EDITOR IN CHIEF Dawn Denton
EDITOR Willem van der Walt
WRITERS Matt Crowcombe Janine Deane-Dinnis Dawn Denton Natalie Farrell Eloise Grobbelaar Adrianne Kop Marianna Marks Demi Ramnarain Kira Ramnarain Janet Walton John Walton Paul Ward
PHOTOGRAPHERS Natalie Farrell Susanne Joubert / Marcos Cruz Willem van der Walt ILLUSTRATIONS Willem van der Walt COVER DESIGN Estelle Tsuen
CONTACT Keyford, Frome, Somerset, UK email@example.com Disclaimer The views and opinions expressed in each article are of each author and do not necessarily reflect the opinion of Celebrate Southern Africa Magazine. Therefore, Celebrate Southern Africa Magazine carries no responsibility for the opinion expressed thereon. Articles and advertisements are for information only. We make every effort to ensure that the information is accurate and up-to-date and any information given is not intended to replace medical care or advice. Check with your GP before trying anything mentioned in this magazine. Always seek medical advice if you are pregnant or taking medication before following any of the advice given in articles. However, we cannot accept responsibility for any loss or inconvenience caused by reliance on inaccurate material. Links are provided for your convenience and inclusion of any link does not imply endorsement or approval by Celebrate Southern Africa of the linked site, its operator or its content. We are not responsible for the content of any website outside of our site. Copyright All rights in the design, text, graphics and other material in the Celebrate Southern Africa magazine and the selection or arrangement thereof is copyright of Celebrate Southern Africa or other third parties. Any form of reproduction of any content in the magazine without the written permission of the publisher is strictly prohibited. Should you require permission for the above please contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Comments are welcome, but they should be on-topic and well-expressed. Abusive, antisocial or off-topic comments will be deleted by the Celebrate Southern Africa Magazine editorial team.
Dawn A. Denton editor-in-chief
Celebrating Parenting It’s the 1st of March - the first day of meteorological spring in the Northern Hemisphere and I am watching the snow sprinkle the garden. The world is changing – technology, climate, pollution, politics. But there is one thing that remains constant – family. Relationships might be fractured, distances might separate us, but we will forever be connected through our DNA. This powerful bond starts at childhood – memories we share and life-changing experiences that put us on a journey – our own journey. Many of these foundations are laid by our parents, and this edition, is dedicated to those parents. They did the best they could with the information they had, and as the world continues to evolve, we have access to more information to help us along the way. Wherever we are in the world, we celebrate the parenting and the grounding we got in Africa – immersed in a rainbow of cultures and colours.
CELEBRATE SOUTHERN AFRICA
Title 01 08
A World Away...
Courage & Determination
By Eloise Grobbelaar
By Janine Deane-Dinnis
By John Walton
These past two years I have set out to learn as much as I can about the neuroscience of a child’s developing brain along with all the latest research on the psychology of parenting.
Final part of a 2 part series (was previously a 3 part series)
‘Fever’ by Deon Meyer
Ramsey Jefferies George DeaneDinnis, latterly of Pugh’s farm in the Umvokwes, Southern Rhodesia, stood on the hill overlooking the now barren tobacco fields
Nearly three years ago young Jeffreys Bay swimmer, Abriella Bredell, set herself a goal. To swim the notorious 7.6 km channel from Robben Island to Blouberg beach, Cape Town.
PONTA DO OURA
Out of Africa
Sweet with a Sting
By Karen Blixen
By Paul Ward
By Janine Deane-Dinnis
Reviewed by Janet Walton
Two years after the end of the war in Mozambique, the country began to be opened up once more and in 1994 a South African diving company negotiated a deal to set up a diving school in Ponta do Ouro
Out of Africa is Baroness Karen Blixen’s memoir of her time in Kenya from 1914 to 1931, written under the pseudonym of Isak Dinesen
If they are all killed the world will be in serious trouble as all our food production will come to a halt. We all know them and respect them as we see them buzzing around from flower to flower on warm days.
CELEBRATE SOUTHERN AFRICA
Where I Live
Lots of confusion about
Delicious Braaiâ€™d Lamb
the word DIET
By Natalie Farrell
By Willem van der Walt
By Adrianne Kop
I live on strata of dolomite and sandstone, where glacial ice split the pre-Alps and carved the coast at the edge of an azure sea..
Balanced Diet, a diet that contains the proper proportions of carbohydrate, fats, proteins, minerals, vitamins and water to maintain good health, feel good and have adequate energy.
There is something very primordial about cooking food on a fire. I love to watch the flames dance around; little embers jump and the smoke swirl and puff.
30 Bly af van die Gras Deur Marianna Marks Dit was nog nie heeltemal Jakaranda tyd nie, maar die bloeisels was naby. Sy kon dit aanvoel toe sy die gras oor en oor tussen haar kaal tone streel.
Elon Musk - Extraordinary
By Janine Deane-Dinnis
Listed by Forbes as the 21st most powerful man on earth, he is also listed as the 63rd richest man in the world. Not a bad record for the boy who started life in Pretoria on June 28th, 1971!
By Willem van der Walt $38 million dollars later, the Waterfront, Cape Town, now boasts the largest museum of contemporary African art on the continent and possibly in the world. 5
CELEBRATE SOUTHERN AFRICA
SOS Africa - Empower-
ment through Education
Africa’s Oldest Game
By Matt Crowcombe
By Dawn Denton
Nearly 12 years ago, two very nervous children embarked on an exciting new journey. Kelebogile and Olebogeng both resided in the rural township of Lonely Park, Mafikeng.
Mancala is believed to be one of the oldest games in the world. It appears in ancient Hindu mythology, is enjoyed in Mongolia and the West Indies, celebrated in Indonesia and Hawaii and is played across the Middle East.
Children’s Poetry These two delightful poems were written by Demi Ramnarain, aged 7 and Kira Ramnarain, aged 12 - they have South Africa running through their blood. They are both creative, laugh a lot, are always having fun and enjoy writing poetry
Towns & Cities Quiz
By Dawn Denton
By Willem van der Walt
The quiz this time is about towns and cities in South Africa - they include diamonds, rugby, jacarandas, sand dunes and cheetahs. The answers will be in the June edition of the magazine, if you haven’t Googled them by them by then.
A Flash Saga is a story of extreme brevity and these stories are told in only 50 words.
Did You Know? Nearly half of all the gold ever mined in history has come from Witwatersrand, South Africa
Loving Experiences By Eloise Grobbelaar “A PARENTING EXPERT IS AN OXYMORON” – BRENE BROWN (THE GIFTS OF IMPERFECT PARENTING)
Oh yes! It’s amazingly awful and clearly confusing to put those two words together! My idea was that in time I would become a ‘parenting expert’. Yes, well, I’ve grown a lot since then and found that the more I learnt, the more I’ve been challenged to sort out issues in myself, before I can teach my children a better way to be! Aristotle said— ‘The more you know, the more you know you don’t know.’ So now you know, there are lots that I don’t know! However, here is one thing I know I definitely do know: Love Matters! Why: From birth, a baby’s brain develops on a physical level through loving experiences. In simple terms we are born with a ‘primitive brain’, so that we, as organisms can stay alive, but the ‘social’ brain develops after birth depending on the experiences that baby has. Where there has been extreme neglect a clear difference in brain growth can be seen in CT scans, when compared to a child raised in a loving family. As the baby grows older, experiences teach the child how to understand themselves and interpret the world around them. Each experience leads to certain neurons firing, when these neurons fire together frequently, the brain paths become more established, habits and perceptions form, directly impacting on their self-belief and relationships with others. What: As a parent, this is my biggest challenge! I want to do the best I can for my children, so they can grow up to be happy, confident and resilient. I want them to feel happy in their own skin. This is also my biggest opportunity, because in the process of wanting to do better for my children, I can do better for myself! The saying goes: ‘Monkey see, monkey do’! So, if we’re talking about love and loving experiences, what am I doing and inadvertently teaching my children? Am I forgiving, kind and honest with myself? Am I happy in my own skin? When I talk about myself, what language am I using? What am I teaching my children through my relationships? Am I emotional and judgemental or loving, empathetic and aiming to see the big picture? The facts are, the way I behave towards myself and others, will likely become the way my children will behave towards themselves and others.
