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CASEY GORRELL reprioritizing rre ep pr o oritizing ori ritttizing tiiizing z n tthe zin he p h pede pedes estria e strriaan an iin n the he h e city cityscape ys e yscape


Broadway Capital Project Proposal op p l Computer Rendering by Casey se Go Gorrell rrrell reel el


TThe h U United ed d States h has aba abandoned doned the streetscape s p and developed de e evelope d into in an n auto-dominated uto to-d dominate ed ssociety. ociety. Myy interest lies l in finding nd d ding wayss to reconnect conn n nect peop people pl to the st street t ee tree et aand nd d iincrease cre eas asse the he priority pr p rriiority of p pedestrians strian ns in th n the he ccityscape. itttyscap p

CASEY GORRELL

Kansas State University | MLA Graduate Candidate | cdavidg4@gmail.com


Street Design Pe Pedestrian P ed e estrian an n Projects Projectss G Gr Gro Group ou up Wichita W ich hiita St Streetscape ree etttssccape

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Urban Design AN New ew F Face Facea St St. Lo Louis ou s ou Mesh M esh h Detroit Detr Dettrrroit oit Threads T hr ads ad ds of Rome d Ro om o me

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Construction Frontier F Front ontttiie er Far Farm rm mC Credit edit

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Master’s Report Narrowing N ar arr a wiing the e Gap

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A B C D

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59 th Str eet

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Legend

58 th Str eet

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Project Lo cation

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Columbus Circle

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Central Park

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Central Park

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Central Park

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58 th Str eet

1 Subway Station M5 Bus Citibike

Site Context

Illustrator Diagrams by: Casey Gorrell

Site as Transportation Hub

Av en

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57 th Str eet

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BROADW AY

Av en ue

57 th Str eet

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BROADW AY

Bikelanes

N Q R

Illustrator Diagrams by: Casey Gorrell

BROADWAY CAPITAL PROJECT nyc department of transportation: pedestrian projects group


Bronx Project Location

Existing Plaza

Photograph by: New York City Department of Transportation

Queens

Manhattan

Brooklyn Staten Island

Borough Location

Illustrator Diagrams by: Casey Gorrell

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ST th 58 W

bus lum Co Plan by: Casey Gorrell

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Circle Capital Project Plan

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nyc department of transportation: pedestrian projects group


BROADWA

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The Broadway Capital Project was completed while interning at the New York City Department of Transportation’s Pedestrian Projects Group. The department needed assistance submitting a proposal to New York State to obtain funding to permanently install the Broadway Improvements. A plan depicting locations of new curb lines as well as the proposed grade separated bikelanes was created. In addition, diagrams and renderings were developed to assist with the proposal process. 4


nyc department of transportation: pedestrian projects group


Permanent Installation of Broadway Pedestrian Plaza

Illustrator Diagrams by: Casey Gorrell

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2nd Keeper of the Plains

Rotary Plaza Liv i Music Fest e

Catalyst Site

Orpheum m and Scottish R Rite 1st Watermark m Rare Books o

Gallery a One-Nine n Broadview Hotel

Ericson Studio

Douglas Gallery x xii

Arts Network through Unified Streetscapes

Topeka

Arkansas River

Sedwick County Museum

Broadway

Century II

Illustrator Diagram by: Casey Gorrell

Identity through expression focuses on Wichita’s desire to create a thriving entertainment district within the downtown core of the city. The primary goal of the 1st and 2nd street redesign, is to utilize sculpture and art installations within the right of way to create a connected district. The introduction of bioswales, bike lanes, and buffers will reactivate the streetscape and connect people p op tto th the ma m many ny ga galleries le eries and nd d aact activities vitie ess found e ound throughout th hrougho out the t e downtown. do do own wn nto own o n

IDENTITY THROUGH EXPRESSION wichita 1st and 2nd streetscape


Existing Conditions Orpheum Theater

Parking Bike lanes Conceptual Street Framework

Scottish Rite Temple

Travel Lanes Vegetated Buffer Illustrator Diagram by: Casey Gorrell

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10’ Sidewalk 5’ Bioswale 5’ Bikelane 3’ Buffer 8’ Parking Lane 11’ Travel Lane 11’ Travel Lane

wichita 1st and 2nd streetscape

Computer Rendering by: Casey Gorrell


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Existing Photograph of I-170 Corridor

Photography Ph og grrap by: Ca Casey aseey Gorrell el

A NEW FACE st. louis urban design studio


New Mississippi River Bridge Entrance

Urban Design Studio Site Boundary

Lumiere Casino

Edwards Jones Dome

Arch Grounds

Downtown St. Louis

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Metro Data

The introductory stage to the St. Louis

1,547,878 77.2% 380,149 19% 28,901 1.4%

Urban Design Studio divided students into

White or Caucasian People

Black or African American People

teams, each researching different topics. My partner and I researched the demographics of St. Louis County and City.

