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Celt the

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The Celt is the Copyright of Celtic Harmony Education

Now with even more fun and Celtivity April - May Edition Inside:

Are you Celt or Roman?

Can you Find Barnie?

Cook like a Celt! Preparing a Fire area

Win an Archery Experience!

For more Celtivity join the enews at celticharmony.org


Beltane bonfires!...

Welcome to the new edition of The Celt! This is the time of year known as ‘shoots-show’ in the Celtic calendar, when the crops begin to appear in the fields and the buds open. At the Camp the geese have started laying eggs now that the days are getting longer, a pair of wild ducks has returned to nest for another year by the woodland pond and the lambs are being born! Like all farmers, the Celts depended on the weather for their crops to grow successfully. A sudden blast of frost or snow could damage or even kill the new shoots coming up in the fields. If the wheat didn’t grow there would not be enough grain to make bread, so how would they survive? To encourage the sun to grow stronger, and to chase away winter, Celtic communities held a fire festival called Beltane. At the beginning of May they built massive bonfires. The roundhouse fires were put out then relit from the Beltane fires, and people celebrated with feasting, games and storytelling. We celebrate Beltane on 6 May this year with our own Beltane bonfire, longbow archery, games, music and crafts. Our last festival was so popular we had to turn people away on the day, so this year it is pre-booked places only. Visit celticharmony.org/events or call 01438 718543 to guarantee your great day out on Bank Holiday Monday, 6 May. Manachar (Luca) and Arian (Clare) & the clan...

celticharmony.org

Bring this issue of the Celt to the Beltane Festival for a FREE Have-a-go Archery session (Conditions will apply)


PREPARING A FIRE AREA

...whether it’s a big community bonfire for Firework Night or a small campfire preparing a fire area is a skilful business! They have to be carefully constructed so they burn well and don’t collapse or spread. Here’s how you do it...

1. Prepare a safe site for your fire. There should be no trees nearby and no overhanging branches. With a spade, clear an area about 1 metre across down to the bare earth, and remove all burnable material at least four metres away. (If you dig out turfs you can sprinkle them with water and replace them after you’ve had your fire, once the ashes are cold.) 2. Lay four big logs to contain the fire. Do not use stones: they are dangerous because when they get hot they can crack and explode 3. Keep a bucket of water or sand/soil close by in case you have a problem and need to put the fire out 4. Collect the three types of burnable material you will need: Tinder – dry grass, pine needles, thistle tops, wood shavings, the papery white surface of silver birch bark – enough to fill your hat, if you have one! Kindling – dry, dead twigs no thicker than a pencil – at least twice as much as the tinder you collected. Firewood – dry, dead sticks you find on the ground, between as thin as your finger and as thick as your arm. Wood from conifers (evergreens like pine trees) burns particularly well. Do not use green, living wood: it is full of moisture & will not burn properly – in fact you’ll just get a lot of thick smelly smoke.

REMEMBER: FIRES MUST NOT BE LIT WITHOUT ADULT SUPERVISION AND MUST NEVER BE LEFT UNATTENDED.

Oh – and don’t forget the hedgehogs! If you build a fire and leave it (unlit) for a day or so, the chances are a hedgehog will have moved in with its family. Please check carefully so you don’t have roast hedgehog, though it’s quite possible it was on the Celtic menu...

Now that you know how to build the fire area... ...why not learn how to light a fire safely with us at the Celtic Harmony Forest School programme at

celticharmony.org/forestschool


Can you find Barnie the Barn

Who will be the first of you and your friends to reach the Owl? A game for 2 or more players. You will need a dice and a small pebble or counter for each player. Whoever throws the highest number starts. 32 If you land on an owl feather, You are attacked double the number by a raven! you threw on the dice: Go back so if you threw a 3, move 6 squares. 3 spaces! 1 The winner is the first to reach Barnie by an exact throw of the Start 33 dice. So, if you’re 3 squares away here from him and throw a 5 you must move 3 forward and 2 back, and keep going 2 34 until you throw exactly the right number. 3 35 Good luck, You find one of 3 This is an and good Barnie’s feathers... actual map of Celtic hunting! 4 Go forward Harmony camp. 2 spaces! Detail is subject to Birds of Prey 5 change... Phaelon is taking Archery practice Go back to start!

moult 1 feather at a time: 1 from the left wing and, when it grows back, 1 from the right. Otherwise their flight would be off balance!