How: Small tweaks can have a big impact! You can easily implement a few strategies to allow your child to have positive experiences of themselves and others. These are my favourites: • Special 1:1 time with your child – 10 minutes before you have to start supper or leave for work, whatever works in your family schedule. Give your child full control of how to spend those 10 minutes with you and keep all the phones and iPads well out of reach! Experiencing this regularly will strengthen a child’s belief that they are valued and at the same time strengthen your relationship. • Family Fun – it’s not possible to be go on holidays as often as we’d like, but we can schedule ‘mini-holidays’ by putting aside afternoons for walks in the woods, or fun nights of board-games. The more enjoyable family relationships are, the more your child will desire positive and healthy relationships in the future. The Grant study research (Harvard Medical School), which has run for more than 70 years, has proven that loving parenting is the single most important factor in children’s development to become successful. George Vaillant has summed it up perfectly: ‘Happiness is love. Full stop.’
Wanting the Best for our Children We all want the best for our children, whether it’s them being able to socialise with their peer group or excel in the school environment. We don’t want anything to hinder them and we also want to do everything we can to help them stretch the limit of their own natural abilities. When my eldest started to avoid drawing or holding crayons at the age of 3 it set alarm bells off in my head. He would say things like, “Mummy, I am not good at colouring” or “I don’t know how to draw!” I really didn’t want him to struggle when he started school just because he had avoided drawing a simple stick figure or scribbling over a drawing of Thomas at a young age. As a teacher I have worked with children who struggle to write or hold a pencil in a comfortable way. I have seen first-hand how a lack of good fine motor skills has affected children as they progress through school and the hardships that it can cause. I really didn’t want this for my own son!
I knew there were ways to change this, to help him work those little fine motor muscles in his hands so that he could hold a crayon comfortably and move it around with ease. It would just take a little bit of initiative on my part. With my teaching background I knew that doing things that didn’t seem like work, but instead looked fun and used exciting everyday materials, or something that was not a typical toy would catch his attention and engage him. I gathered together some things I found around the house like pegs, ear buds, pompoms, googly eyes and paperclips and started making busy bag activities. He wouldn’t even know they had anything to do with drawing or colouring – the things he avoided so adamantly! Each day whilst my youngest slept we would spend about an hour playing with a few of the activities I made. They may have been focused on numbers, colours or shapes but each using materials that were not just sensory
but helped him develop those tiny muscles in his hands as he picked them up and moved them around. I was totally bowled over by how much he loved them and he would ask at other times of the day to do the busy bag activities. Over time I have seen his interest for colouring and writing grow because he now has the strength in his hands to hold and manipulate a crayon or pencil. The little bit of proactivity on my part paid off. I also realised that they would keep him quiet in places like coffee shops or doctors’ rooms and as I started taking my busy bag activities out and about I was able to share my experience with other mothers that asked what my child was quietly playing with. And so My Busy Bots was born... “Mama-made, engaging activities for curious little minds and busy little hands. No mess, no fuss, perfect for on the go.” www.mybusybots.com
SOUTHERN AFRICA HISTORY
A World Away... By Janine Deane-Dinnis FINAL PART OF THE SERIES ON LIFE IN OLD COLONIAL RHODESIA.
Ramsey Jefferies George Deane-Dinnis, known as Din, latterly of Pugh’s farm in the Umvokwes, Southern Rhodesia, stood on the hill overlooking the now barren tobacco fields, the previously overworked oxen lying lazily under the shade of the Msasa trees and the old ramshackle farmhouse in the valley and came to the realisation that nothing is forever. He was in a quandary. After losing his coveted position as a student farmer plus most of his savings, he had, it seemed, reached a crossroads. On the one hand, he could use his still valid Union Castle ticket to return home to Britain, or, on the other, do whatever it took to change his current circumstances.
“If you don’t know history, then you don’t know anything. You are a leaf that doesn’t know it is part of a tree. ” Michael Crichton
He realised he had come to love this rough and ready country, its people and the freedom it represented, so it seemed there was really no decision to be made. In the days ahead, by the dint of good fortune and a neighbour taking pity, he managed to obtain a temporary position running the tiny post office on the main Salisbury road. This gave him a breathing space, a little salary and the chance to meet people passing through. One such man, knowing of his situation, suggested he would be more successful trying to find employment in the city, either Salisbury or Bulawayo. Salisbury was the nearest, so when the post office job ended he hitched a ride, on a lorry taking sheep to the abattoir, found a cheap boarding house in 4th Street and started his quest. Day after day he tramped the streets and avenues looking for work. Not much on offer, he found for a young, inexperienced student farmer with no real qualifications. He applied to join the Forestry Department and actually made it to the short list, but unfortunately for him, the position was given to a Rhodesian. Din then heard from the man whose job he had taken temporarily at the post office, that he had pegged a gold digging and invited him to join him. They travelled through the bush together and with pick and shovel started taking samples at random. It was hot and dirty work, they camped under a canvas sheet on the banks of the river, keeping an eye out for crocodiles, and supplemented their meagre food supplies with what they could shoot. It was Din who eventually found a shaft which yielded enough gold to make it worthwhile registering the digging as a mine.
SOUTHERN AFRICA HISTORY
As both had very little money, they spun a coin to decide who would partner with a professional miner in order to register the claim. Din lost the toss and found out years later that the mine had become very profitable indeed! (Gold at that time was £7 an ounce!) It turned out alright in the end, however, because following this experience Din was offered permanent post working as an assistant on another farm in the recently opened Northern Umvokwes area at £5 a month all found, plus 5% of the profits. This he accepted with alacrity and so began the next 2 exciting years of his life.
“History doesn’t repeat itself, but it does rhyme.” Mark Twain
At the time a craze amongst the women of the district was to play Bridge, which had become something of an obsession and the husbands, who felt their wives were shirking their ‘duties’ made a plan to steal their bridge cards. This caused a furore, but after an ‘indaba’ the wives agreed to keep their games down to once a week! One memorable day whilst out planting on the lands, the labourers pointed out an enormous black cloud on the horizon, it grew ever bigger even blotting out the sun and they realised it was a massive swarm of locusts. Settling in the gum tree plantation they began demolishing every leaf; although the labourers tried to drive the swarm away by beating on tins this was to no avail. Many of them even brought sacks to catch the insects so they could cook and eat them later! The swarm eventually moved on but not before causing catastrophic damage to the trees and young crops. Life on the farm was never dull and although Din knew he had learned a great deal and grown up a lot in the process, he also felt there was more to life and wanted to expand his experience. On the advice of a friend in the know, he applied to the Department of Native Affairs and was offered a temporary post in Mount Darwin (90 miles from Salisbury) as the regular bloke had contracted Black Water fever. Unbeknown to Din then, this was to be the starting point of a career that would span the next 40 years, take him all over Rhodesia to live in obscure districts, (Goromonzi, Gatooma, Umvuma and Domboshowa) qualify him to be a magistrate, a fine administrator and what was then called a District Commissioner.
SOUTHERN AFRICA HISTORY
He also met and married a young cub reporter from Bulawayo and they started a family before he was eventually promoted to head office in Salisbury in 1956. There he was appointed to head up a new government department which entailed setting up Co-operative Societies for indigenous Africans, teaching them vital skills, supplying loans to buy seed, implements and tractors and generally provide them with the means to become self-sufficient farmers. “Study the past if you would define the future.” Confucius
This became Din’s vocation, his passion, and in 1965, as a result of his service to the people of his beloved Rhodesia he was nominated for an OBE in the Queen’s birthday honours. Unfortunately, that too was the year on November 11th, that Rhodesia declared UDI (Unilateral Declaration of Independence), a decision taken by Ian Smith, Prime Minister and his government in defiance of the demands by Britain to force through ‘one man one vote’. This meant, as he was now seen to be working for an ‘illegal regime’ Din was not to be invited to London to receive his honour. Yet another toss of the coin he’d missed out on! A world away indeed…
Ian Smith and his cabinet, signing the Unilateral Declaration of Independence. At the time, he said “The mantle of the pioneers has fallen on our shoulders” This declaration of independence led to economic sanctions, first from the United Kingdom, later from the United Nations. 1972 saw the beginning of a seven year long guerrilla (bush war) war between black nationalists and the Rhodesian security forces. In 1980 majority rule took over, elections were held and Rhodesia was renamed Zimbabwe
SOUTHERN AFRICANS DOING AMAZING THINGS
Courage & Determination By John Walton 11-YEAR-OLD ABRIELLA BREDELL BECOMES YOUNGEST FEMALE EVER TO SWIM FROM ROBBEN ISLAND TO BLOUBERG STRAND, CAPE TOWN.
Nearly three years ago young Jeffreys Bay swimmer, Abriella Bredell, set herself a goal. To swim the notorious 7.6 km channel from Robben Island to Blouberg beach, Cape Town. Not only for her own satisfaction, but to raise awareness and funds for the Red Cross Children’s Hospital. “This has been a goal of mine for nearly three years and we have trained constantly for the past two years to make the dream become a reality and to raise funds for the Red Cross Children’s Hospital,” added Bredell Finally on the 12th January 2018, Abriella Bredell, now 11 years old, completed the record breaking attempt. To understand the enormous challenges that faced her let us look at what she was contemplating. “You cannot swim for new horizons until you have courage to lose sight of the shore.” William Faulkner
An open-water swim of 7.6km, crossing the channel from Robben Island to Blouberg Strand. The water can reach temperatures as low as 12 C, there are treacherous currents, a busy shipping lane, kelp beds, abundant wildlife and the ever-present wind. Ariebella, her team and family went on standby from 29 December 2017, waiting for the right conditions to attempt the swim. Early on the morning of 12 January, the experienced Derrick Frazer, boatman for the swim, said the conditions were as near perfect as they could hope for. Abriella met up with her swim coach and mentor Brenton Williams at the Big Bay Surf Lifesaving Clubhouse to have a final check of the conditions. The water temperature of 14 C was just what the swimmers wanted, although there was a heavy mist hanging over Robben Island and strong winds predicted for later in the day. It was decided to attempt the swim, and while travelling on the boats to Robben Island, the mist lifted and it was all systems go for the swim. The swimmers left Robben Island around 8 am and had near perfect conditions for a crossing with the water temperature remaining between 14 to 15 C, light winds, no major currents and nice sunny skies. They quickly got into a rhythm and only stopped to hydrate during the three hours it took them to swim to Blouberg Strand.
SOUTHERN AFRICANS DOING AMAZING THINGS
“It was a bit cold at the Island but the water warmed up as we swam and I really enjoyed the swim,” said Abriella afterwards. “This has been a goal of mine for nearly three years and we have trained constantly for the past two years to make the dream become a reality and to raise funds for the Red Cross Children’s Hospital.” Her coach Brenton Williams said he was extremely proud of the young swimmer and had no doubt that Bredell would complete the swim. “We have a philosophy in open-water swimming of train hard and swim easy when attempting a big swim.” Abriella did not come to the swim unprepared. Two years of training with two swims in particular to toughen her up for her record attempt. These were: The Cold Water Classic, 4.8km circuit in 13 C water during the Jeffreys Bay Winterfest, and The Clifton to 3 Anchor Bay swim in October, 5 km in 12 C water. “It takes courage to grow up and become who you really are.”
Having completed her swim, she is now not only a leader but an inspiration for all and one of the legends of Robben Island.
This list includes: Williams, who holds a record for being the first man to swim butterfly from Cape Town to Robben Island, Port Elizabeth-based swimmer Mark Edge, who held the record for the fastest Robben Island crossing for close to 20 years. Abriella was not alone in the icy waters on Friday the 12th January 2018 as another Jeffreys Bay swimmer; J.C. van Wyk also took advantage of the pristine conditions at Robben Island to successfully complete his 10th crossing. What is next for our heroine? It is understood that Abriella will take a break from the rigours of swim training and will focus other school sports like netball and athletics during 2018 while she contemplates her next big challenge. Here, in her own words Abriella tells of her successful attempt: “Hi my name is Abriella Bredell. I go to school in Jeffreys Bay.
SOUTHERN AFRICANS DOING AMAZING THINGS
“I am 11years old and on the 12 of January I swam the Robben island Channel. I am the youngest person in the world to have done that swim. I absolutely loved it and I would definitely do it again. When I was swimming I saw less wild life than I expected, I saw three jellyfish and one seal. We had 3 boats, consisting of 2 support boats and one media boat. I stopped four times to drink. I drank honey bush tea with a lot of honey in. I actually just took a sip of the tea and poured the rest on my face.
“Once you make a decision, the universe conspires to make it happen.” Ralph Waldo Emerson
“The swim actually started when I asked my dad (he was also on the support boat) “how far have we gone” and he said “an hour” I just thought, Yes, two hours left. Sooner or later I was at the beach. The last mile was the hardest part of the swim. When my feet touched the sand I had a little cry. To be honest, my dad was crying the whole time while was on the boat. When I got out, there were a lot of cameras in my face, and then I went and got warm. Once was warm I had a lot of interviews. After all the interviews we had a big, big lunch. I did all of this for the Red Cross Children’s Hospital. I am raising funds for the PICU unit (paediatric intensive care unit). I have raised R155 500 for them so far. I want to raise R2, 000,000 for them. I have been working for this for 2 years.” Abrielle has a Facebook page if you want to message her directly: https://www.facebook.com/abriellabredell/ If you would like to help or simple acknowledge this young lady’s courage, donations can still be made to the Red Cross Children’s Hospital. Visit her website www.abriellabredell.co.za for more information. Abriella’s Donations close on 8 March. All donations will be handed over on 9 March. Photographs courtesy of © Susanne Joubert / Marcos Cruz
SOUTHERN AFRICAN HOLIDAY DESTINATION
PONTA DO OURA a Mozambique Paradise By Janine Deane-Dinnis
The only official language of Mozambique is Portuguese, which is spoken mostly as a second language by about half the population. Common native languages include Makhuwa, Sena and Swahili
The local cuisine is mainly Portuguese, with Far Eastern influences. Specialities include Piri-piri chicken (chicken with spicy chilli sauce), shellfish and Delagoa prawns with piri-piri sauce, rice with matapa (ground peanut and cassava leave sauce), and wuza (maize porridge)
Two years after the end of the war in Mozambique, the country began to be opened up once more and in 1994 a South African diving company negotiated a deal to set up a diving school in Ponta do Ouro, a town in the extreme south of Mozambique, on the Mozambique Channel in the Indian Ocean, south of Maputo and just north of the border with South Africa. Today it is a well known holiday destination, renowned for its beach, its dolphins and for its offshore diving and deep-sea fishing. At that time, a friend and I were lucky enough to be invited for the Easter weekend as part of the very first scuba diving exploration of the area. We drove six hours through the night from Johannesburg to get to the border in time for its 6am opening. When we eventually arrived very tired and grumpy, we still had to wait ages for them to open the ‘customs office’, with the only facilities being a ‘long drop’ toilet in a corrugated iron hut! We were informed by a somewhat officious official that our car (a low slung BMW loaded to the gunnels with tents, food, wine etc, in fact, everything we would need for our long weekend), would not be allowed across the border, so we had to unpack everything and reload onto the 4x4 Land Rover that eventually came to fetch us. The drive to Ponta de Oura was an education in itself; houses, pock-marked with bullet holes, villages reduced to rubble, shredded trees and vegetation, all reminders of a recent and an extremely brutal 16 year civil war between the guerrilla forces of the Mozambique Liberation Front (Frente de Libertação de Moçambique) otherwise known as FRELIMO, and the rebel group FRENAMO which ended in 1992. It was explained to us in no uncertain terms never to stray from the main road (more of a dirt track really!) due to the very real possibility of being blown up by land mines! When we got to the beach, however, the hazardous road trip had certainly been worthwhile. No-one had been there for years and it was like setting foot on a desert island; pristine white sand and clear blue seas, teeming with fish, (a scuba divers paradise) — truly the most amazing place. Some enterprising local had set up a broken-down caravan on the sand and was selling fresh peri-peri prawns cooked over a brazier.
SOUTHERN AFRICAN HOLIDAY DESTINATION
There are known to be 740 bird species in Mozambique, including 20 globally threatened species and two introduced species
The diving team launched their catamaran off the shore and we all spent hours in the water every day marveling at the enormous variety of fish which, as a result of remaining undisturbed for so many years, were more curious than afraid of us strange humans. We braaied fresh bream and succulent seafood every night, under a full moon, drinking many bottles of Portuguese Vinho Verde wines, swapping stories of daring do in other wild African seas. Now, as with so many other scatterlings living far from Africa, that Easter weekend remains a most treasured memory. Today Ponta do Ouro has been developed into yet another seaside tourist resort, full of hotels and villas and holiday makers.
The national flag of Mozambique has the image of an AK-47 assault rifle embedded into it. It is the only national flag in the world featuring such a modern rifle
In January 2016, Mozambique and the international community celebrated an important achievement, which was the culmination of a post-war success story. The southern African nation was declared landmine-free, after two decades of work to get rid of the explosives. Close to 171,000 landmines from 1,100 minefields were removed, according to the Halo Trust, a British charity that led the clearance. It’s interesting to note, that as well as traditional approaches to mine removal such as manual de-miners with metal detectors etc., a unique technique was deployed using mine detection rats to help speed up operations as they detect only explosive material (TNT) and ignore harmless scrap metal. One HeroRAT can check an area of 200m² in about 20 minutes – a task that would take a conventional de-miner up to four days…!
