares no Tripulados : Descripción General

Mr. Todd Vice President and Development, Tony Canon, Silva, International Business Mr. Tony Silva, International Business Development, VECENERGY VECENERGY, Dr. Pablo. C. Florido Managing Director and Chief Miami, Florida USA technical Officer, Floristan Technology, S.A., Argentina Sr. Eduardo Martins Do Vale, Jefe de Innovación Tecnológica, Departamento de Investigación General y Desarrollo, Argentina

Vehículos No-Militares no Tripulados : Descripción General 1415-1435

Colaboración Interinstitucional en Sistemas no Tripulados

Gregory W. Pruitt, Director, Desarrollo Estratégico, Centro Von Braun para Ciencia y Innovación

1435-1455

Sistema de Vehículos Bajo-Mar no Tripulados: NOAA Actividades

Dr. John Proni, Director, Centro de Investigación Aplicada, Florida International University

1455-1520

Canal de Panamá

Sr. Rodrigo Garcia de Paredes, Jefe de Seguridad del Canal, Autoridades del Canal de Panamá

1520-1540

UV/S Programas Tecnológicos en LATAM & Cuestiones Regionales: Descripción General

Mr. Brian Whiteside, Vicepresidente de Ventas y Comercialización, Evergreen Helicópteros, Inc.

1540-1600

Argentina

Lt Col Gabriel Osvaldo Bagatello, Director de Planificación y Programación , Departamento de Investigación General y Desarrollo, Argentina

1600-1620

Ecuador

LT Comandante Segundo Xavier Izurieta Toledo, Armada del Ecuador

1620-1640

Chile

Capitán Flavio Narváez Biénzobas UAV Jefe de desarrollo, Centro de Modelación y Simulación, Ejercito de Chile

1640-1700

Perú

Capitán Guillermo Gonzales Cucho, FAP Jefe, Proyectos UAV, CEDEP

1700-1730

Transportación a UTP y Holiday Inn

Proporcionado por UTP


FRIDAY, DECEMBER 11, 2009 0800 -0830

Transportation to City of Knowledge

Provided by UTP

0830 -0900

Administrative Remarks

FIU/UTP

SESSION THREE - Unmanned Systems a Regional Perspective

0900 -0920

Maritime Systems

Lt. Christian David Hidalgo Coloma, Ecuadorian Coast Guard

0920 -0940

Maritime Systems

Mr. Jerry Dejaco, SPAWAR Systems Center Pacific

0940 -1000

Aerial Systems: Naval Infantry applications

Ing. Marcelo E. Martinez, CEO, Nostromo Defensa SA-Argentina

1000 -1030

Aerial Systems: Supporting Maritime Operations

Mr. Ted Venable, CNT Program Manager, U.S. Navy South

1030 -1100

Ground Systems

Ms. Kelly M Morger , AMRDEC

1120 -1300 1220 -1300

LUNCH AND KEY NOTE SPEAKER Floristan Industries: UAV Light Turbine Engines

Dr. Pablo. C. Florido, Managing Director and Chief Technical Officer, Floristan Technology, S.A., Argentina

โ€ข d

SESSION FOUR - Regional Collaboration & Innovation

Moderators

1300-1600

Workshops on Regional Collaboration For Unmanned Systems

Moderators

1300-1500

Aerial Unmanned Systems

Coronel Mario Villar Cรณrdova Icochea, FAP, Dir. Centro de Desarrollo de Proyectos (CEDEP) Ms. Kelly M Morger, Lead Test Engineer, AMRDEC

1300-1500

Ground and Maritime Unmanned Systems

Lt. Christian David HIDALGO Coloma, Ecuadorian Coast Guard Mr. Jerry DeJaco, Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command (SPAWAR) Systems Center Pacific

1300-1500

Interagency & Regional Cooperation in Unmanned Systems

Gregory W. Pruitt, Director, Strategic Development, Von Braun Center for Science and Innovation

1500-1630

Future Roadmap and Concluding Remarks

Dr. Dario Solis, Director de Investigaciรณn, Universidad Tecnolรณgica de Panamรก, And Mr. Juan Hurtado, Command Science Advisor, U.S. Southern Command

1630

Transportation

Hotel/UTP


VIERNES, DICIEMBRE 11, 2009 0800-0830 0830-0900

Transportación a la Ciudad del Saber

Proporcionado por UTP

Comentarios Administrativos

FIU/UTP

SESION TRES- Sistemas no Tripulados Perspectiva Regional 0900-0920

Sistemas Marítimo

• d

0920-0940

Sistemas Marítimo

Lt. Christian David Hidalgo Coloma, Guarda Costa Ecuatoriano Sr. Jerry DeJaco, SPAWAR Systems Center Pacific Ing. Marcelo E. Martinez, CEO, Nostromo Defensa SA-Argentina

0940-1000

Sistemas Aéreos : Aplicaciones en Infantería Naval

1000-1030

Sistemas Aéreos : Operaciones Marítimas de Soporte

Mr. Ted Venable, CNT Program Manager, U.S. Navy South

1030-1100

Sistemas Terrestre

Ms. Kelly M Morger, Lead Test Engineer, AMRDEC

1120—1300

ALMUERZO Y ORADOR PRINCIPAL

1220-1220

Floristan Industries: UAV Light Turbine Engines

Dr. Pablo. C. Florido, Director Administrativo y Oficial Ténico en Jefe, Floristan Technology, S.A., Argentina

SESION CUATRO-Colaboración & Innovación Regional 1300-1600

Lectura sobre la Colaboración Regional para Sistemas no Tripulados

1300-1500

Vehículos Aéreos no Tripulados

Coronel Mario Villar Córdova Icochea, FAP, Dir. Centro de Desarrollo de Proyectos (CEDEP) Ms. Kelly M Morger, Lead Test Engineer, AMRDEC