6

11 7 8

9

10

You find a pellet Go forwa 3 space

Meet Barnie when you organise your day out to the Beltane festival


Owl?

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28

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25

Take short cut over bridge Move to 29

29 30

31

24

Well done You have Won!

You can tell...

39 38

if a small bird has been eaten by a bird of prey, like an owl, rather than a fox. The owl plucks the feathers of its prey using its beak: the fox will chew the ends of the feathers. You find some small bird feathers Go forward 2 spaces!

20

15 14

22 21

37

36

23

You stop for some lunch... Miss a go!

16

13

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12

an owl t! ard es!

Owl Pellets

are about 4 cm long and made up of regurgitated fur and bone fragments...

on Bank holiday Monday 6th May at:

Owl Pellet Actual size celticharmony.org/events


Cook

like awithCelt

CelticHarmonyCamp

Lavina

Drop scones, or Scotch pancakes, are simple, delicious and fun to make – you can even cook them in a pan over an outdoor fire once the flames have died down. Pancakes in various shapes and forms have been around for well over a thousand years, and different versions are found all over the world. The Ancient Celts would have used wheat flour or oatmeal, butter, milk and honey. The milk and butter would have come from sheep or goats, and they might have added an egg to make the scone lighter. Here’s our modern take on an ancient recipe, m which makes just enough for one:m 1. In a mug mix together 3 tablespoons of self-raising flour (or plain flour with a pinch of bicarbonate of soda), half a tablespoon of sugar and enough milk to make a thick, not too runny, mixture. 2. Grease a non-stick frying pan with a little butter and place over a medium heat. 3. When the pan is warm pour in three blobs of mixture and cook for about a minute, until small bubbles start to appear on the surface of the mixture. Then flip them over with a spatula and cook until the other side is golden brown. 4. Spread with honey and eat while nice and warm. You can use white or brown flour (the Celts wouldn’t have had white flour – or sugar) and you can sprinkle a few blueberries or dried fruits into the mixture if you like.

For more Celtic recipes


Are you a

u

Celts and Romans had very different lifestyles! Try our fun quiz to discover where you would fit in the ancient world! Start here... Roman children Do you like to (especially boys) spend time had to go to out of doors? school to learn to Yes No read and write! u

Are you good Do you enjoy at learning No u reading and by heart? writing? No Yes Yes

Could you live without hot baths?

u

Could you live Yes without your computer?

u

No u

u

You like to use your hands and enjoy our flamboyant style of dress.

No

You would be happy as a Roman going to School, being tidy and taking regular baths!

No u

u

u

You would fit in well with the ancient Celts!

No

Do you like being tidy & organised? Yes u

Yes

Yes

u

u

No

u

Yes

Do you like making things?

u

Do you like to wear bright colours?

u

The Celts were famous for their love of bright colours and jewellery - men as well as women!

You would be happier staying in the 21st Century!

join our enews at celticharmony.org


Archery competition!

Win an experience for 2 at the Archery Barn

Just answer this simple question: “How many ‘cock’ feathers are there in an arrow?” Send us your answer by the 31 May 2013 by messaging us on: mmCelticHarmonyCamp The first correct answer picked out of the helmet wins!

Celtic Harmony is a non profit organisation promoting a better understanding of the natural world through school trips and events at Celtic Harmony Camp, the Iron Age settlement near Hertford.

CelticHarmonyCamp @Celtic_Harmony

Smell, touch, hear and see Iron Age Britain

Organise your School trip online or on 01438 718 543

celticschools.org


The Celt