Out Of Africa - Karen Blixen Reviewed by Janet Walton Out of Africa is Baroness Karen Blixen’s memoir of her time in Kenya from 1914 to 1931, written under the pseudonym of Isak Dinesen. After studying art at Copenhagen, Paris and Rome she married her cousin Baron Bror Blixen-Finecke in 1914 and they went together to Africa to start a six-thousand-acre coffee plantation which lay in the foothills near Nairobi. She remained on the farm after they divorced in 1921, visited and supported by her lover Denys Finch-Hutton a big game hunter. In Africa, “I learned how to tell tales,” she was heard to say many years later. The book was written after her return to Denmark and published in 1937. She is a master storyteller, a woman whom John Updike called “one of the most picturesque and flamboyant literary personalities of the century.”
The book was adapted into a screenplay by the writer Kurt Luedtke and directed by Sidney Pollack.It was released in 1985 and starred Robert Redford as Denys Finch-Hutton and Meryl Streep As Karen Blixen and went on to receive 28 film awards. The writing is compelling and although dated in places it pulls you into the story from the first paragraph “I had a farm in Africa, at the foot of the Ngong Hills. The equator runs across these highlands, a hundred miles to the north, and the farm lay at an altitude of over six thousand feet. In the day-time you felt that you had got high up, near to the sun, but the early mornings and evenings were limpid and restful, and the nights were cold.” You are drawn initially into her love of the land as they plan and plant the tobacco alongside the farm workers. You can picture the land, the wind and rain in all its guises, welcoming as the plants grow or hostile as the rain is delayed and then destroyed by swarms of grasshoppers. Over time she really notices the people who live on her land, those who work in the house, the workers caring for her crops and the staff who become her friends. She writes eloquently about the differences between the ethnicities noticing the tensions and trying to treat everyone fairly at a time when that was not the norm. I loved her descriptions of the people and how and where they lived. Although I have never visited Kenya I could close my eyes and picture the scene clearly, whatever she was writing of, the tensions between people, the long rainy season, the frustrations with an unknown culture and especially her abiding deep relationship with the land. Once Denys Finch-Hutton dies and the farm starts to fail you can feel her distress, her grieving at leaving this beloved land but also an eventual acknowledgement that it is the right time to leave. You are drawn into the staff and friends dismay that she is leaving but they also help her pack and sort out this enormous six thousand acre farm. She negotiates with the government to resettle her Kikuyu squatters onto their own land a feat which was very unusual in those days. This is a marvellous book once you get used to the language which is slightly dated and it will take you on an emotional journey. A brave woman’s time in a world dominated by men and upheaval, a great yearning to be out on the land of Africa, in the hills or walking the plains amongst the wild animals. Do yourself a favour and read this book.
SOUTHERN AFRICAN FAUNA & FLORA
Sweet With a Sting By Paul Ward THIS ARTICLE HAS BEEN WRITTEN AFTER SEEING A VIDEO OF OVER 4000 OF THESE LITTLE GUYS BEEN DROWNED IN DIESEL IN THE STATES.
If they are all killed the world will be in serious trouble as all our food production will come to a halt. We all know them and respect them as we see them buzzing around from flower to flower on warm days. The African honey bee has been apart of all of our lives growing up we have all come into contact with that sting, and we all know the flavour of the honey they produce but what do we really know of this small super power? The African honey bee is one-part ancestry to the Africanised bee or killer bee, this is down to the sting being more venomous than a single European bee. African bees respond quicker when disturbed like most creatures from Africa. The will also chase an intruder from the hive to great distances. The African honey bee produces less honey than the
European bee, but beekeepers have no choice but to have African bees as they will invade and take over a European nest.
stings who fertilises the queen and the worker who is female without a full reproductive capacity that gathers the pollen.
Bees face a daily challenge that of the balance of energy and the replenishment in the pursuit of nectar. The bees operate at high temperatures. So during foraging they try and find nectar at higher temperatures making them less viscous and easier to take in. The down side to this is that there is a higher concentration of sugar in more viscous nectar. The advantage to the bees favouring the less viscous nectar is the quantity increase during the harvest time.
Bees are vital to the survival of humans as they pollinate the plants we rely on for living. If bees were to go extinct we would lose tea, coffee, nuts, fruit and even cotton which makes up 35% of the world textile industry. Animals would slowly disappear and our whole way of eating would change as we would have to find ways to sustain ourselves. For more information and to get involved in saving the plant go to www.planetbee.org we all have to take some responsibility to save the one thing that could have a larger impact than losing oil and that is saving the honey bee.
The hive normally consists of three types of bees that being the Queen who produces more of the hive, the drone who is male and has no
We produce a range of culinary beer bread ﬂour mixes with distinct ﬂavours using ﬂour made from British grown wheat, processed through local mills.
Chilli and Tomato
Rosemary & Garlic
Trade enquiries? ✆ +44 (0)20 3488 2055 email@example.com www.labefanabeerbread.co.uk
Garlic and Onion
SOUTHERN AFRICANS - WHERE WE LIVE
Where I Live - Antibes, France By Willem van der Walt I live on strata of dolomite and sandstone, where glacial ice split the preAlps and carved the coast at the edge of an azure sea. I live where Ligures and Celto-Ligures walked and hunted, where Phonecians colonized, Greeks colonized, Romans colonized, where Christians became legal. I live where political squabbles sounded over the landscape for 1,500 years, where Saracens plundered, politicians pontificated, painters painted and poets poetried. I live in a town that Graham Greene said the years had not spoilt.
And John Keats wrote, O, for a draught of vintage! that hath been Cool’d a long age in the deep-delved earth Tasting of flora and the country green, Dance, and Provençal song, and sunburnt mirth! O, for a beaker full of the warm South … I live where history turns over, opens an eye and then goes back to sleep.
HEALTH & WELLBEING
Lots of confusion about the word DIET By Adrianne Kop IN NUTRITION, DIET IS THE SUM OF FOOD CONSUMED BY A PERSON OR ORGANISM. THE WORD DIET OFTEN IMPLIES THE USE OF SPECIFIC INTAKE OF NUTRITION FOR HEALTH OR WEIGHT MANAGEMENT REASONS.
Balanced Diet, a diet that contains the proper proportions of carbohydrate, fats, proteins, minerals, vitamins and water to maintain good health, feel good and have adequate energy. Without good nutrition your body is prone to disease, infection, fatigue and poor performance. Diet, a special course of food to which a person restricts themselves to lose weight or a specific medical condition. Junk food, a term used for food containing high levels of calories from sugar or fat with little or no fibre, protein, vitamins or minerals and is mostly processed. Buzz words eat whole foods, only eat foods that your grandmother would eat etc. Back home in South Africa, we have an abundance of fresh fruit and vegetables and a basic meal consisted of meat, fish, etc. with vegetables. Here in the United Kingdom, we are also exposed to lots of quick, ready processed foods with high fat and salt content and is the main reason why the UK is also facing an obesity crisis. We also have a number of different diet names thrown around eg. Vegetarian diet, may eat dairy products honey and eggs, but mainly fruit and vegetables. Vegan diet, excludes all meat, fish, eggs, dairy products and all other 24
animal derived ingredients. The key here is to eat a varied diet of whole cereals fruit and vegetables. Ketogenic diet, low carb high fat much like the Atkins diet Paleo style diet, whole foods, lean proteins, vegetables, fruits, nuts seeds and other healthy fats. Eliminate processed foods. Clean diet with less additives, preservatives or chemicals. Low carb diet. It’s not the carbs that are bad; they are necessary and are no less important than the other macronutrients, protein and fats. It’s the processed carbs that are bad, we need carbohydrates to function at our best over the long term. Most of us will look, feel, and perform better when we balance a reasonable amount of lean protein, quality carbs and healthy fats. Intermittent fasting diet, various diets that cycle between fasting and nonfasting during a defined period. Some fast for 2 days per week, do a 24-hour fast, fast 16/8. Fasting should only be done under Doctor or coaches/ nutritionist guidance for short periods at a time. Raw food diet, the goal here is to obtain plenty of nutrients in an easy-todigest manner, that our bodies are naturally suited for. Making sure to consume at least some raw vegetables and fruits every day is important for everyone.