As a team we developed a series of infographics that focused on the ethnicity, age, employment and income of residents as well as the housing type and density within the city and county.

Hispanic or Latino People

46,834 Other Ethnicity

2.3%

East St. Louis Data

243 26,465 135

White or Caucasian People

Black or African American People

0.9% 98% 0.5%

Hispanic or Latino People

162 Other Ethnicity

0.6%

st. louis urban design studio

Team Members: Casey Gorrell and Gretchen Gravenstein


St. Louis City Housing Data Concentration of Occupied Housing Units Occupied housing is higher in density on the south side of St. Louis. The highest concentration of occupied homes can be found around Forest Park and also on the north by Fairgrounds Park. The lowest concentration of occupied homes is found between Interstate 64 and Interstate 70. Average city household size is 2.40.

Concentration of Vacant Housing Units The highest concentration of vacant homes occurs on the east side of the city south of Interstate 64. Vacancies are more concentrated on the north than on the south.

Frequency of Non-Family Households Non-family households are dense in the center of town around Forest Park and along Interstate 64. Non-family households also occur on the southern most portion of the city.

Frequency of Family Households Family households are more frequent on the northern and southern most portions of the city. Family households also occur in the center of the city near Forest Park. Family households correspond to the concentration of occupied units.

Sketchup Diagrams by: Casey Gorrell

Data provided by United States Census Bureau, Missouri Census Data Center, and the City of St. Louis.

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Rainwater Capture Form-Based Code Formula

Illustrator Diagram by: Casey Gorrell

Creating a new face for St. Louis focused on two values of St. Louis

Form-based code centered upon rainwater capture and open

residents, love of water and open space. A formula based on yearly

space guided the design of a master plan along the re-imagined

rainfall and water usage was used to create form-based code within

I-70 corridor north of downtown St. Louis. The master plan creates

a development that focused on capturing stormwater and creating

a revitalized, postindustrial landscape. Proposed mixed use

open space for all residents. The systematic planning and design

development extends the character of downtown to the north. The

process revealed potential for a plaza located on site.

newly created boulevard converts I-70 from a barrier into a grand transportation route that welcomes visitors into the city.

st. louis urban design studio


Open Space Form-Based Code Formula

Development Green Core

Illustrator Diagram by: Casey Gorrell

Computer Comp uter Ren Renderi dering deri ng by: by: Casey Casey Gor Gorrell rell

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Zones

75% Front

75% Back

75%+Courtyard

BLVD

STREET STREET

STREET

STREET

STREET

STREET

Full Coverage

BLVD

BLVD

BLVD

BLVD

BLVD

Buildout

Lot Development Matrix 17% Residential

100% Residential

Criteria Zone 1

60% Residential

1. Residential Use Only 2. Capture 100% Water Runoff from Roof

Criteria Zone 3

1. Mixed Use Zone

1. Mixed Use Zone

2. Capture 100% Water 30% Offices

3. Provide 75% Roof space as Green Space

Criteria Zone 2

66% Offices

Runoff from Roof

Runoff from Roof

3. Provide 75% Roof 10% Retail

Lot Development Criteria

st. louis urban design studio

space as Green Space

2. Capture 100% Water

3. Provide 75% Roof 17% Retail

space as Green Space


The new boulevard accommodates a large number of commuters while still providing access to store fronts and residences. Tree lined streets frame views of the St. Louis Arch and stormwater bioswales collect runoff from the sidewalks, plazas, and streets. The design becomes a demonstration project for the people of St. Louis on how to capitalize on open space and manage stormwater.

Within the heart of the development, a central plaza provides open space to residents within the mixed use district. The space can be utilized for a multitude of recreation, relaxation, and entertainment activities. The design captures stormwater to irrigate the plantings. The central plaza provides a break in the urban fabric to provide for St. Louis residents’ love of open space.

