Page 1

Van der Molen draait door:

Ontkerstening

0 7

JA AR G AN G :1 9

NR 20 . 4

:c`ZaZ_VgZc\ZaZYZc]ZW^`bZWddh\ZbVV`idbZZcdeZcWVgZ hX]dda^cb^_chiVYY^ZYZigVY^i^dcZaZ`ZghihiValZ\]VYaViZc ]VaZc#BZc]VYYVVgidZWZhadiZcdbYVi]ZiVVchiddi\ZkZcYodj `jccZco^_ckddgbZchZcY^Zc^`hbZi]Zi`ZghikZg]VVa]ZWWZc# 9Z`ZghihiVa]VYZgVai^_YVa\ZhiVVc#BVVgbZclVhWa^_`WVVg ^cZZch^c\VVco^ZcYViZZc`ZghihiValZade\ZkViodj`jccZc ldgYZcVahZZcgZa^\^ZjhhiViZbZci#:cYVi^hdcidZaVViWVVg#9Z `^cYZgZclZgYZcYjhde\ZoVYZaYbZi]Zi_VVga^_`hZ`Zghi[ZZhi odcYZgYZWZiZ`Zc^hZgkVciZ`ZccZc#9VcWa^_[iVaaZZccd\]Zi XdbbZgX^…aZkZg]VVadkZg#@Zghi\VVidkZgYZ`ZghibVcZcYZ `ZghiWddb#LVci_Zo^icdjZZcbVVadehX]ddadblViiZaZgZc###

.n ja w w w .c d

9Vi^hcdjZZcbdd^kZg]VVa#LVVgdbodjodÉcdeZcWVgZhX]dda YVVgc^ZiVVcl^aaZc4:ZcgZYZcodj`jccZco^_cYViYZ@Zg` ]ZikZg]VVadd`kVV`c^ZiWZ\gZeZcaZZ`iZ]ZWWZc#=ZikZg]VVa kVc]Zi@^cY^cYZkdZYZgWV`higdd`iodhaZX]ibZiodcYZcY^Z X]g^hiZcZcZcYZ`Zg`de]jc`Zg[hid`]ZWWZc#KddgkZZabZc" hZchiVVi]Zi\Zadd[\Za^_`VVcdcYZgYgj``^c\#9Z`Zg`^hkVV` c^ZiYZhX]jjg!bVVgYZ]ZgWZg\\ZldgYZc#LVVgbZc]ZZa\dZY lZZil^ZbZcc^‚ibZZgW^ccZcl^a]ZWWZc#<ZZcldcYZgYVi `ZghiZgYVcW^_hdbb^\Zcc^ZibZZg^c`dbi#

l

@Zghi^hZ^\Zca^_`dd`ZZceda^i^Z`hiViZbZci#=Zi^hÉikZg]VVa ]dZZZc`aZ^c@^cYYZlZgZaYgZYi#=dZ]ZiaZ\ZgkVcYZZc\ZaZc c^ZiYZ`dc^c\ZcdeodZ`i!bVVgYZkZg\j^hYZ]ZgYZgh#KVcZZc ldcYZg^cZZcYddYcdgbVaZhX]jjg#:Zc\gdiZgXdcigVhibZi YZedejaV^gZgdZedbZZchiZg`ZaZ^YZg!^hZgc^Zi#<dYoZi^cde YZoVX]iZ`gVX]iZc^cYZhVbZcaZk^c\#C^Zide]Zi\gdiZ\ZWVVg# 9Vi`aZ^cZ@^cYkVai_VgZcaViZgdd`cd\ZZchiZcegdd^VVco^_c k^_VcYZc#:Zc\gdiZgZadhZg!^c]ZYZcYVV\hZiZgbZc!odjZgc^Zi \ZlZZhio^_c#:cidX]^h=^_]ZiY^ZYZlZgZaY]Vgi\gdcY^\odj \VVckZgVcYZgZc#L^Z]VYYVideWVh^hkVcO^_cX#k#kZglVX]i4

DcoZX]g^hiZc"YZbdXgVi^hX]ZeVgi^_dciaZZcio^_c^che^gVi^Z VVcYVilVii^_YZch`Zghi^c\Vc\lZgY\ZoZi#>c]ZiYV\WaVY Igdjl\V[6gZcY?VchZc!kddgo^iiZgkVcYZ7Vh^h\gdZeHdX^VaZ OZ`Zg]Z^Y!YZeVgi^_ZgkVcaVc\h#9ZeVgi^_odjdckdaYdZcYZdd\ ]ZWWZckddgYZolV``ZgZ^cYZhVbZcaZk^c\#6gbdZYZ!^cdch aVcYbVVgdd`YVVgWj^iZc!`dbiZg^cYZgYVVY`Vg^\kVcV[deY^i bdbZci#Dd`VaoVa]ZiVcilddgYkVcYZX]g^hiZc"YZbdXgVi^Z deY^iegdWaZZbVai^_YZZcVcYZgZbdZiZco^_cYVckVcYZ hdX^Va^hiZc# BVVgYZkgVV\^hlZad[]Zi896dd`dci`ZghiZcY^h#D[YZeVgi^_ ]ZikZg]VVadkZgl^ZkddggVc\]VYdbW^_]Zi@^cYVVciZhX]j^" kZc!cd\lZaYddg]ZZ[i#9VilVgZcYZ]VkZ"cdih!YZ]ZgYZgh# >`lZch^ZYZgZZcVakVhiZZcoVa^\d[\ZoZ\ZcY`Zghi[ZZhiidZ# =VggnkVcYZgBdaZc Kddgo^iiZg89?6

www.cdja.nl 36

37


>c

aZk Zg

DE

AD

LI

WZ YV >ciZ hij hiV ij ggj b e ?E jg cY AZ '' i^Z :  ]d < Zk VV kZg [Z C " d[ WZ Zc c _Z Wg •& Yg hi ij $ V jV "' ZY Vc Za ", gi^ g^ %% VX Y Z[ %% `Z '% ]d iZj Zc did l aVa %d[ gk Zb Éh^ dd hL Yg Vc V c gY d ZY Y ^aY ZZ Zc gY VX Z> ^i cV Z " iZ ci cV eV c jg Zg Vg gi 5 gj Y  XY ei^ Z _V Z/ #ca

NE

IS ? AT A W P RO EU

8dkZg/

1Miljard.nl Kg^_YV\.cdkZbWZg]ZZ[iZZcVVciVa oZZghedgi^ZkZ89?6ÉZghbZZ\ZYVVc VVcYZhedchdgaddegdcY]Zi7^ccZc]d[# 9ZoZhedchdgadde^h\Zdg\Vc^hZZgY YddghijYZciZcdg\Vc^hVi^ZhZceda^i^Z`Z _dc\ZgZcdg\Vc^hVi^ZhZclVh^c]Zi`VYZg kVcYZdcYZgl^_hVXi^Z&B^a_VgY#ca :Zc^c^i^Vi^Z[iZ\ZcYZ^YZZZckVc b^c^hiZgEaVhiZg`dbYZhijY^ZÒcVc" X^Zg^c\V[iZhX]V[[Zc!YZXdaaZ\Z\ZaYZc iZkZg]d\Zcd[YZhjWh^Y^ZkddgbVhiZgh V[iZhX]V[[Zc#CVYZhedchdgaddeo^_c VVcb^c^hiZg)&#)(']VcYiZ`Zc^c\Zc ZcZZcX]ZfjZkVc`'&'!,-VVc\ZWdYZc#

UNDERCOVER LVi^h:jgdeV4 9ZV[\ZadeZck^_[i^\_VVg^h:jgdeV\gdcY^\kZgVcYZgYdcYZg ^ckadZYkVcZZchiZZYhkZgYZg\VVcYZ^ciZ\gVi^ZkVccVi^dcVaZ hiViZcY^Z]VVgWZa^X]Vb^c\]ZZ[i\Z`gZ\Zc^cYZ:jgdeZhZ Jc^Z:J^h#>cb^YYZahldgYZcYZWj^iZc\gZcoZckVcYZ :J\ZkdgbYbZiaVcYZcVahGjhaVcY!Ijg`^_ZZcYZ`dekVc 6[g^`V#7Z]VakZYZj^iWgZ^Y^c\hYgVc\kVcYZ:jgdeZhZJc^Z lZZi7gjhhZao^X]dd`hiZZYhbZZgWZkdZ\Y]ZYZciZkZglZg" kZcdeiZggZ^cZckVcWj^iZcaVcYhWZaZ^Y!_jhi^i^ZZcb^\gVi^Z# 9ZkgVV\cVVg]ZilZoZckVc:jgdeVa^_`iYVVgbZZbZZgZc bZZg\ZgZX]ikVVgY^\YZc`lVbdcYZgbZZgcVVgkdgZcW^_ VaaZY^hXjhh^ZhgdcYdb]Zi<gdcYlZiiZa^_`kZgYgV\kddgYZ :jgdeZhZJc^Z!YVicj^cV[\ZhaVc`iZkdgbidX]oValdgYZc \ZhadiZc#LVi^h:jgdeV4LVVgbdZiZcbV\:jgdeVcj Z^\Zca^_`VaaZbVVadkZg\VVc4IZ\Za^_`Zgi^_Ya^_`i^cCZYZgaVcY ]ZidkZg\gdiZYZZakVcYZeda^i^X^cd\hiZZYhgdihkVhidkZg" ij^\YkVc]Zi]Z^akVcYZ:JZcg^aaZco^_W^_YZ\ZYVX]iZVVc Wjg\ZghY^ZZZcheVV`^c]Zil^ZakVcYZ:jgdeZhZZZcldg" Y^c\YgZ^\ZciZhiZ`Zc# 9ZcZ\Vi^ZkZWZZaYkdgb^c\lVVgYZ:JbZZiZbV`Zc]ZZ[i! WVVgikZZaeda^i^X^odg\ZcZcZgldgYZcYVcdd`b^a_dZcZc ZjgdÉhhjWh^Y^Z\ZaYj^i\Z\ZkZcdbYZ:Jedh^i^ZkZgdkZg]Zi kdZia^X]iiZWgZc\Zc#9ZWjg\ZgoVaZcbdZilZiZcYVi:jgdeV c^ZiVaaZZcWZaVc\g^_`!bVVgdd`\dZYkddg]Zb^h#I^_Ykddg WZo^cc^c\de]ZilZoZckVc:jgdeVa^_`iZgc^ZiiZo^_cZcYZ WZYVX]ioVVb]Z^Y^hW^_kZZaeda^i^X^kZgiZodZ`Zc#:jgdeV bdZidcYZgYgj`kVcZZchiZZYhkZgYZg\VVcYZ\adWVa^hZg^c\ ^bbZghbZZ^cYZkVVgiYZgkda`ZgZc# LZ`jccZclZahiZaaZcYViYZbZYV^aaZkVcVaY^ihigZkZccVVg ZZcldgY^c\!jc^[dgbZg^c\Zc\Za^_`hX]V`Za^c\dd`ZZc`ZZg" o^_YZ]ZZ[i#<adWVa^hZg^c\gdZeiYZkgVV\decVVgZZcZ^\Zc ^YZci^iZ^idbYVibZchZcldgiZa^c\WZ]dZkZc^cZZcad`VaZ \ZbZZchX]Ve#=Zia^_`iZgZX]iZgdeYVibZc_j^hiYZ\g^ede YZdb\Zk^c\kZga^Zhi#9ZZXdcdb^ZZcYZiZX]c^Z`WZeVaZc^c ]d\ZbViZYZeda^i^Z`ZWZha^hh^c\hgj^biZZcYZZcdgbZWZ" aVhi^c\kVc]Zib^a^Zj!YZhVbZcaZk^c\ZcZcYZidZcZbZcYZ hX]VVghiZVVc\gdcYhid[[ZckdgbZcWgdccZckVcXdcÓ^XiZc# :Zc]ZgWZo^cc^c\de:jgdeV!YZ:jgdeZhZJc^ZZcYZgdakVc YZcVi^dcVaZhiViZc^hYVVgW^_kVc\gddiWZaVc\#>ceaVVihkVc YZlVVckVcYZYV\!YZ\g^aa^\ZXdc_jcXijjgkVcYZZXdcdb^Z ZcYZjc^kZghZaZegZiZci^ZhVVc\VVcYZgZX]iZc\ZgZX]i^\]Z^Y kVcYZ:jgdeZhZJc^ZkddgdeiZhiZaaZc`Vc]Zib^hhX]^Zc \ZZc`lVVYdbZZghiZckddgVaWZo^\iZo^_cbZiYZkgVV\]dZ ZggZX]i`VcldgYZc\ZYVVcVVcYZ:jgdeZhZ\ZhX]^ZYZc^h! XjaijjgZc]VVgkda`ZgZc#  jcYZgXdkZg5XY_V#ca

REDACTIONEEL 7dcY\ZcdiZc >cYZgZ\Zg^c\hkZg`aVg^c\kVc`VW^cZi7Va`ZcYZ >KoZ\iegZb^Zg7Va`ZcZcYZ/È:Zc\dZYZidZ`dbhi kddgCZYZgaVcY^hdd`V[]Vc`Za^_`kVcYZdehiZa" a^c\kVcYZdkZg]Z^YZcYZ`lVa^iZ^ikVcejWa^Z`Z kddgo^Zc^c\Zc#9ZoZi^_YkgVV\idbZZchaV\kVVgY^\ZZchaVc`Z dkZg]Z^YY^Zo^X]dehiZaiVahWdcY\ZcddikVcYZhVbZcaZk^c\#É KZZabZchZcY^ZYZoZeVhhV\Zj^iYZgZ\Zg^c\hkZg`aVg^c\aZoZc! ojaaZcYZc`Zc/>hYZdkZg]Z^YYVVYlZg`Za^_`ZZcWdcY\ZcddikVc YZhVbZcaZk^c\49ZdkZg]Z^YhiVViZZgYZghncdc^ZbkddgZZc ad\VeeVgVVi!YViVaaZbVVa[djiZcbVV`i#9Zc`VVc[djiZcW^_YZ WZaVhi^c\iZgj\\VkZc![djiZcW^_YZodg\"ZcYZ]jjgidZhaV\![djiZc bZihijY^ZÒcVcX^Zg^c\Zc\VodbVVgYddg# BVVglVVg`jccZclZZ^\Zca^_`bZidcoZ`aVX]iZciZgZX]iVahYZ YZhWZigZ[[ZcYZdkZg]Z^Yh^chiZaa^c\dchkVc]Zi`Vhi_ZcVVgYZ bjjghijjgi#?VlZaYZdbWjYhbVc>ZYZgZZc]ZZ[ikVhilZaZZch YZhedikVcYZCVi^dcVaZdbWjYhbVcdeiZaZk^h^Z!^ciZgcZiZc gVY^dhedi\Z]ddgY$\ZaZoZc#ÈAddeijgdcYbZiZZc`aVX]idkZgYZ dkZg]Z^Y4JbV\YZdkZg]Z^Y]^ZgdeVVchegZ`Zc!lVcij]ZZ[i gZX]ideZZcZZga^_`ZWZ]VcYZa^c\#BVVgVahYVic^Zi]Zaei4 9Vc`jcijiZgZX]iW^_YZCVi^dcVaZdbWjYhbVc#É 9ZCVi^dcVaZdbWjYhbVc^hZX]iZgc^ZiVaaZZckddgYZWjg\Zgh kVc\gddiWZaVc\!bVVgdd`kddgYZdkZg]Z^Y#w‚ckVcYZYdZahiZa" a^c\ZckVcYZCVi^dcVaZdbWjYhbVc^hYViYZdkZg]Z^YaZZgikVc o^_c`aVX]iZc#9ZCVi^dcVaZdbWjYhbVc`Vc]^ZgVVcW^_YgV\Zc YddgYZ`aVX]iZcY^Zo^_WZ]VcYZaiiZ`deeZaZcVVcYZj^ikdZg^c\h" egV`i^_`kVcdkZg]Z^Yh^chiVci^Zh#9ZdkZg]Z^Yh^chiVci^Zh`jccZc ]^Zg]jckddgYZZabZZYdZcYddgYZ`lVa^iZ^ikVcWZaZ^Yhj^ikdZ" g^c\iZkZgWZiZgZc#9ZCVi^dcVaZdbWjYhbVc]djYiYZdkZg]Z^Y Vah]ZilVgZZZche^Z\Zakddg# 6aaZZc!aj^hiZgZcdkZg]Z^Yh^chiVci^ZhZ^\Zca^_`lZacVVgYZ dbWjYhbVc49ZCVi^dcVaZdbWjYhbVc]ZZ[icVbZa^_`c^ZiYZ WZkdZ\Y]Z^YdbhVcXi^ZhdeiZaZ\\ZcVVcdkZg]Z^Yh^chiVci^Zh# 9Z^chiVci^ZhodjYZcYZj^ihegV`ZckVcYZCVi^dcVaZdbWjYh" bVcVVc]jcaVVgh`jccZcaVeeZc#BVVgYZCVi^dcVaZdbWjYh" bVc]ZZ[ilZaYZ\Za^_`\ZoV\#9^i\ZoV\dciaZZci]^_VVcYZ`gVX]i kVco^_cVg\jbZciZc#=Zi^hYVVgdbkVclZoZca^_`WZaVc\YViYZ IlZZYZ@VbZg]ZbhiZjcideYZbdbZciZclVVgde]Zi\Zb^h kVchVcXi^Zh]Zb`jccZcdeWgZ`ZcdbbZiYZlddgYZckVc <ZgY^KZgWZZiiZhegZ`Zc# 6ahYZdkZg]Z^Yh^chiVci^ZhYZVYk^ZoZckVcYZCVi^dcVaZdb" WjYhbVcdekda\Zc!]jcdehiZaa^c\iZcdkZghiVVcYZkVcYZWjg\Zg VVceVhhZcZcYZ`lVa^iZ^ikVcYZejWa^Z`Zkddgo^Zc^c\ZckZgWZ" iZgZc!YVc`VcYZdkZg]Z^YYVVYlZg`Za^_`ZZcWdcY\ZcddikVcYZ hVbZcaZk^c\ldgYZc#Kddg]ZiodkZg^h]ZZ[iYZdkZg]Z^Ycd\]ZZa kZZalZg`iZkZgoZiiZc!lVciYZ`aVX]iZcdkZg]Zi[jcXi^dcZgZckVc YZdkZg]Z^YWa^_kZcW^_YZCVi^dcVaZdbWjYhbVcW^ccZchigdbZc# BVVg^`]ddekVc]VgiZYViegZb^Zg7Va`ZcZcYZ^c'%&&`VcoZ\" \Zc/È9ZWjg\ZgZcYZdkZg]Z^Yo^_cZX]iZWdcY"\ZcdiZcÉD[½

INHOUD ' ' ( ) , . &% &' &( &) &* &+ &'% '' '( ') '+ ', '(% (& (' () (* (+

JcYZgXdkZg 9ZVYa^cZ GZYVXi^dcZZa >ciZgk^Zl6[h]^c:aa^Vc 9Za[iLZhiaVcYDdhiaVcY 9Zodg\hZXidg!ZZcVeVgiZbVg`i :Vi[V^g!WZVi]jg\Zg KVXVijgZkddgo^iiZg ;gdbCdglVnl^i]AdkZ ?dc`^Zh/EZigVEVja^YZh"Gj^iZcWZg\ 89?6]VVai`gddc_jlZZaW^ccZc L^hhZaXdajbc/@aZjgg^_``VVgiheZa :kZckddghiZaaZc### 89?68dc\gZhcdkZbWZg'%%, KgdZ\ZglVhVaaZhWZiZg 8dajbc/=Zcg^`L^ZcZc HiVcYeaVVihAdcYZc =ZiHdX^VaZ<Zo^X]i9ZK7D@ 6[g^`VKZgadgZcXdci^cZcid[### GZXZch^Z 9ZlVVgYZkVcaZkZc HijYZciZchiVYJigZX]i 9ZBZch/=VccZ`ZBdgZi HadiZhhVn DegdZeZc 8dad[dc!XdciVXi\Z\ZkZch KVcYZgBdaZcYgVV^iYddg

?Vci^cVkVcI^aWjg\ 2

3


INTERVIEW Afshin Ellian

‘H aa et re n CD la re A tiv lig le is ie id m u t e’ s

=^_hiVViWZ`ZcYVahZZckVcYZ\gddihiZCZYZgaVcYhZXg^i^X^ kVcYZ^haVb/Egd[#bg#Yg#6[h]^c:aa^Vc#6aheda^i^Z`kajX]iZa^c\ `lVb]^_^c&.-.j^i>gVck^V6[\]Vc^hiVccVVgCZYZgaVcY# =^_hijYZZgYZgZX]iZcVVcYZjc^kZgh^iZ^ikVcI^aWjg\Zc^hh^cYh '%%*Vah]dd\aZgVVgkZgWdcYZcVVcYZgZX]iZc[VXjaiZ^ikVcYZ Jc^kZgh^iZ^iAZ^YZc#O^_c`g^i^Z`deYZ^haVbldgYi]Zbc^ZiYddg ^ZYZgZZc^cYVc`V[\ZcdbZcbZi]Ziig^ZhiZ\Zkda\kVc')jjg eZgYV\WZkZ^a^\^c\#>ciZggjei^ZhegV`bZi]ZbdkZgYZ^haVb! YZidZ`dbhikVcbdha^bhZcYZgdakVc]Zi896^c]ZiYZWVi# 8dcÓ^Xieda^i^Z`Z^haVb ÈB^_cWZljhildgY^c\dkZgYZ^haVb]VY^`VaVaheda^i^Z`kajX]" iZa^c\#>`WZ\dcZgZX]iZglZg`kVciZbV`ZcVahlZiZchX]VeeZg# CV&&hZeiZbWZgdcihidcYZgYZbdgZaZkgVV\lViW^_kddgWZZaY odj\ZWZjgZclVccZZgiZggdg^hiZcbVhhVkZgc^Zi^\^c\hlVeZch odjYZc^coZiiZc#9^ZWZodg\Y]Z^YWgVX]ib^_ZgidZdbb^_c bZc^c\dkZgYZ^haVbiZj^iZc^c]ZiejWa^Z`ZYZWViZcZg lZiZchX]VeeZa^_`lZg`kVciZbV`ZcÉ ÈLZ]ZWWZcZZcXdcÓ^XibZiYZeda^i^Z`Z^haVb!YVi`VcYddg c^ZbVcYdci`ZcildgYZcBZiYZ^haVbVahgZa^\^Z]ZZ[iYZ LZhiZghZlZgZaY\ZZcXdcÓ^XibVVglZabZiYZeda^i^Z`Z^haVb# =ZiXdcÓ^Xi^hhdbhb^a^iV^godVah^c>gV`d[6[\]Vc^hiVc!bVVg dd`Y^X]iZgW^_]j^h^c6bhiZgYVbbZibZchZcVahBd]VbbZY 7djnZg^#>`kdcYYViYVVglZg`kVcbdZhildgYZc\ZbVV`iÉ Kda\Zch6[h]^c:aa^Vco^_cZgYg^ZXViZ\dg^Z…cdeiZcdZbZcW^_ WZhijYZg^c\kVcYZ^haVb/9Z^haVb!bdha^bhZceda^i^Z`Z^haVb/ È9Z^haVbZcbdha^bhkVaaZcc^ZihVbZc#=Zi^hZk^YZciYVibdh" a^bhkZghX]^aaZcYZdekVii^c\ZcZcbZc^c\Zc]ZWWZc#=Zi^hZZc \gdkZ[djidbiZYZc`ZcYVilVccZZg_ZYZ^haVbWZ`g^i^hZZgi!_Z dd`bdha^bhVVckVai#B^_ciZ\ZchiVcYZghkZgbZc\ZcYZoZilZZ Y^c\ZcbZiZa`VVg!bVVg_Z`jcidd`]Zi`Vi]da^X^hbZWZ`g^i^hZ" gZcodcYZgX]g^hiZcZcVVciZkVaaZc#É È9Zeda^i^Z`Z^haVb^hZZcb^a^iVciZ!eda^i^Z`ZkZghX]^_c^c\kVc YZ^haVb#7Zdd\Ydb^cZZchVbZcaZk^c\bVVihX]VeeZa^_`Z dg\Vc^hVi^ZhdkZgiZcZbZcZcZZceda^i^Z`ZXdcdb^hX]^cZZc bdYZaiZkdgbZc!kda\ZchYZh]Vg^V!odVahYZegd[ZZiBd]Vb" bZY]ZZ[i\Z]VcYZaY#>gVc!=VbVh!YZIVa^WVcZc6a"fj^YVaViZc o^ZcYVio^_ZZck^_VcYkVcYZLZhiZghZlZgZaYo^_c#O^_bdZiZc c^ZiVaaZZcb^a^iV^gldgYZcWZhigZYZcbVVgdd`^YZdad\^hX]! odVah]ZiXdbbjc^hbZ^c]ZikZgaZYZc#>`hig^_YYVVgZX]i ^YZdad\^hX]iZ\ZcÉ >haVbVahgZa^\^Z 9Z^haVbVahgZa^\^Z^hZZc\ZXdbea^XZZgYZ[VXidg!dbYVieda^i^Z` ZcgZa^\^ZkVV`bZiZa`VVgo^_ckZgWdcYZc#9Vi]ZW_Zc^ZiW^_ ]ZiX]g^hiZcYdb#:gldgYidckdaYdZcYZlZZghiVcY\ZWdYZc iZ\ZcgZa^\^ZgZaVi^k^hbZ#?Z]ZWiXjaijjggZaVi^k^hbZ!bVVgdd` gZa^\^ZgZaVi^k^hbZ#=Zi^hÓVjlZ`jaYViVaaZgZa^\^Zh]ZioZa[YZ o^_c#:aa^Vcl^aY^iejcikZgYj^YZa^_`ZcYddgZZcVcZ`YdiZ/È:Zc VVciVa_VgZc\ZaZYZclVhZgZZc]ZZaWZaVc\g^_`ZbVc^c>gVc/ VnVidaaV]BdciVoZg^Z#BdciVoZg^ZlVhYZWZdd\YZ`gddceg^ch kVcVnVidaaV]@]dbZ^c^#BdciVoZg^ZlZgYV[\ZoZiZc`gZZ\ 4

]j^hVggZhi#CVVgVVcaZ^Y^c\kVcYZ\ZlZaYYVY^\ZiZggdg^hi^" hX]ZVXi^ZhX]gZZ[ZZchijYZcikVcj^i:jgdeVZZcWg^Z[VVc YZ6nVidaaV]#>cYZWg^Z[hX]gZZ[YZhijYZciYVi]^_ZgaVhikVc `gZZ\YViZgodkZZa\ZlZaY^ccVVbkVcYZ^haVb!Yjhdd` ^ccVVbkVc]ZbVahBdha^blZgY\ZeaZZ\Y#=^_kgdZ\o^X] V[lVVgdb]ZicjVa&)%%_VVgc^Ziaj`iZdbdcYZghX]Z^YiZ bV`ZcijhhZcgZa^\^ZZceda^i^Z`ZbVX]i!odVah^c:jgdeV#=Zi VcilddgYkVcYZ6nVidaaV]lVhdci]jihZcY#9Z6nVidaaV] hX]gZZ[YVi]ZiWZhX]VbZcY^hYVi\ZlZaY^cYZcVVbkVcYZ ^haVbldgYi\ZeaZZ\Y#9Z6nVidaaV]oZ^YVi]^_^cVaaZZZga^_`" ]Z^YbdZhihiZaaZcYViYZ>haVbZZcVcYZgZgZa^\^Z^hYVc]Zi 8]g^hiZcYdbZcYjhc^ZiiZkZg\Za^_`ZckVai#:g^h^cYZ^haVb gj^biZkddgZZcWZeZg`iZhX]Z^Y^c\ijhhZcgZa^\^ZZceda^i^Z`Z bVX]ihj^idZ[Zc^c\#9Z^haVb^hZZcbVVihX]VeeZa^_`ZgZa^\^Z#É ÈKddgYZ`dbhikVc8]g^hijhlVhZgV[\dYZg^_!ZglZgY\ZZc dcYZghX]Z^YijhhZcgZa^\^ZZceda^i^Z`\ZbVV`i!ZglVh\ZZc bdc^hi^hX]!gZa^\^ZjhhnhiZZb#:^\Zca^_`^h8]g^hijhYZZZghiZ eZghddc^cdcoZlZgZaYY^ZZZchX]Z^Y^c\bVV`iijhhZc]Zi \dYYZa^_`ZZc]ZibZchZa^_`Z#9VilVhZZc\gdiZgZkdaji^Z!lVi dckdaYdZcYZdcYZg`ZcY^h#CVijjga^_`bVV`iZX]g^hiZcZcZg aViZg^c:jgdeVZZcodd^i_ZkVc!bVVgYVi]ZZ[iZZcVcYZgZ kZg`aVg^c\9Zegd[ZZiBd]VbbZY\^c\kVcBZ``VcVVg BZY]^cVZclVhc^ZiVaaZZcgZa^\^ZjhaZ^YZgbVVgdd`eda^i^Z` aZ^YZg!ZZckdghi!]VY\ZoV\dkZg]ZigZX]i#=^_kdZgYZoZZgd[" [Zch^ZkZddgad\Zc!YViojaaZcVaaZBdha^bhZg`ZccZc#=^_]ZZ[i ZZchiZahZa\ZXgZ…ZgYYVic^ZiVaaZZcgZa^\^Zjh^h!bVVgdd` _jg^Y^hX]ZXdchZfjZci^Zh]ZZ[i#É È=Zi^hkVcWZaVc\YVibdha^bh`jccZcoZ\\ZcYVio^_]Zic^Zi ZZcho^_cbZiWZeVVaYZVheZXiZc^cYZ^haVb#=Zi8]g^hiZc" Ydb]ZZ[idd`kZg`ZZgYZVheZXiZc\Z]VY!YVVgdkZg^h\ZY^h" Xjhh^ZZgY#=Zi^hdcYZc`WVVgYViYZdebVghkVcYZh]Vg^V Yddg\VVi!ZcYVVgdbbdZiZgoZa[`g^i^Z`o^_c#É >haVb^cYZLZhiZghZlZgZaY >cY^ZcYZ^haVbZceda^i^Z`Y^ZebZiZa`VVgo^_ckZglZkZc! `VcYZ^haVbo^X]YVcdd^ildgiZaZc^cYZLZhiZghZlZgZaY Zc]VVggZX]ihiVVi4Kda\Zch:aa^Vc^hYVibd\Za^_`lVccZZg lZhig^`idcYZghX]Z^Y]VciZgZcijhhZcYZ^haVbZcbdha^bh# =^Zgkddg]ZZ[i]^_ilZZgZYZcZc/È:ZcZbe^g^hX]ZgZYZc^h YVic^ZiVaaZbdha^bh\VVcaZkZcodVahBd]VbbZYYZZY# 6ahYVic^Zi]Zi\ZkValVh!YVc]VYYZlZgZaYZZcbdZ^a^_` deiZadhhZcegdWaZZb#BVVgY^i^hc^Zi]Zi\ZkVa/YZbZZhiZ bdha^bhaZkZcc^Zikda\ZchYZgZ\ZahkVcBd]VbbZY#OZa[h ^cZZchigZc\>haVb^i^hX]aVcYVah>gVcldgYZcc^ZiVaaZgZ\Zah cV\ZaZZ[Y#@ZccZa^_`^hZg^Zih[Z^iZa^_`hlVi]ZcWZaZbbZgY dbY^ZlZiiZccViZ`dbZc#CdgbVi^Z[\Zo^Zc`jccZcgZa^\^Zh j^iZ^cYZa^_`kZgVcYZgZc#BZiYZgZa^\^ZodVahBd]VbbZY]Zi ]ZZ[i\ZWgVX]idcihiVViZg\ZlZaY#BVVgkddgbdha^bhbdZi ZgYZbd\Za^_`]Z^Yo^_c`ZjoZhiZbV`Zc#É ÈB^_c]dde^hc^Zi\ZkZhi^\YdeYZ>haVb!dbYVi_ZY^Zc^Ziod" bVVg`VckZgVcYZgZc#B^_c]dde^h\ZkZhi^\Yde]Zi`g^i^hX]Z 5