Mediterranean diet, varies depending on the country, its high in vegetables, fruits, legumes, nuts, beans, whole cereals and grains, fish and unsaturated fats e.g. Olive oil and includes a low intake of meat and dairy foods. Uses herbs and spices to flavour foods. The benefits of this diet, is improved weight loss, better control of blood glucose and reduced levels of inflammation. Weight Watchers, Traditional diets, Slimming World, Blood type diet, etc. and these are just a few on how to choose the absolute best diet for yourself, as there is huge diversity. Weight loss programmes sometimes are difficult to maintain because of food restrictions, special meals and ingredients. Can’t lose weight? Your genes should know why. Research shows that people following a diet matched to their genotype (DNA test) actually lost more weight, a personalised plan designed to work for you with an online platform for life. A diet that works well for one person might not necessarily have the same results for another, because of metabolism and genetics and how your body reacts to the different foods. Results differ for each individual and is a matter of finding the right advice and diet to suit you. As a Health Coach, I believe that there is no one specific, absolutely, positive best diet for anyone to follow.
HEALTH & WELLBEING
The most important is to listen to your body’s needs and take responsibility for your own health, paying better attention to what you are eating, will already improve your health and if you have an underlying medical condition like diabetes, celiac disease, adrenal fatigue and cardiac reasons even more so, also personal preference organic or conventional, budget, dietary preferences and exclusions, nutritional knowledge and an all-important one: time for shopping and cooking. The most important aspect is eating whole minimally-processed, nutrientdense foods, highly processed foods are low in nutrients as they have been stripped out during processing and have added salt and sugar added to improve the taste. When eating correctly we eliminate most of the most common nutrient deficiencies, vitamins, mineral, protein, water and essential fatty acids. We end up eating less, feeling more satisfied and have less cravings. One sleeps better, our performance increases
and we look and feel better. This will also result in more movement and physical activity. Unfortunately, as mentioned before, we do not get sufficient nutrition from our food today because of changes in farming methods, the distance food travels, soil depletion and cooking methods. This could result in dietary deficiencies, so food supplementation is essential as well as eating a nutrient rich diet. The majority of people have a short fall in protein, zinc, magnesium, VitaminD and Omega 3 fatty acids. The food supplements we take should be organic and from a reliable source with a proven record and not be chemicallybased as our bodies do not absorb the chemical easily. Find a diet that plots the nutritional value of your meals and works out what nutritional supplements you need to add, to get your daily recommended allowance, giving you a true balanced diet and thus eliminating the guesswork. A diet that can become your way of life without
feeling it’s a chore or make you feel deprived, be done with fad diets that mess up your metabolism. Do not fall into that trap, just not worth it. Mindfulness should be practised whilst eating, so focus and enjoy the food. Do not have distractions like the TV, computer, phone, etc. Have fun, experiment with different foods, cooking methods, cook as a family. Obesity in children is on the rise and they are getting adult diseases at an early age. ADHA diet for children increase fresh fruit, vegetables oily fish like salmon and avoid artificial colourings and food additives. In the end listen to your own body, we all have different needs, eat healthy, take responsibility for your own health and move i.e. moderate exercise, walking cycling at least 10,000 steps per day … a saying of mine “ What you don’t use, you lose” Here’s to a healthy 2018 for everyone.
TRADITIONAL SOUTHERN AFRICAN FOOD
Quick & Easy
There is something very primordial about cooking food on a fire. I love to watch the flames dance around; little embers jump and the smoke swirl and puff. The sound of the logs crackling, there is something almost trance like about it. It’s so warm and soothing but still so dangerous. There are smatterings of spring here in the UK now and my African bones are craving sunshine and fires. I decided to unearth the Weber from its winter hibernation spot and dust it off. For this meal you’ll need a fire on either side (because you don’t want your meat directly over the fire) and a lid to your Braai. It cooks in the oven too though, so don’t despair.
Delicious Braai’d Lamb by Natalie Farrell INGREDIENTS
Blitz all the marinade ingredients together except for the yoghurt and lemon. It doesn’t need to be smooth, just nice and chopped up
Stir the marinade into the yoghurt
One of the things I inherited from my grandmother was her swanky Tupperware marinading tub. You don’t need anything fancy here though, even a zip lock bag will do. The point is to get the meat covered and lemon slices in and mixed all about, every few hours
I’d suggest that the minimum marinading time need to be at least 6 hours. You want to allow the yoghurt enough time to work its magic on the meat and for the flavours to infuse
Once your meat has marinaded for long enough take it out of its tub (or bag) and wipe off the excess marinade
MARINADE 500g Plain greek yoghurt 1 Big red chilli 2 Garlic cloves Bunch Chopped Mint At least
De-boned leg of lamb,
Huge pinch of salt
4 tsp 1 tsp Ground cumin 1 tsp Black pepper 1 Sliced lemon
Put it on the fire and leave it alone, lid on your fire will make an oven and your meat will be cooked beautifully
Turn it at about half an hr. (don’t forget to check up on the fire to make sure it doesn’t need topping up or the vent opened or closed.)
Take it off the fire and leave it to rest for a few minutes before slicing If you are cooking in the oven do so at 180’c for about 45 min to an hour
INSTEAD OF COUNTING BORING, SMELLY OLD SHEEP....
...try creating a fudge fantasy. Picture towering piles of creamy, crumbly fudge, so many flavours! Let your mind run wild and visualise cakes, and lamingtons, peanut brittle, coconut ice, candyfloss, dipped marshmallow, caramel popcorn... An emporium of splendid sweeties, tasty treats, scrumptious goodies and delectable delights. To sleep, perchance to dream…! Was this more than just sleepinducing imagination? For Ann and Natalie it was! They saw a need at a market in Derby for something sweet and so the ‘Fudge Wheels’ started turning, picking up delicious flavours along the way and expanding into other sweet treats. They now work out of their little kitchen in Ampthill satisfying the ‘sweet tooth’ up and down the countryside with fudge and subscription boxes and cakes and lamingtons and peanut brittle and coconut ice and anything sweet you fancy. They found the sweetness of a dream made real, a sweet dream which makes ‘em looove Monday’s...
The best way to try our products you ask? Subscription boxes! Four sweet treats in a box, posted out to you (mainland UK) every month. Nothing simpler or sweeter! Hop onto our Such Sweet Cakes Facebook page to send us a message with your order.
Pinotage & the Best of South African Wines (ADVERTORIAL)
It’s well known that South Africa is a world beater when it comes to wine production; what is perhaps not as well known is the origin of the Pinotage grape, popular with connoisseurs of wine everywhere. Let me introduce myself, I am Gerhard Perold, the great grandson of Abraham Izak Perold, a South African chemist and viticulturist who was responsible for developing the Pinotage grape hybrid by crossing the French varietals Pinot Noir with Cinsault. (This was apart from the other 177 grape varieties he introduced into South Africa!). Abraham, who originally studied mathematics, physics and chemistry, then went on to gain his Ph.D in chemistry. On his return to South Africa from Germany and France, he eventually became the very first Professor of Viticulture at the University of Stellenbosch. Time has seen the popularity of Pinotage rise and fall, but despite the flaws of the grape often pointed out by its critics; Pinotage has more than come into its own ever since the wind of political change in South Africa and the end of apartheid saw the opening up of the world wine markets, with Pinotage often commanding higher prices than any other South African grape. Pinotage is now grown widely throughout the South African wine regions and it plays an important role in our wine industry, being the second most planted variety of red grape.
Today all ‘Cape blends’ of wine from deep coloured fruity wines, easy drinking ‘quaffing’ wine, rosé, barrelaged (intended for cellaring) as well as fortified ‘port’ style and even a red sparkling wine, are now all made up of a required 30 – 70% Pinotage component. Perhaps reading a little about the history of this remarkable grape and the man who made it all possible, will give you an idea of why we at Perold Wine Cellars are so passionate about our South African wines.
that great social adventure allowing participants to enjoy a variety of wines on offer as well as gaining more indepth knowledge of each blend. Wine tours are always a great favourite, plus we can organise celebration events, weddings and so much more. Why not visit our website and shop to learn more about our wines and savour the flavour of the many varieties on offer: www.peroldwinecellar.co.uk
I have taken my obsession with Perold’s work and made it my own life’s goal to bring not only the Pinotage but also the best of South African wines to the UK and to the world. At Perold’s Wine Cellars we go out of our way to provide our customers with a range of services including: a wine club; where members get many benefits including 6 to 12 bottles of our best wines on a seasonal basis. Of course we also offer wine tastings, 29
Bly af van die gras Deur Marianna Marks DIE KRING VAN TWEE LEWENS
Dit was nog nie heeltemal Jakaranda tyd nie, maar die bloeisels was naby.