1300-1500

Vehículos Marítimo y Terrestre no Tripulados

Lt. Christian David HIDALGO Coloma, Guarda Costa Ecuatoriano Mr. Jerry DeJaco, SPAWAR Systems Center Pacific

1300-1500

Cooperación Regional y Interinstitucional en Sistemas no Tripulados

Gregory W. Pruitt, Director, Desarrollo Estratégico, Centro Von Braun para Ciencia y Innovación

1500-1630

Futuro planes de trabajo & Comentarios Finales

Panamá & USSOUTHCOM

1630

Transportación

Hotel/UTP

Moderadores Moderadores


WESTERN HEMISPHERE INFORMATION EXCHANGE ALTERNATIVE FUELS & UNMANNED SYSTEMS CONFERENCE BIOGRAPHIES & SUMMARIES SESSION ONE: POWERING INNOVATION: ALTERNATIVE FUELS Speaker: Mr. Juan Hurtado, Command Science Advisor, U.S. Southern Command

Biography: Mr. Hurtado is the Command Science and Technology Advisor, Headquarters United States Southern Command, Miami, Florida. He serves as the principal advisor in scientific matters and supports the Command through the formulation of materiel solutions to operational needs, demonstrations of technology in operational scenarios, and integration of mature technical capability into field activities in a theater comprised of South and Central America, and the Caribbean. Mr. Hurtado is also the Deputy Director for Science, Technology and Experimentation, Stability Directorate. He has led the Command’s technical investigations in areas such as obscured targets, force protection, maritime detection and monitoring, crisis management for disaster response and humanitarian assistance, unmanned systems, and environmental security to include renewable energies and water treatment. Prior to his current position, Mr. Hurtado culminated a career of 20 years of commissioned service in the US Air Force in October 2002. He received his Master of Science degree in Operations Research from the Air Force Institute of Technology and his Bachelor of Science degree in Aerospace Engineering from the Polytechnic University of New York. Mr. Hurtado is a member of the Acquisition Corps, and he holds acquisition certifications in Systems Planning, Research, Development and Engineering, Test and Evaluation, Program Management and Acquisition Logistics. Topic: USSOUTHCOM Science and Technology and Western Hemisphere Information Exchange (WHIX) Overview Summary: The opening speaker for session one—“Powering Innovation using Alternative Fuels”— was Mr. Juan Hurtado, the Command Science Advisor for the U.S. Southern Command. Mr. Hurtado’s topic for session one was a comprehensive overview of the USSOUTHCOM Science and Technology and Western Hemisphere Information Exchange (WHIX) program. The overview discusses the contemporary challenges, such as gangs and mass emigration in our current world, as well as the new, emerging challenges such as the purification, handling and processing of water and food in order to provide a secure, sustainable source for our growing populations. He also discussed the WHIX program’s four main research themes: climate, energy, water and food which confront some of these contemporary challenges. Continued on next slide…


Speaker: Mr. Juan Hurtado, Command Science Advisor, U.S. Southern Command

Summary ---- Continued

On a previous WHIX project, researchers surveyed Latin American and Caribbean countries concerning energy and environmental usage, with the idea of studying the surplus of biomass available. Researchers expanded the ideas by looking at the possibility of using biomass as a renewable energy, thus providing a whole town with electricity. Researchers have explored the use of biomass gasification—using coconut shells to produce synthetic gas to power electrical generators, constructed wetlands as natural areas for sewage treatment, reverse osmosis water purification, powered by solar panels, as well as microhydro turbines for electrical energy production. The current project explored by WHIX involves the use of alternative fuels as sustainable renewal energy in Latin America through the use of bio-fuel feedstocks, such as jatropha and African Palm oil to produce diesel fuels. For future projects, WHIX will focus on making a portable medical clinic/disaster response facility that can be disassembled, be modular and “green” powered by combining all of the knowledge gained from previous renewable energy projects. Mr. Hurtado concluded by emphasizing the other goals of the WHIX project, and of his Science and Technology Division at USSOUTHCOM, such as the goal to combine and create an international exchange of information by creating a website in which individuals can add their input on different research topics and work towards a common, greater goal.


Name:

Name:

Sr. Vice Ministro Alejandro Gar��z, Vice Ministro de Seguridad Publica, Panamá

Dr. Martin Candanedo Guevara , Vice-Rector de Investigación, Postgrado y Extensión, Universidad Tecnológica de Panamá


Name :

Rigoberto Gordon

Biography: Aviation commander Rigoberto Gordon Saldaùa was born in the city of Panama on January 10th 1961. In 1986 he graduated from the Armed Forces Official training school in Venezuela, obtaining a Bachelor’s Degree in Military Arts and Sciences. In 2003 he obtained his masters in Human Resources Management from the National University of Panama. In 2009 he obtained his Ph.D in Law and Political Sciences from the Latin American University of Science and Technology. Since 1998 he has been assigned as pilot in the Presidential Line of helicopters. He has over 10 years of experience in administrative positions; in which some where Director of Logistic, and Flight Instructor. Furthermore, he has taken several courses in the area of aviation. To mention a few; a commander course for the S-76 helicopter and the 212 Bell-Helicopter, and a course for Flight Instructor.