INTERVIEW Afshin Ellian kZgbd\ZckVcYZbdha^bh!YVVgYddg\VVcbZchZccVYZc`Zc ZcY^hXjhh^…gZc#9Vc`dbiYZY^hXjhh^ZdkZgkZga^X]i^c\#=Zi b^hkZghiVcY^hYVikZga^X]i^c\Vi]Z‰hbZ^h#9Vi^hc^ZilVVg! VVc\Zo^ZcVaaZWZaVc\g^_`ZYZc`Zghj^iYZkZga^X]i^c\kddgi`d" bZcj^iYZX]g^hiZa^_`ZigVY^i^Z#9ZkZga^X]i^c\^hYZXjaijgZaZ WZlZ\^c\lVVgj^iYZgZX]iZckVcYZbZch^hkddgi\Z`dbZc! kVclVVgj^iidaZgVci^Z^hkddgi\Z`dbZc#Bdha^bh`jccZcdd` W^ccZc]jcZ^\ZcigVY^i^ZZZckZga^X]i^c\YddgbV`ZcZc`g^i^Z` ZcidaZgVci^ZaZgZc]VciZgZcodcYZgX]g^hiZciZ]dZkZcldgYZcÉ 9ViYZ`g^i^Z`deYZ^haVbVaaZZcbVVg`dbikVcbZchZcY^Z \ZZcbdha^bbZZgo^_clj^[i:aa^VclZ\YddgiZhiZaaZcYVi]^_ dd`bZi]dd\aZgVgZcj^i:\neiZhegZZ`iY^Z`g^i^hX]Zgo^_cYVc ]^_oZa[#È>c:jgdeV]ZWWZcl^_ZX]iZgYZkg^_]Z^YdbY^Z`g^i^Z` dd`j^iiZhegZ`Zc#É >ciZ\gVi^ZYZWVi^cCZYZgaVcY >h:aa^VciZhegZ`ZcdkZgYZbVc^Zg]dZ]Zi^ciZ\gVi^ZYZWVi bdbZciZZaldgYi\ZkdZgY^cCZYZgaVcY4È=ZiYZWVildgYi hX]Zge\ZkdZgY#9Vi^h]ZaZbVVac^ZiZg\!lZadeZckddgde^c :jgdeV#LVi<ZZgiL^aYZghoZ\iYgVV^idd`dbeda^i^Z`ZWZ" aVc\Zc#Iddc]dd\iZ^h^Zih=daaVcYh!lVccZZg_Z]Zic^ZidkZg YZ^c]djYl^a]ZWWZchegZ`ZclZbVVgYVVgdkZg#Hdbb^\Z bZchZcYZc`ZcYVilVccZZglZdeoVX]iZgZiddcdkZgYZ ^haVbegViZc!YVigVY^XVaZbdha^bhcVVg7Za\^…igZ``Zc#?j^hi YddghX]ZgeZYZWViiZc^hYZedh^i^ZkVcbdha^bh^cCZYZgaVcY kZgWZiZgY#KddgYVi6nVVc=^gh^6a^`lVb!hegV`c^ZbVcYdkZg YZgZX]iZckVckgdjlZcW^ccZcYZ>haVb#KddgYVi:]hVc?Vb^ `lVb!hegV`c^ZbVcYdkZg]ZigZX]i\ZZcbdha^bbZZgiZo^_cÈ Kda\Zch:aa^VcbdZiZgcd\kZZa\ZWZjgZcdbYZgVY^XVaZ >haVbVVciZeV``Zc#9Zeda^i^Z`Z^haVb^h\gddi^cCZYZgaVcY# Dc\ZkZZg'%idi(%#%%%bdha^bho^_ckViWVVgkddghVaVÒhbZ# BVVga^Z[hioZhegdXZci`Zjgi\ZlZaYiZ\ZcV[kVaa^\Zbdha^bh \dZY#È9Vi^hkZZaZcYVik^cY^`odg\lZ``ZcY#LZbdZiZc ]ZiWZhijjghgZX]i\ZWgj^`ZcdbgVY^XVaZineZhiZ\ZciZ\VVc/ 7ZeVVaYZeaVVihiZcbd\ZcYZgVY^XVaZbdha^bhc^ZiWZigZ" YZcodcYZgidZhiZbb^c\kVc]ZiWZkdZ\YZ\ZoV\!Zcdd` ZZckdgbkVcbZaY^c\hea^X]ikddg\ZgVY^XVa^hZZgYZbdha^bh# 7ZhijgZckVcbdh`ZZ…cbdZiZc`jccZcldgYZcde\Z]ZkZc! bdh`ZZ…ci^_YZa^_`haj^iZcidio^_ZZcc^ZjlWZhijjg]ZWWZc# >c]Zi\ZkVakVcYZYjWWZaZcVi^dcVa^iZ^ikVckZgddgYZZaYZiZg" gdg^hiZcbdZiZcY^Z]jcCZYZgaVcYhZcVi^dcVa^iZ^ikZga^ZoZc#É Gda896 È=Zi896heZZaiZZc\ZXdbea^XZZgYZgda^cYZWVi#=Zi896 aZ^YiVVcgZa^\^ZgZaVi^k^hbZ#=Zi896aVVio^X]^c]ZiYZWVi \^_oZaZcj^iYZVc\hikddgVVckVaaZcde]ZiX]g^hiZcYdb#=Zi 896]ZZ[iZZc\dZYZj^i\Vc\hedh^i^ZkVcj^io^_cgZa^\^ZjoZ VX]iZg\gdcY#=Zi896bdZide]ZiejcikVcYZeda^i^Z`Z^haVb dd`]ZZaYj^YZa^_`o^_c#9Z@dgVc]dZ[_Zc^ZiiZkZgW^ZYZc! bVVgbZchZcY^ZYZ`dgVcl^aaZc\VVcj^ikdZgZcbdZi_Z WZhig^_YZc#IZ\ZcdkZg]Zi^haVb^i^hX]dcYZgl^_hbdZi_Z higZc\Zgo^_c!c^ZiWVc\o^_ckddgYZVVciVhi^c\kVc]Zi W^_odcYZgdcYZgl^_h# 6

ÇhigZc\hiVVckddgYZhX]Z^Y^c\ ijhhZc`Zg`ZchiVVi!YVi^h ZZcX]g^hiZa^_`[ZcdbZZc#È =Zi896]VYVaaVc\bdZiZc^c\g^_eZcW^_YZ\ZaYkZghe^aa^c\ VVcB^aa^<Žg“ZcYZLZhiZgbdh`ZZ#@Zg`ZcldgYZcdd` c^Zi\ZÒcVcX^ZgYkddgeVg`ZZg\VgV\Zh#OZ]VYYZciZ\Zc 8d]ZcbdZiZcoZ\\ZcYViY^ic^Zi`Vc#LVVgdbodj_Z\ZaY \ZkZcVVcZZcBdh`ZZ49VibdZiZcbdha^bhoZa[WZiVaZc# >ceaVVihkVcYViiZWZhig^_YZc`dbib^c^hiZg9dccZgYZ ZZghiZhiZZcaZ\\ZcÉ :aa^VcWZ`g^i^hZZgi^haVb^i^hX]Zdg\Vc^hVi^Zh/ÈDg\Vc^hVi^Zh ldgYZcdkZg\ZcdbZcYddgXdchZgkVi^ZkZbdha^bh#CZYZg" aVcYaVVio^X]b^haZ^YZcYddgWZaVc\Zc\gdZeZc#>`l^aeaZ^iZc kddgcZjigVaZgZkdgbZckVc\ZbZZchX]Veho^c#7jg\Zga^_`Z ^c^i^Vi^ZkZco^_c\dZYbVVgaZ\oZc^ZiVaaZZcaVc\hgZa^\^ZjoZ a^_cZc#=Zi\ZkVVgkVcZZc^haVb^i^hX]Zoj^a^hYViYZVcYZgZ &*b^a_dZcCZYZgaVcYZghbZilVcigdjlZccVVgbdha^bh \VVi`^_`Zc#?dc\ZIjg`ZcZcBVgd`VcZcl^aaZc\ZlddcZZc WVVcZc`VchZc^cYZbVVihX]Vee^_#C^ZiVaaZbdha^bh`^_`Zc ^clZg`Za^_`]Z^YcVVgYZCBD!bVVgoZ`^_`ZccZiVahVaaZ VcYZgZCZYZgaVcYZghcVVgGIAZcH7H#É Kda\Zch:aa^Vc]dZ[iCZYZgaVcYc^ZiWVc\iZo^_cYViYZ^haVb ^co^_c]j^Y^\Zkdgbdd^iYZ\gddihiZgZa^\^ZldgYi/ÈL^ZoZ\i YVibdha^b_dc\ZgZcVaaZbVVabdha^bWa^_kZcd[YZoZa[YZ dekVii^c\Zc]ZWWZc4>c:jgdeVo^_clZlZaV[]Vc`Za^_`kVc ]dZlZcj]VcYZaZc#LZbdZiZccjYj^YZa^_`]Z^YhX]ZeeZc iZ\ZcdkZgYZeda^i^Z`Z^haVb#É :aa^Vc]ZZ[idd``g^i^Z`deYZ]j^Y^\Zeda^i^X^/ÈB^c^hiZgKd" \ZaVVg^hYZa^c`hZKZgYdc`!lZ]VYYZcZZghiYZda^ZYdbbZ KZgYdc`!cjKd\ZaVVg#=Zi^h]ZZadckZghiVcY^\db^ZbVcYVah Kd\ZaVVgdeodÉc\ZkdZa^\ZedhicZZgiZoZiiZc#Kd\ZaVVgbdZi c^ZihegZ`ZcdkZgidZ`dbhik^h^dZcZckVcZZc?ddYh8]g^hiZ" a^_`>haVb^i^hX]ZigVY^i^Z!YVVgbZZ_VV\_Z&*b^a_dZcbZchZc Vc\hiVVc#9dccZgbdZic^ZihegZ`ZcdkZgZkZcijZaZ^ckdZ" g^c\kVcYZh]Vg^V!CZYZgaVcYZghldgYZcYVVgYddYhWVc\ kVc#:g^hkVV``g^i^Z`dede^c^ZbV`ZghY^Z`g^i^hX]o^_cdkZg YZ^haVb!bVVgeda^i^X^hX]ZeeZcoZa[hVc\hiYddgY^ihddgij^i" hegV`Zc#KZgYdc`g^ZebVVglVij^i!ZccjYdZiKd\ZaVVgYVi#

Ç^`WZ\g^_ec^ZiYVi]ZiXYVo^X]odaVVi \^_oZaZcYddg]VVgXdVa^i^ZeVgicZgh#È 7ZhijjgYZgh]dZkZcc^ZiiZhegZ`ZcdkZgYZgZa^\^ZZcdeYZ hidZakVcZZci]Zdadd\iZ\VVco^iiZc!bVVg]Zi^hlZa]jc iVV`YZgZX]ihiVViiZWZhX]ZgbZcÉ

Van de afdeling:

Delft Westland Oostland =Zi89?69Za[iLZhiaVcYDdhiaVcY89?69LD^hYZc^ZjlZ gZ\^dV[YZa^c\^cOj^Y"=daaVcY#:ZcW^_odcYZgZV[YZa^c\db" YVi]Zij^ibVVga^Z[hik^_[\ZbZZciZciZai/9Za[i!E^_cVX`Zg" CddiYdge!AVch^c\ZgaVcY!LZhiaVcYZcB^YYZc"9ZaÓVcY# =ZiDdhi"ZcLZhiaVcYldgYikddgcVbZa^_`\Z`ZcbZg`iYddg ij^cWdjl#=ZiDdhi"ZcLZhiaVcYkdgbiZZcdVhZkVcgjhi ijhhZcYZ\gdiZhiZYZc9Zc=VV\ZcGdiiZgYVbbZiVah b^YYZcejciYZegVX]i^\Z]^hidg^hX]ZhiVY9Za[i# >cbZ^'%%,`lVbZcZZcVVciVa89?6aZYZcj^iYZWdkZc" \ZcdZbYZ\ZbZZciZcW^_Za`VVgdbYZbd\Za^_`]ZYZckddg ZZcc^ZjlZ89?6V[YZa^c\iZWZ`^_`Zc#9ZW^_ZZc`dbhiWaZZ` hjXXZhkdaZcYVVgdb`dccVZZcVVciVakZg\VYZg^c\ZcYZ V[YZa^c\de&,hZeiZbWZg'%%,d[ÒX^ZZaldgYZcde\Zg^X]i# =Zi\Z`doZcWZhijjgWZhiVVij^i9Vk^YkVc9^h!EVjaHX]Zc" YZga^c\!7VhkVcYZA^cYZ!:Yl^c=dd\ZgWgj\\Z!H^_WgVcY 7Va`ZbVZc?ZgdZckVcKZaoZc#DeYZdeg^X]i^c\hVkdcY]^ZaY IlZZYZ"@VbZga^Y?VcHX]^c`Zah]dZ`ZZcWdZ^ZcYWZidd\dkZg 8]g^hiZc"YZbdXgVi^Z^cYZ]j^Y^\Zi^_Y#

ÇhX]^c`Zah]dZ`WZcVYgj`iZYVi_j^hi^c ZZci^_YkVc]neZhZcdcZa^cZgh_dc\Z X]g^hiZc"YZbdXgViZcWZaVc\g^_`o^_c kddgYZidZ`dbhikVccZYZgaVcY#È CVo^_cWZidd\kdaYZZZc^ciZgZhhVciZY^hXjhh^ZdkZgYZ ]j^Y^\ZgdakVc]Zi896W^ccZc]Zieda^i^Z`heZXigjb# 7^_YZdeg^X]i^c\kVc]Zi89?69LD]ZZ[iYZ6AKZZc^c" ]djYZa^_`egd\gVbbVVVc\ZcdbZclVVg^cYZheZZgejciZc WZiVVaWVgZ]j^hkZhi^c\!kddgo^Zc^c\Zckddg_dc\ZgZc!\Zkda" \ZcVVcaZ\^c[gVhigjXijjgZckZgWZiZg^c\ÒZih[VX^a^iZ^iZcVVc YZdgYZ`dbZc#BZiYZoZejciZc\VVclZXdcXgZZiVVcYZ haV\dbYVVYlZg`Za^_`^ZihiZWZgZ^`Zckddg_dc\ZgZc^cdcoZ gZ\^d#9ZXdbb^hh^ZEda^i^Z`7ZaZ^YdcYZgaZ^Y^c\kVcEVja HX]ZcYZga^c\^hWZo^\bZiZZcdcYZgodZ`cVVgYZbd\Za^_`" ]ZYZckddg_dc\ZgZc]j^hkZhi^c\^cYZk^_[\ZbZZciZc#

LZl^aaZcZZcWgj\[jcXi^ZijhhZcYZ\ZbZZciZckZgkjaaZc ZchVbZcbZi\ZbZZciZcZcldc^c\WdjlXdŽeZgVi^Zhidi ^c^i^Vi^ZkZco^ZciZ`dbZc# 9VVgcVVhi]djYZclZdchWZo^\bZiYZYgZ^\ZcYZVVcaZ\ kVcYZ6&($6&+Yddg`dhiWVVgcVijjg\ZW^ZY^cAVch^c\ZgaVcY# =Zi^hkgZZbYYViYZVVcaZ\kVcYZ6)odaVc\deo^X]aVVi lVX]iZc!iZgl^_aZgcjZaYZgh^c]Zi\ZW^ZYlZaYZVVcaZ\kVc YZ6&($6&+ZgldgYiYddg\Z_VV\Y#L^_o^_ckVcbZc^c\YVi lVccZZgYZVVcaZ\kVc6&($6&+Zg`dbiYZoZdeZZcYjjgoV" bZbVc^ZgidihiVcYbdZi`dbZcYddgW^_kddgWZZaYdcYZg" ijccZa^c\kVcYZlZ\d[YddgcVijjgXdbeZchVi^ZdeVcYZgZ eaVVihZc#=Zi89?69LDoVaYVVgdbZZcVXi^ZdeidjloZiiZc dbZZcYjjgoVbZkVg^VcikVcYZlZ\iZWZeaZ^iZc# CVVhidcoZeda^i^Z`^c]djYZa^_`ZVXi^k^iZ^iZco^_clZcVijjg" a^_`dd`ZZcV[YZa^c\Y^Zo^X]WZo^\]djYibZi]Zidg\Vc^hZgZc kVcVXi^k^iZ^iZckddgaZYZcZc_dc\ZgZc#BZiZZcVVciVakVc dc\ZkZZg*%aZYZc`jccZcZg^ciZgZhhVciZVXi^k^iZ^iZckVc YZ\gdcY`dbZc#Odk^cYiZgZa`ZbVVcYZZceda^i^Z`ZWdggZa eaVVih^cZZckVcYZk^_[\ZbZZciZcZchiVVcZgYZWViiZcbZi b^YYZaWVVghX]da^ZgZcZchijYZciZcj^i9Za[ideYZV\ZcYV# 9VVgcVVhiojaaZcZg^c'%%-ZZcVVciVai]ZbVYZWViiZc ldgYZc\Zdg\Vc^hZZgYY^ZiZbV`Zc]ZWWZcbZiYZad`VaZ egdWaZbVi^Z`^cYZ\ZbZZciZcodVahdkZgbVi^\VaXd]da\Z" Wgj^`Zc_dc\ZgZc]j^hkZhi^c\# =Zi89?69Za[iLZhiaVcYDdhiaVcY^hZZcV[YZa^c\Y^ZkdaZc" i]djh^VhbZVVcYZhaV\\VVibZiYZkZaZeda^i^Z`Zi]ZbVŸhZc VXi^k^iZ^iZckddg_dc\ZgZc^cdcoZgZ\^d#>ZYZgZZc^hkVc]VgiZ lZa`dbdbaVc\hiZ`dbZcW^_ZZckVcdcoZVXi^k^iZ^iZc# KddgbZZg^c[dgbVi^Z`jc_ZXdciVXidecZbZck^V XY_VYld5\bV^a#Xdb# ?ZgdZckVcKZaoZc Kddgo^iiZg89?69Za[iLZhiaVcYDdhiaVcY

?ZgdZckVcKZaoZc 6ccZbVg^ZLVaiZg 7


Eat fair, beat hunger [ZaldgYij^i\Z]VVaYcVVgYZegdWaZbZcY^ZZgo^_c^cYZodg\ ZcYZa^c`Y^Zo^_aZ\\ZcbZiYZ^ckdZg^c\kVcbVg`ieg^``Zah# 9ZegdWaZbZc^cYZodg\lVgZcZgVaZZgYZg!bVVglZgYZc cdd^iVahodYVc^\VVc\ZbZg`i#=Zi^ckdZgZckVcbVg`ieg^``Zah ^cYZodg\]ZZ[i]ZicddYoV`Za^_`\ZbVV`iYViodg\^chiZaa^c\Zc deZc]Z^YkVcoV`ZcY^ZcZciZ\ZkZc!odYViYZXdchjbZci!YZ dkZg]Z^YZcYZodg\kZgoZ`ZgVVg^co^X]i`g^_\Zc^cYZ`lVa^iZ^i Zceg^_hkVcodg\Zc^clZa`ZbViZYZoZ\ZaZkZgYldgYiYddg odg\^chiZaa^c\Zc#9ZHE`Vcc^ZihiZaaZcYViYZ`lVa^iZ^ikVcodg\ VX]iZgj^i\Z\VVcodjo^_cYddg^ckdZg^c\kVcbVg`ieg^``Zah#

Van de werkgroep:

De Zorgsector, een aparte markt? =Zi^iZbkVcbVg`ilZg`^c\^cYZodg\hZXidg`g^_\ikZZaVVc" YVX]iW^_VaaZgaZ^\gdZeZc^cYZhVbZcaZk^c\!ÈLVVgdbbdZi bVg`ilZg`^c\^cYZodg\cdj\ZWgj^`ildgYZc4É^hZZckVV` \Z]ddgYZkgVV\#AVViYZdkZg]Z^Y\Zlddcodg\Zckddg\dZYZ odg\ZcYVVg^h]ZaZbVVa\ZZcbVg`ilZg`^c\kddgcdY^\# 9Zodg\hZXidgWZhiVVi^cCZYZgaVcYj^iYg^ZeVgi^_Zc0YZodg\" VVcW^ZYZgh!YZ`aVciZcZcYZodg\kZgoZ`ZgVVgh#9ZoZYg^Z eVgi^_ZcegdWZgZcVaaZbVVa]jcWZaVc\Zcod\dZYbd\Za^_`j^i iZkdZgZc#KddgZZc\gddiYZZao^_cYZoZWZaVc\Zcdd`]ZioZa[" YZ#9Z`aVcil^a\gVV\od\dZYbd\Za^_`Zodg\ZclVccZZgo^_ YVVgkddgbdZiZcWZiVaZcdd`\gVV\cd\iZ\ZcZZcgZYZa^_`Z eg^_h#9VVgcVVhi]ZWWZcVaaZVgihZc]jcbZY^hX]ZZZY\Zold" gZcYVio^_eVi^…ciZcod\dZYbd\Za^_`ojaaZc]ZaeZc# 9Zodg\kZgoZ`ZgVVghl^aaZc\dZYZ`lVa^iZ^ikVcodg\\VgVcYZ" gZckddg]jc`aVciZcZcYVikddgZZcgZYZa^_`Zeg^_h!odYVioZ iZkgZYZc`aVciZc]ZWWZcY^Zdd`W^_]jcWa^_kZc# IZa`ZchlZZgWa^_`iYViZgkZZakZghX]^aaZcWZhiVVcijhhZcYZ `lVa^iZ^ikVcodg\^chiZaa^c\Zc#=Zia^\iZgbVVgcZiVVclZa`Z WZ]VcYZa^c\_ZbdZidcYZg\VVcZclVi_ZVah`aVciWZaVc\g^_` k^cYi#@^_`bVVgcVVgYZide&%%kVco^Z`Zc]j^oZckVc]Zi 6a\ZbZZc9V\WaVY!YZ:ahZk^ZgZcYZkZghX]^aaZcYVVgijhhZc# 9VVg`jc_ZegZX^ZhaZoZclVVg_Z]ZiWZhiZiZgZX]i`jci# 9ZkZghX]^aaZcijhhZcYZhZgk^XZY^Zodg\^chiZaa^c\ZcW^ZYZc o^_cc^ZikVcYZV[\ZadeZc_VgZc#9ZoZkZghX]^aaZclVgZcVa ZZgYZgVVclZo^\!bVVgYZoZ\Z\ZkZchlZgYZccdd^ideZcWVVg \ZbVV`i#KVcYVVgYViYZodg\^chiZaa^c\ZcoZa[c^ZiegZX^Zh l^hiZc]dZo^_egZhiZZgYZciZcdeo^X]iZkVcZa`VVg# 9VVgdb^h]Zidd`odkgZZbYYViZgbZicVbZYddgYZHEod 8

9^Z\gdiZgZdeZc]Z^YkVcoV`ZcY^Zodg\^chiZaa^c\ZcbdZiZc \ZkZcodg\iZgkddgYVio^_\Zeg^``ZaYldgYZcdb\dZYiZ `^_`ZccVVgYZodg\Y^Zo^_aZkZgZc#LVccZZgodg\^chiZaa^c\Zc Y^ic^ZiYdZcZgkVgZco^_dd`YZÒcVcX^…aZXdchZfjZci^Zh! VVc\Zo^ZceVi^…ciZccVVgVcYZgZ^chiZaa^c\Zc\VVcdbodg\ iZ`g^_\Zc#BVg`ieg^``Zahhi^bjaZgZcodg\^chiZaa^c\ZcdbZ[Ò" X^…ciZ!YdZa\Zg^X]iZodg\iZaZkZgZc^ckZg\Za^_`^c\bZiVcYZgZ odg\^chiZaa^c\Zc# =Zia^_`iodYViYZXdchjbZciVai^_YZZc\dZYZ`ZjoZ`Vc bV`ZclVccZZgo^_WZeVVaYZodg\cdY^\]ZZ[i!YddgYViodg\^c" hiZaa^c\ZcbZZgigVcheVgVcildgYZc#=ZaVVhWa^_[iZgZZc\gddi kZghX]^ao^iiZcijhhZcYZ`Zcc^hY^ZYZVgih]ZZ[iZcYZ`Zcc^h kVcYZeVi^…ci#

Çodg\^hcVbZa^_`ZZcoZZgXdbeaZmZ Y^Zchi!lVVgYddg]ZikddgZZc XdchjbZcibdZ^a^_`^hdbZZclZa" dkZgld\Zc`ZjoZiZ`jccZcbV`Zc#È 9^i^hZZcYj^YZa^_`kZghX]^abZiZZcÈ\ZldcZÉbVg`i!lVVg_Z egdWZZgiVah`deZgZkZckZZa^c[dgbVi^ZiZkZg`g^_\ZcVahYZ kZg`deZgZclVVgY^ikddgZZcWZaVc\g^_`YZZadd`bd\Za^_`^h# =Zi^hYj^YZa^_`YViYZodg\bVg`iVcYZgh^hYVcVcYZgZ bVg`iZc#LZ]ZWWZc]^ZgiZbV`ZcbZiZZcgZaVi^Z[olV``Z edh^i^ZkVcYZXdchjbZciZcZZchiZg`Z^c[dgbVi^Zedh^i^Z kVcodg\^chiZaa^c\Zc#LZo^Zcdd`YViZgYj^YZa^_`ZkZghX]^a" aZc^c`lVa^iZ^iY^Zodg\^chiZaa^c\ZcaZkZgZc#=Zi^ckdZgZc kVcbVg`ieg^``ZahZcZZcWZaVc\g^_`Zedh^i^Zkddgodg\kZgoZ" `ZgVVghYgVV\iZgidZW^_YVi`lVa^iZ^ikVcodg\igVcheVgVciZg ldgYi#9^ieg^``Zai^chiZaa^c\Zc]jcodg\iZkZgWZiZgZcZc YVidd`Z[ÒX^…ciZgiZYdZcVVc\Zo^Zcodg\kZgoZ`ZgVVghZZc hX]ZgeZegZb^Zl^aaZcW^ZYZcVVc]jc`aVciZc#>bbZgh `aVciZc\dZYZodg\W^ZYZc!WZiZgYVc]jcXdcXjggZci!^h ZZcegdXZhYVio^X]iYZ`dbZcYZ_VgZcoVa\VVcV[heZaZc# BVg`ieg^``Zaha^_`ZcZZcedh^i^Z[Z[[ZXiiZ`jccZc ]ZWWZcdeYZ`lVa^iZ^iZcYZeg^_hkVcodg\# :ccj`^_`Zcd[]Zidd`ZX]iod\VVilZg`Zc# GVbdckVcYZgBVVh LZg`\gdZeKLH