Een vir een trek sy haar sandale stadig aan.
Sy kon dit aanvoel toe sy die gras oor en oor tussen haar kaal tone streel.
Die mense stroom vlak voor haar verby - party glimlag, meeste lyk of hulle eerder moet draf.
Hierdie was ‘n tyd van nuwe geleenthede – ‘n soort van hernuwing saam met die lenteson na jare van rusteloosheid in die Kaap. Sy kan weer vrylik droom – van haar toekoms as ‘n verpleegster, ‘n nuwe stad en miskien ook ‘n lewenspad saam met iemand spesiaal… Sy leun agteroor en haar lang, swart hare gly-gly oor haar skouers terwyl die son saggies haar skouers streel. Sy diep stem laat haar skrik. “Kan jy dan nie lees nie? Die bordjie sê duidelik ‘Bly af van die gras’.” Dis ‘n jong man en sy kan sy donker oë sien flits van irritasie. “Jammer,” antwoord sy. Sy sien sy oë op haar terwyl sy haar bene een vir een ontkruis en stadig opstaan. Die son se strale voel skielik nie meer so warm nie en sy trek haar dun truitjie styf vas teen haar skouers. “Nog net ‘n paar meter verder…,” fluister sy saggies aan haarself. Die groen bankie omhels haar moeë lyf. 30
Dit pla haar nie. Haar gedagtes is op die vreemdeling hier voor haar. “Hy is net ‘n jong man,” sê sy aan haarself. “Maar sy oë lyk gaaf en intelligent; miskien moet jy ontspan.” Sy draai haar hare liggies met haar hand om haar nek en lig haar gesig skuins na hom. “Jy het seker iets beter om te doen as om mense te laat skrik?”, vra sy kamma braaf. “Werk jy dan hier?” Sy sien sy oë op haar mond rus. Dit voel soos ‘n ewigheid voordat hy sy oë oplig en met haar bloukol-blou oë kontak maak. Haar wange is skielik pienk en sy skuif effens ongemaklik terug op die bankie; verlig toe sy sien dat dit hom uiteindelik laat glimlag. Sy glimlag terug en let op hoe hy amper sy balans verloor. Hulle oë ontmoet weer, maar die keer glimlag hulle albei - asof hulle dit beplan het. “Ek wou net ‘n bietjie rus. Dit was ‘n lang dag by die hospitaal,” sê sy terwyl
sy stadig begin stap na die lenteblomme wat haar soos ‘n magneet aantrek aan die anderkant van die paadtjie. “Wat doen jy daar?” vra hy met ‘n nuuskierige frons. “By die hospitaal, bedoel ek.” “Ek ontvang opleiding om ‘n verpleegster te word,” antwoord sy. “Maar ek het sopas begin, so moet nog daaraan gewoond raak.” “Ek sien,” se hy. “Ek ontvang ook opleiding hier by Telkom as tegnikus.” Sy sien hoe hy effens huiwer, maar tog vra hy: “Wil jy ‘n pot rooibos deel hier onder by die kafee?” Net soos ‘n digter eenmaal gesê het oor twee waterkewertjies wat met mekaar begin dans, begin die kring om hom en kring om haar ineenkring. Koffie, fliek en ure van hand-in-hand saamloop en praat oor drome, kindwees en musiek. Die Jakarandas bloei en jaar na jaar strooi hulle blou-pers konfettie die strate vol. Die kring om hom en haar raak sterker en toe ook een. Werk, reis, kinders, kerk… kringend gaan om hom en haar die tyd verby, die tyd verby. Dis ‘n soet betowering van hy en sy, van sy en hy dink sy.
Hy is haar sielsmaat, haar huispriester, haar man.
Intussen gaan so ook die tyd verby, die tyd verby.
Dis weer September in die Jakaranda stad.
Groter en groter raak die kring - werk, reis, kinders, kerk.
Die gras word droog, die gras raak lank, die gras word nat.
Maar die kring van werk raak ook uiteindelik ‘n brak verbittering.
Soos die waterkewers is hulle nou uit mekaar verskrik.
Die bloeisels is oppad, sy kan dit aanvoel. Haar tone is weer in sandale, maar sy kan die dou voel tussen haar tone terwyl sy saggies stap op die gras.
Nie skielik uit mekaar verskrik – dis altyd eerder “O waar is jy?” en dan “Is jy eintlik bly?”
Die kring van ma wees, vrou wees, huisoppasser en kerkmens, het ook die water se spiëel gebreek.
Nou kring dit nie meer om hom en haar – dis kring en teenkring van tyd en werk, verpligtinge tussen kinders en kerk. Dis hy en sy, sy en hy.
Die gras is groen, die gras het dou. Sy het lankal nie meer kans om kaalvoet op die gras te loop nie.
Hy is nie meer daar nie, Die bordjie ‘Bly af van die gras’ ook nie. Dit kring weer om haar, maar die kring en teenkring van hy en sy, van sy en hy is vir nou vir eers verby. Daar is nou net weer sy.
FAMOUS SOUTHERN AFRICAN
ELON REEVE MUSK – AN EXTRAORDINARY SOUTH AFRICAN ‘MAN OF MEANS’ By Janine Deane-Dinnis “I’M VERY PRO-ENVIRONMENT, BUT LET’S FIGURE OUT HOW TO DO IT BETTER AND NOT JUMP THROUGH A DOZEN HOOPS TO ACHIEVE WHAT IS OBVIOUS IN THE FIRST PLACE” So says Elon Musk, South African born entrepreneur, innovator, explorer and world-renowned inventor. Listed by Forbes as the 21st most powerful man on earth, he is also listed as the 63rd richest man in the world. Not a bad record for the boy who started life in Pretoria on June 28th, 1971! Elon taught himself computer programming at the age of 12 but made the decision to leave South Africa for Canada when he was 17 to attend Queen’s University and to avoid mandatory service in the South African military. He left Queen’s in 1992 for the US to study business and physics at the University of Pennsylvania and stayed on after graduating to
complete a second bachelor’s degree in physics. He began a Ph.D. in applied physics and material sciences at Stanford University in 1995 but dropped out within a month to become part of the then new and exciting world of the internet. Launching his first company Zip2, an online city guide, his company was soon providing content for the very first websites of both The New York Times and The Chicago Tribune. In 1999 Zip2 was bought out by Compaq Computer Corporation for $300million in cash and $34million in stock options. Elon was now well on his way to becoming a multi-millionaire. But that was just the start; he then went on to found X.com, an online payment
company, which, after merging with Confinity in 2000, became PayPal. The rest is history; PayPal was bought by eBay for $1.5billion 2002 and Elon, owning 11% of the company had, within the short period of 4 years, become a man of considerable means. Founding his third company, Space Exploration Technologies Corporation, or SpaceX, in May 2002, Elon’s main intention as CEO and lead designer, was to build spacecraft for commercial space travel. By 2008, SpaceX was well established, and NASA awarded the company the contract to handle cargo transport for the International Space Station—with plans for astronaut transport in the future—in a move to replace NASA’s own space shuttle missions.
FAMOUS SOUTHERN AFRICAN
He also co-founded Tesla Inc. an electric vehicle and solar panel manufacturer, in 2003, and operates as its CEO and product architect. Tesla Motors first built an electric sports car, the Tesla Roadster in 2008, with sales of about 2,500 vehicles to 31 countries. Tesla began delivery of its four-door Model S sedan in 2012 as well as unveiling its third product, the Model X, aimed at the SUV/minivan market. At a Tesla event on the sidelines of the Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems in December 2017, Musk controversially stated that: “I think public transport is painful. It sucks. Why do you want to get on something with a lot of other people, that doesn’t leave where you want it to leave, doesn’t start where you want it to start, doesn’t end where you want it to end? And it doesn’t go all the time. [...] It’s a pain in the ass. That’s why everyone doesn’t like it. And there’s like a bunch of random strangers, one of who might be a serial killer, OK, great “.
