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Contents

Spring 2009 CDAE in the World........................ 2 A Window into Service-Learning... 3 Thesis and Research Notes.......... 4 URECAs and Sabbaticals.............. 5

Hidden Talents............................. 6 More Green Building..................... 7 About CDAE.................................. 8

Putting Green Building to work for communities...

Photos: Provided by Diane Gayer

In 2008, CDAE launched a Green Building and Community Design (GBCD) minor to enthusiastic students across campus. The minor was a natural way to designate a set of CDAE courses in which green buildings, renewable energy, and design strategies are taught as tools for sustainable community development. The minor is rich with handson, experiential learning courses, which engage students with community partners to work on real-world issues. The following summarizes what some of our faculty, students, and an alum are doing to bring green building and sustainable design to communities near and far.

...around Vermont CDAE lecturer Gary Flomenhoft was instrumental in the development of the GBCD minor. Gary teaches CDAE 170 Solar Building Strategies and is the departmental expert on renewable energy applications. “I took over teaching CDAE 170 in 2003 from Leigh Seddon when his Montpelier-based business, Solar Works, started growing rapidly” Flomenhoft says. “At least one student design project has made it from...

Sample drawing and design-build project from Yestermorrow Design/Build class for a composting toilet at Shelburne Farms. CDAE cross-lists relevant summer courses at Yestermorrow Design/Build School.

continued on page 7...

Community Development and Applied Economics Department at the University of Vermont uvm.edu/cdae | 802.656.2001 | cdae@uvm.edu


CDAE in the World St. Lucia: “Best Project Ever” The St. Lucia Constructed Wetland project began in 2007 as a feasibility study. We teamed up with the St. Lucia Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries’ Integrating Watershed and Coastal Area Management project (IWCAM) to explore the option of incorporating the use of constructed wetlands into their watershed management initiative. Together with engineer David Whitney of Ecosolutions, we were able to identify the densely developed community of Au Leon, situated on a steep hillside in the Fond D’or watershed, as being an ideal location due to its impermeable ground surface, absence of efficient wastewater treatment systems, and high levels of total coliform bacteria in areas of human CID major Amory Ledyard (left) discusses the newly installed contact. In 2008, we received a substantial amount of funding from the constructed wetland in the Au Leon community in St. Lucia UNEP and the St. Lucia government to get the project started and cover with a community member. This constructed wetland and the costs of several wetlands as well as payments for local workforce in St. others like it will help decrease the amount of untreated sewage that is released to their downhill neighbors and Lucia. Community members of Au Leon created the Au Leon Constructed eventually into the island’s coastal areas. Wetland Project Committee (ALCW) to engage the community, select households to receive constructed wetlands, and oversee the continuation of the project. In early 2009, we returned to St. Lucia with David Whitney and worked with IWCAM and the ALCW to source local materials and parts and begin construction of the wetlands. During our time there we were able to complete one full wetland and begin construction on a second. Upon completion of the first wetland, the project received second installment of funds to continue the project. As students, we all agreed that this project taught us more about the dynamics of sustainable development then we could have ever learned in a classroom. One of the primary objectives of the Constructed Wetland project is to ensure the ongoing sustainability of the project in every way possible. This involves making sure the technology is fully understood by our St. Lucian project partners and that all of the materials can be sourced locally. By making sure our project partners are comfortable with the idea of a constructed wetland and the mechanics involved in building one, we can avoid a dependency on UVM or imported materials from the United States in order for the project to continue.

Honduras: Highlighted Dan Baker, faculty leader of CDAE’s Honduras projects, was interviewed and recognized by the Partners of the Americas because of his role as president of the Vermont chapter. In addition, the ecological sugar project that students participate in was featured by Massachusetts High Tech in the article, “New England tech students pitch in globally.”