Speaker: Dr. Norman Munroe, Director, Applied Research Center, Florida International University

Biography: Dr. Norman Munroe is the Associate Director of Research Development in Florida International University. In 1973 he obtained his Bachelor’s Degree in Chemistry and Physics in the University of Dar-esSalaam in Tanzania. He later went to obtain two masters, one in Mineral Engineering and the other in Metallurgical Engineering. Finally he obtained his Doctor’s degree in Chemical Metallurgy in Columbia University. Dr. Norman Munroe has had a broad level of experience in the work environment. He has been a teaching assistant, assistant professor, associate professor, chairman, associate dean, and now the associate director of research in Florida International University. He has worked as a Research Engineer in Guyana Bauxite Mining Enterprise, and also has been the Assistant Chief Inspector in the EHS Department in New York City for the Board of Education. He has received several awards such as the Florida International University Teaching Award, and the Faculty Fellowship Award, amongst others. Furthermore, he has participated in approximately 10 selected peer-reviewed publications. Finally he was engaged in research support. One project completed was the “Development of New Simulation Software for Advanced Energy Research” with NSF/CREST, where $100,000 dollars were invested in order to complete.

Topic: WHIX 07 Summary: Dr. Norman Munroe is the Director of the Applied Research Center (ARC) at the Florida International University (FIU)—one of the largest research universities in the US and top producer of Hispanic engineers. ARC’s focus is to solve real-world problems through multi-disciplinary research collaborations within the University's increasingly talented applied and basic research units. One of the research programs in ARC is the Western Hemisphere Information Exchange (WHIX) program whose research efforts have ranged from country studies Project in FY 03 to the current bio-fuel research project for FY07. Researchers on the current project—WHIX 07—are conducting bio-fuel research and evaluations using security force vehicles currently in service with our host nation partner SENAN. The main technical goal for the project is to “retrofit and evaluate the performance of land, sea and air vehicles originally equipped with diesel engines (except UAV)”. For UAV systems, the WHIX Team will demonstrate the use of small diesel engines, including 2-stroke, 4-stroke and Wankel Rotary engines to power a small UAV. The Team is evaluating bio-diesel produced from different feedstocks, including, waste oils, African Palm Oil, Canola and corn oils, as well as Jatropha oils.


Speaker: Dr. Alfredo J. Ravinet, Applied Research Center, Florida International University

Biography: Alfredo J. Ravinet is the Assistant Director Security Policy and Technologies. In 1967 he completed his bachelor’s in the Universidad de Chile (University of Chile) on Civil/ Hydraulic Engineering. In 1998, he completed his master’s in Environmental and Urban Systems, and in 2002 he completed is doctor’s in Environmental Science; both in Florida International University. As a construction manager he managed and developed 23 residential, commercial and industrial projects. These successfully completed projects came to a total cost of $57.19 million. Furthermore, Alfredo Ravinet was FIU-ARC Project Manager in the implementation and field management of demonstration, and validation. He also managed research projects on water remediation and energy generation from renewable energy, including hydro-electric generation for the Western Hemisphere Program of U.S. Army ASA (I&E). Currently, he is a graduate faculty at FIU, teaching graduate and undergraduate courses, and an assistant director of Military Programs and Defense Technology. He has obtained the prestigious award of being the 2004 Outstanding Ph. D. Graduate from the FIU College of Engineering. He has also presented in several conferences such as the SOUTHCOM Renewable Energy Conference and has several publications such as “Hazardous Waste Regulation and Treatment for Dyes and Pigment Industries”.


Speaker: Dr. Dario Solis

Topic: Renewable Energy R&D Activities at the Technological University of Panama Summary: Importance of renewable energy applications in Panama and developing countries is due to several factors. The sources of electricity in remote areas are not connected to the grid. It can reduce the number of environmental problems caused by fossil fuels. Furthermore, new developments of technology are a driving force to reduce costs. Renewable energy can be combined with other types of sources such as solar, wind, hydro and biomass. Also, it directly contributes to the reduction of poverty. Furthermore, The Biodiesel Pilot Plant and its upgrades were presented; as well as the sample renewable energy R&D Projects at UTP and the final product testing. In conclusion, renewable energy has great potential in developing countries. Also University R&D plays a critical role in fighting poverty and International collaboration help catapult capacities in key strategic areas. Lastly, Bio-fuel production from endogenous sources has important repercussions in improving agroindustry, environment, health, energy, transportation, education, and ICTs sectors.


Speaker: Dr. Jose Luis Calle Maravi

Biography: Dr. Jose Luis Calle Maravi is a senior lecturer of the Department of Land Management and Sustainable Development of the Faculty of Agricultural Engineering. Dr. Calle Maravi is also the head of the Renewable Energy Lab and ex-Dean of the Agricultural Engineering faculty. Currently, Dr. Calle Maravi also holds the position of professor in both MS environmental sciences and PhD water resources and sustainable agriculture. His current and past research includes biodiesel production and evaluation such as “Performing testing of biodiesel at different altitudes of Peru” and “Biodiesel production at a small scale of oilseed resources from the Amazon”. Dr. Calle Maravi graduated from Kansas State University with a PhD in Agricultural Engineering, South Dakota State University with a Masters in Agricultural Engineering and from the Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina with a bachelor in Agricultural Engineering.


Speaker: Dr. Tony Silva, International Business Development, VECENERGY Biography: Mr. Tony Silva has become a very experienced business developer and manager. He initialized his career by obtaining his bachelor’s degree in Business Administration from the Triton College located in River Forest, Illinois. Mr. Tony Silva has obtained worldwide experience in diverse fields from tourism to contract negotiations. In 1989 for 3 years he was the director of Loro Parque in Spain, where he was responsible for business with 138 employees and where he coordinated a convention with translations into four languages for delegates from 38 countries. Furthermore, Mr. Tony Silva has been a successful manager of intense, high-traffic, deadline oriented, and multilingual business operations. He has worked as a project coordinator and researcher, as well as a director of promotable programs in Interval International Inc. Finally he occupied the position of Business Coordinator and Government Relations Coordinator for the Republic Services of Florida, LLP. Here he advised on city and government bid contracts, licensing requirements and department administration.