• In 2006 he inspired the creation of SolarCity, a solar energy services company that is now a subsidiary of Tesla, where he operates as its chairman. • In 2015 Musk co-founded and co-chaired OpenAI, a nonprofit research company that aims to promote friendly artificial intelligence. • He co-founded Neuralink, a neurotechnology company focused on developing brain-computer interfaces, in July 2016 and is its CEO. • He founded The Boring Company, an infrastructure, and tunnelconstruction company, in December 2016. The entrepreneur also reportedly found a market for the Boring Company’s flamethrowers; after announcing they were going on sale for $500 apiece, he claimed to have sold 10,000 of them within a day! In addition to his primary business pursuits, Musk envisioned a highspeed transportation system known as the Hyperloop, and has proposed a vertical take-off and landing super-
sonic jet electric aircraft with electric fan propulsion, known as the Musk electric jet. He has stated that the goals of SpaceX, Tesla, and SolarCity revolve around his vision to change the world and humanity. His goals include reducing global warming through sustainable energy production and consumption and reducing the “risk of human extinction” by establishing a human colony on Mars. The boundless potential of space exploration and the preservation of the future of the human race have become the cornerstones of Elon Musk’s abiding interests, as a result of this, he has founded the Musk Foundation, which is dedicated to space exploration and the discovery of renewable and clean energy sources And so says this extraordinary son of South Africa…! With reference to Wikipedia, www. biography.com/people/elonmusk-20837159
Elon established a school for his 5 sons (and the children of employees at Tesla and SpaceX) called “Ad Astra” which is Latin for “to the stars” Elon wrote code for a computer game called Blastar at the age of 12 and it was published in a trade magazine called PC & Office Technology. It is now a game you can actually play
SOUTHERN AFRICAN BUSINESS
South African Chamber of Commerce UK - BUSINESS AWARDS 2018 THE SOUTH AFRICAN CHAMBER OF COMMERCE BELIEVES THAT RECOGNITION OF ACHIEVEMENT HELPS OUR HIGH ACHIEVERS AT ALL LEVELS EXCEL YET FURTHER. THE BUSINESS AWARDS EVENING OFFERS EXCELLENT OPPORTUNITIES FOR SPONSORS TO BE ASSOCIATED WITH THE BEST IN EACH CATEGORY AND THE CORRELATED VALUE WILL BE IMPROVED VISIBILITY OF THEIR OWN COMPANIES.
The Directors of the SA Chamber invite you to celebrate the 6th annual South African Business Awards and for th first year, also the Community Awards, recognising the achievements of the crème of the South African business and community individuals n the UK. This glorious event will be held at the Millenium Gloucester Hotel in Kensington, London on the evening of 16 May 2018 and entertainment will be brought to you by Njabulo Madlala (South African baritone) and Simon Shibambu (South African base). The Chamber will be presenting a buffet of South African starters, main courses and desserts accompanied by South African wines, beers and cider. Our KEYNOTE SPEAKER for the evening is Sir Nicholas Stadlen. Sir Nicholas is a retired UK High Court Judge who has been involved in many high-profile cases, for example the 12-year Bank of England case, where he completed the longest speech in legal history. He has also interviewed famous world politicians, is a visiting fellow of St Antony’s College, Oxford and has written a book on the Rivonia Trail which is now a feature film being released this year. Nick will be sharing with us the lessons we can learn from what really happened behind the scenes of that trial of 100. These 10 men changed history and contributed to the free SA we enjoy today. Please consider sponsoring an award and enter a mentoring relationship with finalists and nominees. From as low as £60 up to the top sponsor of Business Leader at £1750, be part of celebrating the achievements of you friends and family.
We can all learn about focus and beliefs from these prominent South Africans because of what they stood for. Sponsored tickets to a private filming of the RivoniabTrial will be auctioned on the night. This year, the Chamber Business Award categories have been widened offering a larger group the value of recognition. The Awards recognise ten achievers ranging from an individual in their community who has made a difference, right through to corporate business individuals who has driven value. We highly recommend that you book early since places at this prestigious event are limited.ease go the https://southafricanchamber.co.uk/ to nominate candidates in each category, find sponsorship opportunities, and to buy your tickets for this, the highlight in the South African Chamber’s event calendar. Nominating an achiever will take two minutes, think of who makes you proud to be a SouthbAfricsn and nominate them and help their careers.
SOUTHERN AFRICAN CULTURE
Zeitz Museum of Contemporary African Art By Willem van der Walt $38 million dollars later, the Waterfront, Cape Town, now boasts the largest museum of contemporary African art on the continent and possibly in the world. Jochen Zeitz, art collector and former CEO of Puma sportswear, has been the prime mover. The old disused complex of grain silos became the site for this remarkable transformation. The architecture itself is sculptural. Opening its doors in lateSeptember, 2017, this museum has 100 galleries spread across nine floors, displaying African art from the continent as well as from the diaspora.
On the opening weekend MOCAA sold all of its 24,000 tickets and the event promises to make a valuable contribution to global awareness of contemporary African art. There are, as always, a fringe of wetblanket critics who, I suspect, will be confined to obscurity as the years roll by. The presence of this museum in Cape Town is a statement about peopleâ€™s faith in the future of South Africa. Source: MOCAA, Smartnews
MAKING A DIFFERENCE
SOS Africa - Empowerment through Education By Matt Crowcombe “I HAVE WATCHED THEM GROW INTO 2 WONDERFUL YOUNG ADULTS” SOS AFRICA’S KELEBOGILE AND OLEBOGENG GRADUATE FROM HIGH SCHOOL
Nearly 12 years ago, two very nervous children embarked on an exciting new journey. Kelebogile and Olebogeng both resided in the rural township of Lonely Park, Mafikeng. As its somewhat sombre name suggests, living in such a community is not easy. Among the many challenges faced by its residents, access to a high standard of education is a constant struggle; with a 35% primary school drop-out rate, a 20% Matric completion rate and only a 7% further education attendance rate, it is fair to say that the odds were stacked against these two bright young minds. Fortunately for Kelebogile and Olebogeng, in 2006 they were selected to join the SOS Africa Education Programme; a grassroots sponsorship scheme which funds the education and care of underprivileged South African township children. SOS Africa was founded by 18-year-old UK gap student and Frome Resident Matt Crowcombe during his gap year to South Africa in 2003 and has since grown to support over a hundred children in Mafikeng, Grabouw and Somerset West.
“Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.” Nelson Mandela
SOS Africa achieves this by enhancing, rather than replacing, the South African education system by working in partnership with government schools and providing the following: • Child Sponsorship Scheme: Advanced tuition fees, transportation, school uniform and school stationery for children from economically challenged backgrounds. • Remedial support: Each morning, SOS Africa Education Centres open on campus to provide remedial support to students with specific learning difficulties. • Aftercare Support: After-school care for SOS Africa sponsored children each afternoon, consisting of lunch, extra tuition, recreational activities and student mentoring. This comprehensive approach enables each SOS Africa Education Centre to support both the most economically challenged children and students with specific learning difficulties. Only by providing South Africa’s future generations with holistic educational support, both in and out of the classroom, can you ensure that they will break the poverty cycle.
MAKING A DIFFERENCE
“I want to study psychology at university and perhaps one day become a professional author and write books of my own. “ Kelebogile
After joining the programme, these two bright sparks would receive all the educational support they would require to thrive and prosper. 12 years on, after celebrating the completion of Matric, these two once anxious children now stand proudly before us, transformed into confident young adults. As is tradition, each year the charity’s staff and children throw a big party to celebrate the achievements of our latest success stories. In addition, this year we also had the honour of hosting a meal for Kelebogile and Olebogeng during which time they reflected on their experiences over the past 12 years: “My fondest memories were of High school, we were like a big family always playing games and sharing experiences. My school years were also challenging – I had to learn that you only succeed if you put in the effort. Now that I have my Grade 12 certificate... I would like to thank Mam (Jenny Matthews) and my sponsors for the support they have given me - I’ll forever be grateful for everything they’ve done for me for these past 12 years.” Kelebogile.