Don’t Forget: $300 Stipend Available! CDAE students with financial need are eligible to apply for a competitive $300 stipend to help them with the travel fees associated with the department’s international courses. Applications are accepted once a year by March 15 for the current academic year. Students thinking of participating for the 09-10 academic year, should keep this deadline in mind and apply early to be considered. Stipends are made available by donations from alumni, parents and friends of the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. Contact Howard Lincoln at 802-656-2509 to contribute to this fund.

Photo: Gary Flomenhoft

By CID major Amory Ledyard on behalf of the constructed wetlands team of herself, Remy Maylott, Lydia Morin, Clare Albers, Stephanie Weldon, and Kira Castro


A Window into Service-Learning

Photo: Jay Ashman

Belize Program at Mid-Semester: A Student’s Perspective

Alex Hemmer, Gisele Nelson, and Andrew Lassiter (from left to right) after the first leg of the canoe race, La Ruta Maya in March. Not pictured is the 4th member of the team, Svetlana Mikheyeva.

by Alex Hemmer, ENVS major currently in the Belize Semester Abroad Program in Sustainable Development If I had to explain what makes UVM’s Sustainable Community Development Program in Belize so unique, I would have to say it is because it is a “total experience.” Not only are we taking classes with some of the top professionals in Central America, we have also connected with the community through servicelearning projects, played sports with Belizean students, learned the histories of the many ethnic groups, eaten the delicious local cuisine, explored ancient Mayan ruins, visited remote nature reserves and tropical cayes, and paddled canoes across the country. There truly is something for everyone here, and opportunities for learning and fun are often one in the same. The centerpiece of the program is Applications of Sustainable Development, a 4-credit service-learning course taught by Professor Jay Ashman that all the UVM continued on page 8...

Survey Results are In by Kelly Hamshaw, CDAE-CUPS Graduate Liaison As we near the end of the Spring semester, many CDAE students and faculty in service-learning courses are hard at work. Students in CDAE 124 SL: Public Communication Media with Professor Tom Patterson are completing social marketing projects with partners such as Campus Kitchens, Women Helping Battered Women, and the Old North End Arts and Business Network. On the faculty side, CDAE is being well represented in the 2009 Faculty Fellows for Service-Learning Program by Assistant Professors Dan Baker and Asim Zia. I would like to extend a special thanks to all CDAE faculty members who participated in the Faculty Engaged Department Survey. These results will enable us to better understand engaged scholarship within CDAE and develop strategies for furthering support this important work. A full report detailing the results will be available in May. In the meantime, I’d like to share a few selected findings: •

Nearly all CDAE faculty respondents (92%) have taught a course within the last five years featuring some type of community interaction—whether through an officially designated service-learning course, community-based research, or field trips (n=23).

Most CDAE faculty reported conducting their engaged research, and service at the local level (70%) with small community-based organizations and non-profits.

CDAE faculty are motivated to include community engagement in their teaching, research, and service by the ability to meet genuine community needs as well as enhance student learning by increasing student awareness and participation in community issues.

CUPS is hosting its annual Service-Learning Awards Recognition Reception on April 28th—check out www.uvm. edu/partnerships for details about our photo contest and poster session.

Spring ‘09 SL Brief: Mayhem State CDAE 195 SL:Media Production for Social Change ... Students in this course are working on a web-based video series called Mayhem State. The series focuses on student lifestyle that has been completely researched, written, and is now being produced by students; most of who are CDAE students. It is an episodic drama, with characters that draw on students’ own experiences, and that addresses student risk behaviors like excessive alcohol consumption, risky sexual activity, and issues of bias. The 4-8 minute segments will begin “airing” on the web in the Fall of 2009, and launch at UVM as part of Opening Weekend.


Thesis/Research Notes MASTER OF SCIENCE Theses Defended in Spring 2009: Erica Campbell Cars, buses, bikes, and feet: Mode choice for student travel in three Vermont school districts

Photo: Anna Masozera

Emily Stebbins Technical and economic feasibility of biodiesel production in Vermont: Evidence from a farm-scale study and a commercial-scale simulation analysis Chris Wardell Effectiveness of a Grassroots Soccer-based HIV/AIDS education program in St. Lucia

Most Recent CDAE PUBLICATIONS (see more at www.uvm.edu/cdae/graduate/CDAE_Publications.pdf):

Erica Campbell, defended her thesis exploring student transportation in Vermont school districts on March 16. She is now an Associate of Resource Systems Group based in Burlington, Vermont.