Boulevard Streetscape

Computer Rendering by: Casey Gorrell

Plaza Nightlife

5,000 Gallon Tank

Stormwater Cachement System

Computer Rendering by: Casey Gorrell

- Water system collects 700,000 gallons of water a year from plaza - Turf uses 315,000 gallons a year - Planters use 100,000 gallons a year - Swale captures remaining 285,000 gallons

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Existing Hart Plaza bike transit rental

Photograph by: Jason Mrachina. Accessed via www.flickr.com

Splash Plaza

transit ski rental

sitting

FOOD TRUCKS ART

restaurants

walking

walking

FISHING

Summer Program

restaurants

walking housing

SPORTS

cross country skiing

shopping

sitting

LOUNGING

parking

Sledding Hills sitting walking

ART

parking

Skating SNOWMAN MAKING

bike riding Illustrator ustr trrator D Diag Di Diagrams ia agra am by: O Olivia ia aP Pi Pitt-Perez itt ezz

parking

sitting

housing SEASONAL LIGHTING

parking

Summer Concerts

LOUNGING sitting

sitting

ART

parking

sitting

LOUNGING running

ART FOOD TRUCKS

shopping

parking

ART

running

Winter Program

Illustrator Ill lustra lu ato D a Diagrams gr s by: O Olivia vi Pitt-Perez it e

MESH DETROIT: CITY AND RIVER meshing streetscape, landscape, and historical layers

Team Members: Casey Gorrell, Gretchen Gravenstein, Olivia Pitt-Perez


Site Boundary

Organizing Lines

Views

Illustrator Diagrams by: Olivia Pitt-Perez

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C

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O D

B P F H N

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A. Promenade I. Sledding Hills B. Retail and Housing Infill J. Hillside Lounging C. Splash Plaza K. River Walk D. Sculpture Grove L. Freedom Sculpture E. Market Street M. Promontory F. Performance Stage N. Great Lawn G. Woonerf O. People Mover Stop H. Pylon P. Amphitheater

Computer Rendering by: Casey Gorrell, Gretchen Gravenstein, Olivia Pitt-Perez

Philip A. Hart Plaza at the center of Detroit’s downtown offers an

mundane and ceremonial uses and creates robust activity in the

opportunity to reveal the layers that built Detroit and continue to

plaza throughout the year.

sustain the city. Currently Jefferson Avenue is a barrier between the city, Hart Plaza, and the Detroit River. Mesh Detroit alleviates the

The city and river are meshed in Hart Plaza by a grid that merges the

barrier by creating a permeable street. Pedestrian crosswalks and a

downtown street grid with the river. Mesh Detroit consists of four

new People Mover station connect downtown Detroit with the river.

major landforms: the Amphitheater, the Great Lawn, Sledding Hills, and the Promontory. The meshing of city and river represents Detroit’s

The underground structure, currently a part of Hart Plaza, creates

physical, economic, and cultural layers. From Detroit’s strong

a separation of activities. By removing the underground spaces,

foundation, this tenacious city can create a new green jewel for the

all activities merge at street level. Mesh Detroit encompasses both

riverfront renaissance.

meshing streetscape, landscape, and historical layers

Team Members: Casey Gorrell, Gretchen Gravenstein, Olivia Pitt-Perez


Activating the Streetscape

Computer Rendering by: Casey Gorrell, Gretchen Gravenstein, Olivia Pitt-Perez

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Activating Riverfront Through Seasonal Use

Computer Rendering by: Casey Gorrell, Gretchen Gravenstein, Olivia Pitt-Perez

meshing streetscape, landscape, and historical layers

Team Members: Casey Gorrell, Gretchen Gravenstein, Olivia Pitt-Perez


Extending to the River

Computer Rendering by: Casey Gorrell, Gretchen Gravenstein, Olivia Pitt-Perez

Computer Rendering by: Casey Gorrell, Gretchen Gravenstein, Olivia Pitt-Perez

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Metal Railing on Existing g Se eawall

Mesicc Planting g Zone Cast In Place Seating g

Dryy Planting g Zone Perforated Drain Pip pe

9’

1’

3’

6’’

6””

Concre

9’