“I have just started an exciting new course in engineering” Olebogeng
For more information about SOS Africa please visit: www.sosafrica.com
“High School was one of the places where I can say I was being myself at all times and with that, every moment was worthwhile... There I definitely made friends for life! My school years have also taught me discipline, to respect others and their opinions, to at all times choose what’s right over what’s convenient, to be committed to making myself a better person and not to be afraid of taking risks. My ambition is to keep studying and working hard so that one day I can also make a difference by putting a smile one someone else’s face…” Olebogeng. It is also an emotional time for our staff – SOS Africa Mafikeng Project Manager Jenny Matthews has supported these children every step of the way: “I am so proud of Kelebogile and Olebogeng and all they have achieved. I have watched them grow from Grade 1 to matric into 2 wonderful young adults. I wish them everything of the best for a wonderful future. May all their dreams come true. I will miss them but I know they will go on to achieve great things.” Thanks to the SOS Africa’s growing numbers of sponsors throughout the UK and across the globe, the charity aims to partner with a new government school every 2 years and already plans to build a 4th education centre in January 2019. With every child entered onto the SOS Africa Education Programme, our dream of empowering South Africa’s future generations through education to help them break the poverty cycle is gradually being realised. 37
AFRICAN CULTURAL TRADITION
Mancala - Africa’s Oldest Game By Dawn Denton Mancala is believed to be one of the oldest games in the world. It appears in ancient Hindu mythology, is enjoyed in Mongolia and the West Indies, celebrated in Indonesia and Hawaii and is played across the Middle East. Mancala also has a very special place in communities across Africa where it has regional names: Aweet – in Sudan by the Dinka tribe Bao – Tanzania, southern part of Malawi and west towards Angola Kombe - northern Kenyan coast and on the small Kenyan island of LamuMancala - Egypt, Tanzania, Malawi and the Democratic Republic of Congo, Zaire and Malawi Mongale - along the east coast and in Mombasa Mongola- upper Congo Soro and coro - northern Uganda and a derivation in areas of Zimbabwe Wari, or owari - Nigeria, Niger and Ghana Weri – Uganda by the Jopadhola Mancala comes from the Arabic word naqala which means “to move”. Sociologists and researchers are still not sure where the game originated, but it may have been traders who took the game with them on their long journeys and introduced it to new societies. Today the game reflects the communities in which it is played. In some places it is only played by men, in others it is an entertainment for the children and the elderly. Sometimes 38
it is played with deliberate speed to create confusion and at times it is a pensive, thoughtful skill that wins. The game, its name and its regional features are expressions of the values that are important to different groups of people. How to play the game: 1. Two players sit opposite each other. 2. In front of them they have two parallel lines of six holes each. These holes can be scooped out of the ground, made from a wooden board, carved out of stone or even empty egg cartons – anything that allows for two rows of six holes each. 3. The row in front of each player is their own row. 4. Each player will need to place a cup to the right of their row of holes to be used as their store. 5. Each player has twenty-four counters. All the counters will have the same value, so it doesn’t matter if they are different colours or shapes. They can be stones, seeds, buttons or anything small with smooth edges to fit easily into the holes. Don’t use marbles as they roll around too much. 6. The players put four counters in each of their own holes, but nothing in their store. 7. The players choose who is to start the game.
8. Player A picks up all the counters in one of their own holes, emptying the hole. 9. Player A places one counter from their hand into the next hole along from the hole they have just emptied, in an anti-clockwise circle. The next counter is placed in the next hole, and so on, (one per hole) moving along their own row of holes and then around to their opponent’s row of holes. This is called ‘sowing the seeds’ 10. If Player A, while ‘sowing his seeds’, gets to his own store cup in the sequence of placing the counters in their holes, they place a counter in the cup as if it was a hole. 11. If Player A gets to the store cup of their opponent, they skip the store cup and continue along the row, placing the counters in holes, until their hand is empty of counters. 12. If the last counter in Player A’s hand is put into a hole with other counters, Player A gets to pick up that pile of seeds in the hole and play again – placing the first counter in the next hole, and then one counter per hole, in an anti-clockwise direction. This is repeated until the last seed is placed in an empty hole. 13. The idea of the game is to get all the counters in your personal store (to capture or ‘eat’ your opponent’s counters).
AFRICAN CULTURAL TRADTION
14. Player A goes to ‘sleep’ when they have placed their last counter in an empty hole. 15. Player B then has his turn. Player B picks up a pile of counters in one of his own holes, and places each of the counters in a hole in an anti-clockwise direction, starting with the next hole along from the empty hole. They will also use their store cup as a hole in the sequence, and their opponent’s store cup is missed out. 16. If the last counter in a player’s hand is placed in his own store cup, he gets another go (a chain move). They pick up a pile of stones in a hole on their side and start again.
17. The game continues until one row is completely empty. 18. The winner is the person with the most counters in their store cup. Mancala varies according to region, according to the name of the game, or the items used for counters, the number of holes in the sequence, and variations of missing out certain holes in the ‘seed sowing’ process. This excting game is a wonderful source of entertainment and enjoyment. It has the simplest rules and needs the most basic of tools. In some of the most challenging environments in Africa, it brings people together. It is in Mancala that people find joy, laughter and a spirit of community.
Children’s Poetry DEMI AND KIRA ARE TWO VERY SPECIAL GIRLS. THEIR MOTHER WAS BORN IN EAST LONDON AND THEIR FATHER IS FROM DURBAN. MOM AND DAD LIVED IN JOHANNESBURG BEFORE THEY CAME TO THE UNITED KINGDOM 10 YEARS AGO AND THEIR FAMILY OF FOUR, NOW LIVING IN FROME, SOMERSET, ARE STILL PROUDLY SOUTH AFRICAN. THEY ARE BOTH CREATIVE, LAUGH A LOT, ARE ALWAYS HAVING FUN AND ENJOY WRITING POETRY.
Giraffes are the tallest
Born in South Africa, I now live in Frome!
and never the smallest.
A beautiful countryside that makes my heart go Boom.
They run really fast
The lovely sky at night, full of stars
As we watch them go past.
brighter than the city lights of cars.
Giraffes have the biggest hearts
These little things that give me butterflies
But if they eat to many leaves they have smelly farts.
A garden full of Pheasants and Magpies.
Elephants are big and grey
A town full of colour and coffee shops serving hot cross buns
They can use their trunks to clean and spray.
Market days, boot sales - so much fun.
When the sun is out and it is boiling hot
I can sit in the drizzle, enjoying the view
They love to play in mud and flap their ears a lot.
and watch the cows go by with the odd Moo.
The oldest elephant leads the herd
On my way home I pick berries and apples ready to bake
Protect, play, feed is the word.
Then end my day smiling, till the morning I wake.
By Demi Ramnarain Aged 7 Kira Ramnarain Aged 12
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SOUTH AFRICAN TOWNS & CITIES QUIZ
How much do you know about South African towns & cities? By Dawn Denton THE ANSWERS WILL BE IN THE JUNE EDITION - IF YOU HAVEN’T GOOGLED THEM BY THEN...
What town is known as the ‘City of Saints’?
What does the word Gauteng mean in Sesotho, which is also a locative derived from an Afrikaans word?
What is the capital of Mpumalanga?
What town is home to SALT (Southern African Large Telescope), the largest astronomical observatory in the southern hemisphere?
What does the name Soweto stand for?
What is the Jacaranda City?
What city is home to the busiest container port in Africa?
What Indian ‘claim to fame’ does Durban have?
How did Pietermaritzburg get its name?
What is the name of South Africa’s first nuclear power station?
What South African city is known as ‘The City of Flowers’?
12. Why is the provincial rugby team from Bloemfontein called The Cheetahs? 13.
What city is known as the ‘Diamond City’?
How did Durban get its name?
What city in South Africa do visitors call ‘The Friendly City’?
Answers to the Quiz in the Christmas Edtion 1. Rudolph 2.
Looking for Magazine Contributors
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Are you a writer? Would you like to give writing a go? We are always looking for writers to continue to bring Southern Africa to those around the world who have a passion for Southern Africa, and if you are keen to celebrate this special region of our planet. All work is submitted to our editor, who will support you to improve your writing for publication. Fiction and non-fiction is welcome. Please get in touch with the Editor-in-Chief with your proposal if there is something you would like to see in the magazine too. The team would love to hear from you: firstname.lastname@example.org
SOUTHERN AFRICAN FICTION
Flash Sagas - 50 words By Willem van der Walt
Lover There was a casanova who made love to all women - the beautiful, the rich and the famous. One day, looking in the mirror, he saw no one. At the Pearly Gates he complained to St Peter. “You, sir,” St Peter said, “were so thinly spread that you ceased to exist.”
The Key I’d love an old rusted key, he told the antique dealer. The key was found and displayed on his mantlepiece. Visitors with noisy children came and the key had disappeared. He cursed. How could they? A year later he found the key under the carpet and unlocked something in himself.
Karma He was cruel to his wife. He was cruel to his children. They smarted with pain and his ears were deaf as a stone while his eyes glimmered darkly with pleasure. But the gods didn’t like this and so they re-incarnated the man - as a child in his own family.
CELEBRATE SOUTHERN AFRICA
Meet the Team!
Willem van der Walt
Writer / Editor
Owner at Such Sweet Cakes
Founding Memeber of Mix Tape Radio International
Health, Wellness and Nutrition Coach
CELEBRATE SOUTHERN AFRICA
Meet the Team!
Writer & Creator
Teacher & Parent Educator
Owner at Jabulela
Director at SOS Africa
Published on Mar 1, 2018
Published on Mar 1, 2018
This magazine is dedicated to our parents who gave us foundations in our special region of the world - filled with culture and colour.