Kolodinsky, J. and T. Reynolds. 2009. Segmentation of overweight Americans and opportunities for social marketing. International Journal of Behavior, Nutrition, and Physical Activity. 6(13). Wang, Q. E. Trent and R. Parsons. 2009. Small business retirement plan participation and needs for information. Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship. 22(2): 165-174.

Upcoming NAREA Conference to be held in Burlington: Associate Professor Qingbin Wang is on the local arrangements committee for the 2009 Annual Conference for the Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association meeting scheduled for June 7-9. More information at http://www.narea. org/2009meeting.

Spring 2009 Research PRESENTATIONS: Benjamin King, current MS student, presented Farm-to-School research: Ben presented the poster, Farm-to-School Programs Build Social Equity in Vermont at the National Farm-to-Cafeteria Conference in Portland, Oregon March 19-21, on behalf of himself, Jane Kolodinsky, Erin Roche, and Linda Berlin of UVM, as well as Abbie Nelson and Kim Norris of Vermont FEED. Chris Koliba, MPA director, and Asim Zia, assistant professor, presented at 2009 ASPA Meeting: Dr. Koliba presented Performance Measurement in Congestion Management Networks: Linking Policy Strategies and Network Structures along with Erica Campbell at the 2009 annual meeting for the American Society for Public Administration held in Miami, Florida March 20-24. Dr. Zia presented Implementation Dilemmas of International Climate Policy: Revisiting the Problem of “Fair” Allocation of Green House Gas Emission Allowances in a Post-Kyoto Governance Regime as part of the session “Tackling Global Warming” at the same meeting.

In Press: Defining a transdisciplinary CDAE Two peer-reviewed journal articles are currently in press that have been long in the making, both an articulation of the evolution of the Community Development and Applied Economics department as a transdisciplinary academic unit at a land grant university. Baker, D., Koliba, K., Kolodinsky, J., Liang, K., McMahon, E., Patterson, T., and Q. Wang. 2009. Moving toward a transdisciplinary approach in the land grant system. North American Colleges and Teachers of Agriculture Journal In press. Wang, Q., K. Bauer and K. Liang. 2009. Toward a multidisciplinary entrepreneurship education: A case study of the Community Entrepreneurship program at the University of Vermont. International Journal of Innovation and Regional Development In press.


URECA!

Congratulations to the 2009 Undergraduate Research Endeavors Competitive Awards (URECA) Recipients from CDAE: Sarah Woodward, CID major Enhancing economic development in an economically depressed community through participatory research: A case study of Barre City, Vermont Faculty advisor: Qingbin Wang

Eamon Penney, CID major Application of the micro-credit model to economically marginalized groups in the Moshi and Arusha Districts of Tanzania Faculty advisor: Qingbin Wang

Photo: Provided by Cassandra Gekas

Cassandra Gekas is recognized

CDAE graduate student Cassandra Gekas, left, poses with Edith Hendley. Cassandra received the 2009 award created and named in Edith Hendley’s honor.

Cassandra Gekas, a current graduate student pursuing a Master of Science in CDAE was recently recognized for her achievements as a graduate student by two organizations. On March 23, 2009, Cassandra Gekas was awarded the 2009 Edith D. Hendley Award by the Women’s Center at the University of Vermont. This award, named after Professor Emeritus Edith Hendley is presented annually to a woman pursuing graduate studies who has demonstrated excellence in research, scholarship and teaching, and who has performed dedicated service to women. Cassandra Gekas was also selected as an ENO Fellow by the ENO Transportation Foundation to attend a Leadership Development Conference. The ENO Foundation selects only 20 outstanding graduate students from throughout the country to participate in this conference which will be held in Washington DC this coming May.