Topic: Bio Diesel Production: The commercial World View Summary: Biodiesel is a renewable alternative fuel made from vegetable oils or animal fats. It can be used as a 100% alternative fuel or a blend into a petroleum-based diesel. It also burns cleanly, and reduces harmful emissions into the atmosphere. By using biodiesel dependence on nonrenewable fossil fuels will decrease. Also, biodiesel use is mandated in many countries, and biodiesel is bio degradable. Bio-diesel also improves lubricity acting as a lubricant for ultra low sulfur diesel. On a world energy perspective biodiesel can reduce dependence of foreign oil. Not only that but it’s important for the U.S. to start producing its own energy since over 60% of all oils and fuels used is imported, and by 2025 the consumption would have increased 40% to 50%. From a Latin American perspective production is typically used for small operations that employ used oils and to sell biodiesel locally. Small scale export to the US is involved. However the problems with Latin American production are that usually there are no local quality standards enforced. In the United States case the production typically focuses on small operations that employ used oils and are used to sell at a competitive price. Also, it is used for large operations that rely primarily on competing with petro-diesel because of the price. However, the problems with the US production is that the feedstock cost higher than the biodiesel selling price, and the quality of the US standards should be more stringent , matching the EU standards. Furthermore, Biodiesel would be transferred through different modes of transportation, marine, rail and on road. Problems that have to be taken into consideration have to do with things such as the contamination, and the temperature. The batch process of biodiesel was discussed as well as the different bio-diesel facilities were presented. Furthermore, the pros and cons of Jatropha were discussed and how it is a potential source for jet fuel.


Speaker: Sr. Todd Cannon, International Business Development, VECENERGY Biography: Throughout his career Mr. Todd Cannon has developed very strong executive leadership abilities. He started by obtained his bachelor’s degree in Engineering from the United States Merchant Marine Academy, located in Kings Point, NY. He later obtained his MBA from the University of Miami and Florida International University. Also, within military status he is a lieutenant commander from the United States Naval Reserve.. He has developed Extensive experience in Terminal and Pipeline Business Development, Strategic and Business Planning, Capital Project Development, and Petroleum Operations and Logistics. In 1981 he worked as a Marine Equipment Coordinator where he where he was responsible of the structural and mechanical equipment surveys, dry docks and maintenance for fleet tugboats and cargo. From there he later became Equipment Engineer and Senior Equipment Coordinator for McDermott Inc. He has also occupied other positions such as operations manager, area manager, and director. In his most current position he is the Senior Vice President of Global Assets, in which he is Chairman of the Board, as well as strategically planning for $700MM of new acquisitions and $80MM of expansion projects.

Topic: Bio Diesel Production: The commercial World View

Summary: Biodiesel is a renewable alternative fuel made from vegetable oils or animal fats. It can be used as a 100% alternative fuel or a blend into a petroleum-based diesel. It also burns cleanly, and reduces harmful emissions into the atmosphere. By using biodiesel dependence on nonrenewable fossil fuels will decrease. Also, biodiesel use is mandated in many countries, and biodiesel is bio degradable. Bio-diesel also improves lubricity acting as a lubricant for ultra low sulfur diesel. On a world energy perspective biodiesel can reduce dependence of foreign oil. Not only that but it’s important for the U.S. to start producing its own energy since over 60% of all oils and fuels used is imported, and by 2025 the consumption would have increased 40% to 50%. From a Latin American perspective production is typically used for small operations that employ used oils and to sell biodiesel locally. Small scale export to the US is involved. However the problems with Latin American production are that usually there are no local quality standards enforced. In the United States case the production typically focuses on small operations that employ used oils and are used to sell at a competitive price. Also, it is used for large operations that rely primarily on competing with petro-diesel because of the price. However, the problems with the US production is that the feedstock cost higher than the biodiesel selling price, and the quality of the US standards should be more stringent , matching the EU standards. Furthermore, Biodiesel would be transferred through different modes of transportation, marine, rail and on road. Problems that have to be taken into consideration have to do with things such as the contamination, and the temperature. The batch process of biodiesel was discussed as well as the different bio-diesel facilities were presented. Furthermore, the pros and cons of Jatropha were discussed and how it is a potential source for jet fuel.


Speaker: Dr. Pablo Carlos Florido, Managining Director/ CTO, Florestan Technology S.A.

Topic: Small Turbine Engines for UAV Summary: Dr. Pablo Carlos Florido is the Managing Director and Chief Technical Officer of Floristan Technology S.A.—a highly integrated team specialized in innovative turbines. Dr. Florido presented on “Floristan Industries: UAV Light Turbine Engines”. Current small UAV engines consist of piston motors, while large UAVs consist of turbine engines. Available engines for UAV propulsion include: Lycoming O-360, Rotax 447, AR 801, AR 731, and the 3W 240. Floristan turbines for electricity generation are much smaller and compact than piston motor generators. They also hold simpler and cheaper shaft power configuration at two-power level technology. Some examples mentioned are the FTCT and the MTS generator. The FTCT is a low manufacturing cost and low maintenance generator designed for emergency power generation or fast deployment while maintaining high reliability. The MTS generator MTS-150 is ideal for fast deployment since its holds a small fraction in weight and volume in comparison to any other generator. Dr. Florido also explained the UAV engine selection process— such as how the UAV range and climb rate were a trade-off between the SFC, dry engine weight and the required power. In terms of UAV reliability, the trade-off is caught in the mission endurance, TBO and the power required. Thus, despite the challenges, small turbine engines appear suitable for use as small UAV propulsion solutions. Dr. Florido went on to explain some of the engine limitations and how they could be overcome for UAV use.


