LAS NUEVAS FRONTERAS DEL TURISMO
place between visitors and hosts. The chapter closes with input from Bregolin and Rudzewicz, who examine the problems associated with the integration of new territories into the tourism system. They propose a model of integrated management designed to maximize results and benefits for the populations living in those territories. This management model considers important elements, including selfgovernance and the strengthening of cultural networks within communities, as they develop as tourism destinations. The final chapter is entitled, Tourism and local society: Is integrated management possible? This chapter explores the dynamic changes that occur during the development of tourism destinations and the potential for local communities to influence and benefit from these processes. Academic and participatory research projects are presented, demonstrating how tourism is developing and integrating within the local communities of the region of AysĂŠn. Five papers give structure to this closing chapter. First, Mena reflects on the implications and problems that arise from the complex relationship between tourism and cultural heritage, advocating the need to strengthen education and the social processes for the appropriation of heritage. Mena calls for the protection of these resources to be the guiding principle during decision-making processes involving their incorporation within tourism systems. MenaÂ´s propositions are supported, from an empirical perspective, by Boldt, Montti, and Osorio, in the summary of the results of their work in the Cerro Galera sector, a rural area in the county of Coyhaique, where they facilitated a participatory process of research and planning with the local community, helping them formulate a strategy for interaction with the regional tourism system, which resulted in the adoption of an ecotourism approach. Gale provides the next contribution, sharing the results of research which explored regional livelihood strategies based on alternatives to mass tourism, and the potential for these strategies to impact the sustainability of local livelihoods and local lifestyles. In this paper, Gale addresses the skills, abilities and vulnerabilities observed during her ethnographic case study of locals employing livelihood strategies based on alternative forms of tourism, which informs and supports local development efforts. The final two articles in this section review the ethics associated with tourism and cultural exchange. First, Szmulewicz and Veloso share the ethical approach which governs their academic social development efforts relating to tourism. And in closing, MuĂąoz reflects on the intercultural dialogue generated by tourism, focusing on the agents involved in the exchange (visitor and host) and the role and responsibility of development managers, with relation to morals and ethics. The title, Exploring New Frontiers of Tourism, was chosen for several reasons. On the one hand, we wanted to express how tourism gives access to territories and cultures that had appeared to be outside mainstream influence. On the other hand, we wanted to highlight the new relationships, social, cultural and economic
Published on Jan 23, 2013
Documento del Centro de Turismo Científico de la Patagonia, sobre este importante ámbito que combina el turismo y las ciencias en Aysén.