CDAE faculty prepare for sabbaticals Josh Farley: Brazil

Jay Ashman: Service-Learning

Josh Farley will spend a sabbatical year in Santa Catarina and Bahia, Brazil focused on two separate research projects, both of which will be incorporated into problem-based courses. The first research project will explore integrating agroecology with payments for ecosystem services (PES) in Santa Catarina’s Atlantic Forest. Josh will organize a problem based workshop field course for UFSC (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina) students in which they will review the theory of ecological economics and apply it to the problem of developing effective PES schemes at different spatial and political scales.

Pending approval, at the end of a year-long sabbatical, Jay Ashman is hoping to have a new understanding of teaching International Service-Learning (ISL) courses. For a part of his proposed sabbatical, Jay is planning to travel to Capetown, South Africa, where Worcester Polytechnical Institute (WPI) runs one of its programs. While there, he will be speaking with students, faculty leaders and project partners. He also plans to sit in on program orientation sessions.

The second project that Josh will be working on will focus on critical energy concerns in Brazil. He will be working with the Institute of Geosciences at the Universidade Federal de Bahia. Their subject matter will most likely be to assess the ecological impacts of the major energy sources in Brazil: deep-sea petroleum, hydroelectric, ethanol and biodiesel. Both of these research projects will make considerable contributions to the field of ecological economics.

He is specifically interested in how students prepare for the intercultural aspects of their experience and servicelearning activities, the types of activities that students engage in to turn service into service-learning, and how learning objectives for students in the courses are established. He also proposes to spend time studying how projects are developed, criteria for projects and partners, as well as the steps that are taken to assure students stay on track with their projects. Ashman is planning to develop written materials on ISL from his own experiences and new insights gained through his proposed sabbatical.


to practice they Brazcampuscurrently meet in ilian McCauley Hall on Trinity J i u Jit Campus. su However, the

by Alyssa Cote, ‘09 public communication major Ever think of doing something different with your free time because you’re sick of those common intramural sports? Look no further! Did you know the University of Vermont has a Brazilian Jiu Jitsu (BJJ) club? BJJ is a martial arts and combat sport that forces on grappling and especially ground fighting. One of our very own CDAE members, Joe Hardie, is a part of this community and had some time to talk to me about his interest in this activity. Joe is a senior at UVM, majoring in Community Entrepreneurship. Before coming to UVM he had no prior Brazilian Jiu Jitsu experience but also hadn’t had any martial arts experience either. Joe was intrigued by Brazilian Jiu Jitsu upon arrival to UVM because of the allure of a sport which combined practical self defense with a fierce workout. He says that this “was all the incentive I needed to check BJJ out for the first time.” Although this was his motive, he originally found out about the club as his elder brother, a graduate of UVM, recommended that he check it out.

location will probably change in the very near future. During a semester the Brazilian Jiu Jitsu (BJJ) club will generally attend three or four tournaments or competitions. These tournaments are usually open to other collegiate teams, private club teams, as well as anybody else who signs up.

Photo: Alyssa Cote

Joe Hardie, community entrepreneurship major

Joe really enjoys being a part of this club and finds that one of the more intriguing things about BJJ is that the sport is phenomenally easy to get into but it takes years of practice to become an expert. Some people don’t choose to participate in activities because they feel as though it interferes with their schoolwork but Joe says that with BJJ that isn’t the case at all. He says that, “School and BJJ are much closer to compliments than conflicts. By providing a low-key organized athletic outlet BJJ promotes the healthy balance between academics and athletics.”

As it says on their website the club is there to provide students with the opportunity to learn and practice the effective grappling methods from Brazil for the purpose of self defense as well as fitness in a safe and positive environment. The club, which consists of approximately 25 active members, meets together and practices three days during the week. Although they have been pushed all over

Nominate someone that you know has a “hidden talent” by sending an email to cdae@uvm.edu. Or nominate yourself!