>cZZcWVcVcZceV`bZchZcYZa^[i^cZcj^iaZ^YZc!egVVi_Zh dkZg"ZZga^_`Z"WVcVcZcYdZc!YZoZXY_VÉZg]ZZ[i]ZiVa" aZbVVa\ZYVVc#BVVglZade]Zi_j^hiZbdbZciZckddgYZ \dZYZoVV`/LdgaY;ddY9Vn\Zdg\Vc^hZZgYYddg;V^g[ddY OdcYV\&)d`idWZgdg\Vc^hZZgYZ;V^g[ddYcVVgVVcaZ^Y^c\kVc YZ^ciZgcVi^dcVaZLZgZaYkdZYhZaYV\YZÈCZYZgaVcYhZÉLdgaY ;ddY9Vn#7Z^YZYV\ZckgV\ZcVVcYVX]ikddg]Zi]dc\Zgegd" WaZZb^cYZlZgZaY#:a`ZYV\hiZgkZcZg'*#%%%bZchZckVc YZ]dc\ZgZc]ZWWZc-*)b^a_dZcc^Zi\ZcdZ\iZZiZcdb ZZcbZchlVVgY^\WZhiVVciZaZ^YZc#=VgYZX^_[ZghY^ZkgV\Zc dbVXi^Z#;V^g[ddY^h]^ZgYV\^cYV\j^iVadeZZcegV`i^hX]Z bVc^ZgbZZWZo^\!bVVgkgVV\ideÈLdgaY;ddY9VnÉcd\ ZZchZmigVVVcYVX]ikddg]ZikdZYhZaegdWaZZb#

dkZgiZkZgldcYZgZcYVidd`ZZcbZg`Vah6eeZah^Zci_Zd[ 9jWWZa[g^hÈ[V^gÉ^h#OZdciYZ`iZcYVi]ZiYjhZ^\Zca^_`WZhi bd\Za^_`^hdbdeYZZZga^_`ZidjgiZ\VVc#?ZbdZiVaaZZc ZkZci_ZhYZi^_YcZbZcdbdeYZh^iZkVc;V^g[ddYiZ`^_`Zc lZa`ZegdYjXiZcYddgYZWZj\Za`jccZcZclZa`Zc^Zi#:glVh cVijjga^_`bZZgdeYZoZYV\#9ZWZodZ`Zgh`dcYZco^X]bZc" \Zc^cYZWVibZiWViiaZcYZeda^i^X^!a^\\ZcYÒabe_ZhWZ`^_`Zc ^cYZÒabadjc\Z!YZbZ^h_ZhkVcYZ[V^gZbdYZh]dlWZldcYZ" gZc!egdZkZcj^iYZ[V^gZX]dXdaVYZ[dciZ^cZccd\kZZabZZg#

:ZghiZkZclVij^iaZ\dkZglVi;V^g[ddYcdj^h#=Zi^hc†Zi]Zi ;V^gigVYZbZg`!bVVgZZcXVbeV\cZ"ZcadWWndg\Vc^hVi^ZY^Z egdWZZgiWZljhio^_cdcYZgYZXdchjbZciZciZXgZ…gZcdkZg YZWZhiVVcYZgZaVi^ZijhhZclZhiZghXdchjbZciZc\ZYgV\Zc ]dc\ZgZcVgbdZYZ^cdcil^``Za^c\haVcYZc#O^_dcYZgodZ`i egdYjXiZcVahÈ`g^i^hX]ZXdchjbZciZcÉZcdcYZglZgeioZVVc ZZckgV\Zca^_hi!Y^ZWZeVVaid[]ZiegdYjXiÈ[V^gÉ^h# :clVicdZbi[V^g[ddYYVcÈ[V^gÉ4;V^g^hgZaVi^Z[ZZga^_`# ;V^g[ddYWZddgYZZaiZZcegdYjXiVah[V^glVccZZg]ZiWdkZc" \Zb^YYZaYYjjgoVVb^hd[bZZgkddgj^i\Vc\WdZ`iYVco^_c XdcXjggZciZc#;V^gZegdYjXiZco^_cYjhc^ZieZgYZÒc^i^ZeZg" [ZXi\ZegdYjXZZgYd[kZg]VcYZaY!bVVgiZcdeo^X]iZkVc]jc XdcXjggZciZco^_coZWZiZgkddgbZch!b^a^ZjZcZXdcdb^Z^c dcil^``Za^c\haVcYZc#@dgidb/

ÇZZc[V^gegdYjXiYgVV\igZaVi^Z[bZZgW^_ VVcWZhig^_Y^c\kVc]dc\ZgZcVgbdZYZ#È IZgj\cVVgYZLdgaY;ddY9Vn#BZikZaZVXi^k^iZ^iZclZgYZg ^c]ZiEdhi8H"\ZWdjl^c6bhiZgYVbYZVVcYVX]i\ZkZhi^\Y de]dZ_ZVahXdchjbZciW^_`jciYgV\ZcVVcYZWZhig^_Y^c\ kVc]dc\ZgZcVgbdZYZ^cdcil^``Za^c\haVcYZc#9Zb^c^hiZg kddgDcil^``Za^c\hhVbZclZg`^c\!7Zgi@dZcYZgh!deZcYZYZ ZZghiZ[V^gZhjeZgbVg`ikVcCZYZgaVcY#<Zaj``^\`lVb^`Zg cZidei^_YVX]iZgYVi_Z]^Zgc^Zih`dc`deZc##VaaZZc`^_`Zc lZa`ZegdYjXiZcÈ[V^gÉo^_cZcWZ`^_`ZclVVgdboZYVc[V^g o^_c#w‚cegdYjXi`dcl‚a\Z`dX]ildgYZc/X]dXdaV?VlZa!YZ ZX]iZIdcnÉhX]dXdadcZanlVhiZ`dde!YZgZZeY^ZXaV^biÈ[V^gÉ iZo^_c#=ZilVhc^Zikddgc^ZihYViYZoZaZ``Zgc^_lZakZg" `dX]ilZgY#BdbZciZZa^hZgZZcXVbeV\cZVVcYZ\Vc\kVc ;V^g[ddYZcHidei]ZIgV[Ò`dbbZZgYZVVcYVX]iiZkZhi^\Zc deYjjgoVbZVaiZgcVi^ZkZc^cYZXVXVdhZXidg#9^idbYViYZXV" XVdWZYg^_kZccd\hiZZYh\ZZco^c]ZWWZcdeZc]Z^YiZ\ZkZc dkZg]jcegdYjXi^Z`ZiZch!dcYVc`h]VgYcZ``^\ZegdWaZbZc ^cYZhZXidgVah`^cYZghaVkZgc^_#9ZoZ\ZaVcXZZgYZXVbeV\cZ ]djYiZZcXdbeZi^i^Z^cdcYZgYZ\gdiZXVXVdWZYg^_kZc^c CZYZgaVcYodVahCZhia‚!BVhiZg[ddYh!@gV[i;ddYh!Jc^iZY 7^hXj^ihZc;ZggZgddbYZbZZhi[V^gZX]dXdaVYZgZZe CVVhi]Zi`deZckVcX]dXdaVhidcYZckZZaWZodZ`Zgho^X]Zg

KddgYZbZchZcY^Zcd\WZc^ZjlYo^_ccVVglVi^` YVVg]ZWj^i\ZkdZgY/ >`]VYb^_VahÈhjeedgiZgÉVcYZglddgYkddgkg^_l^aa^\Zg!bVVg W^_;V^g[ddY\ZkZcoZYZkddg`ZjgVVc]^eeZ:c\ZahZlddg" YZcWa^_bdZY^\VVc\ZbZaYdbiZ]ZaeZcdeYZ\gdiZYV\# CVYVib^_lVhkZgiZaYYVi^`^cZZc`^eeZceV`odjbd\Zc ÓnZgZcde6bhiZgYVbXZcigVVaiZaYZ^`YZYV\ZcV[#=ZaVVh lVhW^_VVc`dbhi^ZbVcY{cYZghZgVa^c]Zi`^eeZceV` kVcYddg½C^ZikZZaaViZgWaZZ`ZX]iZgYVi^`VahZZc\ZhX]^`iZ `VcY^YVVikddg]ZiWVcVcZceV`lZgY\Zo^Zc#<ZlZaY^\# >`bdX]iVahWVcVVcbZchZcYZa^[i^caZ^YZc!de]Zi`cde_Z Ygj``ZcZcZZcWZZi_Z\Z`YdZc#=ZilVhc^ZibdZ^a^_`!bVVg lZaZg\aZj`#9Vc`o^_YZoZÈVXiÉ]ZW^`kddgVa]ZZakZZabZchZc VVc]ZiaVX]Zc\ZbVV`iZcZZcdckZg\ZiZa^_`ZLdgaY;ddY 9Vn\Z]VY#:ZcWVcVcZceV`kVaioZ`ZgdcYZgYZcdZbZg/ ÈignWZ[dgZndjY^Z"ZgkVg^c\É BVgi^cZDaY]d[[ KddgZZca^_hibZiÈ[V^gZÉegdYjXiZcY^Z_Z\Zlddc^cYZhjeZgbVg`i`jci `deZc\V_ZcVVglll#[V^g[ddY#dg\ =^Zgk^cYi_ZZZcYj^YZa^_`dkZgo^X]iZc`jc_Z]ZZaegV`i^hX]^ZihYdZc iZ\Zc]dc\Zg!Yddgh^beZalZ\ZZga^_`iZ\VVcZiZc#

9


Oud-voorzitters aan het woord

Gezocht: Voorzitter (m/v)

ǂ‚ckVcYZaZj`hiZY^c\ZcY^Z _ZVah_dc\ZgZ`jcibZZbV`ZcÈ

:^cYbZ^'%%-addeiYZiZgb^_ckVcYZ]j^Y^\Zkddgo^iiZgV[# 9VVgdbodZ`ZclZZci]djh^VhiZaZYZcY^Zo^X]`VcY^YVVi l^aaZchiZaaZckddgYZkZg`^Zo^c\idiaVcYZa^_`kddgo^iiZg kVc]Zi89?6#

Æ>c'%%)lZgY^`kddgo^iiZgkVc]Zi89?6#=^ZgVVclVh ZZcaVc\ZeZg^dYZkVcXVbeV\cZkdZgZckddgV[\Z\VVc# BVVgkddgYViY^iVaaZh\ZWZjgYZ]ZW^`aVc\cV\ZYVX]id[^` bZ“WZg]Vjei`VcY^YVVil^aYZhiZaaZckddg]Zikddgo^iiZg" hX]Ve#=Zi^h^bbZghc^Zic^Zihdb89?6kddgo^iiZgiZo^_c# :c]Zi`dhiWdkZcY^ZckZZai^_YZcZcZg\^Z# LVVgdb^`bZj^iZ^cYZa^_``VcY^YVVi]ZW\ZhiZaY4=Zi89?6^h ZZcaZj`Z!\ZoZaa^\Z_dc\ZgZcdg\Vc^hVi^ZlVVgW^ccZc^`Vai^_Y bZikZZaeaZo^ZgVXi^Z[WZc\ZlZZhi#=Zikddgo^iiZghX]VeW^ZYi _ZYZ`VchdbhVbZcbZiVcYZgZ89?6ÉZghkZZaiZWZgZ^`Zc# ?ZaZZgiVahkddgo^iiZgkZZac^ZjlZbZchZc`ZccZc!dd`YdZ _ZVaaZgaZ^c^ZjlZZgkVg^c\ZcdeZcdcil^``Za_Zc^ZjlZ kVVgY^\]ZYZc#Od^h]ZiaZ^YZckVcZZcVa\ZbZcZaZYZckZg\V" YZg^c\d[]Zi\ZkZckVcZZc^ciZgk^ZlZZcZgkVg^c\Vch^X]# >``Vc^ZYZgZZcYjhVVcgVYZcdbiZhdaa^X^iZgZclVci]Zi kddgo^iiZghX]VekVc]Zi89?6^hZX]i‚‚ckVcYZaZj`hiZ Y^c\ZcY^Z_ZVah_dc\ZgZ`jcibZZbV`ZcÇ GdcVaYkVc7gjX]Zb"kddgo^iiZgkVc'%%)"'%%+#

=Zikddgo^iiZghX]Ve^hZZckZZao^_Y^\ZZcj^iYV\ZcYZ[jcXi^Z# 6ahkddgo^iiZgWZc_Z/ ™AZ^YZgkVcYZ89?6"eVgi^_dg\Vc^hVi^Z/ _Z\ZZ[ig^X]i^c\Zchijg^c\VVcYZdg\Vc^hVi^Z#

ÇZZcdcb^hWVgZZgkVg^c\È Æ>``Vc^cb^YYZahoZ\\Zc!YVib^_ckddgo^iiZghi^_Ydcb^hWVVg ^h\ZlZZhi6ahkddgo^iiZg]ZW^`bZikZZaeaZo^ZghVbZc\Z" lZg`ibZi\ZYgZkZcZc\Zbdi^kZZgYZbZchZc^c]ZiYV\Za^_`h ZcVa\ZbZZcWZhijjg#EZghddca^_`]ZW^`_j^hikVcYZoZoZZg kZghX]^aaZcYZbZchZcYZhi^_Yh^che^gVi^ZZc^YZZ…cde\ZYVVc# BVVgc^ZiVaaZZcYVi#9ZoZbZchZc]ZWWZcb^_dd`Y^gZXid[ ^cY^gZXiZgZÓZXi^Zh\Z\ZkZcdkZgb^_chi^_a!l^_oZkVckddgo^i" iZcZciZkZch]Zidg\Vc^hZgZckVcXdbeaZbZciV^gZiZVbkdg" b^c\#:c!W^ccZcYZ89?6Zc896È[Vb^a^ZÉ]ZW^`dcioZiiZcY kZZabZchZcaZgZc`ZccZcZcY^Z^`cd\hiZZYhgZ\ZabVi^\d[ i^_YZcheVgi^_Xdc\gZhhZcZg\\gVV\Wa^_[hegZ`Zc 9VVgcVVhi]ZW^`cVijjga^_`dd`dcioZiiZcYkZZa\ZaZZgYkVc ]ZiWZhijgZckVcZZckg^_l^aa^\Zghdg\Vc^hVi^Z#=ZiWZigZ``Zc Zcbdi^kZgZckVcdcoZaZYZcY^ZcVVhi]jchijY^Zd[lZg` o^X]l^aaZc^coZiiZckddgbVVihX]VeeZa^_`Zi]ZbVÉhZcYZed" a^i^Z`"WZhijjga^_`Zdeadhh^c\Zc!lVh$^hYZde\VkZ#=ZiodZ`Zc cVVgZZceVhhZcYZWZcVYZg^c\Zc]Zij^ikdZgZcYVVgkVc^c YZkdgbkVcZZcdkZgij^\ZcYZZcVVchegZ`ZcYZXdbbjc^" XVi^Z!o^_ckddgb^_WZaVc\g^_`ZZgkVg^c\Zc\ZlZZhi#>cb^_c ]j^Y^\ZlZg`db\Zk^c\^hY^ZZgkVg^c\kVc\gddiWZaVc\# Idihadi]ZW^`!j^iZgVVgY!dcb^hWVgZZgkVg^c\de\ZYVVcgdcY" db]Zieda^i^Z`ZYZWViW^ccZc‚cWj^iZcYZeVgi^_#9ddgYZoZ ZgkVg^c\Zc]ZW^`o^X]i\Z`gZ\Zcde]Zieda^i^Z`Z]VcYlZg` Zc^co^X]i^cYZVX]iZg\gdcYZckVc]Zieda^i^Z`ZheZa# =Zikddgo^iiZghX]Ve^hkddgb^_ZZc[VciVhi^hX]ZZgkVg^c\ \ZlZZhi!Y^Z^`kddg\ZZc\djY]VYl^aaZcb^hhZc#Ç AdZ`HX]jZaZg"kddgo^iiZgkVc'%%%"'%%'

10

™=dZYZgkVc]ZiX]g^hiZcYZbdXgVi^hX]\ZYVX]iZ\dZY/ _ZWZcidkZgij^\YkVcYZbZZglVVgYZYVVgkVc!\ZZ[iZgZZc bdYZgcZ^ckjaa^c\VVcZciddciYZgZaZkVci^ZYVVgkVcVVc kddg_dc\ZgZc# ™:ZccZilZg`Zg!Y^ZYZXdciVXiZcdcYZg]djYibZi\Za^ZZgYZ dg\Vc^hVi^Zh!lVVgdcYZg]Zi896#9VVgbZZlZZi_Zkddg]Zi 89?6oV`ZckddgZa`VVgiZ`g^_\Zc# ™:ZcXdbbjc^XVidg!Y^ZYZWddYhX]VekVc]Zi89?6dkZg]Zi kdZia^X]iWgZc\i# ™:Zc^che^gVidg!Y^ZaZYZcVVcoZiidiWZigd``Zc]Z^YZcVXi^Z# DeYZeV\^cVa^c`haZZh_ZdkZgYZZgkVg^c\kVcilZZdjY" kddgo^iiZgh# KZgZ^hiZc ?ZWZcia^YkVc]Zi89?6ZcdkZgij^\YX]g^hiZcYZbdXgVVi#9VVg" cVVhi]ZW_Z`Zcc^hZcZgkVg^c\dkZg]Zi[jcXi^dcZgZckVc]Zi 89?6#?Z]ZWiZZcYj^YZa^_`Zk^h^Zde]Zi89?6Zcde]VVggda^c eda^i^Z`ZcbVVihX]Vee^_#9VVgW^_WZhX]^`_ZdkZgj^ihiZ`ZcYZ Xdbbjc^XVi^ZkZkVVgY^\]ZYZc#?ZWZciiZcb^chiZWZhX]^`WVVg kddgYZiZgb^_ckVc‚‚c_VVg!lVVg^c_ZZZc\gddiYZZakVcYZ lZZ`\Zb^YYZaY('jjg`jciWZhiZYZcVVc]Zi89?6# DeYZlZWh^iZlll#XY_V#ca^hZZc dkZgo^X]iiZk^cYZckVcVaaZZ^hZcZckZglVX]i^c\Zc#

IETSR VOOU? JO

?

EgdXZYjgZ LVccZZg_^__Z]Zg`Zci^cY^iegdÒZaZc_ZYZj^iYV\^c\VVc l^ai\VVcdbkVcV[_jc^'%%-]Zi89?6iZaZ^YZc!YVccdY^\Zc lZ_Zj^iiZhdaa^X^iZgZc#LVccZZg_Z^ZbVcYVcYZgh`ZciY^Z kdaYdZiVVcY^iegdÒZa!YVckgV\Zcl^__ZY^i`ZcWVVgiZbV" `ZcYddgYZoZeZghddckddgiZYgV\Zc#9ZoZeZghddc`VcYVc YddgYZhZaZXi^ZXdbb^hh^ZldgYZcj^i\ZcdY^\YiZhdaa^X^iZgZc# >cYZeZg^dYZidi[ZWgjVg^'%%-oVaYZhZaZXi^ZXdbb^hh^Z \ZhegZ``ZckdZgZcbZiediZci^…aZ`VcY^YViZcdbiZ`dbZc idiZZckddgYgVX]iVVc]ZiVa\ZbZZcWZhijjg#<ZhigZZ[YldgYi cVVgZZcbZZgkdjY^\ZkddgYgVX]i#CVkVhihiZaa^c\YVVgkVc Yddg]ZiVa\ZbZZcWZhijjg!igZ``ZcYZ`VcY^YViZc]ZiaVcY^c dbXVbeV\cZiZkdZgZc#J^iZ^cYZa^_`WZeVaZcYZaZYZcYddg b^YYZakVcZZchiZbW^a_ZiYVii#o#i#eZgedhildgYiidZ\Zodc" YZcl^ZYZc^ZjlZkddgo^iiZgldgYi#9Zj^ihaV\oVaWZ`ZcY ldgYZc\ZbVV`ide]Zikddg_VVghXdc\gZh# G^X]i_Zhdaa^X^iVi^ZWZhiVVcYZj^iZZcbdi^kVi^ZZcZZcj^i\Z" WgZ^Y8Kd[kddgYgVX]iVVc]Zi89?6!i#V#k#YZhZaZXi^ZXdbb^h" h^Zkddgo^iiZghkZg`^Zo^c\!EdhiWjh(%)*(!'*%%<A!9Zc=VV\# ?Z`jcidd`Z"bV^aZccVVgkVXVijgZ5XY_V#ca#?Zhdaa^X^iVi^Z bdZiW^_dchW^ccZco^_ckddg&_VcjVg^'%%-#LZkgV\Zc_Z ZkZcijZaZkddgYgVX]iZckddg&)YZXZbWZg'%%,`ZcWVVgiZ bV`Zc# KgV\Zc LVccZZg_ZkgV\Zc]ZWi!cZZbYVcXdciVXidebZiYZkddg" o^iiZgkVcYZhZaZXi^ZXdbb^hh^Z!BVii]^_hEjciZg#9^i`Vck^V WdkZchiVVcYZ"bV^aVYgZhd[iZaZ[dc^hX]k^V%+*&,)-++,#

11


From Norway with Love! >iÉhHjcYVni]Z)i]d[CdkZbWZg!>Ébh^ii^c\^cbnVeVgibZci ^cDhad#>Vb!_jhia^`Zndjb^\]iWZ!Vndjc\X]g^hi^VcYZbd" XgVi#L]ViYdlZ]VkZ^cXdbbdc4L]ViŸhje^cCdglVn4

LVVgdbZc]dZWZc_ZHiViZca^Y\ZldgYZc4 6ahZX]iZ7gVWVcYZg`Vc^`c^ZiVcYZghoZ\\ZcYVi7gVWVci ZZcegVX]i^\Zegdk^cX^Z^h:cVah_ZYVcYZ`Vch`g^_\idb _ZhiZZci_ZW^_iZYgV\ZcVVcYZkZgYZgZdcil^``Za^c\kVc 7gVWVci!YVcaVVi_ZY^Zc^Zia^\\Zc##^`^c^ZYZg\ZkVac^Zi# CVbZch]Zi89?6lVh^`YZhi^_Ya^YkVc]Zi6a\ZbZZc7Zhijjg kVc]Zi896CddgY"7gVWVci#IdZcYZ\gdha^_hikVc`VcY^YV" iZckddgYZhiViZckZg`^Zo^c\ZcdeYZV\ZcYVhidcY]ZW^`! cVbZch]Zi89?6!YZdebZg`^c\\ZbVV`iYVi]ZikgZZbYlVh YViZg\ZZcbZchZcdcYZgYZ(%de\gdha^_hihidcYZc# 9Zkddgo^iiZgkgdZ\kZgkda\Zchd[^`\ZZc^cigZhhZ]VY# J^iZ^cYZa^_`WZc^`idZkdZ\YVVcYZ\gdha^_hiZc`gZZ\^`ZZc eaZ`W^_YZZZghiZ&%deYZ`^Zha^_hi#>`lVhW^_odcYZgkZgZZgY! lVciYVi]VY^`ZX]ic^ZikZglVX]i#

LZaa!Òghii]^c\hÒghi!i]ZCdglZ\^Vc8]g^hi^Vc9ZbdXgVih @g;^hi]ZhZXdcYaVg\ZhieVgin^cbZbWZgh!l]Zci]Vi^h hV^Y!lZÉgZdcZd[i]ZhbVaaZhieVgi^Zh^cVXijVakdiZh# DjgeVgin^hhigdc\dci]ZlZhiXdVhid[CdglVn!l]^X]^h l]ZgZXdchZgkVi^kZkVajZhigVY^i^dcVaanhiVcYhigdc\#>ci]Z aVg\ZgX^i^ZhlZVgZXdch^YZgZYidWZVXdcigdkZgh^VaeVgin l^i]hdbZl]VidaY[Vh]^dckVajZh# Djgndji]dg\Vc^hVi^dc^hbdgZdgaZhhVcVi^dcl^YZdg\Vc^" hVi^dc!l]ZcndjiV`Z^cidXdch^YZgVi^dci]ViCdglVn^hVegdm# )%%i]djhVcY`b'dgVWdjic^cZi^bZhi]Zh^oZd[CZi]ZgaVcYh! ^ib^\]ihdjcY^begZhh^kZ#I]^hbZVchi]VihdbZbZbWZgha^kZ bdgZi]Vc&,%%`^adbZigZhVlVn[gdbZVX]di]Zg H^cXZlZadhii]ZZaZXi^dch^c'%%*VcYi]Zeg^bZb^c^hiZg! i]ZaVWdjgeVginVcYi]ZhdX^Va^hieVginVgZ^cedlZg#;dgjhVh Vndji]dg\Vc^oVi^dci]^hbZVchi]Viid\ZiejWa^XViiZci^dc^h bjX]bdgZY^[ÒXjai#HdlZ]VkZYZX^YZYid_jhiWZVW^ibdgZ XgZVi^kZ#LZVgZcdlign^c\idWZbdgZk^h^WaZWn]^ii^c\i]Z higZZih"

aZhhiVa`!bdgZVXi^dc Id\^kZVcZmVbeaZ/;dgVXdjeaZd[lZZ`hV\di]ZlViZg^c DhadlVhYZXaVgZYcdiYg^c`VWaZ#EZdeaZlZciXgVon!gjc" c^c\idi]Zh]dehidWjnWdiiaZYlViZgl]^X]lZhZaYdb Yd^cCdglVn!h^cXZi]ZlViZgcdgbVaan^hYZa^X^djhhigV^\]i [gdbi]ZiVe#L]Vi]VeeZcZYlVhi]ViYjg^c\i]Zbdgc^c\ a^iZgVaanVaaWdiiaZYlViZglVhhdaYdjiHd!l]VilZY^YlZ [djcYVh]dei]Vi]VYgZXZ^kZYcZlhjeeand[lViZgVcYlZ Wdj\]il]VilZXdjaYXVggn#I]ZclZbVYZcZlaVWZahdc i]ZWdiiaZhÄhiVi^c\i]VidcZh]djaYgZbZbWZgi]Vi!dkZg dcZW^aa^dceZdeaZVgZa^k^c\l^i]djiVXXZhhidXaZVclViZg ^ci]ZldgaY#LZlVciZYidXaVg^[nideZdeaZi]Vii]Znh]djaY gZVa^hZlZ]VkZZmXZei^dcVaa^k^c\hiVcYVgYh!l]^X]W^aa^dchd[ eZdeaZ^ci]ZldgaYYdcÉi]VkZ7ni]ZlVn!i]ZlViZg]ZgZ^h Yg^c`VWaZV\V^ccdl!hdYdcÉildggn LZ^ci]ZCdglZ\^VcNdjc\8]g^hi^Vc9ZbdXgVih@g;J]VkZ i]gZZXdgZide^Xh0Zck^gdcbZciVa^hhjZhXa^bViZX]Vc\Z!]j" bVcg^\]ihVcYÆbV`^c\edkZgin]^hidgnÇ#>iÉhfj^iZXdbbdcan hV^Yi]ViCdglVn^hi]ZWZhiXdjcign^ci]ZldgaYida^kZ^c# I]ZgZVhdc[dgi]^hhiViZbZci^hi]ViCdglVnaViZan]Vh]VY i]Z]^\]ZhigVi^c\dci]ZJCŸh=jbVc9ZkZadebZci>cYZm =9>#I]ZgZVgZcdgZVaW^\eda^i^XVaY^[[ZgZcXZh^ci]Zeda^i^" XVaYZWViZ^cCdglVn#Hd!lZignidiVa`VWdjiaVg\ZgVcYbdgZ egd[djcYegdWaZbh#LZlVciidViigVXikVajZWVhZYkdiZgh# Bdhid[i]Zndjc\hiZghi]Vi_d^cdjgeVginYdhdWZXVjhZi]Zn lVciidYdhdbZi]^c\[dgi]ZaZhh[dgijcViZ!i]ZZck^gdcbZci dgi]ZnVgZegd"a^[Zgh#

12

Jonkies: Statenlid Petra Paulides-Ruitenberg over haar werk in de Provinciale Staten van Noord-Brabant

>i^hValVnhXddaid\Ziid\Zi]Zgl^i]di]Zgndjc\eda^i^X^Vch [gdbdjgeVgin#LZ]VkZi]gZZcVi^dcVa\Vi]Zg^c\hYjg^c\V nZVg#LZ]VkZVcVjijbc"!heg^c\hZb^cVgVcYVXdc\gZhh#>iÉh i]ZXZcigVaWdVgYi]Vi^hgZhedch^WaZid\Zi]Zgl^i]djgHZXgZ" iVgn<ZcZgVa![dgi]Z\Vi]Zg^c\h#>i^hfj^iZZmeZch^kZ!WZXVjhZ bVcnbZbWZgh]VkZidiV`ZVÓ^\]iid\Ziidi]ZXdc\gZhh# >cdjgXZcigVaWdVgYi]ZgZVgZVidiVad[&%bZbWZgh!Wjidcan ildd[i]Zba^kZdjih^YZd[Dhad#L]ZclZZVX]bdci]]VkZ XZcigVaWdVgYbZZi^c\hi]Zildd[i]Zb]VkZidÓn^cidDhad VcYd[iZcheZcYi]ZlZZ`ZcY^ci]ZX^in#>ci^bZhd[Veddg ZXdcdb^Xh^ijVi^dci]ZgZVgZd[iZcYZWViZhVWdjil]Zi]Zg lZh]djaY]VkZVaVli]VihVnhndj]VkZida^kZ^cDhadidh^i ^ci]ZXZcigVaWdVgY#D[XdjghZi]^h^hVYZa^XViZY^hXjhh^dc l]ZgZbdhid[djgbZbWZgha^kZ^ci]ZY^hig^Xihd[CdglVn# LZ]VkZVhigdc\adXVadg\Vc^oVi^dcVcYlZVgZYZeZcYZcidc ]Vk^c\^i#BjX]WZXVjhZd[i]ZkVhiY^hiVcXZhlZ]VkZ^cdjg Xdjcign#>i^hbV^cani]ZgZ\^dcVaWgVcX]Zhi]VihiVcY[dgi]Z adXVaVXi^k^i^Zh#7ji^cbVcngZ\^dchi]ZgZ^hkZgnadlVXi^k^in VcYi]ZnVgZbdgZYZeZcYZcidc]Vk^c\cVi^dcVa\Vi]Zg^c\h# I]ZadXVaWgVcX]^cDhad]VhVcdeZcbZZi^c\dcXZVbdci] ^cVXV[‚#I]ZnXVaa^iVeda^i^XVaXV[‚0i]Zn^ck^iZV\jZhiheZV" `Zg"idheZV`dcVide^X#6[iZglVgYhi]Zn]VkZY^hXjhh^dch! Yg^c`Xd[[ZZVcYhdX^Va^oZ#>cbnde^c^dci]^h^hV\gZVi^YZV VcYlZVgZign^c\idXgZViZh^b^aVgbZZi^c\ed^cih^cdi]Zg VgZVh#>[ndjÉgZVgdjcY![ZZa[gZZidedeWn 7ZhigZ\VgYh[gdb ?ja^VcI#;VgcZg"8VakZgi >ciZgcVi^dcVaHZXgZiVgnd[@g;J @g;J^hZZcXdaaZ\Vdg\Vc^hVi^ZkVc]Zi89?6#7Z^YZdg\Vc^hVi^Zho^_c a^YkVcN:EE/Ndji]d[i]Z:jgdeZVcEZdeaZÉhEVgin#KddgbZZg ^c[dgbVi^ZWZodZ`lll#nZee"Zj#dg\d[cZZbXdciVXidebZi 7gdccZEdi!^ciZgcVi^dcVVahZXgZiVg^h#