SESSION TWO: UNMANNED SYSTEM: A REGIONAL PERSPECTIVE

Speaker: Sr. Eduardo Martins Do Vale, Chief Innovation Technology

Topic: Unmanned Vehicles-Applications of Bio-fuels Summary: Mr. Eduardo Martins Do Vale is the Chief of Innovation Technology in the General Research and Development Department in Argentina and is part of the Argentinean Air Force. His topic on “Unmanned Vehicles-Applications of Bio-fuels” promotes certain projects on alternative energy in order to respond to the possible lack of conventional fuels and possible excessive cost. Two projects are focused on the investigation towards the use of hydrogen and the use of bio-fuels. For the project based on hydrogen, the purpose was to utilize hydrogen as a main carrier of energy. This implies that new technology would be developed in order to store hydrogen safely. The project will also explore wind resources which could be taken advantage of in order to obtain hydrogen. The research process was divided into two steps; first, to obtain knowledge and second, to implement the application. After successful derivation of the processes, the final goal would be to develop a technological aircraft that requires the use of hydrogen. In the investigation on the use of bio-fuels, the main purpose was to develop bio-fuels to be applied in aviation turbines that would be completely compatible with the use of the Jet–A1, along with studying its impact on the environment. Experiments were conducted in which the cloud point and the pour point of the bio-fuel were lowered; also distillation curves were recorded and developed amongst other tests. For all these tests the results were optimal. The research successfully demonstrated that bio-fuel mixed with Jet-A1 in aviation turbines is an alternative option. To finalize the research, more tests on different scenarios will be conducted in order to achieve more optimal results


Speaker: Dr. Gregory Pruitt

Topic: Interagency Collaboration in Unmanned Systems—Current and Future Initiatives Summary: Mr. Pruitt is the director of Strategic Development for the Von Braun Center for Science and Innovation (VCSI)—a 501 (3) c not for profit corporation created to foster collaboration among government, industry and the university research community. VCSI is engaging in different projects that will map out different achievements for interagency collaboration between the USA and partnerships. VCSI is engaged in Partnering Earth Observations for People Living Environmentally (PEOPLE) by monitoring, analyzing and creating visualized decisions for a proactive incident and environmental decision support by strengthening engagements with partner nations and research organizations while maintaining a cross-border, interdependent, regional, and national decision support system. PEOPLE will directly contribute to building partnership capacity by increasing situational awareness for natural disasters and emergencies by saving lives, protecting property and maintaining regional stability. The Hurricane Imaging Radiometer (HIRAD) is an innovative technology development designed to provide the operational and research communities with hurricane intensity information that cannot be observed by other sensors. Other projects mentioned are: Combined Airspace Access in Real-time (CASAR), Quick-MEDS—a Materiel Express delivery System, the Tawani Project, Low Cost 3D Terrain Mapping and Visualization, Multi-model Imagining for Water Surface Object Detection, and Small Modular Robotic Framework (SMRF)


Speaker: Dr. John R. Proni, Executive Director, Applied Research Center, Florida International University

Biography: Dr. John R. Proni was named executive director of the FIU Applied Research center (ARC) in January 2009. Dr. Proni is former director of the Ocean Chemistry Division at Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory (AOML), a research facility of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Dr. Proni joined NOAA in 1972. During his tenure, he also served as director of the Ocean Acoustics Division and principal investigator, conducting research in energy production, satellite observations of oceanic features and the use of acoustics in pollution studies. He has written and presented more than 100 papers at scientific meetings. He received the Distinguished Authorship Award from the U.S. Department of Commerce twice for his work on satellite and acoustical observations. Most recently, he received a U.S. Department of Commerce Bronze Medal for his role in the study of coral reefs. In addition, he has served on the External Advisory Board to ARC for more than five years. A scientific advisor to several federal and nonfederal agencies, Proni serves as the scientific representative to the NOAA committee on ocean energy. Proni earned his Ph.D. in physics at North Carolina State University in 1970. He holds master’s and bachelor’s degree from the University of Miami.

Topic: Civilian Interests in Under Sea Unmanned Systems including National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Activities Summary: Dr. John R. Proni is the Executive Director of the Applied Research Center from Florida International University. Civilian interests in unmanned undersea systems involve hydrology, benthic ecosystem assessment, water column assessment and oceanography. To meet these expectations, the sensor systems of interests include the side scan sonar, optical systems, oceanographic quantities and specialized sensors such as in-situ biological, chemical and acoustic sensors. The National Ocean and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Organization’s goals coincide with the civilian interests. Both the U.S navy and the NOAA hold interest in AUVs in such extent that the NOAA UAV holds a working group vision that “Autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) will roam the ocean reliably….to establish baseline data sets and adaptively sampling the sea” to using systems to detect pollution and monitoring fisheries. There are two basic classes of operational AUVs are of interest in the civilian sector at this time: propulsion driven and gliders.


Speaker: Sr. Rodrigo Garcia de Paredes

Biography: S.r Rodrigo Garcia de Paredes is a representative of the Panama Canal Authority (ACP). In 1997 Eng. Rodrigo Garcia de Parades obtained his Bachelor’s Degree in Electronic Engineering from the Santa Maria la Antigua University. He later acquired his MBA degree in 2004. Furthermore, he became an engineering technician where he specialized in electricity within a technological university. From 2004-2009 he worked as a supervisor specialized security systems and fire safety unit. Throughout 19982004 he worked as a supervisor of the internetworking unit where he optimized networks with virtual lans. He also had the experience of working as a computers specialist, and an electronics mechanics. Finally, he became a Cisco Certified Network Associate, and became certified in protection specialist Topic: Panama Canal Security and Emergency Responses