Talents Outside of the Classroom Dan Bakermaple sugarer

Dr. Tom Patterson, faculty member by Erika Mach, ‘09 public communication major

Photo: Erika Mach

Gary FlomenhoftUSCG licensed boat captain and sailing instructor Jonathan Leonardmusician Jane Kolodinskytriathlete Jane Petrillopastel artist

Photo: Anna Masozera

Did you know?

Josh Farleycarpenter

Dr. Thomas Patterson stained glass, jewelry, and more has many artistic hobbies which can be found throughout Morrill Hall. His dazzling stained glass lamp is displayed beautifully in his office. He has been making stained glass for 25 years using copper foil and lead came to fuse together the different pieces. He creates his own individual designs and expertly cuts the different color stained glass. He has even made a jaw-dropping CDAE logo which is proudly displayed in the main office in 205 Morrill Hall. Other than stained glass, Dr. Patterson has recently taken up jewelry-making. He makes rings and bracelets and has even taken a Burlington High School class to perfect his art. All of his pieces, both jewelry and blown glass, are given as presents. Other hidden talents of his include smooth piano playing, expert cooking, and carpentry at a camp on Lake Dunmore.


Continued from page 1.

Green Building, cont.

...the classroom to construction.” He also maintains close connection with the partner organization Yestermorrow Design/Build School located in Warren, Vermont. The partnership allows students to take hands-on summer courses on a wide range of design/build topics like solar design, earth structures, composting toilets, and green roof design and installation. Photo: Anna Masozera

Architect and CDAE lecturer Diane Gayer has provided students with multiple studio opportunities to interact with communities throughout Vermont. Diane Gayer directs the Vermont Design Institute and is also highly involved with the Ecological Design Certificate Program and the Rubenstein School of Environment and Natural Resources. Students in her studio courses use the design process to develop and present solutions to real issues facing communities. Michel Masozera, client for CDAE 295 Design and

Projects that students have engaged with in recent years include Development Issues in Rwanda, looks over and discusses revitalization of the Burlington waterfront, ecovillage design in Charlotte, design elements developed by students in the class. and several on-campus projects including the greening of the Aiken building and the Living-Learning residential and learning complex. From May 25- June 5, Gayer will instruct CDAE 295/NR285 Hardwick Community Development and Design Workshop as a hands-on course engaging the Hardwick community in a design and planning charrette for the Center for Agricultural Economy and their Atkins Field community project.

...around the world In some ways, the GBCD minor originated from projects developed by CDAE lecturer Gary Flomenhoft in Dominica and St. Lucia over the last five years. Flomenhoft instructs CDAE 106 SL: Renewable Energy Workshop in the spring semester which includes travel to Dominica. As the title suggests, the course focuses primarily on practical applications of renewable energy systems. They have installed solar hot water and photovoltaics, two micro-hydro systems, a wind turbine, and conducted biofuel workshops. Each fall, Flomenhoft instructs CDAE 195/295 SL: Sustainable Development in an Island Economy in which students work on more of a diverse portfolio of sustainable development projects with partner organizations in St. Lucia, which have included micro-hydro, photovoltaics, and a wind system. This semester, Diane Gayer and Anthony McInnis of RSENR are introducing students to sustainable design issues in Rwanda, a small, mountainous country currently in the midst of a development boom. Students are delving into designing the property of clients on Lake Kivu and working toward developing more broad guidelines for sustainable development specific to Rwanda. Exploration of sustainable design in Rwanda will continue, culminating with a facultyled travel course in the summer of 2010. Diane Gayer, who has completed design projects in South Africa in recent years, also invites students to participate in her ongoing projects in South Africa, offering a summer travel course, CDAE 295 South Africa: Creative Energy, Social Change, and Knowledge of Place.