Dry Zone

Dry 6 Foot Wildfl flowers Shrub and Forbes

Shortt Sedge es

Concrete Seating

1’

3’

6’’

6””

Mesic Zone

Limestone Paving

Short Sedge

Tall Grass Mix

Mesic Concrete Wildfl flowers Seating and Forbes

meshing streetscape, landscape, and historical layers

Limestone Pavers

Team Members: Casey Gorrell, Gretchen Gravenstein, Olivia Pitt-Perez

Tall Sedg


Wet Planting g Zone Grave el Subbase

ete e Edging g g

ge es

Limestone Pavvers Wetland Planting Zone

1’

20’

8’’

6””

Wet Zone

Ferns

Wet Wildfl flowers and Forbes

Concrete Seating

Wetland Zone

Limestone Pavers

Wetland Sedges

Layering Promontory Ecosystems to Connect People to the Detroit River

Rushes

Na ative Aquatic Pla ants

Hand and Computer Detail by: Casey Gorrell

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A. Guide Cab able ab les B. Amp m hiith heea ate ter er Se Seat eat ating ing in C. Sta t ge Are r a D. Sus u pend nd n ded d Acc cces esss Br Brid Brid dge E. Boa o rdwa walk F. Lou o ngin in ng Lawns G. Bik i e Pa atth hs

A

D

River Site Plan

Hand Rendering by: Casey Gorrell and Robert Armstrong

Threads of Rome connects this portion of the Tiber River to 21 landmarks across the city. Through the development of two cable typologies, people can use the site at a map of the city. On the sidewalks above the river, inlaid panels denote the direction of a landmark. The overhead cable directs you to nearby street that begins the quickest way to get the landmark. The cables become the overhead plane for the spaces along the river. At the rivers edge, and amphitheater and accompanying stage across the river form the main activity areas. Stitching the overhead plane and the river plane together is a suspended pedestrian bridge that allows for universal access to the waters edge. The cable-stayed bridge arches ar he from fr m the he e upper ppe sidewalk sid id d dew lk down d down along along the cable cab ab ble lines b nes ess and and ends en nd d at tthe he amphitheater. h aamp th hea er. To Together, o ether h these these three the th hrre h re ee elements eme e ts create cre eatte a vvisually uaaally allyy dynamic dyn dy amic m am map a of tthe e ccity. ityy.

Concept Diagram

Diagram by: Casey Gorrell

THREADS OF ROME weaving the city back to the river

Team Members: Casey Gorrell and Robert Armstrong


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Bridging the River

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Hand Rendering by: Robert Armstrong

60

120

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River Plane

Overhead Plane

Interstitial Space

Spatial Organization

Hand Rendering by: Casey Gorrell

Cable Network

Hand Detail by: Casey Gorrell

weaving the city back to the river

Team Members: Casey Gorrell and Robert Armstrong


Overlooking the River

Hand Rendering by: Casey Gorrell

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Existing Site

Proposed Grading Section

FRONTIER FARM CREDIT construction documentation for ffc headquarters


Grading Plan

N

0

20 20

4400

80

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Frontier Farm Credit provides financial assistance to the agricultural industry in the Midwest. As a company, Frontier Farm Credit (FFC) is looking to the future. Throughout the course of two semesters, the site for the FFC Headquarters was used in standard design implementation projects. The project focused on eight aspects of construction; conceptual design, grading, earthwork estimations, dimensioning, lighting, irrigation, detailing, and planting.

Earthwork Diagram

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0

20

40

80

construction documentation for ffc headquarters


Irrigation Plan

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0

5

10

20

Layout Plan

N

0

5

10

20

Planting Plan

N

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5

10

20

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Deck and Patio Plan Located under a grove of shade trees, a secondary patio at the southwest corner of site provides ample seating for a small gathering or private lunch. Elevated above the sidewalk, this patio provides distant views across the buffalo grass lawn to the prairie horizon. Once seated in the patio, the evergreen boxwood hedge surrounds visitors, providing a sense of enclosure.

construction documentation for ffc headquarters


Raised Planter Section

Raised Planter Plan

Bench Detail

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ion o Progress

Past

Progress io

Introduction Introduction off the h C Car of the Car

Street Width Safe

f Cars

n of Pede

ty Study

Strategies Temporary

strians

Presen Present Future Present Future

Concept Diagram

DEC.

JAN.

FEB.