LVio^_c_ZlddgYkdZgYZghX]VeeZcVahhiViZca^Y4 =Zi896]ZZ[i^cCddgY"WgVWVci&-kVcYZ**oZiZah# H^cYhZZc]Va[_VVgWZc^`‚‚ckVcY^Z&-hiViZcaZYZcZc ^cb^YYZahcVbZch]Zi896a^YkVcilZZXdbb^hh^Zh#HVbZc bZicd\(XdaaZ\VÉhj^iYZ[gVXi^ZWZc^`a^YkVcYZXdbb^hh^Z 7ZhijjgZcB^YYZaZc#7^ccZcYZoZXdbb^hh^Z]ZWWZclZYZ i]ZbVÉhkZgYZZaYZcWZc^`lddgYkdZgYZgkddg]ZidcYZglZge KZ^a^\]Z^Y#>`WZcZg\Wa^_bZiY^ii]ZbVbZYZdbYVi]Zi IZVb7gVWVci!]Zi_dc\ZgZcVYk^ZheVcZakVcYZhiViZc!Y^iVah ‚‚ckVcYZide(dcYZglZge]ZZ[iWZcdZbY#9VVgcVVhiWZc ^`a^YkVcYZXdbb^hh^Z7ZaZ^YhZkVajVi^Z#9ZoZXdbb^hh^Zdc" YZgodZ`i_VVga^_`hkddgilZZheZX^ÒZ`ZdcYZglZgeZclVi]Zi Z[[ZXi^hkVc]Zi^c\ZoZiiZWZaZ^Y#Kddg'%%-\VVclZ`^_`Zc cVVgYZbVVihX]VeeZa^_`ZZ[[ZXiZckVc]ZihjWh^Y^ZWZaZ^YkVc YZegdk^cX^ZZc]Zi]ZghigjXijgZgZckVcWZYg^_kZciZggZ^cZc# =dZoZi_Z_ZVah_dc\ZgZc`VcY^YVVikddg_dc\ZgZc^c4 HiViZcaZYZco^_cZgdbYZWZaVc\ZckVcYZ]ZaZegdk^cX^ZZc VaaZbZchZciZkZgiZ\ZclddgY^\Zc#=Zi^h`VccVijjga^_`c^Zi odo^_cYVikddgVaaZWZaVc\ZclVVg\ZZcheZX^ÒZ`ZkZgiZ" \ZclddgY^\Zgkddg^cYZHiViZco^i!Zgdd`\ZZcVVcYVX]i ^h#9Z896[gVXi^Z^c7gVWVci]ZZ[i*bZchZc^co^_c[gVXi^Z kVc(*_VVgZc_dc\Zg#=Zi_dc\ZgZcWZaVc\^hYjhW^_odcYZg \dZYkZgigZ\ZclddgY^\Y^c7gVWVciLZ]ZWWZcW^_YZ hiViZckZg`^Zo^c\Zcdd`hVbZcXVbeV\cZ\ZkdZgYkddgbZZg hiVgiZghldc^c\Zc!\dZYdeZcWVVgkZgkdZgZcZZcYjjgoVVb dcil^``ZaY7gVWVci#=Zi^h\dZYdbiZo^ZcYViZg^cb^YYZah dd`gZhjaiViZco^_c\ZWdZ`i#9Z)%%%ZmigVldc^c\Zc]ZW" WZcZZceaVVih\Z`gZ\Zc^c]ZiXdVa^i^ZV``ddgYZcZgldgYi bdbZciZZa\Zhegd`ZcdkZge^adihkddg\gVi^h!WZiVVaWVVgZc YdZa\gdZeZckZgkdZg#

LVVgde`jccZclZ_djdkZgk^Zg_VVgdeV[gZ`ZcZc4 DcYVc`hYVi_Z^ckadZYVah^cY^k^YjWZeZg`i^h`Vck^VYZ [gVXi^ZZcYZXdVa^i^ZZZckj^hibV`ZcdekZghX]^aaZcYZdcYZg" lZgeZc#De]ZiejcikVcYZhiViZghldc^c\ZcojaaZclZYZlZ \ZYZejiZZgYZWa^_kZc]Zgg^cZgZcVVco^_cidZoZ\\^c\^cYZoZ eZg^dYZ)%%%ldc^c\ZcZmigViZojaaZcWdjlZc#9VVgcVVhi ojaaZclZWa^_kZcWZcVYgj``ZcYViZg\Z^ckZhiZZgYbdZi ldgYZc^c]ZikZg\gdiZckVcYZkZ^a^\]Z^YZc]ZikZ^a^\]Z^Yh" \ZkdZakVcbZchZc# CVVhiYZ^c]djYZa^_`Zi]ZbVÉhl^a^`\gVV\kddg^ZYZgZZcVVc" hegVV`WVVgo^_c#9jhbdX]i_ZkgV\Zcd[debZg`^c\Zc]ZWWZc d[ZZc`ZZgl^aaZc`dbZc`^_`ZcYZ]dZYZegdk^cX^ZlZg`iZc lVil^_egZX^ZhYdZc!aVVi]Zib^_YVclZiZc>`]dde_ZYVc ZZc`ZZg^c9Zc7dhX]iZbd\ZcWZ\gdZiZc# LVi^h_dji^eVVc89?6ÉZgh4 <Zc^ZikVcVaaZ\ZoZaa^\]Z^YW^ccZc]Zi89?6BVV`kg^ZcYZc! gZ^hCZYZgaVcYYddgbZi_ZDK!Wa^_[eaV``ZcW^_aZj`ZW^_ZZc" `dbhiZcdbcViZegViZc!Y^hXjhh^ZgdkZgVaaZhlVVgYZ`gVci dkZgWZg^X]i!\Zc^ZikVc_ZhjXXZh_Zh!aZZgkVc_Z[djiZcZchiZa ]ZikdalVhhZcldgYZc^cYZeda^i^Z`cd\ZkZcj^i#?Z`jcicd\ _VgZca^Yo^_ckVc]Zi896Zcidi_Z-%hiZeda^i^Z`WZYg^_kZc! bVVgYZ_VgZcW^ccZc]Zi89?6ojaaZc_ZW^_Wa^_kZcZckdgbZc ZZceg^bVdcYZg\gdcYdb_ZkZgYZgiZdcil^``ZaZc#

13


Wisselcolumn

CDJA haalt kroonjuweel binnen op CDA Congres C_Zi#?VgZcaVc\aZZ`YVi]Zi Zc^\ZlddgYiZo^_cYVi]Zi896 8dc\gZh`ZcYZVah]Zi89?6 eaZ^iiZkddgZZcYZWVidkZgYZ ldc^c\bVg`i#LVciVah_ZdkZg YZldc^c\bVg`ibZiZa`VVgYZ Y^hXjhh^ZVVc\VVi!\VVidd`]Zi lddgYÈ]nedi]ZZ`gZciZV[igZ`É kVaaZc#KVcYVVgYVideZZckda" \ZcYZXdc\gZhhZc]ZieaZ^Ydd^ cZ\ZZgYZcZcYVVgbZZ]Zi Æ="lddgYÇiVWdZWaZZ[W^ccZc ]Zi896#LVciCZYZgaVcY!Zc YZ\Zb^YYZaYZ896hiZbbZg^c ]ZiW^_odcYZg!^hoZZg\Z]ZX]i VVcYZ]nedi]ZZ`gZciZV[igZ`# BVVgde&%cdkZbWZg'%%,`lVb]ZiZgcV_VgZcYjlZcZc igZ``ZcidX]kVc#HVbZcbZiYZ896"V[YZa^c\Zc6abZgZZc JigZX]i`gZ\ZclZYZaZYZcodkZgdbZZckddghiZakddgZZc WgZZYYZWViZcZZcdcYZgodZ`hXdbb^hh^ZdkZg]Zildc^c\" bVg`iWZaZ^YiZhiZjcZc#9ZidekVc]Zi896egdWZZgYZ]Zi i^_cd\iZ`ZgZc!bVVgkZgVhhZcY\ZcdZ\lVhZg\ZZc]djYZc bZZgVVc#9Z896"aZYZchiZjcYZcY^i`ZZg]Zi89?6#7VhiV# 9VVgbZZ`lVbZZcaVc\\Z`dZhiZgYZlZch^ckZgkjaa^c\# KZZabZchZco^_cWZc^ZjlY]dZYViod\Zaj`i^h#>cYZKda`h" `gVcikVcYZbVVcYV\cV]Zi8968dc\gZhlZgYZZc`^_`_Z VX]iZgYZhX]ZgbZc\Z\ZkZc/

ÆÈ6]!o‹lZg`iYZhVaVb^iVXi^Z`YjhÉ!\ajcYZgi=VggnkVcYZg BdaZc!iZgl^_a]^_j^i\Zhid`Zc]VcYZchX]jYi!hX]djYZg`ade" _ZhbZiZZc\g^_chWZVcilddgYiZcÈYVc`_ZlZaÉoZ\iiZ\Zc bZchZcY^Z]jcYj^bcVVg]ZbdehiZ`Zc#?VVg^c!_VVgj^i igVX]iiZYZ_dc\ZgZcWZlZ\^c\kVc]Zi896!lVVgKVcYZg BdaZcYZkddgo^iiZgkVc^h!]jceVgi^_dkZgiZ]VaZcÈ^ZihÉiZ YdZcVVcYZ]nedi]ZZ`gZciZV[igZ`#?VVg^c!_VVgj^ilZgYZcYZ _dc\ZgZclZ\\ZhiZbYVahoZY^ii^_YZchaZYZckZg\VYZg^c\Zc VVcYZdgYZhiZaYZc# 9Z896"_dc\ZgZc]ZWWZco^X]\dZYkddgWZgZ^Y#:ZgYZgVa ]ZWWZcoZ]Zi]"lddgYkZgaViZcZco^_coZ\VVceaZ^iZckddg ZZcdcYZgodZ`cVVglVVgdb]ZikddghiVgiZghodbdZ^a^_`^h ZZcaZj`!WZiVVaWVVghijae_ZiZkZgdkZgZc#OZ\^c\ZcYVVgdkZg egViZcbZiE^ZiZgkVc<ZZa!YZaZ^YZgkVcYZ896"[gVXi^Z^cYZ IlZZYZ@VbZg!ZcbZiEZiZgkVc=ZZhl^_`!YZkddgo^iiZgkVc ]Zi896#È9^ZoZ^YZciZ\Zcdch/_V!YVVgbdZiZclZoZ`ZgcVVg `^_`Zc!bVVglZ\VVc]Zic^ZidkZgYZ]nedi]ZZ`gZciZ]ZW" WZc#9VikdcY^`Va]ZZalViÉ!kZgiZaiKVcYZgBdaZc#ÈBVVgodÉc idZoZ\\^c\VX]iZgYZhX]ZgbZc^hc^Zi\ZcdZ\#É 9jhY^ZcZcYZ896_dc\ZgZcde]ZiXdc\gZhZZcgZhdaji^Z^c#

14

HigZ``^c\/ZZc896"Xdbb^hh^ZbdZikddghiZaaZcYdZckddg kda`h]j^hkZhi^c\hWZaZ^YYViÈgZX]iYdZiVVcYZX]g^hiZc"YZ" bdXgVi^hX]ZWZ\^chZaZcÉ#9VVgbZZldgYi!oZ\iKVcYZgBdaZc! ÈcViga^_`ÉYZ]nedi]ZZ`gZciZV[igZ`WZYdZaY#ÈLVciYVVg`db _Za^c`hdbd[gZX]ihdbW^_j^iVah_Z\VViVcVanhZgZclViZg c^ZiYZj\iVVcYZldc^c\bVg`i#É=ZiVYk^ZhkVc]ZieVgi^_WZ" hijjgaj^Yi/V[l^_oZc!Y^ZgZhdaji^Z#LVciZaZXidgVVa\Zo^Zc^h YZ]nedi]ZZ`gZciZV[igZ`ZZchddgi6DL/oZ\Zg^ZihdkZgZc _ZWZciodYZ]Za[ikVc_ZoZiZah`l^_i# BVVgYViYZZgiYZ&#*%%VVclZo^\Z896"aZYZcoViZgYV\c^Zi# 6Vc\Zhid`ZcYddg]Zi]Z^a^\ZkjjgÈL^aaZclZ_dc\ZgZc WZ]djYZckddg]Zi896!YVcbdZiZclZoZhiZjcZc^c]jc ldc^c\hig^_YÉ!eaZ^iZZca^Yj^iCddgY"=daaVcYldgYZcoZ gZWZahZc\VVcbVhhVVaYZ]VcYZcYZajX]i^cVahZgk‹‹g \ZhiZbYbdZildgYZc#Ç

ÇVahXY_Vbd\ZclZWZhiigdiho^_cYVilZ VahkdaaZZgYZ]dgoZah]ZiYZWVi^cYZ eVgi^_dkZgYZldc^c\bVg`ideZc ]ZWWZc\ZWgd`Zc#È Cd\iZkZZa_dc\ZgZchaV\ZcZgc^Zi^cdbZZcZZghiZ]j^hiZ `deZc#:go^_coZa[h_dc\ZgZcY^ZdkZgYZ\gZchZZc]j^h`deZc dbYVioZYVVglZaWZiVVaWVVgo^_c#KZZahijYZciZc`g^_\Zc \ZZc]jjgidZhaV\bZZgdbYViYddgYZhX]VVghiZVVc`VbZgh ZgkZZaiZkZZa]jjgWZiVVaYbdZildgYZc#7dkZcY^ZcldgYZc Zgcd\hiZZYhkZZaiZlZ^c^\c^ZjlZldc^c\Zc\ZWdjlY^c CZYZgaVcY#9ViYZ\gddihiZeVgi^_kVc]ZiaVcY\ZZcdd\]VY kddgYZoZegdWaZbZc!`dc\Zlddcc^ZiaVc\ZgbZZg# :Zc`aZ^cZiZaZjghiZaa^c\lVhZgdd`de]ZiXdc\gZh#9Z89?6" gZhdaji^ZdkZg]Zi=d\ZgDcYZgl^_h`lVbZZc`aZ^cZkZZgi^\ hiZbbZciZ`dgidbVVc\ZcdbZciZldgYZc#9ZYV\kddg]Zi 8968dc\gZh]VYYZc?ZgdZckVcKZaoZc!<ZZgiBZ^_Zg^c\Zc =VggnkVcYZgBdaZchVbZcbZii^ZciVaaZcVcYZgZhijYZciZc de]Zi7^ccZc]d[\ZYZbdchigZZgYiZ\ZcYZeaVccZckVc b^c^hiZgEaVhiZg`EkY6# >cYZgZhdaji^ZlZgY]Zi896de\ZgdZeZc]ZiXdaaZ\Z\ZaY c^ZiiZkZg]d\Zc#KZZa89?6ÉZgh!lVVgdcYZgYZkddgo^iiZgkVc ]Zi>ciZghiZYZa^_`HijYZciZcdkZgaZ\>HD7Vhi^VVcKZglZn! bZc\YZco^X]^cYZY^hXjhh^Z#9ZhiZbb^c\!ZcYZj^ihaV\! lVgZcdc\ZbZZcheVccZcY#BVVgidX]/kZZgi^\hiZbbZc iZ`dgi^hZZcÈXadhZXVaaÉ#BVVgdd`bZiodÉcj^ihaV\oVa ]Zi896gZ`Zc^c\bdZiZc]djYZc#LViYViWZigZ[i^h ]ZiZZcoZZghjXXZhkda896"Xdc\gZh\ZlZZhi# ?VccZ`Z7ZjbZg <ZZgiBZ^_Zg^c\

Kleurrijk kaartspel: na oranje kaart, discussie over blauwe kaart BVVcYZcaVc\hidcYYZ:jgdeZhZVXijVa^iZ^i^c]ZiiZ`ZckVc ]Zic^ZjlZkZgYgV\#IdZc\^c\]ZidcYZgVcYZgZdkZgbZZg YVVY`gVX]i^cYZWZhaj^ikdgb^c\hegdXZYjgZZcZZckZgYZgZ kZghiZg`^c\kVcYZYZbdXgVi^hX]ZXdcigdaZYddg]Zi:jgdeZZh EVgaZbZci#Dd`YZcVi^dcVaZeVgaZbZciZcbdZhiZcbZZg \g^e`g^_\Zcde:jgdeZhZlZihkddghiZaaZc#9VVgidZlZgYYZ od\ZcVVbYZ\ZaZ`VVgiY^ZVa^c]Zi\gdcYlZiiZa^_`ZkZgYgV\ kddgo^ZclVhkZgYZgVVc\ZhX]Zgei#9Z\ZaZ`VVgi\V[cVi^d" cVaZeVgaZbZciZcYZbd\Za^_`]Z^YYZ:jgdeZhZ8dbb^hh^Z iZYl^c\Zccd\bVVahdkZgZZckddghiZacViZYZc`Zc#BZi ZZcgdYZ`VVgiodjYZccVi^dcVaZeVgaZbZciZckddghiZaaZc gZX]ihigZZ`hkVciV[Za`jccZckZ\Zc!lVVgbZZ]ZicVi^d" cVaZZc:jgdeZhZWZhaj^ic^kZVjlZaZg\YddgZa`VVg\Z]VVaY odjYZcldgYZc#:ZcgdYZ`VVgilZgY]Zic^Zi!bVVgYVc`o^_ ]Zic^ZjlZkZgYgV\]ZWWZccVi^dcVaZeVgaZbZciZchigV`hlZa ZZcdgVc_Z`VVgi^c]VcYZc#6ahbZZgYVcYZ]Za[ikVcVaaZ cVi^dcVaZeVgaZbZciZcWZolVgZc]ZZ[iiZ\ZcZZckddghiZa! YVc`VcbZcYZoZdgVc_Z`VVgiigZ``ZcZcbdZiYZ8dbb^hh^Z WZ`^_`Zcd[Y^ikddghiZakVciV[ZabdZi#OZa[hVahYZ8dbb^hh^Z ]ZikddghiZadkZgZ^cY]djYi!YVc`jccZcYZGVVYkVcB^c^h" iZghd[]Zi:jgdeZZhEVgaZbZciY^iVahcd\hX]gVeeZc# CjY^iV``ddgYWZgZ^`i^hYVX]i^`YVi]Zi`VVgiheZakddgade^\ kddgW^_odjo^_c!bVVg^cb^YYZah^hZgValZZgZZcc^ZjlZ Y^hXjhh^Zde\ZaVV^YZcYZoZ`ZZg\VVi]ZidkZgYZ:jgdeZhZ WaVjlZ`VVgid[ÈWajZXVgYÉ#CZiVahYZ6bZg^`VVchZÈ\gZZc XVgYÉbdZiYZoZ:jgdeZhZWaVjlZ`VVgiZZci^_YZa^_`Z lZg`"ZckZgWa^_[hkZg\jcc^c\W^ZYZcVVcdcYZgYV" cZcj^ic^Zi":jgdeZhZaVcYZc#>cZZghiZ^chiVci^Z

g^X]iZjgdXdbb^hhVg^h;gVii^c^!kVcl^ZY^ikddghiZa`dbi!o^_c e^_aZcde]dd\de\ZaZ^YZ`Zcc^hlZg`Zgh#9^ZaViZc:jgdeVcj \gdiZcYZZaha^c`ha^\\Zc/.*egdXZcikVcYZ]dd\de\ZaZ^YZ b^\gVciZckZg]j^hicVVgVcYZgZlZgZaYYZaZc!kddgVacVVgYZ KZgZc^\YZHiViZc#>chZXidgZclVVgdelZgZaYc^kZVjeZghd" cZZaldgYi\ZldgkZc!`VcYViaZ^YZcidiZZcXdcXjggZci^ZcV" YZZa#I^_YZchZZcgZXZcilZg`WZodZ`VVcZZckddgVVchiVVcY 6bZg^`VVchdcYZgodZ`haVWdgVidg^jbk^ZaZcdchYZkZaZ kaV\\Zc^cYZ]VakVc]Zi\ZWdjlde#9ZkaV\\Zc!lVVgkVc ZZc\gddiVVciVaj^i:jgdeV!kZgiZ\ZclddgY^\YZcYZcVi^dcV" a^iZ^iZckVcYZdcYZgodZ`Zgh"ZZcdkZgYj^YZa^_`Z^aajhigVi^Z kVcYZ6bZg^`VVchZVVcigZ``^c\h`gVX]ide`Zcc^hb^\gVciZc# BdX]iZcYZa^YhiViZcZc]Zi:jgdeZZhEVgaZbZci^chiZbbZc bZi;gVii^c^ÉhWaVjlZ`VVgi!YVc^hY^iYZZZghiZ`ZZgYViYZ :JZmea^X^Zi^chiZbibZiZXdcdb^hX]Zb^\gVi^Z#J^iZgVVgY Wa^_[i]ZiVVcYZa^YhiViZcdbiZWZo^Zcd[Zc^clZa`ZbViZ oZWZ]dZ[iZ]ZWWZcVVc`Zcc^hb^\gVi^ZkVcWj^iZcYZ:J! lVVgW^__ZZZghibdZiWZ`^_`Zcd[YZoZWZ]dZ[iZc^Zi^c\ZkjaY `VcldgYZc^cCZYZgaVcYoZa[d[kVcj^iVcYZgZ:J"aVcYZc# 9ZY^hXjhh^Za^\ij^iZgVVgYoZZg\ZkdZa^\!bVVgY^ZcilZa\Z" kdZgYiZldgYZc!oZ`Zg\Zo^ZcYZkZg\g^_o^c\Zcdci\gdZc^c\ ^c:jgdeV#Kddgade^\]djYZckZaZc^cYZGVVYkVcB^c^hiZgh YZ`VVgiZcZX]iZgcd\kddgYZWdghi#LdgYikZgkda\YYjh### :hi]ZgYZAVc\Z :jgdeVgaZbZciVg^…g GZVXi^ZhdeY^iVgi^`Zao^_cVai^_YlZa`db#BV^aoZcVVgbZk^V Zhi]Zg#YZaVc\Z5ZjgdeVga#ZjgdeV#Zj

15


nieuwe db’er:

nieuwe db’er:

Even voorstellen...

Even voorstellen...

@jc_Z_Z`dgikddghiZaaZc4 =Vaad!b^_ccVVb^hBVgXZaB^\d#H^cYh(cdkZbWZgbV\^`b^_ hZXgZiVg^hcdZbZckVc]Zi89?6#>`WZc',_VVgdjYZclddc ^cKa^hh^c\Zc#H^cYhW^_cVk^_[_VVg]ZW^`ZZcZ^\ZcWZYg^_[_Z/ B^\dIZ`hijZZa6Yk^Zh/^`Xdgg^\ZZg!gZY^\ZZgZchX]g^_[iZ`hiZc kddgoZZgkZghX]^aaZcYZdeYgVX]i\ZkZgh#KVc\gdiZj^i\ZkZ" g^_ZcidieVgi^Xja^ZgZc#

LViWZiZ`ZciX]g^hiZcYZbdXgVi^Zkddg_dj4 DcaVc\hbdX]i^`bZZhX]g^_kZcVVc]Zic^ZjlZ<gdcYhaV\Zc" gVeedgi#9VVg^c\ZkZclZVVclViX]g^hiZcYZbdXgVi^ZVccd '%%,^hZclVidcoZ\gdcYidcZckVcYVV\YZYV\WZiZ`ZcZc# B^_hegZZ`iX]g^hiZcYZbdXgVi^ZoZZgVVc!dbYViY^iYZZc^\Z eda^i^Z`ZÒadhdÒZ^hlVVg^`odlZafjV\ZkdZaVahkZghiVcY VX]iZg`VchiVVc#

LVVgdb]ZW_Z_Z`VcY^YVVi\ZhiZaYkddgYZoZ[jcXi^Z ^c]Zi974 IdX]kddgVadbYViYZZmXjhZhhbdZh_Zhdb]Zic^ZiiZYdZc delVgZc#CVZZceVVg_VVgVXi^Z[iZo^_c\ZlZZhi^cYZgZ\^d ZcgZ\ZabVi^\67"kZg\VYZg^c\ZciZ]ZWWZcWZodX]i!aZZ` ]ZibZ^ciZgZhhVciZcaZj`dbkVcj^iZZcVcYZgeZgheZXi^Z[ YZZaiZcZbZcVVcdcoZeda^i^Z`ZbZc^c\kdgb^c\#9Z[jcXi^Z kVchZXgZiVg^hhegV`b^_^c]ZiW^_odcYZgVVcdbYVi_Z^cY^Z [jcXi^Z]ZZaXdcXgZZikZZa`jciWZiZ`ZcZckddgYZdg\Vc^hVi^Z#

LVi^h_Zbdiid4 C^ZidbdchoZa[!bVVgdbYZlZgZaYo^_cl^_\ZWdgZc!ZZckg^_Z kZgiVa^c\kVc/CdccdW^hhdajbhZYidi^bjcYdcVi^!ZZcaZ^Y" bdi^Z[j^i]ZiA^kZgeddaDgVidg^jbkVcEVjaBX8VgicZn!ZZc egVX]i^\`aVhh^Z`bZZhiZglZg`#?Z`jcikZZaYdZcbZi_ZaZkZc! kZZaZ^\Zckg^_Z`ZjoZhbV`Zc!bVVgYZ`VYZgha^\\ZckVhi#

LVio^_c_ZVbW^i^Zh4 9ZbVhhVaZhiZjcY^Z^`i^_YZch]Zi8dc\gZhbdX]i`g^_\Zcdd` lVVgbV`Zc# LVi^h]ZiaZj`hiZYVi_ZW^ccZc]Zi89?6]ZWibZZ\ZbVV`i4 >`]ZW]ZZakZZaj^ihiVe_ZhZcWZodZ`_ZhbZZ\ZbVV`ilVVg^` bZikZZaeaZo^ZgVVciZgj\YZc`!odVahcVVgYZC6KD!YZIlZZ" YZ@VbZg!YZHZcVVi!]Zi:jgdeZZhEVgaZbZci!ZiX#=ZiaZj`hiZ kdcY^`idicjidZVahVXi^k^iZ^iZcY^Z_ZkddgaZYZcWZYVX]iZc \Zdg\Vc^hZZgY]VY\dZYWZodX]iZc\ZlVVgYZZgYlZgYZc#

16

@jc_Z_Z`dgikddghiZaaZc4 >`WZc9Vk^Y!'%_VVgZclddc^c9Za[i#>`WZc(Z_VVgh7Z" Yg^_[h`jcYZhijYZciVVcYZ:gVhbjhJc^kZgh^iZ^i^cGdiiZgYVb# DeoViZgYV\Ój^i^`W^_YZVbViZjghkVcYZ@CK7# LVVgdb]ZW_Z_Z`VcY^YVVi\ZhiZaYkddgYZoZ[jcXi^Z ^c]Zi974 B^_chijY^ZWdZ^ilZa!bVVgZg`g^ZWZaYZlZa^ZihW^_b^_YVi ^`Z^\Zca^_`^ZihcVVhib^_chijY^Zl^aYZYdZc#>`WZcc^Zi]Zi ineZkddgZZchijYZciZc"d[hijY^ZkZgZc^\^c\#:ZcWj^iZc" aVcYVkdcijjg^hdd`c^ZiZX]iZZcdei^Z!YVVgkddgk^cY^`b^_c kg^ZcY^cidX]cZi^ZihiZaZj`#=ZiaVVihiZ_VVgWZc^`eda^i^Z` Zg\VXi^Z[\ZldgYZc!W^ccZc]ZiWZhijjgkVc]Zi896^c9Za[i ZcbZiYZdeg^X]i^c\kVcYZ89?6V[YZa^c\9Za[iLZhiaVcY DdhiaVcY#CVdeYZOdbZghX]dda\Zhegd`ZciZ]ZWWZcbZi dcoZkddgo^iiZgdkZgYZdeZchiVVcYZkVXVijgZkVceZcc^c\" bZZhiZgWZ\dc]ZiidX]VaaZbVValZaZg\iZ`g^ZWZaZcZcidZc ]ZW^`\Zhdaa^X^iZZgY#>`YZc`YViYZ[jcXi^Zb^_a^\iZcYVi^` ZZc\dZYZW^_YgV\Z`VcaZkZgZcVVcYZkZgZc^\^c\# LVio^_c_ZVbW^i^Zh4 6aheZcc^c\bZZhiZgWZc_Zeg^bV^gkZgVcilddgYZa^_`kddg]Zi ÒcVcX^…aZWZaZ^Y#9VVgo^_c\ZZcheVccZcYZVbW^i^ZhdeiZ WZYZc`Zc#=ZibdZi\Zlddchda^YZo^_c#6aha^YkVc]Zi97 ]ZW^`ZX]iZglZaZZcWZaVc\g^_`ZVbW^i^Z/^`l^aYVilZbZi oÉcVaaZckddgVa\ZZcÈeda^i^Z`_ZÉbZidchZ^\ZcXajW_Z\VVc heZaZc#=Zi89?6^hZg^cb^_cd\ZckddgVakddgdb]Zi896 hX]ZgeiZ]djYZcZcdbWZaVc\g^_`Z^ckadZYiZ]ZWWZcde