Summary: Mr. Rodrigo Garcia de Paredes is the representative of the Panama Canal Authority (ACP). The topic presented by Mr. Garcia de Paredes was on the “Panama Canal Security and Emergency Responses� which outlined the threats and challenges to the operation of the canal and the mission it wants to achieve. The mission discussed was to prevent and reduce risk levels, prepare ACP with emergency and incident response plans, and respond effectively to incidents and emergencies. These things will be fulfilled with continued interagency coordination, an improved management model and proactive protection, emergency response, as well as spill prevention and control. All of these items will be addressed in a comprehensive contingency plan. Graphically, the importance of the canal as a logistical hub is not only essential for the Americas but it has been proven to be a worldwide hub for maritime cargo transportation. ACP clients include chemical, LPG, and fuel tankers, cruise ships, and cargo containers. Fully, 30% of all transport vessels passing through the canal hold dangerous cargo. Therefore, Security and Emergency Response is part of the Operations Department which consists of 3 major sections: the Prevention and Spill Control section, the Security and Surveillance Section, and the Fire Section. One strong pillar of the operation is based on the inter-agency security coordination. This cooperation has improved the service through joint patrols in ACP vehicles and launches allowing the patrols to perform detention by a competent authority. Some of the companies in the joint patrols are the Naval Air National Service, and Institutional Protection Service, among others. Fire prevention and emergency coordination were established with the SINAPROC and Panama and Colon Fire Departments. International assistance will also be implemented from the NRT-ACP, and the Associate Member of Clean Caribbean and the Americas. Also, different methods of security were discussed, such as an electronic system for data collection, security control center and emergency responses, mobile joint patrol coverage, long range surveillance, detection and tracking system, and an emergency management center. Within this emergency management center all types of accidents or incidents within the canal would be addressed Mr. Garcia de Paredes concluded by discussing the Canal Contingency Plan to further canal protection and expansion projects.


Speaker: Lt. Col. Gabriel Osvaldo Bagatello, Dir. Planning and Programming

Topic: Argentina – Argentinean Air Force, Development and Investigation System. Summary: Lt. Col. Gabriel Osvaldo Bagatello is the Director of Planning and Programming of the General Research and Development Department in Argentina. His discussion topic was on the “Argentinean Air Force, Development and Investigation System--SIDFA”. The main purpose of the SIDFA is to integrate the technical and scientific capacities available within the air force to establish, execute, coordinate and control plans and programs involved in the development and investigation of aviation systems, in order to satisfy the demands posed by advancements in aerospace operations. Therefore, the structure and the mission of the DGLyD—General Directorate for Research and Development— were discussed. Furthermore, the advantages of selecting a UAV project were stated, such as it would increase the possibility to expand our knowledge of outer frontiers. The principal objectives of the project were also outlined as part of the presentation. Some examples include controlling illegal export and import of goods, plague control, and aerial photography. Finally the long term plans and the compliance status of the Development and Investigation System were presented as they pertain to the UAV project and its different stages of structure, design, testing and general technical characteristics.


Speaker: Lt. Commander Segundo Xavier Izurierta Toledo

Topic: Ecuador-Maritime surveillance System with UAV Summary: Lieutenant Commander AV Segundo Xavier Izurierta Toledo is part of the Naval Force of Ecuador and the topic he presented was on “Ecuador-Maritime Surveillance System with UAVs (Unmanned Air Vehicles)”. The Naval Force in Ecuador through the Maritime Authority examines the maritime activity, which is essential to Ecuador since it is one of their main outlets for commerce and employs more than 1.2 million Ecuadorians. Some of the current problems faced in the area include drug trafficking, fuel smuggling, motor theft, migration and illegal fishing. The Naval Air Station of MANTA (the Aero Naval Squadron 100) is an organization of the Naval Forces operational line administratively and operationally subordinate to the Command of Naval. The unit is composed of both official personnel and flight crew s of Naval Aviation, along with their supporting personnel. The Naval Air Station MANTA is in charge of planning, organizing and controlling the activities against illicit traffic. The unit conducts operational and exploration aero-maritime training in assigned areas by using UAVs in coordination with the Coastguard. Some of the special components of the UAV’s presented are the Maritime Radar Patrol (MPR), Air Data Relay (ADR) and the “Electro Optico”—a special component that identifies contacts in both day and night.


Speaker:

Captian Flavio Narvaez Bienzobas UAV Development Chief

Biography: Captain Flavio Narvaez Bienzobas is the UAV development chief from the Modeling and Simulation center of the Chilean army. Capt. Flavio engaged in a development projection in conjunction with the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile in relationship with the development of driving simulators for training. He has also written a number of publications about design and electronics such as “Computer simulations as tools in the design of mechanical military systems” since he works in the Modeling and Simulation Center for the Army and he is in charge of project research and development for UAVs. Captain Bienzobas was also a master’s candidate in Engineering Science from the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile and is a weapon systems engineer with a concentration in mechanical. Past courses he has taught include: signal analysis in electronic warfare, design weaponry, and numerical calculus.

Topic: : Chile- Development and Investigation of UAV in the Chilean Military Summary: Capitan Flavio Narvaez Bienzobas is the UAV Development Chief of the Chilean Military. His topic was on “Chile—Development and Investigation of UAV in the Chilean Military”. UAVs are not widely used in either military or civilian environments in Chile, as these missions sometimes require long duration missions, human lives are at risk, toxic environments are encountered and/or a large number of different variables need to be managed. The benefits in developing this project were: low cost, fast technological changes, technological independence, maintenance opportunities, optimized designs, and promotion of domestic industries. If these developments were accepted and initiated, development of a autonomous systems, designed for specific missions, and user friendly operations would be needed. Therefore, the Chilean military is engaging in UAV research and development. Areas for developmental focus are: aerodynamics, structure, data links, payloads, and the avionics of the UAVs. Capitan Narvaez Bienzobas further explained the proposed methodology for the project, which is separated into two phases: design and production. With the development of this project, Chilean military forces would achieve the capability to conduct ground studies and analyze the aerial images.


