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EU Corner

EU Corner

MONTENEGRIN STEPS TOWARDS EU - Montenegro opened and provisionally closed the 25th Chapter “Science and Research”.

The second meeting of the Accession Conference with Montenegro at the ministerial level was held in midDecember in Brussels, which opened and provisionally closed the first negotiation chapter: Chapter 25 Science and Research. Bilateral screening of legislation In the period from December 2012 to March 2013 discussions were held on bilateral screening of EU legislation on the following topics: 19. Social policy and employment; 1. Free movement of goods; 17. Economic and monetary policy; 4. Free movement of capital; 12. Food safety, vet. & phytosanitary policy; 10. Information society and media; 22. Regional policy and coordination of structural instruments ; 11. Agriculture and rural development i 8. Competition policy. Analytical explanatory examination of the legislation In the period from December 2012 to March 2013 explanatory analytical examinations, took place, of the following chapters:15. Energy, 28. Consumer and health protection, 27. Environment, 19. Social policy and employment, 4. Free movement of capital, 1. Free movement of goods and 10. Information society and media. ■ Source:


Montenegro – Negotiations status Negotiations opened

Negotiations closed

1 – Free movement of goods 2 – Freedom of movement of workers 3 – Right of est. & freedom to provide services 4 – Free movement of capital 5 – Public procurement 6 – Company law 7 – Intellectual property rights 8 – Competition policy 9 – Financial services 11 – Agriculture and rural development 12 – Food safety, vet. & phytosanitary policy 13 – Fisheries 14 – Transport policy 15 – Energy 16 – Taxation 17 – Economic and monetary policy 18 – Statistics 19 – Social policy and employment 20 – Enterprise and industrial policy 21 – Trans-european networks 22 – Regional pol. & coord. of structural instr. 23 – Judiciary and fundamental rights 24 – Justice, freedom and security 26 – Education and culture 27 – Environment 28 – Consumer and health protection 29 – Customs union 30 – External relations 31 – Foreign, security and defense policy 32 – Financial control 33 – Financial and budgetary provisions 34 – Institutions 35 – Other issues Source:

EUREKA is an international program for small and medium businesses, corporations, universities and institutes, whose objective is the development and practical application of innovative products, processes and services. EUREKA encourages projects that promote cooperation between business and science, and in this sense provides support for projects that result in a new product or service. Projects that receive the label EUREKA become internationally recognized and accepted, and competitive in the European market. Montenegro became in June 2012 the 41st member of EUREKA. The management of EUREKA activities in Montenegro has been assigned directly to the Montenegrin Ministry of Science. EUREKA supports different types of projects: Individual Projects and Cluster Projects. EUREKA individual project is market-oriented R&D project labeled by EUREKA based on its bottom-up approach and involving partners from at least two EUREKA member countries, often SME-led. Through a EUREKA individual project its consortium develops new project, technology and/or service for which they agree the Intellectual property rights and build partnerships to penetrate new markets.

10 – Information society and media

25 – Science and research

EU Funds In Focus: Screening of The Acquis

18 December 2012 18 December 2012

The formal opening of negotiations at the Intergovernmental Conference, when common EU and state candidates’ position is shared and negotiated, is followed by the analytical review and assessment of compliance of national legislation with the acquis of the European Union, which is known as screening. Screening is a formal and technical process carried out by the Commission in order to prepare for the accession negotiations. It allows the candidate countries to familiarize themselves with the acquis communautaire and thus contribute to the preparations for accession. Screening allows the Commission and the Member States to assess the level of readiness of the candidates, to be informed about their plans for the future and prepare to obtain preliminary indications of issues that will likely arise during negotiations. Screening is carried out through meetings, chapter by chapter, for all chapters except for Chapter 34 Institutions and 35 Other issues. There are two types of meetings for each of the sections: first, explanatory meetings with one or more of the candidates together, and then bilateral meetings with each country separately. For explanatory meetings, the Commission identifies the main elements of the achievements of the EU candidate country status in certain chapters. During a session of bilateral meetings the candidate is expected to explain and show the degree of readiness and its plans for harmonization of national legislation with the EU acquis and its implementation relating to a particular chapter. After the bilateral meeting, the Commission makes reports about screening and presents them to the Council. ■ Source:

EUREKA Clusters are long-term, strategically significant industrial initiatives. They usually have a large number of participants, and aim to develop generic technologies of key importance for European competitiveness, primarily in ICT and, more recently, in energy and biotechnology. Initiated by industry in close collaboration with national funding authorities, each Cluster has a technological roadmap defining the most important strategic domains. Specific goals are achieved through scores of individual projects. ■ Source: