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Type Specimine Book Celia Knox

CONTENTS

Introduction 3 Grid

4

Type face

8

Colours

12

Illustration

14

Photography 16 Page furniture

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Cover

22

Ammendments 24 Finishing

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INTRODUCTION Alpine is a book about mountain life, with skiing being the main subject. It is a book about why skiing draws people to the mountains, the powerful natural forms found in the landscape, and what it is about the snow, the sport and the danger that goes with it. It is a visual book, dominated with photography and illustrations, so the typography and how it was used had to be simple and effective.

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GRID 5

6

7

1

2

3

4

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Document Size:

215.9x139.7 mm

Spread Size:

215.9x279.4 mm

4 column grid

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Top Margin: 10.936 mm

2

Inside Margin: 21.167 mm

3

Outside Margin: 21.167 mm

4

Bottom Margin: 22.93 mm

5

Baseline Increments: 12pt

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Module Grid: 28.22 mm

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Gutter: 4.233 mm

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GRID I wanted to keep my grid simple. I kept the grid a 4 column grid, giving me enough freedom to play around with the layout, but with some structure. Instead of using horizontal grid layout I used the 12pt baseline throughout the book, and that helped create a guide to hang the images from, so they fell in line with the type.

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59

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TYPE FACE The typefaces used in this book are Futura Medium and Avenir Book.

Futura Medium

ABCDEFGHIJKLM NOPQRSTUVWXYZ abcdefghijklm nopqrstuvwxyz 1234567890

Futura was chosen for the Header typeface, as this sans-serif type is built around geometric forms. The Os are perfect circles, and the peaks of the A and M are sharp triangles. The angles on the characters were representative of mountain peaks, and I felt they worked well with the theme of my publication.

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Avenir Book

ABCDEFGHIJKLM NOPQRSTUVWXYZ abcdefghijklm nopqrstuvwxyz 1234567890

Avenir is used as the body type throughout the book. It’s a clean cut,, well considered typeface, that sits naturally on the page.

INTRODUCTION This book will explore the phenomenon of snow, the majesty of the mountains, and the people who enjoy them.

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“I love the tracks left in the snow, a collection of different marks, a representation of yourself left behind� Sasha Bhavan Large quotes

Size:

Avenir Book 20pt

Colour:

Pantone 5395C

Leading:

24pt

Main Header Size:

Futura Medium 30pt

SNOW The precipitation in the form of flakes of crystalline water ice that falls from clouds. The process of precipitating snow is called snowfall.

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Main Body Size: Leading:

Sub-headers Size:

Small quotes Size:

Avenir Book 8pt 12pt

Futura Medium 12pt

Avenir Book 9pt

Colour:

Pantone 5395C

Leading:

12pt

“I remember at five years old, with as many days experience, me and a friend were lost in a whiteout, forced to conquer the steepest, iciest slope I have ever seen! We made back to tell our comrades the tale and more importantly enjoy a big hot chocolate (with cream)!�

SLUFF AVALANCHES Sluffs are cold snow powdery surface slides that typically are the least dangerous type of slide; however, sluffs can injure skiers and boarders by pushing them over cliffs and rock bands in steep terrain. 11


COLOUR This book has a simple colour scheme, using only black white and three shades of blue. Mountains are a predominantly white, and being so high, you’re closer to sky, so these elements were included in the colour scheme.

PANTONE 5395 C

PANTONE P 111-9 U

PANTONE 9402 C 12


“Skiing through the mountains is like a game, you can’t predict the bumps, twists, turns, sights that are going to get thrown at you especially at speed, so you have to play with your senses of vision and touch to find your way down.” Nina Anderson

This colour was chosen for the

quotes, as all the other text is in black, which is more factual. The dark blue makes it softer, more personal, and less factual,.