896"WZaZ^Y#AViZclZdchkddgVaYVVgde[dXjhhZc!odcYZgYZ had\VcÈEVginEda^i^XhÉiZkZgaddX]ZcZc# LVi^h]ZiaZj`hiZYVi_ZW^ccZc]Zi89?6]ZWibZZ\ZbVV`i4 =ZiaZj`hiZkdcY^`idX]lZaYZdeg^X]i^c\hVkdcYkVcÈdcoZÉ 89?6"V[YZa^c\#CVZZceVVgbVVcYZcdkZgaZ\!kZg\VYZgZcZc eaVccZc]VYYZclZZZcZg\aZj`ZZcWdZ^ZcYZVkdcYbZi?Vc HX]^c`Zah]dZ`!lVVg^ZYZgZZciZkgZYZcdeiZgj\`dc`^_`Zc# =ZilVhZZcbdd^ZhiVgikVcZZc]deZa^_`bdd^ZV[YZa^c\ lVVg^`oZ`ZgVXi^Z[W^_oVaWa^_kZc LViWZiZ`ZciX]g^hiZc"YZbdXgVi^Zkddg_dj4 >`o^Z^cYZbVVihX]Vee^_kZZaegdWaZbZcYddgYVibZcZZc ^cY^k^YjVa^hi^hX]ZaZkZch]djY^c\]ZZ[i#8]g^hiZc"YZbdXgVi^Z WZiZ`Zcikddgb^_YVi_Zc^ZiVaaZZcVVc_ZoZa[YZc`i!bVVg _j^hiVVcYZVcYZg#D[]ZZaX]g^hiZa^_`Z\ZoZ\Y/Zgo^_ckddg_Z cVVhiZ#=ZiC^ZjlZIZhiVbZcihiVVikdabZi\dZYZi^eh]dZ bZi_ZbZYZbZchdbiZ\VVc#9VVg]VVa^`b^_c^che^gVi^Z j^ikddgb^_cYV\Za^_`haZkZc#KVcj^iY^Z]djY^c\l^a^`dd` X]g^hiZc"YZbdXgVi^hX]Zeda^i^Z`WZYg^_kZc/]VcY\gZeZc]dZ bZiZa`VVgdbiZ\VVc!ZcYVVgYddgkZghiVcY^\cVYZc`ZcdkZg WZaVc\g^_`ZegdWaZbZc# LVi^h_Zbdiid4 È=ZW<dYa^Z[WdkZcVaaZhZc_ZcVVhiZVah_ZoZa[É

17


Fotoâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s congres

Groningen november â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;07

18

19


QUOTES ]VcYZaZcWZ]ZZghi/bViZg^ZaZlZakVVgi!]ZiÈÉ^``Z"hncYgddbÉÉ! lZiZchX]Ve!iZX]c^Z`d[YZ8]g^hijh4L^_kZgW^cYZcYZcVVb kVc8]g^hijh^bbZghVVc]Zieda^i^Z`ZWZaZ^YYVil^_kddg" hiVVc#LVccZZgl^_]Zi:kVc\Za^ZdeZZckZgVcilddgYZl^_oZ ^c]Zi\ZY^c\WgZc\Zc!oVaZgdd`^cYZidZ`dbhieaVViho^_c ZcWa^_kZckddg]Zi896#6gX]^iZXidc^hX]Z`g^i^Z`Wa^_[iZX]iZg cdY^\VahbZYZZZcidaZgVciZdehiZaa^c\dd`iZcVVco^ZckVc Wj^iZchiVVcYZgh#É

VROEGER WAS ALLES BETER 6aaVc\Zi^_Y^hoZVXi^Z[W^ccZcYZX]g^hiZc"YZbdXgVi^hX]Z eda^i^Z`#>c&.)*haddioZo^X]de&."_Vg^\ZaZZ[i^_YVaVVcW^_YZ 6G?DH!YZ_dc\ZgZcdg\Vc^hVi^ZkVcYZ6GE#I^_YZchYZkdg^\Z `VW^cZiheZg^dYZcVboZcd\o^ii^c\^cYZ:ZghiZ@VbZg!cj^h oZa^YkVc]ZieVgi^_WZhijjgkVc]Zi896#=Vcc^ZkVcAZZj" lZc!cj-&_VVgdjY!^h‚‚ckVcYZbZZhiZgkVgZc8]g^hiZc" YZbdXgVi^hX]Zeda^i^X^kVcY^ijjg#:^\Zca^_`k^cYioZYVioZ c^Zi^cZZcgjWg^Z`VahYZoZi]j^h]ddgi!lVcioZ^hÈbdYZgc \ZcdZ\É#IdX]^hoZWZgZ^Y]Zi89?6iZlddgYiZhiVVcdkZg YZkZgVcYZg^c\Zc^cdcoZhVbZcaZk^c\ZcW^ccZcYZeda^i^Z` \ZYjgZcYZYZV[\ZadeZcYZXZcc^V# È:Zc\dZYZdcil^``Za^c\^hodcYZgbZZgYZdeWdjlkVcZZc jc^Z`hiZahZakVchdX^VaZoZ`Zg]Z^Y\ZlZZhi!YViYZidZihYZg `g^i^Z`ZcYZkZg\Za^_`WVVg]Z^Y!odlZalViYZVVgYkVcYZ kZgoZ`ZgYZg^h^XdÉhVah]Zic^kZVjkVcYZj^i`Zg^c\ZcWZigd[! bZi]ZiWj^iZcaVcYgdnVVa`dcYddghiVVc#Dd`Vao^_clZ^cZZc VVciVadeo^X]iZci‚kZgYddg\ZhX]diZc/i‚lZ^c^\VeeƒadeYZ Z^\ZckZgVcilddgYZa^_`]Z^Y!V[lZciZa^c\kVcYZaVhiZc!Yddg" hX]j^kZckVc[Z^iZa^_`lZg`adoZccVVgYZL6D!ZiXZiZgV##É È:ZchaZX]iZdcil^``Za^c\k^cY^`dd`]ZihigZkZccVVghiZZYh lZZgc^ZjlZegdYjXi^Z"ZcXdchjbei^Zbd\Za^_`]ZYZc#>c XdbW^cVi^ZbZiYZcd\hiZZYhkZgYZg\VVcYZiZX]cdad\^hX]Z dcil^``Za^c\oVaY^iYZ`dbZcYZYZXZcc^V`jccZcaZ^YZcidi ZZcidZcZbZcYZhdX^VaZ[gV\bZciVi^Z#6aaZg]VcYZgZaVi^Zh`d" bZcYVcdcYZgYgj`iZhiVVc#7dkZcY^Zco^_cYZ\Zkda\Zckddg ]Zib^a^Zjc^ZiiZdkZgo^Zc###:goVaYjhb^_ch^co^Zchk‚‚abZZg VVcYVX]ibdZiZc`dbZckddgYZZXdcdb^ZkVc]Zi\ZcdZ\# BVg`ilZg`^c\deiZggZ^cZc!lVVgkVcdjYh]ZgYZdkZg]Z^Y ZZcgdakVcWZiZ`Zc^h]ZZ[i\ZheZZaYZccd\hiZZYhodjbdZ" iZcheZaZcj^iZgVVgY\ZXdcigdaZZgYYddg]ZieVgaZbZci! ^hZkZcZZchZZcc^Zi\ZlZchiZdcil^``Za^c\#É 20

Ç:goVaYjhb^_ch ^co^Zchk‚‚abZZg VVcYVX]ibdZiZc `dbZckddgYZ ZXdcdb^ZkVc ]Zi\ZcdZ\#È

=dZ`^_`iZZcZgkVgZceda^i^XVVah=Vcc^ZkVcAZZjlZcVVc iZ\ZcYZeda^i^Z`Zdcil^``Za^c\Zc^cCZYZgaVcY4>c'%%&YZ ;dgijnc"gZkdaiZ!bZZggZXZciYZde`dbhikVcL^aYZghZcYZ ZcdgbZ\gdZ^kVcYZHE#=Zia^_`iZgdeYVi]Zieda^i^Z`Zb^Y" YZcZgc^ZibZZgidZYdZiZcYZ`add[ijhhZca^c`hZcgZX]ih dcYZgYZWZkda`^c\hiZZYh\gdiZgldgYi#È>cVaaZi^_YZc^hZg hegV`Z\ZlZZhikVcZZckajX]icVVgZmigZbZeVgi^_Zc!odVah ?VcbVViZc@dZ``dZ`#De\VVc!Wa^c`ZcZckZgo^c`ZclVh]Zi kZZakddg`dbZcYZegdXZh!YZc`gZXZcibVVgVVcYZkda\Za^c" \ZckVc;dgijnc#IdZ\Z\ZkZc!YZdbkVc\kVcYZoZZmigZbZ eVgi^_Zc^hcjlZaidZ\ZcdbZc!bVVg^`\Zadd[cd\Vai^_Y YViWZigdjlWVgZ!hiVW^ZaZeVgi^_Zc]Zi]^ZgiZ\Zcc^ZiojaaZc VÓZ\\Zc=ZikgVV\iZX]iZglZadbaZ^YZghbZidkZgij^\^c\h" `gVX]i!Y^ZlVVgbV`ZclVio^_WZadkZcZcoZ\\Zc!db`^ZoZgh XZcigVVaiZhiZaaZc#7dkZcVaYgVV^i]Zidb]Zij^ihigVaZckVc kZgigdjlZc!YVidd`kZgigdjlZcdegdZeiZcYViW^_YZcddY" oVV`idi]Zihaj^iZckVcXdbegdb^hhZc^cZZcXdVa^i^ZYZoZ dd`Yj^YZa^_``VcbV`Zc#É CZYZgaVcY^hdd`^cgZa^\^Zjhdeo^X]ihiZg`kZgVcYZgY# =ZiX]g^hiZcYdb^h\ZZc\ZbZZchX]VeeZa^_`ZYZaZgbZZg kVclZ\ZYZhZXjaVg^hVi^ZY^Zdbo^X]]ZZc\g^_ei#9VVgcVVhi ^hYZ^ckadZYkVcYZ^haVbYZV[\ZadeZc_VgZchiZg`idZ\Z" cdbZc#>hYZ8kVc]Zi896^cZZchVbZcaZk^c\VahYZdcoZ cd\]djYWVVgZc]ZZ[iYZeVgi^_^co^_c]j^Y^\Z]dZYVc^\]Z^Y idZ`dbhi^cdchaVcY4=Vcc^ZkVcAZZjlZc/È9Z8kZgW^cYZc VVcZZceda^i^Z`ZeVgi^_kZg\iYVicVVgaZiiZgZc\ZZhieda^i^Z` ldgYiWZYgZkZckVcj^iYZ7^_WZa#:ZceVgi^_Y^ZYZ8^c]VVg kVVcYZa]ZZ[i!`VceZgYZÒc^i^Zcdd^iZZcb^YYZceVgi^_o^_c# 9Vil^aoZ\\Zc/\ZZceVgi^_!Y^Z^c]Zieda^i^Z`ZheZXigjbZZc b^YYZc"edh^i^Z^ccZZbi#=Zi\VViZgdbkddg]dZYZ"eVgi^_ iZo^_c6aaZhWZ]ZZghZcYbdZio^_clZa`\Zadd[dcheda^i^Z`

6ah\ZoZ\Y/=Vcc^ZkVcAZZjlZcWZ\dc]VVgeda^i^Z`Z XVgg^ƒgZVahhZXgZiVg^hZck^XZ"kddgo^iiZgW^ccZcYZ6G?DH# È9Z6G?DHlVhY‚_dc\ZgZcdg\Vc^hVi^ZkVcYZ6GEbZiZZc hiZZYh\gdZ^ZcYZ^ckadZY#>c&.)*]ZW^`b^_bZikZZakgZj\YZ VVc\ZhadiZc#>cYZddgad\h_VgZclVhVaaZZcYZWVi^cWZhad" iZc`g^c\ZcbZi\ZkVVgkddgZ^\ZcaZkZcbd\Za^_`#6kdcY cVVkdcYWZc^`deeVY\ZlZZhidb6g_dh"V[YZa^c\ZcdeiZ g^X]iZc#De]ZihX]ZgehikVcYZhcZYZYZWViiZZgYZcl^_bZi YZbVccZc^cYZ6GEkgdjlZclVgZcZgcd\cVjlZa^_`h# 9Z6G?DHlVhiZgZX]iYZ]dgoZakVcYZ6GE=ZildgYi]Zi 89?6kVcYVV\YZYV\c^Zi\ZbV``Za^_`\ZbVV`iYZoZgdaZkZc" ZZchiZheZaZc#IdX]oVadd`]Zi89?6YZoZ]dgoZabdZiZco^_c0 Yjhc^ZikZghV\ZcbZi]ZiVVcYZdgYZhiZaaZckVcdbhigZYZc dcYZglZgeZcodVahYZ]nedi]ZZ`gZciZ!YZWZiVVaWVVg]Z^YkVc YZ6DL!Zcodkddgih#>`]ZX]iW^_odcYZg\gdiZlVVgYZVVc]Zi WZhiVVckVcZZc_dc\ZgZcdg\Vc^hVi^ZVah]Zi89?6#:cYVic^Zi dbYZ_dc\ZgZccVVgYZbdcYiZegViZc#7ZeVVaYc^Zi!bVVg dbYVi^`oZa[oddci^Z\Za^_`k‚‚aVVcYZ6g_dh]ZW\Z]VYÉ È=ZiadjiZgWZigd``Zcl^aaZco^_cW^_ZZceda^i^Z`Z_dc\ZgZc" dg\Vc^hVi^ZVah]Zi89?6dbaViZgXVgg^ƒgZiZ`jccZcbV`Zc! kZg[dZ^^`kVc\VchZg]VgiZ9Vil^ac^ZioZ\\ZcYVi"lVccZZg _ZW^_l^_oZkVchegZ`Zc_ZhX]dZcodaZc]ZWikZghaZiZckddg ]Zi89?6Zc]^ZgYddgWZcide\ZkVaaZc"_ZYVccZZbdZi oZ\\ZciZ\ZcZZceda^i^Z`Z[jcXi^Z#7ZeVVaYc^Zi#

ÇZZceda^i^Z`ZeVgi^_YdZiZg\dZYVVc_j^hi `VcY^YViZckgdZ\i^_Y^\iZgZ`gjiZgZc j^iYZ_dc\ZgZc"!kgdjlZcZcdjYZgZc" dg\Vc^hVi^Zhdbi^_Y^\^c]Zc iZ`jccZc^ckZhiZgZc#È :gldgYicVbZa^_`hdbhlZaZg\\ZbV``Za^_`\ZYVX]iYVi ^ZbVcYj^iYZoZ\ZaZYZgZcodcYZgbZZgZZc\dZYkda`h" kZgiZ\ZclddgY^\Zg`Vco^_cÉ J^i]ZikZgaZYZcWa^_`iYVi=Vcc^ZkVcAZZjlZcc^Zi]ZiineZ eda^i^XV^hYVi\gVV\ZZcWaVYkddgYZbdcYcZZbi#OZhidcY ZchiVVikddg]VVgoVV`!dd`Va\^c\Y^ihdbh^ciZ\ZcYZ a^_ckVc]VVgZ^\ZceVgi^_#IdX]ldgYioZ\Zo^ZcVahZZckVc YZbVX]i^\hiZkgdjlZcW^ccZc]Zi896#=dZ\VVcY^ZilZZ hVbZc4È@g^i^Z`j^idZ[ZcZcdeYZZ^\ZceVgi^_^hWZhibd\Za^_`! b^ihYZoZ`g^i^Z`]Zg`ZcWVVg^hZckddgi`dbij^i\gdiZWZigd`" `Zc]Z^YZcVai^_Y\ZeVVgY\VVibZikZgWdcYZc]Z^Y‚cigdjl! dcYVc`hVaaZh#J^iZZckddgiYjgZcYZ^coZi\ZeVVgYbZiZZc ]ZaYZgZ!gZX]ia^_c^\Z`dZghbdZiY^iWa^_`ZcÉ

?jaZh@dgiZc]dghi de]Zi89?6Xdc\gZh/

Ç^`]ZWk^Zg`^cYZgZc# ZcYVVglVh\ZZc ^ccdkVi^Zkddg cdY^\È

B^g_VbHiZg` hiZai\ZlZiZchkgVV\ VVc7CC"egZhZciVidg EVig^X`AdY^Zgh/

Ç^`lZZic^Zid[_Z lZaZZchbZiZZc egdhi^ijZZ]ZWi \Zhegd`Zc4È

B^chiZgEaVhiZg`^c :ahZk^ZgI]ZbVkVc d`idWZg'%%,/

ÇZZchdX^VVa"YZbdXgVVi ^hZZca^WZgVVaY^Z ]ZibZZci#È

6gi]jgHX]deZc]VjZg/

Ç]dZbZZgZZcbZch idikda`dbZcZgchi ^chiVVi^h!YZhiZ ]VgiZa^_`Zg`Vc ]^_aVX]Zc#È

BVg^_hZ@a^c` 21


“dit moet ik niet hebben, dit zou tegen mij gebruikt kunnen worden...” :Zcbdi^ZldgYi^chiZbb^c\\ZWgVX]i#:c^\ZWZgdZg^c\ dcihiVVi^cYZoVVa!Zc`ZaZbZchZc`jccZco^X]c^Zik^cYZc ^cYZbVc^ZgkVchiZbbZc#Oddd`YZ_dc\ZbVcY^Zkddgb^_ lVidc\ZbV``Za^_`deo^_chidZai_Z]ZZcZclZZghX]j^[Zai# De\ZYZbeiZiddclZcYi]^_o^X]idiYZeZghddccVVhi]Zb/ ÆY^ibdZi^`c^Zi]ZWWZc!Y^iodjiZ\Zcb^_\ZWgj^`i`jccZc ldgYZc###Ç =^_bV\o^X]\Zaj``^\eg^_oZcbZiYZj^i`dbhikVcYZ`dgiZ Y^hXjhh^Z!ZgldgYiVcdc^Zb\ZhiZbY#9ZkgZZhYVi]^_cjo^_c kddg`ZjgiZciddcodjbdZiZchegZ^YZclVhdc\Z\gdcY#KVc" j^iYZWZigZ``Za^_`ZcVVbaddh]Z^Y`Vc]^_o^_cbZc^c\dkZg ]ZidcYZglZge\ZkZc#IdX]ldgYiZg]^Zgc^Zi\ZhiZbYdkZg eZghdcZc!bVVgdkZgZZcdcYZglZgelVVgZZc^ZYZgdeZcZc Waddikddgo^_cbZc^c\j^iodjbd\Zc`dbZc#:ZcdeZca^_`Z hiZbodj\ZZc]ddc\ZaVX]degdZeZc!^ciZ\ZcYZZa!odWa^_`i aViZgVahYZj^ihaV\kVcYZhiZbb^c\WZ`ZcYldgYi\ZbVV`i/ ZZc\gddiYZZakVcYZVVclZo^\Zc^h]ZibZi]ZbZZch# LViYdZiYZeZghddckddgb^_YVceadihZa^c\odoZcjlVX]i^\ ldgYZcVahZkZcYgZ^\iYVi]^_iZcdkZghiVVckVcZZc]dde bZchZcZZga^_`kddgo^_cbZc^c\j^ibdZi`dbZc4 =Zi^h\dZYdbW^_YZoZkgVV\hi^aiZhiVVc!lVciiZkVV`o^Zc lZYVidkZglZ\^c\ZcY^Zc^ZikVc^c]djYZa^_`ZVVgYo^_c bZZheZaZc^c]Zij^i`dbZckddgZZcbZc^c\#=Zi`Vco^_cYVi YVVg]ZaZ\dZYZbdi^ZkZcVVciZc\gdcYhaV\a^\\Zc#BZcodj ^ZbVcY`jccZc`lZihZcbZi]ZideZca^_`j^ihegZ`ZckVcYZ bZc^c\d[Zgo^_cVcYZgZcY^Z]ZiWZiZgdcYZglddgYZc`jc" cZcWgZc\Zc#Odo^_cZgkZZagZYZcZciZkZgo^ccZclVVgdb ^ZbVcYZkZco^_cbdcY]djYiZco^_c\ZYVX]iZckddgo^X]oZa[ ]djYi#=ZaVVh\ZWZjgi]Zidd`iZkVV`YVibZchZc]jc lddgYZc^cha^``ZcdeWVh^hkVcb^cYZgoj^kZgZbdi^ZkZc#:Zc l^ikdZi_Zl^aaZc]VaZcW^_ZZcWZeVVaYeZghddcd[\ZYgZkZc YddgVbW^i^ZZZcVcYZgZZc]V`l^aaZcoZiiZc#9^kZghZVcYZgZ kddgWZZaYZc`VcbZc\ZWgj^`ZcdbY^iiZ^aajhigZgZc# =Zi^h\ZZcidZkVaYVikZZakVcY^ZkddgWZZaYZciZk^cYZco^_c W^ccZcYZeda^i^Z`ZVgZcV#9^ikddg_VVglVhZgXdbbdi^ZgdcY ]ZiJigZX]ihZ8]g^hiZcJc^ZgVVYha^YB^g_Vb7^``Zg#KddgZZc ZcdgbZedhiZgbZiZZcVVcigZ``Za^_`d\ZcYZkgdjl^c\dj" YZcW^`^c^lVh^c7^``Zghd\Zc\ZZceaVVih^c\Zgj^bYdeYZ JigZX]ihZ\ZkZah#DeYZ8]g^hiZa^_`Z=d\ZhX]dda:YZlVVg^` YZhi^_YhZZcdeaZ^Y^c\kda\YZlVhY^iZZc]di"^hhjZ#9Z]VakZ 8]g^hiZcJc^Z!kddgo^iiZg^cXaj^h!]Vc\iYVVggdcY!YjhdbYZoZ `lZhi^Z`dc^`c^Zi]ZZc#DekVaaZcYlVhYViYZbZchZcY^Z^` hegV`]ZiÈ^ceg^cX^eZÉbZi7^``ZgZZchlVgZc!bVVg]Zidc" kZghiVcY^\kdcYZcdbdeZca^_`kddgY^ZbZc^c\j^iiZ`dbZc# 9Z8]g^hiZcJc^ZYZZYcjbZZW^_YZ\gdiZ_dc\ZchZc]Ziodj hdbb^\Z`^ZoZghlZaZZchV[`jccZchX]g^``ZcVahYZeVgi^_ odkddg]VVgbZc^c\j^i`dbi#GZXZcioV\ZclZ]ZioZa[YZ \ZWZjgZc^cYZ`lZhi^ZgdcYNkZiiZAdci#

22

Standplaats Londen L^ZZX]iZgbZZciYViYZWVaVchijhhZcoZ\\Zc lVi_ZYZc`iZcZcoZ\\ZclVibZcl^a]dgZcVaaZZc W^_YZ8]g^hiZcJc^ZiZkZZacVVgYZkZg`ZZgYZ`Vci]Zai kZg\^hio^X]#DkZgYZ]ZaZWgZZYiZkVcYZeda^i^Z`ldgYi W^_i^_YZcl^_aZcZZcXgZVi^ZkZ^ckjaa^c\\Z\ZkZcVVcYZ WZ\g^eeZcZZga^_`]Z^YZcVji]Zci^X^iZ^i#=Zi896^hYVVgde ]ZaVVh\ZZcj^iodcYZg^c\#9Vi^h_VbbZg!YddgYVihddgiegV`" i^_`Zc`g^_\ZcbZchZc]Zi\ZkdZaYVioZc^ZihZg^Zjh\ZcdbZc ldgYZc#Hdbhl^a_Z^ZbVcYcd\lZaZZch]dgZcgdZeZcYVi È]Zi\gddihiZij^\É^c9Zc=VV\o^i#OdkZgl^a^`c^Zi\VVc! bVVgYVihddgidcYZgWj^`\ZkdZaZch`jccZclZaZZchY^X]iZg W^_YZlVVg]Z^Yo^iiZcYVclZl^aaZc# Dd`W^ccZc]Zi89?6`jc_ZV[kgV\Zcd[bZco^X]Vai^_YZkZc degZX]idehiZai#9Z_dc\ZcY^ZkZgojX]iiZ/ÆY^iodjiZ\Zcb^_ \ZWgj^`i`jccZcldgYZc###Çj^iiZY^ZlddgYZcdeZZcXdc\gZh kVc]Zi89?6#7a^_`WVVglVhZg^ZihW^ccZcYZkZgZc^\^c\ YVi]ZbWZaZbbZgYZdbZZga^_`iZo^_c#AViZclZYVVgdb egdWZgZcdb^cdchdeigZYZckddg]Zi89?6odkZZabd\Za^_` Vji]Zci^Z`iZo^_c#9VVgcVVhidd`VcYZgZcYZgj^biZiZ\ZkZc dbdegZX]i]jcbZc^c\iZ\ZkZcdkZgdcYZglZgeZcodcYZg ]ZcYVVgaViZgdeiZÈeV``ZcÉ#

ÇZZga^_`]Z^YZcVji]Zci^X^iZ^i o^_cZZcoZZg\ZhX]^`iZWVh^h db_ZWZo^\iZ]djYZcbZi YZeda^i^Z`#È =Zi`VcVWhdajji\ZZc`lVVYdbYVVg cd\ZZchYZVVcYVX]ideiZkZhi^\Zc# =Zcg^`L^ZcZc

AVc\oVVb`dbiYZbjo^Z`deoZiiZc#=Zi\Zaj^YldgYi hiZZYhhiZg`Zg#9Vc`a^c`Zcdd`eVVgYZc]dZkZcZcldg" YZcYZZZghiZgj^iZgho^X]iWVVg#IjhhZcZZc\gdiZbZc^\iZ hiV^`VVcYZ`VcikVcYZlZ\!lVX]iZcYdeY^ZZcZ`dZih# Eg^ch_ZhYV\'%%,4CZZ#9Zc^Zjl\Z`doZcAdgYBVndgkVc AdcYZc^hdelZ\cVVgYZGdnVa8djgihd[?jhi^XZdbigdjl iZolZgZcVVcYZ`dc^c\^c# >c<gddi"7g^iiVcc^…!ZcAdcYZc^c]ZiheZX^VVa!hiVViigVY^i^Z ]dd\^c]ZikVVcYZa#=dZlZaAdcYZcZZcWgj^hZcYZZcYncV" b^hX]ZhiVY^hldgYZcdjYZ\ZWgj^`ZccVjl`Zjg^\^chiVcY \Z]djYZc#9ZAdgYBVndg]ZZ[iZZc\gdiZcYZZahXZgZbdc^…aZ [jcXi^Z#=^_hiVViVVc]Zi]dd[YkVcYZ8^ind[AdcYdc!]‚i XZcigjbkVcYZhiVY!ZcadWWnikddgYZoV`ZcWZaVc\ZckVcYZ 8^in#@ZcA^k^c\hidcZ!YZWjg\ZbZZhiZgkVcAdcYZc!WZhijjgi ZX]iZgYZhiVY#DcYVc`h]Zi[Z^iYViYZbVX]i^c]VcYZc^hkVc A^k^c\hidcZldgYiYZ^chiVaaVi^ZkVcYZAdgYBVndgcd\^ZYZg _VVgj^i\ZWgZ^Y\Zk^ZgYbZiYZdeidX]icVVgYZGdnVa8djgihd[ ?jhi^XZZcZZc\gddihZkjjglZg`h]dl#