MAR.

Select NYC Streets for Study Conduct NYC Streets Study

Current Progress

Analyze NYC Streets Study Data Temporary Proposal for Bluemont Ave Review

Final Proposal for Bluemont Ave

Workplan

NARROWING THE GAP correlation between street width and pedestrian safety

APR.


Dilemma

The widening of streets and accommodation for the car has created a dangerous environment for pedestrians. By studying the correlation between street width and pedestrian safety, justification can be provided to implement the Complete Streets Design Standards on Bluemont Avenue in Manhattan Kansas.

Relevance

Anticipated Findings

As the United States continue to widen the gap between vehicles and

The preliminary data analysis already conducted for New York Streets

pedestrians, the health, safety and welfare of citizens declines. Wide,

indicates that narrow streets are safer. The expanded study will provide

auto dominated streets are a major barrier in the urban fabric and

a more comprehensive analysis of the correlation between street width

deter walkability in cities. Preliminary research in the topic suggests

and pedestrian safety.

that there is a correlation between the width of a street and both pedestrian and vehicular safety. Increasing safety along pedestrian-

The goal of this study is also to provide design alternatives for the city

vehicular corridors encourages walkability. Single modal streets with

of Manhattan to begin looking at streets not as vehicular arteries, but

low pedestrian safety deter human interaction with the streetscape

arteries for all modes of transit. By utilizing successful design strategies

and hinder the development of vibrant communities.

utilized at the NYCDOT, Manhattan, Kansas can move forward into creating a safe, walkable city.

Two Way Streets (One lane in each direction) with Parallel Parking on both sides Two Way Road (One Lane Total Average# Each Direction) With Avg. Route of Inter. Total Parallel Parking on Both Sides Width Length Inter. per mile KSI

Width Under 35' Width Over 35' Reduction

Sample Size 24 26 24 22 20 21 20 157 Streets

32.00 38.94

37.80 48.10

Width Miles 30 12.3 32 12.2 34 13.3 36 12.3 38 11.6 40 11.8 42 12.4 85.9

7.77 7.62

16.31 13.32

Total Avg. KSI Ped /mile Injury

227.00 5.59 594.00 13.58 237.00 342.60 6.72 949.60 17.14 386.60 -33.74% -16.81% -37.45% -20.76% -38.70% Avg. Avg. KSI Ped /mile Injury

Avg. Avg. # of Inter. Inter. per mile KSI 7.8 7.1 8.5 10.1 10.2 10.0 9.5

15.5 15.7 17.8 18.3 18.5 18.1 15.6

Avg. Ped Total Injuries Bike Per Mile Injury

2.8 2.6 3.8 3.8 5.6 6.1 6.0

4.9 5.7 6.1 6.3 7.9 10.9 8.9

6.9 6.0 11.4 12.2 18.2 13.9 19.0

Avg. Bike Total Injuries Motor Per Mile Injury

Avg. Motor Average Injuries Total Injuries Fatalities Per Mile Injuries Per Mile Fatalities Per Mile 5.61 2845.00 68.79 3678.00 88.03 9.00 0.16 6.70 3871.60 77.35 5187.60 100.94 28.60 0.47 -16.31% -26.52% -11.06% -29.10% -12.79% -68.53% -66.95%

Avg. Ped Avg. Injuries Bike Per Mile Injury

Avg. Bike Avg. Injuries Motor Per Mile Injury

12.3 12.2 16.3 17.9 27.0 21.3 28.6

4.2 5.3 7.3 5.4 9.7 9.5 11.3

2.0 2.8 4.9 3.8 5.6 7.0 7.3

Avg. Motor Avg. Avg. Injuries Total Injuries Avg. Fatalities Per Mile Injuries Per Mile Fatalities Per Mile 34.7 61.4 43.6 78.0 0.1 0.1 28.8 60.1 37.6 77.6 0.1 0.1 52.7 85.6 69.0 109.3 0.2 0.3 53.5 86.9 69.4 110.2 0.0 0.0 86.0 126.7 109.8 163.4 0.5 0.7 57.3 102.7 78.1 133.5 0.5 0.9 74.1 117.0 100.4 157.0 0.3 0.5

More Injuries Data From Preliminary Study

Less Injuries

KSI - Killed or Severely Injured

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Casey Gorrell, Landscape Architecture