Speaker: Captain Guillermo Gonzales Cucho

Biography: Captain Guillermo Omar Gonzales Cucho is a specialist in Communications and Electronics with 8 years of experience in managing R & D applications applied to science, aerospace technology, and flight simulation and in the area of modernization of systems to support air operations and the ability to work in multidisciplinary teams, knowledge of industrial safety and military technology. Currently, Captain Gonzales Cucho is the Chief of the Department for Prototypes and works in the Center for Project Development for the Peruvian Air Force (CEDEP). He earned a bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering from the University Ricardo Palma and a bachelor in business administration from the University Feredico Villarreal.

Topic: : Peruvian Air Force—UAV Program

Summary: Captain Guillermo Gonzales Cucho is the FAP Chief of UAV projects in the Center for Developments of Projects (CEDEP), a part of the Peruvian Air Force (FAP). His topic was on “Peruvian Air Force—UAV Program”. The Peruvian Air Force has held an interest on UAVs due to their embedded systems, aerodynamic modeling and their avionic capabilities. Such interest has led them to create the program PEGASO. A joint project with the Peruvian Ministry of Defense, PEGASO was created to build UAVs in order to explore the use of UAVs to conduct simple tasks, conduct additional research, and evaluate required capabilities. Atlas, a final prototype UAV was made which allowed a higher load capacity, met conditions and requirements and held enhanced performance while recording and transmitting real-time data and flying via radio control. The Peruvians are also exploring some future prospects with UAV’s consist of using alternative fuels, defining aviation regulations, standardization and test protocols, as well as developing real-time DSP applications for data mining.


SESSION THREE: UNMANNED SYSTEMS A REGIONAL PERSPECTIVE Speaker: Lt. Christian David Hidalgo Coloma, Ecuadorian Cost Guard

Topic: Maritime Systems – Preservation of Human Life overseas and control of illicit activities.

Summary: Marine activity is very active in the coast of Ecuador. It shows that the Naval Force of Ecuador through the Marine Authorities has the control. Also that 85% of foreign trade is affected through marine routes. Also due to this marine activity it generates 250,000 jobs for 1.2 million Ecuadorians. However, there are certain issues amongst this marine activity; such as transfer of drugs, smuggling of fuels, and robbery of motors, migration, and illegal fishing. For these plans of operation were taken in which it would reduce these issues greatly. The Basic Functions of this project is to control marine activity in overseas territory, interior waters and fluid systems, in order to warn humanity overseas, fight illicit activities and contribute to the preservation of the marine environment and to the overall defense of the country. Furthermore, the outline of the institutional and internal organization of COUGAR was presented in which it also derived available organic and non organic resources. Also, present capacities were shown such as day and night marine monitoring through use of UAV’s. Finally the Operational concepts of COUGAR’s resources were presented such as its communications throughout radio HF, red cougar etc; and also the procedures of how to implement all the units.


Speaker:

Jerry DeJaco, SPAWAR Systems Center Pacific

Topic: : Maritime Systems – Unmanned Surface Vehicles and Systems Summary: Unmanned Vehicles have had an extensive history. From 332 BC with the Tyre Fire Ship to now 2009 with unmanned vehicles such as the Global Hawk. Unmanned Vehicles ha e many capabilities that are beneficial to society. For one it reduces risks to manned forces due to the fact that it goes into hostile environments and provides awareness or attacks near enemy forces. Also it provides force multipliers necessary to accomplish missions; such as having several of the same UV operated by nominal number of operators, or having a suitable type of UV for multiple mission configurations. Finally it performs tasks manned vehicles cannot, such as not having to use a human life sustaining system. Different classes of USV were presented as well as the characteristics that made each class unique. Some examples were the X-Class which needed no internal standardization, the Harbor Class, Snorkeler Class, and the Fleet Class. Furthermore, the Incorporation and use of unmanned off-board vehicles into the US Navy and War fighting missions was discussed due to the fact that the threat environment has moved blue to brown waters. Also, recent important advances for USV’s in developments are; obstacle avoidance, integration of sensor technologies, digital ARPA radar, vision, etc. In operational relevance; moving obstacles with random trajectories, higher speeds, changing sea states, etc. Future growth opportunities for unmanned vehicles are limited by C2. However some future growth would include the autonomy, weaponize unmanned vehicles, larger payload capacity, and longer endurance.


Speaker:

Ing. Marcelo E. Martinez, CEO, Nostromo Defensa SA-Argentina

Topic: : Aerial Systems: Naval Infantry Applications Summary: Most of the small UAV in the tactical battlefield weigh under 4 kg and are only equipped with fixed frontal and lateral EO sensors. These sensors packages have strong limitation to use zoom and usually the flight altitude is very low in order to engage targets in the ground. Several models of UAV were presented such as the Anfibio 2. The Cabure 2 UAV with CLGE, which has a lateral gyro stabilized payload for small tactical electrical powered UAV. The Cabure 3 was also presented which had several features such as; reduced acoustic signature, improved propulsion efficiency, improved endurance, able to operate from ships, recovery in water. Furthermore, current typical operational requirements were discussed. Some of these requirements were: quick, fast reaction UAV systems are needed for day/night operations, easy to operate and compact ground control station, long endurance and high reliability of components, quick deployment and post deployment are essential to mobile forces, etc. Other requirements also included parameters such as the weight of the overall system has to be 50 kg or less, UAV shall be able to perform a high rate of climb, sustain several operation modes, and integration with land observation systems and battle management system is mandatory, etc. Furthermore, main typical missions in which UAVs are active are ISTAR, BDA, EW, NBC monitoring, Geospatial intelligence, and persistent surveillance. Finally the Vingbird was presented, it is an advance airframe concept designed around a high technology rotary injection engine running in heavy fuel. It has long endurance, high performances, and flexible operability. Throughout the presentation the background the Vingbird was discussed as well as the design goals which were the engine integration, wing design, fuel system, sensor integration, and operational flexibility. The performance was also discussed, as well as the electrical power generation, and how it would be integrated into vingtaqs 2 which is a long range target acquisition and surveillance system.


Speaker: Mr. Ted Venable, CNT Program Manager, U.S. Navy South

Biography: Mr. Venable was commissioned in December 1971, and was designated a Naval Aviator in December 1972. From that point Mr. Venable has received several assignments such as flight training in the A-7, the VA-147 embarked in USS Constellation, flight instructor in the A-4 aircraft within the Naval Air Training Command, and also assigned as Catapult and Arresting Gear Officer in USS Kitty Hawk. After completing other assignments he was ordered to the U.S. Naval War College where in 1994 he received his Master’s Degree in National Security and International Affairs. Furthermore, Mr. Venable completed his JPME Phase II at the Armed Forces Staff College. After 18 months of training as an Operation officer, he was further assigned as the Defense and Naval Attaché in Athens, Greece, from February 1998 to July 2001. During that assignment, he also assumed the duties of United States Defense Representative. His final active duty assignment was as Chief of Staff, Commander Cruiser-Destroyer Group TWELVE, embarked in USS Enterprise. Mr. Venable retired after over 31 years service in March 2003. Mr. Venable accomplished more than 4000 flight hours and over 700 arrested landings. He was designated a Joint Specialty Officer in 2001. He speaks, reads, and writes Greek. His personal decorations include the Joint Superior Service Medal, Legion of Merit (2), Meritorious Service Medal (2), and Navy Commendation Medal. Mr. Venable assumed the position of CIT Program Manager at COMUSNAVSO in February 2003, managing the CSL in El Salvador, and assumed the additional position of Unmanned Air Systems Program Manager in July 2007.

Topic: : Aerial Systems Summary: The Southern Command-Fourth Fleet’s area of focus manages the maritime environment, significant illicit maritime activity and while harvesting the strong desired partnerships with US maritime service by the Navies and Coast Guards. This area provides the Southern Command-Fourth Fleet with primary security challenges in illicit trafficking, narco-terrorism, mass migration and natural disasters-HA/DR. With this in mind, the COMFOURTH FLEET conducts the full spectrum of Maritime Security Operations in support of U.S. objectives and security cooperation activities that promote coalition building and capacity building for partner nations. Some potential UAS future maritime operations include having more MALE class UAS deployments in the region and locations of Partner Nation sites to provide immediate access to counter-illicit trafficking threats in Pacific and Caribbean.


Speaker: Ms. Kelly Morger, Lead Test Engineer, AMRDEC

Biography: Kelly Morger is the lead test engineer at the Aviation and Missile Research and Development Engineering Center (AMRDEC). Mrs. Morger holds a variety of engineering and project management experience in the aerospace field (helicopters, fixed wing, missiles, unmanned aerial systems (UAS) and air system subcomponents) and the ground vehicle area (robotics, unmanned ground systems (UGV), and passenger vehicles). This experience stems from industry and supporting military defense projects— both as a contractor and as a civil servant, at domestic and international locations. Some examples that highlight her work include: supported Ground-based Mid-course Defense (GMD, also part of MDA) international ground and flight testing as a MDA employee and as a Sparta contractor (HSV, AL); and was project engineer, flight test engineer, and research operations analyst on small bird helicopters (500, 530, and NOTAR series) and special ops helicopters at Hughes Helicopters (now Boeing in AZ & CA). Mrs. Morger graduated with a Bachelor in Science in Aerospace Engineering from Texas A&M University.

Topic: : Ground Systems Summary:

The Multifunction Utility Logistics and Equipment are part of the Mule family—vehicles that are built on a common mobility platform that incorporates common subsystems. The Mule family mobility’s functions keep up with the forced required keeping up with the mounted force and being able to travel in different complex terrains. The small unmanned ground vehicle’s capabilities involve the capability to travel by clear buildings, tunnels, caves and sewers. They are also battery powered and are controlled via a common controller. Autonomous Navigation System (ANS) key system requirements include the ability to conduct semi-autonomous navigation, remote operation and leader follower ops. They also detect positive and negative obstacles as well as being able to have the mobility to control on/off roads, cross country and complex terrains.


Speaker: Mr. Brian Whiteside, Executive Vice President of Evergreen Unmanned Systems

Biography: Mr. Brian Whiteside, a graduate of Oregon State University, is the Executive Vice President of Evergreen Unmanned Systems who pioneer the use of unmanned aircraft commercial operations. With operators and systems deployed in remote locations ranging from the Middle East to the Arctic Circle, the Evergreen Unmanned Team is bringing a new business, a new technology, and a new industry together representing the future of Evergreen Aviation. Brian came to Evergreen from the Naval Unmanned Systems Activity (NUSIA) at the Naval Air Weapons Center in China Lake, California. At NUSIA, Mr. Whiteside was responsible for helping establish the activity and starting the operations and programs for new technology for the Navy. In his efforts as the Director of Operations, he was awarded the First Flight Award for being the Mission Commander for the first flight of the Scan Eagle Unmanned Air System at Naval Air Weapons Station China Lake. In the fleet, Mr. Whiteside flew for the VFA-146 and earned the Air Medal for combat operations in Afghanistan. Mr. Whiteside’s squadron was deployed immediately after 911 (4 months early) and they spent 8 months aboard the John C. Stennis; being awarded the McKlusky Award for combat operations and mission performance. Mr. Whiteside is also one of the prestigious few Naval Aviators to have obtained the night centurion status for over 100 carrier landings at night.


Notes


Conference Proceeding