CDAE alum a champion for GBCD Green Hammer Construction of Portland, Oregon was founded in 2002 by Stephen Aiguier, ‘99 CDAE alum. According to its website, the mission of Green Hammer is to “creatively unite the use of advanced technologies in energy efficiency with the intelligent use of earth friendly materials and design concepts.” Green Hammer was recently recognized with an award by the Build Local Alliance for becoming the first Forest Stewardship Council certified general contractor in North America. More information about Stephen Aiguier and Green Hammer Construction can be found at www. greenhammerconstruction.com. There couldn’t exist a more perfect example of the relevancy of this field for future CDAE alumni. Complete information on the GBCD minor can be found on the CDAE website at www.uvm.edu/cdae.


Belize: A Student’s Perspective, cont. students participate in along with an equal number of Belizeans and other international students. Students work in teams with local schools, NGOs and community organizations on projects that provide a service to the community while giving the students hands-on experience in community development work. This semester’s projects include: environmental education for middle school children, developing a website and operation manuals for an organization fighting domestic violence, improving a rural solid waste management program, using gardening to teach children the importance of good nutrition, creating a uniform system of Eli Sobel, Ben Kinne, and Jim Casey after the first day of paddling (60 miles) in the La Ruta Maya signage for Belize’s largest protected area, teaching computer applications to canoe race in March. primary school teachers, working with the Humane Society to address the health problems created by stray dogs in San Ignacio, and introducing to Belize “Football for Life,” a spin-off of the very successful Grassroot Soccer program, which uses games related to soccer to teach young people about HIV and AIDS. These projects have helped us gain a deeper understanding of the local way of life and will hopefully have a real impact on the community. We have all enjoyed putting what we have learned in the classroom into action. In fact, we have found that most of what we learn about Belize occurs outside of the classroom. Every day is a new opportunity to develop relationships with our neighbors and classmates and to take in the many beautiful sights of the country. By far the most intense experience we have had was participating in La Ruta Maya River Challenge, an annual 175 mile, 4-day canoe race across the country of Belize. Arguably the nation’s biggest event of the year, the race hosts teams from all over the world in addition to the many Belizean teams. Seven UVM students competed in the race and those that did not compete were on the support crew, preparing equipment and enjoying the festivities with the thousands of other people camping along the river each night. We found that most of the areas we were paddling through were completely undeveloped and dominated by dense jungle or mangrove swamps. When we did pass towns or villages, Belizeans lined the riverbanks to cheer the boats on. All of the UVM paddlers made it through the rapids and exposed rocks, took in scenery and wildlife that could not be seen any other way, and beat some teams in the process. From the moment we stepped off of the plane, Belize has been one amazing experience after another. We have met people of all different backgrounds, studied the environment and history of the country, and seen the many natural wonders Belize has to offer. Throughout the semester we have become familiar with the local culture just as we have come to understand our own from another perspective. The UVM program in Belize brings adventure learning to a new height and has already provided us with a lifetime of memories. Note: This submission has been condensed. To read it in its entirety, go to www.uvm.edu/cdae/?Page=News&storyID=14045

About CDAE

The Community Development and Applied Economics Department (CDAE) is part of the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at the University of Vermont. CDAE supports sustainable local, regional, and international communities through interdisciplinary research, education, and outreach that serve the

public interest.

The department offers undergraduate students the following majors and minors: Community and International Development, Community Entrepreneurship, and Public Communication. Additional minors are also offered in Applied Design, Consumer Affairs, Consumer and Advertising, and Green Building and Community Design. Two graduate opportunities are available within the department: Master of Science in Community Development and Applied Economics and Master of Public Administration (more at: www.uvm.edu/cdae). Both graduate programs participate in the Peace Corps Fellows Program (more at: www.uvm.edu/~cdaepcf ). 205 Morrill Hall, Burlington, VT 05405

802.656.2001

Photo: Meg Ashman

Continued from page 3.

CDAE Compass Spring 2009  

Newsletter of the Community Development and Applied Economics Department at the University of Vermont. www.uvm.edu/cdae

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