ÇigVY^i^ZZcYncVb^Z`!YVi^hlVi^c adcYZcodVVclZo^\^h#È Dd`deb^_cjc^kZgh^iZ^i!Jc^kZgh^in8daaZ\ZAdcYdcJ8A#J8A lVhYZZZghiZjc^kZgh^iZ^i^c<gddi"7g^iiVcc^…Y^ZhijYZciZc kVcVaaZgZa^\^ZjoZVX]iZg\gdcYZcidZa^Zi#9VilVhZZcgZkdaji^" dcV^g^YZZkddgZZci^_YlVVg^cYZjc^kZgh^iZ^iZckVcDm[dgYZc 8VbWg^Y\Zcd\hig^`i6c\a^XVVchlVgZc#OdVah^cYZgZhikVcYZ hiVYdcibdZiZcigVY^i^ZZcbdYZgc^iZ^iZa`VVgdeJ8A# ?ZgZbn7Zci]VbldgYikVV`\ZcdZbYVahdeg^X]iZgkVcJ8A# 9^i^hZX]iZgc^ZilVVg#9ZhdcYVc`h^h7Zci]VbZZcÆhe^g^ijVa [Vi]ZgÇkddgjc^kZgh^iZ^i#=^_lVhZZckddgkZX]iZgkVc]Zi ji^a^iVg^hbZ#>cYZ`Zgc\VViYZoZÒadhdÒZYZbViZlVVg^c ZZcYVVY\dZYd[haZX]i^hVaaZZcV[]Vc\ikVcYZbViZlVVg^c YZ]VcYZa^c\W^_YgVV\iVVc]Zi\Zaj`kVcbZchZc#7Zci]Vb

kdcYYViYZdkZg]Z^Y]ZiÆ\gddihiZ\Zaj`kddg]Zi\gddihiZ VVciVaÇbdZhicVhigZkZc#>cYZegV`i^_`WZiZ`ZcYZY^ikda\Zch 7Zci]VbYVi\gdiZZXdcdb^hX]Zkg^_]Z^Ykddg]Zi^cY^k^Yj! YZhX]Z^Y^c\kVc`Zg`ZchiVVi!YZV[hX]V[Òc\kVchaVkZgc^_! ZcYZ^ckdZg^c\kVcZZcWZaVhi^c\deZg[Zc^hhZc#9^Zeo^cc^\Z \ZYVX]iZc!YVioZ`Zg# BVVg7Zci]VblVhc^ZiVaaZZcZZc\gddiÒadhdd[!]^_lVhdd` cd\Va^_YZa#Odl^aYZ7Zci]VbYVio^_ca^X]VVbcVo^_cYddY^c ZZcÆYZc`ZcYZ]djY^c\ÇWZlVVgYodjldgYZc#=Zia^X]VVb lZgYj^iZ^cYZa^_`\ZXdchZgkZZgYZc^cZZchddgi\aVoZc`Vhi \ZeaVVihi#DbYVi]ZiXdchZgkZgZckVc7Zci]Vbh]dd[Yc^Zi ]ZaZbVVa\dZY\Z\VVc^h]Zi]dd[YkZgkVc\ZcYddgZZc`de^Z kVclVh#IZ\ZclddgY^\hiVVi]Zia^X]VVb^c‚‚ckVcYZkaZj" \ZahkVc]ZiJ8A]dd[Y\ZWdjl# DkZg7Zci]VbÉha^X]VVb\VVckZghX]^aaZcYZkZg]VaZcYZ gdcYZ#:ZcZgkVc^hYVio^_ca^X]VVbcVVgYZkZg\VYZg^c\Zc kVcYZ8daaZ\Z8djcX^aldgYi\ZgZYZcodYVi7Zci]VbW^_YZ WZgVVYhaV\^c\ZcVVclZo^\`Vco^_c#9ZcdijaZckVcYZkZg" \VYZg^c\odjYZcYVcdd`Vai^_YkZgbZaYZc/Æ?ZgZbn7Zci]Vb "egZhZciWjicdikdi^c\Ç#:Zccd\VaW^oVggZigVY^i^ZVah_Z]Zi b^_kgVV\i# IZ\Za^_`Zgi^_Y^hAdcYZcbdYZgc#I]Z8^in^h]ZiÒcVcX^…aZ XZcigjbkVcYZlZgZaY]dZlZabZcYVVg^c6bhiZgYVbhdbh ^ZihVcYZghdkZga^_`iiZYZc`Zc#KZghX]^aaZcYZjc^kZgh^iZ^iZc lVVgdcYZgJ8A!AH:!Zc>beZg^Va8daaZ\ZhiVVcoZZg]dd\ VVc\ZhX]gZkZckVclZ\Z]jcdcYZgodZ`deidec^kZVj#>ckadZ" YZcj^iYZ]ZaZlZgZaYo^_ckdZaWVVg^cAdcYZc#HjWXjaijgZc WadZ^Zc^cl^_`ZcVah8VbYZcZcHd]d#9{i^hlViAdcYZcod heZX^VVabVV`i#9Z7g^iiZcojaaZcZgYVVgdblZakddglV`Zc ^cZZc:jgdeZZh`Zjgha^_[\ZYgj`iiZldgYZc# BVg\VgZiI]ViX]ZgoZ^Va/ÆCd!cd!cdÇ# EZiZgkVcBZ^_Za!AdcYZc

23


BZicVbZkddg]ZidekVc\]j^h^c<djYV\ZaYiYVibZZgYVc YZ]Za[ikVcYZbZ^YZcY^ZYVVg_VVga^_`hde\ZkVc\ZcldgYi! ZZcVcYZgZYVcYZCZYZgaVcYhZcVi^dcVa^iZ^i]ZZ[i# Kda\ZchYZlZi^h]ZiYZkgdjlY^ZWZha^hid[oZ]VVgolVc" \ZghX]VeV[oVaWgZ`Zcd[c^Zi#KVc]Zi\gddihiZWZaVc\^h ]ZiYViZg!kddgYViYZ`ZjoZidi]ZieaZ\ZckVcZZcVWdgijh ^h\ZbVV`i!VVcYVX]i^h\ZlZZhikddgVaaZbd\Za^_`ZVaiZg" cVi^ZkZc#=Zi^hcV\ZcdZ\dcbd\Za^_`kddgYZkgdjldbY^Z VaiZgcVi^ZkZciZYddgYZc`ZcodcYZgYViYVVgW^_YZkZglZ``Zg! [Vb^a^Z!ZiXZiZgVWZigd``Zco^_c!^c^ZYZg\ZkVa^c]Zi\ZhegZ` Zc]ZiYZc`egdXZh#>c\ZkVakVcb^cYZg_Vg^\ZcldgYiVXi^Z[ ^cdkZgaZ\bZiYZXa^Zci!\ZodX]icVVgXdciVXibZiYZ[Vb^a^Z# 6ai^_Y`dbiYZkgVV\deiV[Za/^hYZkZglZ``ZgWZ`ZcYZc^h]Zi bd\Za^_`YVi]^_WZigd``ZcldgYi^cYZ]jaekZgaZc^c\4

Het sociale gezicht: de VBOK ?VVga^_`hbV`Zcdc\ZkZZg((#%%%kgdjlZc^cCZYZgaVcYYZ \Vc\cVVgYZVWdgijh`a^c^Z`#=ZiVWdgijhX^_[ZgaV\^c'%%* de-!+!lViWZiZ`ZciYVi-!+deYZYj^oZcYkgdjlZceZg_VVg ZZcVWdgijheaZZ\i#DcYVc`h]ZibVhhVaZ\ZWgj^`kVcVci^" XdcXZei^Z!ldgYZcWa^_`WVVgcd\kZZakgdjlZcdc\ZlZchi olVc\Zg# 9ZKZgZc^\^c\iZg7ZhX]Zgb^c\kVc]ZiDc\ZWdgZc@^cY K7D@^hZZcdg\Vc^hVi^ZY^ZiZcYdZa]ZZ[iÈZZcbVm^bVaZ W^_YgV\ZaZkZgZcVVc]ZigZheZXikddgZcYZWZhX]Zgb^c\ kVc]Zidc\ZWdgZcaZkZckVcV[YZXdcXZei^Z#É IZcZ^cYZY^iYdZaiZgZVa^hZgZc!oZiYZK7D@^cdekZghX]^a" aZcYZb^YYZaZc#6aaZgZZghikZgaZZcioZ]jaeVVcVaaZeVgi^_Zc Y^ZWZigd``Zco^_cW^_ZZcdc\ZlZchiZolVc\ZghX]Ve!ZZc odg\kdaaZolVc\ZghX]VeZcdd`^c]Zi\ZkVakVcolVc\Zg" hX]VehkZga^Zh#9VVgcVVhildgYikddga^X]i^c\kZgodg\Yde WVh^hhX]daZcZc^c]Zikddgi\ZoZidcYZgl^_h!lVVgW^_]Zi jc^Z`ZkVcYZdcil^``Za^c\kVc]Zidc\ZWdgZcaZkZc^cWZZaY \ZWgVX]ildgYi!ZcYZaZZga^c\ZcoZa[ZZcbZc^c\kdgbZc dkZgYZWZhX]ZgblVVgY^\]Z^YYVVgkVc#

Çdd`oZiYZkWd`^cde bVVihX]VeeZa^_`ZWZ‰ckadZY^c\!È YddgVXi^Z[ZcdeZZcY^kZgh^iZ^iVVcbVc^ZgZc]ZiXdciVXiiZ odZ`ZcbZiYZeda^i^Z`!YZbZY^VZc]ZiVa\ZbZZcejWa^Z`

24

Çdb]VVgdekVii^c\ZcdkZgYZ WZhX]ZgblVVgY^\]Z^YkVc]ZiaZkZc kddg]ZikdZia^X]iiZWgZc\Zc#È 9ZK7D@^hZZcEgdA^[Z]jaekZgaZc^c\hdg\Vc^hVi^Z#9ZWZ" hX]ZgblVVgY^\]Z^YkVc]ZiaZkZchiVVikddgde#9VVgW^_ldgYi ZgcVYgj``Za^_`kddg\Z`doZcdbÈEgdÉiZo^_c!Zcc^ZideZZc VXi^Z\Zg^X]iZl^_oZÈVci^É#9ZK7D@cdZbio^X]YVcdd`a^ZkZg ÈEgd"a^[ZÉYVcÈ6ci^"VWdgijhÉ# =ZiiZgj\Yg^c\ZckVc]ZiVVciVaVWdgijhhZc^hZZcWZaVc\" g^_`YdZakVcYZdg\Vc^hVi^Z!bVVgYVclZak^VYZlZ\kVc kddga^X]i^c\Zc]jaekZgaZc^c\#6[hX]V[[ZckVcYZVWdgijhlZi oValZZgaZ^YZcidi]ZZaVcYZgZegdWaZbZc0^aaZ\VaZVWdgijh" hZc!WgZ^cVVaY"iV[ZgZaZc#6[hX]V[Òc\kVcYZVWdgijhlZi^h YVVgdbc^ZilViYZK7D@l^aWZgZ^`Zc!bVVgZZcYVa^c\kVc ]ZiVVciVaVWdgijhhZclZa# 6aadX]idcZkgdjlZcWZhaj^iZckZZakV`ZgidiZZcVWdgijh YVcVjidX]idcZkgdjlZc#BZicVbZdcYZgHjg^cVVbhZZc 6ci^aa^VVchZkgdjlZc^h]ZiVWdgijhX^_[ZgkZZa]d\ZgYVc]Zi aVcYZa^_`ZX^_[Zg/^c'%%*gZheZXi^ZkZa^_`)%!+Zc))# 9ZK7D@^hZZcVa\ZbZcZkZgZc^\^c\!_j^hidbYZYgZbeZa cVVgYZ]jaekZgaZc^c\Y^ZVVc\ZWdYZcldgYi!odaVV\bd" \Za^_`iZ]djYZc#KgdjlZckVcBVgd``VVchZZc6ci^aa^VVchZ `dbV[lZiZcYZkZgZc^\^c\^cidZcZbZcYZbViZiZk^cYZc#

>c'%%+]ZWWZcW^_cV(%%%kgdjlZc`dgiXdciVXi\Z]VYbZi ZZc]jaekZgaZcZgkVcYZK7D@k^VZbV^ad[YZiZaZ[dc^hX]Z ]jaea^_c')$,#Dc\ZkZZg(*%kgdjlZc`lVbZckddgZZcaVc\" Yjg^\ZgWZ\ZaZ^Y^c\higV_ZXi#Il^ci^\bZ^YZco^_ckddgaVc\ZgZ d[`dgiZi^_Yde\ZkVc\Zc\ZlZZhi^c]ZiK7D@"]j^h^c<djYV# >cY^i]j^hWZkVaaZcYZbZ^YZckVc]jc`^cY_Z!lVVgcVZZc egdXZhhiVgikVckddgWZgZ^YZcdeZZcidZ`dbhihVbZc#>cYZ dkZg^\Z]jaekZgaZc^c\^h]ZiodYViYZK7D@]jaeW^ZYiW^_ ]ZibV`ZckVcYZ`ZjoZ#9ZegZX^ZoZVVgYkVcYZ`ZjoZY^Z j^iZ^cYZa^_`ldgYi\ZcdbZc^hc^ZiVai^_YWZ`ZcYcV]Zi]jae" kZgaZc^c\higV_ZXi#=ZiXdciVXiijhhZc]jaekZgaZcZgZcXa^Zci ]djYiYVcdd`bZZhiVadeiZWZhiVVc#LZaW^ZYiYZK7D@YZ ]ZaeZcYZ]VcY!lVccZZgZZcXa^ZciW^_kddgWZZaYWZkVaikVc ZZcolVVg\Z]VcY^XVei`^cY# C^Zi`VcldgYZcVVc\ZiddcYYViYddgYZ]jaekZgaZc^c\kVc YZK7D@]ZiVVciVaVWdgijhhZcYVidcYZg]VVgXa^ZciZcldgYi \ZeaZZ\Y!`aZ^cZg^hYVcdcYZgdc\ZlZchiolVc\ZgZcY^Z \ZZc]jaeodZ`ZcW^_YZoZdg\Vc^hVi^Z#9Z]jaekZgaZcZghkVc YZK7D@o^_c\ZXZgi^ÒXZZgYZclZg`Zckda\ZchYZXdYZhZcYZ g^X]ia^_cZckVc]ZibVVihX]VeeZa^_`lZg`#9VVgj^ikadZ^ikddgi/ \ZZcbVc^ejaVi^Z^cYZ\ZhegZ`hgj^biZ#9VVgcVVhi\ZaYi ZX]iZgYViYZ]jaekZgaZcZghZgdd\kddg]ZWWZcYViYZkgdjl c^Zideo^X]oZa[hiVVi^c]VVgdc\ZlZchiZolVc\ZghX]Ve/Zg^h ZZckZglZ``ZgZcZg^hZZcdc\ZWdgZc`^cY#9^ZaVVihiZldgYi dd`VahodYVc^\WZcdZbi^cYZ\ZhegZ`hkdZg^c\# 9ZkgdjlldgYi^c]VVg`ZjoZWZ\ZaZ^Y!ZgldgYicVVg]VVg \Zaj^hiZgY!ZgldgYicVVgdeadhh^c\Zc\ZodX]i#BVVgYZj^iZ^c" YZa^_`Z`ZjoZa^\iVai^_YW^_YZkgdjloZa[Zc]ZihiVVi]VVgkg^_ db!dd`cV]ZiigV_ZXiW^_YZK7D@!iZ`^ZoZckddgZZcVWdgijh#

ldgYZcbZioZZghX]g^_cZcYZ!j^io^X]iadoZ\ZkVaaZc#>cYVi `VYZg`VckZglZoZcldgYZccVVgZZcÒabodVahY^ZgZXZci \ZbVV`i^h!ÈI]ZWdn^hb^cZÉ#9^Z\VVidkZgZZc_dc\Zkgdjl ^c]ZiK7D@"]j^h!Y^ZYVVg]VVg`^cY`g^_\iZcdeo^X]oZa[\VVi ldcZc#9VVgcV\ZWZjgZcZgkgZhZa^_`ZY^c\Zc!Y^Zj^iZ^cYZ" a^_`aZ^YZcidiZZcj^i]j^heaVVih^c\cVilZZ_VVg#>cYVihddgi \ZkVaaZcldgYi!dd`W^ccZcYZK7D@!lZaZZch\ZoZ\YÈ_Zodj ]VVhikddgVWdgijhldgYZcÉ#J^iY^ihddgih^ijVi^ZhWa^_`i]Zi WZaVc\kVcYZcjVcXZ#6WdgijhV[hX]V[[Zc!bVVgdd`VWdgijh egZhZciZgZcVah\ZbV``Za^_`ZcÈYdZbVVgZkZcÉ!o^_cWZ^YZ kZZaiZ`dgiYddgYZWdX]i#

ÇVWdgijh^hZZcdcdb`ZZgWVVg aZkZchWZhaj^i#È :go^_ckgdjlZcY^ZkVhiadeZc^cYZkZglZg`^c\kVcZZc VWdgijh!bVVgZkZc\dZYkgdjlZclVVgkVc_ZYZc`i/lVibdZi ZgkVciZgZX]i`dbZc#9Vi^hYZcjVcXZ lVVg^cZZckZgZc^\^c\VahYZ K7D@hiVVi# BVg^_hZ@a^c`

LViZgiZcY^ZehiZ\ZWZjgi^cYZW^ccZc`VbZgijhhZc]jae" kZgaZcZgZcXa^Zci^hc^ZideZcWVVg#>cVa\ZbZcZo^c^h]Zi lZaodYViYZ]jaekZgaZcZgh^c]jcXdciVXi\ZXdc[gdciZZgY

25


Recensie:

Afrika Verloren continent of continent van hoop? :ZcodZ`deYgVX]iW^_<dd\aZbZiYZlddgYZcÈ6[g^`V kZgadgZcXdci^cZciÉaZkZgibVVga^Z[hi.(#*%%gZhjaiViZcde# 9Vi^hc^ZikZgldcYZga^_`#6ah6[g^`V^c]Zic^Zjlh`dbi! ^hYVioZaYZcedh^i^Z[#Ddgad\Zc!]dc\ZghcdYZc!o^Z`iZh!YZ hiZZ`lddgYZca^_`ZckddgYZ]VcYa^\\ZcY# :cYVi^hc^Zikddgc^Zih#9ZegdWaZbZclVVg]ZiXdci^" cZcibZZiZ`VbeZc]ZZ[io^_cc^Zi\Zg^c\Zc]dZkZcc^Zi \ZWV\ViZaa^hZZgYiZldgYZc#6^Yh^hYVVg‚‚ckVc#DcYZg bZZgYddgZZc\ZWgZ`VVckddga^X]i^c\!YddgVgbdZYZ! hdX^VaZj^ihaj^i^c\ZcYddgYZbVc$kgdjlkZg]djY^c\Zc^c 6[g^`VWa^_[i=>K$6^Yh‚‚ckVcYZWZaVc\g^_`hiZddgoV`ZckVc ]ZiVX]iZgWa^_kZckVc]ZiXdci^cZci#9ddgYVi6^Yhc^Zi‚‚c ddgoVV`]ZZ[i^hYZdeadhh^c\dd`c^ZiZZcYj^Y^\!Zg^hZZc dbhaV\^c]ZiYZc`ZckVckZaZckddgcdY^\#9VVgcVVhibdZi ZgkZgWZiZg^c\`dbZc^cYZZXdcdb^hX]ZZchdX^VaZegdWaZ" bZc^ckZZa6[g^`VVchZaVcYZc# :gbdZiZcZg`Vccd\kZZaWZiZg^c6[g^`V#BVVgYZZaaZcYZ ^hc^Zi]ZiZc^\ZlVi_Zo^ZiVah_Z^c6[g^`VVchZaVcYZcWZci# =Zi^hoZa[hc^ZiYVi\ZcZYVi]ZibZZhiWa^_[i]Vc\Zc#LVi dekVaiVVc6[g^`VcZc^h]jcedh^i^ZkZaZkZch]djY^c\!bVVg dd`]Zidb\VVcbZiZa`VVg#

ÇYZYVc`WVVg]Z^Y!]ZikZgigdjlZcZc YZdcYZga^c\Zhda^YVg^iZ^io^_coV`Zc lVVgÇl^_^c]ZilZhiZcÈcd\lVi kVc`jccZcaZgZc#Ç 9Vc`WVVg]Z^Y LVidekVaiVVcYZ^cldcZghkVc<]VcVZc@Zc^V!^hYVi YZbZchZc\ZZchigZhh`ZccZc#C^ZiYVioZ]Zi\ZbV``Z" a^_`]ZWWZc#CZZ!YVioZ`Zgc^Zi#=Zi^h]VgYlZg`ZcdbiZ `jccZcdkZgaZkZc#BVVg]Zi\VViYVVgdeZZcbVc^ZgY^Z ineZgZcY^hkddg6[g^`V#=ZilZg`YViYZbZZhiZbVccZcZc kgdjlZcYdZc^h[nh^Z`Zg\olVVg#OZWZhZ[[ZcY^iZcodjYZc ]ZiY^Ze^c]jc]Vgib^hhX]^Zcdd`lZaVcYZghl^aaZc#BVVg oZVXXZeiZgZc]jcadi#:c_ZldgYieVh\Zaj``^\!^cY^Zc_Z _ZadiVXXZeiZZgiZcYZY^c\ZcYdZiY^ZbdZiZc\ZWZjgZc# 9ViadiVXXZeiZgZc!]Zic^ZiVaaZZcl^aaZchigZkZccVVgbZZg! bZZgZcbZZg!^hiZ`ZcZcY#LZ]ZWWZcWZ^YZbZikZZaadXVah \Zhegd`Zc!Zc]dZ\gddiYZYgj`db\ZaY^c]ZiaVVi_ZiZ WgZc\Zcdd`^h0bZchZc]ZWWZcYZi^_Y#9Z^cldcZgho^_c o^X]iWVVgWa^_Vah_ZaVc\h`dbi#:cYVc`db_Zcd\c^ZiZZch lViWgZc\Zc#BVVgVaaZZcVaYZVVclZo^\]Z^YldgYiW^_odc" YZgdeeg^_h\ZhiZaY#9VVgcVVhiWa^_`iY^ZYVc`WVVg]Z^Yj^i ]Zi\Z\ZkZcYVioZWa^_o^_cbZiYZY^c\ZcY^ZoZl‚a]ZWWZc Zcc^ZiiZaZjg\ZhiZaYo^_c^cYZY^c\ZcY^ZoZc†Zi]ZWWZc# DcYZga^c\Zhda^YVg^iZ^i IZ`ZcZcYkddg6[g^`V^hYZdcYZga^c\Zhda^YVg^iZ^i!YZodg\ kddgZa`VVg#9ZWVcYZcW^ccZcYZ[Vb^a^Z!bVVgdd`W^ccZc YZXdbbjc^i^Zh!o^_c]ZX]i#BZchZcWZhZ[[ZcbVVgVaiZ\dZY 26

YVioZkVcZa`VVgV[]Vc`Za^_`o^_c#HVbZcldgYiZg\ZlZg`i VVcZZcWZhiVVc#9ddgiZaZkZcYddg]ZiWZhZ[YVi_Z]Zic^Zi VaaZZc`Vc!dcihiVViZgZZch[ZZgkVcdcYZga^c\Zhda^YVg^iZ^i#  KZgigdjlZc 6[g^`V^hc^Zi]ZibZZhilZakVgZcYZZcdcil^``ZaYZYZZa kVcYZlZgZaY#OdVahdd`Wa^_`ij^iYZ^caZ^Y^c\kVcY^iVgi^" `Zao^_cZgkZZaegdWaZbZc#9ZoZ`jccZcZcbd\Zcc^Zidc" YZghX]VildgYZc#BVVgdcYVc`hVaaZegdWaZbZcZcdcYVc`h VaaZdcoZ`Zg]ZYZc^h]ZikZgigdjlZc^c<dY\gddi#=ZikZg" igdjlZcYVi]Zi^cYZidZ`dbhiWZiZgoVao^_c!]djYibZchZc ÈZgWdkZcdeÉ#>ZYZgZodcYV\o^iiZcYZ`Zg`Zci_d`kdaZca^_`i ]ZiVahd[YZbZchZco^X]^cYZjgZcYjgZcYZY^ZchiZcdeaV" YZckddgYZc^ZjlZlZZ`#:Zc[VciVhi^hX]\Zo^X]i#LZiZcYZ YViZgVX]iZgY^ZaVX]ZcYZ\Zo^X]iZcdd`kZZaZaaZcYZhX]j^a `Vc\VVc#CVVgdch^YZZ]ZWWZclZ^cCZYZgaVcYYZcZ^\^c\ iZYZc`ZcYVilZ]ZioZa[lZa`jccZc#=Zi\VVi]^Zg^bbZgh \dZY!lZo^_clZakVgZcY#BVVgl^_o^_cZgkVcdkZgij^\YYVi lZ]Zic^ZiVaaZZc`jccZc#=Zia^_`iZgdeYViodYgV_Zb^cYZg ]dd\deYZe^gVb^YZkVcBVhadlhiVVi!YZWZ]dZ[iZVVcZZc Ègdih^cYZWgVcY^c\É\gdiZg^h# LViYj^YZa^_`^h\ZldgYZckddgdch!^hYVi6[g^`V\ZZckZg" adgZcXdci^cZci^h#9Zedh^i^ZkZ]djY^c\Wa^_[iWZiZg]Vc\Zc YVcVaaZZaaZcYZY^ZlZdd`\Zo^Zc]ZWWZc#9^i\ZZ[i]dde kddgYZidZ`dbhi!dcYVc`hVaaZhlViZgcd\bdZi\ZWZjgZc# =Zi^hYVcdd`c^Zikddgc^ZihYViYZXdbW^cVi^ZÈ6[g^`V Xdci^cZci]ddeÉW^_<dd\aZ&%.#%%%]^ihdeaZkZgi ?VccZ`Z7ZjbZg"97ÈZgEda^i^Z` GdW=VbbZc\V"97ÈZgDg\Vc^hVi^ZZcKdgb^c\     Kddg^c]Zi`VYZg/ ?VccZ`Z7ZjbZg^h^cd`idWZg'%%+bZiEg^hbVcVVg@Zc^V \ZlZZhidbZZclZZ`aVc\egd_ZXiZciZWZodZ`Zcde]Zi \ZW^ZYkVcYZWZhig^_Y^c\kVc=>K$6^Yh#7ZljhildgY^c\W^_ CZYZgaVcYhZ_dc\ZgZckVcYZ=>K$6^YhegdWaZbVi^Z`lVh ]ZikddgcVVbhiZYdZakVcYZoZgZ^h# GdW=VbbZc\V^h^c_ja^'%%,bZi>88D$@Zg`^c6Xi^ZcVVg <]VcV\ZlZZhi#=^_]ZZ[iYVVgYg^Zegd_ZXiZcWZodX]i# I]ZbVkVcYZgZ^hlVhÈdcibdZiZcÉ!bZiVahYdZaYddgZZc VcYZgZWg^acVVgYZlZgZaYiZ`^_`Zc#9^iVaaZhkdcYeaVVih dcYZg]Ziegd_ZXiId\Zii]ZgZ#

De filantroop - Testament van een seriemoordenaar È=nedXg^ZiZc?jaa^ZYdZcc^ZiVaaZZciZ\ZcdkZgVcYZgZc bVVgdd`iZ\ZcdkZg_jaa^ZoZa[cZiVahd[_jaa^ZY^iaZoZcbZi ZZc]d\ZgYdZakddgd\Zc!W^_kddgWZZaYdbYZ\ZZhikVc ZZcod\ZcVVbYZhZg^ZbddgYZcVVgVah^`iZaZgZcWZ\g^_eZc# BVVgbV\^`kgV\ZclVVgdbYZ\ZZhikVcZZchZg^Zbddg" YZcVVg_jaa^ZZ^\Zca^_`od^ciZgZhhZZgi4P##RCZZ!_jaa^Zo^_c c^Zij^idekZga^X]i^c\!bVVgdeeZgkZghVbjhZbZci0_jaa^Z odjYZcZgWZiZgVVcYdZcdb^ZihkVcegV`i^hX]ZlVVgYZ iZaZgZcP½R#É 9ZZZghiZgZ\ZahkVcI]ZdYdgZ9VagnbeaZÉh_dc\hiZWdZ`aViZc Vao^ZcYVi]^_Zgdec^Zjl^c^h\ZhaVV\YZZcXdcigdkZgh^ZZa WdZ`cZZgiZoZiiZc#9ZoZ7g^ihZehnX]^ViZg!ejWa^X^hiZc_djg" cVa^hilZg`iZ_VgZcaVc\^ck^ZglZgZaYYZaZcdcYZgbZchZcY^Z ^cYZbZZhiZgWVgbZa^_`ZdbhiVcY^\]ZYZcaZZ[YZc#L^ZZX]" iZgYZc`iYVi9VagnbeaZ&.).YVVgbZZZZc[ZgkZciZhdX^Va^hi ^h\ZldgYZc!kZg\^hio^X]hX]gdbZa^_`#>co^_cZZghiZ^cCZYZg" aVcYkZghX]ZcZcWdZ`!AZkZcVVcYZdcYZg`Vci"]ZihnhiZZb YViYZdcYZg`aVhhZ^chiVcY]djYi!igZ`i]^_iZchig^_YZiZ\Zc lVVgYZcgZaVi^k^hbZZcWZcVYgj`i]^_YVi^ZYZgZZckddgVadd` oZa[kZgVcilddgYZa^_`^hkddgo^_cd[]VVg]VcYZaZc#J^iZ^cYZa^_` WZidd\i9VagnbeaZYVi]ZihnhiZZbkVchdX^VaZ]jaekZgaZc^c\ ZcYZ^YZZ…cY^ZYVVgVVciZc\gdcYhaV\a^\\ZcoZa[YZddgoVV` o^_ckVc]Zi[Z^iYViYZdcYZg`aVhhZ^chiVcYWa^_[i# Dd`^c9ZÒaVcigddecZZbi9VagnbeaZYZ]ZZghZcYZbdgVVa hiZk^\dcYZgkjjg#>cY^iWdZ`Ò\jgZZgic^ZbVcYb^cYZgYVc YZhZg^ZbddgYZcVVg<gV]VbJcYZglddYdeXnc^hX]Zl^_oZ VahZZcÒaVcigdde#<gV]VbJcYZglddYo^Zio^X]oZa[cVbZ" a^_`c^ZiVahZZcb^hYVY^\Zg!bVVgVah^ZbVcYY^Z]ZiWZhiZ bZiYZlZgZaYkddg]ZZ[i#KVcj^iYZ\ZkVc\Zc^hWZhX]g^_[i JcYZglddY]dZ]^_ZgidZ`lVbdbVahVbWiZcVVgkVcYZ 9^Zchi=j^hkZhi^c\iZ\VVcbddgYZc#D[odVah]^_]ZioZa[o^Zi0 bZchZcj^i]jca^_YZciZkZgadhhZc# 9VagnbeaZhX]ZihibZiWZ]jaekVcJcYZglddgYYZdciaj^h" iZgZcYZidZhiVcYkVcYZdcYZg`aVhhZ#;nh^Z`^hbZc^cZZc haZX]iZXdcY^i^ZZcYVic^ZidbYViYZYd`iZgdcWZiVVaWVVg ^h!odVahkZZabZchZc\gVV\YZc`Zc#È>`WZc^c]dcYZgYZc ]j^oZckVcY^ZbZchZc\ZlZZhi!dboZiZ^cheZXiZgZcP½RZc ^ckg^_lZaVaaZbVVahiVVcZZck^YZdZcZZcXY"heZaZg!kVV` ]ZiaVVihiZZcbZZhikZgÒ_cYZbdYZa!ZcYZbZZhiZc]ZWWZc XdbejiZghlVVgVX]iZgoZ]jcaZY^\ZjgZc!YVil^aoZ\\ZcYZ jgZcYVioZc^ZihaVeZc!`jccZcYddgWgZc\ZcbZi]ZiYdYZc kVcbVghbVccZi_ZhY^ZdkZg]ZihX]ZgbidZhigdbZcdeYZ `aVc`ZckVcgZeZi^i^ZkZ!Wa^``Zg^\Zbjo^Z`#É=Zi\VViZgdbYVi YZoZbZchZcc^ZiVcYZghlZchZciZaZkZc#=dZVgbdZY^\]Zi ]j^h]djYZcdd`^h^c\Zg^X]iZc]dZkZZadclZii^\Z`^cYZgZcZg dd`gdcYadeZc!YZ]dZ`bZiYZiZaZk^h^ZZcYZk^YZd^h^bbZg ^c\Zg^X]ibZiZZclZa]VVhigZa^\^ZjhVVcYdZcYZZZgW^ZY# =Zi^hYZoZ]nedXg^h^ZlVVgiZ\Zc<gV]VbJcYZglddY^cde" hiVcY`dbi#KdadkZgij^\^c\hX]Zihi]^_o^_clZg`l^_oZlVVg^c