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This colour was used for the overlays of images and type. All the images in the book are black and white, the blue adds an element of colour on the page. This swatch is a natural colour, and references the sky, which is a key element in mountain life. 94

This swatch, a slightly lighter version of PANTONE P 111-9 U. This colour is used for the boxes surrounding the definitions. It works

BRIEF HISTORY

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A ski is one of a pair of long, slender r wood, plastic or metal used in gliding The word originated in 1885 from a


ILLUSTRATIONS All illustrations are all black line drawings. All illustrations drawn by me, with exception of illustration on page 4, drawn by Carlos Mollino, from

INTRODUCTION the book ‘Country Architecture in the Upper Aosta Valley, Casa Del Sole’ by Napoleone Ferrari.

This book will explore the phenomenon of snow, the majesty of the mountains, and the people who enjoy them.

4

14


15


PHOTOGRAPHY Photography is all black and white. They were kept black and white to keep with the simplistic colour scheme. All photographs are my own with the exception of images shown over the page, with photographers credited.

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17


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Credited photographers:

Taken by Fergus Knox

Taken by Cate Langmuir

Taken of Tim Scott

Taken by Carlos Mollino

Old Photographs. Photographer unknown

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PAGE FURNITURE

AVALANCHES An avalanche is a rapid flow of snow down a sloping surface. Avalanches accelerate rapidly and grow in mass and volume as they entrain more snow. Although primarily composed of flowing snow and air, large avalanches have the capability to entrain ice, rocks, trees, and other material on the slope. Avalanches are not rare or random events and are endemic to any mountain range that accumulates a standing snow pack. Avalanches are most common during winter or spring. In mountainous terrain, avalanches are among the most serious objective natural hazards to life and property, with their destructive capability resulting from their potential to carry enormous masses of snow at high speeds.

All chapter titles are written on a vertical axis. This is used to replicate the movement of snow down a mountain, or of a skier down a piste. The blue colour overlay is used on all the title pages, and occationally overlayed over body text, and photographs. This adds colour to the pages, and draws your eyes to the areas highlighted.

These boxes are used primarily on pages with definitions on. They’re off centre, but still drawn using SLUFF AVALANCHES Sluffs are cold snow powdery surface slides that typically are the least dangerous type of slide; however, sluffs can injure skiers and boarders by pushing them over cliffs and rock bands in steep terrain.

the grid. They don’t surround the text, but link the text with the photographs. They are rectangular in shape, referencing back to

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the famous logo of National Geographic

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Once again Do I behold these steep and lofty cliffs, Which on a wild secluded scene impress Thoughts of more deep seclusion; and connect The landscape with the quiet of the sky.

These blue vertical lines

The sounding cataract Haunted me like a passion: the tall rock, The mountain, and the deep and gloomy wood, Their colours and their forms, were then to me An appetite: a feeling and a love, That had no need of a remoter charm,

were used as an element in the book, referencing tracks

And I have felt A presence that disturbs me with the joy Of elevated thoughts; a sense sublime Of something far more deeply interfused, Whose dwelling is the light of setting suns,

made in the snow by skiing, and the shapes seen in skiing.

And the round ocean, and the living air, And the blue sky, and in the mind of man, A motion and a spirit, that impels All thinking things, all objects of all thought, And rolls through all things. T.S.Elliot

These horizontal lines are used on most double page spreads, apart from ones with an illustration across the whole spread. They add balance to the page, as most 29

of the content is falling down from the top.

CONTENTS SNOW MOUNTAINS

The Alps Mont Blanc Pistes

AVALANCHES

Slab Sluff Wet

SKIING

Brief History Off Piste Carving Cross Country

MEMORIES

The use of both horizontal lines and vertical lines on the contents page introduces the grid system and page architecture used throughout the book. 21


COVER

ALPINE

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The main cover is predominantly white, with exception to the spine, which is the PANTONE P 111-9 U, which is the same colour used all the way through the book. Similarly to the content page, the cover introduces the grid system and colour scheme.

The image used on the front cover is the only image used for the book which is in colour. This photograph is where the three colours used in the book were found.

The title was chosen because of the significance of the word, which refers to the Alps, one of the most popular mountain ranges in the world to ski in, and one of the best. Almost all of the images and research was collected in this mountain range, so to make the title reference back to that seemed self explanatory. The first letter of this title is an A, with the peak of the A referencing the mountain peaks.

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AMENDMENTS Typographical errors noticed “I love the freedom skiing gives you, going to new places every day. You’re able to remove yourself from reality and normality by transporting yourself into a completely different environment and world!” Jack Walker

after book went to print. Orphan

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“I was lucky enough to ski a dream descent of over 2000 metres after being dropped by helicopter 4000 metres up in the Italian Alps. It was a perfect blue sky day with no wind and awesome waist deep powder snow. After skiing each pitch, I remember the look of utter joy on everyone’s faces…..pure, simple, happiness….40+ year old men looking like kids in a sweet shop!!”

“I lost my ski school group at the top of the mountain when I was 5, because I was enjoying the view. After being lost for 2 hours I found another ski school, who took me back to the resort, and one of the French kids in the group gave me half his chocolate bar because I was upset”

“My parents lied to the ski school about my age so that they would put me in the same ski group as my older brother. I’d only just turned three, all the other children in my class were five!”

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106

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“One of my favourite parts of skiing is the apres ski. After a long day on your feet, taking your skis off, getting a beer and drinking with your mates in the sunshine.” Jack Walker

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Widow


DOWNHILL SKIING Primarily a recreational activity, alpine skiing is also considered as a form of sport activity. Skiers in this type of skiing glide down slopes with the help of sleek and strong skis. The origin of alpine skiing is cross-country skiing which is also a popular form of skiing activity in the world. Like cross-country skiing , alpine skiing is also a sport that is famous in Europe and in the USA. Alpine skiing came as a development when ski lift facility begun at the various ski resorts and skiers were towed to the top pf the snow-clad

Space between skiing and comma

mountains. Skiers enjoyed gliding down the snow-covered steep slopes to gather smooth skiing experience. Skiers are taught various methods to control their speed and direction while alpine skiing . Some slopes are steeper than the others and more steeper slopes, more is the required control. 69

SLAB AVALANCHE

Slab avalanches occur when a harder layer of snow sets on top of a softer and weaker layer of snow. Some times the weak layer can barely support the layers above it and

Orphan

when additional weight like a skier or boarder is added to the upper layers, the weak layer collapses and the snow pack fractures and a slab avalanche occurs. Slab avalanches often involve large volumes of fast moving snow.

“Falling down the hardest black run was the most terrifying thing that has ever happened to me. I didn’t think i was ever going to stop rolling!”

“I love the mountains so much that I have chosen to live and work (as a ski teacher) in the Alps. When the first snowflakes fall at the start of each winter, the excitement I feel takes me back to my “Whenit I think back to learning childhood. Maybe was early to ski as a child, I just remember the endless shuffling without experiences of sledging and poles, all one after another, like a colony of penguins waddling skiing in my native Scotland, along in the snow!” but it’s hard to pinpoint where the thrill comes from…it’s just there!

“It’s an indescribable rush. It’s just a thin layer of plastic between you and the snow, so you feel everything. You feel the movement up through your body, the speed you’re travelling, the change in terrain.” Joe Youens

“When I was younger, my ski instructor skied with me sitting on his shoulders, skis still on, down a piste because I was too scared”

Widow

OFF PISTE SKIING Skiing on ungroomed and unmarked slopes or pistes, including skiing in unmarked or unpatrolled areas either inside or outside of a ski resorts boundaries. Unlike groomed cross-country and alpine skiing, the land and the snow pack are not monitored, patrolled, or maintained.

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Skiing gives me a buzz unlike any other sport, whether I’m carving down an empty piste, skiing Spring bumps or floating through bottomless powder.” Tim Scott

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75

93

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FINISHING

Printing Press:

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Ripe Digital

Bind:

Perfect bound

Stock:

Cover:

250gsm Gloss

Text:

150gsm Gloss


Alpine Type Specimen  
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