]^_ÈgVi^dcZZaZcde\gdcYkVccZiiZZi]^hX]Zeg^cX^eZhÉZZc VVciVabZchZchZaZXiZZgidbY^ZkZgkda\ZchdbiZWgZc\Zc# >cY^k^YjZcY^ZYddg]jcaZkZchl^_oZkVc\ZZcZc`Zacjikddg YZhVbZcaZk^c\o^_cZcYddgc^ZbVcY\Zb^hiodjYZcldgYZc# BZchZcY^Zo^_caZkZcVahVbWiZcVVgkZgo^Z`iZcYddg]jc \ZYgV\Zc]jc\ZlZaYYVY^\ZaZkZch^chiZaa^c\#ÈLVh]ZiaZkZc kVcb^_cÈXa^…ciZcÉ!odhX]g^_[i]^_!Ècd\lZaYZbdZ^iZlVVgY4 7Z\gZeZcYZ<g^Z`ZcZcYZGdbZ^cZcc^ZiVaYVi]ZiaZkZc kVcYZ\ZZhi]ZiZc^\ZaZkZclVhYViYZbdZ^iZlVVgYlVh4É

9ZÒaVcigdde^hZ^\Zca^_`c^ZiWZiZgiZWZhX]g^_kZcYVcI]Z HeZXiVidgYZZYidZc]ZiWdZ`j^i`lVb#È9^idcYZg]djYZcYZZc dcYZj\ZcYZWdZ`kdgbiZZcbZZhiZga^_`ZeVhi^X]ZdeYZed" aZb^Z`#=ZiXdbW^cZZgiYZdcilg^X]iZcYZZheg^ikVcKdaiV^gZ bZiYZeZhiZg^\ZeVgVYdmZckVcHl^[i#=Zi^hc^ZiYZWZYdZa^c\ YVilZYZbddgYZcVVghZg^ZjhcZbZcVah]^_oZ\iYVi]^_YZ lZgZaYkVc`aVeadeZghWZkg^_Yi!bVVg]Zi\ZZ[iiZYZc`ZcYVi ]^_o^_chiVcYejci^cVaaZZgchi`VcWZVg\jbZciZgZc#É 9^iWdZ`kVc9VagnbeaZ^hZZcVVcgVYZgkddgl^ZWZgZ^Y^h YddgYZaj\jWZgZhZii^c\kVc9ZÒaVcigdde]ZZciZo^Zc# L^ZZZc]Z`Za]ZZ[iVVceda^i^Z`ZXdggZXi]Z^YZcil^_[ZaiVVc ]ZibZchWZZaYYVij^i\VVikVcYZcVijjga^_`Z\dZY]Z^YkVcYZ bZch!o^Zi]^ZglViYVi\Zadd[WZlZg`hiZaa^\i#9VVgbZZ\ZZ[i 9VagnbeaZb^hhX]^ZclZaZZcWZZi_ZVcilddgYdeYZkgVV\ kVcI#H#:a^dij^i]Zi\ZY^X]i8]dgjhZh[gdbÈI]ZGdX`É&.()#

É9dndjcZZYidWZidaYi]ViZkZchjX]bdYZhiViiV^cbZcih 6hndjXVcWdVhi^ci]ZlVnd[eda^iZhdX^Zin L^aa]VgYanhjgk^kZi]Z;V^i]idl^iX]i]ZndlZi]Z^g h^\c^ÒXVcXZ4É BVVgiZcCZjiZWddb

27


GZVXi^ZdeÈ9ZbVV`WVgZbZchÉ"bV\VaaZhlVi`Vc4BZchZa^_`ZlVVgY^\]Z^YZcZbWgndcVVadcYZgodZ`#ÉkVc BVg^Z`ZYZ=VVc^c>ciZggjei^ZC•('%%,cViZaZoZcde/]iie/$$lll#XY_V#ca$4Vgi^`Za2,.*

De waarde van leven =dZlZa^ciZgZhhVcideo^X]oZa[!haVVi]ZiWdkZc\ZcdZbYZVgi^`Za YZeaV`ZZcVVciVa`ZZgÓ^c`b^h#9dZakVcYZoZgZVXi^Z^hZZc VVciVaolV``ZeaZ``Zc^c]ZiVgi^`ZaVVciZhi^eeZcdbdeY^Z bVc^ZgYZY^hXjhh^ZdkZgYZgZaZkVciZdcYZglZgeZcYddgo^X]i^" \ZgiZbV`Zc# 6aaZgZZghi^hYZkgVV\hiZaa^c\kVc]ZiVgi^`ZaZ^\Zca^_`c^Zi ZZcYj^Y^\#=Zi\VVic^Zidb]ZiZi]^hX]egdWaZZbÆhiVb" XZadcYZgodZ`Ç!bVVgdb]ZiZi]^hX]egdWaZZbYVilZkddg hiVbXZadcYZgodZ`bZchZa^_`ZZbWgndÉhcdY^\]ZWWZcY^ZlZ c^ZiYZbd\Za^_`]Z^Y\ZkZcdbiZdcil^``ZaZcidibZchZc^c k^igdd[^ck^kd0aZi#/Æ^c\aVhÇiZ\ZcdkZgÆ^caZkZcÇ#6ahlZ ZbWgndcVaZhiVbXZaaZc`dcYZcXgZ…gZcodcYZgbZchZa^_`Z ZbWgndÉhiZ\ZWgj^`ZcodjZgVahodYVc^\\ZZcegdWaZZbbZZg o^_c#:ZcVcYZgZi]^hX]egdWaZZb^hYZkgVV\d[lZbZidch dcYZgodZ`c^ZiiZkZg\VVc#9^i^h]ZiZi]^hX]ZegdWaZZbYVi YZi^iZahj\\ZgZZgi/YZbVV`WVVg]Z^YkVcYZbZch#9Vi^h]Zi \gdiZkgVV\hij`kVchiVbXZadcYZgodZ`# :ZcilZZYZegdWaZZb^hYVikda\Zch9Z=VVc]ZibdYZgcZ YZc`ZcdkZgbZchZa^_`ZlVVgY^\]Z^Y]VVgldgiZah]ZZ[i^c YZX]g^hiZa^_`ZigVY^i^Z!bZicVbZ^cYZ7^_WZahZk^h^ZdeYZ bZchVahÈWZZaYkVc<dYÉ#=ZiZZghiZVa\ZbZcZYZZakVcYZoZ hiZaa^c\^hcVijjga^_`lVVg]Z^YVahZZc`dZ#=ZiX]g^hiZcYdb ^hZZjlZcaVc\Ydb^cVci\ZlZZhi^c:jgdeV#=ZihegZZ`i

kVco^X]YViZZcWZ\g^eVahbZchZa^_`ZlVVgY^\]Z^Y\Z`aZjgY ^hYddgYZoZigVY^i^Z#=ZiilZZYZYZZakVcYZoZhiZaa^c\^h b^cYZgkVcoZa[hegZ`ZcY#=dZlZYZbZchWZo^Zc^h^cYZg" YVVYYddg]ZiYZc`ZcdkZgYZbZchVahWZZaYYgV\Zg<dYh WZ‰ckadZY#BVVg^hbZchZa^_`ZlVVgY^\]Z^YVahodYVc^\Yddg Y^iWZ\g^eWZ‰ckadZY49ZÒadhdd[@Vci!lZa`ZYddg9Z=VVc dd`\ZcdZbYldgYi!^hYdb^cVci^cYZdcil^``Za^c\kVc]Zi WZ\g^elVVgY^\]Z^Y#Kddg@VciWZo^iZZcbZchlVVgY^\]Z^Y de]ZibdbZciYViYZoZ^chiVVi^hdbo^X]oZa[iZ]djYZcVVc YZbdgZaZlZi]^Zg`dbi]Zi]j^Y^\Z\ZWgj^`kVc]ZilddgY Vjidcdb^ZkVcYVVc/Vjid"oZa[cdbdh"lZi#9^i^hZZc ^cY^k^YjZaZZgkVg^c\#>`ZgkVVglVVgY^\]Z^YVah^`Vjidcddb WZc#=dZ`jccZclZYVcdkZgYZlVVgY^\]Z^YkVcZZcVcYZg bZchd[dkZgbZchZa^_`ZlVVgY^\]Z^Y^c]ZiVa\ZbZZchegZ" `Zc4>chiVVio^_c_ZoZa[iZ]djYZcVVcYZbdgZaZlZiiZ\Zc _ZcVijjga^_`ZcZ^\^c\Zc^c^h]Zi]ZWWZckVcegV`i^hX]Z gVi^dcVa^iZ^i#Kddg@Vci^h]Zi]Zg`ZccZckVcYZoZgVi^dcVa^iZ^i ^cZZcVcYZgkdaYdZcYZkddg]ZiidZ`ZccZckVclVVgY^\]Z^Y# 9ZVcYZgZbZch]ZZ[iYddgo^_cgVi^dcZaZkZgbd\ZcYZbd\Z" a^_`]Z^YdbVjidcddbiZo^_cdbo^X]oZa[ZZcbdgZaZlZide iZaZ\\Zc#DbYViZZcbZchYZbdgZaZlZiYddgegV`i^hX]Z gVi^dcVa^iZ^io^X]oZa[bdZideaZ\\Zc!WZeVVaYYZbdgZaZlZi dd`YZ\gZcoZckVcdcoZkZgea^X]i^c\Zc#L^_]ZWWZchaZX]ih kZgea^X]i^c\ZcidibZchZcY^ZVjidcddb`jccZco^_c# BZiVcYZgZlddgYZc/

ÇbZchZa^_`ZlVVgY^\]Z^Y^hYZ\gdcY kVcdcoZkZgea^X]i^c\Zcidi VcYZgZbZchZcZcdchoZa[#È Od`dbZclZW^_ZZcYZgYZ`g^i^Z`ejci#9Z=VVc\ZWgj^`i@Vci db]ZiZi]^hX]ZXdcÓ^XihX]ZgeiZ`g^_\Zc/]ddekddgeVi^…c" iZciZ\ZcdkZgYZWZhX]ZgblVVgY^\]Z^YkVc]ZiZbWgnd#OZ \ZWgj^`iZZc[dgbjaZg^c\kVcYZo\c#XViZ\dg^hX]Z^beZgVi^Z[ YVi^hZZc[dgbjaZg^c\kVcYZbdgZaZlZilZa`ZoZ\iYVi_Z odbdZi]VcYZaZcYVi_ZYZbZch]Z^Y!odlZa^cZ^\ZceZghddc Vah^cZZcVcYZg!cdd^ihaZX]ihVahb^YYZabV\\ZWgj^`Zc!bVVg Vai^_Ydd`VahYdZa"^c"o^X]oZa[#:ZcZZghiZ`g^i^Z`^hYVi]Zi YdZaodVah9Z=VVcYVi[dgbjaZZgi/YVibZic^ZjlZlZiZc" hX]VeeZa^_`ZbZi]dYZcVahhiVbXZadcYZgodZ`^cYZidZ`dbhi b^hhX]^ZcWZaVc\g^_`Zo^Z`iZc`jccZcldgYZc\ZcZoZc!c^Zi YZÆbZch]Z^YVahYdZa"^c"o^X]oZa[Ç^hodVah@VciYVikddg d\Zc]VY#9ZVcYZgd[_ZoZa[VahYdZa"^c"o^X]oZa[WZ]VcYZaZc ^hWZhZ[[ZcYVi_ZkZgea^X]i^c\Zc]ZWiiZ\ZcdkZgY^ZVcYZg kVclZ\ZYZVjidcdb^ZkVcYZVcYZgYZbdgZaZlZi\ZZ[iVVc idil^Zl^_kZgea^X]i^c\Zc]ZWWZc#:ZcilZZYZ`g^i^Z`ejci^h YViYZXViZ\dg^hX]Z^beZgVi^Z[iZhcZa^cYZgZYZcVi^ZldgYi ^c\ZWgVX]i#EVhVahlZYZkgVV\WZVcilddgY]ZWWZcd[ZZc ZbWgndZZcYdZa"^c"o^X]oZa[`Vco^_c^cYZ@Vci^VVchZo^c! `jc_ZYZXViZ\dg^hX]Z^beZgVi^Z[\ZWgj^`Zcdb_ZbdgZaZ kZgea^X]i^c\iZ\ZcdkZgY^iYdZa"^c"o^X]oZa[iZ[dgbjaZgZc# 28

^hVahodYVc^\VaZZcgVgZo^c!lVciodVahWdkZcVa\ZoZ\Y^h YZkgVV\^hc^Zid[lZdcYZgodZ`bd\ZcYdZcbZihiVbXZa" aZc#6ahlZYZoZj^i\gVh`dcYZcbV`ZcodjZg\ZZcZi]^hX] egdWaZZbo^_c/lZ]ZWWZcZbWgndÉhcdY^\dbYZoZXZaaZciZ Èdd\hiZcÉW^_\ZWgZ`VVcZZcWZiZgZiZgb#:g^hZX]iZgcd\ ^ZihdcYj^YZa^_`hVVcYZoZo^c#=Ziji^a^hbZWVhZZgio^X]^c ]VVgZi]^hX]YZc`Zcc^Zide]ZidcYZghX]Z^YÆeZghddcÇZc ÆYZgZhiÇ#9Vi^hlZYZgdb@Vci#Ji^a^hbZ^c]VVgkZghX]^aaZcYZ kdgbZc^hZZckdgbkVcXdchZfjZci^Va^hbZ/YZ_j^hi]Z^YkVc ZZc]VcYZa^c\ldgYiWZeVVaYYddg]VVg\Zkda\Zc#

ÇVah\dYYZigVchZbe^g^hX]Z\gdcY^h kddgbZchZa^_`ZlVVgY^\]Z^YbdZiZclZ c^ZioZ\\ZcYVigZaVi^ZhYVio^_c#È

:cdbbVVgbZiYZYZjg^c]j^hiZkVaaZc/kddg@VciWZo^i ZZcZbWgnd\ZZcbZchZa^_`ZlVVgY^\]Z^Y\ZWgZ`VVcYZ bd\Za^_`]Z^YidiVjidcdb^ZZc^h]ZiYVVgbZZ\ZZcYdZa"^c" o^X]oZa[#Kddg^ZbVcYbZiZZcWZZi_ZbdgZZa\ZkdZaZc^hY^i ZZcegdWaZZb/lZl^aaZcidX]deoÉcb^chiZc^\ZWZhX]Zgb^c\ kddgYZcd\c^Zi\ZWdgZcbZchodcYZgVjidcdb^Z=^Zg `dbi]ZiYddg9Z=VVc\ZcdZbYZVg\jbZcikVcediZci^Z cVVgkdgZc^c]VVg_j^hiZXdciZmi#EdiZci^Z^cYZoZXdciZmi^h ]Zi\Z\ZkZcYVil^_^cYZZbWgndYZbd\Za^_`]Z^YkVcZZc VjidcddblZoZc]Zg`ZccZc#:ZcVcYZgZbd\Za^_`]Z^Y^h]Zi Vg\jbZcikVc^YZci^iZ^i#CVYZ&)ZYV\^hYZbd\Za^_`]Z^Y idibZZga^c\\ZWddgiZlZ\Zc^hYj^YZa^_`lZa`lZZ[hZao^X] bd\Za^_`oVadcil^``ZaZcidiYZ[dZijh#KVcj^iYZ^YZci^Ò" XVi^ZkVcYZaViZgZbZchbZiYZZbWgndcV&)YV\Zc`VcZg ZZcWZeVVaYZbViZkVclVVgYZdkZgYgVX]ieaVVihk^cYZc#9Z ^cYZa^c\^cYg^Zedh^i^ZhkVc9Z=VVc^hYVVgbZZlVi\Z`jc" hiZaY\ZldgYZc#:g^hj^iZgVVgYZZcheZXigjbYZc`WVVgbZi VVc]ZiZcZj^iZghiZkdaaZY^\ZWZhX]ZgblVVgY^\]Z^YkVcV[ WZkgjX]i^c\ZcVVc]ZiVcYZgZj^iZghiZ\ZZcZc`ZaZWZ" hX]ZgblVVgY^\]Z^YidiVVcYZ\ZWddgiZ#BVVgYZkZghX]^aaZc" YZÒadhdÒhX]ZkZgYZY^\^c\ZckVcj^iW^_kddgWZZaYediZci^Z d[^YZci^iZ^i`jccZco^X]W^ccZcY^iheZXigjbWZlZ\Zc#Idi hadidkZgY^iejcicd\‚‚cdebZg`^c\#9ZYZgYZedh^i^ZkVc 9Z=VVcldgYiYddg]VVg\ZineZZgYVahÆdcYZghX]Z^YijhhZc bZchZcVaheZghdcZcZchiVY^VkVcdc\ZWdgZcaZkZc!lVVg^c ]ZiZbWgnd\ZZcW^_odcYZgZWZhX]ZgblVVgY^\]Z^YidZ`dbi# BZchZco^_ceVhW^_YZ\ZWddgiZWZhX]ZgblVVgY^\#9ZoZ edh^i^ZhiVViVVcYZWVh^hkVcYZ6c\ZahV`h^hX]\ZhiZbeZaYZ ji^a^iVg^hi^hX]ZÒadhdÒZZchiVVikddgYZdcWZeZg`iZbd\Za^_`" ]Z^YidilZiZchX]VeeZa^_`dcYZgodZ`bZiZbWgndcVaZhiVb" XZaaZc'.#Ç9ViYZ6c\ZahV`h^hX]\ZhiZbeZaYZji^a^iVg^hi^hX]Z ÒadhdÒZgj^biZ`VcW^ZYZcVVcdcWZeZg`iZbd\Za^_`]Z^Yidi lZiZchX]VeeZa^_`dcYZgodZ`bZiZbWgndcVaZhiVbXZaaZc

Idihadi/YZ`ZgckVc]ZiWZidd\kVc9Z=VVc`dbi]^Zgde cZZgYVibZchZa^_`ZlVVgY^\]Z^YWZhiVVij^i]ZiVVchegZ`Zc ZcVVc\Zhegd`ZcldgYZcYddg<dY!bZYZbZchZccVijjg#O^_ cdZbiY^iZZcigVchZbe^g^hX]Zcdi^ZkVcbZchZa^_`ZlVVg" Y^\]Z^Y#=^Zgde‚‚cbViZg^ZZa`g^i^Z`ejciZc‚‚c[dgbZZa `g^i^Z`ejci#9Z[dgbZaZ`g^i^Z`g^X]io^X]deYZdcbd\Za^_`]Z^Y dbbZiY^iWZ\g^ekVcgZaVi^dcVa^iZ^iidiXdcXgZiZZi]^hX]Z g^X]ia^_cZciZ`dbZc#=ZZ[iZZc^ck^igdZbWgndb^cYZgbdgZaZ hiVijhYVcZZc^ck^kdZbWgnd4=ZWWZcYZZbWgndÉhkVcWZ" ldcZghkVcHg^AVc`VlVVg^`ZZcb^cYZghiZg`ZgZaVi^ZbZZ ]ZWb^cYZgbdgZaZhiVijh49ZbViZg^ZaZ`g^i^Z`g^X]io^X] ]^ZgdeYVibZchZa^_`ZlVVgY^\]Z^Y\Z[jcYZZgY^cgZaVi^dcV" a^iZ^icVijjga^_`dd`Zbe^g^hX]^hodaVc\lZdkZg<dYol^_\Zc ^`]ZWZZcgZaVi^ZbZib^_ceVgicZg!bZib^_cdjYZgh!ZiX# =dZhiZg`ZgYZgZaVi^Z]dZ\gdiZgYZbdgZaZkZgea^X]i^c\Zc# ?VcK^hhZg

29


Studentenstad:

As Utereg me stad!

De Mens: Hanneke Moret

6ah^`WdkZcdeYZ9dbhiV @^_`^`ZkZccVVgWZcZZ YVco^Z^`]ZidjlZ<gVX]^Z ÈiKgZZWjg\Zcl^_`8 ?V!YVcheg^c\ibÉc]Vgih_^ZdeZc ^`WZcigdih!lViYVX]"^ZlVi YÉg^h\ZZcbdd^ZgeaZ``^Z VhJiZgZX]bZhiVY VhJiZgZX]bZhiVY =ZgbVc7Zg`^Zc  :a`ZJigZX]iZgbZicVYgj`\ZZcJigZX]iZcVVg`Zci YZoZo^chcZYZZcZa`ZhijYZciaZZgiY^icjbbZgW^_YZ ^cigdYjXi^ZkVcYZhiVY#9ZhiVYJigZX]i`Zci]VVgWZ\^c ^c),cV8]g#idZcYZGdbZ^cde]Zi]j^Y^\Z9dbeaZ^cVVc XVhiZaajbWdjlYZZcJigZX]i^hYVVgbZZ‚‚ckVcYZdjYhiZ hiZYZckVcCZYZgaVcY#LVVg]ZidcYZgYZGdbZ^cZcWZ\dc VahZcZkZghiZk^\YZlVakVc]djiZcVVgYZ!lZgY]ZidcYZgYZ `Zg`kdghiL^aa^WgdgY]ZigZa^\^ZjoZaZZh/`Vi]da^Z`ZXZcigjb kVcYZCddgYZa^_`ZCZYZgaVcYZc#YZhiVY\gdZ^YZYddgidiYVi ]ZikVcYZW^hhX]de^c&&'']VVghiVYhgZX]iZc`gZZ\#KVcV[cj bdX]iJigZX]i]VVghiVYdbbjgZcZcdcihidcY]ZihigViZceV" igddcodVahlZYVicjcd\dekZaZeaZ``Zc`ZccZc# JigZX]i`ZciZZcdjYZW^ccZchiVYbZi]VVg`ZcbZg`ZcYZ \gVX]iZcZch^c\Zah#6VcYZ\gVX]iZca^\\ZclZg[`ZaYZghlVVg ^cYZodbZgkZaZiZggVhhZcdcihiVVc#:ZcaZj`[Z^i_Z]^Zg" dkZg^hYViZZcYZZakVcYZÒab6bhiZgYVbcZY^cJigZX]i^h de\ZcdbZc!dbYVi6bhiZgYVb\ZZclZg[`ZaYZghdelViZgc^" kZVj`Zci#9VVgcVVhi]ZZ[iYZW^ccZchiVYkZaZ`ZcbZg`ZcYZ ]^hidg^hX]Z\ZWdjlZc!odVahZZc]ZjhhiVYh`VhiZZa]^Zg WdggZai]Zi89?6JigZX]iZa`ZYZgYZbVVcYV\kVcYZbVVcY! kZZadjYZ`Zg`ZcZc]ZiEVjh]j^oZ#=ZiEVjh]j^oZ^hdd^i \ZWdjlYkddgYZj^iJigZX]iV[`dbhi^\ZeVjh6Yg^VcjhK>!Y^Z ]ZiZX]iZgcdd^iWZlddcY]ZZ[i# Cj^hJigZX]iYZk^ZgYZhiVYkVcCZYZgaVcYbZiZZc`aZ^cZ (%%#%%^cldcZghZcWZ]ddgio^_idiYZ<)#JigZX]i^hZZc_dc\Z hiVY!lVVgVcYZgZhiZYZcZZchiZZYh\g^_oZgZWZkda`^c\`Zc" cZc!Wa^_[iJigZX]ikZg_dc\ZcYddgZZc\gdiZVVclVhkVchij" YZciZc!hiVgiZghdeYZVgWZ^YhbVg`iZc_dc\Z\Zo^ccZc#:‚c deYZk^_[^cldcZgh^hcVbZa^_`hijYZci+)#%%%hijYZciZcZc YZhiVYbV\o^X]bZigZX]iZZcZX]iZhijYZciZchiVYcdZbZc# =Zij^i\VVchaZkZc^h]^ZgYVcdd`deV[\ZhiZbY#KZaZ`gdZ\Zc kZghegZ^YYddgYZhiVYldgYZcYZ]ZaZlZZ`Ygj`WZodX]i# C^ZiVaaZZcVVcYZ\gVX]iZc!bVVgdd`YZkZghX]^aaZcYZ eaZ^cZcodVahYZCZjYZ!]ZiAZY^\:g[!?Vch`Zg`]d[]ZiLZY `ZccZcZZcXdcXZcigVi^ZkVc`gdZ\ZclVVg]ZiVai^_YYgj`Zc \ZoZaa^\^h!de]Zi?Vch`Zg`]d[hiVViYZhijYZciZcY^hXdi]ZZ` 30

CVVb/ =VccZ`ZBdgZi AZZ[i^_Y/ &W^_ j^ihiZ`! YZLdd Lddaaddb" ddaddYViYddg]Zi JH8JigZX]ihHijYZciZc 8dgehldgYi\ZgjcYZclVVg _ZcV;gZY!YZkVhiZedgi^Zg!\ZYV\ \ZoZ\YiZ]ZWWZc`VcYVchZcidi^cYZ kgdZ\Zjjgi_Zh#9VVgcVVhio^_cZgcd\ine^" hX]ZhijYZciZc`gdZ\ZciZk^cYZcVVcYZCdWZahigVVi!odVah Ajhi!=ZZgZceaZ^c!9Z9^_`ZclVVgidiY^Ze^cYZdX]iZcY hijYZciZcYddgoV``Zc^c`gdZ\_ZhVah9ZOdiiZZc9Z@cZjh# :‚c`gdZ\l^a^`^c]ZiW^_odcYZgcdZbZc!h^cYhZZceVVg bVVcYZc]ZZ[iDa^k^Zg]VVgYZjgZc\ZdeZcY^cZZcdjYZ hX]j^a`Zg`VVc6X]iZg8aVgZcWjg\lVVgkZaZ7Za\^hX]ZW^ZgZc ldgYZc\ZhX]dc`ZcZcZX]iZKaVVbhZ[g^ZiZco^_ciZk^cYZc# 6VcaZ``ZgZiZc\ZZc\ZWgZ`!^cZcgdcYdbYZ`gdZ\Zc!VVc YZ\gVX]iZcZcYZh^c\Zaho^_caZj`ZZZiiZci_ZhiZk^cYZc lVVg_ZkddgkVg^…gZcYZeg^_oZc]ZZga^_``VcZiZc#=^ZgW^_^h YZhVi‚kVc:^\ZcHX]jaY\ZgdZbYZc^h:aBjcYdkddgYZ iVeVhVai^_YYgj`WZoZi# Cj^hVaaZZc]ZiXZcigjbcd\WZcdZbY!lVcidbVaaZ\ZoZa" a^\Zl^_`ZcodVah]Zibjai^XjaijgZaZAdbWd`iZWZhX]g^_kZc^h ‚‚c6)Éi_Z\ZZceaZ`#<ZoZaa^\]Z^Yk^cY_ZdkZgVaZc_ZWZci YVVgdbbZZgYVclZa`db

DeaZ^Y^c\/ >`WZcilZZYZ_VVghhijYZciWZhijjgh`jcYZ$dkZg]Z^YhbV" cV\ZbZciVVcYZ=VV\hZ=d\ZhX]dda# LViYdZ_ZW^ccZc]Zi89?6/ H^cYhhZeiZbWZgWZc^`kddgo^iiZgkVcYZegdbdi^ZXdbb^hh^Z# Hedgi/ BdbZciZZaYdZ^`c^ZiVVchedgi#>`WZckVceaVciZ\VVcÒi" cZhhZc^c=ZiHig^_`^_oZg^c9Zc=VV\!lVVg^`h^cYh`dgilddc# 7ZaVc\g^_`hiZeda^i^Z`Zi]ZbV/ KZ^a^\]Z^Y!^cYZWgZZYhiZo^ckVc]ZilddgY# DbhX]g^_[_Z`VgV`iZgZZch/ HedciVVc!deZc!hdX^VVa!l^ah`gVX]i^\ZcYVVgYddghdbhZZc WZZi_ZZ^\Zcl^_h# 8]g^hiZc"YZbdXgVi^Z^hkddg_dj/ :ZcgZX]ihhiVViY^ZdeZgZZgikVcj^igZheZXi!kZgVcilddgYZa^_`" ]Z^YZccVVhiZca^Z[YZ# <gddihiZkddgWZZaY/ ?Zojh8]g^hijh#>`o^Z]ZiVahZZcdeYgVX]idbVahX]g^hiZc!YZ a^Z[YZY^Z?Zojh]ZZ[ikddgbZchZcj^iiZhigVaZc^c_ZYdZcZc aViZc#

GZejWa^`Z^cd[9ZbdXgVVi4 9ZbdXgVVi ?ZWZcib^c^hiZg"egZh^YZci!lZa`ZVXi^ZdcYZgcZZb_Z VahZZghiZ4 =ZidcYZgl^_hde]d\ZhX]daZckZgWZiZgZc#OdVahkZaZcbZi b^_!dcYZgk^cY^`egdWaZbZcbZiodlZaYZdg\Vc^hVi^ZVahYZ `lVa^iZ^ikVc]ZidcYZgl^_hde]Zi=Wd# LViWZiZ`Zci<dYkddg_dj/ LdcYZgWVgZGVVYhbVc!BVX]i^\Z<dY!:Zjl^\ZKVYZg! KgZYZkdghi?ZhV_V./*W LVi\g^_ei_djVVc4 DcgZX]iVVc`^cYZgZc#9VVg`Vc^`kZgYg^Zi^\ZciZ\Za^_`Zgi^_Y WddhdbldgYZc# LZa`WdZ`]ZW_Zkddg]ZiaVVihi\ZaZoZc4 È9ZKa^Z\ZgVVgÉkVc@]VaZY=dhhZ^c^#:ZcVVc\g^_eZcYkZg]VVa! YVio^X]V[heZZai^c6[\]Vc^hiVc^ci^_YZckVcYZIVa^WVc# BZi&%%%Zjgd\V_Z### :‚ckVcYZ\gdiZ:jgdeZhZhiZYZcWZodZ`Zc# Bdiid/ 6aaZh]ZZ[io^_cWZhiZbYZi^_YEgZY^`Zg(

?^ih`Z=VV\hbV 31


Doe-het-zelvers in de ontwikkelingshulp :Zc\dZYZd[haZX]iZdcil^``Za^c\4:ZcVcVanhZ# >c'%%(gZ^hiB^X]Za<gdZcZchi^_c!'(_VVgdjY!cVVgOj^Y" 6[g^`V#C^ZiVahidZg^hibVVgVahkg^_l^aa^\ZgkddgZZclZZh" ]j^hkVcZZcdcil^``Za^c\hdg\Vc^hVi^Z#<Z‰che^gZZgY`dbi ]^_iZgj\!YVVgdbWa^_[i]^_VXi^Z[W^_YZdg\Vc^hVi^Z#Od`dbi ]ZbiZgdgZYViYZkgVV\cVVgkg^_l^aa^\ZghidZcZZbikddgYZ egd_ZXiZc#>cbZ^'%%+WZhaj^i]^_^ciZ]V`ZcYddgoZa[ZZc hi^X]i^c\deiZg^X]iZc/7ZBdgZ#BZio^_ceVgi^Xja^ZgZ^c^i^Vi^Z[ bdW^a^hZZgi]^__dc\ZgZcdbo^X]Vahkg^_l^aa^\ZgW^_kZghX]^a" aZcYZdcil^``Za^c\hegd_ZXiZc^cOj^Y"6[g^`V^ciZoZiiZc# :Zc_VVgaViZg^h7ZBdgZj^i\Z\gdZ^YidiZZchjXXZhkdaaZdg\V" c^hVi^Z#H^cYhYZdeg^X]i^c\o^_cbVVga^Z[hi(')kg^_l^aa^\Zgh cVbZch7ZBdgZkZgigd``ZccVVgOj^Y"6[g^`V# 9^i^hhaZX]ih‚‚ckVcYZkZaZkddgWZZaYZckVc]Zi\gdZ^ZcYZ VVciVaYdZ"]Zi"oZakZgh^cYZdcil^``Za^c\hhVbZclZg`^c\# :Zc`dgiZodZ`deYgVX]idelll#^cYZeZcYZg#caaZkZgi`aZ^c" hX]Va^\Zegd_ZXiZc^cVaaZhddgiZcZcbViZcde!lVVgj^iYZ ediZci^…aZ\ZaYhX]^ZiZg`Vc`^ZoZc#>c^i^Vi^Z[cZbZghkVcYZoZ eVgi^Xja^ZgZdcil^``Za^c\hegd_ZXiZcoZ\\ZcZX]i\ZgVV`iiZ o^_cZcl^aaZcoZa[WZigd``ZcldgYZc^cYZdcil^``Za^c\h]jae# Hda^YVg^iZ^iZcZ^\ZckZgVcilddgYZa^_`]Z^Y!\gdcYWZ\^chZaZc kVc]Zi89?6!o^_clZZg^c

Çc^ZiYZdkZg]Z^Yd[\gdiZ dcil^``Za^c\hdg\Vc^hVi^ZhbVVgdd` ?>?`jci^Zihedh^i^Z[hYdZcÈ >cY^iZhhVn\V^`deodZ`cVVgYZddgoV`ZcZc\Zkda\ZckVc ]Zi\gdZ^ZcYVVciVaeVgi^Xja^ZgZ^c^i^Vi^ZkZc^cYZdcil^`" `Za^c\h]jae#HeZZaidciZkgZYZc]Z^YdkZg\gdiZ\dZYZYdZaZc ZZcgda47Z‰ckadZYZceVgi^Xja^ZgZ^c^i^Vi^ZkZc]Zi\ZZ[\ZYgV\

32

kVcYZCZYZgaVcYZgh4=dZgZV\ZgZcYZdkZg]Z^YZcdcil^`" `Za^c\hdg\Vc^hVi^ZhdeYZc^ZjlZigZcY4Dd`^hYZkgVV\d[ YZoZ]jaeZ[[ZXi^Z[^h#@dgidb!o^_cYZYdZ"]Zi"oZakZghlZa`db ^cYZlZgZaYkVcdcil^``Za^c\h]jae4 DdgoVV`de`dbhi 9ZYdZ"]Zi"oZakZghlVgZcVaaVc\Zg^cde`dbhi!bVVgYZ ihjcVb^^c'%%)]ZZ[iYZigZcYkZghiZg`i#LVVgdbYZoZ eVgi^Xja^ZgZ^c^i^Vi^ZkZc^cZZcaVcYYViVaZZcZcdgbVVciVa aVcYZa^_`WZ`ZcYZ\dZYZYdZaZc]ZZ[i49ZC89Da^Zi]^Zg dcYZgodZ`cVVgYdZc#=^Zgj^iWa^_`iYVi^c^i^Vi^Z[cZbZgh]Zi deadhhZckVcYZ]jaeWZ]dZ[iZVahddgoVV`VVc\ZkZcZcc^Zi ]ZideWdjlZckVcZZcc^ZjlZdg\Vc^hVi^Z#KddgB^X]Za kVc7Z"BdgZ\ZaYiY^idd`!YZkgVV\cVVgkg^_l^aa^\ZghoZiiZ ]Zb^cWZlZ\^c\#=^_YdZiY^iVahVVckjaa^c\!lVciYZ7Z BdgZkg^_l^aa^\ZghY^ZB^X]ZalZg[i!\VVcVVc]ZilZg`^cYZ lZZh"Zco^Z`Zc]j^oZckVcYZdg\Vc^hVi^ZlVVgbZZ]^_cVVg Oj^Y"6[g^`V^h\ZlZZhi#9^i^ciZ\ZchiZaa^c\idiYZdcYZgodX]iZ YdZ"]Zi"oZakZgh#OZldgYZccZiVahB^X]ZaYddgZZcgZ^hd[YZ bZY^V\Z‰che^gZZgY!bVVgoZ`adeeZcZZghiodcYZghjXXZhVVc W^_ZZcdcil^``Za^c\hdg\Vc^hVi^Z#=jceVgi^Xja^ZgZ^c^i^Vi^Z[^h ZZcegV`i^hX]ZcddYdeadhh^c\odcYZgkZZaegZiZci^Zh#OZ]ZW" WZcoZ`Zgc^Zi]Zi^YZZWZiZgiZlZg`ZcYVcaVcYZa^_`WZ`ZcYZ \dZYZYdZaZc#HiZg`Zgcd\!YZdcYZgodX]iZdg\Vc^hVi^Zh\ZkZc VVcYVilVccZZg]jcYdZaWZgZ^`i^h!o^_]jcdg\Vc^hVi^Zoja" aZcde]Z[[Zc#OZWa^_kZcVVcaVcYZa^_`WZ`ZcYZ\dZYZYdZaZc \ZaY\ZkZc#  >ckadZYde\ZZ[\ZYgV\ 9ZKg^_ZJc^kZgh^iZ^i6bhiZgYVbYdZidcYZgaZ^Y^c\kVc ]dd\aZgVVgÒaVcigde^ZI]ZdHX]jniVakVcV[&..(dcYZgodZ` cVVg]Zi\ZZ[\ZYgV\^cCZYZgaVcYZcbVV`iZa`ZilZZ_VVgYZ gZhjaiViZcWZ`ZcY#9ZdcYZgodZ`hgZhjaiViZckVc]j^h]djYZch bZiWZigZ``^c\idiYdcVi^ZhVVc^ciZgcVi^dcVaZ]jaeaZ^YZc idiZZcdebZg`Za^_`ZXdcXajh^Z#=dZlZa]ZiVWhdajiZWZYgV\ YVi\ZYdcZZgYldgYiVVc^ciZgcVi^dcVaZ]jaehi^_\i!YVVai]Zi gZaVi^ZkZVVcYZZa^ckZg]djY^c\bZi]ZiidiVaZ\ZZ[WZYgV\# 9VVgcVVhi^h]ZiVVciVa]j^h]djYZchY^ZYdcZgZc\Za^_` \ZWaZkZc#9ZoZ[Z^iZcl^_oZcZgdeYViYZoZa[YZ]j^h]djYZch lZa^hlVVgbZZg\ZkZcVVc^ciZgcVi^dcVaZ]jae!bVVgoZo^_c VVcVcYZgZ\dZYZYdZaZccd\bZZg\VVc\ZkZcodVahVVc CVijjgbdcjbZciZcd[@L;#LVicdjbVVihX]VeeZa^_`ZWZ" igd``Zc]Z^YW^_dcil^``Za^c\h]jae4:ZcVcYZgZbVc^ZgkVc \ZkZc^hY^ZkVci^_Y!^cYZkdgbkVckg^_l^aa^\ZghlZg`# =^Zg^h\Zaj``^\ZZcdcb^h`ZcWVgZedh^i^ZkZigZcYiZo^Zc# >c&..+oZiiZ(+kVcYZCZYZgaVcYZgho^X]b^c^bVVa‚‚c `ZZgeZg_VVgWZaVc\Zaddh^c!^c'%%)^hY^iVVciVa\ZhiZ\Zc cVVg)&#7a^_`WVVg^h]Zi\ZkZckVci^_YlVVgYZkdaaZgVVc ]ZildgYZcYVc]ZidkZgbV`ZckVcZZc\ZaYWZYgV\#<ZkZc^c i^_Y!Y^iYdZcYZkg^_l^aa^\ZghkVc7ZBdgZdd`#O^_WZiVaZc]jc Z^\ZcgZ^hZckZgWa^_[^cOj^Y"6[g^`VZcoZiiZco^X]b^c^bVVa k^ZglZ`Zc^ckddg‚‚ckVcYZdcil^``Za^c\hegd_ZXiZc#?Z YgVV\iZZchiZZci_ZW^_!c^ZibZZgZcc^Zib^cYZg#9^i^hZZc \gdZ^ZcYZkdgbkVcbVVihX]VeeZa^_`ZWZigd``Zc]Z^Y

DkZg]Z^Y Dd`j^igZXZcidcYZgodZ`Wa^_`iYViCZYZgaVcY]ZibZZhiWZ" igd``ZcaVcY^hW^_dcil^``Za^c\h]jae#CVVhioZa[\ZaYiZ\ZkZc bVV`iYZdkZg]Z^Y]ZiÒhXVVaVVcigZ``Za^_`kddgWjg\Zghdb VVc\dZYZYdZaZciZ\ZkZc#LViYdZiYZdkZg]Z^YYVcbZi YZYdZ"]Zi"oZakZgh49ZdkZg]Z^YdcYZghiZjciYZWjg\Zgh Yddg^c[dgbVi^ZXZcigVYddg]ZZaCZYZgaVcYiZÒcVcX^ZgZc# 7jg\Zgh`jccZcYVVgiZgZX]ibZi]jc^YZZZc`g^_\Zc]jaeW^_ ]Zij^ilZg`ZcZgkVc#9VVgcVVhi\ZZ[iYZC89D^cdeYgVX]i kVcYZdkZg]Z^Y\ZaYVVceVgi^Xja^ZgZ^c^i^Vi^ZkZc#>cYZ_VgZc cZ\Zci^\\^c\]ZidbilZZb^a_dZcZjgd!^cb^YYZah\VVicZ" \Zcb^a_dZcZjgdcVVg^c^i^Vi^ZkZckVcWjg\Zgh#Dd`7ZBdgZ ldgYiYZZah\ZÒcVcX^ZgYYddgYZdkZg]Z^Y#J^icVkgVV\Wa^_`i YVio^_\ZWgj^`bVV`ikVcYZhjWh^Y^Zh!cVbZa^_`MeadgZ!ZZc egd\gVbbVkVc]ZiB^c^hiZg^ZkVc7j^iZcaVcYhZOV`ZcZc kVcV[kda\ZcY_VVg!VahYZVVckgVV\ldgYi\dZY\Z`ZjgY! YZC89D#@dgidb!YZdkZg]Z^YYgVV\iÒcVcX^ZZaW^_VVc YZYdZ"]Zi"oZakZgh!b^iho^_\ZaYVVckgV\Zc# <gddikZghjh`aZ^c LViYdZcYZ\gdiZ]jaedg\Vc^hVi^Zh4O^_gZV\ZZgYZcl^hhZ" aZcYdeYZ\gdZ^ZcYZeVgi^Xja^ZgZ^c^i^Vi^ZkZcbVVgj^iZ^c" YZa^_`oV\Zcdd`o^_YZkddgYZaZckVcYZoZ\gdZ^ZcYZ\gdZe# 9dZ"]Zi"oZakZghXgZZ…gZccVbZa^_`YgVV\kaV`kddgdcil^``Z" a^c\h]jae^cYZhVbZcaZk^c\#<gdiZ]jaedg\Vc^hVi^ZhVah>88D Zc8dgYV^Y]ZWWZccjZZcV[YZa^c\kddgeg^k‚"^c^i^Vi^ZkZc# O^_\ZkZccZiVahYZC89DodlZaegV`i^hX]ZVahÒcVcX^…aZ hiZjc#=jae^hYjhWZhX]^`WVVgVahYZYdZ"]Zi"oZakZgh]Zi l^aaZc#BVVgo^_c\gdiZdg\Vc^hVi^ZhZX]iWa^_bZiVaYZoZ^c^i^" Vi^ZkZc4OZo^_ckddgo^X]i^\bZiXdbbZciVVg!lVcioZl^aaZc ]jcYdcViZjghc^Zikddg]Zi]dd[YhidiZc#>cZZcCG8Vgi^`Za lVVghX]jliZZcbZYZlZg`ZgkVc8dgYV^YkddglZhiZga^c\Zc Y^ZiZkZZa]ZikddgidjlcZbZc/ÈJ^iZ^cYZa^_`l^aaZcl^_YVi Y^c\Zcad`VVa\ZWZjgZcÉ

^hcd\dcWZVcilddgY#>c]ZicV_VVgkVc'%%,ojaaZcdcYZg" odZ`ZghkVcYZGVYWdjYJc^kZgh^iZ^iC^_bZ\Zc]jcdcYZg" odZ`ejWa^XZgZccVVgYZZ[[ZXi^k^iZ^ikVc]Zi\gdZ^ZcYZVVciVa eVgi^Xja^ZgZ^c^i^Vi^ZkZc#6aZZgYZgoZ^YZcYZdcYZgodZ`ZghYVi cVVg]jc^YZZkVV`hX]daZco^_c\ZWdjlYYddgYZYdZ"]Zi" oZakZgh#>ZihlViZ^\Zca^_`YZgi^\_VVg\ZaZYZc\ZWZjgYZZc lVVgkVclZ^cb^YYZahlZiZcYVibZZgcdY^\^h!odVahad`VVa de\ZaZ^YZaZgVgZc#8dcXajh^Z/]Zi\ZkdZakVckdaYdZc^c\hiVVi kddgdeZcc^Zi]ZigZhjaiVVikddgYZWjg\Zgh^cYZdcil^`" `Za^c\haVcYZc#:Zc]ZaZVc\hiVVc_V\ZcYZXdcXajh^Z!\VVclZ YddgYZ\dZYWZYdZaYZeVgi^Xja^ZgZ^c^i^Vi^ZkZciZgj\^cYZi^_Y4 =ZaVVh^h]ZiiZ\ZcYZZakVcYZoZXdcXajh^Zc^ZiWZlZoZc# :g^h\ZZcZc`ZaZ^chiVci^ZY^ZYZkdaaZY^\ZXdcigdaZZc$d[ dkZgo^X]i]ZZ[i#LZ^c^\YdZ"]Zi"oZakZgh]ZWWZco^X]VVc\Z" bZaYW^_]Zi8ZcigVVa7jgZVjkddg;dcYhZclZgk^c\87;# O^_`jccZckVc]Zi87;ZZcÈkZg`aVg^c\kVc\ZZcWZolVVgÉ `g^_\Zc#9ZoZ^hheZX^VVaWZYdZaYkddg_dc\Z`aZ^cZdg\Vc^hV" i^Zh!bVVg`dhiYZdg\Vc^hVi^Zdd`\ZaY#LVVgdb\ZaYj^i\ZkZc VahWa^_`iYViYZYdcViZjghkZZakZgigdjlZc]ZWWZc^ceVgi^Xj" a^ZgZ^c^i^Vi^ZkZc#=Zi^h^bbZghYZÈWjjgbVcÉZcY^ZkZgigdj" lZclZidX]VaaZbVVa4KZg\ZiZcldgYiYVidclZiZcY]Z^Ydd` ZZc]ddehX]VYZ`VcVVcg^X]iZc#9VVgkddg^hXdcigdaZ_j^hiod cddYoV`Za^_`=Zi^hZZcdZgldjY\ZldgYZcVVceVgi^Xja^ZgZ ^c^i^Vi^ZkZc#:cYZXgjX^VaZkgVV\Wa^_[idcWZVcilddgY/ kddgl^Z^hYZoZ]jae\dZY4 AZdci^ZcLV\ZcVVg BZiYVc`VVcB^X]Za<gdZcZchi^_c!deg^X]iZgkVc7ZBdgZ# BZZg^c[dgbVi^ZdkZg7ZBdgZ^hiZk^cYZcde/ lll#WZ"bdgZ#ca#

:[[ZXi^Z[ 9VVgbZZgVV`i8dgYV^YZZc\ZkdZa^\ZhcVVg#9ZbVVihX]VeeZ" a^_`ZWZigd``Zc]Z^YldgYiYVclZakZg\gddiYddgYZYdZ"]Zi" oZakZgh!bVVgo^_cYZdcikVc\ZghZglZaWa^_bZZ49ZoZkgVV\

33


COLOFON

89?6H:8G:I6G>66I

>ciZggjei^Z^hZZcj^i\VkZkVc ]Zi89?6ZckZghX]^_cik^Zg`ZZg eZg_VVgdcYZgkZgVcilddgYZ" a^_`]Z^YkVcYZ89?6"gZYVXi^Z" Xdbb^hh^Z!WZhiVVcYZj^i/ =dd[YgZYVXiZjg/ ?Vci^cVkVcI^aWjg\ BVg^_hZ@a^c` BVgi^cZDaY]d[[ GdZaVcYHidgb ?ZgdZckVcKZaoZc AZdci^ZcLV\ZcVVg 6ccZbVg^ZLVaiZg =Zcg^`L^ZcZc

=6G9ADE:GH<:OD8=I 7Z]ddg_^_idiYZa^X]VbZa^_`VXi^ZkZ`VcikVc]Zi89?6Zc WZc_^_c^ZiiZWZgdZgYdbV[ZcidZZZchZZcheg^ci_ZiZ igZ``Zckddg]Zi89?649VcodZ`Zcl^__dj =Zi89?6^hdeodZ`cVVgaZYZcY^ZkVc]VgYadeZc]djYZcZc Y^ZZZcgZYZa^_`ZXdcY^i^Z]ZWWZcd[\VVcdeWdjlZc½ =ZieaVc^hdbbZiYZÈgZceadZ\É2odkZZabd\Za^_`gZccZcYZ 89?6ÉZghodV[ZcidZbZZiZYdZcVVc]VgYaddeZkZcZbZc" iZc#?Zegdbddi]Zi89?6deZZchedgi^ZkZbVc^ZgZc cVijjga^_`^h]Zidd`\ZlddcaZj` 9jg[_^_4 HijjgYVcZZcbV^ai_ZcVVgbVgi^cZdaY]d[[5\bV^a#Xdb

EGDBDDI=:I89?6

9:KDGB>C<H8DBB>HH>:OD:@ICD< C>:JL:A:9:C# A^_`i]Zi_djaZj`db/ "iZ]ZaeZcW^_]Zi^ciZ\gZgZckVcc^ZjlZaZYZc^cYZkZgZc^\^c\ "iZ]ZaeZcW^_]Zidg\Vc^hZgZckVcWZo^cc^c\hlZZ`ZcYZc  YVc^hYZkdgb^c\hXdbb^hh^Z^Zihkddg_dj  <ZZ[_ZcVVbYddgVVc?dg^h<gdZc! ZbV^a_#g#\gdZc5\bV^a#Xdb

KLHL>A?DJL:G7>? LZg`\gdZeKLHkda`h\ZodcY]Z^Y!lZao^_cZchedgiodZ`i c^ZjlZaZYZc#7Zc_Z\Z‰ciZgZhhZZgY^c\ZodcY]Z^Y!lZao^_c d[hedgi4@dbYVcZZc`ZZgW^_dch`^_`Zc

9ZEgdbdi^ZXdbb^hh^Z^hdeodZ`cVVgkZghiZg`^c\#LdgYa^Y 6ahEgdbdi^ZXdbb^hh^Z\ZkZcl^_WZ`ZcY]Z^YVVc]Zi89?6 ded#V#]Zi;aZkd;Zhi^kVa!YZ:D"_dc\ZgZcYV\Zc=7D$LD YV\Zc#9ZoZVXi^k^iZ^iZcl^aaZcl^_^cYZidZ`dbhikZgYZg j^iWgZ^YZcYZc`W^_kddgWZZaYVVcZZchX]daZcidjgZc]Zi VYkZgiZgZcde^ciZgcZi#9VVgW^_`jccZcl^__djl^coZi! ^YZZ…cZcXgZVi^k^iZ^i\dZY\ZWgj^`Zc :ci]djh^Vhi4LdgYa^Yk^VegdbdiZVb5XY_V#ca =VccZ`ZBdgZi Kddgo^iiZgEgdbdi^ZXdbb^hh^Z 34

LViYdZclZVaaZbVVa/ ™bVVcYZa^_`hkZg\VYZgZc ™VXi^k^iZ^iZc7ViVk^ZgZcgVXZ ™eda^i^X^WZodZ`Zcd#V#E^ZiZgDbio^\i ™Zccd\kZZabZZg CVijjga^_`hiVVclZVai^_YdeZckddgc^ZjlZ^YZZ…c# L^a_Za^YldgYZckVcdcoZlZg`\gdZe4

<gdc^c\Zc LdaiZgCZjiZa ldaiZgcZjiZa5]dibV^a#Xdb

?77 Aj`Z9^` aj`ZY^`5]dibV^a#Xdb

edhiVYgZh edhiWjh(%)*( '*%%<A9Zc=VV\

9gZci]Z =Vc`=j^hbVc ]j^h*).)5\bV^a#Xdb

KKZcDHBG HZgdh_6kZi^Vc hZgdh_5]dibV^a#Xdb

iZa# (&%,%()')-*& [Vm (&%,%(+)()&, hZXgZiVg^VVi5XY_V#ca

DkZg^_hhZa 6aWZgiLVc^c\Z V#lVc^c\Z5hijYZci#jilZciZ#ca

D8L ;gVchLZZg`Vbe [gVchTlZZg`Vbe5]dibV^a#Xdb

d[ÒXZbVcV\Zg BVgVc=ZccZWZg`Z (&%+)',..'). ]ZccZWZg`Z#XY_V5XYV#ca

<ZaYZgaVcY ;gVchYZKg^Zh [gVch&.--5nV]dd#Xdb

:jgdeV BVg`7V``Zg b#h#WV``Zg5hijYZci#jilZciZ#ca

;aZkdaVcY ?Zcc^[ZgEZZh _Zcc^[ZgeZZh5odccZi#ca

H:O EZiZg6aZmVcYZg8]g^hi^VVch EVX&.-*5]dibV^a#Xdb

JigZX]i 7Vgi"?Vc=Z^cZ WVgi_Vc]Z^cZ5]dibV^a#Xdb

KLH GVbdckVcYZgBVVh gVbdcTkVcTYZgTbVVh5]dibV^a#Xdb

CddgY"=daaVcY EVhXVa7gj\bVch eVhXVaad--5]dibV^a#Xdb

B>G L^ZihZ7jg\Zg l^ZihZWjg\Zg5]dibV^a#Xdb

Oj^Y"=daaVcY 7Vgi:ahbVc WVgi_Z^hid[5]dibV^a#Xdb

AVcYWdjl BVg^cjhYZc=Vgid\] VbYZc]Vgid\]5]dibV^a#Xdb

A^bWjg\ 7dW@deeZh WdW`deeZh5]dibV^a#Xdb

8DBB>H>:H

Kddgo^iiZg =VggnkVcYZgBdaZc (&%+)',..'), kddgo^iiZg5XY_V#ca HZXgZiVg^h BVgXZaB^\d (&%+(+'+,)-hZXgZiVg^h5XY_V#ca EZcc^c\bZZhiZg 9Vk^YkVc9^h (&%+)**--*&+ eZcc^c\bZZhiZg5XY_V#ca

;didÉh/ 9^g`=da

Oproepen

WZodZ`VYgZh 7j^iZcdb&'*&'M69Zc=VV\

96<:A>?@H7:HIJJG

6Yk^hZgZcYa^Y/ <ZZgiBZ^_Zg^c\97

8dbbjc^XVi^ZAZYZclZgk^c\ <ZZgiBZ^_Zg^c\kko (&%+))(*,-*, bZ^_Zg^c\#YW5XY_V#ca

DcilZgeZcaVn"dji/ HijY^dE^gVViWcd 9Zc=VV\ 9gj`/ 9ZaiV=V\ZWk 9Zc=VV\ GZYVXi^Z"VYgZh/ ?VcL^aYhX]jihigVVi+ ''(&?6G^_chWjg\ iZa# (&%+'()%.''( ]dd[YgZYVXiZjg5XY_V#ca 6WdccZbZci/ &'!*%Zjgd)cgh#AZYZckVc ]Zi89?6dcikVc\Zc>ciZggjei^Z \gVi^h#6YkZgiZci^Zbd\Za^_`" ]ZYZcdeVVckgVV\# 9^iaZYZcWaVY^h\ZYgj`ide b^a^Zjkg^ZcYZa^_`eVe^Zg#  9ZgZYVXi^ZWZ]djYio^X]]ZigZX]i kddghij``ZciZlZ^\ZgZc!iZgZY^\Z" gZcd[^ciZ`dgiZc#>coZcY^c\\ZZ[iYZ gZYVXi^Z]ZigZX]iZZcW^_YgV\Zdd` k^V^ciZgcZi!YViVWVc`d[VcYZgh" o^chdeZcWVVgiZbV`Zc#:kZcijZaZ VjiZjghgZX]iZcWa^_kZcWZgjhiZcW^_ YZhX]g^_kZg#

L:G@<GD:E:C

CddgY"7gVWVci 6\cZhkVcAZci V\cZhkVcaZci5\bV^a#Xdb

Eda^i^Z` ?VccZ`Z7ZjbZg (&%+'(&.(.*( WZjbZg#YW5XY_V#ca

OZZaVcY ?Z[[gZnDjYZbVc _Z[[gZndjYZbVc5]dibV^a#Xdb

Dg\Vc^hVi^ZZcKdgb^c\ GdW=VbbZc\V (&%+)+%,*(%, ]VbbZc\V#YW5XY_V#ca

KG>?<:@DO:C6A<:B::C 7:HIJJGHA:9:C

6A<:B::C7:HIJJG ;gnha}c ;gVc`K^hhZg [h#k^hhZg5]dibV^a#Xdb

D WOOKRLID!

?^ih`Z=VV\hbV _^ih`ZT]VV\hbV5]dibV^a#Xdb BVVgiZcYZKg^Zh b#`#YZkg^Zh5hijYZcih#jj#ca

Egdbdi^ZXdbb^hh^Z =VccZ`ZBdgZi egdbdiZVb5XY_V#ca Kdgb^c\hXdbb^hh^Z ?dg^h<gdZc kdX^Z5XY_V#ca GZYVXi^ZXdbb^hh^Z ?Vci^cVkVcI^aWjg\ ]dd[YgZYVXiZjg5XY_V#ca Dg\Vc^hVi^ZXdbb^hh^Z L^a`ZkVc7ZZhi dX5XY_V#ca >ciZgcVi^dcVVaHZXgZiVg^h 7gdccZEdi ^h5XY_V#ca www.cdja.nl

GRA T SH IS

JPB

IRT

O

LDG9CJA>9KDDG B66G*:JGD:C DCIK6C<::C ?E7H=>GI<G6I>H HijjgYZoZWdc^cZZc\ZhadiZc ZckZadeodcYZgedhioZ\ZacVVg/

896$89?6 6cilddgYcjbbZg&,%% '*%&L79Zc=VV\

HijjgYVcZZcbV^ai_ZcVVgbVg\g^Zi&**5]dibV^a#Xdb

BZZg^c[d4 lll#XY_V#cad[lll#XYV#ca

Idio^Zch

www.cdja.nl

9ZoZVVcW^ZY^c\^h\ZaY^\idi&_VcjVg^'%%-# =ZiZZghiZ_VVgbVX]i^\^`]Zi89?6db *ZjgdkVcb^_cgZ`Zc^c\V[iZhX]g^_kZc# CV]ZiZZghiZ_VVgbVX]i^\]Zi89?6kddg ]ZigZ\ja^ZgZXdcig^Wji^ZWZYgV\kddgaZYZc idi&._VVg/.ZjgdkddgaZYZckVcV[&._VVg 35 &+Zjgd#89?6"aZYZcY^Z_dc\Zgo^_cYVc '+_VVg!`jccZc\gVi^ha^YldgYZckVc]Zi896#

CDJA Interruptie Nr.04 2007  

In deze uitgave o.a.: Interview Afshin Ellian, De zorgsector, een aparte markt, Eat Fair Beat hunger, Jonkies: Petra Paulides-Ruitenberg.